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CHE 134 smr 11 HW 14A Name:__________________________________________________________________________

1.

The equilibrium between carbon dioxide gas and carbonic acid is very important in biology and environmental science. CO2(aq) + H2O(l) H2CO3(aq) What is the equilibrium constant expression (Kc) for this reaction?

2.

What is the correct equilibrium constant expression for the following reaction? Fe2O3(s) + 3H2(g) 2Fe(s) + 3H2O(g)

3.

The following reactions occur at 500 K. Arrange them in order of increasing tendency to proceed to completion (least p greatest tendency). 1. 2NOCl 2NO + Cl2 Kp = 1.7 v 10 2 2. 2SO3 2SO2 + O2 Kp = 1.3 v 10 5 3. 2NO2 2NO + O2 Kp = 5.9 v 10 5

4.

Carbon tetrachloride reacts at high temperatures with oxygen to produce two toxic gases, phosgene and chlorine. CCl4(g) + 1/2O2(g) COCl2(g) + Cl2(g), Kc = 4.4 v 109 at 1,000 K Calculate Kc for the reaction 2CCl4(g) + O2(g) 2COCl2(g) + 2Cl2(g)

5.

When the following reaction is at equilibrium, which of these relationships is always true? 2NOCl(g) 2NO(g) + Cl2(g) A) [NO] [Cl2] = [NOCl] D) 2[NO] = [Cl2] 2 2 B) [NO] [Cl2] = [NOCl] E) [NO]2 [Cl2] = Kc[NOCl]2 C) [NOCl] = [NO]

6.

On analysis, an equilibrium mixture for the reaction 2H2S(g) 2H2(g) + S2(g) was found to contain 1.0 mol H2S, 4.0 mol H2, and 0.80 mol S2 in a 4.0 L vessel. Calculate the equilibrium constant, Kc, for this reaction.

CHE 134 smr 11 HW 14A Name:__________________________________________________________________________

7.

1.25 moles of NOCl were placed in a 2.50 L reaction chamber at 427C. After equilibrium was reached, 1.10 moles of NOCl remained. Calculate the equilibrium constant, Kc, for the reaction 2NOCl(g) 2NO(g) + Cl2(g).

8.

Kp for the reaction of SO2(g) with O2 to produce SO3(g) is 3 v 1024 . Calculate Kc for this equilibrium at 25C. (The relevant reaction is 2SO2(g) + O2(g) 2SO3(g).)

9.

Equilibrium is established for the reaction 2X(s) + Y(g) 2Z(g) at 500K, Kc = 100. Determine the concentration of Z in equilibrium with 0.2 mol X and 0.50 M Y at 500K.

10.

At 35C, the equilibrium constant for the reaction 2NOCl(g) 2NO(g) + Cl2(g) is Kc = 1.6 v 105. An equilibrium mixture was found to have the following concentrations of Cl2 and NOCl: [Cl2] = 1.2 v 102 M; [NOCl] = 2.8 v 101 M. Calculate the concentration of NO(g) at equilibrium.

11.

Hydrogen iodide decomposes according to the equation 2HI(g) H2(g) + I2(g), for which Kc = 0.0156 at 400C. 0.550 mol HI was injected into a 2.00 L reaction vessel at 400C. Calculate the concentration of HI at equilibrium.

12.

15.00 g of solid ammonium hydrogen sulfide is introduced into a 500.-mL flask at 25C, the flask is sealed, and the system is allowed to reach equilibrium. What is the partial pressure of ammonia in this flask if Kp = 0.108 at 25C for NH4HS(s) NH3(g) + H2S (g)?

CHE 134 smr 11 HW 14A Name:__________________________________________________________________________

13.

Consider the following reactions and their associated equilibrium constants: K1 A + 2B C K2 C D+E For the reaction A + 2B D + E, what is the equilibrium constant Kc?

14.

At 700 K, the reaction 2SO2(g) + O2(g) 2SO3(g) has the equilibrium constant Kc = 4.3 v 106, and the following concentrations are present: [SO2] = 0.010 M; [SO3] = 10. M; [O2] = 0.010 M. Is the mixture at equilibrium? If not at equilibrium, in which direction (as the equation is written), left to right or right to left, will the reaction proceed to reach equilibrium?

15.

For the following reaction at equilibrium, what change will shift the position of equilibrium to favor formation of more products? 2NOBr(g) 2NO(g) + Br2(g), (Hrxn = 30 kJ/mol

16.

For the following reaction at equilibrium, what change would cause the equilibrium to shift to the left? 2NOBr(g) 2NO(g) + Br2(g), (Hrxn = 30 kJ/mol

17.

For the following reaction at equilibrium in a reaction vessel, what change would cause the Br2 concentration to increase? 2NOBr(g) 2NO(g) + Br2(g), (Hrxn= 30 kJ/mol

18.

The reaction 2SO3(g) 2SO2(g) + O2(g) is endothermic. If the temperature is increased what changes occur and how do they affect the Kc?

19..

For the reaction 2NOCl(g) 2NO(g) + Cl2(g), Kc = 8.0 at a certain temperature. What concentration of NOCl must be put into an empty 4.00 L reaction vessel in order that the equilibrium concentration of NOCl be 1.00 M?

CHE 134 smr 11 HW 14A Name:__________________________________________________________________________

20.

75.0 g of PCl5(g) is introduced into a 3.00 L vessel containing 10.0 g of Cl2(g), and the system is allowed to reach equilibrium at 250C. PCl5(g) PCl3(g) + Cl2(g) If Kp = 1.80 for this reaction, what is the total pressure inside the vessel at equilibrium?

21.

The data below refer to the following reaction: Concentration (M) Initial Equilibrium [NO] 2.5 2.0 [Br2] 5.0 ____

2NO(g) + Br2(g) [NOBr] 1.0 ____

2NOBr(g)

Find the concentration of NOBr when the system reaches equilibrium.

22.

. Two moles of PCl5 are placed in a 5.0 L container. Dissociation takes place according to the equation PCl5(g) PCl3(g) + Cl2(g). At equilibrium, 0.40 mol of Cl2 are present. Calculate the equilibrium constant (Kc) for this reaction under the conditions of this experiment.

23.

Kc for the reaction CO2(g) + H2(g) H2O(g) + CO(g) is 1.6 at about 990C. Calculate the number of moles of carbon dioxide in the final equilibrium system obtained by initially adding 1.00 mol of H2, 2.00 mol of CO2, 0.750 mol of H2O, and 1.00 mol of CO to a 5.00 L reactor at 990C.