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Tvisebrivi Metodebi Soc. Kvlevebshi Tinatin Zurabashvili

Tvisebrivi Metodebi Soc. Kvlevebshi Tinatin Zurabashvili

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Published by Mariami Abuladze

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Published by: Mariami Abuladze on Oct 08, 2011
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socialur mecnierebaTa seria

Tvisebrivi meTodebi socialur kvlevaSi
momzadebulia socialur mecnierebaTa centris akademiuri stipendiis safuZvelze

saleqcio kursi socialuri mecnierebebis magistraturisaTvis

TinaTin zurabiSvili

Tbilisi

2006

socialur mecnierebaTa seria mTavari redaqtori: enobrivi redaqtori: marine CitaSvili lia kaWarava

dakabadoneba, ydis dizaini: giorgi bagrationi

© socialur mecnierebaTa centri, 2006 © Center for Social Sciences, 2006
q. Tbilisi, 0108, T. WoveliZis q. # 10 el. fosta: contact@ucss.ge internet gverdi: www.ucss.ge

wigni momzadebulia da gamocemulia `socialur mecnierebaTa centris” (Center for Social Sciences) mier, fondis OSI – Zug, budapeStis Ria sazogadoebis institutis umaRlesi ganaTlebis mxardaWeris programis (HESP) finansuri xelSewyobiT

The book has been published by the Center for Social Sciences, sponsored by the OSI-Zug Foundation and the Higher Education Support Program (HESP) of the Open Society Institute-Budapest.

ISBN: 99940 - 871 - 9 - 3

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winaTqma
Tema 1.
Tema 2. magaliTi #1.
Tema 3. magaliTi #2.
magaliTi #3.

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Tvisebrivi meTodebi socialur kvlevaSi: Sesavali da saerTo mimoxilva
siRrmiseuli interviu axalgazrduli umuSevrobis problema saqarTveloSi. sadiskusio gegma
fokus-jgufi Rvinis moxmarebis kultura Tanamedrove saqarTveloSi. sadiskusio gegma korufcia saqarTveloSi da misi Sefaseba sxvadasxva profesiuli jgufis warmomadgenlebis mier.

fokus-jgufebis angariSi
Tema 4.
Tema 5.
Tema 6. magaliTi #4.
danarTi #1.
danarTi #2.

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dakvirveba
monografiuli gamokvleva
socialuri kvlevis eTika gamokiTxvam uCvena, rom didi britaneTis mosaxleobaSi izrdeba emigraciis survili
korufcia saqarTveloSi.

fokus-jgufis transkripti
Tvisebrivi kvlevis meTodikis terminologiis ganmartebiTi leqsikoni
QUALITATIVE METHODS IN SOCIAL RESEARCH

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gamefarTovebina da magistraturis studentebisTvis gadamemuSavebina am saleqcio kursis is nawili. samwuxarod.winaTqma winamdebare saleqcio kursze muSaoba daviwye Telavis saxelmwifo universitetSi. TiTqmis yvela meTodTan dakavSirebiT saleqcio kursSi moyvanilia Sesabamisi kvleviTi instrumentebis magaliTebi. minda didi madloba gadavuxado Cems kolegebs moskovis levada-centridan da. yvela Temis dasasruls moyvanilia praqtikuli davalebebi. romelic Tamar zurabiSvilTan erTad SevimuSave. romlis farglebSic saSualeba momeca davswrebodi wamyvani Tvisebrivi mkvlevrebis kursebs kaliforniis universitetSi los-anjelesSi (UCLA). sadac Ria sazogadoebis institutis FDFP programis farglebSi vimyofebodi. aseve didi madloba Ria sazogadoebis institutis FDFP programas. yoveli Temis bolos moyvanilia Sesabamisi meTodisadmi miZRvnili sakvanZo literaturis sia. kursze muSaoba davasrule kaliforniis universitetSi losanjelesSi. romlis farglebSic vaswavlidi am kurss socialur mecnierebaTa centrSi. 4 . garda amisa. socialur mecnierebaTa centris akademiuri stipendiis farglebSi saSualeba momeca. amitom yuradReba gamaxvilebulia im meTodebze. upirveles yovlisa. Tavdapirvelad is warmoadgenda saleqcio kursis “sociologiuri kvlevis meTodebi” erT-erT nawils. romlebic yvelaze farTod gamoiyeneba Tanamedrove praqtikaSi da romlebic. aleqsei levinsons. socialur mecnierebaTa centrs da akademiuri stipendiebis programas (AFP). swored am kvleviT centrSi muSaobis periodSi davinteresdi kvlevis Tvisebrivi meTodebiT da ramdenime Zalze saintereso kvlevaSi miviRe monawileoba. romelic kerZod Tvisebriv meTodebis eZRvneba. romlebmac mniSvnelovani roli iTamaSes am saleqcio kursis SeqmnaSi. da Cems studentebs. ramdenadac kvlevis meTodebis Seswavla warmoudgenelia mxolod literaturis Seswavlis meSveobiT. Cemi azriT. yvelaze metad daexmareba studentebs sakuTari kvlevebis CatarebaSi. am saleqcio kursSi ver moxerxda socialuri kvlevis yvela Tvisebrivi meTodis ganxilva.

” epoqa 2: 76-84.1 siRaribis es forma klasikuri Teoriebis yuradRebis miRma iyo darCenili. da sxva. reklamis efeqturobis detaluri Seswavla. TinaTin zurabiSvili. Tvisebrivi meTodebi socialur kvlevaSi: Sesavali da saerTo mimoxilva socialuri mecnierebebisaTvis damaxasiaTebelia mWidro kavSiri Teoriasa da empiriul kvlevebs Soris. rom wamyvani kompaniebis mier warmoebuli produqcia maqsimalurad iTvaliswinebs momxmarebelTa moTxovnebs da survilebs. Tumca am ori jgufis meTodebs Soris aris mniSvnelovani gansxvavebebi. empiriuli socialuri kvlevis meTodika. ganixilavs informaciis Segrovebis mecnieruli saSualebebis. gamoyenebiTi kvlevebis Sesaxeb. rogorc sistematuri codnis dargi. rac SeiZleba iTargmnos rogorc “Seswavlis gzebi”. sazogadoebrivi cxovrebis ama Tu im aspeqtis Seswavlis mizniT. sityvebi “meTodi”. socialur TeoriasTan SedarebiT gvian Camoyalibda da Tumca ufro praqtikul xasiaTs atarebs. swored sabazro kvlevebis damsaxurebaa. Katz. socialuri mkvlevrebi jer kidev XIX-XX saukuneebis mijnaze Seiswavlidnen siRaribes da mis gamomwvev mizezebs. araformaluri urTierTobebi formalur organizaciebSi. mecnierebi regularulad atareben empiriul kvlevebs. am kvlevebis Sedegebi xSirad iwvevs arsebuli Teoriebis gadasinjvas da daxvewas. xolo Catarebuli kvlevebis Sedegebi xSirad mniSvnelovan gavlenas axdens sazogadoebaze. zogjer ki — Zveli Teoriis uaryofas da axali Teoriis warmoSobas. Princeton. NJ: Princeton University Press. 2002. ama Tu im produqtis SeZenis survilis. am kvlevebis Sedegad Seiqmna siRaribis klasikuri Teoriebi. anu meTodebis erTobliobas da im eTikur principebs. erTaderTi mizania Cveni codnis gamdidreba socialuri samyaros Sesaxeb.w. “‘qveklasis’ Teoria da misi gamoyenebis SesaZlebloba saqarTveloSi. gamoyenebiTi socialuri kvlevebis Sedegebi SeiZleba gaxdes gadawyvetilebebis miRebis safuZveli saxelmwifo marTvis an arasamTavrobo TviTmmarTvelobis doneze. maT erTi uaRresad mniSvnelovani garemoeba aerTianebs: maTi mTavari da. kvlevis raodenobrivi meTodebi (rogorebicaa masobrivi gamokiTxva. aseT SemTxvevebSi saubaria e. socialuri sinamdvilis sul ufro da ufro meti mxare Seiswavleba empiriuli kvlevebis meSveobiT. rom es kvlevebi kompetenturad iyos Catarebuli da miRebuli iqnes sando Sedegebi.Tema 1. ed. aramed praqtikul donezec. romlebic Seiswavlis sazogadoebrivi cxovrebis iseT aspeqtebs rogorebicaa. raTa Seamowmon esa Tu is Teoriuli mosazreba. korufciis gavrcelebis xelisSemwyobi faqtorebi. 5 . 1993. amitom Zalze mniSvnelovania. magram XX saukunis 60-ian wlebSi aSS-Si siRaribis specifikuri formebis empiriuli Seswavlis Sedegad moxda am Teoriebis gadasinjva da Seiqmna “qveklasis” Teoria. hipoTezebis damtkicebis an uaryofis mizniT. marketinguli (sabazro) kvlevebis meSveobiT mimdinareobs momxmarebelTa motivaciis. empiriuli socialuri kvlevebi mniSvnelovan rols TamaSobs ara mxolod Teoriuli codnis gamdidrebis TvalsazrisiT. sazogadoebrivi cxovrebis sxvadasxva sferos Sesaxeb arsebuli codnis gaRrmavebasa da saxelmwifo marTvis optimizaciaSi. xolo reklama sul ufro efeqturi xdeba. The “Underclass” Debate: Views from History. Michael B. kontent-analizi) iSveliebs raodenobriv maCveneblebs — qulebs. aranaklebi roli eniWeba empiriul kvlevebs samomxmareblo bazris SeswavlaSi — e. SeiZleba iTqvas. socialuri kvlevis meTodika2 Seiswavlis empiriuli socialuri kvlevis ganxorcielebis konkretul gzebs. siRaribis mizezebi. “meTodika” warmoiSva berZnuli sityvisgan methodos. xSirad gamoiyeneba Teoriuli problemebis Semowmebis. magaliTad. socialuri kvlevis meTodebi or did jgufad iyofa: raodenobriv da Tvisebriv meTodebad.w. magaliTad. procentebs — 1 2 ix. romelTa dacviTac unda Catardes socialuri kvleva.

romlis Seswavlac dagegmilia kvlevis procesSi (anu generalur erTobliobas. rogorc wesi. da sxva). rom kvlevis procesSi gamokiTxuli adamianebi (respondentebi) proporciulad warmoadgenen mTel mosaxleobas. 6 . rom analogiuri socialuri mdgomareobis mqone individebi kvlevis procesSi “urTierTSemcvlelni” arian. iq. respondentTa mier gamoTqmuli azri generaluri erTobliobis warmomadgenlebis azrad CavTvaloT. romelTa meSveobiT mopovebuli monacemebic sxvadasxva mizezis gamo ver daeqvemdebareba raodenobriv analizs (es mizezebi SeiZleba iyos dakvirvebaTa mcire ricxvi. ris Sedegadac saSualeba gveZleva. maTi meSveobiT Cven ver miviRebT informacias imis Sesaxeb. eTnografiaSi. P. zogadad. Tu procentulad rogoraa gavrcelebuli sazogadoebaSi esa Tu is azri. biografiul mecnierebaSi. sasurvelia. SeniSnon. 4 ix. raodenobrivi kvlevis Sedegebis erT-erT umTavres Rirsebas am Sedegebis reprezentatuloba warmoadgens. am meTods safuZvlad udevs ori daSveba: (1) rom mosaxleobis mier socialuri movlenebis Sefasebebis gavrceleba garkveul statistikur kanonebs emorCileba. TinaTin zurabiSvili. meTodebis es jgufi uaRresad formalizebulia. Cven ara mxolod 3 Tumca es ar aris aucilebeli piroba am saleqcio kursis SemswavlelTaTvis. da (2) rom msgavsi socialuri mdgomareobis mqone pirovnebebi. soflis maRazia. romelic ganisazRvreba yoveli konkretuli kvlevis amocanebidan gamomdinare). aramed “bunebriv” pirobebSi. 3 Tumca raodenobrivi meTodebis farglebSi intensiurad Seiswavleba respondentebis mier dafiqsirebuli mosazrebebi da/an Sefasebebi mniSnvelovan socialur problemebTan dakavSirebiT. xSir SemTxvevaSi es Seswavla xdeba ara mkvlevris ofisSi an sxva xelovnurad Seqmnil garemoSi.4 Tvisebrivi meTodebis meSveobiT Cven ufro Rrma codnas viRebT im xalxis Sesaxeb. rac gulisxmobs. aseTi midgomidan gamomdinare iTvleba. am meTodebs aklia maTematikuri sizuste. da sxv. Tu ratom fiqroben ase. respondentebs ar eZlevaT saSualeba. aramed rogorc ama Tu im socialuri erTobis (jgufis) nawili. gazeTis redaqcia Tu sxva. axsnan. istoriaSi. rom studentebs hqondeT Tudnac sawyisi warmodgena socialuri kvlevis raodenobrivi meTodebis Sesaxeb. Belmont. raodenobrivi meTodebis mecnierulobas da am meTodebis meSveobiT miRebuli Sedegebis sandoobas statistikuri kanonzomierebebi uzrunvelyofs. iSviaTi an sulac unikaluri movlenebis Seswavla. ver dagvexmareba respondenTa mier gamoTqmuli azrebis motivaciis SeswavlaSi. romelic warmoadgens misi msgavsi pirovnebebis azrs da gvawvdis informacias CvenTvis saintereso socialuri fenomenis an misi Sefasebis Sesaxeb. daafiqsiron da axsnan adamianebis qcevis iseTi niuansebi. Tvisebrivi meTodebi SeiZleba davaxasiaToT rogorc meTodebi. fsiqologiaSi. raodenobrivi meTodebi. raodenobriv meTodebs Soris msoflio praqtikaSi yvelaze gavrcelebulia masobrivi gamokiTxva — xalxis azris Seswavla ama Tu im problemasTan dakavSirebiT. fsiqiatriaSi. es meTodebi ganxilulia saleqcio kursSi: Tamar zurabiSvili. Tvisebrivi meTodebis gamoyenebis Sedegad mkvlevrebs eZlevaT saSualeba. ris gamoc isini “mkacri” meTodebis saxeliTaa cnobili. CA: Wadsworth Thomson Learning. Earl Babbie. 281. romlebic SeiZleba SeumCneveli darCes raodenobrivi meTodebis gamoyenebisas. socilogiuri kvlevis meTodika. Tbilisi: “samoqalaqo ganaTlebis proeqti”. socialuri kvlevis meTodebis meore jgufi. da ara sxvagvarad. 2002. Tvisebrivi meTodebi interdisciplinarulia da farTod gamoiyeneba TiTqmis yvela socialur mecnierebaSi: sociologiaSi. The Basics of Social Research. vis cxovrebas an vis mosazrebebsac SeviswavliT. 2004. rogorc wesi.da miznad isaxavs daadginos ama Tu im socialuri fenomenis gamovlenis sixSire. samagierod. Tvisebrivi meTodebi siRrmiseulad Seiswavlis socialur cxovrebas. respondentebis reprezentatuli SerCeva mecnierulad amarTlebs gamokiTxvis Sedegebis gavrcobas generalur erTobliobaze. masobrivi gamokiTxvis dros yoveli respondenti ganixileba ara rogorc unikaluri pirovneba mdidari da ganumeorebeli Sida samyaroTi. an mosaxleobis im nawils. es meTodebi. araformalizebuli midgoma calkeuli SemTxvevebis Seswavlisadmi. analogiurad afaseben movlenebs. anTropologiaSi. sadac realurad viTardeba urTierToba adamianebs Soris — iqneba es saklaso oTaxi.

vupasuxoT ara kiTxvebs “ra?”. 5 Tumca es ar aris aucilebeli piroba am saleqcio kursis SemswavlelTaTvis. sasurvelia. Tu rogor xsnis adamiani socialur samyaros da Tavis adgils masSi. magram Tvisebriv meTodebTan dakavSirebiT erTi seriozuli sirTule arsebobs: gamokvlevis Sedegebis damuSavebisas problemuri xdeba individualuri donidan saerTo kanonzomierebebze gadasvla.5 Tvisebrivi meTodebi mraval kvleviT teqnikas aerTianebs. Tqvan. rogorc wesi. ra faqtorebma iqonia gavlena maT cxovrebaze da rogor afaseben yoveli am faqtoris rols Tavis cxovrebaSi. kvlevis mxolod es meTodebi gvaZlevs saSualebas. Tvisebrivi meTodebis kompleqsuri gamoyeneba yvelaze xSirad monografiuli gamokvlevis (“SemTxvevis Seswavlis”) farglebSi xdeba. raodenobrivi meTodebi. werilebis. “ramdeni?” (am or kiTxvas raodenobrivi meTodebis meSveobiT vupasuxebT). rac mkvlevars saSualebas aZlevs. monografiuli gamokvleva (“SemTxvevis Seswavla”). rom es msgavseba zedapiruli da moCvenebiTia. rogorebicaa araformaluri interviu da dakvirveba. rom es arc aris Tvisebrivi kvlevis mizani — Tvisebrivi meTodebi Seiswavlis imas. rom es meTodebi saSualebas gvaZlevs. davinaxoT da aRvweroT samyaro kvlevis obieqtebis TvaliT. rac imas niSnavs. am saleqcio kursis farglebSi Cven davrwmundebiT. amitom pirveli SexedviT Tvisebrivi mkvlevris muSaoba Zalian hgavs Cveulebrivi adamianis yoveldRiur saqmianobas. “cxovrebis istoria”. aramed. gagviWirdeba imis mecnierulad damtkiceba. Tu ratom fiqroben ise. miT umetes — rom Catarebuli kvleva pasuxobs reprezentatulobis moTxovnebs. TinaTin zurabiSvili. axsnan Tavisi pozicia. esenia. rom srulad SeviswavleT esa Tu is fenomeni. rogorc fiqroben. vinaidan Tvisebrivi meTodebiT muSaobisas mkvlevris mizania individualuri saqcielis gageba. xSirad Tvisebriv meTodebze damyarebuli kvleva moiTxovs erTdroulad ramdenime kvleviTi teqnikis gamoyenebas. aramed kiTxvebs “ratom?”. fokus-jgufi da jgufuri interviu. da rom Cvens mier miRebuli Sedegebi obieqturi da sandoa. magram mniSvnelovania aRiniSnos. rom Tvisebrivi meTodebiT warmarTuli kvlevis Sedegebi ar SeiZleba ganvazogadoT da movaxdinoT maTi eqstrapolacia generalur erTobliobaze. rom studentebs hqondeT Tudnac sawyisi warmodgena socialuri kvlevis raodenobrivi meTodebis Sesaxeb. biografiuli interviu. Tumca. Tvisebrivi meTodebis gamoyenebisas Cven. 7 . dakvirveba. sxvadasxva kuTxiT Seiswavlos misTvis saintereso fenomeni. Tvisebrivi Sedegebi arasodes ar aris reprezentatuli. zepiri istoria. es meTodebi ganxilulia saleqcio kursSi: Tamar zurabiSvili. 2004. Tvisebrivi meTodebi intensiurad iyenebs informaciis Segrovebis iseT saSualebebs. ris gamoc socialur mecnierTa nawils eWvi Seaqvs am meTodebis mecnierulobaSi (am sityvis pozitivisturi gagebiT) anu imaSi.vafiqsirebT maT mier gamoTqmul azrebs azrebs. rom maTi meSveobiT SesaZlebelia sando monacemebis miReba socialuri samyaros Sesaxeb. SeviswavloT ama Tu im movlenis mizezebi. agreTve saSualebas vaZlevT. “rogor?” Tvisebrivi meTodebis erT-erTi umTavresi Rirseba isaa. magaliTad: • • • • • • • • siRrmiseuli interviu. es meTodebi xSirad “interpretaciuli sociologiis” farglebSi ganixileba. piradi dRiurebis da sxva werilobiTi dokumentebis Tvisebrivi Seswavla. socilogiuri kvlevis meTodika. Tbilisi: “samoqalaqo ganaTlebis proeqti”.

7 Spradley. Op. 9 Earl Babbie. Rinehart and Winston. misi srulad gamoricxva SeuZlebelia. vinaidan isini xSirad upirispirdeba erTmaneTs. rogorc wesi. iseve rogorc mTel rig specialur unarCvevebs. sargeblobs maTi ndobiT. Cveni azriT. “SemTxvevis Seswavla” xmaroben rogorc sinonimebs. isini did Tavisuflebas aniWeben mkvlevars. aseTi kvlevis warmateba didadaa damokidebuli iseT subieqtur faqtorze. rogorc gansxvavebuli meTodebi.8 Tvisebrivi meTodebi naklebadaa formalizebuli. The Ethnographic Interview. da misi ZiriTadi mizania cxovrebis gansxvavebuli wesebis gageba ise. Tumca zog naSromSi isini ganixileba. iSviaTia SemTxvevebi. sadac warmoiSva socialuri kvlevis Tvisebrivi meTodebi. Tvisebrivi meTodebis gamoyeneba individualuria. “eTnografia”. Zalze xSirad terminebs “Tvisebrivi meTodebi”. P. vidre nebismieri Tvisebrivi meTodi. rogorc wesi. misi Teoriuli nawilisa da problematikis SemmuSaveblis. — afrTxilebs momaval mkvlevrebs e. rogorc j. Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.spradli aRniSnavs. dRemde ar aris Camoyalibebuli Tvisebriv meTodebTan dakavSirebuli unificirebuli terminologia. eTnografia ufro farTo cnebaa. Shaw. rodesac arsebobs konkretuli instruqciebi imasTan dakavSirebiT. Robert M. romlebic savele muSaobis dros 6 ix. Tvisebrivi mkvlevris individualuri pasuxismgebloba kvlevis msvlelobazec da miRebul Sedegebzec ufro didia.mniSvnelovania aRvniSnoT. New York: Holt. 1979. rom ara marto saqarTveloSi. mas uwevs gadawyvetilebis miReba Seqmnili viTarebidan gamomdinare. New York: Holt. rogorc es wesebi Tavad am kulturis warmomadgenlebs esmiT7. yvelaze ufro xSirad. cit. aramed aseve empiriuli informaciis Semgroveblis. rom Tvisebrivi mkvlevari ar unda emorCilebodes mkacr instruqciebs. 8 am saleqcio kursis farglebSi yoveli meTodis ganxilvisas moyvanili iqneba qarTulenovan literaturaSi gamoyenebuli yvela Sesabamisi termini da moSveliebuli iqneba misi inglisurenovani Sesatyvis(eb)i. romelTac kvleva unda akmayofilebdes. 285. ramdenadac Tvisebrivi meTodebis gamoyenebis SemTxvevaSi Zalze mcirea im aucilebel moTxovnaTa sia. aramed inglisurenovan qveynebSic. amgvari eTnografiuli Seswavla ki SeiZleba ramdenime Tvisebrivi meTodis gamoyenebiT moxdes. Ethnographic Interview. Fretz. Tu rogor unda moiqces mkvlevari ama Tu im situaciaSi — rogorc wesi. ar niSnavs. babi9. Rinehart and Winston. Michael Burawoy et al. axlo da xangrZliv urTierTobebs amyarebs im xalxTan. Emerson. eTnografia niSnavs [gansxvavebuli] kulturis aRweras. rom Tvisebrivi kvlevis Catareba iolia — piriqiT. gamodis ara mxolod gamokvlevis ideis avtoris. romelic. rogoricaa mkvlevris gamocdileba da ostatoba. 1991. 1979. Tumca garkveulwilad SesaZleblia am gavlenis minimizacia. 3. rom gamokvlevis procesSi mkvlevari Zalauneburad axdens gavlenas Sesaswavl socialur jgufebze da urTierTobebze. Tvisebrivi meTodebi gaigivebulia eTnografiasTan. Tvisebrivi kvlevis procesSi mkvlevari. romelic araCveulebriv koncentrirebas da Sromisunarianobas moiTxovs. 1995. James P. and Linda L. “moqnil” meTodebsac uwodeben. is TiTqmis yovelTvis iTvaliswinebs kvlevis obieqtebis individualur Tvisebebs. P. Spradley. agreTve im garemoebis gacnobierebaSi. Berkeley: University of California Press. interviueris da/an damkvirveblis rolSic.. Tvisebrivi meTodebis umravlesobis warmatebiT gamoyeneba SeuZlebelia respondentebis aqtiuri daxmarebis gareSe. magaliTad: James P. Ethnography Unbound: Power and Resistance in the Modern Metropolis. is garemoeba. Tvisebrivi mkvlevris profesionalizmi unda gamoixatebodes. xSir SemTxvevaSi. vis cxovrebasac Seiswavlis. Rachel I.6 Tumca. amitom maT “rbil”. vidre raodenobrivi mkvlevrisa. es Zalian rTuli da Sromatevadi saqmea. “CarTuli dakvirveba”. “gadawyvetilebis miRebisas Tqven unda ixelmZRvaneloT meTodologiuri da eTikuri mosazrebebiT. gadawyvetilebis miReba Zalze rTuli iqneba”. 8 . romelTa umravlesobac mxolod kvlevis Catarebis procesSi SeiZleba iqnes Camoyalibebuli.

50. am Teoriis fuZemdeblis. rogorc ama Tu im socialuri jgufis warmomadgeneli. P. Tvisebrivi kvlevis Sedegad yvelaze xSirad viRebT sakvlevi obieqtis Sida struqturis analizs da/an kvlevis sakiTxis adekvatur tipologias. an mikrosociologiis farglebSi ganixilaven. Tu raodenobrivi meTodebis farglebSi respondenti ganixileba. adamianebi moqmedeben ara sagnebis. saaSkaraoze gamovitanoT misi piradi cxovreba? Tvisebriv mkvlevars gansakuTrebuli eTikuri pasuxismgebloba akisria. aramed im mniSvnelobis mimarT. saqciels da Sexedulebebs. Tvisebrivi meTodebi humanitarul sferosa da xelovnebasTanaa kavSirSi. raodenobriv meTodebTan SedarebiT. Tumca arsebobs kompiuteruli programebi. Tvisebriv kvlevaSi yoveli respondenti sainteresoa rogorc pirovneba. simboluri interaqcionizmis mizania SevecadoT gavigoT adamianis saqcieli ise. romelsac adamianebi ukavSireben sagnebs. rogorc es Tavad moqmed pirs. es sami principi Tvisebrivi kvlevis principebadac SegviZlia miviCnioT. Sesabamisad. aseve koleqtiuri socialuri moqmedeba damokidebulia aqtorebis mier socialuri situaciis interpretaciis form(eb)ze. Sesabamisad. Cveni kvleviTi miznebis misaRwevad gamoviyenoT adamianis Cvendami ndoba da gulaxdiloba. Tu raodenobrivi meTodebi pozitivistur ideebs emyareba da gulisxmobs. iseve rogorc monacemTa damuSaveba. anu aqtors esmis. vidre raodenobrivi kvlevis SemTxvevaSi. kerZod: gvaqvs Tu ra moraluri ufleba. romlebic specialurad Tvisebrivi meTodebiT miRebuli Sedegebis damuSavebisTvisaa Seqmnili. Symbolic Interactionism: Perspective and Method. romelsac isini am sagnebSi xedaven. 1998 [1969]. grZnobebis.mkvlevris “informantebis” rols kisruloben da exmarebian mas “SeaRwios” Sesaswavl jgufSi. Tvisebrivi meTodebis mizania.J. Tvisebrivi meTodebi calkeuli pirovnebis an pirovnebaTa patara jgufis gamocdilebis. rom xalxi srulad acnobierebs Tavis grZnobebs. Tvisebriv da raodenobriv meTodebs sxvadaxva “filosofia” udevs safuZvlad. socialuri mecnierebebis humanizaciis periods ukavSireben. maT damkvidrebaSi garkveuli roli iTamaSa. e. N. agreTve samedicino praqtikam. ufro met dros moiTxovs.: Prentice-Hall. vinaidan Tvisebrivi mkvlevrebi sruliad gansxvavebul kvleviT instrumentebze dayrdnobiT muSaoben. daavadebebis Rrma da safuZvlian Seswavlas moiTxovs. Tvisebrivi meTodebis gamoyenebisas ufro mwvaved dgeba kvlevasTan dakavSirebuli eTikuri normebis dacvis sakiTxi. romelic maTi samyaros nawilia. Englewood Cliffs. adamianebisadmi gamovlenili Rrma interesis gamo mkvlevrebi Tvisebrivi meTodebis rolis gazrdas XX saukunis meore naxevarSi sociologiis da. 4) sagnebis mniSvneloba icvleba aqtorebis mier samyaros interpretaciis procesSi. herbert blumeris Tanaxmad. Tvisebrivi Sedegebis analizis sakvanZo etapebi dRemde kompiuteris gareSe xorcieldeba. ufro farTod. rogorc wesi.i. Sefasebebis irgvlivaa koncentrirebuli. 2) sagnebis mniSvneloba yalibdeba socialuri interaqciis procesSi. rogorc ukve aRvniSneT. simboluri interaqcionizmis oTxi ZiriTadi principi SemdegSi mdgomareobs:10 1) adamianebis qceva ganpirobebulia im mniSvnelobiT. 3) rogorc individualuri. rogorc wesi. mniSvnelovania. kultura adamianebs Soris sagnebis damkvidrebuli mniSvnelobebis urTierTgaziarebaa. gamovlenili da aRwerili 10 Herbert Blumer. amitom am midgomas xSirad “subieqturi sociologiis”. Tvisebriv meTodebze damyarebuli gamokvlevis savele etapi. rom masa da kvlevis obieqtebs Soris arsebuli ndoba kvlevis damTavrebis da Sedegebis gamoqveynebis Semdegac iqnes SenarCunebuli. romelic yvela pacientisadmi individualur midgomas da calkeuli samedicino SemTxvevebis. Tvisebrivi meTodologia simboluri interaqcionizmis principebs iziarebs. Teoriuli winamZRvrebi Tu raodenobrivi meTodebis ganviTareba socialuri kvlevis praqtikaSi sabunebismetyvelo mecnierebebis miRwevebs ukavSirdeba. 9 .

rodesac kvleva raodenobrivi meTodebiT.iqnes is mniSvneloba. Tvisebrivi meTodebi aseve sasargebloa adamianTa Sinagani samyaros. 10 . romlebmac ganaviTares “CarTuli dakvirvebis” meTodi afrikisa da aziis primitiuli sazogadoebebis Seswavlis mizniT. xdeba problemuri situaciis sruli da yovelmxrivi Seswavla. amis sapirispirod. “WeSmariti” mecnierebebi. rom arc erTi Tvisebrivi meTodi ar pasuxobda statistikuri reprezentatulobis moTxovnebs. Tvisebriv meTodebs kolumbiis skolis warmomadgenlebi aramecnierulad miiCnevdnen da maTi damkvidrebis winaaRmdeg gamodiodnen. American Journal of Sociology.w. kerZod. kerZod. agreTve im droisaTvis wamyvani amerikuli universitetebis ori meToduri skolis. Tu Cikagos skolis waromadgenlebi did yuradRebas uTmobdnen Tvisebriv meTodebs da mniSvnelovani roli iTamaSes maT ganviTarebaSi. SeuZlebeli iyo imis uaryofa. rom es meTodebi dagvexmareba iq. garkveul sirTuleebs warmoadgenda Tvisebrivi kvlevis Sedegebis analizis strategiac. Sidajgufuri urTierTobebis Seswavlis dros.) da e. “cxovrebis istoriebis” Seswavlas. pirveli sociologiuri Jurnali. raodenobrivi meTodebi da. rogorc wesi. maTi meSveobiT. aRiarebdnen ra am sirTuleebs. da ara misi calkeuli gamovlinebebis dafiqsireba. uiliam Tomasisa da florian znaneckis “poloneli glexi evropasa da amerikaSi” (1918 w. ra Tqma unda. rom sociologiaSi da. agreTve minimalurad iyo formalizebuli da Zalze mwvaved svamda mkvlevaris obieqturobis sakiTxs. romelsac moqmedi pirebi Tavad ukavSireben ama Tu im moqmedebas. XX saukunis dasawyisSi aSS-s socialur mecnierebebSi da. romelic. 1930-iani wlebis dasawyisisaTvis “meTodebis konfliqtSi” droebiTi gamarjveba moipoves kolumbiis universitetis warmomadgenlebma. Tu mas ar SeuZlia miRebuli empiriuli monacemebis utyuarobis dasabuTeba sabunebismetyvelo mecnierebebis analogiurad. am dapirispirebaSi sufTa meToduri kamaTis garda igrZnoboda. jer kidev 1895 wels. zogadad.11 Review-s 11 manamde. da ara — daadginon ama Tu im azris gavrcelebis sixSire.) srulad emyareba Tvisebriv meTodebs. Cikagos universitetis sociologiis fakultetze iqna daarsebuli albion smolis mier. 1935 wels maT mier daarsebuli iqna axali mecnieruli Jurnali American Sociological Review. istoriuli mimoxilva Tvisebrivi meTodebis ganviTarebaSi gansakuTrebuli wvlili Seitanes evropelma anTropologebma. swored sabunebismetyvelo mecnierebebi iyo. sociologiaSi ganviTarda “meTodebis konfliqti”. rom es meTodebi maTTvis Sesaferis adgilas iyos gamoyenebuli da ar iqnes Sefasebuli raodenobrivi kriteriumebiT. kolumbiis skolis warmomadgenelTa azriT. maTi Canawerebis (piradi dRiurebi da sxv. masobrivi gamokiTxvis meTodi mxolod XX saukunis 30-ani wlebis dasawyisidan damkvidrda aSS-Si adgilobrivi gazeTebisa da politikuri partiebis iniciativiT da materialuri mxardaWeriT. rom aseT kvlevebs ZaluZT mniSvnelovnad gaamdidron Cveni codna socialuri samyaros Sesaxeb. sadac yvela raodenobrivi meTodi uZluria. rom am meTodebiT SesaZlebelia rTuli da naklebad gavrcelebuli fenomenebis siRrmiseuli Seswavla. isini miiCnevdnen. socialur mecnierebebSi empiriuli monacemebis utyuarobis dasabuTeba mxolod maSinaa SesaZlebeli. rom sociologia ar unda acxadebdes Tavs namdvil mecnierebad. Tvisebrivi meTodebis mxardamWerni xazs usvamdnen im garemoebas. Tvisebrivi meTodebis momxreebi xazs usvamdnen im garemoebas. romelic raodenobrivi da Tvisebrivi meTodebis momxre mecnierTa dapirispirebaSi gamoixata. amerikaSi gadasaxlebuli poloneli glexebis mier gamogzavnili werilebis. arc Tvisebrivi kvlevis Sedegebis generalizacia iyo SesaZlebeli. Cikagos sociologiuri skolis pirveli yvelaze cnobili gamokvleva. upirveles yovlisa — respondentTa reprezentatuli SerCevis safuZvelze tardeba. amisaTvis ki saWiroa. kolumbiis universitetis mecnierebi raodenobrivi meTodebis momxreni iyvnen da miiCnevdnen. upirveles yovlisa. kolumbiis da Cikagos skolebis dapirispireba.

xazs usvamen am meTodebis dapirispirebis xelovnurobas da.14 aseTi kvlevebi adasturebs. pol lazarsfeldis da hans caizelis mier Catarebuli gamokvleva. amis 12 raTa miviRoT gadawyvetileba imasTan dakavSirebiT. 13 Marie Jahoda. rom maTi Catareba Zalze rTulia. Tu ramdeni dro gvaqvs gamokvlevis Casatareblad da ramdeni Tanxaa gamoyofili amisaTvis. ar arsebobs erTazrovani pasuxi kiTxvaze. romlebmac Tavisi wigni Tvisebrivi da raodenobrivi meTodebis Tanaarsebobisa da TanamSromlobis gzebs miuZRvnes. romlis Temac umuSevroba da masTan dakavSirebuli problemebi iyo. Zalauflebis ganawilebas mcire socialur jgufebSi. xolo saukeTeso Sedegs. migracias da emigrantebis cxovrebas axal garemoSi. socialuri situaciis siRrmiseulad Seswavlis mizniT.] Marienthal: The Sociography of an Unemployed Community. am meTodebis meSveobiT Seswavlili problemebi moicavs. sociologiis istoriaSi cnobilia ramdenime kvleva. magram es gamarjveba ar iyo xangrZlivi — meore msoflio omis Semdeg ganaxlda da Semdgom TandaTan gaizarda mkvlevrebis interesi Tvisebrivi meTodebis mimarT. amerikeli mkvlevrebi isador niumani da kerolain benci. magaliTad.13 ukanasknel wlebSi Catarebuli kvlevebidan aRsaniSnavia ielis universitetis mier 2000-2001 wlebSi Catarebuli gamokvleva aRmosavleT evropis 7 qveyanaSi. gamomdinare iqidan. kvlevis meTodis SerCeva konkretuli kvleviTi amocanidan gamomdinare unda moxdes — aris amocanebi da kiTxvebi. romelic Seiswavlida e. da amasTan — Zalian ZviradRirebuli. rom “meTodebis konfliqtis” gadaWris yvelaze mizanSewonili gza iqneba raodenobrivi da Tvisebrivi meTodebis erToblivi gamoyeneba. maT Soris erTerTi yvelaze adrindelia 1930-ian wlebSi avstriis sofel marientalSi maria iahodas. “eTnikuri siRaribis” problemas. amasTan. aucileblad unda gaviTvaliswinoT is garemoebac. romelTa gadawyvetac Tvisebrivi meTodebis meSveobiTaa yvelaze mizanSewonili. musikosebis.w. mocekvaveebis) cxovrebis aRweras da sxv. aseTi kompleqsuri gamokvlevebi SedarebiT iSviaTad tardeba. iseve rogorc aris amocanebi. Tu romeli meTodis gamoyeneba mogvcems ukeTes Sedegs ama Tu im problemis Seswavlisas. “meTodebis konfliqti” dRes Tumca raodenobrivi da Tvisebrivi meTodebi mniSvnelovnad gansxvavdeba erTmaneTisagan. Tvisebrivi meTodebi gamoiyeneba ama Tu im problemis. 14 am kvlevis Sedegebi jer ar gamoqveynebula. sxva mxriv. Tu ra sakiTxis Seswavlas vapirebT da ra kvleviT kiTxvebze veZebT pasuxs. Cven yovelTvis gvaqvs arCevani mraval midgomas Soris. romlebic dRes sul ufro da ufro myar adgils ikaveben socialur gamokvlevebSi. 11 . ama Tu im politikuri partiis mxardaWeris perspeqtivebs. [1971. im ubralo mizezis gamo. Tvisebrivi da raodenobrivi meTodebis gaerTianebisas. rogorc wesi. yvela meTods aqvs Tavisi Zlieri da susti mxareebi. yvela SeiZleba kargi da saWiro iyos Tavis adgilas. maTi paraleluri gamoyenebisas miviRebT. damnaSaveTa samyaros Sida struqturas da/an damnaSaveTa pirovnul Tvisebebs. socialuri sinamdvile imdenad rTulia. ufro srulad davinaxoT is problema an sakiTxi. gansxvavebuli yofis mqone adamianTa (mag. Tu SeviswavliT sazogadoebaSi arsebul stratifikaciul sistemas. Chicago: Aldine-Atherton. romelsac SeviswavliT.. romelime masobrivi informaciis saSualebis auditoris demografiul Tvisebebs. romlebic am ori jgufis meTodebis Serwymis TvalsazrisiTaa gansakuTrebiT saintereso. rac saSualebas mogvcems. romelTa gadaWrasac ukeT SeZlebs raodenobrivi meTodebi. an romels unda mivaniWoT upiratesoba. Paul F.furclebze ver gamoinaxa adgili verc Tvisebrivi meTodebisaTvis da verc Cikagos sociologiuri skolis warmomadgenlebisaTvis. da sxv. rom warmoudgenelia misi Seswavla mxolod erTi meTodis saSualebiT. Lazarsfeld and Hans Zeisel. Tu romelia am meTodebidan “ukeTesi” da romeli — “uaresi”. raodenobrivi meTodebis gamoyeneba iqneba gamarTlebuli.12 rogorc ukve aRvniSneT.

paralelurad gamoiyeneba informaciis Segrovebis ramdenime gansxvavebuli meTodi. arsebobs Tu ara raime kavSiri am problemis sxvadasxva elements Soris. rac kvlevis sworad warmarTvis pirobebSi ar Seamcirebs am kvlevis xarisxsa da mecnierul faseulobas15. 12 . Benz. rogorc wesi. romlebic. Seagrovos pirveladi monacemebi ama Tu im problemis irgvliv. kerZo biznesis. Zalian martiv programaze dayrdnobiT da mxolod erTi meTodis gamoyenebiT atareben. esenia: gamokvlevis programis SemuSaveba. mizezebis gamoaSkaravebas. laparakoben maT Soris arsebuli “interaqtiuli kontiniumis” Sesaxeb. misi Catarebisas. analitikur gamokvlevaSi. analitikuri gamokvleva yvelaze ufro rTulia. kvlevis angariSis momzadeba da publikacia. socialuri gamokvlevis sami ZiriTadi tipi arsebobs: dazverviTi. Tvisebrivi da raodenobrivi meTodebi unda ganixilebodes rogorc urTierTSemavsebeli da urTierTgamamdidrebeli. miRebuli Sedegebis analizi. amasTan. Exploring the Interactive Continuum. am dokumentSi Camoyalibebuli iqneba SerCeuli meTodis gamoyenebis marTebuloba. ara aqvs gamokveTili sawyisi da bolo wertili — kvleviTi amocanidan gamomdinare. rogorc wesi. Tanamedrove etapze mkvlevari ar unda Semoifarglos meTodebis mxolod erTi jgufiT. Tu farTo sazogadoebis interesebs. 1998. 15 ix. aucilebelia. romelsac. socialuri problemis aRwerasTan erTad is miznad isaxavs misi mamoZravebeli Zalebis. savele etapi. rac ufro mravali kuTxidan SevecdebiT Cvens winaSe mdgari amocanis Seswavlas. aseT gamokvlevas. Qualitative-Quantitative Research Methodology. yvela tipis kvleva ramdenime etapisagan Sedgeba. miT ufro mniSvnelovan da faseul Sedegebs miviRebT. informaciis damuSaveba. miuxedavad imisa. romlebsac is emsaxureba. gamoxatulia gamokvlevis programaSi.sapirispirod. gamokvlevis programa empiriuli socialuri gamokvlevis Catareba arasodes ar aris TviTmizani — is miznad isaxavs axali codnis miRebas socialuri sinamdvilis ama Tu im aspeqtis Sesaxeb. and Carolyn R. aRweriTi da analitikuri. kvlevis daniSnuleba da is interesebi. romelic SemdegSi saSualebas miscems mkvlvrebs daadginon. gamokvlevis tipis SerCeva damokidebulia imazec. aRweriTi gamokvleva ufro rTulia. sworad Catarebuli analitikuri gamokvleva movlenebis ganviTarebis prognozirebis saSualebasac iZleva. mTavrobis. misi mizania garkveuli problemis an adamianTa jgufis Sesaxeb vrceli informaciis miReba. Tu ramdenad iqna Seswavlili esa Tu is problema adrindeli gamokvlevebis Sedegad. Isadore Newman. Tvisebrivi da raodenobrivi meTodebis “kontimuumze” laparaki socialuri kvlevis mimarT axlebur midgomas warmoadgens. piriqiT. dazverviTi gamokvleva kvlevis yvelaze martivi tipia — misi mizania. Tanamimdevrulad xorcieldeba. programis Sedgena aucilebelia gamokvlevis miznebis. iseve rogorc raodenobrivi kvlevis Catarebis SemTxvevaSi. romlis drosac xdeba informaciis Segroveba. maTi rwmeniT. yvelze xSirad dazverviTi gamokvleva ama Tu im problemis Seswavlis pirveli etapia. mkvlevarma SeiZleba daiwyos muSaoba am “kontiniumis” nebismier wertilSi. gamokvlevis programebi gansxvavdeba kvlevis tipidan gamomdinare. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press. rom Tvisebrivi kvleva naklebad formalizebulia. rogorc wesi. amocanebisa da problemebis Camoyalibebis mizniT. rom Sedgenili iqnes gamokvlevis programa. miT umetes — romelime erTi meTodiT. aRweriTi gamokvleva sruli kvleviTi programis SemuSavebas moiTxovs. “dazveros” misi mdgomareoba. emsaxureba akademiuri samyaros.

