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MAKMAL ELEKTRONIK

Jabatan Pendidikan Kejuruteraan


Fakulti Pendidikan Teknikal

Experiment 2 : Foward Reverse Starter


1. AIM

- To provide knowledge in Forward-Reverse Starter.

2. OBJECTIVES

- To familiarize the student with:

2.1 Control circuit and main circuit for Forward-Reverse Starter.


2.2 Operation in starting AC Motor with Forward-Reverse Starter.
2.3 Control equipment for Electrical Motor Control.

3. EQUIPMENT LIST

3.1 3 Phase Contactor 2 units


3.2 Thermal Overload Relay (TOR) 1 unit
3.3 Push Button Start 2 units
3.4 Push Button Stop 1 unit
3.5 Miniature Circuit Breaker(MCB) 2 units
3.6 Molded Case Circuit Breaker(MCCB) 1 unit
3.7 Pilot Lamp 3 units
3.8 3 Phase AC motor (3/4 ~ 3 hp) 1 unit
3.9 Cable necessary

4. THEORY

This starter concept is same as Direct On Line Starter but Differ in terms of
motor rotation.
MAKMAL ELEKTRONIK
Jabatan Pendidikan Kejuruteraan
Fakulti Pendidikan Teknikal

Experiment 2 : Foward Reverse Starter

5. EXPERIMENT PROCEDURE

5.1 EXERCISE 1 : CONTROL CIRCUIT

5.1.1 Control circuit was connected as show in Figure 1(a) or 1(b).


5.1.2 This circuit become to single phase. The incoming voltage from 1 of 3 line
was took (R or Y or B) for single phase.
5.1.3 Connect this line back to the neutral (N) by using black cable.
5.1.4 The circuit was tested with power supply to make operation of controlling
circuit.
5.1.5 The operation of this control circuit was viewed.
MAKMAL ELEKTRONIK
Jabatan Pendidikan Kejuruteraan
Fakulti Pendidikan Teknikal

Experiment 2 : Foward Reverse Starter

5.2EXERCISE 2 : MAIN CIRCUIT

5.2.1 Connect the main circuit as shown in Figure 2.

5.2.2 Incoming supply for this circuit is from 3 phase line 415 V(R,Y,B and
N)

5.2.3 Earth(E) was connected to the 3 phase motor ground by using green
cable.

5.2.4 This circuit was tested with 3 phase supply to make full operation of
main circuit and controlling circuit to AC Motor.

5.2.5 The operation of this Forward-Reverse Starter were seen.


MAKMAL ELEKTRONIK
Jabatan Pendidikan Kejuruteraan
Fakulti Pendidikan Teknikal

Experiment 2 : Foward Reverse Starter

6. DISCUSSION

6.1The experiment was succeed. This Forward-Reverse Starter can start the
machine in two ways, clockwise and anti-clockwise. When we push the stop
button, it may stop working.

6.2 As the name suggests this motor starter is used where the motor needs to rotate
in both sides (Clockwise and Anti-Clockwise). Its operated with use of buttons.
This starter provides complete protection from Overloading. It consists of two
major components other than the enclosure. The components are called as
Contactors and Overload Relay. We use very high quality alloys as contacts so
that the precise and chatter-free operation is achieved. The Solenoid coils inside
the contactors are machine-wound with use high-precision winding machines.

According to the experiment, it shows that the circuit was made in 3 phase.
To make it reverse and forward situation, we have to connect only 2 connector in
between forward’s and reverse’s TOR. It may happened between life reverse-
earth
MAKMAL ELEKTRONIK
Jabatan Pendidikan Kejuruteraan
Fakulti Pendidikan Teknikal

Experiment 2 : Foward Reverse Starter

6.3 Function of equipment list: