Sunteți pe pagina 1din 15

KOSEN Review

Expert

, , , , , , , . . . trap . , .

1.
.

( ) .

http://www.kosen21.org/ Copyright 20110 KOSEN All rights reserved.

1/910

KOSEN Review . (bulk) (donor) (acceptor) . . Schottky , , QDSSC QDSSC , Ruhle . (multi-exciton generation, MEG) . . . Arici, Kumar Yun 1 10 heterojunction cells) QDSSC QDSSC . CdSe, Si MEG .

Expert

(bulk

(depleted heterojunction solar cells), (extremely thin absorber (inorganic-

cells, ETA), organic heterojunction cells), (hybrid polymer solar cells),

. Kamat

(quantum dot-sensitized solar cells, QDSSC)

(Shockley-Quessier limit ~32%) . MEG http://www.kosen21.org/ Copyright 20110 KOSEN All rights reserved. PbS, PbSe, PbTe, 2/910

KOSEN Review , .

Expert

3. Schottky
Schottky . Schottky . .

2.

Schottky type . * Air mass 1.5(AM1.5): 100nm . * (Jsc ): p . * (Voc): p acceptor) . * (fill factor, FF): . * (power conversion efficiency, (diffusion) (Pin) . . , (drift) Schottky (electron Schottky

L):

http://www.kosen21.org/ Copyright 20110 KOSEN All rights reserved.

3/910

KOSEN Review 2x10-3cm2/Vs Schottky . Schottky , - Schottky PbSe Pb (PbS 18nm, PbSe 47nm) . Si, PbS, . 3 3.3% PbS 2 PbSe Pb(Se,S) . . Nozik Sargent 3.6% , , , PbS

Expert

CdTe

4. (depleted
.

heterojunction

solar

cells)
, trap Pb . 5.1% CdTe et al., 2010) 21.6mA/cm , 45.5% Capacitance-voltage . TiO2 Schottky PbS . 4/910 Copyright 20110 KOSEN All rights reserved. . TiO2 Schottky
2

PbS

Schottky 5.3%

(Olson , Schottky .

540mV . ( TiO2)

http://www.kosen21.org/

KOSEN Review

Expert

. Schottky cell . , TiO2 . PbS . , /TiO2 . . PbS p . . .

5.
.

(extremely thin absorber, ETA)


band gap ETA energy diagram PbS , 20

. ITO/n-ZnO/PbS QD/TPD 1.6% TPD . ETA

. .

N,N'-Bis(3-methylphenyl)-N,N'-

SILAR(successive ionic layer adsorption and ,

bis(phenyl)benzidine . p-n p band gap . http://www.kosen21.org/ Copyright Norris

reaction), ILGAR(ion layer gas reaction), ALD(atomic layer deposition), plasma . (p /n layer) ) . i

(intrinsic

5/910 20110 KOSEN All rights reserved.

KOSEN Review CuI, CuSCN, CuAlO2 . n CuSCN ZnO/CdSe/CuSCN n p . . TiO2 . TiO2 CuSCN band gap 1.7eV . , . . ETA solar cell 15% CdTe , . TiO2 . , (2.6%) . efficiency, IPCE) 3.3% . Sb2S 3 band gap 450nm Sb2S3 Sb2S3 , Chang et al.(2010) , P3HT TiO2/Sb2S 3/P3HT/Au . Sb2S3 Sb2S 3 2.3% p . ETA ZnO p .

Expert

ETA

5.13% 1.7eV

80% (incident photon to current . DSSC

6.

6/910 Copyright 20110 KOSEN All rights reserved.

http://www.kosen21.org/

KOSEN Review . . . OMeTAD , . n ZnO 2008 CdSe 0.5% PbS/TiO2 . . , 1%(85mW/cm2) CdSe ) . CdSe layer-by-layer . TFB ZnO ( ) CdSe TiO2 . . ZnO ( PbS 3nm TiO2 . SnO2 PbS PbS SnO2 . CdSe . 2002 Plass PbS .

