P. 1
ПОДВИЖНИ ИГРИ с изправителен характер

ПОДВИЖНИ ИГРИ с изправителен характер

|Views: 214|Likes:
Published by Galunda70
Podvijni igri s izpravitelen harakter...
Podvijni igri s izpravitelen harakter...

More info:

Published by: Galunda70 on Oct 12, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/29/2013

pdf

text

original

yqume/lKa vmDuHHatna ?u'MHacmuna, ?puJ{ume Ha dttttcrcntna ,oorn sa.

npasurlHo me'codr'ptraHe y dettrama u tr'i",iiii,iiaoii Ha rcpamiu yaas{rHufl no duazruoctrlaqupaHemo u' u3'MepraHunma

ienpaeainomo me"todopJtc&He u zpoduuwttame ustdpu'BflBaHun' 'KuaeamaBK'uoqBanodeactruuazpuclrsttpa9llme'ceLl'xapd{-

mep,mo[i|da,moBrcparnrcompafiHamaympu,HLl,tl'll",wLrflcmurcall.8 uilodpoi1tame sa,flm,rl fto {tusuaecrco Bh:ttilt,ti(tt't,e He ,{oJte 'iiiiiiiruro da ce ruoctnuzHe ueo1xodu.aann. etfcrctn *n rnpercqufl. ;" ;;; ;t uszltaduHallttd s& ttpasa"sHo mettodr'pttt(rHe' a s peacuit'a il' tlodBllJtcwu ua c)emcttarna zpadaua ettcedueeu'o ce u'sno'/L:t)it;atn g1l:lnuecrcomo ce stsneam Bah{eH j|to.,\[,eLLTL HaKffi,c :l(t 174)u, |doumo passamae rua dememo, mava u 3a KopeKiltrn tt& p(t'311v{Huffie

CbIIIHCCT

14

ETI{OJIOFI'I9

HA HEflPABHJIHOTO TEJIOAT'PXAHE

14 I'PbEHAqHI4TE l',t3KPI4BqBAHlltl

npl4Bl4qHoro (HaBI'IqHo) rioflo,,tenoAtp)KaHe" ce paa6upa qoBeK KaKTo n noroli, TaKa H xeHI,Ie Ha TgJIoro, KOeTo sanassa [o BpeMe Ha ,4BI'I]KeHIle' ce xa-

fIoA

brqiop*onou na onopHo-dttuzametHu'fl '1'[)t atmpdffi' Oceeu n?puftLe c ushpaaunle'4eH xal:-at{rnep B KHtt?&ffLa cft s&ct?LbileHu cbtqo w?pu sa rcopett4un u npocrtuilftKmutda Ha nJ'IacKocmotmemo' 3a npaoutua'ma op?aHlrcaqun Ha ;4fr/Lama pa1oma e ueo6xoduao mfrctn ffiaunodeticmsae, ctmpydutt'uecmeo u arcmurHo'

,.nuttp*unt n!1--:'nT.3il' e o6ulu nuHnn KpIlBhHH Ha paKrepirellpa u noptunno rnpaienn SusuonoruunN I43AaAeH HarpeA c rpt6uauutu clb,'Io . ,aanpanen tpyn l-flu"o' np-*9!-1-l--n?llX: tonaaal pantent'
flpaetuuoro
rp'bAerr Korrr, rrer{o
HaKBa BI{COqI4Ha

,ir*or, ttut6n)umc-Iume
Batn

c63t.tflffLe'1Ho yqT'cmue H0' yqume",tum,e, Iercapalrte, 'l4edut4i.L|tc^Kiln3e

A'bp)KaHe Ha pa'uere o6reruartr KpaKa H nlnpunyat"o orflycuaro

Ilal flporl4qaHe Ha ABere

rur..nenrl

paMeHHI',I

trL1H14L1',

CBO-ooAt{o

Ha demcrttnte zpaduttu u podaffienunle

(cu.l,2u3)'

,a;n4umn.Podu'ntelc|dtlmeKo-L,tltr||rc|nltmtrln6en'0aCto?ucmryysa rrc-m.flcitaftla Eptstta Ha -'netdo'pfl i yaurtenume c poduno metume flpu nposeiltdaue ua o6u4ama pa1oma' f{aduuemume Kblr fiusrcy-'unyp-nurne ducnaHcepil u'nu ii"ii"o $atiy"*.ypo qfrusrcy'xm'ypama mpnrca1uuem.unie no nedaqaHct{u ruadsop- uad pottooodcmeo a npaKmuqecKa' no6oa da oidaslam -ttemodaquo .MoLtt H& rleKapume u y\ame'came npu opzaHusot't'|tI"!:2 !..npo' sefitdaHemo H'a actt'qrci Meponpuflmun e 1opdama c zpboHaqHuffLe ii,ipttutuorun. A man rcodemo Hfli'ta maHtiBo' tr'tozam da nott'toK6'tI ?Ham ,aetdapume u -uemoducmume no ae'te6Ha cftusrcy"tmypa
zpadcrcante'

mesu npoS,ze-h[tt B demcrcume zpa}ai'tu- ce paSornu antcaopo, emo laryo usmopume oqanlam, 'te cned lpatmuqecvomo dem-

unu oKpbJtcua 6o"tuuttu'

ItpL,xoJ{eHue H.a usnpa:sumeJoHhme uzpi{ u' ynpa'}tcHeruils' u cKame yqume'La a "tn*opume-ne0uarnpa ule -dadam 'tr[HeHllt{ pasxutntte Ha nodpacmaau'otrto noftpetiopbau sa npasuJlHomo

;#
;j;,

Ko"4eHue'

or aeroPnre

ii- ,
r$l r

i{ii-

Cs.

1

Cu" 2

VneHzero 4a ce AT,pxH npaBI]J'I}IO T'IJIOTO HMA IIC CAMO CCTC-

TLlqectct c't'otittocr,
3HaqeHrie

rpy4a, 3aHHMaHr.rfl c sraaxynrypa ia Ap. TeJroA'bpxaHero Mox(e ,44 ce LI3MeHLT KaKTO B nOJTOX{IiTeJrHa, TaKa LI B OTpHrIaTeJrHa Hacoxa. lo,rlsuo 3HarIeHHe 3a BfiIlqHrlero Ha B'bHrrlHara cpeAa Bbpxy TeJroA'bpxaHero Ha or4e/rHafl prHAr.rBHA i.{Ma HefoBara o6u1a xoHcrpyKrlnfl. Ero saqo qecro rlbru pa3rr4rrHr.r .4elra, ilocraBeHu rrpu oTHOcr4TeJrHO e4HaKBr4 ycJrOBHfl, peafHpar pa3rr.rqHo rrplr r43rpax(Cu.
3

qoBeKa noA B,rrr4flHfie Ha oKoJrHaTa cpe4a 6ur, ycJroBr.rrr ua o6yqeHLJe, ycJroBr,rfl r.r xapaKTep Ha

rrKo (lyirr<rluoua,nro rroHrrrr4e. To ue 6una Ia cre pa3f,'relK4a I(aro HetIIo rocTo.flun0, HerIoA4aBaruo ce ua fi3MerreHnl. I) pa:auuunre ilepHo4r4 Ha ,\{trBoTit H B pa3,rrHrtHHt'e BHAoBe .a.el,iHocrH Ha

l'o cc tlroprulipa rJ rrpona liilr"r'('rr"t () (ot'o6euo n parrHa rit 4("r'cr(;l ir r,:rl):lc'f), B pa3BITTIIeTO riA 'ror|('r(it, IJ flpoqeca Ha rlefottoro o6y,1q'trt,a, Tpy4oBa {eiinocr Lt 3aru.n\4ilrifirr. : Yii']'ero/l-r,i))r(alt(.'t.o c npeAI{ BcHHaBHr{.

sarer /(ei,iirocl rrr rrorJer{a. Teuro/{'r,puculct'o ue c Bpo4eH

3it

uo u follflMo 3/{pauc'l'O r.r rpyAo-

ueca

HqMaaycraHoseH 'cHrypeH MeHrr noKaxe 'Aa,'rH HaqaJrHara Qoprua ua AaAeHo Aa r'p'r,6uavHo Lr3KpHBflBaHe rqe ce sa4r"r6ovu H rrle npeMr4He B no1'0)t{KO C'bCTOrrHVe, OCO6eno n.bK KofaTo To e oT HaBHqHO ecTe_ (:r'lo r{ He ce A'b,rrxr.r Ha BpoIeHn 4eQer<rz u ea6ontmauufl, 3a orxprmaHero rr AuarHocrr.rrdupaHero Ha HenpaBr4JrHoro reJro/{'bp)KaHe l.r rpr6uauuNre H3KpHBffBaHr4fl or HecrrequaJrncTr.rre _ /{ercKu yqvreJrKu, MeArzrlitHCKr.r cecrpr{ }r poAaTe/ru _ uaff_Aocr.trreFr e ofJre4'bT Ha AeTero. Tori ce r.r3B.bptrrBa nte $ac u npodrz,r. /{erero rpl6na 4a e roro il 6oco, a cr:brr4,,ro Ha patsHa rrJrocKocr. l{paxara N{y Aa ca cr6paHu r4 pbrlere ceo6o4uo BHCnil{r{ 40 rrr"'roro. Il ToBa iroJTo)KeHr{e ce ocraBE ABe-Tpr.{ MHHyrH, sa 4a BaeMe o6uqafiHara cu croira. tr-rsp6tr rpa6ea aa QrAe'4odpeocBe.reH r.r

3lr rlaJr

)r{r.rBoT.

'r'o/[,. KoriTo

Ho gacera Bce or{e

IroMerrlerir]eTo HopMa.rrHo SaTorrJreHo.

-

I

HenpannnHoro reJro,q'bp)r(aHe e eAHH or rrtpBure Qarropu, Kol4ro AoBe)r(4ar Ao rpr6uauuo rz3Kpr4BrBaHe. Axo roBa orK.rroJro)KeHI1Ie

AaHe Ha IpaBLIJIHOTO HM reJIOAbp)KaHe.

HeHue Ha rpr6uauuun clr,u6 or HopMaJrHara My Soprua u QysKUtlfl rrpoc'brrlecrByBa no-A'bJrro BpeMe (HaIIpHMep IIpHHy.4eHo IIo-

[opaAH HerroAxoAqrrla 3a p'bcra rue6en) HJrfi ce noBTapfl uecro (nanpr4Mep KyuaHe), HenpaBurHoro reJroA:bpx{aHe nocrefieHHo flpeMHHaBa n rpafiHo rpr6uauuo H3KprrBsBaHe. I,lgeecrHo Ha BcHqKr.r e, qe rpr6uauHrare r{3KpI4BfBaHHfl oKa3Bar He6raronpuaruo orpaxeHHe B'bpxy 3ApaBoc./roBHoro c'r'croflrrue Ha Aerlara. Te crsAaBaT HeHOpMaJrHr.r yc,'roBr.{f sa pa6ora Ha B6rpelxHr.rre opraHr{ H KaKTo BcqKo sa6o.rrqsaHe AaBar cBoero orpa)r(eHr,re B'bpxy rleJrr4fl opraHH3'bM, [cI4XLIKara U ecTeruqHara BbHUJHOCT Ha AeTeTO. vlCTr4Ha e, qe He BcflKo HenpaBLrJrHo reJro4'bp)KaHe r4 rpr6HavHo uaKpHBqBaHe npofpecupa B rex{Kn @opnau H [paBr.r qoBeKa v*Barrv4
6

nseMar no4 BHHMaHr4e chlrerpur{Hocrra B rrpoFIa paMeHHldre rrr{Hrr; e4HaKBocrra B'LB BI4coru4Hara Ha ABaTa AOJIHI,I 'tbf.bJra Ha J'rorraTr{HTe; eAHar{BOCTTa B.r,B $Opuara ua ASATA TATHI.iUU TPI,]bIbJ'IHXIIH; CAHAI{BOC'I'TA B'bB BT4 COI{I4HATA HA ropHlzg rpali ua ra3oBlrre i KOcrH; BHcorinHara FIa r./ryreaJrHl{Te rbHxr{; eAr-raKBocrra B A.b,'rxhHara Ha AoJrHHre xpariu}rqz; flpoBe_ psBa ce cr'u1o (AoxoJrKoro e B.b3Mo)KHO) rouyctr Ha fptbAHara, paMeHHara a rpt'6Hara [rycKy"'rarypa. 3a rpe4Ho-SaAHr4re orKJroHeHHr{ or,rreA'br Ha Aerero ce r43B.bptrrBa B npo@u,r. Toraea ce cJre4H HaKJroH'br B Jrr.rHr.rHre Ha fJraBara, rpyra, Taga 14 KpaKara (cu.4 n b ). flpn cxo.rrrzo3nTe r.r3KpuBsBauero Moxe 4a ce oqepTae or rrep_ BeHara IrHHI4tt, ocraBaqa Me)KAy rlpt,crHTe nplr rIJI'b3raHe Ha rroKa3aJrerl2 r.r cpeAHHfl np.bcr or ABeTe cTpaHH Ha cpeAHHTe H3pacrbrlH (npoqecyc cnzHa.nnc) Ha npeuJreHr4re, H/,rH Karo ce or'6eJrfl3Bar BspxoBere Ha npor1ecyc crrzHa,rrr{c c.bc gepuorpaQuveH MO./IAB. OCNCU TOBA .4CTETO CE HAK,IIOHflBA }JJI'ItsO H BAflCHO, HATIPEA H HaBa4 ga Aa ce npoBeprz [oABtrxHocrra na rpt6HaqHnfi nry crr.n6. flprz orne4a, aKo ce orKpr.rflr HqKo'l rroKa3areJrr4 Ba orKJroHeHr{e or HopMaJrHoro pa3Br.rryre, Qoprua u @yurcqua ua rpr6uavunx cr.b.n6 rr r.s./roro, BeAHara ce cHrHaJrusxpa Ha JreKaps Ba no-no4po6no I43MepBaHe H n3cr're4BaHe r.r onpe4eJrflHe roqHara My AHafHoea. HariTI4r{aHe

llpu orne4a ce

n rpr6uavuure Lr3KpHBflBaHr.rs ca: p.bcr ltpn [paBo H ceAHa,'ro [o.[o)KeHr{e ; rp.bAHa o6nxo,rxa; cnnpoMerpnfl; AuHa_ MoMerplifi Ha rpyfia; r4_B]\{epBaHe c ruQosouep ; ca,c cKo,rrnosoMep c ; ,,qerI4pHtL,r'bJrHHr{a Ha Moirxos,,; [o4BI,I]KHocrra Ha rpt6Hauuna crtn6; Ab/'rlr{HHara Ha AoJrHHre rpariHurlu; ToHycr,T ua'rpt6Hara,
I'LplKaHe

HCO6XO4TTUNTE I,I3MCPBAHV'| 14 H3C/]ICABAHHH

3A

HCTIPABHJIHOTO TCJIO.

l-p:bAHara I4 paMeHHara MycKy/Iarypa;peHTreHoBa cHHMKa;'bf'bdrr Ha r{sxptrBfiBaHero H Ip. TesH Mero4n 3a H3MepBaHe H Hgc,rreABaBe ca oilucaHH B [OCOr{eHaTa Ha Kpas Ha KHHraTa JrHTepaTypa. 7

/[ercKHre rpaAuHH

flo sHA. fpr6uavuure r43Kpr.rBRBaHun 6nsar B CTpaHr4qHa II0cKo./fi4o3a, H B npe4r{o_3aAHa nocoKa _ xnQosa, JropAosa n nnoctx ro16.
1.
coKa
Har{Ho ul3Kpr'tBffBaHe.
Ir3r(pHBrrBaHHfl

lV rpyna. Te ce

e

oKO/r0 40/0, H
;

ro

npeAHMHO

onpe4errffr

cpel

Aerlara

cxo,r14o3ara e Hafi-rex(Koro n Hafi-'ecrocpe,'.a,uo ce ro16To npe4craB,rreBa oKo.iro B0 o/e or rpr6uavilure
Ha Aeuara B AercKara fpaAuHa. flo_rexxure cxo_ ca c.brrpoBoAeHn c ycyKBaue ua rpt6ua.{ulls crt,,r6 (ropeno).

.rrvtosn

,,;,

I

l;r.:,l.li
l{11.r*:.i

lgilt!:
iiir-tir'd1.:

Cn.

4

UH. i)

n+.;

I'pr6naunxre H3KpHBqBaHlrfl rpn6na lra ce pa3fpaHuqaBar or HenpaBr.r,rrHOTO re,ro4.bpNaue(oxo"ro 14 o7o or AeqaTa B AercKi-,Ire rpa4uuu), ga 4a ce no.Jro)r(ar Ha rrpaBr.trrHo ,reqeH,e rz npoer,.lax_ THKa. Ilpu HelpaB',rrHoro reno4lpxaue r.rMa orK,rroHeHpre or onr.rcaHriTe [o-rope_ HOpMr] Sa np_awr,ruoTo re/ro4bpxaHe n HsKpH_ BqtsaHuflTa ua rpt6nauuun -nraaparznao. -cttn6 B crpaHr4qHa vilH npe4Ho_3aAHa rrocoKa, a MO)r{e u rc-ov6uuupaHn. 'nunrrno e f lo4sr.{Nuocrra Ha rpr6uauunr'cru6_crcroqHuero
crpaHHqHHTe I4 [peAHO-3aAHHTe " IBr,r)xeHHtr qHure

I

_ oKono 45 o/o H nolrOrl"pan""e ).{1g111:_"lrpaBx,rrHara crorixa --r-(HerpaBfi,trHa cror?xa c fipecKo"rrr4oaa) _ or<o,ro 5070. I-p'r6HaqHo r{BaHe e Bcflr{o 'o3Kpr.rts or lropMa/rua1a_(ryHrcqnona,rua Sopvra, pecn. rpar?no orKdrroHeH'e na-rp"OHaqHr'{fl r:lm6' PaenpocrpaueHneioHa " Oynnqm ipr6uavuure a3r(p,Br{Bauraq
e d

gaeMa oKoJro 50 o/6

rHo-3aAHa

-I]]ara H3Kpr'rBflBaHHflra H3rre3Bar. Henpaeu.rruoro rer'ro4'bp)KaHe, B CTpaHkqHo HSKpr.iBflBaHe, ce Hapur{a npecKo,/r[o3a, r{3pa3eHO a B ilpe_

ca HopMa,]rH14 B pagJrllMy cerMeHrr4. flpu Bo.rreBo mo6nnwzupaHe Ha no44bprxa_ fo Mycr{y,'rarypa (HanpzMep saeMaHe nojo*.nrero -,llr!no"1

3arra3eHa, r.(aro

lltv:?

lll

Cn. 6

Cn.

7

flocoKa or

''p ueilpaBr.rnHoro Te/ro4a,p)r(aue

H

e

aR14Jrr{a

cr

or:ir<a. npeirro,rrosara

B

4ercKlrre

pflAKo.

Qopgx (cu. 7) ro-qecro, otronKoro B yqeHr,rqecKa,ira B"r;3pacr. fl .noc'bK |p.t 6,-- np{r rj3r,Tax{4ane ua rpnsao.,ror.uinuru no_ tICHa '/IopAoSa rpr'4HHTc llpetfi.{e'r{ rigr'rre,.Aar Karo lre drrii ca nDeMecreHH HanpeA lr rpr,6uauurrnr. cru6 e [paB. Cpeiqe ce *uoro

noflcHa H3Br{uKa ria rp.u6uavuin c.r.r,.a6 lrrinpea). Cpea AeIIaTa OT .4eTCKHre I'ptilII4HIi Ce fperqa pflAKo, H0 B ,,reKr{Te clr

I(uQosara e .vBe,rruqeHue Ha HopMa,rrHara .p"#: LI3BprBKa (uaaa4). Cpeqa ce pnA6o (cu. 6). Sueao,rorlruHa ./lopao3ara e yBeirrrr{eHr.ie Ha HopMaJrHara tpasuo.toruuHa nrnaua r4rrw

xnQo,ropAoaa (xprrno-n4,rr'6uar lp u6). Cpeula ce pn/Ir{o (cu. 8). K o na 6 r.i H H p el H r{ lr p e A u o-3 a ll u r.r c'r, (; (: T p il u u r{ H H I4 3KpHBfl BaH 14fl xr.r(pocr<o,ruosa,,'rop/(ocr(o./ruo3il K xucfo,ropAo-

Kona6\4HkrpaH14 tlperrro-3a4n

ri

H3r{pvBnnaHLrfl

cKo,'rno3a. Cpeular ce pflAKo. 2. []o .trora,rn3ar{rrfl rp-r,6uaunure ri:]riprJr}rrlrrrflrr 6ueat: qacTr4LrHr4, o6xeaqaqu Atrlr r4trr4 qacr or r'p r,6rul,rrrr'rr crr,.ry6 (cH. 9),

Cn.

10

Cs. 1l Haqavrr{o Top3I'Io.

crtn6 e qyBcTB[rerHo HaMajreHa. cr,qecrsysa

Cn.

B

Cn.

9

v

rror{Tu rle,{I,Is rp'r6Haueu

A'braTa ua rpr'6Hauui.rre Ii3KpHBflBaHI4q o6xsalrla clr,,l6. Cnope4 ToBa Ha I(ofl cTpaHa e I,ISnbKHa,rrara qacr Ha Abrara, cKo,Tllo3ara 6Hsa nesocrpaHHa, AflcHocrpaHHa H ecoo6pa3Ha (cH. 10). 3. I lo re)Kecr Ha n3KphBqBaHero cKo.rllio3ara ce Ae,'Iti Ha qerl4pn
rora4rH*t
CTENCHH:

.crlvr6 e cI4,'IHo HaMa,'IeHa. Haluue ca Beqe Il3MeHeHI'ir B npetu,lleuure. Topslzoro, pe6peuara rlp6nqa r'r aeQopuallvflra Ha -fp'b.4Hufl Korrl ca flcHo I43pa3eHu. 'brt.nlr Ha I'I3KpI'lBsBaHero e or25 4o 400' _. npa cKo,'IHo3a IV crenes H3KpI'IBflBaHero e cH,'IHo H3pa3eno c Quxcaqna ua rpr6ua'rHi.{fl crl'Jl6, Te)KKo rop3Ho, HerIoAar.IIHBa pe6pena m,p6irua-u 4eQopnaaqrs Ha fp'bAunfl KoIx (cH. 1l). floqrn 'brl,rlr ua npH BCr.IqKI4 cJlyqan ce [oA4aBa rpy^4,Ho Ha ,leqeHHe.
r.tSKpr4BflBaHero

brur,r Ha LI3KpI{BsBaHero e lo 25o. -_ npl4 cKor'lno3a III cre[eH TIoABH)KHocrra ua

rpt6uauuua

llpe4uo-sa4Hure HBKpUBflBaHIzr ce Ae,'Isr Ha:

e

HaA 400.

e norirn 3a[a3eHa. flprz ornycuar crpoex{ cKo,/Illo3ara e [ocroflHHa no o6err.r I{ Mflcro H r.iMa acuMerpfifl n ranxtiHure rpHbrr,.IIHHIILl I{
B [poTlrqaHeTo Ha paMeHH]ITe JIHHI4H, npn cKo,ruoaa II creneH [oABLIxHocrra Ha rpt6uaunna
10

npi{

cKo,'IHo3a

I creneu no.4Bli)I(tlocma ua rpl6ua.iulzq ct'b"'I6

AHcrI/IacrHqHI{re, BpoAeHI'ITe Henpa'BI,IJTHOCTLI Ha npepdlleHure (c'nrpanvga\l4tr FIa fieT1{fl ,rou6a.neH npeuJreH, .rrynr6aHu-saqvtr Ha n'bpBl4s c'L,KpaJIeH npeuneH H Ap)' Te ca MHO|O peAKH c,ryqar.

I crenes ueQnxcupatr4 - no.ry$axcwpaHr4 II crenes - SuxcrapaHli III creneu. 4. flo errzo,roruq (npnunHa) rpl6uauuHre
npo4eult. Tyrc

LI3KpHBflBauuq 6wnar

cla4ar

ll

TyK CIIII/Ill'l': l)ilIIl't ll'llllllt', l lill'll(llll'lTe (IIpH HacTaTllKa Ha THJIOTO I(ll',l o lto l\ r,r lil)illr ll ,/ll)-), tlflpa.t1l'l'tl'IrlHLl (np" nuprn"ga Ha MycKy.rrarypa lir, rrr),/r,./r, r,l))riiu1,rr l l) t,t;itiptttHfl clbJI6), (',,i't t'tlltl, p'l'6qoBH HaTpaBMarr.iqHlr, aprpo3H;, ry-6bpl<y.rrt):r' r, r /r Ce ctr)tlllill rl;lii ,l('( 11), ltl)(|MCHH^ pt AP. B/l!|dH (xA6uTye,'rHr4), KOITTO

py1ueHa

rIpH!:O6t4TIj.

nerr; e

HHreDBa./r

3a xpaHocMr.r"raHero. flpe3 3HMHHre MeceIII4 14 IIpe3 IIpOHeo6xoAl'rMo Aa ce 3acH,'I[ xpaHara 14 Aa ce 'll'aBa Aocra-

t

Tr,r{HO KOJII{qecrBo BI4TaMI'tHI',I.

clqo

raKa

e

Heo6xoAHM Lt

kIHAVBLL-

IPOOI4JIAKTI4KA HA HEnPABI'lJlll(Il

o I l:'lloj['l'l')l(AHE

t4 |PI'EHAqHI4TE l43l(l'1"{l}tlltAl ll ltl

AyaJIeHIIoAXOAnpl{XpaHeHeTottano-C/Ia6oTe,lecHHTeI{cKopo npe6oneAyeaJlit AeIIa, CKJI0HHI'{ KbM fp'bOHaqHI'I i'I3KpI4BrBaHnq' ' cucrelluoTo 3aKa,rlsBaHe TI0BLI[IaBa cT,npoTHBHTe/IH]4Te cwilv Ha HepflAKO Ca oDraHI{3Ma Cpeuy qecrn n rexKl] 3a6OrtBAHWq' KOI'ITO I'I3KpIIBflBaHI4fi' Ero 3alrro ro rpr6Ba r'a ce ;"-iptdnuunu

il;;;;; sanoqHeolqeoTHali-paHHOAercrBoIrAacraHeHaBHK3aufl"I

**ujilon"oun.ro
JIsBaHe

H I{eJ'IeHllcOtlcIliI lt;ltlrIrtt.rt:tt{'t't,tqHa AeIz. 6ea ao6pe HocTHeeB.b3Mo}I{Ho4aCeH3|paAI,lIIpllItllJl||(),I'(../|(}/(,1,p)I{aHey
op|aHH3I,IpaHa

or pax'r

rexKl4 fpl6Haqn[1 aeoJpuaUarz.

Aeuara.

O()(:1'llligl}Ka B Aa Ce,'ieKyBa. flpCCfti,rranr1,1qHnTe MepOlpI'1HTI{a lIOMilllIllll yCd,rOBHflTa Ha AeTCKaTa fpa.[I{FIa rpn6na 4a Ce ttplOnCltr/ta'ir"n 14 B

Ilo-Jlcclto /(il c0 npeAt{pes npo$r'rd'IaIirI'ItIHH fpI'DKI'r e -MHoro Ira3r{ eAHO Aere or rpt6uauHr.l AeQopMaullij, 0'l'l(0"rll(o'l'o c./lc,r( ToBa

nrnan yHlrcorr. Te ce ocT,uIecTBsBaT f",IaRHO rlpe3 pcx{llMlt, t<otito E IIOt{Th CNWH U C:bUI B KbIIII-J I'1 B ACTCi(ATA IPAAHIIA' AHeeuusr pex{i{r"{ c npaBl'i.rlHoro _peAyllaHe Hil rpyll'. nfpa H rOr{UBKa AaBa B'b3MoltttOci Aa Ce n36efHe yMCrBeHaTa Ia {lusnuecKa IrpeyMopa W Aa ce npeArlul3er Aellara or I'pb6HarlHI'I H3KpI'rBflsanrli. Toir rpn6na Aa 6rAe c.so6paseu c ycJIoBHJrra B c'lborBerHara
AeTcKa

N sa Heroaol'o 6aHI't' npoqeAypH Aa ce aKIIeHrilpe RHI4M.]Hllero BT,PXy C/IbH!{eBl{re Llecro oxpaBlaHl4e 3a He e Hy)KHlr n,{areplta,nHa 6asa' 3a KOI4ro HeIIpoBexAaHeTOHtt3aI(aJIqBaHeBAeTCI{IzTe|paAHi{I,{ed'IljilCaTa flpe3 3r.lMHr.Ire Meceur4 He yAo6Ha Mareplza'rlsa 6aea u ua
oco'6eHo

3e ngeanasBaHero or roBa 3a6o* d'IeqeHl4e e Heo6xoAI4MO IIpl{ 3aI{a,'II4Te/IHiITe

e eAira

or

Hat?-qecrllre rlptiqHt{H

3a

MHoro qecTo nopaAH ,'IhIICa Ha HopMa,'IHI.| IIoMe[IeHHfl H noAxoAflrrlv orKpnrlr nd'roqalKH oiasxy,rrypnnre 3aHLIMaHLifl L I4fpI{Te ce 3aMeHqr c Apyftl 3aHr{rHfl. flpea snuara Aeuara ce ,IIHIUaBaT or qpes
I{fpt4,
3aHUMAHj|1]T Lt

rpaAr.rHar

c

roAr.rr[Hr{re BpeMeHa

n arvrocsepHllre

flo.4xoAflIrlu yc,'IoBI4tI. Toea uanara pr'l{oBoJICTBOTO Ha AeTCKIITe IIOCo6}Ifl rpaur4ill4 A' aa nortrrHx{H 3a Ha6aet{Hero IIa Heo6xo/u.iMi4re e Aa ce ocl4fypll Y'4o6no }vlt{cro 3a 3aHfli ii"r". Muoro erirrtto rania u xpaHeuero Ila Aeqara c noAxolirluJ.H 3a pi'cra I{M Mactz H B IIor]rIz CTo,rqeTa (crt"ou.nO HopMar'Br.ire). A{acltre ,u cronqel'ara Ca pa3npeAe,leHi'I [o ts-L3pacr (no rpynu)' BCi.rr{Kr4 /IercKLI rpaAIrHI4

yc,'IoBlifl.

erl{a Toea e HertpaBI4JiHo, rlii naro Aeqara or eAHa fpyna H or p6cr' HenoAxo',u'qqHre Me6e'1n H Cr[la Bb3pacT ca pa3rt4i]Hl'I lio ca eAHa or lJIaBHi{Te llpi'ltil'IHfl 3a {ropnaupaue Ha lleilpaBl4"Ilioro npfi Aelra' re,,roAbp)I{aHe u rpr,6uauuure ltsxpnnqBaHritj oco6eHo
CK,TOHHtl K'bxl TaKI{Ba H3I{pI4Ilt{BaHllil'

pa3xoAKr,r Ha oTKpllro. AKrIzsHaTa [oI]HBKa HrpH B lrpoqeca Ha ooyl{eHHeTo qecTo n'bru ce H3rroAxoAfln{u 6qrsa c olpaBAaHue, qe I4tpHTe oTB"[iqad'IH BHLiMaHI4eTo Ha AeuaTa oT c.bulHocrra Ha 3aHflTuflra. flopa4u TOBa AeuaTa ce [ocraBfr [po,46JIxI.ITe''IHoBpeMeBnpI,IHyAI,ITeJ'IHo'cTaTHqHoIIo,'Io)KeHveceAe)r( lr./Ilr croex,. Koero BOIH AO 6t'psa yMopa Ha oule- HeyKpen-

ipr6HauHa'MycKy/Iarypa lI pecneKrl4B'o 4o rpr6Haul{o I43;p;;;;r"'.. Jlexapnre, yuurennre H poAure"I're rpa6na HenpeK'bcHaTo ,4a c,]IeAfT Aa He ce cTi4|He Ao yMcTBeHo u oI,i3HI{ecKo npe.

;;;;^

KoLITo MHolo qecro ouBar "Ief'rlarar HenoAxoAflIIII4nopa3}"1epl4'Il3HoCeI{HtIcpa3Te|I{aTHIIpyxiI.iHIl. Ha ,4euara rpx1va Aa ce ocnrypl4 caMocroflre"IH0 Li rB'LpAo ./IerJIo c HLICKa B'b3f/'IaBHHIIa K ,'ieKll ijaBI4Bi{I4' Mscroro 3a ufpn Il HfpaqKl{re rpn6sa r,a ocl4rypffBa cno6oAa Ha .48H)KeliHtrra, A.r e [oAXOAfu{o' Karo He [pnHyx{AaBa Aeuara KbM npoAl"'IlKi.{Teilrio HaBeAeHo I'1,'IH Apyfo HeyAo6$o no'rlo)KeHile' Oceer,{eni.{ero B 3aHlIMa'llHI{Te rpa6na Aa orroBapq Ha xklrneu-

Kr'u

l,te6e.allTe clla.u,ar

li

HaroBapBaHe HaAeuaTa.3aarrlreHa [oqI4BKa B SaHflrl4qTa Ha AeuaTa or III IV rpyna Mo)Ke Aa ce H3rIoJI3yBa Suery'rru"Hyrrara, Karo B Hefl ce BKfixlr{ar eAHO-ABe ynpaxHeHHfl C I43[paBI'ITe"IeH xapaKTep' XpaueHero rpa6aa Aa 6'bAe peAoBHo - 5 nlrn '4'HeBHo' I{aro e Ha/Iox(uTe,lIHO MeX(Ay BpeMeTo 3a xpaHeHe v 3a c'bH, KaKTO H Me)KIy XpaHeHero H yMcrBeHI{Te 3aHI{MaHHfl, Aa uMa AOCTarbqeH

;

HHTelI3HcKBaHI{fl'KaToc.E,oTtloueHHeToMeXAyocT.L'K,IIeHaTaIlaCT A fiona e or I :3 ,{o 1 :5 la r,r'b/I'br Ha naAaHe Ha ocBer'TeHnero nr,pry pa6oruoro Mflcro He e noA 27o. Ilptr pHCyBaHe '4 DpLr rpyra lta Aerero' nI{cMeHI4 3alrflTl4fl ocBer,seHnero rpn6aa Aa HAIIa or"IflBo (r'rnunuyru 50 rpa6na Aa e 100 I4srycrneuoro o.uar,'r.nrae

.tryxia) u .naMIIHre Aa ca c a6axyp
l.J

HJII'I

or

"IyKCa MJIer{Ho cr}K'{o'

r2

flperonapnauero
HaqHH H3KpHBtIBaHUtr.

c

Apexu, rl4paHTri U e./rerleTa 3a )KapTr-{epH, cT,rqo I]pI{qHHsBa flpo4r.rrxl4Ter'rHoro np'HyAfireJrHo rro/roxeH,e Ha sBflBar H

MHoro o6nexo, Hey4o6Hure

tr

crerHaru

rpt6-

MeHTH Ce npH6ana

Ira rsr'roro. flpu rona nod'rolr{eHr.Ie r4N{aMe ,itearone ua rpr6uauHza yfipaxHeHnx, vro6unu3r.rpafiUr paMeHHara n rpr,6uara nayc_ Ky,'rarypa, cbr{eraHr4 c ylpa)fiHeHvrr 3a xapMoHhrrHo pa3BHTUe Ha BCfiqKI4 OCTAHA,Tfi MYCI(Y.[II. KIIT SCXqXI.i TCSH IIO/IOXT4TC./IHI{ C,IC-

npoBeAeHa c rpyn[ [o n,]ry.aHe. fl04uepraHr.rqr r43[pasr4re"'reu xaPAKTCP HA TI.IIYBAHCTO CC A:bJIXI] HA TI,'IYBI]OTO NO''O'*CHITC HA 4Crero' npfi-KOero rpr'ouaq'Hrr My cTan6 e pa3TOBapeH or re)Kecrra

.flpoyvnauurra ''pH c Qasxy"rrypa r cropr, rrpo!€HrLr ua rpr6uaun""a'"rnp*irun^, e HesHaqHTe"reu. Ero 3arr{o ou{e o" B'b3pacr y 4erlara tpa6na Aa ce c'b3Aar,e HaBr.rK rz nn6oe xltlr "2;-pauHa SnsrlueJnuru'*yn'.rypu. l:_.llul u.n Quer<ynrypuure aaHvMaHurr B AercKara rpaAHHa T,pfloBa Aa ca eMorIHoHarHu, paeHoo6paslrr 14 ilpr4flTHrt Ba Aerlara. t{pea rax rrrecr-ro4?ruHr]Te Aerla Mofar au ce oOyuu"a. ',er, uafi-e,reueurapHHre cpbqHocrr.r or HqKor.t Br.iIoBe cnopr __ " 6acxeroo,rl, ardlervKa, xauA6an I4 [p., a clopToBere KI'HKH, cKI4 H rrJry_ BaHe, KOHTO Ca .4OC1'T,nHH gA TA3H B:bBpaCT H nOA']Ie)l{aT Ha paHHa crreqHa,rrHaarlva, rpn6na 4a 3a,rrerHar B ocHoBara Ha dusuqecxoro BT,3rrvraHze Ha AercKtrre rpaAHHr4. Cue,ro lroxe 4a ie xaxe, ve no H3npatsHre.reu esexr rr"TryBaHero c.bnepHHqfl Ha CneuaaJrHara H3ilPABHTE.IIHA II4MHACTZKA. TOSA 6C AOKASAHO OT ONI{THATA PA6OrA,

Te)KKH' I'r3TOX{HTe,rrHI4 OCTpH UHQeXqraoauu sa60nxeamra e npe4UocraBKa Sa rpr6uavuo H3KpLIBqBaHe. !,Onasauo e, qe r,rrocKocrr,fiHero HapyuaBa npaBr.r.rrHoTo re.rro4T,pxaHe. Ktcor.ne4crnoro n:bK [pH_ Hylr(AaBa Aerlara 4a pa60rar v ra ce 3aHUMaBar cH./rHo HaBeAeHr4. Bcnqxo roBa gaA:bdrr)KaBa yqHTe,'HTe H po4,Tei'are Ia BBeMar HABPCMEHHII MEPKI,T 3A SACHJIBAHCTO HA OPIAHI43MA H KOPH|HPAHETO HA KT,COITCACTBOTO H IITOCKOCT'bIIHCTO. TIPr,r NCrrO 'rPt6HAqHO I43Kpr4BrBaHe, Aaxe n npr uafi_uanxzre HapyrireHufl B Te,roAT,pxa_ Hero Ha .qerero, e ueo6xo4nMa KoHcy,rrraqr4g c.bc cnellna,tnlcr, noKa3Bar, qe xopa, aauialraBaxl' ce cHCTeMHo

npaBH/'rHoro Ted,roA.r,p)Kaue, a nOSarcropr4 3a [o,ryr{aBaHe Ha HatsHqHo rps6uauuo HBKpHBsBaHe y a-euara. Ero saqo roBa Ha./rara flpoqec6r Ha o6yueuzero 4a ce npoBex4a B KparKH nepwoALr, Kotrro uHKJrHr{Ho ce pe4yBaT C aKTr{BHa noqHBKa. 06uroro orc"[a6aaue Ha opfaHr.r3Ma cJreA npeKparqBaHe Ha

KtcHo ce

ca

cBHpeHe Ha uI'fy/IKa

npI4'UHId 3a HapyrxaBaHe

rs"{oro npH H nkra{o' KaKTo pt re)Kecrra Ha aKopAeoHa,
_

Karo

aa

Jluncata Ha Marep,anua 6aea ga [paKrnKyBaHe Ha Aocrb[HHTe 3a ra3'r B'b3pacr cnopToBe He e l]per{Ka, aKo B pr,KoBorcrBoro u [epcoHa,rra I]Ma x{e,laHHe 4a rH B:bBeAaT B yc,rroBZffTa Ha AeTcKaTa rpa4HHa. 3a raeu qe"r e Heo6xo4unro Aa ce nocrporr Ma"/rKr.r ./rerHri 6aceriuu, a npe3 gnMara na ce 3ar're4fl'r [Jrorrla4Ku B ABopa Ha /{ercKara fpaAr.rHa. Po4ure,rNre c )Ke,rraHHe 6uxa ua6as n^ iu ne* qara cH cKa u K.bHKH, crrlra B.bnpocrr 4a 654e rrocraBeH npe4 rsx yMe,'ro H c HylKHarzr cepr.ro3HocT. fo,rnuo upo$unarcruuuo nte4eficrBr.re B.bpxy BcHqKrr Aeqa HMar 3aHflTH{Ta fio Susuvecxo B.b3riHTaHHe, yrpnHHara rHMHacrLIKa H TIoABI'IxHIlre rilpu, Kolaro ce BHecar B Tgx eJIeMeHTH or rbnDaBHTC,'IHATA IAMHACTI]KA

OTHaCq aKTIztsHO, C'Ir3H8T€JIHO

SaAaqa B exeAHeBLleTO lla IeTeTO. Vvfire.rynre H po1ureJrr4re rpx6ua ynopuro Aa B.b3nzraBar 4e* Irara B nllaBH/'IHo re/'Io4Trpx{aHe B]-B BcrrLr}(H MOMeHTH or De)KHMa yrpr.iHHa luMHacrtrrKa, xpaHeHe, odyueuue (eanarnara), r4rpl, pasxoIKU I.r T. H. [o6pu pe3yr'rrarrz Morar ra ce rrocTHrHaT caMo aKO AeTeTO Ce
I4

rpaBr{.[Ha pa6orua xo3a nprl rrr4caHe, phcyBaHe H rpyaoeo o6yveunetr4rrpax4aHero Ha npaRr.r,'rHo re"ro4'bpx{aHe e Ab"rr.bf . R.b3rrrrare,rreH nporlec, r<oiiro rplSna 4a 3anoqHe or Hafi-pauua AercKa tsT'3pacr r.1 rpH)r{aTa 3a Hero rpn6na 4a 3a,'refHe KaTO OcHotsrra

Haii-BaxHnre npo$a,raxrHqHu MepKH e H3rpa)K4aHero re"IoAr'p}{aHe npH xoAeHe, ceAeHe npe3 BpeMe Ha ceo6o4uure aaHHMaHI4fl, 3aHqrurra, pa3xoAKflTe H np., KaKTo H ua Hfl
npiIBI4a'IHo

EAua

or

paooTliaTil CH rIO3a.

KpIiTLIqHO I{T,M TeJIOAbpX(aHeTO

H

4aHe B

Ha yr{Hre,,rr:rTe Lr poAHreirrare. Haii-qecrure fpe.*I,, I{ol4ro ce Aofiycl{ar B rerc*I]re rpaLwHr4 868 B'bg,,HTaHlteTo Ha lrpaBt,'rHo TetoA-bp)KaHe, ca c"treAH[ITe :
ql4Ted'iHTe 3aA'bJrlKaBar

kI KpI'{rHrlHo orHoueHl4e K'bM Te"roAbp)r(aHero Ha ApyrapHre ra
trr4qHr4tr IIpHA.rep

nocoqBarie Ha npHMepH 3a ,'roruo u xy6ano re,rroAhp)r(aHe, r,3T:bK_ qpe' no4xoAflrrlt4 $opull H Har{r.iHr.t _ ecrer'r{Hara H 3ApaBHa crofiuocr Ha flpaBl4,'rHara ctcfira, [pnyqaBaHe K.r]M caMor{pHTHqHocr
BaHe

Kyd'raTypaTa, 3a rrocT,faHeTo Ha ripaBH.rrHo Te,rro4.hplxaHe ca neo6_ xoAHMH rlecrH, yMecrHH sa6e",rexxu .- LI3HCKBaHlrs xr.na Aerero,

Ocneu 'rpes Suaxy,ry'r.ypHure ynpa)r(HeHufl, Kor.tro ycu,,rBar

Myc_

er,'rex-

crrn6 a

B'bpxy 6e4para, cBHTIj
rua oC.ryeranxara Ha

4er{ara I]pH cere)r{ Ha croJrqerara 4a '/ A:bpxar pl.qeTe cr4 '.taL KpbcTa. B rasH Bb3pacr roea ea4r,,r6oua_ Ba ,ropAo3ara. Ilpanu,rHo e p'brlere Aa ce rocraBflr Ha Maca'ra
ts /raKTr4Te,

r.r pr4TMUr{HOTO

TI-IB./IeHLIeTO Ha BO/IaTa.

A,rrraHe

'pr4

[peoAo,lrfBaHe c.bnpo-

crorqero.

Karo Aerero

wrr4

[paBI.rdTHO Ce

o6,rsra

t4

15

Th IIOA IIpaB 'LrbJr 14 AA Ce nOCTar]eHa Ha [oAa. qecro rrenpaBr.rJrHoro reJroA bp)KaHe u pa5oruara rro3a Muoro npu ce4e)I( ce AbJrx{H Ha orAa"reqeHoro HnH MHoro 6"ruei<o no. cratsflHe Ha cro;rqero Ao Macara. Paecror{Huero or Macara Ao rbp,4vre rra,qerero rpa6na 4a 5l4e or B ao 12 cM, ts saBr4cuMocr oT Bb3pacTTa rr{y. flpr.r nrpare c r{yK,rrr4 vtrt4 c-tc ,,crpo[TeJ'rua uarepva,na. 4eIIaTa rrpoAT,J'rxI4TeJrHo Bpelte ce4flT"Ha SeMgTa c oTlrycHaTo 14 Mr{oro cBr.{ro rr{Jro Harpe4. Tar<a re ue rpa6na 4a ce 3aA-bp)Kar noneqe or 10-15 rnr4Hy'ril. c/re4 r(oero e ueo6xo4zrv{o Aa npoMeHflT rroJro)KeHI4eTO 14 Mr{CTO]'O CtZ. ctuiAre H:JHcKEaHHfl rpr6ra Aa ce cna3BaT u npv Hrpr4re c rrfic:F,r{. flo-pr4xo, Ho Bce ltaK ce Aonycr(ar A€rlor3 4a ce 3aA:bpxar rrirorf,b.{x(HreJrHo BpeMe IIpaBH H,[H ceAHa,{H. TOea craruqHo noJroxieHHe BoAr{ 40 6r,pea yMope Ha MycKy,'rarypara H cbsAaBa ycJroBHfl ga trgr{pxnflEane Ha rpr,6uauuua crtn6.

rpa6ea Aa saeMar rHMHacTfiqecr{oTo ,,cBo6oA[oJrypa3r{paqeH croex, npn xoriro re)Kecrra Ha rfl/roro e pa3[pe.4e/reHa paBHoMepHo Ha ABara KpaKa, KoHro ca o6TefHarr.r B KO,'IeHaTa, a p'bqeTe ca CRHTLI B ,rIaKTUTe W XBAHATI1I 3aA TflJIOTO, r./raBara e H3rrpaBeHa, a KopeMbr - npu6pau. flpu nucaHe, p[cyBaHe, xpaHeHe v Apyr-v, sal:nMalLrs. Ha Macara ,{euaTa ce HaBe)r{Aar rrpeMHoro Ha[peA r]Jru ce z3BXBar rz HaK./roHflBar BcrpaHH, r4trr ce cB/'Ir4qar (cn,tr,r<ear) HarrpeA c H3n.bHarla r{paKa IIo4 MacaTa. Heo6xo4anao e AeTero Aa crra3Ba [paB[,]rHa pa6orna rro3a rpyflbr 4a e rr3flpacen, a KpaKara I\a ca crr,HaTe3r.r c,'ryqau .4erlaTa

flprz npo4u'rxure,rreH croelr trpe3 BpeMe Ha o6xcHeurxra, Ha I{rpa, saHr4MaHils n np. Ieqara BacraBar B crpoeBo ,,ceo6o4Ho,, c orrrycHar xpax. Toea HapyrxaBa [paBuJrHoro re,'roAbp)KaHe. flpv

JIETIEHI4E HA HENPABI4JIHOTO TEJIONbPXAHE
14

TPbEHATIHI4TE T,I3I(PI4BqBAHUq

qPES I4SNPAEI,ITEJIHATA II4MHACTI4KA

Ho"

LI3HCT{Ba Cnellr4ad'rr{a MaTepHad'IHa 6asa n rroAfoToBKa Ha Ka.4pI4Te. O6exrrzeHo [ofJreAHaro He e Heo6xoAr4Mo AercKara rpaAVHa 4a ce npeBpbu{a s re,le6uo 3aBeAeHue, a Qasry.rrypHr4re 3aHrrMaHHfl B ,{erre6Ha Qusxy.nrypa. 3aroea E yc,rroBnqra Ha Aercr{rrre rpaAr4Hr.r ce JreKyBar caMo uenpaBnJrnoro reJroAlpxaHe rz ro-JreKure rpr6Ha*r{.HH Lr3KpyrBflBal:r'.tt or I creneu. 3a no-rexxure rp:s6uauun ua-

n'].ner<ure nu flpa Aeqara e r.i3npaBrlrenuara (xopuruparqa) -4ropnru_ ruMHacrr4r{a. Ts ce 6asnpa Fra yqeHuero sa p.bKoBo4Hara pors Ha rIeHTpaJrHaTa HepBHa clrcTeMa. Ha ocHoeara ua o6rqoro le e:ss,4ericrBne B'bpxy opraHr,isMa (paerrexAaH Karo eAHHHo r_Iflrlo) ce npnJrarar JroKaJrHo u KoHKperHo 4ericreynauture crrer_IuaJrHr.r yrtpax{HeHrnr, c'bo1paaeHa c HHALrBkrAyaJrHxre oco6eHocrH Ha 6onierx. Hslpa-eare,lHa rHMHacrHKa B lICTltHcI{Ilfl cMI4ctbJI kr B .vucr r}nA He r\{ox(e Aa ce npr4./rara B yc"{oBaflra Ha Aercr(ara rpaAkrua. Toea

EAnu or Hafr-paHuilre z uafi-eSuxacHn MeroArr sa Jreqenr4e Ha HenpaBr.rJrnoro reJroA'r,pxaue r-t rpr6Havuizre u3Kpr4BsBarrnfl oco6euo

KpHBqBaHHfl

Vva u 4pyfrr

rperrrKi.{,

po4l{Te,riHTe r{al'o MaJroBa}KHH

H CbU{a pbKa, HailkKl)'f OcrpauaeafiKr.r oiu,e oi uafi-paHua Br,spacr rrpuqr4HuTe sa @opMHpaHe Ha rpr,6uaurirl LISKpIiBTTBaHLI{ B yCJTOBZflTa Ha AeTCKLITe rpaAljqrr. u .qoMa, iii,re ocarypstaMe rrpaBHJrHo pa3Br.{rHe Ha AerIaTa.

Koltro ce rbJrKyBar or yqut.eJrure H --- IIOAeHeTO Ha AeTeTO BCe 3a eAHa Aa ce KpI.ItlflT KpaKaTa npu CTOe}K LI IIp.

npoBelKAa cnerlr.raJrr.r3r4paHa r43npaBXTeJrHa ruMHacTI4r{a c Ar4claHcepHo ua6npAeHue" 3a raKaaa qe,rr re ce r.rgnparrrar or ,Ter{apfl MJrH Ha.coqBar or yrrnTe,'ruTe I{bM clrequaJlHr{Te ra6uHera 6aen rro H3npaBIZretHa rr-rMHacTHKa 3a AaAeHrrfl oKp.br, rpaA r.rJrfl parioH. B 4ercxara rpaAHHa re3i4 Aerla yqacrByBar B pa3/'rurrr,rr4 @opruu na $rasxuecxo B-b3rIHTaHHe, iro KtM TEX ce rro4xox{Aa vt)j\4qr44yailHo npu rzs6opa ua y[pax{HeHrjsra (no yr{aeaHrze Ha cr]eqr.iairr4crLr -- JreKapH fi Mero.ILlcrvi ilo ile'qe6Ha Qrasxy.trypa). Kax qe ce oc'bu{ecrBa reqeHnero ria HenpaBaJrHoro re/roA.r,p)r{aHe r{ .{er{Hre l'pt6HauHr,r LiBKp}rBflBaHHs or I creleH B Aercxara IpaAnHa r.x r43BbFrfpaAcKr.iTe JrerHrr rafepfi ? l.rrasHure MoMeHTrl Ha
JIeqeHHeTO

or II, III ru IV creriesw ia 5rpso rporpecupaqr.rre or creneg lona reqeHl{e He e Aocrar:brrHo. Ho rarcnna c.[yr{an ca Mgofo peArr4 B Tagri rJ'bgpacr. C leau Aeua e ueo6xo4uuo Aa ce

I

liM

npoSnlaxrnqHH Mepo[Ipl4rrrHrr il oco6eur.r rpr{xtr or AercKtrre yrtHTeJIKII I.I pOAI{TeJILI 3a BT,3[ILITaHI4e HaBHK 3a npaBHJII{O TeJTOA'bpxaue. 3a BaSorerare ,4,eqa [po($k/raKTHqHHTe Mepofipr4rirtrs ca rleJreHa'coqeHn,.c neqedsa qe./r u fpuxlrre 3a [paBH.rrHoro reJroA:bpx{aHe ca oco6eHlr, c[eUvaJrHH. B'nnperu qe rie ce pa3"rrfi{raBaT rro ecrecTBo oT Te3H 3a 3ApaBr.iTe Aeila (OnhcaHH ts npe4r4ruHaTa fJraBa Ha KHr,I2 flo4ezxsu

flrpno,

Ca nBa: ue"leHacoqeuo

(c ,reue6na qen)

fipoBe]r{4aHe Ha BcarrKr.r

urpil c

lrsnpats. xapaaTep

17

rara)' re rps6Ba Aa ce np[Jrarar rro-HacroriqHBo, cprcreMHo z*cfon_ a HMeHHo: yBe.rrr4r{eHo BpeMe Ba urpa H noquBKa; cll/rHa xpaHa, c:b^l,pxaqa floBeire 6enrtqaun BbrJrex,Apar*
peAeJIeHa neqe6sa cnequ@aunocT, npeAHMHO
)I{pITeJI[io cIIcre['IHo 3aKad'rgBaHe H HacoqBa'e K:bi{ noAxoAgrrr

H B*raMfiulz; o6esare/rHo rroAxoAaqa nre6e.r; Ba4bJr_

croex. flacneHo'._*or rexecrra Ha- rr{Jroro rrpw H Apytn [Ipu uerennfiHero ABara Kpafi Buc (cu. l3), ua rpr6uauuux crbJro ce KOpHrHpa
HJrH

ct(creirgua

r(pHBHHaTa My.

e B Jrr.rueB "rer c onopa HA JraKTuTe H 4p. Bropo, HgnoJrsyBaHe Ha l.r3rrpaBr.rre.rrH' yrrpaxHeH*fl B [o.Brix{HIITe HfpH, B 3aHrrrusra no @uanuecro B.F,3rrr4TaHr.re H B yTpHHHara ruMHacraKa aa aKrrrBHa r(opeKr.Ias ua rpr6Havunn ."in6 H vs_ rpall(AaHe HaBrir{ 3a [paBHnHO re;io4r,pxaue. Toea e [o-cJlo]KHHfr MoMeHT or neqeHnero Ha uenpanunuo TeJroAbpx{aHe n rpt6uav_ Hr{Te HsKpHBflBaHr4r B AeTcKaTa fpaAHHa, u3HCKBar{ cneqnanasapauu notlf:11.:.11tlt::o"u' Ero sario ro pa.frle4aMe no'norpo6uo. |le Moxe Aa ce*^ocbrrlecTBr.I BHeApffBaHeTO Ha usnpaeu-relun, ''{e eJIeIIeHTH B SaHflTAr{Ta no {izeuvecl{o B:b3nHTanlre, no4enri<HuTe rzfpH I'I yrpl4HHara rr{MHacr,ra, 6es 4a ce **toq"na"u resl.r Qopnau Ha $nauuecKoro B.b3rrrlraHae u406pe ''oSHaua n "u 66ury Hocrra, [pI4HIIn[ure il cpeAcrBara I{a l43rpaBare,irHara "ap", .ru1rr]MHacrr,rKa. Heoneparrnuoro JrerreHr.re ua rps6uauuure HBKpnBflBaHhq ce
KHHIa AeTero Aa

Ha NO'OXEHI{q C PA3TOBAPEH OT TC)I(CCTTA HA TflJIOTO H |.IABATA rpr6HaueH cTan6; nocraBflHe HaK,/roHeHa noAJroxKa Ha croJra ua Aerero c no-Te)KI{a cKoirrHo3a; npH [po4bir)xHTe.rrHlr gaHHMaHHfl c

BaHe 3a.GpxaHero

nnyBa'e; qecrh KoHcyJrrarlfilr c6c c[er{r4aJrucrn; us6n-

cflopr,

B

crarnqHo loJro)r{eH'e;

,s6op

npeAr.rMHo

e arirplBHara KopeKrd'g, YTIPilI{HEHH' H APY-W Ko'ro Hocsr r4sflpannfe.aeu rapaxrep" Ers4ericrluero Ha TesH cpe4crBa B",pxy rp:s6uavuure HgKpr{BrrB alprfl Lr ?enoA6pxaHero ce ocbrqecTBflBa rrpe3 rpeHHpOEKaTa. 3arosa H npv v.npa'hreJrHara rr.rMFracr'Ka rpl6na 4a ce cnagr*r BC}'I{KU NPHHIIHiIH HA TPEHI4POBKATA. TC CA B OCHOBATA HA PA3JIXq. _1319 QtzsxV/rrypHn Qoprua n 4ercxa:ra rpaAr.rHa rz ce noaHaBar o? yqr{Te,'iHTe.
CPCACTBA CA CICIIHA'IIHI4TE H3TIPABHTC,/IHH 'I4KITO ynpili{He'r.rs,

di Jl T.;ill;H**Y; '. X:-::.ii:l: Qopnau n e o6exr Ha oproreAlvr Apyru creqka.rrrcrg. L?'ulHocrra Ha H3npaBHTeJIHara r,M'acri{Ka

y:[!!:!.

tfi !tixlid;;5#: #ffi

-f

[dH.

12

ru. 13

2. Cunosa rpelrupoBKa

rpt6Hauuutcrr.,rd. T'o ce nocrlira: a.KTI4EHO or -__-^-1.-Zt"ar,TflHe Myc*yJlarypara fipv Hsrr:b./rrreHr'rero fra carirorr3Terc,rflrr{r4 yr]pil}iHe* r{Hfr, npw K0riro ce z3rer.[qr H noqrH BC[.rr{Kx.r craBr{ Ha rsnorb" l{anpn_ Mep ynpalxHelrlrero ,,lporaraHe,, or l43xo4uo no"{o)I{erur4e ner icu,i2}
Ha 18

Cnequa.n'nre r{BnpaBr.rreJrHr{ ynpa}K'eHr4Jr I{ y,'pil{HeHnqra c Ll3[ipaBl'rre,]reH xapaKrep fiMar ctsor4 0co6euocrra, rouro fu npaBqr cpeAcrBa ria r4snpaBlrre,THara THMHaCTHKa. kOll ca regm
ocooeuocru
?

roHyc MycKy,TAryps. o. r roAoops""". rio.qBn}r{Hocrra na rpr,6Nau:j:.,^T_?j{.bp}r(aHe j11j^.il:j-6_ [Ipu_ rpr6xaqHilre HBKpr4BrrBaHHn rroaBr{xnocrra Ha lJ)',o'aqH's cr:r,16 e HaMa,reHa H,irLI 3acTpalxeHa oT HaMaJrgBaHe. I lco6xo4arum ca vnDalr{HeH'fl, KoHTo Aa s 3a,,aeq .r wrw no4o6par. litna ca fiseauxrite'H Ha lpyrja, peApecnpaqirre H _raKJroHHTe 4eTop3I4oHHIlre ynpalr{Her{rtfr H Apyru. Te 'srrrd"o" Kar(To Ha craBHHTe llpT)sKH, TaKa cbrrlo lr ua xourpaxfipaHara, c yBefii4qeH TOHyc MycKytraMaJreH

c

IfpaBnreJrnara rnMHacrrr{i.^1i,Ooru

yry:rrl.rd;6;'x.v.;p":1i:?tx3:i':#;l';:;TefJff Tf IraflpexeHr'rero (ycu.rae) nplr irSrr',,rnan"a
Ha

ifl.lffi".ffAl.Y;#

_..

.Au

^n1

rpr 6-*{9nyn "* bopury"i' s4pan nry_criy/reH Kopcer.
3ffi :"fi y[pili{fleHr#{ra or ,o3.a np.4r*oo Bbpxy no-cna6ara,

ary para, no44r,p}Karr{a

l9

ce B/rnrrflr -3a cr.lHxpoHHs}ipaHe Ha AefiHocrra. flpu noJIeKHTe $opru ua rpr,6uauuure fi3Kpi.iBritsaHr4rr, KaKro H npx HenpaBLIJIHOTO Te,rrOA'bp)KaHe, ilelpecl4paHero Ha rp'r,6uavuna crrn6 (nporunononolr{Horo Ha KoHnei{cara Ha tr3r(p}rtsrBaHero nrunaue) Hc e Heo6xoAaMo -- i4rpae ce ci.rh{erpr4rrHo H Ha A,Bere crpaHr4. 4. PasronapBaHero ua rpr,6nauHv,n c'trnd or re)Kecrra Ha rpylra 14 rJlaBara. Harncxr,r, xofiro ce ynpalxuriBa Bbpxy rpr,6navuux crl,n6, yBe,'IHqaBa o6paeyr,rauara r{pI4tsI.IHa, Ii'r,Aero Haii-oce3arerHo 4ericreyna'r, tau e nafi.-noAarJrr.{Bot'o Mscro. Ocsen ToBa roar4 I{arHcK i-Ie rio3Bo"qflBa pelpectipaHero }ia rpr6uauunt crrsn6, Koraro IIpHJIafaMe ynpalrHeHurrra 3a no4o6paeaHe Ha rroABlr)KHocrra My. tr'Issunauero craea Ha Apyfu Nrecra, cso6oAHra or r.rsKpaBnBauero, c no-4o6pa rroABirx{Hocr. PaaronapBaHero ua rpr6Hauuua crt.n6 oT Te)I{ecTTa Ha Tr{/roT0 H f./raBaTa ce [ocTHra IIpH JrI{IIeB, TI4,/IeH il crpaHl'IqeH .{er, caA{or4aTefJrflirero (ex cu. l2), BlrcoBere (nrr. cu. l3), ynpa)KHeHrnra na HaK,xonena fl"/rocxocr (cu. 14), onopnre, Hati-eeqe Ko/rreHHara onopa (cu. l5) u Kod'reHHo-olopHl4fl ce4elK (cH. i6), [JIyBHoro rro.no)KeH[e h ]\pyra. floqru Bcr4rrxri c[eIrI4aJIHH
B3ar4MHO

JIarypa, KaTo ,r pa3Ter,trqT r.{ pa3[ycKar. ToHycr,T ce peryJlHpa r.{ qpe3 AeticTBr.reTo Ha aHTaroHr{cTHTe, KarO c'bKpaIrIeHHeTo H pecfleKTHBHO pa3rsfaHeTo oT[ycKaHeTo Ha Mycr{yJrHre aHTafoHacT}r,

/t'r,p)KaHe ,qaBar Ma./rKo Hnv ro.rrflMo orpaxeHue Ba,pxy Qopmara u (tyuxqunra Ha rp'b,4Huq Koril. !,uxarenxnre yilpaxHeHr,rfl oKagBar

rraii-4o6rp aeqe6eu e$exr B-bpxy 4eSopuaqnnre Ha rp'bAur.rfl r(our qpe3 ABr,rxeHHsra H r{pe3 AHXareJrHara MycKy,{arypa. Henre-

Cu.

l5

Cn.

l6

Cn.
14

HBnpaBLITed'IHII )'npaXHeHHF Ca OT Te3H I43XoAHLI IO,T0]i(eHI.ts. "IIaSe-

B I{3[paB[Te./rHaTa raMHacTHr{a nopanH TpeHupaHe noA8r-ilifiiocrra Ha rpi,6HaqHt.lfl cr'I),'t6 npu pasrooapeuo noJro)KeFrr-re. ToBa orre no-4o6pe ce ilocrnra npn xoiu6nHl{paHero
HeTO Ce il3ll0.rr3yBa Nlr]OfO

Mo)IiHo e r(oprzrupaHero Ha rpr6HauHoro r.r3KpuBflBaue 6ea KopHfHpaHe 4eQopiuaquara Ha rp:b,4Hufl Korx H o6paruo. Ero sauo HsrlpaBnTeJrHr.rre ynpax{HeHun rpx6aa Aa ca cBbpsaHlr c 4HXareJrHH oHno noA QopMara Ha c[eqr{aJrHH AuxaTeJrHrr ynpilr{He[Lrfl, HJLH aKqeHTI..IpaHO AHtliaHe, npaBLInHo cT,qeTaHo

Ha "rra3eHe

vnpa)KueHrrfi. Bceiro rprdHauHo lrgKpl4BflBaHe 20

5" BtsleiicrBr.{e B6pxy rprSiraluHa cru.n6 qpes AnxareJrHHre

c

rrpoBr4paHe.

H

HelpaBHJrHo reJro-

6. Tpenupaue KoopAr.rHarlnsra Ha .qBuxenr.rqra r.r paBnoBecr..rero. Tona qe AoBeAe Ao rflxnoro yctBtprxeHcrnyBaHe H rrle cba4aAe Ao6pH npeAfiocraBrs Ba HgrpaxAaHe HaBilK ga npaBzd'rHo,re/ro4bp21

c

pa3,'rl{rrHHTe ABI{)KeHHfl.

1:',:::_:i ce*rnfio,r3ynar

111!:4o6para KoopAHHdIlus Ha ABfixeHrlnra qpea nponp'opeqen'crbaaiie rHBHI'{re LrMnylrcn '4o Kopara Ha r./raBHrir rao^sr'K qe yc.aMoKoHrpor'r Ha re"rroA.bpxaHero.
H

ynpaxueur{fl ao crenara (cH.