Tu am dokumentis Sedgenas saTanado yuradRebis gareSe movepyrobiT. xdeba (1) socialuri problemis Camoyalibeba da misi aqtualobis dasabuTeba. aseve raodenobriv kvlevas. ramdenadac. maSinac ki. asaxaven interesebis sxvadasxvaobas da mosaxleobis farTo fenebisTvisaa mniSvnelovani. programis procedurul (meTodur) nawilSi saWiroa (1) Sesaswavli erTeulis (jgufis) gamoyofa da (2) informaciis Segrovebis meTodebis aRwera da daxasiaTeba. aucilebelia misi Sedgenis dros maqsimalurad davasabuToT Cveni miznebi da amocanebi. rodesac yvelaze martivi. 13 . gamokvlevis TemaSi gamo16 qvemoT moyvanili moTxovnebi ar aris SemuSavebuli specifikurad Tvisebrivi kvlevisaTvis. yvela kvleva tardeba ama Tu im socialuri problemis Seswavlis mizniT. ra Tqma unda. dazverviTi gamokvlevis programis Sesaxeb vsaubrobT. gamokvlevis programis mTavari mizania gamokvlevis problemis gansazRvra. rogorc aRvniSneT. ori nawilisagan Sedgeba: meTodologiuri da proceduruli. misi aqtualobis dasabuTeba da am problemis SeswavlisaTvis SerCeuli gzebis marTebulobis damtkiceba. SeiZleba mTeli gamokvleva CaiSalos. sazogadoebaSi arsebuli socialuri problemebi SeiZleba exebodes cxovrebis sxvadasxva sferos.16 programis meTodologiuri nawili 1. literaturis mimoxilvaSi xdeba moZiebuli literaturis ganxilva da dagegmili kvlevis adgilis gansazRvra arsebul samecniero wyaroebs Soris. problemis Camoyalibeba. gamokvlevis miznis (an miznebis) da amocanebis dasaxva da (4) gamokvlevis hipoTezis Camoyalibeba. es moTxovnebi SeiZleba wavuyenoT rogorc Tvisebriv. gamokvlevis programis es nawili mizanSewonilia davasruloT Cveni uSualo kvleviTi kiTxvis CamoyalibebiT. agreTve “gamokvlevis koncefciis” saxeliTaa cnobili. gamokvlevis problemis ukeT Camoyalibebisa da misi aqtualobis dasabuTebis mizniT aucilebelia Seswavlili iqnes arsebuli literatura am problemasTan dakavSirebiT. gamokvlevis Temisa da obieqtis gansazRvra. ar aris mizanSewonili erTi gamokvlevis farglebSi ramdenime socialuri problemis Seswavla — aseTi kvlevis praqtikuli ganxorcieleba Zalian Znelia.nebismieri kvleva programis SedgeniT iwyeba. programis meTodologiur nawilSi. urTierTqmedebiT da/an maTi socialur institutebTan urTierTobiTaa gamowveuli. rogorc wesi. (2) gamokvlevis obieqtisa da Temis gansazRvra. gamokvlevis programa. agreTve mniSvnelovania am problemisadmi miZRvnili wina kvlevebis Sedegebis moZieba. programa unda pasuxobdes kvleviTi kiTxvebis logikur Tanamimdevrobas: o ra unda SeviswavloT? o ra miznebis misaRwevad unda SeviswavloT? o sad da ra pirobebSi unda SeviswavloT? o kvlevis ra saSualebebis gamoyenebiT unda SeviswavloT? am kiTxvebze pasuxebis Camoyalibeba gamokvlevis ukeT momzadebasa da CatarebaSi gvexmareba. gamokvleva am problemebs ver gadaWris. unda gamoiyos konkretuli sakiTxebis jgufi. SeuZlebelia socialuri gamokvlevis Catareba “saerTod” — mas aucileblad unda hqondes fokusi. xSirad ki SeuZlebelic. gamokvlevis programa yvela tipis gamokvlevisTvis unda iqnes SemuSavebuli. romelic Teoriuli xasiaTisaa. (3) dasmuli problemidan gamomdinare. ganvixiloT moTxovnebi gamokvlevis programis orive nawilisadmi. romelic mkvlevris ZiriTadi interesia. magram mas SeuZlia. magram isini yovelTvis xalxis erToblivi cxovrebiT. 2. gaamdidros Cveni codna maT Sesaxeb da daexmaros sazogadoebas arsebuli problemebis gadaWraSi. romelic.

magaliTad. Tu gamokvlevis mizani kaxeTSi gvalvis Sedegebis Sefasebaa. gamokvlevis obieqti Seswavlis uSualo sagania. nebismieri socialuri gamokvlevis Catarebas win uswrebs met-naklebad Camoyalibebuli mosazreba imis Sesaxeb. Tu SeviswavliT kaxeTSi gvalvis gamo warmoqmnil problemebs. rom kvleva mimarTuli iyos problemis swored im mxareebze. am SemTxvevaSi mas mxolod SemecnebiTi mizani eqneba — garkveuli problemis an sazogadoebrivi jgufis Sesaxeb monacemebis Segroveba. misi amocanebi SeiZleba iyos gvalvis gamo yvelaze metad dazaralebuli glexebisaTvis daxmarebis SesaZlo gzebis SemuSaveba. romlis Sedegadac gamoiyofa im mosaxleobis Tu sabuTebis raodenoba da konkretuli maxasiaTeblebi. xalxis cxovrebis donis Sefaseba. (b) resursebi. 3. uaryofili hopiTezac SeiZleba kargi kvleviTi kiTxvebis dasmaSi dagvexmaros da swori mimarTuleba misces gamokvlevas. romelTa uSualo Seswavlacaa dagegmili. rogorc wesi. Sesaswavli jgufis gamoyofa eyrdnoba gamokvlevis obieqtis gansazRvras. romelTa Seswavlac kvlevis mizans warmoadgens. generalur erToblioba iqneba saqarTvelos yvela srulwlovani moqalaqe. gamoyenebiTi kvlevebi. (g) sxvadasxva saxis saxelmwifo an saerTaSoriso daxmarebis efeqturobis Sefaseba da sxv. gamokvlevis Temis gamoyofa problemis gansazRvris Semdeg xdeba da mis yvelaze mniSvnelovan maxasiaTeblebs ukavSirdeba. Tu gamokvlevis mizani mkvlevris farTo interess gamoxatavs. radgan praqtikulad SeuZlebelia gamokvlevis obieqtSi gansazRvruli yvela erTeulis 14 . romlis Seswavlacaa dagegmili. romlebic imereTSi an aWaraSi cxovroben. agreTve e. romelsac araviTari kavSiri ara aqvs soflis meurneobasTan an glexebi. gamokvlevis obieqtis gansazRvris Sedegad Cven vayalibebT generalur erTobliobas. codnis gaRrmaveba an Teoriuli mosazrebebis Semowmeba. raTa gaumklavdes zarals. 4. raa misi warmoSobis mizezebi da rogori SeiZleba iyos misi gadaWris gzebi. es SeiZleba iyos romelime azris gavrcelebis an sareklamo kampaniis efeqturobis Sefaseba. socialur gamokvlevebSi aucilebelia Sesaswavli erTeulebis SerCeva. rogor SeiZleba aixsnas Sesaswavli procesebi. sxva magaliTebi: Tu Cveni mizania saqarTvelos mosaxleobis azris Seswavla umaRlesi ganaTlebis reformasTan dakavSirebiT. gamokvlevis hipoTezis Camoyalibeba. ara aqvs azri. generalur erToblioba saqarTveloSi mcxovrebi yvela qalia. romelic gvalvam mosaxleobas miayena. esaa mosaxleoba (an misi romelime nawili) an sabuTebi. romelic aqvs mosaxleobas. programis proceduruli nawili 1. Tu ra bunebis problemasTan gvaqvs saqme. romelic aucileblad dadasturdeba. Tu SeviswavliT qarTveli qalebis damokidebulebas ama Tu im problemisadmi. romelTa Seswavlac kvlevis mizans warmoadgens. generalur erToblioba iqneba am universitetis yvela studentebi. Tu rogori pasuxia mosalodneli mkvlevaris mier dasmul kiTxvebze. socialuri problemebi Zalian rTulia. gamokvlevis Temis gamoyofa aucilebelia imisTvis. romlebic uSualod unda iqnes Seswavlili. romlebic raime praqtikuli miznis misaRwevad tardeba. gamokvlevis miznisa da amocanebis dasaxva. Tu Telavis saxelmwifo universitetis studentebis azris Seswavlas visaxavT miznad. rogorc wesi. hipoTeza mecnierulad dasabuTebuli varaudia imis Sesaxeb. romlebic im specifikuri socialur-demografiuli Tvisebebis matareblebi arian. amocanebi am miznis dakonkretebis Sedegia. magaliTad. gamokvlevis obieqtis gansazRvra advilia gamomdinare im Temidan. arsebobs.S. ama Tu im sferoSi arsebuli problemebis gadaWris gzebis dasaxva da a.kveTilia socialuri problemis is aspeqtebi. gamokvleva SeiZleba atarebdes sufTa mecnierul xasiaTs. socialur gamokvlevebSi. kargi hipoTeza iseT hipoTezas ar niSnavs. an uaryofili iqneba. gvalvis gavlenis Seswavlisas gamokvlevis uSualo Tema SeiZleba iyos (a) zaralis odenoba. gamokvlevis Catarebis Sedegad hipoTeza an dadasturdeba. anu yvela im adamianis erTobliobas.w. gamovkiTxoT Tbilisis mosaxleoba. magaliTad.

Contemporary Field Research. Spradley. Isadore Newman and Carolyn R. Pp. Perspectives and Formulations. 22-44. 1979. Second Edition. raodenobrivi meTodebiT muSaoba moiTxovs SerCevis reprezentatulobis uzrunvelyofas. Ethnography Unbound. kaxeTSi mcxovreb yvela glexs. 2004. 1995. instruqciebi da sxva). Becker. Fifth edition. gv. Symbolic Interactionism: Perspective and Method. 1998. maSin rodesac Tvisebrivi meTodebiT muSaobisas aseTi moTxovna ar arsebobs. aucilebelia mxolod glexebis nawilis Seswavla.” // sociologiuri kvlevis meTodebi. The Practice of Social Research. Exploring the Interactive Continuum. Power and Resistance in the Modern Metropolis. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. 10. Prospect Heights. 7. rogorc ukve aRvniSneT. romlebic gamoyenebuli iqneba gamokvlevis Catarebisas. “konkretuli sociologiuri kvlevis meTodologia. Rinehart and Winston. Pp. Berkley: University of California Press. Ethnographic Interview.” Pp. 1998. Ядов. moifiqreT 5 socialuri problema. romelTa Seswavlac mizanSewonilad migaCniaT Tvisebrivi meTodebis meSveobiT. Pp. 1998. informaciis Segrovebis meTodebi aRwerili unda iyos programis daskvniT nawilSi. 1998 [1969]. 363-401 (Chapter 13. Изд-во «Самарский университет». Ill. 1991. Tu Cveni gamokvlevis generalur erTobliobas kaxeTis glexebi warmoadgenen. rekomendebuli literatura: 1. 316 (Chapter 1. Benz. Sesaswavli jgufis gamoyofas sxvadasxva mniSvneloba aqvs raodenobrivi da Tvisebrivi meTodebis gamoyenebisas. 1-26. “The Epistemology of Qualitative Research. James P. Basics of Qualitative Research. romelic sworad unda iyos SerCeuli.: Waveland Press. 2. Earl Babbie. Belmont. “Introduction”). Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press. 4. da misi amorCeva gansakuTrebul kanonzomierebebs eyrdnoba. С. программа. SeadgineT gamokvlevis programa TqvenTvis saintereso socialuri fenomenis empiriulad Seswavlis mizniT. garda amisa. “Ethnography and Culture”). 15 . Herbert Blumer. ed. Lawrence Neuman. “Field Research”). 6.” Pp. 2. W. Pp.J.anu generaluri erTobliobis yvela warmomadgenlis Seswavla. aq aRiniSneba. Michael Burawoy. 317-330 in: Robert M. Anselm Strauss and Juliet Corbin. mizanSewonilia specialur danarTSi moyvanili iqnes yvela is kvleviTi instrumenti (kiTxvebi. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. 2003. 1991. 2. 1-60. Techniques and Procedures for Developing Grounded Theory. generaluri erTobliobis am nawils SerCeviTi erToblioba hqvia. davalebebi: 1. 281-311 (Chapter 10. Tbilisi: Tbilisis universitetis gamomcemloba. CA: Thomson/Wadsworth. dagegmeT am fenomenis Seswavla romelime Tvisebrivi meTodis gamoyenebiT. magaliTad. 9. Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. N. Pp. методы. mkvlevarTa jgufi ver gaesaubreba SezRuduli droisa da finansuri resursebis gamo. 10th Edition. iago kaWkaWiSvili. 271-287 in: Michael Burawoy et al. Qualitative-Quantitative Research Methodology. es arc aris saWiro. kvlevis romel meTodebs aniWeben upiratesobas gamokvlevis organizatorebi. 42-80. da ratom. 2001. Second Edition. 8. Pp. anu ramdenime aTeul aTas adamians. Howard S. New York: Holt. 5. Englewood Cliffs. В. “The Extended Case Method. Социологическое исследование: методология.: Prentice-Hall. Emerson. 3-14 (Chapter 1. 3. “Qualitative Filed Research”).

magaliTad: Jaber F. marketingSi da sxv. intervius orive am saxeobasTan SedarebiT. siRrmiseuli interviu da misi nairsaxeobebi gamoiyeneba ara mxolod socialur mecnierebebSi. is jer kidev ar aris saTanadod damkvidrebuli socialuri kvlevebis samyaroSi. 16 . siRrmiseuli interviu rogorc cnobilia. zog SemTxvevaSi ki — saerTo xasiaTis daskvnebis gakeTeba. siRrmiseul intervius mravali saxeliT moixsenieben. 1994. kerZod interviu da postinterviu.18 Tavad vaisi am meTods “Tvisebriv intervius” uwodebs. Rrma da Tanamimdevruli informaciis miRebas maTi cxovrebiseuli gamocdilebis Sesaxeb. Tanamedrove dasavlur sazogadoebas rigi mkvlevrebisa “intervius sazogadoebas” uwodebs17 — mosaxleobis interviuirebis sxvadasxva forma imdenadaa gavrcelebuli. romlis safuZvelzec SesaZlebeli gaxdeba garkveuli sazogadoebrivi kanonzomierebebis dadgena. aramed. Tavisi struqturisa da kiTxvebis tipidan gamomdinare. masobrivi gamokiTxvis Catarebisas gamoiyeneba struqturirebuli interviu. gamoiyeneba arastruqturirebuli interviuebi. nawilobriv struqturirebuli da arastruqturirebuli. davarwmunoT igi intervius anonimurobaSi da aucileblad vTxovoT nebarTva. “fokusirebuli interviu”. yovel maTgans Tavisi funqcia aqvs. Tu rogori tipis interviusTan gvaqvs saqme: satelefono intervius xangrZlivoba SeiZleba 5 wuTs ar aRematebodes. Seiqmnas saerTo warmodgena kvlevis obieqtebis Sesaxeb. misi azriT. 20 Ibid. 210. Learning from Strangers. anu ikavebs Sualedur pozicias struqturirebul da arastruqturirebul interviuebs Soris. 18 zogi qarTveli mkvlevari am meTods “CaRrmavebul intervius” uwodebs. satelefono da safosto interviu. da es mxolod socialur mecnierebebTan dakavSirebiT rodia swori. kriminalistikaSi. swored preintervius dros unda avuxsnaT mas gamokvlevis mizani da is. Tu rogor iqna arCeuli respondentad konkretulad es pirovneba. Holstein.Tema 2. kvlevis sawyis etapze. by Jaber F. intervius xangrZlivoba mniSvnelovnadaa damokidebuli imaze. gansakuTrebiT. interviu informaciis Segrovebis erT-erTi yvelaze farTod gavrcelebuli saSualebaa. The Art and Method of Qualitative Interview Studies. interviu SeiZleba iyos struqturirebuli.w. New York: Free Press. siRrmiseuli interviu. 2002. Zalze gansxvavebul tips warmoadgens da e.20 xSirad gamoiyofa siRrmiseuli intervius Semdegi fazebi: preinterviu. “cxovrebis istoria” SeiZleba ramdenime dRes gagrZeldes. rom interviu yoveldRiuri cxovrebis nawilad iqca.w. maT Soris gvxvdeba iseTebi. maqsimalurad formalizebulad warvmarToT ramdenime aTasi interviu. 19 Robert S. romlebic mniSvnelovnad gansxvavdeba erTmaneTisagan. arsebobs intervius mravali saxeoba. agreTve. nawilobriv struqturirebuli interviuebis ricxvs ganekuTvneba. romlebic exmareba mkvlevars. gansxvavebuli midgomebis miuxedavad. preintervius mTavari mizania kontaqtis damyareba respondentTan.an 17 ix. rom erTi saxeliT moixseniebodes”19. “From Individual Interview to the Interview Society. P. romelic kiTxvarze dayrdnobiT warimarTeba da saSualebas gvaZlevs. romelTa Sorisaa: “Tavisufali interviu”.. sayovelTao aRwerac da Jurnalisturi preskonferenciac intervius nairsaxeobebia. Weiss. Gubrium and James A. boigrafiul mecnierebaSi. “biografiuli interviu” da sxv. Tumca Tvisebrivi interviu sxvaTa azris Seswavlis “bunebrivi saSualebaa. mraval monaTesave dargSi: JurnalistikaSi. xolo e. yvela am SemTxvevaSi am meTods aerTianebs is garemoeba. P. interviuersa da respondents Soris urTierTobis formis safuZvelze gamoiyofa pirispiri. 208. CaviweroT interviu audio. Ed.” pp. 3-32 in: Handbook of Interview Research: Context and Method. eTnografiuli kvlevis Catarebisas. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. “naratiuli interviu”. Gubrium. rogorc am meTodis erT-erTi wamyvani specialisti robert vaisi aRniSnavs. romelic Tvisebrivi kvlevis erT-erTi “savizito baraTia”. rom is miznad isaxavs respondentebisagan detaluri.

Tumca. Weiss. magram saSualebas aZlevT respondents. robert vaisi ganixilavs siRrmiseul intervius rogorc interviuersa da respondents Soris TanamSromlobis process. amitom “rogor?” da "ratom?" kiTxvebi yvelaze xSiri da sasargebloa am tipis interviuSi. mniSvnelovania”22. 17 . P. da am leqciaSi terminebi “mkvlevari” da “interviueri” ixmareba rogorc sinonimebi. Walnut Creek.videofirze. kerZod interviu warmoadgens kiTxva-pasuxis gacvlis process interviuersa da respondents Soris. Russel Bernard. romelSi daxelovnebac mxolod misi gamoyenebis procesSia SesaZlebeli. misi TqmiT. H. mxolod ukanasknel SemTxvevaSi SeuZlia interviuers. atarebs ara daqiravebuli interviueri. 2002. Reseach Methods in Anthropology. Tu es winaswar iyo molaparakebuli. da warmatebuli intervius Catarebas mTeli rigi profesiuli unar-Cvevebis daufleba da sakmaod mdidari praqtikuli gamocdileba ganapirobebs — es aris meTodi. 21 22 Ibid. magram amasTan rig damatebiT funqciasac asrulebs. romlic drosac orive monawiles erTi mizani amoZravebs — esaa axali informaciis warmoeba kvlevis TemasTan dakavSirebiT. swored postintervius dros SeiZleba molaparakebuli iqnes Semdgomi Sexvedris SesaZlebloba. Third edition. amitom interviueri arasodes ar unda Seecados. P. 24 Robert S. miuxedavad amisa. mniSvnelovania aRvniSnoT. Tumca man es rbilad unda gaakeTos. valdebulia uzrunvelyos. am TanamSromlobaSi interviueri “is instrumentia. daexmaro respondents mogvces es inforamcia”24. metic. 65. niSnavs icode. da bolos.23 “iyo kargi interviueri. siRrmiseuli interviu waagavs Tavisufal saubars mkvlevarsa da respondents Soris. P. “Tqven agebT pasuxs imaze. gamoiyenos Tavisi Zalaufleba da Seitanos cvlileba intervius msvlelobaSi. romelic muSaobda gamokvlevis programis Sedgenaze. agreTve Tvisebrivi interviuebis Catarebis mizniT. rom siRrmiseuli interviu Tavad mkvlevarma Caataros. romelic. misi azriT. romelsac ara aqvs miRebuli monawileoba kvlevis dagegmvis procesSi. sadac miRebulia interviuerebis daqiraveba ara mxolod raodenobrivi. postinterviu respondentisa da interviueris damSvidobebis procesia. rom saubarma ar gadauxvios kvlevis Temas. misi damokidebuleba garkveuli xalxis an movlenebisadmi. ra Tqma unda. rogorc wesi. winaswar Seiswavla socialuri problema. Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. 66. srulad akontrolos intervius msvlelobis procesi — piriqiT. — aRniSnavs robert vaisi.r. romlis saSualebiTac respondenti mogviTxrobs Tavis ambavs”21.bernardi aRniSnavs. romlis msvlelobaSic mkvlevari iRebs misTvis saWiro informacias. siRrmiseuli intervius mizania. rac SeiZleba meti ilaparakos Tavisi cxovrebis Sesaxeb. rom siRrmiseul intervius. CA: AltaMira Press. gansazRvros saubris Sinaarsi. dawvrilebiT agviRweros esa Tu is SemTxveva Tavisi cxovrebidan da misi STabeWdilebebi. gadaeces respondents saCuqari an fuladi anazRaureba gamokvlevaSi monawileobisaTvis. aramed Tavad mkvlevari. mieciT mas ufleba. ara nakleb xSirad aqvs adgili Txovnas respondentisadmi. da sxv. erTi SexedviT. Op cit. aramed. rogorc h. man unda misces respondents saSualeba. Tu gamokvlevis programa aseT Sexvedras iTvaliswinebs. mogawodoT informacia. Tu ra saxis informaciaa saWiro kvlevisaTvis da Segwevdes unari. meTodis daxasiaTeba Tumca. rom saubari fokusirebuli iyos [kvlevis Temaze]. am saleqcio kursSis farglebSi Cven ufro mizanSewonilad migvaCnia. misi reaqcia am SemTxvevasTan dakavSirebiT. qvemoT detalurad visaubrebT interivus am nawilis Sesaxeb. mis mier CvenTvis saintereso movlenebis Sefaseba. es ase ar aris. gavigoT respondentebis maqsimalurad detaluri mosazrebebi Sesaswavl sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT. romelsac interviu exeba. 23 es yovelTvis ase ar aris dasavleTis qveynebis Tanamedrove kvleviT praqtikaSi. 209.

rac ufro uwyvetia respondentis Txroba. romlebic SedarebiT naklebadaa Seswavlili. aseTi inforamciis miRebaSi mas xSirad exmareba moTxovna. miT ukeTesi iqneba. Weiss. siRrmiseuli intervius xangrZlivoba damokidebulia gamokvlevis tipze da/an Temaze. rom. siRrmiseuli intervius dros mizanSewonilia. rodesac mkvlevarma miiRo mdidari da detaluri informacia sakvlev sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT. ar gamovtovoT mniSvnelovani sakiTxebi da maqsimaluri informacia miviRoT respondentisgan CvenTvis saintereso sakiTxebis Sesaxeb. romlebic ar sTavazoben respondentebs pasuxis SesaZlo variantebs. sirRmiseuli interviu warmatebulia maSin. interviueri aucileblad unda Caeros saubarSi da sTxovos mas. magram Zalian zogadad ganixilavs mas. uSualod intervius procesSi wamoWrili axali Temebis ganviTareba SesaZlebeli xdeba. swored es garemoeba ganapirobebs imas. daakonkretos esa Tu is detali. Tumca dasaSvebia garkveuli variaciebi. romlebic Zalian gavrcelebulia raodenobriv kvlevebSi. aseT kiTxvebze pasuxis gacemisas respondentebs sruli Tavisufleba eniWebaT sakuTari azris gamoxatvisas. Tu respondenti yveba Tavisi gamocdilebis Sesaxeb. Pp. SeiZleba dausvas aseTi kiTxva: “rogor ganviTarda bolo aseTi SemTxveva?” an “rodis moxda es ambavi bolos?”26 rac ufro vrcel informacias viRebT respondentis gamocdilebis Sesaxeb. siRrmiseuli interviu ZiriTadad “Ria” kiTxvebze dayrdnobiT warimarTeba. amitom iTvleba. 18 . aseve respondentebs uSualod intervius msvlelobisas wamovwioT an ganvaviTaroT axali Temebi. Teoriulad. SevadaroT sxvadasxva intervius Sedegad miRebuli informacia. magram nebismier SemTxvevaSi is sul cota 1 — 1. rogorc zemoT aRvniSneT. magram praqtikaSi SeuZlebelia. daakonkretebinos respondents misi pasuxebi. rac met informacias miviRebT misgan.5 saaTs grZeldeba da iSviaTad grZeldeba 3 saaTze mets. TiTqmis ar gvxvdeba siRrmiseul interviuSi. 74-76. magaliTad. gansaxilveli Temebis Tanamimdevroba intervius dros sasurvelia ucvleli iyos. 26 Robert S. zedmiwevniT zustad davicvaT iq dasmuli kiTxvebis formulireba da Tanamimdevroba. romelic emyareba intervius procesSi gansaxilveli Temebisa da sakiTxebis winaswar Seswavlas. Op. sadiskusio gegma mkvlevris samuSao instrumentia. rom aseTi kiTxvebi gansakuTrebiT mizanSewonilia iseTi Temebis Seswavlis mizniT. “daxuruli” kiTxvebi. ramdenadac sadiskusio gegma ar moiTxovs. saubari usasrulod gagrZeldes. rogorc wesi. anu iseT kiTxvebze. magram sxvadasxva mizezis gamo ar iqna winaswar gaTvaliswinebuli kvlevis dagegmvis etapze. amave mizniT. kiTxvebis formulirebisa da Tanamimdevrobis Secvla Zalian xSiri da/an radikaluri iyos.25 sadiskusio gegmis momzadeba aucilebelia. romlebic 25 am leqciis Semdeg (magaliTi #1) moyvanilia siRrmiseuli intervius sadiskusio gegmis magaliTi. romlebic aqtualuria gamokvlevisaTvis. intervius mizania respondentisgan informaciis miReba da. siRrmiseuli intervius mTavari Rirseba isaa. mkvlevari ar amzadebs struqturirebul kiTxvars — magram mas yovelTvis aqvs Sedgenili savaraudo kiTxvebis da maTi sasurveli Tanamimdevrobis werilobiTi monaxazi. aramed garkveul Tavisuflebas gvaniWebs. rom is saSualebas gvaZlevs rogorc Cven. da am Temebisa da sakiTxebis ufro Rrmad Seswavlis saSualebas gvaZlevs. miT ufro meti masala gveqneba dasamuSaveblad da miT ufro metia imis albaToba. interviuerma Zalian cota ilaparakos. cit. Tu gvinda miviRoT sando Tvisebrivi monacemebi. rom winaswar SemuSavebuli gegmisagan gadaxveva. mainc. am monaxazs sadiskusio gegma ewodeba. mkvlevari aranairad ar “ubiZgebs” maT garkveuli kategoriis pasuxebisaken. ar aris sasurveli. mkvlevrebs. amitom mkvlevris profesionalizmis erT-erTi umniSvnelovanesi maCvenebelia.siRrmiseuli intervius Catarebis mizniT. romelic gvexmareba vakontroloT intervius procesi. siRrmiseuli interviu nawilobriv struqturirebuli interviuebis ricxvs ganekuTvneba. miT ufro warmatebulia interviu. rom kvleva warmatebuli iqneba. droulad “gamoicnos” is pasuxebi da gadaxvevebi. rac SemdgomSi saSualebas mogvcems. ra Tqma unda.

da a. rodesac axali interviuebis msvlelobaSi miRebuli informacia meordeba. es Zalze Sromatevadi samuSaoa. sadac daculi iqneba simSvide da intervius CatarebisaTvis xelsayreli sxva pirobebi. an xalxTan. unda davukavSirdeT warmatebul biznesmenebs. aseve eTikuri TvalsazrisiTac (respondentebis konfidencialobis dacva). axali informacia umniSvnelo da periferiuli xasiaTisaa da aRar amdidrebs Cvens codnas Sesaswavli sakiTxis Sesaxeb. Znelia CamovayaliboT zusti wesebi. romlebsac miRebuli aqvs garkveuli gamocdileba — magaliTad. Tu gamokvlevis Temaa bavSvebis aRzrdasTan dakavSirebuli saerTo problemebi. respondentebis SerCeva xdeba gamokvlevis miznidan gamomdinare. damatebiTi interviuebis Catareba aRar aris gamarTlebuli28. misi samsaxuri an mkvlevris ofisi. aq arasodes ara gvaqvs saqme reprezentatul SerCevasTan. 28 Robert S. Op. ris Sedegadac miviRebT 20-ze meti gverdis moculobis teqsts (“transkripts”). Tu SeviswavliT warmatebul biznes-karieras. da SerCevis erT-erTi moTxovna swored maTi lingvistikuri komunikaciis maRali donea. romelTa Tanaxmadac xdeba respondentebis SerCeva siRrmiseuli interviusaTvis. rom yoveli aseTi intervius dros Cawerili saubris qaRaldze gadatanas (“gaSifvras”) sul cota 68 saaTi dasWirdeba. saerTo rCeva interviuebis raodenobasTan dakavSirebiT aseTia: interviuebis Catareba unda Sewydes maSin. rom siRrmiseuli intervius meTodiT ganxorcielebuli erTi gamokvlevis farglebSi sakmarisia 20-30-dan 50-60-mde siRrmiseuli intervius Catareba27. Weiss. individualurad aris xolme SerCeuli. iseve 27 SesaZloa. Sesabamisad. vinaidan respondentebs Soris SeiZleba Segvxvdes adamianebi. yvela interviu damuSavebuli da gaanalizebuli unda iqnes. Cveulebriv saqme gvaqvs erTi da igive socialuri jgufis warmomadgenlebTan. P. yvela am intervius damuSaveba ver moxerxdes. Tumca. Tu gamokvlevis Temaa migracia. rogorc wesi. unda moviwvioT studentebi da/an profesor-maswavleblebi. unda CavataroT interviu migrantebTan. im moTxovnebis gaTvaliswinebiT. siRrmiseuli intervius Catareba ufro mizanSewonilia mkvlevris ofisSi. cit. iseve rogorc saerTod Tvisebrivi meTodebiT muSaobisas. sxva pirTa daswreba akrZalulia. masobrivi gamokiTxvis dros gamokiTxul aTasobiT respondentTan SedarebiT es ricxvi SeiZleba Zalian mcired mogveCvenos. cit. misi gamarTulad muSaobis uzrunvelyofa).zedmeti an usargebloa am konkretuli gamokvlevis problemis Seswavlis TvalsazrisiT. magram nu daviviwyebT.29 siRrmiseuli intervius Catareba yovelTvis winaswar SeTanxmebulia respondentTan da tardeba aseve winaswar SeTanxmebul adgilas — es SeiZleba iyos respondentis saxli. vinaidan yvela respondenti. 19 . iTvleba. Tu gamokvleva umaRlesi saswavleblebis problemebs exeba. siRrmiseuli interviuebis Catarebis dros aseTi ram SedarebiT iSviaTad xdeba. romlebic ver moaxerxeben Tavisi azris sakmaod vrclad Camoyalibebas. vinaidan amis miRweva sakmaod Znelia respondentis ojaxSi. 21. aseTi interviu arasodes ar tardeba quCaSi an sazogadoebrivi TavSeyris adgilebSi. Weiss. maSin kvlevaSi monawileoba axalgazrda mSoblebma unda miiRon. rogorebicaa kafe. biografiul-naratiuli interviu da “cxovrebis istoria”. da iswavlos respondentis Tavazianad gaCumeba da saubris msvlelobis Secvla saWiro mimarTulebiT. biblioTeka da sxv. siRrmiseuli interviu tardeba pirispir mkvlevarsa da respondents Soris. rom misi gamoyenebis manZilze SemuSavebuli iqna misi ramdenime nairsaxeoba. 29 ix. siRrmiseuli intervius diqtofonze Cawera aucilebelia misi Semdgomi analizis mizniT. da gasakviri ar aris. romlebsac mkvlevars gamokvlevis amocana karnaxobs. raTa miRebuli iqnes sakmarisi da sando empiriuli monacemebi. es moTxovna damatebiT pasuxismgeblobas akisrebs mkvlevars rogorc teqnikuri TvalsazrisiT (teqnikuri aRWurvilobis momzadeba. Op.S. siRrmiseuli intervius specipikuri saxeobebi siRrmiseuli interviu Tvisebrivi kvlevis Zalze gavrcelebuli meTodia. Robert S.

