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Mercedes-Benz is a German manufacturer of automobiles, buses, coaches, and

trucks. Mercedes-Benz is a division of its parent company, Daimler AG. Mercedes-Benz
traces its origins to Karl Benz's creation of the first petrol-powered car, the Benz Patent
Motorwagen, patented in January 1886 and Gottlieb Daimler and engineer Maybach's
conversion of a stagecoach by the addition of a petrol engine later that year. Mercedes-
Benz has introduced many technological and safety innovations that later became
common in other vehicles. Mercedes-Benz is one of the most well-known and
established automotive brands in the world, and is also the world's oldest automotive
brand still in existence today.


In 1958 Mercedes-Benz entered into a distribution agreement with the Studebaker-

Packard Corporation of South Bend, Indiana (USA), makers
of Studebaker and Packard brand automobiles. Under the deal, Studebaker would allow
Mercedes-Benz access to its dealer network in the U.S., handle shipments of vehicles to
the dealers, and in return, receive compensation for each car sold. Studebaker also was
permitted to use the German automaker's name in its advertisements, which stressed
Studebaker's quality over quantity.

Mercedes-Benz maintained an office within the Studebaker works in South Bend from
1958 to 1963, when Studebaker's U.S. operations ceased. Many U.S Studebaker dealers
converted to Mercedes-Benz dealerships at that time. When Studebaker closed its
Canadian operation and left the automobile business in 1966, remaining Studebaker
dealers had the option to convert their dealerships to Mercedes-Benz dealership

Mercedes-Benz AMG became a majority owned division of Mercedes-Benz in 1998. The

company was integrated into DaimlerChrysler in 1999, and became Mercedes-Benz
AMG beginning on 1 January 1999.

Since its inception, Mercedes-Benz had maintained a reputation for its quality and
durability. Objective measures looking at passenger vehicles such as J. D. Power surveys,
demonstrated a downturn in reputation in this criteria in the late 1990s and early
2000s. By mid-2005, Mercedes temporarily returned to the industry average for initial
quality, a measure of problems after the first 90 days of ownership, according to J.D.
Power. In J.D. Power's Initial Quality Study for the first quarter of 2007, Mercedes
showed dramatic improvement by climbing from 25th to 5th place, surpassing quality
leader Toyota, and earning several awards for its models. For 2008, Mercedes-Benz's
initial quality rating improved by yet another mark, now in fourth place. On top of this
accolade, it also received the Platinum Plant Quality Award for its Mercedes’
Sindelfingen, Germany assembly plant. As of 2009, Consumer Reports of the United
States has changed their reliability ratings for several Mercedes-Benz vehicles to
"average", and are recommending the E-Class and the S-Class.


In the United States, Mercedes-Benz was assessed a record US$30.66 million for their
decision to not meet the federal corporate average fuel economy standard in
2009.[11] Certain Mercedes-Benz cars including the S550, and all AMG models sold in the
United States also face an additional gas guzzler tax. However, newer AMG models fitted
with the M157engine will not be subject to the gas-guzzler tax due to improved fuel

In 2008, Mercedes had the worst CO 2 average of all major European manufacturers,
ranking 14th out of 14 manufacturers. Mercedes was also the worst manufacturer in
2007 and 2006 in terms of average CO 2 levels, with 181 g and 188 g of CO 2 emitted per
km, respectively.


Mercedes-Benz has a full range of passenger, light commercial and heavy commercial
equipment. Production is on a global basis. The Smart marque of city cars has also been
part of the Mercedes-Benz Group since 1994 and Mercedes-Benz re-launched
the Maybach marque with the production 57 and 62 in 2002.


The following passenger vehicles were in production in 2011:

 A-Class—Hatchback
 B-Class—Multi Purpose
 C-Class—Saloon, Estate & Coupé
 CL-Class—Coupé
 CLS-Class—4 door coupé
 E-Class—Saloon, Estate, Coupé & Cabriolet
 G-Class—cross-country vehicle
 GL-Class—Off Roader
 M-Class—Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV)
 R-Class—Luxury Tourer Vehicle (LTV)
 S-Class—Saloon
 SL-Class—Roadster
 SLK-Class—Roadster
 SLS AMG—Coupé
 Viano—Multi Purpose Vehicle (MPV)

Electric vehicles
At the 2007 Frankfurt motor show, Mercedes-Benz showed seven hybrid models,
including the F700 concept car, which combined hybrid drive with the innovative
DiesOtto engine. On the other hand, Mercedes-Benz says it will have a demonstration
fleet of practical, if small, electric vehicles on the road in two to three years, from
2008. Mercedes-Benz S400 Blue HYBRID will be launched in 2009, and will be the first
production automotive hybrid in the world to use a lithium-ion battery. In 2009, the
S400 hybrid saloon is scheduled to go on sale.