3a raeu rlerr Molre Aa l7) i"a""o
"n*-npaa

xapaKTep, aKo ce Id3ll3Ter,lflHe Tffd'rOTO Hafope (cH. lB), caMou3rerJrsne. Hnra ynpalKHeH?tq, KOHTO nO CBOeTO C.bA'bplKaHne ca c l.l3rrpaBr4re,rreH xanpaBr4Te,rreH

n'bJrHH

c

paKrep. Toea ca y[pa)Kr{eHusra: 3a paBHoBecl4e, Koop4lrHail.ttfl, ilA3elie,
BHCOBeTe, OIIOp]ITe, [pOBLIpa-

HeTO, IIO,4Bi.t)KHIiTe ],drpw, C'I>A'bp)KauIH raKnBa yripilKHeHuq, ndlryBaIIeTO, n'bp3a"rlsHeTo Ha K1bHKH H CKM

H

MHO|O

IpyrH, r0,'rflMa qacT
B'b3nr{TaHI{e

OT KOHTO CA BKJINqCHI4 KATO 3AA1J.rr)KHre"ryeH MarepHa./I B np0fpaMr4Te

Ha AeTCKHTe rpa&i.{HH.

no Qnsuuecxo

Cneqlrannnre

Hg[paBr4TeilHH

ynpilKHeHvq ca ar{Tr,rBHrz HJ|LI nacHBHlr tpvteuueucn y[paxHeHHfl,
Kor.rro c'bBceM oflpeAe/reHo npr4re)KaBaT eAHA Urrr4 HflKOJTKO XapaK-

j,
Cn. 17

repua oco6eHocru
Cu.
19,

Ha lIgnpaBHTed'I-

HaTa TLIMHaCTHKa, HO CI4./IHO nOAqepTaHI4, KOeTO C Manr(n l43K./lrcqeHLIa rH [paBH rpyAHO lrpllJro]KHMH 3a Apyra qe;1. HanpuMep Koraro npz o6nrHoBeHoTo paBHoBecHo xoAeHe no 46cra, noB4r4rHara Ha BI4COqI'IHa 3O cu /vlno*r'espre c H3rlpaBI4TeJIeH xapagTep), Ce nO-

Cn.

18

I(OOpAI4HaUHqra Ha rB')r{eHuflTa. TOrasa ynpa}KHeHr.Iero e no-cno)KHO.

lrpn-no-rexxare sopnru Ha rpr6nauHo Hapyrxe'a crarr4Kara Ha rflJroro. Karo ce rpe'r4paH3KpHBfBaHe e paiuo"ecne"o u KoopAlrHauH.sra, Bbpxy Hapyureuara craruKa, t: aa rloBrlrqeaaae orpaNeune Koero Mar{ap H B Ma./rKa creneH, ure arpxy rpr6J HaqHOrO r.r3KpHBffBaHe. 7. Enenaeurapnocr Ha y[paxneHt4flra. Toea rqe ocufypu Toquoro I{M U3nr"rrHeHr4e -_ MHO.O Heo6xo4nuo 3a r(oHr(per'oT. HM S"AaericrBrze' 3a npe4yurzJrHrrrHara Brfpacr roBa e Bax'a xapar(repHa oco6euocr. HsK.rrrcqeufie ce AolycKa caMo Kofaro rle./rraM no4o6ptnane
ordrre,aJro.

Hure ABuxeuas. Ha BcffKo yflpaxHeuHe, aKo ce npfinaAe noBeqe or rear{ xapaKrepnu oco6eHocru, ro nplaao6lrsa eAna ulrrr iu-npuu"_ reJreu xapaxrep. Hanpnuep o6nxHoBeuoro xo,qeue npra4o6nnl ua_
22
23

Tosa ca safi-na>xHure xapar(repnu bcbce,rocrr-Ju"".iffi".n-

a,,

ott

Cn. 26

25

nxaalarv HaBaA (cH.19), rona ynpaxHeHHe cTaBa clerlna./rHo H3ilI4HCTBOTO

rrpaBureJrHo. Karo cpeAcrBa Ha H3[paBl4re,rrnara rn\{Hac ruKa 6on-

OT CIICU}IA,{HHTC I,''.3. xpaBr4Te.rrHH ynpa)KHeHr,rf ca KoHKpeTHO OrrpeAeJreHr.r 3a pa3,'rr4qHHTC BI{AOBC JIOKAJII43AIIHfl H

Ha rp'r6ua'ruure H3KpHBsBaHHfl.
Cneuuanuu rd3rrpaBr{reJrHu ytrpilt<HeHH.rr ca: rlbJraeuaflTa ua Knan, uo4uSuraqrrr4re Ha Moun<on, pe4-

CTCIICH

pecr4paqfi yrpilr(ueHr4s c r.l 6es ypeAn, caMopeApecuPauu yrpil(HeHHfl, AeTOp3HOHHH yrrpaxHeHHrr, eKCreH3I4H, paBHOBeCHH yrrpa)KHeHLrs c rop6auxa HJrH pnrrr Ha

Cn. 29

f.rraBara (aeficrnynaulu ynpaxHeHHH

npeAr4MHo

upes urrriuo-ToHHvHr4re pe$,rercau)

NOABLIXH!4-I4TPN C I4SNPABI4TEJIEH XAPAKTEP

Ha

cfleqka.rrHH 3a

lu3[paBl4reJrHa [I1IMHacTI4r{a ypeAH

Cruruocr n 3Haqeilile

ts rpa.(HHa,

Cp'27

a HMeHHo: HsKoH or nao4uSnNarlr4uTe sa Mourxon (cn.20 21, 22, 23 w 24), paBHoBecHH ynpaxHeHnff c pr.rnf u"ru rop6r.ruxa, Ha. ruIaBara (cn. 2,5, 26) n Apyrr or pr3xoAno rono)KeHue nnc (cu. 27) unn ,'rer (cu. 28), unu ofiopa (cH. 29) ,,Meirerrrxo crtnBaue".

r4 ApyrH ynpaxHeHHfl oT /ref, BLr _ H onopa. Ma.nxo or rr{x ca npuJro)KHMH B )iC"'IOBHflTa Ha ,4eTCKaTa

-

B ycnonnlra Ha AercKara rpaIHHa noABrrxHr{re HrpH ca uafr.rloAxo4flUla QopMa 3a rrpr.rdrraraHe Ha a3npaBHre/rHa tlzlrHacrzxa, r'r,fi r{aro ce flpoBe)r{Aar exeAHeBHo u HaMI4par nari-ronsuo Mflcro B pexHMa Ha AeTcKara rpaAHHa. Paeuoo6pasuure ABr4)KeHHrr B HrpHTe nts4ericrnynar B6pxy IIeJrHs OpfaHHSr,M Ha AerIaTa, KOerO ,qonpr.rHacfi 3a pa3Br4THe Ha onopHo-ABurareJrHus I4M anapar v aKTrrBrrgr4paHe Ha scurruu 6kroycr4ilBa ce 4efiuocrra Ha cl,pqero r.r 4po6oJrorr4qHr,r npouecn BeTe, Ha x/'re3uTe c BGTperXHa CeKperlus. E4uonpenreHHo c ToBa resu Hrpil ca rIeHHo npo$n,raxruqHo cpeAcrBo sa [peAorBparsBaHe
HaBHKa

3a

HerrpaBr4rTHO TeJTOA'bpXaHe

neKilTe orKJroHeHlrfl B Ted'roAbpxanero, rpt6uauunle ugKpI4BflBaHurI

H neqe6uo 3a r(opHfr4paHe

Ha

H

N./IOCKOCTIIILICTO.

HaneH_xapaKTep ce sBsBar MHoro fioAxo4ffrqa $opma ea no4o6panaHe QusuuecKara [oAforoBKa Ha .qerlara ]r sa rpeHupaHe Ha MyCKy/I€TypaTa, KOflrO LIMa CbIIIecTBeHO 3HaqeHI.Ie 3a IIOAIT,p)KaHC Ha rpt6Haunaa cran6 B HopMairuo [oJro]I{eHHe. floAsraxHrare llfpn rrpeAr4aBnr{Bar 6o4po, x{rcHepa4ocrno HaCTpoeHI4e, Koero oxa3Ba 6.uaronpuxrHo BrrrlrffHue B:bpxy rroBeAeHxero
Ha.

floAeraxnure HrpH c H3[paBnre"rreH xapaKrep cbc cBofl eMoruo-

o6u1nr roHyc Ha opranl,rsMa.

Aerero, yxpe[Bar HepBHara My cHCreMa, uao6qo noBnrrraBar Ero gauo Bbnperr,r qe noABulKnlrre
27

Cn

28

26

r.rfpH c r.r3[paBr4reneH xapaKrep HMar cBofl cneqHQHqHocr, re ca npHflrHpl H r(eJraHr4 oT ,4erlaTa H c yAoBo/IcTBae ce r{3n'bd'rHsBaT OT T'IX. Ocsen roBa reBH rdfpu pa3BI{Bar rz Aercxara ua6"'rroAareJrnocr, MHcJreHe r{ BHL{MaHHe, pa3BHBar nto6paxeHnero fl rraMerra. Bcu,rKo

B ycnonuara Ha AercKara
ilpaBr4JrHo reJroAr,pxaHe

y

fpa.4HHa HapeA

,4,eilara rpn6na

3a n3rpilfiAaHe Ha aKTI4BHO LI C.b3HaTeJrHO OTHO[re_ xru cror?rara prM. [o6pe pa3Br4rara ABurare,]rHa rlaMer-'noMara Ha Aerero Aa caMoxoHTponapa crofiKara cH.
TOBa CnOMafa
Hr,re

y

peAHrIa Apyru Qnsvuecxa H MopaJrHo-Bo.uee[ KaqecrBa. Toea Harara rrpra u:6opa u rrJraHupauero Ha [o4Bt4]I{HHTe flfpn yqnTeJrKara Aa ce crpeMpr K'bM Haii-clloJiyrull4Bo cr,rieTaBaHe Ha o6zxHoeeu[ noA-

Aa ce $opuupar

c

H3rpaKAauero

Ha
14

4erlara

lls6op u

i

,

c

nraHr,rpaHe rra noABn)t{Hr,rre firpu

r.r3npaBureleHlxaparrep

i flaasapauero Ha rroABHxHHre HrpH B MeceqHi.rfl r.r r(aJreH.4apeH c or.rren crAr,pxaHr,rero 14 xapar{repa Ha 3aAaqHTe, [ocoqeHH B [porpaMara rro Qusnuecxo Bb3nHTaHue. OcseH o6qnre Hsr4cKBaHufl, Banvnln npia He6opa H ililallpaHero Ha o6uruoeeHllre rroABHrt<HV arpn, npn nnaHupaHero Ha no,qBH)r(HHre r.rplr c H3[paBHreJreH xapaKrep yqure./rKara rpn6aa 4a
nnau rpx6na Aa craBa
HMa npe.4 BLII,

BIj)KHI{ HtpLI H LlfpH C LI3IIpaBII'i'eJIer{ xapar<rep. B n,rauogere ii rpr6na Aa HaMepfiT Mflcro H IIoAtsI.ix(HH Kfptt c'L'c c:L'cregareJreu xapaKTep, c xB'bp,rlflHe, cKoI( e 4'r,n6ovuna H c'LC 3acI4JIBaHe II Ap. I Ipa rax MHoro e BalKHo Aa ce noIXo)I(Aa HHAITBHAyaJIHo KtM /lel{ara c "H3pa3eHo orKr'IoHeHue n crolixara. Karro Ka3axMe Beire, MHofo BalKHo H3HCKBaHe npa Na6opa Ha iloABr4)KHHTe HrpH e yquTerKaTa Aa Ce cno6paeana c B:b3pacTTa r{a Aerdara i.r rflxuara Qasuuecrar floAforoBKa. B I u II rpyna ttopa,4a Jrorxara l{oop.4l{Hauufl Ha ABpIx(eHLIflra

c.na6ara HM MycKyJrarypa He e BtgMox(Ho foJtflMo Toea HaJrafa 3a rflx l],a ce nz6upar r4rp4 He caMo c JreK crolKer, Ho Ir c JreKV [3[paBuTeJIHI.{ eJIeMeFITH, HaCOr{eHH fJraBHo r{T,M yr{peflBaHe Ha paMeHHars-, fpl,AHaTa u rpl6uara nty-

y

Aeuara

a

HaroBapBaHe.

H

c,rreAHOTO:

cr{yJraryp a.

1. flpanHnuo Aa c.br{eraBa KonrperHara 3a4aqa, Koqro ce oc:brr{ecrnsna B gaHflrr4ero H B'bH or uero (n Apyfr{Te pe)r{HMHr{ Mo_ ueuru), cr,c 3aAairure ga HgrpilI(AaHe Ha [paBH,]rHo rero.qtbp)r{aHe, 2. Btepacrra ua .qerlara, rflxHara $rziuuecxa no4roroexa H Bi{Aa, crenenra I{ r'roKaJru3arlu.rrra Ha rpt6uauHoro IrBKpLtBflBaHe. flnaHupaHero Ha r.rfpure rpx6na Aa craBa no Meceun, Ba Aa Moxe no-cnoryrirrdBo Aa ce no4Snpar c orne4 Qopullpauero ua

rpynl,

KOLITO uMar peIxaBaIIIO 3HalteHlze 3a nOAAbpxaHeTO Ha rp'r6uauHHn cru,n6. OcneH roBa nJraHapaHero HM tto MecerIH ,(aBa no-4o6pa Ba,3MoxHocr 3a c'br{eraBaHero Ha l4rpara cbc cr,orBer-

CSOTBETHHg ARHIATCNCH HABI4K H 34 YT(PENBAHCTO HA TC3I-I MYCKYJIHI4

llo4nuxuure HrpH c H3[paBzreJren xapaKrep oKa3Bar pasHocrpanrro nts4eficrnae BT,pxy opfanugMa Ha 4eqara, a raKa cbrqo cr4eficraynar 3a KopurupaHero Ha r.rsBecrHu neru 4eSopMaqHH Ha rp'boHaqH[fl crbno H HenpaBrrJrHoro TenoAT,p)I{aHe. Tosa HaJrara npu no46opa uM yqr.rrenKara .4a cv HsxcHH KaKro o6nqoro, rara u cneuuaJrHoro srgAeticrBr{e Ha BcsKa trfpa. Axo li npeAcron HanplrMep Aa 3arncp4r{ y Aeqara HaBr4Ka 3a npaBrlJrHo 6maHe, rR rlnaHnpa HanpuMep Hrpara ,,Btxeuoro Kpr,rqes. Tazu urpa ctgeftcrByBa sa Qopunpane Ha HaBHK Ba przrMuqHo r{ .uero 6srane n B cblldoro BpeMe 3a rrpaBHnHoro TeJroAapxaHe qpe3 H3HaCflHerO HA pbrleTe rope HaA fJraBaTa r.I c a3TeIJrsHeTO Ha rffr'roTo.
2B

HOTO OCHOBHO ABI{)KeHHe

H

TOAHITIHOTO BpeMe.

B III a IV rpyna opraHusMT'r Ha AeI-Iara e [o-yKpelHaJl, re ca c [O-6OTAT OnItT H TIO.IOJICMI{ B.b3MO)XHOCTI,I 3A I,I3TIA'JIHCHHE HA 4Br.r)KeHrjsra H nparJnlrara. flopa4a llo-c'b3Hare.Tluoro LrM orHouertHe K'bNr roBa, Iioero ce H3HCKBa or rflx, e Il'b3Mo)KHo lzspa6orBaHero Ha lraBr.rql,I 3a [paBr,rJrHo reJro,4'bpxaue. Laear HM ce I4fpH c rro-Tpy4Hrr lr3rrpaBr4TeJrHH eJIeMeHTH, FIaCoqeHIr K'bM yl{perlBaHe Ha roJreMure Mycr(yr'rHu rpy[I4. Hegaezclll{o sa Kofl rpyla ca, rIoAnprx{Hure urprl rpa6ea Aa nocraBqr Aelrara or BcsKa Br,3pacr [IpeA LI3BecrHH 3arpyrHeHna. B nporuneH cJlyqati re ry6ar cBoel'o B1,3IIHTareJrHo grslericrsi{e. IlpN us6opa rr rrJraHupaHero Ha HfpIIre e Heo6xo4nMo c'brqo TaKa .4a ce orqfiTa H cr'ro)KHocTTa HM. B saqanolo Ha foAuHara ce nJraHapaT HfpI{ c rl0-Jlei{o c'b,4!bp)KaHLIe H eJIe['ieHTApHH npaBI{J-Ia r{ H3npaBHreJrHI{ eJleueuru. f,IocreneHHo Te ce yc,rro)KrrqBaT r{aKTO lro c:bA'bp)I{aHHe, TaI{a 14 rlo oTHorrreHr.re Ha flpeArra3Baulr]re Il KOpIlrHpaIqUTe reiIOA'bpx{aHeTO
EJICMEHT}I.

pe)Kr4Ma xle ce npoBe)I(A4r. Koraro .[oABH)KHr.rre Hfpr{ ce npotselH/{aT B't,B llpeMero 3a l4rp}'i, cl,Abp)KaHI,IeTO H npaBI.IJIA'tA I7M rpnSna Aa ca no3Harlt 3a Aeqara, a HB[paBr.rreJrHHTe eJreMeHTH Aa ca 4o6pe 3ayqeHu LI oBJIaAeHu.

r s roi.i MoMeHT or

flpz

ue6opa Ha rro4Ba)KHr{re wrpw rpx6ua Aa ce IrMa npeA

BHA

Aro no4eaxHnre rrph ca i{acr or 3auarllflra no QasnqecKo 863rrr{TaHne, TexHHFT no46op e B 3aBllcaMocr or roBa B l{ofl cr'claBxa Ha galrflTllero ule 6r4ar BKJIIoT{eHI4.
29

BaTeJIHH eJIeMeHTH LIr'Ifi
ACHHTC.

B yno4tara qacr Ha 3arrsrilero ce 3ac*bnBar crpoeB' xoAeHe (nanpnivlep nC.ne4eali Bo4aHa", ,trp.aBA r<a,. MeHu".p";J ^- ^".), qpe3 Koaro Aellara ce opraHH3Hpar v no4rorBrrr 3a c ^c.4Bauara qacT Ha 3aHrrTueTo. 3a ocHosHara r{acr ce no46apar r.rrp!{ c no-roJrsMo HaroBap_ BaHe, HrpI4 3a 3ayqaBaHe Ha HOBIITe' Heno3HarH 3a Aellara ll3npac

3a

3arBT'p.qflBaHe

Ha Bce oqe

HeoBJIa-

TeJIHH I'rfpH

MeHTapHH [paBr4Jra

3a saxnroqnreJrHara qacr Ha BaHsrlzero ce no46npar ycfloKouc no-Ma'rlKo HaroBapBaHe u [o-MaJIKo ABH)(eHufl, c eJIeH BeceJro c.bAbp)KaHHe.
:

HATC OCHOBHII I{3HCKBAHHff

flpr.r no46opa Ha r{fpare e neo6xo4uMo Aa

ce crra3Bar

cneA-

rpilr{AaneTo Ha HaBHK 3a [paBHJrHo reJroA:i,px(aHe Aa ce H3B:bptrIBa npoA'bJrlr{r4reJrHo H 6ee nperrcBaHe r{pe3 cHcreMHoro ycBoflBaHe H

a) xopnrizpaHero Ha 4e$opnrauanreua npr6ua,:iuuncrrr6

u

ug-

Hfpnre; 6) no_cnox_ 4A CE AABAT HA OCHOBATA HA OBJIA. AeHHTe; B) .qa ce 3acr:brrBar vrpr4, r(or4To ora3Bar o6llo nrs,4efi_ crBr.re Bbpxy AercKafi opfaHr.l3:bM.
HHTC H3NPABHTCJIHI,I CJICMCHTII

aarBbpAflBaHe Ha H3[paBHTe.rrHHre e/reMeHTa B

OT JIOMCH KAM6K, NO I{OHTO TCIIATA IPEMHHABAT 6OCA HIIT4 qoparu{; B:b)Kera (qe5e.nra 10 cnr), orr:F,Haru Ha nJrorrraAKara,14 IIO Ap. n) sa rpeuupai{e Ha paMefiHara, rpt6Hara t.t fpbAHara Mycr(yJraTypa Tofl)KKH C A'bJrlKrrHa 0,80 cna , TonKv c pa3rHr{Ha roJrerJuHa H Telr{ecr 3a rbpr(aJrffHe, xB'r,pJrflHe a /roBe}re; o6prvH H copca,

6) sa no4o6pnnaue Mycrryr'rarypara, no11.bpxau1a cBo.qa Ha (c orne4 6op6ara c nrrocKocr:braero'y 4eqara). ' 3a raoz qeJr Mofar Aa ce r.3noJr.yBar o6HraoeeHz' cr.sn6uuxn, ilocraBeHu JIefHaJIu Ha 3eMffTa, no KoHTo AeIIara Aa npeMHHaBar 6ocn unv no qopann caMocroflTe"rrno HJrI.t rro yKa3aHlre Ha yr{HTerr(ara; AbpBeHH rpeAH c pasJrr.rqua uJaprrHa, ne6enwua urpitaaruua, no Kolrro Aeuara Aa xoAflT; paBHoBecHLr A.bctr4 H cmn6a,nocralleHn noA HaI(JIOH' 3a HBKaqBaHe a cJIHBaHe no Tt{x; caHA'bqera, llaII'bJIHeHH c JIoMeH KaMT,K, aJII,I HanpaBeHH Ha TIJToIIIaAI{ara rIbreKH
xo.qlrJroro

KparKo BpeMe Morar Aa H3B6prrrBar KparKorpaiinn BHcoBe, Aa ce Karepsr, flpoBupar, [Jr.b3rar, Koero ce orpa3ffBa 6naronpvarHo Bbpxy rpopurpauero Ha [paBraJruo reJroA.bpxaie 14 r. H.

ItcxAar B

tlBerHH r(6pltr4 I.r JreHTH, B.b)r{eHrla, rop6uut<w, pHHfoBe a Ap. TaKaea ycJroBnfl ca ueo6xo4u,xrn i ga Hfpare, Korrro ce rponoMeuleHae.

I4sronaynaHero Ha ypeara

u

3a rrpoBeH{AaHe r{a noABr,rxHr{re

Vcrosuq H IrBLrcKBaHr.Ifl

HMA I4SKJIIOqI4TCJIHO Ba)KHO 3HAqEHI{C. T{PCS

noco6Hq np* H,rpaBr-ireJri{r4re

Hfpr-{

r.{[ptr
Ha

urpu oT
YCJIOBIIfl.

3a npanx,tuoro opfaHn3r4paue r4 ilpoBe)r{AaHe
peuraBarrlo 3HarieHue

e

c:bSIaBaHeTO Ha

n04BlrxHHTe noAxoArrrrIH

ua-4o6pa rpeHr4paHocr vr sacnrBar{e Ha MycKyJiarypara fiopaAn lto:ritA,u60qesoro nr'a4eficrBr.re Ha LrNpr4Te B.bpxy AeTcK[ifl OpfaHi{* r'ttt. Hanpunaep nrpara ,,IIr,n u rrlafiruyHlz,, ule AaAe peeynrar caMo ce ocHfypflT yciroBlzfl 3a HsrefiiqHe Ha rpr6Hauunn -at(o

rXX CC

NOCTHIA MHOIO

cru6.

Konaro Hrpare ce npoBe)KAar Ha orKpr.rro, flJrorrlaAxara rpa6ea 4a e AocrarbqHo_[pocropHa,cJr:bHqeBa H xurzeHl.rqHa. [a e orpauu_
nocraBflT
BCHrrKr4

qCHA C JIVIHH'|. ,IIZNNATC I4MAT rO./IflMO B:b3NUTATCJII{O 3HAqCHU6. TE

MfiCTO.

cnoco6crnyaar 3a Vqacrur4L\HTe n nrpara paz6n_ par, lle Mofar 4a [peMI{Har .III{HH'ITa cJle4 AaBaHe Ha cprrHa,rr or YI{HTCTKATA HJIH qC MOrAT AA CC ABIZX{AT CAMO B OqCPTAHOTO
B'rb3rrlrraBaHe Ha aaApb)KKri

Aeqa I]pH paBHrz yc.rroBHfl

y rsx.

tr

3a ntnuoqeunara pa6ora npa
3HAIICHIIC

6ttx,

MOX(HOCT :

,ct o6paaeHrl c B:bapacrra Ha Aerlara. Ha nronlarxara rpx6aa 4a wna ypeAfl, Konro AaBar

C

HAJIHqHETO

Hs[paBr{reJrHr4re rlfpa or roJrsMo HA AOCTAT'bIIHO KOJII4LICCTBO YPCAI4 II NOCOB.ba-

pyuKr.ITe, r{a KoHTo Aer{ara

a) sa no4o6prrBaHe noABulxr{ocrra na rpr6Haqn}rfl crrn6 H Hs^ Ter"{"rrHe Ha I{sfloro r-fino. MHoro iloAxoAsrq4 3a raStr qeJr ca Kare-

[o4

pbr{oBoAcTBoTO Ha yqfiTeilKaTa 3a

f per(yBaHe Ha no-cnoKofiuH 4ezxreusrs c no-ycH.neua. Tai<nn a vrpl4 lrpernaSBar Aerlara or 6rpsa yMopa H cHJ'ftlo SarofrJrflHe, Koero l'pyAuo ce [oHacfl GT ?sx H e Heile,{ecr,o6paaHo sa Te3H, KOHTO HMA',I' U3Becrirr4 HapylxeHzs B reJroAT,pxaHero. 3a ronnHie AHu ca
31

Ha rpeeucrhre ilJrorr{u Morar Aa ce rocraBsr oAefljra, Ha ce opraHH3trpaT Hrpil oT ceAej,I(, Jref, ra3eHe r.r Ap. Heo6xo4unro e c',lrlo ra*a Aa ce orqr4rar ocodeuocrure Ha ('c30Ha H afi'loc@eprri.{re ycJroBua. flpir AHr4 c }i}rcKa reMneparypa CC NPOBC)I{AAT VTPI4 C JICKII H AOCT:bNHI4 3A H3[.bJIHCFiHC I{SNDABPITCJr[rI4 e.rler'{eHTl4, c IIO-AAHaMHT]HU ynpaxHeniar, 6es foJreMI4 na]ryH,
KOHT-O 4_a

Jrara MecrHocrra. Tpy.4norpoxoAan{HTe xpacrH r{ [oBaJreHr.lTe A:bpflc'l'a MofaT Aa Ce r43[rOJr3yRaT 3a npoBHpaHe 14 r(aTepeHe, 3a Jra_ SeHe r4 npoJraSBaHe i.r Ap.

Koraro Aerdara ca Ha pagxo AKa HilA Ha eKcmyp3r4fl, Hfpr.ire c lf3npatsHreJleH xapaKrep clulo rpg6na na HaMepsr rrpHJrolr{eHr{e, I(ATO yriHTer(ara ce cr'o6paoana c B'b3MOIKHOCTHTe, r{oHTo [peA-

30

no{xo4srqH

cnoKofiHH

$neuonoravHo FraroBap"an.

- nrpu, Korzro:lHe AOBe)r(Aar Ao

rp.bfHar. Ilpe4napareruoro flocrpoflBaue AaBa B'SMO)KHOCT, c,'tre^ KaTO ce pa3f{CHH' cT,^bp)KaHHeTO Ha I4TpaTA, Heea6aaHo Ia ce npeMr4He K,bM sefiHoro H3[GJrHeHrre.
HA IOABI4)XHATC HIPH C I'3[PABI4TC JICH UJILI Kopl4r,paq xapaKTep ca B cl4drra BcI4qKH Meror,qecK vI vl'r:r.c*BitH'rr, BaJrrrAHH ga o6NXuoeeHHTe Llrp', Ocaeu ,o* oOuua ,ru LI HflKoI, A0II',IIHHTe'.IH}I rrgHcl(Barrarr, Kolrro ''o4BH]KH,4 ,,po],I3Tlrqar or rlo-c[erf,Hal,tunn xapar(Tep Hn re3il rrfpn. Koraro ce o6scusna Ha Aeqara HoBa r{fpa c Kopr4fgpau utrl
I

npeAXO)KAa ooacHeH'rrra 3a HoBara Hrpa' Taxa Aerlara MHO.O no-uo6pe B-bsfrp'eMar npaBr4trara H clb4T'px(ar{Hero Ha rzfpara z no-necno ce op'eHT'par B rrocoKara, B Kosro

B noMeqeHne, .tpnlna Aa ce cnagBa Heo6xozuuara xufr,ieFra H Aa ce ocurypaBa Helper{bcHar npIIroK Ha qr.rcr B'bsAyx, 69r o" ce Ao[ycKa reqeurze. flpea ncuux" ...1oT_g6aue uo ;&;. Ha rzfpure Aerdara rpx6na r,a r4uar no4xo4qu{o o6,rex,ro. B sanucuMocr or cblbp)KaHr.rero Ha hrpara u Bl,3pacrra Ha yr{acTHLIIIH're cTllorrBaHeTo ce I{3Bf,p'rBa B r{p:F,r, noro"r, p.AHULI HIrH Ha .pyn'. flocrpoanauero
rpa6na

at{T?tBHO BKJrIoriBaHe Ua eciaqxlr Ae{a,

m ;;p.;-

sarpflBaHe

H He

r_oJrfiMo

Ha,rafar

t|ilfl, cna3BaHe Ha peAa, rrpa}urraTa, 4a ce Bb3ruTaBaT Ky/rTypHr.t r()llocKr.r no BpeMe Ha Hfpa. vrsuci.unauwnra,

Koraro HrpHTe ce [poBe)KAar

y TflX ('1'l)ororo Hn4 lislrb'rlHeHile'
(''r,ri/(a4eHHre
l)clty,rrTaTI{.

,(ii*le rpg6aa na ca rro6paaen' Ilpa no4exxHfire urpH c

KOT4TO nbc.ranrr, Ha Aerlara, c.bc "iuror*nocrr4Te npr4BHqKr4 Ha noBe4eHI4e rz cJreAA 3a AA

ce

"

Ao*aro ce rrocr'rHar
H3npaBprreJreH

ce

Heo6xoA,4Mrzre

xapaKTep MHofo Ba)r{eu HtrnuB'AyanH*flr roAloA K:bM Aerlara,.3a Aa ne ;;-"-t;; (,l pullarereH pesy,rrar. Toea Ngucrea

c

'lcuI4flTa ce ua6nrc r'0,/rHo Aa
r

4o6pe 4a ce no3HaBar Hapy_ B Te,lO4,tbplKaHeTO Ha Bcft(o AeTe, exe4HeBHO, BHHMa-

r,,

ra

"p

eM

il;Iff3

e :'"4:"; "#u:il: "; ;;p;:" ifi fi i"X:;'-ffi '; ?^ff Moxe Aa ce yc'rol*H' H 4a ce rpeB bpHe n rpati'o HBr<pH-

,;;#:t'

O6zxHoeeuo

IPH

NPOBC)XAAHCTO

or'/{cJ,rHH Aelra. B a,*noto , i, /{e qa .o rlrlr.b,rrHeHr4e HsMa Aa ce

e

r

. "u"",i?Tff;;_il,i:rffi .13,:H. ff ..:.' 3.ffi;;,3 .ro.rbrnra, o HM,
a o6paruo, rqe -yBperr, ro.4o6peHze. Koiaro He Morar Aa ce BK,rrrcqar raKr4Ba e po,llrre Aa ce B:b3,rratar c r.sxHo vqacrlle.

Hlpw HMa po/Ilf' Koaro ce H3['bJIHflBar or

l.:,.-i]"nyu1 /lt'tla, neo6xo4r4Mo
'l'irr<a-

'4a fo HBn'1"/IHflBar H KaK J\a c'brreraBar I{3[paBI.ireJIHoro ytlpal*HeH[e c Apyf're r43HCKBaHr.rtr H fipar]HJra ,ra n.para. vxasarl*tlTa Ha yqr'rreJr*ara ce c:bnpoB.X4ar i rroKaSBaHe Ha r.i3npaB'TeJrHOro rlJrkr Kopufupatuo ynpaxHeHile.
HBn:b./IHeHHe KaKTo ua o6rqnre [paBu,,ra, TaKa I{ Ha npanu,,Iara, cB:bDr 3aHH. c LiSIIpaBr.rTeJrHoro ynpAxueuue.

r*npaBureJreH e/TeMeHT' He e AOCTaT:bqr{o caMo flcHo^H pai6rpuero Aa ce vSJro)KU Cb4bpxaHHer:o ll, a I4 IIO_TOrrHo LI KOHKpeTHO Aa ce xapaKrepr.r3'pa H'npaBr,re/,rHoro ynpaxHeHue B r{efl. Heo6xo4nuo e Aa ce o6s.cnn npx rdai{Br4 curna.rrn Aeqara Aa I43BT,prxBar cbor_ BeTHOTO li3npaBHTe,rrHo ynpaxt{eHHe, KOfa 4a fo 3aB.bprraT, B KaK.bB TeMir

't'il'rHo

Ha yqr4Te,rrKaTa r.tMar ao6pu o6Ho11z c Apyrapqer"r; ;;l T;;; ;;rro;;..rp._ N'r(')r{ y AerIaTa Aa cte4flr xoAa Ha Ht.paTa, 4a yqacTtsyBar aK_ 't'',fro B ueriuoro npoBexAaHe, 4a qytsct,ByBar cBosra oTfo'opHocr lll)li I'I3n'b,ttHeHLIe

il';#.JJi".,i.'Til"{*'ffi .. il't,ltilaraT caMo Ha oHe3H, I{OfiTO Cnaegar yKa3aHUqTa
,
Ha
KT,M yqacTHeTO Ha cBor.{Te

r-r.ob,oa",i";"g?:;":;;ffi

r{e ce [peao'Bpur"

.rafr;r;;r;

,

llil

o6r.lxHoBeHo yqacrByBa saeAHo c Aerlara. Tona ctsAaBa [o-fo,,rflM r.rHre_ pec K:bM HtpaTa, [o-./IeKO It c [o_roJrgMo )Ke./IaHLIe ce [peoA',I[_ BaT 3aTpyAHeHlztrra, KoHTO AeqaTa cperuar rrpH HSnpaBHTe"rrH'To

flpa

sayvanaHero

' Ha hfpara n I ia II rpyna

yuure.arara

;;;.;";;p#;:ilffiilffi H.#ilH5Jiffik" iHHl l);r1' flpaBhd'rara, B pe3y,,rrar Ha KOeTO c r
,,-4o6pe

rrlrurra no-rpaftul.r o6pasyeauure ycnonuo_peq,rreKropHH BpbBKH B l(opara Ha f/'IatsHHs MogbK; qpe3 Hefo ce BbgcraHoBtrBa r{a3Het'troco6uocrra I4
I(oo.

'rcrro npo46.r{)fi[re,rrHo n_o_e:rapaue

I{opnrupauero ua.rp-r'6_uuunrta-'rrIphtsaBaHrzs tlaBrIK 3a llpaBr4"rHo rano4t'pr*une a" rrocr,fa

e'bs,'roxeuar.a u^r Ba.aqa H ce ApyfaDqeTa.

orHac"i

,rpn-

npfi ue,rreHacoHa r.ifpara. g."n;-'nol;o"janr*

H

ycBoflBar-rero

4o6pu pesy/rraru.

rr Koprrf'parrlo ynpaxuenne

H ce rocrr4rar rou3r4cKBa r{e

r43rrbJrHeHr{eT0 Ha

IIIjI"l :_ llrlH-pae,trrlqHH BapHaHTr4. Buacsuero Ha Ho
I

ne'. noniapsHero

Ha Hrpare
L1

."#;:'lXr""*.TT*."Jrli".;

ro-aH

repecHu,

yino*",

flpa

nponexAaHe lra

rr,e, Ho u aa ce

CaMO TOqHO r.I fipaBr].ryHo

Bbsrrr.{raBar

ilrpara e ueo6xo4r.rMo Aa ce kgXr:r,/,rHeHI,Ie r{a ,

y

Aerrara
32

^:eitrffitiri";:?"tifffi!:

ro-TpyAHH rro c.1,4:bp)KaHr4 e H 'pr4eMar M())r{e 4a ce yc'{oxHr4' Karo ce yee,ruvz .,paBHJra HrpLr, Vlrpara oposr Ha noco6'gra 3a lllpa HanpHMep - Ha rro-K:bco np:^sjyqaBau-e ua Hrpara Aeqara ra3flr B rrpaBa ,o(:oKa pa3croflH,e, a ,iooropanre"o u pascron_ ',pH
,l llr,(uulrnu urptr c il3npaB.
xapaxTep

Ba

n

rro^f

orBn,".fft"t;Lilff,rl].9*1

33

HHeTO Ce yBeJrHqaBa Lr ./ra3eHeTo craBa B sHr3ar, KaTo eAHOBpe_ MeHjr9 ce I4BBr-p_urBa npoBupaHe [pe3 eAVH vJrr4 HflKo./rKo o6plua. nrpure rpn6na Aa ce crr{eraBar raKa, r{e .qa ce no,'ryqn paBHol MepHo LI pasHOCrpaHHo HaroBapBaHe Ha rleJrHfl opraHr.r3-bM. Koraro ca c I4SnpaB[TeJreH xapaKTep, MHoro BaxHO e IO3]apaHeTO LIM. Onpe4eraue Ha Ao3r4poBrcara''rpn6na ga craBa MHoro yMeJro B 3aBficnMocr or QrsnuecKara rro4forBeHocr Ha Aeqara. I locoqeHr.ire urpw B c6opHzxa ca pasHoo6pa3Hn rro C.bA.bplxaHVe H ocHoBHr4 4BzlreHprfl. 3a no-ronqMa flcHora re ca paa4e"rreHr{

tf ilry ?0o,
IIIoIBI4}KHVI U|PVI

?.t { (.

(ir"i,

Ha

C,IIeAHLITe

rpynH:

qaHe' CKaqaHe, KaTepeHe, XBGpdttgHe
CLI BapIZaHT.

!. |_rp^ cr,c crpoeBr4 xapaKrep 2. Vlrpn c ocHoBHr.{ ABHXeHHTT

C I4STIPABI4TEJIEH XAPAKTEP

_-

xo4eHe, 6RraHe, no4cxaAaAeHH

B c

I4B[paBLITe"rIHHfl

3. VIrpn c r43[paBr.rre/reH xapaKT€p paHe, paBHOBeCHr.{ ynpaxHeHtrtr.

-

r4rpn

JraBeHe, npoBrz-

flpz yuenoro r4M

4. VIrpn 3a n,roaKocrrnr.rero.
no46upaue, opraHr.r3apaue 14 [poBex4aHe re

MOraT Aa [oMofHaT 3a LrSfpax4aHe Ha HaBZIIH 3a npaBH/]IHO Te,'rO.4r.p)I(aHe L'r KOpHrVpaHe Ha teKr4 rpr,6uauHz r43KpHBflBaHUa. PeSy,rraTII Ooaqe Mofar 4a ce [ocTr.rfHaT caMo npr4 cr4creMHa pa6ora oT ABeTe yuurem<n, Kofaro c.bBMecTHo ce rtpcar uafi-y4aunw qopMz LI Ha'tuHLr aa npoBe)r{Aaue u rpafiHo oBJraAflBaHe Ha I4fpr.rre OT ACIIATA.

CTPOEB14 14TPI,I
Tesu nrpz qpe3 BaclbrreHnTe B rtx paeuoo6pasHr4 r.{3rrpaBurer'rHn yill)ax{HeHzfl rrpHBr.rKBaT AerIaTa K'bM rrpaBHJiHO CTpOsBaHe H npe(''r l)oflBaHe H AonpHHacnT 3a u3fpaKAaHe HaBr4K 3a .npaBH"rrHo TeJro/t"rlp)KaHe.

Btpnu
y'rnred'rKara.

cJreA MeH

tlo eAr4rr. BoAaq Ha Ko,]roHara e Tn sogu Aer{ara B npaBa [ocoKa H B Bptf3ar, Karo llit r43BecTHLr LiHTepBaJrI4 I43I4CKBa OT TgX B ABH)KeHVe 4a H3IITTJIHflBar pa3/'rHr{HH ynpa)r{HeHr.ifl. HanpaMep Aa noBAr4rar p.br,lere cu rope HaA fd'raBara, Aa HanpaBflT
Aeqara
ce nocrporrEar ts KoJroHa

c'rrlrloTo

c

noBAHfaHe Ha rrp bcTI4,

C'bC CI,Id'IHO H3TCI,]IflHC HA TflJIOTO,

4a pa3rBopr{r p'brlere cr4 BcrpaHt{ Ha Bncoqnua Ha paMeHara, Aa rril nocraBfT Ha paMeHaTa Cn C naxrn Ao6pe pa3rgopeHH BcrpaHra (cu. 30). /{eqara or Ko,'ronara
cJreAtsaT yqI,ITe,'rKaTa.

II p a n n "r a. flocox arala ABW)r{eHHeTo, xapaKrep}T Ha y[paxcTaBa cMflHaTa ?rM, ce olPeA€: JrflT OT yqfire,rKaTa. V x a s aH LI fl. flonoxeHuero Ha pr,4ere npfi pa3rHrtHHTe ynpilI(HeHr4fl e Kparr{orpairuo, Ba Aa He
HeH?rflTa 14 I4HT€pBadtruTe, Ha- KoATO

ce yMopflr 4euara. I,lsracrsa ce

TOqHO I,I3I]'bJIHCHHC.

Vlrpara yrpar(HflBa
TO ABH)I{eHHe Cu. 30

nocoKa*H B 3hr3af, opI4eHTHpaHe
37

ocHoBHoXOAeHe B npaBa

B np_ocrpaHcrtsoro. C.n4eficreyna sa B:b3TIHTABAHCTO HA BHHMAHHC, cr,o6paszreJrHocr

VIs tt p a B H T e,rr e H e,,r e Me H T. 3acrr,neuure ynpar(HeHafl rpeHr.rpar paMeHHara MycKyr,rarypa. c H3HacsHeTO na p:brleTe HaA rJIaBaTa LI nOBAI.faHeTO Ha [pbcTr.r Ce nocTr{fa rzgTerJrflHe na rp:s6HaqHLIs cr.sn6.

t4 l.or{Hocr.

rroAcKaqaHe. Cr4eficrnyBa sa pa3Br.rBaHe ua cro6pasuTe./rHocr, HHI4I(ttitTr.IBa, 3a BbSIrHTaBaHe Ha BHHMaHAeTO, 3a OpI4eHTLIpaHe B IIpO-

cl'paHcrBoro. paHe Ha npaBlidrrHo Tedrro4bpxaHe rlpe3 BK,rrrcr{BaHe Ha pa3ir}IqHl'l r,fSnpaBr4Te"rrHH yrrpaxHeHntr npu xoAeHe, r'ra3eHe Iz Ap.

HsnpaBvrr eJreH e,reMeur. I,{rpara AonpaHacrea $opull-

CJreqaaft Bo,4aqa
sa.4 P ;l*::,Xr:^:: :r::ji{rcl1a_nerrara H,H flJ;"Tf.""J:*:::. j_ j",111nun,tni"ui,:.##ff -;;;; ilTT,'Il,":#:H*:i1 l1Lo _.*."" no.onu"i ff.1o##;#.#i ySii_ j:_, u3ru ;;;; l; "",fl
e H

ce rocrponBar er}rH ,i.:fi

llpawr Karo
/{Be copca.

MeH

#f H: #ffftr :H; fll.,^ l "op ;Xffr ffi #eJfii;,:i-'-,'lj:":lY.^':9:i;.;;;;o;i#^";;J;: u4 p e, ;6 ; ; ;;;; ;' ; ;ff #' " : f3?:"f3".,: j".ll.1 y .- _11 ; ,cKfiroqeHl4 inpbcrr4, noBq'fHar' iope -- nurua, "?
r, rr
-

f,i: Ty r ;:j 3 :: "^: " T r Br.rx( " rr.,i * i xfri B ", il""." * ll?, [f,i,i-.:.i:S^ ": g.{ Brjyar' *, o6"..n;;;";;, :_1.
.noro (cu. 31). Aeqara ca HH AA CJre4BaT BOIaqa.

#i ;l;#

;

o"au"ffi;;,;";:

A.rrb)r{-

[o eAuH. BoAaqbr r43HcKBa oT TEX HA H3BecTHrr LlrrTeprla./rH c,\4flHa Ha BHAa Ha AHIlXeHkeTO. nailpaMep 4a xoAflr c pbrle, .no_
JroHa pa3fir.rqHo fIoJlOx(eHEe. /,ra3flT o6r4rcuoaeHo. oropa xaro 6a6a tl,teqa, .qa ilo4cKaqar o6axaoeeuo, c.bc 3iieluK0 nOACKaqaHe H T. H. II p a n z,r a. llocoxara Ha .48fi)Ker-irjero r.t Brj4bT Ha ynpilriHe_ [ritr{Ta ce oripeAe,TgT. OT Bo4aqa.
cd'reA 1'oBa

Bapuaur. Aeuara ca B Ko_

cTaBe!tH

B

Ilara [oB4nfar ABere cH pr,ue lo6pe o6reruaru npeA Tfl/roro, H rH xBarllar c ABe p'hlle llcprr.rKaJrHo (o6paeyna ce nposoprle). llpru HoB cr4fHaJr ,,.4a pa3rBo.pHM rrpoSopqero" re orBexAar pErIeTe cH BcrpaHr4, KaTo Abp)r{ar rro eAHo copco B-r,B BcrKa pbKa. llpz crrHa/r ,,Aa [of,]reAHeM flpeg rrpogopqero Ha4 Hac" orHoBo copcara ce rocraB{r eAHo Bt-pxy /(pyfo, r{aro ce xBar{ar c ABe pbrle xopr.lsoHra,rrHo H BHCOKO ce u:tl\Hrar HaA f"IlaBara c 4o6pe o6reruara ptr1e. fleqaTa CnHpaT H, l(aro ce rroBAr4rHar Ha npr,crr4, ltofJrexAar rrpe3 ilpo3opuero. flpa (:HfHaJI ,,ra HanpaBHM npo3oprle 3a4 Hac" p'brlere ce r43Hac{1. Hala4 4o6pe o6reruarw, copcara ce fiocraBrr enHo Br,pxy Apyfo H ce Abpxar Beprr.iKaJiHo, Aa,'req or rfl/roro. Bcnqxu Aeua c,'reABar
I(arO CJIafar copcara eAHo Bl,pxy Apyr0

I(OI'TO H3B'bplxBaT yr{ureIKaTa HJiI{ .4eTero, r{OeTO ru BOAH. flpH cHrHaJr ,,,u,4 HarrpaBr4M rrpo3opqe r.r Aa [ofre4HeM.npe3 Hefo" Ae-

Aeqara ce [ocrposBar B KoJroHa r]o eAHH. flanar zu ce lro Or acuqxa ce Hgr4cKBa Aa H3n6rHqBar yfipa)xHeHr.rsra,

At

:l :y"u

r. fleqara ce [ocrpoflBar B Ko/roHa no eAr4 H. Bcsr<o ptqere cu lro e4Ha ro[Ka. flapaoro Ael.e e Bo/irrq Ha I{o,'roHitra. To so4rz ocraHarr{Te B r(p'bf r.IS cTasra u,'rl
or rflx
H

rlo4aqa. Bapna

A'bplr{}r B

rr,/rorua4Kara,

I{aro

yrILiTe/TKaTa.

Hoeujrr Bo4aq gacraea npe4 cra_ pu.v. TeunoTo 3a fi3nr,JrHeHfie Ha .4Rr1)r{eHHfiTa ce oilpeAejr.a. oT

VxaeaHHFl flo epeue Ha lrlrara B04aq FrT Molr{e 4a ce CMeHfl. C-laNuara ciaea or yrrrrre,rrgaTa.

.1

tI c ABe p'brle saA ceAaJrr.iqero, orAaJreqeHa or rs/'roro (cH.33); Olupa fl c Atse Plqe ua rll/la; IIoBAara 5{ c OII'bHarLI pblde HaIIpeA. llellara or Ko"{oHara cJrerBar BoAar{a. B a p n a H r. Ha Aerlara BMecro roflKa ce AaBa lro erHa rofl]KKa. lpu curudn rorlKKara ce noBAHfa rope HaA r,rraBara c ao6pe oSrerHarr.I

Hz4vra roilKara, xBaHara

i.tgrla,,{HqBa pa3JrHqH!I ytrpa)r{HeHLIfl. Hanpuvep c Atse p.bire HaA f,'raBara (cH. 32) ; H3Hacrr

piir.e; or3aA
panun

Ha rrdrrerqu, e,
Mr.l

3a/x rrrd'roro

rra fiofiarKnTe ; xBaHara rro4

xBaHara c ABe pbue ( :u. 34 ),

za

4

rcp5a-

cll.

31

Te
g8

I,Trpara yflpa)r{HlBa ocHoBHH_ ABH)KeHr.ifl: xo4eHe, Jra3eHe I{

li

c ptue ao6pe
a.

lxHxqrzre Karo oBqapcKa ronra {cu.35);

c/lrrH H c.I)ulr{ yilpilr{HeHH.s.

BcnqKH AeLIa B eAHo r{ c.bx{o BpeMe ugrl'b;ruflBar

o6rerHaru. Leqara cJreABar Bo4aqa.

ao

Vras aHvrrl. VnpaxueHrsra
JI'IT OT YTII,ITE,'iKATA. ACqATA yrrpaxHeHl4fl. 3aclasar Ha Mscl
upo30prlel -

IIpHHacs 3a B'bSIII41aEaHe Ha lOqHOcT IIpI4 I43Il'bJIIHqBaHe Ha yflpaxLreHIZAra, Cr'o6pasnrenHocl', cp'bqHocT, eAHoBpeMeHHo 4eficrnyaaue. [4snp aBhre,'Ie H eJIeMe H r. LJpes ]l3II'b,'IHeHUe Ha pa3JIHqlrr.rre ynpaxHeHHl ce rpeHnpa rpt6uara, rp'bAHa I'I paMeHHa Myc*

lofJiexAar npe3 0. flocoxara Ha ABI{)KeHIZero ce onpeAer'Is or BoAar{aVfpara ynpar{HflBa AeIIara B xoAeHe B Ko,'IoHa no eAuu. AocaMo Koraro

I,I3N'b./IHNBAT

'r

BpeMerpaeHero I4M ce onpere-

o

B

ABI4X{CHI,IC PA3'TI'TIIHI1TC

r(y/rarypi.

Sacrauu B cBoffTa KoJIoHa
,[,euara ce noclposBar I]o eAI'{H B ABe, TpI4 u?TI4 HqKor'IKo Ko^ ,/roHr.r c eAHaKbB 6pofi aeua. floA raxra Ha xapMoHHI{a BcsKa I{oJroHa c 6sraHe Ilr'rLI xoAeHe caMoclofll eJtHo ce nBllxv 143 cratrra R npaBa nocoKa r4xrkl B 3l4r3af. lipz CHrna.l ,,B Kp6r" Aellara or ItcEKa KO,'TOHa Ce xBaIqaT 3a P'bIl€, ,loxaro [ocrpoflT Kp'bfa'
c,/reA Koel

,,,*dl

*

o ce n) cT(ar. I-pn crtHaJI ,,nouHl'1" Kp'broBere 3anoLIBar ce BapTffT, T. e. Ae(ara ce ,[Bzxar c xoneHe B eAHa rlocoKa, Aa r{aro rroBAr4far p'bl{e1e cn no6pe oSrerHaru BclpaHH Ha Bllcoql'lHa Ha paMeHara. Taxa npaBffr 1,0^-t^0^KpaqxI't' xalo cl'brlBar Ha I{s,'Io cr:bflaJro, c,'IeA ToBa lpyrll i0-r0 t:paqxu Ha np'bcrI4' Kalo tloB,[I.]rar p]uel e ci.l HaA rJtaBala, )iEaHalH CGC cKJItOqeHH rlp'bclI'I eAHa B.Bpyra I,r orHoE0 i0-t0 FpaqKLl IJa Ilt]./lo c1'brla"rlo c Plue BCTpaHr.r. Ilpu cizrHa.tl ,,o6tpuu ce" Kp'broBe'le ce Agzxar s o6parHa lrocoKa, KaTo p'buere ca cK,']rcr{eHH 3an,'II4ra' Aeqara npaBflT B Haqa.{oro 10-20 KpaqK[ Ha ufl.r]o clTllaro, c,'leA roBa 10-20 xpaqKH Ha [elu z oiHoB0 10-i0 KpaqxH Ha qflJ'Io cr:rna'lo. flpn cLIrHad'I ,,B KOJiOHa" AeqaTa HanyluaT I(pbroBeTe 14 ce IIocTposBaT B KoJroHa no eAI4H, Kalo BcqKo 3acraBa B cBoqra Ko"rroHa, Konouata, KorTo nari-6tp:o ce floctpol4, ce o6sBflBa sa no6eA[re,'I. B a p n a u r. Ha Bcsxo Aere ce AaBa IIo eAHo copco, Koero ce Itrpxu B p'br{a. ,Il,euara ca Hape.AeHIl rlo eALIH B HflKo,TKo paBHH no 5pofi Ko./roHLJ. l-lptz curHan ,,8 Kprr" Bcllr]Kll Ko,'IoHLI o6paaynar eArzH fo,'rnM xp'lr. floA plilbMa Ha xapMoHHKa I{p'bfr,r 3anoqBa Aa ce BaprH, r. e. Aeuara xoA{r eAl]o 3aA,Dpyfo. flpt't curHa'r ,,copca rope" Aeuara cnupar H H3HacflT copcara HaI f,'IaBI4Te cLI, Karo nofJrexAar B Trx 14 ce noBAl4rar Ha np'bclw. frpu cufHarl ,,copca .[,oJryu Kp'brbr orHoBo sanoqBa Aa ce B'I-prIa. Hos cHrHa;I ,,copca sa4 itp6a", .zreuara cnlJpar ?I u3Hacsr copcara Ha?aL, .qafierl or TflJroro cn" flpn cHtHa,'I ,B Ko,'IoHLlu 4ellara Haflyl]dar Kp'Lra n
41

ftiir

CH. 32, 33, 34, J5

oopa3yBar orHoBo K'JI'HH' Karo Bc'rKo AeTe gacreB:l B KoJroHara, -KodrroHara, K6M .Koqro rrprrHaAJre)r(14. no6e4nre.1r e KOflTo riafi _406pe

u

Ko,ToHa H Ha MflcroTo, Ha Koero e 6uno. V K a s aHutr, BcH.{KH Aerla B e4Ho H c6rrlo BpeMe r4gn.bdrrHflBa.r. eA_ HaKBrr y[paxHeH'fl r-r ce B:bprfl" u ar"u no.bnu,- *orro".t"o"paAe,rrs or yqare"rrKara.-^llpu -nou"up"nJ

AeTero SacraBa B c'blqara

rlpecrpoanaFrero oT KorrroHa B ,-^_!l aB,HIra. craBa MaJrbK Hilr4 ronflM Kpbrrl4 o6parHo [pH AaBaHe Ha curHaJr. IlpH npecrpoflBaHero

Hiltr-palHo Ce [ocTpoH

BbprffT

Ha BbpTeHeTO B e4Ha nocoxa, KaKTO BHA'br u 6poxt Ha ylpaxHenusia ce olpeAe/rflr or yqzTeJrKara.LI raew urpa aerlara ce ynpilr(HaBar B fipecrpo.flBaHe or --^ _fg.u _
KO,TOHa

rJpoIlJr)KHTedtrHocTTa

e o6parua [ocoxa.

Ha urpara Kpr,roBere

ce

B

para ce rroBrapfl [o [perleHKa Ha yqzreJrKara. fl p a n n.n a. .[,eqara o6pasyaar fpyrru, c,'reA Karo xapMoH[Kara cflpe Aa cB]rpvr 14 o6parHo 6qrar HJru noAcKaqar r.r3 rrr'roulaAI(aTa, Koraro cBHpH. Vrcas alutr. Bcgxa rpy[a npeABapure,rHo 3Hae Ha Koe Mscro Ha [rou{a.[,Kara rpx6na Aa BacraHe. llpu floBrapflHe Ha r4fpara rpylr4Te cMeHflT Mecrara cn. Koraro 6Rrar, Aerlara A'bpxar rorr'Kara B ,rnna (AacHa) prxa B gaBrzcnMocr or ?rgKpr.rBflBaHero. l4rpara y[pa)KHqBa ,qerlara Aa ce flocrposBar or pa3[p6cHar ,crpoii B fpynn u pxrMr{rrHo 4a 6nnar. CrAericreysa sa pagBrrBaHe Ha. BHr4MaHHerO, C'r,O6pa3HTeJrHOcr r.r yMeHr4e 4a 4eficreyBaT IIo
,ClIf HilJI.

Kosro uafi-pauo BacraHe B Kptm c B4r4rHara rolKa e psqe. I4r-

eAHH IO,'r9M Ir,rru
o

#?l#*'lu"pu,u"uuHe
kI
en

e "gr(oJrxo Ha .,oopu,,#ff:"
H

.lTt#d:ll"X";

T. sacrueHnTe r,r3[paBHreJrura yflpa]I(HeHufl sa rpeHup-1-1:-"u .p"onura, ip.bAHara v paMeHHara Myc, Ky rrarypa urpar a cr4efi crnyn u r", pui,jaHe

paBHr

a

a_:

aneMe

rJpes

klsnpaBr.rreJreH e,'reMeur. O6pa3yBaHero Ha Kp6r qpe3 xBaII{aHe 3a p'bue r{ [oB,u,r4raH€To Ha p'buere HaA r/]raBaracl43HacflHe ,Ha rollKara Bo,qII Ao lrsrerd'IflHe ua rpt6uauruns ct.
'n6.

Te/TOAbpxaHe.

"u

Ha HaBHK

3a [paB'.rrHo

l4xaaa H xonaaa fleuara ce Dasne,]rflr Ha HsKo/rKo MaJTKH rpymr Ha n'ro'IanKara c H.sKaK'bB sHaK Ce oflpe"4eJrfiT (no B_4 Aerla). Mecrara, Ha KOVrO BacraBar orAeJrHr.rre rpynil. Cne4 rona 'noo prrrra Ha xapMoHaKa Aerlara sa[oqBar pa3[pbcHaro 4a 6nar r.]3 [/rou]aAKara. flpu cnN_ paHe Ha Me/Tonr.rqra BCsKa rpy[a sacTarra Ha eAHO Or onpeAeJre_ uHTe Mecra' .4'euara ce Hgqaxsa", -q*rrpu Bar Kpbr. C,reA roea ce ct6rzpar ""urr-1u" ce 3a p.bqe u'o6pusyHa Kpbra c, nycKaT p,bllere, fH ZSHacrT BI,COKO HaA r]raBaTa; w 6ea 4a " Karo He ce noB/{Hfar Ha np.bcrz, BALiIxBaT 4u6oNo H H3BHKBaT ,,Hxaaa* c np04T,,T)I{I.ITe,THO I{aAHrrreaFre. IIO6eAHTe,tr e rpylaTa, xoqro uarl4o6pe Har.b/rHiz sa1aqara. np, ;;;;ion. nu zrpara ce H3BHKBa ,,xonafia,,.

Aa ce crpoHM r.r npecrpor.rM ,[,eqara ce pasAe,'rflr Ha ABe rpynn. Ha ecqKo Aere ce AaBar flo ABe r('bprrn or eAr.rH rz c'brrrn qnxr. Hanpr4Mep Ha enHala Fpy-

5_6 B HflKo,rrKo MairKu fpymi. Ha ncsro ce raBa no e4Ha ronra. Ha -. n; ';l:1.:"o #5T1u'a ce HaqepraBar' -*p..ou"

B a p n a H r. treuara ce pa34eJrflr no

: yl a.'I",; ; noA przrtMa Ha

;fal;;;;"#ffi

xapMoHrzxa.

SaeMaT Kp.L,rOBeTe, KaTO

ilJ""T.X?i' ff TX":lI;ffiTTJ?#" T.'J#; ilpn .n"pun. Ha Me,rroArjflra rpy[lrre
z34Hfar ronralzre HaA r,IaBLITe cfi, [oB4I4uBBrrKBar ,,xoraaa,,. n"Oaairra" a,,lpfruru,
42

far ce Ha npa,cru Ir

.repBeHr.r, a Ha Apyfara na 6enu..floA pralonra Ha xapMoHuxa Aeqara'6srar nexo Ha npa,crr{ us craflTa. C,re4 cnupaHe Ha Me"ro/{HflTa Te Ce [OClpOtBar B KO/'IOHa I]O ApaMa, Karo Ha eAHara crpaHa Ha KoJroHara 3acTaBar AerIaTa c r{epBeHH K}pntr, a Ha ,4pyI"ara c 6ernre. flpr.r' czrua"l ,q,er{ara rrocraBflr prqere cr4 Ha paMeHara, Karo JraKrprre pasrBapqr 4o6pe BcrpaHr.r HaBaA. Ko,roHara garlor{Ba Aa ce ABvr}Kr4 B 3uf3af LrJu4 B rlpeBa nocoxa. CreA ToBa ptrlere ce rz3Hacflr 4o6pe o6reruarn Ha3aA. C.rreAea xoAeHe Ha neTH c p6l{e, [ocTaBeHH Ha Kp'bCTa, a C,]re/{ Hefo xoAeHe Ha np'bcru c p'bue, [ocraBeHa naK Ha paMer-rara. Cnupaue r4 pa3MaxEaHe Ha K'bprrr.rTe Br{coKo HaA rJraBa n rc3Tef.rrrrHe ua ranoro. /{aea ce cI4fHaJI ,tro rrerr4pr4Ma" H 4eolixrare AeUa 3arloqBar Aa npeMl{[iaBaT or rnBaTa cTpaHa ua 4sorixure npeA Tflx. Xapnaouurara 3acRr4pBa HoBa Me"'roAr.rfl i.r 4euara gartorrBar .{a 6arar pasnpccHaro r43 craflTa I.lJrH noJrfiHKara. CnrHan.br cnupa vr Te OTHOtsO ce IIOcTpOf BaT IIO ABaMa IZ I43B'I-pIxBaT nocOqeHI{Te ynpaxHeHr.rfl, npecrpoflBar ce tlo qerr4puMa u r. H. Vlrpara ce rroBTapfl no [peueHKa Ha yqr4Te,rKara. II p a n z n a. Koraro xapMoHr4Kara cB\Apr4, Ae(ara 6arar, a npvr cflupaHe ce nocTpoflBaT B KO.rrOHa.

43

ynpaxyll_lerara B pa3rpbcHaro 6anaue, rroBKocr H ctoopa3kreauocr. Cr ^- ^Y:f::: Ir rpecrponBaHe' I'i n ' e i' u . u i n".'',lt? ;:T."";lor:X".T' r.'g ;; ;1 ;;",X?il"#r:lffilftT";#; 1 1n 1 11 1 1",_.p"; AO r.rSfpar(AaHe Ha HaBHK 3a fipaBr.i,]rHo Te,,io4lbpxaHe.

V x a s aH 14 tr. llocrpoxeaHero Moxe Aa craBa B Ko./roHa no erHH, no rBaMa, B r{p.br, noA .br_T,Jr H T. H. u".roTo,-^ii"noa"o 3acraBa KoJroHara, ce-onpe4e,,rfl or yr{are,{Kara. 3a4 nrp*iurf auonnu gacraBar ocraHa,rr4 Te Aeolixa. pasnauuHie ynpu*nanr" ce r.j3ri.b,,rHflBar B ABaxeHr4e. Bpelrerpaen""o-i, ce onpeAc,rfl or yqHre"r_ ;;f..u"r"

u c 6sraue o6aransr oKoJro U T. H. "n a. flo4 raKra Ha xapMoHr.lKa Aeuara o6nxanqr oKoJro croruerara. llpu clr4paHe ?e ce HapexAar B HflKOJIKO KOd]IOH14, peIHIIH LIJIH B Kpbf. V x a s a H Ir fl. Cro,rrqerara ocraBar BkrHarv B Harlaroro Ha KoJroMoHHKara .EeIIara o6pasynar. KoJroHa
CTOJIqCTATA fI p a e u

t;;;;;
"

tlaTa vJrrl peAnrlaTa. tr4rpara yfipilKHflBa Aeuara B npecrpoflBaHe rrfKoJrr(o KoJroHI4, peAArIn H/rH Kp bfa.

or

eAHa KoJroHa

B

VI snpaBVreJreH ed'reMeur. [IoeAr.iraHero Ha p:brlere HaA I','raBara BoALI Ao H3TefrflHe ua rpt6HaqHug crln6.

I]o AHafoHaJr, KaTo o6ut<ansr cioaqerara or B.bHruHara uM crpaHa. fJpa cnapaue Ha :f:::f o6paaynar K!:r or paneu 6pofi Aeuara ce xBaruar ea prqe lr sz.bro Aeua oKo.lo BcsKo crorrrie. rH rr3r'far HaA rJratsara cu, 6ee ce
Aa [oBAHrar Ha rrpbcr'. oraoeo noA TaKTa Ha
44
xaD_

B a p u a u r. B verzpare ,brr,./ra Ha [Jrorua4Kata ce nocraBsr I{err4pa croJrqera. flelara ce nocrposuu"." noroHa rro e4aH. IJo4 raKra Ha xapMoHrjKa re np€czuar: nnorr1i4r.u"a

f"i:i:,

Ha Me.rro4r.Jsra ce r c eAHaKcB opo,i. neqara orAerlara p.;,""T1""t"H,i#.rT BcsKa Bl4coKo rH r4zArrar HaI rJraBara aa, 6ea 4a ce rioB4l4rar Ha ntr)bcru" OrHono ce .4ana cHIlaJr 14 mecrre p ce -oroio Konro aarroqBa Aa ce ABux<r4 B saf3arnpecrpoflBar B e,4Ha

Or enua B r{flKoJIKo KoJroHLr Ha n,rrorrlalKara wnt crar{Ta Ha e4Ha JTHHHfl ce Hapex4ar [recr cro.[r]era Ha pa3croflHue e4Ho or 4pyro Ha 0,g0 lr. Ha tscflKo 4ere ce AaBa cooco. Aeuara .a no.'"porBar B flol rarcra na *apnroHzKa Ko,,roHara c 6sraue ce Koi.roHa tro e4aH. 4BH)'{H B Br4f.af oKoJro croJ'rllerara. flpra cnr.jpaHe Ha Me.rIoAHsTa Aeqa,ra ce ro_ crporrBar B [recr no-MaJrKH xo,rona c e^HaKTB oporlli*rl 3acra_ Bar ycnopeAHo e4Ha Ha rpyfa 3a4 cl.orqerara. flpa carua,,r re xBalrlar copcara c pbqe 14 BrdcoKO rH ks'Hrar HaA f.riaBl4Te cH, Karo ce noBnurar Ha npGcrr.I. 'BeTe Oruoeo ce AaBa cr4fHaJr H ruecre KOJIOHH ce npecrpogsar B e^Ha r(oJroHa, r{oflTo gailoqBa 4a ce ABH}I{H B 3I,IISAI OKO,,IO CTO/,IqETATA ?I BapaaHr. Ha rrroua4Kara Hrrl T. H. ,#I,^lty:: u.trpr' cro.Tqera Aeuara ce rocrponT::,^no{oou no eaau. ,ttrJ$*#;.ffi": noa ;;;;; nu",ruproHHKara KoJroHara c 6srane ce IBHrxII B 3uf3af oKo/ro cro,,rqerara. flpu cnzpaue

"uT roJrflM B

MaJrbK Kp'br

Lerlara o6pasyuar foJrflM Kp'bf, Karo ce xBaqar sa pr,ue. C.rre4 roBa ce nycr{ar. PasAe,'rsr ce Ha rpr.i rpyn[ upes 6poeue, 6ez r,a Hanyqar Kpbfa. (Aeqara - rpn6na 4a sanoMHr{r K:bM r{ofl fpyna IIpHHa4.rIexar.) lloA pl4rbMa Ha
xapMoHr4Ka r(pT,r:bT 3anoqBa

Ipyro B Kpr,f, r(aTo 46px{aT pbIIeTe cr{, trocTaBeril Ha rraBara (cu. 36). Jlar<rnre
xo4rrr eArio 3a4
ca 4o0pe

ABU)KH,

T. e. AeilaTa 3alOqBaT 4a

4a

ce

. o*."ffi
I

,B MaJ'rbK Kpl)r* Aerl:l'r'a HarlycKaT roJreMufl Kpr.-,f r.i o6paayear rpx ro-Ma.uKr.r
Ha3aA.

llpn

paSTBopeHH BcrpaHr.r

cuf Lra.[

Kpbfa. Manrnre Kp'broBe sanoqEaT ,ila ce ABI{XaT, KaTO AeIIaTa B

fii:tfi

rqx o6rsrar pbuere a7
Te

,lra^

ua3aA, XBAHATI,I C'bC CKTIOLICHI,I TPbCTI{. Orrjoeo nph curHa.[ ,,r'o,'tflM Kp6f "

crorrqerara

o6pasynar eAr4H rotsM r(pbr. flo6e4nre,r e fpynara, KoflT'o,rrbptsa o6pasyea HoRi.irr MaJrrrK Kp'bf H

n

Hary[IaT

MaJrKr.{Te Kpbr']eTa

flpn

uari-4o5pe rlsrr},rrHr.r y[pa)Krre Hr4ero. nonrapflHe Ha r4rpara ynpat(HCHHflTA MOTAT ,4A

Apyfr4, nocoqeHl4
Cs. 36

flpaon,ra. llpecrpoaaauero OT IOJISM B MAJIKII I{D:bIOBC H

oT

CC

CMCHflT

C

yqlrTe/rKaTa.