Tumca misi saxeliT Tu vimsjelebT. “cxovrebis istoriis” gamoyenebisadmi ori midgoma gamoirCeva: tradiciuli. SeviswavloT socialuri procesebis subieqturi Sefasebebi. socialur mecnierebebSi gamoiyeneba “cxovrebis istoriis” ramdenime saxeoba. dRiurebi.30 30 ix. ra Tqma unda. es aris arastruqturirebuli interviu. amerikuri kvleviTi tradiciisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli “cxovrebis istoria” da biografiul-naratiuli interviu. magram ramdenime dRis manZilze mkvlevari da interviueri ramdenime saaTs saubroben). “cxovrebis istoriis” meTodis erT-erTi umniSvnelovanesi upiratesoba gamoixateba sxvadasxva pirovnebebis istoriebis Sedarebis da garkveuli socialuri kanonzomierebebis Ziebis SesaZleblobaSi. amerikul sociologiaSi es meTodi saTaves iRebs Cikagos skolis warmomadgenlebis uiliam Tomasis da florian znaneckis klasikuri gamokvlevidan “poloneli glexi evropasa da amerikaSi” (1918) da kliford r. romelic miznad isaxavs respondentis cxovrebis obieqtur aRweras da gamoirCeva interesiT imisadmi. am konteqstSi es meTodi xSirad gamoiyeneba axali socialuri fenomenebis Seswavlis mizniT. Controlling Reproduction in Ceausescu's Romania. fsiqiatriaSi. magram 1960-anebSi kvlav gaZlierda. magaliTad. da sxv. es ase ar aris. rogorc wesi. ris gamoc maT mravali qalis sicocxle Seewira. Sous “jek roleris” cxovrebis aRweraSi (1930). ris Sedegadac es midgoma fsiqologias uaxlovdeba. saubari mTeli dRe ar mimdinareobs. raTa Sevsebuli da gamdidrebuli iqnes mkvlevrebis xelT arsebuli statistikuri masala. es meTodi TiTqos respondentis mTeli cxovrebis momcvelia. fsiqologiaSi. romelsac kvlevis procesSi SeviswavliT. Zalauneburad SerCeviTia. fotosuraTebi da sxv. amitom es meTodi farTod gamoiyeneba sociologiaSi. am politikas tragikuli Sedegebi hqonda qalebis janmrTelobisa da TviT sicocxlisTvisac ki. siRrmiseuli interviusagan gansxvavebiT. kerZod. mouyves mas Tavisi cxovrebis Sesaxeb. aseTi midgoma gvexmareba. ra gavlena iqonies maT Cveulebrivi adamianis cxovrebaze. Berkley: University of California Press. aseT SemTxvevaSic ki interviu Zalian xangrZlivia da SeiZleba ramenime dRis ganmavlobaSi gagrZeldes (aseT SemTxvevebSi. romlebic arakvalificiurad keTdeboda. “cxovrebis istoria” iTvaliswinebs respondentis cxovrebis dawvrilebiT aRweras.rogorc fokus-jgufi. vinaidan rTuli ekonomikuri pirobebi qalebs xSirad ubiZgebda aralegaluri abortebi gaekeTebinaT. da misi Semdgomi Careva Txrobis procesSi Zalian umniSvneloa. amerikelma sociologma geil kligmanma (Gail Kligman) “cxovrebis istoriis” gamoyenebiT Seiswavla rumineli qalebis reproduqciuli janmrTelobis problemebi CauSeskus reJimis dros. 1998. intervius msvlelobaSi miRebuli informaciis gamdidrebis mizniT mkvlevarma SeiZleba gamoiyenos piradi dokumentebi. Gail Kligman. romlis Sesaxebac Semdeg leqciaze visaubrebT. 20 . SedarebiT axali midgoma miznad isaxavs respondentis cxovrebiseuli gzis interpretacias da/an aseTi interpretaciis SesaZlo gzebis Seswavlas. romelic ar moiTxovs sadiskusio gegmis SemuSavebas da romlis Catarebis procesSic mkvlevris roli xSirad mxolod msmenelis rols utoldeba — is sTxovs respondents. germaneli) mkvlevrebis mier. samive es meTodi Tavisi ZiriTadi maxasiaTeblebiT siRrmiseuli intervius analogiuria. The Politics of Duplicity. SevafasoT socialuri cvlilebebis mniSvneloba. SeiZleba ganvixiloT rogorc siRrmiseuli intervius nairsaxeobebi — Tumca maT sakmaod specifikuri Tvisebebi gaaCnia. 1930iani wlebidan interesi am meTodisadmi Sesustda. “cxovrebis istoriis” meSveobiT SeiZleba Seswavlili iqnes. migraciis gavlena adamianis cxovrebaze da axal kulturul garemoSi adaptaciis sirTuleebi. Tu ra asaxva pova mis cxovrebaSi farTo socialurma procesebma. kriminalistikaSi. romelic farTod gamoiyeneba evropeli (upirveles yovlisa. gavamaxviloT yuradReba socialur procesebsa da individualur cxovrebas Soris arsebul kavSirze. rogorebicaa werilebi. mxolod Txrobis fokusirebis an qronologiis dacvis mizniT xdeba. rodesac eris gamavlebis iZulebiTi politika tardeboda. cxovrebis periodi.

1) siCume. qvemoT ganvixilavT respondentebis gulaxdilobis gamomwvev ramdenime meTodikas — “siCumes”. esec arastruqturirebuli interviua. Emigrazione. Tavad Seavsos siCume. vinaidan am tipis intervius erT-erTi mTavari mizani Txrobis spontanurobis uzrunvelyofaa. amitom gadawyvets. romlis msvlelobaSic interviueri minimalurad ereva saubarSi. Sesabamisad. saSualebas gvaZlevs gansakuTrebulad Rrmad SeviswavloT am procesebis roli adamianis cxovrebaSi. mkvlevari arafers ambobs. ganacxadis teqnikis gamoyenebisas mkvlevari iqceva ise. aseTi urTierTobis winapirobaa mkvlevris WeSmariti interesi respondentis cxovrebisadmi. romlebic gvexmareba. biografiul-naratiuli interviuc respondentis cxovrebiseuli gamocdilebis Seswavlas isaxavs miznad. didia imis albaToba. mas SeuZlia ubralod nela gaimeoros respondentis mier naTqvami bolo sityva an fraza. es meTodika Zalian misasalmebelia im TvalsazrisiTac. imis magivrad. Fra realtà locale e processi globali. arsebobs specialuri profesiuli meTodikebi. xSirad xdeba. TiTqos man ukve icis yvelaferi. rac. droulad auRos alRo situacias da gadawyvitos. am intervius ZiriTadi gansxvaveba “cxovrebis istoriisagan” imaSi gamoixateba. mkvlevars unda Seswevdes unari. ar svams damatebiT kiTxvebs. rogorc am meTodis Teoretikosebi varaudoben. rom am meTodikis warmatebiT gamoyeneba Zalze rTulia. rac am sakiTxTanaa dakavSirebuli. mniSvnelovania. aRsaniSnavia. gamoviwvioT respondentis meti gulwrfeloba da miviRoT misgan meti informacia. associanismo ed identità nelle società multikulturali. zondireba gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovania iseT SemTxvevebSi. vidre is Tavidan apirebda gaemJRavnebina CvenTvis. rodesac respondentebs euxerxulebaT saubari an ar undaT. an agvixsnas is.31 respondentTa gulaxdilobis gamomwvevi meTodikebi siRrmiseuli intervius warmatebis upirveles sawindars warmoadgens interviuersa da respondents Soris iseTi urTierTobis damyareba. daxurul Temebze saubrisas gamoiyeneba. da amis gamo SeiZleba Tavi Seikavon detaluri da gulwrfeli pasuxebisagan. es meTodikebi xSirad moixsenieba rogorc “zondirebis” saSualebebi (“probing”). romelic bolomde ar ganumartavs. rasac mxolod gakvriT Seexo. amasTan. rodesac respondentebi aRiqvamen gamokvlevis Temas rogorc Zalze rTuls an saTuTs. maTi meSveobiT Cven vubiZgebT respondents. rodesac respondentma daasrula pasuxi raime kiTxvaze. raime jgufuri saidumlo “gascen”. romelic ar iwvevs intervius mimarTulebis Secvlas. agrZelebs saubars. amasTan. magram mkvlevari ar aris maincdamainc kmayofili miRebuli pasuxiT. rom is neitraluria. rom maTi gamoyenebis dros interviueri ar ereva saubarSi. 2) eqo Zalze neitraluri da nakleb sarisko meTodikaa. Sesabamisad. rom biografiul-naratiul interviuSi ufro meti yuradReba eTmoba Tavad respondentis Sefasebebis Seswavlas mis cxovrebaSi mimdinare procesebTan dakavSirebiT. rom respondenti daubrundeba Sewyvetil Temas da ufro srul informacias mogvawvdis. aseT SemTxvevaSi Camovardnili siCume SeiZleba uxerxuli gaxdes. romelic respondentis gulwrfelobas gamoiwvevs. 3) ganacxadi. gaagrZelos siCume Tu droulad gadavides morig kiTxvaze. rom saubris dros warmoqmnili pauzis dros mkvlevarma morigi kiTxva dasvas. raime gavlena iqonios respondentis pasuxze. rom intervius Sedegad miRebuli informacia mxolod kvleviTi amocanebisTvis iqneba gamoyenebuli. is agrZelebs Cumad jdomas. ar axdens gavlenas respondentebis pasuxebze. im SemTxvevaSi. 2000.“cxovrebis istoriis” analogiurad. vinaidan aq ar SeiZleba gadaWarbeba — SeiZleba isec moxdes. vidre Tavidan apirebda. es meTodika gansakuTrebiT mgrZnobiare. rom aseT situaciaSi respondenti Tavs uxerxulad grZnobs. Tan ambobs mets. da Tavisuflad saubrobs respondentTan “daxuruli” an “akrZa31 Gabriele Cappai. 21 . gamoricxulia. daasrulos azri. “eqos” da “ganacxads”. Halle/Saale: Hallescher Verlag. araSefasebiTi damokidebuleba misi gamocdilebis an misi azrebisadmi da misi unari daarwmunos respondenti. rom respondenti aRar apirebs arafris Tqmas.

am TemasTan dakavSirebiT aRaraferia dasamali. rac ufro gulaxdilia respondenti CvenTan saubrisas. interviuebis Catarebis paralelurad iwyeba.luli” detalebis Sesaxeb. cit. 35 Robert S. da is ufro gulaxdili xdeba. misi gamoyenebis SemTxvevaSi yovelTvis unda vifiqroT respondentis interesebze da ar davarRvioT eTikis elementaruli normebi. New York: Holt. reklamaa xolme televiziiT. rom respondents aRaraferi aqvs saTqmeli am sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT.) respondenti: kidev.. aramed monacemTa analizi savele etapis dros. miT ufro uadvildeba laparaki. magram saxeli ar maxsovs.34 amis sapirispirod. amis Sedegad respondents uCndeba grZnoba. Spradley. is gabedulad grZnobs Tavs. rodesac interviueri darwmundeba. P. 210-217.: Никколо М. mosalodnelia gacilebiT meti gviTxras. analizi pirveli intervius dasrulebisTanave unda daiwyos. 22 .belanovskis mohyavs sruli zondirebis aseTi magaliTi: interviueri: Tavis tkivilis ra wamlebi iciT? respondenti: aspirini. amboben. zog SemTxvevaSi. isini erTmaneTSi meSleba xolme. 33 С. rom naadrevia analizis dawyeba savele etapis damTavrebamde. maqsigani. Rinehart and Winston. 92. Russel Bernard. Pp. interviueri: aRaraferi? respondenti: diax. rom mogvianebiT man ar inanos.. interviueri: hm. rom araviTari saidumlo ar gaucia — mkvlevarma isedac icoda yvelaferi. s. 151. Метод фокус-групп. vidre sxva SemTxvevaSi ityoda. ukeT SevarCioT kiTxvebi Semdeg interviuebisaTvis. rom yvelaferi isedac cnobilia. imaze. veRarafers vixseneb. analgini. М. SevaCeroT respondenti da ar vaTqmevinoT is. robert vaisi miiCnevs. piramidoni. P. 1979. Weiss. ukve apirebda. interviueri: (siCume. Op. Tu rogor iqneba gamoyenebuli intervius msvlelobaSi miRebuli informacia. 2002. zog SemTxvevaSi ki SeuZlebeli amocanaa. rom es meTodika SeiZleba Zalze efeqturi iyos. kerZod. spazgani. interviueri: baralgini. interviueri: kidev? respondenti: Svils panadols vaZlev xolme.33 sruli zondireba mTavrdeba maSin. H. avtorebis umravlesoba xazs usvams. Research Methods in Anthropology. da citramoni. ramdenadac Catarebuli intervius Sedegebis gaanalizeba dagvexmareba. ris Tqmasac is. respondenti: a. agreTve. siRrmiseuli intervius Sedegebis damuSavebis SesaZleblobebi ar arsebobs unificirebuli midgoma Tvisebrivi Sedegebis damuSavebisadmi. interviueri: kidev? respondenti: sxva araferi maxsendeba. vinaidan rac ufro gaTviTcnobierebuli miaCnia mkvlevari am sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT. rom dagvTanxmda interviuze.35 ar SeiZleba ar vaRiaroT. maTi Sedegebis damuSavebis formalizaciac Zalian rTuli. rom Tvisebrivi analizi bevradaa damokidebuli mkvlevris individualur midgomaze. Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. miT metia Cveni pasuxismgebloba imasTan dakavSirebiT. Tu ar vcdebi. gamaxsenda — kidev baralgini. vinaidan Tvlis.. Белановский.. ramdenadac TviTon es meTodebi araa formalizebuli. siRrmiseuli intervius (da misi nebismieri nairsaxeobis) Sedegebis damuSaveba ar aris kvlevis izolirebuli safexuri. da. 2001. masze garkveul gavlenas 32 damatebiT aseTi meTodikebis Sesaxeb ix. 34 James P. Ethnographic Interview. rom iseve rogorc nebismieri Tvisebrivi monacemebis SemTxvevaSi. swored Cven varT pasuxismgeblebi. С. romelsac ormagi moqmedeba aqvs. raRac wamali. rodesac ukeTesic aris. SesaZloa. aris SemTxvevebi.32 “zondireba” SeiZleba iyos arasruli an sruli. miuxedavad imisa. 26. is usafrTxoao. respondenti: kidev. jeims spradlis Tanaxmad.

36 teqstis Tvisebrivi analizis TiTqmis yvela saxeoba moiTxovs informaciis kodirebas anu mniSvnelovani Tematuri blokebis an elementebis gamoyofas respondentis monaTxrobSi. mkvlevris analitikuri unaris gamoyenebiT. magaliTad: naratiuli analizi. gaSifreT Tqvens mier Catarebuli erT-erTi intervius audioCanaweri. miuxedavad amisa. aseTi programebia. agreTve interviuebis Sedegad Segrovebuli masalis specifika. sawyisi Teoriuli konstruqtebis gamoyofa. magaliTad. anu socialurad mniSvnelovani tipebis garkveuli klasifikaciis Seqmna. Pp. sadac Zalze farTod gamoiyeneba citatebi Catarebuli interviuebidan. siRrmiseuli intervius. ramdenadac gamoyofili tipebi. es analizis sawyisi etapia. esenia. es xdeba respondentTa naambobze daydnobiT da. miuxedavad amisa. rogorc wesi. romlebic adasturebs mkvlevris mier gakeTebul daskvnebs. ATLAS. yvelaze warmatebulad warimarTa. Tvisebrivi monacemebis analizis saboloo mizania miRebuli Sedegebis safuZvelze Sesaswavli fenomenis. swored kodirebis dros xdeba. raTa aRmoeCina mniSvnelovani Temebi. romelsac SeuZlia intervius transkriptebis kodireba37. gadalaxvis gzebis Sesaxeb informaciis miRebaSi. rigi Tvisebrivi mkvlevrebisa mainc “xeliT” muSaobas amjobinebs. 3. yvelaze ufro gavrcelebuli mosazrebis Tanaxmad. Op. SeadgineT siRrmiseuli saintereso Temaze. ra sirTuleebs grZnobdiT intervius Catarebis procesSi da rogor gadalaxeT es sirTuleebi).ti da NUD. 36 37 H. kategoriebi an kanonzomierebebi. Russel Bernard. CaatareT 3 siRrmiseuli interviu (SeZlebisdagvarad — sxvadasxva socialuri da demografiuli maxasiaTeblebis mqone respondentebTan) Tqvens mier Sedgenili sadiskusio gegmis safuZvelze.axdens. rogorc wesi. Teoriuli abstraqciis Sedegia. kontent-analizi. samive interviu CawereT audiokasetaze. dawereT dawvrilebiTi angariSi imis Sesaxeb. amave dros. 449-488. ra reaqcia hqonda respondents Tqvens SekiTxvebze.IST. Tumca mkvlevrebis axali Taoba xSirad kompiuterul programebs aniWebs upiratesobas. am SemTxvevaSi Sedegebi gamoixateba ara ama Tu im maCveneblis gavrcelebis an misi gamovlenis sixSiris SefasebaSi. diskursuli analizi. siRrmiseuli intervius da misi analogiuri meTodebis gamoyenebiT Catarebuli kvlevebis Sedegebis warmodgena xdeba angariSis saxiT. Tu adre kodireba “xeliT” xdeboda da mkvlevari yuradRebiT kiTxulobda yvela intervius transkripts. interpretaciuli analizi. an misi romelime aspeqtis tipologizacia. kanonzomierebebis. yvela es analitikuri strategia kargad aqvs ganxiluli h. Tqveni azriT. hermenevtikuli analizi. SesaZlebelia gamovyoT ramdenime ZiriTadi midgoma Tvisebrivi teqsturi informaciis analizisadmi. romelic.bernards. amJamad arsebobs ramdenime kompiuteruli programa. mizezebis. 23 . iseve rogorc yvela misi nairsaxeobis gamoyenebiT Catarebuli gamokvlevis Sedegad Cven ver davTvliT Sedegebs procentulad. cit. aramed garkveuli socialuri problemis Sefasebebis. intervius sadiskusio gegma TqvenTvis 2. bunebrivia.r. “dafuZnebuli Teoria” (grounded theory). davalebebi: 1. Tu rogor warimarTa es interviuebi (SesaZlebeli iyo Tu ara intervius etapebis gamoyofa.

New York: Free Press.: Wadsworth. 2002. 2. Gabriele Cappai. Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. 5. The Art and Method of Qualitative Interview Studies. Gubrium. 78-89. 1979. Gail Kligman. Controlling Reproduction in Ceausescu’s Romania. Pp. Belmont. 6. Spradley. Calif. 1994.: Никколо М. 148-205 (“Bitter Memories: The Politics of Reproduction in Everyday Life”). Learning from Strangers. New York: Holt. 7. 4. James P. Rinehart and Winston. Robert S. Halle/Saale: Hallescher Verlag. The Politics of Duplicity. 3. Глубокое интервью. 1995. 8. 2000. The Active Interview. С. Ethnographic Interview. Berkley: University of California Press. Analyzing Social Settings: A Guide to Qualitative Observation and Analysis. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. Third edition. Fra realtà locale e processi globali. Walnut Creek. Weiss. 1995. Emigrazione. Russel Bernard. James A. Pp. 2000. М. CA: AltaMira Press. 1998. Pp. H.rekomendebuli literatura: 1. 24 . John Lofland and Lyn Lofland. Reseach Methods in Anthropology. Белановский. associanismo ed identità nelle società multikulturali. 206-220 (“Unstructured Interviewing”) and 449-488 (“Some Traditions of Text Analysis”). Holstein and Jaber F.

ras airCevdiT? igives Tu sxvas? ratom? ramdenad kmayofili xarT miRebuli ganaTlebiT? ratom? rogor swavlobdiT? rogor daamTavreT umaRlesi saswavlebeli? ras saqmianobT amJamad? [rac SeiZleba dawvrilebiT] ramdenad gadgebaT miRebuli ganaTleba? visTan erTad cxovrobT amJamad? [ojaxuri mdgomareoba] vin muSaobs ojaxSi? rogor SeafasebdiT Tqveni ojaxis mdgomareobas? vin arCens ojaxs ZiriTadad? 38 materialur es sadiskusio gegma Sedgenili iqna Tesau sociologiis specialobis me-2 kursis studentebis mier 2003 wels da gamoyenebuli iqna saswavlo siRrmiseuli intervius Catarebisas. arc ucdia. skolis damTavrebis Semdeg gasuli mTeli drois manZilze] ra ganaTleba gaqvT miRebuli? sad swavlobdiT? rodis daamTavreT swavla? [Tu respondenti ar swavlobs da arc uswavlia skolis Semdeg:] ratom ar swavlobT? [abarebda. 25 . romlebic mniSvnelovania kvleviTi amocanebidan gamomdinare. Tu interviueri amas saWirod miiCnevs. mas SeuZlia Seitanos sadiskusio gegmaSi garkveuli cvlilebebi. kiTxvebis formulireba ar aris mkacri. ojaxi. moniSnos. sxva] ratom airCieT es specialoba? [nanobs?] romelime sxva specialobaze Tu fiqrobdiT? dRes rom irCevdeT specialobas.magaliTi #1 axalgazrduli umuSevrobis problema saqarTveloSi sadiskusio gegma38 SeniSvnebi: rogorc es sadiskusio gegma gviCvenebs. sadiskusio gegma SeiZleba Seicavdes pasuxis mosalodnel variantebs — aq yvelaze xSirad gvxvdeba variantebi. pirveladi identifikacia] ras saqmianobdiT skolis damTavrebis Semdeg? [rac SeiZleba dawvrilebiT. ra kiTxva miaCnia yvelaze mizanSewonilad ama Tu im informaciis miRebis mizniT. [asaki. Tu ra damatebiT codnas miiRebs interviueri Sesaswavl sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT. aramed SesaZlebelia gvqondes erTi da igive SekiTxvis ramdenime versia.] vin brZandebiT? gTxovT mokled momiyveT Tqveni Tavis Sesaxeb. amocanebi. daarwmuneT misi pasuxebis anonimurobaSi. savsebiT dasaSvebia da mosalodnelic aris. rom sadiskusio gegmam cvlilebebi ganicados interviuebis Catarebis Sedegad. [SesavalSi gaacaniT respondents intervius mizani. magram ver Caabara. rogor gaagrZelos diskusia ama Tu im pasuxis miRebis SemTxvevaSi. garda amisa. imis mixedviT.

ra pirobebi Seuwyobs xels imas.S. “saxlidan gasvla”. rogor iSova es samsaxuri. sayvareli saqmis keTeba da sxv. ramdenad kmayofilia. ra adgils daikavebs es samsaxuri Tqvens cxovrebaSi? [Semosavlis wyaro.eZebT Tu ara samsaxurs amJamad? [ara:] ratom ara? [diax:] rogor eZebT? rogor samsaxurs eZebT? [specialobiT Tu nebismiers. romelzec TviTon TqviT uari? ra mizeziT? rogori variantebi iyo es?] Tqveni azriT.] rogor gesaxebaT Tqveni cxovreba 10 wlis Semdeg? kerZod. sad. rom Tqven amJamad samsaxuri daiwyoT? romeli specialobaa dRes yvelaze perspeqtiuli? visTan gaqvT urTierToba yvelaze xSirad? [megobrebi — megobrebis dasaqmeba] Tqvens megobrebs/axloblebs Soris. vis gaumarTla yvelaze metad samsaxuris mxriv? [mogviyevs dawvrilebiT — rogori samsaxuri aqvs am adamians. dasaqmebis sferoSi? risken iswrafviT. rogori anazRaurebiT] rogor fiqrobT. da a. risi imedi gaqvT? 26 .] ratom ver moaxerxeT samsaxuris Sovna dRemde? [iyo Tu ara variantebi? iyo Tu ara iseTi varianti.

siRrmiseuli intervius Catarebis procesSi gansakuTrebiT TvalSi sacemia interviuersa da respondents Soris arsebuli socialuri distancia. kendalTan erTad gamosca am meTodisadmi miZRvnili wigni “fokusirebuli interviu”. A Manual of Problems and Procedures. rogorc wina leqciaSi aRvniSneT. rom formalizebuli meTodebi mniSvnelovnad zRudavdnen rogorc respondentebis. SesaZloa. omis damTavrebis Semdeg mertonma Sewyvita muSaoba am mimarTulebiT. rogorc wesi. xeli SevuwyoT maT Soris azrTa gacvlas (aqedan gamomdinareobs am meTodis kidev erTi dasaxeleba — “jgufuri diskusia”). aseve individualuri.39 maT ar SeumuSavebiaT am terminis mkacri ganmarteba. vinaidan. aseve mkvlevrebis Tavisuflebas. miuxedavad imisa. amitom TandaTanobiT sul ufro meti popularobiT sargeblobdnen naklebad formalizebuli meTodebi.Tema 3. romelic sxvebTan SedarebiT ufro gulaxdilia. uaryofiT gavlenas axdenda miRebuli informaciis sandoobaze. zogierTi mkvlevari fokus-jgufs “jgufur siRrmiseul intervius” uwodebs. aseve gansxvavebulia fokus-jgufis Catarebis procesSi gamoyenebuli meTodikebi. sadac Ria kiTxvebi da araformalizebuli interviuebi dominirebda. mkacr CarCoebSi aqcevdnen kvlevas. rom amJamad fokus-jgufebi farTod gamoiyeneba empiriul 39 Robert K. magram aq respondenti marto aRar aris — mis gverdiT sxedan sxva respondentebi. 1956. m. romelsac Tavidan fsiqologebi mimarTavdnen. rac respondentis met siTamames iwvevs da TviTdajerebulobas matebs mas. romelmac. and Patricia L. magram mertonis fokusirebuli interviu SeiZleba yofiliyo rogorc jgufuri. rac. rom ramdenime adamianisagan Semdgar jgufSi yovelTvis aRmoCndeba xolme adamiani. fokus-jgufsa da siRrmiseul intervius saerTo Tvisebebi axasiaTebs. empiriul socialur mecnierebebSi fokus-jgufebis Tanamedrove saxe Camoyalibda jgufebTan eqsperimentaluri muSaobis gamocdilebis safuZvelze. garda amisa. siRrmiseul interviusTan SedarebiT. Merton. am meTodis meSveobiT isini ikvlevdnen faSisturi germaniis samxedro propagandis gavlenas jariskacebze. miuxedavad imisa. fokus-jgufSi es socialuri distancia ar qreba. rom fokusjgufis dros erTdroulad ramdenime respondents vesaubrebiT (yvelze ufro xSirad maTi raodenoba 8-dan 10-mde meryeobs). da Cveni mizania. Marjorie Fiske. damTrgunvelad imoqmedos respondentze. zogis azriT. Tumca 1940-ian wlebSi socialuri kvlevebis sivrceSi raodenobirivi meTodebi dominirebda.: Free Press. Glencoe. da misi gulaxdiloba. romelTa Soris yvelaze mniSvnelovani isaa. vinc skeptikur damokidebulebas gamoTqvamda struqturirebuli da mkacrad formalizebuli meTodebis mimarT. moTxovnebi respondentTa SerCevisadmi da mkvlevarsa da respondentebs Soris urTierTobis formebi. da garkveuli drois manZilze es meTodi daviwyebas mieca. Kendall. Ill. Tanamedrove fokus-jgufebis uSualo winamorbedad socialur mecnierebebSi amerikeli sociologis robert mertonis da misi kolegebis mier meore msoflio omis dros SemuSavebuli “fokusirebuli intervius” meTodi iTvleba. am periodSi amerikul socialur mecnierebs Soris iyvnen iseTebi. magram am or meTods Soris aris seriozuli gansxvavebebic. rom 1956 wels mertonma Tavis kolegebTan. rogorc wesi. fokus-jgufi fokus-jgufi jgufuri intervius saxeobaa. romlis msvlelobac garkveul wesebs emorCileba da romelsac specifikuri miznebi axasiaTebs. sanam 1970-ian wlebSi mis Sesaxeb ar gaixsenes marketinguli kvlevebis Catarebis mizniT. fiskesa da p. The Focused Interview. am skepticizmis ZiriTadi mizezi is iyo. imave socialuri fenis warmomadgenlebi arian da romlebic missave mdgomareobaSi arian. 27 . romlebic. fokus-jgufs is upiratesoba aqvs. jgufis sxva wevrebis gulaxdilobasac iwvevs.

28 . rodesac Catarebuli iqna fokus-jgufebis seria. ara mxolod Zalian Rrmad SeviswavloT esa Tu is rTuli sakiTxi. xSirad — rogorc problemis winaswari Seswavlis saSualeba an raime socialuri programis efeqturobis Sefasebis mizniT. sadac yvela respondenti icnobda erTmaneTs. patara TemebSi muSaobisas) am moTxovnis dakmayofileba Zalze rTulia. saerTo rekomendaciis Tanaxmad. Ralati ojaxSi. aseve. aseve politikuri situaciebis da socialuri problemebis Seswavlisas. rodesac fokus-jgufis wevrebis raodenoba 15-s aRwevs. visac cxovrebaSi pirvelad da ukanasknelad xedaven. rac ara nakleb mniSvnelovania. fokus-jgufis dros warmoqmnili diskusiebis Sedegad ukeT vlindeba respondentebis damokidebuleba garkveuli socialuri problemebisadmi. davadginoT am saqonlis moxmarebis formebi da. fokusjgufebis gamoyeneba efeqturia momavali reklamis efeqturobis gansazRvis mizniT. marketingis garda. rom fokus-jgufis msvlelobaSi mis yvela monawiles unda mieces Tavisi azris Tavisuflad da srulad gamoTqmis saSualeba. xolo maqsimaluri — 12. romlebsac ar icnoben. Teoriuli TvalsazrisiT jerac ar aris Seswavlili Tu ra tipis gamokvlevebSia es meTodi yvelaze ufro mizanSewonili.40 respondentTa raodenobis mkacri SezRudva imitomaa aucilebeli. fokus-jgufi ver aRwevs Tavis mizans. romelsac fokus-jgufi eZRvneba (marketinguli kvlevebis SemTxvevaSi — unda iyvnen ama Tu im saqonlis momxmareblebi. Tumca zog SemTxvevaSi respondentTa minimaluri raodenoba SeiZleba 5-6 iyos. fokus-jgufis monawileebi ar unda icobnden erTmaneTs da jgufis wamyvans. upirveles yovlisa. fokus-jgufebi saSualebas gvaZlevs. meTodis daxasiaTeba rogorc mkvlevarTa didi nawili Tvlis. es meTodi farTod gamoiyeneba politikur kvlevebSi. rom fokus-jgufebis gamoyeneba saukeTeso Sedegebs sabazro situaciis. es kriteriumebi ki gamokvlevis amocanebiTaa ganpirobebuli. an potenciuri momxmareblebi). romelTa Seswavlisas mizanSewonili ar iqneba fokusjgufebis gamoyeneba. aris Temebi. amasTan. fokus-jgufis monawileTa raodenoba 8-dan 10-mde meryeobs. maTi fsiqologiuri ganwyobebi da emociuri Sefasebebi. rom ucxo adamianebs Soris jgufis msvlelobisas SeiZleba e. maT Soris — piradi higiena. esenia. iTvleba. am jgufebis araformaluri xasiaTis xazgasmis mizniT isini erT-erTi respondentis binaSi Catarda. Secvalon sareklamo strategia da sxv. rogorc wesi. iTvleba. fokusjgufis meTodi aseve naklebefeqturia respondentebis Semosavlis da saerTod. magram rig SemTxvevaSi (magaliTad. magram es ar aris mizanSewonili. “Tanamgzavris efeqti” gaCndes. amasTan dakavSirebiT unda aRiniSnos. es informacia SemdgomSi exmareba mwarmoeblebs. romlebic xSirad arc aris Segnebulad gaTviTcnobierebuli respondentebis mier. aramed SeviqmnaT naTeli warmodgena am sakiTxis irgvliv sazogadoebaSi arsebuli azrTa mravalferovnebis Sesaxeb.kvlevebSi da maT sayovelTao aRiareba poves rogorc marketingSi. upirvelesi moTxovna monawileTa SerCevisadmi isaa. intimuri xasiaTis sakiTxebi. gaaumjobeson saqonlis xarisxi.w. da respondentebi met gulaxdilobas gamoiCenen im adamianebis gverdiT. bazarze axali saqonlisaTvis Sesaferisi adgilis Seswavlis mizniT Catarebul kvlevebSi iZleva. politikuri partiebis an calkeuli politikosebis imijis da maTi saarCevno Sansebis Sefasebisa da gaumjobesebis mizniT. fokus-jgufis monawileebs specialuri kriteriumebis safuZvelze arCeven. rom isini unda iyvnen gaTviTcnobierebulni im sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT. fokus-jgufebi socialuri xasiaTis kvlevebSic gamoiyeneba. es meTodi yvelaze ukeT gvexmareba gavigoT respondentebis azri ama Tu im saqonlis Sesaxeb. aseT pirobebSi 40 aris SemTxvevebi. rom cnobilia SemTxvevebi. Tu es piroba ar sruleba. rogorc ukve aRvniSneT. arCevanis gakeTebis motivebi. rogorc am eqsperimentma daadastura. col-qmruli urTierTobebi. maTi finansuri mdgomareobis Sesaxeb kvlevis Catarebisas.

gaCumdes. fsiqologebisTvis kargadaa cnobili. Focus Groups as Qualitative Research. fokus-jgufSi erTi da imave socialuri mdgomareobis mqone pirebi unda iRebdnen monawileobas. raTa respondentebma Tavad warmarTon diskusia. P. rom siRrmiseuli intervius da fokus-jgufis sadiskusio gegmebs Soris raime principuli gansxvavebebi iyos. aseve. jgufis msvlelobaSi respondentebis urTierToba erTmaneTTan xSirad saSualebas aZlevs moderators. an respondentebs Soris raime gaugebroba moxdeba. moderatori SeiZleba iyos rogorc kvleviTi gundis warmomadgeneli. saqme gvaqvs gamocdil moderatorTan. rac. iseve rogorc Tvisebrivi meTodebis nebismieri saxeoba. rom man unda gamoiwvios jgufis monawileebis gulaxdiloba. Sesabamisad — naklebad moaxdinos gavlena respondentebis azrebze Tavisi SekiTxvebiT da komentarebiT. fokus-jgufebis meTodi garkveul Tavisuflebas aniWebs mkvlevars am meTodis gamoyenebis konkretul formebTan dakavSirebiT. fokus-jgufis warmatebas didwilad gansazRvravs jgufis wamyvanis.savsebiT SesaZlebelia fokus-jgufebis warmatebiT Catareba. orientirebulia ramdenime respondentze. ar niSnavs. zogjer moderatoris Careva arc aris xolme aucilebeli. idealur SemTxvevaSi. ramdenadac es saWiro iqneba. mniSnvelovnad amcirebs respondentebis pasuxebis reaqtiulobas. moderatoris mier fokus-jgufis Catarebis stili SeiZleba iyos rogorc mkacri. Tu jgufis msvlelobaSi raime mizezis gamo viTareba daiZabeba. vinc ar aris aqtiuri. romlis daniSnulebac mxolod fokus-jgufis Catarebaa. CrdilSi darCes. rac ueWvelad Seuwyobs xels diskusiis warmatebas. Thousand Oaks. moderatoris ostatoba imaSi gamoixateba. rom rodesac respondentebi xedaven. swored moderatorzea damokidebuli jgufSi megobruli da Ria atmosferos Seqmna. fokus-jgufis msvlelobaSi Seqmnili atmosfero mis monawileebs siamovnebas unda aniWebdes. maT Soris maTi. gauZRves diskusias im sadiskusio gegmis safuZvelze. an Tavs gaubedavad grZnobs. romlebic respondentTa yuradRebis gafantvas iwvevs. saintereso unda iyos maTTvis. romelic sakiTxis winaswari Seswavlis da gamokvlevis programis safuZvelze iqna SemuSavebuli. rom maTi azri ainteresebT. vinaidan saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi jgufis sxva wevrebi Tavad exmarebian im respondents. ukanasknel SemTxvevaSi. CA: Sage Publications. imdenad aqtiurad. mTeli rigi emociuri aspeqtebi. rom jgufis Semadgenloba homogenuri iyos asakobrivi da sqesobrivi TvalsazrisiT. rodesac es saWiroa da sasargebloa jgufis msvlelobisaTvis. rom moderatori nakleb yuradRebas aqcevs jgufis msvlelobisas gamarTul diskusias — piriqiT. es. azusteben ra kiTxvis Sinaarss. winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi jgufis warmatebis perspeqtivebi mcirea. vinaidan mis msvlelobaSi Tavs iCens daZabuloba. moderatoris movaleobaa. aseve liberaluri. vinaidan 41 42 David L. Tu ramdenad adekvaturad esmiT respondentebs dasmuli kiTxvebi —moderatoris erT-erT movaloebas swored imis uzrunvelyofa warmoadgens. moderatori kargi msmeneli unda iyos. Morgan. 29 . ra Tqma unda. didi yuradRebiT usminos gamarTul saubars da rodesac saWirod CaTvlis. amasTan. 19. rodesac is amis saWiroebas dainaxavs.42 misi mTavari daniSnulebaa.41 mizanSewonilia. anu moderatoris xelovneba. ar SeiZleba imis Tqma. rom respondentebma sworad gaigon dasmuli kiTxvebi. aseve mowveuli piri. moderatori kvlav CaerTveba jgufis wayvanis procesSi. 1997. rom maT yuradRebiT usmenen. moderatorma unda gauadvilos respondentebs diskusiaSi monawileoba. fokus-jgufis Catarebisas aqtualobas kargavs masobrivi gamokiTxvebisTvis Zalze mniSvnelovani sakiTxi imis Taobaze. Tumca fokus-jgufis sadiskusio gegma. isini iolad da siamovnebiT Tanxmdebian TanamSromlobaze. rac SeboWavs respondentebs. saerTod. Second Edition. romelmac ver gaigo kiTxva. misi CrdilSi gasvla. rogorc wesi. ra Tqma unda. romelic uSualod muSaobs gamokvlevis Catarebaze da monacemTa damuSavebaze. ganmuxtos situacia. es garemoebac fokus-jgufebis Zalze mniSvnelovan upiratesobad iTvleba. uzrunvelyos yvela respondentis monawileoba diskusiaSi. mis qcevaSi ar unda iyos araferi. mis maRal profesiul ostatobaze mowmobs. ra Tqma unda.

arc Tu iSviaTia SemTxvevebi. specialur moTxovnebs unda pasuxobdes. Tvali vadevnoT azrebis Camoyalibebis process. specialur oTaxSi. Morgan. kerZod. fokus-jgufis xangrZlivoba. amasTan. agreTve. mamakacebi. jgufis Catarebis teqnikuri mxareebis uzrunvelyofas. arcTu iSviaTad fokus-jgufebi gamoiyeneba kvlevis dazverviT etapze. da Sedegebis Sedarebis SesaZlebloba eZleva asakobriv. imitom rom es informacia yovelTvis ar Seesabameba sinamdviles. rogorc wesi. sqesobriv. romelic saSualebas aZlevs mkvlevarTa gunds an damkveTebs Tvali adevnon diskusias ise. 44 David L. teritorialur/regionalur WrilSi. P. 3. rogorc wesi. sxvadasxva asakobrivi an profesiuli jgufi). maTi azrovnebis modelebi. garda amisa. romlis erTi kedelzec calmxirivi sarkea. sadac fokus-jgufi tardeba. maT Soris masobriv gamokiTxvasTan erTad. vinaidan fokus-jgufebis msvlelobaSi kargad vlindeba respondentebis “leqsikoni”. aRmoaCinos axali Temebi da wamoWras axali hipoTezebi44. Morgan. Kruger. SesaZloa. romlebic. cit. romelic daculia gare xmaurisagan. erTi kvleviTi proeqtis farglebSi. rac. Tu ratom fiqrobs xalxi ise. rogorc wesi. fokus-jgufi araviTar SemTxvevaSi ar isaxavs miznad raime gadawyvetilebis miRebas — misi mTavari daniSnulebaa. yvela aseT SemTxvevaSi mkvlevari gacilebiT ufro mdidar informacias iRebs. yvela respondents Tavisi azris gamoTqmis saSualeba misces. amitom. fokus-jgufebi kargad uTavsdeba kvlevis sxva meTodebs. aRsaniSnavia. ra Tqma unda. 8. ra Tqma unda. kiTxvebis Camoyalibebisa da maTi “daxurvis” daxvewis mizniT. fokus-jgufebi tardeba mkvlevaris ofisSi. P. Op. fokus-jgufebis Sedegad miRebuli Tvisebrivi informacia. respondentebma ar ician am sarkis da meore oTaxis arsebobis Sesaxeb. rogorc naklebad cnobili problemis Seswavlis pirveli nabiji. fokus-jgufebis erT-erT umniSvnelovanes Rirsebas warmoadgens am meTodis unari. agreTve isic. rogorc wesi. cit. romlebic xSirad gansxvavdeba monawileTa maCveneblebis mixedviT (qalebi. garkveulad amcirebs Sedegebis sandoobas. Focus Groups: A Practical Guide for Applied Research. amitom xSirad gamoiyeneba farTomasStabian proeqtebSi sxva meTodebTan. Op. fokus-jgufis erT-erTi udidesi upiratesoba isaa. an sulac sxvadasxva qveyanaSi tardeba. yovelTvis xdeba fokus-jgufis dros gamarTuli saubris audio. Thousand Oaks. rom es meTodi saSualebas gvaZlevs. rodesac jgufebi sxvadasxva qalaqSi. rogorc wesi. 45 David L. umaspinZldebian gamargilebeli sasmelebiT. gamokvlevis programis da sadiskusio gegmis SemuSavebas. man mainc unda akontrolos diskusiis msvleloba da unda miiRos pasuxebi dasmul kvleviT kiTxvebze.respondentebis moCvenebiTi Tavisuflebis miuxedavad. rogorc fiqrobs43. ara nakleb mniSvnelovania is. rom fokus-jgufis Catareba xSirad xels uwyobs ama Tu im sakiTxis axali TvaliT danaxvas. SevecadoT davadginoT. Sesvenebis gakeTeba fokus-jgufis mimdinareobis dros ar aris mizanSewonili. rom xeli ar SeuSalon mis msvlelobas. misi mniSvnelovani aspeqtebis gamoyofas. es xdeba jgufis monawileebs Soris azrTa gacvlis dros. ramdenime fokus-jgufi tardeba. rom masobriv gamokiTxvebTan SedarebiT fokus43 Richard A.45 fokus-jgufis Catareba seriozul momzadebas moiTxovs. am SemTxvevaSic uzrunvelyofili unda iqnes maTi konfidencialoba. ukanasknel SemTxvevaSi. Senoba. es unda iyos sada oTaxi. P. magram fokus-jgufis. rogorc devid morgani Tvlis. rac gulisxmobs Temis winaswar Seswavlas. da amasTan.da/an videoCawera. Second Edition. fokus-jgufis msvlelobisas respondentebs. romelic gvexmareba saerTo hipoTezebis formulirebaSi. ris Sesaxebac respondentebi winaswar unda iyvnen gafrTxilebulni. 21. iseve rogorc siRrmiseuli intervius Sedegad mkvlevari mxolod respondentebis verbalur informaciaze dayrdnobiT akeTebs daskvnebs. amdidrebs raodenobriv Sedegebs. ar gamoaSkaravebuliyo formalizebuli intervius dros. saaTnaxevridan or saaTamdea. 1994. Calif. 30 . fokus-jgufebis msvlelobisas miRebuli informacia mdidar da sasargeblo masalas iZleva masobrivi gamokiTxvis kiTxvaris Sesadgenad.: Sage Publications.