Mercedes-Benz Blue ZERO cars were introduced in the 2009 North American
International Auto Show. Mercedes has showed in 2009 the Vision S500
PHEV petrol concept vehiclewith a 19 miles (31 km) all-electric
range and CO2 emissions of 74 grams/km in the New European Driving Cycle.

Mercedes-Benz and Smart are preparing for the widespread uptake of electric vehicles
(EVs) in the UK by beginning the installation of recharging points across
their dealer networks. So far 20 Elektrobay recharging units, produced in the UK by
Brighton-based Elektromotive, have been installed at seven locations as part of a pilot
project, and further expansion of the initiative is planned later 2010.

In mid-2010, production commenced on the Vito E-Cell all-electric van. Mercedes

expects 100 vehicles to be produced by the end of 2010 and a further 2000 by the end of


 Numerous technological innovations have been introduced on Mercedes-Benz

automobiles throughout the many years of their production, including:
 The internal combustion engined automobile was developed independently by Benz
and Daimler & Maybach in 1886

 Daimler invented the honeycomb radiator of the type still used on all water-
cooled vehicles today
 Daimler invented the float carburetor which was used until replaced by fuel

 The "drop chassis"—the car originally designated the "Mercedes" by Daimler

was also the first car with a modern configuration, having the carriage lowered
and set between the front and rear wheels, with a front engine and powered rear
wheels. All earlier cars were "horseless carriages", which had high centres of
gravity and various engine/drive-train configurations
 The first passenger road car to have brakes on all four wheels (1924)

 The "safety cage" or "safety cell" construction with front and rear crumple
zones was first developed by Mercedes-Benz in 1951. This is considered by many
as the most important innovation in automobile construction from a safety

 In 1959, Mercedes-Benz patented a device that prevents drive wheels from

spinning by intervening at the engine, transmission, or brakes. In 1987,
Mercedes-Benz applied its patent by introducing a traction control system that
worked under both braking and acceleration
 Traction control and airbags in the European market, were Mercedes-Benz
innovations.] These technologies were introduced in 1986, and 1980
 Mercedes-Benz was the first to introduce pre-tensioners to seat belts on the 1981
S-Class. In the event of a crash, a pre-tensioner will tighten the belt
instantaneously, removing any 'slack' in the belt, which prevents the occupant
from jerking forward in a crash
 In September 2003, Mercedes-Benz introduced the world's first seven-
speed automatic transmission called '7G-Tronic'

Electronic Stability Programme (ESP), brake assist, and many other types of safety equipment
were all developed, tested, and implemented into passenger cars—first—by Mercedes-
Benz. Mercedes-Benz has not made a large fuss about its innovations, and has even
licensed them for use by competitors—in the name of improving automobile and
passenger safety. As a result, crumple zones and anti-lock brakes (ABS) are now
standard on all modern vehicles.

Mercedes M156 engine

The most powerful naturally aspirated eight cylinder engine in the world is
the Mercedes-AMG, 6208 cc M156 V8 engine at 85 PS per litre. The V8 engine is badged '63
AMG', and replaced the '55 AMG' M113 engine in most models. The M156 engine
produces up to 391 kW, and although some models using this engine do have this
output (such as the S63 and CL63 AMGs), specific output varies slightly across other
models in the range.
The (W211) E320 CDI which has a variable geometry turbocharger (VTG) 2.8 litre V6 common
rail diesel engine (producing 224-horsepower), set three world endurance records. It
covered 100,000 miles (160,000 km) in a record time, with an average speed of
224.823 kilometres per hour (139.70 mph). Three identical cars did the endurance run
(one set above record) and the other two cars set world records for time taken to cover
100,000 kilometres (62,137 mi) and 50,000 miles (80,000 km) respectively. After all
three cars had completed the run, their combined distance was 300,000 miles (480,000
km) (all records were FIA approved).