15

B eAHa locoKa r.r xapar{repbT Ha ylpa)KHeHHero, ce oilpeAerq cr yqr4rer'rKara. flo uefiua npeqeHr(a ynpaxHeHnflra Morar Aa 6r'Aar e4Ho, 4Be L{"[[ loBeqe. tlpes raeu arpa Aerlara ce ynpaxHfitsar Aa xoIflT B KpT,f 14 Aa ce npecrpoqBar or eAvH Kp.rrf B HflKo/rKo ra o6paruo, y rqx ce pa3nnBa cto6pasure.rrHocr H pearupaHe Ha cHrHa,{. 14e n p aBur e,'r e H e Jr e M e u r. 3acrlneHr{re r.r3rrpaBrirrerH' yrrpaxHeHufi crAefrcraysar 3a rpeHuparie Ha rpbAHara, rpl6uara u
ABr.ilKeHHeTo

v fl' Bcuqrn Ma,rrKvr r(pr,roBe I{3rI:bJ'rHflBar eAHH Iz c.nurll ABHXCHI4'{ H CC BbPTflT B CAHA IIOCOKA. |IPZ NOOTAPflHC HA I4IDATA I{pbfoBere ce ABr,rxar e o6parHa nocoKa. f)po4r,rxvrenuocrri sa
KasaH

o6parHo craBa Ilpra AaBaHe Ha

v

cHrHa/]r.

Krlt
nat'a

S.naruerara

Aaear I4M ce qBerHa ipyna o6pa3yBa Kpr,f. B cpeAara Ha Kpbfa 3acraBa r(rrpnu. Bcqxa
Aeqara ce pa3AeJrffr Ha fpyrrr4 (no ruecr).

. S.narue a pr'xa. Bczqrcu rpn6na Aa fo 3anoMuqr' llo AaAeH 3ltaK rro4 pHrbMa Ha xapMoHlzKa Aellara Hanyqar KpT'foBere I4 ce pa3npr'cBar Hg IIs/Iara crafl' xaro 6srar rl'lxo' Ha nplcrn' Ha irrtottlaAnata oCTaBar caMo re3LI, KoI{To ca B IleHr:bpa Ha Kp'nfoAa 6qrar itere. flpn cflnpaHe Ha xapMoHr-lKara AeIIara
14

'pecraBar BacraBar Ha Mflcro, Karo 3arBapsr or{I'lre cra' B roBa BpeMe /lcuara c $.rlarverara cMeHrr Mecrara cw. ilaea ce cnrHa"I ,,BCeK[
l{.rrM CBoeTo

paMeHHara Mycr{y,'rar}pa.

$narue". Aeqara oTBapqT oqI.I H BCflKO 3a[OrlBa Aa T',r,pc[ ceoero Qaarue, oKoJIo Koero ce o6paeyna orHoBo Kp'Lr' C.'rel roea Aelrara or BcflKo Kpbfr{e SacraBar B Ko"{flHHa olopa c

B'r,xenoro Kp'btrre Aeqara ce
rldTorrlaAKara pa3Ae,'rfl:r

fJ'taBa KTrM UeHTbpa I,I noBAHfHaT JIflB KpaK fope - H_a3a4 Ii f'/IaBa rraaa4 (cH. 37). flo6eazreJ'I e fpyrara' Koqro n:bpBa o6paayna xplr u nafi-npanu,'lHo I'I3II'b"IIHH yrlpa)I(HeHl'Iero'

ce npaBqr

H3Ter'"rrsr rflJ'roro cH Hafope. fpynara Aerla, Korrro fi'hpBa ce nocrporo ll Hari-qo6pe r'rBAI4rHe r'r orlbHe B'rr)r{ero ua4 r,raelrie cH, e no6"n"re,r. flpn cutHaJr ,,ocraBr.t" Aerlara ocratsr{-r B-b}Kero Ha 3eMala n Ba[orrBar Aa 6grar I4JrH xoAflT H3 n.louarKara I{ T. H. ftr p a e a n a. Aeuara sacraBar Ao r{ptbroBere cJre4 crfHa,rra ,,llo Mecra" H rH HaIIycKar rrplr cutHara 'ocraBn,,. Vras aHvrfl. finara Kpar Ha B:bxerara, r{pea Kor.rro ce o6pa-

r(oHro orfoBaprr Ha rpynHre. l4s n,'roqa,lKarr Ierrara eecero 6srar Ha llptcTu vtrr4 xoAflT Ha Ilera c pbqe, [ocraBeHLI Ha r{pr]cra, 6esAa crr,lrBarBKpr,fqerara. llpz cziua"r ,,rto Mecra,, BcflKa fpyla 3acraBa 40 onpeAed'reHl-jrr 3a Hefl Kp:r'f c Jniue KrrM Bt'lKet.o. Cnea TOBa Aeqara ce HaBe)ri4ar, xBarqar c ABe p.hqe B.I))KeTo Il fo BALI|aT BL]COKO HaA r,'taBr.iTe, I(aTO He Ce [OBAr4faT Ha np.bcTA rI

no 4 B HflKoJrKo rpy[H. B xplr oKo,ro Ma,{Kr4 KpbfoBe or Bb)KeHrIa, 6poa Ha

Ao r<ofi rptr rpa6ea 4a 3acraHe. Blxerara ca rr,HKz. Buecro B1bxe Moxe Ia ce H3nor'r3yBa nHyp. I4rpara ynpilKHflBa Aerlara n przruavuo xoAene u 6qraue. pasBr4Ba y rflx yMeHLre Aa AericreyBaT IIo CHrrla./r, cto6paeHred]rHocT u
JIOBKOCT.

gyBa I{pbf'br, ce gaB'L,p3Bar. Mecrara, K.b4ero.qeuara xBarrrar BT,)Kero, ce onpeAe,'rflT c HrrJ(aK'bB sHaK. Bcqra rpyna [peABapr4Te,THO SHae

Cs'

37

fI p a e H n a. Aeuara 6qrar us rIJIoEaAKara nor pnrbMa Ha xapMoHl4Kara. O6paaynar Kpbr cr'IeA AaBaHe Ha cI'IfHaJI' . Vra3aHI,Ig.-Aeqara BbB BcqKo Kpbrqe HMaT K.bpnl{ B c.blIIVq TIBTIT Ha Q,raruero. flpi'r noarapqHe Ha I{rpara re noBAlrrar AecH[fl
I,t.pata yfipaxHflBa AeIIara B pa3rlp'bcHaro 6Rraue, nocrposBaHe B Kp br, cpbqHocr, clo6pasureJlHocr _I{ qecrHocr' l/-z'nfaBI'IreJIeH eJIeMeur. Korstiuara olopa c TIoBAI{rHaSaL e cilelIHa,/IHO H3[paBHreJIHo ynpaxHeHHe' Har KpaK Harope
cr,r KpaK.

VlznpaBHreJreH e/reMeHr. flosAnraHero Ha B.bxero cor(o HaA fJraBaTa BoAI4 .{O I.r3Ter,rrsHe Ha rpt6HauHns cr.rt6.

BH-

-

46

47

r4rPr4
TAHI4

c xoAEHE t!

SqrAHE

B nrpare c xoAeue u 6sraue
C

YNPA)I{HCHHfl H CTATI,i.]H1,1 [IO3I4 C H3NPABI4TC,'ICH XAPAKTCP. Tesn urpa crAericreyaar3ayKperrBaHe Ha .po6nara, .pr!lu"u paMeHHara MycKy,lalypa oT npaBo no.ryoxeHr.le, oT Tr.r,rreH r.r JrhueB " JIef' Koero I1Ma Ba)KHo 3HaqeHHe [pI4 I'l3tpa]I(4aHe Ha [paBl{,rrHoro

ocHoBHr{Te ABv)r;elr4fr

ca

c:bqe-

liluo or rtrx tstDKAa Kolrrepnre 14 BcIjr{KH ce
I
/ttll1z112, AOKaTO [OCJ]IeAHI.rTe Ce-cKpi4,IT

orfipaBfrT KT,M Tsx.

Io uqelnre rH ga6e,rsgsar. Llgnusar H Karo 3B'bHflT c'bc 3B'buqe'fit'l'a, rpol4SHacgr )K-)K-x( H rOHqT .4eqaTa, . KoliTo yll.nauleriH, ce lrire6arnar BcrpaHH, 4rpxei?xa B p'blle rop6nurara' IlqerilT e ronrt

Te"rioA6plr{aHe.

Koft Ue xBaue 6ptrrr6apvero

* neuara 6nrar pasnp-'cHaro H3 craflTa no4 Tar{Ta Ha xapMoHrrr{a y,rzre,{Kara e 3actaHa/'ra HacrpaHa or r_sx. Tn 4rpxa ea4 rsp6a cr.t 4:b,'rfa [p:bqKa. Ha ueq npr.iKpe[eHa tsp:bB, Ha Kpafl Ha Korro
e
BaB'bp3aHa urpaurca-6p unr6apue.

l] KT'IqaTa Ha llaSalrll Kos1'O Ce HaMI4pa Ha IpyfHq Kpaii Ha rlo,TflI{Kara. KaTo rL npofoHflT, l,rc,/rr4re ce Bpblqar o6parno tt BIrLl?ar B HolrrepuTe' T. e. cKpI'IBar (:c 3aA crod'iqerara. Aeqara orHoBo I'I3JIn3ar Ha fioJiflHKara H T. H' 'f'can, xouto {br'trro BpeMe He 6r'Aar xBaHarll, ce odsessar sa uai' rto6pu B Krpara. ltpaeu,ra. Aeqara Banor]Bar Aa 6srar KT,M l{'blrlara Ha na'

_e

Ur leuara ce

I{3HcKBa,

llf:^_.-l _,t6p_:yl6pur-6pr,u,,. B claqra ce rosBqBa 6pru6apue. yqvl'e,'rKara 3aroqBa Aa ABLDrtu np:bqKara c 6prnldapueio ercoKo HaA r/'raBHTe Ha /r{er{ara, H*rrrl4palixtz "riereuero Ha bpr.lr6apuero, a Ae(aTa c [oBAr4faHe Ha np:rrcl u H rrpoTrrfarre Ha p lilere u r,13TerJrr{He Ha ryrfloro Hafope npaBr{T onr.ir Aa ro xsauai. Cner rrar.o HnKOe OT AeqaTa fo xBaHe, ilfpaTa ce noBTaptr. _ tl p a B H /r a. !,eqara ce [oB4r.{rar ua npr,cirl caMo Kofaro 6pru6apvero e HaA Tr{x. vKasaHHfl. vqlerenxara A'H,*H dp'snrdapuero ua BHCoquHa HaA nporelHarfire AercKu p'brre. flprl H3rrilcffHe na pbilere Aer{ara : lofrreA crelr{r 6ptu6apvero. tr4rpara yflpa}KHr{Ba ts pitsnp.bcHaro ofifaHe, c'boopn3HTeilHOCT,
14

SacTaHaT HaMflCTO, ,4a ocJ'rytxaT AarIT He r{yBaT HflKaK:bB txyM. _ce

creA Karo cnpe

xapMoHHKara, ,qa

r|,ilril, c,rleA Karo r{ygr 6ptuveuero Ha [qe,{HTe. V K a e aHfi tt. Bcaxo 4ere, 4oKocHaro or nqe'Tlzre, ce cl,lt{Ta itir ylxl4reHo. Vxn.,treuare ce orcrpaHt{Bar BpeNteHHo or l{fpara" lltrt,nqerara ce Hailu3Bar Ha ,TacrfiI( LI ce Bp'b3Bar [Ia HltrKara, 3a /r,ir ca csoSoAI{lI p:bqere Ha nqe"II4Te 3a ,rIoBeHe I{a Aetfara. VIt'l)il'ra Ce nOBTaps C eAHLI I{ C],U{II nqe.Iil4 ABa na'TH' C'IIeA KOeTO 'fg ce cMeHsr x.{ BpeMeHHo orcrpaHeHl'lre Aella ce BK./IIoqBar orilotJo.

('
I

Vlrpara ylpax(I{flBa AeIIara
JrolJeHe.
)("r'.

B pa3lip.lcHato 6rtaue, rIpHApy}{eHo fionpNuaca 3a pa3Bl4Balle Ha cpbr{Hocr H i'i34p"F,xr'Ii'red'I e

t(

('

l'lsn paBI{T

1'op6l4qKu B"bpxy fJIaBI.{re

H e,'I eM e s r. K,rerotsere c [Io[paBeno rr].no ca I{3rlpaBl4re"{Lifi yrlpaxHeHHfl.

H

JIetHu, crauu ,[euara xoAsr pa3[p'bcnaro I43 cratrra, I{aro clbrBar rloc,]IeAou npbcrlz. flpn curua.l o6pasynar Kpbr, Karo ce pbrle. Cne,4 roea ce uyuar" llpll ci4fHaJI ,,ce4HI4" Te xlriurlar 3a ('r/(i-lr, Karo o6rsrar KpaKara cv HanpeA, Ia3rlpaBtr rfl,/Ioro' a l)'r,r[cr€ cH otllipar B rloAa Mad'IKo uasa4 (cu. 3B)' I"pl4unar rour r: ,rto6pe H3AaAeH HanpeA. flpu carHan ,,,urefHl4" Te SaeMar rH.IIeH -4o6pe o6rersarrl Kpal{a ll p'blle, nocraBeHn 4o raloro. IIpn ,,rt,r' c (:I.il'lta,I ,rcraHl4o' craBar H 3aeMar ocHoBeH croe)*( c 'rleKo pa3TBol)cllu KpaKa- H c Plue Ha Kp'E'cra' .[,eqara, Kol{To 3aKbcHsBar, ,,lrrlapai", r. e. r4zlrazar or Kpbra. FIaHoso cHfHaJI, npu rcorlro /{cllaTa SaloqBaT Aa Ce .48I4)Kar I43 nfiOIIIaAKara pa3np'ircHar'o, Ha IIp'bcrLI Ii rIerLI. CneAea cHrHa,'I e ,4plr"' A cJIeA npu xot?ro AeIIara 3a,craBar Ha KoJIeHe c Aouc,r'o - ,,KorfHKat', 6pc usupaneHo rflJIo H c p'tqe Ha Kpbcra. llpn cne4ea[{Hq cnruar ,rrcfHr.{" Aeqara npaBsr "'IHIIeB JIef c Ao6pe o6rersaru KpaKa vr
rll'rc./ruo Ha nerl,i
I
lkr/trruxHu

s'p

aBwr

HaA f"IaBara

rpr6uavuua
Kyrarypa.

ct.r,n6

€;-r e H r. lloe4rtranero ua p.br{ere rope Il floBrEfauero Ha flp'bcrlj Bo4u Ao H3Tef,]rrHe Ha
r4

BHHMaHite. e,rr e M e H

rpe'r4papaueuuara, rp6AHara a rprdHara nryc-

Aeqa n nqeJri.l B e4r'ruza xpari Ha craflra ce fiocraBflr HrrKo./rKo crona. Tosa ca nqe/'rHH KOrUepH. Ha *raKonxo. or Aeqara ce 3aB'bp3Bar 3ts:bHqera Ha pbuere (re ca nue,rnurn). Crparu ca B Korxepure _ 3a_ craHalrn ca 3an. crotqerara B K,rreK c r.renpaBeHo -ra,to. llpe4 KolrepnTe ce HaMupa xy6ana noJrflHKa. Hs Hes 6esrDr.rxuo ce pa3xolKAar rpyna 4eqa. Ha r,rraBfire r4M e nocraBeHa'roD6a.{xa"
4B

(rptr c

u3npats. xapaKTep

49

f'r'nlir:r ,4o ,/IeHTilTe I,I B3eMar IIo ABe or rflx. Aeqara ce

tl

Cs.

BB

pljl..:pl.gtaxli ro4

e4Hrr

HOil Kp'br' BCrpaHH Or Apy-rh'. I4.para [po4'b/r)KaBa ro [peueHr{a Ha yrlHTerKara. fltpeeueq. e_4ereio, ,roa"o ycnee 4a He ,,a3fopr4,,, r. e. Aa ocTaHe B cTapHfl r{p:br. flpau una. 'B e.r{Ho H cr'uro
r.1

6pa4,.rur<ara, c 4o6pe pa3r.BopcHri raKrrr BCrpaHi." \JrHOtsO cLJrHa,'r ,,CraH.fi.( tr T., H. /fcqari, irr.rO tisnapEr, flpaBflr

rX paSBtIBar; ocTaRtiT {rnaFlerara ua Mecl'ara I4M II C fiirllrrrc ce 3aBp'bu{ar. flo6egltre,r e .4erero, Koero ilafi-4o6pe e Irill't/lLu4,{O ylrpax(I{eHi4eTO U uali-paUO e 3aCTaHa"/{O Ha JIIZHIIaTa. I I p a n n n a. Aeuara [oBAHrar JieHTHTe Har. rJlaBara cH' cd'IeA t(ill'o Ilfl,laTa fpyna sacTaHe Ha ,'II4HLIflTa c JIeHTH Il p:bu,e. V x a s a H i{ a. fpynilre ce olipeAe,rlffT npdHSBo,'IHo B 3aBI{cHMocr ()1' rrpocTpar-lcTBoTo, Ha l{oeTo ce I4rpae. tr4rpara yrlpalfiHt{Ba Ael{ara n 5'r'pso 6xraue, JIoBI{OCT, BHI4Malrtrc u 6rpeo peafupaHe I{a cHrHa,rI. 14 s np aB I4 r e JI e H e JI e M e H r. llponupauero npes odpruure rI iliIrilcflHeT0 Ha JIeHTIZTe HaA f,llaBa, 3acTaBaHero Ha fiplbcrn noAo6lrrrna uo4wlxHocrra Ha rpt6uauriux crr,n6 v cr4eiicrnyaa sa illtl'cf,lsHero My.
ill)'t,(:TLI H

IlSrIaKBaT (,./tc,/t r{aTo BCI4qi{Li 3aCTaHaT Ha ilvts^llflTa, I{3HaCsT lp"'IafrleTaTa ulr/( r'JraBr{Te ca c 4odpe o6rerHaru p'E,lle, I{aro ce rIoBAI4far Ha

c.bu{H )'npa)f(HeHfiE.

BpeMe

BCHTTKH

Aeqa

H3il.r,,/ruqgitr.r

,r.rt";";f lr:;;".U."*o ae?e, Koelo l":f:.
klznp
rlocTafa
a B r.i r e.rr e H e,ry e M.e H r. i.r3T€farrflrr€ ua rpt6uauuraN

orrralHe

or

rrbptsrrs Kp.bl_,

yrr-pax(Hr{Ba 4erlara B flpecrposBaHe or ''lrparao6parHo; B ,'roBKocr, e4nonperreFrFrocrpa3rp.bcHar crp,rr, rr u c:no6pasure,u_

3acraBar B VIrpae tro eAHo ,4o HflKor{ creHa Ita craara. flpe4 rpy[ara AeIIa lx,/(r{qa ('0 rpoKapna ;urrrnfl, a ua 6 nn or Her -. ,4pyra yc[opeAHa' Ha r(olro ce flocraBfl crofira c Bb)I(e, ol]'bHaro yc[opeAHo Ha ,'IHHarrlir. Brxero e Ha 5 crt srzcoquua HaA BAHfHarI4Te pbqe Ha Aertit'ra. lloA crofit<ara ca [ocraBeH?I JIeHTLI ]z copca c[opeA 6pox ua yrtacrByBalu,I.Ire or AaAeHa rpyila. Aeqara 3acraBar Ha ,'II4HI4flra E
o(.lroneH croe)K.
Itlllt'bD3B& cODCOTO C d'IeHTaTa Ha OI'rHaTOTO Blb)Ke Ha CrOtlrcara. ( l",rct rosa c 6"rane ce 3aRp'bu{a o6parHo. flo6eAtlren e rosl'tr, xofiro

tr4rpa c'bc coPca 6 Aeua' OcraHallare ce Fra fpy[H or 5

[Ipu nuqennr{ t{
crxn6.

Tti,THr,rH d]rer ce

llitcMa no eAHo copco Ll ,'IeHTa LI

fipu

curHan

c 6sraue crllfar 4o crotirara. BcqKo Karo ce noBAI'Ira Ha npbcrl4'

il'l,f)rlo

Ctcresasase ce Ha rpynu no 5-6 4eqa. OcraHa,,ri4re sacraBar B pe_ -.=-_Tt!l. Ar.rqa no eAHH Ao HflKofl creHa Ha craflra. npea .pvnu"u lauo [peKapBa JrHHLtfl, a sa l0 M..or Herr-Apyra ycnope4Ha, Ha Koflro ". ce rlocraBrrT UBeTHH teHTrr (Q,,raruera), Ha rpy[r] no 4ne. .I.ona pa3cToqHHe r(onro ce nocra'esr B ,rrerHa,rro ro.{o)KeFrrze #J"",it#?r5; Ha Aerlara. lloc,reAHare ca B ocnoBe,, croex. npri cn.na,l . On_ raHe cr[far Io o6':r,qp*e, B3eMa? fH H fll HaHv3Bar B:bpxy TgJroro cu. Vlenusar or rsx H oruoBo rfl rocraBrrr Ha Mflcro, c 6qraHe
Ce pa3Ae,,r{ Ha ABe [o./roBr{Hr4

:#"y,

V x a s a H LI q. JlesrNre ca ABJIfLI 0,60 ru. Copcara ce 3aB'bp3Bar, 6cll Aa ce npaBlr crefHar Bb3er. CreA Karo Aeuara or rpyrlara rJiilt'r,plkaT copcara, rjflKoe TrxHo ,4pyfapqe rI,I Bp'bu{a oTHoBo Ha MCCTaTa r.rM H Hrpara [poA'r,JrxaBa. tr4rpara yilpaxHtrBa AeIIara r 5r'pao 6RraHe, cr'o6pasureJll{oc?, ('l)'r,qrrocr ir 6rpso pearr4paHe Ha cLrfHaJI. VI z n p a B A r e,'I e H e,'r e M e u r. 3anrp3BaHero Ha copcara BT,pxy il'r,)K€TO, IrpU KOerO .IIeTeTO Ce TIOBAT{|a Ha [p:bcTLI 14 OOTflfa ,4O6pc pr'r1ere LI Ts.IIoro CW, BoAII Ao l.i3rerrqHe Ha rp:r'6uauHun
('I"L,45.

Ilpanlina.

n

uafi-4o6pe 3aBlp)Ke copcoTo. Bcqxo Aere saB6p3Ba caMo rlo eAI{o copco.

50
51

'- -"e.*a{fiFqi1,lt,!@'

. :a_*@ffF

parera
x,,ne

{eqara ce [ocr
s

rrli

ffi"u " Kpbra. Vlrpara.. nl""up" no npeqeHr{a Ha yqu_ fu.ff;fr."""ycr{ar llpanuna. CnrqHara Ha e4HO yrTpaxHer{fie c ,{pyro craBa cille{ {aBaHe Ha CprfHaJI.
*p Kp.ufa. Karo

,,paKera B IIo,Teru Aeqgla a*r,o;,,""" prqa saA Tafia fi ce np'ABi.r)r{Bar HailpeA-Ha paurr ple,rrriraHero Ha_par(erara, c 4o6pe ,ugrrpaBe'o TflJra, HMHTH',p:bcrr4 nilo.-irrauBar BByKa ili*ru-uj. tsecr'o BpeMe re ce ABrr)Kar B'Kpbf. HsCi"o cilr4par xz orHotso BanoqBar cHJiHo .4a n,rrscKar . piq", ,-*o""o no4pilriaBar Ha ny* "o"u KaHero Ha paKerara n:osavxa. nino"p.reirHo 13n cI4 Hafope, r(aro rr3flpau'u" pu*""uil'"-n-"rlnro roB^Hfar .,raBara u{acr.rrriB rro,{er c rr,rnc*aHe Ha p6r{e H rroBA'ra'e Ha rpbcr".

flocrenerino fi"rrflcKaHero ce ycunea, np:bcrl{. Toea os'a.{aBa, {ie paxeraraonuro Aarlu"a ..a'o"nroauo cHrHa.1I

Frara c ao6pe usnruais prsue. Toea lpe4craB/{r{Bar reJrara Ha ABe pareru. llpra cHfHarT ,,parera, ao"ono Ba no,rer,. 4erlara no_ B?rcoKo p:brlere cu Haa .nu"u"u -J :j::u" c*ar c rqx. TaKa ce_ o3HaqaBa ,y*.u"

2

l)'lrlt(i'l'tcliKp'bCTOcBaT3aAKpT'>CTarKaTOXBailIaTJIaKTHTeCU"

;";;r?-:"

il1,',

.r.nil

hlj:'4"#fi:i_.fJi^X:,i}1"H..fffi;::

r,1,'r,r'a,

Ho Karo

JtrnqaHa 3arloqBa

Bparara Ha B'brpelxHi'Ifi l)tr/t.opa, Karo ce cTpeMI.I Aa crHrHe ,qo ir1,'',r'- u Bne3e B ciioflTa K6ilrI'Ir{Ka. Karo snege B:brpe, roi earnapn
lrl)ir'rara. Leqara

X||il|t(l'MfiFIaBailpe3BpaTvTeHaBbHIIIHHflKp.b|'oTTaMnoI{o'

3a6e;rext'I, 'le fiucaua

Aa roHL 3arixo. Tofi 6sra orono

ro

Hacrl4ra

I{ ule ro'

fu, ffi,iffi"lrun:"r*1#H:
ce [oB4?rfar Ha o" =arroru. ltp*

or Kp:bfa ij3BHI{Ear ,,ll{paK"_H ce xBalli.ar 3a qe 3aiiro 3aK-IrnqI4JI. flpee IIsJIoro BpeMe 1,;,,rr,c, ..e ilrr.,ana ce crpeMrr Aa xBaHe 3afixo. Ts ro ro'Ii Ao tsparara Ha
roero
o3HartaBa,

u(,r'ouara Kr;uduql{a. 3ali'{ero n:bpiaBo 6qra. Ai<o ycnee Aa u30iu'lr or JIucaHa, ro c[eqer'IBa Hrpara, aKo He ycnee, Jlncaua e rr06c.4urerr" C,reA rona hrpara ce [oBTapq c Apyra .(BoI'{Ka ,4eIIa'

llpanuna. Jlncnuara 3a[oqBa Aa roun 3afixo

cJIe,4 AaBaHe

illl ct4fHaiI.

pu*;;;;."i

lili

u,: upn u,rtliicttHero "; Hanpe4 v HaA T;l:::"?, ^"1 3-o6pe o6rerirarr{ npr{ r.rsHacnHero rrM rdrraBara. Koraro r.'a' rHrfl, /rdr(r'atr€ 4OOpe Ce pa3TBapflT BCTDaHTT rTpo-o ;; ;;;!r,rrqrrl '/raI(TI4Te 4o6pe ce BCTpaHI.I. .:.

ii;

s.trllMo)r(HoCrn ga 6sraue. flpn fioRrapq1le Ha HrpaTa I4rpaql4re 3ar:'firriar Ha Kp'Lfa 5ea rop6uuxa. Heo6xo4unno e .4a ce ocllfypn po/tyBaHe, 3a Aa He ce yMopflr JIecHo. ' i4rpara ynpaxurlBa Aeqara e 6qraHe c xBaIrIaHe. Paseuea y 'frrx fiOBKOCT I'i CbOopa3HTedTHoCT. tr4snpaBLtre,'IeH ed'IeMeHT. Croesero c :rop6nuxa Ha |.Jtal}aTa cIIoMaI.a 3a H3l-pa]I{.q,aHe Ha HatsI,{K 3a npaBHJ'IHo TeJIo.
A'r,p)r{aHe.

VxaaaHl4s. 3a nncuqa H 3aer ce ne6npar Aeqa c

eAHaKBI'n

"#.

ffi 1ffiT."Hff =ffj'j::I,",:::'6.p..1'.I;;;n;;"'#;;;;#:i'ilii,'f"1 *"11.y: r{a pa3niiqHr4re ynpaxaeuua. 14anpaeHre,,re H e JI e M e I{ T' XoAeue c pas'rl'ri'o ilo".'o)KeHHe Ha p:brlere.
3aftxo n Jlucaea - fieqara ce pae4:rr11 Ha ABe rpyru4. Xaan{ar cc 3fl pr::r{e !r oopasyBar ABa Kp:bra, BMecreHr.{ enai " s .4pyf. pascrosnxrero Me)*(Ay xprroBere e .AHH Merr,lr. .4e,ra.a .u'6o"pnu"ii;;;;*"."* qeHrr-pl rra Kp:bfa. Bcsxo oi ,o*- non,

"iff#:: ##X_rlllT,"*i;i:ti:^ii3*J""''X;1"."ff XT,,r"no.o

eril,r" "*:-..1?1on" ;'rpaBsr 4"u "u,"o"iorii.rnt j". n o, "#ft :.::1,:l:.111_r"""uu, u

I *.- ,surp*,,rr" I4ssrH npur, .u JaI.Ko ri Jrucaila. Kpr,f e tual ropdnuru. Aeqara no."oui" Tc ns"op?"uoor,, u,* r,{atsara cv, a
52

ocraBRT Bparx. Bparrire,^ ca "rnr"rn r:(brurrrr(ara ua 3ar?r<o-

FIa Aee Mecra

o"

; ,,,pon, ";';;;;nJi"i_"fi_Hffi'"*ooXX"X?

rop6uvra, pbllere co Hit Kp'bcra. PeAnqure ca E /{tnra r{pafl }ra craflra eAHa cpeqy Apyfa. Ha e.4uarno pa3crosHne o.f rrrx ce HarrepraBa Kp'br c 4uauellp I lt. B qeHr:bpa My ce rr()craBr{ ToIIKa. flpn curnan ,,657rai7" no eAHo Aere or ABeTe pe/tr.ntrr c rop6nuxaia B p'bl{e 3anoqBa Ea 6sra l{bl\{ ronKara. ,[lsere (:]'I,IfaT AO OqepTan\4fl Kp'bl H oe3 Aa RJ]li43aT B HefO' ilpaBgT oII[? itlt BSeMar ronxara. ileqeru roBa Aere, Koero yclee Aa fl B3eMe, 'l'o nolyuanA HflI{aK'bB orflzql'{T'eJlen 3HaK. Cne4 rona rolKara ce ,rlp'brtta Ha MflCrOrO lt Z x'r,na Hefl sanoqBa Aa 6nra 4pyra Asofixa /{crla. fh,pseHerr e peAl4uara, Koflro rrpn npHK"'IrcqBaHe Ha Hfpara lrrf]r.ptrri{ c fio-roJirrM 6port urtanur4yailHr rI'npBeHI{H. fl p a e z .n a. fieqara 6lrar KT'M ronKara nplz AaBaHe I]a cl4fHart. V r< a e alw fl,. Aeuara croflr c rop6ulra Ha r,/IaBara' AoKaro l'l)erara .4so[ixa AeIIa Ha[paBLI o[I{T Aa BseMar roilKara or Kpr'ra" (j,ucA tona rop6u.rxrre ce cHeMar I'r pTJIIere ce ornycKar ceo6o4uo.
l'.nnrlrrre cH HMar
53

Koft ute ycnee Aeqara ce llocrpoflRar B ABe peAHuI4 c

eAHaKr,B 6poft. Ha

Taxa ce id3qar(Bar c"rye/rRrrrrrrrA

ff Tpynare {J

.j".i::,o"";;;"'t#'x#i."##,,*x""x-.if
ce pa3npeAen"" qequ

" aanunru

i;##ff

B:[,3MOx{Froc -HA

fi ;"T"?
ea
6s,_

c:aui, *odpas''.'fl:0":T"#i:ff?: I^ xs.ipr;';;;;-?iET.ffilii:eJ$ cr4rHa,r. --r

61puo 6'Iraue. PaserBa

;X;il;f'ucrBvBa
I,trrpae

.u

"r.puo4on*

'* ;#: :"";il:ffiir"i#i:

l

Eee Apyrapqe ce Ha oTKpvrro rrlrLl ts ca,rroH. Or4enn_ce eAHo ocraHaJrure ce noc?po'""" ,, norronulro 4"u*u. A*"""1.-0"a, Aere, a sacraBa Ha pa3crosHae 4pyrap ABa oua"pu'i*.q o? KoJroHara. Korro'ara ., u oa.p^1u11 Aerlara e rop6uvxa. fiereio 6es 9-"o.*i "1, "nuu"re HM ca rrocraBe'rr 4pyrap uanra rop6uvxa. IIpn .r.n* Ha" [oc"IeAHHTe ABe ,,[oq_ aeua- or uaonu ,a"no'a cHeMar rop6aurcllre B p:bKa, 6".ar xrru Aerero 6es apyiap, Karo "; oo .u o"il' ii o,uno. fl : :;1";' "ffi" ;:l:H.#X TJ.JJff 1:. l"p "

,, 6rrfar eAHoBpeNreHHo l,pr.rre Aeria. BnHarn 6sra nocnegHara 'r rroiir<lt ua KoJIoHara. V rcits ar{vttt. Koraro Ael{ara 6arar, rop6lruxnre ce AT'p}ffar B c-e [ocraBflT l)r,r((', a l(ctaro ca HapeA,eHI'I B KoJloi{ara, rop6nuxfiTe i,,, ,..urtuara. Exra ce or ABere crpa*r{ Ha KoJIoFIara. I{oraro Aeiliil.it. l{oI.1TO Ca B3e,'II{ TOnKHTe, SACTaHaT oTnpeA, {tIJIaTa I{oIoHa lrl)ilrtl{ KpaqKa Ha3a,q, 3a Aa He [peMI4He -Jrr4HrltrTa Ilpen lle{' I llpnre pa3RHBar yMeHIre sa 6spso 6sraHe no culfla'l, cbu{o r';rrcr c'lo6pa3nreJIHoc? H cp'br{Hocr t{ snpaeHr e,'r e Fr e Jie [4e H r. Top6u{lKriTe, [ocTai]eHl4 BT'pxy
,.9rrlrtii

l./t;il]ilTa, c[oMaraT
't(

3a l{3fpax(AaHe

HaBfiK

3a

npaBl'l/It{o refiOA]'P-

llllc.

Koft no-ao6pe ute saBbpu(e rellrara /leqara cflAaT Ha cTodlqeTa B eAVHlAtr xpafi Ha cTaffTa I4"Ill IIJIO,,\,,iiriatu. flpe4 rnx ce HaqepraBa lu4Hrlfl. Ha pascroauue 6 -- B n't ()'tlrcqceilocraBflTABeCTorr{eraraB:bpxyceAaJiKlzreLlMno (,/t.ilil rpH'brb./IHa KT,pna n rop6nuxa B pa3,'I[qeH qnxr. '[,euaTa 3a(.t.lltJaT 10 ABe Ha JILIHHflTa. flpU cLIfHa"I OT TqX ce LI3I4CI{Ba C r'irrnrrte 4a orlrAar Ao cro,'Ir{erara, Aa 3aBbpxar r:r'pnnre-ua o6,4('l.llJrr(aTa, 6ee 4a npaBflT cTerHaT B.b3eJr, A,a B3er\4aT TOpOUrIKara tl l(ilTo fl l]OcTats'l'f H? l,r-l2B3T& cl'l, c XOAeHe Aa ce olpuar O6pat,lro HLt JIWHI4flTA H fl npeAa/{aT Ha II't,pBI'iTe AeI{a oT I{o"IoHI',ITe. ( ).rrc.rt roea I(T,r\{ croJlqerara 3a[oqBar /{a 6ltrar 4pyu4 r'Be Aeua' I{ rH rlorr. r,lrnretixll rop6nuxllre B p'llre. Te ornr,psuar K'bpnure
(.,1,11|gT OTHOBO

;f#5T;ifT"*""

i

I

or

KO,'roHaTa, T. e. Aor{aTo

1".n.,,pu",.s*+"."1"H_;",1:;T"#:,u#";;H#*"##"",5i
Aerlara, Koero

o."une des- ronxa, aaeMa Mqcroro <5ea 4pyrap. c,re4 touo 1t:t1" araporo oi".r,j r""*il ;;;'""'J:iY'e orrtoBo ce nocraBsr "onnr""
"ou

tua"ur]a Fia pa3croqHae or o" I{pilt{ Ha xolonara. lTpa cIl|HaJI ,,6xraii" no.rra4"n"a "r, 40 ,aon"nr,rt B prqe H 3aerHo c "" rerero 0." zipy.upt"r#t":H; roflr(Hre, r{ilro Bcnr(o ce crpeM, ;?or&ST'.J# ;;,;;I^ ts3e.Me roriKu, *."u"u orrpe^ T3.]o A fJlallara. npyroro,,l:To

IIOCTaBTIT ABe To''I(lt. orAe"reuoro TOrrr{HTe, paBHO Ha pa3cToJrrnra"o aara"

HqKoe or Aeuara,KoeToe3aurpara. Bapv aH. H.lllu-.::'rrpae Ha orxpl.{ro r4lrl B caror.r. Or tlara ce or4e'rlF e1H1_11xuo 4eapy."pu.l'u ocraHa,rr.ire .* nJ."po"Bar B Ko,,ioua lto rBe. Ha rnara.i.e" .J,rrm rop6uuxa"

[oqHa,ro

6* ;;;.fi "r'#$"#""01.{;*:t",^;&^;; B Kpan Ha Ko"rroHa?a orHoBo "iuar'i". -n odLrd'llc
Aerero flpeA rurx

::!.x""H,l" KoJroHara K.bM

:*x,"*' ;:

?;f

:F;h;:i[l?#

:

""

#:#;:

fl*

ce

Ha ceAa,YIKaTA, C"'IafaT rOp6UuXUre Ha fr'IaBllTe CH 14 ('(, lulrlp:bular o6paruo. Taxa noc,'ieAoBareJlHo no Asolll(lt Aeuara
ttl)l'3BilTi'rOTBT,p3BaTK:bpnI{Te'nOKaTOcel'i3peAsTBCArIKHOTfpyrrilllr. fleqe,trr oHe3H, KoI{To ycneflT no-paHo Aa ce 3aB'bpHar Ha lM(,(..filTlt cn x tra He AOnycHaT rop6tr.rxara Aa na4He oT fJIalril'f

;;

t;";f;l""":

il

LIM.

;ff;#.;.l;?
Ha Ha

ll
)rfit

panun

(.rlr.lla,,I,

a. Ael'1aril ori{Bar ro cro,'Ir]erara npI'I AaBaHe Ha a ce 3aBp.btrlar o6paruo, c,'re,4 KaTo B'bplKaT vJtll oTBT'p-

6*a ^__

qn 1;i, ;;:'np; il[?:]X^",,fffi;, r e4 a o"p.r. n'n o ruo cne4 H uie o" o *. ".t?j"#;i.;""0u,u-t

;-;;r;;;il

B Kpafl uu nuJrult?ra orlloBo na o*ono" ocrane Hr{xoe

##l

tI. C:r,creeanar ce [o ABe' 3a scsKa Aeol'iKa ce H3titrltlrr 4eqa c eAHaKBH BIb3NIOXHOcTI'r ga 6sraue I{ eIHaKBO CpT,IIHI4. llpn loerapqHe Ha Hrpara AerIaTa, KoLiTo ca 3aB:bpsaJIV ./IeHraTa, 65 cna" ,'r.i,'i' ,, orBbp3Bar. ,rleurzre ca 4'bJlrl'{ 60 l'lrpara-ynpa)xtlflBa e_6lpso 6sraue no ABaMa' B pearupaHe Ha ('lll'llllJI, Cp'br{HOCT I{ CAOOpa3I4Te"lHOCT' \4enpaBlIre/IeH eienaeHr. XoAeuero c rop6l4qKa Ha r"Iarrirf i.l e paBHoBecHo ynpaxHeHi4e c il3rlpaBl'1Te,'ieH xapaKTep'
V bi)

f

I('bDIIaTa. r< ae a H u

Esraxle

c

nperrsrcrBrr)?

rpaBeHri ua crorira u ABa na.n"r, no-no e4Ho 3BbH,re. s"; ;;:";;'::1i1.:i 1?4"' Haxpan ce "o'.u"* -. rocraB'{ ABe or a"uu"u ,:_llfu" ao oop:iu""5'rtf::Xiofff""ffi'" r'?e, ao uo"nqerara u uor"rnr.u?' Xo??XfH.'l#i 'oc?H"ui ff#: 'nlp"r". ;::11,ff '"-"'ffff#:r .odParrie'6;;;""",uno*"u"u- nf

rsx ce Ha::ll3:3 rniHHF. I-tpe4 acnxa *ono* T, u npuu,i no + oofo';"r".f;3!iir#':";g- ; :lpex{Aar

Aeuara .u

"rp:Tryr- no eAHH

B ABe r{o./ronx. flpe4

:yy

llill{) rlYtlT CI'IfHa"Ia "y MeH e OpeXqeTO"" ""'.i;;;";0t". li,i'.to caub orlpeAens Kofa '4a c'so6uu' qe y Ha orlpeAeuul o cc HaMI,Ipa opexqero. To 6qra car{o E rpaHI'IIlI4re
Jl('l
ri

IIpannn

a. .Il,e{ara

cHeMar rop6uurnre

or

f;IaBHTe

cu'

c'/Ie'4

llrpara yrpaxHflRa n 6rspso 6nraHe, JIoBKocr I'i

l,l'il IIJIOII{aAKa.

peatmpaHe ria

{

Ha f'[aIlttrpaBl'ireJIeH e,'IeMeur' CeAeHeio c rop6l4r{KaHaBIaK 3a sa I{3fpilK'4aue rr;r'r'ir Ir I4BIrpaBeHo Tq.[o cr'4eiicenyna
!|

lil ililJI.

;l^ff;;:"frpBeHeu e Ko,roirara, o" noiro no.n.a"o"" a."l.,nrpr""ll3.Si;:';.1"":::.-{-"ruo6paruo, c"re4 ce ornpaBqr KbM ip6lr{ar -e^HoBpeMeHi{o qara. Karo lt3rrb,,rHflT Ba,aaKaaaHI{rr. Karo c:TI{tHaT 40 a3[paBeHl{ff .qeuara ce .J"r;;ffi" c ABe o6ptv, ria4flBar ro pbl{e, Mt{croro *ly. Taxa"*4nnonun";";::: ".:^ ;.ff II i.O IOCTAB,{T HA ce "o'iu 'inu'ui;;' "' rpe3 BCIcqKn ocraHa,,i14 o6p.rvu, Aol(aro crrrrHar .".:ll|f|."r Vrpara ynpa)r(Hfi Ba l"uu"o ^" a 6r-pso 6araHe c upeo4o,rrr{Ba}i€ HA I]pe[rITcTBHfr. IrlsnoaBrir paBHTeJreH eJreM no4o6p:rna ro4B''n'ocr"; Hq ll}..Iry:rpariero npe3 o6pr,urlre ra ronB')r{H.crrn ;;^ ;.p"6;;ffi,#H:
,y

lr_npoa'r*;r,;;f ;;""'"if.;'o^'#f

";#ir:l*:*l-*;:##i

I

rir BT.TJIHO

TeJIoA'bplKaHe'

klrPa c rosll{K}i

**:.ii:i:of-f'

Rnnrr o rlpoBripar, a .rierHar'rrr oop"u

ce ilocraBnr Ilo 'u'Be ro* ua qq"'Io cr-Lna'rlo' rrrrrr<rt. fIoA purliaa tia xap*ont'K?, c't'IlBaiixt't ua xapMol{IlKara Ao /t('rtrllil ce AB[xar oKoro rax' flpn crmpatre crpaHl4' Ilpu Ir('ilIfir rpy[a 3acraBar IIo A,Be ,4eIIA or ABere I{LI

l',h cratira'

pa3np'bcHaro Ha fpynil"

i'll|.|IilJI''JIe|HI{''TeSaCTaI]aTB']IliIIei].1-I€|C,{I{I{e€AHoK.blr{Apy|o! ['IpU cnrHan nO eAHa TOt{xI(a 14 fi xBa11{aT B ABaTa t't r<pan'
tr;(,Mil.f
,,

V xoro e opexqero
Aeqara ca ceAH_1Jri^: r{pbr c r{ptcrocaHu xpaxa. Ha rJraBHre Hr\r e nocraBeHa aanu- ,oporu.nu. r,crrKo T-o_ 4ere e ceAHa"ro c 4o6pe r.i3rrpaBen rDyl, fr.p4u, Harrpe4, r4 p:bue, HsHe_ *c .uuuana' -'nor<pa,i "rourann :. g,raHa nd.opJ-'luure,rxala

rrpaBrrr r{p:br,

*'"" .y . "" "[#"".i'{tffi"J,u?;il? i:::^A;;;;;';"'.;;?,,fr{{{i#&.ff iffi qero u fo rrpeAaBa ua_ yuare,rrr.u"u. irJr
,Touij'":

r*," ;t';,.. i" ffi : l_ 1"". ilara 3anoqBar Aa nr4:ar " ,,y [o.ot'of,a"u.ro?,,. Toea, y Kororo e opexqero, M6,,rr{r4. g,:Iar;.;";;r.;;""; Ha,,rnBo H HaancHo H o?_ HoBo rIHTar. HeoqaKBauo e4Ho or rqx 6
rfr

;:i:";'i :H,'e;;

c".;;;;;ilh,-?'ffi

**l:i

H.#*,f';{

a yuzrelxara

rpeAaBa
56

roBa ";;exqero fifpaqr4re HaHoBO Ha Apyro Aere. ";;1",:"3;il.*

-Hon ",i, curuan ,,B,l1HI'llll" o-THoBo fl't orA'a"IeqaBar or noAa tro/(lt. IIprl HoBa Merr ol'noBo cJIeA Totstt fH tspT'LIIar' XapntoHllxara SaloqBa roq)KKIaTe' creA ol{or'lo Jro7{Ilil, AeI{aTa craBl{T I4 3arloqBtlr Aa xoAflT npe'r,olril uaHoBo Jlflrar Ha [oAa I4 r' u. ]4rpilra rpoAb"IxaBa no ll('lll(A Ha Yqi4Te'TI{aTa' ' ii" p ra I n t t. flo4 prarr'naa Ha xap'Iollul{a AeIIara xoAflr Ha rxo llcflKa fP}tna nl)'r,(:'fx oKoJIo roqxKl'tre. flpn cnl4pane Ha Me'{oAl'irra Tb ts3el{ar no e'r{Ha rorxKa' o6plular ce ir;r('r'llniir rto ABe aeua. (,/[no r('bM Apyro c rp'r'6 l1t otlizpafixn ce eAHo-rpyfo' Il3Hacfir ce rloB',4Hrar loil)ril{I'lre a 4Ua p'oua BHCOKO I{aA rJIaB[Te cu' KaroTe fi4 cHeMar oSpiirHo Ha IIo,,,' ,,p-o.rr. flpn inrua;r ,flocraBu" H rIoA pi'ITbMa Ha xapMoHl4l{ara ,/r,lr, ilocraBflT rI4 eAHa Ao Apyfa I'lrpara npoA'b/IJl(,r(() Ha np'bcTl'l 3allor{Bar Aa xoAqr H3 CTaflTa' yqI4TeJIKaTa' )l(ililil I]o [pelleHKa I{a ce raBa rlo eAHa ri ,ip t d H r II. Brileiro rofl)KKI{ Ha Aeqara re xoAflr pplrMurrllo e'4Ho ,,',,'/(ani u. llo4 pnrlnna Ha xapMoHI4Ka cna3Bar paBHo itir/t /{pyfo oKoJIO OqepraH-Kp'br Ha 3eMflra' Karo ^cn. oqepran IIo*MaJIbI{ B Kp'bfa Ha rloAa e l)lircrolHlle IloMex.4y 3acraBar B ceAe)x i,1,r,r'. flpu cnl4paue Ha xapMoHuKara fifparrl4Te c J'lI4Ire KT'M BT'TpeIuHocrra My' I{a{r'r'r('r,M BbHtilHara nay crpaira,
57

lt,/(ilt'uu" ABere AeI{a eAHoRpeMeH{.io lrollAl4far rofl)fiKllTe ropHara noeAufar 14 r\rr'r'ir, Ko;IKoro I{M e n'be[4o]ino, Karo SanHo ua tpvna. flpu i"..,on ,,rocraBl'l" re t'{ nocraenr o6parHo

or

3e-

i'tt

ro
e

nilluru Mar(cr{Ma,r}ro. flrpee'eq y::^ To3ri, xoriro uau_4o6pe Merro**ln, Aerrara .:i^"^"]. "an.urn*'ynpox{HeHuero. 3ano,{na aona ;;"";;; #;;" B Kp:br H r. H. Ytrpara [po4r,,'rxaBa
qoop.'o;;;.|o:'*Jr'o'
1gaa. fope.

Aoope

Ir:.lti",-;";#*T:#iX#ff#i#"T,i..#H:*i#"fiJ; ra o6rsrar. o1"u""
no Epeuennu ?o yqnretxara.

4o6pe ontBaT Trr.rorn nH

[,t

('

|| ||(

llrllara fipoA,'bJlll(aBa rlo ilpeqeHra Ha yr{Hre'xKara' lllirr nnra" llpu AaBaHe Ha cI4fHa/'IHre Bchqxn Aeua eAHoEpe" ) 143rl'bJ1]1fl tsaT c'boTBeTHI'ITe ynpax(HeHI'Ifl' npl'I I43['L'ilHqBaHe ,V r< it e a H H fi. Or Aeqara ce H3HcKBa roqHocr
E ptldeTe

,.,#,:i:{l{ :#i}:;l nlgi;h ;;xBr''rar I BapI4{rHr Ha ufp-ara

roax**re

(naHe

ltir l)itir,/[{qH]4Te yfrilaxueuran. Kpaxara ur'nnr cil 4o6Pe o6reruarn'

npu

BCHTIKII

y[pax{-

npra ;;;;.;#:13"1,'i";muf*'f,":{:: 4o Apy,, Jnp.n" rwn^KI1Ic I''lIaBaTa

rnroro

Ha Aeqara

:ffiJ;ffiffi il;
',

llas4enxara ("reu1a1a) e Ar,,rxuHa rtu 6pauru, ts KorrrocAeuara Br 60_g0 crw. E 4eara ir :P11_ r(sr-r'cri a BMbKBaT [a./II{lITe O6raraHefO Z. CI7 ltp' I.Irpara ynpax{HqB€ pa3np}cuaro, ilrzr{eB ,ref,,"roBKocr, c-r,o6paszre/rHocr I Kpbr _xoAeHero ^H ni r5#orr.. ngnpaenre,Te

Ce IIOBAUIa C:L,U{O Ha_ "

tlftMct!tto Aeiicrsfie IIo cI'{lHa'/I' ||lrttpaB14TeJIeHe."[eMeHT.Pae.nnqrrureynpaxHe}il4'{Tpe,,r,1,,,',' tpl6Hara I{ rpbAHa MycKyflarypa' Haxnounre AonpuHacflr ,,,',,,,,,1o5p"uaHe noAslaxttoctia Ha rpl6Haunus crs'n6'

lll.paraAonpl,rHacfl3aB'b3nflTaBaHeHaToqFIocT'JIOBK0CT'eAao.

?,;#.

r_.

;#"f,T tfrffi"# iH,l##,#,#;

o;#;lil"..r#: .pyrn. ua noaa . rrrar, ycnopeAHa e4Ha nu apy.ui ,iu' scsxo 4ere ce AaBa ro elHa rorl*Ka. ]-fjl:]-9t"tt 2,5-3 n. FIa fl)I{KHTe -- ,'rOrraTIZ ;*?;';ff;";".{:^Xfr,i#; xoreHe ce Kar{Bar

' reuara ca cb

J{o^na'n

OusrylrYPnnqn e xplr' KpaJlcrtara ca Srasxy.nryp]Il4ldl'I. -Cer'uann ca Ha [oAa c plqe A:bpxar.. B'b}r(e' Koero MI{rrirf il l{M Ca 4o6pe o6rersaru' lrtill;t or B'bTpeIIlHara cTpaHa Ha Kp'bfa noxpaa BCI1IqKH I4fpaql4' ll0tr t:nrua,l ,,B'bxe lope" Aeuara noBA[far Bbrrero HaA f'/IaBara ,'ri ,' ,,to6pe o6rerHarN p'bqe. flplt cllfHa"I ,'JIefHH" Te cHeMar HaA rr,r,)t(oro HI{cKo Ao noAa, 6ea Aa ro ryluar, I{ lpexB'bp"IflT rs'Ilo il('t'() l{paKaTa cI{, Karo Jlfllar HaSaA Ha noAa c H3TefHaro (r'n. ll9). flpn cNrna'n ,,BT'N(e npe4 rnroto" AeIIara orHoBo cflAart

;ff:H*6##:ioi.

ff.ff":f

".a "u' npn,Tel*arrro no/oxeH'.

n'b r

e

KH

r e. c

fope- FIa4 rrlaBzre .r:-.1L1o uaru). [Ipu carHa"r " A"fr;; c lBe pr,rre (ao6pe o6rer_ re.rgHuero,, Aerlara ":I_.^11 "onu"f".," n.]n, , ocraBu no4Kara no ocraBflT pt'qe, "o"*nni"a-"i ::^-:!"6 cnoquu't;rocraBeHa 3aA rrrrra. clcrpaHa Ha rloAa H rr$rar treABa crlrHa'r u ,'e4Ho" HaBerrAa'e c "B3eMa ,/Io:i":i:: Ha l{pa*ara; K.uM npbcrlire ,,ABeu -lHe Ha fr'p4aTe uanpe4; ,,BAH|HH .lronarHTe sa noe4pae,, "rnpu""na " rrnr,"utosr{KaTa kr r. H.
5B

I orapar ce4Ha,/ro rio#::T#i,i#X$ I{3npaBsr 40"o"*n,". qo r nX,l^" :-': --,:" j:lpi;;;;#;+i,:,ff :1." j;f#XT"..*#iffi ji:Xn,l t^
ff3:j:i3^,Tf JloxeHae,,0u""'

dffi rrnr"

* "1^:q:?;;'' -tr ii,i:"" r B x o o a n o .a " ""u " p, v $frffi J;i;T ain. ;[il;":"rff;"ff.1#.:?:ii? :
"rr

fiil

H

nlr'^'

Cs. 39

t(irl'o npoBl4par KpaKara

cI'I

tlOA

B1,)KeTO

r.{ OTH0BO 3aeMar rla,pBo-

tlilrla./IHOTO CLI nOJIO)KeHHe'

59

n..^y,:puru ce noBrapfl no rpeueHKi

f;*ln'#J.,"0""*'",noii*';#;;?;T',1;_"1,#;.rfff

rroAxo4tqa- sa 4"qara

i:yq ; 6-""6:"t" #'15ffii:?"":fir:".'"u "u'ipt a,aiiii MycKyrlarypa. Vlritara rie
c

j"; ryofu'"t,r"x""'":'f."1"#;{""#$ffidff ffi -""r-;
rusosa.
e

Hrpanr eAno r{ c:brrlo ^eua VKas aLrHrr. VnpaxHennsra ce ( Hnre cafHa./ru. Btxero ;;';il ;; :tt""" c./Ie4 AaBaHe Ha orlerr*p",?-lo e c:bc cpe4Ha 4ellara, c'reA Karo oop"ri"u" re6e,raHa. ynpaxHsBa B e4HoBpeMeHr u";.;1;;u

*of*l:,i#n

a' Bci''ixa

l;#lf H;h:

eAHoBpeMeHHo

ft lr:r(:Ma H 3arroqBa Aa fl flpe.qaBa HaA fnaBa Ha AeTero saA, Hefo" 'l'rl rr rroena Ir rro c:blrli4s HaqHH fi npeAaBa iia cJreABarqoro 14 T. lt., /(or(aro rolKara crlrrue Ao rroc,rreAnoro Aere. To n noeua u c drrlrtrrc crafa Ao Haqar'Ioro Ha KoJroHara. Ocrasq fi rlpeA Hefl I{ illf("r'lfrlil B Haqa.rroro fi. Caea roBa Ko,rroHara sarroqBa Aa 6sra so u'r,'l'cr(rlTa, crnra Ao xpan i't u c 6qraHe ce saBpbilIa o6paruo. llr,llroro Aere B3eMa rolKara t.r sarroqBa Aa s [peAaBa HaA rJraHrf ul Aerlara za4 Hefo ilo onucaHafi [o-fope HaqHH. Vlrpara
llil{)/['I,JIXOBa nO [peIIeHKa Ha yr{fire./IKara. I I p a e w na. llo rr:breKara 6srar eAHoBpeMeHHo BcHqKi.r 4eua. V r<as atrtr. !,erero, Koero ct6opr.r HflKofl or Qnrypure, ns-

/ii'il

m:*,#lJ+h?lfffir#!""".:'
Hara. Pirparu

Xoxene u 6srase no Bpreula ce nr,Terua tr4rpara ce lpoBe)r(Aa B ca"roH u"[r1 nu orl(pHrc. --rtle cet llfpae, ce pasnora.u"' Ha rtncroro, Xu..T3:to Ira Alle Mecra Il B'rsar. rorIKH, {rnarvera a no 9_::f1r, e4Ha @arv cronHr4e or'4pt;;';u'; 4p.nlfi,{l|l: ce rocraBnr Ha pa3_ ff rr6reKn. Ae,ra"a .fo,i#JijrT #::{t:r"11 a". 'r.ur.ooupu.u,, BHre cff HMar ryMeH punr unn,";6;;; ' fio?'# ,# x o A e H e n0.^,, n H:; u. o i' rlo gr.rfgaroo6paeuare * li rri"an*, r.*o"nl,.naoo_ Bare.rrHo ruo6"nu,rot " o' l'"o"' no' n""o l'IcH

.

*.:

pilffi

iil*
"

i

e /(ocTurHa,rla Kpaq. l,{rpare y[pax{HflBar Aerlara B xo4ene u 6srase B 3llrsaf. ,/[rttrpuuacar ga pa3Bi.rBane Ha c:so6pasnrer-trHocr r{ BHI-iMaHHe y
1'il X.

,,iltiril oT Ko.rIoHaTa, KaTo ce Hapell{Aa B Kpafl i.r. lllpara Mo)Ke Ia ce nponeAe Karo cr,cre3areJrua tdex(Ay .qBere t(o,lonr4. flpr 4aaaue Ha cr{rHa./r ABere KoJroriu safioqBar 4a 6mar (,,4uorrpeMeHno rro /dBere nbrexll. Karo crnfHar 40 Kparr Ha Bc.rrKa !r'rr'r'(,I(fl, Ko,/roHHTe cr{eusr rr:breKfiTe cI4 It ce BaBp:bxlar o6paruo. ll'rrrrir xo.rloHa gacraBa 3aA eAna o" TonKr.{Te. flrpeoro Aere or hoJrorrilra B3eMa rorrKara H ,r npeAaBa Ha cJre4Barr{olo" To fl rrpeJ(lilur Ha Aerero gaA Hefo a r. H. Iltpaeueq e KoJroHara, Korrro c llo-MilJri{o rpelxKr.I e MHHaJra I1o rI'bTeKaTa H rlHqTo ToIIKa IIo-paHO

14snpaBkrre,JreH eJreMeHr. flpe4anauero Ha rorrxara
I

HaA

yonien*u"u.ul" ,il"tuou " o" Urnu"u"n;;;";:' tlbreKara eAHoBpeMeHHo ce ABkxar Aerlara " uaaro rop6r{qr{a rrarr{e rn"$ i.Xi3#fJ or rJraBara, Ha" e"prr';;: orcrPru*'

i,iiqi,'ti:#*r **#*#*;*rriii#*"ff. .. noiluir";,;'iT:j:,,3t ua " :fluunprulaneio "* rlo
np i
rpel{eHKa Ha Ko,ro-

Jrirnir rpeHrrpa paMeHHara, fpboHara r.r fp:bAHara MycKyJrarypa H Aoll)nnrrcs 3a Hgrer,rrffHe Ha rps6nauHrzn cru6. A xo,q,eHero B 3r.rr-

lru' r: rop6rzr{Ka Ha rJraBara e
'r'('Jr()rr xapaKTep.

paBHoBecuo ynpaxHeHue

c

H3npaBr.I-

no no"a'u"a 'fur.rprt. o"nuu; ; ;';;nu' Karo nocre4oBarerlHg .uo,iruiu"""" ar{nu"u ao*u"o-"i"""n. IP1l Ha sacraBa ooparHo ri";;;;;;:'"'.;:f",i'""d ?""r" ;^' 1., ru^ ^, ii"".r[Xo"r;".i";3;"T;

r",3 ^'ril"' "up.*i" " Ko"roHa t?lff nbreKHTe. IIpeA scsxa .a noartonoHl{Te sacraBaT cpeu1}r Aa*{e' c,fHa,r no,ro"u"o ^".r";;,."-^,t?.11u" lg eAira ,orrxi. no 3aloqBa Aa 6fl.ra^ uali-Hanpe4 enrsaroo6paanu

j_.

..

dJ3'lioa

JT::":
t

*:X:?

l:::aro'

H4 Har

e

nr,reK',

Koii e no-cp'bqeH /leuara o6paaynar Kp:br c txr4poKa Bpara, Karo ce Hape)KAar ()Jrrlo eAHo Ao Apyro. Ha rnasara HM ce rrocraBfl rop6nura. B r(l)'r,r'il 3acraBa Aere c rop6zuxa B pr,qe. To o6wuans H3 Hefo. I lt'o,rar<gauo nocraBff rop6zuxara [pe4 r{paKara Ha HqKoe or Apyr'ill)rrrrara cn, Sspso r4glrwza npe3 Bparara
t(l)'t,l'a, roHeHo
H garloqBa

"on,,a.".,a."."Ji
60

ill)in'aTa, Aa BJre3e B KpT,fa H 3aeMe MqcToro Ha Hfpaqa, rcoiiro rO lolrrr. Ar<o ycfiee, fleqeJrrr nfpara. Apyloro Aere ce crpeMu Aa fo i(or'()rrr H My fioflpeLtrl Aa saeMe Mflcroro uy. Axo He ycflee, ro (l("fiulzl B Kp:bra, eeetra rop6nr{Kara, o6urcang oKo"lo Aeqara, IIoc-

or uefo. fltpnoro Aere ce crpeMu {a

4a 6xra oxoJio Aocrr4rHe oruoBo

6l

.

