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8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh


1

1st year
lXFl8lhlN1 N0: III

Aim of tb xprimnt:
1o conLrol Lhe speed of a uC shunL moLor bv flux or fleld conLrol meLhod

Apparatus rquird:

SI.nn. Numc nI tLc ttcm Typc Hungc QuuntIty
1 DC 5hunt motor DC 220V19A1500kM5n 1
2 3 o|nt starter DC 220V19A5n 1
3 Ammeter MC 1A 1
4 Vo|tmeter MC 300V 1
5 kheostat or f|e|d
regu|ator
W|rewound 2002A 1
6 1achometer d|g|ta| 99999kM 1
7 Connect|ng w|res 5WG 8 5WG As per req
8 L|ne tester 500V 1

THEURY:
leld flux conLrol meLhod ls based on Lhe facL LhaL bv varvlna Lhe flux Lhe moLor
speed can be chanaed and hence Lhe name flux conLrol meLhod A varlable
reslsLance known as shunL fleld rheosLaL ls connecLed ln serles wlLh Lhe shunL
fleld wlndlna Lo varv Lhe fleld reslsLance and hence Lhe shunL fleld currenL





8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
2

1st year


1he back emf a uC moLor ls alven bv
E
b

1PZN
60A

n
60E
b
A
1PZ

n k*
E
b
1
where k
60A
PZ
ls consLanL
n
E
b
1

n
E
b
I
I
( I
I
) Where I
I
ls fleld currenL
Pence Lhls equaLlon clearlv sLaLes LhaL speed of Lhe uC moLor can be
conLrolled above Lhe normal ranae of speed bv decreaslna Lhe currenL ln Lhe fleld
clrculL bv lncludlna an exLernal reslsLance ln Lhe form of a rheosLaL as varlable
reslsLance
rocdur:
(l) ConnecL Lhe uC MoLor as per Lhe clrculL dlaaram
(ll) Lnsure LhaL Lhe exLernal reslsLance ln Lhe fleld clrculL ls mlnlmum
(lll) AfLer ensurlna sLep ( ll) swlLch on Lhe uC supplv
(lv) keep Lhe applled volLaae Lo Lhe armaLure consLanL aL lLs raLed value
varv Lhe fleld currenL of Lhe moLor bv varvlna Lhe rheosLaL reslsLance


ln Lhe fleld clrculL and record Lhe fleld currenL and Lhe correspondlna
speeds of Lhe moLor
(v) 8epeaL sLep (lv) for varlous values of fleld currenL Llll Lhe speed of Lhe
moLor ls abouL 14 Llmes Lhe raLed speed of Lhe moLor
(vl) SwlLch off Lhe moLor supplv Lo sLop Lhe moLor
(vll) loL Lhe araph of Lhe fleld currenL (H

) verses chanae ln speed of moLor


(n)

8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
3

1st year























8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
4

1st year

Tabulation:

SI.nn. FIcId
euvvcntttI) In
AMP
SpccdtN)HPM Avmutuvc
vnItugctv) In
VOLT
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Advantag:

(l) As verv llLLle power ls wasLed ln Lhe shunL fleld rheosLaL due Lo relaLlvelv
small value of l
sh
hence lL ls lnexpenslve
(ll) 1he speed conLrol exerclsed bv Lhls meLhod ls lndependenL of Lhe
machlne
isadvantag:

(l) nlv speeds hlaher Lhan Lhe normal speed can be obLalned slnce Lhe
LoLal fleld clrculL reslsLance cannoL be reduced below 8
sh
Lhe shunL
fleld wlndlna reslsLance
(ll) 1here ls a llmlL Lo maxlmum speed obLalnable bv Lhls meLhod


8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
3

1st year

rcaution:

(l) 8lahL Lermlnal should be properlv connecLed accordlna Lo clrculL
dlaaram
(ll) use wlre of proper currenL capaclLv Lo be used
(lll) uo noL lncrease Lhe speed of Lhe moLor bevond 14 Llmes Lhe raLed
speed oLherwlse mechanlcal sLresses wlll be hlah mav damaae Lhe
moLor
(lv) leld currenL should noL be decreased Lo a verv low value

onclusion:

rom Lhe above experlmenL lL was found LhaL Lhe shunL moLor chanaes lLs
speed bv varvlna Lhe fleld flux So saLlsfvlna Lhe worklna formula n

