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Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB) 水利信息化与流域管理知识中心 黄河下游河道整治

Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB)

水利信息化与流域管理知识中心

黄河下游河道整治 River Training in the Lower Yellow River
黄河下游河道整治
River Training in the Lower Yellow River

黄河水利科学研究院 200810 15Yellow River Institute of Hydraulic Research 15 Oct. 2008

The views expressed in this paper are the views of the authors and do not
The views expressed in this paper are the views of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian
Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Directors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy
of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequences of their use. Terminology used may not
necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.
Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB) 水利信息化与流域管理知识中心
Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB)
水利信息化与流域管理知识中心

Content

Introduction

Characteristics of the LYR

Applying groynes for river stabilization

River training works design

Impact

River Basin

5,464 km
5,464 km

Total length:

Drainage area: 752,443 km 2

Sketch map of the lower Yellow River

Beijing

River Basin 5,464 km Total length: Drainage area: 752,443 km 2 Sketch map of the lower
River Basin 5,464 km Total length: Drainage area: 752,443 km 2 Sketch map of the lower
River Basin 5,464 km Total length: Drainage area: 752,443 km 2 Sketch map of the lower
River Basin 5,464 km Total length: Drainage area: 752,443 km 2 Sketch map of the lower
Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB) 水利信息化与流域管理知识中心
Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB)
水利信息化与流域管理知识中心

Characteristics of the Lower Yellow River

Flow discharge: 1,400 ( max. 22,000) m 3 /s

Sediment conc.: 37 (max. 981) kg/m 3

Sediment load: 1.6 ×10 9 tons/yr.

Sediment size: 0.030 mm

Channel length: 876 km

Channel slope: 0.000265 0.00007

Channel width: 5 7 (max. 20 ) km 0.3 0.8 km

Channel pattern: Braided Meandering

Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB) 水利信息化与流域管理知识中心
Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB)
水利信息化与流域管理知识中心
in River Basin (CHIRB) 水利信息化与流域管理知识中心 Typical View of the Braided Channel Pattern

Typical View of the Braided Channel Pattern

in River Basin (CHIRB) 水利信息化与流域管理知识中心 Typical View of the Braided Channel Pattern
Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB) 水利信息化与流域管理知识中心
Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB)
水利信息化与流域管理知识中心
Basin (CHIRB) 水利信息化与流域管理知识中心 Iron tower at Kaifen City dike Yellow River 13m Typical
Basin (CHIRB) 水利信息化与流域管理知识中心 Iron tower at Kaifen City dike Yellow River 13m Typical

Iron tower at Kaifen City

dike
dike
Yellow River 13m
Yellow River
13m
Iron tower at Kaifen City dike Yellow River 13m Typical Cross Section – “Perched River”

Typical Cross Section – “Perched River”

Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB) 水利信息化与流域管理知识中心
Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB)
水利信息化与流域管理知识中心

Applying groynes for river stabilization

The strategy is: using groynes/spurs to protect the bends and using bends to guide the flows.

River training works constructed on the concave banks usually consists of a series of groynes and short spurs connected by an embankment.

The channel alignment consists of a series of consecutive moderate bends following the natural tendency of water flowing over the movable bed.

Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB) 水利信息化与流域管理知识中心
Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB)
水利信息化与流域管理知识中心

险工 Levee Protection Works

险工 Levee Protection Works Groynes/spurs at Caogang in Henan Province Groynes at

Groynes/spurs at Caogang in Henan Province

Groynes at Lunali in Shandong Province

险工 Levee Protection Works Groynes/spurs at Caogang in Henan Province Groynes at Lunali in Shandong Province
Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB) 水利信息化与流域管理知识中心
Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB)
水利信息化与流域管理知识中心

险工 Levee Protection Works

Groynes/Spurs at Liuyuankou in Henan Province
Groynes/Spurs at
Liuyuankou in
Henan Province
Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB) 水利信息化与流域管理知识中心
Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB)
水利信息化与流域管理知识中心

控导工程 Flow Guide Works

Groynes at Xindianji in Shandong Province

控导工程 Flow Guide Works Groynes at Xindianji in Shandong Province Groynes connected to guide flows

Groynes connected to guide flows

控导工程 Flow Guide Works Groynes at Xindianji in Shandong Province Groynes connected to guide flows
Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB) 水利信息化与流域管理知识中心
Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB)
水利信息化与流域管理知识中心

控导工程 Flow Guide Works

水利信息化与流域管理知识中心 控导工程 Flow Guide Works Short spurs at Changyuan in Henan Province

Short spurs at Changyuan in Henan Province

Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB) 水利信息化与流域管理知识中心 Layout of river training

Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB) 水利信息化与流域管理知识中心

Layout of river training works

for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB) 水利信息化与流域管理知识中心 Layout of river training works
for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB) 水利信息化与流域管理知识中心 Layout of river training works
Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB) 水利信息化与流域管理知识中心
Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB)
水利信息化与流域管理知识中心

Design flood discharging width

Design flood discharging width Although a flood flow is expected to overflow the top of

Although a flood flow is expected to overflow the top of the river training works, the opening or the belt between the river training works will serve as the main corridor for the flood flow. Therefore, the minimum transverse distance between the river training works on both sides must be wide enough to discharge high flood flows.

Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB) 水利信息化与流域管理知识中心
Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB)
水利信息化与流域管理知识中心

Designed geometry of river bends

Designed geometry of river bends Radius of curvature: Meander wavelength: Meander amplitude:

Radius of curvature:

Meander wavelength:

Meander amplitude:

Bend distance:

r

c

= (35)

B

λ = (9 15) B

Α= (2 4) B

L = (5 8) B

Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB) 水利信息化与流域管理知识中心
Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB)
水利信息化与流域管理知识中心

Arrangement of flow guide structures

Arrangement of flow guide structures A flow guide work includes the upper segment, central

A flow guide work includes the upper segment, central segment, and lower segment, as well as two straight line segments

Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB) 水利信息化与流域管理知识中心
Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB)
水利信息化与流域管理知识中心
Basin (CHIRB) 水利信息化与流域管理知识中心 Using movable bed model to optimize and improve the layout

Using

movable

bed

model to optimize and improve the layout of river training works.

Using movable bed model to optimize and improve the layout of river training works.
Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB) 水利信息化与流域管理知识中心
Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB)
水利信息化与流域管理知识中心

Effects of river training

The meandering reach has been controlled by river training works.

The transitional channel pattern has been transformed into a confined meandering pattern.

The degree of braiding has been greatly reduced. The shift in channel position has been limited to a relatively small range.

Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB) 水利信息化与流域管理知识中心 After
Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB)
水利信息化与流域管理知识中心
After

Changes of main flow paths from Baihe to huagong of the braided reach

Before

Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB) 水利信息化与流域管理知识中心
Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB)
水利信息化与流域管理知识中心

Changes of main flow paths in the transitional reach

Laozhaizhuang to Xumatou reach
Laozhaizhuang to Xumatou reach

Before channel regulation from

1948-1965

After channel regulation from

1975-1982

Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB) 水利信息化与流域管理知识中心
Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB)
水利信息化与流域管理知识中心
Center for Hydro-informatics in River Basin (CHIRB) 水利信息化与流域管理知识中心