-$l

VxasaHr4fl. !.erero, ilper i{oero ce oL.ratss rop6uurarar tse.4apyrara rop6a"rrua oi' frraBara cu I{ Sanor{Bir 4n roHl.i Apyfaprlero iH. Top6N,ino"", o.r,,oeila npe,q Hero Ha rro,a, Irpo/f,"bJr)Ka*a Aa cT.rr ranr 40 un,,*onaro ri;i n'fic,.oT'. Torana Ir3tsrb' Hp-6r'r' ,{ B3eMn }ia csoii pe,4eIilh"TSt; ce
IJAfa B3erua B ri:br{a

npe,t Hrrroe or rfix u 6npso l{g;In3a r{3^"T:. Y:p{u,np^o4:nnxaa" "" npn, {*HKa Ha yqare.{Kara. ,,n,;'3&?'#J;#:nu1"1-'::?,,f"i: so i* 'roHsr, c.ae4 Naro ropdir,-

'ratsJ{

n"t,*nf

g no c.blr-ir4rr

HaqHH

Ca*qonern

tr4snpalrHreJieH eJiL.Mesr. Croeuero c Eiira ciloMa'a 3a pr3.par*,4ar'ie
i{aBr'rr{

,,*nt:_

"9"Tgl: ;ff;l",fi""li^ ri#'llr

l.i. j:T,,,il;-;"0*,

_r.i

* Ha Ju, ",,.,

"

3iI

rcp6l.rlr<a Ha i.Jra_ frpaBri.lri0j re./io^:bp}I{aHC.

fTruu.a 6es nrseaao

Han4epi'f

n.{otrlaAK;iTa ce x{por c AliaMer"t'il 4--G ra. uapuuruta 3acraBar o,,o./ro HA na"'icPt;ls:1 .rrrdue KGrr n'pennoc-rrn Fr' r{p.bfir. t;;:.rt:r, fllll;,i"o,ioff;f": c{l .He3,ATa' Te ca ce^HA'Tri rfa *,t,,' . Hp'c:Toct{r*{ r{paKa ir* 'r.nrurura rypcK*' c 406pe rl3rioaireFic rri;ro. Ira cr{ LrMar no e^r.r}i {'y}i{elt pl.tHr, i} pl,qcle i4M cil nocTaBeFrr Ha ffp'bcra. tr4.rpavure o'r' u'opr4n-i{p:Iil. c, Kor,ro a,a n,ra,' "rl"ueua, I{i,ro c:i nocranu"ra p.ou:"" Ha o;,:li'if:] KaqFia,rrft B fHesAara.) I_t i}ii,TilT;fi'11; cpeAara ,iu npo,.o 3itcraBa .fo Irrr{Lrero 5e: ruresAo.r,T:t".:;:* 4ere. e n*-irprrrn*rdar,a BCiitrrr{r.r rl.}irrera, pasnaxnatixH Kpn7ne..(t'Hiln:,t p'r,qere Iis IlflrTara rlr-Io[IarKa. f]plt ctlt4lauu i:r. ucrp,i.,ie;, dnral ria rp'cr* *anoa'r{ra BC.sKo irrr{qe crpeMr.r 4a SacTaHe "o n'jli,ua-,?J;.;"fl ce

li

r-'llcAa

ra Hit

'i

ff

oT ABeTe cpeu{yi]o,{o)i{Hfi cTerri{ Ha cTaflTa Toga c:x ABe aeoofapr.{. Aer{ara l),r:r./{(,./rrrr Ha ,4Be fpylrlr. Bcsxo Aere [peACTaBJ]r{Ba cari,lo.rrer, r,,ir r(, :,rntc ctsoero JIerI,Iu{e. Canto"rierure ca KaIIHa,'rI{ FIa Jrernii{cro. /l.r'rr;r|rr cil R Jl-r{qets ner' (neruatH ilo KopeNr), n 4uere cH pbrle rl r,lr)l(;ll llllcoKo oT IIo/{a mo eAHo copco, I{oeTo llr\4 C,riy}i{I4 3a t,rlr\rr.rro. I1pH carua."r ,,caMo"{erpi u no,ryer" T,e ce Li3npan_qr tr{ san{r'ililt'l ./(it ce AI]H)i{ar lla craflTa. Iipn cl4fFia,'r ,,npfigei\,tl{ ce,, ECgKo /rr'r(' lr;t(:Tilua Ha eAFIil or HarlepraHu.fe JTLIT-ittH. Itrpti ci;ruan ,,r:ll1Hn,, llr tlIt) ("ill4o.rlerrie (aIIa Ha Jlerl{llleTo, 'f. e. .4ellara 3aCTaBaT ortioBo rr ,rilil\('t| ,rer. flpu HoB cI.itFraJtr ,,Fi IIor'I€1"' CiltvroileTIlxTe oTHoBo 3atir!'ilr;r'r'/{a "'ierJIT H T. H. cne.lenna rlor'I€T& caMo.ller.l,T, troriro gar'trtrrtrl)(' ('(-) 0 J/cTilFILlitt,"I ria ,leTl{uleTo. I | 1l;r ri li,ru a. Bcl.r"li<I4 caMo,rrerr.i eAHonpeMeuuo JrerrJ.r u c4liurrl(,[r('ilil0 KatdaT Ila "/reTI,![{eTo. )' ir li :t;1 n r.r rr, f,erlara or Agere fpyflr.I 3aex{ar JrI{lIeB ner, od,r,pr!;rn ('.(uo r{br,,i lifi}'fo. Kparara l4ri ca c:odpairir, onpenn B nor,ar rl l)l'l[(]'fe ca nollAfiI'Hali{ or IIoAa' Ko'rll{oro e llb3Mox{Fxo lIo-BijCol{o. .l;r t(()l)Mt{.ra ce u3!0,'r3yBar copcal purJt-oue, []pu "rercrreT{) AeuaTa lrtrlill' llil fip'trCTIJ, paSllp'bCIJATO Ii3 CTAqTa. Ilrlxrra yfipa)Kuri]ra 4eqara R pit:npbcriaro 6srase. .ftonpanace r,t il Lil|lrirr-].BaHe g cr,oSpa3I4TentrocTr BIlrMaHile. I lrrupaBLrre,'reH eJie14eitr. JlNi{esunr Jrer c tloBAi.iratre rr;r l) t,rl("fe (copcaTa) tioA[r .qo vx(pe$tsitric ]ia pili\reli]-ritra rl rp r.dI

I rl
I

l;t

lrl)(.t(ill)ililT yc[opeArJH ,rl,iui.ria"

llitltcTornnr.te 2 M

lr,l

I

ir

I\4)ICI{yJ'Ii1"ypa.

.r,offiffi

i ui-'Il|btrl?l' cMeHsr po.Ixure npoaJr*ruo. I r p 3 B H Jr fl. flol rrA xapn,ioriuKa oroyl^lp-" cnapaHe Ha r,(er,roAr{.qra're- r{aqarnrr.iqerara ,rrerFir r.{3 -1axla B fHes4ara cH. t.t.s' flpo4'b'Ilr{t'i?-e"rHoct"" i,u'd".;*;;;";.' 6np".oun" ", ;ufii.,.',,]t yJIp€)KHsBa

:io"a' i.,ru:.n, T_!-o. c.rea cll ll arpari

6e:l ruee4o.

r{e3Ao.u^.:ii:'';i.n'oo'o,-l.f'.#f flpn noirrapr{rre Ha iafpara

6.;-";;{;;;,,::^:i:i..*,

E ueHr:bpa

lJii
Ha

4eilara B pa3npbclraro 6sraue,

,rroBr{ocr

r.r

a n u-lt^_e,ry e M e li r" 1'op6Huxrare, rtocraBeHr.r "*r, rraBr.rre Ha 4erlara_r:::4u, aonp"no.r, r.r'fpalxAaHe HaBfiK npaBI4,lIHO Te,IOAT,pjff arje.

i'Isnp aBur

rJil

sa

ivra/'I'L,K rl'rbrgL{qeL-KI{ caruo./rer. Canonerute ca ua /{erlitTa ca 3aeJll ,{Hilejl ,lef Bbpxy ceAa.7il(aTa Ha -. , r,r,,rlt (.rcfnafin ca lro r<openr) c 4o6pe o6reruarir r{snpe4 p.brle, \r1;llil,/n.tr BApaBo copcoro, a KpaKara IiM ca orlbHaru w rtpu6paun {',r rtr ,/{o apyr (cu. 40). Ilpu cl{rilitr"r ,,caMoJreru B ilo,'re'r.,, Ierdara r liu j;rt' H ganoqBar 4a 6xrar ,ret<o Ha nptlcrH oKo"'ro cro.rrqerara, rrir'r'o (,/{}roBpeMeuHo liRlt)Kar c ABe pr,l{e copcoro, auurnpalirn rrl,l)t\{ilJroTo H& caMo.{eTa. flplt curna"'l ,,ilp}t3e[4l{ ce', .fe 3acTaBaT /(() ("r'o.rtqerara. flpn cldrt]a/'I ,,KaI1uH" caMor'Iertire I{atlar Ha d'Ie| Iilil.("r'o --- AeqaTa oTHoBo IrpaBfl.f ,TI4qeB r'ref Blpxy ce4a,'IKaTa Ha { r'{)ril c 4o6pe on'bHarr{ prrrle H KpaKa. O:ruono,cJreABa cizt.ilaJrr,T .,(';tt\4oJr0TI{ Il [o./IeT" H T. H. I I 1l it u r{ a. BcIa,]xH caMo,'ren].i B eAHo I,i ct'tr{o BpeMe ,treTrrrr "r ill)il:r(.MrrBitT ce fi KaI{aT.

r'/r,u() ('opco.
./il r'illricTo

r.t ii H r. l,l: cTasT;t pilgfip'hcHaTo ce rOCTaBrrT cT{);-irre1.3 r r,otillrlt.i{t 6pon na ,/-{eqarel. Bcenc Aere ATrp)Kr.r R pbqere cr4 t{o

l'i rr J)

To e

62

b.1

llrprrrlr yflpaxur{Ba B pasrrpbcHat.o xoAene, cto6pasureJrHocr u nililtlliililIc. I I rr rr Jlu rlr{ T e Jre H ene M e ur.,rlnqennffT Jrer c o6xsaxraHe Ha lrllrllirll'il l'l)Cr(Hpa rOpHI4ff nffJr Ha Tg,lOTO"

Or roro ule B3eMar

dreHTara

Cu" 40

*I{fl

Vxas aHufr. Cronuerara ca paano.[oxeHz

I'Irpara y[pa]r(HsBa Aerlara E pHTMurrHo 6sraue B 3r{fsaf, pa'tr euui\raune, ,,u"f;JiflunfreneH crrcMer-rr e nHIIeBI'rnr /Ier Bbpxy c€/{orraaea- cto6pa3rTe,ltHocr

4eTCKI4 cTo.flqeTa. 'errara

/ref

n'a

fle ca npevar-

I4sronsynar ce

TaKa, qe flpr4 rnrle_
o6uKHOBeHr4

/l.r'r(l'r'ir ce Hape)r(Aar B Kp'br Ha pa3croqH?re no/roBHH Mer6p r'lrru o'r' /(pyro, o6tpuaru c ./rarle r{bM lleHrbpa ua xptra. Ha ll irhr) ('(, c,ryala no eAHa "reHTa Ha mp6a, KoflTo ce BM:L,r(Ba B Ko'rrilr'|r{'r'o ilil [pecrHJrKara, a Ha rJraBara no e.4Ha rop6uuxa, p.bllere r 'r rrir r(l)'r,c'fa. I4:e:bu Kp'bra 3acraBar rlt'','. 'l't: ca Ha pa3croflHl4e eAHo or ABe AeUa 5ei neuru H rop/Xpyro Ha e4I4H nre"rp" [io I lll llir.rr ('/(lroTo Aere 3anoqBa Aa foHH npyroro oKo,rro rpr,fa. To illr)|l{'./(:l ce [pe4na3pl 4a He fo xtsaHar, I(aro orHeMe,'IeHTara Ha ililrrrx' ()'t' .4euara Ha Kp6fa fi 3acTaHe npeA Hero, I,erero" Koero rl, M(fM('rrril e foHr4,rro, tse4Helra ce o6pr,rqa H 3alor{Bit 4a l'rlt;l't, ilocoKa, a .{eTeTO, I{a KOeTo e oTHeTa ,/teHTaTa,6sra s cHeMa Iillrtril'[(irf il oT n'r'IaBara cI,I LI 3aI]OriBa /{a toHH rpyt.OTo. Bgraruoro I rrr'M,r ,'r('ilT{lra Ha Apyr-o 4ere ()1. r(pbl.i] u sa.i.ier Hil HefoBoro itrt.r'r) rr r. H, irlnpara ce npeKparriBa no rpeqeHr{a Ha yqHTe.rrKara. | | p;r lr n .n a. {nere Aerla 3anoqsar Aa'6arar cna;{ uru

JIno.tsa

v' !trvAq' * """;":-:: ycllreMeH lla[peA" ifi i;f"?ifl ':i*Ti1:TTi:i1*T!""r*;;';;;##""ifJli: orfloBc cBI4pH. fleqara c-e Nsrpaenr u BanolrRrr ,, ^^ .-,,,1.::Y"i_{1 .":*::T"": :iT:'""nji ,{io.rrKa rr r. 1: ,o:1,,a. xipn &'ai;;; ;p;;;"_";J H. t{rpara npba""*uuJ#;ffi"""_; yqrITe/'Ir{aTa. l#:.f,ffffr
Xapntouur<ara

fri.IlS^ii "-:::^lilli.l- "1*:n1 4"'";;;;';;;;;';.;i#;; yfi:t l;,5"fl:X);,.::i::^6^":3ra-r c pbrre ;pil;;

P ff^.f":1,:: :l"T1ce o6osHaqaBa c Ma.{r{r_i Kp:bfqera ro/rsM u,, *,{u, u ;#il ;:; #17 ff lll; :,1x1. ^n ::pj3 : 1l:i a ""lr3l:."1':y:T.II1,.^irp"crupaHe"u*.no4ro-fr-;"!;;".;;;;"r:; i n"rp.-tro;;;;'#;;1: MIZTI kfian a nh!,

**

;;;"

"

; ';;;;';

ri

fi' oruenaaHeto Ha JreHTariI rpn6sa ;tr cra*rc, CJre{ Ce nOqyBcTIlyBa gaCTpaIIJeHO, qe rrle tO XeaUat. 'lOSn, rrilrir(f r'oiltI, Mo}{{e 4a ce o6 lpne B o5parna flocor{A upN 6flraHero, r'r /r;r ilo(:peuHe I{ XeaHe 6sratrlun. loHeirtlfll' MoH{e C,buro 4a irpo,'il'ilrt rro('or{ara n{a 6rrraHe. feqara 6srar. o6aqe caM0 0r(o.rro Kpbfa. ll''r.r',, r(oero e ts3eJIo,Te[ITara, 3il(:Tiir]il rn iip'br, u a rbp)KLI rJ lrr,r{., ,il ,r(i.l ce orrTr.rqaBa or Apyfr.rre. JtreH.rure "rp:r6ua l1a ca or r,r r.'rt'll'r tlBeTORe H /Ia cii oT 3/,{paBa l,ra.repilx. Axo IeTeT(}, Irrrt l() lolll{, VC[ee /{a XBar-te Apyftp.teT0 CH, npe/{Lt 1.0 /.[fl e ga_ t t,'t,t./to .rrpe4 l,ttpart B I{p.FJI-a, ABel.e 4eIIa Clvteur{T uo,TLITe CH __._ rt,ilr, rror.l'l'o ilpeiu.{ ToBa e 6atiln, 3anoqBe 4il I-OH'fl. Ilrlrt'r'ir npo4n",rxaaa 8 -- l0 nltlruyrri. F;tsnfiaa c.lo6Daan.reatuoc.l
r,ir

' lll ll,l.l.

Auurne

tr

Y ri;r rr,

r{ i'{

,/t,(''l'CTO

il r/ll)r,)r(Jrfinoc:r, Vnparxnana

\ ll,tlll;llt('.

Aeqarfi n dRrauc, t"ripo,ro4eno

o,

Koraro xapMoHuKara cBupw,4er{ara ce ABr4)XaT Li3 otuxl3: a Kor-aro crpe, re rpaBsr Jrrorrr{a. Vxae aH:atr. "rlrunxara u oO"pnuru'tr,u, ua Aerqara ca c Jrr{qe KT,M B.brperxHocrra Ha Kpr,ra. Te cauu uz6upar K'b4e Aa 3acTaHaT.
64
I

flpaauna.

| 't,tn;l't il.

ll:rrr pa[3[{.r0rT0tl eJreMeHr _ r.i.foEtlero c ,ropdfivra

Ha

{;5

Aeua n Kolrqera

4s,.'t Ha rpru6uavnlln crr,.n6.

HarrpatsareJleH e,[eNreHr. Hbnr'HeH,ero H?, /rirreB .4r]l c ABe pr,qe ce4aJrKara Ha cro,rra rpenupa paMeHH?.u.il r{ Np'b{Ha ruyc:Ky./rarypa n noIo6psBa rronBi4xr{ocrra }{it fopHr{H c
o6xeauaHe

ce clteH.rrT, I,lrpara ]'[paxHr]Ba Aeqara B pHTMHqHo 6nraue ,j B r.r,4€rlcrByBa 3a Ba,3[HTaBaHe Ha cr,o6pasrireruocr,
po.rrH're

cH. KpaKara ca npu6paHu eAr.rH /tro Mo)Ke na ce nocraBH no e4Ha r{o3Hpr{a.

CTABAT HA MflCTO Cd]ICA AABAHC HA CI4THAT. V x a g il H H flpn ,ruqenufi ./rer Aerrara

'Ha Ii 3a[or{Bar 4a 6arar caMocToqre,'IHo H3 Hefi. Hauogo cHfHarri.].(, ,croli" u,,Ha KoH.rera,,r4 T, H. !{rpara ce floBTapfl rro npeueHl{il fi& yqglgnnaTa c HoBr{ KOHqeTa H Aerla, fI p a n u,r a. Ieilara [r KoHr{erara 6srar uB no-nsgKara r{ i3ir-

rnpafircu, qe ca B'b3ce4HaJrH r(oHqero H ,{.bp)I{or rogAHTe ony" B ,or,, BpeMe Aerlara-Kouqera c 4Be p'bqe ce xBau{ar sa o6reranKara ljil croJla" TOna osuaqaBa, qe KoHqerara ca BnpefHaru. pana ce cnrHir.rr pa3xo,qKa"r {euara Ii KoHqerara orHoBo LTBJIL]GaT Ha no"rrrjHr(a1il

B ronsu Kp'bf ce Hapell(Aar c'rod'rqera cbc ce.4a,TKl.rre K.i,L\r ce pag4e,rrffT Ha 4eol:ixra Aere H KoHqe. flo4 ranra Ha xapMoHrir{a Aerlara n NoHqerara 6lrr|r paSrrp:bcHaro Ir3 cTaflTa. IlpN CHfHa.n ,,crol?" KoHr{erara 3acraBr}]. 3a,4 crorqerara B JrIrqeB ,{ef, a Aeuara npo4b/r}KaBar 4a 6ar;,rr,. flpu curHa.n l,Ha KoHqera" Te ca4ar Ha croJrirerara, Karo Ao6pt, ce o6nsra'r ua o6neranxara, a pbllere cH HSHaCgr Harlpe{, r.rMrrBbrperrrHocrra ua Kp'bfa. I,lrpaeqare

r.rf('lo. /[crero, Koero nbpBo crnrHe, cflAa Ha Mricroro, Karo rlor'r.rlrlr l)l{llftl Ha I'.IIaBaTa CH, a ApyrOTO OCTaBa OKO,'IO Kp'bfa H 3ar{r,nr;r ./(1r o6urars or{oJro uero. flo ctuqlrx HaqHH To y.qpq HsKoe rri ,/r('f (iu'a, 3acranaJlli Ha Kpt,ra, H T, H. Vlrpara [po4ltJlxaBa no
n||{'il('Ur(il Ha yqLITe,[KaTa"
I | 1l rr lr r

u,r

a" !,nere ,qeua eAHotspeMeHHo 3anor{Bar 4a 6nrar rtu

rr rr u a H ri rr. Puurur Mox(e ,(a ce 3aMeHr.l c rop6nuxa" llr'llirrzr yflpilKHrina Aeqara B 6apso 6qraHe H na3eHe Ha patsHo||t'{ il(', ./rOr}KocT, cr,o6paeureJrHocT r.I pearilpaHe Ha cI{rHa.ri" ll :rn paBHre.rreH e.neMeHr, TypcKHrlT ceAelx c tr3rrpaBeHo rrr,rr(f rt r'op6nurnre R'bpxy r,[aBure Ha .qerlara cr,.4el'icrByBar 3a l|]| lrtl)r(l(aHe HaBHK .34 npaBI4.{H0 Te.{o,q:bpx(aHe.

rrn(ro.iqrrt)To M.fIcTo"

V

r.

Apyr. Ha
flpu

4o6pe o6rnrar
nonr.apr{He Ha

rrlJro.r.()
Hr_pa.t:.,

Aerlara_esraLiH

.rr]{LIeB .rrcr.,

Crcresasane no rpynll ./[t'rtara ce pas/(e,']fir Ha ABe fpyn]r. [{a u.noqa4Kara ce rlocra* rrl ./(nc rr4MHacrurrecKu cro.rrqera. Aeqara cqAar Ha rr{x eBAar{Ho, Ir;ll() ('c HapexqaT 8AHO 3aA {pyfo Ha pascTOHHHe eAHa nporeril,il'ir l)'r,r(a c pHHr, [ocTaBeH Ha f,'IaBaTa, flpr cHrHa,/l Te cTaBaT, rr lirrrl pl,tHt'a Ha croirr{ero Ia c 6grase B l(od'roHa Itcl eAHo tl6ara.rrsr ( t'rr.['t('t'ilTa. cneA rosa OTHoBo crr4aT, KaTo BCflKo 3aeMa cTap0Tt] u| Mrt(:r'o n fiocraBs pnHfa Ha f,ryaBara cri. flo6e4,nreJr e fpyrrara, rror|r'o lraii-paHo ce noApeAH Id B KoqTo AeuaTa ro-npoA:r,JrH{I{Te/'rHo
ilp('M(' lulA'bpx{aT puHra r{a rJraBaTa

ll

lr p lr a u

r.

cH.

B;uecro fLtMHacrItqecKII cro"{Lt€Td ts KoJoHa ce lloj{-

pr')r(.Aill 12 o6nxuoaeHr{ cro,'rqera.

ilit l.rriltiilra. Ilpn cl{ruan Te

no rup6a. fleTero ce lr3ilpaBtr, cHeftIa pHHfa or fJraBara c].r, rocraB,r Ha [oAa Ha Mr{croro cr.r !r 3acraBa npeA r03r.r, xoriro f0 e yAi]ptt.tr. [},pnoro ]{ere flllra: ,,f{aaam ,u{ Mflcroro cH,,. ,,B3eur rr,, axo Mox{etil" -* orroBaprr nropc,ro" flr,pnoro Aere ro firqcril mo p'bKara u 3a[oqBa ,:ia 6nra oKoro Kp.bra" Broporo 6sra rr rxL,orHBollo.lo)r(Ha nocoKa. FJcsro ce crpeMr{ rtil 3ilei\,re - cBodoAHoril

NM ce fiocratsq [o eAnH pHrJr, p.bqere ca Ha KpbcTa. I,{snaH rpr,i.lr ocraBa eAHO Aere. floA purr,:tra Ha xapMo'LrKrf ro o1uuanfl Kp:br.il, Karo BeceJro [o.4cr{aqa. flpu 4a4eH cHfHa,{ yApfl e4HO or {eqarir

ffari rrrn MfiCTOTO CH Aeuara ca ceAHa,rrH B r{pbr Ha no4ir c KlI'bcrocaHn rpara (rril rypclrn). o6rpuarn ca c ,[r{LIe r{bM qeHrr,pa ua rplra. Ha^r,raBfir.r,

rr;il() ('c Hape)I{AaT B l,r'fl1il(ir1':1, cJIeA KoeTo tscflKa cHAa oTHoRo Ha cBoeTo cToilrre

Ileuara crAar Ha rflx c pHHf cTaBaT, ocTaBflT IlHHfa Ha cTo,'lqeT0 u r{oJoH? eAHo 3a{ Apyfo, c 6sraue o6uxa,anT
i.i

r0

ilrtr"r'iilrfl pHHra Ha I'"IIABaTA Cll, I | 1r ir s n n a. Ilpu 4alraHe Hir crdrHaJr Aeuara o6nra"rygr H ctrl\a'r ilr'l)itl rro Ha cTo./IqeraTa" V r< ir a a H lI r. lpynure ca c eAHaKbn 6pofi Aeqa. O6urcHoBeHr4re I r{).lt'r("r'il ca Ha TaKoBa pa3cTosHlle, qe .4euaTa cnoxofiuo 4a MofaT rl.r or.1t:rr Ha rsx. Ilpo4r,rxnred'rHocrra 14 3a4'bpx(aHero Ha pt{Hra lt ,/(('lUlTll Ce OnpeAed'lt{ OT yqfiTefiKaTa. I lr'1xrra y[paixusna Aertrara B 6r]raHe B Kp'hr, B ,ironKocr r.r

i

r,()t)l)itiJI.ITeJIHocT"

rrr;uur'r'(' r:'r,4efic'rn.v*nix gfl H3rpax(Aaue
ir

ll:rrrpanHTe.[eH e.{eMenr', CeAexrl c p[HroBe B:bpx]
ua
HaBHK

3it iIpaBH.Tuo re.no-

t,l))l(ilUc.

(}tl

ti7

Kofi e 6ea uanxa
Ha noAa B craflTa ce oqepTaBa Kpt,r, oKoJro rcofiro ce Hape)ff-opyao, Aar Aerlara. floA pnr.oMa Ha xapMoHuxa re 6qlar aano ,ua Karo crra3Bar pa3crosHrre noMex4y clr. B cpe4ara Ha Kpbl.a ce nocraBflT KHHrxHa rua[Kr.r c e4Ha no_Ma,,rKo -or 6pon Ha Aeuara" [I^p-z cnnpaHe Ha xapMoH[Kara Aeqara c 6nraue orr{Bar Ao rr]arrKr.rre, KaTO BCflKO ce cTpeMu 4a B3eMe HrrKofl or rgx, Aa ,{ I]ocTaBH HA

r'lrnrir,/r rrhpBnre Aeqa, Karo AbpNcar rop6nura B p'F,ue, c 6sraue r'r'ilr'il'r' /(0 ['bpBaTa MacHqKa, rIpoBHpaT ce rIoA Hefl i4 KaTO CTlbrIBar' (r rrrrlrrrc) caMo ts Kp:brr{erara, crurar Ao llpyrara Maca, orHoBo ce frllr)nlrl)rl IroA Hefl, LlgJrLr3ar Iz npoAb,'IxaBar c SqraHe 40 crorrlero, ,r;lof)nrcurrrr to, Bp'bu{ar ce oSparuo h 3acraBar B l{pat{ Ha Ko./Io-

r{oBo.

''ATIKPITC [IapexAar n mp'ur" t{yna ce HoBa Mero4us a Hrpara ganoqBa or_

fi 3acraHe c 4o6pe-ng[paBeHo rflJro rr rbplr{, va1aAeln Hanpe^. E4uu urpau ocraea 6es iuanxa. Toii e .uiii.iton]-cn*a TOBA OTHOBO CC BP''II{AT [O MCCTATA HM H AEIIATA CC
n'r'raBara cH

ir (' 'r'op6aura ua fr&Bnr?. flo ctullta Harll.IH nper"{I'iHallar npe3 lllr('lltt'l ("l lll{tiTa lI OCTaHa/'IHT€ {el\il, TXOKaTO HA n'LpBO MflCTO Ha Irorrno[illlti]yuad'Ia'ra ce Ko.iIoHa 3acraHe Aerero, I{oero e Sanoqna./Io lrilr,r'r;r. I I p lr n u ,u a, Aeqaril crltrar J{o c ro,,'I9€To c 6nrane, cbqeraHo | ill)oililpaHe n cxiaqaHe, I{ ce 3allp"bll{aT Hil Mecl-[lTa cu c'budo c
il;l'r

Ha r,ratsI'lre, c'l'i{elicT Byea 3a H3rpa)K4aHe
AbplKaHe.

6nrar o nPy cnfipaHe npaBsT oIIHT 4a B3eMar H,lKofl oT [rrarrKHTe.n xptr, u r a H H r{. Kptrrr Ha rroAa ce oqepraBa, c,,reA Karo Aeqara ^_.{^l oopa3yBaT r{pa,[ upe3 xBaulaHe 3a p.bqe. yrpair{HsBa prrrdrzqHoro 6sraue ts Kp.rbr, iloBKocrur ^- ^n):y:ru c "bo_opa3r.ire,rrHoc r, 6araue, [pr44py)r{eHo c xBarr{aHe. tr4enpatsL{Te.rre H e,re lre u r. Croeuero c rua[Kn, [rocraBeHl4

fl

paann

a. fio4

pr.rrbrvra Ha xapMoHr{r(a Aeuara

frltt;ilt('. l/ rclt3

aHvtt. Kp-tt'.re't'aul ca c AailMerlp 3L) cr't. Ha p:l3croxlrr(' ('ir i]0 ctu eAllo or lipyro. l lr'ltlrra ynpax{Hul}ii Aellaril u 6tirane c noeoAo.[tl_I]aHe Ha npellrl tt"l'lllltl, Il CKaIIAlte Ii llil(JBullaHe' B ,'IOlil{OCl' !4 C'}'0'Opa}3llTl-'.ri!iOCT. ll:rrrpatsLITe.ilett eiIeL{crir. CroeutrLt,'.'t'r,rp5l,l!r'il }{-'r f.lltl-' il;tt;r il ilpoBlipaHeTo cil yfipa]KHeH!{fr c rl--rllpaB;4Tf .rIell xapilKTep.
Mrira c ilrailfl{a
tt'rtura ce Hrlpell{Aar Il t<p'r.r, 3acrattaJlu r:ii B !1o,typtl:lKpar{eil (: p'bue, I(pl)cTocilllll lta i"r-p6a, IlllcLrlio Hill{ KPbcri.l. EArro |,l t'rtx ocTaBa u3ll'l,ll I{p-bI'a c ruanl{il B p'i'Ka,'l'o 064rc:t,ltl{ oI(0,IIo rlllylirl),rcrara cH, I{aro A'bp}t(u IIIi.tnKara ea/1 r'-r-p6a ctt. O6l'ir<lr,lxlixll, (r t,l):to IIilX,Ty3Ba Ulilfll{aTii l]'t}px)/ fJlltRiITt! ria }lt'Il':ue OT Jl.eqiiTa ti ,r;uto'u]:l .r{a 6gra.'i'o:tE, uer I{oforc! c:JTitfil tutltll{tra) l-o rtttllr, ii 't'oii (llit, l(irro ce crpet\414 Aa SileMe ci;o6o4uoro vitlcro n upr.ra' Axo o(lt,rc 6't,Ae l{acrl{rll:{T, rlo,ryqal.l 1rililI{l.lrll cH o6parlro H ripol.{-b,'Irfr;1il:r ,r(il a6ut<anfl I{p'bl'a, Kii'lo T'I:'pcll Apyr, Hl) roircr Aa s ilocTaRu" nri{} ycrree 4a 3ae&{e cBo6LlAuoro MftcTo tl Kpl,i'il, ocTlrtsil ;{ll o6u'i-o c'r'tilo l1i1x,'iy3l'til IJlanrr;rJrlr ,r(cTeTo, I{oeTo e [g,'I]irjl-1l'Ig I1ISni{aTa. ri;r'r'ir lH Apyl 14 raKa urpara llpoAl,Jlx(a8a 8--10 mfiuyru. lllpuasr. neqara cil ts Kp'bI'. 3acrauann {l;l Kal(To B tloI ol)(,onHcallaTa nfpa. Ha f;'IilttltTC Iia BCIlttKtl I-ltua lIIilll{li oT ,{iip'flit{, lr('it rllilr[{il e caMo Aerero, Koerc.} o6ut<ann Kp'bfa' To ce crpe]\{I4 .rr;t ()'r'ilcMe HflI{ofl oT ulanl{HTe Ha HlpaqI{'le H aKo Ycilee, 3aroqBa 1q;r 6rrt'lt oKoJIo I{p'bfa, a Aerero c orHerzlra IlIailKa fo fotllzr 3a AA ( u r li3eMe. Exraulnar ce crpeMl{ ,aa 3aeMe cBo6c4tloro MtJCTo il t(l,r,r'rr. Axo ycnee, 3ana3lta ulartryara, a Aerero 6e3 ueuxa ocraBa llrr'r,lr l(p'brzl 14 Karo o6rira,rn, ce crpeMl.l Aa BgeMe Apyfa. AKo ofi;t,rt' r'r)3t4, ita Koforo e orHera lrrallraril, ycil8e .4a HacrlIfHe
.l

ra'rK

3a xrpaB[JrHO Te,no-

Ssrase c npenqrcrnr.{fl

r t'o(,)t(

B eAaruns rtpriui ua crar{ra ce flocrpoqBar J{er{ara no eAHH [:l glre pe4lrupi, Ko[Iro ce Hape]K4ar eAHa 3aA /{pyfa. Vcnope4rio na TflX Ce fiocra'fl1' r'MHacrr4qec.:H cro,'rqera Ha pa3cro.qHne 5 nc "qtse ?ar sroporo cro.r{Lre ce cnafar rop6zurcn .ro6purnu :{:: Ha ffJi.g oporr .:l Aerlara or r.lcqKa pe4r4rIil. Ilpu culHan nl,pBara peanqa c ,5r{raHe crlJfa ,qo il.rrplloro cro",lri€, ce Ha Hefo, c,TeI Tolla 'o*art"da cKaqa Ha nona [.] c 6ar.arie ilpo4.r,"qx{aBa 4rl ,{pyroro. cK,q'r'or ret'o, nr3eMa no erHil ropSaura ii c 6rrra'e ceI(auea ce, 3aBpbr{a tua Bropara pe4Hrra, i(aro Aer,rara ilocraBar ropL..::".::p,:*13 Hll l-"'ra!lp{fc cn" f10 cr,u{r{fi Halii{ir B'l.opara pe4lrrlil c Snraue 'r'lrrKlrre npeo/{o/'rrrBa I'peilr{rcrBr4flf i] u ce 3;urp'brr{ir o6parnb, Karo 3acraBa 3a{ 4pyps14 s t'. H. I-l'r,pneueil c pelxilara, ,<orrro no-4o6pe ce [Io4pe4r{ H IIoBeqe o? Aeqara ijfirrt3r{T ropbirvrrtre cw na He [a4Har.
llepneH/{r'rKy/rflpH0 3A4 rJefl ce HaqepraBar rJa nora qerjrpa Kp.bfqera' llo flporqb,'x)xe*He [ra,/Ir.iFrr{rrra Ha Kprrrlrcra,rr] ce noa"olr Apyfa Nlacr,rqKa c J{.b,{i-r1x.a crpa'a, a Ha 2 u or rres eA[ro cro.,rue. ilipu
6E

69

Apyfapqero

." ,

;ii!!Hffii:;;4;:':1.''u*,. tn0,,'i;;;';,' u 6;;;; ;'."iui*u".,

Kp.bra. Koero noryqa r4rrw My orueuar uronra-", rpa6na se4Hara {erero, roHH Apyroro, 3a Aa He ooy Aa troAnoanoJ]IH a, Vlrpata Aonp,Hacfi aa BrannraBrrnJ a" orAa.[eqfi MHOro. *,, 6.npsuua

:ff i""^:o;:?.uu,{!-v''"1 cr,e ro-ron"nn uoT#T.i';f,fff;" ".#u" I t p a B v ,r a. Bceru, Kofito flo.rvrlH lt'na sary6n [IanKaTa "-"t -H rr nl.r en1116,, foHLI, a ApyrunT-6sra.' cI!, J/ Ka3 aHHtl' foHeHero rpn6na 4a cf irua oxoJro
npu 6araue
n
u

:1__:

FseMe o6parHo, ror? 3aeMa

npo4;rl;a'a

oauiJ ii- ni o"u npu", npoa'bnx{irBo, aonu"o -.a^ yur-

Mrrcroro cH or-

I,trpn

c

ocHoBHo ABr,rlr{eHfie paBHoBecl{e

Xo/(crrero c ilpeAMer Ha r.rraBa H c pa3JrnqHo floJrox(eHne Ha lri,rtf'r'c rllukclrpa B H3npaBeHo rroJroxeHue rps6uauuna cru6 u r r,11r'iit'r'nyna 3a r{3rpaxAaHe HaBHK 3a [rpaBHJIHo renoA:bpxaHe

Safiqera
l').4rrlr rpera or AeIIara ce olpeAenrrr ga gafi,rera. Ocrauarnre ufrlxrryrrar Kp'br, Karo gacraBar B [orypa3KpaqeH croex{. Ha nnaHlf lr, uM ce [ocraBfl no eAHH fyMen pHHTHJTH lop6iauxa c nqcrx. Prllr,r'(' ('rr Ha l(p'bcra. 3aliqerara ca B'LTpe ts Kpbfa! r(JreKHa,/rH, c nlp'r,rnn.rru yrueHua. flpa crlrHan Aerlara or r{pbna Ka3nar crnxol lf(rl)r:rrr{eTo

nSDpaBH'r e'/Iei{- eJreMerrrc.'ocuero c ,uarl*a Ha tJraBara H r(p'bcrocaHft Ha Tp6a prrle ,:r,lieri;rByBa 3a n3rpar{^aHe HaBHK 3a npaBHJrHo re.no4tpxaue

:

*

3aro-6aro ce perufi

Kofi ufe 6rAe ntpeusr
no AsoftKra. O6rpnara czl c rHrle erHo uo"p.yrn,.s r{p6f ca ceAHaJrH no rypcKr.r. Ha r.uaelrre uM e nocraBeHa rop6uuxar pa,Uere HM ca Ha .Ill-ilr_ .(erlara cpeu{y rnx .u *.
Kpal{a H pbrle
Hr.rR

Aa pa3M:bpAa naK yrxH. TaeH sxl,ra Hanaa rpali.
3arc-6aro

{eqara ca

HapeAeHH ts_roJrffM r(p.br K.bM Apyro. {eqara oi

Herr pono ce [poBapa, ,"*ay Ha Apyrapqero, " . o*orlo Kp'bfa. Bcqxo.ce^ c-rpeM' "p.i rsx. C 6sraue o6uxansr ^Koero n"f,uJ au oo*oi^iori]"ou .* rpoBpe orHoBo nor{ xp^axafu nu poro ch Mflcro. n.T.lo, no."o api*pfi cu uce saB:bpHe Ha crae no6e4urenrt. np1..-loBrapflHendp"o L ,u"rpn. nu il"."oro .", ,iu Kp'f csAar no rypcl(H, a rbg'r o" ".pu", Aerlara or B6HrrrHpH craBar B pa3r(paqeH-:,roex. """fi..H'rr ce HanpaBflr np, ar*ul ,,6flrafr,,gequra or H JalxHHs Kp:bf ce [poB-Hpar noA BrlHr(paKa"u apy"aprreraTa cu u Hs Ba.rperrrHocrra Ha kprra. ",-'e [poBl'rpar o6parno 6srar :anptular Ha Mflcroro cr{. C'i.A ;;;^; a ce rrDpsstlcu fltpneueq e 4eTeTO, KOeTo 3aeJro MscToTO

"" r(pl,f cHeMaT rop6rzvr<ara H c Kpar(ara

l*::i,

" np".r.nJn

,:rTl'f:"r'fi* |it#fi".fll

Craua, TorrJrH ce raKa. Xafi4e, n'F,praBI4 rcpavra ! I lplr cnrpruBaHe Ha reKcra safiqerara c6c 3aeurKo floAcraqaHe ( r trl)Hl{Br.rxBar r.r3 Kpbfa, Karo ce c[fipar npeA HflKoH or Aerlara. 'I'r,;lr, rrpe4 Kor.rro ca ce cnpeJrl{ gari,{erara, Harryfi{ar r(p:bra H cranrn' lluiqera, a ApyrI.{Te gaeMar rexHare Mecra. Irlrpara [poAT,n|l(lulir, .(or(aro Bcr,rqKI4 craHar safiqera. Ilonrapr ce rro npeueHr(a Ha
y rt

rt,fi

cH sHari.

| | p a s H n a. 3afi,{erara 3aloqBar /1a rroAcraqar c,'reA 3aBbprul|rilt(' Hit cTHxoTBopeHfieTo. V r<aa alws' Bpoar Ha gafiqerara Moll{e 4a ce HaMaJrsBa IrJrI.{

ll'rcJlr{ara.

ylrcJilrqaBa

4l /tciicrsyaar rro cHrHaJr. I.1 :lnpaBHreJreH eireMenr. Pusrur Bbpxy
t r rrriirrorouuquzre pe(t.rrex

no npeIIeHKa Ha yrraTeJrKaTa. lllpara y[paxHflBa B rra3eHe Ha paBHoBe(:ne. llpunHxBa cu

Aerlara

filaBara qpe3

Vxas aHHn.

flpaanna. neqarllxry
Bcsr<a

cu.

.n.bpBo e

ru

Btrufl.e BTrpxy flpaBn/rHoro reJroAbpxaHe

/(crlzlra. Tpeuupa ce H paBHoBecuero.

VIenpaBureJreH eJreMeHr. Top6avrure ritpxy Ha Aerlara c.raeficrnv3.11 aa 6op*"pu"i" nu HaBHK 3a rJraBHTe rpaBr.rnHo a ;:l:#t#Xi?. npoBlrpant"o'noaodpt"n TIoABI'IXHocrra Ha rpr670

o,"f '3T3"ffi

if i*;trlilif*'J,f'"'?;?,i:"J",,;tx'i1""ffJ"1

4nofira

oKo.ro Kpbra c,rreA cr{rHa,r

;;;;";i^e

a ,,6flrafr,,. Kofr ure Me
HaMepil

/[crlara ce HapexAar B peAHrIa ao eAr..rH. 3ae4uo c yqurenKara ,frl('r'rrllilr Ha eAHHHfl rpafi ua crasra. Ha cpeu{y[o/roxtutr ca n(x'i'rfncHr,r crofixn (2 unu 3) sa HauusnaHe. Ha BcsKo Aere ce- AaBa
71

. .e",*"%tu..dM.#ar&i&ii{gdiii1@ibit_a*"

Ao g ui or Mncroro,'no ,ro.r:o;; ;; roBa BpeMe yqareJrKara c(. "r*. :yyyY " o6prqar r trnou*rt"';;'.^:-':::: j3*'pu' IIo3BbHsBa. ,{euar:a arr

pHHf. lIpH^ C-ArHaJr oT AeqaTa._ce ugr4cvBA c pHHr, BeH..Br,pxy ,nuul:.1,-^ pur"uopJn-r-*"i"pu", rlocTr]_ p:brle {a crr4rHar croaK're v HaHn)Kar

rlo eAAH

p'zHra

llpeHecn r.t sacraHn
rr
I
I

r(O/roFra

KaTo AeIIara FIilHlIlKaT pl{HroBere ua crolixn'*, pu,ro,ruuo' foflHlzero! I(oe?o uauanar, e 5-6 ru. AeUara fig14 s

t p a e n a. ,,r{eriara rpbrtsar K'bM Crolirara frpr{ AaBaHe H:l :fl"jj1fl.;"o.o6p:nqar nr,* 1,urr.riin"r, .r.a Karo rn no,B,rbr*l Vrasa H I{fi. Voifire,rxata rro3B.bFrj c'/IeA
r.'r

;if#H"1i,"#""'#;"f

;'.ffJ"'#Jo.i""J,:X""i.i"#jiil_ffi

*l

flrr'rran

lit trcsro Aere ce

J{euara ce pas4eJrr{r Ha ABe rpyna. Bcsra rpyfia ce flocrporrtsa no eAr4H. ,Il,nere r{or'roHl.{ 3acraBar eAHa cperqy qpy.u.

(c

xapuouHxa) nr'pBr4Te

AaBa

[o

JIiIIIIITA CH

I{

,|I)ilal'a cpenly Tr{x, r{aTo 3acraltar Ha Iroc.ireAHo MflCTO B Hefi. (l.rrc/{ ronfl Tptfnar c"rre4Baulr.{re 4eqa. trlrpara [po4.bJ]x(aBa, Aol(ir'r'o KO.rroHHTe paSMeHflT MeCTara ca: f106e4Hre.u

C NOBAI4IHATH P'bIIC BCTPAHH CC OTTIPAB'{T K}M I{O-

e4r4H f)rMeH paHr HJrl{ rop6rzuxa.'^npa or Ko,rroHr4Te cJiafar pr{Hfa Ha

..(,'1'()

no-t,raJrKo

oT

nnrT

H ?r

r e",T e H
1

e_r{

e M e n.l. "

i ;: 3:u ""; c])'4ericrlrYlril 3a }lsrpa}rr4on.' :"ffi Iil t{p;inr{.rrHo .r..o"r,r,oifr1?.1.Ta' noumo ,r,,
;

T"l.,,Tffi :i::

;

;

p

;. ;i#: :iff#':'#,*,:

Vn

ltitf il IIM. IIpaenn

AetxaTa AOllycrraT IlHHfa

e Ko,'roHara, u 4a naArje oT r.,Ta-

EghMaeafl Horo H,e liaBr.rgaM

T"n"l xpaLi ria clarrra 4erlara cil ;i;,;r;'R'#Tana '"Hu'u*, H:r r{o'{ro ." ",lJLH'# i:"li#'ii;011f;': u Hi'ltiepTaHa /{pyri} Jrtrrltttl, ycnope/,na Bara. V.rare,rrrai' c nu *,,f "r.p #x :,,ff :.#, l; n. *xj{,;':;i,1,;,":,1*;i#3,',;'"" H.;,j"".,. ;;;
.,.-,..1.

AA JnlHWH.ra. Vrpara yrrpalxHr{ca 4erlara n pauilorjecHo xol{it[1iJ. L'l snpaBHre/reH e;remeui. Xo4eHero c prrqe rrcrpaHrj uo6unuzupa pah{eurrara, fpt4Hara a rpr6uala n,ryani..oriypu, no,,r" ,il 1);rc Ira-rI{Ha por'rfi Il flo4A'bp)I{a}.re Ha rp:r,6ua,ruun cr.ln6" pur-rr-rr, rl()("|'illleFI B1lpxy. f'lleBara' Aoll'b,xlla l4grpaRUTe.uHX,r xepar{Tep Hil
rf

a' I'Trpara 3arrorrBil eAHoBpeMeHHo Bri ,4'ere KoJioHrr. x()Aa Ha HfpaTa AerlaTa He ce h3qar(BaT. V r< a e a H H ff. KoJror-tiire aMa Lr3xo4Ha .rraHr.{r{, or r{oflTo -l-IOea 'rl)'rrl'rJilr 4eqara. c"ne4 xaro fla'ptsoro Aere rpbfr-rc, (,craHa.ryare ce
tr
l)r.r/(lrr.i)I{BaT

y I tl)i t)K

I

leHI{eTo.

tr=ltfi ,T"";Jffi ;*.",fl fr
oT Heq.

:u:1: "-'o,,"" ;;;i;#:ff;L#f#,

4el{ara. vqnrenxara

c'I'uflja:t' l{o,n.t4Hli_e:tTa, nocTallgT aon*ura

i+lryim:r"'*tr,rJrtrirf';#f:$Hd;fu Lrihxr;ii'Jr, rroBo crar.ar ,.on,r'.", 3a.4 rri.ra

flpena-cnne ua ropdm.lmn ,/[crllrra_ce pa34eJrr'r Ha 4Re fpyil14, r(or4To o6p;,.t:ynir:r l(o,no'fi ffrf (',/(HH. I1pe4 rnx ce HaqepTaBa fiHlrrfl, a Ha ll_4 , ,r,cnoperlno ()r' Il('tl ce HaqepTaBa npyfl J'rulir'is, Hil r{oflTo ce roclaRf i' iperqy rorlt rio.,rroHa Ha cro,{qe no 4 rop6a,lKff. ija r,rrr}{}lrr1.a npel{ r{oJ1otii4,l.L, lrt'l)\.y c'f OrqeTa c'brrlo rlMa IrO To,'rr(oBa rop6a*lrin. llpx czr iran 111-pBr4Te r.('il.;r ()1' r{o,rroHHTe BSeMar II0 eAiia or ron6aqKi.tre H ,l nocrarilr s:r r.rr;rrlr'o cz. Or rrx ce r.igucr{Ba 4a n npenecar 40 ape,,{yrirrrornlr;ll;l ('1'tr)ilFrat A& n cMeHrrr c IifiKOn OT rop6uurure Ha cperqyrlo'rl{))rilrir'r'il Jrr4Hr4fl, AZi Ce B:bpHar o6parHo I{ SacraHar noc}leAul.r n r(oJronHTe cn. Be4uara or Kor'roHllre TprrrtJa.f c.rre4Bauli4Te Aerla. Te

; .; ffH;jffi T;:fr i?l:r?i,r;
FIa Hetr

;.;;;;";-,.,:"::.',:
,T.'""

k

sacraBa'i'

i;":i?i,:,'#'':H:,*fl

Tj/j,rii

AeIIa'

Barr

Kor'tr'ro

,,o'-i,.,q"o

llpaen.na.

I{,r,ri,{ yqaTerKaTa TpbI'BaT CaMO /,ieuixl,a! H3Br{{iaH{.|

"#:';?iil;;:

Vxas aHHn. IlDol.l. s,r il;;;r;#311.-lo atuota B 4aae'a fpyna ce oilpeAe.r,l nuiip u'";,;;;;'#'";?]ii iffI"ffiliffi_"j;i., *;;;l-o";t x'HJra e pasHOB'InocT ,"" Ha c pasJrrnqHo noru*.Tr:. r.r3[puu""ar"r.r]* 13 poq*r., no;rJt,ii}J,r:if&; .{oope
o,porruoono.

'

IIiI('MiI1' OT TOP6AUTCI4TC, IIOCTABfiT II,I HA I',IIABI,ITC CH H CC OTIIDAI}flT r{'i'r\4 (:pcruy[o"'ro)r{Hara crpar{a. CMeuflr rop6u.rr<ure r.i ce 3atspbqaT rr rio./roltI.:tTe ca. Te3a, I{oLrTo I43nyCHaT rop6uuxare, t,:n,.,sa,

sa r{3fpa)r{ra.e HaBXK.ru npul"n"n" ..ero/Inpfi{aHe.
72

Tf;F:

url)il'r':r. flo6e4are,r e Ko.rroHara, B l{ogro rroBerler{_i or .4e[ara y('rrrrir' ,qa [peHecar rop6nurare H /la ce Hape4s.]. no_dr.peo"

o,

r;r'r'il .rrlfiH

lllrir rr Hr\a. ,flpeuacnnero rra rop6uqKara or eAlrar.t ao a o6parHo craBa qpe3 paBHOBecHo xogelre.
7;-\

Apy-

KoJrour{re H resn Ha cpetl1yAa ca B ABa pa3narrHu rlBsra. f,erero" :y!:6uu Koero_rl:nycHe rop6auKara, 3acTaBa HacrpaHa. nrpara y[paxHsBa .4erlara B paBHOBeCHO xoAeHe B [paBa n0*
rroJro)KHara lryrHrfl
coKa.

VrcaeaHflfl. T'op6aurnre npe4

V?npaEHreJreH e"rreMeur. Xo.qeHero c rop6uqKa Ha fJrauara Qarccupa B H3[paBeHo nonoxeuue rpr6uaunr, ..i.oo--n .._ Aeiicrayna m n3fpaxAaHe HaBHK sa [paBHnHo reJroArbpxaHe.
B;ran

fleqara ce Hape)K4ar L nono"u ro e4aH. Te ca BaroHqerao fh'pnoro "qere e MaurHHara, a yqfiTe,,rKara HaqaJrHHK-BnaKa. B.narctr [T,TyBa
crorqera Ha 4-5 M pascrosHne e,4Ho or 4pyro). gnan;r rpe3 nbptsHrr Mocr ._l9 r*n ronap (c ryr,rei-puur). 3a no-irryp_ Horo My [peHacqHe Aeqara o6rsnar pbrlere ca ecrpaHa. B.narcrr r(aTo HaBJre3e B paBHHHaTa, JoBapbT^rvry ce yne.rrauaaa (Ha rlaeure Ha Aerlara ce rocraBsr rop6nvnz). c uero rofi npe*ina"a npee uocr'" TeNecrra Ha roBapa ce 6anaHcapa, raro p:bqere ce 'TopHfl orHotso BcrpaHH. noBAafar flpu c"rre4natqoro ntrynaue Ha tsrraKa BaroHr.rre ca 6es ToBap, a cJreA ToBa c [o_.rreK urrr c [o_Te)r(:br TOBap" flpo4'r,axzre.rrHocrra Ha rrbryBaHero ce onpeAeJrfl or yqr4TCJII{ATA.

ToBa [peMHHaBa rro ABe TCCHA MOCTVCTA (NA NJIOII{AAKATA CC IOCTABtrT ABC THMHACTAqCCKI{ -*r"u"u

H3

paBHr4Hara,

a

cJre4

r''l'lu(:rrn Ha pagJrHqH?I Mecra H3 rpaAuHara. f,eqara ca pa6orniaqn, 'l'r. r'rr 3ar<rcHeJrr,r ga pa6ora H cera 6tpsar. 3a rpa4r,riara BoAsr t(uit rt,Trr H K'bc. flo xtcllg n6T ce crufa Ao Heq, Karo - 4bn:br | (' npccr{orrn MaJrKa pexuqr(a (unra trocr, no roriro 4a ce npeir.rnue)" /[crlara 3acraBar B peAHrIa tro rpr.rMa B ApyfHfl rpaii Ha craflra" I lprr t:nrHal c 6sraue crrzrar Ao peKr.{qKara, npecKaqar s c ABa r(ll:ucr c/{HoBpeMeHHo H 3arroqBar 6tpao 4a cr6npar xaproSu. Bts n('u(o r(oulqe rpx6aa Aa ce nocraBflr rro l0 xapro$a. Aeuara nor'i'lnu'r' Ko[qero Ha r,rraBara cH n 6es 4a fo [p]i,.I:bpxar c p.brle (rro71 r<oruuero ce '[ocraBff fyMeH pnHr, xofirc- ro aa4rpxa), ro trl)culr(:rrr o6pamo no ,4'b.rrrun [.br c paBHoBecHo xoAeHe. C.te4 aaill)'l,rrull{€ro Ha rr:bpBaTa rpyna 3a 3eJreHqyKoBaTa rpaAI.{Ha ce oT_ rl)ilrun' 4pyrn pa6oruuqn Lr r. H., AoKaro BCr4qKH B3eMar yqacrrze lr r(itpl'o(Dr.rre ce H3BaArr (ct6epar ce BcrrqKH rcy6vera). llo6e4nre,rrr,l {'il l'Cr}H, KOLITO Uaii-4O6pe Ce CttpaBfr clbc 3aAaqaTa. llpanuna" fio 3eJrenqyKoBararpa1vla Aeuara crurar c 6sr rlil(, 14 rrpecKaqaHe, a ce 3aBpbrrlaT c paBHoBecHo XoAeHe. Vr<agalrtr. Epoxr Ha ry6uerara rpx6na Aa 6tAe no-foJrflM rfl' 'r'orir.r, xoriro BcflKa rpyra rpx1sa 4a cr6epe. Aeqara cn6upar ('itMo no 10 ry6uera. Bcsxo Aere B3eMa no eAHo Korrrqe. 3a xourft("l'if cc H3noJr3yBar Mar[KH naHeprrera. Pexnqrara e u]rpoKa 50-60 r rvr. /[crlara orcKaqar c eAHH KpaK, a reKo ce npuaeMqBar c ABara. llr'pa,'a ynpa)KHqBa Aer_Iara n 6qrase c [pecKar{aHe, paBHoBecne,
.rtoilt(o(:'f l.t cto6pasnTeJlHocT.

B

Vxas aH+tr. 3a ionap Ha Br,raKa ce r.tarroJr3yBar rop6nur<z c rrrrcbr( n fyMena plt1roBe. p:sqere ce ,,Ibp)Kar pasrBopeHr.r Bcrpaur.{ Ha BHCOr{trHa Ha paMeHaTa. yrpara yrtpaxHsBa ocHoBHoro {BHrl<eHHe paBHoBecue. C.r4eficrByBa 3a paSBprBaHe Ha BHr4MaUAe, Clo6pa3ureJrHOCT, OpHeHTHpaHe
npocTpaHcTBOTO.

p a e u,u a. fieqara BbpBrr eAHo BaA paScToflHHeTO [OMe]r(ny cH.

fl

Apyro, r(aro cnaaBar

il('l)'ltf

ll:rrrpaBnre,re H e.rIeMeur. flpeuacquero il Ha fJraBa e [3IIpaBHTeJIHO ynpaxHeHl4e.
Cnoequa rop6nvxa

Ha rr:bJrHHTe rra-

ItlsnpaBHTe.rreH e,lreMeHr. pasuoBecuero H xo,e'ero c pl{Hfa Ha ruraBara ca ynpDKHeHHfl, Kor.rro cr4elicrnyeuilu rpaxAaHe r{aBHK 3a npaBr.t.irHo Te/roAT,pxaHe, "u_
Ct6npaHe Ha rapro$r.r

-_-B r(oBa rpaAHHa, B Koflro ca Haca4eHu uera)" Te rpr6na ce H3BaAnr

e4nHHr rpafi Ha crasra

ce

ra

74

"

oqepraBa Mscro ga 3eneHr{y* rapro$ll (pasuprcHar, .u-ny6_ np"6.pui ; ;t;;;";;iiu, no-

/l('l'c oT ApyfaTa KoJroHa, ilpeAatsa My tr Lt npoAa,JrxaBa K'bM Kpaq llir r(o/roHara, Karo 3acraBa Ha nocJIeAHo Mqcro. ,Il,erero, Ha Koero (' rpc/{irAeHa rop6uurcara, q [ocraBfl Ha rJraBara cv. kr tr oruac.rl r('r,M ilacpeqHaTa Ko.rroHa, rrpeAaBa fl Ha nT,pBtrq Hfpaq H 3acTaBa rrocJrcAHo B Kpas Ha KoJroHara cll. Taxa nocJreAoBare.luo rop6ru_ r(i|l'lr ce npeHacs oT eAHaTa AO ApyfaTa Ko.rroHa oT tscHrrKH Aerla. Vlrpara [poAbJDXaBa, AoKaro LrfparruTe or ,qBere KojroHH cMeII'I'I'
MCCTATA CI{.

/lcqala ce pa3Aerflr Ha ABe paBHH rpynu, KOHTo ce [ocrpoflBar B rr(,.rouil no eAuH. 3acraear B JteKo pa3Kpaqeu croex. !,aere xo.rolur cil o6rpHaru eAHa cpeuy Apyra H ce HaMr.rpar Ha pa3croflf llr(' r'pl.r Merpa" flpe4 r<o"rrounre ce HaqepraBar ilHHHH. Ha utpnoro /(fl'c or eAHara KoJroHa ce AaBa rop6uuxa, flo 4a4eH cHfHaJr ro il uircMa pI, KaTo fl nocTaBfl Ha rJraBaTa cI4, tr npeHacq .4o ncpBoTo

to

fI p a n u ";r ;r. fl,erero rp'brBa KbM cpeuynoJlolrnara KoJIonaJ cJre,4 Karo rop6nuxara 6r'4e npe4aAeHa na [fpaqa B HaqaJloro [Ia KoJroHara. Karo s npeAaAe, To rIpoA'b,'I)KaBa H ce Hapex,4a B Kpatl
HA C'blqara Ko.rtoHa.

x(,,/(cr!c, a tsp:blrlaHero Ao rr(,("r'l)oiil(a ca eAuaxslr rto 6pori a lirl'() /lellara ts fpyrl4re ca noBeqe

V

t<

a :l a H [I

tt.

Or]tsaHero

Ao crorqerara

KO.IOHi'ITe

V x a e a r{ H fl". Cre,q xaro Aerero rptbfne K'bM ,qpyrara Ko,'IoHa, OCTaHadTI4Te npaBflT KpaqKll Ha[peA' 3a l1a O'LAe IiO,IOI]aTa BHI{arll {o ./il.iHHflTa"
/{onpt,lHact{ 3aynpa)KlrfltsaueHa,(c'tla]'a B paBnotsectr{e i]A Bb3III,iTABAHE HA I}HLII\{AHHCTO,

Ha 6pofi, nocrpoiiKHre ce H3,rttil'ir]'HZlABai{noBerleeraxaI4JIiicecTpoffTIIOBeqecrpa'4HH .i, ,,6paayea IKI{JII{ilreH KoMrIJIeKc. Ha usrou or 6no*'{erara I{oIr|r' /(il ce HaqepTaflr npo3opqeTa' 3a 4a ce no/Iyqli flo-BflpHa [peA("fltnir 3a

xo.4,eHe' Marepna'nnre aa no BLIA I{ 3a ABere rpynu' Ko-

c

craBa

c

paBHoBecno

I,{rparil

ki

rJraBara cr'Aeiac'fll-vlJit
/{'r,p}Kar{e.

14snpatsI.{re,nert eJIeMeHr. (lroettero c nop6nur<a Hil 3a Ll3rpalKAanc IlalBl{K 3i] ripaBI4,IIHO '['eJl0-

l,llrnpaE x4renen eJreMeu r. flpeuactlHeT0 r{a 6IOKI{eraTa r'.ftllla e I{3rIpaBHTeJIHo yIIpaxHeHUe' il;r
TParuna[t

[,tr.para ynpax(HsBa .4erlaTa B paB-HOBeCHO xoAeHe, cbi{eI'IcTByI]a r;r ilpHAo6ldaHe na cparqHocr I't c:bo6pa3HTeJIHOCT"

KTrlIla,

Cp'r,u*lmre crporuTefi

14

iliio[lil,(r{ara, llo4 xpilxara ria AeiISTa,_HanpeqH{] Ha CUOAa Hi] XOli!{,'IilTa, e nOCTalBe[[A I{'T,CA TOfl]Kl(il. AeLIaTA r,l ABr4xar c: r{p:rKara cH HanpeA, ?I c.rleA ToB:t t{ upr6lipar o6trllrnr Kb[,r cro.n([r-ro, 6e3 Aa cH IloMafar c pr]Ile, Kilr0 "rleKo ]lartr.1cl{:l"i rlbpxy rier. finnrNeiinero e c NIa.rKl arrii,rtr{Ty,ir.ii, 3.i Ait He t{ {rilfiycHar" ]lcex;r fpyrra ce crpollBa B Ko.rrolril rro eliuu. !.eqara c:i rja pa3croriir.lt 0,5 ['r ei{qo or llpyro. [1pe;1 ro,rorrt'rre ce Hilqep'ri][];l ilv,r:l.lr, :-i ril'. 4--5 I'I or HeE ce Ilocrlnn lto eAHo L"ToJIr]e cpeu{1 tlcul{A l{UJlOt;il Li ti0 e{Ha I{yTIit{, IJ I{OtlTO Ce C'tlafAT I}O r'! {'L,pBeI{li 6,noK,lera r.r rr{-} e4uri KaprolieH [oI(pHB ga K'bu{a. bnoNqerara cii c pa3Meprr 20 cnr 4'b.u)Kl4ila,20 cu Bucoql4Ha r,r 5 cl't mnprlHa. l1t: cjifl[1./I lrLptstiTe ,4elda- 0T I{o,ry(lr{a]'zl B3eMaT eAH(] 0T' oJioKrleTeTi), cJrafaT f() lia lJlitBi-l'fa cu ii fo oTHacJ{T Ao cTo"IiqeTaTa, KaTO r() llocritBnr lrit cro.[Lier|Tlr ./relHa.,ro rta t'ncHarA cllJrHa. Cner ronil c dqfaue ce HSpe)HAiif u Kpatt tiii I(o"[o]iut'e ctt. litopluc Aeua (' paBrloBecHo xo,(er{e orl,ittetr ro cronqerall. 'i'e nocl'{tBtlr ETopor(, 5lorc,re rro4 ilpaB 'brl"4 c Ii'i)pllol'o r,r cir,tllo cc Rp'hiu,tr. Tp*'rut'ri: rro4 pe/I Hfpaqh cJlafrlr 'fperoro S.norqe ral(ar rle 4a o6paayrr Syxeara fI. C,'reAeauitzrc' ilocraBqr toc,'re,4Horo 6.loxqe ralia, rl(' ,4,a ce Eo,{yrrr.i ldBitApilr. Haxpan roc,rieAHLITe Aetla BSeA{aT noKpHEll ll rO C,'IafaT B'Lpxy FIa[paReHaTi] Eeqe nOCTpOiil{ll. flonyuanar ce ARc eAHaI(BI,I I{tudrIqKH. Ileqelr fpynara, rll4t41'o crpor.ire,rn ca HanpflBH,'lH ntl-6'r'p:o r no-4o6pe cBoslrS K}'tl{[4!ll{il. I4rpara ce ripoA'b"rrx(aBa or npyru 4Be rpyllfi, Aol{aro B3eMar yLIaijera
BCTpi-rHu HA
:

LJrAe;rs'l (:e AIre fpyun no S_Iena. Ocraua.nHle ct{Aar

Ha c'ro.ri-

ssrcot or creHHTe B craqra e 3aKaqeH eillaHfinr xpali ua rlr,u<c. Ceo6o4Fll4flr lry xpafi ce r''bpxll or yqurerKara' Aeqara 3aB'bp3aI (. ilo(tl.poflBaT ts KO./rOHa rro eAI4H. Konouara 3acTalla Ao 'l'ala e rpamnaiiuara cnlrpra" trlpn cHrHaJI ,,,,,, ,,pr,ii Ha ts-blKero. KaqtsaT ce B /t( il.in'il eAHO IIO eAHO 3acTill]zlT rIoA B'b]KeTO, T' €' Karo ce Hape'4rr nor l'l);rru,ulirr. Karo ce Kaqar BCIIill{l4' T' e' rIe rpaMRati'n rp'blBa' Bcatlxlt rlr,)r(("r'o, yqHTe,rli(ara AaBa cfifFIa,tl, ('C XBaIqaT c ABe p'bqe 3a B'F)KeTo' 3a /q'a He naAHaT rIpH /l('ll.;l
I

lll

t|ilil)ti(,ilr,reTo Ha TpaMr]as.-flpu culuaJl,,TpaMBaflT CIInpa" ['bTHI4UI4Te rilto'ltilT !a Ce npn4BI,I)KBaT HailpeA C npl4xtsalilaHe Ha B"bX{eTO' 3a
rr(),ilr:r'r' /ler

l|;r(',/rilllllToTl'pal\{BatrT.€.I{3Jil'i3aTIIaCTpaHaoTtsb}KeTOn3ace pa3xox.4ar oKo"Io uero. flpn HoR cl4rHa't )'TpaMBaflT pI lt;rttt''l.ItI.ll.. JdeullTa Ce I1oc,|poqBi]T B I(o,]IoFIa IIo eAI,IH SaCTiiBaT yqurr:r 'r'1r;rntBailuara cnHpKa. I'lrpara rpoA'b"IiKaBa ilo fipeue]{Ka Ha
|('./il(illll. c'IIeA l l p lr r; u.n a" {Itrul4qi'{Te ce KaqBar I4 c'[l'i3ar o"r rpaMnae lllt Cl.{llHaJl' /r;liliill0

rllttl):l lll14 on"bHar['ITe Aerclih pr,lic'.I(eqa'ra no cr'llrtlr, I{arO ||()|t,/(lIl.aTIiaflp"bcTI414}i3Te|'['ll.TJ1JIoToCi,IMaIiCI4MaJiHoHa|ope' lllrrr/qnr.nltnaHero noA B:b)ffero clraBa c'F'lllo Ha np'bcrfi' _.. /-.
( ltr.vltll 'i

Vr<lrgaH]1-fl.B'slxero,Koe'r{)cny)i{uilar}laNlEaefiitrocr,ceHa-

Ce

/{ere nocraBl cauo no e.{}to Bp'bluar{eT0 :]a[raBa Rl]unrl{ B I{pas Ha r{o,noHarft.
76

CTHE BCUqKI] .4EIIA" I-I p a n u "r a" Bcslro

Ill.;larirynpax(}ifiBaAe{aTirB[a3eHeHa'paBHoBeci,le.i,'bAeu. 3ll Il.Il3nI{TaBaHe Hil cr.o6paslt'rcJlHOCT fi BHI4Ir'laFtHe" t,,,rpr.rB1{.r.eJreH e,rreMeHr. flpu uoe4lifaHero Ha 'p-r'crlt lt xt|:iltlilllc.{.0 [{it B.bxeTo i:e ilocTHfa L{3"fef,'xgHe Ha rpl6uaunHn
r"r,.lt6.

r
f;,"lot<.1e. C,ire,,'l

v7

{ouecu
paacrosuue

npeAMera

Meru rop6nuru c ilsc'bK, pr4HroBe. Ha 4pyrnre ABe Jrr4HHH 3acraBar no paBen 6pofi 4eqa. flpn cnrHa,n orpeAerreH 6poil nrpavu cbc 3aeuKo flo.qcKaqaHe ce ornpaBsr r('bM npeAMeruTe. Bcxro 4ere B3eMa nO eALIH OT T.sX, H3npaBfl Ce, nOCTaBfi fO Ha fJIaBaTa CH, IroB4Hfa plrlere cH BcrpaHH H ce saBpr,rr{a Ha Mscroro cH. TesH, Konro ycfleurHo npeHecar flpe{Merr4re, ca no6e4uren[. Cne,q roea npeAMeTI{Te oTHOBO Ce [OCTaBflT Ha rrurHutrTa H K'bM TsX Ce OTflpaBflr Apyru Aeua. [4rpara ilpo,4'bJDr(aBa no npeqeHr(a Ha yqr.rreJr* xara. flo6eAr4rer'r e fpynara, B Koflro rro-MaJrbK 6pofi or Aer{ara .qoflycKar pr4Hm Aa naAHe Ha 3eMqra. ll p a e u r a. !,eqara c'bc 3aeruKo [oAcKaqaHe ce ornpaBfir KrlM

noJroBI4HH C TpeTa yClOpeAHa JrkIHWfl", Ha KO'TO Ce nOCTaBST rrpeA-

B craqra flJ,rn caJroHa ce HaqepraBar ABe yclopeAHlr n nu 4-5 u. Tona pascrosHr{e ce pasAeJrs Ha ABe^i^ paBHH

Tegn roHro He ycneflT .qa ro 3aAcp)I(ar H pnHra flaAHe Ha 3eMfl-

ra,

HBJIH3aT

B\prlBaHe Ha l{rpara ce npe6pos-

or

Llrpara. flPu sa;

Bar r{fpaql4re or ABara xptra. fleqeJrH TO3I4 Kpt'f, B XotTro e ocTa' HaJr no-ro.lrsrrl 6poft 4eqa. I4rpara npo.46JIXaBa rlo npeqeHKa Ha
YqIITEJIKATA.

i IIpanuna.
.4eIIaTa

llpn curHarl .4euara KJItlKar, a npn cl.tr"Hotq" uaJra ,,,q,en" ce H3[paBflT. Koraro

a c paBHoBecHo xoAeHe ru npeHacar o6paruo. VKag atws"" Epoar Ha yqacrByBarr{r{re cborBercrByna Ha 6pon Ha npeAMernTe, ilocraBeHu Ha JtnrrfiflTa. Top6nur<are ca c relrecr
npeAMeruTe,

or(orrro

Ao[pr.rHacfi 3a oBJraAffBaHe Ha ocHoBHoro .qBfixeHue paBHoBecne, paBBHBa cro6pasureJruocr LI BHHMaHHe.

