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Activity 3.5.

2: Subnetting Scenario 1 (Instructor Version)


Topology Diagram

Addressing Table
Device Interface Fa0/1 HQ S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 BRANCH1 Fa0/1 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 BRANCH2 Fa0/1 S0/0/1 PC1 PC2 PC3 PC4 PC5 NIC NIC NIC NIC NIC IP Address 192.168.9.193 192.168.9.129 192.168.9.161 192.168.9.65 192.168.9.97 192.168.9.158 192.168.9.33 192.168.9.1 192.168.9.190 192.168.9.222 192.168.9.126 192.168.9.94 192.168.9.62 192.168.9.30 Subnet Mask 255.255.255.224 255.255.255.224 255.255.255.224 255.255.255.224 255.255.255.224 255.255.255.224 255.255.255.224 255.255.255.224 255.255.255.224 255.255.255.224 255.255.255.224 255.255.255.224 255.255.255.224 255.255.255.224 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 192.168.9.193 192.168.9.97 192.168.9.65 192.168.9.33 192.168.9.1

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Page 1 of 4

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols

Activity 3.5.2: Subnetting Scenario 1

Learning Objectives
Upon completion of this lab, you will be able to: Determine the number of subnets needed. Determine the number of hosts needed. Design an appropriate addressing scheme. Assign addresses and subnet mask pairs to device interfaces and hosts. Examine the use of the available network address space. Determine how static routing could be applied to the network.

Scenario
In this lab, you have been given the network address 192.168.9.0/24 to subnet and provide the IP addressing for the network shown in the Topology Diagram. The network has the following addressing requirements: The BRANCH1 LAN 1 will require 10 host IP addresses. The BRANCH1 LAN 2 will require 10 host IP addresses. The BRANCH2 LAN 1 will require 10 host IP addresses. The BRANCH2 LAN 2 will require 10 host IP addresses. The HQ LAN will require 20 host IP addresses. The link from HQ to BRANCH1 will require an IP address for each end of the link. The link from HQ to BRANCH2 will require an IP address for each end of the link. (Note: Remember that the interfaces of network devices are also host IP addresses and are included in the above addressing requirements.)

Task 1: Examine the Network Requirements.


Examine the network requirements and answer the questions below. Keep in mind that IP addresses will be needed for each of the LAN interfaces. How many subnets are needed? _____7_____ What is the maximum number of IP addresses that are needed for a single subnet? _____20_____ How many IP addresses are needed for each of the branch LANs? _____10_____ What is the total number of IP addresses that are needed? _____64_____

Task 2: Design an IP Addressing Scheme.


Step 1: Subnet the 192.168.9.0 network into the appropriate number of subnets. What will the subnet mask be for the subnetworks? _____________255.255.255.224 or /27_____________ How many usable host IP addresses are there per subnet? _____30_____

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Page 2 of 4

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols

Activity 3.5.2: Subnetting Scenario 1

Fill in the following chart with the subnet information. Subnet Number 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 First Usable Host Address 192.168.9.1 192.168.9.33 192.168.9.65 192.168.9.97 192.168.9.129 192.168.9.161 192.168.9.193 192.168.9.225 Last Usable Host Address 192.168.9.30 192.168.9.62 192.168.9.94 192.168.9.126 192.168.9.158 192.168.9.190 192.168.9.222 192.168.9.254 Broadcast Address 192.168.9.31 192.168.9.63 192.168.9.95 192.168.9.127 192.168.9.159 192.168.9.191 192.168.9.223 192.168.9.255

Subnet Address 192.168.9.0 192.168.9.32 192.168.9.64 192.168.9.96 192.168.9.128 192.168.9.160 192.168.9.192 192.168.9.224