misi gamoyenebis SemTxvevaSi respondentebs. Tu romeli teqnika gamoiyenos ama Tu im gamokvlevis farglebSi. maTi sityvaTa maragis Sesaxeb da agreTve. gamovaaSkaravoT respondentebis faseulobebi. amasTan. romlebic wina leqciaSi ganxiluli zondirebis saSualebebis ganviTarebis Sedegs warmoadgens. kerZod. romeli teqnika dagvexmareba yvelaze ukeT Cvens winaSe mdgari miznis misaRwevad? 2.” “idealuri qorwineba — esaa qorwineba. anu Cveni verbaluri komunikaciis saSualebis arasrulyofili xasiaTi. rogor unda davamuSavoT miRebuli Sedegebi? qvemoT moyvanilia aTi yvelaze gavrcelebuli proeqciuli teqnikis mokle aRwera. da fsiqologiis mraval miRwevas iyeneben.47 1. 31 . proeqciuli teqnikebi Tvisebriv meTodebSi da. romelic . is gvexmareba. . misi gamoyeneba saSualebas gvaZlevs. es meTodikebi mWidro kavSirSia fsiqologebis mier SemuSavebul testebTan. proeqciuli teqnikebi46. magram mniSvnelovania gvaxsovdes. . winadadebebis damTavreba magaliTebi: “isini. Tu ra gvinda maTgan. . swrafad da mkafiod CamovayalibebinoT repondentebs maTi damokidebuleba CvenTvis mniSvnelovani sakiTxebisadmi. da amasTan — uaRresad efeqturi. proeqciuli teqnikebis aucileblobas aqvs rogorc fsiqologiuri. es proeqciuli teqnikebi gamoyofilia sruliad ruseTis sazogadoebrivi azris kvlevis centris (amJamad — levada-centris) Tvisebrivi kvlevebis ganyofilebis mier 1996-1998 wlebSi. rom nebismieri teqnikis werilobiTi gamoyeneba dasaSvebia mxolod sakmaod maRali ganaTlebis donis mqone respondentebTan muSaobisas. ukanasknel SemTxvevaSi. vidre mkvlevari gadawyvetilebas miiRebdes imasTan dakavSirebiT. amitom zog SemTxvevaSi adamians ar SeuZlia sakuTari saqcielis an poziciis axsna verbaluri saSualebebis gamoyenebiT. . SeviqmnaT warmodgena respondentebis “leqsikonis”. rogor unda gamoviyenoT SerCeuli teqnika? 3. fokus-jgufebSi farTod gamoiyeneba e. vidre sxva tipis kvlevis Catareba. . cxovrebiseuli orientaciebi da interesebi. gaverkveT ama Tu im produqtis an socialuri situaciis Sefasebis variaciebSi. 2. aseve lingvisturi gamarTleba.w.”?” es meTodika Zalze martivia. fsiqologiuri TvalsazrisiT. rodesac gesmiT sityva “. ~proecireba~. vinc mxolod xsnad yavas svams. rogorc wesi. amas emateba lingvisturi gamarTleba — enis. . aseTi “savarjiSo”.” es meTodikac Zalze iolia. swored proeqciuli teqnikebi dagvexmareba am ori SezRudvis gadalaxvaSi. man sam kiTxvas unda gasces pasuxi: 1. 46 47 termini nawarmoebia sityvebisgan ~proeqcia~.jgufebis Catareba nakleb dros moiTxovs da damkveTs gacilebiT ufro iafi ujdeba. Tu is fokus-jgufis an siRrmiseuli intervius dasawyisSi gamoiyeneba. adamianis qcevis motivebi xSirad qvecnobierebaSi arsebuli mizezebiT da motivebiT aixsneba. mkvlevrebi gamoiyeneben proeqciuli teqnikebis mraval saxeobas. advilad esmiT. es teqnika SeiZleba gamoviyenoT rogorc zepiri. sityvieri asociaciebi magaliTi: “ra azri gebadebaT. mas aucileblad anonimuri xasiaTi unda hqondes. saSualebas gvaZlevs. arian . aseve werilobiTi saxiT. proeqciuli teqnikebis mizania adamianis Sinagani samyaros ufro Rrma Seswavla.

es meTodika SedarebiT ufro rTulia. stereotipebi magaliTi: respondentebs sTavazoben produqtebis sias. 5. SekiTxvebi “mesame pirSi” magaliTebi: “ratomaa. “RrubelSi” am adamianis azri Caweron. es meTodika personifikaciis meTodikis Tavisebur gagrZelebadac SeiZleba CaiTvalos. raime tipis daskvna gaakeTos — Cven saerTod ar aRvwerT arafers. romlebic. romelzec aRbeWdilia raime socialuri situacia da erT-erTi mTavari moqmedi piris gverdiT daxatulia carieli “Rrubeli”. xolo respondentis mier “RrubelSi” Cawerili azri naTlad gviCvenebs mis damokidebulebas im problemisadmi. personifikacia magaliTebi: “warmoidgineT. am meTodikis gamoyenebisas didi yuradRebiT unda movekidoT Sesabamisi naxatebis SerCevas. 4. 32 . konkretulad romel cxovels gagonebT is?” xdeba xolme. ris dasanaxadac is ukve momzadebulia Tavisi socialuri Tu kulturuli mdgomareobidan gamomdinare. masTan dakavSirebul faseulobebze. rogori adamiania is? SegiZliaT amiRweroT?” “warmoidgineT. da SeZlebisdagvarad karg mxatvrebs unda SevukveToT isini. rom rodesac adamiani sakuTari Tavis Sesaxeb laparakobs. is saSualebas gvaZlevs. rom axali markis BMW-s avtomobili adamiania. rom es organizacia raime cxovelia. gamovyoT momxmarebelTa jgufebi. ratom ar uyvars xalxs zangebi?” cnobilia. am naxatSi respondenti dainaxavs mxolod imas. respondentTa azriT. misi meSveobiT Cven vigebT respondentebis reaqcias suraTze asaxul socialur situaciasTan dakavSirebiT ise. “Rrubliani” naxatebi magaliTi: vuCvenoT respondentebs naxati an fotosuraTi. magram. da sxva. aRweron es ojaxi. rolebis gaTamaSeba magaliTi: respondentebs vTxovT. 6. naxati unda iyos sada. rom Tavidan respondentebs uWirT am meTodikis gamoyeneba. rolebSi gaiTamaSon raime situacia. naTeli da ubralo. romelic gvainteresebs. tipiuria. Seadginon im produqtebis sia. sworad gamoyenebis SemTxvevaSi es meTodika Zalze mdidar informacias mogvcems rogorc raime saqonlis imijis Sesaxeb. rogorc wesi. aseve misi “tipiuri momxmareblis” warmomadgenlebis Taobaze. 7. is gacilebiT ufro Tavisufali xdeba.3. romelic simbolurad misi azris Casawer adgils warmoadgens. rom Cven mas ar vubiZgebT. vTxovoT respondentebs. romlebsac es ojaxi yoveldRiurad moixmars. SemdgomSi isini gatacebiT umateben maT mier Seqmnil saxes axal-axal detalebs. magram rodesac Cven mas vTxovT sxvebis Sesaxeb (anu “mesame pirSi”) ilaparakos. da sTxoven. da ufro gulwrfelad gviziarebs Tavis mosazrebebs. ubralod naxats vuCvenebT. rom zogi diasaxlisi iSviaTad wmends macivars?” “rogorc fiqrobT. romlebsac yoveldRiurad moixmars romelime hipoTeturi ojaxi. am meTodikis gamoyeneba sapirispiro formiTac SeiZleba: aRvweroT ojaxis tipi da vTxovoT respondentebs. romelic zRudavs mas Tavisi azrebisa da Sefasebebis gamoxatvaSi da xels uSlis misi azrebis gulaxdil gamoxatvas. is imyofeba sakmaod Zlieri socialuri gavlenis qveS. reklamis gavlenaze.

10. amitom isini Zalian xSirad gamoiyeneba satelevizio sareklamo rgolebis efeqturobisadmi miZRvnil fokus-jgufebSi. rogorc wesi. rom Tu respondentebma Tavi gaarTves am amocanas. ramdenime jgufad dayon konkurenti firmebis mier damzadebuli msgavsi saqoneli. gamovaaSkaravoT respondentebis damokidebuleba ama Tu im saqonlis mimarT. piriqiT. aramed mkvlevarebisTvisac. ramdenadac bevri respondenti ukan daixevs im mizezis gamo. romlis verbalurad gamoxatvac repondentebs gauWirdebaT. kartografireba (Brand mapping) magaliTi: respondentebs vTxovoT. is saSualebas gvaZlevs. es meTodika saSualebas gvaZlevs. agreTve davinaxoT. es sakmaod rTuli meTodikaa. ramdenad “savsea” bazari Tu. da mogvcems iseT informacias. rogorc wesi. da sxva. uWirT Sedegebis interpretacia. am meTodikis gamoyenebis SemTxvevaSi unda gaviTvaliswinoT. gamovacocxloT jgufis msvleloba. is saSualebas gvaZlevs. icvleba Tu ara momxmareblis warmodgena arsebuli saqonlebis Sesaxeb reklamis gavlenis qveS. amitom es meTodika yvelaze xSirad bavSvebTan muSaobisas gamoiyeneba. is saSualebas gvaZlevs. samarko niSani. am meTodikis daxmarebiT SeiZleba davinaxoT. Tavad agvixsnan Tavisi arCevani da agviRweron is. amitom iTvleba. Tu ra adgils ikavebs esa Tu is saqoneli respondentebis yofaSi. amasTan. ganasaxieron sxvadasxva firmis mier warmoebuli analogiuri saqoneli. amitom am teqnikis gamoyenebisas uaRresad mniSvnelovania. mivceT respondentebs saSualeba. amasTan. unda aRiniSnos. Tu rogor xedavs bazars TviTon momxmarebeli. kolaJis Sedgena sakmaod Znelia. proeqciuli teqnikebis gamoyenebisas aucilebelia Semdegi moTxovnebis dacva: 33 . is moiTxovs moderatoris gansakuTrebul ostatobas. 9. aseTi meTodikis gamoyenebis SesaZleblobebi SezRudulia. situaciasTan dakavSirebiT. romlebsac.i. da maT cnobierebaSi ukve Camoyalibebulia myari warmodgena mis Sesaxeb. isini xangrZlivi drois manZilze Segnebulad moixmaren ama Tu im saqonels. kolaJi magaliTi: Jurnalebidan gamoWrili suraTebis didi raodenobidan respondentebs sTavazoben SearCion iseTebi. gavigoT. rac “Seqmnes”. is gvaZlevs Zalze Rirebul informacias imasTan dakavSirebiT. 8. amasTan.magaliTad. SevafasoT respondentebis mier ama Tu im saqonlis aRqma. rom xatva ar icis. rom is sakmaod did dros moiTxovs da misi CatarebisTvis saWiroa damxmare “TvalsaCino masalis” gamoyeneba. romlebic. aseTi naxatebis meSveobiT SesaZlebloba gveZleva SevamowmoT. jer kidev aris axali markis saqonlis SemoRwevis SesaZlebloba. es meTodika sakmaod farTod gamoiyeneba marketinguli xasiaTis fokusjgufebSi. Tavad daxaton naxati raime aseTi naxatebi saSualebas gvaZlevs. Tumca aq xatvis xarixs ara aqvs gadamwyveti mniSvneloba. yvelaze metad Seesabameba romelime saqonlis an adamianis imijs. romlis gamoyenebasac Zalian didi dro sWirdeba da amasTan. ra Tqma unda. maTi azriT. e. Tu ramdenad daaxsovdaT respondentebs ama Tu im saqonlis SefuTva. rom kolaJis teqnika mniSvnelovan sirTuleebs Seicavs ara marto respondentebisTvis. naxatebi da “fsiqonaxatebi” magaliTi: vTxovoT respondentebs.

Tvalebis moZraobas. Tu ra gvinda maTgan. moderatori pirdapir uyurebdes Tavis Tanamosaubres. TiTqos isini raRac gamocdas abareben. diqcias da sxv. xSirad. • mkvlevarma unda SearCios is meTodika. Tavis daqnevas.• maTi gamoyeneba dasaSvebia mxolod im SemTxvevaSi. • yvelaze ufro mniSvnelovani am meTodikebis gamoyenebaSi maTi Sedegebis Semdgomi interpretaciaa. pirveladi interpretacia TviT respondentebma mogvcen. da amitom is Zalian xSirad gamoiyeneba. kerZod: siCume. rom aRar gaamaxvilos amaze yuradReba. rom ar dairRves respondentebis interesebi da ar CavayenoT isini uxerxul mdgomareobaSi. yvela es aris jgufis gaZRolis araverbaluri xerxebi. man unda moaxerxos jgufTan muSaobis gagrZeleba ise. iseve rogorc mkvlevris daskvnebs da. romlebic SeiZleba davyoT “motivis” (“ratom?”) da “interesis” (“rogor?/rogori?/rogor moxda?”) kiTxvebad. “ratom?”-kiTxvebis gamoyeneba. rogoria “TamaSis wesebi”. da sxv. Seicavs pasuxebs gamokvlevis programaSi dasmul kiTxvebze. mizanSewonilia. romelic. sadac respondentebi ar igrZnoben Tavs ise. fokus-jgufis angariSi analitikuri dokumentia. romelTa Sorisaa: dasmuli kiTxvebis “gadagzavna” jgufis sxva wevrebisTvis. 34 . • aucilebelia winaswar ganvsazRvroT. mimikas. informaciis arasrulad gageba an respondentTa mier gamoTqmuli azris Segnebulad damaxinjeba moderatoris mier aiZulebs respondentebs. neitraluri da amasTan efeqturi meTodi. • respondentebs gasagebad unda avuxsnaT. danarTSi #1). yvelanairad unda vecadoT. fokus-jgufebis Sedegebis damuSavebis SesaZleblobebi fokus-jgufis Catarebis Semdeg xdeba mis msvlelobaSi Cawerili saubris qaRaldze srulad gadatana. “zondirebis”. da Tu meTodika ar “amuSavda” (rac xdeba xolme). romelic yvelaze metad Seesabameba mis winaSe mdgar amocanebs. • araa mizanSewonili. agreTve zondirebis saSualebebi. rogorc ukve viciT. Tu SeuZlebelia CvenTvis saWiro informaciis miReba sxva gziT (kerZod. kvlevis miznebis Tanaxmad. romelic Cveulebriv Seicavs citatebs respondentTa saubridan. proeqciuli teqnikebis gverdiT. ris Sedegadac iqmneba saubris transkripti (fokusjgufis transkriptis magaliTi ix. pirdapiri kiTxvebis meSveobiT). • moderatoris saqcieli maqsimalurad moqnili unda iyos. gadavtvirToT jgufi proeqciuli teqnikebiT — erTi jgufisTvis savsebiT sakmarisia 1-2 aseTi meTodikis gamoyeneba (erTi meTodikis gamoyeneba saSualod 20 wuTs ikavebs). magram amasTan ar iTvleba sworad. es aris erT-erTi yvelaze ubralo. xmis intonaciebs. ukeT Camoayalibon Tavisi azrebi. misi saxis gamometyvelebas. jgufis msvlelobisas Zalze didi mniSvneloba aqvs moderatoris araverbalur saqciels. fokus-jgufebSi farTod gamoiyeneba. kerZod. gamoTqmuli azris gameoreba. xmis intonacias. Tu is didi xniT daacqerdeba jgufis romelime monawiles. praqtikul rekomendaciebs. am transkriptis safuZvelze mkvlevari an mkvlevarTa jgufi SemdgomSi amzadebs angariSs. fokus-jgufis Catarebis romel etapze ufro mizanSewonilia SerCeuli teqnikis gamoyeneba. jgufuri urTierTobis marTva SesaZlebelia ramdenime teqnikis meSveobiT. • aucilebelia Seiqmnas garemo. iseve rogorc proeqciuli teqnikebis gamoyenebisas yvelanairad unda vizrunoT imaze. Jestebis ena. monawileTa Segnebuli “dapirispireba”.

romelic homogenuri iyo profesiuli statusis mixedviT (mag. saxelmwifo moxeleebi. 48 David L. fokus-jgufebis Sedegebis damuSaveba damatebiT moiTxovs gadawyvetilebis miRebas imasTan dakavSirebiT. iseve rogorc saerTod Tvisebriv kvlevaSi. miT umetes. Tu gaviTvaliswinebT. policielebi. fokus-jgufis Sedegebis analizi aucileblad unda iTvaliswinebdes am or dones Soris arsebul urTierTobebebs. yvela jgufi respondentebisgan Sedgeba da swored individualuri respondentebi ayalibeben jgufis msvlelobaSi gamoTqmul azrebs. Tu ra doneze unda ganxorcieldes analizi. analizis pirvel etapze xdeba informaciis kodireba. is eyrdnoba kvlevas. gamoiyeneT is proeqciuli teqnikebi. anu arsebobs agreTve analizis meore SesaZlo done. cit. Morgan. analizis saboloo safexurze mkvlevari akeTebs daskvnebs. Tumca.morganis azriT. profesormaswavleblebi. gadawyvetilebis miReba analizis donis Taobaze Zalze mniSvnelovania. SeadgineT gamokvlevis programa Temaze “korufciis gavrcelebis mizezebi saqarTvelos umaRlesi ganaTlebis sistemaSi”. 35 . amitom. romlebSic monawileoba miiRes sxvadasxva socialur-demografiuli jgufis da teritoriuli erTeulis warmomadgenelma respondentebma. magram fokusjgufebis SemTxvevaSi es SeiZleba iyos rogorc respondenti. aseve jgufi (rogorc erTeuli). jgufuri. P. kvleva Catarebuli unda iyos fokus-jguf(eb)is gamoyenebiT. d. studentTa jgufebi asakis mixedviTac sakmaod homogenurebi iyo). udavoa. fokus-jgufis Sedegebis analizisas ganuyofelia analizis da angariSis weris etapebi. romelic Catarda Tavisuflebis institutis mier saqarTvelos sxvadasxva qalaqSi 2004 wlis zafxulSi. SeadgineT sadiskusio gegma TqvenTvis saintereso Temaze fokusjgufis Catarebis mizniT.. korufciis gamomwvevi mizezebis ganxilvas da korufciis daZlevis SesaZlo gzebis dasaxvas. am ori meTodis gamoyenebis Sedegad mopovebuli informaciis damuSavebis analogiuri SesaZleblobebi arsebobs. siRrmiseuli intervius SemTxvevaSi am kiTxvaze pasuxi TavisTavad cxadia — aq analizis done SeiZleba mxolod respondenti iyos. rom jgufis dinamika gavlenas axdens calkeul respondentebze. romlebic yvelze mizanSewonilad migaCiaT kvlevis Temidan gamomdinare. kvleva mieZRvna sxvadasxva profesiul jgufSi korufciis gavrcelebis Sefasebas. magram ara sqesisa da asakis mixedviT (Tumca. magaliTi #3). gaecaniT fokus-jgufis sadiskusio gegmas “Rvinis moxmarebis kultura Tanamedrove saqarTveloSi” (magaliTi 2). 60. studentebi). romeli proeqciuli teqnikebis gamoyenebaa dagegmili am sadiskusio gegmis safuZvelze Catarebul fokusjgufSi? 2.ramdenadac fokus-jgufi axlosaa siRrmiseul interviusTan. erTi mxriv. am leqciis bolos moyvanilia fokus-jgufebis Sedegebis swored aRweriTi analizis magaliTi (ix. davalebebi: 1. Tumca zog SemTxvevaSi es SeiZleba dasaSvebad CaiTvalos — Tu Catarebuli iqna sakmaod bevri fokus-jgufi. Semdeg ki — Sedegebis interpretacia. ra Tqma unda.48 ramdenadac fokus-jgufebi xSirad gamoiyeneba raime problemis winaswari Seswavlis mizniT. romlebic warmoadgens pasuxs gamokvlevis programaSi dasmul kiTxvebze. siRrmiseuli interviuebis Sedegad mopovebuli informaciis damuSavebisagan gansxvavebiT. TiToeul jgufSi monawileobas iRebda respondentTa jgufi. maTi Sedegebis analizi xSirad aRweriTi xasiaTisaa. Op. 3. fokus-jgufebis Catarebis Sedegad miRebuli Sedegebis generalizacia ar aris gamarTlebuli. rom erTi kvlevis farglebSi ramdenime fokus-jgufi tardeba.

3. Focus Groups: A Practical Guide for Applied Research.: Sage Publications. Third edition. 36 .” // sociologia saqarTveloSi: Tanamedrove mdgomareoba da perspeqtivebi. М. Tamar zurabiSvili. Telavi: “samoqalaqo ganaTlebis proeqti”. “narkomania: problemis Sefaseba axalgazrdebis mier. Thousand Oaks. David L.: Sage Publications. Morgan. Richard A. 2001. maia araviaSvili. 4. Second Edition. Krueger. Calif. Thousand Oaks. Focus Groups as Qualitative Research. Белановский. С. Метод фокус-групп. Calif. 2000.rekomendebuli literatura: 1. 2001. 1997.: Никколо М. 2.

qarxnuli boTlis. saerTo SekiTxvebi: ra SemTxvevebSi svamT Rvinos? . Tu moderatori amas saWirod miiCnevs. Tu rogor gaagrZelos diskusia ama Tu im pasuxis miRebis SemTxvevaSi. .yoveldRiurad .dResaswaulebze (dabadebis dRe.qarxnuli Camosasxmeli. rogor Rvinos aniWebT upiratesobas? TeTrs Tu wiTels? glexurs Tu qarxnuls? ratom? Tqveni nacnobebis umravlesoba rogor Rvinos aniWebs upiratesobas? rogor fiqrobT. . rogor Rvinos aniWebs upiratesobas axalgazrdebis umravlesoba saqarTveloSi? ratom? rogor Rvinos aniWebs upiratesobas asakovani xalxi? ratom? rogor fiqrobT. ramdeni litri Rvino moixmareT Tqven/Tqvenma ojaxma SarSan?) arCevani piradad Tqven. dazustebebs. sadiskusio gegma SeiZleba Seicavdes ramdenime kiTxvas erTsa da imave Temaze.) ratom irCeven isini aseT Rvinos? 49 es sadiskusio gegma Sedgenili iqna Tesau sociologiis specialobis II kursis studentebis mier 2003 wels da gamoyenebuli iqna 2 saswavlo fokus-jgufis Catarebisas. aqve aRvniSnavT.sxva ? daaxloebiT ramden litr Rvinos moixmarT weliwadSi? (kerZod. rom sadiskusio gegma xSirad individualuri dokumentia da moderatoris gamocdilebasa da mis profesiul midgomas asaxavs. rom moderators gauadvildes muSaoba.magaliTi #2 Rvinis moxmarebis kultura Tanamedrove saqarTveloSi sadiskusio gegma49 SeniSvna: rogorc fokus-jgufis es sadiskusio gegma gviCvenebs.qorwili. mas SeuZlia Seitanos sadiskusio gegmaSi pasuxebis mosalodneli variantebi da moniSnos. qelexi . 37 . garda amisa. axali weli da a.) . romelTa mizania respondentebis daxmareba im SemTxvevaSi. ra gansxvavebaa am tipebis Rvinoebs Soris: . Tu maT gauWirdebaT kiTxvaze pasuxis gacema. da ganlagebuli iyos ise. kiTxvebi SeiZleba dajgufebuli iyos Tematurad.glexuri.S. vin aniWebs upiratesobas glexur Rvinos? (aRwereT es xalxi. rogor Rvinoze ufro didi moTxovna arsebobs dRes saqarTveloSi? TeTrs Tu wiTels? glexurs Tu qarxnuls? ratom? Tqveni azriT.

. dRes saqarTveloSi yvelaze did mowonebas romeli tipis Rvino imsaxurebs? ratom? daasruleT fraza: “is. aris .” ra Tvisebebi aqvs xarisxian Rvinos? (naturaluri Rvino?) Tu SegiZliaT dagvisaxeloT romelime xarisxiani Rvino? fasi sad yidulobT xomle Rvinos yvelaze xSirad? saSualod ra fasSi yidulobT xomle Rvinos? ra gavlenas axdens Tqvens arCevanze Rvinis fasi? Rvinis xarisxi? Tqveni arCevani Rvinis xarisxze ufroa damokidebuli Tu mis fasze? ra unda Rirdes Rvino? unda gansxvavdebodes Tu ara Rvinis fasi misi saxeobis mixedviT (wiTeli da TeTri. dalevs Tu ara glexi qarxnul Rvinos? (Tu ara — ratom?) ra SemTxvevaSi dalevs? Tqveni azriT. vinc svams mxolod boTlSi Camosxmul Rvinos.vin aniWebs upiratesobas qarxnul Rvinos? (aRwereT es xalxi) ratom irCeven isini aseT Rvinos? rogor fiqrobT. romlebic axasiaTebs Rvinis smis wesebs da masTan dakavSirebul tradiciebs saqarTveloSi? kaxeTSi? rogori iyo Rvinis smis kultura saqarTveloSi daaxloebiT 100 wlis win? Seicvala Tu ara bolo 10-15 wlis manZilze Rvinis smis kultura saqarTveloSi / TelavSi / TbilisSi? rogoria Rvinis smis kultura axla? ra mogwonT amaSi da ra — ara? 38 . . glexuri da qarxnis) Rvinis smis kultura rogor gesmiT fraza: “Rvinis smis kultura”? ra iciT Rvinis smis kulturis Sesaxeb sazRvargareT? aris Tu ara raime gansakuTrebuli im wesebSi da tradiciebSi.

quTaisi) 39 policiis TanamSromlebi ufro “korufcia pirvel rigSi sisxlis samarTlis danaSaulia. sagzao policiis TanamSromeli rom mZRols fuls arTmevs. fokus-jgufebis mTavari mizani iyo am profesiuli jgufebis warmomadgenlebis mier korufciuli qmedebebis Sefaseba da korufciis formebis Seswavla profesiuli saqmianobis Sesabamis sferoebSi. agreTve. jgufebi Catarda sxvadasxva profesiuli jgufis warmomadgenlebTan: profesormaswavleblebi. 1. Tbilisi. rogorc: “Tanamdebobrivi ufleba-movaleobebis gadameteba angarebis mizniT” (policielebi. ivnisi. 2004 w. quTaisi) sxva respondentebisagan gansxvavebiT. policielebi. angariSi eyrdnoba Semdegi fokus-jgufebis masalebs: profesiuli jgufi saxelmwifo moxeleebi studentebi maswavleblebi da mSoblebi profesor-maswavleblebi studentebi policielebi qalaqi axalcixe axalcixe Tbilisi Telavi Telavi quTaisi Catarebis TariRi ivnisi. Telavi) “korufcia aris. 2004 w. quTaisi) “adamiani rom nebismier Tanamdebobaze borotad iyenebs Tavis Tanamdebobas sakuTari interesebidan gamomdinare” (profesor-maswavleblebi. seqtemberi.magaliTi #3 korufcia saqarTveloSi da misi Sefaseba sxvadasxva profesiuli jgufis warmomadgenlebis mier fokus-jgufebis angariSi Tavisuflebis institutis mier 2004 wlis ivnisSi Catarebuli iqna fokusjgufebi saqarTvelos ramdenime qalaqSi (axalcixe. korufciis gamomwvevi mizezebis Seswavla. Tbilisi) “adamianTa mier saxelmwifo qonebis xelyofa” (profesor-maswavleblebi. Telavi. mZRolebi. 2004 w. 2004 w. 2004 w. Telavi) “korufcia es aris kanons gareT momxdari garigeba” (studentebi. ra aris korufcia da ra ar aris korufcia fokus-jgufebis TiTqmis yvela monawilem daaxloebiT erTnairad ganmarta korufcia. Telavi) “[korufcia] qrTamis garda sxva saxiTac arsebobs: gadasaxadebis damalva. saxelmwifo moxeleebi. korufciuli da arakorufciuli qmedebebis gamijvna ama Tu im profesiis warmomadgenlebis TvalSi. studentebi. 2004 w. ivnisi. ivnisi. esec korufciaa” (policielebi. kanonis darRvevaa” . ivnisi. rodesac garkveuli Tanamdeboba aqvs pirovnebas da am TanamdebobiT sargeblobs Tavis raRac gadaWarbebuli ambiciebiT da gZalavs fuls arakanonierad” (maswavleblebi da mSoblebi. quTaisi). farTod ganmartaven korufcias: (policielebi.

an aris. maTi azriT. qarTvel respondentebs uWirT erTmaneTisagan gamijnon korufcia da e. rogorc erTmniSvnelovnad uaryofiT movlenas. quTaisi) yvela jgufSi respondentebi eTanxmebian azrs. SeiZleba korufcias raRac dadebiTi Sedegebi gaaCndes. raime dadebiTi Sedegi mohyves da raime gamarTleba hqondes: “korufciiT ara mgonia. isic kmayofilia da vinc iRebs. romlebic saerTod Sesaferisi ar arian im Tanamdebobis” (policielebi. SedarebiT iSviaTad iqna gaigivebuli korufciasTan nepotizmi: “naTesauri kavSirebi. “qrTams ver daarqmev-Tqo pativiscemas. aq gansxvaveba unda iyos. respondentebi aigiveben korufcias da meqrTameobas.w. “be-em-ve”ebisTvis. sindisis da kanonis ukmarisoba” (saxelmwifo moxeleebi. Tu ra TanxiT gamoixateba aRebuli an micemuli qrTami. es ar aris korufcia. romelsac ar SeuZlia. es pativiscemaa. qveyanam miiRos rame kargi. axalcixe) amasTan. nacnoboba korufciaa. korufciad ar 40 . gamomdinare im garemoebidan. axalcixe) “korufcia TavisTavad ar SeiZleba iyos kargi. aseve qrTamis mimcemis interesebs: “vinc aZlevs [qrTams]. rom korufcia erTnairad gasakicxia imis miuxedavad. mersedesebisTvis. im gaWirvebisTvis [iRebs qrTams] da zogi — fufunebisTvis. rom pirveli gamoZalvasTanaa dakavSirebuli. axalcixe) xSir SemTxvevaSi. Telavi) respondentebi yvelaze ufro xSirad Tvlian. Tumca es pozicia erTsulovani ar iyo: “nemsis qurdi da aqlemis qurdi erTiao” (profesor-maswavleblebi. an ar aris. magram misi zneobrivi mxare sul gadawonis im dadebiTs. Telavi) respondentebi ganixilaven korufcias. Telavi) “yvelafers korufcias ver davarqmev. Tanamdebobaze iseTi adamianebi SeiZleba dainiSnon. . iqneba es saCuqris Tu.“movaleobas pasuxismgeblobiT rom ar Seasruleb. rom korufcia meqrTameobasTan SedarebiT ufro farTo cnebaa. “pativiscema”. Cemi azriT” (profesor-maswavleblebi. xolo meore — nebayoflobiTia. ubralod. vinaidan is moicavs. quTaisi) “meqrTameoba universitetSi pirvel rigSi xels aZlevs students” (studentebi. sasaxleebisTvis. ise ar arsebobs nawilobrivi [korumpirebuloba]. imas Tu saSualeba miecema. magaliTad.ara! zogi. isic” (policielebi. pativiscema sxvaa. ZiriTadi ganmasxvavebeli niSani korufciasa da pativiscemas Soris is aris. megobroba. rom korufcia saqarTveloSi farTodaa gavrcelebuli da aRniSnaven. isic korufciaa” (policielebi. rom is gamoxatavs rogorc qrTamis amRebis. quTaisi) SedarebiT iSviaTad gvaqvs saqme korufciis ganmartebasTan moralur WrilSi: “korufcia aris fulis. agreTve arafuladi saxis garigebebs.rogorc ar arsebobs nawilobrivi orsuloba. davuSvaT. amitom korufcia ar SeiZleba iyos kargi” (saxelmwifo moxeleebi. milionsac Tavisuflad aiRebs” (profesor-maswavleblebi. qrTami sxvaa” (studentebi. im wamlisTvis. korufcia sikeTes moutans konkretul pirovnebas da mis ojaxs” (saxelmwifo moxeleebi. bavSvi yvavils rom miutans maswavlebels skolaSi. Telavi) “is. madlobis Tqmis meSveobiT. Tumca zogjer isini aRniSnaven. Telavi) “. magaliTad. vinc 5 maneTs aiRebs. rom saqarTveloSi tradiciulad pativs scemen sxva adamianebs.

roca eqims sakuTari surviliT pacienti rames aCuqebs. am sferoSi xelfasebis mniSvnelovan gazrdas. Tbilisi) “Tu xelfasebi ar gaizrdeba. rom imas pativi vce. es. Tu isic korufciad CaTvales. araferic ar Seicvleba” (maswavleblebi da mSoblebi. es maTTvis Tavis an ojaxebis rCenis erTaderTi realuri gzaa. magram TviTon ar unda moiTxovon” (maswavleblebi da mSoblebi. merwmuneT. Zlieria rwmena. magram visac araviTari saSualeba ara aqvs — iman rom patara raRaca gaakeTos. TviTonac Zalian Seuracxyofilia. es SeiZleba iyos sunamo. Cemi azriT. is korumpirebulebi. gansakuTrebul aqcents akeTebs Tavisi profesiuli sferos did mniSvnelobaze sazogadoebriv cxovrebaSi. maSin. Tbilisi) rodesac aseT iZulebiT SemTxvevebTan gvaqvs saqme. var Cemi saqmis profesionali da. axalcixe) “maswavlebels imdeni xelfasi unda hqondes. “banbanerka” an sulac erTi fila Sokoladi. rig SemTxvevaSi ki moiTxovs. rom TiTqmis yvela sferos warmomadgenlebi. imitom. me namdvilad ar davimcireb Tavs da ara mgonia. igi ar Caigdebs Tavs aseT saCoTiro situaciaSi” (maswavleblebi da mSoblebi. rom ar gaxde [korumpirebuli] — magram miuxedavad amisa. korumpirebuli ar unda dauZaxon” (profesor-maswavleblebi. quTaisi) “[Tu] me miCndeba survili. rom aRar izrunos SeTavsebaze. Tu iqneba normaluri xelfasebi. rom mere iman “pativi sces” — isevdaisev. rom sxvaganac aiRos saaTebi” (maswavleblebi da mSoblebi. Tbilisi) “maswavlebels ar unda ecvas moswavleze cudad. rom is ar daiWiron an me ar damiWiron. me amas qrTams ar veZaxi. cduneba Zalian didia” (saxelmwifo moxeleebi. mamakacebi iseve rogorc qalebi. aucilebel saarsebo minimumad TveSi daaxloebiT 500 lars asaxeleben. rom im adamians pativi vce. korufciis mizezebi saqarTveloSi korufciis ZiriTad mizezad respondentebi TiTqmis erTxmad asaxeleben dabal xelfasebs sajaro samsaxuris yvela sferoSi. me mgoni. namdvilad ar unda aRiqmebodes qrTamad da korufciad” (maswavleblebi da mSoblebi. Tbilisi) “me. sainteresoa. vinc aseT saubars warmarTavs. 41 . raRac zewola moaxdinos masze. saerTo azris Tanaxmad. ase vTqvaT. arc erTma maswavlebelma daimciros Tavi da gamarTos mSobelTan raRac uxerxuli saubari. amasTan. korumpirebuli pirebis nawili iZulebiT iRebs qrTams. da roca mas kargi xelfasi eqneba. radgan sakuTari surviliT Cuqnis” (policielebi. Tbilisi) bevri respondentis azriT. ar aris qrTami. Telavi) “me rodesac maqvs kargi xelfasi.miviCnev. magaliTad. patrioti. yvela profesiuli jgufi. rodesac me viRacis pativiscema minda da SemeSindes. rom maRali xelfasi TavisTavad yovelTvis ar iqneba aucilebeli da sakmarisi garantia imisa. ufro lamazad unda hqondes Tma davarcxnili” (maswavleblebi da mSoblebi. Zalian Znelia. “xelfasi minimumze minimumia” (policielebi. rom es xalxi Zalze ganicdis aseT mdgomareobas: “ekonomikuri mdgomareoba unda Seiqmnas imisTana. pativiscema sxva aris. da mizanSewonilad miiCnevs. fokus-jgufebis msvlelobis procesSi gamoikveTa azri. quTaisi) “roca Tanamdebobis piri xar. vinaidan isini sxva gamosavals ver xedaven. Zalian mewyineba. gasagebi mizezebis gamo. vinc arian — isini iReben kidec [qrTams] da ekonomiuri mdgomareobac Zlieri aqvT. xelfasebis gazrda gadaWris korufciis problemas. Tbilisi) 2. rom pirovneba.

romelic ar gvyofnis elementarul. miT ufro meti unda” (studentebi. mniSvnelovnad Seuwyobs xels korufciis masStabebis Semcirebas. anu. rom gadarCes — esec ar mimaCnia sworad. rom gaakeTo [qrTami aiRo]. magram korufciis gzas agrZelebs” (profesormaswavleblebi. rodesac xdeba arakanonieri gzebiT mopovebuli qonebis patronebis gaTavisufleba winaswari patimrobidan mniSvnelovani jarimis gadaxdis Semdeg. “qarTuli mentaliteti”. da Zalian bevri vici. rac respondentTa aseT mosazrebebs iwvevs: “me Tu ar aviRe. rom dRevandel saqarTveloSi korufcia Zalze farTodaa gavrcelebuli. magaliTad. rom is bavSvebi isev daaClungos. dausjelobis sindromi korufciis gavrcelebis kidev erTi mniSvnelovani mizezia. ris Sesaxebac. axalcixe) respondentebi im garemoebas usvamen xazs. Tu qrTams ar gadauxdidi. maTi azriT. dRes me vityvi xmamaRla Cemi saxeliT da Cemi TanamSromlebis saxeliT. romelic ar aris korumpirebuli. saerTo rwmeniT. kerZod. xelfasebis gazrda sajaro samsaxurebis moxeleebisTvis (gansakuTrebiT im SemTxvevaSi. da respondentebis mier xSirad iqna gamoTqmuli eWvi axlandeli xelisuflebis moqmedebebis marTebulebaSi.rom korufcia aRar iqneba. rom samsaxuri ar dakargo. ar davasaxeleb Tanxas. Telavi) garda amisa. es xalxi seriozulad unda daisajos. korufciis gavrcelebas garkveulwilad xels uwyobs Tavad is garemoeba. ra Tqma unda. imitom rom Zalian bevri adamiani vici me. vinaidan mas sxva mizezebic aqvs: (a) sixarbe da (b) tradiciuli kulturuli normebi. axalcixe) Tumca. rom ukve ‘gadarCenilia’. rom korufcia xSirad sakuTari Tavis kvlavwarmoebas uwyobs xels: “ar aris korufcia. rom ver imuSavebdi. rom “vardebis revoluciis” Semdeg xelisuflebis Secvlis Sedegad es situacia Seicvala: “adre iyo is. gaiZulebs TviTon situacia” (saxelmwifo moxeleebi. mere isev aq [universitetSi] fuliT moawyos. korufcia yvelaze seriozul formebs xelisuflebis yvelaze maRal safexurebze iRebs. korufciis gavrceleba garkveuli Sidasauwyebo zewolis Sedegadac SeiZleba moxdes. Tbilisi) bevri respondentis azriT. radgan fuli unda gekeTebina da yofiliyavi korumpirebuli. aseTi fiqric xdeba” (policielebi. sxva mainc aiRebs. kerZod. axalcixe) “marto gadarCenisTvis xom ar aris es korufcia? mTlad ise. “adamians rac ufro meti aqvs. es kidev erTxel adasturebs azrs. Telavi) “zogierT maswavlebels rom misce 1000 lari. romlebic saqarTveloSi xels uwyobs korufciis gavrcelebas. rom TavisTavad xelfasebis gazrda ar gadawyvets korufciis problemas saqarTveloSi. e. da mere isev gaaubeduros da ase gagrZeldes mudmivad?” (studentebi. rogorc respondentebi moixsenieben. is mainc aiRebs qrTams” (maswavleblebi da mSoblebi. rom am umaRles damTavrebul Clungs Sen 500 dolars arTmev da maswavleblad iReb [skolaSi]. Tumca. magram Seqmnilia rgoli da gaiZulebs. Tu es dakavSirebuli iqneba pasuxismgelobis amaRlebasTan da dausjelobis sindromis aRmofxvrasTan). sigaretze” (saxelmwifo moxeleebi.w. ramdenadac korufciis gavrcelebaSi dabal xelfasebTan erTad sxva faqtorebic TamaSoben mniSvnelovan rols. amave fokus-jgufis erT-erTi respondenti imasac aRniSnavs. saxelmwifo moxeleebi saubrobdnen: “SeiZleba ar gindodes. xSirad saxeldeba parlamenti. vTqvaT — adamiani iRebs qrTams. quTaisi) 42 . rom Cven vzivarT moWril konkretul xelfasze.