I,{rpara

500 rp.

:lino:1

Or eAHHI'Ifi Kpa'f KJIflKaT' or,ApyrHq ce u3llpaBflr. V x as aHHtt. BMecro PHIIToRe Morar Aa ce pI3IIoJIayaar rop6nuxn c rrrctK. Kaxro PlaHfoBere, TaKa u rop6uuxl.tre rPl6na {a 6r'Aar C C,(HAKBA IOJICMI,IHA H TC)XCCT. l4rpara ylpaxHrBa Aeuara R
[a3eHe Ha paBHoBecne, JIoBKOCT
cro6pasureJIHOCT,
H

HsnpaBnredrreH eJreMeHr. 3aeurxoro noAcKaqaHe BoAH Ao yr{perrBaHe Ha paMeHHara, rp'bAHara ra rpr6nara MycKyJrarypa u no4o6pana [o.4Brr)KHocrra Ha rp:u6uauuHx crr.n6. A npe4uernre, nocTaBeHH Brbpxy fJraBaTa, [oMaraT 3a Lr3rpilKAaHe HaBr,rK 3a rrpaBHJIHO TeJ'IOA'bp)Karle.

Cs.

4X

Me

VlznpaBnreJIeH e JI eHT. Knsrasero u H3npaBquero
ynpilKHeHMe

c rop6Hvxara B'bpxy rJlaBara

e paBHoBecHo

c

noAqep'

T;ilr

LI3npaBHTeJIeH XapaKTep.

,lles n Hout
X,eqara o6paeyaar Kpbr r{pe3 xBaulaHe 3a p'bue. llpe6pormar ce rto "q,Be. Bropnre no pe4 sacraBar 3aA tt'bpBxre. Cne,q roBa Aer{ara ce o6p'rqar c Jrur{e e,qHo K'bM ,4pyro. flo.nyuanar ce ABa Kp'bra. .f,,eqara or B'bHurHn.fl r(pr,r ca B ocHoBeH croeli, a or BbTpellrHr.tfl ca KJreKHaJrra -(cH. 4l). Bcuuxn r4MaT Ha rJraBHre cI{ uc) eAHH ryMeH pnur. flpn cfrua.ra ,,AeH" l{eqara or BbrperrrHns Kp'br 6anHo ce HgnpaBsr, Aor{aro gacraHar B ocHoBeH croex, T. e, AeH.flT e Haclbnn.n. B c'brrroro BpeMe or B'bHurHHs Kpbr 6asHo xrqKaT, AOKaTO KJTeKHaT Hanb.rIHO, C I.I3npaBeH Tpyn, T. e. CBeqepH,tro HacrbnaJra e HouI. C.neAnar cHrHaJllITe uHorII" I4 ,,AeH", ce e [rpl.{ KoI{To eAHr{Te Aeua 6asHo r{,'rfiKar, a Apyr}rre 6asHo ce "HanpaBfl'r, KaTo BcflKo ce cTpeMH ,4a He naAHe pHHra ua 3eMflTa.
78

Tonapnn caMoJleru Aeqara ce pasAe.nflr Ha rpu rpyrn, Kollro ce nocrpoflBar B *unb-nu' no e"qr.rn. Bcgr<o Aere e caMo;rer, xo{ro urr,ra ronap (Ha rJrarlara My ce ltocraBq rop6uura c IIflc'bK IIJIH ryMeu pi'rHl)' flpu (:IfrlaJr ,,lr3lern" caMOJIeTIlTe V1.3JIHTAT OT JIeTI'IqSTO (AeqaTa 3aItOtlBaT Aa xOAsT I{3 cTasTa C pa3TBOpeHH ptlle BCTpa--n I'I Top6nura n'r,pxy r.uanara). I-lpn cI{rHaJI ,,KaqHI'I" re ce 3aBp:bIIIar Ha na'r"ura"o' (ncxrco sacrasa B KoJIoHara, K'sM KoflTo npxnagnexu)' Vlrpara ce rloBTapfl no npeIIeHI(a Ha yqnreJlKara' Ha I I p a n u.t a. Caltonernre Lalrvtrar H Kauar c'IIerT 'uaBaHe
("HI'HIJI.

3ilT TOBapa cI{, T. e. Aeqara Aa [Ie AonycKar Aa [rr4He Ha 3eMflra puHra HJrH rop6uurala um.
79

Vraa aHilr". flpu AnuxeHl{ero caMoJlerzre rpn6na Aa sana:

,

i

Vlrpara yrpaxHflBa Aeqara B paBHoBec[e npn ABr.rxeHne. CT 4eiicrnyna 3a B'bgnr,rraBaHe Ha BHLIMaHuero, pa3BHBa JTOBKOCT r,I
cro6pasure.rrHocr.

il,1,,ril 'l

/r(,r'(,

14enpaEr-rre
fJraBara

Jr e

e

H

e Jr e M e H

r:. XoAesero c rop6uura

B'bpxy

nenpaai.rreJrHo yilpa)KueHne.

p r1,t, l),bl(on6Ar.t l4rpaTa. flpn cUrua,n BCYqKII OBqapqera 3anOqBaT 1r;r lrftr,t,[)llrgar uaii-pasilI4qHLr ynpa)KHeHr4q c roflxKl4Te -- ry II{ tirlrr/lilr'ilI HaA F/TaBara, KaTo Ao6pe o6TtIfaT p'bueTe cH, Ty rln ilo('r'irrrlr'l' oT3a.4, noA paMeHara cu, KaTO A'bp)I{aT TOt{XKaTa C: ABe
|}|,ll(.'('l}I{TIlKaToOBqapcKaToflI.a'VilljtrwIIocTaBflTllaI]oAaB ltit)iMltl.ctr pe"4 [.r 3a[oqBaT Aa rr.{ npecKaqaT. Haxpaa ce HaBexAaT, |1'l(.|\1;|,| |u B pT,IIe H oTHoBo BIzcoKo |Iz tIoBAI4raT HaA I.jIaBI4Te cii'
lrlt

(lr il !:litrNIa'''eH pcA c oBr.lapcKl'{ Totll-[l E p-bue (ua tscflKo ('r' /{,tHa ro eAeC roaxxa). EAHo e SacraHa'rlo npeA Tsx'

Erpnnr 6es
BcsKa Ko,'rona Ha pa3crorrHue

la ce orKJroHsBau

.I[erlara ce flocrpoflBar r] r,Be-Tpr4 Lrlrrr qerupr{ Ko,'roHrr, Cpenry u ce HaqepraBa rro eAHH Kp6r. I or I-lpa cnrua"'r nbpBlire .4,erla -2 Kod'roHure rp'bfBar KtM Kp'bfoBere c:bc gaB'L'p3aHH oqr{ H rop6nura Ha fJraBara. Te rpx6na 4a BJIfl3aT B TsX, ,4,a CHeMaT TOpOI4qKaTa OT fJraBaTa CH VI AA 3aCTaHaT HenoABLiN(HI{, KaTO 3aeMaT OnpeLeJreHOTO OT yqr4TeJrKATa V& XOAHO IIOJIOX{eHHe (HalpnN{ep CToex( c plblle BCTpaHI.I; KOreIilKLl rpr,6 uln Apyru ilo4o6Hr{ r.r3npaBr{reJrrrlr ylpa)r{HeHrafi uoaa)" Bcnro 4ere cnilpa Aa ce ABIz)KII roraBa, Koraro npeqeHu, r{e e BJrfi3Jro B Kp'bra H ortsaprr oqr.rre clz. Cre4 raro 3aeMe IrocoqeHara rro3a, HflMa ilpaBo Aa ce ABHxr4. !,eqara, Kolrro r{e ycnesr /Ia nonaAHar B r{p'bra, ,,r.r3rapflT" -- H3JIHBaT or arpara. Te sacragar HacrpaHr4, 3a Aa Ha6,{[o4aBar Hrpara. flpyrnre c€ Bp:bu{ar }r c€ HapexAar irocJre4Hn R KoJroHara cla. Hlpara upoAal./r)Kal]a, AoKaro BCI,IrrKr4 B3eMar yqacrne. fleqenu Ko,'Ionara, n l{oflTo noBerre or Aeuara ycreflr Aa e./rrisar B KpbroBere H He r43uycHar rop6nvxara" fl p a e n,'r a. K'ou xpr'roBere ce rpbfBa cJre4 AaBaHe Ha cr{fHa.[" V r a a a.Htlfl. Aeqara 3acrana'r cpe u1y Kp-r,foBere, creA Koero uM ce 3aRT,p3tsar oqrlre c'rrc co6crgeHara HL{ K'bpna. Kp:r,roeere ca c Ar4aMerr,p oKo;lo i nr. R rrrx ilrpaqrzre 3a r{parKo BpeMe 3acraBaT B Onpe4e"leHa {Io3i:1. I4rDara yffpa]r{Hr{Ba {eriara ts ;la3erre Ha paBHoBecie, opr.reHrr.{paHe B nocol(r4Te, c'r"odpaatleJrHocT. [{snpaB}rre,']e H eJreMeFrr. OcseH xo4eHero c rop6auua Bbpxy fraBaTa B rifpaTa ca BK"TroqeHfi r{ r,r3lrpaBltTelHr4 Y[rpaxHe*
HHr{

ce qyBa cI'IfHaJl ,,B:r'nqtl". Onuapue'rata 3axB'bpr'itlT t{r11l,fc (OCraLrar [u Ha IIOila) H Ce 3aTI4r{BaT Aa nporoHqT BG"/Irrr|t,t,. ().rrroeo ce BpT,ruaT Fra ilo,'rflHl{aTa H 3ailor{BaT ga llrpafiT. llt 1lt'r'a npogl,Jlxarta no npeIIeHKa Ha yql4re.lKara'
I lt'Oqaxnauo
I I 1l a u

l'{) (lLl IIOBAH|aI Ha

np'bCTI'I.

ll n a, vnpur(HeHHflTa

ce IJ3II'biIHflilar e4tl0BpeMeilHo

oT'

tt{'lIil(u

/{eu.a,

V r<aaaH
lr t,l(()rJ0414,

no 6pofi ynpall(HeHI'Ifl B 3aBIr CI,IMOCT 0T [IoAfOToBKaTa ll;l ll).yllaTii 14 BI)SpaCTTa Ha I'eqaTA" Jl.r,nxlln:lra ga ronx{Ki4Te e ( ),lJ( ) t:na. llllrrpaBfi reilei{ e,x e M e H T- Bxfito.{erlltre y[pa]KHeHl.1fi c t'oil)rfl(H cr'geiicrnynar 3A I{3Tef"ItIHe Ha npa6Hauumx cr.b.u6 I{ l{',/l,l)0cil II.I.{fl Ta M}"' I
I'itir.rilrrilrH

'i5{. I{JIX OT yqI'ITerKara.

VnPaxHeultarzt

Ce Clvlel{r{T OT /Xel'eTO, KOCTO B I{rpaTa MOI.ZIT i(A Ce 3dcT'bIIflT

fnoseqe Ky6qera Ha HailIara KoJtorla li c/Ir.tlus npafi Ha 3aH!1)\'{aJIHt{ra ca pa3llpbcHaru 40-*50 r<y6,t(,,t,it c pa3MepH 2-5 cna. Ha cpeulyto,{o)r{nara clpaHa AeqaTa ce Iro(.fl)orrBa'N IIO eAI{O B IIeT ycnope/{HlI I{O,rIoHl'{. flplt czruan n'rpilil1,c /(cuil oT KOJIOHI]Te

Top6flr{Kli HA IJIaI]aTa H p'bl{e, iloBAHfltit,l.l tlcTpagn, ce oTnpaBrrT r{lbi\{ ryt5.rerara" Bcgt<o ce cTpeMIl u t,l)lio /11 I'H CT'dfHe, CJell KOeTO cHeMa rOp6lIuXara cI{ n 3a-

c

-

ilO3tr

c

r43[pilRHTeJ'rerr xapilr{Tep,

0n'lapqeta

rpafi ce naMxpa Kouapara Ha oB[ere (eafpax4a ce ttracro]" Aeqara ca M/raApl oBqapriera. Te ca peutarTrr Aa cI4 rror4fparr, AoI{aro oFiUere fiJIaAIl}IBar. Bcptqxx ca n.{3JIe3"II4 fia noJlgHl{ara, 3acral.r
80

B

craq'ra. H,rih rra ir,iroudaAKara ce oqeprana iloJirlrrKa. IJ egaHnq

,i,,J,'r, ,rir., cr6upa crtl rtIX. AeIIara, Konro Cl6epar rloBeqe KV6': ,r(,'r';r, (:a ilo6eAhreru' Te no.nyuaBilT l{}IK"lI('bB or;'IHr{flT€"I€H 3HaK" ('./r('/l 'roBa Iiydqerara HaHoBo ce fiocraBflr Ha crapl{Te }IM Mecra, ;l /((:tlilra c dgrane ce 3aBp:t'uaT, KaTO 3acrarlaT B Kpat{ Ha KOJIOult'l('cH. ca I lc're;nn raBH KoJIoHa, B Korro tto-ronnu Spot? 01' A,eqara lro,ily,tHrH o:n'fiI4r{I4TefieH 3HaK. klrpara ce fiol}Taps ilO fipeqeHKa Ha
v

r|l.]'l'cJll(ilT4.

i ll(r{uuiKnr fltpld c trtrnp}r, xirpdxTep 8l

iipanu"na.
raHe ce BpT,IrIaT

!,er1ara

tlpes urpara ce ynpax{HrBa ocHoBHoro AEH)KeHHe paBHoBecue, pa3BuBa ce ,rollKocr H cr,o6parureJrHocr. - HenpaBareJreH eJreMeHr. Panuoaecilo xoAeHe c rop_ 6nqxa B:bpxy fJraBara c,r,4elicrn\,na 3a rlopnarpaue Ha HaBHr{ 3ir
npaBH.rrHo Te.[oA:bp]r{aHe.

ry6velara ce

V x a e a H Ir s. Blrecrcr xy6uerara Mo)Ke Aa ce HgnoJrgyrar A.bp_ ueHr4 r4irry Apyfn Ape6Hn npe4Merrz (Atpneun MbHr4cra H _H3pesKu Ip.). Ko.lonure LrMar panerr 6poli 4eqa. Bpelrero sa c.r,6upaHe nlr
oilpeneJrJr

no

c

xoAeHe
cH"

MecTaTa

crlrrar Ao rcy6uerara, a c

6s-

llrpnu

rralrpano, 6es Aa ce r{ane}KAau

or

yqr.rre.rrrara.

ll;r ruorrlaAKara ce HaqepraBar ABe ycnope4qtr irvrtvrvr Ha pa3l'lolrnflc 3 -4 u eAHa or Apyra" Hsx:n,qe B6pxy eAHa or JrvHt4HTe ('(' ffo(:relnrrr r!.nar.rera, rop6uurn wrLr Ap. Cpeuy resrn BHaIIu Ha ,t,l)ytirf ir Jrr.lHHs 3acTaBar A,erlara. Te rpa6ea c:nc cnororiHr.r KparrKH rr /to6pe u3npaBeuo rflJro, c rop6nuxa nflc,tlK B6pxy r.IlaBara 4a ,rl,o("1'lll'ltilT ApymTa JILILII4fl ilpH nOCTaBeHHfl 3HaK LI 4a Ce B:bpHaT r,()l)il1'rro Ha Mr{croro ca. ,Il,euara, Kor.ITo HanpaBqr orKJIoHeHr.re o1' irril{ir, ry6ar urpara. C"rreA r{aro ce 3aB'r'pHar, Ha ,nrl}lngra 3acraIitl' /{pyrl4 Hfpaqz H T. H. | | p a n n.rr a" Aeqara rp'bftsar rd'bM 3HaKa, c,ne4 r(aro flocri]unr
to1l6u.rrcata HJrH pnHra Ha rJlaBara
'r'o1t6u.rrca.

Canro

ner

KpaqKr.r

Vraa alrtt. Top6nurure re)Kar 500 rparua"

cI.{.

Bcr{xo Aere

HMa

SacTaHad'ro cpeqy [pa3HoTo pa3croflHHe Me)KA]' AeqaTa, To HarroBL] BpT,BBa oqxTe cli H npaBn soBn 5 KpaqKH r4 T. H. Koraro npo4.bJl)r{r.{TeJTHo

Jfeqara ca B no.{ypaaKpar{eH croe}K, c p.bqe Ha xr,.n6oqr. 'fl{-ofo e 4o6pe hsnpaBeHo. l-lape,rleHra ca x rcpbr Ha pa3croqHr.rc 0,50 u eAHo or Apyro" Ha rraeara r{M ce [ocraBfi lto e/xHH pr4rir.. Br,rpe B Kpr,fa BacraBa eAHo or Ae[ara. Oqnre My ce gan:npeBa1' c r{'bpnii. To Hr{nla puHr. flercro rr Kp]r-a uma np,tno aa n,,flpaBr{ B e4Ha ra.ru4 .qpyra rrocoxa can{o no 5 xpavru, cdreA r{oel.o 3acTaBa HaM'-rcTo I{ CHeMa l{:bpnaTa. Axo e 3acTaHa,rro cpeuy Hsxofi or Hrpaqlrre, cMer{Jr rvtficroro cfi c Hefo K 3acratsa Ha KD.bfit c pr{rlr Ha r.raBnra. A ap)'ru"t' 3aeMa HeroRoto Mlcro. Alio r.
tsperlle }re Mo)r{e

l4rpara ynpaxHflBa Aeldara I] paBHoBecue. {onplrHaca Ba It'L3rr.t'r'lrBllHe Ha TT,pneHHe, cboopa3l{Te,rrrlocT L{ ilpel{eHr{a Ha pa3crofl|ilJC1'O,

t4snpaBrzre.{eH e,neMeHr. XoAeHero c rop6uvxa ilrH

l)lrtr- Ha r.rraBara cr4efic'rnyna ea $opnrNpaHe lra Hanur{ aa npaBr4Juro
1'C"qO/r{',bp)KaHe.

Setun,

aebHtr{, BB'bt{qe

yquTerKara

ro

noAMerrr{

npeueHl{a Ha

4a nonaAHe cpeuy H.RKoe 01. .(erlaTit, c Apyfo Aere. }"Irpara npoAl,,{x(aBa rro
r{bptra,l.a

yr{HTed'IKATa,

ll

p a n n .'l a.

rialpaBH

VKasaHHJ{. fle,'ero cauo lls6llpa B Kor{rocoKa ilde

rer

j[ercro cueva

or

oql.ire cH, cJreA r(itr()
HalpaBu

KpaqKld"

paue n ttocorcure" j{onpnnacx 3a pa3BHBaHe Ha cto6pasnleJrnocl'. HsripaBHTeJreH e.{eMeHT" Croenero c pHHr Ha f.rraBaril c:,"4eiicrnvr:a sa $Opiral.rpaHeTo Hel HaBr.rK ga I]paBH,rrHo rer'r0.{.bp)KaHe -

onpe4e.rreHr.{re Kparrxr.r" tr4sno.n:vsar cre rnqurlre r{.bpnr., Ha Aer_ial.a" I,Irpara ynpaxHrBa Aerdara F paBHoBecr{e 14 rrpaBr.r.lrro opueHrr.r-

llc(ara ca ceAHa,rn Ha no,4a. Kparara ca 4o6pe orT,HarH lraIp('/(, plueTe ca Ha rroAa 3aA ceAaJlulrlero, Iia f"ryallaTa e rocrail('Uir rop6r,ruxa. Tpynrr e 4o6pe LI3npaBeIr. Br'rpe B Kpbril 3acraBa r'/[rro or Aerlara" To 4r,pxIl B p'bqere cH 3BGIrqe. C nero o6xox<Aa o't't!'r>Tpe Kp'bta u ggtuerixl't, npoz3Hllct{ -. 3B'bHII, i3B'bHI4, 3B'bnqe. 'l'o;ru, npe,4 Koforo cB'bptxn TeKCTa, orcrt IIBa Mtlcroro ct{ Ita ./t,("r'cro c'r,c 3B'bHqeTo. Hosusr SB'bHap o6xoxaa Kp'l,fa, KaTo
nt'r,lru c'bc 3BbHqero, a ttpeAntuHuflT BacraBa Ha Kp'bfa c rop6uur(:r rril rJraBarer. I4rpara [poAb,Tx(aBa rlo lpeqeHl(a Ha yr{I.ITeJ'IKara.
I I p a n n n a. Aeqara cMeHtrr Mecrara cH uirlercra, xoriro ce [oBTaps ABa n'brlt.

cJIe,4 cB:bpIIIRaHero

I,IanpaBrrre,4e H eJreMeHr. fIpo4bJIX(Hr€JIHoro ce.4eHe B orropeH ceAelx uo6N.unanpaMycKyJlarypara, no/{Acpxaqa rpn6ItiltlllHt{ Cffr;f6.
E2

V x a s a H H fi. Aeqara ca ceAHaJIH Ha KITJIHM tIJu4 Ha orAe,rIHI4 BCI4TTKH AeIIa ca c e,4uaxl]a re)r(cc'r' H roJreivrlrHa. Kpar<ara ca 4o6pe u3[a,HarLI. Vlrpara ynpax(HflBa .qellara B [a3eHe Ha paBHoBecne or ceAex.

MrJn{[ KIrJrI4Mqera. Top6nvxule 3a

B3

Onntaft ce Aa HaMepnru Tonilara
Aeqara :lacraBar u e4nuax xpaii Ha craHra c "ropduuxa $a flpe4 lax ce HaqepraBa ,rrr.rHr4s. Ha 10-*15 Aerci{u KIlaqr(H oT Jrr4Ht4rrTa [:e [IOCTar]r{ MaJrKa Me{xqaHcr{fl ufi.t rlpy|a TollKA LlseHKna ce Alere or rpynara. To cHeua ropdnurara cr4 i.r gacraBa [ra Ju.{Hr{ffTa" Or uero ce Iz3}rcKBa ,1a olJreAa ,xo6pe [ocoKara It Macroro Ha ronriara, c;re/{ Koero tll.v ce 3atsrp3Bar or{pire. C'st; 3aBbp3rlHl.{ or{H T0 TpEolltr .4a cTafue TOrKaTa, ;1o KJr€KFre n Aa 5r B3eMe B pblle. CreA roea Aere'r'o cHeMa r{'rrpilara or orrfiTe cri ffi e 6nrane ce :rarJp'brria Ha Mr{cro'fo cll. Bael{a rop6uura:ra ffi tr rrocrruJrr rla f"rraBara. YIa ,;utuus'ra 3a(:Tasa "{p)if lJrpaq u r, H, [1 p a a n n a. f[erero orr4Ba /{o lor]r{ara crlc gaBr,p3aHr.r oqr4" C,rleA raro rlaMepl{ ToilKal'it r{ ri"Textre, cHeMa r{'bprlara or {f,rtllTe cti" V x a e a H 14 rr" flpe4u "4a rptflre K'r;r\,r rorrKa'ra, {erero 3acraBa cpeu{y nex. Tpr'l'aaHero Nry craBa nprl crlfna/r. 13 a p u ar u r. TonNara r,roxte Aa ce nocraBn He B npaoa nocoKil cpeqy AeTclT0, a fio,r.{ H3BecTer{ r,|'I",t (ecrpauu). LlInnrTq rrrln::uaHqr .r..r--*^."..,3O lleuara B paBHoRecr.ie x npaRn,'rr{o opr4eHTripaHe B pa3cr0tHLieTo I1 nocoKara, 14enpaBi4r e Jre H e.neMe H r, Xo4eHero c rop6aura Ha rJratsaTa I{ SABbpSar{i.{ orrH ycJorl:HflBa paBHotsecI{eT0, KoeTo rlppt4aBa Ftil IifpaTa il04r{epril{1 H3rIpallHrer'IeH xapal{Tep.
['r'lar]ara.,

Aeqara ce npuABllx(Ba'r HanpeA' Karo npeMecrrrit'r' oOp't'.ture ll CT:bIBAT CAMO B TgX. VrragaHHrI. Faacroggllero 3a rlpentI4HaBaHe c He rloBeqe ol'

llpunula.

I llpara ynpilKHnna Aeuara R Cpr)rjHocT, cT'o6pa3l.iTeJIHOCT it;lilil:Ililtre HA paBHOBeCHe' l't rrrrpanllre.ileB e,1 eMeHT. Top6tl'lxnre' ilocraBeHl4 ltl:i t./tiilrit.fit, cn4elicrnynar 3a H3fpa)KAaHe HaBHK 3a IIpaBI4JIHO Te,llofioAl]H)i{Hocrri} .,t r'l))r(iure, a rtpeHacflHero Ha o6pr'urre logo6pnna u;r r'l)'t,6HAqliug cr.t}^rt6.
14

{

M('i'pil.

Tonxa B flMara l.lrpara ce l4fpae Ha orKpl4ro. B cpe4ara Ha plfpl4ulero ce n3|(()t|llttaAyIIKa!TpI4n'ljTlllo-tuHpol(aoTTonKaTa'cHo'lToceI4rpae' il (: /,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,1'l)r6oqHHa, paBlla Ha rxHaMerbpa Ha ronKaTa' Aeilara ce Halx')r(/{ar Ha pa3crosHne 3 n't oKo,lo I'I3r(oilaHara l}'il{:l' ,'rr ;[tctananH B pa3Kpar]eH cToex c p'blle Hc xbJtOolII4

Ct,cteeanan€

c odptrru

ocraHa.ture ca B Ko"'rflHr{a c ronKa B ptlle. flpa cur fllJr Te T.IIaCKar roI]KaTa K'bM flMara raKa' qe yA l\a [aAHe B Hefl' l,ll'1tauure, KoLITo ycnet{T ,4ii BKapar roni{ara Il fll\'I:lra' cil uo6eHa ,/(il'l'cJrr{. cnea rolla Ae(ara B3eMar ro[Kure H rI'I [peAaBar t.lt()I4TeApy|apr]eTaoTKp.b|a'a[oJIyqaBaTTexHliTerop6uuru.3a(.,l,rrrlar Ha Kp.bfa c rop6uura Ha fJraBara. vlrpara [po,llb./lx(aBa1 yqvAor(aro BcI4rIKIi B3eMar yqacrl4e. floerapx ce rro flperleHra Ha

I]!:1,ton' H TopozqKa

illl

t-JraBaTa.

Aer{ara ce nocrpcunar ts peAllr{a no e4uu. [Ipe4 rJtx ce rtpeKapBa JrlrHr.rx. FIa verNpuMa ce AaBa no eAHH o6p"r,u, a Ha ocraflar'rHre ce fiocraRfi 1'op6ttura Ha r.riaBaTa. Cperqy Bcfir(o Aere, Koero /{'bpI{H o6pnu, ce rocTaB,i Ha noAa cBUIo IIo eAHH o6p'brr" Mcnope4Ho Ha pe/{Huara c 4Be [rr4Huvr ce oqepraBa Mrrcro, Koero Hrpaqtrre rpx6aa ,qa npeMuHar, K?lro crbrrBar nocJle/{oBareJlHo ot' o6pr,u a o6pru" [1pu curual Aerlara crbr]Bflr c rxBa KpaKa ts no* craBeHHfl Ha rroAa o6p'sv. CileA roea cr'r?raT Ha BeMflTa ro3vt, mofiro HocflT R p'blle, cT.btlBar B Hefo, o6pr-ru,ar ce H B3eMar ApyfHx, nocTaBsT r0 Ha 3eMflTa u cT:b[BaT B Hef0 H T, tr., AoI{aTo npetr4}Irosa AeIIara c a6pu.tu B p'bi{e ce 3aBptuat o6parno, raro n{4 ilpeAaBar Ha Apyf}r qerr4pH Aeqa, BseMar rop6uumure prM H ce Hape)r(.4aT Ha MecTaTa [rM. HoBr.rre IIo c6u{Hq HarrI1IH H3MHHatsaT pa3cToqHr.reTo nI T" n. [lo6eAureJr e AereTo, KoeTO n6pB0 HSMI{He
C,neA

1'CJI

I{aTa.

l'.rritcKa rollKara K:bM flMaTa"

IIpannta.
V

Bcsxo Aere 3acraBzi

Ha

oqepTaHllfl Kp'br H OrraM

a s alla tr. Aeqara o6penynar xpr'r, Karo cne,4 KOeTO Kp',brbT ce oqepTaBa Ha 3eMfTa" l)'r,ltc,

r

ce

xBaIr{aT

3a

Hrpara ynpaxunBa Aellara B

T'bpKa"IIaHe

B

IIeJI,

pa3BIIBa

tsHLl-

r4itilue

14anpaBHreJreH eJreMeHT e fltMHaCT[qecKI4nT CTOex( lop6uura Ha fJlaBara.
I-lenu ce BflpHo

z

clo6paanreJ'IHocr,

c

Har

pa3cror{Hr{ero.

onpeAe,'reHoT0 pa3croflHfie H ce 3aB'bpHe oopaTH0.
84

,[,euara ce pa3ne,rt{r Ha ABe rpynl4. Bcsra rpyra ce nocrpoxBa ,, pel"ua n0 eAI,IH" PeAUqure 3acraBar Ha pascrofltlue 3 u, o6lprra:rH c Jrnqe e,q,Ha I{:bM Apyfa. nenara or eAHara peAliua 3acra* Ititr r] pa3gpaqet.i cT6ex( c rOp6i4ura Ha r.[aBaTa U plUe Ha x:b"rl85

rll

5oxa. I,lrpa"{r{re or Apyfara pe,At{qa ca [] Ko.jrr{n{irr c {Be 'rortlvl r:r p'rqe. flpn ci4fuafi re rbpKa"rrflr locJleAoB:ire.qHo c Jrflrla H /{t{cfiii pT,Ka ToirKpire cpetti,v "4pyfapqerara cr.r, Karo ce cTpeNlrrr c3u{,Hre l{ar flpeMr.rHar MexAy r{paKara Ha derlara. Bcexrr, r<ouro J'cuee Aa r}Kapa ronKara npe3 Apyfara pts;Iur{a, iloJryqaBa roqr{il. cneA rosa {nere peAHrIlI cMeHrir poJ'rn-fe cH. LeLIara, r(orr'fo ca 6u'ryn B rio.ltri]iKa, 3a-

V ri;t :lil lr pI fl. P;tgcl'osnnero

lllrrr ,rut:rcltc !ltl);l)l(llitllil ,AellaTa
r'1il;lll('.
||

or Aeqa?a Ao Meqero e il-4 m' ufpaqnre ca orllpaBn"lu rIofJIeA KbM Mer{eTo' llrpara
ts

"Ia3eHe

R IIpaBa IIOCOKa' I]HeMaHI'le U df'peO

craBar B pa3KpaqeH croex(

fl

06parl{()" i,{rpala

fipoA'.b/T]r{atsa fi{)

ilpeller{Ka Ha yril{TeJrKaTa.

fI p a u ti.u a, TorNara ce r,TAcr{ir c rilr{Aiia cuJra, qe ,Ta /{ocT'I.{rHe ,&pyfr4re Aerla r.{ Aa ripeMHHe 3an r'flx. V Kas aHLrE. Tonxnre H rop6nqriu're ca c e,{Har{nrl pa3rvrepii. !,nere peiqr4r{r4 ca c eIHaKt e 6poir 4ei1a.
pa3HTe,'IHOCT H BrillMaHr.Ie,
IJIARATA,

:lt itittsHTe.rieIl e,'IeMeHT' Ot Hsxo4tlo llo'lox{eul'le rla I',r Tpyna lpr',6uaueu crr'n6 1,,|||()ttltpcH oT TexecTTa HA r'/IaBaTa ',,,, yKpenBa rpr,6uara, rpb4Hara !I paMeHHarlt MJ'c1()"'IllrYpa ,,',,,."r't) u nr,.rr.,r6pnna [oAsl'ixnocrra Ha rpl6HauHnn ct't"n0'
crpeuuul nocraBtl rtaHepr{L] c I llr eAHo cro;tlle B cper,ara HiI craara ce c'bllio Hllla llaHAe"IKA t),t.r'()rttlcrHl4 liaH.q,erKi'I' Ha r'laBara ]la A,ellara , ,,,,,,,',o xrBeroBe. Aeqara ce HapexAar Ha eAHaKBo?a3croflHlie
BHunaaeafi Aa He

tr4rpara ynpax{HflBa Aerlara a paBHoBecr.re, roqeH y4ap, cso6-

tr4enpaBHTe.rreH Br're MEur

ri croeuero c rop6nura

Hil

|t/|l|cDe.4I,1I{I4oTABeTecTpaHhcJ.Il,IIdeK:bMCTo./Iqero.fipnc{4|HaJI nprorr*aBar 40 cro"Iqero' H3IIpaBnr ce u H:6uprr'

;,"';'',r:,;;;'i.
ptI'Pfi 'c J,oB"nu

or !r3xo/{rro ro.4o)r(eHrle Ha pa3ToRapeH f.rraBara I{ rpyna rpr6uaven c'rt,r6. Te 4onpunirorr c'bu{o sa uo4o6pflrlaHe IIOAtsrzlI{HocTr:a na rpr'6H3rrHr.Ir{ crr,n6"
r(y,'rarypa

Llrpltre c ila3eHe yr(penBar rpr6Hara, fp'bAHa

fi paMeHHa Mycor re)r{ecrra Ha

It:llt/|.(lIl(arI(OflTOI'iMilC'E'IqllgUBflTKaTOTa3IlHAf'{aBaTaIlM'UCTilKO9TO Altrpx(ar Il lltt l lt ltaHepqeTo cBOflTa IIaHAeJII{a I4 c HOBaTa'
t)r,l(ir,

'r,,,,,,.'.,',rrrr,

cc 3aBpr,uar (c xo4eue) ua tvlecrara cv n fl llpeAzrRar Ha netelo, i{oero nolpetuHo e il3e"lo flanre'llKa or '4pYf ,'r.,,,',', t'y6n Hfpara- CleA rosa Hrpara ce [oBTaptI' ' tipirunni. Aeuara c./ra3er{e oruBar AO CTo,lllera',ra, a c xo,,,',,..'

3acuaroro

Me.re

B eAnsila rpafi ua crzrflra ca ceAHaJr?r ,4er{ara ua cronqe'ra. Ha .(pyrufl Npafi naeuero (e4rio or geqara) e ceAHaJro ua seuara. Ilpr.r cufna/'r BCHqr{a 3arloqBar Aa ila3rrr I{'bM Meqero" Karo crr4fHar ro cpeAara Ha craqra, Te ce cnflpar H Barrzrnilrr ,Meue, cnnu .nH? f,loxaxu, c ymeHr{e nonap:r'4uLr." Me.rero M"L./rqr4. .[I,euara [poA"bJrxaBar Aa ,'ra3qr, orHoBo crlHpar I4 3aIIHTBar: ,,Me,{e, cnuut .nr.r ? floxaNrl, c oqeHrle ilorre4Hr.i.o' llpo4r'.nxaear Aa ita3flT, cflupar I{

aa Bp'bruar o6patuo Ha Mecrara cl,t" EAnospeMeHlto Jta3flr il( rt'il{tl .4,eua. VxaSa'H14g.flauAe.llxl{Te[IoKoJnqecTBoI,IllBgTcac'so6pa. l(,llrl (:6poa ua AeuaTa. vlz6upar ce qBeToBe, IIO3HaTI'I lta.qellara' lllpaia yflpax{HqRa .4eqara B '/Ia3ene u clo6paazreJlHocr" Ha I{:i npasIreJIeH eJIeMeHr" 'Ilaaeuero or noJlo)fienue rpyla H l'/IaBara rpl6Haueu clr''n6 l)it,r'r'orlapeu or relllecrra Ha rpl6Hara n rpl'/l,Hara MycKy"Iarypa H rloroi 1,,',,,,pti paMeHuara, rrirrrrut ro,qBHxHocrra Ha rpl5HarlHul c'rr'n5"
BHunlaeait A05Pe fio /lcuata ce pa3.4e,'Irr Ha ABe rpyfiH, Kol4ro ce nocrpoxBar c r] ABe peAI4uI{' PeAuqIare 3acraBitr B ABara Kpaq Ha craqra ./rrlrlccAHaKbMApyta.tlpeaBCflKaor.rfixceHaqepraBafitlHll'tt' Ha l,l;rcrolH[ero Me]KAy Aeere ,'I]rHIau e 4-5 iu" To ce pa3AeJlfl rla KosTo ca [ocTa./(rf(l pilllHH qacTII c TpeTa ycnopeAHa- -JtvlHll'tl' ce l|(,ilr.r llpbHKanKH, Ky6qera, myrulixlt' Ha plxara Ha BcsKo '4ere JIeHra. !,eqara or ABere peAHrIH I'IMar pa3nHqHH rl)'r,iulil no eAHa
('./r,Itrr

naK sarILITBar: ,,Meue, c\urr Jri4, lloKa)I(fl, TLI Kpai]eHIIe pa3ABI4xH". I4ssenHrx Meqero ce pasAB[xr]a H 3aloqBa Aa p:bMxa. Aeuara ce H3rrpaBrrr n c 6sraHe ce Bprular Ha Mec'fara cn. Meqero crana H 3ailorrBit Aa rI{ roun. fl,erero, Koero xBaHe, fiolor{B:l Koe oT
yqaTeJrKaTa. fl p a e u n a" ,Il,eqara ce npn6drrux{aBar a ce oTnadrrer{aBar Hero c 6nraHe.

Ipyfapr{erara My na cMeHIz Merlero. cle4 roea tscHqI(H HaHoBo 3afioqBar Aa ilagflr i{r'M Mer]ero. I4rpara ce [oBTaps [o npeqeHra Ha

or

K:lM Meqero c

Jra3eue,

86

87

no qBr{T JIeHTI4, e,iIHHTe *- cai{a, a ApyfllTe -" 5enu. Vqurenxarit Abpx{}I B pt'uere cl.r ABe S"narvera -- c}IHbo n 6sno. Koraro gAnrue cuHboro tp,uarve, AeIIara c:r,c cuusra JIeHTa 3aIIOqBar IA {ta3RT K:bM IIpeAlleTI'ITe, [OCTaBerllI Ha CpeAHaTa d'IHHI'{fl, Axo ust<oil .rla3li lfpari oT rpyllaTa c .4pyruq IIBflr no HeBHnMaHHe 3anoqHe ,44 yqllia ce oT nrpara. l{hM llpe,{MeTl.lre, Toll ,,I43fapfi" Ter'rKara peAyBa RAllraHero Ha $;laruerara. Bcexu n6T K'bI{ rlpeA'
MeTprTe Jra3JtT ,qeIIaTA

,,, rir

or llor'loxel{l4e pittncuuata, lptduara H rpbAHara MycKy'rarypa Tex(ecrra Ha fJlaBara ta rpyna- ipr'6Haueu CTL'{6' oT
l)il3roBapeH

l{:npaBt4re$e}x e,reMe Hr'''rlaseuero

BoAH

l{o

yKpeilBaHe

CbC C'bOTIleTHLiq qBgT .IIeriTIZ. I-Ie,lenU ragt1 fpy[a, B Kofro 6porr Ha Aeqara npH 3aB],pluBaHe Ha ltfpara ocraHf il0-rodrrsM" I4rpara ce lloBTapt{ no npeileHKa Ha yqHTed{KaTa. fl p a n N n a. Aeqara 3anorlBil'r Aa ra3qr c'IIeA IaBaHe Ha cll'!rtraJra. KT,M IIpeAMerHTe ,r-Io3ftT oH€3lI I4fparl14, tlHtiTo cI4['Ha,'l e AaAeH. PeAuqnre ce cbcrotlr or eAHaK'bB 6poti 4eua" V x a s a H H e. V,rnre,'u(ara orB,lllqa BHIlMaHnero Ha Aeuara pe;l,fBaHero Ha Q,raruerara. Aeuara or 4Bere rplnl4 Jt't3nr e4rlaxr,n 6pori nr-rn. l,lrpara ynpax(ltHtsa B JIa3eHe. l{onpiauaca 3a pasgl4raero Ha SrlApb)KKH, J'IOBKOCT, BHkMaHI4e, ea 6r'pao peafHpaHe no cI{fHa/T. l{anpatsIire,1 eH e,'IeMeHT. Jlagenero or noJlo)I{eHfie Hil pasToBapeH or re)I{ecrra Ha rpyla H f,'IaBara rpl6Haueu crl,r6 yrpenBa paMennaral rp'r6uarn n fp:bAHara MvcKy.rlarypa ll no4o6pflBa [{]Anl4xr{ocrra ua rpr'6navuus c:rl.u6.
{.'

Oxc.no crorqerara ro 6 Aeua' Bcsxa rPlra o5/Iertara ce pa3,qeilar ua 4 rpyrrz peAI4rII.l ca Hape'4eHu Ilo rler B uernpu 1,,,,,y,i,, r(o,'IoHa no e,u,I'rH. Kononnre 3acraBar ,I{o cronr{erara' fleuara 3alloqBar Aa lr'r.r,uaru. Ha cufHa'[ Aa -i,,it't-onotto rsx. or BcflI{o ce n3I4cKBa rIpI. AaBaHeCtorue' ylsJrHSA crorr{e. Tosu, xoiiro ocTaHe 6e3 ec/(ilc B't'pxy HfII{Oe BtrsKa rpyna ocraHe i,t'riputi'. I4rpuru rpo'4'bJlxaBa' AoKaro B'LBres'I Aeqa o6pa3yBar Cne;r roBa uo c,rr,Fro Aere -- nu6*i,t*n"t" CVL' flO6euoltil KOIOna, KOJITO 3al]OriRa 4O C€ c'bcTe3aBa IlOMe)X Ay ocraHe nOC'rIeAHo" KoeTo x'l'l'rcJl Ha llt{d'IaTa-fpyna e 'l{eTero' -' cro,'Illeri.lrs tI p u o ni n a. Aeqara Jra3r{r or(oJro cro,'rqerara. Ha. lla cufHa'/I' clr/{aT cJIeA AaBaHe HaMa'lIsBa Ol' YLII4Teu'IV x a s a H I{ Ji' 6ponr ua crorqerara ce 5lAe IIo-MaJIT'I{ or ro3}t HA Aellara" x;r'r'a. Tofi rpa6ria Bt'IHafI{ Aa
,,rr cpluHocr,
BHI'lN{aHI'{e n cl'o6paalrtlt]o!l-^ HunpaBH'reJIeli ear0Meur' "IlaseHero or noiloxeHl4e rpt6Hata u rprrA-

Vlrpara ynpaxcuxna Aeuara R I'iil3€FI€" !'onpuHace

sa pa3llHBaHe

B'unn

n

KoBJIera

l)irltroBapeH rp'boHaqeFl ilirr1l MycKyJlarypa.

clt''16

yKpenBa paMenrlara'

lJ A'nsoro lia critara il.ryl.r rlJloqaAKara ce oqeprana Mt{cro 3a ,Ko[rapa" Ha Kos./Ierara A Ha cpeqyloJiox(Hara crpaHa e roparat n KofiTo ce HaMIlpa Bb.iIK:br. EAno Aere ce wz6upa 3a B'b./IK, a ocraHafiIzre ca KO3,'Iera. Mex<4y ropara H Ko[Iapara ce HaMl'lptl xy6aea BeJIet{a no/'IflHKa. flpn curual ,,Aa H3,rle3e[4 4a nofiaceM H:I norflHKara" Ko3Jlerara c .{aseHe H3,'IH3ar K 3alloqBar ,I1a ce pa3xoxAar HB Hefl, wmvrupa'it<u, qe ilacar rpeBa. [1pn curua"u ,,B't'flK" c 6sraue ce nplr6npar B l{ouapara. l'lrpara ce noBrapfl no ltpeIdeHKa Ha yqlire,rlKara. [I p a n H "'I a. OruBaltero Ao IIo,lIt{HI{ara craBa c fia3elle' a Bpb^ LrdaHero B Korxapara -c Sqraue. V x a s a H H r. Koenerara v3Jrr4sa'r Ha llo,rqHKara I1 ce Bpr,Irlar

B

Korxapara

r{H.rrHM.

[oi.{eA'br e orrlpaBeu HarIpeA. Hrpara yrpaN(HsBa .qeuara B I'pyloBo .rlaseHe E llpaBa nocoKa'
.naeene

flpu

cre/{

Aatsane Ha cI{fHa.ry.

l4rpara ce npoBe)I{Aa

Ha

pearupaHe Hin cHrFlilrr

u n 6tp:o

6sratre.

Meqera H JIoBeu l{a 2--3 MecTil H3 craaTa ce flocTaBfl no eAHa nnacnqxa' f'oset ('ir MeqetuKi.{ xpa,ryllll. Aeqara ca Meqera' fIoA raxra Ha xapMoHllKz} (cu" 42). flptl 1.c ce ABI.])KaT c MeqemKo Xo,4,eHe I,I3 IIo,]I']HKa.ra (eacranar c 6sraue ce cKpI'IBar- B xpaJlynl4re cn Ha rlod'IflHiti,,'urrn-rnuBeq" u3JIIl3ar ii,,rt *oarita). HaHoeo ce 4ana cufllaJl' Meqerara Hefl" CneAea CI4IHaJI t(it.l.1 H OTHOBO 3anOqBaT .I{tl Ce ABHXaT H3 l-losrapn ce no npeqeHra Ha yqi{TeJlKaril' ".lrorreu" 14 T. H. " I I p a B a JI a. [lo4 raxra ua xapMonuKara Meqerara ce ABH]Kar (' MCqe[]KO xo.qeHe, a [pil cnnpaue Ha Me'rlo'q',nflTa c bsraue ce r'rfl)l.ilillT B XpaJIyIIHTe. "'''il;;;";;;] et"*o Meqe sHae I] Kos xpaxyra tpx6na Aa ce ("r{pr1c. I4snoneynar ce o6uxHoseHllTe AercKH MacI'ir{KH' Ii t{l'para .vnpaxrnflBi? .4ellarlt B rrz3e He, e cro6paeure"IlHocr
t'r'r,plll 6nt'lHe.
8!i

88

*i
te::l

::*:*:-1
Cn. 43

VlzttpttuLtreJIeH eil eMeur. &leqenll(oro xoAeHe e ocooe*r BHA ,'Ia3eHe c [o4r{epri]H uSnpaBHreJIeH xapal{Tep'
Muntlera

a. Mnrulerara c JIa3eHe ce pa3xoxAar LrJ crasra' ;r t: 6qraue ce cKPHBar B AYIIKHTe' 'VxagaHAx.lllpanxr116TcHrHa/l'bruMflY"ceAaBa'c/IeA
I I p a n r,ru

r{tl].o MI4rIIJrerara saeMaT Kp'bl-oBeTe.

B crasra HJILI citJioHll ce HaqepTaBaT pa3np'bcHaTo Hfll{oJ'lKo (3-*4) Kp'bra c'bc cpeAHa roJIeMnHa. Toea ca MLIluIr AytIKu' Aeqata i" i,anrunera. l'e cBo6oqHo ra3qr r.l3 crar{ra. HeoqaxsaHo Ba MHtuJlerara ce r{yBa cilfllaJla ,,I{orKa"- Te ce paa6xraar, Karo BcflKo ce cTpeMIt Aa ce cKpl{e }J HqKOfl OT AyrIKUTe, T- €: Aa BJIfl3ar B or Kp'broBere.- Aeqara 3acraBar B KorqHKa' Te ce ofrexc""nofi ,4ar HaJIflBo I{ HaAtlcrio' oclyurnatirn ce Aa no3HaFT K'bAe e Korxara. t{yna ce HoB cHrHaJI ,MfY" c'bBceM ua6lugo' Mnru'uerara
ceI{3nJIauBaToII{enoBel{eHCecKpI,rBaTno-HaB'bTpeBAyIIKI4Te.

3a nropn ['L'T Ce ilpollSHacfl' l(o|aro ,4euaTa 3acraHar ao6pe B cBl'lra KOJIflHHa cen'HaJla oflopa" qe 3acralle' llt'rrrco MunIJIe 3Hae B xofi rpr'r yrpax(HflBa aeqata B rpynoBo JIa3eHe, n 6lpso peafu" I,lrpara
1,,,,,.
pa3ro,,,' panneHuara u rpl6uara MycKyJlarypa or [oJIoxeHI4e Ha rps6uaueu cru6. A nilpcll or rexrecrra I{a rpyna 14 rJlaBara
rcti.,ruHuara ceAHaJIa oflopa
('l(O,ll1403a.

LlznpaBHTeJIe H

ia

cniHa"r

ne

cto6pa3llrerlHocr' e JIeM e Hr' Jlaaesero IloAI4

"4o

yKpenBaHe

e

H3npaBI'Ire'nHo ynpilKHeHne 3a npeA-

,[[eqara 3aeMar cBljra KoJIflHHo-ceALIa'/Ia o[opa, r. e. csAar B'bpxy neTlITecI{HceHaBe)KAaT,KaToAoIIfipaTqeJIoTocHBKoJIeHaTar a pbIIeTe I4M ca cfbHaTI'I B nal(Tlzre I{ Ce OnHpar SAp€BO B rIOAa rHlxI{Ha. CaeA n'ta'nro 1cu. +e;. 3acraear HenoABH)I{Ho. Hacrlrea rJrac.r,T Ha KOTKaTa ce qyBa rJIyXO. ,llaea Ce THXO HaHOBO CIalHaJIa ,MflY". Toea ogHaqaBa' r{e KorKara ce e orAaJlerlllra' Muru'nerara HanyqaTMecTaTacH,Il3JlI4SaTH3anoqBaTAaJla3'ffH3cTa'ITa" C.[eAsar HaHoBo cHlHa.rHTe ,,KorKa" I'I ,,Mffy", [pI'I KoI'ITo MHITIJIeTara ce cKp?tBar! H T. H" I'Irpara ce fioBrapfl ilo npeqeHKa Ha yqu"
TEJIKATA"

Korenua

Ii{uo or Aeqara ce lts6upa 3a Kyrlero lllapo' Octauaante ca Kp'bf croJlr(()'rcrrua. B craqra HJIH ca/IoHa ce HapelxAar B fo/'IgM ,tt,'r'it. OrpaAeHoro Mflcro e [oJIflHKa' a croJiqerara ca la'Hqera'
||,|rl)xVKoI4TocacenoKaql{nltKoTeHIIaTauce[p[InHqaT_HacJI.bHIIe cflrHaJI i,j,irrii,", .u ao6pe Ll3npatseHl4 Ha cro./Iqerara (cH. 44) Ilpr't craflTa' (aeuara craear) I-l 3a-florlBar 4a ra3tlr H3 ,,,,r",,uuru c.nusai t lyrra ce KyqerIK u naft, ay'alf 'ay' Koresuara ce - pas6arnar ll - Karo onvpar Ao6pe n'p6a cH e o6neol'ilOrlo cfiAaT Ha croJlqeTarar
t'lt./il(ara, fi3AaBar fspAHre

cH HanpeA u 3acraBar Herl0'4BI{)I{HO" lllapo wztnla Ha florqHKara, c Jra3eHe Mr]HaBa norpafi i{y,,.ro'
al

90

CTO/'II;eTaTa' CnHpa Ce [PeA tlfl" KOe oT TIIX, HO lll,Iulo He 3a6e'Tfl:]-

,,1,,,",r,:,' lrtr pastlileai{e Ha c'bo6pa3HTeJIHocr

Ba r.{ orMlIHaBa. c'[eA Hefo l{oreHUATA OTHOBO H3JII{3AT ITA ilOJItrH

Illplt'l'aytlillllKrlflBa,qe[araBrpyllol]o'rya3eHe{'Its:31{I"3itr'f,'t}[{ tsHI'lMaHI{e' d u r. .flaseHero F' 3t{r3af norlo6psBzl I I rr rr p i.lBff r..n.-n';;;* il{),i(rrll)l(llocTra ua lpl6HaqHHq crr'16'

Kara Aa ce lopa3xoAgr
11

[I T. H' panHfia' Koreuqara I{3!'{l'l3AT HA NOTfiHKATA H CE KAqBAT
B'bpxy ll'bHqeraTa c'IIeA
Ha cHrlIa,'I.
Jra3eHe AaBaHt
('

o6xox,4ar IIOJIgHI{ara' ii c 6sraue orHBar A0 fl'bHqerara' Hrpara ynPaKHxBa Aeuara lr rpynono ,Ila3ese n 6r,Peo 6srase' CJIE11 snpaBI{rer'i8H
Nr

VIcas eHnfi. Koreurlara

""ti;;;^;;;;'*i:..'bopuovBar ce 3Hr3afoBI4AHIl tr"breK[4' Aeqara ce B:]aBi'{cue{ocr: or 6pon il()(''r'l)()illll-lr IJ Aller"r'pi'r ulu fioBeqe Ko'/IOiiI4 cnrKoa'IoHn ce AaBa no eAHa 'foilti:r' flptl ,,,;';,1;,;;J fru-bi;*u [lo rI'bTeKHTe' KaTO il;t.{ ll'l,pBI'ITe oT KOJloItaTa 3arloqBilT Aa JIa3t{T p'bKa TonKaTa no |.|l;lt.t(;l.l nocIeAoBaTe,,IHo c e.4HaTa I{ ,4py|aTa ilpe/dMerl4'I'e or JItlBo 14 lltlcHo' L-JIeA Karo ;r ;'; (';" 1"r Li Bao6lll(iulnr ilpT'UdaT IIO r'llrl llil'r Kpatr FItt nlret<t{re, AelIaTA 3aflOqtsl'iT Aa CC TOnKara t: Il-E'LIe' B rpan ua tirx, riilro npoA'bJl)KaBaT .|ta r'rlacKiiT OT KOlll,l'('l(llTe B3eMaT TonKaTa' npeAaBaT f Ha liT]pllt{re '4e(a uocreTaxa KO'rIOFil{' ,,t('ill!'l't H Ce HapelKAaT rl iptlx Ha. crlOltl'e

e H T. "rlaseHeto Hara H rpr6Hara ldycl(yJlarypa or fionox{eHlle Ha pa3roBapeH or Te-

yKpe[Ba paMeH-

eAt': ror{Ka Il|,l'(" tl3JII43A Or ilI-paTa. Iieioeara I{o/IOHa I'y6ri rotlKa' al{o He cr'6opn ., ripe;f,ivler' llr'pneuell e otilrrluo, ileqe'[tl [oBTapfl Iro rr(),roililTil, i{0t{T0 Iloilyql'l fioBeqe 'I'oqxl!" !'{rparu ce
lrl)('ll.('lili{l Ha'y'11t4'IeI'{' f i.
,.,',t,',crtt T0nl{}iTe I10c'rIeAO]lllTeJiH0
l

c"r'5opu oT flpeAMe/l(llt:lt'cJIHo l"{lt*aRar ealtutra irfpaqfi' To3I4' tioi'iro }t

)KecTTa ria rpyna H f.IIaBaTil rpr6uaueu crl.rr6, a ceAexbr
HO
T'e'/lO.iIT,P)I{aHe'

u-a cTorrlero c'LAei'icTByBa 3il 3a npaBfi'rlSopnarzpaHe Ha HaBHK

Cn.

4.tr

Jlasene n() Bl{eula ce n'['Tena

t4rpara ce fipoBe)KAa B fioMellreHue' Ha AI]e Mecra IIo '{'bJlfara crpaHaltaca"{oHaceIlpaBETA'Be3I'If3aroBHAHI'IIl'breKH'Bsurgar ce HapexAar uo urecr Qr-aruera Ir'rII.r Apyri{ npeAMerl{ Ha pa3Ha ABe rpynli' croqHne He [oBeqe or 50 cna. Aeqara ce -pa3AeJlqr lro eAHo' Ko'lounre 3acraBar cpe" flocrpoxear ce B "qBe KoiIoHlI i,iu i,trercure. flpn cI4rl{aJI Te SanoqBar Aa JIa3flT oKoa'Io [peAMecrl{frr"a, *uto sao6nia,'rqr $nrypure or JIIBo I'1 'AscHot AoKaro roBa n-po'4'r',aBar K'bM '4pyraril Har Kpafl Ha ntr.*aru] inea tto nperbreKa H ce Bpblqar o6paruo ro Hefl' l4rpara ce iloBrapfi rIeHKa Ha yql4reJlKara. -"---ijp iurna. .il,ellara 3ao6fiI{arflr $nryprre' Karo rla3flr oKoJIo
I'i3JInsa V x a 3 a H 1'{ x. ,[,erelo, Koero ct6opu HflKotl or Qtlrypnre' ilazvI B KpaF I.I, xato npoA'brH{aBa Aa or .Ko,rloHara I'I ce napexi4a nutg-:":lt:1:t]r:l:' crreA Apyrl4re Aella. I4.prt* r''roxe Aa ce I4rpae e Ko.[oHara' B Korro no-Ma'rKo [peAMeru ce ctoopttr flr,pneueu {}2

lr'prrlu 3aroqBa eAHoBpeMeHHo 3a Bcr4q]t"-^T-9i"?"i'^a,3aB'bplrlBa or cpr"ruoiTT|I Ha /{ellara Ir AfiAcHil KOJI0Ha' HA I,Ilpara ylpa,txHriaa l4ellara }} r"Ifi3eHe B 3l{l3af c rJIacKa}Ie rorn(ir, B Toqeu y4ap, cr'o6pa3l4TeJittotr H BHfiMaIJIte' yl l'lsn paBI'1 re./Ie H en-eol e u t" J'laseuero yIipeIIBa rpr'6uala \'l Tpy[a rllr,/(llara i\4ycl(y,-'IaTypa oT iio.nox(eHtie Ha pa3'T0Bapen oT crr,n6' ,'r,ltnit'r'a rD'bdIiaqeH
rilBlicrrvrocr

llpasllna.llpHorl'IBal{eHup'bu{'lltefiL}ri'r:'l'tl{l1"fo'{'el{ara c lq'BeTe p'bqe' y r, a 3 a H t{ n' Toll<ure ca MerlllriJl{cKn c"bc apeil}li{ pffiMepl'{" E

HanPann r$urYPa
3a-EcqKt) l,[ir crag'l'a E lilaxMareH peA ca HaqepraHH Kp'bt'qera j}u cM' ca Ha pa3crot{nlle eAilo or Apyro HI} r1r'r'c. I(ptrqel'araJlcrtura Jla3flr cBooo.4no onon" rrx' [1pi't cHfHaJi "HailpatsI{ Qnrypa. i,i, i,n"ou, s Hsleoli Kpr,r, SaeMar Kor'rtr'Ka t{ ir,r3'a.rrr pbuere cr,r

T'IX. -

cnr(,'t"/(ilJreqeilH OT T'{JIOTO. l.itanara e JieKO HaBeAeHa Ha3aA' flpu H3JII'!3ar oT Kp'brqeTaTa n4 3aloqBaT ot Kpr'rau Ael{ara ilir,,r

4o6llco6reruarl'lsaAllP6a,xBAflarl{c'bccK"l{Ioqerll4IIp'bcrHH

rtil

Jla3flT oKoJio
Til.

,,llbl{

rax. Hrpara ce .noBTapfi [Io
KP'bI'qe

flpeIIeHKa

[Ia yqIl-

f('JI l(il

llapxaHr. Ele Ecll(o

trrilIe

flo e4ua 'roPdnura. flPr'l

9il

c t{p'bcTGcaHu i{paKil' cI.nrHaJ'I AeuaTa Bfil{3aT H Kp'bl'qe'faTa, cl{Aa'I' cll; p bIIeTe ca ria ;'bJIOOUI'I ; 11ocTar]fir TOp6nqKaTa Ha rJiaBara .fpyrnbT e Ao6pe r43npaBeH. vnpaxueuuero MolKe aa ce i-{3IIT,,'lHI'l
m 6ea roP6hql{a Ha fJlaBara"

MYCKYIr{)/(r{ .rlo yKpenllaHe HA paMeHHara, roAIlH)KHocTTa Ha rpr'6Hatrutas cfl,.n6 B ropn;r'f.yl)il l.l no4o6pnna lilllr Mv .{tifi,

14 u

lr p a B

tt'r e.Ile Hl e,r

e M e H T'

.trlageuero HA JIaKTII

rprdriara

Ii

n

l(o'leHa

rp'b,4Hara

B Kplf ce HaqepraBar KplfoBe crlc cpeAHa roneunu"a, cr,o6paauo 6poa ua Aellara. Aeu,ara fia3t{r Il flpocrpaHcxl'i Boror ofpaAeHo or rnx. fipu cHfHa"'I ,,B Kp'bf" Te tsJla3ar B Tflx flpu cltluan LBT'II oT Kp'bfa" o1'3aeMaT IIO3aTa ,,KOTetUKl.l rp.a6". ori,oBo BJIfiSaT B roJreMlrfl i{p;t,l x 3ailoqBar 21,3 ;'Id3fiT H3 Helo' Kp'broBe I'{ r.H' HOBO cHrHa,rr ,,8 Kp.bf " -* AeI-l,aTa 3ac'l:aBaT Il MaJII{I4Te l4rpara ce notsrapfl lio [peI{eHKa Ha yqurerxara' 'il p a It 14 a. Aeua'ra BJII'r3ar I'n HanyIIIar I{pbfa cJleA AaBaHe "[ rlil cItfHa.n" V K a s a H li t{. Aeu,ara ,'Ifl3flT ol{or'Io Kpl'rqera' I3:'n rcern r<pr'r {} 3?lcTaBa caMo no e4H0 Aere- To ce 3a,4:t'px{11 3a KparKO BpeMe Bapiaur"
Ilrpera vnpax(Htil;il 4eltara

Il'r,'rera

or

KerJlM

((.