Step 2: Assign the subnets to the network shown in the Topology Diagram. When assigning the subnets, keep in mind that routing will need to occur to allow information to be sent throughout the network. The subnets will be assigned to the networks to allow for route summarization on each of the routers. 1. Assign first subnet (lowest subnet) to the LAN connected to the Fa0/1 interface of BRANCH2. What is the subnet address? __________192.168.9.0 /27__________ 2. Assign second subnet to LAN connected to the Fa0/1 interface of BRANCH2. What is the subnet address? __________192.168.9.32 /27__________ 3. Assign third subnet to LAN connected to the Fa0/0 interface of BRANCH1. What is the subnet address?__________192.168.9.64 /27__________ 4. Assign fourth subnet to LAN connected to the Fa0/1 interface of BRANCH1. What is the subnet address?__________192.168.9.96 /27__________ 5. Assign fifth subnet to the WAN link from HQ to BRANCH1. What is the subnet address?__________192.168.9.128 /27__________ 6. Assign sixth subnet to the WAN link from HQ to BRANCH2. __________192.168.9.160 /27__________ 7. Assign seventh subnet to LAN connected to the Fa0/1 interface of HQ. What is the subnet address? __________192.168.9.192 /27__________ Note: The highest subnet will not be required in this topology.

Task 3: Assign IP Addresses to the Network Devices


Assign the appropriate addresses to the device interfaces. Document the addresses to be used in the Addressing Table provided under the Topology Diagram. Step 1: Assign addresses to the HQ router. 1. Assign the first valid host address in the HQ LAN subnet to the LAN interface. 2. Assign the first valid host address in link from HQ to BRANCH1 subnet to the S0/0/0 interface. 3. Assign the first valid host address in link from HQ to BRANCH2 subnet to the S0/0/1 interface. Step 2: Assign addresses to the BRANCH1 router. 1. Assign the first valid host address in the BRANCH1 LAN 1 subnet to the Fa0/0 LAN interface. 2. Assign the first valid host address in the BRANCH1 LAN 2 subnet to the Fa0/1 LAN interface. 3. Assign the last valid host address in link from HQ to BRANCH1 subnet to the WAN interface.
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CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols

Activity 3.5.2: Subnetting Scenario 1

Step 3: Assign addresses to the BRANCH2 router. 1. Assign the first valid host address in the BRANCH2 LAN 1 subnet to the Fa0/0 LAN interface. 2. Assign the first valid host address in the BRANCH2 LAN 2 subnet to the Fa0/1 LAN interface. 3. Assign the last valid host address in link from HQ to BRANCH2 subnet to the WAN interface. Step 4: Assign addresses to the host PCs. 1. Assign the last valid host address in the HQ LAN subnet to PC1. 2. Assign the last valid host address in the BRANCH1 LAN 1 subnet to PC2. 3. Assign the last valid host address in the BRANCH1 LAN 2 subnet to PC3. 4. Assign the last valid host address in the BRANCH2 LAN 1 subnet to PC4. 5. Assign the last valid host address in the BRANCH2 LAN 2 subnet to PC5.

Task 4: Test the Network Design.


Apply your addressing scheme to the Packet Tracer file that has been supplied with this lab. Check to see that all devices on directly connected networks can ping each other.

Task 5: Reflection
How many IP address in the 192.168.9.0 network are unused or unusable in this design? _____192_____ What would the command be to add a default static route on the WAN interface of the BRANCH1 router? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 serial 0/0 Can both of the BRANCH1 LANs be summarized into one route on the HQ router? _____yes_____ What would be the command used to add this summary route to the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 192.168.9.64 255.255.255.192 serial 0/0 Can both of the BRANCH2 LANs be summarized into one route on the HQ router? _____yes_____ What would be the command used to add this summary route to the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 192.168.9.0 255.255.255.192 serial 0/1 Can the HQ LAN and both of the BRANCH1 LANs be summarized into one route on the BRANCH2 router? This summarized route should also include the link between the HQ and BRANCH1 routers. _____yes_____ What would be the command used to add this summary route to the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 192.168.9.0 255.255.255.128 serial 0/0

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Page 4 of 4

Activity 3.5.3: Subnetting Scenario 2 (Instructor Version)