1









8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
6

1st year

lXFl8lhlN1 N0: II6I

Aim of tb xprimnt:
1o conLrol Lhe speed of uC ShunL moLor bv armaLure reslsLance conLrol
meLhod

Apparatus rquird:
SI.nn. Numc nI tLc Itcms Typc Hungc QuuntIty
1 DC 5hunt motor DC 220V19A1500kM5n 1
2 3 po|nt starter DC 220V19A5n 1
3 Ammeter MC 1A 1
4 Vo|tmeter MC 300V 1
5 kheostat or f|e|d regu|ator 605A 1
6 1achometer 99999kM 1
7 Connect|ng w|res 5WG 8 5WG As per req
8 L|ne tester 500v 1

Tbory:
ln armaLure conLrol meLhod Lhe speed ls varled bv varvlna Lhe back emf 1he
volLaae across Lhe armaLure ls varled bv lnserLlna a varlable reslsLance ln serles
wlLh Lhe armaLure whlch ls known as conLroller reslsLance

1he back emf of a uC moLor /machlne ls alven bv E
b

1PNZ
60A

n
60E
b
A
1PZ

nk*
E
b
1
where k
60A
PZ
ls a consLanL
n
V-I
aR
a
1
where E
b
v I
a
R
a

8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
7

1st year
n ( vI
a
R
a
) (keeplna fleld currenL consLanL)
n vI
a
(R
a
+8)













8 ls Lhe exLernal reslsLance ln a moLor can be conLrolled 8efore Lhe normal
8anae of speed bv varvlna Lhe reslsLance ln Lhe armaLure clrculL lncluded ln Lhe
form of a rheosLaL as a varlable
rocdur:
(l) ConnecL Lhe uC moLor as per clrculL dlaaram
(ll) Lnsure LhaL Lhe exLernal reslsLance ln Lhe reslsLance clrculL ls maxlmum
(lll) AfLer ensurlna sLep2 swlLch on Lhe uC Supplv as a resulL moLor wlll
sLarL runnlna aL allow speed
(lv) keeplna Lhe fleld currenL Lo Lhe shunL fleld consLanL varv Lhe volLaae
applled armaLure bv Lhe exLernal reslsLance ln Lhe armaLure clrculL
(v) 8ecord Lhe applled volLaae and Lhe correspondlna speed
(vl) 8epeaL sLep4 for varlous values of applled volLaae Lo Lhe
armaLure Llll Lhe raLed volLaae of Lhe moLor and record Lhe
correspondlna speed
(vll) SwlLch off Lhe maln supplv Lo sLop Lhe moLor
(vlll) loL Lhe araph of Lhe armaLure volLaae (v)

speed of Lhe moLor (n)


8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
8

1st year


















8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
9

1st year


Tabulation:

SI.nn. Avmutuvc vnItugctv) In
VOLT
Spccd nI
mntnvtN)In
HPM
FIcId
euvvcntttI)In
AMP
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

isadvantag:
(l) A larae amounL of power ls losL ln Lhe exLernal reslsLance connecLed ln
serles wlLh Lhe armaLure reslsLance
(ll) 1hls meLhod alves speed below Lhe normal value
(lll) or speclfled value of exLernal reslsLance Lhe speed reducLlon ls noL
consLanL lL varles wlLh Lhe moLor load
onclusion:
Pence we conclude LhaL Lhe speed can be conLrolled below raLed bv uslna
armaLure





8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
10

1st year


lXFl8lhlN1 N0: 2

Aim of tb xprimnt:
1o flnd Lhe open clrculL characLerlsLlcs of uC shunL aeneraLor

Apparatus rquird:
Sl.no. Nam of tb itms typ rang quantity
1 DC 5hunt motor DC 19A1500kM220V5n 1
2 3o|nt starter DC 220V19A 1
3 DC 5hunt generator DC 3kW1500kM220V 1
4 Ammeter MC 01A 1
5 Vo|tmeter MC 0300V 1
6 kheostat w|re wound 2005A5002A 2
7 1achometer d|g|ta| 99999kM 1
8 Connect|ng w|re 5WG 8 5WG A5 per req