Ha orrpe4eJleHa nosa. ,ner{ara ca o6i'pHa'ffi (: JIuIle KT'M IleHrbpa c'bula QH[ypa' idp'bfa. Bcaqxm ilpaBnr eAHa I{ .]r-,,--_-l! Jlfl3eHe Ir 3nf3al'' U'nAencltlyRlt :tit

p,,sellnane Ha'clo6paal4Te'"IHocr,'rlollKocr

lI BHHMaHI{C" TIslrpai]llle.,ie H e.rIeMe H r.'Itraeenero rpeHlJpa rp:r'6uata' rp'billlara 14 paMeilHara n'{ycK}'Jlarypa oT l]o'[ox(e]iue Ha pa3roBapeH Or rpynil H f.ira'aTa ipr,6ua.len Crt'6. I3r.nroqestlre IJ I'{fpilril ynpa).t{ueHHtl ,,ilo3}1" ca c l43npaBl'ire'ueH xopaKTep'
Ft.u.u nnunnareJleH

rpyrn' Ha egHara rpyna rop6nux;l c fitict'K rIJIU n0 eAI4H fYMeH pI]HI-' ,r(ilBa fio eAlla ce Hape)ffAar 3l'rf3af n o6paaynar^3rrf3aii.,;i;;;.-toporu*"rs paacroxuue caBeAuo or 4pyfo ua 0'50 tu' i,i""ri,iu nr'r.enn. Ha 3a'u ( )r"r'rutit.nnte ce Hapex4ar B KoJIoHa eAHo l3z1A /fpyro Ha l{rpara Ael{aTa' Ir;t,rcl).raHa LI3XOAHa .{LIHHtl" flpu aalOunaue rop6uurcara. Ha r'IIa,,,,rr''''tl o6pa3yBar rlbrel(ara' c"Iarar pllHfa I{JIn (:H, a p'bllere *tu t'on6oun' Taxa re HtltroAo6anar rpnrypure rt:r'r'ir lr;r ,,aar"ta. Ae{ara or KoJIoHara 3aeMar no'[oxeI]tte KoHTo ca "Ko'lltluHa l4fpaqrTe' orroplr". flpn cllrua.rl re 3alloqBar Aa Jia3tlr oKoJIo JlflBara' a Ha or t,6p,uryna,T a rlTel{ar?l" Mnrlaear Ha eAHoro Aere uil fl'l-'TeKHTC' rrr)vr'o'l'0 oT nfcHarlt ctpaHat Aol(llTo crutnar Kpan or Apyrara crpflHa' it1r,,,,'"'. ce o6parrto, t<aro :ao6ul<a'rnr $rrrypl'{rc or KoJlol{ara ce 3al}'bpHar Pfr prtra eaetpmea, c,/leA I{aro }]cI'IrlKI'{ po,{11e :tit,/( rr3x04Hara 'rrHHLTH- [lpra non rapf lle .lli.l llrpa'tll _(:c$4clitlr' -llpaBI.JJIa. c JIa3cHe' le cllJ3Aeua'rlr 3;l0614KarHr $rrryput'e
./lcrtara ce pa3Ae,Ilfi'r He "4tse paBHn
il;r't' pll3crot{HHe rlol!{ex{Ay c}'i.
.\t

ts cpe.4ala Ha criiflril ce llocratstl'f Ht{Ko"rll{o ypeAl't - o6p:t"llt 3il flpoBl4 paH€o tr]or'I],4,bria, clolzxl',l c o[1-]{3TO tla Tnx BT,)Ke fltl ur.,.o"nna-30- 40 cl,l or noAax Ha I(oero e 3aB'bp3aHo SB'l;Hqe' I{OJIOHI{ il Aeuara ce flocTpo,]Bar Ir0 eAL]H ll AIle ]'cnopeAHI.I rtr'pBurc flpn cnrHa"r paueri 6poii. llpea isx ce Har{epraBa '/IIIHILI' ypelnre' 3acraBaT Ha .rlllHHfra tI 3a[oqBaT 4A 'lla3fiT Ha JIaKTI4 K'bM Irls[cxsa ce Aa npeMl{Har rtpe3 rNx, 6e3 Aa rI{ Sacefuar' To3l'1, roiiro AoKocHe Hsxoil ypeA H.IIfi 3B'bHrIero' ,,u3rapr", T" e' I{3JIu3a or Hrpara. C.neA xaro fl'bpBltre ,4eIIa ilpeMuuar, K'bM ypeAlIre Tp'LrRar BTopI.ITe I4 T. H., AOKaTo ufi'Ilara fpyla ll3eMe vqacr['Ie' Kpaq Ha fieqe.trn oua3ln KoJIoHa, Il Kogro ocrallar floBeqe '4ella B
Hfpara.

; ; s a H H rr. .Ilanrnre Ha Aeuttra-l{er"'Il{ cit 4o6pe pa3rBopellu a f'rlaBartl 4o6pe lJ3ilpan('1 pinrfi. flor.nea,r,r e ornpaBen HanpeA' ilofJleA'br e ycrpeMeH HallpeA' ut'rr;r. Ilpn JIa3eIle Ij Jlaselie tlrpira ynpalxHlBa Aelrara B IIa3eHe Ha pallHoBeclle I1 JIoRKocr'
,, ,,",'ri

IIsnpaBHTe,'1eH ed'IeMetl'r' Jla:euero H

a.

C"iaeitcrsysa 3e

pa3Bi'rtsalle Ha

clo6pa3,reJlHocr

paBHoBecuero cll

yul)irnilteHHt{

(

HSnpaBI4Te.IIeH xapaKTep'

Tro.neHosa u{aQera KolloHtl [o ./[rqara ce pa3nentir ua 4 rpynn' Kol4ro o6pasyuar cperyy Apyra Ha pa3r.r.rirr- r'lue no iise KorrloHl4re 3acraBar eAHa t"r'orrr4c rpl{ Merpa. flpe4 4ee or KoJIoHHre e llocraBe}Ia rlo eAHa II' I(aro lrJll,'t'rtil fyMeHa roIIKil. [Jpn cnrual ['bpBHTe AeIIil KJIsKar Ha n:bptsHTe Aella .rt;tril'r', TJlacKaT TotrKIlTe C rnasa n rH npe/IaBaT {fr' ('l)(}r{yroJlo)t(Hl'Ire Ko,'Io}lH (cu" 45}' C'lea Karo fli npe/{ar'ar'

a ce BaBp'buar o6ParH0 c xoAeHe' V x a b a H I{ t{' 6poar Ha ypeAl4re ce onpeAens IIpoI'I3tioJlHo'
I'Irpara yilpax{}iflBa .l4el{ara ts 'IIaseHe Ha
g4
JIaKrH"

' tl

pa

B

ll

rT

a. Ktna ype4nre

Aeuara oruBar

c

'ila3eHe FIa "IaKT?l'

Ba Kot{ro ,r1,,,,,['r,.rxiaRar "{a ,{agrlr H 3acraBa'r B Kpas Ha KoJIoHara'
95

Ctr.

45

,ca IlpeAa,rttl TOilKit'I.i]. Jc:{:r"t.it, t{orii'O llo.,'lyqzrBa'r TOIIKHTC' iI() c:r,nlttfi HA II]jpR?ITe l{aqui.r qpe:J ,/Iil3eHc I{ T,rlacKilllc c f"laBa [-n npeAaBar XOJIOIIll i{ 3acTillii'iT B Kpaq fla C'bIqaTA }{OJIOH* OT CpeltlJillO'l1O]i{HuTe

tr T, u. L{ap^"it npoA.b./{ir{r:tr}it, .4O(itTO
n4ecrara clls 11 p a il il
J'I

ltei{t:lT[].

oT {io,'IoHI{Te

cl}reHul:

oclaua'nt'ire l{oreHlla o't'rle)I{Aa c'bc ce6c cI'i H;6pauure KoreHLI'a' I-leea6e/'Ifl3aHo K'bM TgX 0,l,lrot|o 3zinor{BaT ALt ,fia3t{t ti3 IIOJIUI{KaTa. HO Ceta nycHaTH Aa ( (' ilpuc'beAljHflBar i1l rl36paHljTe oT KynyBaqa' rIaK Hauouo- KyflyBaq'br ce tlBflRa H Korelluara , ,'

lt

'l'orn<ureL:itllJl},'flili,Te)KKH'clsccpeAHIlpa3rylept'I'3lti{ill{ticc or/{rl,/IeqaBar Mil0f0 tlpli r,{acliti$ero' I,lroara vfloalKHt{Ba AeIIara B ol},IlaAflllai{{j tla ocHoBtloro 'I{B[4'roqeu )KeHlre ,1ageie. (1,4eiicrnyaa 3a pn3llttBa'e ilg rlrii'I*ItlHl.ero'
yAap '
fla rollKara i,tsnpaRHTe,[e]r e.{er,1eHT. yxpennalle tta lluiiHai:s fi rp't,6llarfr Mycr{yrra'I'ypa" Iloi{H Ao
I'J ol{oMep.

cLr llpe4aBa qpe:-i r'rlac{iiiiie c N"'Iat}:I" v ii a a it H r.i,1" Ltrrpara ;J;trloqtsa e/{H.RpeeieHr{o Sit rrcnrli*' '{'JIDce l43r{aKBa?" n1.1, a c,{e,i{ 'fol}il run;inrfl ce fipeAaila' 6ei} i{,ellara '4d

a' 'l'ul]Kurli

rn OIJIe)KAa' lPaen 6e'rreXrU U H HflI{oe or rir)npit HoBI{ KoreHIla. Kynyear{'br Moxe At us6epe Mycraql{i4' ,',,-1ri* ae6paHI'ire. Te nb'ryuanar HoB 3HaK' Hanpl4Mep
I l, ii-t:,,ra6i.r

'iirp*"oa"t. !it(,Mll'f KOTeUKaTa lOSa. TOI] nax

ca rest,t l{oreuqa' Kol{ro Ao Kpafl Ha Hrpara He- no"Iyqar noBeqe oere3l4 l',,i',,,tu, a Hati-cu"'tHl't - oHe3I4' I{ol'1To lioryrlar fipeIIeHKa Ha I,t Ap.)- ]4rpara ce iloBrapu lto (\,nrcnrla, MycraqKfl
\/

' llll'Crl(aTa. n t. ii,, p ,
t

rl'ttr('r{l}ul

-fraci{i]HerL}

I{yqeUKO " Aa i{rpatrr pO"IfiTa Ha KyrleTa LI Aa I4grI'bII[iflBaT
n

Buecro I{oreIuKIl

rpl6 or 'u'euara

Mo)I{e Aa ce

c

TJIABa

"'
il

l )(

)'t'tlf aHe.

" 't.{) r'('lllKa" IIO3a'

i i"p u

n. flpn

cHfHaJIa ,,KyIIyBaq" BCI'IqKI'I KoreHua 3aeMar

Korerulcn rP'n6
!.er1ara ctt KoreHua. EAHo or lgx .r:tl Hore[IK]i KpxyxqeTa. IiOresqara cnOKOfiHo 'xa3fiT xI3 urToIqaAKaTe" SaCTaBaT: IrIeSeAutX Ce qyBa CllfHaJlbT ,,KytIyRa-'{". RCmqr,A KOTeHIIa
HB $,lflCTO

m;6ripa 3et KYliyga{i rli{
C HOerO ce

yqacrByBar V n a 3 a H I'I fl. flpn BCqKo noBTapsne Ha llfpara pa3rl{rtHl'I 3HalrH B 3an(r'lr{H KoreHIIa" Vqtire,rrara rpflforoB"IflBa O6ltxnoeeuo illr( ilMocr or roBa, Ko,rIKo II'I'TH u{e rloBTopl4 I'lrpara' l(oreHqara' 3uau'ure r)l r|('cKI4 sHar< rpn6ea A,a I'IMa noHe 3a l/i or
r\'loill'r' Aa ca

-fplb6"' MHHatsa' atpa*"" HA Te3!I' KOI'ITO He c*I otdrrexAa BCqKo KoreHqe' llpatsk 6e'nexra '[e ;;;;;" Ao6pe, n us6npa oi{esi,r' I{onro }'{}' xapecBar' looyqanar or"nxqurennll sHaq;I (r<orerurcll yurerrua)" Kynyaa'tn'r cu ormga
us6opr'r Aa naAne
B

t{

SaeMar x}'6aso

nosiirlt

yueHIIa' MycTarIKI4r oIlaiIIKa I-I Ap' ynpaxHtlBa Aeuara B rpytloBo JIa3eHe' l1r'para Llsri paBHTer'l e H e JIeMe HT e l{ore[Jxara IIo3a'

'l(OTe[trKI'{ b['x]' r:ax (cu" -16)" Kynynau'br

9fi

/

f

lo./(r!t)t(Ilu

ilrpu c u3npaa' xapaKTep 97

llpeoAolnnaHe Ha npenflTcrBnq or6opa. Bcerr ortiop Aerlara ca c'bcre3are,'Iu or B Ko,'IoHH no eAHH. flpaa KoJIoHIlre Ha pa3croflHxe ce crpoflBa 2 u ce [ocraBfl rlo eALIH o6ptu, JIefHaJI Ha 3eMflra. Ha pascroaHae 1 iu ce c,'rafa fuMHacrt{qecKo cro,'Iqe flrll AbcKa 3a paBHoBecl{e ; cJreA Hefl Ha [oAa ce nocraBs rop6uvrca c nfic"bK' a Ha pa3croflHl4e 1 m or Hefl ce oKaqBa o6p.sv Ha BllcoqilHa Ha1olrbHari{re AercKI.'}
ABa pa3,'IHqHn

nOCTaBeHH ofilxr:ryntl'r r{BAJ{paT" Bspxy BCfiKO CTOJxqe I{Ma r{erl'1p14 rpynl4' Bcsxa ca *'eueta. PasAensr ce Ha ,, i,rrru,,". /lerraia Ko,nounre 3acraBaT cpeil{y tllyilit fc ilocrpoflBa B KO,'rOHa no eAI,IH. rflx' flpn cI4FHa'/I Meqerara c ,1, ,,.,,,,,J1i,T4 Ha pa3croqHue 2 w or xoAeHe ce oTnpaBflT K1,M cTo./IqeTaTa. Te eseN{aT eAHa {,f}iltflr()l}cHo
,/r(,il't

IIALAeJIKI'I

Plue.

:l r,l llu{nKa 14 g SaKar{BaT Ha uHypa, KaTO fl flpi{ull{fiBaT c xoAeHe ce 3aBpblqar o3parHo' 11t,1ilil(irf il. CleA tosa c MeqemKo ulaQerara Ha [-bpBLIre Meqera or KoJIoHI{Te I4 3acraBaT 111,,.'1,,",,.t

Aa ilagt{r KbM ypeAlrre. !,ocrurar o6p'uuure, B/I[3ar B TIIX' B3eMar' rzr v rr4 BAHfar BIzcoKo HaA r,rtaBl4re cI't c 4o6pe o6reruaru p srle H H3npaBeHLr Ha npbcrlz. Cuenrar lil orHoBo Ha IIoAa, Iz3JIIz3ar or

flpz

czrHa.n c'bcre3are/'tuTe B HaqaJloro Ha Ko,lloHvre 3arloqllar

Tqx I4 npoA'I]JI)KaBaT Aa JIa3flT I{bM fHMHaCTI4qeCKOTO CTOJ'Iqe. ,Ilsra:l B'rrpxy cro,'Irrero (Alcxara) no KopeM H c H3Tef,'IqHe rlo .4-bcKartl Aocrrfar cpeqylioJlo)KHnfl h{y xpali. C,rizsar or Hefo. Beexaar H rrocraBflT rop6r.ruxara Ha r./taBara cv fi c 4o6pe H3npaBeHo rflJIo ll pa3rBopeHn BcrpaHH p'bue Aocrurar BI4cflIiI[a o6plu. lloeAlarar ce Ha npbcrn I{ c rJIac'bK or 4Bere pbue IIpexBr,pJIflT ropSnurcara npea- o6pr.ua ua cpeqyno,'Ioli(uara crpaHa Ha Bb3MoxHoro uafi' Aa,'rer{Ho pagcroflHl4e. C,re4 roea c xo4eHe ce 3aBp'bular npn KoJloHHTe CU, Karo 3llcraBttr Ha nocre,4Ho Mfcro. vcnenure Aa IIpeo,a,o,Terrr BcldriKr{ npenqrcrBliq [etteJlflT ToqKa. I3roprme Aelra or KO"IOHI'ITe Tp'hfBaT' CrTeA KaTO n'bpBIITe XBlpJlfT TOpOHIIKI4Te npe3 o6pruure. Te3ir, reonro lle Morar Aa npeo4o,'Iefir HsKoe or nperqrcrBxflTa, ry6ar ilrpara H H3"lIz3ar or HeF. fle']e,I2 nrpara oH3I4 or6op, noiiro ct6epe noBerte ror{Kl4' fi p a e u "n a. Aeqara rplrBar Kl'M ype4llre rlpn AaBase Hil cI{fHaJr Ir ce Bp'bIqaT cJIeA I.I3rI}r'IHfiBaHe Ha 3aAaqaTa. Vxas aHHtr. Or6opnre LIMar patseH 6poli clcre3areJll{. tr4srerJ'rrrHero no ,4'F,cKara (cronuero) craBa qpe3 ua6lipaHe Ha p'bl{ere. \4rpata ynpaxHflBa 4eqara B ,'Ia3ene, paBuollecne Ii xBbpJIrHega pa3BL{BaHe Ha ctoSpa3l{reJlHocr, BHI'IMaHHe" "fi,onpuHacn tr4 en paB I4 r e JIe H e JIe M e u r. Jlaaeuero cbAericrByBa 3ayl{perBaHe Ha rpl6uara H fp'bAHara MycKy,'Iarypa or noJloxeHHe Ha pa3ToBapeH or relKecrra Ha rpyna vI rlraBara rpr'5Haveu c'r:r,:ir6, a I43TefJrflHeTO rIO A'6cKaTa Bo4ll Ao I'l3TerdllfiHe ua rpl6nauuus' crsn6

qa@erara, C O6I4K1;t 1o('JreAHO MflCTO B Tflx. Meuetara, npHeJIII CTOrqeTaTa, B3eMaT JIeHTa i4 II(HIIKa oT ilrllr0lr() xoAeHe oT!{tsaT AO t' n'' I r'.r,/rir, :laKaqar rleHrl4re Ha lrlHypa n ce Bp'bII{ar o9!:]:o..5 Ko"'loHarat KoflTo Hal4-paHo fltpe,eHeq, e ,rt,r)r(;r'l o npeML{Har tscl{r{l{LI. ot(:l,ilr JIeHTHTe Ha [IHypa ll uafi-pauo ce noApeAH'

H3 XOKO/',IoHI'lTe rplrBar K:bM naHAeJIKI',{Te C o6uKHOB( no eAFIa oT T']X 14 3aeAl-lo c IIIunKaTa g IOCTaBHT Ha ,/[('il(), c.HeMaT qaQerara
,/t.('rr,irf

,,,,,',nu,'at"Spaeuo Spor

llrrpraaur. l{a nceiu [ruyp il or Bptrqar ce c

H],{a oKarteHr{,{eHrI{,3axBariaTa c Ha Lleqerara B eAHa KoJIoHa' flpu clarHal

,li ,,,ui,ato.

MeqeIUKo xoAeHe

I{ rpeAaBar

||illl,l'pBI.{TeMeI{eTaoTKonoHfiTe.TerplrraTK-bMI{oJloFlI-ITe'cHe. H'' AOKaro BcI'{qKH naHAe"IKIZ t\4il r' /(pyla [aHAenI{a lI iql'IilKa i{ T'

ll

Ha cToJIqeTaTa. fkrpaeueq e KoJIo' ce [oApeAI{ ,','', ,', trotro Hai'i-pauo ocsoSoAa uil'lypzr Ia Hafi-pauo
ll\HllKI.{ Ce IIocTatssT oTrroBo
IIpae

tl't'iloli().

cro./Iqerara Meqerara orl{Bar c o6nrHoseuo ,,r/(,:rie, a ce Bpbu,ar oSparuo c l\{eqetuKo xoAene' ''Vra3aHHg.KoloHurecaoTAaJIeqeHVoTcToJIqeTaTaHaIIoKo/IoHI'{' a fr(:'rc or 2 w. Vrpa"ra 3ailortBa eAHoBpeMeHHo 3a BcHqKu |Jl(li( 'l'oBa ,4euara He ce I43qaKBar' l4r'para ynpall{HsBa '4ellara B r'Ia3ene or cBI4Ta onopa, BFtl{x{aHue
z,r

a. Ao

n cro6PasureJll'locr. l,{:lnpiezreJIeH eJIeMeu r.
r{ilupaBI{TeJIHO yIlpax(HeHI{e.

NleqetllKoro xoAeHe e cneqx'aJl-

il()

OxfiI,os

Pa6orrunnre Merlera

l! cpeAara Ha craflra' Ha pa3croaHae 3*4 M e4Ho or Apyfo' ('(, lt()craBrr ABe cro,'Iqera noA AuafoHa'r' Aeqara ce pa3Ae/IflT Ha KOflOHa rlo /r,il(. I'pynu c eAHaKbB 6poi1. BcqKa fpyna O6paayna

B

cp:4ara Ha craflra ce nocraBnr r{erupu crorr{era Ha pagcro'

sHue eAHo

Cronqerara ca cBbp3aHI4 noMe)I{Ay clz c pa3HoqBereH ninyp. Tara
9B

or 4pyro I n. O6'rpuaru ca c'bc ceAaJIKI4re

HaBbH"

re 3a,,.,(,,,,.^KonoHl4re SacraBaC cperuY cro/Iqerara' flpa curnan K't'M CTo,'IqeTaTa 14 ce 3aBHBaT ol{o',{o TflX KaTo froril|aT AA fiA3flT 3acraBar Haox,nror]. Karo ce npz6nuxar eAHo {o Apyfo, AeIIara ltocoKa' flocneAsoro Mrclo. a cJIeA ToBa ce o6psular B o6parHa
99

To sanoqea l\a Jra3L4, KaTO nOcTeneHHO pasulHpflBa Kpbfa, AoKaro oTHotso ce oSpasyna KOJTOHa no eAL{H. KO,lIoAeTe cTaRa n'hpBo.

.V
,,,'
1,

r<

e oKo"Io u:l it H I'l tl. Pagcroqul4ero 3a IIpeMI'lHaBaHe

HaTaCe[pI,rABI4)I{BaKbMApyroTocTo.[qe'oKO"'IoKoeToSanoqBa

Aa Ce

KOeTo ce 3aBr,rBa. Taxa noc"reAoBare"rHo ABeTe KO,TOHI{ CMeHflT MecoxJrFoB.

u o6paayaa HaHoBO OX./IHIB. Apyfara KO,{Oga 11O C.5tlliltl Ha,ruu o.eo60x{AaBa cBoero cro,'Iqe !i ce ornpaBfl K:bM IpyfoTo, oKoho
3aRHBa

;,1,i','',;;;; "
i'

TATaCH,KaroryceABI.ilKaTBrlpaBanocoKa,Tyce3aBHBaTKar0 wrpara rpoA'b,'I)KaBa [Io npeqeHKa Ha yqI'ITed'IKaTa' fIpannna. 3ael1eaHero oKoJro cToflqerara H ABLi)I(eHI,IerO I] nDaBa nocoKa craBa c ,/Ia3eHe. ^ VxagaHrtl. Paecroqnl{ero orAeIIara Aoc'ro,rqerara e oKoJIi) 4_5 na. flpu naeeue'ro Aeuara AT,px(ar rr'IaBaTa ci{ BAI4fHara (: [or,'IeA, orlpaBeH HanpeA' Irlrpara AonpI4Hacfl 3a oBJiaAqBaHe Ha ocHoBHoro ABI'IXeHple Jra3eHe B rrpaBa IlocoKa, B sr.rf3af Id B r{p'br. Cr4eficreyna 3a pa:lBLrBaHe Ha BI{I4MaHI'IeTO, Ha cr'o6paenre./lHocT.
qeDraHa It3npa-BI4reJIHa HacoqeHocr.

T.1'..:tu::l:-:1,1tofl1 u oonutl?*'-.1:^ i" o*p;;;.; -o' I{ BHLIMaHITe' opHeH.i clo6pasnrenuocr :o :::^"^,,, f:"n'*l: ,,,,',,",'J',r rtplu'u"^noion', 'r'il[)iillc ts npocTpaHcTBoTo' ' I lltrtPaBHTeJIeH e'rIeMe HT' ,naseHero e YrpaxHeulle c rlpeE XapaIi'Tep' B clyuan ro e Yc,/IoxHeHo |!rt,r1'ti p't* II3ilpaBHTe"IeH (r,r,/|lillcl4PaHe c nPe,q,Mer'
i, i,,l

i,, nu"''i'

;;;;" ioll'ua r1P6a "o"o' .. no.ruuor l1-',:^:'*::'{?i:" #i-f T::;H.

3

rr'r"

3a

;'

l4znpaBureJIe H €r'l€Mellr.,rla3eHero e,4BI'lx(eHHe c noATo cr'4eficrnyna 3a yl(penBaHe Ha fpbAHara, rpr,6Hara pr paMeHHara MycKy,'rarypa oT IIOiIOlieHI4e
Ha pa3roBapeH rpr'6uaueH cr6JI6.

Koneu I{ B'bBeJI or Aeqara' OcraHannre t)'L rpynara ce orAeJIfl eAHa rpera pa3croqHlle He roBeqg 61 atrHa o(ipitliyear Kp'bf' xzlro 3acraBa'l Ha no eAHa ro' Ha ec'IKo Aere or Kp6ra ce "4'aBa Mflcro B rapqe IIpeActu:til,1 cKbcaHo ';i;l;':;i;;;"^i;-;. rurir<rt. O6pa3yBaHnn'f Kp'br xsauar ToqlxKara c ABe pr]lre H fl noc:,';';;;;;
rr.rrilr'.

OxJtrcsqera

xpafi Ha craflTa Aeqara ce [ocrpofiBar no erl'lH I] Tptr KoJro[lH. Ha cperuyno,'rox{Hr4fl rpaii ua ccnxa KOJIOHa ce rocTaBs no eAHo cToJrqe. flpn chfHaJr rrrrpBl,rTe oT Ko,lofillTe K,tflKaT nru ce cilafa no e4ua rop6aura c 14 3anoq'ar Aa Jra3fT. Hir ',p6a qepylKa ua ox"rllosa. oxnroeqerara rpx6sa Aa npeMuHar nqctr Da3CTOqHI{eTo Ao cTofirleTaTa I'I 4a Ce cKpI4flT saA TflXr oe3 na Aonlr.not rop6nurara Aa [aAHe or fr,p6a zlr, Tesu, Kol'ITO-yCnear HarrpaBflr roBa, 3acraBar i4SnpaBeHll 3aA crolqerara' BerHara

B

lt(.lt(] Aa MHHaRar unono Aeldara rrirMpcx(tsarcKbcaHl'ttln'ilar'Heo'raKtsaHoyqurerKaral43BI'lKIla"Bl3e'/I"i npeA rflJ'Ioro CI'l' K?r llt'/(rt:rra A,ell,ala or Kpbra-cHelvlar "91TI"tt p'brre fi pa3KpaqBar Kpa'
'r'r) r H ,rr,'bp)Nar c ,qo6ie o6rernarv l']l:'y roJio)Keiitle Te [onpeqBar Ha I{oHeIIa ril|l ll cI'I BClpaHH. 'oou e' 3an'.i>p)KaT qacT OT AeIIaTzr BTaTpe "pu T' ,/l,il ce npoBpe Ipe3 !if'4aTa'

xpari.Ha JionarKl4re' Lpyrara fpvna e I"rfr'ara' a ocra;i,;i, o5p;ty**, nonono' no taitn' llr'pnoro Aere 3ailoqBar c raIj KoHei{'br rir,/r!{'ie_-KoHeq'br. tlplr curHan trr"lara n o6parHq T' e'
orBbH-HatsT'rpe

[euara or xpntu ;;*y'p6a Ha iopn""

eAIaHus

I{oHelI'}rT ce e CK'LCaJI ll l(pbfa"l'oea ogHat{aBa' rle ce orcrpaHffBar or yqi'ITeJlKarat a Aqir1r13''rM Bl3eJ',Iqera. Br-srure flocraBflr rotl)xKure 3aA rlrn'l or l{p'bra .u T pn6upar r<lexarl -1 o6oetevear ce rroBa Hrrla .b *:ii]-: ,:;,ft^ ;*tn.a ',.oul porrr4re Ilo c'hlrdl4fl *tauun' Hauono IlrJlara

H ca ce o6pa'

"qa

c.[eATrlXorKo/IoHLITeTp'bfBarApyfH,KoI4ToIIOCJIeAoBaTeJIHO 3acraBar eAHo 3aA Apyfo n o6pa3yBar Hoila r{oJroHa 3a.4 croJlqe-

tl tl "

rara. oHesl4
I,I3,'rI43ar

Ha r4rpaTa ycflee 4a Sarra3H floBeqero

or I{tpara. lle'lenn

oxJrroBqera, K0r.rro AorrycHar

4a naAHe r{epyflKara I4M, oHa3I'{ KOJIOHa, KOflTO npfl 3aB}ptuRaHe

ce noBrapfl, KaTo ce BKr'rroqaT HaHoBo oTCrpaHeHIITe AeI-{a. flpo4nnxaBa rro npelleHKa Ha yr{HrerKara. fI p a e u n a. f}pn 4aeaHe Ha cI4|Ha.II Tp.b,|BaT II'I,pBHTe oXJIrcB. qera or tscHqKl.r KO.IrOHI4" onpe4e,renoTo pa3cTosHHe ce Ia3MHHaBa c
Jra3eHe.

or

oxjlloBrlerara cv. vlrpara

ocrauanure ipvn"u ce o:{eTr 7-8 aeqa' roea trycKa'f tt xBaular 3a p'blre' C'[eA xBa'Ila c /lBe oi'illlayeal Kpbr' *"'b" ce eAHo 3:IA Apyro ll BCflKo ll't,rtcre cI{, oop-biUar cu npe ( Hero' o6pasynauuar Kp b:[ ) ,l (c paMeHara Ha Apyraptl [apqe n'rar' 'l'pyrara rpylla AeUa ill)o/(craB"rlfltsa .*o.a"o ol"c'o B fl't-p' KoflsuHa (. tllpexAat o t o,innln iio tatn' 3'ut'tou*t scnrual'uaonopa' y''ll]rerKara I(oHeU'bT' flo 1il,t1' e ur,'Iara' a ocraHaJ'iHTe c J{a3eHe lo{--9tutt' ril,[llra t4 KoHeu'hr 3afloqr]ar Aa.ce npoBxpar 3aMpe)I{Bar cK'bcaHl'Ifl u o6parHot r' e' |rt ,/(c[ara orur.n-ri*"'ipe I,SBHKBa,,B'L'3eI'e"' BeAHaraur'
l
t

t{orreq 14 vrpara llpoA6''1x{aBa flJIaTa' l(OHeU'bT 3alioqBail Aa 3aMp3)fiBaT

''il;;;'";;'- o;

rr,r*r1.. Heo.raKBaHo

yu,uianr,uru

100

t0t

Kpbra cHeMaT p:brleTe cH, KrsKaT I4 XBarr{aT AeqaTa, KOLITO MHHaBaT nOA pbqeTe I4M. xBaHarHTe r.r OCTaHa/rr4Te B Kp-bra ca o6pa3yBa/Ih Bb3e,[qera" ToBa ogHaqaBa, rle KoHerl'br ce e cK'bcaJr. C.[eA roea Aellara-B'b3e./Irrera I4 Te3LI, Kol,iro ca fII xBaHa,/rH, cMeHffr po/rure cn. HaHoso ce o6pasyna urJ:,a H KoHerI ,r vtpara npa* Abn)I(aBa IIo c:blllurr HariI4H. [lpaawna. Vlrnata u KoHer{br ce rrpoBr.ipar c na3eHe noA PBIIere Ha Ael{ara or Kp:bra. V x a s aH u tr. C.ne4 BcsKo cK:bcBaHe Ha KoHer{a ce ue6iapar Apyrlr Aerla Ba v:rnra 14 KoHeq. Vqzrenrara I43Br4KBa ,,Bb3er9e", cre2i Karo Aerlara HarrpaBflT noBeqe ilpoBrpaHr4tr. Tosxrprre ca c ulrpr4Ha oxono 0, B0 na. I4rpare ynpaxHqBar Jra3eHero B 3r4r3af. !,onpuuacar Ba pa3BHpaqr4Te

oT

Kofi no-PaHo Iqe

AP'bnHe B'bx{ero

YlenpaBv.r eJreH eJreMeur. Jlaaeuero e ABrrxeHlre c rtoArlepraH H3[paBr4reJreH xapaKrep. .Ilaeeuero B Br.rf3af no4o6pana noABLIXHOCTTa Ha rpt'6Haunus Crrn6,
Kanan
KarraHa, a Apyrara -_ Ml4urfierara. eqara, Korzro o6paaynar xanaHa, ca ceAHaJrH Ha cToJrqeTa c Aoope r43rrpaBeHo Tflro r.r p'bqe, nocraBeHl4 Ha Kp'bcra. Mzur,rerara cso6oAuo JraBflT H3 craqra, Ka* TO BJrLr3ar 14 Agnvgar oT KarraHa. flpn cnrua.u ,,xilor" AeiIaTa pa3rBapqr pluere crr BcrpaH[ r.r ce xtsaqar eAHo Apyfo. 'foea osFra-

BaHe Ha c'ro6pasureJrHocr I.{ ./roBKocr.

neqara ce pao4eJrqr Ha {Be rpyrr. EAHara rpyna

o6paeyea

HapeAeHH R peluua no ,Ileuara ca B eAI4HHx xpaft Ha caJIoHaJ JwlHLrv Ha pa3croflt,,/r"i,. Hu noAa ce HaqepraBar ABe ycropernvr rrx ce pa3Aerq Ha rrrre 6 n eAHa or .4pyri' Pa3crosuuero -Me)xAy Jr:!1'r4^. Ha rizi?- JrrlHIL, Ha 3 ueCra Jlrfc eAHaKB" nonouri"-a "pata no cpeAara Ha KoflTo e 3a.1.., ,,ocruuo HanpeqHo IIo eAHa Bp'bB, ca '/IerHaJII{ Ha caMara lrvruutr' a cBoirr,liio"o xy6ue.' Ky6uerara ca o6rerHarn 6o/(uure Kpal4ura Ha B'b)Kerar? (lunru 20-30 cnn) xy6uerara' flO CTpaHI4 [epneHA,I]Kyr'IflpHO Ha JwlHvnITa U {)1' l{BeTe sacraBar cpeiqy xy6uerara' a ua rlp6a 1,1)t{ Aerla o, ua"*u -PeAnqa rop6tzuxa. flpu curuan re 3aloqBar Aa '/Ia3flT K'bM ilM Ce rlocraBs crpaHa' Bcqxo rtl)aliilIara Ha B'b)Kerara, xoueo ca orK'E'M TsxHara Kpas Ha,B'bx(eTO cpeqy I{eTO' 'qa (:c CTpeMIt II'r,pBo Aa AocTHrHe ;;;;;6. cL I4 orMecru xy6uero or rrLrrlklnra' 6ez Aa ;; ;;il; rop6nuxara Aa rIaAHe Ha noAa' !'eqara' KoI'Iro n."pB' ,iir,&i". ce 3aBpblqar yr.,,,a", 4a Izsn'rpruar roBa'-ca no6eAltre'rz' C'uea roBa Ha nuttus'ta sacraBaT '4pyrll TpI'I AeIIa' rril Mecrara cI4 C xoAeHe. yqacrl'le' trllpara [poAbJI]I(aBa' Aol{aro BC[r{Ku B3eMar 'B p il a H r. Kpafl Ha Brrxero' c/IeA Karo a Aeqara Aocrl'lrar npoBpar ce noA A'bra' r,1',CO4Onenr HflI{aKBO llperlflTcrBfie-' ua CrOfiXa' -':.]' BT,)Ke C'bc 3B'bHqe 11,TH nOA O6ptu, IOCTaBSH otyr,HaTg 'l'(:3t.{AeIIa,KorITo3aKaqarB'L'}KerozdTI'I3BT'Hqero'I{3/'II'I3aror

lil para. '

'ito aBAIra. Bcqxo Aere "'Ia3L KlM Bt'irero [I fo xBalqa 3a crro6oAHns xpaft, rotiro e K'bM HeroBara crpaua' Ir; azaierq. Bcn.ri{z Aeqa or eAHa fpyra rp}rBar eAHoBpeMCTtHoK6MB'bxeTaTaHfHAOCTI',IfaTB3aBI4CI'IMOCTOTCpbqltocTTa t:u. flptz Bapl'laHra Ha I4fpara ufpaqlzre ca 6ee rop6nura' JIoBVtrpuru ynparl(HflBa AeIIara B JIa3eHe' clo6paszre/Tl{ocr'

qaBa, rre KarraHbr

ce cMsrar sa
rran,

a

3arBopeH. Mvrunerara, Kouro ocraHar B'brpe, Cnea roBa Aerrara-MurrrJrera o6pasynar raApyfr4Te craBar MurxJrera. klrpara npoAbJDr{aBa no [peueHKa
yJroBeHH.

e

Ha yqr.ITelKaTa.

l(0cr,

flpaeana.

o_cTaHaT B-bTpe

Bara Ha Aeuara, Kor-rro o6pasynar KarraH, ce flocraBr.r top6uvxa" l4rpara yilpaxHsBa Aeuara B na3eHe. !,onpraHacn Ba B'bsnnraBaHe Ha JIoBKocr, cro6paeureJrHocr LI BHI4MaHHe. Vlznp aB v're Jr e H e Jr e M e H r. JlaeeHero cr4eiicrnyna sa yxpelBaHe Ha rpr,6Hara, rpbAHara ri paMeHHara Mycrydrarypa or noJroxeHr{e Ha pasroBapeu rpl6uaues cru6.

B Ka[aHa, ce cMgTaT 3a xBaHarI,I. VKas atrtr. l4rpara Mo)Ke Aa ce ycr'ro)riHu, Karo Bbpxy

Muurnbrara, KopITo cJreA AaBaHe Ha cl{fHa,'ra,,xron"
rJra-

e,'le M e ur' Jlaseuero yKpenBa paMeuHara' |tlr'6uaraHfpt,A,HaraMycKy'larypaor[oJlo)1{eHl4eHapa3TOBapeH t'pr'6naueu cr:r,,r6.

14anpaBI'{r

e JI

eH

lleneue B KerJlH pa3crogHue Hgt<tAe Ha niloqaAKara ce fiocraBqr .Ha H3Becrlto rpyrx no 5 Kef'ILI' Ha 3 fierpa or rflx B pec/lrra or Apyra ABe flpea rqx B rocoKa ,,i'irru .u siiranann (ra.trn ceaHa'nu) Aeuara' MeAI4UHHCKH ronKl4' '['se or Aecpcruy Ker./IHTe ca flocraBeHll ABe I-lpet rrilra H3./II43ar or peAl{Irara I'I SacraBar B Ko'/IflHHa onopa'
103

102

La na3flT ll C fr'IaBa Aa TJIaCKaT TOIII(HTe K'bLI ce 4a yJlyqar rpynHTe I'I c'b6opflr no-ro"It{M Ker,'rr.rre. crpentar 6poii oi KefJII4re. Ai<o ycnenr, [eLIe,'IflT ToqKa. Cile4 rosa u3rlpaBsr Kef./IHTe Iz c xo4eHe ce Bpr'uar B peAHuara' CneA rqx rpBrBa Apyra Aeofixa. Bcilqxn ,4eua rpn6na 4a B3eMar yqacrlle B Hfpara. flrpneuqu ca re3u, Kollro no,lyqar rol{Ka. I'{rpara ce noBrapfl lro
CHfHa,/I Te SanOr{BaT

flperleHKa Ha yqHre,'IKaTa.

B a p x a s r. Morar Aa ce flpeKapar caMo 4Be ycnopeAHl4 JtnHLIl4 Ha pa3crogHne 3 na eAHa or Apyra. 3a4 eAuara ce Hapex{Aar AeI{aTa no e,{,HO B TpH KO,IIOHH, a Ha .4pyfara ce nocTaBsT Ha TpH Mecra [o 5 xer,ra B rpyfla. Bcsra Ko,'IoHa I]Ma no e,4Ha rorlKa" flo cbtrlhs HaqHH Kar(To B rlo-fope onucaHara Hfpa 4ellara ce

oltuTBar 4a cl6oprr Kerlllire (xato t,tacxar rol]Kara c r,raea). fleqe.nn Aerero, I{oero ycnee 4a Li3Bbpull'{ roea. fl'lpneHell e fpyIIATA C I]OBCLIC NHTHBUAYAJIHI,I TIibPBEHil.I'Ir

fI p a e H.[ a. Bct{Ko Aere ce

npflired'IBa

I] rpynara Kef,'IH cpeqy

onllT Aa BKapar pltra ilpo4-bdr)I(aBa' Aol{aro BcI'IqKI4 HanpaBtlr clleqe;Ifl noBeqe KoflTo 'r'our(il'fa B orBopl4Te' flnpseHeu e Ko"IoHara' ce .rorrrtr. Cnea ToBa otn5"o ce o6pasynar KoJIoHI4 I'I Hrpara lloltl ilptl r"IacKar TollKara' a c 6sra'e ce B H d'I a. Aeqara c JIa3eHe cI{' :r,rr,1r''iqa'r o6parHo R l{ofionnre c Ma'/IKn pasmepu' flpeV r<ae a1Llsr. lonKlrre ca MeAHITI'IHCI{II or ,.TI-11:'coqhHa 20 cnr' oreopNre r r)ir/lrara creHa ce npatsfi Ha ronKara' c Koqro ce |,lt (' ilII,lpI4Ha' no-run"*a or Al'IaMerbpa AO [peMI]He [pe3 Tfx' llt l)ilc, 3a ,4a MOX(e JIecHO CAUIara I'I?3€He, pa3BI'rBa rexHHfl oKoMep l,lr para ynpalKHtlBa IeqaTa B ror{eH yAap' Aonpl'IHacfl lr t'r,/tericrsyBa 3a "itpu*'aunt HaBIaK-34 ll BttI{MaHI{e' ltil l)il:lBvrBaHe ua. cr'o6pa3I'ITe"Iftocr c r"IaI,lanpaBI'lra"tn' tntooeHr' Jlaseuero' c'bqeraHo yl(pe[BaHe Ha paMeHHara' ('l(illte Ha rollKara c pbl{a' B0AI'I AO u)r,/tHara a rpl6uara MycKyJlarypa'
I lr

Vxasauuq. Cne.4 npt4tre,'IllaHeTo B Kef,lIIaTe ACIATA OTHOBO fi.I Hape)KAar Ha Mt{croro LIM I'I Bp'bIIIar TOrIKara o6parHo trpeA pe4rallara. l'lrpae ce c MeAHIIIIHCKU ronl{z c Ma/IKI{ paauepn. flpn cHfHa,'I ABere Aeua rpbfBar eAHoBpeMeHHo. I,{rpara ynpaxHflBa ./ra3eHero B IIpaBa IIocoKa. Cl4eticreyaa aa Bb3nr'{TaRaHe Ha clo6paal.irerTHocT H RHI{MaHI4e. 14 enpatsvred'Ie H e,{e M e H r.,rla:eHero yl(peflBa paMeHHara, rpr.6uara I4 rprrAHara MycKyJlarypa, a r"IacKauero Ha rollKara c fr'rarBa yr{peilsa rrl4tiHara Mycl{y,'Iarypa.

Hero.

Blax nlrYna : I I I I I '
Mocr (nocranar ce ,'l''hcKl4 3a lJa n.nottlaAxara ce [ocrpoqBa 10 cna)"-^!o.-.Y?ltu| MuHaBa Buco'InHa Ha pan. l)iililtollecue, rloBAl'lrHarH npoAb,,I)fiaBa I,]3 paBHl,uara. (flo )|(('Jlc3otl.t,TH a trIu,HLI'., KofTo naoep'anar JII4Htlr4 sa pencu') Ce tloltccHaTa A'bcl{a I,I ['lolUaAKaTa Br-pxy pe"lcl4re ce 'r'ttx ce lur^r-^unu'<tr' LIa HtlKo"IKo Mecra ll,r 3a ryHe?'il{' OnpeAe"rx ce uor:t'iltlqr Alffl vnH o6p-nun ua croul{l{ *,,,"ro 3a rapa' Ha Korro cllilpa B.'IaKl'T' eAHo 3aA Apyfo' )i.ti^t^ 6eira3yBar B'tar{' Karo c-e Haper{Aar ToBa rlpecl,Iqa I'I3 paBHI'IHara' c'teA u ll,il;tt<l,T ce ABI4X{" "uuunoro I'i orHoBo ce ABI'I)KI'I I'i3 paBHI4Hara' pt'r<ir, I(aro MI4HaBa no Mocr 6aeuo' npeAlla3JllrBo' a lI3 paBHI4Hara l lo Mocra unrn l' o ipun ce ABI4xar c t'i'r,l)ro n crpeMr/'Iano, i' e' no Mocra Aeilara orHoBo C'ue4 -ToBa "Ia3eHe' rr ttll paBHHHara c 6qraue' Karo ce LIS[paBnT' ryHeJ'II'l' ce ce np33 npoBl4par Mntittll-tr no *',u.i t"*t'i, -orHoBo olpere/'IeHara crLIfHe Ao /r,rlt)r(ilr lus paununira, r,oKaro B/IaKbr
tt,(',/t
I I p a n u ,r

.
B
nreprl

I-fia l{Ftr}I{qerct

Ha nperpa4Hara creHa ce ocraBnr ABa orBopa. Ko,ronrire 3acraBar cpeqy rax. flpt't BcflKa Ko,roHa ce nocraBfl rlo eAHa MeAurlHHCKa rofiKa. flpn czrual lr-bpBl'ire Aeua ce orrlpaBsr K-r-M creHara c ,'Ia3eHe. Te r,'IacKar rorll{ara noc,lle4oBare"'IHo c JrflBA U AfCHa p6l{a, KaTo ce MbqaT Aa fl BKapaT B oTBopI4Te I',t rrpexBr.pflflr orr&r'l'K npefpaAHara creHa. !,erero, Koero ycfiee' ueqe,ra roqKa. To neeMa ron(ara Il c 6sraHe ce BpbIIIa B cBosra
eAHaKBH rIo,'IoBHHLI. Ko,'roHa, [peAaBa

ca,roua unv cratrra ce oqepraRa Mflcro 3a I4rpI4u{e c pa36 lr ua 3 v. Leuara ce nocrpotlBar [o e4Ho B ABe Ko,roHI{ c paBeH 6poft. Vrpwqero ce pa3Ae,rlq c rpefpaAHa cleHa Ha ABe

faPa' , , 3aA a' Aeuara dta3lr' 6nrar vt ce npoBlrpar eAHo tttrvi]; no RcqKo Aere a 3 a H I4 s. ilo paBHoBec'ara AbcKa "Ia3I4' [poBl4pa' !'lcxure Ha6enqganara
lritrt(,[).I.i-lHr4Te,/r14FlI,iH

6nra,

a

B Kpafl.

cTeHara, LI3JII{3aT OT Lifpara

,I[ettara, Kouro

fl

Ha ro3u, xo:iro e B Haqa/Ioro H H ce Hape]KAa He ycfletlr 4a rbpKy,lHar ronl{ara flpe3

(';l (' llll4pHHa ao 40

H

3acTaBar HacrpaHa
104

oT

IzrpnuleTo'

ynpax(HflBa Aeqara B '/la3eHe B [paBa sa pa3BIlBaHe rr l(o./tolla no .Orn^ npoBl'IpaHe' Cl4eficrnyna

cM; ped'Icl{re

npea o6psul'Ire ce ca tunpoKla 30 cm'

lllpara
l\til

[ocoKa' 6qraue
Ha

llll

II

" IlHe, cbo6pa3l'ITer'IHocT'

105

c's4eiicrnynar 3a yr{perBaHe Ha paMeHHara, rp'bAHara n rp's6uarl Mycr{y/rarypa, a npoBr.rpaHero noAo6pana no4rr{xHocrra ua rpr,6ltaqHna crrn6.

VItnp aBwred're H e,re

Me

Hr. Jlasenero H

npoBupaHer()

craBa TyHeJI' a ryt(itl O ilpeMHHaT II()A TyHeJIHTe, BCflKO BaroHqe B:bB Bd'iaKOBH KOMIO3IIIIIII{' It('JluTe *- BafOHqeTa, lI Ce HapeXAaT ;l'i,,r,, 6po", Ha BaroHrlerara u iyuenqerara ocraBa ilocroflHHo eAI'IH y'{Hred'I(ara' u t.,'otrl. Wrpara [poA'bJlx(aBa rro npeqeHKa Ha Ha JIaKTH' a I'I381'H " -iGru"ru. ila3a noa ryHe./Ia BJIaKT'r il(r|o --_ o6izKHOBeHo' "

MuuasaHe noA Ty[reJr o6pasynar ryHe"r" Ha pascroauue ca e4Ho or Apyro Ha enHa nporerHara p:br{a. Bceru nocraBrr p'bl1ere cH Ha paMeHara Ha Aerero npe4 ce6e cu. paeeu 6pofi. Te sacrasar B pa3KpaqeH croe)K

M(:lllro,
noBeqe Ko,'roHH
(:

.[,euara ce nocrposBar r]o

eAr.rH

B 2-3 unu

Ha a 3aBT,putsa e aaeuchlaocr oT JIoBKOCTTa H yMeHI4eTo c qe Aa ca Ko,rIoHI'Ire ce pasnpeAe"Irr ra*a' ;trit,;,;r;. Aeqara B Ha (',/puu{BI,I B'bgMoxHocrI'I' Paaxpaur<aia e paBHa Ha rullpxH-ara xBaHarlo c p'bue paMeHara Ha paMeHa. Bcqro Aere e

yn a3alr4n' Wrpara 3a

BcI'IqKn Ko'/IoHI{ 3a[oqBa eAHoBpe-

ri.t:li."i.

crzrHa.n noc,reAHzqr rirpaq or BcflKa Ko,'roHa K,rrrKa lr 3anoqBa Aa ila3u B ryHeJra, Karo ce ilpoBr4pa MexAy KpaKaTa Ha Aerlara npe{ Hefo, C,reA xaro H3,'re3e or ryHeJra, rofi :acrasa B Har{a,/roro Ha KoJroHara c:bulo B pa3rpaqeH croex{. Be4uara cJreA Hero npeg TyHe,la Tp'r,fBa creABar{oTo lere. Taxa npeMnHaBaT [ocJreAoBaTe.rrHo BCr4 qKH, KaTO BCeKH Htpaq 3aCTaBa B Harlar'roTO Ha KOJTOHaTa, AOKaTO KO.rrOHrZre ce npecrpoflT H AerIaTa, 3arroqHaJra r.{rpara,

flpn

npeAMvluHHlrnre^I'r Ko/l.l)yrapqero npeA Hero. I'{rpauure Jla3fir Ha ,il,''tuti cn (ci. 47). Aeuara or ryHe"II'Ire ca Ha raKoBa pa3croflHve'

pa3rpaqeH croex. tlp, cfifHa,'r 3aeMar cBara pa3xpaqeHa oropa" 'Ocraua"rrure Aeua ce flocrpoqBar B KoJroHa rro eAHH B Ko./lflHHa onopa. Toea e nlax, BceKH Hrpaq e or4e,'rHo BaroHqe. fiaea ce gHar{ Ii B,'raK'br rprbfBa. ,Ii,eqara 3aroqBar Aa Jra3trr, I{aro npou3-

oTHOBO 3aeMaT [OCJIeAHr4Te MeCTa. B a p ra a u r. Or fpynara ce orAeJrflr 5-6 aeqa. Bcqxo or rflx o6pasyna K'rbc ryHeJr. 3acrasar Ha pa3.rrurrHr{ Mecra I43 crarrra R

Fracrrr ry-Tyyy. B"raxr,:r.- noc.le4oBare,'rHo MrdHaBa noA Bcer{r4 Tyne,,'r (no4 nperrHaroro rfl,/ro Ha Aerlara-TyHe.nz. floA ryHeJr[re BJraK'br 6anuo n'bJr3I,I ,Taaqr Ha JTaKTH H Ko,{eHe. C,'re4 ToBa - AeIIara B,rraK'br 3anoqBa Aa ce ABH)r{H no-6r,pso. Aerdara naaqr o6axHoseuo. Tara BJraK'br ce IBrrxH, AoKaro npeMr.rHe noA BCHqKn ryHe,'i[ tt crrrfHe Ao ceJrrjurero, ga Koero n'bryBa. flprz nonrapflHe Ha 'HfpaTa ce ua6upar HoBrz Aeqa, Kor4ro npaBsT TyHeJrr.r. B a p u a H r. lloaoBr4Hara or Aerlara ce [ocrpoflBar B ABe Ko* JroH?r no eAHH. KonoHure ca Ha paacTosune I m. Aeqara ca 3acTaHaJrH B pa3KpaqeH cToex, p'bqeTe fiM ca 3aA r(p'bcra, xBaHaJru eAHa npym drraKTnre cz. Kpaxara ca pagrBopeHr4 Ha ruupr.iHa Ha paMeHara. Toea ca A'bJrfH ryHe,rrr4. f1o4 rax rpn6ea 4a npeMHHe

Cs. 47

nart0 ,Ita AaBaT B'l,3MO)fiHOCT 3a no-[poA'bJI)I{I{Te"'IHO o6fixuoeeuo ce npu6lltNaBa KGM Tflx' rrr:rrc. l'e flpaBnr ryHeJI, Koraro BJIaK'br OT TyHeJIa' tr cc nsnpanqr, cfieA KaTO I'I3JIe3e H Ce oTAa'rIeqI',IJIa3eHe' "/la3eHe yflpilKHflBar ocHoBllllre'I{BIlxeHIafl t4rpraie

lil'l'(rfJlflHe H rlpoBl{paHe-

BcqKo Aere e orAeJrHo BaroHqe. B,raxosure KoMno3nutrrd gacraBar cpeqy ryHed'r[Te. llpN .CI,IIHAJI BCCKH BdIAK 3 IIOI{BA AA MVHABA I]O4 C'F,OTBCTHHfl TYHCJI, r. e. .q,erlara MuHaBar Me)KAy KpaKara Ha cBoure 4pyfapqera. Cne4
e.4r,rH. 106

ce [ocrpoflBar B Ko.rroHr4 no

ts,rraKoBa KoMno3[rrlr4fl. OcraHa,nzre ,4eua

o6pasyear ABa B/rara, Karo

or 14snp aBlreJIeH eJIeMeur' Jlaeeuero I{ npoBupaHero n rlaeara rpl6rpyna il(),rrolKeHl'Ie Ha pa3roBapeH or rexecrra -Ha MycKyiii',,.in .ttn6 yrpennar paMeHHara, rp'r'6Hara. n fp'bAHara no.qeuxuoctra ua rpr6HaqHl'Iq mtn6'

;;;;;yi;r-;-;oa,iot'"uut

107

Fasyauaeauu

onopa.

Rr,>xerara ca FIil BI{coqI'tHa or noAa Ha 30-40 cnt. Ha scsKo or Trrx e 3aBTrp3aHO no eAHo 3B'bHrle. Tona e TeJIeHa Ilpefpa4a, 3a.4 KoflTo ce HaMHpa HeIIo3Hara 3otlil, Koflro rpn6ea 4a ce pa3y3Hae" ,Il,eu.ara ca pasy3HaBaqla. Te ca Aa"'Ieq or nperpaAara' I-lapeAelllz B

B cranra H.rfi ca,'toHa ycflopeAl{o ce [ocraBtIT 3 ctolirH c otllbHarr.r B'bx(era. Crorirnre ca Ha pa3croqHue 1 lt e4l;a or Apyra.

cI'lfHa/I Te 3anor{Bar Ao rsx e rocraBeHa rop6l4qKa' ilpH Ha rr'p5a' Crurar 40 rnx' /ra d'Ia3flr *"* *r,.p!t*"i" c i'op6nur<a fr'I A'L'plKar' Haro::^il"TYl: ,i;;.;;;:^;"p6r,qrure'or rtp6a cI4 t4' I4M crplHa' L/IeA llpe3 KaTepyilll{I4re U IipeMLIHaBar Or Apyfara cv V C Ce 'l',OBa oTHoBo no.,u""' TOp6l4qKI4Te Ha ru'p6a 'uu-tT (a'o cr*fHar 4o rrx' cHeMar top6uuoopiu,tt' ;;ilr"-'^;;; Ce olll',{TBar Aa g 3aB'bpx{ar Irlrre, B3eMar -no eAHa or naHA'e"IKUTe I'{ H c ropC'neA roria c€ 3aBp.r'ular c xo4eHe
lrilK'r,Ae Ha oopbqa. 6u.lxl,t B p'F,Ka, npeAaBar rI'I Ha
rrocJreAHo Mficro Il tioJIoHI4Te

pe4r4qa rlo eAuH. fJpe4 rax e npeKapaHa JilrHHH. ila neq B I{o,[fIHHo: ,'raKerHa onopa 3acrilntrr 2-3 or pa3ysuaBaql'rre. Ilpu cilfHaJI re 3aIIOqRAT HHCI(O N,A JIE3flT KbM CTOfiKIiTC HZl JIAI{TH I,i KO./ICHA" flpannr ofiHri4 Aa ce npoBpar npe3 BCtlqKH npe[pa4ll, 6ea 4a fl4 AOKOCHaT H yCIIeiIIHO Aa HaIl'{tI3UlT Il FIelo3HalT{tTa 3oHLl' Aa tl ilpoyqar H rjega6e,nu:littto 3a re3u, I{ol1To fl oxpilllflBar' Aa ce 3a-

AeUa

fl

3acraBar

Ha

ltcHqKr.t. Jloc,leAuure Aeqa or Ko'[oHI4Te' bqe fI,I flotsAHrar BI'lcoKo llilHAeJIKHre, B3eMar odp'ou"tt H c ABe ,p Koflro nbpBa c RAI'IraHe Ha ,',ia^tat"tr. nr'puanau e KoiloHara' 3aAaqara' cI4fHaJI, qe e I43rI'bJIHIt'/Ia

-cJIeABa[iI4Te cH' TaKa nocJle4oBare'[Ho

npex4HHaBar

c"IeA Karo 3aB'bp)Kar

'fe H3;il43a'r Aar{ara, no.[yqaBiir roqKa, a ApYfltre ry6nr arpara. BeAHafa, rIIoLvI AoKocHilr Ht{Kor{ or Ilpci'pil4ure. B ufpara rloc/'IeAoBaTe,rtHO B3eMaT yqitcTae IICI4qKU. VcneUlsO I,I3II'bJIHI-iJII4Te 3a:1aLI;lTil

BTrpHitT O6parriO. TeSa paeySuaBartlJ, I{OilrO ycnetllHO H3Il r-JIrlfT 3a-

o6Dtqa AaAe ""v;;'p;;nt-^h,

6uuar anlorlipaHl{ or I{rJ'Iara fp.yila. [1 p a u u n a. Aeuara ,'Ia3r{r rta .ri.iI{rl4. IJ AaAeua fpyfla
Tp'brBilr B
V x a s a Fr I4 r.
eAHoBpeMeHLIo.
3aIlIzCl4MOCT

BczqKI4

Ijpotr Hit eAFIoBpcMelllto yrlll(lrRyll:ullllrc Aeqa e OT .4'r','I)Kfit{ATa }Ia OII'bHi}TO'I0 B.i-)fiC' !4rpara yilpa)Klrt{Ba ocHolliloro .48I4)I{eHLie JIa:leFIe- Cr'4et'icrnyna
Ha
BH14MIIHI'iero,

rr,,oii"nlor. n.53i.^\';" ^""iia 3aA ApyfaTa ce Hapeo6r-pua1n ara aaA..,n*aTa Krrl\4 CT t"16aTa' flpea pea[qara ce nocraB:Ir ABe )r(r,ar Aellara ts peAI{Ua tlo eAHH' Ol sclMeqera. Aeqara ce crrcre3aRa'r IIo ABoiiKu' clt Mer4r'paqKlz u r{il ABoiiKa ce I43l.lcKBa c r'Iii3ene r'a npeHece Ha ctr''u6ata' Aa rl4 "p"}:--t]?91 rterara 14, Karo ce flpoBpe rlpe3 rlpefp?AI4're flcrlc'{u /{erero' I{ocro ycfiee rrocTaBH Aa ceAHar lla cTo'rlqeraril'
,.^
ce nocriir],rr no AEe dr,naruera. A I4rpauure aR9 rop6nuicu (puurone)' upeA peAl'Iqara Ha- A;;; .l.op"fono nu n'p6a tlsut'ruaear pa3croffHllero a0 (: ./la3eHe , a nperpaaure ua ctr'n6ara' c'r'o,lqerara. C,leA I<alo ce [poBpar npe3 HaA lt or ocHoBeH croelK fu pa3llaBar BI4col{o a ',auratu, $'naruerara FIa Mecrara nM' ;;;;;; .;' CneA rora $'raruerara ce Irpr'rrlar flocraur n ua ;cffi;. iop6nuna B p'r{e ce 3aBpa'u{L1r o6parHo-, peAl4llara' K'lna croJlqerara .iltrilr4flTa Il ce Hape)KA,t' n Kpafl Ha :riir,."" opy.u a"9ti'iu-" r. n' neqe'ttsr B I'ifpara re3l.' Kouro ycreqr /t:r llPeHecaT TOpoJ4'll(:lTa' c xoIloagll,'Ia' lleqara c.'ta3eHe crl'Ifar Ao croJlqerara' a pe'u'uuara' lt.,t. i rop6uuxa B pbrre ce Bp'blqar B creHa' Aeqara cHeMar V r a e a H H tl. Karo crurnar npefpaAHara rop6durara' flpee npefpaAure fti ilo{)1' Ir'bp6a ., tauaro "n" Ha' crln6ara' CneA ToBa c I'{3Tef"IflHe ("I'irllilT or Apyfara crpaHa npeA('0 tpoBfipa, u *unasir rlpe3 npefpaAl4re' ortloBo rlocraBflT cI4 14 c '/Ia3el{e nponbd'IxaBut {9 ^tlojuerara" M()'rfire Brrpxy rtp6a ce or Aeua IIJIH ll:ttto.uayoa ce crtn6a or Karepytxt<a'-flpuar'pxa UBeToBe" .,(', :u*penaa' flasn,enxnTe ca B pa3!'IHrlHi4

,ioaa B crarlra.ce nocfaBtl c'br3a' H3npaBeHa no elHa Hrr 3 i\t or ABeIc H crprllu ce npJKaptsa crorqera' llla err.uara nIlHI"tfl ce flocraBt{r /{Be

3& Bl3lHTllBi1H€
qCCTHOCT.

Hil

t:'t-'o6palirrIeJtlloc'I

,

1'o:lHocT'

ffl;Tl-ii:i'iit':r"r*rerara '-

trlsrrpaB14'reJIelt e"'Icr\4e u r.,fll:ettero or [ono]I{eHue Ha pa3roBap;H rpr.6riaueu crr!,'I6 c],Aelicl'ByBil 3a yKpc[BaHe ua t p i6-

HATZI, fpblHaTa H p.'rMel{HilTa Mycl{y,'Iillrypl. ,.[a:erlero- ua "Iill{TIt BJII4rle [OBeLIe BT,pxy rOpHI4fl Aq'n Hil fp'bOFIaqHiIJ'] cT"bJIO'

Kofi llle ycnee

B e4uullx xpali Hit criltlril rlilt cil"'Iona ce FraLIrprana JIrHI'II Ha ll u ycncpe4Ho Ha Het{ ce [ocraBflT R JrefHi]ro non.o)I{€Frl e reJrara Ha ARe l{arepyrrrt<n. cr Apyrara IJM c] paHa sa I r,t or Tsx ce HaqepraBa Apyra ycnopeAHa 'rII'lHLItl. 3a4 eAnara Jrw,tLltr 3acraRar I] ABe I{OJIOI-Ifl fio eIfill, a Ha ApvfaTa - Ha lIBe Mecra ce nocratsflr ABa o6pbqa Ha croiiKt4 H pa3HOtIBerHn naHAe,'rKL{ Ao rlx. Ko,rouure gairasar cpetlly Kilrepytlll{Hre. Or Aeuara ce H3l4cKBa Ait ce flpoBpaT npe3 l(arepyul {llre I"l oKrlqar naHAe"'rKHTe Hr o6ptuure. flr'peltre or Ko"IoHI4Te 3aeMar KoJIflHHa
AerIaTa, rlocrpoeHH
108

109

+#nw6nf6j!

l{rpara yilpa)KHflBa .qeuara B /IaseHe w ttpoBupaHe c H3rerJlflHe" HsnnaBLIred'IeH e,'IeMesr. Jla:euero c [pe4Mer Bbpxy .tp6a of no,roxeu'e Ha pa3rBopeH rpl6uaveu crt,r6 cr,4etlcreyaa aa yKpenBaHe Ha paMeHHara, rpl6Hara H fpbAHara MycKyJlarypa

3AeMaT MecraTa crz.

'TqraT r{pe3 croJrqera (ascxure) rro KopeM, 4o6pe rr4 xBarrlar orcrpaHa H rtIX K'bM IIorH6upaHe Ha p.bqere c rrJrb3raHe ce rrp4ABr.rniBaT' IIO
c.r.aBeHgre Q.lraruera, HanoAo6snarixl,i c'bcTe3ange

flpu

crifHaJr Te

B'bpxy rliMHacTuqecKure

n

no4o6paea [oABl4xHocrra Ha rpi'6uauHux cran6"

[,'ryRaHe B fH pa3' 6lrcefiu. I(aro ltlll}aT' KaTo Ce noBA.I{raT Ha' np.bcTl{ Ii H3Te|JTRT TfI,IIoTo cV Har.Opc. Tarca nor{a3BaT, qe ycneilIHo ca perIlHJril nocTaBeHaTa 3aAaqa"

flo

c.ruruaT Ao $raruerara, B3eMaT rl.{ H c.bcresare,,rrr, Kor.{ro HaH-npaBHJIHo

BLICOKO

lld6eaiare.n ivluHaeaHe

no Mocr

3:irroro pa3CrOtIHIle. c,'reA rosa Ha 6acetisa 3acraBa ,4pyfa rpyna

e

Lr3MI4He

ua6err-

Ha eAuuHr rcpar.? Ha craqra 'nJlvt' rIJ'IouIa4Kara ce Haq epraBa J1I1L1t4tr, 3a4 r{OflrO B ABe yc[opeAHn e4ljHflqHA KO"IOHII Ce [OCrpoflBar Aeuara. Ha cperqyflo,{o}KHl1fl xpali ce onpeAeJ'Ifl Mqcro 3a rloJrflHKa. AO nO,rflHxara AeUaTa MOfaT Aa CTI,IpHAT, KaTO IlpOJIa3tIT rro recHr{ Mocrr{era (rttuHlcruuecKl'l cro,[qera) u ce lpoBpar noA cBoA or cnJrereHll r(,1oHK (o6pt,uu). flpn curHan re npo"Ila3Bar IIo MOCTqeraTa. Mflr{aBaT [oA cBoAoBeTe u cTHraT AO nOJIflHKara. Karo rpeMr.rHe rlfl,ryara fpyna, ,4ellara H3lrfpaBar i a norqHKara xopo, cJreA l{oe'ro Ce 3al}p'bir{?r o6parno, Karo ornoBo ]VII,IHABAT NO MO. crqerara Iz ce npotsflpar no4 o6prunre. fle'reilH rpy[ara, I{otlro uari-4o6pe e npeoAonflria nperlflrc'rBlz:rra.
lroJlflHKara

("r,cre3are./I[ L{ r. H. fleqe,rta ouau-or6op' B KotiTo rloB€q]ro or /tcrIaTa ca I'IHATIBHAyAilHI1l rI"bpBeHqH. V r a s a H LI fl. CT,cregare,'lHTe I'r3MltHanar ua6e,rq3aHoro pa3crorlrHe, Karo ce I.I3Tefd'Irr no AbcKHTe rIpe3 na6lipaHe .Ha p'bllere' /['r,.,rxnuara ua 6acefiHa He 6HBa 4a 6l4e noBeqe or 4lt' lllupxlul'l'a Ha .4.'LCI{1.{re e oKoJIO 35 crrl' Tsnoro c 4o6pe o6rerHaro, a

r(paxara cl6Paun.
11

p a B H rI

a. lpynara c'bcre3areJll{ rp:bfBzrr eAHoBpeMeHHo flplr

/(illiaHe Ha

I4rpara Br,3nl{raBa Aellara B pearfipaHe I{a ctr{fHaJl, c'boopa3H14

CUfHaJ'I.

