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6

ANALIZA GESTIUNII RESURSELOR UMANE


Munca – UHSUH]LQW  FD IDFWRU GH SURGXF LH R DFWLYLWDWH VSHFLILF

XPDQ GHVI úXUDW vQVFRSXORE LQHULLGHEXQXULHFRQRPLFH

)XQF LRQDUHD RULF UHL DFWLYLW L HFRQRPLFR -sociale este de


QHFRQFHSXWI U SUH]HQ DúLLQWHUYHQ LDRPXOXLFDUHHVWHQXQXPDLSXUW WRUXO

XQRUQHYRLGHFRQVXPFLúLSRVHVRUDOXQRUDELOLW LFH LSHUPLWV DF LRQH]H


-
în scopul satisfacerii acestor nevoi.
În analiza gestiunii resurselor umane la nivel microeconomic, se are
în vedere faptuOF PXQFDVHPDQLIHVW FDIDFWRUGHSURGXF LHQXPDLvQVWDUH
DFWLY  úL QX VXE IRUPD XQHL UHVXUVH VWRFDWH &D DWDUH SUREOHPDWLFD DQDOL]HL

VH FLUFXPVFULH OD DVLJXUDUHD FDQWLWDWLY  úL FDOLWDWLY  FX UHVXUVH XPDQH úL

HILFLHQ DXWLOL] ULLDFHVWRUD$VSHFWHSULYLQGSLD DPXQFLL –FHUHUHúLRIHUW –


FRUHOD LDGH]YROWDUH –SRSXOD LHSUHJ WLUHDIRU HLGHPXQF VXQWDERUGDWHOD

QLYHOXOPDFURHFRQRPLFúLIDFRELHFWXODOWRUGRPHQLLDOHúWLLQ HLHFRQRPLFH

ÌQ FRQVHFLQ  SULQFLSDOHOH SUREOHPH FDUH IDF RELHFWXO DQDOL] ei


gestiunii resurselor umane sunt:

'LQDPLFDHIHFWLYXOXLGHSHUVRQDOSHWRWDOúLFDWHJRULL

1HFHVDUXOGHSHUVRQDOODQLYHOXOvQWUHSULQGHULLVHVWDELOHúWHvQIXQF LH

de criterii specifice pentru fiecare categorie1 'LPHQVLRQDUHD UD LRQDO  D

QXP UXOXL GH SHUVRQDO FRQVWLWXLH R SUREOHP  GHRVHELW GH LPSRUWDQW  vQ

     
                  ! 

  

"            # 
  
 $    %
   & 
     
  '& (& ( 
 % '      &  ()
1
XWLOL]DUHDHILFLHQW úLFUHDUHDFRQGL LLORUPDWHULDOHSHQWUXDF LXQHDvQWUHJXOXL

FRPSOH[GHIDFWRULPRWLYD LRQDOL

3HQWUX GLPHQVLRQDUHD UHVXUVHORU XPDQH VH IRORVHVF PDL PXO L

indicatori, respectiv:
♦ QXP UXO PD[LP GH VDODULD L DGLF  OLPLWD VXSHULRDU  vQ FDUH VH SRDWH

vQVFULHILUPDSHQWUXXWLOL]DUHDHILFLHQW DIDFWRUXOXLPXQF 

N 0 ⋅ Iq
N max = , în care Iq UHSUH]LQW  ,CA sau Qa SUHY ]XW  ID  GH
100
SHULRDGDSUHFHGHQW 

♦ QXP UXO PHGLX GH VDODULD L FX FRQWUDFW GH PXQF  1RUPH

metodologice MF 110-139/20.01.1998);
♦ QXP UXOPHGLXGHSHUVRQDO–ODLQGLFDWRUXOSUHFHGHQWVHDGDXJ FHLFDUH

OXFUHD] SHED] GHFRQYHQ LH

♦ efectivul scriptic de personal, care cuprinde totalitatea personalului


existent îQHYLGHQ DXQLW LLODXQPRPHQWGDW
♦ efectivul scriptic prezent la lucru într-un anumit moment.

1RW : N -GHUHJXO VHFDOFXOHD] SHED]DHIHFWLYXOXLVFULSWLF6HRSWHD] úL


pentru varianta efectivului prezent.
Dinamica efectivuluLGHSHUVRQDOSHWRWDOúLFDWHJRULLDUHPHQLUHDGH
D SXQH vQ HYLGHQ  GLPHQVLXQHD SRWHQ LDOXOXL WHKQLF-HFRQRPLF OHJDW  GH

DFHVW IDFWRU GH SURGXF LH vQ UDSRUW GH UHDOL] ULOH SHULRDGHORU DQWHULRDUH úL

QHFHVDUXO SUHVWDELOLW ÌQ FRQVHFLQ  VH VWDELOHúWHPRGLILFDUHD DEVROXW  ∆N),


SHWRWDOSHUVRQDOúLFDWHJRULL

∆N = N1 – N0,
în care:
N  QXP UXO GH SHUVRQDO PHGLX VDX VFULSWLF  UHDOL]DW   úL FHO GLQ

ED]DGHFRPSDUD LH  

3H ED]D GDWHORU IXUQL]DWH GH GLUHF LD GH UHVXUVH XPDQH GLQ FDGUXO

întreprinderii, LQIRUPD LLOH QHFHVDUH DQDOL]HL SRW IL VWUXFWXUDWH DVWIHO

(tabelul 6.1):
Tabelul 6.1.
5HDOL] UL 3HULRDGDFXUHQW

Nr. perioada
Categorii de personal 3UHY ]XW Realizat
crt. SUHFHGHQW

Nr. % Nr. % Nr. %


1. Muncitori, 840 80,8 645 77,7 710 83,2
din care:
a. direct productivi 645 62,0 505 60,8 570 66,8
b. indirect productivi 112 10,8 80 9,6 78 9,1
c. GHVHUYLUHJHQHUDO 83 8,0 60 7,3 62 7,3
2. 3HUVRQDOWHKQLFúLGHFHUFHWDUH 130 12,5 125 15,1 85 10,0
din care:
a. de cercetare 70 6,7 90 10,8 68 7,6
Personal de conducere
3. 70 6,7 60 7,2 58 6,8
úLDGPLQLVWUD LH