Mercedes-Benz pioneered a system called Pre-Safe to detect an imminent crash—and

prepares the car's safety systems to respond optimally. It also calculates the optimal
braking force required to avoid an accident in emergency situations, and makes it
immediately available for when the driver depresses the brake pedal. Occupants are
also prepared by tightening the seat belt, closing the sunroof and windows, and moving
the seats into the optimal position.

Robot cars:

In the 1980s, Mercedes built the world's first robot car, together with the team of
Professor Ernst Dickmanns at Bundeswehr Universität München.[61] Partially
encouraged by Dickmanns' success, in 1987 the European Union's EUREKA programme
initiated the Prometheus Project on autonomous vehicles, funded to the tune of nearly
800 million Euros. A culmination point was achieved in 1995, when Dickmanns' re-
engineered autonomous S-Class Mercedes took a long trip
from Munich in Bavaria to Copenhagen in Denmark, and back. On highways, the robot
achieved speeds exceeding 175 kilometres per hour (109 mph) (permissible in some
areas of the German Autobahn). The car's abilities has heavily influenced robot car
research and funding decisions worldwide.

Technical details
Mercedes-Benz W221

The Mercedes-Benz W221 is a chassis code of S-Class, the successor of Mercedes-Benz

W220.The vehicle was unveiled in 2005 Frankfurt Motor Show.

Models with V12 engines have 5G-TRONIC automatic transmission. Models with non-
V12 engines have 7G-TRONIC transmission. S 350, S 350 4MATIC, S 400 Hybrid, S 450, S
450 4MATIC, S 500 include 7G-TRONIC Sport transmission.

S 65 AMG included five-speed automatic SPEEDSHIFT transmission with DIRECT


Models with 7G-TRONIC transmission include DIRECT SELECT, which allows 7G-
TRONIC to be electronically controlled by touching the lever on the right-hand side of
the steering column.

Beginning in 2009, S 63 AMG includes AMG SPEEDSHIFT 7G-TRONIC transmission, S 65

AMG includes AMG SPEEDSHIFT 5-speed automatic transmission.
All models except S 63 AMG, S 600 L, S 65 L AMG use AIRMATIC suspension, with
optional Active Body Control except for 4MATIC models. S 63 AMG, S 600 L, S 65 L AMG
includeActive Body Control as standard.

4MATIC models were unveiled in 2006 Paris Motor Show. Initial products include S 450
4MATIC and S 500 4MATIC, followed by S320 CDI 4MATIC in 2006-12, then S 350
4MATIC in mid 2007. All 4MATIC models were made in short and long wheelbases. S
320 CDI 4MATIC was replaced by S 350 CDI 4MATIC.


Model Years Engine type/code
Petrol engines

231 PS (170 kW;

2,997 cc (2.997 L; 228 hp)@6000,
S 280 / S 300 2007- 182.9 cu in) V6 300 N·m
(M272) (221 ft·lbf)@2400

272 PS (200 kW;

3,498 cc (3.498 L; 268 hp)@6000,
S 350 2005- 213.5 cu in) V6 350 N·m
(M272) (258 ft·lbf)@2400

272 PS (200 kW;

3,498 cc (3.498 L; 268 hp)@6000,
S 350 4MATIC 2007- 213.5 cu in) V6 350 N·m
(M272) (258 ft·lbf)@2400

279 PS (205 kW;

3,498 cc (3.498 L; 275 hp)@6000,
213.5 cu in) V6 350 N·m
(M272) (258 ft·lbf)@2400

20 PS (15 kW;
3-phase AC magneto
20 hp)@6000,
S 400 HYBRID 2009- motor (external
160 N·m
(118 ft·lbf)

299 PS (220 kW;

295 hp)@,
Total 385 N·m
(284 ft·lbf)@2400

S 450, S 450 340 PS (250 kW;

2006- 4,663 cc (4.663 L;
4MATIC 335 hp)@6000,
284.6 cu in) V8
460 N·m
(M273) (339 ft·lbf)@2700

388 PS (285 kW;

5,461 cc (5.461 L; 383 hp)@6000,
S 550 2005- 333.3 cu in) V8 530 N·m
(M273) (391 ft·lbf)@2800