1'CJItIOCT It I,IHHII,HATU[]4.

ll,ill
ilrLll

fl p a n u,rl et. Aeqara crlzfar AO piparuo qpe:l Jn3eHe. Vxae alwtr. 3a [tocr']era ce H3[oJl3yBar A]acKI'I 3a paBHollecHe wJrH fl.lMl{acrHrlecKH CTOJIqera, a 3a cBoAoBe - A\l\1. *\'fin o6prura ua croi,ixu. Cro.lqerara ce tlocr-aBrr no npo4b,'lxeHue lla xoiouxre. ua I u Aafleq or rt{x, a ua 2 lr ot croJ'Iqerara --- o6p'brruTe, cJIe/{ KoI'ITo ua 2 lt ce HaMI4pa no,'IflHKara. VIrpna ylpax{HtlBa Aellara B "'Ia3eHe, paaBHBa BHHMaHIze
3anpT)IIIaT
14

n Ce

r. flpu ra3u Izfpa ce ttocrl']fa yKpe" ltrllrHe Ha paMeHHara, rpt6nara n fp'b4Hara Mycr{yJlarypa H I43TerJrrrHe Ha rpt6uauunn crl.u6 or JierHa,{o H IIpaBo Ijo"Io]KeHHe'
snpaBn

r

e,'I e H e JI e ['I e u

lrrl
l,''L
l11ql,1

cro6paaureJlHocr. I,i sn paB H r e JI e H e JI e M e H r. flasegero clAetTcrByBa3a yKpenBaHe Ha paMeliHara, rpr.6riara I.{ fp'E'AHaTa MycKy/IaT"vpa, a npoBI'I-

paHero lo4o6pana noABI'IlKFIocrra ua rpn6naqHufl cll.tt6.

C'ocresarefiI,I

ii

,irillll

l

I'pynara ce pa3AeJIt{ Ha 3 4 or6opa c paneH 6pori clcresatenu" Ha no,4a R craflTa I'I'ryH ca,{oHa ce oqepraBa qerl4pla'brbrHl'Ix. Tosa e 6aceriH. Toli ce pa34e.nfl ua 3--4 ro./Iera, Kouro ce ofpaHI{qaBaT C JIL1HI4y4. fIO A6,1XnHa Ha nO/IeTaTa Ce [OCTaBflT fI4MHacTLrqecKH CTOJIqera HJII4 paITHOBeCHLI A"bcKH. Ha eAHHHq npali na 6acefiHa 3acraBar Aeuara-c'bcre3are/Iv, a Ha ApyrHE ce nocraBflT no ABe Sraruera, .qo KoI4To rpn6na Aa ce crl{fne. Cscreearerilre
110

fJIyrHI{iIIi ca oBqap[-f'leAar]u B eAHa oBI{eQepMa' Blnuure ll'l,.nlll. o;iauannre MilOfO qecTo HarraAaT Onqe@epuara H oTBJil,{r{aT o8lle 14 afHeTa' OrllaplIre CA PEIilI,IJIH LA T.H XBAHAT. TC CA CC CKPHJII,I ts KO[]Al)ili'il 14 orraM ru Ae6uar. T.bxnro no n,'IaIHe B'br'IuHTe, uat<y[nafixn til rpn KpaKa, 6asHo ce npu6,rnxaear K'bM I{ouapara H oBuere' (,/lcrfara ;Ia3flr Ila P'lqe pl I{oJIeHe. Ep'ttuusr KpaK ce BAltra Hafope' ('.no,1[ Karo li3ts'b,plxll KpaqKara. Tofi e cqyneH. Btlutare ca ryuz') I llrrreAsax ce uynar BI4KoBe ,,B'bJIuH' Kytll'ire B'brqH"' Onuapure ce t| |'ytr)BaT K},M TqX Iz SanoqBaT Aa rVL |oHfT, a* B.bJIIII]Te c BCI,IqKI1 ,.,,,u" 6ora" I{ ce cKpnBar e 6,'rHsKara ropa. onuapure ce Bp'blllaT utillirrno, cKpLIBar ce B I{ouapara !I ornoBo 3afior{Bulr .4a qaKar tt',rrttrte. Koraro ce rosBflBar, Hal-IoBo 6unar no4roHeHi'I I'I T' H' llr.pirra. ce noBrapfl ilo [peueHKa Ha yquTerKara, Ho BCI,IqKI Aella 't'lrrr6lra,4a craHar B'bJII-ltl. llnasana. B'r,nuI.me c JIa3eHe ce npu6JllzxaBar KtM Kolxa*

fip'nxle B'F,JIqI,Ire Or rpynara ce orAerqr 7-8 Aeua. Toea ca
,

llirl'a,

a c 6sraue ce cKpHBaT B fopaTa.

llt

it

vras aHLIfl. BAuruarusr Halope KpaK e-go6pe o-6tetuat' noBrapt{He Ha Fpcnr na Brrul4re ce cnpeA-ers "ffi:::.i"o' flpu uipu"ta Aeuara noBAl'rrar Apyfnl -tl^i.pji; u nus'"''- i 9:P:" Iu ;p;; ;;p;;;;; A*;ia -u::::; n ae e H ero ;' t tr;'; ; : i' ; 14' -c^ -::"oi::: : i : :,"; ^';' I43npaBI'{reJIHo ynpax'eHi4e KpaK e creqnarl'o

;; ;; ;''

^

""run.';t;;;;";

Crouoxrlt
!,eqaraceilocrpot{RarBeAHaKBI'lro6polie4ut-tl'trlHl'Ixo'/IoriH' xBa[la c rflBara cI{ pbl{a 3acraear ts Ko,,rflHHa onopa, Bcsro Aere Ha!,pyfapqero'Koero e npeA uero' !'acuara HaA r,'Ie3eHa JIeBI'lfl KpaK Heq Aerero c'i nouara npn ill"'I3eHe' !o'v;;?;t:;;6;;;;;.'t Aa qaBar ce nBe croHorxKl'l' Ilpn cI'lfHaJI crono)KKl.ire SaroqBar sanoqgar eAHOBpe ',leHHo Aa noBAl',{raT AecHHs Ir.b,,r3flT, T. e. AelIaTa croHoxKara ce nprcH r{paK H Aa npaBnr I{paqKa HanpeA' Tara nocJ'Ie'4oBare"rlHo npaeAI{oRpeMeHHo ABLIXtsa HanpeA, xr,ro silzux?I KpaK noA cI4fI{a"Ia Bflr KpaqKa HanpeA Ty c JIeBUt{, ry c AecHI'Ifl l4rpara ilpoAT']JI)KaBa H' e!,Ho-ABe I{ r' Ha vqr.rreJlK ara - "Aio-A"e, IIPeUeltl(a Ha YLIHTe/'IKCTJ' nO KO,{ollll ti p ,t e u.'l a. B eAHo l'l c'hu{o BpeMe llfpaqHTe oT BcflKa KpaK. npaBt{r l{paqKa HarlpeA c enI{H H c'blul{ V xa3a H Iz q. KonoHl4re ca' c Ma,'r'I-K 6pou aeqa. ilocoKa c e/IHo* I4rpara Ynpax(HflBa Aeuara u ,{a3eHe B [paBa
HMeHeH KpaK I1 p'bKa

or Koqro VKas allfl. flpe4 xo'rtouara ce HaqepraBa rr4tws'' ,'.'p".uu.- Cn.a *i'o Atl:i9 :^Tt^:" ",,"u,:"t13'"*.t3l3"i::Jli"': uro' h;[ ;' ;;; p;; ;'. n. a" uMI'IHaBar,.{gv:1 "i JI"Y1?: ^PiMoxe Aa ce 9 :"':::. ;li-;ilr;;"fipl"yn.na ^ff ?.f :pu'u rpyfin' ,,poueae u xaro c6cre3aHl4e Me)KAy ABere rrpoBnpal:1 lit_:,1:Llrpara '(orpuAeqara ce ynpax(HnBar B a trilcrl 3a pa3BI'{BaHeJIoBKocT-Ia ct',o6pael4TeJIHocT' -^^^,,^_^ ^-,,-, . n-. M e Lr;"";;;;;;;;- noooE"*"H r' I'-1'.:.:.Tt^::""':T?.f.I1""""#; "oi#p^ ;; ";; r, r' I, : j" rpr6nara rp'AHara Mvc' " l;";i6;H^^;;;;;t"". ua pa*enHara, {:1fi:-'l z :1 ;3}f,"'Hff

lff il;::

i:

t{yrrarypa.

HI4e C ll3llpatsijTe"IeH xapal(Tep'

\4zrtpaBI'lreJIeH eJIeMeHr''Ilaaeuero e

ocHoBHo ABI4)Ke-

nre cBaJII{ Meqo ce 3aKpe[s fl4Muacruqecra KT u eAsa or creHI'ITe Ha craflra uail-ropuara l't npeqKa ce nocraBrr ABe lzrparlKu ,'ranu. Ha bt .pvnuiu ce I{3BI'IKBar r'Be '4eIIa' flo 'qaAen -te ;;;'r^;;;;i;' xareptr ro crl'l6ata' Karo BcqKo ce (:ufHaJI Te 3alloqBar 4a To3I',t' XOtirO (:rpeMn .4a ce LI3Kaun'no-6lpso'l'l AOCTHTHe Meqo' nyqar orrope HfpaqKl'lre' :ilK'bcHee, cHeMa xoreuqero' Aeual-a fiocraBs npeAMecJreA Koero 3acraBar Ao crtn6ara' Vqnrelxara 3aBp'blrlar np' Apyrapce ;il ;;-;;p6a wr Ir AeIIara c JIa3eHeOCTAB'IT orHoBo HA tl*1: II4MHA' TOBA TIDCAMETI]TC CC rlcTara. c". ,','.rntu cH. tlnea roBa rtpeAMerllre ce ocraBlr OTHOBO "u r*n'I rqx 3arloqBar 17 Jla3nr Apvfrl 'qBaMa h ; ;;;;;;.;;;;;;;" crl'r6ara fIP anuna. Aeqara 3alloqBar ra ce Karepsr rlo ce lz3qaKHa cHfHa./I, a cJIH3ar' 6es Aa (,itfroBpeMeHHO frpl{ AaBaHe
Koflr

li'

6tPso npe3 rYI{eJIa OcraHannre ce Hape)KAar Or rpynara ce orAeJlqr 6-8 aeqa' l{o"IoHara ce AaBa no eAI4H or u *J^ni'no aoa. Ha ncqxa Aaoiixa v3npaB'r IIoMeoofi". Ae[ara cflAar eAHo cpeuy Apyro I'I ro O6paayna ce ryHa 3eMsTa' rx.u,y cil BeprI'1K:IJIHo' I{aro fo onfipar R orae'treunre Aeua ce HapelKAar eAHo 3aA 'Apyfo ;# rra3v H ce rpono'.Arn. ;;;";;";^;6p"; flo curHa"r rr'pBoro 3alloqBa r^ n 9e Bp'brua noxpaii ^rvHed'Ia ;#;';p;; ;fi;;r:'Kato ,3'nese, to I'ara npentuHaBa npes TyHeJIa Kor'IoHara' ce HapexAa Ha Kpax Ha I{oero e JIa3I4JIO uflJrara I{oJIoHa' t lbpBeHell B I4rpara e Aerero' ce e nPoRptt,ryo Hafi-Ao0pe' " n;;;;', u. g."*o aete npe*tn'aBa npe3 ryHerla' crleA Karo '4pyl.oro ,enese or Her0"
14

"tttu*a3aHLIq. Aeuara ce KarepflT H cJIH3ar no crtl6ara' Karo c eAI'IH,n!1:'-loq:"":: rrocJreAoBare.rlHo clbllBar Ha BcflKa ilpeqKa au yone"r eAHaKBo {96-ry^-1i..::, BCqKa ,{,BOHKa l)Hre oT "Aff p "p"6"u
I I'i :

;;;:p;il.
:iil

d;.

^;;il'" ni;g*.t"t.
HA

; 1'-1v.'^"' ce : 9.,7 ua runHacr'qecKara creHa ^ rocraBnr or

";il; ;; i'* *

#llLP

yrlllTeJIKaTa.

l4rpara yflpilKHflBa .4,eqara B KarepeHe H JIa3eHe' 'Il'onpnHaca

B'b3TIUTABAHC

:lillleTO ca II3npaBHTeJIHH ynpilKHeHLIq'

u 14snpaBIlreJIeH eJIeMeur' Jlaseuero, KarepeHero

BHI4MAHI,ICTO, IIM.

cilLl-

112

ll I lolusxsu ljrplr. c u3trpa'. xapaKrep

I 13

r4rPI{
'1[ lt
BaHero Ha

cbc cKAqAHE I',I noAcKAt{AHE
crarl{qHH
OCT'UIecTBflBa r{pe3 3acT'bIIH3npaBLITeJIHI'I ynpil(HeHI4q'

14snPanntenunm eJIeMeHT B TflX
pa3JIHqHI'I

ce

3afiqera I{ JIoBeu
qyKoBara rpaAl'rHa nu

.ont*'11-l"o::.l.lla )I(I{Berr safiqera' HaMI'Ipa fopa, B ce -{t--tT" :::i,":*1f: "o"ro ornAzT B SeneHr{yKoBara rpa'4I"IHa I'{ cI',I Haoepar .4a
ca pelIIHnI'I
nDecHI4 MopKoBqera. Ha6'nueo

B

eAuuns rpafi Ha cratlra

ce

oqepraRa Mflcro' Tosa

e

3eJIeH-

cpeuyronoxunn xpail

qyBa ,,JIoBeq"' Bcnqru gafi']era c 6srase [paAHHa. Heoqaxeauo ce BpeMe HAHOBO cc Bpt,u{ar I'I ce cKpI4Bar n ropara' CneA usnecruo I{ ce tI9"1-"1I:.jfM qynr cl{rHarla' Hrpara KbM rpaAl'I'ara 'poiua" cb noBrapfl l'o [peIIeHKa Ha yqI'IreJIKara' safiqerara OTIZBAT C6C "" fpaAI4Ha ri;-;;;n a. Kiru sereHrryKoBara cKpKBar c 6qraue' a n ropara ce llrcrlrKo noAcKaqaHe, V na3 a H LI g. Vqnrenxara' AaBa cI'IfHa/'Ia "JIoBeq-' [oACKar{aHe e ynpa)KueHLIe C I4SnpaBI{reJIeH xapaKTep'

tr4anp aBAT ed'IeH eJIeMeur' 3aeuxoro

Ao fopara ce ABuxar JIoBUH' or fIpH curHan gafiqerara cac 3aelxKo ;5;;;^r;-;i"o"u Aa ce ra3qr.ce orrlpaBnr K'bM 3eJleHqyKoBara ;;;;;";;";' 1.n. 48 " 49)

3oo.rroru.tecKa rPa,[,HHa

HannoulaAKaTaceoqepTaBaMflcTo3a3ooIo|nqecKarpaAHHa.

Jlne-rpuAeqaca,flocerHTern",aocraHa"Ilirecapa3JII'IqHI't TT'IAiiUYHII' KOTKH' 3AIiUCTA' KYqCTA' NHHTBHHH'

HAIIPI']MCP )I{HBOTHH ';;r';6; ; ap. Bcxuxn xr.rBorH' Becerro noAcKaqar r43 3ooJrorhqecKara x(HBorHo I'I nrItIIa rpflil;il;.lipu c,rHa/I "flocerl{rerll.-^ut;1*n 3aeMe c'borBerHa llo3at 6sa la Kosro naii-4o6Pe,4a ro oxapaKre-

pu3llpa. Taxa KoTKLITe SaeMar crotixa Ha KoreIUKo rIPorflfaHe'

Itafinlyttnre yBI'ICBaT Ha HsKaK'bB ype.q (A'bpBo), safiuerara roAcKarl1T. Kyrlerara ce nporfrar' II]]H[sznnre H3Hacrr 4o6Pe o6rersarn
ceAuaila onopa ro3HaBar rvI v,
THI4Te HaHoBo

Ha3aA p'bue (cu' 50), xa6ute saeMar cBura pa3KpaqeHa KoJIflHHO-

u

aP. (cu. 51)'

flocerure.nltre

MLIHaBaT'

orJlex(-

AaT )I(I'IBOTHLITe, cnl4paT l]pe'[,-Tsxt

cv

orl4Bar. Xuno-

3aroqBar Aa noAcKaqar Bece,rlo. flo6eAltre.u e rrl4Boruoro, Koero 6lAe rlo3Haro OT IIOCeTUT€JII.ITe. fI p an H n a. }KnsorHure u rrnqLITe 3aeMaT CbOTBeTHa no3a CaMO " cJIeA cI,If HaJIa ,, rocerl'lreJIH '

ry

ttr

Cn. 50 Cn. 48, 49

Ha OTIeJIHLITe XI'IBOTHH Ce OnpeAeJIs or yqI4TeJIKara. B urPara ce BKTIOI{BAT )I{HBOTHH' NOSHATI'I HA
115

Vxasalttfl.

BtzAsr u 6Porr

itt

ll.

yApflr nocJreAoBareJlHo ,,p,,ri o6na.a,rKara Ha crorqerara' !,aliperara
C /(flCHa U JIflBa P'bKa' c't'o6pasurenHocr
Kpal{a' I,lrpara ynpaliuxea ,4ellara B nolcxaqaHe HaMflcro c ABa

VxaeaHztfl.Aeqarao6uvangrnJIouIaAI{aTa'I{aToMI4HaBaTIIo.

ll
I

cTufarle Ha npeAMera BOAH '4O I43TefJIflHe

n BHI4MaHI'Ie' I,ishp aBlreJreH e JreMeHr.

floeAr{faHero

ua rpr'6HaqHHq ctr'r6'

Ha

p'bqere 3a

.4,O'

Clcreeaune c noAcnarlaHe

Cs. AerIaTa. llOsara,
MEHT.

51

KOTTTO

3aeMaT,

rpa6aa 4a I4Ma LI3[paBHre,iIeH

eJIe-

tr4rpara BbSrrr4raBa y Aeuara BHI{MaHLie H TOqHOCT npl{ HSII'IIIHeHne Ha yrpalKHeHzero. !,onptuaca 3a oBJIaAflBaHe Ha ocHoBHOTO .u.BI4XeHIie nolcKaqaHe Ha ABa l(paKa c [plILBI4)I(BaHe' 14 enpaBHr eJIe H eJIe Me sr. OctuurecrBqBaceqpe3pa3JIHqHI{Te

flpe4 xonoHara ce Aeuara ce nocrpot{Bar B Ko"IoHa no eALIH' Heq ce nocraBsr Ha lascronune 2-3 M or ,,"uQruuu Jrrrlzrfl. or,Ko'IIocro.[qe H eAHa roIIKa. flo AaAeH cI'IfHaJI [T'pBoro Aere ItaTac[oACKaI{aHeuaABaKpaKaCTII|aAocToJIqeTo'3aooHKa./I'I fo, cnl4pa ce npeA Hefo' B3eMa To[KaTa or 3eMqTa I'I ff nocraBs eplqa o6pa' Ha croJrqero. LJIe,4 roBa c'bc 3ae[IKo [oAcKar{aHe ce Ha KOrOHara' a Ha JIT HVflTa THo Ao JrLlr.HflTa' Hapex(Aa ce B Kpafl c floAcraqaHe 3acraBa cJleABauroro 4ere. flpr'r cHfHaJI HoBI'Isr Hrpaq l(paKa crl{ra AO CTO"Iqero' sao6hxa'nx to' cHeMa ronKara Ha ABa na nlpnOuaqa"IHOTO t't nAsCrO Ha nOAa I'I CT'C 3ae[IKO [OACKar{aHe ce eptrqa orHoBo Ha ,'IHHI4flTa. CneA Hero [oAcKaqa cJIeABaIr{HflT'
TofinocrasqoTHoBoTonKaTaHacTolqeToHT.H.',4oKaToHaII'bpBoTo nrpara.Tesn, MflcTO B KOJrOHara 3acTaHe orHoBo AeTeTO, 3aIIOqHaJIo [oIcKaqaJII{, neqeJlflT Htpara' r(ollro uali-4o6pe ca

crarr4qul LI3rIpaBI'{reJIHIr ynpaxHeHlan (noeiare)'

VaaPu s AaftPero Ha uernpnre :brr,Jla Ha [JloluaAKara ce nocraBfl no eAI'IH cro"I' o6rpnar cr'c ceAarxara HaBr,rpe. A e cper,ara - "i {i:"-YecraIIo eAua crouxa c on.bHaro B'bN(e, Ha l{oero e oKarleHo 4alipe. croriKHre ca Ha pa3crotIHze eAHa or 4pyra Ha 2 nr' Aeqara I-H Aocru-a noaar.uuuna. Te ce HapelKAar B KoJIoHa no e'4I4H' fIoA raxra aut Ha xapMoHHKa C xo,4,eHe o6uKa.[qr nJIOI{aLKara' c',reA TOBa I{OJIOHaTa ce oTrrpaBfl r<.lnr crofinnTe, Karo BceKo Aere cIIHpa noA Aaiipero Ha fi'bpBara crofirca I4 c noAcKaqaHe ce crpeMlr Aa ro ., y'4apu' A"quru ce nacousa" K:L,M Bropara croitra,..yApar n 4atipero u orHoBo npoA'br'I)KaBar c I{o,'IoHara Aa o6t'rralsr noxpati croJlrlerara' noA crolircara vr "t. u. fl:rpneHqx ca AeIIara, Kouro ycnenr lrNuasar Ha yqi{Aa yAapflr n 4aiipero. tr4rpara ce noBraps ro npeqeHl(a
i

|lpanwna-.Co6}rxuoseHo[oAcKaIIaHeAeIIaTacTI{|aT.qocToJI. qero, a c'bc 3aeuKo [oAcKaqaHe ce 3aBp'bulaT' ynutaHHfl. flpn ncxxo ornpaBflHe Ha Aerero KbM croilr{ero r(o,rloHaTa npaBH KpaqKa HailpeA. [pII'4l4rpara^ynpaxHflBa AeIIara B cKaqane Ha ABa KpaKa c
Br.ixBaHe HanpeA.

14snpaBI-ITeJIeHeJIeMeIrr.3aerrrxoTonoAcKaqaHeTpeHI{pa rpr6uara, rpbAHara H paMeHHara MycKyJlarypa I4 no4o6plna no4IrvxHocrra Ha rpr'OHaqHl'ltl cT.bJlo'
PasN{sHa Ha K'bPn}I Hape)KAar B peAeqara ce pa3AeJlsr Ha ABe-rpynn, Kol4ro ce Ha noMelqeHllero" Paecrosu?Iero Mex'4y rsx or ABara Kpafl

Ar4rIH

TeJ'lKaTa. fI p a e u,rr

a. ,[,eqara noAcl{aqar c ABa KpaKa' Koraro 3acraHar no4 4afipero, a c xoAeHe o6w<arflr oKoJIo ['{ouraAl{ara'
116

peatace pa3AeJIs Ha ABe eAHaI(BI',I qacrH or Jlr4]ff.r4fl, ycnopeAHa Y? IIBerHa K'bpfla' Klpnnre ,trra. Hu BcsKo Aere ce AaBa lto eAHa ila ABere peAI4qI{ uMar pa3rnrleH qnm' flpu cI{rHaJI ABere rpym{

l17
I

l

j

I

Tp'brBaT eAHa KlbM Apyfa enHoBpeMeHHo c O6HKHOBeHO [OACKaqaHe Ha ABa KpaKa. Bcaxo 4ere rpn6na Aa cMeHpr K'bpnara cH c ro3n, roiiro HABa cpeqy Hefo Ha cpe4Hara ilvtr4fl, 4a ce pasnarlar vI c'bc SaerrrKo noAcKaqaHe Aa npoA'bJrx(H H 3acraHe Ha MflcroTo My. fpynara, KoETo n:bpBa ce noApeAa Ha HoBoro Mflcro, rroBAufa KT,pnr.rTe H rr.r pa3BflBa Br4coKo HaA fJraBrzTe cil c a3TerrqHe Ha TflJ'ioro Hafope. Ts cneqe"rea ilrpara. fl p a n z ,'r a. K'rlr cpeAHara lrHHLrfl 4erlara ce ornpaBflT c o6wrHOBeHo nOACKaqaHe Ha ABa l(paKa. C,re4 rarO fl I]peMaHaT, trPOA'bJrlI(aBaT C'bC 3aeuKo noAcKaqaHe. Vxas aHwtr, Bctr.txrl Aeua He ce H3r{aKBar Ha cpeAHara nw*fitr, Tesz, xol.mo ca nplrcrzfHaJru, fi'bpBlz cMeHflT KbpnI4Te cH k c:bc

3aftqera H JII{cHqa /leqara ce pa3AeJlrr ua ABe paBHI'I no 6pofi rpynu' B .eAruuq i,l"r,Jr I{3 CTaflra ce Hape}KAaT Ael{ara or eAHaTa fpyfla' TOsa Ca :t;tii,terara. Ocraua.nzre 4eqa (aelrn) ce HapexAaT B uaxMaTeH Ha lx'/t n Apyfua xptft Ha cratlra. Toea e 3eJleHqyKoBara fpaAI'IHa ca B ocHoBeH croex' c p'blle, [ocraItrr.,to "lko6eH. !,euara (eenr<u) il(,tilt Ha Kp.bcTa, n rop6zvrn rrfc'bK Ha fJraBHTe. vqtlre;rxara paS-

SaerxKo noAcKaqaHe npo4'bJr)KaBaT. tr4rpara ynpa)KHrrBa Aerlara B rroAcKaqaHe c npz4BrllKBaHe Hanpe4 IZ B JIOBKOCT. HenpaBAr eJreH e_naMeur. flpz 3aerlKoro noAcKaqaHece rrocrr4fa rpeHHpaHe Ha rp'boHara, fp'bAHara H paMeHHara Mycr(y/rarypa, a nprl figHacrrHe Ha r('bprrl{re r{aA f/raBa u3TerJrflHe Ha rpt6uau-

Ha 3ariqerara, ,{e ua6rl4eo ce HaMI4pa 3ereHrlyKoBara fpaAI'IHa ,,,, lt,,ao ,IIrc6eH, B Korro I{Ma MHofo xy6anN LI BKycHH serxfi' Toli Mllor.o o6uqa 3eJreHqyKoBara cv fpaAHHa LI 3aroBa rpHxJII4Ro fl rrrr:v. (\4z6upa ce eAHo Aere 3a J'II{c}Iqa' a Apyfo 3a-MAo 'Ilrc6eu, l(oil.fo e ceAHar Ha eAaHr.ifl xpafi Ha rpaAnuara). Ha6IHeo oKoJIO t.l)it/I,HHara r.rMa Jrr{ctrua. 3ariqerara rpn6sa Aa ce fia3flT Or Hefl. ' Ka3Ba yqn' ,,Xafiae Aa oruAeM Ha rocrlz Ha 4tIAo Jlm6eu"

rrilllil

'f'c,/il{ara,

I'I3BHKaM ,,J7LrCa", Bi4e BCI4IIKI4 rpfl6na HqKOs 3eJIKa, 3a Aa He BV BLI'ALI "[ACAIIara"' cr(pHere 3a,4

-

HO

Kofaro

-

Aa ce

HLtf

CT'bJI6.

-

l-oseHe Ha rottKu Aeqara ca B eIHHr4a xpari Ha craflra B pe4urla ro eAr.rH. 3aeAuo BacraBa r{ yqr.rre/rKara. Ta 4r,pxH B pbr{€T€ cH KorxHHua c pa3HoqBerHu rorrKr.r, Kor4ro r4M noKa3Ba. Bcqxo Aere cH uz6npa TonKa, KoflTo tpa6na na 3arroMHri ro Heiiuuq rIBflT. HeoqaKBaHo yqltrerll(ara I43cIInBa TonKLITe H LI3BHKBa ,,rOHI,{", or nCnXO 4ere ce r.r3HcKBa c no,4cKaqaHe Ha ABa Kpar(a Aa locrr4fHe zs6paHara oT Hefo TonKa, Aa r{ B3eMe B p'bue H Aa 3acTaHe Ha MscToTo, K'bAeTO e CTI.rfHaJrO TOnKaTa. !,ana Ce CIZTHaJT ,,TOrrKaTa rope". Aeqara B,4ufar ronKr{re HaA fJranr.rre crr, Karo rH A:bpxar c ABe pr,ue H ce noBAufar Ha [pbcrn. Tosz, xoliro uali-4o6pe e r.rarr'bHaJr

3afr.rerara c.bc gaeuKo nOACKaqaHe orLIBar AO 4a4O ,IftO6eu, rro/lcKaqaT oKoJro Hero. B c.brqtifl Muf ce qyBa cilrHaJll'T ,f,h4ca", Iupi,rerara C 6qraHe Ce cKpLIBaT 3aA 3eJIKHTe, KaTO BCSKO 3aCTaBa ga Aa He 6tAe 3a6eJfl3aHo OT JII{CHUaTa. lf crIoABr4)KHO ti K"'leKHaJro, .l'rr Mauasa 14 cr| O1]UBA.3aiiqerara oTHoBO OrIrBar npl4 AsAo Jln6eu rt orHoBo ce cKprlBar npx noqBara Ha llLlcril\ara. u.[eA roBa AeuaTa ('MCHflr poJ'II4re cu. l4rpara ce noBrapt{ I]o rpeIIeHK? Ha yq71gnl(rlTil.

c rflx

/trr,,(o JIrc6eH,

TflJTOTO cr.r,

[1 p a e u.n a. !,eqara rp'bfBar KbM TorrKr4Te r4 rH ug1klrar HaA rJraBHTe cli npl4 AaBaHe Ha cL{fHaJr. Vxae aHr4tr. Curua,rtr Ba BAHfaHe Ha rorrKLITe ce AaBa, c./re4 Karo BcHqKu Aerla B3eMar rorrKa. Tonrure ca c Ma.rrKH pa3Mepu. Epoar rzM e paBeH Ha ro3r.r Ha nerlara. l.Irpata ynpaxHflBa Aeuara B nolcKaqaHe Ha ABa Kpar{a c npuA: BHxBaHe 14 paBHoBecue. !,onpuHacfl ga pa3Br4BaHe Ha cprqHocr H

e

no6e4I.rren.

orI'IBar II ce cKpHBar 3a4 3eJIKI'Ire' Aeqara (senxu) trocraBtlr p'blrere cH Ha l{p'bcra, l(otaro ytll4Te.rlKara LaAe cvfHara ,,f,lvlcar" t'r safiqerara ce cKpPIBar ltitil rsx. Cuenaar fH, cJIeA Karo orMHHe JIHcI{LI,ara' Il 3al4r{erara o.t.iloBo orr4Bar npr4 ArrAO ,rftO6eu. ,Iltrcuqara MHHaBa c .lageue. Ha Itrr4o JIn6eu ce nocraun 6pa4a H Ka"InaK. Bt'pxy rd'IaBHTe Ha Aerlin'a (aeaxu) ce cnarar rop6ltvxn c rrscr,K I'IJII4 ryMeH plzuf' upes urpara Ce oB,'raAflBa OcHoBHorO ,U,BH)KeHLre nOACKaqaHe H Ha clo6pa3gTeJlHocr 1,,',,r,o"a.ra.' Ts ctAeficrByBa 3a B'E,31I'ITaBaHe il (:pbr{HocT. weupaB14TeJIeHeJIeMeur.flpu3aeuKoTonoAcKaqaHece ilocrnfa yrpenBar{e Ha rpt6Hara, rp'bAHaTa H paMeHHaTa l\,{ycKyJlaTypa tr .,e noao6pxna no4nrllrHocrra Ha rpl6uauunq crlr6'

fI

panu

I a. 3aii'Ieraru c'lc 3aeuKo noAcKar{aHe I{,4Bar npl{
a c 6qraue

V xas

alttr.

cto6pasnreJrHocr w 6tpzo peaffipaHe Ha

tr4snpaBHTeJreH er'r eMeur. flon4nraHero fJraBa BoAa Ao Lr3TerJrflHe Ha .rpr6naqHhq ct'bn6.

cHrHaJr.

Ha

rorrKara

Ha,4

u8

119

AocrurHu I{ YAaPlI Ha crat{Ta HJII'I caJIoHa flepneH4uxyJlspno Ha eAHa or creHure B npaBa nurtws 5-6 Hes, ce HaqepraBar Ha paScroflHlle t M or or Apyro'3a'4 rqx ycnopeAHo Kp'bfqera Ha pa3crosHue 20 cna eAHo Kosro 3acraBar Aeuarat IIoHa creHara ce [peKapBa Jrv]iivrflr Sa'4' e o*aqeHo 6apa6auue' flpn crpoe'Ll B KoIIoHa tJ;;';:-Ht't"nutu 3acraBa Ha JII4HI4flTa It Karo cI4fHaJI n'bpBoTo Aere or KOJIoHara B xp'bf', crl4fa AO CreHara' o6plqa noAcKaqa c ABa KpaKa or Kp6f z:11111'114 f'IaBara 'uBere cH pbqe i.l*ip"o nr.e onrpu s "6"' rro creHara' AocrufHe a y4apkl '4'a H ce crpeM"r ru"ea,,"fi*u te H 3acraBa nocrleAHo a;* ;""a c xoAe*e ce 3aBp'bIIIa fl'r'pe:T5^"-.^Tputu e";;;ii;;: BcItqKI'I 4eqa' ;T;;;;;;". Tara rpeMI'IHaBarn oapaoanuero nnrl crl{rHe safr'6nue oH3H, roftro v.na.tou'voTp' 30 AO Hero. yqI'IreJIKara' Llroara ce noBrapfl lto [peIIeHKa Ha c noAcraqaue ce npu6'nuxaBar Ao creii'ilu J" ,.'"n.uutu " no Heg' c xoAeHe ce 3aBp'bular B Hara, a cJIeA Karo ce I{3Tet'IIflT *o"ilr?1"; ce rocraBr Eapa6auuero (aairpeto url4 3Br'Hqero) a H I{ Hafi-s[cororo Aere B rpyHa '. Ha BHcoqHH a HaA o'*"u'lttt ptqe oIIaTa. DapauaHecru ;Lv *n onsvua "- - -T1:^::: #J:'ElI;A;;; " nrlrv'rvJ ocuryq:: ta H3TerJIflHe Ha i1n"#: rp.r'6uauTona KOflTO Ce crpeunr Aeqara' ^ --^-^^^ a nnnqHq R r.re'I. n e' o no *e Gra lY'f i"l'"o. ffi;^ T"1Tii^ SHaK :*['* or6enqsea ce c'bc"13:iu"AoK'bAe

c rpr6

noBAl4far cH re-ille.l ttp6u cI{'creHara' Karo H3refnqr no ce pbqere ttaA r'laBara iluno"ou' Aa t--^tjito' Koero ycnee-uaftnpttt"' ntp"tnto te noeAlara,
Kr,M Hen' onupar 4o5pe

"u Brrcoro Aa ce u3ref*-no

t 9"l3nt JII'IHI{sra e rara. Ilpn nou ."nu'i 'ipuu"t o*o"b B peAuua' B rosa BpeMe Ha rlpec*aqa r(aro ce Hapex(Aar Haq]IH c'brdl,' Korro 3acra'aJla Apyrara t:py"u-atu'"' ''o rcv 6ue .t uff cK aqa r ;T3'" ;r a' Ae qar a n p e no t'enatu"'^{ ::i"Jff"""':ff& -. ::: e'q'HoBpeMeHHo or craBa I'Is'etn""e'o
c
ABa KpaKa.
BCNqKI,I.

tt6nu'u

nPecxbuur<Y6ue-

'2-nua-ioap" ce SaBp'E'rqar ooparHo'

Sf",

Ao H3TefJIrHe

a.n.r. Kv6'rerara tu,'{1:::1 1"##i:i: Llp;; ynpalKHxlJa o:T":-1 J -':"#;;#X#:ff creHara BoAIi Arpara fi;;*;;"" ";;; ero no : I,{snPaBHre,/IeH,-_; crsn6' trr..JrrrH ""t.--t ^^--,. ua rpt6uaqnns

i:

?

llruqera u rcrPe6
3a noJIflHKa' ce. oqepraBa Mflcro Ha nnoulaA Kara wlrr4 B cratlra (i9.:t*;; tt H'TKaKBI'I sHaq')'B -c-e . otpuo?'i'?"t-il;;;" za-:::pt6' Haoxo.'o altt uz6upa rorln'Kara' "" HaMr,par nr"u"r. ,neu.4u' na"o Kor.rro ce Becerlo I43 noAcraqar ocraua.rure ca ";;;;;;' Te ;ffi;' Koraro yu"tiiti* I'I"t"'*u "ncrpe6u' HerIoAuupoKo pa3repHIIH ao tuo'it rHe3Aa 3acraBar BcrrqKH rrr,qera Ha3aA-Hafope "t";;;;;; ceAe)I(.c,noBAI4rHarIt BIDKH. B Tsx' u t""i-Ko'/IeHeH (t* szl' flcrpe6lt uABa Ha rIoJI'H' nuutotJu"'n"ut"o p6ue I,I rrlaBa,

;

;T";;;fi;';';.il;;;;-'"unp'a' Kp"ue'u'a

;;;;"

i:':i'

iffi;fil;';;i;: Vlrpara
.4ocruraH-e
cT'bJIo.

yltpall(HflBa

";;;;:-tt'a.li.""y"a CpT,qHOCT H BHI'IMaHHe'

T- : .Y.1"::?-?o-:* c npu'q'ietratu B [oAcKarlaHe Ha '4Ba KpaKa B'b3rIHraBaHe Ha cro6paslErerlHocr 3a
'4'o

^

QA nrr

no crenara 3a 14snpaBI'ITen"" tfleMeHT' I'{grer"lsuero Ha rpt6naunul I'l3refJlrHe ua 6apa6aHueto BoAH
..1 ,.'-*

llPecxauane Ha nPeAMer
eAHaKBH no 6pofi Aeqara ce pa3Aerlsr Ha AB€ 3acraBa ycnopeluo fpyra ce crponBa o p.a"qu ;: tyliernqara 3 na or Hea' flpe4 Ha pa3cronuue Ha eAHa or creHHTe'Ha crasrat H creHara cpeulY BcrKo Hes ce [peKapBa n ni"' MexAY ttuttuxta paatroffHHe 0'50 tvt e'4Ho or nu Aere ce nocraBgr no--O nyOutia or peAI'IIIara eAHoBpeMeHHo 3a[lpu curnan sclruxn Aeqa crgrar Ao creHara' o6plular ce Apyro.

tpyru'

BcqKa

noqBar

"q,a

flpecxaqat

ry6ue'ura'

C:;.52

12l
t20

KaTa, HO He rLI HaMHpa. nor"'IexAa KbM XpacTHTe, HO Ij TaM Hq fH 3a6eIq3Ba. Toli cl,ltra, qe Te ca oTJIeTeJri{ HaAalerle H 3aTOBa CI4

Arpara yfipa]KHflBa Aeuara

B

noAcKaqane rz

6lpao

peaffipaHe

ilir

oTHBa.

[I p a n H Jr a. flrHqeraTa ce cKpr4Bar cJrel AaBaHe Ha cufHaJla ,,flcrpe6". Te noAcxaqar c ABa KpaKa H3 rIoJIffHKara' " Vr< alatrrs. BcsKo IIrlIqe 3acraBa c Ao6pe oII'bHarIr Ha3aA

cleA uero
c

rrTl4qeTaTa oTHOBO

H3JrH3aT

Ha

IIo,'IflHKaTa.

VlznpaB14Te_nen e,/Ie Me sr. floroxeHxflTa' KoLITo 3aeMar a /(crlara, wrvwrwpafir<u .4t'pBera, ca H3rIpaBI'ITeJIHI'I ynpilfiHeuufl' noA""*uocira ua rpl6nauufis crlr6' /lrruxeHldflra nru lo4o6paua"

curHaJI, pa3BLrBa C'ro6paaNreJIHOCT-H JIOBKOCT'

p.brle H

xara ca npH6paHu e4r'ru ,4o Apyr. Leqara ce Hapex{Aar or rIerI'IpHTe crpaHu Ha [oJIfHKara eAHo ,Ao Apyfo. Bcqro 3Hae KT'4e rpx6ea Aa 3acraHe. tr4rpara AorIpLIHacfl 3a oBJ'IaArBaHe Ha ocHoBHoro ABI'I)KeHae noACKaqaHe, ntdnutana clo6paaure'lIHocr, pa3BI'{Ba JIoBI{ocr' tr4enpaBkrre,'IeH e,reMeHr. Vnpaxueunero H [o3ara Ha opa6uerara e [snpaBLIreJIHo ynpilr(HeHI4e.

rrorJreA, oTnpaBeH Ha3aA, T.

e.

cBLIBa I{pHJIeTe cH. Kpa-

Korxa H Bpa6qera

Or rpynara ce na6zpa eAHo '4ere 3a KorKa' Tq ce e crytull'/Ia ,, .,1{rn"" xpafi Ha craflra B I{OJIflHHa onopa' ocrauannre AeIIa ca i,1,,rfiu.tu. Ilonquxara e ofpa.4,eHa or A'bpBera ("?::3::1Y :a or
,rc1'r4pr{Te

Irlglrranusr

JIoBeu

Aeqzrra ca pa3JrHrrHI4 ropcr{t4 }I{HBOTHr.i (Sariuera, MerreTa, JIIICnqera, B'b,tqera),-ronro 6earpuxHo noAcKaqar I'13 rlo./IflHKara' HeortaKRaHo ce qyBa BHI{ ,,ilolteu". X(HsorHI.me ce paa6nrnar, Ho 3a Aa npeArla3flT Ma,'IKItre cH, I{oHTo ca ocral][./In ua6,'ru3o, ce npeBpT,ruar Ita A'bpBera It o6paaynar fopa. or eAHal'a crpalla Ha rroJrnHKara fopara e 6opona. Aeqara ce Hapex{Aar eAHo Ao l{pyfo' BHCOKOIIOBAH|aTp'bII,eTecnfopeHaArJIaBaTa,IIOBAH|aTceHa trp'bcrt4 I{ Ll3refJlflr TJLIIOTO cI'I Harope. or Apyrara crpaHa Ha rro/rflHr{ara ocraHaJlllre 4eqa o6pasyBar BeKoBHa Ar'6oea fopa HapexAar ce eAHo .4,o Apyro, Karo o6rsrar pcllere cI4 Bcrpal{il Ha Br.rcoql{Ha Ha paMeHara. 14 Asere fpyilll l43B't'puBar

crpaHh tla il'rlolltaAKara ruMHacrliqecKl't crorqera)' Bpa6,'r.,r'aia crio6oluo lloAcKaqar Ij3 Hefl. flpn curHan "Korxa" ce pa36u|nar i.i Kauar Ha Ar'pBerara (sacranar Ao cronqerara)' flpn curilitra ,,Mgy" Te r'Igfar Ha[peqHo Ha rKMHacrI'IqecKi4Te croJlqera IIo on'bHarx rIoKpaI{ TflJloro, xBar(opeM (upaear JIIIIIeB rer), c -p:ul pi6a Ha crorlqero (cu. 53). hpAllre ca vs!.arerr4 HanpeA H "rJtnr

cTpaHI,IqHHHaKJIoHpIBJIfBoI.{,4flCHo,K,'IaTeHHoTCuIHI4qB'IT.bp. ' Jloeeqtr ce rloflBsBa Ha norquKara' orJlex'4a s. Karo r.l4>K1a, qe e npa3Ha, ce Bpr,llta o6parHo lto rl'brfl' no xoliro e Aoule'r' Cle4

"IeKH

cKpHBaHeroMyx{HBorHHTeAOBO"'IHH,qecaroh3xhTpILlIHI',Iqeca cnacI4rIt4 cBoI,ITe MaJIKH, OTHOBO 3ailoqBaT Aa LlfpaqT Ha IIO,'IflHKaTa. flpHuoe cptfHaJl ,,,'IoBeq" Te HaHoBo o6pasyear ropa'Karo pa3MeHflT *ectara cz (Aeqara, KoLIro ca 6ntw 6opoea ropa' cera ca 4t6ona)'
cKpr{BaT rIpLI AaBaHe Ha cI'IfHaJI.

Cu. 53
Irorl.4HrHaTr4.

fI p a n u.rr a. )KusoruHre ce roflBflBar Ha IIoJITHI{ara Il

ce

o'r' 3eMrra

o6paeynar 4t'6ona v KoLr 6opona ropa I.i KbAe rqe sacrauar' flpll noBTapflHe Ha r{fpara JroBerl.br ce cMeHfl. x}reorHnre [o,4cKaqaT Hano,'IflHKaranoApI'IT'bMaHaxapMoHI'IKaHaeAHHIiABaI{pal{a'

V x a s a H 14 fl. flpe4eapurenHo ce onpeAeJlfl KoI4 )KI'IBorHI'I lue

l{lrra, 6anuo npeMlzHaBa npeS Hefl K ce cKpIiBa. -B-pa6uerara orHoBo ('Jrn3ar H BeceJIo npo,4T,/IxaBar Aa iloAcKaqar. Hauoeo ce [oflBflBa r(ol'r(aTa LI Te I{aIIaT Ha AbpBeraTa.

u o6rergaru. Korxara ce

Inaeara

e

HaBeAeHa Ha3aA.

Kparara ca

rosBflBa

c

noBALIfHaTII JIa3eHe Ha fiorqH-

Vlrpara ce [oBrapfl no npeIIeHKa Ha yql4reJlKara' p a n u t a. Bpa6qerara Kalrar Ha .4:bpBerara cJIe,4 CI4THAJIA ,t{orKa" H cJIH3ar Ha rIoJI.aHKara, cdlle.4 Karo KorKara ce oTAaJIer{I{"

fl

r22

t23

VxasaHVfl'.KorxaracenoFBgBaHaIIoJIflHKaTacJIa3eHe,S^Aa *o.u" npa6uerara cnorofiHo Aa cr4 HaMeptlr Mt{cro' Bpa6uerara Jrflfar HanpeqHo Ha fI4MHacrI4rIeCKHTe croJlqeTa' 6lpso Vlrpala ynpu*n""u aat{utu n cso6oAuo [oAcKaqaHe' n Ha cIrfHa,'I' e clo6paeureJlnocr I4 JIoBKocr' pearnpaue
H 3aAT'p)KaHeTo B'bpxy B'bDXy fLIMHaCTHIlecKoro cTorqe B '/InueB d'Iel -yt

Jr()rto xoAeue)

V\

znpaBIrreJIeH eJreN{eItr' Kaqeauero Ha
penea rpt6Haunara MycKyJlarypa'
a

npa6uerara

neio

)I{a6n u-urlPreln! Ha nloqaAxara ceT HaqepraBa xplr' Toaa e 6'raro' flonosuca xa6Hara or AeqaTa ce onpeAenqT 3a.rt{'bpKeill4, a ocTaua'[ltTe Ha 6naroro' rleKar ce Ha uatu. Xa'6ure ca ,unasn" Ha 6pera
c./r'bHUe, [o,4cKaqar HaoKO.[O

Bc,'xu rxa6n ce I4aseAulx ;;;;;^-ffi". B Kptra Ii 3acraBar B a*pruut c 6qraue e 6naroro -- B'/ILI3ar *iOat*u [o3a. UI'bpKer'II4re I]ABar 6anHo, HanepeHl{' c pa3rBopeHl'I p'blle Hasa4-n.rpanI'l u c BI'lcoKO ' BAI'lfaHe 'Ha KpaKara (uIT'pKece r{yBa: ,,ulrprenzu'

lI oT

BpeMe Ha BpeMe BeceJIO KBaKaT

(cu. 54, 5!;) o6xoxAar 6pera' HaB'rIIr3?r n 6natoto, I4 OT./ICTflBAT. llo r{I4lqo ne orKpl4Bar. Paareapar KpI'I'le oure fioBeqe orHoBo Li3qe ca ce cnaclz"Iu or IrI'bpKer'IHTe' /r\dunrs AvDvd""at )l(a6nre AoBod'IHH' '''^;; .-t-.r.t.ror" n, nolc*atlar I4 KBaKar' Vrrpara Jtil3ar Ha 6pera n BeceJIO 3arloqBar '{? IIo,4t ('c noBTapR rlo npeucHl{a Ha yql4reJlKara' iu. xn'a^re ce Ii9i3-"11..n^6p-::1-'i'i OTJII{TAHCTO tI Ls gnp"uut ^^v" ^""'-- urip*.rrt. t, g9. Lr\Hrruq! np-1-lll:"1" xa6eurxo [oAcKaqaHe' llil UI't'pKCJlI,IIs c :."^1?T:i:t' V x a a aH l fl. ma6ure ce I'BI'I)I{ar I{a paMeuara' ll3rlpaBflT ll['r,prenure H3nacflr p:buere cI{ Ha B,lic^otluua KpaKara cl'l c rp'bcrl{ triiaito cn 4o6pe, noln4utat [oc"Ie.4'oBareJlHo pa3xox(Aar KaKro no HanpeA' Te ce iluAoJry u norn^eA, orIIpaBeH 3acraBar HerIoA'BI'I)r(Ho 6pera, raKa I'I onutoio. B 6'naroro xa6nre " Ha npeABapl'lred'IHo-o[peAeJleHo *"tto: ---. rr'xa6euxn croex( yrlpill<ZenpaBHreJIeH b.ttenneur' Xa6euKara rlo3a H trcHl,Iero ,ullpxenono xo4ene" ca l43npaBl4Ttn"t. i'r

'' n;;"

I ,:r t I

,l

:

;,,

.

aeua' I-pynNre Aeqara ce pa3Ae,rrr 3acraBar KoJIoHu no eAtlrl' !'ne uo '4Be Ko'/IoHKre cc rocrposBar ts n'r' Ha ilbpBl{re or ABere cAHa cpeilry Apyfa Ha pa3croflHue 5-6 1r(o,{oH}rce-AaBanoeAl'iu[olqeHcKI'Inllrr<'flpe4KO"IOHI',{receHaflpn rp-bfBar. -nn"*outte ' .repratsar xopl'I3oHTaJIHll JIHHI'II4' or Kohro 6nyarcnre) Aeuara' ce ornpaaar ua (sarca'leun (:ufHaJI Aelrara a I]OACKaqaHe' CTnlaT AO l{'t,M CpeUy[OdIIOXHI'IT€' KOJIOHII cT'c 3aeIUKO

'

3aeura noua Ha 4 rpynu c paBeu 6pofi

l'tlx,npeAaBaTIr,'II4I{OBeTeHa[bpBI'ITeABaMa'C/IeAKOeTOnpOA'bd'IHa qufiro I4fpaq ca )l(ilBar Aa [oAcKaqar Ao Kpafi Ha KoJIoHara' il aacraear Ha nocrleAl{o Mflcro B He'I' ;,i;;;il rflI'IKa. tr4snpaear ce ' !,e[ara, no,tyuluilt rIJfilQa, BeAHara ce ornpaBflT c'blllo c'bc :|ilcul{o[oAcKaqaHeK.IrMKo.IIoHHTeCpeluyTflX'npeAaBaTIIJII4KOBeTe H3llil II'r,pBI'ITe ABaMa H C IIOACKaqaHe CTI'I|aT Kpaq Ha KOJIOHaTa' Ha IIoc,'Ie.4Ho MqCTo. I,irpara [poAT,JIXaBa' |tl)ill}fT ce Ii 3acTaBaT
II bpBI'I

3aIIOqHa'rIH /tOl{aTO Haqerto Ha I{OJIOHIiT8 3aCTaHaT AeqaTa' lll'DaTa. ' fl p a B I4 JI a. Clc saeuro [oAcKaqaHe AeuaTa [peAaBar nJII4I{O' DCTe

Kpaf lta KOJIOHHTe' arvr tr. Epoxr Ha KoJIoHHre ce otrpeAe'Ilfl rrpoH3Bo,'IHO. Ila AeIIara' I l.rntt<osere ce [pl'IKpenflT 3a rbpAllre ynpaxHtlBa Aeqara B /IoBKocr, cp'bqnocr' cro6pasnrell{rpara

I{
r<

3acTaBar B

V

ae

ltocT.

Cn. 54

Cs. 55

r25

t{pes 3aeuKo [oAcKaqaHe ce 14enpaB14TeJIeH eJIeMeHr' u ce ltoAorpeullpa paMennara, rpr/.Haravr rp6ua13 MycKyJ'Iarypa rpl6Harlnllfl crln6' 6p^uu' no4uluxnocrra' Ha
9acosHI'Ir

iloKaTepH Ha Mpe)Kara' T. 8. Aa yBHcHe ua ct:r,.n6nuxute, Karo ce xBaHe c ABe p'blIe 3a rsx. flpan una. Vlsilu3aHero HA NOJIflHKATA H BJII43AHCTO B K''IETKATA craBa c./IeA cHrHa,lla ,,JI1bB". Vxae aHLrfl.. flpn curuan ,,.rt'L,e" MaIiMyHHTe 3acraBar Ao K"Ier-

Ha cranra I{JI}I nilolqaAKara Aeuara SacraRar HaqepraBa r]jHrrfl' rro eAI4H B A,Be yc[opeAHi4 KO''IOHI4' flpeA rax ce Mecra IIo qcHa

B

eAnsus xpaii

ABe flepneHAuxyrqpHo rta lruuurna ce HapexAar or runpr r<v6qera c BI'ICot{HHa 10-15 cna, Ha pa3croqHne e'4Ho "'r -' -0,50

I{aTa'aKoraToJI.bB'bTCenoflBHHano/{flHKaTa'TeceIIoKaTepBaT' T. e. yBHcBar ua crrn6nqKara. VsHceaHero Ha naafruyHnre e Kparl(orpafino (canao xoraro JrbB.br e 6.luao Ao rqx v :/lua olacHocr Aa rH x'naue). iu Au uM ce AaAe B.b3MoxHocr cnoxoliuo Ia cr4 HaMep'r MrrcTo 3a yBr.rcBaHe, ce HS[cKBa Jr.bBbT 4a Ce npn6JIHXaBa AO TqX

Apyro

3aA rgx ce locraBsr ABe KarepyuKll' cr'eAHHeHH c eAHa or crl'r6nqrure' flpn cfifHaJI [T'pBHTe Aeua [ocpe,4cTBoM fv c ABa KpaKa' '4ocrllrar xoAeHe crl{rar 4o xy6uerara' rpecKaqar Te yBncBar Ha KarepyuKl4Te H sa.rasar. flpu cHfHaJIa ,,eacoBHuK" yqg-

*.

I.I KJIeTKaTa qpe3 rIIaSeHe. 3 a 6 e Jr e )K K a. Ha oTKpHTO MsCrO BMecTO KaTepyIIlKH MOraT

Ha Hes' ,rui6uru, Karo ce xBalrlar c ABe p'bqe r{acoBHI'{KcneA Koero OrTIaK-Tax' fH 3aJrFoJIsBa Karo Maxa.ilo Ha TeJrKara c 4o6pe I'r3[paBeHo rflJIo ce 3aBp'burar rrycKar ce Ha 3eMflra H
KGM KoHTo o"6pur"o, Karo gacraBar noc"IeAHLI B KoJIoHLlre' ''pI'IHaArlpe3 npenffrcrBl'Iqra' na*u". iaxa s.nqxll AeIIa npeMuHaBar

A,aceHS[O,'I3yBarHI{CKI'IA'bpBeraHAp.'iloKJIOHHTeHaI(oHTo rrlafinayuzre Aa YBI'IcBar. flopa4u npo4'bJlxure/Iuoro noAcKaqaHe ra3n -Hrpa e flporuBo' ,ronutu"a ea ipt6uauHo H3KpI4BtsaHe II creneH. O6nxHoseuo AeIIa c raKr{Ba sa6onssau'n ce uz6upaT Aa A3rybJrHfBar poJIsTa Ha ,,fl:bB". klrpara B'bs[I,IraBa clo6pasnreJlHocr H BHHMaHHe' Vnpaxunna
ocHoBHoro ABHXeHHe

flrpneueueKoJloHara,BKoflTonoBerleroorHfpar{I'ITeycneuHo
npecKoqar rY6verara. flpanHrla. Aeuara

Kara, a ce
MAXAJIO. '-'.

noAcKasaHe ce npn6.lnxaBar,(o KarepyuHanpaBqT 3aBp'bulaT B KOJIOHHTe c xoAeHe, cJIe.4 KaTO

c

.Ilaaesero or noJrox(eHHe Ha pa3Tonapeu rpr6HaqeH cT'bJI6 t"tta no.qqepraH H3[paBHre.[eH xapaKrep. To clAeficrByBa 3a yKperlBaHe Ha paMeHHara, fp'bAHara u rpl6uara MycKyJlarypa. flpn yBncBaHero ce flocrufa HgrefnflHe ua rpl6uaunns cm,l6'

ce noJlyqaBa HarefJlflHe ua rpl6HauHlts crl'n6.

I4snpaBLIreJIeH -eJIeMeur. flpn

iloAcKar{aHe.

yBucBaHe ua uafin'tyunre

3a KparKo BpeMe' V * u 3 a H I'I x. .[leqara yBHcBar Ha crl'n6ara cn e.a,I{H KtM Apyf' C fioMolrrra Ha yqHxaro npn6rupar xpaxara npaelr eAuoKpareH uax' fIoA crut6ara ce locraBff AIoueK'

re.rxara

I4rpari

npecKaqaHe

qara e flpn yBr{cBaHero sa crl'u6ara VlsnpaB14raran rpl6uauuhq cra'il6' ce rtocrura a3rerrqHe ua

ABa KpaKa c npI4ABHx(BaHe Ha[peA' cto6Paaure,THocr H ToqHocr' -aneMeHr'

c

4onpuuaca

aa

oB;Ia,4flBaHe

Ha ocuoBHoro

ABHxeHI'Ie Bbennrasa Ae-

JIte u

uafrntYull

KJIerKa or KareHa nnou{aAtara vJru crasra ce [ocrporBa lrpe3 crl'r6nqrnte' EAuo or 'Ile' py[IKLl, cBl,p3aHH eAHa c Apyfa -ca.uaftn'Iyua' flpe4 r'nerrara qara ce H3oupa 3a r'I'bB' a aiyrrzte uailce HaMLIpa KpacI4Ba nonqHxa I{3 Koflro 6earpnN-Ho..noAcxaqar pa3qyBa cI'IrHaJI'br ,,r'bB"' Maftnayunre ce ;i;;;.'l4asiAurx ce B KJIerKara L ce 6msat, Karo BctlKa or rqx ce crpeMI'I 'q'a Bne3e
126

Cnnft ce Karo ronKa .[,eqara ca ceAHa./IH Ha crorqera n e4uHua xpafi Ha craflra' I Ia cpeurynoJroxHara cTeHa ce npzKpenfl fHMHacTLIqecKa creHa. I-la pascrbasue 4 lt or Hes ce npeKapBa ycnopeAHa ruHna' flpu (:HfHa.[ Ha Jr*rlhrflTa 3acraBa eAHo or AeIIara. To c noAcxaqaHe Ha Arla KpaKa crnra Ao ruMHacrurlecKara creHa' o6pluta ce c rp'r'6 l('trMH€filXBaIqaCeC,4BepT'Ue3aHanper{HI'IKatAOKOHTOCTHTa' !r yBr,rcBa, xaro npu6npa KpaKara Ao rfl./Ioro cH, KoJIKoro roBa My c RG3MOXHO. flpn HoB cufHa.[ orHoBo cTr'[Ba Ha 3eMqTa I] C xo/(cllecesaBp.bulaK.bMKo/IoHaTacu'KaToSacTaBaHanocJIeAHo nr,rcro e nes. flo6eauren e Aerero' Koero ycnee 4O6pe 4a npu6epe l(l)ilt(aTa Ao Ts,lOTO CH. cneA rosa KTrM THMHacTI'IqecKaTa cTeHa 1'l)T,fBa Apyfo Aere k r. H. I4rpara ce rloBrapfl rlo rpel{eHKa Ha
y'lHTe,IKara.