Topology Diagram

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Page 1 of 8

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols

Activity 3.5.3: Subnetting Scenario 2

Addressing Table
Device Interface Fa0/0 HQ S0/0/0 S0/0/1 S0/0/2 Fa0/0 West S0/0/0 S0/0/1 S0/0/2 Fa0/0 East S0/0/0 S0/0/1 S0/0/2 Fa0/0 Branch 1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 Branch 2 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 Branch 3 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 Branch 4 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 PC1 PC2 PC3 PC4 PC5 PC6 PC7 NIC NIC NIC NIC NIC NIC NIC IP Address 172.16.16.1 172.16.14.1 172.16.18.1 209.165.200.226 172.16.12.1 172.16.15.254 172.16.8.1 172.16.10.1 172.16.20.1 172.16.19.254 172.16.22.1 172.16.24.1 172.16.2.1 172.16.9.254 172.16.6.1 172.16.4.1 172.16.11.254 172.16.7.254 172.16.28.1 172.16.23.254 172.16.26.1 172.16.30.1 172.16.25.254 172.16.27.254 172.16.17.254 172.16.13.254 172.16.21.254 172.16.3.254 172.16.5.254 172.16.29.254 172.16.31.254 Subnet Mask 255.255.254.0 255.255.254.0 255.255.254.0 255.255.255.224 255.255.254.0 255.255.254.0 255.255.254.0 255.255.254.0 255.255.254.0 255.255.254.0 255.255.254.0 255.255.254.0 255.255.254.0 255.255.254.0 255.255.254.0 255.255.254.0 255.255.254.0 255.255.254.0 255.255.254.0 255.255.254.0 255.255.254.0 255.255.254.0 255.255.254.0 255.255.254.0 255.255.254.0 255.255.254.0 255.255.254.0 255.255.254.0 255.255.254.0 255.255.254.0 255.255.254.0 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 172.16.16.1 172.16.12.1 172.16.20.1 172.16.2.1 172.16.4.1 172.16.28.1 172.16.30.1

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Page 2 of 8

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols

Activity 3.5.3: Subnetting Scenario 2

Learning Objectives
Upon completion of this lab, you will be able to: Determine the number of subnets needed. Determine the number of hosts needed. Design an appropriate addressing scheme. Assign addresses and subnet mask pairs to device interfaces and hosts. Examine the use of the available network address space. Determine how static routing could be applied to the network.

Scenario
In this lab, you have been given the network address 172.16.0.0/16 to subnet and provide the IP addressing for the network shown in the Topology Diagram. The network has the following addressing requirements: The Branch 1 LAN will require 100 host IP addresses. The Branch 2 LAN will require 100 host IP addresses. The Branch 3 LAN will require 100 host IP addresses. The Branch 4 LAN will require 100 host IP addresses. The West LAN will require 400 hosts. The East LAN will require 400 hosts. The HQ LAN will require 500 host IP addresses. The links between each of the routers will require an IP address for each end of the link. (Note: Remember that the interfaces of network devices are also host IP addresses and are included in the above addressing requirements.) The IP addresses for the link from the HQ router to the ISP have already been assigned. The Serial 0/2 address of the HQ router is 209.165.200.226/27. The IP address of the Serial 0/0 of the ISP router is 209.165.200.227/27.

Task 1: Examine the Network Requirements.


Examine the network requirements and answer the questions below. Keep in mind that IP addresses will be needed for each of the LAN interfaces. How many subnets are needed? _____15_____ What is the maximum number of IP addresses that are needed for a single subnet? _____500_____ How many IP addresses are needed for each of the branch LANs? _____100_____ How many IP addresses are needed for all of the connections between routers? _____16_____ What is the total number of IP addresses that are needed? _____1716_____

Task 2: Design an IP Addressing Scheme.


Step 1: Subnet the 172.16.0.0 network into the appropriate number of subnets. What will the subnet mask be for the subnetworks? __________255.255.254.0 or /23_______________ How many usable host IP addresses are there per subnet? _____510_____

