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Activity 1 Go over the topics. Read them and take down notes about them.

Be sure to include in your outline the sample subtopics. 1. Filipino culture and values a. Racial origin b. Authority figures c. Family structure/marital/parental roles d. Filipino society e. Religious practices 2. Culture and civilization a. The Early Filipinos/Pre-Hispanic Era b. Spanish Era c. American Colonization d. Commonwealth Period e. Japanese Period f. New Republic 3. Love and courtship: Philippine Style a. tuksuhan b. engagement c. distinct Filipino concepts like, paghaharana, pagpapakipot, the concept of tulay, pamamanhikan, paninilbihan, etc. Activity 2 Based on the notes that you have gathered,organize the ideas and information into a topic or into a sentence outline. Under each major idea, write the supporting details which you think could develop the topic into an exposition. Be sure to provide a thesis statement for your outline. The skeletal outline represented on page 41 and 43 will guide you in organizing your notes. You may change the structure according to the number of major ideas, subtopics, and details found in the text. Activity 3 Based on your outline, write a brief and clear exposition about the topics that you have chosen. Check your understanding A. Answer the following questions: 1. Why do you think did Mathilde Loisel act and think the way she did as far as her status in life was concerned? 2. What role does the diamond necklace play in the story?

3. Where does the conflict begin and where does it end? What type of conflict does the story present? 4. What lesson or lessons were learned about life and living? 5. If you were the husband would you have done the same? 6. If you were the author, would you have ended the story that way? What other endings could you give to the story? Why? B. Do these. Choose one of the elements of the story and role-play/simulate a situation focusing on the element chosen. a. characterization b. conflict (show other types of conflicts that you wish to present) c. resolution d. moral of the story Strengthening Positive Values Comprehension Check 1. What Filipino values are discussed in the selection-positive or negative? Justify your answer by citing proofs in the text. 2. How does the writer view the Filipino values as a whole? Why did you say so? 3. Do you agree with the last sentence of the text? Why or Why not? 4. Which of the values discussed, do you think, must be strengthened? Why? Which must be discarded? How can the Filipino redeem himself then? 5. Does history play a role in the Filipino value system? Why/Why not? 6. Summarize in five statements the information you derived from the text. Communication skills Activity 1 Underline the infinitive phrase in each sentence and identify the function. On the space before each number, write S if it is used as a subject; DO if direct object, A if positive. SC if subject complement, Adj if adjective and Adv if adverb. If there is no infinitive phrase, mark the sentence with an x. 1. To establish better trade relationship with other nations is one of our visions. 2. Theres one sure way of being acceptable in the world market to produce the best outputs. 3. The United Nations Organization was created to forge links of brotherhood, peace, and goodwill among member nations. 4. Building bridges instead of walls is the principle to uphold. 5. It is a sad fact that some people love to build walls, instead of bridges. 6. The purpose of the essayist is to remind us that love must be present in our hearts. 7. The essay is addressed to all of us. 8. To the essayist, love is the only commodity we can keep by giving it away. 9. To be a brother to all is a great act of love.

10. He wants to emphasize this point. Activity 2 Transform each verb in parentheses into infinitives and use it in a sentence according to the indicated function. The key points on pages 58-59 will help you do this activity correctly. 1. (believe) direct object 2. (see) subject 3. (dream) appositive 4. (feel) adverb 5. (call) adjective 6. (establish) subjective complement 7. (create) direct object 8. (follow) adjective 9. (show) adverb 10. (give) appositive Activity 3 Work in groups of five. Conduct any of the following activities on a topic related to the theme: Bridges and Brotherhood. 1. Interview 2. Panel Discussion 3. Role-Playing Situation: Meeting of state leaders in which they discuss strategies of overcoming cultural barriers-religious, color, custums, etc. In your presentation, use infinitive phrases appropriately. Activity 4 An infinitive can replace a gerund in a sentence since it performs similar functions. Change the gerund or gerunds in each sentence to an infinitive or infinitive phrase. 1. Living is loving 2. They all love listening to the wisdom of the ages. 3. Becoming a brother to all is his wish. 4. He came to do a great deed-spreading goodwill to men. 5. Theres a time for being born and a time for dying. 6. Forgiving is a wonderful gift you can give. 7. One way to achieve harmony is making friends with everyone. 8. Losing your faith is losing your battle for survival. 9. Liza loves sharing what she has with others. 10. She believes that giving yourself is the greatest measure of charity. 11. We are all responsible for spreading goodwill.