4. TOTAL PERSONAL 1040 100 830 100 853 100


Cifra de afaceri – mil.lei
5. 8800 x 11440 x 11772 x
SUH XULFRPSDUDELOH

&RPSDUDWLY FX SHULRDGD SUHFHGHQW  VH SUHYHGH R UHducere a


SHUVRQDOXOXLFXSHVWH SHUVRDQH vQFRQGL LLOHHVWLP ULLXQHLFUHúWHUL

D FLIUHL GH DIDFHUL vQ SUH XUL FRPSDUDELOH  FX  (YLGHQW R DVHPHQHD

VLWXD LH HVWH XUPDUHD XQRU P VXUL SUHFRQL]DWH GH VWUXFWXUDUH GH VSRULUH D

HILFLHQ HLHFRQRPLFH$FHVWOXFUXSRDWHILSXVvQHYLGHQ úLSULQPRGLILF ULOH

SUHY ]XWH D VH SURGXFH vQ VWUXFWXUD SHUVRQDOXOXL UHVSHFWLY PHQ LQHUHD XQHL

ponderi ridicate a muncitorilor direct productivi (în defavoarea celor indirect


SURGXFWLYLúLGHGHVHUYLUHJHQHUDO úLDSHUVRQDOXOXLWHKQLFúLGHFHUFHWDUHFX

RLPSRUWDQW VFKLPEDUHvQVWUXFWXUDDFHVWXLD

/D VIkUúLWXO H[HUFL LXOXL SUHYHGHULOH VXQW UHDOL]DWH SDU LDO FX XQHOH

DFFHQWHQHJDWLYHFXPDUIL GHH[HPSOX VF GHUHDFRQVLGHUDELO  DSHUVRQDOXOXL

de cercetare.
Într-R DVHPHQHD VLWXD LH vQ DFWLYLWDWHD SUDFWLF  GH DQDOL]  VH

PHQ LRQHD] FDX]HOHFDUHDXFRQGXVODQHUHDOL]DUHDP VXULORUSUHFRQL]DWHFX

SUHFL]DUHD JUDGXOXL GH LPSOLFDUH GLUHFW  D FRPSDUWLPHQWHORU U VSXQ] WRDUH vQ

YHGHUHD vQWUHSULQGHULL P VXULORU FDUH VH impun în cadrul gestiunii interne a


întreprinderii.
ÌQ FD]XO HIHFWX ULL XQRU VWXGLL GH VXELHF L GLQ DIDUD XQLW LL vQ FDGUXO

DQDOL]HL VH FRQVWDW  VLWXD LD GDW  I FkQGX VH vQV  FRPSDUD LL FX XQLW
- L

VLPLODUH vQ FHHD FH SULYHúWH QXP UXO úL VWUXFWXUD SHUVRQDOXOXL úL QLYHOXO GH

productivitate.
$úD GH H[HPSOX DQDOL]D VWUXFWXULL SHUVRQDOXOXL SRDWH YL]D JUXSDUHD

DFHVWXLD vQ IXQF LH GH PHVHULH YkUVW  YHFKLPHD WRWDO  vQ PXQF  VWDJLXO vQ

FDGUXO vQWUHSULQGHULL úL DOWH FULWHULL ILHFDUH DYkQG R VHPQLILFD LH proprie în


DSUHFLHUHDVLWXD LHLH[LVWHQWHODXQPRPHQWGDW

3HQWUX SHUVRQDOXO SURGXFWLY úL GH GHVHUYLUH JHQHUDO  GLQDPLFD

DFHVWXLD SRDWH IL XUP ULW  vQ FRUHOD LH FX HYROX LD SURGXFWLYLW LL PXQFLL

stabilindu-VHDVWIHORPRGLILFDUHUHODWLY SHED]DUHOD LHL


N - N x IQ
$VWIHOvQH[HPSOXOGDWFRPSDUDWLYFXSHULRDGDSUHFHGHQW V -a
SUHY ]XW

11440
645 − 840 ⋅ = − 447 persoane
8800
5HDOL] ULOHVXQWXUP WRDUHOH

11772
710 − 840 ⋅ = − 414 SHUVRDQHID GHSHULRDGDSUHFHGHQW
8800
11772
710 − 645 ⋅ = + 46 persoane, comparativ cu prevederile, ceea ce
11441
vQVHDPQ  F  SURGXFWLYLWDWHD PXQFLL QX D FUHVFXW vQ FRQIRUPLWDWH FX

SUHYHGHULOHIDSWFHVHUHIOHFW QHJDWLYvQFRVWXOSURGXF LHL

$QDOL]DVWDELOLW LLSHUVRQDOXOXL

ÌQ OHJ WXU  GLUHFW  FX GLQDPLFD SHUVRQDOXOXL HVWH VWDELOL tatea acestuia
vQFDGUXOvQWUHSULQGHULLFDUHFRQVWLWXLHRFRQGL LHLPSRUWDQW SHQWUXXWLOL]DUHD

HILFLHQW DIRU HLGHPXQF 

0RELOLWDWHD IRU HL GH PXQF  DSDUH DWkW VXE IRUPD LQWU ULORU FkW úL D

LHúLULORU LQGLIHUHQW GH FDX]D JHQHUDWRDUH 7RWXúL WUHEXLH V  VH IDF  GLVWLQF LH

vQWUHFLUFXOD LHúLIOXFWXD LH

&LUFXOD LD IRU HL GH PXQF  UHSUH]LQW  PLúFDUHD SHUVRQDOXOXL vQ FXUVXO

XQHL SHULRDGH LQWU UL úL LHúLUL  GHWHUPLQDW  GH FDX]H VRFLDO -economice
SHQVLRQDUHGHFHVHWUDQVIHUXULUHVWUkQJHUHDDFWLYLW LL etc.).

Pentru caracterizarea acestui fenomen se folosesc indicatorii:


Intrari in cursul perioadei
♦ FRHILFLHQWXOLQWU ULORU  ;
Numarul mediu de personal
Plecari in cursul perioadei
♦ FRHILFLHQWXOSOHF ULORU  ;
Numar mediu de personal
Intrari + Iesiri
♦ FRHILFLHQWXOPLúF ULLWRWDOH  .
Numar mediu de personal
ÌQFDGUXOSOHF ULORUSRDWHILUHPDUFDW IOXFWXD LDIRU HLGHPXQF FDXQ

IHQRPHQ QHQRUPDO UHSUH]HQWkQG SOHF ULOH GLQ vQWUHSULQGHUL I U  DSUREDUHD

FRQGXFHULLvQWUHSULQGHULLVDXFDXUPDUHDQHUHVSHFW ULLOHJLVOD LHLPXQFLL

&RHILFLHQWXO GH IOXFWXD LH VH VWDELOHúWH FD UDSRUW vQWUH totalul celor
SOHFD LGLQFDX]HOHPHQ LRQDWHúLQXP UXOPHGLXGHSHUVRQDO

Tabelul 6.2.
N.
Indicatori P0 P1
crt.
1. 1XP UPHGLXGHSHUVRQDO 1040 853
2. 1XP UXOPHGLXDOLQWU ULORU 156 170
3. 1XP UXOPHGLXDOSOHF ULORU 343 357
GLQFDUHIOXFWXD LL 143 160
4. &RHILFLHQWXOLQWU U ilor 0,15 0,20
5. &RHILFLHQWXOSOHF ULORU 0,33 0,42
GLQFDUHIOXFWXD LL 0,14 0,19
6. &RHILFLHQWXOPLúF ULLWRWDOH 0,48 0,62

5H]XOW  F  GLQ SXQFW GH YHGHUH DO VWDELOLW LL VLWXD LD V D vQU XW
- LW

vQWUXFkWDFUHVFXWPLúFDUHDWRWDO úLIOXFWXD LD

(IHFWXDUHD XQRU VWXGLL FX FDUDFWHU VRFLRORJLF SRW SXQH vQ HYLGHQ  úL

DVSHFWHSULYLQGLQWHQ LLOHSHUVRQDOXOXLvQFHHDFHSULYHúWHU PkQHUHDVDXQXvQ

FDGUXO vQWUHSULQGHULL FX PRWLYD LD UHVSHFWLY  $VHPHQHD DVSHFWH WUHEXLH

cunoscute de conducerea întreprinderii, în formularea politicii de personal.

