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SALT AZODYES 2,4,6-TRIBROMO PHENOL complex C 6 H 5 O - Na + (Purple solution)
SALT
AZODYES
2,4,6-TRIBROMO
PHENOL complex
C 6 H 5 O - Na +
(Purple solution)
PHENOL
Na (s)
(White precipitate)
NaOH
Br 2 (aq)
Neutral FeCl 3 (aq)
DIAZONIUM SALT
PHENOL
C
C
6 H 5 OH
6 H 5 N 2 + Cl -
NaNO 3 /H 2 SO 4
T<10 o C
ALCOHOL
ALCOHOL
+
+
ARYLAMINE
AMMONIUM SALT
CARBOXYLIC ACID
SALT
C 6 H 5 NH 2
RNH 3 + Cl -
NaOH (aq)
Sn/c.HCl
HCl (aq)
Reflux
Reflux
Reflux
NITROBENZENE
HCl (aq)
(POLY)AMIDE
RCONH 2
C 6 H 5 NO 2
(POLY)ESTER
R – COO - R
RX/FeX 3
c.HNO 3 /c.H 2 SO 4
50-60 o C
Acid chloride
ROH/H 2 SO 4
Cat.
Br 2 /FeBr 3
ARENE
AMINE
CARBOXYLIC ACID
PCl 5(s)
C 6 H 6
C
C n H 2n+1 NH 2
n H 2n+1 COOH
R –NH 2
R - COOH
LiAlH 4
H 2
O/HCl (aq)
Na (s)
NaBH 4
Reflux
NaOH
NITRILE
Alcoholic
2-
LiAlH 4
H
Pt/Ir cluster
On Al 2 O 3
NH 3
Pt/Ir cluster
On Al 2 O 3
R-CN
NaBH 4
+ /Cr 2 O 7
Reflux
HCN/KCN
HCN/KCN
400-600 o C
Br 2 /UV light
SiO 2 or Al 2 O 3
ALKANE
HALOGENOALKANE
ALDEHYDE
C n H 2n+1 CHO
C n H 2n+2
X 2
C n H 2n+1 X
2-
H
Pt or Heat
HX
Alcoholic
R - X
+ /Cr 2 O 7
Warm
LiAlH 4
R - CHO
2,4-DNP
SiO 2
NaOH
PCl 5(s)
NaBH 4
H 2 / Ni (s)
Aqueous NaOH
NaBr/H 2 SO 4
H 2 O (g) (steam)
Reflux
I 2 /P
y
ALKENE H 3 PO 4 / T>100 o C
ALCOHOL
I
2-
H + /Cr 2 O 7
Warm
2,4-DNP
II y
KETONE
C n H 2n
LiAlH 4
C = C
XS Conc. H 2 SO 4
Reflux
C n H 2n+1 OH
R - OH
III y
R – CO - R
NaBH 4
Na (s)
NaOH
2-
H + /Cr 2 O 7
Reflux
NO REACTION

ADDITION POLYMERS -[CH 2 -CH 2 ] N -

SALT RO - Na +

POLYMERS -[CH 2 -CH 2 ] N - SALT RO - Na + BENZOIC ACID C

BENZOIC ACID

C 6 H 5 COOH

MNO 4 - /H 2 SO 4 (aq)

Reflux

ALKYLBENZENE

C 6 H 5 R

BROMOBENZENE

C 6 H 5 Br

CYCLOALKANE

C n H 2n

ALKANE + ALKENE

C n H 2n+2

+

C n H 2n

BRANCHED ALKANE

C n H 2n+2

RO - Na + /H 2 SO 4 Cat.

ACID CHLORIDE RCOCl

SALT

RCOO - Na +

2,4-DINITROPHENYL

HYDRAZONE

(Yellow/orange crystalline solid)

Paul T-C 2006