3. “yvelaferi mainc saxelmwifos meTauridan da mTavrobidan iwyeba da mTavrdeba” (policielebi. romlebic SedarebiT ufro TviTkritikulebi arian da xedaven rigiTi moqalaqeebis pasuxismgeblobas korufciis gavrcelebas dakavSirebiT. magram Tu zemoT ar moiTxoven fuls. is ukve geubneba — midi da iSoveo” (profesor-maswavleblebi. es [sakanonmdeblo] vakuumi unda moispos aucileblad” (studentebi. rodesac is ganwirulia saxelmwifos mier. Telavi) “korufciis Tavi da Tavi mainc. ar uzrunvelyobs “kanonierebis kulturis” damkvidrebas. rom imas awyobs. Sesabamisad. me TviTon gamomerTva?” (profesor-maswavleblebi. anu es procesi rom SeCerdes. quTaisi) “rodesac saxelmwifo winaswar uSvebs korufcias. [me isini] gavabrune — ase iyo me-6 semestrSi. korufcia iyos” (profesor-maswavleblebi. da arasrulyofili sakanonmdeblo baza: ucodinroba. Telavi) amas garda. rogorc zemoT aRvniSneT. rom pasuxismgebloba korufciis gavrcelebaze srulad ekisreba saxelmwifos da mis “pirvel moxeleebs”. da “qarTveloba/qarTuli mentaliteti”. “rodesac esa Tu is urTierToba ar regulirdeba kanoniT. Telavi) garda amisa. Telavi) “ase Tu ise. axla: ara sjobda. imitom rom xelfass aZlevs amdagvars. rom ar aiRos fuli viRac debilisgan. sadac mimdinareobs [korufciuli] procesi. quTaisi) saxelmwifosadmi wayenebuli ZiriTadi pretenziebi aseTia: is ar zrunavs moqalaqeTa keTildReobaze. rom marTla modian. saboloo jamSi yvela sferodan Tanxa erT xelSi iyris Tavs — kancelariasa da parlamentSi. axalcixe) “saxelmwifos midgomaa aseTi. da saxelmwifo gamocdaze wamomisves win. dabali xelfasebi ganixileba rogorc korufciis ZiriTadi mizezi saqarTveloSi. ramdenadac is xSir SemTxvevaSi ganixileba rogorc Tavis gadarCenis erT-erTi xelmisawvdomi strategia im pirobebSi. rogorc korufciis institucionaluri gamarTleba repondentTa umravlesoba “patara kacis” poziciidan uyurebs korufciis problemas qveyanaSi da miiCnevs. korufcia yvela sferoSia. da ar zrunavs iseTi kanonebis miRebaze.“arian iseTi [studentebi]. “susti saxelmwifo”. korufciis saerTod moSla gamoricxulia. imas veranairad ver mosTxov. rom ase iyos. ra uwyobs xels korufcias miuxedavad yovelive zemoT Tqmulisa. me mgoni. korufciis masStabebi Semcirdeba” (policielebi. Telavi) 3. udevT raRac CaTvlis wignakSi. aq yovelTvis iqmneba raRac SezRuduli wre. rac warmoSobs dausjelobis sindroms. respondentebi miiCneven usaxsrobas korufciis erT-erT umTavres gamarTlebad: “16 lari rodesac aqvs leqtors xelfasi da mas Semosavlis sxva wyaro ara aqvs. zemodan modis” (saxelmwifo moxeleebi. korufcia respondentebSi garkveul gagebas iwvevs imdenad.1. korufciis mizezebad dasaxelda kanonebis gaunaTlebloba. fokus-jgufebis msvlelobis procesSi gamoikveTa korufciis kidev ori SesaZlo gamarTleba qarTveli respondentebis mxridan: “susti saxelmwifo”. romlebic ukeT imuSavebs Cvens qveyanaSi da mZime tvirTad ar 43 . ase iyo me-7 semestrSi. rodesac adamians sxva araferi gamosvali aRar darCenia. visac aqvs fuli da sTavazobs” (studentebi. ase iyo me-8 semestrSi. romelic ver asrulebs Tavis funqciebs. am poziciisgan gansxvavdeba studentebis Sefasebebi.

50 lari — Sarvali. ra Tqma unda. an sxva moqalaqeebis winaSe. 100-dan 70-s hgonia. saxelmwifom unda ifiqros imaze. “vinc aZlevs. xom SeiZleba moqalaqem pasporti moiTxovos erTi TviT adre da ara bolo wuTSi? moqalaqe. rom xelfasebi gaizardos. amcirebs samoqalaqo pasuxismgeblobis grZnobas. qseroqsi. furceli ginda. benzini — am yvelafers aravin afinansebs. TiTis miSvera mxolod imisken [vinc 44 .. forma 100 laramde gijdeba. aseve qrTamis mimcemi — rogorc wesi. Telavi) “sagadasaxado kanoni. fasianebidan — 60% mihqonda saxelmwifos aramwarmoebeli sferodan. amitomac. pirvel rigSi” (profesor-maswavleblebi.. yvelaze ufro xSirad saxelmwifo moxelea. “vfiqrob. rom saxlSi mSieri bavSvi ar melodebodes da am saxlSi misvla ar meSinodes” (saxelmwifo moxeleebi. aravin ar gaZlevs mas. rom maRali rangis saxelmwifo moxeleebi yvelaze ufro korumpirebulTa Soris arian saqarTveloSi. kerZod — qrTamis amRebs. quTaisi) vinaidan saxelmwifo ar arsrulebs Tavis funqciebs. sawvavi Sen unda Caasxa. quTaisi) “kacs rom 30 lars aZlev da imas mere cixeSi Casvam — imis moraluri ufleba ara gaqvs!” (profesor-maswavleblebi.daawveba mosaxleobas. rac spobs mosaxleobaSi pasuxismgeblobis grZnobas am saxelmwifo moxeleebis. policieli cdilobs. yvelafer amisTvis Tanxa moipovos” (policielebi. igivea. SeiniSneba tendencia. rom qrTami aris saukeTeso gamosavali. eqsperti. romelic. sazogadoebaSi Rrmadaa fesvgadgmuli rwmena. quTaisi) fokus-jgufebis msvlelobaSi SedarebiT iSviaTad gaiJRera mosazrebam. mTeli pasuxismgebloba korufciuli garigebis mxolod erT mxares daekisros. es ianusia. sakuTari saxsrebiT unda iyido an Seikero. ra kanonzea laparaki? es aris saxelmwifosgan dadgenili oficialuri yaCaRoba. arafriT masze ukeTesi ar aris. aseT pirobebSi korufciisagan Tavs ver daizRvev” (policielebi. unda iyos iseTi loialuri. saqme Ziebamde rom miiyvano. orsaxovani. tyviebi Sen unda iyido. rom adamiani gaiqces gadasaxadis gadasaxdelad” (saxelmwifo moxeleebi. axalcixe) “saxelmwifom unda uzrunvelyos materialuri keTildReoba da iseTi garemo. romelic erT kviraSi iTxovs pasportis damzadebas. “pagonebi” 10 lari Rirs. forma gWirdeba. . sad aris. magaliTad. “qurdobaze [Tu] daiWire vinme. rac mosaxleobas sakuTari udanaSaulobis grZnobas umtkicebs da Sesabamisad. amasTan. axalcixe) “mSier adamians ver mosTxov kanonis dacvas” (saxelmwifo moxeleebi. gulgrilobis an sxva raime mizezis Sedegad: “yvelafers mTavrobas ver davabraleb. es aris naZirlebis dawerili kanoni” (profesor-maswavleblebi. amitom ara gvaqvs xelfasi. xdeba korufciaze pasuxismgeblobis srulad “gadatana” saxelmwifoze an Tundac mis calkeul maRalCinosnebze. Telavi) saxelmwifo ar uqmnis Tavis moxeleebs normalurad muSaobisaTvis saWiro elementarul pirobebs. rom korufciaSi met-naklebad Tanabrad ageben pasuxs rogorc qrTamis amRebi. sadac adamians kanondarRvevis SemTxvevaSi SeeSindeba dasjis” (policielebi. sawarmoebi amuSavdes. adamianebis mentaliteti unda Seicvalos. rodesac Tavad xalxi ase Tu ise xels uwyobs korufcias daufiqreblobis. respondentebi iSviaTad afiqsireben SemTxvevebs. rac kidev ufro amcirebs saxelmwifos am xalxis TvalSi. Telavi) “Cveni [universitetis] Semosavali rom aris. formis perangi 18 lari. axalcixe) “Sroma moenatra yvelas! aucilebelia imuSaon. korufcias uwyobs xels” (policielebi. quTaisi) “Tavidan muSaobas rom iwyeb. amRebic da mimcemic orive erTia. daaxloebiT 50dan 100 laramde gWirdeba.

Tumca jerjerobiT es imedi araviTar realur cvlilebebze ar aris damyarebuli. aramed mxolod dapirebebsa da imedebze. amitom Znelia imis Tqma. rogorc zemoT ukve aRvniSneT. rom is daayenos pirvel rigSi. romelic raime TxovniT mimarTavs [Tanamdebobis pirs].” (profesor-maswavleblebi. agreTve xSirad ganixileba rogorc korufciis Taviseburi gamarTleba. agreTve is garemoeba. vinc aiRo es” (studentebi. moqalaqe. damnaSave unda daisajos. romlebTanac hqoniaT Sexeba. “pativi scen” sxvebs. qarTvelebs sCveviaT. niSnisTvis ki ar miaqvT es.” (studentebi. yvela fiqrobs. Tu ramden xans gastans es ndobis krediti. axal mTavrobas mainc aqvs garkveuli ndobis krediti. SesaZloa. rodesac qrTams aZlev. magram unda. ar SebrZolebian korufciul faqtebs. vTqvaT. me maqvs micemuli. kanoni unda kanonobdes. moridebodnen dapirispirebas.. brZola mTavrobidan unda daiwyos” (policielebi. me Tu guSin cota mSiSara viyavi. qrTami da me Cems Tavs ufro vTvli am SemTxvevaSi damnaSaved. TandaTan mkvidrdeba SiSis faqtori. Telavi) 4. rom fokus-jgufebis msvlelobaSi mTavrobis mimarT zogadad uaRresad uaryofiTi damokidebuleba dafiqsirda. romelic... Telavi) “yvela adamians saqarTveloSi rom hkiTxo. es mentalobidanac gamomdinareobs” (studentebi. Telavi) “bibliidan moviyvan. magram. romelic moxda maT damokidebulebaSi bolo Tveebis manZilze: “axla me ukve SemiZlia [xmis amaRleba]. korufciis winaaRmdeg mebrZoli agentebi respondnetebi yvelaze ufro xSirad miiCneven.qrTams iRebs] es aris uzneoba” (profesor-maswavleblebi. cdilobs rame gadauxados. rom. respondentTa umravlesoba imediT uyurebs mTavrobis Secvlas da axali saxeebis gamoCenas. gamoxaton Tavisi madliereba saCuqrebis meSveobiT. amas respondentebi miiCneven misaReb movlenad da ar Tvlian. situaciis gamosworebis imeds badebs. rom am situaciaSi yvela iqceodes kanonierad TviTon mis garda. romelsac aseTi brZola gamoiwvevda. anu. saqarTveloSi qrTamSi igulisxmeba rogorc saCuqari. unda yvelaferi iyos kanonierad. “qarTuli mentaliteti”. rogorc wesi. Telavi) “rogorc wesi.. rom amis winaaRmdeg saWiroa brZola. TiTqos mgonia. quTaisi) “korufciasTan brZolaSi moqalaqe uZluria. amasTan. quTaisi) Tavad respondentebi. Sen codvili xar. vinc qrTams iRebs. respondentebis SefasebiT. dRes cota Tamami var” (profesor-maswavleblebi. rom korufciis winaaRmdeg brZola calkeuli pirovnebebis doneze SeuZlebelia: “pirovneba ver aRudgeba korufcias. sanam qveyanaSi socialuri mdgomareoba ar amaRldeba” (policielebi. 3. “iciT ra aris — qarTvel kacs mentalitetSi aqvs raRacis Cuqeba. rom codvili is ki ar aris. ra Tqma unda.2. raime momsaxurebis SemTxvevaSi. xels Seuwyobs dausjelobis sindromis aRmofxvras. rodesac adamiani madlierebis niSnad uxdida adamians raRacas. respondentebma rig SemTxvevaSi daafiqsires is cvlilebebi. vinaidan arCies. vidre imas. “qarTveloba”. rom ki. Telavi) 45 . Telavi) miuxedavad imisa. rogorc korufciis kulturuli gamarTleba “qarTveloba”. an ufro ukeTesad moemsaxuros. xolo TviTon isev Zveleburad agrZelebdes.

ra movaleobebi akisria saxelmwifos winaSe da. unda gaacnobieron. sxva jgufebTan SedarebiT studentebi yvelaze xSirad gamoTqvemen konstruqciul mosazrebebs imasTan dakavSirebiT. unda agebinon pasuxi” (studentebi. ar icis. iciT? me ukve vicodi.. imitom rom ukve ici. axalcixe) “saxelmwifom unda daanaxos xalxs. Zalian delikaturad. moqalaqeebi ufro aqtiuri unda gaxdnen. respondentTa azriT. es Cemi saqme ar ariso. imitom rom misi uflebebi. Sesabamisad. Telavi) “saxelmwifoSi moqalaqem ar icis Tavisi valdebulebebi. Telavi) SedarebiT iSviaTad saubroben respodnentebi Tavad moqalaqeTa rolis Sesaxeb korufciis winaaRmdeg brZolaSi: “aq aris mTavari sakuTari uflebebis da movaleobebis gacnobiereba. axalcixe) “sazogadoebam is unda gaakeTos pirvel rigSi. aris saxelmwifo. Seswevs Zala SeebrZolos korufcias. Telavi) “kanoni unda vicodeT” (studentebi. rom kanons Tu ar Seasruleb. es ukanaskneli SeiZleba. daisjebi. rom im Cems zurgs ukan ukve SeiZleba damdgariyo adamiani. axalcixe) “is. Tu rogori SeiZleba iyos rigiTi moqalaqeebis roli korufciis winaaRmdeg brZolaSi: “Cvens uflebebs unda gavecnoT. <. is ar moispoba” (studentebi. axalcixe) aqac. ZiriTadi agenti. kerZod. rac mTavaria. aseve saxelmwifom nebismieri moqalaqisadmi unda gaacnobieros [Tavisi] uflebamovaleoba. da ukve rogor aris. sxvac aRar gaakeTebs” (studentebi. quTaisi) “saxelmwifom unda akontrolos xalxi. dausjelobis sindromis aRmofxvra. gamoixateba saxelmwifos valdebulebebSi” (studentebi. an qrTamis gareSe.“imaze. Telavi) “sabani sadamdec gagwvdeba. Cven mas SeniSvnas ar mivcemT. magaliTad: quCaSi mimavalma axlagazrdam daagdo Zirs nayinis qaRaldi. Telavi) “Tu xalxs ar endomeba. mas es SeuZlia gaakeTos Semdegi RonisZiebebis gatarebis meSveobiT: xelfasebis gazrda da kanonierebis kulturis damkvidreba. raRac situaciebze. rogorc wesi. rac Sen gaqvs” (studentebi. Telavi) mainc. romelsac. rom amis gareSe ar xdeba. me gulaxdilad vityvi. mentalitetis Secvlas albaT dro dasWirdeba” (policielebi. razec vCumdebodi. yovelTvis. rom saxelmwifos mSenebloba TiToeul maTganzea damokidebuli.> magram me ukve ratom ar gavCumdi. rom korufcia moispos. Tundac Sen ufro mebrZoli xar. romelic mxars momcemda” (profesor-maswavleblebi. unda gavacnoT sxva adamianebic am uflebebs” (studentebi. daisaja. aRar unda ifiqron. fulis gareSe. viRaca rom dainaxavs. vidre is — Sen [unda] daexmaro im adamians im resursiT. da rogorc Tanamdebobis pirma unda gaiTvaliswinos sakuTari movaleoba. rom Tu me xmas amoviRebdi da Tu amas vityodi. axalcixe) 46 . ukve vicodi. rom zurgi ukve cota magari meqneboda. gakeTdes mosaxleobis samarTlebrivi ganaTlebis meSveobiT: “saxelmwifom unda izrunos sakuTari moqalaqeebis samarTlebrivi ganaTlebisaTvis. ai. ase unda iyos gacnobierebuli kanonis uzenaesoba” (saxelmwifo moxeleebi. rom unda SeveCvioT SeniSvnis micemas. me ar gavCumdi erTi Tvis win. ra uflebebi aqvs.. ise unda daifaro” (studentebi. Tu [kanoni] ar Sesruldeba. razec vCumdebodi me yovelTvis. iciT? mcdeloba aRar aris” (studentebi. rogor asrulebs kanons. rom Caagdos qaRaldi urnaSi” (saxelmwifo moxeleebi. axalcixe) “axlandeli axalgazrdobac uwyobs amas [korufcias] efeqturad xels. rac Sen ici da [sxva adamianma] ar icis — Tundac uflebebi.

quTaisi) “sazogadoeba kanonmorCili unda gaxdes.respondnetebi acnobiereben im garemoebas. 2004 w. rom isea gamartivebuli qrTamis aRebis procedura. aseve calkeuli moqalaqeebis Zalebis gaerTianebis Sedegad: “moqalaqeebi ufro aqtiuri unda iyvnen. Tbilisi) SesaZloa. saxelmwifom ki socialuri pirobebi unda mouwesrigos Tavis moqalaqeebs” (policielebi. romlis Tanaxmadac brZola korufciis winaaRmdeg unda xdebodes erToblivad. socialuri 47 . yvelaze ufro konstruqciulia pozicia. quTaisi) oqtomberi. rogorc saxelmwifos. rom Zalian Znelia vinme konkretulze xelis dadeba” (maswavleblebi da mSoblebi. rom korufciis winaaRmdeg brZola ioli ar aris: “xan aris. saxelmwifom problemebi unda moagvaros” (policielebi.

236. romelTa sityvierad aRwera da gadmocema respondents SeiZleba gauWirdes. mecxvareebis) da maTi cxovrebis Sinagani wesebis dadgena. romlis umTavresi Rirseba isaa. amis mizezi ki isaa. es SeiZleba iyos moqmedebebi. an ubralod ar CaTvalos laparakis Rirsad. arada. rodesac SeuZlebelia imis winaswarmetyveleba. da ver gvawvdian sando informacias mis Sesaxeb. Sromis ganawileba.bernardi. swored es garemoeba ganapirobebs am meTodis specifikas da masTan dakavSirebul gansakuTrebul sirTuleebs. socialuri mecnierebisTvis kargadaa cnobili. SedarebiT naklebad Seswavlil kunZulebze. The Art and Method of Qualitative Interview Studies. damaxinjebulad gadmogvces isini. dakvirveba erT-erT umniSvnelovanes Tvisebriv meTods warmoadgens. rodesac mas mSobliur kulturaSi uwevs dakvirvebis ganxorcieleba. iqneba es maTi religiuri wes-Cveulebebi. da ara “laboratoriul” pirobebSi. aseve antropologiuri gamokvlevebi — naklebad cnobili tomis an eris cxovreba an am cxovrebis romelime aspeqti. ukanasknel SemTxvevaSi kvleva Soreul qveynebSi xorcieldeba. Weiss. ra movlenebis momswre gaxdeba dRis manZilze. mivmarToT dakvirvebas Cvensave qalaqebSi mcxovrebi xalxis subkulturis Seswavlis mizniT. damnaSaveebis. amitom intervius dros ver ixseneben maT. es gansakuTrebiT sworia dakvirvebis SemTxvevaSi. dakvirveba intervius nebismier saxeobas (maT Soris siRrmiseul intervius da fokusjgufs) informaciis Segrovebis verbaluri saSualebebi udevs safuZvlad. romelic mniSvnelovani cvlilebebis gareSe meordeba dRidan dRemde.r. es amocana mniSvnelovnad rTuldeba. Learning from Strangers. Tu sxva. iq. da am moqmedebebs Soris aris iseTebi. sxva SemTxvevaSi ki isini arasworad ixsomeben imas. dakvirvebis meTodi Zalze farTod gamoiyeneba socialur mecnierebebSi. New York: Free Press. es SeiZleba iyos urTierToba TanamSromlebs Soris samuSao saaTebSi. romlebic mraval kiTxvas warmoSoben. rom dakvirvebis warmoebis yvelaze mizanSewonili obieqtia yoveldRiuri saqmianoba. Tu maT miukerZoebeli TvaliT SevxedavT.Tema 4. umaRles saswavlebelSi). Tu rogor ganviTarda movlenebi. saswavlo procesi (skolSi. es SeiZleba iyos rogorc sxva. SedarebiT mcirericxovani da naklebad cnobili socialuri jgufis kultura (magaliTad. h. Tumca Cven ukve aRvniSneT.50 situaciebSi. 48 . rok-musikosebis. rom mSobliur kulturaSi Cven “bunebrivad” aRviqvamT da Cveulebrivad gveCveneba moqmedebebisa da reaqciebis umravlesoba. rom is bunebriv garemoSi xorcieldeba. sadac realurad mimdinareobs cxovreba. magram adamianTa cxovrebaSi ara naklebi mniSvneloba aqvs moqmedebebs. rom Tvisebrivi meTodebi gamoirCeva Tavisi araformaluri xasiaTiT. romelTa mniSvnelobac socialuri cxovrebis analizisaTvis Zalze didia. kerZod. rom isini Cveni yoveldRiuri cxovrebis nawilia da miCveulebi varT maT. da aq sityva “kultura” Zalze farTo gagebiT ixmareba. im ubralo mizezis gamo. rodis. iTvleba. zogierTi mniSvnelovani elementi ki SeiZleba saerTod yuradRebis gareSe dagvrCes. magram Tanamedrove kvleviT praqtikaSi savsebiT miRebulia. zog SemTxvevaSi respondentebi ar aqceven yuradRebas sakuTari qcevis garkveul detalebs. P. dakvirvebis meTodis Teoretikosebi. rogoricaa mkvlevris ofisi. rodesac intervius verc erT saxeobas ver gamoviyenebT. qcevebs. rom adamianebi ar arian sakuTari qcevis kargi aRmwerebi. rom damkvirveblis amocana gacilebiT iolia misTvis ucxo kulturaSi muSaobis dros. Taobebs Soris urTierToba. yvelaze xSirad am meTods antropologebi da eTnografebi mimarTaven gansxvavebuli kulturis warmomadgenelebis cxovrebis Seswavlis mizniT. Tavisufali drois organizacia ojaxSi an megobarTa wreSi. Tu vin Sexvdeba mkvlevars quCaSi an kafeSi. CvenTvis saWiro informaciis mopovebaSi dakvirveba dagvexmareba. urTierTobas. ra pirobebSi da ra Temaze mouwevs intervius Catareba. xazs usvamen im garemoebas. bazris cxovreba an maRaziaSi myidvelebis 50 Robert S.

socialur gamokvlevebSi dakvirvebis meTodi iSviaTad gvxvdeba rogorc kvlevis erTaderTi meTodi. romelTa Sesaxebac qvemoT visaubrebT. movlenebi. mklevris uSualo interesi SeiZleba iyos xalxis Cacmuloba ama Tu im situaciaSi. da nivTebi. da saboloo jamSi maTi saqcieli bunebrivi aRar aris. rodesac Sesaswavli obieqti ver igrZnobs damkvirveblis arsebobas — erT-erTi aseTi magaliTia dakvirveba xalxmraval adgilebSi. Spradley. romlebsac is Seiswavlis.qceva. vinaidan amaxinjebs Sedegebs. mkvlevris monawileoba socialur situaciaSi. upirveles yovlisa — gasaubrebas Sesaswavli jgufis warmomadgenlebTan da eqspertebTan. New York: Holt. aseTi Seswavla ki SeuZlebelia mxolod dakvirvebis meSveobiT — is aucileblad iTvaliswinebs sxva meTodebis gamoyenebasac. adamianebi. misi CarTva im procesebSi. actor). rogorc wesi. anu “aqtorebi” (ingl. Participant Observation. sadac xdeba moqmedeba. Tumca arsebobs misi Semcirebis SesaZleblobebi. amitom “sufTa”. 58. SeiZleba sxvadasxva intnsiurobiT moxdes. am intensiurobidan gamomdinare. intervius erT-erTi saxeobaa. ras da rogor amboben. specialur literaturaSi es adgili moxsenieba rogorc “saiti” (ingl. reaqtiuloba adamianebis bunebrivi reaqciaa. meTodis daxasiaTeba iseve rogorc nebismieri sxva tipis gamokvleva. Rhinehart and Winston. situaciebi. 52 ix. rac davafiqsireT dakvirvebis dros. mkvlevris arseboba rom ara. rogorc vTqviT. es gavlena cnobilia rogorc reaqtiuloba — ician ra. romelSic aqtorebi monawileoben. Tu rogor iqcevian. rom. dakvirvebis meTodi ixmareba kompleqsurad sxva meTodebTan — upirveles yovlisa. da am meTodiT muSaobisas mkvlevari Zalauneburad erTveba socialur situaciaSi. romlebis irgvliv an romelTa gamoyenebiTac xdeba moqmedeba. es SeiZleba iyos: o o o o adgili. James P. kvlevis procesSi damkvirvebeli Zalauneburad axdens gavlenas moqmed pirebze da socialur situaciebze. adamianebi gansakuTrebul yuradRebas aqceven imas. isini ase ar moiqceodnen. iSviaTi SemTxvevebis garda51. interviusTan erTad. magram dakvirvebis warmoebisas Zalze seriozul problemas warmoadgens. romlebsac is Seiswavlis. an mosaxleobis quCaSi moZraobis siCqare. romlebsac uSualod vakvirdebiT. gamoiyofa CarTvis Semdegi tipebi:52 CarTvis intensiuroba maRali CarTvis tipi sruli (“CarTuli dakvirveba”) aqtiuri saSualo mokrZalebuli dabali pasiuri mkvlevari ar iRebs monawileobas ar aris “CarTva” socialur situaciaSi (“ubralo dakvirveba”) 51 aseT SemTxvevad SeiZleba CavTvaloT situacia. rom maT moqmedebas akvirdebian. an “ubralo” dakvirveba. romelSic isini arian CarTulni. da sxva. romlis msvlelobaSic mkvlevari ar amyarebs urTierTobas aqtorebTan. iSviaTad gamoiyeneba. 49 . romlebic dagvexmarebian sworad avxsnaT is. 1980. rogor epyrobian sxva adamianebs. es imiT aixsneba. gv. dakvirveba Sesaswavli erTeulis gamoyofiT iwyeba. ra Tqma unda. site). nacnobebTan gamosaubrebis mizniT SeCerebis sixSire da am SeCerebebis xangrZlivoba. misi srulad gadalaxva faqtiurad SeuZlebelia. romlebic CarTulni arian CvenTvis saintereso saqmianobaSi da vis moqmedebebsac vakvirdebiT. TviTon moqmedeba an saqmianoba (scenebi). gasaubreba ki. dakvirveba yvelaze xSirad gamoiyeneba gansxvavebuli kulturis warmomadgenlebis cxovrebis wesis Seswavlis mizniT.

didi droa saWiro. SeuZlebelia am meTodis warmatebiT gamoyeneba. romlebsac Seiswavlis. rom kargad SeviswavloT ucxo kulturis warmomadgenlebi. srulfasovani gamokvleva ki sul cota erTi wlis manZilze grZeldeba. da TandaTan icnobs xalxs. CarTul dakvirvebaSi. amis sapirispirod. romlis drosac mkvlevari ar rCeba gare damkvirveblad. New York: Holt. rodesac mkvlevari saerTod ar iRebs monawileobas socialur situaciaSi — magaliTad. P. am gadawyvetilebebis miReba yovelTvis konkretuli situaciidan gamomdinare xdeba. amasTan. ucnob socialur situaciaSi moxvedrili nebismieri adamiani CarTuli damkvirvebeli xdeba. 1994. Tu mkvlevari Seecdeba SecdomaSi Seiyvanos is xalxi. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publishers.bernardi Tvlis. “sakuTari Tavis wardgenis wesebi Zalze martivia. SevarCioT cxovrebis konkretuli aspeqtebi. is ubralod midis kafeebSi.53 CarTuli dakvirvebis meTodisadmi miZRvnil klasikur saxelmZRvanelod iTvleba jeims spradlis “CarTuli dakvirveba”. mkvlevari awarmoebs araformalur gasaubrebebs aqtorebTan an srulfasovan interviuebs atarebs maTTan. is zis kafeSi da mxolod akvirdeba im movlenebs. socialuri mecnierebebis farglebSi CarTuli dakvirveba warmoadgens mcdelobas gavigoT. CarTuli dakvirvebis ori tipi arsebobs — gamJRavnebuli. CarTuli dakvirvebis minimalur xangrZlivobad ramdenime Tve iTvleba. Spradley. iZulebulebi viqnebiT. biblioTekebSi. misi azriT. aramed srul monawileobas iRebs im socialur situaciebSi. Participant Observation. socialur situaciaSi sruli CarTva Seesabameba CarTul dakvirvebas (participant observation). rogor aRiqvamen sxvadasxva movlenebs da ra mniSvnelobas aniWeben maT. 53 qarTulad CarTuli dakvirveba zog SemTxvevaSi moixsenieba rogorc “monawile dakvirveba” rac Sesabamisi inglisuri terminis ufro zusti Targmania. 1980. da is iZulebuli xdeba. iseve rogorc ar arsebobs dakvirvebis saitis SerCevasTan dakavSirebuli rekomendaciebi. (ingl. Russel Bernard. rom am meTodis Seswavlis saukeTeso xerxi misi praqtikuli gamoyenebaa. gamoikvlios da Seiswavlos isini xalxTan urTierTobis meSveobiT. h. overt). Tu gamokvlevis savele periods ramdenime weliwads davuTmobT. romlebic dakvirvebis ZiriTad fokuss warmoadgenen da romlebsac dawvrilebiT SeviswavliT. romlebic iq viTardeba. imisaTvis. damatebiT. “eTnografiuli kvleva” da “CarTuli dakvirveba” ixmareba rogorc sinonimebi. Tu mkvlevari Seecdeba warmoadginos Tavi sxva adamianad. — ilaparakeT simarTle. xSirad mkvlevari iwyebs muSaobas garemoSi.“ubralo” dakvirveba Seesabameba situacias. ar arsebobs CarTuli dakvirvebis warmoebis sayovelTao wesebi. anu aqtorebi. es monawileoba gamoixateba aqtorebTan erTad maT yoveldRiur saqmianobasa Tu zeimebSi monawileobis miRebaSi. is ver miaRwevs warmatebas”55. Rhinehart and Winston. 55 H. maSinac ki. Research Methods in Anthropology. vinaidan erTi SexedviT martiv socialur situaciebSic ki xSirad Rrma da rTuli kulturuli azria Caqsovili. amis Seswavlas sakmaod bevri dro sWirdeba. “quCaSi dgomis” strategia Zalian efeqturia. romlebic droTa ganmavlobaSi misi informaciis wyaroebi gaxdebian. vidre is sinamdvileSia. rom mkvlevarma daimkvidros adgili Sesaswavl jgufSi da moipovos xalxis ndoba. danarCenebs ki mxolod zedapiruli yuradReba davuTmoT. magram informantebis gacnobis Semdeg Tveebia saWiro imisaTvis. CarTuli dakvirvebaa is meTodi. iyaviT Tanamimdevruli da nu ilaparakebT zedmets. dadis SerCeuli “saitis” quCebSi. sadac aravis ar icnobs.r. 54 James P. 144. vinaidan misTvis ucxoa am situaciaSi moqmedi wesebi da normebi. miuxedavad am meTodikis simartivisa. visTanac is muSaobs. maTi kulturuli normebi da/an simboloebi. eswreba ama Tu im Temis mier organizebul RonisZiebebs. 2nd Edition. xSirad literaturaSi terminebi “eTnografia”. romelic xSirad gaigivebulia Tavad Tvisebriv meTodebTan da/an eTnografiasTan. — ambobs bernardi.54 spradlis Tanaxmad. 50 . Tu ra mniSvnelobebs aniWeben sxvadasxva socialuri Tu kulturuli jgufis warmomadgenlebi TavianT cxovrebas.

rom es esaa daviwyeT dakvirvebis Catareba sasamarTloSi da gvsurs SeviswavloT. dakvirvebis aRweriT etapze Cven SevZlebT mxolod Zalian saerTo doneze aRvweroT. 33-34. yvelafris dakvirveba sinamdvileSi SeuZlebelia. 82-83). aRweriTi dakvirvebis meSveobiT SesaZlebelia pasuxi gavceT mkvlevaris winaSe mdgar aRweriT kiTxvebze57. Tumca. rodesac SeuZlebelia ama Tu im jgufis Seswavla sxvagvarad. dakvirvebis fokusireba Zalauneburad iwvevs socialuri situaciis im elementebis ignorirebas. rom romelime aqtori Seityobs mis namdvil vinaobas. 51 . cit. mkvlevari ase Seiswavlis daxurul jgufebs. fokusis SerCevaSi SeiZleba mniSvnelovani roli iTamaSos socialuri situaciis monawileebTan gasaubrebis Sedegad miRebulma informaciam. mas eqneba informacia dagegmili qurdobis/Zarcvis/yaCaRobis Sesaxeb. aRweriT dakvirvebas ar SeuZlia met-naklebad mniSvnelovani Sedegebi mogvces — misi erTaderTi mizania. maTma komentarebma. socialuri realobis konkretulad romel aspeqtebze gaamaxvilebs yuradRebas.S. romlis msvlelobaSic mkvlevari cdilobs. maSin iZulebuli gaxdeba Sewyvitos kvleva. amasTan. ra Tqma unda. James Spradley. Tu rogor iqceva sasamrTlo darbazSi xalxi. xolo Tu Tavs Seikavebs am informaciis gamxelisagan. aRar gvaqvs saqme reaqtiulobis problemasTan). dagvexmaros dakvirvebis fokusis dadgenaSi — xSirad es xdeba eqspertebTan da/an Sesaswavli kulturis warmomadgenlebTan konsultaciebis meSveobiT. sacdeli etapia. romlebic eyrdnoba aRweriTi dakvirvebis dros Segrovil masalas. fokusirebuli da SerCeviTi dakvirveba. CarTuli dakvirvebis sami etapi gamoiyofa — aRweriTi. maSin is iZulebulia. romlebic saerTo xasiaTis informaciis miRebas isaxavs miznad. romlebic ar warmoadgens Seswavlis uSualo interess.rodesac mkvlevari Tavidanve acnobs aqtorebs Tavis vinaobas da miznebs. gaerkves arsebul socialur situaciaSi da Seiqmnas saerTo warmodgena imis Sesaxeb. monawileoba miiRos am jgufis kanonsawinaaRmdego qmedebebSi. dakvirvebis fokusis SerCeva da misi Semdgomi dazusteba. Op. vinaidan misi warmoebis dros Segnebulad xdeba aqtorebis SecdomaSi Seyvana. ra tipis saqmeebis ganxilva mimdinareobs. arcTu iSviaTad. magram Tu mkvlevari kriminaluri dajgufebis wevri xdeba kvlevis Catarebis mizniT da ar miaCnia mizanSewonilad Tavisi namdvili vinaobis gamJRavneba. romelic Cveni Seswavlis “fokusSi” moeqceva.56 mkvlevari axorcielebs aRweriT dakvirvebas (descriptive observation) kvlevis sawyis etapze. rodesac mas jer ara aqvs gadawyvetili. Tu “ra xdeba aq”. gaumJRavnebeli dakvirveba yvelaze xSirad gamoiyeneba maSin. is Zalze seriozul eTikur problemebTanaa dakavSirebuli. covert). rodesac kvlevis erTaderT saSualebas gaumJRavnebeli CarTuli dakvirveba warmoadgens. romlis drosac aqtorebisTvis ucnobia. Op. maT Soris — kriminalur dajgufebebs. da gaumJRavnebeli (ingl. rodesac mkvlevars ukve gamokveTili aqvs Seswavlis konkretuli erTeulebi. jeims spradlis mohyavs aRweriTi kiTxvebis yvela SesaZlo tipis cxrili (ix. romeli saqmeebi iwvevs yvelaze did interess da a. Pp. cit. anu saboloo jamSi im situaciis SerCeva. mkvlevari mudam “gamomJRavnebis” saSiSroebis winaSea — yovelTvis aris imis SesaZlebloba. amitom am etapze is “yvelafers akvirdeba”. rogorc socialuri situaciis rigiT monawiles. yovelTvis konkretuli gamokvlevis miznebidan da amocanebidan gamomdinareobs. Tu rogor xdeba garkveuli tipis saqmeebis warmoeba. garda amisa. rom saqme aqvT mkvlevarTan — isini mas aRiqvamen. Spradley. maSin damnaSaveTa Tanamonawile xdeba. imitom rom Tu is Seatyobinebs policias aseT informacias. warmovidginoT. miuxedavad imisa. ra Temebs exeboda Cvens mier mosmenili saubrebi. 56 57 James P. rogor unda moiqces is aseT SemTxvevebSi? am sakiTxis gadawyveta Zalian rTulia. fokusirebuli dakvirveba (focused observation) dakvirvebis meore etapia. an vinmes xelSi Cauvardeba mis mier kvlevasTan dakavSirebiT gakeTebuli Canawerebi. rom gaumJRavnebeli dakvrivebis warmoebas Tavisi upiratesobebi aqvs (upirveles yovlisa. aRweriTi dakvirveba dakvirvebis pirveli. Pp.