$QDOL]DFDOLILF ULLIRU HLGHPXQF

1LYHOXOGHFDOLILFDUHDSHUVRQDOXOXLUHSUH]LQW RSUREOHP GHRVHELW GH

LPSRUWDQW vQGLPHQVLRQDUHDSURGXF LHLúLHYROX LDSURGXFWLYLW LPXQFLL .


$QDOL]D FDOLILF ULL IRU HL GH PXQF  YL]HD]  GRX  DVSHFWH GH ED] 

UHVSHFWLY FDUDFWHUL]DUHD VLWXD LHL FDOLILF ULL OD XQ PRPHQW GDW HYROX LD

DFHVWXLDúLPRGXOvQFDUHHVWHXWLOL]DW IRU DGHPXQF FDOLILFDW 

ÌQ VROX LRQDUHD SULPXOXL DVSHFW VH SRDWH D vea în vedere structura
SHUVRQDOXOXLSHIRUPHGHSUHJ WLUHúLSHUIHF LRQDUHDIRU HLGHPXQF FDOLILFDW 

cum ar fi:
ƒ DEVROYHQ LDLúFROLORUSURIHVLRQDOH

ƒ XFHQLFLODORFXOGHPXQF 

ƒ DEVROYHQ LDLOLFHHORUGHVSHFLDOLWDWH
ƒ DEVROYHQ LDLvQY PkQWXOXLVXSHULR r;
ƒ DEVROYHQ LDLXQRUFXUVXULGHVSHFLDOL]DUHHWF

3HQWUX FDUDFWHUL]DUHD VLQWHWLF  D QLYHOXOXL GH FDOLILFDUH D SHUVRQDOXOXL

VHXWLOL]HD] FRHILFLHQWXOFDOLILF ULLPHGLL . VWDELOLWSHED]DUHOD LHL

K=
∑ (n ⋅ k ) ,
∑n
în care:
n QXP UXOGHSHUVonal pe categorii de încadrare;
k = categoria de încadrare (în cazul în care se folosesc denumiri de
FDWHJRULHVSHFLDO VXSHULRDU HWFVHSURFHGHD] ODRFRGLILFDUHDDFHVWRUD 

ÌQFHHDFHSULYHúWHPRGXOGHIRORVLUHDIRU HLGHPXQF FDOLILFDW VH

poateXWLOL]DFRHILFLHQWXOGHFRQFRUGDQ  .F FDOFXODWSHED]DUDSRUWXOXL

K
Kc = ,
Kl
în care:
Kl FRHILFLHQWXOGHFRPSOH[LWDWHDOOXFU ULORUVWDELOLWFXDMXWRUXO

UHOD LHL

Kl =
∑ (Nh ⋅ t ) ,
∑ Nh
în care:
1K QXP UXOGHRUHQRUPDWHUHDOL]D te pe categorii de încadrare a
OXFU ULORU

t FDWHJRULDGHvQFDGUDUHDOXFU ULORU

([HPSOLILFDUHDPHWRGRORJLHLGHDQDOL] LPSOLF XUP WRDUHOH

LQIRUPD LL WDEHOXO 

Tabelul 6.3.
Categoria de încadrare a 1XP UPX ncitori Ore normate realizate
personalului respectiv a
OXFU WRULORU

P0 P1 P0 P1
I 207 209 66.053 46.080
II 161 129 87.084 69.015
III 213 168 70.069 48.840
IV 191 148 26.110 21.160
V 40 32 11.558 9.600
VI 24 19 3.782 3.040
VII 4 5 1.580 2.000
TOTAL 840 645 266.236 200.035
Σ (n ⋅ k) 2.304 1.872 x x
Σ (Nh ⋅ t) x x 646.410 496.710
2304 646410
K0 = = 2,74 Kl 0 = = 2,43
840 266236
1872 496710
K1 = = 2,9 Kl1 = = 2,48
645 200035
2,74 2,9
Kc 0 = = 1,13 Kc1 = = 1,17
2,43 2,48
5H]XOW  F  vQWUHSULQGHUHD DUH XQ VXUSOXV GH IRU  GH PXQF  FDOLILFDW 

vQ UDSRUW GH QLYHOXO WHKQLF DO OXFU ULORU FDUH WUHEXLH UHDOL]DWHIDSWFH FRQGXFH

OD R FUHúWHUH UHODWLY  D FKHOWXLHOLORU FX VDODULLOH FX HIHFWHOH FRUHVSXQ] WRDUH

asupra întregului sistem de indicatori economico-financiari.

$QDOL]DXWLOL] ULLWLPSXOXLGHPXQF

8WLOL]DUHD LQWHJUDO  D WLPSXOXL GH PXQF  UHSUH]LQW  XQD GLQ ODWXULOH

LPSRUWDQWHDOHIRORVLULLHILFLHQWHDIDFWRUXOXLPXQF 

5HDOL]DUHD XQHL SURGXF LL FkW PDL PDUL HVWH QHPLMORFLW OHJDW  GH

IRORVLUHDFRPSOHW FXPD[LP HILFLHQ DIRQGXOXLGHWLPSGHPXQF 

(FRQRPLVLUHD WLPSXOXL GH PXQF  vQ FXUVXO SURFHVXOXL GH SURGXF LH VH

SRDWHUHDOL]DSHGRX F L

a) SHFDOHH[WHQVLY SULQUHGXFHUHDSLHUGHULORUGHWLPSvQ]LOHVDXvQRUH ;
b) SHFDOHLQWHQVLY SULQUHGXFHUHDFKHOWXLHOLORUGHWLPSGHPXQF SHXQLWDWH