388 PS (285 kW;

5,461 cc (5.461 L; 383 hp)@6000,
S 550 4MATIC 2006- 333.3 cu in) V8 530 N·m
(M273) (391 ft·lbf)@2800

517 PS (380 kW;

5,513 cc (5.513 L; 510 hp)@5000,
S 600, S 600 Guard 2006- 336.4 cu in) V12 830 N·m
BiTurbo (M275) (612 ft·lbf)@1800

517 PS (380 kW;

5,513 cc (5.513 L; 510 hp)@5000,
S 600 Guard
2008- 336.4 cu in) V12 830 N·m
BiTurbo (M275) (612 ft·lbf)@1800

525 PS (386 kW;

6,208 cc (6.208 L;
518 hp)@6800,
S 63 AMG 2006- 378.8 cu in) V8
630 N·m
(465 ft·lbf)@5200

612 PS (450 kW;

5,980 cc (5.98 L; 604 hp)@4800-
S 65 AMG 2006- 365 cu in) V12 5100, 1,000 N·m
BiTurbo (M275) (738 ft·lbf)@2000

Diesel engines
2.2L 204 PS

?2,987 cc (2.987 265 PS (195 kW

S 300 BlueTec
L; 182.3 cu in) V6 2009–2010 Total 261 hp),[36] 560 N·m
electric motor (413 ft·lbf)

235 PS
(173 kW;
2,987 cc (2.987 L;
S 320 CDI, S 320 I4 turbo 232 hp)@360
CDI 4MATIC (OM651 2006–2008 182.3 cu in) V6
0, 540 N·m
) Biturbo (OM642)
(398 ft·lbf)@

235 PS
(173 kW;
2,987 cc (2.987 L;
S 320 CDI 232 hp)@360
2008–2009 182.3 cu in) V6
BlueEFFICIENCY 0, 540 N·m
Biturbo (OM642)
(398 ft·lbf)@

235 PS (173 kW;

S 350 CDI 2,987 cc (2.987 L; 232 hp)@3600,
BlueEFFICIENCY, S 2009- 182.3 cu in) V6 540 N·m
350 CDI 4MATIC Biturbo (OM642) (398 ft·lbf)@1600–

320 PS (235 kW;

3,996 cc (3.996 L;
2006– 316 hp)@3600,
S 420 CDI 243.9 cu in) V8
2009 730 N·m
Biturbo (OM629)
(538 ft·lbf)@2200

S 280 is only sold in the United Kingdom, Ireland and Asia(badged as S 300)

S 350 CDI 4MATIC is badged as S 350 CDI 4MATIC Blue EFFICIENCY in Germany.

S 500 is badged as S 550 in Canada, US and Japan market.


On 11 May 2009, Mercedes-Benz announced the sale of 270,000 units since the original
W221 launch.

S 600 Guard and S 600 Guard Pullman were built in Sindelfingen plant with a separate
production line.

As part of the W221 launch campaign, Mercedes-Benz Accessories GmbH introduced a

series of 17 products under S-Class Collection, beginning in 2005-09. Products include
wrist watch designed with Sindelfingen-based Design Centre, piqué polo shirt, cufflinks,
pen, umbrella, key fob, mouse pads, pen cases, cigar set, note pad, wallet, 1/43 S-Class
scale model car. Mercedes-Benz Accessories GmbH also introduced a series of 1,200
units of S-Class vehicle freight train.

Mercedes-Benz W220

The Mercedes-Benz W220 was a series of flagship sedans which constituted the Mercedes-
Benz S-Class during the early-to-mid 2000's. Development for the W220 S-Class started in
early 1993, with the final design being approved in 1996 spanning a total of 38 months. The
completed prototypes were presented in 1998. The W220 (and similar W215 CL-
Class coupés) started production in 1999. The W220 was a replacement for the
earlier W140 S-Class after the 1999 model year. Compared to its predecessor, the W220 had
somewhat smaller exterior dimensions but offered more interior space, particularly in the
long wheelbase versions (although the trunk is smaller than on its W140 predecessor).
Production of the W220 totalled 485,000 units, slightly more than the production totals from
the W140. Production ended in 2006 when the W220 and W215 were replaced by
the W221 S-Class and the W216 CL-Class.