formalizebuli interviu mkvlevarsa da aqtors Soris winaswari molaparakebis da SeTanxmebis Sedegia. maSin rodesac am kulturis wamomadgenlebis TvalSi mas garkveuli mniSvneloba aqvs. araa winaswar SeTanxmebuli da dagegmili — isini Cveulebriv gasaubrebas ufro hgavs da maTi Cawera diqtofonze yovelTvis ar xdeba. araformalizebuli interviuebi informaciis Zalze mniSvnelovani wyaroa. an Tu dakvirveba gamoiyeneba rogorc damxmare meTodi kompleqsuri kvlevis farglebSi. fokusirebuli dakvirvebis etapze gamoyofili Seswavlis erTeulebis ama Tu im damaxasiaTebeli niSnebis Seswavlas. xolo am xerxebis SedarebiTi efeqturobis dadgena — SerCveviTi dakvirvebis sagani. SerCeviTi dakvirveba (selective observation) dakvirvebis bolo etapia da moiTxovs damkvirveblis yuradRebis sferos kidev ufro dazustebas da SezRudvas. rom Tumca damkvirvebelma SeiZleba CaTvalos. Tumca SesaZloa. Tu restoranSi oficiantebis saqcielis Seswavla aRweriTi dakvirvebis sagania. CarTuli dakvirvebis procesSi SeiZleba gamovyoT intervius ori ZiriTadi saxeoba: formalizebuli da araformalizebuli. romlebis gagebac mxolod am xerxiTaa SesaZlebeli. vinaidan am etapze misi mizania kulturul situaciaSi arsebuli gansxvavebebis gamomJRavneba. dakvirvebis samive etapi. es yovelTvis ase ar xdeba. sanam is aRweriTi dakvirvebidan SerCeviTamde miva. da mzad unda viyoT. anu mklevaris interesi garkveulwilad viwrovdeba. rodesac mkvlevari jer ar aris darwmunebuli. SerCeviTi dakvirveba aucileblad moiTxovs interviuebis Catarebas Sesaswavli kulturis warmomadgenlebTan maTi Sexedulebebis da komentarebis miRebis mizniT. maT mier klientebisagan damatebiTi gasamrjelos miRebis xerxebi (magidis SerCeva klientisaTvis. magram. nebismieri Tvisebrivi meTodis gamoyenebisas. erTi gamokvlevis farglebSi ganxorcielebuli Tanamimdevruli etapebia. rogorc wesi. Cven ar unda gagvikvirdes. rom misTvis araa srulad gasagebi im movlenebis mniSvneloba. rogorc wesi.warmatebuli fokusirebuli dakvirveba moiTxovs gasaubrebas Sesaswavli kulturis warmomadgenlebTan. magaliTad. Tu aRweriTi dakvirvebis etapze mkvlevari SeiZleba sakuTari miznebis gamJRavnebis gareSe muSaobdes. Tu sakiTxis sawyis SeswavlasTan gvaqvs saqme. xolo SerCeviTi dakvirvebis etapze is ukve am situaciis monawile xdeba. daxmareba menius SerCevaSi. intervius sxvadasxva saxeobis gamoynebis gareSe. miuxedavad maTi “moumzadeblobisa”. amasTan. zog SemTxvevaSi — SevcvaloT kvlevis fokusi. aseTi interviuebis Sedegad miRebuli komentarebis gareSe zogi moqmedeba SeiZleba Cveni yuradRebis miRma darCes. es interviu Zalze waagavs siRrmiseul intervius da tardeba winaswar SemuSavebuli gegmis (sadiskusio 52 . fokusirebuli dakvirvebis etapze is Zalauneburad amJRavnebs Tavs rogorc mkvlevari. CavrToT es Temebi Cveni muSaobis procesSi. araformalizebulia yvela is interviu. romelic tardeba moumzadeblad. rodesac damkvirvebeli grZnobs. Tu muSaobis procesSi gamoCndeba axali Temebi. CarTuli dakvirvebis dros aqtorebTan urTierTobis damyarebis an ganmtkicebis procesSi. da sxv. gansakuTrebiT ki dakvirvebis SemTxvevaSi. aseTi interviuebi araa struqturirebuli da. CarTuli dakvirveba warmoudgenelia mkvlevaris mier damatebiTi kvleviTi teqnikebis. an aqtorebisagan damatebiTi informaciis mopovebis mizniT. romlebic SeiZleba Zalze mniSvnelovani iyos Cveni gamokvlevisTvis. romlebsac is akvirdeba. aseTi interviuebi tardeba winaswar daTqmul drosa da adgilas da xdeba maTi Cawera audiokasetaze.) SeiZleba gaxdes fokusirebuli dakvirvebis sagani. raTa SevZloT ama Tu im movlenebis axsna TviT am kulturis warmomadgenelTa TvaliT. kerZod. Tumca mis msvlelobaSi damkvirvebelma SesaZloa (da sasurvelicaa) gaakeTos Canawerebi. yvelaze xSirad es im SemTxvevaSi xdeba. rom adamianebi racionalurad moqmedeben. Tu ra iqneba misi kvlevis sagani da problema. an uazro da SemTxveviTi gveCvenos. ar unda daviviwyoT. raTa daskvnebis gamotanisas ar iqnes ugulebelyofili mniSvnelovani niuansebi. rom kvleva mxolod aRweriTi dakvirvebiT Semoifarglos. dakvirvebis SerCeviTi etapis yvelaze mniSvnelovan damaxasiaTebel niSnad iTvleba mkvlevris mier kontrastruli Sedarebebis da kontrastuli SekiTxvebis gamoyeneba.

53 . damkvirvebels ormagi mizani aqvs: Cveulebrivi monawilisagan gansxvavebiT. Pp. is ara marto monawileobs socialur situaciaSi. is unda iyos Sesaswavli kulturis warmomadgeneli. vinc dainteresdeba gamokvleviT da mTeli gulisyuriT CaerTveba masSi. informanti. aq SeiZleba gamovyoT 6 ZiriTadi gansxvaveba58: 1. garkveulwilad. amitom. is cxovrobs. bevri mkvlevari Tvlis. es iyos komunikabeluri pirovneba. Sesaswavli jgufis rigiTi wevri. erTi gamokvlevis CatarebisTvis mkvlevars ramdenime informanti sWirdeba xolme. anu Sesaswavli jgufis warmomadgeneli. Cveni “maswavlebeli” gaxdes CvenTvis ucxo kulturis Seswavlis saqmeSi. romelic kargad icnobs sakuTar kulturas. rom is “gafiltravs” aqtorebis naTqvams da mxolod im informacias gadaTargmnis. Tu informanti Tarjimnis rolsac TamaSobs. is Cveulebriv monawileobs aqtorebis yoveldRiur cxovrebaSi. vinaidan kargi informanti mTel rig moTxovnebs unda akmayofilebdes. rodesac mkvlevari misTvis ucxo kulturaSi muSaobs. pirvel rigSi. yoveldRiuri cxovrebis eniT. an. informantebis SerCeva. rom karg informants Seswevs Zala. raTa Seiswavlos misi wesebi. mas dadebiTad unda uyurebdnen Sesaswavl jgufSi. 53-58. Tumca garegnulad mkvlevari. am SemTxvevaSi informanti. met-naklebed Sealamazos faqtebi. swored is uadvilebs mkvlevars jgufSi SeRwevas. acnobs xalxs. rom daexmaros mkvlevars. magram araviTar SemTxvevaSi ara mecnieri. da misi gavlena miRebul Sedegebze erTiorad izrdeba. 1980. xSirad arafriT ar gansxvavdeba sxva aqtorebisgan. adamiani. ra Tqma unda. SesaZloa. romlebic miaCnia samarcxvinod. cit. CarTuli dakvirvebis procesSi saWiroa erTi Temisadmi miZRvnili mTeli rigi formaluri interviuebis Catareba. romelic mas miaCnia mniSvnelovnad. ormagi cxovrebiT cxovrobs — erTi mxriv. ufro izrdeba imis saSiSroeba. aramed Segnebulad da 58 es klasifikacia moyvanilia Semdegi gamocemis mixedviT: James P. xolo im SemTxvevaSi. Tarjimnis funqciebsac kisrulobs xolme. maSin kvlevas seriozuli safrTxe daemuqreba. Tu is garkveuli avtoritetiTac sargeblobs. rogorc wesi. vinc Seecdeba mecnieruli terminebiT agvixsnas mimdinare movlenebi — Cven gvWirdeba Cveulebrivi adamiani. romlis warmomadgenelTa enac man ar icis. ukeTesia. mas SeiZleba gauCndes survili. interviuebis gamoyenebasTan erTad. rogorc wesi. informanti ar unda gaxdes erTaderTi pirovneba. rac unda kargi iyos informanti. garda amisa. rom mkvlevarma rac SeiZleba male moaxerxos im enis Seswavla. raTa Seiswavlos. romelzec mas uwevs kvlevis Catareba. magram informanti araviTar SemTxvevaSi ar unda iyos socialur mecnierebaTa specialisti. mTavari (key informant) da “damatebiTi” informantebi. Cven gvesaWiroeba misi daxmareba. romelTa mowmeebic vxdebiT. rac mTavaria. rogorc aRvniSneT. mas unda hqondes survili. sxvebze ufro xalisiani da gonebagaxsnili. magram man Tavisive eniT unda agvixsnas yvelaferi. yovel SemTxvevaSi arasatrabaxod. magram amave dros is regularulad awarmoebs Canawerebs am cxovrebis Sesaxeb. misi brmad ndoba ar SeiZleba — rogorc am kulturis warmomadgenels. informantis roli gacilebiT ufro mniSvnelovani xdeba maSin.gegmis) mixedviT. sasurvelia. exmareba mkvlevars ama Tu im jgufis warmomadgenlebis cxovrebis wesis SeswavlaSi da jgufSi arsebuli wesebisa da normebis gagebaSi. romelTa Sorisac arian ZiriTadi. amitom mniSvnelovania ganvasxvavoT ama Tu im socialuri situaciis Cveulebrivi monawilis da CarTuli damkvirveblis rolebi. Op. vis azrsac gadamwyveti mniSvneloba unda mivaniWoT — Tu es moxdeba. informantebis SerCeva ioli ar aris. CarTuli dakvirvebis erT-erTi umniSvnelovanesi damaxasiaTebeli niSania mkvlevrebis mWidro TanamSromloba informantebTan. romelic CarTul dakvirvebas awarmoebs. rogorc wesi. amasTanave. da ara samecniero kategoriebis gamoyenebiT. sasurvelia. Spradley. ver iqneba da arc unda iyos reprezentatuli. sinamdvileSi mas sruliad gansxvavebeli roli aqvs da. an ar gamoitanos saaSkaraoze cxovrebis is elementebi. informantebis gareSe Cven gagviWirdeba SeviswavloT movlenebi.

aseT introspeqcias yoveldRiurad mimdinareobs da is didad amdidrebs CarTuli dakvirvebis procesSi mopovebul faqtologiur masalas. raTa SeniSnos da daixsomos iseTi detalebic ki. umniSvnelovanesi gansxvaveba movlenebis rigiT monawilesa da damkvirvebels Soris isaa. nanaxi da gagonili. maqsimalurad gavzardoT dakvirvebuli elementebis raodenoba). vinc regularulad awarmoebs pirad dRiurs. iwyeba kvlevis meore.mizanmimarTulad akvirdeba movlenaTa ganviTarebas. 3. romlebic am situacias akvirdebian. anu erTsa da imave dros is aris am socialuri situaciis monawilec da Semswavlelic. amasTan. metic. SeZlebisdagvarad araferi dagvrCes yuradRebis gareSe (ra Tqma unda. dakvirvebis Sedegebis Cawerasac saTanado codna da gamocdileba sWirdeba. raTa SemdgomSi Tavis CanawerebSi aRweros movlenebi da maTSi monawile pirebi. da mkafiod ganasxvavebs Tavisi moqmedebebis “monawileobiT” da “SemecnebiT” mxareebs. rigiT interviuers. yovel saRamos. ra Tqma unda. CarTuli dakvirvebis procesSi mkvlevari Tavad aris Tavisi kvlevis instrumenti — mas ar “exmareba” arc kiTxvari. erTsa da imave dros profesiuli damkvirveblebi arian situaciis monawileebic da gareSe pirebic. didxans grZeldeba. es exeba ara marto saerTo informacias. CainiSnos da/an daixsomos yvelaferi. rigiTi monawile arasdros ar akeTebs — Tu ar gaviTvaliswinebT im adamianebs. rom aqtorebTan xangrZlivi da mWirdo urTierTobis Sedegad mkvlevari Zalze mdidar informacias iRebs maTi cxovrebis Sesaxeb. da bolos. rogorc wesi. Cveulebrivi adamiani ar eweva Tavisi moqmedebebis da grZnobebis aseT sistematur da Rrma analizs. damkvirvebeli awarmoebs Tavisi dakvirvebis Sedegebis dawvrilebiT Caweras — esaa iseTi ram. mkvlevari aTviTcnobierebs. rac xdeba. maT Soris — Tavisi sakuTari moqmedebebi. ar ramdenime wlis ganmavlobaSi iziarebs maTi cxovrebis wess. magram bolo SemTxvevaSi. CarTuli dakvirvebisas Cveni mizani unda iyos. maT saqmianobas. 54 . rogorc zemoT aRvniSneT. romlebsac Cveulebriv pirobebSi yuradRebas ar vaqcevT. es miT ufro mniSvnelovani xdeba maSin. movlenaTa rac SeiZleba farTo speqtri moaqcios Tavisi dakvirvebis sferoSi. ndobis mopoveba ki garkveuli pirovnuli urTierTobebis damyarebas gulisxmobs. ara nakleb mniSvnelovani etapi. 2. respondentebi gacilebiT naklebi gulaxdilobiT esaubrebian. aseTi cxovrebiseuli dakvirvebebisagan gansxvavebiT. arc sadiskusio gegma an raime sxva instrumenti. romlebic araa gamotanili saaSkaraoze. romelic maTTvis sruliad ucxo adamiania. rogorc wesi. xalxs. rom aris movlenebis monawile. Cveulebrivi adamianisgan gansxvavebiT. 6. yvelafris SeniSvna SeuZlebelia. imasTan erTad. romelic Tveebis. reaqciebi. da Cven ganvixilavT moTxovnebs maTi warmarTvisadmi. rasac socialuri situaciis nebismieri sxva. rom damkvirvebeli. da azrebi. SesaZloa. agreTve informacias aqtorebisTvis mgZnobiare Temebze. aramed. Tu mkvlevarma ar moipova aqtorebis ndoba. grZnobebi. Seiswavlos socialuri jgufis kulturuli normebi. CarTuli dakvirvebis umTavresi upiratesoba ubralo dakvirvebasTan SedarebiT isaa. dakvirvebis meTodiT Catarebuli gamokvleva. magram. Tu rogor viTardeba movlenebi. miuxedavad amisa. da am drois manZilze mkvlevari da aqtorebi Zalauneburad sakmaod axlos icnoben erTmaneTs. aseTi dRiurebi mimarTulia individis piradi grZnobebis da gamocdilebebis aRsawerad da amiT gansxvavdeba savele Canawerebisgan. rogorc Sesaswavl obieqts. damkvirvebelma gaaskecebuli yuradReba unda gamoiCinos mis garSemo mimdinare movlenebisadmi. rodesac mkvlevris mizania. es garkveul momzadebas moiTxovs. savele muSaobis Semdeg. 4. cxovrebaSi yvelas gviwevs garkveuli dakvirvebebis Catareba. ese igi. Cveni mizani unda iyos. vidre damkvirvebels. 5. is Tavad iziarebs maTi cxovrebis wess sakmaod xangrZlivi drois manZilze. CarTuli damkvirveblis mizani unda iyos. rodesac man unda gaaanalizos mis mier Segrovebuli informacia. warmatebuli dakvirvebis ganxorcieleba SeuZlebelia. rom is ormag rols TamaSobs. romelic ganixilavs situacias. kidev erTi. mas akisria garkveuli movaleobebi: daakvirdes. uyurebs am movlenebs gareSe mowmis — “ucxos” — TvaliT.

Sesabamisad. amis srulad miRweva SeuZlebelia. obieqturi iyos Tavisi informatebis mimarT. SeuZlebelia informatebis mimarT gulgrili damokidebulebis SenarCuneba da bevri informanti saboloo jamSi mkvlevris namdvili megobari xdeba. rac ar unda ecados mkvlevari. 55 . rodesac damkvirvebeli daumegobrda aqtorebs. dasaxuli miznis misaRwevad CarTuli dakvirveba mkvlevrisagan srul CarTvas moiTxovs. srulad “Seerwyas” Sesaswavls jgufs. CarTuli dakvirvebis Sedegad mopovebuli informacia ufro sando xdeba. arc iseTi etapis gamoyofaa SemTxveviTi. anu eCvevian aqtorebis TvaliT uyuron movlenebs. rogor gamogviva” — es aris saqme. garkveul etapze is gadaiRleba. xSir SemTxvevaSi mkvlevarma SeiZleba imitom miiRos monawileoba ama Tu im RonisZiebaSi. rom is yovelTvis. rom rac ar unda ecados mkvlevari.ara nakleb mniSvnelovania. da sxv. 59 H. 2002. da a. Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Walnut Creek: AltaMira Press. romelic SeiZleba “vcadoT. rom garkveuli TvalsazrisiT. rom gamokvlevis manZilze aqtorebi eCvevian maT gverdiT damkvirveblis yofnas. romelic mis informantebs cudad daaxasiaTebs? miuxedavad amisa.59 SemTxveviTi ar aris. es ar aris romelime rigiTi meTodi. Tundac imis gamo. aRmoCena imisa. amitomaa. aqedan gamomdinareobs is. visTanac man yvelaze mWidro urTierTobebi daamyara. rom bernardi Tvlis. xSirad mkvlevari rTuli eTikuri dilemis winaSe dgeba — aRweros Tu ara moqmedeba. da is xSirad mtkivneulia rogorc mkvlevrisTvis. CarTuli dakvirvebis ganxorcieleba yovelTvis moqmedebs mkvlevaris emociur mdgomareobaze. romlis Seswavlasac cdilobs. Rirs Tu ara masze yuradRebis gamaxvileba da CaniSvna. fokusireba. monaTla maTi Svilebi. Tu is xels aiRebs Tavis kvlevaze.S. daqancva. rom mas gadwyvetili aqvs mis Sesaxeb daweros. rogorc wesi. gauCndeba Sesvenebis aucilebloba. meore Sesveneba da gaSmagebuli saqmianoba. Research Methods in Anthropology. mkvlevari mainc “ucxod” rCeba im sazogadoebaSi. eTnografiuli kvlevis Sedegad mkvlevrebi xSirad resocializaciis process gadian. bernardi gamoyofs CarTuli dakvirvebis ganxorcilebis procesSi mkvlevaris mier gancdili fsiqologiuri mdgomareobebis Tanamimdevrobas: • • • • • • • pirveli kontaqti. mkvlevarsa da aqtorebs Soris damyarebuli urTierTobebi. mniSnvelovnad miaCnia Tavisi kvlevisTvis. rogoricaa “saitis” datoveba — CarTuli dakvirvebis damTavreba da “saitidan” wasvla cxovrebis mniSvnelovani periodis damTavrebas niSnavs. kulturuli Soki. Third Edition. ramdenad mniSvnelovania is misi kvlevisTvis. aris SemTxvevebi. ufro metic. “mkvlevari arasodes tovebs saits” — sulierad is iq rCeba. nebismieri movlenis dros imaze fiqrobs. gamokvlevis damTavrebis Semdegac grZeldeba. rac ar unda ecados is. Sesveneba. da muSaobis dasruleba da “saitis” datoveba. CarTuli dakvirveba saboloo jamSi Zalze piradi xasiaTis ganumeorebeli gamocdilebaa.iseve im aqtorebisaTvis. bolos. misTvis es SesaZlebeli gaxdeba mxolod im SemTxvevaSi. rom mkvlevars eufleba Soki. rac aSkaraa. Pp. romelsac mkvlevari uZRvnis cxovrebis mniSvnelovan periods. Russell Bernard. 356-362. ris Sedegadac mcirdeba maTi qcevis da maTi saubrebis reaqtiuloba.

mas unda SeeZlos miiRos gadawyvetilebebi gamokvlevis fokusis dadgenisa da gamokvlevis dros wamoWrili axali sakiTxebis integrirebis an uaryofis Taobaze. aseTi kvleva moiTxovs gamarTulad da sainteresod weris unars. rom savsebiT SesaZlebelia am unar-Cvevis daufleba Seswavlis da praqtikuli saqmianobis procesSi. rasac SeniSnavs dakvirvebis procesSi. devid m. aseve umniSvnelo movlenebi. 1989. Tu rogor unda warmoebuliyo savele Canawerebi. romelic xSirad monografiis safuZveli xdeba. savele CanawerebSi warmoCenili unda iyos is socialuri realoba. adre mkvlevrebi ar aqcevdnen yuradRebas imas. romelTa mowmec gaxda kvlevis procesSi.savele Canawerebi rogorc ukve aRvniSneT. Tu ra mniSvnelobas aniWebenen ama Tu im gamocdilebas. aseve araformalizebuli interviuebis Catarebisas. cxovrebis wessa Tu kulturul normas is adamianebi. P. CarTuli dakvirvebis Catareba mkvlevrisagan mTeli rigi unar-Cvevebs daxvewas moiTxovs — is unda iyos yuradRebiani damkvirvebeli. savele Canawerebi masobrivi gamokiTxvis dros Sevsebuli kiTxvarebis analogiuri informaciis wyaroa. kargi msmeneli. Tu adamiani dRidan dRemde awarmoebs Canawerebs da kritikuli TvaliT afasebs maT. rom dResdReobiT jer kidev ar 60 David M. kvalificiuri interviueri rogorc formalizebuli. rogorc nebismieri sxva unar-Cveva. mas aucileblad gamoumuSavdeba maTi ukeT warmoebis unari. Beverly Hills. xolo am Canawerebis da SemdgomSi dakvirvebis angariSis momzadebisaTvis mas moeTxoveba sxvadasxva tipis teqstebis Seqmnis unari — dawyebuli savele CanawerebiT da damTavrebuli Semajamebeli angariSiT.Fetterman. CarTuli dakvirvebis meTodis gamoyenebiT kvlevis Catarebis erT-erTi ZiriTadi ganmasxvavebeli Tviseba isaa. amitomaa. aramed ama Tu im Sesaswavli jgufis Tu individisaTvis damaxasiaTebel bunebriv pirobebSi. rogorc robert emersoni aRniSnavs. 107. romelTa yofasac Cven SeviswavliT. meTodologiuri ganxilvis sagani savele Canawerebi sul raRac bolo 15-20 wlis win gaxda. Cawerilia mosmenili dialogebi an calkeuli frazebi. rac TavisTavad gulisxmobs savele muSaobis Catarebas ara eqsperimentalur pirobebSi. sadac is cdilobs CainiSnos yvela is wvrilmani Tu mniSvnelovani movlena. romelic SemdgomSi umniSvnelovanes rols TamaSobs dakvirvebis Sedgebis Seswavlasa da analizSi — saboloo jamSi. iseve rogorc zogadad weris niWi. savele Canawerebi “eTnografiuli struqturis aguri da cementia”60. kvlevis procesSi yoveldRiuri savele Canawerebis (fieldnotes) warmoebis wesebis Seswavla CarTuli dakvirvebis meTodis Seswavlis mniSvnelovani nawilia Tanamedrove eTnografiaSi. eTnografiuli kvlevis Catarebis ZiriTadi mizania imis gageba. romelsac mkvlevari Seiswavlis.: Sage Publications. romelic daexmareba daimaxsovros is. sadac aRwerilia damkvirveblis mier danaxuli socialuri situaciebi. rom kvleviT unar-CvevebTan erTad. Calif. CainiSnos yvela detali da SemdgomSi es detalebi ufro farTo konteqstSi moaTavsos. rom jer kidev XIX saukunidan moyolebuli maT yvela eTnografi iyenebda Tavis muSaobaSi. meore midgomis Tanaxmad ki savele Canawerebis warmoeba iseTive warmatebiT SeiZleba aswavlo adamians. savele Canawerebis warmoebis unari. mkvlevris mier ganxorcielebuli dakvirvebis dokumentacia savele Canawerebis meSveobiT xdeba. mkvlevars unda Seswevdes unari. 56 . erTis Tanaxmad. Ethnography: Step by Step. savele Canawerebis mimarT ori ZiriTadi damokidebuleba arsebobs. yoveldRiurad aRweros rogorc mniSvnelovani. romlis momswrec gaxda. Tandayolilia da misi swavleba SeuZlebelia — is an aqvs adamians. mas unda hqondes Zalian kargi mexsiereba. miuxedavad imisa. kulturuli normebis da socialuri organizaciis formebis aRwera detaluri dakvirvevebis doneze. savele Canawerebi is masalaa. an ara. maTSi xdeba arsebuli cxovrebis wesis. eTnografiuli kvlevis farglebSi xdeba individebis da socialuri jgufebis yoveldRiuri cxovrebis aRwera maTi kulturuli normebis Seswavlis mizniT. amasTan. Cvenc am azrs viziarebT da gvjera. raTa Semdgom Caiweros dakvirvebis Sedegebi. amitom maTi Sedgena da momzadeba guldasmiT unda moxdes. dakvirvebis Sedegad gakeTebuli savele Canawerebis umravlesoba warmoadgens TxrobiT Canawerebs. fetermanis azriT.

rasac akvirdeba. maTi waramoebis procesi eTnografiuli kvlevis erT-erTi ZiriTadi komponentia. faqtebze gaamaxviles maT yuradReba. aris is. rac Seexeba dRiurs an Jurnals. savele Canawerebis auditoria mxolod erTi adamiania — Tavad mkvlevari. saerTod. es moTxovna. Pp. spradlis azriT. magram swored savele Canawerebis gakeTebiT iwyeba monacemTa analizi. jeims spradli urCevs yvela mkvlevars. savele Canawerebi uaRresad individualuri dokumentia. Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes. mecnieruli ena (ufro konkretulad. SeZlebisdagvarad gaakeTos Canawerebi imave enaze. xolo dRiurebi ganixileba rogorc warmoebuli dakvirvebis “subieqturi” STabeWdilebebis asaxva. savele Canawerad unda miviCnioT mxolod da mxolod is Canaweri. es procesi exmareba mkvlevars gaaanalizos movlenebi. daSvebuli Secdomebi. maTSi is Tavis pirad mosazrebebs da STabeWdilebebs iniSnavs. da aucileblad miuTiTos Tavis CanawerebSi yvela frazis avtoris vinaoba. ra enazec mimdinareobda saubarebi. ramdenadac savele Canawerebi (am terminis viwro gagebiT) momxdaris obieqtur asaxvad iTvleba. socialuri mecnierebis ena). rac xels uwyobs kvlevis warmatebulad Catarebas. miRebuli gamocdileba. uari Tqvas Sefasebebsa da ganzogadoebebze savele Canawerebis gakeTebis dros. es sakiTxi ar kargavs Tavis aqtualobas. 1995. Tumca zogierTi mkvlevari Tvlis. and Linda L. Rachel I. problemebi. Cven vTvliT. Sesaswavli jgufis ena (profesiuli leqsika.viii-x. sadac mkvlevari SeZlebisdagvarad miukerZoeblad aRwers savele pirobebSi gakeTebuli dakvirvebis Sedegebs. amrigad. romelzec Zalian did gavlenas axdens mkvlevris pirovnuli Tvisebebi. ramdenad marTebulia savele Canawerebis sxvadasxva tipebad dayofa61. upirveles yovlisa. aseTi dayofis SemTxvevaSi xelovnurad xdeba dakvirvebisaTvis “obieqturobis” miniWebis mcdeloba. Emerson. yvelaze xSirad 61 Robert M.aris miRweuli konsensusi imasTan dakavSirebiT. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. es arc Tu iSviaTad xdeba movlenebis kulturuli mniSvnelobis damaxinjebis mizezi. rom savele Canawerebia savele muSaobisas gakeTebuli yvela Canaweri. magram. rodesac mkvlevari Tavis mSobliur qveyanaSi muSaobs. ramdenad unda ganvasxvavoT maTgan “dRiurebi” an “Junalebi”. rom ramdenime mkvlevris mier erTi da igive movlenis Sesaxeb gakeTebuli savele Canawerebi SeiZleba absoluturad gansxvavdebodes erTmaneTisgan iqidan gamomdinare. es naTqvami sityvasityviT CainiSnos. raTa rac SeiZleba zustad moxdes ganxorcielebuli dakvirvebis asaxva. robert emersonis msgavsad. romlebic ucxo qveynebSi muSaoben da kvlevis savele etapi ucxo enaze xorcieldeba. da. Shaw. Tu romel aqtorebze. gaamartivos mis winaSe mdgari amocana da ukve savele Canawerebis warmoebis procesSi mecnierul enaze Targmnos is. Tu romel enaze unda awarmoos es Canawerebi? ra Tqma unda. magram maSinac ki. rogorc emersoni aRniSnavs. rogor unda gaukeTdes organizacia am Canawerebs? pirveli kiTxva. savele Canawerebi unda ganvixiloT ara mxolod rogorc instrumenti. romelsac mkvlevarma unda gasces pasuxi savele Canawerebis warmoebisas. misi mizani unda iyos. Seaqvs Tavisi SeniSvnebi gamokvlevis msvlelobasTan dakavSirebiT. romelTa momswrec is gaxda. xSirad swored savele Canawerebis gakeTebis dros uCndeba mkvlevars esa Tu is kiTxva. Tavisi molodini. rom arsebobs gansxvaveba savele Canawerebsa da dRiurebs Soris. detalebze. wamoiWreba kvlevis axali mimarTulebebi. romlebic uCndeba muSaobis procesSi. mkvlevari ar unda ahyves survils. es kiTxva exeba im mkvlevrebs. savele Canawerebi ar unda ganvixiloT rogor ama Tu im movlenis ubralo aRwera. Tu konkretulad ra saxis Canawerebs unda ewodos “savele Canawerebi”. 57 . maTi azriT. salaparako ena. rodesac mklevari aqtorebis naTqvams gadmoscems. vinaidan mainc arsebobs ramdenime enis gamoyenebis SesaZlebloba: • • • yoveldRiuri.). movlenebze. eWvs gareSea. aramed rogorc warmatebuli eTnografiuli kvlevis umniSvnelovanesi nawili.Fretz. Jargoni da sxv.

amitom eTnografisTvis aucilebelia kargi mexsierebis qona. 30. da gacilebiT met dros moiTxovs. rom mkvlevars ar daaviwydes mniSvnelovani movlenebi. mokled da “Taviseburad” gaukeTos Tqmuls perefrazireba. ganzogadoebebi saWiro iqneba Cveni Semdgomi muSaobisas. magram mexsierebis srulad ndoba ar SeiZleba. detaluri savele Canawerebis regularuli gakeTeba zog SemTxvevaSi SeuZlebelia. man aucileblad unda ramenairad CainiSnos isini. movlenebi dawvrilebiT aRwereT. sxvadasxva istoriebi — savele etapis Catarebis procesSi aqtorebis yuradrebiT mosmenis unari erT-erTi yvelaze mniSvnelovania. isini isev da isev unda iqnes aRwerili. Jestebi da sxva. Tu movlenebi xSirad meordeba. spradli darwmunebulia. maSinac ki. qvemoT moyvanilia aseTi Canwerebis magaliTi: jorji=magidasTan aravin ar gamacno exla marto espanurad saubrobs saerTo saubari — vin ukravs “isini ar arian Zalian magrebi” — bodiSi62 62 Robert M. vinaidan damkvirvebelisTvis ufro advilia. maT Tavs gadamxdari ambebi. Shaw. ra Tqma unda. maSin garkveul kulturul elementebsac davkargavT. rom gadmogvces ama Tu im movlenis informantiseuli axsna-ganmartebebi. mas unda SeeZlos daimaxsovros adamianebis garegnoba. spradlis mesame rCeva aseTia: dakvirvebis Sedegebis Cawerisas. P. “socializacia” da sxv. romelic pirveli SexedviT mas. SemdgomSi es mniSvnelovnad dagvexmareba ucxo kulturis SecnobaSi. rac yvelaze metad dagvexmareba monacemebis analizis dros. mizanSewonilia mokle angariSis dawera uSualod dakvirvebis damTavrebis Semdeg. magram es unda moxdes mas Semdeg. es SeiZleba ar iyos gamarTuli da Camoyalibebuli winadadebebi — sakmarisia sakvanZo fraza. imisaTvis. iolic ki eCvena. rom CainiSnos raime detali Tu movlena. es termini Seesabameba situacias. “interaqcia”. cit. sanam maT SevudgebodeT. sakvanZo frazebi. vrcel angariSSi damkvirvebels ar unda eSinodes xSiri ganmeorebebis — piriqiT. Emerson. “socialuri situacia”. amasTan. an jotting notes. da Tu is ar SevinarCuneT. SeiZleba. vixmaroT iseTi mecnieruli terminebi. “kulturuli strategia”. rom swored mravalgzis ganmeorebuli dakvirvebebis aRweris Sedegad axerxebs mkvlevari Cawvdes socialuri situaciis mTel sirTules. vidre mokle “Sejamebebi”. es rTulia. CanawerebSi araa mizanSewonili. arsebobs aseTi termini — jottings. rogorebicaa “roli”.irRveva. risi mowmeebic Cven gavxdiT dakvirvebis dros. SesaZloa. dagvexmareba davicvaT Tavi winaswari (da xSirad mcdari) Sejamebebisa da Sefasebebisagan. SemdgomSi es mravali Secdomis mizezi xdeba. iyaviT rac SeiZleba zusti da konkretuli. rac mokle Canaweris gakTebas niSavs. Op. dakvirvebis angariSis dawera SeiZleba or etapad moxdes: uSualod dakvirvebis damTavrebisas iwereba mokle angariSi. rodesac mkvlevari iyenebs mxolod misTvis gasageb Semoklebebs.Fretz. magram saboloo jamSi swored detalebia. magram vinaidan aseTi angariSebis Caweris dasrulebisTvis meti droa saWiro. ganxorcielebuli dakvirvebis aRwera savele CanawerebSi yoveldRiurad unda xdebodes uSualod dakvirvebis dasrulebis Semdeg — winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi Cven SeiZleba dagvaviwydes detalebi da davkargoT bevri faseuli informacia. garemo. rac ukve SevagrovebT faqtebs. figurebs an sqemebs imisaTvis. Semdeg ki — vrceli. rodesac Tqveni STabeWdilebebisa da grZnobebis Sesaxeb laparakobT. detaluri da konkretuli aRwera imisa. an raime sakvanZo detalis mokled CaniSvna. rameTu aqtorebis mier gamoynebuli ena maTi kulturis erT-erTi yvelaze mniSvnelovani gamoxatulebaa. rom maTi wakiTxvis Semdeg mkvlevarma SeZlos ama Tu im movlenis mexsierebaSi aRdgena da detalurad aRwera. 58 . aseTi Canawerebi xSir SemTxvevaSi ucxo pirebs SesaZloa sityvebis uazro nakrebi eCvenos. vrceli angariSis dawerac ar unda gadavdoT Soreuli momavlisaTvis. mklvevari unda ecados. and Linda L. Rachel I.