Expert

Spiro-

PbS

MEHPPV -

TiO2

7.
roll-to-roll 10 . . 10 http://www.kosen21.org/ Copyright 20110 KOSEN All rights reserved. 7/910

KOSEN Review . , fullerene 9.1% . . . ,

Expert

. TiO2, ZrTiO4/Bi2O3, ZnO,

ZnS, CdS, CdSe, CdTe, PbS, PbSe, Si . . . . fullerene . , MEHPPV . Alivisatos 0.1% P3HT fullerene . Fullerene /fullerene . . http://www.kosen21.org/ Copyright 20110 KOSEN All rights reserved. , , . Butylamine 8/910 . , . , , , tetrapod 1.7% CdSe

KOSEN Review . mercapto-P3HT , . 1,2,4-trichlrorobenzene P3HT CdSe . 2.6% /TiO2 Pb chalcogenide . CdSe 0.14% , PbS 0.55% PbSe PbSe . (i) , (ii) , (iii) . 8.1. . TiO2 . . TiO2 . TiO2 . (exciton) . TiO2 , Weller .

Expert

ZnO, TiO2

8.

(QDSSC)
(quantum dot

band gap

sensitized solar cells, QDSSCs)

http://www.kosen21.org/ Copyright 20110 KOSEN All rights reserved.

9/910

KOSEN Review , . . , . : (chemical bath deposition) , (ii) (i) TiO2 , , .

Expert

100

(successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction, SILAR) , (iii) (iv) . CBD (chemical bath deposition, . CBD CBD) . . 2 . (successive ionic layer . adsorption and reaction, SILAR) CBD , http://www.kosen21.org/ Copyright 20110 KOSEN All rights reserved. 10/910 SILAR . SILAR TiO2 8.2. CBD SILAR , .

KOSEN Review . CdS . CdS 8.3. . , 550nm . .

Expert

. . CdX(X=Se, Te) 4 PbS . , X-R-Y (X=SH TiO2 CdSe 2.7% , Y=COOH TiO2 CdS QDSSC . 1.6% TiO2/CdS, CdSe QDSSC (S /S 2) . CdTe S 2TiO2 . cobalt http://www.kosen21.org/ Copyright 20110 KOSEN All rights reserved. 11/910 pH . . pH TiO2
22-

TiO2

CdTe TiO2 TiO2 . .

KOSEN Review pH . . . . . TiO2 8.4. mercaptopropionic acid . . CdSe QDSSC , ZnO 1 . 1.19% TiO2 . . QDSSC TiO2 DSSC D TiO2 . IPCE , 2010 CdSe ZnO(

Expert

QDSSC CdSe) 1.46% 18%

. (a)

, (b) , (c) QDSSC . 0.4% TiO2 . ITO ZnS . ) . ( CdSe CdSe ZnO . . 2

(vertically aligned carbon nanotube, VACNT), ZnO

http://www.kosen21.org/ Copyright 20110 KOSEN All rights reserved.

12/910

KOSEN Review TiO2 8.6. 3 . . . . . . 8.5. QDSSC I-/I-3 . . . I-3 I-/I-3 . 3 voltammogram 3 (dark potential) 2 . c 3 2 3

Expert

3 .

polypyridyl cobalt complexes, [Co(o8.7. QDSSC phen)3]2+/3+ , ferrocene/ferrocenium . cobalt complex InAs, InP, PbS .

, . . (S2-/S2-2) cobalt complex . . http://www.kosen21.org/ Copyright 20110 KOSEN All rights reserved. 13/910 QDSSC

KOSEN Review , , , . .

Expert

9.
5% c . S2-2 . . . . .

, CdS/CdSe QDSSC . 4.2% . CdS 0.13% 1.8% . 1.47% Cu2S . Cu2S/ .

Reference
1. S. Emin, S. P. Singh, L. Han, N. Satoh, A. Islam, Solar Energy 2011, 85, 1264 1282. 2. J. Albero, E. Martnez-Ferrero, J. Ajuria, C. Waldauf, R. Pacios and E. Palomares, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2009, 11, 96449647. 3. C.-H. Chang, Y. L. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 2007, 91, 053503. 4. H. Hoppe, N. S. Sacrifitci, J. Mater. Res. 2004, 19, 1924-1945. 5. J. D. Olson, G. P. Gray, S. A. Carter, Sol. Energy, Sol. Cells 2009, 93, 519-523. 6. Y. Tachibana, K. Umekita, Y. Otsuka, S. Kuwabata, J. Phys. D:Appl. Phys. 2008, 41, 102002

CdS/CdSe QDSSC 3.1% , http://www.kosen21.org/ Copyright ,

14/910 20110 KOSEN All rights reserved.

KOSEN Review

Expert

1. (d)

: (a) Schottky

, (b)

, (c)

http://www.kosen21.org/ Copyright 20110 KOSEN All rights reserved.

15/910