GHSURGXV FUHúWHUHDSURGXFWLYLW LLPXQFLL 

$QDOL]DIRORVLULLWLPSXOXLGHPXQF XUP UHúWHGHVFRSHULUHDUH]HUYHORU

H[LVWHQWH SH OLQLD XWLOL] ULL FRPSOHWH D WLPSXOXL GLVSRQLELO SUHFXP úL D

FDX]HORU XWLOL] ULL LQFRPSOHWH D DFHVWXLD HYLGHQ LLQG HIHFWHOH HFRQRPLFH DOH

PRELOL] ULLUH]HUYHORUH[LVWHQWH

ÌQ DFHVW VFRS VH DUH vQ YHGHUH HYROX LD SRQGHULL WLPSXOXL HIHFWLY vQ

fondul de timp maxim disponibil, comparativ cu perioadele precedente sau cu


DOWH XQLW L FDOFXOkQGX-se gradul de utilizare a fondului maxim disponibil

(Guf) raportând timpul efectiv lucrat (Te) la fondul de timp maxim disponibil
(Tmax).
Te
Guf = ⋅ 100
T max
Tabelul 6.4
- ore -
Nr. P0 P1
Indicatori
crt. ore % ore %
1. Timp maxim disponibil 1.579.200 100 1.334.800 100
2. Timp efectiv lucrat 1.493.520 94,6 1.293.620 96,9
3. Timp nelucrat, 85.680 5,4 41.180 3,1
din care:
ƒ concedii medicale 21.420 25 8.236 20
ƒ concedii maternitate 4.284 5 1.647 4
ƒ DFFLGHQWHGHPXQF 3.427 4 827
ƒ evenimente 5.147 6 1.647 4
ƒ DEVHQ HQHPRWLYDWH 34.272 40 18.531 45
ƒ cauze independente de 17.130 20 10.295 25
VDODULD L OLSV PDWHULH

SULP RSULULDFFLGHQWDOH

etc.)

5H]XOW RFUHúWHUHDJUDGXOXLGHXWLOL]DUHDIRQGXOXLPD[LPGLVSonibil,

ceea ce este un rezultat pozitiv. S-DXSURGXVVFKLPE ULúLvQVWUXFWXUDWLPSXOXL


nelucrat, respectiv, sporirea timpului nelucrat din cauze independente, ceea ce
GHQRW GHILFLHQ HGHPDQDJHPHQW

În cadrul analizei, un accent deosebit se pune pe stabilitatea cauzelor


FDUHDXGHWHUPLQDWXWLOL]DUHDLQFRPSOHW DWLPSXOXLPD[LPGLVSRQLELOÌQDFHVW

VHQV VH XUP UHúWH VWUXFWXUD WLPSXOXL QHXWLOL]DW SH FDX]H LQGHSHQGHQWH GH

SHUVRQDOúLGHSHQGHQWHGHDFHVWD

În cadrul celei de-D GRXD JUXSH R DWHQ LH GHRVHELW  WUHEXLH DFRUGDW 

WLPSXOXL QHOXFUDW GLQ FDX]D JUHYHORU FRQIOLFWHORU GH PXQF  VWDELOLQGX -se
QXP UXO PHGLX GH ]LOH GH JUHY  6F GHUHD DFHVWXL LQGLFDWRU PDUFKHD]  R

FUHúWHUH D JUDGXOXL GH VDWLVIDFHUH D UHYHQGLF ULORU VLQGLFDOH MXVWLILFDWH úL vQ

consecin  R vPEXQ W LUH D FOLPDWXOXL VRFLDO GH PXQF  FX HIHFWHOH SR]LWLYH

care decurg.
0RGLILFDUHD JUDGXOXL GH XWLOL]DUH D WLPSXOXL GH PXQF  VH UHIOHFW 

asupra:
a) YDORULLSURGXF LHLH[HUFL LXOXL
N1 (Nh1 − Nh 0 )wh 0 ,
unde: Nh0 QXP UXOPHGLXGHRUHOXFUDWH
b) YDORULLDG XJDWH
N1 (Nh1 − Nh 0 )wh 0 ⋅ γ 0 ,
în care:
γ0 YDORDUHDDG XJDW ODOHXSURGXF LHDH[HUFL LXOXL
c) cifrei de afaceri
N1 (Nh1 − Nh 0 )wh 0 ⋅
CA 0
.
Qe0
d) UH]XOWDWXOXLH[SORDW ULL

N1 (Nh1 − Nh 0 )wh 0 ⋅ R 0 ,
în care:
R0 = profitul la 1 leu CA.
e) cheltuielilRUODOHLSURGXF LHSULQLQWHUPHGLXOFKHOWXLHOLORUIL[H
F0 F0
⋅ 1000 − ⋅ 1000
N1 ⋅ Nh1 ⋅ wh 0 N1 ⋅ Nh 0 ⋅ wh 0
3ULQLQWHUPHGLXODFHVWRULQGLFDWRULLQIOXHQ HOHSRWILH[WLQVHúLDVXSUD

altora, cum ar fi:


ƒ UDWDUHQWDELOLW LLILQDQFLDUHDFDSLWDOXOXLSHUPDQHQWúLSURSULX

ƒ indicatorLGHHILFLHQ DHOHPHQWHORUGHDFWLYHWF

(IHFWHOH HFRQRPLFH DVXSUD LQGLFDWRULORU PHQ LRQD L SRW IL VHSDUDWH

SH ILHFDUH FDX]  vQ SDUWH FDUH D GHWHUPLQDW XWLOL]DUHD LQFRPSOHW  D WLPSXOXL

GHPXQF 

8WLOL]DUHD WLPSXOXL GH PXQF  HVWH LQIOXHQ DW  úL GH gradul de

conflictualitateGLQWUHVDODULD L VLQGLFDWH úLFRQGXFHUH3HQWUXFDUDFWHUL]DUHD


XQHLDVHPHQHDVLWXD LLVHIRORVHVFPDLPXO LLQGLFDWRULFXPVXQW

ƒ QXP UGHJUHYHGLQFDUH

- spontane;
- de avertisment;
- generale.
ƒ QXP UXO WRWDO GH ]LOH JUHY  GXUDWD JUH vei ⋅ QXP UXO GH SDUWLFLSDQ L ⋅
QXP UXOGHJUHYH 

ƒ JUDGXO GH LPSRUWDQ  D JUHYHL OD QLYHOXO vQWUHSULQGHULL 

Numar de grevisti
= .
Numar total de salariati
3HQWUXWRDW SHULRDGDVHUHFRPDQG UHOD LD

Numar total de zile greva


.
Timpul maxim disponibil
ƒ QXP UPHGLXGHRUHJUHY SHXQJUHYLVWUHVSHFWLYS e un salariat.
$JUDYDUHD VW ULL GH FRQIOLFWXDOLWDWH DUH LPSOLFD LL DVXSUD UHOD LLORU GH

colaborare a firmei cu partenerii.