rodesac esa Tu is dakvirveba ganxorcielda. me-10 aRmosavleTis quCa — Tamazi zustad wuTi-wuTze movida (saRamos 5 saaTze). rac SeiZleba dawvrilebiT gadmosces Tavis CanawerebSi is garemo da dialogebi. daaxlovebiT 1. Tu rogor ukravs es jgufi — “isini ar arian Zalian magrebi”. ufro swored ki im binisken. win patara kibeebiT. miTiTebuli iyos zusti saaTi. jorjma ar gaacno mkvlevari aravis. ramdenadac savele Canawerebi mxolod mkvlevrisTvisaa gankuTvnili. romlebmac. radgan isini calkeuli dakvirvebebis aRweras warmoadgens. romeli jgufi ukravs am dros scenaze. monawileTa raodenoba. sadac kvleva Catarda. perefrazi. aucilebelia. sadac jgufi ver ukravs saTanado doneze. sasurvelia aseve. maTSi SeiZleba aqtorebis da informantebis namdvili saxelebis xmareba. ganvixiloT Semdegi magaliTi: 2004 wlis . ivnisi. SesaZloa. mniSvnelovania. niu-iorki. gamotyda Tamazi da kari SeaRo. rac Camovedi. im drois manZilze. gavlena iqonies miRebul Sedegebze. vinc magidasTan ijda. aseve iribi naTqvami. Tamazi maRali. savele Canawerebi sakmaod fragmentul xasiaTs atarebs.es Canaweri gakeTda espaurenovani rok-musikis erT-erT klubSi. yvela saxeli unda Seicvalos ise. erT-erTi damswreTagani — ara mkvlevari — akeTebs komentars imasTan dakavSirebiT. aqtorebis konfidencialobis dacvis mizniT. mocemulia garemos da Tavad informantis aRwera. an organizacia. aseTi Canawerebi informaciis mdidari wyaroa. aqa var”. rom SeuZlebeli gaxdes aqtoris identifikacia. rac niu-iorkSi cxovrobda da aRmoCnda. masTan erT oTaxSi kidev 3 adamiani cxovrobs. gzad SevekiTxe. tyavis fexsacmeli. romlis drosac viRacam ikiTxa. mkvlevari unda ecados. zogi dRisiT muSaobs da zogi RamiT. Sexvedraze — metros gaCereba braiton biCi. Cven gaviareT 3 kvartali aRmosaleTiT da aRmovCndiT TeTrad SeRebili orsarTuliani binis win. rom es SeniSvna garkveulwilad bodiSis moxdas niSnavs. “iseTi daRlili movdivar xandaxan samsaxuridan rom Zilis garda arafris Tavi ara maqvs xolme. kvlevis savele etapis damTavrebis Semdeg is exmareba mkvlevars aRadginos grZnobebi da ganwyobebi. pirveli dRidan. rac meti detalia. magram maTi analizisa da gadamuSavebis Sedegad iqmneba saboloo naSromi. magidasTan saerTo saubari mimdinareobs. savele CanawerebSi informantis zusti naTqvami brWyalebSi unda movaTavsoT.. aseve stilisturad. 59 . imis gamo. ramdeni welia. Cven mivesalmeT da movikiTxeT erTmaneTi da is gamiZRva Tavisi sacxovrebeli binisken.80 sm. perefrazirebuli sityvebi ki brWyalebis gareSe davweroT. kacebi vcxovrobT yvelani”.. rom Tavidan is inglisurad saubrobda da raRac momentSi gadavida espanurze. romelsac ori Sesasvleli qonda. perangis jibeSi uCanda Camel-is kolofi da sanTebela. Cven vigebT. da mkvlevari aRniSnavs. perefrazireba an iribi naTqvami. rom savele CanawerebSi daTariRebuli iyos yoveli Canaweri. miT ukeTesi. adgili. agreTve SevcvaloT an saerTod ar davasaxeloT dasaxlebuli punqti. “sul aq cxovrobdiT Tu sxva binac gqondaT naqiravebi?” — “sul aq. movediT kidec”. maTi daxasiaTeba — rogorc eTnografebi amboben. romelTa momswrec xdeba. ai. romelic gamarTulia rogorc Sinaarsobrivad. rom is iseT klubSi moiyvanes. rom ukve meeqvse weli iyo. rac saxlamde mivdiodiT. es SeiZleba iyos pirdapiri naTqvami. zog SemTxvevaSi. cota dasalagebelia aqauroba. ecva TeTri perangi da lurji jinsebi. mainc. 63 Tamar zurabiSvilis mier Catarebuli kvlevis savele Canawerebidan. rom jorji magidasTan zis. Cven marcxena SesasvlelSi SevediT — “ar SegeSindeT. da 32-34 wlisaa. sadac vawarmoebdiT dakvirvebas.63 am magaliTSi gamoyenebulia rogorc pirdapiri. rogorc aRmoCnda. magram rodesac kvlevis angariSs vamzadebT. sadac is sawoladgils qiraobda.

ra aris am jgufis lideris avtoritetis safuZvels. aRsaniSnavia. Forth edition. David M. zog SemTxvevaSi ki — transkriptebs. sakuTari savele Canawerebis Seswavlis dros mkvlevari gamoyofs im detalebs. Rachel I. AltaMira Press. Tu rogoria erT-erTi amerikuli qalaqis italiur ubanSi arsebuli dajgufebis Sida struqtura. davaleba: wadiT sajaro biblioTekaSi. 1990. James P. 323-364 (“Participant Observation”). Street Corner Society: The Social Structure of an Italian Slum. Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes. rogorc analitikuri strategiis magaliTi. romlebic mniSvnelovania Sesaswavl sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT da cdilobs. sadac ganxilulia kvlevis savele etapi da moyvanilia miRebuli daskvnebi. 1980. magram ramdenadac xSir SemTxvevaSi kvleviTi kiTxvebis saboloo dazusteba savele muSaobis Catarebis procesSi xdeba. bunebrivia. monacemTa analizis saboloo mizani unda iyos kvleviT kiTxvebze pasuxis gacema. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1995. 1993. 60 64 . Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. Street Corner Society: The Social Structure of an Italian Slum. Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. 1988. Spradley. John Van Maanen. William Foote White. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. analizis procesSi mkvlevarma Zalian vrceli masala unda Seiswavlos — am masalis umravlesoba mis mieraa Segrovebuli xangrZlivi savele muSaobis procesSi. Tu isini Seicaven informacias im movlenis Sesaxeb. garkveuli mimarTulebiT waremarTa kvleva. rekomendebuli literatura: o o o o o o o H. SemTxvevebs. ed. Research Methods in Anthropology. Russel Bernard. Shaw. Beverly Hills. William Foote White. Fieldnotes. gaakeTos daskvnebi Seswavlili socialuri urTierTobebis specifikisa da aRmoCenili kanonzomierebebis Sesaxeb. SeukveTeT wignebi da daakvirdiT iq myof/misul adamianebs da situaciebs 3 saaTis manZilze. Roger Sanjek. agreTve miRebuli Sedegebis analizis dros. 1993. Calif. zog SemTxvevaSi mkvlevari eydnoba intervius Sedegad xeliT gakeTebul Canawerebs. Third edition. Robert M. Forth edition. maTi analizis saboloo Sedegi. Tu rogor moxda kvlevis fokusis gamoyofa. The Making of Anthropology. 1989. aramed. Tales of the Field. Sualeduri Tu daskvniTi angariSis/monografiis daweris mizniT.Fetterman. Participant Observation. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Fretz. sainteresoa uiliam f. rom gamarTulad weris unari saWiro da aucilebelia ara mxolod savele muSaobis yvela etapze. aris monografia. 2002. and Linda L. Ethnography: Step by Step. uaiTis mier gakeTebuli analizi imisa. magram es Canawerebi SeiZleba gamodges imis asaRwerad. New York: Holt. Emerson. romelmac ubiZga mkvlevars.: Sage Publications. rogorc wesi. On Writing Ethnography. Pp.monacemTa analizi CarTuli dakvirvebis Sedegebis damuSaveba eyrdnoba savele Canawerebs da kvlevis procesSi Catarebuli interviuebis Sedegad Segrovebul informacias. rom adreuli Canawerebi am miznisTvis SedarebiT naklebad gamosadegi iqneba. vinaidan CarTuli dakvirvebis manZilze Catarebuli yvela intervius audioCawera ar xerxdeba. dakvirvebis dasrulebisTanave gaakeTeT detaluri Canawerebi. Rhinehart and Winston. faqtebs da citatebs.64 CarTuli dakvirvebis Sedegebis Sejameba. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

monografiuli gamokvlevis farglebSi mkvlevaris xelT kvlevis Catarebis ufro mdidari da mravalferovani saSualebebia. saerTod. sadac is klod levi-strosis da frederik le pleis saxels ukavSirdeba. am meTods. miiCnevda ra. le pleis da mis mimdevarTa naSromebSi yvelaze xSirad gamoiyeneboda informaciis Segrovebis iseTi meTodebi. monografiuli gamokvlevac Tavdapirvelad antropologebis mier iqna SemuSavebuli da maTi gamocdilebis gaTvaliswinebis Sedegad damkvidrda socialur mecnierebebSi. meTodis aRwera monografiuli gamokvleva65 calkeuli SemTxevis. garkveulwilad SeiZleba monografiul gamokvlevad miviCnioT agreTve 1890-iani wlebis bolos londonSi Carlz butis mier Catarebuli siRaribis cnobili gamokvleva. monografiuli gamokvleva iseve rogorc Tvisebrivi meTodebis umaravlesoba. muSaobis warmateba didad aris damokidebuli kargi informantebis povnaze. monografiuli gamokvleva sakmaod ganviTarebuli iyo frangul mecnierebaSic. aseT gamokvlevebSi. monografiuli gamokvlevis Sesaxeb tradiciuli warmodgenis Tanaxmad. le pleim sazogadoebebis Seswavla muSaTa ojaxebis Seswavlis meSveobiT gadawyvita. monografiuli gamokvlevis ganviTarebaSi didi roli iTamaSes Cikagos sociologiuri skolis warmomadgenlebma. rogorebicaa dakvirveba. aramed. safuZvlad udevs maqs veberis saxelTan dakavSirebuli “interpretaciuli sociologiis” principebi. sociologiaSi swored maT daamkvidres mkvlevris xangrZlivi droiT dasaxlebis tradicia aqtorebis gverdiT. romelTa Soris umniSnvelovanesia CarTuli dakvirveba. mkvlevari imyofebodes “saitze” sakmoad xangrZlivi drois manZilze. Temis an socialuri jgufis siRrmiseuli da yovelmxrivi Seswavlaa mkvlevarTa xelT arsebuli yvela saSualebis meSveobiT. romelic miznad isaxavs socialuri agentebis moqmedebaTa sazrisSi Cawvdomas. respondentebTan erTad icxovros da gaiziaros maTi yofis yvela elementi. iyo cnobili britaneli antropologi bronoslav malinovski (1884-1942 ww. Tumca. romelmac es meTodi gamoiyena. es saSualebas aZlevs mkvlevars. 61 .). maTi TvaliT Sexedos samyaros. CarTul dakvirvebasa da monografiul gamokvlevas Soris imdeni saerTo elementia. erTerTi pirveli mkvlevari. interviu da samTavrobo organoebis mier Segrovebul monacemTa Seswavla. agreTve moipovos maTi ndoba. sadac yvelaze aSkarad gamoikveTeba am sazogadoebis damaxasiaTebeli Tvisebebi. mis qarTul Sesatyvisad Cven vxmarobT termins “monografiuli gamokvleva”. rom zogjer isini gaigivebulicaa erTmaneTTan. Zalian mniSvnelovania CarTuli dakvirvebis roli. monografiuli gamokvlevis mTavar upiratesobad iTvleba mis mier problemis siRrmisulad da mravalmxriv Seswavlis unari. 65 qarTul enaze jer ar aris damkvidrebuli inglisuri “case-study”-s Sesabamisi termini. iziarebs misi wevrebis yofas da saSualeba eZleva. rom sazogadoebis Seswavlis mizniT saWiroa misi sakvanZo elementis SerCeva. Tumca es ukanasknelic kvlevis umniSvnelovanesi elementia. ara marto uSualo urTierToba daamyaros aqtorebTan da ufro Rrmad Seiswavlos maTi cxovreba. iseve rogorc saerTod Tvisebriv meTodebs. romelic erT-erT pirvel socialur gamokvlevad iTvleba msoflioSi da ara aqvs kavSiri antropologiasTan. am “CaZirvis” Sedegad mkvlevari ukeT ecnoba Sesaswavli jgufis cxovrebas. vidre CarTuli dakvirvebis Catarebis dros. Tumca misi zusti Targmani “SemTxvevis Seswavla” iqneba. savele muSaobis dros aucilebeli moTxovnaa. mkvlevris muSaoba iwyeba misi “saitSi” CasvliT da pirveli kontaqtebis damyarebiT Sesaswavli jgufis warmomadgenlebTan. ra Tqma unda. miuxedavad amisa. da maTTvis saintereso fenomenis mravalmxrivi siRrmiseuli Seswavla.Tema 5. mkvlevari Seiswavlis ama Tu im socialur erTobas masSi “CaZirvis” meSveobiT.

S. cxovrebis istoriebi: Cven CaviwereT 32 mamakacis da 30 qalis detaluri cxovrebis istoria. sakuTari Tavis moqmedebebis kontrols da drois optimalurad ganawilebis unars moiTxvos. piradi werilebi da/an dRiurebi. sadac rac SeiZleba dawvrilebiTaa gadmocemuli yovelive is.Atherton. maTi Txroba ukve mimdinareobda. dosie Seicavda agreTve srul informacias sacxovrebeli pirobebis. upirveles yovlisa.] Marienthal: The Sociography of an Unemployed Community. esenia. eswreba maT Sexverdebs. romlis Temac umuSevroba da masTan dakavSirebuli problemebi iyo. [1971. sxvadasxva meTodis gamoyeneba uzrunvelyofs gamokvlevis Sedegebis sandoobis gazrdas. aseve mkvlevarTa jgufma. saWiroa gamokvlevis Zalian maRal doneze organizeba. maTTvis ufro ioli iyo umuSevrobis gamocdilebis aRwera.66 es gamokvleva Catarda sofelSi.. rodesac mkvlevari marto muSaobs. dokumentebis analizi. muSaobs maT gverdiT.xangrZlivi savele muSaoba Sedgeba. rom isini adamianis mTel cxovrebas asaxaven. romlis TiTqmis mTeli mosaxleoba struqturuli cvlilebebis Sedegad umuSevari darCa. Tu rogor gaatares Tavisi cxovrebis erTi dRe. pirveli SexedviT Cveulebrivi yoveldRiuri cxovrebisgan. monografiuli gamokvlevis Catarebis procesSi mkvlevari arasodes yabuldeba informaciis Segrovebis mxolod erT meTods. agreTve saarqivo sabuTebis Seswavla. gansakuTrebiT maSin. vinaidan am droisaTvis maT ukve moyolili hqondaT Tavisi cxovrebis wina periodis Sesaxeb. rac maT iseTi gansxvavebuli midgomebis gamoyenebiT ganaxorcieles. Cven rom pirdapir maTi axlandeli mdgomareobis Sesaxeb dagvesva kiTxvebi. monografiuli gamokvleva SeiZleba Caataros rogorc erTma mkvlevarma. ojaxSi Sromis ganawilebis Sesaxeb da a. romelTa Sedarebac SemdgomSi SesaZlebeli iqneba. umuSevrobis Semweobis saxeoba. da miRebuli iqnes Sedegebi. am istoriebis mniSvneloba pirvel rigSi ganpirobebulia imiT. aseTi mravalmeToduri midgoma axasiTebda jer kidev 1930-ian wlebSi avstriis sofel marientalSi maria iahodas. arcTu iSviaTad. pol lazarsfeldis da hans caizelis mier Catarebul gamokvlevas. damatebiT. Chicago: Aldine . yvela ojaxSi Cveni TxovniT avsebdnen saojaxo dRiurs. romelsac mkvlevari aqtorebTan erTad iziarebs. ukanasknel SemTxvevaSi. Paul F. dakvirveba da sxvadasxva saxis interviu. xolo meore mxriv — yoveldRiuri angariSebis Sedgenisgan. rogorebicaa raodenobrivi monacemebis Segroveba da situaciaSi “CarTva”. rac Zalze mniSvnelovania Tvisebrivi meTodebiT Catarebuli yvela gamokvlevisaTvis. raTa kvleviTi jgufis wevrebi marTlac erTsa da imave sakiTxze muSaobdnen. Sesaswavli Temis Sesaxeb sruli informaciis miRebis mizniT mkvlevrebi mimarTaven mosaxleobis aRweras an gamokiTxvas ama Tu im sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT. romelSic aRweres. da sxva. drois grafikebi: 80 adamianma Seavso kiTxvari. es SeiZleba iyos. Tavdapirvelad monografiuli gamokvlevebi individualur kvleviT proeqtebs warmoadgenda. angariSebi da Civilebi: Cven SeviswavleT ukanaskneli ramdenime wlis manZilze venis noiStatis olqis samrewvelo komisiaSi wardgenili angariSebi da Civilebi (marientali am olqSi Sedis). romelic maTTvis Sedarebebis safuZvels warmoadgenda. mkvlevarTa mizani mosaxleobaze umuSevrobis gavlenis Seswavla iyo. rasac mkvlevari akvirdeboda da rac man Seityo dRis manZilze. rodesac am adamianebma umuSevrobis Sesaxeb daiwyes laparaki. ojaxuri cxovrebis. 62 . am gamokvlevis Sesaxeb gamoqveynebuli angariSis dasawyisSive mkvlevrebs moyavT Tavisi infomaciis wyaroebis sruli sia: “saojaxo dosie: marientalSi mcxovrebi 478-ve ojaxis yvela wevris Sesaxeb Segrovebuli iqna detaluri da vrceli informacia: maTi piradi monacemebi. romlebic Sesaswavli problemis gansxvavebul mxareebs gamoavlenen. Sedegad SeiZleba moridebuli siCume an arafrismTqmeli saerTo frazebi migveRo. aramed ramdenime urTierTSemavsebel meTodikas gamoiyenebs. es kvleviTi midgoma erTi mkvlevris mier iqnes gamoyenebuli. saubrobs maTTan. isvenebs maTTan erTad da a. erTi mxriv. da dRemde SeimCneva tendencia. yovelive es Zalian mkacr TviTdisciplinas.S. aseve — fotosuraTebi da sxv. Lazarsfeld. 66 Marie Jahoda. fokus-jgufi. and Hans Zeisel.

tansacmlis proeqti. konsultaciebi mSoblebisaTvis da sxv. statistikuri monacemebi: am tipis monacemebs warmoadgenda kooperatiuli maRaziis saangariSo wignebi. mkeravTan. rogorebicaa Semosavlebi da xarjebi. eklesiis da sxvaTa mier warmoebuli saqvelmoqmedo saqmianobis Sesaxeb. kvebis angariSebi: erTi kviris manZilze 40 ojaxi iwerda. Tu ras Wamdnen. (3) sxvadasxva kulturuli jgufis an urTierTobis modelebis aRwera.w. agreTve.”67 garda amisa. sajaro biblioTekidan gatanili wignebis Sesaxeb gakeTebuli Canawerebi. gamokvlevis saboloo angariSic ise iyo moyolili. rogorc mTavar aqtorTa cxovrebis istoria68. [1971. ufro gamarTlebuli xom ar iqneboda. barebSi saubris Temebisa da saqmianobis Sesaxeb. eseebis konkursi. dRiurebis) gamoyeneba. ramdenadac aq moyvanilia rogorc dakvirvebis Sedegebi. Shaw. saxelmwifo organoebis. romlis gamarjvebulisTvisac dawesebuli iyo jildo: ramdenime mozardma dawera naSromi Temaze: “rogor mesaxeba Cemi momavali”. samedicino momsaxurebis proeqti. romlebic eqimis sakonsultacio kabinetSi moviZieT). “mravalmeTodur midgomas” (multimethod approach) monografiuli gamokvlevis farglebSi. monografiuli gamokvlevis farglebSi gamoyenebuli meTodebis mravalferovneba aqtualurs xdis SekiTxvas. romelsac rigi mkvlevari svams: kerZod. isini Tvlidnen. sxvadasxva politikuri klubis Tu sxva organizaciebis mier mowodebuli informacia. agreTve. Lazarsfeld and Hans Zeisel. iseve rogorc gansakuTrebuli yuradRebis daTmoba respondentebis cxovrebis istoriebisadmi. mosaxleobis mobiloba. cit. informaciis wyaroebis aseTi mdidari sia Tanamedrove monografiuli gamokvlevebisTvisac STambeWdavad gamoiyureba. im sirTuleebis Taobaze. am angariSebSic Tavis asaxvas poulobs kvlevis dros ramdenime meTodis gamoyeneba. (2) ama Tu im maCveneblebis gavrcelebis amsaxveli grafikuli masalebi. da (4) iseTi raodenobrivi monacemebis statistikuri analizi. dalaqTan. Sobadobis.: Clifford R. aseve Catarebuli interviuebis fragmentebi. 1966. fexacmlis SemkeTebelTan. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. miwis zoma. “vin minda viyo” da “ra saCuqari minda saSobaod”. sxvadasxva saxis informacia: Cven SevagroveT informacia 80 patara bavSvis mier miRebuli saSobao saCuqrebis Sesaxeb. Cikagos skolis warmomadgenlebic intensiurad iyenebdnen e. 4-5. oTxi ZiriTadi meTodi. saojaxo statistika: marientalSi Camovida savaWro palatis oficialuri warmomadgeneli specialuri mizniT: raTa Seegrovebina saojaxo statistika. klubebis wevrebis raodenoba. arCevnebis Sedegebi. Wra-kervis kursebi. konditerTan daxarjuli Tanxebis Sesaxeb. ra sagzals atandnen skolaSi bavSvebs Semweobis miRebis wina dRes da Semweobis miRebis Semdgom dRes. duqanSi. da sxv. rom amis meSveobiT informaciis maqsimalurad farTo speqtris Segroveba iyo SesaZlebeli. monografiul gamokvlevas ewodos 67 68 Marie Jahoda. yasabTan.] Op. 63 . The Jack-Roller: A Delinquent Boy’s Own Story. rig SemTxvevebSi. agreTve Segrovebuli iqna damatebiTi informacia. sikvdilianobis. mag. samedicino analizebi. sqemebiT an fotosuraTebiT.). iyo: (1) Sesaswavli dasaxlebuli punqtis socialuri istoria. magram teqnikuri sirTuleebis gamo man mxolod ramdenime ojaxis monacemebis Segroveba moaxerxa. qorwinebebis da migraciis maCveneblebi. asakobrivi ganawilebis. qarxnis. eqspertebis Sefasebebi. Cikagos skolis warmomadgenlebs Soris gansakuTrebuli popularobiT sargeblobda aseTi gamokvlevebSi piradi xasiaTis dokumentebis (werilebis. maswavleblebisgan miRebuli informacia maTi moswavleebis warmatebebis Sesaxeb.w. Paul F. kvlevis manZize sofelSi ganxorcielebuli iqna ramdenime socialuri progarma (e. am programebis msvlelobaSi. romlebsac isini iyenebdnen. romlebic arc Tu iSviaTad ilustrirebulia rukebiT. informacia gazeTebis gamoweris Sesaxeb.saskolo eseebi: skolis damwyebi da saSualo klasebis ramdenime moswavlem dawera naSromebi Semdeg Temebze: “ra minda yvelaze metad”. romlebsac mSoblebi Svilebis aRzrdisas awydebian (im Canawerebis safuZvelze. Pp.

rom monografiul gamokvlevaSi gamoyenebuli meTodebi savsebiT ar Semoifargleboda mxolod Tvisebrivi meTodebiT — piriqiT. aRsaniSnavia. Yin. Cikagos skolis erTerTi lideris. “paradoqsaluria. Fourth Edition. rogorc robert iini aRniSnavs. Palmer.kvleviTi midgoma (romelic meTodebis vrcel arsenals aerTianebs). “romelime Temis an organizaciis Seswavlas ar SeiZleba. monografiuli gamokvlevis Catarebis dros mkvlevari ar aris daculi emociuri stresisagan. “raodenobrivi” mkvlevrebisagan gansxvavebiT. mravali meTodis gamoyenebisas moulodneli ar unda yofiliyo gansxvavebuli. miRebul Sedegebs gansxvavebuli TvaliT SevxedoT. rac mkvlevarma daiwyo savele samuSaoebi. rac. 16. isini xSirad mdidrdeboda statistikuri da raodenobrivi monacemebiT. 1993. iTvleba. raime logikuri dasasruli hqondes. Tumca. Tu rogor gansazRvravs is gamokvlvevis xangrZlivobas — is SeiZleba gagrZeldes rogorc ramdenime Tve. 2nd Ed. P. Diversity. amitom praqtikaSi es meTodi yvelaze xSirad aRweriT fuqncias asrulebs. robert iini gamoyofs monografiuli gamokvlevebis or gansxvavebul saxeobas — romlebic aRweren socialur sinamdviles da romlebic xsnian mas. aramed. miT ufro rTuli gansaxorcielebelia is praqtikulad”70. 72 Viven M. rogorc wesi. Chicago. sadac avtori cdilobs. monografiuli gamokvlevis CatarebaSi Zalian didia mkvlevris roli da Zalian bevria damokidebuli am ukanasknelis profesiulobaze. rogorc am meTodis Teoretikosebi miiCneven. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press. gamokvlevis saerTo Temis gansazRvriT. Znelia imis dadgena. misi pirveladi aRweris saSualeba. Tumca Tanamedrove mkvlevrebi sul ufro da ufro xSirad Tvlian. 1984. Field Studies in Sociology: A Student’s Manual. rac ufro mets igebT. xazgasmiT unda aRiniSnos isic. Institutionalization. zogjer — sawinaaRmdego Sedegebis miReba. 162. 70 Robert K Yin. da ara konkretuli hipoTezebis SemuSavebiT. Street Corner Society. 71 William F. Tu ra dagrCaT kidev Sesaswavli”71. 64 . kerZod. sruli da yovelmxrivi suraTis daxatvaSi unda dagvexmaros.: The University of Chicago Press. am meTodisadmi miZRvnili pirveli saxelmZRvanelos72 avtori (es saxelmRvanelo 1928 wels gamovida). ZiriTadad mkvlevarzea damokidebuli. da ara romelime erTi calkeuli meTodi? vfiqrobT. ernest berjesis TqmiT. metic. Ill. amitom kvlevis dawyebamde mis mier kargad unda iyos gaTviTcnobierebuli mis winaSe mdgari sirTuleebi. 1994. 324-325. The Chicago School of Sociology. miT ukeT gesmiT. kvleviTi amocanebis dasaxva monografiuli gamokvlevis SemTxvevaSi SesaZlebelia mxolod mas Semdeg. ara marto aRweros. cit. saboloo jamSi. Tumca.73 monografiuli gamokvlevis Sedegebi vrceli angariSis. agreTve axsnas esa Tu is socialuri situacia. Whyte.f. Op. 1928. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. P. “ori midgomis Tanamoqmedeba ueWvelad yvelaze nayofieri iqneba”69. rogorc u. SesTavazos mkiTxvels Sesaswavli jgufis wevrebis Rirebulebebis da normebis Taviseburi inter69 citirebulia Semdegi gamocemis mixedviT: Martin Bulmer. amitom TviTon gamokvleva iwyeba. aramed rogorc kidev erT SesaZleblobas. ra Tqma unda.uaiTi aRiarebs. Tvisebrivi meTodebis momxreebi amas ar aRiqvamen rogorc saSiSroebas. and the Rise of Sociological Research. xSirad ki — wignis saxiT xdeba xolme cnobili. rom aseve xedavda am meTodis rols Cikagos skolis warmomadgeneli vivien palmeri. The Social Structure of an Italian Slum. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. magram rac ufro “rbilia” kvleviTi strategia. rom monografiuli gamokvleva yvelaze efeqturia rogorc romelime socialuri problemis winaswar Seswavlis. Tu rodis unda damTavrdes savele samuSaoebi. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press. rom am meTods savsebiT Seswevs Zala. aseve ramdenime weli. amis Sedegad monografiuli gamokvleva gansakuTrebuli moqnilobiT gamoirCeva. am kiTxvas dadebiTad unda vupasuxoT. P. 73 Robert K. romelic yovelTvis Tan axlavs CarTul dakvirvebas.

romlebic wignis mTavari gmirebi arian. SeiZleba iTqvas. xolo meore mxriv. gacnobodnen wignis xelnawers da TavianTi SeniSvnebi gamoeTqvaT. dunieris kvleva erT-erTi im kvlevaTagania. “SIDEWALK”: monografiuli gamokvlevis erTi magaliTi Tanamedrove monografiuli gamokvlevis erT-erTi yvelaze saintereso magaliTia mitCel dunieris wigni “Sidewalk” (“trotuari”)74. iseve rogorc XX saukunis dasawyisSi. niu-iorkSi myofi dunieris yuradReba miipyro wignebis erT-erTma quCis movaWrem — hakim hasanma. ufro metic. aseTi dasaxlebebi ganxiluli yofiliyo rogorc kulturuli erToba. erTi mxriv. New York: Farrar. Sidewalk. rom am meTodis Camoyalibebis periodSi. es wigni am meTodis gamoyenebis erT-erT saukeTeso nimuSad iTvleba. 65 . suraTebi aqtorebis nebarTviT iqna gadaRebuli). dainaxos is garemo. ra Tqma unda. 74 75 Mitchel Dunier. misi wignis blosityvaobis avtori yofiliyo. romelmac ramdenime premiac ki miiRo75. rogorebicaa saskolo ganaTlebis xarisxi. hakim hasani Tavis universitetSi da masTan erTad uZRveboda seminars bakalavrebisaTvis “Savi amerikis quCis cxovreba da gonebrivi cxovreba” (“The Life of the Street and the Life of Mind in Black America”). vinaidan. romlebic Tanamimdevrulad asaxaven adamianis an jgufis cxovrebas da amdenad garkveulwilad avsebdnen arsebul sicarieles. is amave dros inovaciurisaa rogorc savele samuSaoebis Catarebis. Tumca. romlebic “Cikago tribiun”-is fotokorespondentma ovi karterma gadauRo dunieris TxovniT aqtorebs da im garemos. dunierma saSualeba misca informantebs. ekiTxaT romanebi da avtobiografiuli Txzulebebi. Strauss and Giroux. sadac isini cxovroben da muSaoben. dunierma miiwvia Tavisi ZiriTadi informanti.Wright Mills Award. dunierma. SeZlebisdagvarad — gaakeTos mecnieruli daskvnebi jgufSi arsebuli ierarqiis. iseve rogorc bevri sxva monografiuli gamokvleva. maTi mcire zoma da mosaxleobis mcire raodenoba aseT Seswavlas SesaZlebels xdida erTi adamianis ZalebiTac ki. agreTve SesTavaza hakim hasans. Los Angeles Time Book Prize da The C.S. raTa SesaZlebeli iyos mkvlevris uSualo kontaqti Sesaswavli jgufis wevrebTan. garda amisa. aseve Sedegebis warmodgenis TvalsazrisiT — is uxvadaa ilustrirebuli fotosuraTebiT. Sesaxeb. Tanamedrove mkvlevrebi monografiuli gamokvlevis meSveobiT Seiswavlian iseT mravalferovan sakiTxebs. maTi mosaxleobis kulturuli da eTnikuri erTianoba SesaZlebels xdida. Sesabamisad. Tavdapirvelad monografiuli gamokvlevis CatarebisTvis yvelaze mizanSewonil “saitebad” iTvleboda did qalaqebs da sxva dasaxlebebs mowyvetili patara soflebi da mcire izolirebuli tomebi. monografiuli gamokvlevebi SedarebiT mcire Temebis an organizaciebis SeswavliT Semoifargleba. Tanamedrove samrewvelo organizaciebis struqtura. garda imisa. inteleqtualuri TanamSromloba mkvlevarsa da informantebis Soris. rom man gamomcemlobasTan gaaforma kontraqti. monografiuli gamokvlevis mizania aRweros Sesaswavli jgufis cxovreba da gaaanalizos am cxovrebis damaxasiaTebeli Tvisebebi. razec hasans uari ar uTqvams. sruliad SemTxveviT daiwyo. sadac maT uwevdaT cxovreba da muSaoba (da. romlis magidazec man Tavisi wigni dainaxa. romlis procesSic ganviTarda gansakuTrebiT mWidro urTierToba da.pretacia. amitom mkvlevars naratiuli niWi unda hqondes. dunieris kvleva. rom es saintereso da SemecnebiTi kvlevaa. rodesac jer ar arsebobda Teoriuli literatura mis Sesaxeb. eTnikuri da rasobrivi problemebi da sxv. saboloo jamSi. socialuri daxmarebis programebis efeqturoba. Cikagos universitetis studentebs urCevdnen. 2001. am mxriv sainteresoa. urTierTobaTa specifikis da a. dunieris kvleva imiTac gamoirCeva. romlis mixedviTac mis informantebs wignis gayidvidan Semosuli mogebis garkveuli procenti unda mieRoT. mkiTxvels saSualeba eZleva sakuTari TvaliT naxos is adamianebi.

sqesobrivi umciresobebis warmoamdgeneli cxovrobs. wignis pirveli variantic mxolod hasans exeboda — mas “hasanis magida” erqva (“Hassan’s Table”. mwerali. es saTauri garkveulwilad dunieris pirveli wignis saTauris — “Slim’s Table” — gamoZaxili iyo). Op. Tan gamefiqra. xolo 1999 wlis martSi. saqmiani adamianebi xmaroben. 21. yvelaferi Caewera —gamyidvlebis saubrebi erTmaneTs Soris. romlis garegnobac da aqcentiT maSinve gamoyofda mas quCis movaWreebs Soris. Tavdapirvelad dunieri mxolod hasans da mis saqmianobas akvirdeboda. Ibid. kvlevis Catarebis procesSi dunieris ZiriTad “iaraRs” warmoadgnenda magnitofoni. romelTa umravlesobasac afroamerikeli mamakacebi Seadgendnen. dunieri mxolod ardadegebis periodSi axerxebda dakvirvebis ganxorcielebas. hakimma is sxva quCis movaWreebs gaacno da dunierma daiwyo muSaoba maT damxmared — is Tvals adevnebda movaWreebis magidebs. quCis kuTxeSi. mohqonda yava. es xels aZlevs quCis gamyidvlebs — am ubnis mosaxleoba maT Zveli wignebiT da JurnalebiT amaragebs.“— saidan gaqvT es wigni? — vkiTxe mas. romelic saerTo jamSi TiTqmis 7 wels gagrZelda — radgan is sxva qalaqSi aswavlida universitetSi. gamyidvlebi Tavad eZeben gadasayrelad gamzadebul nivTebSi wignebs da Jurnalebs. maSin rodesac quCaSi muSaoba TavisTavad ar iyo usafrTxo saqmianoba. marTla? aq axlomaxlo cxovrobT? diax. dunieri TandaTan Caeba dakvirvebaSi. Tavidan hasani Zalian skeptikurad Sexvda mis ideas — pirvel rigSi imitom. ise rom. rom dunieris gegma iTvaliswinebda Savakniani quCis movaWreebis gverdiT muSaobas. romelic hasanis wignebis xSiri myidveli aRmoCnda. da swored am ukanasknelma CaTvala. yidulobda da yidda saqonels. romelsac. rodesac isini sxvagan midiodnen. Tu ra rols TamaSoben es adamianebi — romelTa didi nawilic usaxlkaroa. Semdgom ki 1997 wlis zafxulSi da Semodgomaze man Jurnalebis gamyidvlad imuSava. zogi narkomani. me Cemi arxebi aqvs. Tu SeiZleba iTqvas. — gainteresebT es wigni? es wigni me davwere. — vupasuxe. 1996 wlis zafxulSi. sadac uamravi mxatvari. dunieri cdilobda. Tavis kvlevaSi Jurnalebis gamyidvlebic CaerTo. miuxedavad amisa. rogorc wesi. rom hakims hqonda rolodeqsi — misamarTebis da telefonebis Casaweri specialuri mowyobiloba. ise rom am ubanSi bevri studenti da profesori cxovrobs. — marTlac rom gasakviri iyo. — mipasuxa hakimma. New School University. cit. miT umetes ki dunierisTvis — ebrauli warmoSobis TeTrkaniani profesorisTvis. 66 . da es erT-erTi Tavisi yofili kurselis meSveobiT moaxerxa. P. P. rom kvleva usamarTlod iyo fokusirebuli mxolod masze. merseris quCaze. maTi 76 77 Mitchel Dunier. dakvirveba daewyo wignebiT da JurnalebiT quCis movaWreebis saqmianobaze da Seeswavla. misi kvleva sezonur xasiaTs atarebda. 2001. dunierma es varianti hasans waakiTxa. Tavad dakvirvebis adgili (Greenwhich Village) niu-iorkis erT-erT yvelaze Tavisufal. aqvea ramdenime umaRlesi saswavlebeli — niu-iorkis universiteti (NYU). romelic faqtiurad mTeli dRis manZilze CarTuli iyo. kidev 2 kviris manZilze imuSava sruli datvirTviT rogorc quCis movaWrem77. dunierma hakimi 1992 wels gaicno da nel-nela dauaxlovda mas. man urCia duniers. 11. rogorc dunieri aRniSnavs. zogic cixidan axali gamosuli — qalaqis am ubnis cxovrebaSi. amasTan. mitCels daebada idea. xom ar momcemdiT Tqvens misamarTs da telefonis nomers. Cems rolodeqsSi rom Sevitano?”76 swored hakimis am bolo frazam gamoiwvia dunieris daintereseba: quCis gamyidvlebis umravlesoba iqve quCaSi cxovrobda da is faqti. mitCeli Seecada daaxloveboda da damegobreboda hasans. rodesac misi kvleva TiTqmis ukve dasrulebuli iyo. moparuli xom ar arismeTqi. garkveulwilad bohemur raionad iTvleba. 1998 wlis zafxulSi regularulad midioda xolme “saitze” dReSi ramdneime saaTiT.

P. rodesac erTi kulturis an rasis warmomadgneli ikvlevs sxva kulturis da rasis warmoadgenlebs. raTa gamoekveTa urTierTobis garkveuli strategiebi. rom rac SeiZleba sruli informacia Seekriba.saubrebi myidvelebTan. dunieris azriT. mTeli am periodis manZilze maT manqanis misabmelSi uwevT cxovreba. rom bevri quCis movaWre an nasamarTlevia. romlebis momswrec is xdeboda. romelic cnobilia rogorc “Camtvreuli fanjrebis Teoria”. mosaxleoba cdilobs sxva ubnebSi gadavides sacxovreblad. es naZvis xeebi yovel zamTars Camoaqvs niu-iorkSi erT ojaxs vermontis Statidan. dunierma aseve Caatara interviuebi axlomdebare kafeebisa da maRaziebis mepatroneebTan. sxva mizezebi SeiZleba ukavSirdebodes im garemoebas. isini noembris bolos Camodian niu-iorkSi da Sobamde rCebian. quCaSi momuSave wignebisa da Jurnalebis gamyidvlebTan dakavSirebiT ar marTldeba. rom aravis ar adardebs da aravis ar ainteresebs. an narkomani/yofili narkomani. rom naZvis xeebiT movaWreebi TeTrkanianebi da saSualo klasis warmomadgenlebi arian. 339. dunieri maqsimalurad cdilobda gaekeTebina im dialogebis mokle Canawerebi (jotted notes). xolo rodesac qalaqgareT midian. rom yuradReba daeTmos sityvebisa da winadadebebis. rom isini maT uflebas aZleven. maTi abazanebiT isargeblon. 67 . ramdenime kvartalis moSorebiT momuSave naZvis xeebiT movaWreTa TeTrkanian ojaxze. rom Seni saTiTao sityva fiqsirdeba. am ubanSi matulobs danaSauli. da SeuZlebelia kulturis gageba sxva kulturis warmomadgenlis mier imis gareSe. magram. dunieris TqmiT. Zalauneburad ibadeba kiTxva. rom magnitofons SesaZloa garkveuli zegavlena moexdina informantebze — rodesac ici. rogorc Tavad dunieri aRniSnavs. aseTi keTilmosurne damokidebuleba radikalurad gansxvavdeba im damokidebulebisgan. gaesaubra wignebisa da Jurnalebis myidvelebs. Tu ramdenad gansxvavebuli SeiZleba iyos damokidebuleba quCaSi momuSave adamianebis mimarT maTi socialuri. dunierma Caatara interviuebi ZiriTad informantebTan. rom isini bavSvebTan erTad arian Camosulebi. ekonomikuri da rasobrivi maxasiaTeblebidan gamomdinare. agreTve Caatara Taviseburi sakontrolo dakvirveba iqve maxloblad. amasTan. bavSvebi ki yovelTvis met TanagrZnobas iwveven. is. Tavi aarido zogierT Temas da ar iyo zedmetad gulaxdili. Tu ra azris arian quCis movaWreebis Sesaxeb maT maxloblad momuSave adamianebi. saboloo jamSi es yvelaferi iwvevs kriminogenuli mdgomareobis gauaresebas da ubanSi cxovrebis donis dacemas. Sen Zalauneburad cdilob. vinc dawera kanoni quCaSi beWvdiTi produqciiT vaWrobis Sesaxeb. rac yvelaze mTavari iyo — trotuarze mimdinare cxovrebis dafiqsireba. imis saCveneblad. Tu ratom xdeba ase. amas SeiZleba ramdenime axsna hqondes — is. raTa daedgina. Tu ra xdeba am ubanSi. Sesabamisad. 78 Ibid. dunieri Tvlis. dunierma. rac afrTxobs mosaxleobas. “kulturis mniSvneloba garkveulwilad enaSia Caqsovili. Cawerili dialogebis Seswavlis mizniT dunierma saubris specialur analizs mimarTa (conversational analysis). es gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovania iseT viTarebaSi. mosaxleobas eqmneba STabeWdileba. romlebic qalaqis raionebis keTilmowyobisaTvis ibrZvian da zRudaven usaxlkaroebs (da usaxlkaro quCis movaWreebs) TaviaanTi raionebis teritoriebze. yovelive amasTan erTad. magram maT moaxerxes daemyarebinaT imdenad kargi urTierToba ubanSi mcxovreb xalxTan. maTi Tanamimdevrobis SerCevas”78. imisaTvis. ra Tqma unda. ar iwvevs mosaxleobis simpaTiebs. es Teoria amtkicebs. sadac arc abazanaa da arc tualeti. rom jeims vilsonis da jorj kelingis Teoria. moinaxula da interviuebi Caatara niu-iorkis im organizaciebis xelmZRvanelebTan. amasTan. dunieri aRniSnavs. rac. binis gasaRebsac ki utoveben naZvis xeebiT movaWreebs. rasac mosaxleoba iCens wignebiT da JurnalebiT quCis movaWreebis mimarT. gaicno da interviu CamoarTva im adamians. rom Tu romelime ubnis binebSi Camtvreulia fanjrebi da quCebSi matulobs nagavi. zog maTgans sakmaod gamomwvevad uWiravs Tavi. akontrolo sakuTari saubari. magnitofonma SeZlo is. isini TeTrkanianebi arian.