As with each new S-Class, the W220 was technologically advanced at the time of its
launch, bringing in new innovations such as Airmatic air suspension, Active Ventilated
Seats (which used miniature fans in the seats to move air through perforations), keyless
entry and ignition, radar-controlled Distronic distance-aware cruise control, and a
cylinder deactivation system called Active Cylinder Control for the S500 and S600
models, which improves fuel consumption and reduces emissions. All were pioneering
innovations at the time of the W220's conception.

4Matic all wheel drive was introduced to the North American S-Class for 2003, for the
S430 and S500 as a $2180 USD option. This full-time system splits engine power 40/60
front/rear, with electronic traction control adjusting that mix to the wheels (or wheel)
with the best traction in slippery conditions.

Model Engine Cyl. Power Torque

197 PS (145 kW;

S280 2.8 18V V6 270 N·m (199 lb·ft)
194 hp)

224 PS (165 kW;

S320 3.2 18V V6 315 N·m (232 lb·ft)
221 hp)

245 PS (180 kW;

S350 3.7 18V V6 350 N·m (258 lb·ft)
242 hp)

279 PS (205 kW;

S430 4.3 24V V8 400 N·m (295 lb·ft)
275 hp)

306 PS (225 kW;

S500 ('00-'02) 5.0 24V V8 460 N·m (339 lb·ft)
302 hp)

S55 AMG ('01- 360 PS (265 kW;

5.4 24V AMG V8 530 N·m (391 lb·ft)
'02) 355 hp)
367 PS (270 kW;
S600 ('01-'02) 5.8 36V V12 530 N·m (391 lb·ft)
362 hp)

S55 AMG ('03- 500 PS (368 kW;

5.4 24V SC AMG V8 700 N·m (516 lb·ft)
'06) 493 hp)

5.5 36V Bi- 500 PS (368 kW;

S600 ('02-'05) V12 800 N·m (590 lb·ft)
Turbo 493 hp)

444 PS (327 kW;

S63 AMG ('01) 6.3 36V V12 738 N·m (544 lb·ft)
438 hp)

S65 AMG ('05- 612 PS (450 kW; 1,001 N·m

6.0 36V Turbo V12
'06) 604 hp) (738 lb·ft)

197 PS (145 kW;

S320 CDI 3.2 24V CDI I6 470 N·m (347 lb·ft)
194 hp)

204 PS (150 kW;

S320 CDI 3.2 24V CDI I6 500 N·m (369 lb·ft)
201 hp)

250 PS (184 kW;

S400 CDI 4.0 32V CDI V8 560 N·m (413 lb·ft)
247 hp)

PRODUCTION: 1954–present
ASSEMBLY: Berlin, Germany, Frankfurt, Germany, Toluca, Mexico, Santiago
Tianguistenco, Mexico, 6th of October City, Cairo, Egypt, Bogor, Indonesia,
Chakan, Pune, India, Bangkok, Thailand

 Pre-Safe, the integrated Mercedes-Benz collision avoidance and response system,

debuted with the W220 S-Class.
 Electronic Stability Program (ESP) and Brake Assist were standard features for
difficult driving conditions and emergency maneuvers.
 The W220 S-Class added standard front and rear side curtain airbags. In total,
the W220 features 8 airbags: 2 frontal (driver and passenger), 4 side airbags (one in
each door) and 2 window bags.
 LED brake lights were also standard issue on the W220. LED brake lights
illuminate faster than conventional bulbs.

Mercedes-Benz CLS-Class
The Mercedes-Benz CLS is an executive-size sedan originally launched in 2004 and
based based on the W211 E-Class platform and was internally designated as the C219.
The second generation CLS-Class was introduced in September 2010.

The first generation of the CLS, the Mercedes-Benz C219, was based upon
the W219 platform, a W211 E-Class spin-off that is six inches (152 mm) longer. IVM
Automotive, a subsidiary of German roof system specialist Edscha, developed the entire
vehicle from the Vision concept to the production version. More than 150 IVM engineers
were involved, making the CLS the largest vehicle development project in the company's

The CLS-class was first displayed as the Vision CLS concept at the
2003 Frankfurt International Motor Show. The production versionCLS 500 made its
debut at the 2004 New York International Auto Show. A new AMG model was
introduced at the 2004 Paris Motor Show, the CLS 55 AMG. Only 3,000 CLS 55 AMG cars
were to be built each year.