$QDOL]DHILFLHQ HLPXQFLL XWLOL] ULLUHVXUVHORUXPDQH

3HQWUX FDUDFWHUL]DUHD úL DQDOL]D HILFLHQ HL PXQFLL VH IRORVHVF PDL

mXO LLQGLFDWRULGLQWUHFDUHvQSULQFLSDOVHXWLOL]HD] 

♦ productivitatea muncii;
♦ profitul pe salariat.
3URGXFWLYLWDWHD PXQFLL HVWH GHILQLW  vQ OLWHUDWXUD GH VSHFLDOLWDWH FD

ILLQG IRU D SURGXFWLY  D PXQFLL DGLF  DFHD FDSDFLWDWH SRVLELOLWDWH  D

factoruluL PXQF  GH D FUHD vQWU R SHULRDG  GH WLPS XQ DQXPLW YROXP GH
-
EXQXULúLGHDSUHVWDDQXPLWHVHUYLFLL

ÌQ XOWLP  LQVWDQ  FDUDFWHUL]HD]  HILFLHQ D FX FDUH HVWH FKHOWXLW  R

DQXPLW FDQWLWDWHGHPXQF 

ÌQ FDGUXO DQDOL]HL SURGXFWLYLW LL PXQFLL SRW IL LQGLYL dualizate
XUP WRDUHOHSUREOHPH

$QDOL]DSURGXFWLYLW LLPXQFLLSHED]DLQGLFDWRULORUYDORULFLúL

fizici

ÌQ SUDFWLF  SHQWUX DQDOL]D SURGXFWLYLW LL  VH XWLOL]HD]  XQ VLVWHP GH

indicatori pULQ FDUH VH H[SULP  ILH FDQWLWDWHD GH SURGXVH RE LQXWH FX R

DQXPLW  FKHOWXLDO  GH PXQF  ILH FKHOWXLDOD GH PXQF  HIHFWXDW  SHQWUX

RE LQHUHDXQHLXQLW LGHSURGXV

ÌQ SULPXOFD]SURGXFWLYLWDWHD PXQFLL :  VHH[SULP FDUDSRUWvQWUH

YROXPXOSURGXF LHL 4 úLFKHOWXLHOLOHGHPXQF  7 HIHFWXDWH

Q T
W= , iar în cel de-DOGRLOHDFD]VHXWLOL]HD] UDSRUWXOLQYHUV W= .
T Q
FRPSOH L

naturali
LQFRPSOH L

Indicatori ai
SURGXFWLYLW LL

muncii
DQXDO  :D 3URGXF LDH[HUFL LXOXL

valorici (W) ]LOQLF  :] Cifra de afaceri


RUDU  :K 9DORDUHDDG XJDW
În raport de cheltuielileGHPXQF GHRVHELP
ƒ SURGXFWLYLWDWHD DQXDO – când cheltuielile de munF  VXQW H[SULPDWH

SULQQXP UXOPHGLXVFULSWLF WRWDOSHUVRQDOVDXPXQFLWRUL 

Q
Wa = ;
T
ƒ SURGXFWLYLWDWHD ]LOQLF – FkQG FKHOWXLHOLOH GH PXQF  VXQW H[SULPDWH
prin consumul de timp om-zile:
Q
Wz = ;
T(om − zile)
ƒ SURGXFWLYLWDWHDRUDU – când FKHOWXLHOLOHGHPXQF VXQWH[SULPDWHSULQ
consumul de timp în om-ore:
Q
Wh = .
T(om − ore)
3HQWUX DQDOL]D GLQDPLFLL SURGXFWLYLW LL PXQFLL SH ED]D LQGLFDWRULORU

valoULFLVXQWQHFHVDUHXUP WRDUHOH date:


Tabelul 6.5
Nr.
crt.
Indicatori *+,- ./10 Realizat %
1.
2.
2! 354 de
Cifra 6749afaceri
8:; 39<=–> =mil.lei
6 ; = ; – 11.440
830
11.772
853
102,9
102,8
3. Total om-zile lucrate 190.900 191.925 x
4.
5.
2! 354 om-ore
Total 6 3?>@4A8
:@lucrate
; 39:@8B; > 8> 31C6 =D 8 1.489.020
230
1.381.860
225
x
97,83
6.
7.
E16F@:
3GCD medie
Durata ; H?; D =D 8
=a zilei de lucru
=I53?=> 7,8
13.783
7,2
13.800
92,31
100,13

8.
E16F@:
3G–Cmii
(Wa D ; H?; D lei)
=D 8
= B
; > I?; C 59,23 61,33 103,55

9.
E16F@:
3G–Cmii
(Wz D ; H?; D lei)
=D 8
= F6=6 7,59 8,52 112,25
(Wh – mii lei)
5H]XOW  F  WR L LQGLFDWRULL YDORULFL vQUHJLVWUHD]  FUHúWHUL ID  GH

QLYHOXOSUHY ]XWGDUvQSURSRU LLGLIHULWH$VWIHO

IWa < IWzFDXUPDUHDVF GHULLQXP UXOXLPHGLXGH]LOHOXFUDWHLDU


IWz < IWhGDWRULW PLFúRU ULLGXUDWHLPHGLLD]LOHLGHOXFUX
Efectul acestor fenomene asupra productivLW LL DQXDOH SRDWH IL SXV
vQHYLGHQ SHED]DUHOD LHL:D 1]⋅ Nh ⋅ Wh.

ÌQED]DGDWHORUGLQWDEHOXOVLWXD LDVHSUH]LQW DVWIHO

∆Wa = 13.800 – 13.783 = + 14 mii lei


GLQFDUHGDWRULW PRGLILF ULL

ƒ QXP UXOXLPHGLXGH]LOHOXFUDWH

Nz1 ⋅ Nh0 ⋅ Wh0 – Wa0 = 225 ⋅ 7,8 ⋅ 7,59 – 13.783 =


=13.320 – 13.783 = - 463 mii lei
ƒ duratei medii a zilei de lucru:
Nz1 ⋅ Nh1 ⋅ Wh0 – Nz1 ⋅ Nh0 ⋅ Wh0 = 225 ⋅ 7,2 ⋅ 7,59 – 13.320 =
= 12.296 –13.320 = - 1024 mii lei
ƒ SURGXFWLYLW LLRUDUH

Wa1 – Nz1 ⋅ Nh1 ⋅ Wh0 = 13.800 – 12.296 = + 1.504 mii lei


8WLOL]DUHDLQFRPSOHW DWLPSXOXLGHPXQF LQFOXVLYvQFDGUXO]LOHLD

FRQGXV OD GLPLQXDUHD SURGXFWLYLW LL DQXDOH FX  PLL OHL FHHD FH

FRQVWLWXLH R UH]HUY  FDUH WUHEXLH V  ILH SXV  vQ YDORDUH vQ SHULRDGD

XUP WRDUH

Într-o FHUFHWDUH vQ GHWDOLX SRDWH IL DERUGDW  úL SUREOHPD DQDOL]HL

SURGXFWLYLW LL RUDUH ]LOQLFH úL DQXDOH SULQ SULVPD VWUXFWXULL SURGXF LHL úL D

SURGXFWLYLW LLRUDUHSHSURGXVHVDXFDWHJRULLGHDFWLYLW LÌQDFHVWVFRSVXQW

QHFHVDUHGDWHOHGLQWDEHOXOXUP WRU (tabelul 6.6.):


Tabelul 6.6
Produse 3URGXFWLYLWDWHDRUDU  Productivitatea
6WUXFWXUDSURGXF LHL
Nr. (grupa pe produse – mii lei - RUDU 

crt. de UHFDOFXODW 
P0 P1 P0 P1
produse) (Wh’)
1. A 20,5 15,0 20 38 3
2. B 18,0 21,0 28 27 5,88
3. C 30,0 25,0 40 43 10,00
4. D 31,5 39,0 55 52 21,45