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Page 3 of 8

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols

Activity 3.5.3: Subnetting Scenario 2

Fill in the following chart with the subnet information. Subnet Number 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Subnet IP 172.16.0.0 172.16.2.0 172.16.4.0 172.16.6.0 172.16.8.0 172.16.10.0 172.16.12.0 172.16.14.0 172.16.16.0 172.16.18.0 172.16.20.0 172.16.22.0 172.16.24.0 172.16.26.0 172.16.28.0 172.16.30.0 First Usable Host IP 172.16.0.1 172.16.2.1 172.16.4.1 172.16.6.1 172.16.8.1 172.16.10.1 172.16.12.1 172.16.14.1 172.16.16.1 172.16.18.1 172.16.20.1 172.16.22.1 172.16.24.1 172.16.26.1 172.16.28.1 172.16.30.1 Last Usable Host IP 172.16.1.254 172.16.3.254 172.16.5.254 172.16.7.254 172.16.9.254 172.16.11.254 172.16.13.254 172.16.15.254 172.16.17.254 172.16.19.254 172.16.21.254 172.16.23.254 172.16.25.254 172.16.27.254 172.16.29.254 172.16.31.254 Broadcast Address 172.16.1.255 172.16.3.255 172.16.5.255 172.16.7.255 172.16.9.255 172.16.11.255 172.16.13.255 172.16.15.255 172.16.17.255 172.16.19.255 172.16.21.255 172.16.23.255 172.16.25.255 172.16.27.255 172.16.29.255 172.16.31.255

Step 2: Assign the subnets to the network shown in the Topology Diagram. When assigning the subnets, keep in mind that routing will need to occur to allow information to be sent throughout the network. The subnets will be assigned to the networks to allow for route summarization on each of the routers. Note: The lowest subnet (subnet 0) will not be assigned in this lab. You should start assigning with the second lowest subnet (subnet 1). 1. Assign subnet 1 to the Branch 1 LAN subnet: __________172.16.2.0 /23__________ 2. Assign subnet 2 to the Branch 2 LAN subnet: __________172.16.4.0 /23__________ 3. Assign subnet 3 to the link between the Branch 1 and Branch 2 routers: __________172.16.6.0 /23__________ 4. Assign subnet 4 to the link between the Branch 1 and West routers: __________172.16.8.0 /23__________ 5. Assign subnet 5 to the link between the Branch 2 and West routers: __________172.16.10.0 /23__________ 6. Assign subnet 6 to the West LAN subnet: __________172.16.12.0 /23__________ 7. Assign subnet 7 to the link between the West and HQ routers: __________172.16.14.0 /23__________ 8. Assign subnet 8 to the HQ LAN subnet: __________172.16.16.0 /23__________ 9. Assign subnet 9 to the link between the HQ and East routers: __________172.16.18.0 /23__________ 10. Assign subnet 10 to the East LAN subnet: __________172.16.20.0 /23__________ 11. Assign subnet 11 to the link between the Branch 3 and East routers: __________172.16.22.0 /23__________ 12. Assign subnet 12 to the link between the Branch 4 and East routers: __________172.16.24.0 /23__________
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CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols

Activity 3.5.3: Subnetting Scenario 2

13. Assign subnet 13 to the link between the Branch 3 and Branch 4 routers: __________172.16.26.0 /23__________ 14. Assign subnet 14 to the Branch 3 subnet: __________172.16.28.0 /23__________ 15. Assign subnet 15 to the Branch 4 subnet: __________172.16.30.0 /23__________

Task 3: Assign IP Addresses to the Network Devices.