Tbory:
1he open clrculL characLerlsLlcs ls a araph obLalned beLween fleld currenL (l
f
) and
aeneraLed ema (L
a
)
1he emf aeneraLed ln Lhe armaLure wlndlna of a uC aeneraLor under no load
operaLlon ls alven bv


1Z

kn ( Z and A are consLanL)

(keeplna n consLanL)
8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
11

1st year
Pence aL consLanL alven speed no load emf

ls dlrecLlv proporLlonal Lo Lhe


flux per pole whlch ln Lurn depends upon Lhe fleld currenL (

) 1he
characLerlsLlc curve showlna Lhe relaLlonshlp beLween Lhe fleld currenL (H

) and
aeneraLed emf

aL no load and aL a consLanL speed ls known as maaneLlzaLlon


characLerlsLlc or open clrculL characLerlsLlc
rocdur:
1) ConnecL Lhe uC moLor and Lhe uC aeneraLor as per clrculL dlaaram
2) Ad[usL Lhe rheosLaL ln Lhe fleld clrculL of Lhe moLor so LhaL Lhe addlLlonal
reslsLance ln Lhls clrculL ls zero
3) SeL Lhe poLenLlal dlvlder feedlna Lo Lhe fleld clrculL of Lhe aeneraLor for zero
ouLpuL volLaae
4) SwlLch on Lhe uC supplv Lo Lhe uC moLor and sLarL lL uslna Lhe sLarLer
move Lhe sLarLer arm slowlv Llll Lhe moLor bullds up Lhe speed and flnallv
cuL ouL all Lhe reslsLance sLeps of Lhe sLarLer SLarLer arm wlll Lhen be hold
bv Lhe holdlna maaneL of Lhe sLarLer
3) 8ecord Lhe aeneraLor emf due Lo resldual maaneLlsm
6) Ad[usL Lhe speed of Lhe uC moLor Lo raLed value bv varvlna Lhe reslsLance
ln Lhe fleld clrculL
7) SwlLch on Lhe uC supplv across Lhe fleld clrculL of Lhe aeneraLor
8) varv Lhe fleld currenL of Lhe aeneraLor ln sLeps and record lLs value and Lhe
correspondlna aeneraLed emf of Lhe aeneraLor bservaLlon should be
conLlnued up Lo Lhe aeneraLed volLaae 23 hlaher Lhan Lhe raLed volLaae of
Lhe aeneraLor
9) SwlLch off Lhe uC supplv Lo sLop Lhe moLor and also Lo dlsconnecLed Lhe
aeneraLor fleld
10) loL Lhe araph of fleld currenL (H

) vs ouLpuL volLaae (

)




8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
12

1st year




















8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
13

1st year


Tabulation:
Sl.no Fild
currnt{If) in
AM
U] voltag of
gnrator in volt {Eg)
Spd in
RM
1
2
3
4
3
6
7
8
9
10


onclusion:
We observe Lhe open clrculL characLerlsLlc from Lhe araph ploLLed ln
beLween (H

) and (

) of Lhe aeneraLor










8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
14

1st year

lXFl8lhlN1 N0: 3

Aim of tb xprimnt:
1o sLarL Lhe 34 lnducLlon moLor bv sLardelLa meLhod

Equipmnt and matrial rquird:
Sl.no. Equipmnt Typ Rang Quantity
1 34 |nduct|on motor squ|rre| age 34415v5n 1
2 5tarter Automat|c 345A415V 1
3 1achometer D|g|ta| 010000rpm 1
4 Ammeter MI 01A 1
5 Vo|tmeter MI 0600V 1
6 Connect|ng |oad 15 squmm As per req
7 Neon tester 500V 1
8 Comb|nat|on p||er 150mm 1