TOTAL 100 100 38,47 42,40 40,33

127 :
a) SURGXFWLYLWDWHD RUDU  UHFDOFXODW  VH VWDELOHúWH SH ED]D VWUXFWXULL HIHFWLYH

úLSURGXFWLYLWDWHDRUDU SHSURGXVH

Ex. A = 0,15 ⋅ 20 = 3 mii lei


b) 6WUXFWXUDSURGXF LHLVHGHWHUPLQ SHED]DHYDOX ULLSURGXF LHLvQWLPSGH

PXQF 

q0t 0
Pentru P0, g 0 = ,
∑ q0 t 0
în care:
t = timpul consumat pe produs;
q FDQWLWDWHDIDEULFDW UHVSHFWLYYkQGXW GDF VHRSHUHD] FXFLIUD

de afaceri.
ÌQ FRQVHFLQ PRGLILFDUHD SURGXFWLYLW LL RU are de 3,93 mii lei (42,4
– VHH[SOLF SULQLQIOXHQ D

ƒ VWUXFWXULLSURGXF LHL

Wh’ – Wh0 = 40,33 – 38,47 = + 1,86 mii lei


ƒ SURGXFWLYLW LLRUDUHSHSURGXVH

Wh1 – Wh’ = 42,4 – 40,33 = + 2,07 mii lei


'DWHOH DWHVW  IDSWXO F  GRDU  GLQ FUHúWHUHD SURGXFWLYLW LL RUDUH

HVWH UH]XOWDWXO VSRULULL HILFLHQ HL SH SURGXVH UHVWXO ILLQG HIHFWXO RULHQW ULL

VSUH SURGXVH FDUH QHFHVLW  R PDQRSHU  PDL UHGXV  ID  GH PHGLD SH

întreprindere.
1) 3HQWUXSURGXFWLYLWDWHD]LOQLF VHDUHvQYHGHUHUHOD LD
Wz = Nh ⋅ Wh
În coQVHFLQ IDFWRULLGHLQIOXHQ VXQW
ƒ durata medie a zilei de lucru
(Nh1 – Nh0) Wh0
ƒ VWUXFWXUDSURGXF LHL

Nh1 (Wh′ – Wh0)


ƒ SURGXFWLYLWDWHDRUDU SHSURGXVH

Nh1 (Wh1 – Wh′)


,DUODSURGXFWLYLWDWHDDQXDO VHDQDOL]HD] SHED]DUHOD LHL

Wa = Nz ⋅ Nh ⋅ Wh
O asePHQHD DSURIXQGDUH D FHUFHW ULL SHUPLWH IRUPXODUHD GH

FRQFOX]LL úL DVXSUD PRGXOXL GH XWLOL]DUH D WLPSXOXL GH PXQF  vQ FDGUXO

XQLW LLvQED]DF URUDV VHDGRSWHGHFL]LLOHFRUHVSXQ] WRDUH

/LWHUDWXUD GH VSHFLDOLWDWH SUH]LQW  PRGDOLW L GH DQDOL]  SH ED]D

SURGXFWLYLW LLPDUJLQDOH :P FDOFXODW SHED]DUHOD LHL

∆Q
Wm =
∆T
ÌQ DFHVW IHO VH FXDQWLILF  VSRUXO GH SURGXF LH RE LQXW SH VHDPD XQHL

FDQWLW LVXSOLPHQWDUHGHPXQF 

&X DMXWRUXO SURGXFWLYLW LL PDUJLQDOH VH SRDWH FDUDFWHUL]D

elastiFLWDWHDSURGXF LHL ( FDUHUHIOHFW FUHúWHUHDSURFHQWXDO DSURGXF LHLOD

RPRGLILFDUHFXXQSURFHQWDIDFWRUXOXLGHPXQF 

∆Q
Q ∆Q T Wm
E= = ⋅ =
∆T Q ∆T W
T
3HED]DXQXLúLUGHGDWHUH]XOWDWHvQXUPDXQRUFHUFHW ULVHSRDWHVWDELOL

zona în care productivitatea PDUJLQDO  DWLQJH YDORDUHD PD[LP  GXS  FDUH R

VSRULUHDIDFWRUXOXLPXQF FRQGXFHODRGLPLQXDUHDSURGXFWLYLW LLPHGLL

$QDOL]D SURGXFWLYLW LL PXQFLL SRDWH IL DERUGDW  úL SULQ SULVPD

UHOD LHLGLQWUHvQ]HVWUDUHDWHKQLF úLHILFLHQ DXWLOL] ULLED]HLPD


teriale.
În acest scop pot fi folosite mai multe modele multiplicative:
CA Mf CA
a) = ⋅ ;
N N Mf

CA Nm Mf ’ CA
b) = ⋅ ⋅ ;
N N Nm Mf ’

CA Mf Mf ’ CA
c) = ⋅ ⋅ ;
Nm Nm Mf Mf ’

CA Mf Mf ’ Qe CA
d) = ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ .
N N Mf Mf ’ Qe
6HPQLILFD LDUDSRDUWHORUHVWHXUP WRDUHD

CA
= productivitatea DQXDO  FDOFXODW  SH ED]D FLIUHL GH DIDFHUL vQ QXP UXO
N
PHGLXGHVDODULD L 1 

Mf
 JUDGXO GH vQ]HVWUDUH WHKQLF  FDOFXODW SH ED]D YDORULL PHGLL DQXDOH D
N
mijloacelor fixe (Mf);

CA
= randamentul mijloacelor fixe;
Mf

Nm
 VWUXFWXUD SHUVRQDOXOXL vQ IXQF LH GH QXP UXO PHGLX GH PXQFLWRUL 1P 
N
úLWRWDOXOSHUVRQDOXOXL


Mf
JUDGXOGHvQ]HVWUDUHWHKQLF DPXQFLWRULORUvQIXQF LHGHPLMORDFHOHIL[H
Nm
active (Mf’);
CA
= randamentul mijloacelor fixe active;
Mf ’

Mf ’
FRPSR]L LDWHKQRORJLF DFDSLWDOXOXLIL[
Mf

6.5.2 Analiza efectelor economico-ILQDQFLDUH DOH PRGLILF ULL

SURGXFWLYLW LLPXQFLL

0RGLILFDUHD SURGXFWLYLW LL PXQFLL DUH XQ FRPSOH[ GH H fecte, care se
HYDOXHD]  FX DMXWRUXO XQHL PHWRGRORJLL VWDELOLW  vQ IXQF LH GH PRGXO GH FDOFXO

