Sunteți pe pagina 1din 3

Sinusoidal PWM: Ma, Mf and Fsine.

D6
Q6 D5 Q11
MOSFET MOSFET
D
D
V1

L3
100Vdc

20mH
V+ I V-

D7 D8
Q7 Q12
MOSFET MOSFET C1 R3
D D
100u 20

0
U15

S3 S4
G3 G4
SPWM
GENERATOR
S1 S2
G1 G2

Ma Mf Fsine

Sinusoidal PWM inverters provide an easy way to control amplitude, frequency


and harmonics contents of the output voltage. There are three control inputs that
can be varied for sinusoidal PWM generator: Ma, Mf and Fsine.

To control the amplitude, Ma can be varied between 0 and 1. The amplitude of the
output voltage (fundamental) is equal to MaVdc.

To control the frequency, Fsine can be varied. The frequency of the output voltage
is equal to Fsine.

To control the harmonic contents of the ouput voltage, Mf can be varied. Harmonic
frequencies exist at and around multiples of the Mf. Increasing Mf increases the
frequencies at which the harmonics occurs. A simple low pass filter can be
effective in removing higher order harmonics. Normally, Mf lies in the range of 9
to 500.
SPWM-Unipolar as an Example

(i) Ma is varied and the other parameters are kept constant.

The output voltage waveforms: before and after filtering.

Ma = 0.8 Mf =21 Fsine = 50

Ma = 0.4 Mf =21 Fsine = 50

Ma = 0.2 Mf =21 Fsine = 50


(ii) Fsine is varied and the other parameters are kept constant.
The output voltage waveforms; before and after filtering.

Fsine = 25 Hz Mf = 21 Ma = 0.8

Fsine = 50 Hz Mf = 21 Ma = 0.8

Fsine = 75 Hz Mf = 21 Ma = 0.8