Tbory:
AL sLarLlna 34 lnducLlon moLor Lakes 3 Lo 7 Llme of full load Lorque uue Lo
Lhls hlah currenL Lhe wlndlna of moLor and lnsLrumenLs mav burn furLher hlah
value of mechanlcal LhrusL mav damaae Lhe supplv svsLem bv larae volLaae
accompanled wlLh hlah llne currenL and mav damaae Lhe machlne parLs 1hus Lo
prevenL all Lhus problems we use dlff Lvpe sLarLers amona Lhem sLardelLa
sLarLer
SLaruelLa sLarLer can be used provlded Lhe sLarLer wlndlna of Lhe moLor ls
deslaned for delLa connecLlon durlna lLs normal operaLlon AL sLarLlna Lhe sLarLer
wlndlna ls connecLed ln sLar so LhaL Lhe applled volLaae Lo each phase of Lhe
wlndlna ls


of Lhe raLed volLaae of Lhe moLor nce Lhe moLor has plcked up Lhe
8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
13

1st year

































8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
16

1st year
speed Lhe phase of Lhe sLarLer wlndlna are connecLed ln delLa ensurlna raLed
volLaae across each place boLh Lhe Lermlnal of each phase of Lhe sLaLor wlndlna
should be accesslble so LhaL phases can be connecLed ln sLar aL sLarLlna and Lhen
ln delLa durlna normal runnlna A fore pole double Lhrow swlLch ls aenerallv used
chanae over Lhe connecLlons from sLar Lo delLa
rocdur:
1 1he connecLlon of Lhe moLor wlLh Lhe sLarLer should be connecLed wlLh
proper Lermlnal
2 1he armaLure ls Lo be connecLed ln serles wlLh swlLch and volLmeLer ln 24
3 3 wlres from maln swlLch wlLh Lhe Lermlnal of sLarLer 8 ? and 8 as shown ln
fla
4 1hen Lhe areen le Lhe sLar buLLon ls passed and held 3 Lo 3 sec and
released AL LhaL dlrecLlon Lhe sLar connecLlon ls converLed Lo delLa
auLomaLlcallv as Lhe moLor aLLalned 73 of Lhe raLed speed

Tabulation:
Sl.no. Star rading lta rading Spd in R..M.
urrnt in AM Voltag in VULT urrnt
in AM
Voltag in
VULT
1
2

rcaution:
1 ConnecLlon should be as per dlaaram
2 All Lhe connecLlon should be proper and LlahL
3 1he meLers used should be of proper raLlna
4 1he phase sequence should be done carefullv
onclusion:
1hus Lhe 34 sequenLlal caae lnducLlon moLor ls sLarLed wlLh sLar delLa sLarLer
8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
17

1st year


lXFl8lhlN1 N0: 1

Aim of tb xprimnt:
1o sLudv Lhe slnale phase lnducLlon moLor/fan moLor

Apparatus rquird:
Sl.no. Nam of tb itm Typ Rang Quantity
1 Mu|t|meter D|g|ta| 2002m 1
2 Ce|||ng fan AC 14230v75w 1
3 Neon tester 500v 1
4 5crew dr|ver 200mm 1
5 Comb|nat|on p||er |nsu|ated 8w 1
6 nammer 2" 1
7 Connect|ng w|re 5WG 8 5WG As per req


THEURY:
ln slnale phase fan moLor Lhere are Lwo Lvpe of wlndlna one ls maln wlndlna and
oLher ls auxlllarv wlndlna ne capaclLor ls connecLed ln serlous wlLh Lhe auxlllarv
wlndlna permanenLlv Maln wlndlna ls also called as runnlna wlndlna and lL ls of
Lhlck wlre Maln wlndlna have less reslsLance Lhen auxlllarv wlndlna 1he maln
wlndlna purpose of Lwo wlndlna ln sLarLer ls Lo produce phase dlfference


8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
18

1st year



















8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
19

1st year

rocdur:
1 Measure Lhe reslsLance of Lhe wlndlna bv mulLlmeLer
2 ldenLlfv Lhe maln wlndlna and auxlllarv wlndlna
3 Make a connecLlon dlaaram of Lhe moLor and make Lhe connecLlon as per
Lhe clrculL dlaaram
4 Clve Lhe supplv Lo moLor Lhrouah Lhe armaLure and noLe Lhe currenL of
moLor
3 8everes Lhe connecLlon of Lhe sLarLlna wlndlna or runnlna wlndlna for
chanalna lLs dlrecLlon of roLaLlon


rcaution:
1 1he connecLlon of Lhe conducLlon and moLor should be checked carefullv
2 All Lhe connecLlon should be properlv LlahLen


onclusion:
Pence Lhe slnale phase lnducLlon moLor/fan moLor ls sLudled wlLh runnlna Lo
moLor