úLH[SULPDUHDDFHVWXLD

$VWIHO vQ FD]XO GHWHUPLQ ULL SH ED]D LQGLFDWRULORU YDORULFL SURGXF LD

H[HUFL LXOXL PRGLILFDUHDSURGXFWLYLW LLPXQFLLVHUHIOHFW 


în:
a) SURGXF LDH[HUFL LXOXL

T1(Wh1 – Wh0)
b) YDORDUHDDG XJDW 

T1(Wh1 – Wh0) ⋅ γ0
c) cifra de afaceri:
CA 0
T1 ( Wh 1 − Wh 0 ) ⋅
Qe 0
d) rezultatul aferent cifrei de afaceri:
CA 0
T1 ( Wh 1 − Wh 0 ) ⋅ ⋅R0
Qe 0
e) FKHOWXLHOLOHFXSHUVRQDOXOODOHLFLIU GHDIDFHUL &V 

Cs 0
− Cs 0
IW
în care:
Wa1
IW VHFDOFXOHD] SHED]DUHOD LHL ⋅ 100
Wa 0
f) FKHOWXLHOLOHIL[HODOHLFLIU GHDIDFHUL

F0 F0
⋅ 1000 − ⋅ 1000
T1Wh1 T1Wh 0
3ULQ LQWHUPHGLXO DFHVWRU LQGLFDWRUL VH SRW VWDELOL úL HIHFWHOH SURSDJDWH

asupra altor indicatori economico-financiari.


([SULPDUHD SURGXFWLYLW LL PXQFLL vQ XQLW L QDWXUDOH FD GH H[HPSOX

timpul consumat pe unitate de produs, se poate determina prin efectul asupra:


a) costului pe unitate de produs:
chs 0
− chs 0
IW
unde: chs0 = cheltuielile cu salariile;
t
IW LQGLFHOHSURGXFWLYLW LLPXQFLLVWDELOLWSHED]DUHOD LHL 0 .
t1
b) profitul aferent produsului
 chs0 
−  − chs0  ⋅ q1
 IW 

$QDOL]DHILFLHQ HLUHVXUVHORUXPDQHSHED]DSURILWXOXL

pe salariat

Profitul pe salariat, resSHFWLY UH]XOWDWXO GLQ H[SORDWDUH UHSUH]LQW  XQ

LQGLFDWRU VHPQLILFDWLY SHQWUX FDUDFWHUL]DUHD HILFLHQ HL PXQFLL vQWUXFkW SXQH vQ

HYLGHQ  OHJ WXUD GLQWUH vQ]HVWUDUHD WHKQLF  HILFLHQ D XWLOL] ULL DFHVWHLD úL

productivitatea muncii. Literatura de specialitaWHUHFRPDQG PDLPXOWHPRGHOH

GHDQDOL] $VWIHO

RE CA RE
a) = ⋅  $FHVW PRGHO H[SULP  FRUHOD LD GLQWUH SURGXFWLYLWDWHD
N N CA
PXQFLLúLUDWDUHQWDELOLW LLFRPHUFLDOH

RE T CA RE
b) = ⋅ ⋅ ; T – UHSUH]LQW  IRQGXO GH WLPS H[SULPDW vQ RP -zile
N N T CA
sau om-ore;
RE Mf Mf ’ CA RE
c) = ⋅ ⋅ ⋅
N N Mf Mf ’ CA
ÌQ ED]D DFHVWRU PRGHOH SRDWH IL DQDOL]DW  HYROX LD SURILWXOXL GLQ

activitatea de exploatare pe salariat.


$QDOL]DSRVLELOLW LORUGHVSRULUHDSURGXFWLYLW LLPXQFLL

3URGXFWLYLWDWHD PXQFLL HVWH LQIOXHQ DW  GH XQ FRPSOH[ de factori, care


SRWILJUXSD LvQ

a) factori privind introducerea progresului tehnic;


b) factori privind impactul managementului performant;
c) IDFWRULGHQDWXU ELR-psiho-VRFLRORJLF 
ÌQ FDGUXO ILHF UHL JUXSH VH LGHQWLILF  úL FXDQWLILF  GLIHULWH P VXUL

tehniceRUJDQL]DWRULFHúLGHDOW QDWXU FDUHSRWFRQWULEXLODVSRULUHDHILFLHQ HL

muncii.
$úD GH H[HPSOX vQ FDGUXO SULPHL JUXSH VH FXDQWLILF  HIHFWXO

PHFDQL] ULL úL DXWRPDWL] ULL DQXPLWRU RSHUD LL GLQ IOX[XO WHKQRORJLF DVXSUD

QLYHOXOXLSURGXFWLYLW LLSHSURGXVHúLVWUXFWXUDRUJDQL]DWRULF 

În cadrul celei de-a doua grupe se pune un accent deosebit pe motivarea


VDODULD LORUFDIDFWRUHVHQ LDODOvPEXQ W LULLSHUIRUPDQ HORUÌQDFHVWVHQVHVWH

QHFHVDUV ILHXUP ULWHFkWHYDHOHPHQWHFXPVXQW

ƒ HYROX LD FRUHOD LHL GLQWUH GLQDPLFD SURGXFWLYLW LL PXQFLL úL D FkúWLJXOXL

(salariului);
ƒ GLQDPLFD VDODULLORU vQ UDSRUW GH HYROX LD SUH XULORU EXQXULORU GH FRQVXP

curent;
ƒ UDSRUWXO GLQWUH VDODULXO PLQLP úL PD[LP vQ P VXUD vQ FDUH HVWH I FXW

public);
ƒ raportul dintre diferite forme de salarizare (acord, regie, mixt etc.);
ƒ UDSRUWXO GLQWUH SDUWHD IL[  úL YDULDELO  D VDODULXOXL XQRU FDWHJRULL GH

personal;
ƒ FRWDGHSDUWLFLSDUHDVDODULD LORUODFDSLWDOXOVRFLDODOvQWUHSULQGHULL

(YROX LD DFHVWRU LQGLFDWRUL HVWH GH QDWXU  V  SXQ  vQ HYLGHQ  JUDGXO

GHPRWLYD LHDOSHUVRQDOXOXLSHQWUXRE LQHUHDXQRUUH]XOWDWHVXSHULRDUH

ÌQ FHHD FH SULYHúWH D WUHLD JUXS  DFHDVWD HVWH FHD PDL FRPSOH[  úL

GLILFLO GH FXDQWLILFDW 7RWXúL QXPHURDVH VWXGLL VRFLRORJLFH DX LGHQWLILFDW

VROX LLSUDFWLFHSHQWUXYDORULILFDUHDSRWHQ LDOXOXLVDODULD LORUvQDFWLYLWDWHDSH

FDUH R GHVI úRDU  7UHEXLH PHQ LRQDW IDSWXO F  DVXSUD SURGXFWLYLW LL

LQGLYLGXOXL LQIOXHQ HD]  IDFWRUL GH QDWXU  VRFLDO  FXP DU IL FRQGL LLOH GH

YLD VRFLR -culturale, mediul familial,FRQGL LLOHGHPXQF HWF

$VLJXUDUHD GH F WUH DQJDMDWRU D XQRU FRQGL LL QRUPDOH GH PXQF 

YHQLWXULFRUHVSXQ] WRDUHDFWLYLW LLGHSXVHSUHFXPúLXQHOHIDFLOLW LVRFLDOH

VXQWGHQDWXU V VWLPXOH]HDFWLYLWDWHDILHF UXLDQJDMDW


$SOLFD LLúLvQWUHE UL

1.6 VHDQDOL]H]HHYROX LDVWDELOLW LLSHUVRQDOXOXLúWLLQGF 

-persoane -
Nr. An An
Indicatori
crt. precedent curent
1. 1XP UXOPHGLXGHSHUVRQDO 250 254
2. ,QWU ULvQFXUVXOSHULRDGHL 17 19
3. 3OHF UL LHúLUL vQFXUVXOSHULRDGHL 54 21
3.1. 3OHF ULGLQPRWLYHQHMXVWLILFDWH IOXFWXD LL 21 5