12. Theres a reward in discovering your potential for making a lasting fellowship with others. 13. Pondering on your mistakes makes humility grow in you. 14. Friendship lends you the time for seeing yourself in other. 15. Freedom may give you t he option for breaking or following rules. Speaking Clearly and Spontaneously Activity Choose one of the situations that follow and talk about it. Consider the event and the people involved. 1. A principal talking to community officials on peace and order problems 2. A government official speaking to teachers on the need to improve English proficiency among students 3. A foreign diplomat speaking to reporters on the apparent abuse of press freedom by some journalists 4. The president appealing to members of the Cabinet to improve delivery of basic services to people. Activity 2 As you watch the role-playing presented by your classmates, prepare an evaluation based on how they perform. The following questions will guide you. 1. Does he or she speak clearly and spontaneously? 2. Does he or she adapt his or her speech to the situation and to the person he or she is addressing? 3. Is his or her message clear? Using Outlines and Notes in Preparing a Research Paper Activity 1 Gather notes for your research topic from newspaper and magazine articles, books, and other materials. Use the different forms of entering notes on the note cards that you have just learned. Activity 2 Gather more notes and prepare as many note cards as you could possibly use. Literary Skill Check your understanding A. Answer the following questions: 1. What place was visited by the ambitious guest?

2. 3. 4. 5.

Who was this guest? What could he want? Why the story was entitled The ambitious Guest? What could be Nathaniel Hawthornes theme or purpose of writing the story? What technique did he employ to achieve his theme? Consider the description of the setting-place and time. How about the dialogue of characters? 6. If you were to employ another technique, what would you use to achieve the same purpose? B. Do this. Make a character we about the main character of the story. List all the major characteristics of the guest you can think of and decide on other minor details about the character, Do this in your notebook. Lesson 5 Realizing Dreams Reading Skill Comprehension Check 1. Why do you think Eleanor Roosevelt was called the First Lady of the World? 2. As you were reading the selection, what qualities of Eleanor Roosevelt do you admire most and why? 3. What does the last sentence of the text mean? 4. If Eleanor Roosevelt were alive today, what difference, do you think, would she make in this highly modernized world? Communication Skills Activity 1 Identify the sentence that uses a gerundial phrase by underlining it. If the sentence does not use a gerund or gerundial phrase, mark it with an x. Do thus in your notebook. 1. The dream of everyone is seeing friendship in the face of each other. 2. In many developing countries, cities are growing faster that the capacity of their governments to provide needed services. 3. The world has always been changing and will continue to change. 4. Improving the quality of life of the people is one of the blessings of technology. 5. Although technology has produced global problems, it has yielded tools for studying, understanding, and solving these problems. 6. Living this life means facing the changes that go with it. 7. Technology has done so much in fulfilling the dream of a modern future. 8. The wonders of technology have been pushing life into a faster pace. 9. Believing in the virtue of change is one tough act towards progress. 10. People are believing, changing, and submitting to the call of progress. Activity 2 Complete each sentence with a gerund formed from word in parentheses. Identify the function of the gerund. Write them in your notebook.

1. (Draw) _____ on the natural and human resources of the entire world is what industrial nations are doing to meet their needs. 2. (Rely) These nations finds _____ on a worldwide trade network an effective means to obtain resources and goods. 3. (Make) Industrial societies, however, are guilty of the heavy use of the environment. 4. (Pour) What developing nations need and welcome is the _____ in of foreign investments to help finance development. 5. (Sell) Faced with a need for money to finance development, some tropical and semi-tropical developing countries are forced to do something, _____ renewable natural resources like rainforest trees if lumber. 6. (Produce) A healthy economy means _____ an abundant source of livelihood brought by the improvement of technology. 7. (Uplift) Developing countries have the responsibility of _____ peoples standard of living. 8. (Create) Meeting the needs of its people, the government should focus on _____ jobs and sources of livelihood Activity 3 Give possible answers to the following questions to form sentences with gerund phrases. As you answer the questions, notice that you can build a story about an old man living alone on a farm. 1. How did the old man restore the electrical power in his house? 2. How did he manage to avoid getting electrocuted? 3. What was his biggest shortcoming that brought him into trouble? 4. What prevented a dangerous crisis? 5. As a result, how did he feel living on a desolate farm? Activity4 Work in group of five. Talk about the present economy of our country. In your discussion, try to express your opinion as to whether or not our country has the chance to improve its economy. Choose a rapporteur to write down the ideas of the group. Use gerunds or gerund phrase similar to the ones given below. Examples: 1. I think in my dream, seeing the Philippines become an industrialized nation, is not a farfetched idea. (appositive). 2. I believe it is attaining a certain level of discipline that is necessary for us to grow as a nation. (subjective complement) 3. I feel we can attain our dreams of modernization by setting our priorities right. (object of the preposition) 4. Filipinos prefer seeing the Philippines as a global competitor. ( direct object) 5. Setting our goals is the first step to progress and development. (subject) Using Alternative Ways of Developing Public Speaking Activity