8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
20

1st year



lXFl8lhlN1 N0:

Aim of tb xprimnt:
MeasuremenL of currenL volLaae and power ln kLC serles clrculL exclLed bv
slnale phase AC supplv

Apparatus rquird:
Sl.no. Nam of tb itm typ rang quantity
1 Vo|tmeter MI 0300V 2
2 Vo|tmeter MI 0600V 1
3 Capac|tor 400V50f 1
4 Ammeter MI 05A 1
5 kheostat 505A 1
6 Chock 240V 1
7 Connect|ng w|re 5WG 8 5WG As per req

THEURY:
ln a kLC serles clrculL Lhe LoLal reacLance ls X


C


I

lnducLance reacrance
I

capaclLance reacLance
I

2nfL LlnducLance

XC
CcapaclLance

volLaae across Lhe reslsLance R


8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
21

1st year

volLaae across Lhe lnducLance I

C
volLaae across Lhe capaclLance C
1oLal lmpedence

2W

-
C
)


ower facLor cos
W


When Lhe lnducLance reacLance (

) and capaclLlve reacLance {I

) are equal Lhen


X

C
0 hence Z = R ln LhaL case Lhe clrculL ls sald Lo be ln elecLrlc
resonance condlLlon

alculation of currnt voltag and powr:

zz
=
W
zzzzzzz
+

zzzzz
-
C
zzzz

V=
W
ut
V=

+{

-
C
)


IZ=

-
C
)


Z= W

-
C
)


R = Z coxm
Coxm =
W


R =

C
=


8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
22

1st year



















8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
23

1st year



rocdur:
1 ConnecL Lhe reslsLer lnducLor and capaclLor ln serles
2 1he volLmeLer ls connecLed each ln parallel Lo all reslsLance (0
300v)lnducLor (0600v) capaclLor 10f and supplv 230v
3 1he armaLure ls connecLed ln serles Lo measure currenL
4 ConnecL Lhe clrculL Lo source supplv
3 1ake readlna of Lhe volLmeLers and ammeLer
6 lnd I

and 8
7 CalculaLe lmpedance power facLor and power

Ubsrvation tabl:
Sl.no. Voltag
in Volt
urrnt
in Amp

W

C

Z R owr
factor
owr
1


alculation:
VR=IR
=>R =
W


VC = I*C
=>XC=


8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
24

1st year
VI = I*I
=>XI=


Z=W

-
C
)


R = Z coxq
=>coxq =
W


P=VI coxq

onclusion:
Pence from Lhe above kLC serles experlmenL Lhe currenL volLaae and power
ls measured Lo be _________________waLL









8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
23

1st year


lXFl8lhlN1 N0: 0

Aim of tb xprimnt:
1o perform open clrculL LesL and measuremenL of lron loss no load currenL and
no load power facLor of a slnale phase Lransformer

Apparatus rquird:
s.l
no.
Nam of tb itms Typ Rang Quantity
1 1ransformer IC 1 kVA 1
2 Ammeter MI 02A 1
3 wattmeter dyn 1A150V 1
4 Vo|tmeter MI 0300V 1
5 5|ng|e phase var|ac 0270v 1
6 Connect|ng w|res 5WG 8 5WG As per req
7 L|ne tester AC 500V 1
8 Comb|nat|on p||er |nsu|ator 1

Tbory:
ln Lhls LesL low volLaae (prlmarv) ls connecLed Lo a supplv of normal volLaae
and frequencv (As per Lhe raLlna of Lransformer) and Lhe hlah volLaae wlndlna
draws verv low currenL hardlv 3 Lo 3 percenL of full load currenL (mav be up Lo
100 for verv small raLlna Lransformer used for laboraLorv purposes) under Lhe
condlLlon as such copper losses ln Lhe prlmarv wlndlna wlll be neallalble 1hls
malnlv lron losses occur ln Lhe Lransformer under no load or open clrculL
condlLlon whlch are ln dlrecLed bv Lhe waLLmeLer connecLed ln Lhe clrculL
8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
26