2. 6  VH GHWHUPLQH FRQVHFLQ HOH XWLOL] ULL LQFRPSOHWH D WLPSXOXL GH

PXQF  DVXSUD SULQFLSDOLORU LQGLFDWRUL HFRQRPLFR ILQDQFLDUL ,QWHUSUHWDUHD

rezultatelor.

Nr.
Indicatori Simbol P0 P1
crt.
1 3URGXF LDH[HUFL LXOXL PLLOHL Qe 10.495.800 10.732.800
2 9DORDUHDDG XJDW  PLLOHL Qa 2.099.160 2.683.200
3 Cifra de afaceri (mii lei) CA 10.550.000 11.200.000
4 5H]XOWDWXOH[SORDW ULL PLLOHL RE 1.250.000 1.800.000
5 Suma cheltuielilor fixe (mii lei) F 3.200.000 3.600.000
6 1XP UXOPHGLXGHVDODULD L SHUV Ns 210 215
7 1XP UXOPHGLXGHRUHOXFUDWH Nh 1960 1920
8 9DORDUHDDG XJDW ODOHXSURGXF LD γ
H[HUFL LXOXL

9 3URILWXOODOHXFLIU GHDIDFHUL R
10 &KHOWXLHOLIL[HODOHLSURGXF LD Cf1000
H[HUFL L ului (lei/1000)
11 3URGXFWLYLWDWHDPHGLHRUDU DPXQFLL Wh
FDOFXODW SHED]DSURGXF LHLH[HUFL LXOXL

(mii lei)

3. 6  VH GHWHUPLQH LQIOXHQ D SURGXFWLYLW LL RUDUH D PXQFLL DVXSUD

SURGXFWLYLW LL PHGLL DQXDOH úL V  VH LQWHUSUHWH]H FD]XO LQIOXHQ HL FX VHPQXO

minus: „ ∆Wh = − x mii lei ”.

4. 6  VH GHWHUPLQH LQIOXHQ D JUDGXOXL GH vQ]HVWUDUH WHKQLF  D PXQFLL

DVXSUDSURGXFWLYLW LLDQXDOH&D]XOLQIOXHQ HLFXVHPQXOÄ´


5.&HVHPQLILFD LHDre coeficientul de elasticitate?

6. Ce este prodXFWLYLWDWHDPDUJLQDO "

7. $QDOL]D IDFWRULDO  D SURGXFWLYLW LL PXQFLL XWLOL]kQG PRGHOHOH

PXOWLSOLFDWLYH,QWHUSUHWDUHDHFRQRPLF DUH]XOWDWHORU

Nr.
Indicatori Simbol P0 P1
crt.
1 Cifra de afaceri (mil lei) CA 30500 34000
2 Valoarea medie a mijloacelor fixe (mil lei) MF 20400 22000
3 Valoarea mijloacelor fixe active (mil lei) MF′ 15300 17600
4 3URGXF LDH[HUFL LXOXL PLOOHL Qe 31000 33500
5 1XP UXOPHGLXGHSHUVRQDO SHUV N 280 275
6 1XP UXOPHGLXGHPXQFLWRUL SHUV Nm 210 198
7 FRQGXOWRWDOGHWLPSGHPXQF  RUH -om) T 514500 543400
8 3URGXFWLYLWDWHDPHGLHRUDU  PLLOHL Wh 59,28 62,57
9 9DORDUHDDG XJDW  PLOOHL Qa 10850 10050
10 Profitul aferent cifrei de afaceri (mil lei) Pr 3050 4080
11 Cheltuieli cu personalul (mil lei) Cs 10080 10230
12 Cheltuieli fixe (mil lei) F 6750 8840
MF ′
13 &RPSR]L LDWHKQRORJLF DFDSLWDOXOXLIL[

MF
Cheltuieli cu personalul la 1000 lei CA
14 Cs1000
(lei/1000)
15 Cheltuieli fixe la 1000 lei CA (lei/1000) CF1000
Pr
16 3URILWXOODOHXFLIU GHDIDFHUL

CA
Pr
17 Profitul pe salariat (mil lei/pers)
N

8. 3H ED]D GDWHORU GLQ WDEHOXO GH OD DSOLFD LD QU  V  VH VWDELOHDVF 
PRGLILFDUHD SURGXFWLYLW LL RUDUH vQ SULQFLSDOLL LQdicatori economico-
ILQDQFLDULúLV VHLQWHUSUHWH]HLQIOXHQ HOHDFHVWHLD

9.8WLOL]kQGLQGLFDWRULLSUH]HQWD LvQWDEHOXOGHODDSOLFD LDQUV VH

DQDOL]H]H IDFWRULDO HILFLHQ D UHVXUVHORU XPDQH SH ED]D SURILWXOXL SH VDODULDW

folosind modelele multiplicative.


10.,QWHUSUHWD LHFRQRPLFXUP WRDUHOHVLWXD LL

a) IWh = 112% unde: :K SURGXFWLYLWDWHDRUDU DPXQFLL

IT = 98% T IRQGXOWRWDOGHWLPSGHPXQF

b) IN = 98% unde: N QXP UXOPHGLXGHSHUVRQDO


IRE = 107% RE = rezultatul exploDW ULL

c) ICA = 110% unde: CA = cifra de afaceri


ICH = 107% CH = cheltuielile aferente cifrei de afaceri
IN = 95%

d) IWz = 104% unde: :] SURGXFWLYLWDWHDPHGLH]LOQLF DPXQFLL

IWh = 107%
e) IWa = 104% unde: Wa = productivitatea meGLHDQXDO DPXQFLL

IWh = 101%

f) IImax = 98% unde: Tmax = timpul maxim disponibil


ITe = 102% Te = timpul efectiv lucrat

g) IKi = 104% unde: Ki FRHILFLHQWXOLQWU ULORUGHSHUVRQDO

IKe = 103% Ke FRHILFLHQWXOSOHF ULORUGHSHU sonal

h) INz = 94% unde: Nz = QXP UXO PHGLX GH ]LOH OXFUDWH GH R SHUVRDQ 

într-un an
IWh = 108%
IWa = 109%