Choose one of the topics below and come up with a short speech to be presented in class. Remember the pointers just discussed. 1. Peace and Reconciliation among Warring Nations 2. The Peace Process in Mindanao 3. My views about a. Peace b. Progress c. Unity d. Brotherhood Using Varied Strategies to Summarize a Material Activity 1 Go over text that follows and come up with a short summary by employing the strategies learned. When the guest athletes were introduced at the opening ceremonies of the Sears National Junior Olympics, they all got big hand. But when Kurt Thomas was introduced, the audience went wild. Lots of people with cameras and autograph books came running. Thomas started out in the Junior Olympics and now hes the Junior Olympics spokesman. We were really looking forward to meeting him, because hes an excellent gymnast, and weve been seen him on commercials and in newspapers. Thomas is a success story. In the 1975 Pan American Games, he won five medals and became quite famous. Now, he has a gymnastics school, a camp, and a book called Kurt Thomas on Gymnastics. Hes also a sports commentator for ABC networks. We also went to an interview with him about competitions and pressure on young athletes. He told us the he put pressure on himself. He really wanted to succeed in gymnastics. In a non-pressure situation I kind of slacked off. He explained. But when I had to score a certain score or hit a certain routine, somehow, I pill through. That was goo for me. But Thomas also said that its very bad for coaches and parents to put the win-atall-cost attitude onto their kids. Kids want their parents support, he added. But they dont want to feel that they have to win. Thomas Activity 2 Look in a magazine or newspaper for a feature article on friendship or relationships and came up with a summarized version using the strategies learned. Follow the instructions below. 1. Paste the article in a sheet of bond paper. 2. Observe proper indention and punctuation of the summarized text. Literary Skill Check your understanding

A. Answer the following questions: 1. How different is this narrative from the previous stories youve read? Whats a myth? 2. If you were the father, what would you have thought of as an alternative to the way the father in the story conceived their way to freedom? 3. Deduce the theme of the narrative. B. Do this. Form groups of five. Role-play a persons search for freedom. UNIT II FORGING LINKS WITH THE WORLD Lesson 6 across Cultural Barriers Using synonyms Activity 1 Put a check mark opposite each pair of words that are synonymous 1. modern contemporary 2. misunderstanding conflict 3. retreat approach 4. condemn uphold 5. commodities goods 6. refuse approach 7. solution remedy 8. tear build 9. quarantine seclude 10. share keep Activity 2 Fill in the box with the number of the underlined word that is synonymous to each of the words that follow. The 1modern age is in a hurry, and livelihood is more important. Man races through his pleasures in a crowd of 2accelerating machines. There is no desire to consider whether life is in 3harmony with the intellect, for the mind of man is also engaged in pulling the rope of the huge car of livelihood. Instead of music, we hear hoarse shouts of Push, boys, push! He has to spend most of his time with the crowd, not in the company of his friends. In the midst of all this not in the 4bustle he has no will power to bypass 5unadorned ugliness. Rabindranath Tagore simple noise increasing accord contemporary Reading Skill Comprehension Check

Answer the following questions: 1. What comes to your mind as you read the title? 2. How did the writer justify the title? 3. How is the word bridge used in the essay? How do we build bridges? 4. How is island used in the essay? 5. Why is every man compared to an island? 6. Using any of the textual aids below, organize the following concepts to show their relationship to the given ideas. a. diagram b. grid c. table Brotherhood bridge love selfishness mistrust borders peace strife selflessness Conflict injustice division hunger self-interest misunderstanding walls friction hostility

7. What does the following statement mean? The tragedy of our lives is the wall we build around our houses and the shards of glass we put on top of the wall. I am an island. I build walls that none may penetrate. Communication Skills Activity 1 Copy the dependent clause from each sentence on your notebook and tell what type of clause each is. 1. Learn to reach out to others until you master the value of concern for others. 2. Sometimes we wonder why theres war. 3. Lets remember the thousands who do not have enough to eat. 4. What a beautiful world it would be, if only we live by what St. Francis of Assisi believed in. 5. That we are determined to bring the walls of indifference down is true. Activity 2 Complete the following sentences using an adjective, adverb, or noun clause as the case may be. 1. Do you know that (noun clause)? 2. A peace-loving person knows (noun clause). 3. Whenever (adverb clause), we make others feel they are cared for 4. The world needs people (adjectives clause)

5. Peace and love are manifested in (noun-object of the preposition). Activity 3 Write your own sentences using the following words to introduce a clause. Identify the clause in your sentence as Noun Clause, Adjective Clause, or Adverb Clause 1. after 2. whichever 3. why 4. whom 5. since 6. until 7. although 8. that 9. what 10. whose Activity 4 With a partner, talk about people who are known advocates of world peace. Use different kinds of clauses that you have just learned. 1. A:_____________________________________________________________ B.:_____________________________________________________________ 2. A: _____________________________________________________________ B: _____________________________________________________________ 3. A: _____________________________________________________________ B: _____________________________________________________________ 4 A:_____________________________________________________________ B: _____________________________________________________________ 5. A: _____________________________________________________________ B: _____________________________________________________________ Improving Voice, Articulation, and Pronunciation Activity 1 Form groups of five. Go to the library and look for a speech material that you want to recite. Practice reading orally a speech, a lecture, a poem, a short story, or a feature article. Be sure to follow the tips on how to read aloud effectivelely. Activity 2 Get hold of any speech improvement book in the library and select a two-or threeminute portion of a speech to be read aloud in class, Your teacher and other members of class will evaluate your reading, concentration chiefly on your interpretation of the speech, your vocal control, and your articulation and pronunciation. Activity 3 Pronounce the word well to indicate the following meanings: I never would have thought it possible! What do you want? I am busy.

Thats a small matter. Now, let me think a minute. I am very pleased to see you.