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Diﬀerentiation Formulas

 d dx k = 0 (1) d dx [f (x) ± g(x)] = f (x) ± g (x) (2) d dx [k · f (x)] = k · f (x) (3) d dx [f (x)g(x)] = f (x)g (x) + g(x)f (x) (4) d f(x) = g(x)f (x) − f(x)g (x) g(x) [g(x)] 2 (5) dx d dx f (g(x)) = f (g(x)) · g (x) (6) d dx x n = nx n−1 (7) d dx sin x = cos x (8) d dx cos x = − sin x (9) d dx tan x = sec 2 x (10) d dx cot x = − csc 2 x (11) d dx sec x = sec x tan x (12) d dx csc x = − csc x cot x (13) d dx e x = e x (14) d dx a x = a x ln a (15) d 1 dx ln |x| = x (16) d sin −1 x = 1 − x 2 (17) dx √ 1 d dx cos −1 x = −1 x 2 √ 1 − (18) d tan −1 x = 2 1 + 1 (19) dx x d −1 cot −1 x = (20) dx x 2 + 1 d −1 (21) dx sec x = 1 2 − 1 |x| √ x d dx csc −1 x = −1 − 1 |x| √ x 2 (22)

Integration Formulas

dx = x + C

x n dx

=

n+1

x

n + 1 + C

dx

x

= ln |x| + C

e x dx = e x + C

a x dx =

ln 1 a a x + C

ln x dx = x ln x x + C

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

 sin x dx = − cos x + C (7) cos x dx = sin x + C (8) tan x dx = − ln | cos x| + C (9) cot x dx = ln | sin x| + C (10) sec x dx = ln | sec x + tan x| + C (11) csc x dx = − ln | csc x + cot x| + C (12) sec 2 x dx = tan x + C (13)

csc 2 x dx = cot x + C

sec x tan x dx = sec x

+ C

csc x cot x dx = csc x + C

dx

x 2 = sin 1 x + C

a

a 2

dx

1

a tan 1 x + C

a 2 + x 2 =

a

dx

1

a sec 1 |x| + C

x x 2 a 2 =

a

(14)

(15)

(16)

(17)

(18)

(19)