On sale in Europe in 2004, the CLS was offered for sale in the United States in January
2005 as the CLS 500 and CLS 55 AMG. In 2006, Mercedes phased out both the 5.0L in the
CLS 500 and 5.5L Supercharged V8 in the CLS 55 AMG in favor of two new 5.5L and 6.2L
V8s. This resulted in the 2007 model year name change to the CLS 63 AMG (6.2L V8)
and CLS 550 (5.5L V8) in the United States. The CLS 500 badge continues to be used in
various markets with the 5.5L V8 motor.
Mercedes-Benz has planned a yearly production of 30,000 units worldwide, of which
about 10,000 will be shipped to the U.S. market. The CLS 550 has a base price
of US$65,620, with the CLS 55 starting at US$87,320. CLS63 starts at $92,500 for a base
model, and is offered with steering wheel mounted paddles (F1 style), and 19" wheels
for the US market. It was assembled by Daimler
AG in Sindelfingen, Germany and Mercedes-Benz-Valdez in Santiago
Tianguistenco, Mexico.
0–100 km/h
Class Engine Power Torque Top speed
(62 mph)
165 kW
510 N·m 250 km/h
CLS 320 CDI 3.0 L diesel V6 (224 hp 7.0 seconds
(380 ft·lbf) (155 mph)
165 kW
540 N·m 250 km/h
CLS 320 CDI 3.0 L diesel V6 (224 hp 7.0 seconds
(380 ft·lbf) (155 mph)
165 kW
540 N·m 250 km/h
CLS 350 CDI 3.0 L diesel V6 (224 hp 7.0 seconds
(380 ft·lbf) (155 mph)
200 kW
350 N·m 250 km/h
CLS 350 3.5 L M272 V6 (272 hp 7.0 seconds
(258 ft·lbf) (155 mph)
215 kW
365 N·m 250 km/h
CLS 350 CGI 3.5 L M272 V6 (292 hp 6.7 seconds
(269 ft·lbf) (155 mph)
228 kW
460 N·m 250 km/h
CLS 500 (2006) 5.0 L M113 V8 (306 hp 6.0 seconds
(339 ft·lbf) (155 mph)
CLS 550 281 kW
530 N·m 250 km/h
CLS 500 (2007- 5.5 L M273 V8 (388 hp 4.7 seconds
(391 ft·lbf) (155 mph)
) DIN)
Supercharged 350 kW
CLS 702 N·m 250 km/h
5.4 L AMG (476 hp 4.2 seconds
55 AMG (2006) (516 ft·lbf) (155 mph)
M113 V8 DIN)
378 kW
6.2 L AMG 630 N·m 250 km/h
CLS 63 AMG (514 hp 4.1 seconds
M156 V8 (465 ft·lbf) (155 mph)

Calendar year US sales

2004 n/a

2005 14,835

2006 10,763

2007 7,906

2008 5,775

2009 2,527

2010 2,135

Mercedes-Benz GL-Class
The Mercedes-Benz GL-Class (code name X164) is a full-size crossover SUV built by the
German carmaker Mercedes-Benz since 2006. The GL-Class debuted at the 2006 North
American International Auto Show. The car was designed for the American market, which is
shown by its large size, making it the only similarly-sized rival up against Audi's Q7 by that time.
It is the 7-passenger counterpart of the Mercedes-Benz M-Class. Although the car was designed
for the US market, it is also sold in Europe, albeit in far fewer numbers.
Standard features:
Standard on the Mercedes-Benz GL350 BLUETEC and GL450 include air conditioning
w/ dual-zone climate controls, interior air filter, tilt/telescopic premium leather-
wrapped steering wheel w/ radio controls, cruise control, heated 8-way power front
seats, 6-disc CD changer, outside-temperature indicator, and universal garage door
opener. On the facelifted 2010 model, the GL's also incorporate new DRL's as well
as LED tail lamps for improved visibility. 19" 5-spoke wheels come standard with all-
season tires and new chrome beltline, window trim, and roof rails also now come
standard. A chrome loadsill and front and rear chrome looking skid plates come
standard. The GL also comes with AIRMATIC suspension, a 3D instrument cluster, and 7
way seating with power 50/50 folding 3rd row seats.