Assign the appropriate addresses to the device interfaces. Document the addresses to be used in the Addressing Table provided under the Topology Diagram. Step 1: Assign addresses to the HQ router. 1. Assign the first valid host address in the HQ LAN subnet to the LAN interface. 2. Assign the first valid host address in the link from HQ to West subnet to the S0/0/0 interface. 3. Assign the first valid host address in the link from HQ to East subnet to the S0/0/1 interface. Step 2: Assign addresses to the West router. 1. Assign the first valid host address in the West LAN subnet to the LAN interface. 2. Assign the last valid host address in the link from HQ to West subnet to the S0/0/0 interface. 3. Assign the first valid host address in the link from West to Branch 1 subnet to the S0/0/1 interface. 4. Assign the first valid host address in the link from West to Branch 2 subnet to the S0/0/2 interface. Step 3 Assign addresses to the East router. 1. Assign the first valid host address in the East LAN subnet to the LAN interface. 2. Assign the last valid host address in the link from HQ to East subnet to the S0/0/0 interface. 3. Assign the first valid host address in the link from East to Branch 3 subnet to the S0/0/1 interface. 4. Assign the first valid host address in the link from East to Branch 4 subnet to the S0/0/2 interface. Step 4 Assign addresses to the Branch 1 router. 1. Assign the first valid host address in the Branch 1 LAN subnet to the LAN interface. 2. Assign the last valid host address in the link from West to Branch 1 subnet to the S0/0/0 interface. 3. Assign the first valid host address in the link from Branch 1 to Branch 2 subnet to the S0/0/1 interface. Step 5 Assign addresses to the Branch 2 router. 1. Assign the first valid host address in the Branch 2 LAN subnet to the LAN interface. 2. Assign the last valid host address in the link from West to Branch 2 subnet to the S0/0/0 interface. 3. Assign the last valid host address in the link from Branch 1 to Branch 2 subnet to the S0/0/1 interface. Step 6 Assign addresses to the Branch 3 router. 1. Assign the first valid host address in the Branch 3 LAN subnet to the LAN interface. 2. Assign the last valid host address in the link from East to Branch 3 subnet to the S0/0/0 interface.
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CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols

Activity 3.5.3: Subnetting Scenario 2

3. Assign the first valid host address in the link from Branch 3 to Branch 4 subnet to the S0/0/1 interface. Step 7 Assign addresses to the Branch 4 router. 1. Assign the first valid host address in the Branch 4 LAN subnet to the LAN interface. 2. Assign the last valid host address in the link from East to Branch 4 subnet to the S0/0/0 interface. 3. Assign the last valid host address in the link from Branch 3 to Branch 4 subnet to the S0/0/1 interface. Step 8 Assign addresses to the host PCs 1. Assign the last valid host address in the HQ LAN subnet to PC1. 2. Assign the last valid host address in the West LAN subnet to PC2. 3. Assign the last valid host address in the East 1 LAN subnet to PC3. 4. Assign the last valid host address in the Branch 1 LAN subnet to PC4. 5. Assign the last valid host address in the Branch 2 LAN subnet to PC5. 6. Assign the last valid host address in the Branch 3 LAN subnet to PC6. 7. Assign the last valid host address in the Branch 4 LAN subnet to PC7.

Task 4: Test the Network Design.


Apply your addressing scheme to the Packet Tracer file that has been supplied with this lab. Check to see that all devices on directly connected networks can ping each other.

Task 5: Reflection
How many IP address in the 172.16.0.0 network are wasted in this design? _____63820_____ What would the command be to add a default static route for your entire network design from the HQ router to the ISP router? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 209.165.200.227 Can the West, Branch 1, and Branch 2 networks be summarized into one route on the HQ router? This summarized route should also include the serial links that connect the West, Branch 1, and Branch 2 routers. _____yes_____ What would be the command used to add this summary route to the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 172.16.0.0 255.255.240.0 serial 0/0 Can the East, Branch 3, and Branch 4 networks be summarized into one route on the HQ router? This summarized route should also include the serial links that connect the East, Branch 3, and Branch 4 routers. _____yes_____ What would be the command used to add this summary route to the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 172.16.16.0 255.255.240.0 serial 0/1

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Page 6 of 8

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols

Activity 3.5.3: Subnetting Scenario 2

What would the command be to add a default static route on the West router to send traffic for all unknown destinations to the HQ router? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 serial 0/0 What would the command be to add a default static route on the East router to send traffic for all unknown destinations to the HQ router? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 serial 0/0 Can the Branch 1 and Branch 2 networks be summarized into one route on the West router? This summarized route should also include the serial link that connects the Branch 1 and Branch 2 routers. _____yes_____ What would be the command used to add this summary route to the routing table? Use the S0/0/1 interface of the West router as the exit interface. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 172.16.0.0 255.255.248.0 serial 0/1 Can the Branch 3 and Branch 4 networks be summarized into one route on the East router? This summarized route should also include the serial link that connects the Branch 3 and Branch 4 routers. _____yes_____ What would be the command used to add this summary route to the routing table? Use the S0/0/1 interface of the East router as the exit interface. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 172.16.24.0 255.255.248.0 serial 0/1 The Branch 1 router requires a static route for traffic destined for Branch 2. All other traffic should be sent to the West router using a default static route. What commands would be used to accomplish this? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 172.16.4.0 255.255.254.0 serial 0/1 ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 serial 0/0 The Branch 2 router requires a static route for traffic destined for Branch 1. All other traffic should be sent to the West router using a default static route. What commands would be used to accomplish this? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 172.16.2.0 255.255.254.0 serial 0/1 ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 serial 0/0