127

*+i

ro crasa c roMolr\' ryl,T?lpatHo. rl4MHacrl'IqecKara creHa tlpea ""f?T;?. ra h IIoA r.o,-,'pon"'Jl*yu"tn*uia'

III p a n n n

a' il.erero yBI.IcBa Ha creHara'

cJIeA

Koero ce

3a-

"3,#*?:;"'1

'- fr:;i'"; ifrT'ih"^ Atl1l1 B IIoACKarraHe Ha ABa Kpa*a
*"il"#;J#;,Tfo.X-tT!',J;
i--tp.nrpu
xopeMHara MycKyrlarypa'

c

rpn-

npeueuxa Ha yqnTe"rKara' ll r. H. Vtrpara ce rloBTapt{ no B^ xoacrl4Te' a uatttltyHrnte Il o a e u,t a' 3alZqerara ce cKpI4Bar ,," s{ryr?::, :-*..f};**fmrui:"ffi;5 ##qii!"^" *""'" '^noat*uuu"t' 1__;-:-,....,,-^ tt fl^k,nrlRar nO V K a s a H f, y.l3 llur'tntrna'' Maiin'Iynxnrt ^a 3aelrKo
I.1

cr(aqar

ua AB€ . plue c II0Bc'rr'r6 l:^_pl-.'" npu*u uoa" ao """'n""nt "u $"otiuoutls ,u.r{raHe Ha cBI'rl'I

npuallgyit'rno onpeAeJleHo /(hpBoro 1lo rarepyruxara) ao KJIflKar i'I yBLIcBar Ha' p:buETe .Jtcr Koero =ua'ouu'-it" npeun*ie' t" u cnuecetl Bllc (cH' 56)' ('n, Karo .a no4n*po' i npu*u'u KarepyixKl'l" 'l'oxttlrqr 6pofi e u tu""t'ooocr or ro3u Ha nocraBeHHre 14 KbAe rpa6aa Aa 3acsHae
rrnr poJIHTe cI4" rs ^loxti '4'a cfie'4 eKpl{Banero tcofrro .q,u t* no"u' nu n-onsHxarh JroBeII,

cr,c

-1:1-1:""ui Mscro'

fopcrn

x{I'IBorHl{
Hes I4Ma HfiKoJIKo BIzcoKH A'bpBera

lk:rrt<o xl{Boruo nptaoup"ttJlHo -KaK ua '4t'Ptserara craBa no npe'r'itue. llpecroflBaHero'na x'uo"H're Karo )I{hBorHnle cMe' tt 14 lIcHKa Ha yu"r..o*u'''-u' I4tpu'u "::Tl"' ce paSnoo6pasu' aKo ce I'I36epe

Ha
H

flnouraAxara e floJlflHKa' Ha xpacru' 3a 4lpeera ce no-ttt'"""t---no-ptan' "i:T-'- 4tpuenr /IocroBet'- a 3a H ryr-raMe t nociasqr 2-3 r<arepni"n'' "ttA*tnt xpacrrl -- Macr{qKI'I'/ ::::":^ .t"iXJ*i""r'T;T;: qYBa cl4fHa' xara. I'leseAHbx ce.. ce

*

TiJ;-'; ff

Ba A :u'l:- :^ ::',lpl.ii.'^,lll,##:fi :*"He ia^c'r'o6pa3ilreJlnocr' Kpaxa .,,p"ao"1iuunt, non*otr /IIra e""'elrent' KarepeHero c Bi'Ic BoAH 40 T4anpaBI{Tt"*u a saeulKoro rloAcKaqa'e rpeHl4pa l{3refJ'flHe nu .p'oo*'luni"- t'l'n6'
vn pax
Hn

"1Xilffi

'

a

,iir"

,,nooau". MafiuYuxure nnnutlpuzLt no A'bpBerara(Hlrou ia nnnutapBar rlo rrlJloro Ha Ka'

il;;;;;;,^--'tptonut" u rp:b'q'Hara

Mycl{vrlarvpa'

i'.pyt'.,,ti,

a ,-i.'pun" 3a HanPeqHltre JlerBH)'Ha ,,.ti'" vBH.BAT Ha KJIoHHTe

Karo ce xesular c p'bl{e

3a nocro;['p;;tit" (xuaular ce cr'IeA roBa ptue, Karo ;;r:t . 4ue gu,15
tr{r'rcuriKl4re

iu- oo"uuurui i'r c r<Paxa)' ([oA ,utu aa cKp[Bar B xpacrHre Cle4 Ia aar, cro,nqerara)'

Lla roPerara IIoJISHa ce fiocraBg fl4Mnacrl{qecKa B eAuHZtr rpaii Ha lllolqaArara no -- HflKoJIKo crorqera' t:rr,,l6a r1,'rl{ IrI4coI(a no,apyotuu,-u ce {ly-:I{fl lraqepraBar ner-ruecr Kp'bf()rto.rlo fl'iMHacrnqetnnti't'on6a Aa ce cKaqa or eAl'lo rlcra Ha 6nnaxo puuaronn" (Aa noxre-;t^ecHo nor'rt{HKa' a Kp'bfqenpeAcraB'rlnBa
1'ATA

ill#""ffi."1''iito"r'araia AbPBCTA' NP'bCHATI'I I{3 TIO"IflHKATA" CA TI'bHqCTA OT I'I3CEqEHII

rF u1..,, # '$,,,,,,,

"

W

*u - ;",' ;;;;;;;" HaB& ta3Becrno BpeMe' Maiiuyut<t't-1 " ' '. 'r#:::i:"":'::i""TJ;:fifl: out*n"' gt"qK' ce ocnyurear'Hn"*"liu,

\; '"

Ha cI'IrHarIa ce

MH-

ffiufr W.' u r.: :
cn.

nui' n" ce [oKa3Ba Ha IIoJIflHKarat e' o tY* nt t:--"{:.i' fcso B Apyra " u"-- *utUtt e rp'bfHa/I

A'bpBo e rpar Ha roJlfiHKara' l'unrnacrnqe.*"rn a"no e BIicoKo 3a JioBeU' HflKoJIKo Aeqa 3a (,).r. rpynaTa .a uro"pu eAFio Aere aafiqera' flo AaAeH cI4rHaJI Karepl4rlIloAr(ilrepuqKu' u o,'nno'[nre'ia IloJIgHKara' Karepltuxnre BeceJIo Icrl'e n 3atiqe:rara H3d'Ii43ar Htl a 3atiqerara rcpr,rue^ n xp'ue), qyBa I43' c*ilqar or n.bHqe no"n"iiu. (or nu' IIoJlflHKara' }4sgeAnlx ce ce ror'r(ilqar I'{3 3eJleHara 'ptuu KarepllqKl'rre
r(ilrepBar no a"pooto--(rl'ruHacrnit^:-F3. '1t'onutra11)-^!54

a3' fiocoKa' }KneorHl.re 'or'oBo 3aI'I BeceJIo ;"'u' nu rIoJIflHKara au roAcKaqar--Hs Hes'or-

:,:;il;'#d;;;: )Id;;;';; i"'n""'uar' a eal1qerara ce crsn6a)'
;i;ifi';t;il.n'' npt'
:trut xpacrl'ir., ('r(puBar 3aA

xpacrn"t ""pit*

;tu"^t nouo

b6

""tt
t2B

t"inuJl' ttptl xoftro * saftqetara ce

uafttvtytlcKpI-IBar

u noKaxe caMl,flr d'IoBeu' flpn "u''pni*I4re nolo, .qoKaro nu "ttli"n'iu'u ce
u llolurrrslr urpl c usnpats"

crotrr c*pl4rn ora nac'Pe'rnre saiiqerara u1a1-11 Bce ro-Bl4coxo ua Aa'Pce
no-

roea ce .ryBa llropu'

l{il3BaHeHa/IoBeIIaKa'TepI{qKI{Te3acTaBaTHeII0ABI.])KI{IiKan,{eCTaTa

xaparrep

129

.,- --:-:,

-r.';-; .'.*..' ' -''-' "'-''-9'*'5&*-"**m*!*d*{diE4ti*f*

**-

I

ti

Ao xpacTltTe H OIqe no' cH, a 3afrqeTaTa ce [pLIT].rcKaT II0-nJI"bTH-o. o6p's11a 1o:1.:.1^*"* ;;;;;ur. nou.trir florJIe)I{Aa :-_oj:nYtu' I'I ce cKpI{Ba' Karepnuxure It 3al'lqeraTa A',bpBeraTa' npeKocqtsa 3a[oqBaT '4a rloAcKaqaT BeceJIo orHOBg 1.13,'II{3ar Ha no'/IflHl{ara i{

#!.
*t

ry6H rop6iau.I11:uont ta3BbH rplra' nilAHar B Hero. !.ere:ro, uunro rop-6uurnre t-l ce Hape]K'n'ar attluta eseonar 'r'oqr{a. Cnea cJIeA Korro re 3anptt'i ()'fr.ro'o oKOJIo "ouu dyua cc HoBa-^Me'rroAl4flr o6parua rocoKa I'{ r' H'

lloLrBar Aa
11

crsn6a'ra H'.II{ Kaffil"BI'IJl a. LlilraqBa'ero 14 cdrll'{saHero ilo C ertnH I(paK Ha CTBIIBaT Tepyml{aTa cTaBa' KaTO I{arepllqKflTe
BCflKa ilp'brlKa'

ce Au"*tu""ono'ro Kp6fa s ycnmr-'11:"tp^"r B Kpl'fa' l"lo6eAIatenn .u T.tt', nonro ce ABlIxar i'{ xBt'p'[flr

Aa o a s I'r Jr a. /leuara npecraBar r(aBaHe Ha cI{[HaJ'l' 6ltqxure np'r4 c:--cna3Ba paBHo pa3croflHne V x a a aHLr tr. I IpI4 ABIIx{eEIiero ce xB'bpJI'r

rop-

npunu,- u-aufioaruro KaTepeHe Ha 3a KHTe ce olpeAeJlfl oT ycJIOBIifira -ce ,eAHoBpeMeHHo crl'Ipar'.-oc/Iy-

H3 noJlsuKara Ha ABe V x a s a H v tr. KarepllqKllrc no/{cKaqar tti 3aeirlKo IIoACKaqaHe' Bponr Ha Karepl{qadqa. I-tpll

rop6uurzre Ha iil^11" no Kor4ro ce pa3*tqaBar' Mclr(.'y 4euara. npni-no"'tupfllre ulutl*'

I'fi#t#il"*u' Topo""*'''* "**t Bynp"*n"'ui"- n"tpnontto
L4rpara

;;;;;

ntctperl KarepH{IKI4re "ce*' '(6apa6aHue uBaTceHIraK3a[IoqtsaTAaceKaTepxr'Hscrpe'r"brceA'aBaqpe3 H Ap')' I4rpara ce roBrapn y.4ap B HnKaK'bB np*att" l{HrepecHa' al{o Ha c HoBH KarepllqKl'Llooutu' To ttana MHOIO ce AaAe rIyIXKa' a lta '/IOBeIIa ce ilocTaBqT OIIaLIIKI'I'
KaTepI4qKI'tre

r<prr, cr'o6puurr.nnoi',
I,1

yte""e T snp aBATtntn'tnt*eHT

-IleJI' t^ou:n yAap' pa3BI'IBa oKoMepa' e ABI'Ix{eHI'Iero B Kpt'f c rop-

paB*oBecv

e' xoAeHe

B

6ttqra Ha tJaBa'

" aed I{PaKa c nPLIAB}t)KBaHe' Ha l4znpatsLIra,.-an eJIeMeur' 3aeurroro
TepeHero ca HSnpaBlITe JIHI4 yllpax{HeHl',Itt'

t;;d;;;

Vlrpata Aonpl{Hacr

3a pa3tsHllaHe Ha BHEMaHne' clo6pasl4Te'/IHocr

llenn ce B

Hoca

i.uutu

ce yrpax(HnBar B KarepeHe t{ noAcKaqa*e
no'4cKaqaHe

Ir

Ka-

14rP14 C XBt'PJIgHE 14 JI0EEHE
qaHe h3IIpaBrlTeJrHI,rr e,'IeMeHT

Ilpv rean urpu

noAo6uo

ua

I4fpHTe cr'c cKaqaHe H rloAcKace oc'brqecrBflBa qpeS 3acTbIIBaHero

Irlrpae ce Ha orKpl'Iro B 3I'lMI'li'l ce MopKoB-Ba Hoc. ,Il,euara ca Hapecuerxeu qoBe*. noaruoo- My flpeA xpaxara t tupO"un"-Ha r'ra-sara' Ha'pa3crofluze HaFBcflKo ,r1eHH B [o!'IyKp'bi 1'5-*2 u flpt't curgan uMa IIo ABe cHexIlH t"tit*'' clc c"ex"u rorIKI'I n prsue' To or cHex{HI'Ig qoBex 3acraBa 'a'eie ce ilpI4IIeJIBa B Hero nocJIeAoBareJIHo rpa6na ra cBaJtA noJu-,- nu'o HaHoBo ro flocraBfi I{ orc'I]nBa c JIflBa t4 rsc*a p.o; Areo y-cnee' fipo'u'lbJlx(aBa' AoKaro BCI'IqKI4 "l4tpata Mrrcroro cI{ Ha Apy;; aere' tloBeK' 3ilMeDgT HOCa Ha cHex(HHH 2uc $rzrypara or pa3cro'Hne ,,t,,ani p'bt{a

Auu' Ha nrotlraArara ce npaBll

nu putnobopa3'l'I

l43npalll4reJlH[1 ynpa]K]leufl'

XelP.nt'l B Kp'bra

spyr. B'brp.tn,"" nptt t't tiy:l:-l Ha rJIaBa' PagcrOqHl4ero t IIBe'rHI4 tOp6Uuxl'r OKOJIO BGHtuHI'Itl npt'^ ru' -rloa-rarra Ha xapMoHHKa AeIIara -nptta Me)KAy o"utu *poii'e-2 t12 Hfl -- HarpuMep BAflcHo' flpll cnHpaHe ce A,Br4xar onoro K'bM BBTpe''o_6pr'utat ce c suaruuui Ha MrrcTO, 2 M" Aeuara
3acralrar

LIa nnouaA,Kara

ce

Il HarlepraBar ABa Kp'bfa' BMecreHI{ eAhH

tioagrnu. n.uo,;";;t;p*t u 1,5 -Y c '/ttltsa p'bl(a' ce HarlepraBar ycnopeAHH '4Be Vxas aluu' nu nnootu/t*uturIoBeK' Ha rqx 3acraBar AeIIara' ,nvttvl4 ua 1,5 I't 2 tt or cHexHi{fl cHeMar rop6nurara n s [pe'4aBar llpeau Aa ce npl4Atll'1)KBar' Tea B3eMar,- B ptlre cHexul"lre ronKl' ,lli 4pyrapuerara cla .u,o rflx' cHe)KHIl $nrypu L eAHoBpeMeHHo Morar 4u .. nunpou"' IloBeqe c-rop6uuxa Ha rJlatsa ce pe/til l4rpaflr uo*nnt*o"ltuu--C'otntro3a aa ce crsc croellero 6uJ topo'uxa'
/tyrla
(:'f'l,nBaHe Ha YMOPa' rae6erue

6lpsoro

ua-

BbB BeprI'{KaJIHa IIeJI' l4rpara ynpu*n"uu xBbp"IfiHero ecroen'ero c rop6nweaHafJla' I'1 anp aBare'relr e'n-emeHT

cnr'a,la ,e Hocrra Ha Kp'bfa

"IHLie "? t*t^t ttjp6uuxara or fd'IaBara ct{' Hos c}rr' rop6uuxl4re KGM B'brpelxil;';,;";dnil et'un' A'eua xB'bpnrr cTpeMflT c'bulHTe Aa no' ce ttlzf Kpbf a a"tnu'u clt p'bKa' raro

lrilTa.

130

131

-.s;?qr#

Kofi ue YJIYqn saftqero TpIr Mecra cJgflT.a ce rocraBflr Ha Ha eAsa or creHllre Ha Ha 4 n'r r'arleq or creHara' ycnoHapHcyBaHlI Qnrypr'r ff;"ii;;' B peAl{qa' Ha ecsKo ce AaBa peAgo Ha Heg' at out'po"Bar Aeuara oliltuarasacra'ar Ha il3xo'4'' no e.nna top6uuxa' tip;";;;-in* cI4 rI ce ornpaBtr
Hara IiHHI{s,

olrBereHa roflKa' 'patsHoBecuo VKas aHfifl. Bcsro Aere I{Ma pa3rllrlHo i4 xB'r'prlflHe s tl€r' l4rpara ynpu*ntou- R --19lt"t Ha BHI.IMaHI'Ie' clo6pasureJlHocr Ct,Aelicrsyea 3a B'b3nl4"asane

14

t"tl;:l

pa'wrerleH erleMeHr e xo'eHero c pa3rll{qHo

ro"'Io-

xeHl{e Ha pbqere.
Jtroeut{ I'I 3afiuu

Ha TIoJIoBI'IH xrll Qnrypltte. Karo tt-'o'auntour3aMax ce [pLlI]eJIBar B Hapl4cy' I,I cbc Aeuara cHeMar 'opo*u*"" ycnee na-ylvqu Kaprl4HKara' reqeJll'I Aeua BaHHre aarlqeta. , o",'^*onio 'upvra rpofir<a roqKa. cneA rosa d;';;;;;" -t-" T:ld" rosa IzHAI4BI{AyaJIHI'ITe BcHqKLI' Cnen' I,I T. H.r AoKaro np"*""u' tr'Irpara npoAGJIxaBa' Aocbcre3aBar noMell(Ay cl'l' ce no n'bpBeHlrl, ce iaouo ea*6 Aete' flosraps Karo n'bpBe".o u "i"uiu oiiu"t KbM $zrvpnre r't rp'brBar

n".'uuoi";"ft;t*ti-

11^

y:u*te Merbp or creHara'

"o'ff;:""

eAHoBpeMeHHo

ca i'u vraa a'-r4n" d;"il;; Ha Aeuara' rlaunpar ce Ha pa3croxune 'lfiu"tutu noJroBI'IH Merbp uaa pCcra *ofr"rp8"?r.ffiilil; XO.ffi'" B xB6prrnHe, na3eHe Ha paBHoBefl{e' *'t13."";:T;.J.i Ji"lofl'* . e xo.neHero c rop6uuxa na

li l.u"i:ffifl' c rop6nuxnre' :{}::P'*'"Ho rI4 aauepnai

i I fi i T?:.3^ gaiiqerai:a' ycneJII'I Aa &,' noBeqe k nogqnre, KoIlTo yJlyqar l4fpara' 3al4qera n ", l./IaBaTa. { ce aunuusr Ao I(Par Ha cu' Ton' F floasuna. Jlosul4re xBr'prqr. ronKure or Mgcroro gailqerara' ,r' ,<utu te ---^'o p knaKara fla i' --^.-^'t^^- xB'bpJlfl B KpaKara na 3al'Iqerara' Ha rorKnre aafr'{erara B Koilrqero Vrcas un^i' tntA ut"*o xB'bp/Igne t43ilfl3ar I'I3B'H rpa*I,' XnlPnu ,d ce crpen4nr ra 1 aa puioo*ut "t'pun", Karo Ha' nrlolra'n'*ulu :: B cpeaara nu '' *Hre#;";'n.oou,uo,l#u,'t.'t'-ou-::' :,1pT:--:-:?1"?,*:i":ilJ; ^::ttAffi#"t"1t ot .tuilXi"fln, Ha orBopa' L/ o "*" ; ;;il;;;'' t n' o 6ourana'n ro,'ItlMa rrlupuHa ;fi Ha p'bl(ara ce Bp63Ba " -.:.1 .: ":: :,:' i J,', # 51 J'J H" uc"*o r'ere ce roBrapn c eAHIa ll-t'brqu ce HaqepraBa ff;; 1^.1t""'
^

oKaqeHI' Ha BI'rcoqLHa

Ha ensara it crpaHa ce Ha nnoula.u,Kara ce oqepraBa nor'tflHKa' croJlqera' Toea ca A'bpBera" Hapexr,ar nu tanu'p*allut'HtKo-11o ocrauannre enl'rn 3ar scsro A'bpBo (iro"ue) u":lu:3..T.: B ptffara cu rolra' flo "IoBeIl' JIoBeIr A'bp)I{!I .u,eqa ca saftqera.- btt*' Ha rlo' ttt SaeuiKO IIOICKaqaue I43JIH3ar ce ilpfl.ltaAeH cnrHaJI uu"ut"u'u cKaqar I{3 Hes' UIotr'I xaro JIflHKara r,r Bece,{o 3anoqBar Aa HgBHKRat "6yvt" 14 XBTrp'ryrT 6nnxar nt* n"uu""er nocJIeAHHTe^;;-t;ce paa6xrear' Karo Ha no'IlnHKara oc''

;ffi;;

aeua)' 'Ilosul4re raBar caMo paHeH'u" iyaupu"'i:,:-^:o^n*u eafiuero' Koero e paHI4'T' Karo fo ua nonsn Kara vr eceKr"sse*a Ha paieurare 'f:.::3 ocra'g uua lr-puoio. CneA orcrpa'tlBaHecu' a ocraHalrvre 34fi' [o-Ie^cr:ra JroBurire HaHoBo .a-uplurut no6eAurena ce ooqBflBar qera oruoBo vt3JTvsar Ha ro"lflHr

suidttuiu

I'{3III4Sar

ce AaRa ToI]'(a c olipeAe'Ile'a ilo e.[Ha uBerHa n*ottnno I{ My Aeuara xoAtrr n3 uaDKa llrt'I uBqr' "ff"youp"e'Ha-!191!aHue curuan re sacraflptl Ha p'bu'ere' crasra c pa3'tlirlHo n&d*tn"t Kptfa" I'I Aeuara tt '4aBa un*a"Ha BcI'ItIKn Bar Ha Mgcro' -cllrriar 'o"u "xB'bprr" BacraBar o*orlo "^utpii'i"""-frt' Igi..cl{rHarlTeeN' uilxro TOnKa e-KOillqero' nocJIeAOBarar"o *""fn"'--'ooiutu ry6nr urpara" no6ta"en'l' ocraHanure I'r orHoBo ro'4' [onaAHe *otua'o,"ca cH

ll2 *t

II

rriitqera. Vlrpa'ra npit t*o"u Ha cJle,u, Koero .a a*tn"''OTHOBO CC B(flIOI{BAT

:,

paneHure JIoBIrHre ""-111--1^ 3alqera

^

B Vlrpara ynpu*n"uu

HTPATA'

$a pa3BI.{BaHe

Ha

npeqeHKa

qe"'r' !'onpunacx -norBI4)I(Ha H yMeHI{e 3a roqeH "d"po""tto 3a pa3croflHfie
B

" cnen tosa 'ueuara ;;;J;?"frt"" i999""K're crasra' OrHoeo cJIeABar cl{rnavnapilre Ha 6apaOatrut "o4""'I43 npeueHxa Ha yql{reJlxara' irur6 r'l r. u. flosrap" tt no c pa3Jiuaiuo no/Iox(eulre Ha p'buere ll p a n u r a' Aeuara xoAsT rorKure B oupu6auueto' a xB'bprlfir u3 cra'ra noo youfri'J nJ *otueto npu AaBaI{e Ha cI4rHaJIa'
132

JI M e u r' 3aeurroro noAcHaqaHe Itfi 3npaB 14r e,te H eH e fp'b'q*ara MycKyrlarypa' ?-;;;;;;; rpr6uara

rpeHl'Ipa

133

Kofi no-s/coro

(na'rleue)

Ba')Kera' B eAnsns rpati ua cratlra ua crofircu ce on'bBar ABe 1 lt' Ha or 3eMlrar a Apyroro ua Enuoro e Ha pa3cro sttu'e 2 M B pe'4,Ira no elHH aeuara" rt'r or rnx 'flot"uuqt ;;;;;;";" ..3 np**upuu- ce Hap€)KAar te no 6 rop6NurIz' IIpn 'o'n""' flpe4 tax s'3eMa-r rop,6Huxure' nocur'aJr Ha Jrr{Hr.rf,ra ,uituuu" 6 Aeua" Te craBflTrI'IHarflaBaracAWrp'bfBarx'll'tcrofixara'KarocrI'IfHaT

oTlIBa Ao HaqaJloro Ha KoJIoHara, 3acraBa Hafi-ornpe4 H 3anoqBa /(il fl npeAaBa ,I{a Aeuara 3a4 Hero. llo6eAnTedrl e Ko,lloHarar B Kofl' 1'o rorrKara uaii-pauo Aocrl{fa Kpaq Ha KoJIoHI4re. Vlrpata ce npeK'bcBa rlo npeqeHKa Ha yqnreJlKara' B a p n a u r. Leqara ce pa3Ae,rlfir Ha ABe rpynu, KoI'Iro ce no('l'poflBar B ABe Ko,'IoHLI tto ABaMa. Ko"ttouure 3acraBar yc[opeAHo

('/tua Ha Apyra Ha pa3crosHue

ua2tttorHeflrrHcHeMarI'Ica'c3aMaxrl4xB'bpJIflTBorpaAeHoro TesLI', KOI'ITO ycneflr' ca I1onpocrpaHcrBo Mex,u,y ABere B'b)Kera" rop6uuxnre' rocraBgr flt Ha 6eAurenn. (,drle/, TOBa .qtuutu B3eMar paecioxHnero or crofirara '4'o rJraBara cH I'I I'l3MHHi"i---o6pat"o rp'brqa HoBa rpyra lelra n t' l:^* *;;;il- i^"" . cneA roei Ha rnasara Aeuara crr.rrar Ao cror'{' ""^;i;;;;;;:-b rop6nuxa rure l'r ce 3aBpltqar o6Partlo' "",.y;*u"r". Bpoar'Ha .{,eqara B rpyflI{re Mox{e Aa-ce-yBe' a TaKa c.bIIIo ,n pa3CToflHI4eTo oT ,4euaTa
JIHqaBa I,IJII,I HaMaJlfltsa,

Ao ctofixnre. I4rPara YltpaxusBa
BecHe.
I,1

xB'LPJIxHero
e
"II

B1,B BePTI'IKa/IHa IIeJI, PaBHO'

enP aBur

e JI e

H

eMeH

r e xoAeHero c roP6nura nlP-

cc o6pasyna KoplrAop. Aeqara or eAHara crpaHa Ha Kopa,4opa ce o6prrqar KpbfoM. Tara ABe or Koi'IoHI{Te ca o6lpuau'I B eAHa uocor(a, a ApyrHre B npoTHBOnO,rIO)KHa. flpeq aee or Ko,rIoHI,Ire ce flocraBflr tto 4Be rorIKH' flpu czr' ultJr n'bpBI4Te Aer{a B3eMar e4Hara roflKa h SanoqBaT Aa s [pe/tilBrr Ha c,TeABaIrU.ITe no HaqLIH, onucan B r,Bere l{rpn. Koraro l'Orr{aTa cTIIfHe AO Cpe4aTa Ha Ko,rIoHaTa, no c:blllHtl HaqIzH 3anoq' rt:l Aa ce npeAaBa Bropara rorlKa. Ll{ont ntpnara rolKa crl{rue Ao rrocJreAHoTo Aere Ha Ko/loHaTa, To fl npeAaBa Ha n1,pBoro oT clb' cc/IHara Ko,{oHa i4 ce IIoAforBq Aa rloeMa Bropara ronKa. .Il,erero or cbceAHaTa Ko,lloHa, iloe'Io TonKaTa, g npeAaBa Ha3aA no no3larzfl Beqe HaqLIH. Koraro ronl{ara crl4rHe Ao rloc./Ie4Horo Aere

t(o./roHa li3,'rH3ar eAHa l{paqKa BCTpaHH, TaKa r{e B'bB BCflI{a

2

rtt'.

I-lpn curua,r ,4elrara

or

BcflKa

KOJIOHa

xy

uIaBaTa Ha Aeuara'

lir,

or

Ta3H KO,'rOHa, TrI HaHOBO Ce npeAaBa Ha Hfpaqa, 3arIoqHaJI l{fpar<or7ro lpoA:bd'rxaBa Aa tr npeAaBa HararbK I{ T. H. Tara Asere 1'OilKrr [OCJreAOBare./IHO rIpeMI{HaBar npe3 Aeqara oT ABeTe KOJIOHH

lr olr{cBar r{pr,foBe HaA Tflx" Irlrpara ce
YIIIITCJIKATA.

[peK'LcBa IIo npeqeHKa Ha

lltrYnaua Tonra
,il.euara ce nocrpotlsar '48Q, tAnu p'bxa pa3crorHl4e' 6poii. 3acraBar R pa3KparleH croelK 11* ronl{a' flpt'I cnrnan re nofh.pnure .u,eua or ,to'on"e A:bpx{ar HaKJIoHflBar ce d'IeKo HaSar' v''rr B.4urar rollKara HaA r/IaBara ct' C'reAnau{ure s noeMar II fl npenpe,4aBar Ha I4rpaql4re uia to"' AaBar no cbu{Iatl

e

TpI{' qerupfl KoJIoHH c

eAHaK'bB

Ilpanu,la. Tonrata sanoqBa Aa ce npeAaBa eAHoBpeMeHHo II'I}II BCHqKA KOJIOHII. CJICA KOCTO KO''IOHI]TC HE CC H3qAKBAT"
Vxas aH14fl. Tonxara
MC/II4UI,IHCKA TONKA.

e JIeKa c'bc cpeAHLr pa3Meptl LI/t[

e

MaJIKa

ilt1,4 fdrlaBa,

noc'neAoBare"Iuo ce npe' [oc'{eAHOTO Aere or KOiIOHara' AaBa ronKara' ,4,Ol{aro crHrHe Ao BCI{qKI4 ce o6plqar e

nou'n nut"t*' Tara

,[,ana ce cplrHad'Ia ,,"ioio*';,- fr" -ioAo, noc'IIeAoBareJIHo Aa ce npeo6parHa nocoKa ion*u'u'aano'{sa " B Aerero' Koero n'bpBo e 3anoqnaBa, AOKaro ce B'bpHe OTHOBO no-HanpeA

I,lrpara y[paxHsBa ,4euara B ,'IoBeHe H npeAaBane Ha rorlxara B cp'br{HocT, BHIIMaHI1Ie 14 cT,oopa3I4Te,'IHoCT, tr4enpaBvre./reH e./IeMenr. llpe4aBaHero Ha rorlKara HaA l,rrllrlara Ha3aA noAo6pnna no4nu)Kl,tocrra Ha rpr6uauHlzq crtn6. Arro ro ce r{3B'bpruBa c MaJrKa MeALtilHHcKa rorlKa, TpeHLIpa paMenrlnir, rpr6uara b. rp"r>lHara MycKyd'Iarypa.

;#; ffi;;;:

ronkara noo.art.n e KorloHara' B Kosro Ha yql,rerlKara' e ce noBraps ro npeueHKa ;;';";;;;..'t'l.pu,u B HflKoJIKo paBHIr no p n a H r. Aeqara cc nocrposBar Ba "nJn"o"". nlpeure or l{o3u.tuuu" B pa3KpaqeH croex' Ha opoti -tano rorll{Hre 3arloqBar ionni" flpn curuan JroHI4re ce ,qaBa no KonocJre.qoBaredllHo no HaqI4Ha' noto1e^{-:9.-r^oP^1' Aa ce npeAaBar Aeret To f B3eMa H c ofraHe TonKara cTnlHe 40 nocJIeAHOTO
raTo
134

CHonqua ronKa /Ieqara ce pa3Ae/Iflr Ha MaJIKrr rpynn c paBeH 6pofi Aeua, ti()ilTo ce nocrpofBaT B Ko,'IoHa rlo e4rau. 3acraBar B pa3Kpaqeu l'l'ocx( Ha pa3CTOsHLIe eAHa p-rxa. Ha BCsKa KOJTOHa Ce AaBa rro t'/{rrir ronra. llo cHrHa,rI n'bpBHTe or BC.flKa KO,IIOHa 3a[Or]BaT ,44
135

u.ltu noAaBaT ToIIKara orJltlBo

]ra Aelrara 3aA Ttlx' CneAsa'['tlcgo crpa*a nptauuu" :-o^-:u:uttn or Apyfara ilrl4re, Karo tl not*u''l Ha KoJIoHara' npeAaBaHero 'n**u' Ao Kpafl r4 r. H. Koraro 'on*ulu-tiifse Tax-1 rs sao6urarr BcsKo Aere 'I4 ra crasa o o6parua B Kosro rorKara HaH' B oo n'puoiJ';;t;: I(o;touara' crnra or'oBo ce o6nesga 3a n'bpBe*eu ce saBbp'e tifi";;p;;;o o*t' 6rpeo craBa B vfpaTA. Ha ronKI4Te B KoJroHI4re B I{ JI a' I lpeAaBaHero pa

}i3llcp[IBar xo,/(ri,nara um. ,Ilero HaTHCI{ar B'bpxy rffx 14 3a Aa He [3[ycHar roliKara' /(tlt4x(eHHfl C Mad'IKa aMrlJII'tryAa' " ir p a B LI JI a' Bcsrco Aere xBbpJIq no AB€ TonKI4 e'4Hara c I'I eAHa c JItIBara - or p'bKa or rlo-crAar'IeqeHara /'I[HHa
BaJlfltul{ 7(,,c:*,ai'a
t
r

" o-6.[[aKara .TII,IHL{g. Vnuaunus. foneul'rHara

,",.-r r.rltl _n.,ffi VxaaaH!ttl' ll
Ha BctrKo 4."' Kr{re 3a B.I'IqKI''

fl

lffi*lr * J#'?T ffi#.T:#:ffi plrca' Ton' puuJ'o""n"t6 tt*aY"'tpul*it e
I
-

ce yBeJII{qaBa Iz"Iu o1' Ta3I,I Ha orBopa. Pascroqutlero '4o MI'l[IeHHTe Ha I{fpaerui4re' AerilMil,/IflBa B 3aBI'ICHMocr or Bb3MoxHocrl{Te o6paruo 6ocu unv' tlo qopanfl' fl.rlf ir ce ABl,trlrar Ao MuIileHI4Te n crpaHa Ha xotrttlureuure orl]Bar' I{?To clbllBar Ha BbHUIHara

Ha ToIIKIlre

e ABa II'brH rIo-Ma"IKa

/[o
i 1e

/ln,/rilra cI{'
llc.

a ce 3aBp'bular o6paruo

Ha Mqcro

c

o6t{xuoeeHo xo-

eAHa

tpft;^^6"68a

Aa

6utit

c

eAHaKBa roreMl{Ha

14

roqHo Mepeue' tr4rpara yflpaxHqBa Aellara B xBbp"IrHe Il ue'rl I4 I'r3rpax(Aa npeu'eHl{ara 3a I',rluuJa ato6putrtar'IHocr' IlHI4l\laHl're'
l)i[]croflHIte.

Ha ronKa' Texecr' B /IoBeHe I4 npeAaBaHe Ha ronKara ,[.euara ce ynpa]KHsBar Ea 14snpaBI'Irt"t" eJIeMeHr''flpe4aeaHero lI AflcHo noadop"na ro'll'Bltx(HocrTa BcrpaHI4 vr Ha3ar,,.o'n"uo Ha rpyna' MycKy'rarypara rpr6uaunnn cT.brlo ;';t*"p'

I{oplzf uPau{ erIeMeHr' XoAesero HiI B'bHIuHara crpaua Ha ilil xoALl,'IOrO' rpeHHpa N{ycKyililTypara' IIOAA:bpxailla cBoIa neTo .Dbpxy TolKa' ilocTaBeHa II0A cBo'44' xo,/{H,',IOTO, a crt,nut
or{il:lBa Kopl'lrupaqo B'b3AeI{crul4e'

HaxPann naJlflqo ca I{apeAeHI{ Ha eAHa nlea ca ceAHaJII4 Ha croJlqera'l{ol4To Aeqara ut"no ot"'t--nottu"tnu J9;r1a' apyrn peAr.iua. rrp.a npunu'u nu Hefl Ha 3 u 3 1/2 u n'n""' u o' tarpauure tt nuutfiu=uu ill X y T ;;!:" F^"^:.6.ltfiX" 1 Ha ?J'#JS, "?, "'"Xt ce IIocTaBf 'J cut Muureuure ce npl,KpenBar KBaApar t puuttp"'"';b't;^;^--dO Ha Aeqara' Br'pxy MI4[ieHI4r'e Ha nor'teAa xtin crofrxn t u"ttu*u nunouo t o'uJpJnu ycra (iaspn:aH ornop) e Hapucy'anu 'noil'-"u I-Ipu t"'"ui rpu or Aeuara 3acraBar ono""o*ZO--tiu'

14

IP14, KO14TO TPEH14PAT MYCKYJIATYPATA' IIO.II.A'[,P}KAUIA CEOAA HA XOA14JIOTO

;;;",,

" ;*tt,H;

'l'e lluar MHofo fo,'ItIMo 3HaqeHlle rtpu Koplir[paHe [r-IocKo("t

'trtrr,rero

y

ll.cliara.

c

HaJtu*rn,,a"tJ'npuuflrK'bMMI'{neHIlTe"KaroclbnBarHaB-bHlrI' t"' Bt"*o l"p*' B p'bue no ABe reHltcHara crpa*a nu ""ooi'ii* rl'bpBara 'nin^'' 'Il'euara 3acraBar Ha ronKr,r. Karo a"riiut Ao a"t"a p'bKa eAHa or ronBToMscro Ha unrlo t;;;*d " "+p-fi"'c CneA rona npoAl'rxaBar--KtM Klire B ycrara nu"'nun"uo'o'H o-1Y *atpnot c flrBa plKa Apy' HaqI4H B orBopa' r' e" Dara .rr4'ufl' no tJ*'n ycnee- Aa-Bliapa ion*'n"t iara ronxa' rou'lloii'o ie o6"eq-sa Ja 'no6eaure"r' cnea roBa Aa HaxpaH[ nuntuJ'o'" ttt"u'u * t oO"nHoBeHo xoAeue' C'le'q' nu B3eMaT yqacrl'Ie Aeuara .t u"upt*u'Apyrl{ ,. n', AoKaro Trrx K,bM MI4ureHr{Te rp'bfBar " Ha- croJlqera I{ BCI,IqKI{' riaKalul4re-- o:lu tu ceAHaru cluloro BpeMe B 't"on*'' Kolrro tu noJ'u"*HI4 Toq'o noA cBoAa Ha B'bpxy crbnBar
136

Al4aMerbp

Or Kam's'{e Ha KaM'bqe Ha tlir r.xoulaAl{ilril ce HaqepraBar ABe ycnopeAllH.-JIHHI4H pexa' lpyle Aerla Tona e MaJIK-a 1,,,',.i.r"*".3 t.auu or 4pyt:a.aa 4a ce npn6epar y 4ona' flperl)'t(irla Aa ilpeMljHar npe3 uen, cratsit lro mecT KaM'bqera' pa3noJloxeHH rrrtil ilniill€To npes pexaia
,rrr

jirr.oo6paaHo us peKera. ,Il,euara [peMIIHaBelr eIHO C.neA Apyro' KaM'bLIera' Te sHH[4aear r,;r'l o (:TGrlBar rloc,'Ie.4oBare,'IHo Ha BCI'{qKIl or rt{x I',I Aa cl'I HaMOKpflr KpeKara' itir il(' ce [oAXd'I'b3Har KpaK. iipraurz.ta. Leuara cr.brrBar Ha BCaKO Kar,li'rrlie c eAr4H MHOro i.l3llo,'Ieynar rop6llqKl'1' v r< a g a tr 14 q. 5a KaM,bqeTa ce c'brt,,ii1lt: rrantJIHeHH (lrsayru) c ''tlc:bK, lod'IeMI'I I{od'IKoro AercKo qopaIIH, I{aro A'bp}lia'r o6yntcnre IIo rflx no
rur,,ro.

Jleqaril clbnBar

ltl llr,(nl)(ttrr llt

ptr c H:lllp. xrpaKTep

t37

cr.I

B p'bxa.

Top6uui<lme

ca Ha pa3crosnl4e

o6nruoeeno Ha

eAHa

flpu noacxuuuntlo-,.:Yii :Y::#'"iollfl?#: r{,,J"'T'1;ili6;;';Ai^ry:r":':^'"TX1n""iJ1X",i""."J,iT#ff Ha eAI4H KpaK' paB'oV K a s a H I{ n.

A,ercKa KpaqKa.

Ha paBHoBecne rpn ABHVlrpara ynpilKHaBa . clo6paSl{reJrHocr t4 BHUMaHI'Ie' )KeHIle. !,onpIlHacx,u putu"uunerta npe4KopuruPlur .-n"t t" Hr' CrlnsaHero elpxy eao6nenu cBoAa MycKyJlarypara' Korro noAA'bpxa rpeuNpa

Aeuara u nu1l1t

rem liopouuru)
HA
CT'bIIAJIOTO.

4'i4*.:X'Kaqa'e t{e' cp'bqHULr r clo6Paeul:t"3: n..".,' cPlunocr u LDvvvq"^"". noaa"aqagero Ha e/lI4H KpaK Tpe'Xl|;#fip"J#ffi KopurHpaul e"tI ^ ^Dnrq Hc cra,naJloro. ;iJn;;itvilt; "oAAbpxaqa cBoAa Ha c'bllarloro' ""p;
BHnnnasaft

Koft saxlcnqea
rocraBflT rop6nuxn c Irls craqra Ha nola pa3rlpt'cHaro ce Ha xapMo'r.rwa 6srar TaKTa [r{cr,K. oxo.no rflx Ha np.bcr' rroA ce crpeMH Aa cnnpane Ha xapMoHI'IKara BcflKo Aere Aeuara. [lpn c ptu: BcrpaHH' Karo 3ana3l4 sacraHe B'bpxy HrKofl rop6lluxa sanazi panuonecne' ry6u paBHoBeclae. Tosz, roiiro He ycnee Aa 't uil l'o lr a H r. [loA raxra Ha xapMo'I'trara Aeqara 6srar Ha np6crl4 3acraBa c 'u'Ba KpaKa Ha onofo "toporunrt.- flpz cnfipaHe BcqKg ;;;;-ot irx' Tona, xoero 3aK'bcHee' il9.1-1lpT3;"." 6nrar, nPu i"tp;"una. tTor' raKra H-a 1.1lY::i:il3-itu"'u

.""irl{ :I *:*"*:i:i"'ff;HT."x#13l-x"ii' ropuh'rK"'l'^-':yrop' Ha Vnua aHr4tr.Aerero cr:bnBa c ABa KpaKa c flflc'bK' I ofleMl"l od'IeMI4 (zglvru) "opo,orara
-^Raa u4nanHerrt{ (us'uvru) 6nqrnre ca Mgofo aoSpe Harl't'JIHeHI'I 6ocu Ha na'F^vn ('T'T-T1r.7Io- Aeqara 3acraBar Ha rop6nuxa"ra ca Kod'Il{oro ,u,ercKo crltra'lo' Ilenaraeac'nuit
H,'rH

Aa He ce HaMoKPHlx cpeaara n reqe peKa' uupoKa fhoulaAxara e ro'rlflHKa' flpee ropuurca' B Korro uMa rfo'u'H' -Jla i] rvr. orerA peKara ;;;;;;; orllAeJ-Karo ce npeMllHe npe3 peKara ce "y6a"' tl ropilurara Molxe oi* *tt"'' Ha 6pera Ha peKara Aeqara Hauo 6poA, HanpaBeH rop6nuru' Ha*brIHeHH c :: l9: M,par rpl4 nu*tno"iauuut "t r<au'r'unre' [ocraBr ABa B'bR Bouucrx). EAHo or otufiu B3eMa rper.fl KaMr'K rI cfieA /{ara H c'bnBa u"piv- rqx' ce :o-"^1.,nottuBfl oceo6oAeHllfl KaM'bK l-lpt5tt"a clbflBa B'tpxy ".tu"d6ptqa Hero' n-ax ce o6plqa' npeMecrBa 'cisnea Bl'pxy Hefo n r' H'' AoKaro upeA ce6e a", t"nu*'utp"y ,,1pyrun ceo6oAeH Ka[4:bK' peKara' CniA xaro MHHe peKara' rpecrr4rHe Ao Apyfllfl dff.Ja nu Aeqara Ha Apyrl,fl 6par (aaea x''bp,{t KaM'bHI'Ire "o"tn no-ti"" B3eMar or Apyfo Aere' Koero no ;;"ffi6ilir.;.- xut"n"tt ce peKara' Tara fioc"Ie'4'oBare'xno fI'I nftoott'"u npe3c'bu{I,tf HatII4H
fl I'OPaTa. " ^ "ri;;;
llpeMr4HaBar BCI4r,KI4

ittl", t"otpit

ce Ha 6pera ua peKara

l,t orl4Bar

no qopanl4. I'lrpara YnPilKHflBa "n'elrara e 6sraHe B Snraar, PaBHoBecI'Ie, roBl(ocr u clo6Paazrer'IHocr' roP6nuKoPurI.tPaq e"'IIeMeHr' Croesero c KPaKa BGpxy
xara. 6sraHero
11

xoAeHero

KOtlrO tloA,n'bpxa CBOAa

Ha

Ha np'bcrI,I rpeHlipar CT6IIa"IOTO'

MycKyJIarypara,

,4\rnw r.zMo c eAI'lH caMo c a. '[,euara c'bnBar Ha BceKI'I KaM'bK l(DAK. '-'' ao6Pe ca n'bJIfI4 oxolo 20 cM n Jrr4ut4vr' Y na3aH14n' ToP6uurnre ce or6e.lsesa c ABe Pexara lrBn'bJIHeHI'I c IIflc'bK (ualyria;' 3a ce YrpaxHsBar B paBnoBecl4e. l4rpara Aonpuuacq ,[,euara

u,r

Dil3BI,IBaHe

tstPxy roP6nurure KoDHfI'{PauI ereMeHr' 3aAtpxauero I{oflro rroAA'bpxa cBoAa Ha clbrlaJloro' 'rpcurupi MYcKYJIarYPara'

ua clo6pasfireJlHocr'

HanaePu

ctl

APVTaP

I4rpae ce c -Heqeren 6po1 -{lo ABa ryl11 u".;l'"uii'";;,: K;p";;;

e4rzu rpar<)' rlpu crlfHarl ffiili ffffi;;#;;";".tq'xpax (ua 3::":i",,T"flH':"ff# 'apy-tap' ::,i #fli.*T; #ll''p"6#;^." nu"pui 1p,i:"p-T.:-."fl!'aere AeI{a 3acraBar ;#;o'#i".n.",- otiuuu'6es
^a rYrrtq IIPqT

J;

..ji "ffi:it

ffie"Jf" HT

,,,

il.T,] Hsna'Bar rnrloro cl'r' *"i" Apyro, raroil;A' ;';p;6 .ano HaHoBo 3arloqBa' 4o6pe C.neA roea Hfpara rlo rRe. 3acraBar nn .u.Be. ffp;;;;;.- np, auuuHe Ha clifHa"Ia r'euara ^^^T.D4T
r38

",[ lilll'lJ,

lll'il:L ;# l r ;nupEi iii,#0.',1,1#; ,1T"ll;,^,;;"" ;; ^: aui
139

Koft ure Ycnee B craqra ce rocraBt{ croika' Ha K?n:l--tt,oll;1""?ft;i"f; ;t".+y i :ti-l^ :t H" i: TT] bii- ;""' "? H;

hJ^ifliJ'i'dffii Tffi;.'"AI- ; g

;;;

:l I ;#: t'L,:{:L"fi#; XX'##f# g1? v"K:l;*X "rpyna
"

J AeI{a i(5-6)'

#8i'

li re

3acTaBaTHaeAI,lF{KpaI{'KaToBc|:bHaTHflI]oCTitB,{TrloeAHaTop. 6zqxa. c,reA roea c noAcKaqaHe Ha eAaH KpaK cTI4faT AO J'lI,tHLIflTa, nper(ap?lHa npe4 crolixure, ocno6o)r{AaBar KpaKa clz or rop6Il'rrara,

l,1r'para ynpaxHflIta Aellara B xB'bp.[flHe Ha AareqHo

pa3CTOflHIZe

ll lI

e3eAaarflep'bKa'3aCTaBaTHaABaKpeKal{BC'IK0AeTeCenpI/Ir{e",rBa B eAr4H Or oKarreHHre npeAMerr.r.-c"reA roBa B3eMar rop6ruKI{Te, IOCTaBflT fI{ Ha rr'IallaTa CI{ U Ce 3allpbillaT, KaTO fH npeAaBaTHacJIeABaqaTa|py[aAeIIa'HapeAeHKBeqeHa,'Iul{HgTa. Ilonyuu,rure rop6Hqr{Lr leqa fu rocraBflr B crbHaTI4tI Ct4 Kpat< H naK c [oACKaqaHe crrlfar /{o c]roi.iKr.rre H r. Lt. flo6eAurentl cit Te3I4, I{OI'ITO ycneflT Ail y,'IyqaT [peAMeTa' KOI4TO UeJ'IflT' fI p a n H "Ta. Aeqara c no,4cKaqaHe crllfar Ao croiiKnre' DaBHOBecHO xoAeHe ce saBp'blqtlr o6parHo' V r a 3 a H H x. !,eqara ce npl4 ue./IRar Il flpeAMerure' cJIeA KATO Te 6T'Aar rIp-dBeAeHI'I B ABIlxeHHe. I4rpara ynpaE(HqBa xB-t pJIfl Hero ts'bB BeprflI{ita'IFl? Ilol{Bl{x(H3 [€I'
TOIIHOCT H BI{I]MAHHC.

lrilpa Mycl{y,Ilarypara' rloAA'bpxaqa clloAa HA

I{opnf I4PaIq e,'IeMeHr.

Ile,rI.

XoAeuero Her neTI4 H np'bcTH rpeXOAH/IOTO.

CJlelsaft ro[Kara I,lrpae ce Ha rpyn[ c rpol'I3Bo'teu 6pori Aelra' Ha BCflKo Aere -6eiia6o,'Iua rorlKa. fpyurare ce }IapexAar B pe.',' ,,tauu no eAHrt^ or ./(ilrlH, I{OHrO 3acraBar eAHa 3aL Apyfa' flptz curua'r AeIIara
71,,.ircu.

HHpa MycKy/'IarypaTa, noAA'bpx(aqa

I{opuf Hpalq e,4eMeHr. IloAcraqaHero

Ha eAI4H KpaK rpe-

tt'l,l)lti.lTape4l]qaXB'L'pJIflTTOIIKI4Te'KO'IIKOroI'tMeBb3MO)KHOIIOCneA xaro TorrKrrre ce yCTaHOB'r HaMsCrO, Aeqara rp'bfBar B t('r,M TqX c roAcKaqaHe Ha eAI'IH KpaI{' flocrurar fl]' B3eMaT fI{ [Ipe4aear rli Ha Apyrapqerara cH l)'r,r(e H c Snraue ce 3aBp:bqar. o'l' /{pyfara peAl4ua u ie uapexAar B peAI'Iqa 3aA rflx' llpn uon

cBola Ha XOAI4'IIOTO'

YAapn B At'cKara

Ha IJIoIqaAI{ara ce 3aKpenfl orllecrlo A:bcKa nlu cpopnaa ua r{Ba4par c pa3Mepn 0,50 u ug 0,50 u. 3aA Heq 3acraBa Aere c r{ouIHI4II,a rortt{fi I} p'blle. Ila 5-6 M cpeqy Hero B penHIIa no eAHH SacTaBaT ocTaHa,lure. flpu cr4fua,{ AeTeTO Il3cl{lltlil TOIIKHTe K'bM Apyfapr{erara cu. Aeuara fH llpoc,'IeAtlBar c oqu I'l c"IeA Karo cnpaTHaMqCTo'CeoTnpaB'ITK.bMTflX'I{aToCT.L'IIBaTTyHaIIeTI-j' Ty Ha npbcrt4. Tean, xollro ycnenr Aa B3eMar ToIlKa, 3aMepqr C Het{ B nTrCI(aTa 0'f MrlCTOl'O' Ha I(OeTO Ca fl AOfOHU'rn' !,ererO, I{Oero yryqH A:bcKara, cNIeHfl Apyrapqero cH' 3acraHa"To 3aA Hetl' crorrlllHr{r Aocefa 3aA A.L,CKara orfiBa I{ ce Hapex(Aa Ha peA]4uaTa npr.l ocraHa,rure. Arco Hr{xoli He yclee /'{a -vAap!{ R A'bcKara' AeTeTo3aAHeqoCTiIBilHnpoA.bJI}KaI]aAaXB.bpJI,ITOIII{I4TeK.bM Ipyrilpqerart cH. tr4rpara npHKJrroqBa ro npeqeHKa Ha yrlnrer'IKara. 'n b B H JI e. !,erero npll A:bcKara ce cMeHfl' aKo HIKoH or ^ Hl.paqHre yclee 4r yAllpH AftcKtr{]. V r< a 3 a H LI r. Zrpae ce c ro-Mel(il TOIIKI'I' 3a .4a He ce ra'pKa,'rr{T HaAane.Ie. Aeuara ca no qopanll, "3aCTaHaJIH B}'pXy KI4"IHM Ha cllrHaJl. r.Id,rr.I rl.bTeKa. Ktrra TorIKaTa ce oTnpaBrrT npx AaBaHe or yul4rerKara Aeuara xB'bp"IflT eAHo c/leA Apyfo rorflo cr.rHan
KIATe

(.lll.llil''IAeqaTa'I{OI,ITono,'IyqaTToiIKIlTe'rHXts.bpilqTIIoc.bIIIu'{ Iit,tr"ill, KaKl'O nT,pRIlTe, cjleA TOBa no,4cKarlaT K'bM TqX H T' H' Hall-Aareqe' TaKa I l0(rcAtrre.tu ca re3u' KoHTo xB'bp"IflT TonKara uocJreAoBaTe,rlHo yqacTByBaT BCI'IrIKLI,4eqa' c'reA roea oTAeJIHi4Te perro6e4ure.nn ce cl,cre3aBar noMexAy cu' Te ce HapexAar B llp]r cl'lfHal'l xtlbp"{flT ToIIKI'lTe' 6ee .4a [oAcKar]aT K6M TflX' /till(a H Haii-.4are'le' e tr'bpl]eFlellbr Ha BCHqKI"I ,/ [r"r'ero, xoero xl]'bp'lru
Il)Y ril4.

Ilpaeuna. Aeqara xBbpJItIT ToIIKIire rtpn AaIlaHe Ha cI'IrHaJI il lJllltor{BaT Aa flO.ACKaqaT I{T,M TqX' CJIeA KaTO IOC"IeAHHTe CnpaT ,/lir ce ABI,I)Kar. .V lcag aHutl Tonrure ca c e,4HaI{Ba re)Kecr Iz paavepu. A Aeca c il,irf il B AaAeHa rpyna ca c eAHaI{BH B'b3MO)I{rloCTI'l' lpynzre ('/(iliil(I,8 6pol:i urpautl. l{r'para ynpa)I(HERa ocHoBHoro ,llBIl)KeHI'le xB:bp"'IflHe B AaJIetlllllll 14 IiOACKaqaHe Ha eAIJH Kpal{' B'b3nuTaBa 3aApT')I{KI'{ y AeIIaTae,'IeMesr. [loAcKaqaHero Ha eAZH I{paK 1,1 :rnparlHre'{eH 'Il)('ilHpa MycKy.{arvpara, KoflTo noAAbpxa cBoAa Ha crbna/'Ioro'
ClcreeaeaHe Ha KoJI0HI'I

B ,4'bcKara. .

c paBeH 6poii. CeaualrrT ca KpaKa ro rypcKn. Tpynlr e 4o6pe I43npaBeH' a r' r(p'bcrocaHn fyMeH puHr' Ha pael)'r,tl('re ca 3aA l{prrcra. Ha rrasHre cI,I I'lMar no eAHo cror'rqe. fJpN claruan ,.,r.6lrrrue 3 nn oi Trx ce nocraBfl /t(.tti|l.il cTaBaT I.i c noACKaqaHe Ha e4l4H KpaK cTI']faT Ao cTod'IIleTo'
/leuara ca
HapeAeHH B ABe Kod'IoHH

o6ura.nst

ce HapelKAar orHoBo H ce 3aBpr'urar o6paruo^' Karo cflAa c Kp:bcrocaHH tuotlg^illtl:, i"nonon". Bcsro Aere saeMa ttT"l?#, ilocraBg .-orHo"" 3T:.1^:L npunu A'bpll(ar " ilp; cnAar rlo rypc*I, c pLIHr p""'rluJ;;;;' d.; Karo ce 3aB'bpHar'

fo

ll'pal'r MycKynutyputu,^ioaa"p*uuru

Ha eAI4H KpaK rpeI(opnf Hpaur eJreMeHl' fl64cxo[I'Ire crb[aJloro' Ha cBoAa

;;;;:^n*^'" a*.ii:i:-:i lffl.fli.;fill
H ra

"" yl"i;i

n. flpeAr4 Aa rp.bfHar

ce 3aB'bpHar oopa,no,leuu'u HarIpeA' 3a '4a ce rrla'ero cI'I BcrKo aLi np"a"'xBa cro'{qero 3a HaN{HHasaHe' Aeqara pa3croflHl{e c ocl4rypH 3a BcHqKI4 tanu""b B B eAHara' [ocoKa c eAI'IHlIfl KpaK' a Apyfara loAcKaqar KpaK' paBHoA*T1.:::AcKaqaHe Ha eAHH

cu ttanL: ilo rypcKu' llpn

K.bM cror'rqerara H crreA Karo

aanpr-

^oTi.i#""!nou*n"uu utt",' cro6paiureilo-tt"'"/Ie M e H r' rro rypcKu c prrHf VsnPaB H T eJIe H e il,LYllltaeae)Kr,r rpeHnpa MycKyJlaryKpaK eAr]H Ha f,,IaBaTa II [oAcKaqaHeTO Ha
Ha XOAH"lOro' pUrU, ,aO".|O IIOAA'bp)Ka CBOAa

roApeAI'I Kon rpyna naft-paHo [Ie ce Kol'lro 3acraBar Ha ABe eAHaKBI'I fpyflu' /leqara ce pa3AeJlflr rDYna ce c'bcrol{ or rpu BcqKa (l'r' /(Rere crpaHI.I nu n*touo*ira' f py-nl.re tfi;'il;;pyt* eutttoonnero Me)r(r'y Q"Iarr)c/r HIu'', 3acraHarll'I ce rocraBfr 'u'Be ni n'iourury*utt e l'r uerpa. IIo tptau'u "tpfil- t--u::::t Ha rp'bcrI'I - BI'IC.Ko ,r.r'.. flpn cLIfHaII Mecrara cu' ^#; -i"t'4"o"ptMe'Ho cMe'fir Ha HoBoro rlolu(Hra'e Ha *on"""u* ua crnrHe S"a'ueial1t Karo luirl'o MI{HaBu" o"ttpJ"i u ce noapexau -tp' pe'qull- flo6eMr(:ro, BCsKa rpyro o'nouo Vrpara [poA'bJI)KaBa no".-'o ntpua ce floApe nu' /(u'r'cJl e rpyilara' tt, .*uo*"no cMe'nr Mecrara cI4'
*
J

*

,tlMitrlflBa

Clcresasaue Ha KYU KPaK Hapex4ar ce flo eAI'lH B Ha -{o1^o1l4re ^o,,ttpu rpl4 fpyfliz' Aeqara ce pa3Ae'Itlr rlo rnx'oro npoA'b/Inn;a tp"i"oTo"". t{l auu Ha 3eMflTa' a Ha olqe o'6ptu, )KeHue ce rocraBr .ro- aaiun _- rlo eAHo cro'/Iqe' ricnNa"IerHaiI --KoJIoHa rBa Merpa or Hero- cpeqy cIIrHarI rI'bpBI'Ire Aeua Ha flpe,il xo.noulzre ce "pt?upui ''r;luiznt ]^111, l{aro fH crl{fHar' c'bllBar Kyu KpaK .a o'npooJi'ni* oopt'ul{rer Ha ce6e cu' CneA rosa rlt HaAtlBar Ha ABa Kpaxa' B3eMar rn n c noAcKariaHe AO rflx nu opy"t Kp-aK -llol:Jl)r(aBar '6sraHe Ll3Jrll3ar or ce 3aBp:blqar orHoBo KtM " n croJlqerara' o6lrran"r 7i e Ha 'rlocJleAuo Mrcro u to"' flo6eAIlre'r KoJIoH[Te, nu"o Ha r'nnusta 3acraBa 'ut'u"ar H3nb"IHr Ha Aerero, Koero nu'-aoOpt -3a'4aqara' BcI4qKI4^npeMI4Har 14 B HaqaJloro rpoflra Apyra urpara' flo6eAIlren 3alor{Ha"[i'1 " '' "l,-!onaro KoJIoHIlTe 3acTagar o'"o"o Aellara' N6PBCHqI{' C TOBCI]C VHAI4BHTYAJIHI{ E KOJIOHATA ' ^;i;;;;nu' Ao cror'{erara '^elrara crl.rar' Karo roAc*aqar t nu .ai" KpaK' a ce 3aBp'bu{at q::un-t: cMeH'r KpaKara cI4' t4 tr' tpi--ioai*aqaHero Aellara v x a s aH e oKoJIo 5 ru' fl'eqara or ' PascroqHllero or tio ao croJlqerara fpyna ca c eAHaKBI'I B'b3MOXHOCTI4' c rIpHA' I4rpara ynpu*n"iu Aer'ara B noAcxaqaue Ha eAI4H KpaK "."ru nnxnane, s- rosrocr Ir H3Ap'b)KJII'1BOCT'
142

Vi<as aHt4tr' Ha Aelrara' u auu"'*iii ot ut"toTHocllare 6qraue H roApexAaHe B n 6spao I4rpara ynpu*n""# oto"t^ n-9'-*:-'.1 Ha rrplcr' c Br4coKo 1".'r'5', u i"':iu3f i.'T;:"'J;'" nrrocKoc'.brll'Iero' .o ,,.,,,f#l#t#ro,i#.;;u ynpu*,n."r.

iffiX.#if iffif|filt" 3a npo6nrnaHe ce yBeJIIzqaBa l'lJrI'l pueitoii'ero

"

*
tt

JIVLTEPATYPA

l.
2.

I1poS.

MAHqEBA H. -,rleqe6na Srzarylrypa, AI4 ,,Meauquna', 1g60 r. llpcf.MAHTIEBA H.,MAPKOBAf. n COKOJIOBE.-

Izlsnpanure.rHa rlrMHacrr4r{a,,4l4,,Me,quu}rHa", 1960 r,

3. IIpoQ.KPAMAPEHKO

nO USnpaBr{TeJrHa rI4MHaCTI.rKa, 4, llpo{, M O III K O B B. M. - AxrunHas KoppeKrrur nosBouoqlrKa. 5. PyBUOBA A. 6. Jle.ie6naq {uarymrypanp}, paccrpoitcrBax ocaHKH
CTBO

'

B. K. u.IOBEIZKO I{. {.-prxonoa-

C'bN'bP)KAH14E
crp.

llpelroBop ; . . .
Cr,trlnocr 'H eruoxoflis Ha HerrpaBHJIHoro renoA'bpx(aue
HaqHuTe

3

lr cKoJrHo3ax y lllKonbHr.rKoB, 6, UItr frf nnH A. C. Bonpocu npoSurarruxu 1965 r.

u

rp-r65

lr3xpnBqBafirrrr

Aerefi Ao[]KorbHoro tr tnKo,'rbHoro Bo3pacra, AnH PCACP, 1960 r. 7. KI4 ll bll 14 O H, H, B0 urp BocnlirareJrro ,UercKofo cala, VtlflEAflzl3,

Hapyrxeur.{fi ocaHKr.r y

flpotpularruxa Ha HenpaBl'rrluoro renoa'bpxaue

u rpt6uauuure
12
u3Kpl417

ugKpl.rBrrBa.Hlrs

-

fleqcune Ha HenpaBI.rJIHoro renoA'bp)I{aue u rpt6uaunt'tre
RflBaHHl qpe3 v3npaBr.rre/rna fHMHacrIlKa

8. OCOK14HA 9,

T. U., T 14MO@EEBA

nbnueft, YqnEnfl43, 1965 E, 14, fl HK E JIEBI,{

q

r.

-

floaerixgsre nrpbr Jrr'rn Ma-

lJo[Ruxtnl.r ufpr4

c lr3npaBlirelen

xapaKrep

. , . ,

27 27

Ctuttoct
Ha6op cnopr,

cnoproM, 1959 r.

-BocnaraHHe

npaBr4JrbHoft ocaHKu Susr<y.rrrrypofi n

pnKrcp.
u

Lr sHaqeHue Ha IIo.[,8]i]KHI4re

Irrpl{ c

H3IIpaBIrlreJIeH xa-

l0.flHKEJIEBI,IrI E. kI,-Or rpex Ao ceMr.r-@usxyrsrypa n
Mocrna, 1966
11.
n.

r{3[paBl{reneH xailnaHlrpaue Ha iIoABIlxHHre urpu p0KTop. Ycaonnr ngncKBauusrrpr4 npoBexAaHero-.Ha noABI'lxHLrre

c

I

ufpll

30

f EOP f I4EBA EB. rE flOnOBA IL flo.qeuxHa r4rpu B Aercxara fpaarrHa, Hapolua npocBera, 1961 r. 12. KOHTOPOBI,lr{ M. M., M14XAitnOS A ll. V, - flo4auxHue I
E

flOABI4I{HH hrPIZ C I43IIPABI4TE,'IEH XAPAKTEP

14.6Of OCJIOBCKAfl E. M.
YqnEAfl43,
1957 r.

rrrpbr B rercKoM caay, V9flE[llzl3, 1961 r. IO K O B A A. Izl. .- Metoanxa ntrcreA€Hrzr ncArlxrb,x rirp B aercKcM caay, AIIH PCOCP, 1955 r.

CrpoeBr.r ufpu
1, Ftpnn cns/t MeH l, Glpmntl nola'{a .
38

-

floAelrxHr,re lifpbr Ans

AorlKo,'rbHr.rKoB,

flptun rnto

Mer{

39

'l Ef ttfir l' 6t rgln F Mefll)r( I(p6r . L Httctts?a xplrqe
7r
,

tt

cBoflTa KonoHa . n tonnaa npecrpollM €tpouu H HnxoJlt(o KoJroHI'I

ll

4l
A+

.

43 44

46
47

llf, l{'tx

Snarqetsra

145

t4rPE c xoAeHe L 6qraHe
11. Kofi ue 12. ,D.eua It nqerl4 13. Jlerslt' craHI'I .
xBane 6Plrta6aPuero

48

14.CtcresaeaHe 16. Paxera

'. ' 15. I4rPa c.tc copca
17. 3aitro I4 JIucaHa 18. Koft ue Ycree

48 49 50 ' 52
JZ

61, TonaPHu caMo{er}l 52. Btpnu, 6es ra ce

orKJIoHqBaIu

79 80
BO

' ' ;

19. 6es rpyrapqe JleHrara 20, Koft no-Ao6pe rIle 3aB'bpxe 21. Bqrane c nPennrcrBl.ifl

22.Vxoroe

J.t J4 oo 56 56
DI
5U

53. OnuaPuera 54. floseqe ry6ueta 3a llallara KoJloHa ' 55. Cauo ner KPaqKu 56. Brpnu EanpaBo' 6eg Aa ce HaBex'qau 57. 3ntnu, 3B'bH!t, 3BbHqe ' ' ' 58, Onratafi ce Ila HaMepI{II] TonKara 59, C'scresaHlae c o6pbqlr 60. Tonxa B sMara 61. [e,ru ce BqPHo

8l
82
B3

83 84 84 85 85

opexqero

I4rPIt c ila3eHe
62. 3acnanoro Meqe.
.

23. VIrPa c roflx{Kl4 24. llonuaqu

86

25. @rasnY.nrYPullut't ce trtTeKa 26, Xolene u 6qraHe tto Bl{eura 27. Koft' e no'cp'bqeH 28, flruua 6ee rgee.[o 29, Cavoleru 30, Jln.rlxa 31, Or Koro trle B3eMar rlegTara ' ' ' ' 32. Ae[a tl KoHqera 33. Aaft Mn Mtlcroro cl{ ' ' 34. C'rcregaeaHe no rpynu 35, Kofi e 6eg uranra 36. Bsrane c npenflTcrBt'Ifl 37. WrPa c lilanKa 38. Koft ue 6ll,e ntpBllflr

.rri

59 60

rlt
62 6a 64
65

63. BnraMasaii Aa He cfpeuuul 64, Bquxaasafi no6pe 65. B'rnx I.{ Ko3/'Iera

'

'

87

87
8B

66, Oitotto croJlqerara 67. Meqera I4 JIoBeq 68. Mqulera

89 89 90
91

oo bo 67 68 68 69 7g

69. Koteuqa 70. JIaseHe no Buelua ce nbreKa

92

71. HanPaeu {urYPa 72, B'nlu BHHMarerleII
73, fltrena or KefJIu 74. Tnreuoea ua$era 75. Koreu:r<u rPl6. . 76. flpeo.uonr'eaHe Ha flpennrcrBnq ' 77, Palormaure Meqera
78, Oxffoe

93
94

95 95 96
98 98

99
100
101

paBHoBecHe I,lrp14 c ocItoBHo lIBI.tx(eHI'Ie
39. 3aftqera
40. Koft ue Me HaMePu ' ' ' ' 41. Bnr4Masaft Koro ule u3BI'lKaM 42. flPeuecu u 3acraun

tl
7!
72 73

43, flPeHacnue Ha rop6lrqxu
44. Bmu 45. Cr6uPaue Ha KaProQI4 46. Cgosqua toP6uura 47. CPt'lnure crpol4renn 48. TPaunafi 49. Aosecu npe.(Mera 50. ,[,eu r Hour '

' ' '

'

ti
74 74 76
77

79. Oxruoeqera 80. Koueq u B'b3eJI 81, Kanan 82. Kou no-PaHo ue APtrHe Br'xero 83. tlelese B Kernu . ' 84. Ha urPuurero . 85, Blar n,lryBa 'MuHasage noa ryuen ' 86. 87. PasYsuaraqn ' 88. xou ue Ycnee
MilHasaue no Mocr C'rcrdgareln

t02
103 103 104 105 106 108 108 110

78
78

ll0

146

t47

91. ,II,prNre B%rlqltre 92, CronoNru 93. Erpao npe3 ryHena 94. Koft ure cBaJiI4 Meqo ' .

ll

'

l ll2
ll2"
113-

,125, Hauepu clr Apyrap 126. Bsuuanafi ra He ce uaMoKpr.ru 127' Kon qe Ycnee
128. 129. 180. 181. YAapu

148

l3g
139 140

B A'bcrara

C,rreleaR

wrpn c'bc cKaqaHe u noiIcKarIaHe
95. 3afluera! LI rIoBeII 96. 3oo,roruqecKa fpaAuHa 97. YMpr4 B Aafipero 98. C'screeaHlre cI noAcxaqaHe 99. PasrvrsHa Ha K6PnI4 100. foriene Ha roIIKl4
101, 3afi,{eta u ilIcv:lla 102. {ocrrarnu 14 YAaPIT
114
115 116

,.. Crcresaeaue Ha Kyrr KpaK . . 182, Kos rpyna nafi-pano ue ce norpeAu
CrcregaeaHe

ronKara
Ha

141
141

KoJroHu.

142

.

l4B

.

, "1lT

ll7
118

i19

103. flpecrauaHe Ha npeAMerr'I 104. firnqera u rcrpe6 105. I4srbraHunr noEe( 106. Koma u nPa6uera 107, )Ka6n u ilr'bpKenlr 108. 3aeruxa rorta . 109, gaconsnr 110. JIrs I{ MafiMYHu 11 1. Celtfi ce Karo ronl{a .

.

120 120

L2l
122'

123

L24
125

126
126 127

112.

fopcrn xnnorHli

L28

113. Ha ropcKara nortlHa

'
JIoBeHe

125

I'IrPu c xB'bPntlHe n
114. Xntpau B KP6ra 115. Ileau ce B Hoca 116. Koft ue ynyrrl4 saitruero 117. Xe'rp.rrra B Kotuqero 119, Kofi no-BllcoKo 120. Ilrtynaura ronKa 121. CHoequra rolrKa .

130
131

u'
nto

132 132
133 134 134 135 136

ll8.

,rloEur.r

u

safiun

i22. Hu"pu"^ flannqo .

l4rpu, Koltro rpeHlrpar MycKynarypara' IIO,[A6p)I(a[Ia cBoAa Ha XOAUnoro
123. Ot KaMtqe Ha KaMbqe 124, Kofi 3aKGcHqBa
137 138

148

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->