The GL350 BLUETEC is the world's cleanest diesel and reduces NOx emissions by 80%.
It features a 3.0L 210 hp (157 kW) 400 lb·ft (542 N·m) torque, turbocharged V-6. The
starting MSRP for this car is one thousand dollars less than the GL450. The GL450
4MATIC has a 335 hp (250 kW), V-8. The GL550 has a 382 hp (285 kW), 5.5L V8.


 GL 350 CDI BlueTec: 3.0 L V6 (diesel), 160 kW (215 hp)

 GL 420 CDI: 4.0 L V8 (diesel), 225 kW (302 hp)
 GL 450: 4.7 L V8, 250 kW (335 hp)
 GL 550 (GL 500 in Europe): 5.5 L V8, 285 kW (382 hp)


Calendar US sales

2006 18,776

2007 26,396

2008 23,328

2009 15,012
2010 19,943

Economical Analysis of Mercedes-Benz:

2008 2007 08/07

Amounts in millions of € % change

EBIT 2,117 4,753 -55

Revenue 47,772 52,430 -9

Return on sales 4.4% 9.1% .

Investment in property, plant and equipment 2,246 1,910 +18

Research and development expenditure 2,944 2,733 +10

of which capitalized 1,060 705 +50

Production 1,338,245 1,300,089 +3

Unit sales 1,273,013 1,293,184 -2

Employees (December 31) 97,303 97,526 -0

Unit sales in 2008

1,000 08/07

units % change

Mercedes-Benz 1,126 -5

thereof A/B-Class 250 -9

C/CLK/SLK-Class 448 +16

1,000 08/07

units % change

E/CLS-Class 173 -25

S/CL/SL-Class/SLR/Maybach 93 -13

M/R/GL/GLK/G-Class 161 -11

smart 139 +35

Mercedes-Benz Cars2 1,273 -2

thereof Western Europe 733 -6

thereof Germany 332 -3

NAFTA 282 +2

thereof United States 251 -0

Asia/Pacific 159 +14

thereof Japan 37 -20

1 Group sales (including leased vehicles)

2 The figure for 2008 includes 8,200 Mitsubishi vehicles manufactured and/or sold in
South Africa.
Marketing and Services
Mercedes-Benz Plants

DaimlerChrysler Headquarters in Stuttgart.

Mercedes-Benz Untertürkheim Plant - Stuttgart, Germany

Production: Engines, axles, transmissions, components ~ incl. "upstream" facilities
foundry and forge. The main plant: Daimler has concentrated the development,
production, and shipment of engines, transmissions, and axles for the Mercedes-Benz
Cars division at the Untertürkheim location. Also located in the main plant are the
Daimler AG headquarters, parts of the Commercial Vehicles division, the research and
development unit, and a steeply banked curve for testing new vehicles.

Mercedes-Benz Sindelfingen Plant - Sindelfingen, Germany

Production: Mercedes-Benz C-Class saloon, S-, E-, CL- and CLS-Class, SLS AMG and

Mercedes-Benz Affalterbach Plant - Affalterbach, Germany

Production: AMG engine production facility, AMG Performance Studio ~ The
Affalterbach plant houses the management, administrative staff, and sales department
of Mercedes-AMG GmbH, as well as the engine manufacturing facility and the
development and design departments for AMG vehicles. Each high-performance AMG
engine is made by a single mechanic in accordance with the company's "One man, One
Engine" principle

Mercedes-Benz Berlin Plant - Berlin, Germany

Production: Engines, components and parts ~ Produced at the location today are not
only V8 diesel and V12 gasoline engines and the Type 12 engine for the Maybach luxury
saloon, but also one of the cleanest diesel engines in its class: the V6 diesel with
BlueTEC technology. Product development, design, and production of components and
parts are also carried out at the Berlin location.

Mercedes-Benz Bremen Plant - Bremen, Germany

Production: Mercedes-Benz C-Class (saloon and estate), E-Class (coupé and cabriolet),
SLK, SL, GLK ~ As the area's biggest private-sector employer, the plant is deeply rooted
in the region; in a period of over 30 years more than five million Mercedes-Benz
passenger cars have been produced in Bremen. The C-Class saloon, C-Class estate, and
the GLK are flexibly produced on one production line in Bremen. With the launch of the
next generation of the C-Class, the plant will become the centre of expertise for this
high-volume production series.