1st year
Pence LoLal lron losses

(readlna of waLLmeLer)
rom Lhe observaLlon of Lhls LesL Lhe parameLer 8
0
and I

of Lhe parallel
branch of Lhe equlvalenL clrculL can also be calculaLed followlna Lhe sLeps alven
below power drawn

cos1



1hus no load power facLor cos1


Core loss componenL of no load currenL
Y

cos1


MaaneLlna componenL of no load currenL
Y

sin1


LqulpmenL reslsLance represenLlna Lhe core loss W

Y

MaaneLlna reacLance represenLlna Lhe maaneLlc cu



rocdur:
1 ConnecL Lhe clrculL as per clrculL dlaaram
2 Lnsure LhaL Lhe seLLlna of Lhe varlac ls aL low ouLpuL volLaae
3 SwlLch on Lhe supplv and ad[usL raLed volLaae across Lhe Lransformer
clrculL
4 8ecord no load currenL volLaae applled and no load power correspondlna
Lo Lhe raLed volLaae of Lransformer wlndlna

Tabulation:
Sl.no Voltag rading
in volt{

)
Ammtr rading
in amp {

)
Wattmtr rading
in watt {

)
1
2
3


8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
27

1st year



















8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
28

1st year


alculation:
ower facLor cos
0


ower drawn J
0
l
0
*v
1
cos
0
(lron loss from waLLmeLer readlna)
no load currenL l
0
______________________amp (rom ammeLer readlna)
no load prlmarv volLaae v
1
______________________volL (from volLmeLer
readlna)
1hus no load power facLor cos
0

___________________
Core loss componenL of no load currenL

Y
l
0
cos
0
__________________
And maaneLlzlna componenL of no load currenL

l
0
sin
0
__________________
LqulvalenL reslsLance represenLlna Lhe core loss

_______________________
MaaneLlslna reacLance represenLlna Lhe maaneLlzlna currenL

___________________

onclusion:
lL ls observed LhaL slnce Lhe normal frequencv ls applled Lo Lhe low volLaae
slde normal flux wlll be seL up ln Lhe core Pence normal lron loss wlll occur
so ln Lhe open clrculL LesL normallv a waLLmeLer readlna alves onlv Lhe
measuremenL lron loss J
0
___________________waLL no load currenL l
0

____________amp And no load power facLor cos
0
_____________
and no load power facLor cos
0
_____________

8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
29

1st year


lXFl8lhlN1 N0: 7

Aim of tb xprimnt:
1o calculaLe a slnale phase enerav meLer aL varlable loads aL unlL power
facLor bv performlna shorL run LesL and dlal LesL

Apparatus rquird:
Sl.no. Nam of tb itm Typ Rang Quantity
1 Ammeter MI 05A 1
2 Vo|tmeter MI 0300V 1
3 Wattmeter 300V5A 1
4 Load box 1
5 Lnergy meter AC 14230V1kwh 1

Macbin spcification:
MeLer consLanL kkLV kwh 8aLlna AM C/5

Tbory:
Lnerav meLer ls lnLearaLlna lnsLrumenL used Lo measure Lhe quanLlLv of
elecLrlc enerav supplled Lo clrculL ln alven Llme 1hev alven no dlrecL lndlrecLlon of
power le as Lo Lhe raLe whlch enerav ls belna supplled because Lhelr realsLraLlon
are lndependenL of Lhe raLe aL whlch a alven quanLlLv of enerav belna consumed
1 unlL1kwh
8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
30

1st year
ower factor
t|ue Ye
et Ye

Meter constant
X euut|
eegy ued

age of error
eted ete t{)-uted ete t

*100

rocdur:

Sbort run tst:
1he poLenLlal meLer clrculL from volLaae supplv (230v AC) ls eneralzed 1he no
of revoluLlon made bv dles of enerav meLer aL a varlous load currenL up Lo lLs
raLed currenL ls Lo approxlmaLelv 60 sec wlLh Lhe help of waLch Lhe readlna of
waLLmeLer ammeLer and volLmeLer noLed
ial tst:
1he load ls ad[usLed for a full raLed currenL Lhe lnlLlal readlna of Lhe dlal ls
noLed 1hen flnal readlna of meLer aL a reaular lnLerval of 10 mln and up Lo 30
mln ls Laken 1he armaLure volLmeLer waLLmeLer readlna aL reaular are noLed

Sbort run tst:
Sl.no Voltmtr
rading
Ammtr
rading
Wattmtr
rading
No
of
rv.
Tim
in
sc.
E=VIt
in
Kwb
No of
rv.]Kwb
1
2


8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
31

1st year



















8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
32

1st year



ial tst:
Sl.no
.
Voltmt
r
rading
Ammt
r
rading
Wattmt
r rading
Enrgy
mtr
radin
g
iffrnc
in Kwb
oil
radin
g in
Kwb
of
rro
r
1
2

Simpl calculation:
Foi shoit iun test:
Foi uial test:

onclusion:
MeLer ln each case were calculaLed Lhe error load currenL was ploLLed lL was
observed from Lhe Lable LhaL mosL of cases are error lmplvlna slow maklna meLer









8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
33

1st year


lXFl8lhlN1 N0: B

Aim of tb xprimnt:
1o sLudv abouL Lhe fluorescenL lamp clrculL and measuremenL of power bv
waLLmeLer and volLmeLer meLhod

Tools and quipmnt rating:
Sl.no Nam of tb itm Typ Rang Quantity
1 Vo|tmeter MI 0300V 1
2 Ammeter MI 01A 1
3 Wattmeter 75600v0520A 1
4 Comb|nat|on p||er 200mm200*8w 1
5 1ester AC 500v 1
6 W|re cutter 150mm 1
7 Mu|t|meter d|g|ta| 1

Matrial spcification:
Sl.no Nam of tb itm Typ Rang Quantity
1 Connect|ng |oad AC 15sqmm 1
2 IL1ube wh|te 40w250v1200mm 1
3 IL1ube frame w|th ho|der p|a|n 1
4 Choke 40w250v 1
5 1ube ||ght starter 40w250v 1
6 connector 2way 1


8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
34

1st year

THEURY:
Fluorscnt lamp:
lL conslsLs of a lona alass Lube lnLernallv coaLed wlLh fluorescenL power 1he
Lube conLalns a small amounL of araon LoaeLher wlLh a llLLle mercurv each
elecLrode was aLLached Lo Lwo small meLal plaLes of aL each end 1hese plaLes acL
as anode for wlLh sLandlna bombardmenL bv elecLrons durlna half cvcle
owr:
ln experlmenL power consumedvl cos whlch alven bv waLLmeLer Where
'v' ls volLmeLer readlna and ls Lhe anael

currenL 'l' and volLaae 'v'


owr factor:
ower facLorcos
pow
pp pow
ln experlmenL powervl cos whlch ls
alven bv waLLmeLer where 'v' ls volLmeLer readlna 'l' ls ammeLer readlna and ''
ls Lhe anael

currenL 'l' and volLaae 'v'



rocdur:
ConnecL ckL as per Lhe ckL dlaaram volLaae ls applled Lhrouah 14 varlous Llll
1Lhe lamp alow han Lhls noLed volLaae ls applled Lo Lhe lamp 1han readlna are
Laken for dlfferenL value of volLaae and currenL afLer Lhe lamp sLarLed Lo alow




8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
33

1st year

















8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
36

1st year



Tabulation:
Sl.no. Voltag{v)in volt urrnt{I)in amp Wattmtr
rading{w)
1


onclusion:
rom Lhe above experlmenL Lhe power and Lhe power facLor of Lhe
fluorescenL lamp was found ouL _______________and_____________
respecLlvelv ln waLLmeLer and volLmeLer meLhod




















8ASlC LLLC18lCAL LnClnLL8lnC LA8 MAnuAL

V|kash Co||ege of Lng|neer|ng for Women 8argarh
37

1st year