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Page 7 of 8

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols

Activity 3.5.3: Subnetting Scenario 2

The Branch 3 router requires a static route for traffic destined for Branch 4. All other traffic should be sent to the East router using a default static route. What commands would be used to accomplish this? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 172.16.30.0 255.255.254.0 serial 0/1 ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 serial 0/0 The Branch 4 router requires a static route for traffic destined for Branch 3. All other traffic should be sent to the East router using a default static route. What commands would be used to accomplish this? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 172.16.28.0 255.255.254.0 serial 0/1 ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 serial 0/0

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Page 8 of 8

Activity 3.5.4: Subnetting Scenario 3 (Instructor Version)


Topology Diagram

Addressing Table
Device Interface Fa0/0 HQ S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 BRANCH1 Fa0/1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 BRANCH2 Fa0/1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 PC1 PC2 PC3 PC4 PC5 NIC NIC NIC NIC NIC IP Address Subnet Mask Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

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Page 1 of 3

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols

Activity 3.5.4: Subnetting Scenario 3

Instructor Note: This lab is impossible to complete with fixed-length subnet masking. Use this lab as a scaffolding exercise to link the student to the concept of VLSM, which is discussed in Chapter 6. Avoid offering the student any help in solving the problem of not having enough address space.

Learning Objectives
Upon completion of this lab, you will be able to: Determine the number of subnets needed. Determine the number of hosts needed. Design an appropriate addressing scheme. Conduct research to find a possible solution.

Scenario
In this lab, you have been given the network address 192.168.1.0/24 to subnet and provide the IP addressing for the network shown in the Topology Diagram. The network has the following addressing requirements: The BRANCH1 LAN 1 will require 15 host IP addresses. The BRANCH1 LAN 2 will require 15 host IP addresses. The BRANCH2 LAN 1 will require 15 host IP addresses. The BRANCH2 LAN 2 will require 15 host IP addresses. The HQ LAN will require 30 host IP addresses. The link from HQ to BRANCH1 will require an IP address for each end of the link. The link from HQ to BRANCH2 will require an IP address for each end of the link. The link from HQ to Branch 3 will require an IP address for each end of the link. (Note: Remember that the interfaces of network devices are also host IP addresses and are included in the above addressing requirements.)

Task 1: Examine the Network Requirements.


Examine the network requirements and answer the questions below. Keep in mind that IP addresses will be needed for each of the LAN interfaces. How many subnets are needed? _____8_____ What is the maximum number of IP addresses that are needed for a single subnet? _____30_____ How many IP addresses are needed for each of the branch LANs? _____15_____ What is the total number of IP addresses that are needed? _____96_____

Task 2: Design an IP Addressing Scheme


Subnet the 192.168.1.0/24 network into the appropriate number of subnets. Can the 192.168.1.0/24 network be subnetted to fit the network requirements? _____no_____ If the number of subnets requirement is met, what is the maximum number of hosts per subnet? _____30_____ If the maximum number of hosts requirement is met, what is the number of subnets that will be available to use? _____4_____

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Page 2 of 3

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols

Activity 3.5.4: Subnetting Scenario 3

Task 3: Reflection
You do not have enough address space to implement an addressing scheme. Research this problem and propose a possible solution. Increasing the size of your original address space is not an acceptable solution. (Hint: We will discuss solutions to this problem in Chapter 6.)

____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________


Attempt to implement your solution using Packet Tracer. Successful implementation of a solution requires that: Only the 192.168.1.0/24 address space is used. PCs and routers can ping all IP addresses.

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Page 3 of 3