Mercedes-Benz Rastatt Plant - Rastatt, Germany

Production: Mercedes-Benz A-Class, B-Class ~ Centre of expertise for compact cars:
Rastatt manufactures the A-Class and B-Class, which were awarded the automotive
environmental certificate of the renowned Öko-Trend institute in 2007. In 2009,
Mercedes-Benz further expanded its centre of competence for compact cars with the
enlargement of the Rastatt palnt (new body shop building) and the associated
investment of €600 million, thus securing the long-term future of the Rastatt location

Mercedes-Benz Hamburg Plant - Hamburg, Germany

Production: Axles, components ~ The Hamburg plant is an important supplier of
exhaust gas technology, axles and axle components, steering columns, and intelligent
lightweight structural components for the entire range of passenger cars from
Mercedes-Benz, smart, and Maybach. The location is the site of the lightweight
engineering centre for the Group's chassis components.

Mercedes-Benz Kölleda Plant - Kölleda, Germany

Production: Petrol and diesel engines ~ The engine factory in Kölleda, Thuringia, has
been manufacturing three- and four-cylinder engines since 2003. MDC Power GmbH is a
wholly-owned subsidiary of Daimler AG since 2006. The plant assembles petrol and
diesel engines for Mercedes-Benz and Mitsubishi models, as well as for the smart

Mercedes-Benz U.S. International Inc. - Vance, Alabama USA

Production: Mercedes-Benz M, R, and GL-Class ~ Main production location for SUVs:
Tuscaloosa is the production for Mercedes-Benz family of SUVs. M-, GL-, and R-Class are
produced exclusively in Alabama and shipped from there to markets worldwide.
Starting in 2014, the Tuscaloosa plant also will produce the successor generation of the
current C-Class exclusively for the North American market.

Smart Hambach Plant - Hambach, France

Production: smart fortwo, smart fortwo electric drive ~ "smartville": The smart fortwo
is produced in Hambach, France. The plant's cross-shaped assembly line is optimally
suited to the needs of logistics and assembly operations and provides an efficient
arrangement for production processes. The plant's environmentally friendly production
process is in keeping with the product: The plant has an organic water treatment facility
as well as a heat recovery system. Painting with powder coating is especially energy

Mercedes-Benz Manufacturing South Africa - East London, South

Production: Mercedes-Benz C-Class saloon (right and left-hand drive) C-Class for right-
hand drive markets: The current C-Class is already the third generation to be produced
in South Africa's Eastern Cape district. The plant has been exporting saloons to right-
hand drive markets since 2000. Since the production launch of the new C-Class in 2007,
the facility also has been exporting left-hand drive vehicles to the U.S.

Mercedes-Benz do Brasil Ltda. - Juiz de Fora, Brazil

Production: Mercedes-Benz CLC-Class ~ Production location of the CLC-Class: The plant
already produced the predecessor of the Mercedes-Benz CLC, the C-Class sports coupé.
Since then, it has been the only plant to manufacture this class within the Mercedes-
Benz production network. The plant builds the CLC-Class primarily for the European

Besides its native Germany, Mercedes-Benz vehicles are also manufactured or
assembled in:

 Argentina (buses, trucks and the Sprinter van. The first Mercedes-Benz factory
outside of Germany)
 Austria (G-Class)
 Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Brazil (buses, trucks, C-class passenger cars (export only), established in 1956)
 Canada
 Egypt
 Ghana (buses, trucks, taxis)
 Hungary (construction of a new plant in the country announced on June 18,
2008, for the next generation A- and B-Class)
 India
 Indonesia
 Iran
 Malaysia
 Mexico
 Nigeria (buses, trucks, utility motors and the van Sprinter)
 South Africa
 South Korea (Mercedes-Benz Musso and MB100 models manufactured
by SsangYong Motor Company)
 Thailand (assembly of C, E and S class vehicles by the Thonburi Group)
 Turkey
 United Kingdom (The SLR sports car is built at the McLaren Technology Centre
in Woking).Brackley, Northamptonshire, United Kingdom Mercedes Grand Prix