Tvali uWiravT ama Tu im saqmeze wasuli gamyidvlis magidaze. visac SeiZleba TviTdaniSnuli sajaro figurebi vuwodoT. 6. Op. policies ufleba aqvs im magidis konfiskacia moaxdinos.> misi mTavari kvalifikacia isaa. xulignebisadmi da a. sajaro figura aris nebismieri adamiani. “is.. dunieri cdilobs daamtkicos. rom sakuTari Tavi sajaro figurad warmoaCinos. 68 . aq arian “adgilis damkaveblebi”. rom is esaubreba bevr sxvadasxvanair adamians. romlebsac “Tvali uWiravT quCaze”. rom SeiZleboda fulis patiosnad Sovna — anu. miuxedavad amisa. kvlevis sawyis etapze mas ar hqonia Teoria. maT Soris ganawilebulia rolebi da funqciebi. cit. Semdeg ki “yidian” mas 20-50 dolarad. raTa policiam misi konfiskacia ar moaxdinos79. gamyidvlebsa da policielebs Soris. rogorc dunierma kvlevis Sedegad daadgina. erTi SexedviT erTmaneTis msgavs quCis gamyidvlebs Soris sakmaod mkacri ierarqia arsebobs. xSirad socialur mecnierebebSi. me sxvanairi Sexeduleba maqvs.S. “magidaze Tvalis damWerebs”. da a. rodesac monacemTa didi raodenoba moipoveba. 80 Mitchel Dunier. raTa memuSava rogorc Jurnalebis gamyidvels. da a. amgvarad xdeba axali ambebis gavrceleba.S. mTvralebisadmi. quCaSi muSaoba socialuri reabilitaciis funqcias asrulebs. 79 kanonis Tanaxmad.S. <. romelmac jer kidev 1961 wels gamosca wigni “didi amerikuli qalaqebis sikvdili da sicocxle” (“Death and Life of Great American Cities”). jein jeikobss (Jane Jacobs) ekuTvnis. romlebic awesrigeben cxovrebas da sazogadoebrivi kontrolis funqciasac asruleben. rom quCis gamyidvlebis magaliTma bevr cixidan gamosuls uCvena. rac trotuaris mizania”80. da a.am Teoriis gavlenis Sedegad aSS-s policiam gaamkacra damokidebuleba naklebad seriozuli sazogadoebrivi wesrigis danaSaulebebisadmi — maTxovrebisadmi. isini esaubrebian ubnis macxovreblebs. kvlevis dizaini monacemebis Segrovebis Semdeg gamoikveTeba xolme. P. romlebic xSirad iqve axlos mdgomi maTxovrebi an sxva gamyidvlebi arian. 340-341. rac sociologiaSia miRebuli. 2001. dunieris azriT. gansakuTrebiT ki Tvisebrivi kvlevis dros. romlebsac moaqvT Senaxuli saqoneli sawyobebidan da amisaTvis garkveul gasamrjelos iReben. sajaro figuras ar unda hqondes raime gansakuTrebuli niWi an sibrZne. rom is aris sajaro. Tavis kvlevis meTods mitCel dunieri “diagnostikur eTnografias” uwodebs. rom quCis movaWreebi “sajaro figurebi” (public character) arian. aq arian “momtanebi” — adamianebi. raTa Tavisi funqciebi Seasrulos — Tumca mas xSirad aqvs es Tvisebebi.S. isini yuradRebas aqceven maT maxloblad gaCerebul manqanebs. rogori urTierToba iyo gamyidvlebsa da myidvelebs. “sazogadiebrivi figurebis” koncefcia cnobil socialur mecniers. rom me ar mqonda gakrveuli kvleviTi SekiTxva Cemi kvlevis dawyebisas.. sadac is grinviC vilijis ubanSi ganxorcielebuli dakvirvebebis safuZvelze saubrobs Tanamedrove qalquri cxovrebis Sesaxeb: “trotuaris socialuri cxovreba bevrad aris damokidebuli maTze. aseTi midgomis farglebSi policia quCis movaWreebic wesrigis damrRvevebad aRiqvams da yvelanairad cdilobs maTi saqmianobis SezRudvas. 81 Ibid. mcire biznesis mepatroneebs. — ambobs dunieri. visac xSiri kontaqti aqvs mraval adamianTan da vinc sakmarisad aris dainteresebuli imiT. miT umetes. dunieri ki cdilobs daamtkicos. “rodesac me davbrundi me-6 avenueze. me jer kidev ar mqonda Camoyalibebuli zusti kvleviTi SekiTxva”81. swored aseT funqcias asruleben wignebiT da JurnalebiT quCis movaWreebi — maT utoveben sagazeTo jixurSi motanil gazeTebs. anu adamianebi. romlebic yvelaze adre modian da ikaveben savaWro adgils. SeiZleba ewinaaRmdegebodes imas. rogor xdeboda saqonlis moZieba. romlis Semowmebasac apirebda. jein jeikobsi sajaro figurebad miiCnevs maRaziis gamyidvlebs. P. amitom is cdilobda yuradReba gaemaxvilebina quCaSi mimdinare koleqtiur saqmianobaze. romelic upatronod dgas trotuarze.

P.> Cemi ideebi Camoyalibda imis safuZvelze. rom mainteresebda imis Seswavla. Seiswavla quCaSi beWvdviTi produqciiT vaWrobis kanonis evolucia. duniers unda SeemCnia da yuradReba gaemaxvilebina iseT movlenebze. sadac meordeba garkveuli moqmedebebi da situaciebi. cit.<. me srulebiT ar vicodi.). rom informanti mas srul WeSmaritebas etyvis. rom erT-erT 82 83 Ibid. kasetebis mosmenisas is afiqsirebda iseT momentebs. rodesac es SesaZlebeli iyo. rodesac jein jeikobsi werda Tavis wigns. 69 . Tu ras fiqrobdnen isini.. miuxedavad amisa. magram Cemi mxridan gulubryvilo iqneboda mefiqra. rogorc CarTul damkvirvebels. Tu rogor esaubreba ramodenime mamakaci (romelic quCaSi vaWrobs — T. an “Tavisianad” mTvlidnen.. man gauara hakims. didia imis albaToba. romlebic aRar meordeba da romlebsac SeiZleba gadamwyveti mniSvneloba hqondes kvlevis warmatebisTvis. rodesac maT masTan TanamSromlobaze Tanxmoba ganacxades: “zogierT gamyidvels . rodesac dunieri ar apirebda kvlevis Catarebas. dunierma gadaamowma misi informantebis biografiis faqtebi (marTla hqonda Tu ara hasans damTavrebuli rutgersis universiteti? marTla miatova Tu ara ronma Tavisi sacxovrebeli bina. me viyavi iq. anda. Tumca is bolomde ar iyo darwmunebuli. P. Tu ras vxedavdi da ra mesmoda quCaSi”82. “CarTuli dakvirvebis dros kvleviTi SekiTxvebi savele samuSaoebis Catarebisas ibadeba. rom CemTvis amis neba daerToT”84. iyenebda mraval mowmes. raTa mkvlevarma warmatebuli kvleva Caataros. rom es sakiTxi wamoiWreboda. rom iq vyofiliyavi rogorc cotaodeni xurdis da sesxebis wyaro. 85 Ibid. rom dunieris kvlevisTvis damaxasiaTebelia mokvleuli masalis gadamowmebis mcdeloba — yovelTvis. raTa ubralod mewarmoebina dakvirveba da gamekeTebina Canawerebi. Tu romelime dawesebulebaSi farTodaa gavrcelebuli korufcia. sruliad SemTxveviT iqna Segrovebuli. 335. vidre maT Soris Cxubis wina SemTxvevam. me ar SemeZlo meTqva marvinisTvis da ronisTvis83. magram TviT aseTi faqtis sixSiremac SeiZleba miuTiTos imaze. romlebic gamorCa anda ar CaTvala mniSvnelovnad uSualod dakvirvebis dros. romlebic quCaSi muSaobdnen. kvlevis warmoebis procesSi dunieri im daskvnamde mivida.. aRmoCnda. rom quCis movaWreebi endobodnen da “Tavisianad” miiCnevdnen mas. kidev ramodenimem ki CemTan saqmis daWera imitom gadawyvita. rom daweriliyo wigni am ubnis da maT Sesaxeb. rom isini mendobodnen.. Tu ramdenadaa gamwvavebuli urTierTobebi. rom mkvlevars hqondes dakvirvebis saSualeba. rodesac umuSevari darCa? marTla zrunavda Tu ara merdiki Tavis SviliSvilze da a. rom quCis movaWreebs sxvadasxva motivi amoZravebdaT. dunieris informantebi. da me vTxovdi im adamianebs. rom mkvlevari maqsimalurad iyos “saitze”. imitom rom me ar vicodi. P. 84 Mitchel Dunier. Op. is unda akvirdebodes iseT socialur struqturas. aseve. Tu ojaxSi damokidebuleba meuRleebs Soris arc Tu idealuria. rom imisaTvis. magaliTad. magaliTad. rasac ar unda niSnavdes es”85. droTa ganmavlobaSi Cven aucileblad gavxdebiT Cxubis an usiamovnebis mowmeni — ra Tqma unda.z. 341. is aRiarebs. rodesac es SesaZlebeli iyo. dunierma es nebarTva miiRo.. amitomaa. magaliTad. 338-339. masala. es konkretuli Cxubi SeiZleba sul sxva ramis gamo iyos gamowveuli da sul sxva formebi miiRos. rac ufro mniSvnelovania. miT umetes mkvlevars ara aqvs aranairi garantia. rom Cven aucileblad SeveswrebiT aseT faqts. ubralod undoda.) Camvlel qalebs.S. adamianebi ficis qveSac ityuebian. romlebic sxvebs umniSvnelod eCveneboda.. Tu damainteresebda dRevandeli trotuaris cxovrebis Sedareba im periodTan. raTa kinoSi wasuliyvnen. radgan arsebobs unikaluri SemTxvevebic. metic — imis wyalobiT. rom me vicodi.S. . Soba dRes. rom aqtorebma is “Tavisianad” miiCnion — sakmarisia. ar aris aucilebeli. CarTuli dakvirvebis Catarebisas mainc sasurvelia. romelic dunieris kvlevis erT-erT umniSvnelovanes Tavs daedo safuZvlad (“Soba me-6 avenueze”). 2001. rom mas TiTqmis mTeli dRis ganmavlobaSi CarTuli hqonda magnitofoni. da a. magaliTad.

kritikosebi dunieris kvlevis erT-erT mTavar naklad miiCnevdnen imas. man gaSala magida imave adgilas da daeloda policiis gamoCenas — sabednierod. rom mitCels mosmenis unari hqonda — is ar axvevda Tavis azrs Tanamosaubreebs. 70 . mas Tan hqonda Tavisi magnitofoni da SeZlo Caewera policiasTan saubari. rom aseTi xangrZlivi savele muSaobis miuxedavad. 327. moesmina sxvebisTvis87. 86 87 Ibid. es warmateba. and Hans Zeisel. 2002. mas Tavad am adamianis axsna ainteresebda. policia mis mimarTac iseTive zomebs mimarTavda Tu ara. aelagebina Tavisi saqoneli. dunieris kvleva warmatebulad unda CaiTvalos. Mitchel Dunier. Applications of Case Study Research. dunierma gadawyvita Seemowmebina. P. P.S. aramed cdilobda gaerkvia. winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi mas konfiskaciiT daemuqrnen. rom dunieris midgoma kvlevisadmi ar gamomdinareobda paradigmidan “mecnierma yvelaze ukveT icis”. “quCa mainc quCaa.Atherton. 24 saaTis manZilze dakvirveboda Tavisi informantebis cxovrebas da saqmianobas.quCaSi policiam ubrZana movaWres. iman ganapiroba. mainc. gahyva Tavis informantebs gadasayrelad gamzadebuli nivTebidan gasayidad gamosadegi wignebis da Jurnalebis amosarCevad. vidre is sinamdvileSi iyo: adamiani da sociologi. Marie Jahoda. mitCi amas maSinve mixvda. is maT weliwadSi ramdenime Tvis manZilze xedavda. New York: Farrar. [1971. Sage Publications. Semdeg ki gaaanalia. Second edition. ukve ramdenime welia. amasTan.] Marienthal: The Sociography of an Unemployed Community. — ambobs hakim hasani. aramed mas axasiaTebda socialuri mecnieris mondomeba. Strauss and Giroux. Tumca maTTan erTad wignebiT da JurnalebiT vaWrobasTan dakavSirebul sxvadasxva saqmianobaSi monawileobda — magaliTad. rekomendebuli literatura: 1. xvdeboda diliT da Sordeboda saRamoTi. hasani ambobs. rom mas ar hqonda SesaZlebloba. rac hakim hasani quCaSi aRar vaWrobs — is niu iorkis erT-erT saxelmwifo universitetSi muSaobs (Director of the Metropolitan Institute at MCNY. Yin. da a. 3. 2. hasanis azriT. metic. 2001. Paul F. mas ar ucdia moeCvenebina Tavi sxva adamianad. Tu ratom iqceoda esa Tu is adamiani ise. 325 Ibid. Robert K. — es ar unda dagaviwydeT. romelic cdilobda Caswvdomoda Cveni cxovrebis azrs”86. rogorc is iqceoda. rogorc wesi. Tu rogor eqceva policia adamianebs. Tu ra gavlenas axdens rasa da socialuri mgomareoba imaze. Metropolitan College of New York). rodesac policielebma magidebis aReba moiTxoves. Lazarsfeld. swored dunieris dakvirvebis arasistematurobam ganapiroba is. Sidewalk. mouwia saqmeebis garkveva policiasTan. Chicago: Aldine .

eTikuri normebis SemuSaveba da maTi SeZlebisdagvarad farTod danergva socialuri mecnierebis profesiuli gaerTianebebis erT-erTi umniSvnelovanesi misiaa. saerTo azris Tanaxmad. Tumca Tavad eTikis kodeqsebi samarTlebriv dokumentebs ar warmoadgenen — isini ufro farTo xasiaTisa da Sinaarsisaa. mniSvnelovania. romelic ama Tu im profesiis zneobriv Rirebulebebs gamoxatavs. kodeqsis naxva SeiZleba agreTve ESOMAR-is veb-gverdze: www.asanet. rom vercerTi profesiuli kodeqsi ver SeZlebs. 71 . patiosneba.org. socialuri mecnierebis profesiuli kodeqsis normebis Seswavlis mizniT Cven dawvrilebiT ganvixilavT or aseT dokuments — saerTaSoriso savaWro palatis (ICC) da sazogadoebrivi azrisa da sabazro kvlevis evropuli kavSiris (ESOMAR) sabazro da socialuri kvlevis praqtikis erTobliv kodeqss88 da amerikis sociologiuri asociaciis (ASA) eTikis kodeqss89. socialur mecnierebebSi eTikuri standartebis sistematuri SemuSaveba XX saukunis 50-ian wlebSi daiwyes sxvadasxva qveynis profesiulma gaerTianebebma. amitom socialuri mecnierebis yvela dargis warmomadgeneli profesiuli organizaciebis erT-erTi umTavresi moTxovnaa gamokvlevebis warmarTvisas mTeli rigi eTikuri principebis dacva. rom kvleva tardeba keTilsindisierad. rom socialuri kvlevis eTikuri standartebi sayovelTaod aRiarebuli normebisagan Sedgeba. dRes es gaerTianebebi xSir SemTxvevaSi transnacionalur xasiaTs atarebs da sxvadasxva qveynis warmomadgenel mkvlevrebs aerTianeben. gaaZlieros ndoba am tipis saqmianobis mimarT da misi warmarTvisaTvis maqsimalurad xelsayreli pirobebi Seqmnas. dRes ukve danamdvilebiT SeiZleba imis Tqma. rom nebismieri socialuri kvlevis warmateba damokidebulia sazogadoebis keTilganwyobaze mkvlevrebis mimarT. eTikis kodeqsebi xSirad ganixileba rogorc qveyanaSi arsebuli samarTlebrivi normebis gavrcoba ama Tu im profesiuli saqmianobis gaTvaliswinebiT. eTikis kodeqsis mizania. profesiuli eTikis moTxovnebi maT internalizebuli aqvT profesiuli momzadebis Sedegad. anu Cveulebrivi moqalaqeebis monawileobiT tardeba.w. gaTvaliswinebuli unda iqnes. romelTa dacvasac yvela mkvlevari Tavis movaleobad miiCnevs. aamaRlos socialuri kvlevebis sazogadoebrivi prestiJi. yvela profesiuli kodeqsi Seicavs e. sazogadoebrivi interesebis dacviT da rom daculi iqneba respondentTa konfidencialoba. respondentebis ndobaze interviuerebisa da gamokvlevis organizatorebisadmi. socialuri kvlevis eTika socialuri kvleva yovelTvis respondentebis. 1999. obieqturad. saerTo principebs. Code of Ethics and Policies and Procedures of the ASA Committee on Professional Ethics. kodeqsi SegiZliaT ixiloT agreTve amerikis sociologiuri asociaciis veb-gverdze: www. vinaidan isini afaseben am profesiul gaerTianebaSi wevrobas. rom profesiuli eTikis normebis aRiareba am profesiis warmomadgenlebis mier xdeba nebayoflobiT. eTikis kodeqsi profesiuli saqmianobis principebis krebulia. profesiuli moralis normebis SemuSaveba ama Tu im profesiuli jgufis warmomadgenlebis mier maTi sazogadoebrivi pasuxismgeblobis gacnobierebisa da aRiarebis Sedegia. aSkaraa. vidre iuridiuli dokumentebi. is asaxavs idealur warmodgenebs ama Tu im profesiis Sesaxeb. American Sociological Association. maT rwmenaze. SesaZlo situaciebis sruli speqtri moicvas. rogorebicaa: profesiuli kompetenturoba. yvela aseT asociaciaSi gaerTianebis aucilebel pirobas warmoadgens kandidatis mier asociaciis eTikuri kodeqsis normebis aRiareba da miReba. ICC/ESOMAR. 88 89 ICC/ESOMAR International Code of Marketing and Social Research Practice. amasTan.Tema 6. rogorc wesi.nl. 1995. misi Sedegebi ki arcTu iSviaTad mniSvnelovan gavlenas axdens sazogadoebriv cxovrebaze. romlebic respondentTa da farTo sazogadoebis uflebebsa da interesebs icavs da romlebic profesiuli eTikis kodeqsebSia gaerTianebuli.esomar.

romelsac mkvlevrebi kisruloben. magram rogorc ukve aRvniSneT. uzrunvelyon. ra Tqma unda. profesiuli kodeqsebis erT-erTi mTavari daniSnulebaa. masobrivi gamokiTxvis Catarebisas ki interviuerebis muSaobis kontrolis uzrunvelsayofad yovelTvis xdeba TiToeuli respondentis saxelisa da misamarTis Cawera. Zalze rTulia maTi darwmuneba. vinaidan mkvlevrebisTvis. rom miRebuli unda iqnes yvela zoma. Tu maTi vinaoba ar iqneba gamJRavnebuli. rom es mxolod gamokvlevis saTanado xarisxiT Catarebis uzrunvelsayofad xdeba da rom Sedegebis damuSavebis Semdeg maTi pasuxebi mxolod anonimurad iqneba gamoyenebuli. cnobilia respondentis vinaoba. (b) damkveTebis da (g) farTo sazogadoebis interesebs. erTaderTi stabiluri mosazreba. da aqac. rom Camweri mowyobilobebis gamoyenebis miuxedavad maTi konfidencialoba daculi iqneba. magaliTad. aramed. pasuxismgebloba sazogadoebis winaSe.an videofirze. magram. vidre administraciuli 72 . amitom CarTuli dakvirvebis Catarebisas. da Cveni upirvelesi valdebuleba unda iyos uzrunvelvyoT. am TvalsazrisiT. ver gavafrTxilebT yvela adamians. respondentTa uflebebi eTikis kodeqsebi gansakuTrebul yuradRebas uTmoben respondentTa uflebebis dacvas. mkvlevarebs ara naklebi pasuxismgebloba akisriaT damkveTebTan urTierTobisas. rom TiToeuli gamokvleva damkveTis mier dasmuli problemebis gadaWris gzebis povnas isaxavdes miznad da yvelaze ufro optimalur gzebs sTavazobdes damkveTs gamokvlevis gansaxorcieleblad. da sxv. damkveTebis uflebebi empiriuli gamokvlevebis mniSvnelovani nawili komerciuli xasiaTisaa da sabazro. maTi konfidencialobis dacvaa. romliTac mkvlevari unda xelmZRvanelobdes. gansazRvros mkvlevarTa pasuxismgebloba am sami jgufis mimarT. amisaTvis aseve calke nebarTva gvWirdeba respondentebisgan. kvlevis angariSidan amoRebuli iyos ara mxolod respondentTa saxelebi da gvarebi. Cven. es gasagebicaa — respondentebi kvlevis umTavres obieqts warmoadgenen. gamoiyofa eTikuri normebi. rodesac xorcieldeba gaumJRavnebeli dakvirveba. eTikis kodeqsebis moTxovnebis Tanaxmad. Tu romeli socialuri jgufis interesebis dacvis mizniTaa SemuSavebuli eTikuri moTxovnebis esa Tu is jgufi. eTikis moTxovnebi ufro farTo xasiaTisaa.respondentebis uflebebisa da Rirsebis pativiscema. profesiuli normebis dayofa mizanSewonilia ramdenime jgufad. romlis mixedviTac SesaZlebeli iqneba adamianis identificireba. eTikis normebi garkveulwilad specifikur xasiaTs iZens. rom isini ar dazaraldnen kvlevaSi monawileobis miRebis Sedegad. rom isini kvlevis obieqtebi arian. xSirad respondentebi mxolod im pirobiT iZlevian Tanxmobas CvenTan saubarze. romlebic icavs (a) respondentebis. mkvlevarma SeZlebisdagvarad unda miawodos mas sruli informacia gamokvlevis miznebisa da amocanebis Sesaxeb. gansakuTrebiT rTulia respondentTa uflebebis dacva maSin. isaa. zog SemTxvevaSi. masobrivi gamokiTxvis SemTxvevaSi — statistikuri damuSavebis Semdeg. a. mniSvnelovania. maTi monawileoba kvlevaSi damokidebulia maT keTil nebaze. mkvlevarisa da damkveTis urTierTobebi gansakuTrebuli xasiaTisaa imdenad. davarwmunoT respondentebi. b. da maTi movaleobaa. socialuri gamokvlevis zogierTi saxeoba moiTxovs interviuebis Caweras audio. Tu dakvirvebas xalxmraval adgilas vatarebT. respondentebis monawileoba gamokvlevaSi nebayoflobiTi unda iyos. politikuri Tu sxva SekveTebis Sesasruleblad tardeba. gamomdinare iqidan. rogorc wesi. rom Cven maT konfidencialobas davicavT. da sakmaod relativisturi xasiaTisaa. agreTve yvela is informacia. ramdenadac profesiuli eTikis kodeqsis garda maTi regulireba xdeba agreTve or mxares Soris dadebuli xelSekrulebis safuZvelze. Cven unda davarwmunoT respondentebi. sadac Cveulebriv mravali adamiani iyris Tavs. respondentTa uflebebis dacvis erT-erTi umniSvnelovanesi valdebuleba. raTa kvlevam respondentebs raime vneba ar miayenos. iseve rogorc yvela sxva SemTxvevaSi.

rom profesiuli eTikis darRvevis SemTxvevebma SeumCnevlad ar Caiaros da SeZlebisdagvarad Zvirad daujdes am normebis damrRvevs. romelic eTikis normebis darRvevis faqtebs ganixilavs. raTa xeli Seuwyon sazogadoebriv keTildReobas. iqamde ki yvelas mimarT Taviseburi “udanaSaulobis prezumfcia” moqmedebs. is mTlianad eqceva profesiuli eTikis farglebSi. sadac isini cxovroben da muSaoben. sociologebi acnobiereben maT profesiul da mecnierul pasuxismgeblobas im sazogadoebis winaSe. P. g) privilegiebis CamorTmeva. Semdegi saxis sanqciebi gamoiyenos damnaSaveTa mimarT: a) piradi gafrTxileba. vinaidan yoveli aseTi darRvevis SemTxvevaSi laqa ecxoba yvela mkvlevars. magram es werili qveyndeba Sesabamis sainformacio saSualebebSi. Tu darRveva seriozul xasiaTs atarebda.da samarTlebrivi dokumentebi. nebismieri sociologiuri asociaciis (maT Soris ASA-s) wevroba ara mxolod sakmaod maRali statusis niSania. eTikuri kodeqsebis specifikuri bunebidan gamomdinare. 4-5. am organizaciis farglebSi muSaobs profesiuli eTikis komiteti. es SedarebiT rbili sanqcia gamoiyeneba im SemTxvevaSi. gamokvlevis Catarebisas isini miznad isaxaven rogorc sociologiuri mecnierebis ganviTarebas. 1999. maT mier gaTvaliswinebuli sanqciebic Taviseburi xasiaTisaa. werilis saxiT egzavneba eTikis normebis damrRvevs. eTikis normebis damrRvevi SeiZleba ar iqnes daSvebuli am asociaciis mier mowyobil RonisZiebebze. sazogadoebrivi interesebis gaTvaliswineba sociologebis moRvaweobis Zalze mniSvnelovan sferos warmoadgens. arada. kerZod. amitom am privilegiebis CamorTmeva sakmaod seriozul sasjels warmoadgens. profesiuli sazogadoebebi zrunaven imaze. mniSvnelovania imis aRniSvna. amitom. Tu darRveva SedarebiT msubuqi iyo da ar gamouwvevia seriozuli piradi an profesiuli ziani. b) sajaro gafrTxilebas im SemTxvevaSi mimarTaven. amdenad eTikis kodeqsebi aregulirebs mkvlevrisa da damkveTis urTierTobebis im sferoebs. maTi normebis damrRvevTa winaaRmdeg ver iqneba gamoyenebuli samarTlebrivi sanqciebi. amasTan. piradi gafrTxileba. aramed wevrebisaTvis garkveul profesiul da materialur privilegiebTanaa dakavSirebuli. rogorc amerikis sociologiuri asociaciis eTikis kodeqsSia xazgasmuli.90 sanqciebi ramdenadac profesiuli eTikis kodeqsebi iuridiuli dokumentebi ar aris. Tu es damtkicebuli iqna. miuxedavad amisa. romlebic xelSekrulebebis miRma rCeba da urTierTpatiosnebisa da urTierTgagebisken. isini iyeneben Tavis codnas. aseve sazogadoebrivi keTildReobis xelSewyobas. rom nebismieri faqti mxolod im SemTxvevaSi ganixileba rogorc profesiuli eTikis normebis darRveva. profesiuli eTikis normebis damrRvevTa winaaRmdeg Zalze seriozuli sanqciebi iqna SemuSavebuli amerikis sociologiuri asociaciis (ASA) mier. farTo sazogadoebriobis interesebis dacva ramdenadac socialuri mecnierebis pasuxismgebloba farTo sazogadoebis winaSe iuridiuli regulirebis obieqts ar warmoadgens. 73 . socialuri mecnierebis sazogadoebriv reputacias. rogorc wesi. American Sociological Association. es komiteti uflebamosilia ASA-s wevrebis mier. ar iqnes Seyvanili saredaqcio kolegiebSi. eTikis kodeqsis normebis damyareba mxolod mkvlevarTa keTilganwyobaze da maT mier am normebis didi mniSvnelobis gacnobierebaze yovelTvis sakmarisi ar aris. isini did yuradRebas aqcevs eTikuri normebis darRvevis SemTxvevebis gaxmaurebas profesiul wreSi da aseTi faqtebis dagmobas kolegebis mier. aekrZalos monawileobis miReba asociaciis sxvadasxva komitetebSi 90 Code of Ethics and Policies and Procedures of the ASA Committee on Professional Ethics. maRali profesiuli standartebis dacvisaken mouwodebs orive mxares. isic SeiZleba werilis saxiT iyos. g.

rac TavisTavad ara mxolod samarcxvinoa. xels uSlis mas mniSvnelovani SekveTebis mozidvaSi. safosto Tu sxva). E. rom es kodeqsi ganixilavs gamokiTxvebis Sedegebis mniSvnelobas demokratiuli sazogadoebebisaTvis da Jurnalistebisa da socialuri mecnierebebis profesiuli TanamSromlobis Taviseburebebs. xSirad sakmaod uxeS Secdomebs uSvebdnen masobrivi gamokiTxvebis an sxva tipis kvlevebis Sedegebis gamoqveynebisas. romlebic yvelaze ufro xSirad Suqdeba masobrivi informaciis saSualebebis mier. 1993. Tu ramdeni xniT unda moxdes ama Tu im sociologis wevrobis Sewyveta ASA-Si da ra pirobiTaa SesaZlebeli am wevrobis ganaxleba momavalSi.arCevnebSi. romelSic ganxiluli iqneba maT Soris TanamSromlobis pirobebi. o dasmuli kiTxvebis tipi (Ria.A. rom Jurnalistebi. Tu. yvela publikacias. aramed abrkolebs garicxulis Semdgom profesiul saqmianobas. romlebsac ara aqvT Sesabamisi codna. 74 .M. d) asociaciaSi wevrobis Sewyveta ASA-s profesiuli eTikis komitetis yvelaze seriozuli sanqciaa. romeli privilegiebi CamoerTmeva eTikis normebis damrRvevs. aucileblad unda axldes meToduri informacia Catarebuli gamokiTxvis Sesaxeb. gansakuTrebuli yuradReba am kodeqsSi masobrivi gamokiTxvis Sedegebis publikacias eZRvneba. garda imisa. kerZod: o romelma kvleviTma organizaciam Caatara gamokiTxva. garda amisa. romelic masobrivi gamokiTxvebis Sedegebs iyenebs. sasjelis yvelaze mZime formaa profesiuli sazogadoebis wevrTa rigebidan garicxva. ESOMAR-i urCevs kvleviT organizacias da masobrivi informaciis organos. o SerCeviTi erTobliobis raodenoba. aqac. am moTxovnebis SemuSaveba araprofesiuli publikaciebis momravlebis Sedegad gaxda aucilebeli. satelefono. o SerCevis reprezentatuloba. am Secdomebs ki Semdeg maTi mkiTxvelebi imeorebdnen. aq warmodginelia praqtikuli rekomendaciebi kvlevis Sedegebze damyarebuli publikaciebis momzadebasTan dakavSirebiT. arcTu iSviaTad Jurnalistur masalebSi daSvebuli Secdomebis gamo kvlevis Sedegebi Sefasebuli iyo rogorc araswori. am problemis gadaWris mizniT 1983 wels sazogadoebrivi azrisa da sabazro kvlevis evropulma kavSirma (ESOMAR) SeimuSava “sazogadoebrivi azris gamokiTxvebis gzamkvlevi”91.R.S.O. kerZod. komiteti yvela konkretul SemTxvevaSi wyvets. 91 Guide to Opinion Polls.. profesiuli eTikis komiteti yoveli konkretuli SemTxvevidan gamomdinare gadawyvets. kvlevis Sedegebis publikacia profesiuli normebis specifikuri jgufia moTxovnebi kvlevis Sedegebis gamoqveynebisadmi masobrivi informaciis saSualebebSi. es ki arasaxarbielo gavlenas axdenda am kvlevebis Sefasebaze sazogadoebis mier. dadon xelSekruleba. o gamokiTxvis Catarebis meTodika (piradi. daxuruli Tu naxevraddaxuruli) da maTi zusti formulireba. im sakiTxs.S. socialuri kvlevis Sedegad miRebuli informaciis gamoqveynebisas aucilebelia mkafiod gaimijnos miRebuli Sedegebi da am Sedegebis safuZvelze Jurnalistebis mier gakeTebuli komentari. romlis mizansac presaSi socialuri gamokvlevebis Sedegebis gamoqveynebisas daSvebuli Secdomebis Semcireba iyo. o gamokiTxvis Catarebis TariRebi. ESOMAR-is rCeviT. mkvlevrebi sul ufro da ufro xSirad rwmundebodnen. ar iqnes ganxiluli misi kandidatura asociaciis wevrebisaTvis gankuTvnili kvleviTi stipendiebis ganawilebis procesSi da a.

org/members/ ecoderev. American Sociological Association.org/esomar/show/id=65961 and Social Research Practice. 1997. American Sociological Association Committee on Professional Ethics. 43-73 (“Ethical Issues”).asanet. http://www. Bruce L.esomar. ipoveT internetSi socialuri kvlevis eTikis ramdenime kodeqsi (garda im kodeqsebisa. 1997. gaecaniT publikacias “gamokiTxvam uCvena.asanet. 2. rom didi britaneTis mosaxleobaSi izrdeba emigraciis survili” (magaliTi #4). Fifth edition.html 75 . Boston: Pearson. 2. rogor SeafasebdiT kvlevis Sedegebis gaSuqebis xarisxs? rekomendebuli literatura: 1. 3. Berg. romlebic am masalaSia miTiTebuli) da SeadareT isini erTmaneTs maTi detalurobis TvalsazrisiT. ICC/ESOMAR International Code of Marketing http://www. Pp. Policies and Procedures. “Ethical Concerns in Participant Observation/Ethnography.org/members/enforce. Qualitative Research Methods for the Social Sciences. Code of Ethics. Eric J. 1998. Arnould.html 5.davalebebi: 1. http://www. 4.” in Advances in Consumer Research 25: 72-74.

romelic uSualod meore msoflio omis damTavrebis Semdeg Catarda. da erovnuli istoriiT gamowveuli siamayis grZnobaa. gamokiTxvam uCvena. 26 agvisto. 1975 wels ki es raodenoba 40 procentamde Semcirda. rac maT Sin darCnis survils uZlierebs. dabali fasebi da gemrieli samzareuloa. ingliselebis mxolod 25 procentma ganacxada. sadac maT ar dasWirdebaT enobrivi barieris gadalaxva. aris cxovrebis siZvire da SesaZleblobebis nakleboba. rogorc gamokiTxulTa 54 procentma ganacxada. rom didi britaneTis mosaxleobaSi izrdeba emigraciis survili CNN Italia. msgavsi gamokiTxvis Sedegad. umTavresi motivi. rom ara es barieri. megobrebi. romelic gazeT «deili telegrafis» SekveTiT Caatara demoskopiurma sazogadoebam YouGov. umTavresi. swored esaa ZiriTadi mizezebi. amaze mowmobs gamokiTxvis Sedegebi. ojaxi. zogi — samzareulosac ki. gairkva. maSin espaneTs da safrangeTs arCevdnen. ukanaskneli wlebis manZilze britaneTis mosaxleobaSi gaizarda qveynidan gamgzavrebis survili. rom axali sacxovrebeli adgilebis Zebnis mTavari mizezia maTi ukmayofileba erovnuli samzareuloTi. havis cvalebadoba kidev erTi mizezia. 2002 w. sxva mxriv. sadac ufro rbili hava. maTTvis yvelze sasurveli qveynebia SeerTebuli Statebi da avstralia. (evrogaerTianebaSi britanelebi yvelaze naklebad floben ucxo enebs). londoni (CNN) — isini veRar itanen amindis kaprizebs da cxovrebis siZvires. rom aseTi survili mosaxleobis 42 procents hqonda. romelTa gamoc britaneTis moqalaqeebis umravlesobas surs sazRvargareT gamgzavreba — iq. SesaZlebloba rom hqondeT isini siamovnebiT gaemgzavrebodnen sazRvargareT sacxovreblad. romelsac gamokiTxulebi xSirad asaxelebdnen.magaliTi #4. ris gamoc mosaxleobas didi britaneTidan gamgzavreba surs. 76 .

masSi unda aisaxos fokus-jgufis msvlelobaSi gamoTqmuli yvela azri..igulisxmeba.. ufro saWiro iqneba...... . albaT. .. Tu saCuqaric igulisxmeba.. Cveni saubris Temaa korufcia...95 samecniero doneze. saubris procesSi kidev davakonkretebT im sakiTxebs. ucxo enebi94. . 2004 w. korufciaSi ras vgulisxmobT — es aris marto fulis micema. rom akademiurad midgoma. . fokus-jgufis respondentebis kategoria: studentebi. orive igulisxmeba. romlebsac dRes ganvixilavT... studenti.. gasarkvevia. iseT SenobaSi vimyofebiT. ramdenime respondentma miuTiTa fakulteti... dauSvebelia saubris stilisturi redaqtireba. vinaidan fokus-jgufis respondentebis vinaobis gamJRavneba arasodes ar xdeba. jer SevecadoT cota akademiurad mivudgeT am sakiTxs — Tqveni azriT. ra aris korufcia? am cnebis Teoriuli ganmarteba Tu gaqvT vinmes? .. 94 Tumca es ar iyo moderatoris moTxovna. 93 respondentTa saxelebi gamotovebulia maTi anonimurobis dacvis mizniT. agraruli universiteti.. . avtoris miTiTebis gareSe.. iuridiuli. 92 fokus-jgufi Catarda Tavisuflebis institutis proeqtis farglebSi “korufcia saqarTveloSi da misi Sefaseba sxvadasxva profesiuli jgufis warmomadgenlebis mier”. Tu romel respondents ekuTvnis yoveli gamoTqmuli azri. biosamedicino. . Telavi.. zogjer transkripSi miTiTebulia. ucxo enebi.... rogor SeiZleba ganvmartoT. aq moyvanil magaliTSi moyvanilia mxolod jgufis msvlelobaSi gamoTqmuli azrebi... gamoyofilia mxolod moderatoris sityvebi. Cemi azriT. magram Tavdapirvelad gTxovT yvelam warvadginoT Tavi. fokus-jgufis Catrebis adgili: q. .. rodesac respondenti Cumad laparakobs da misi sityvebis garCeva ver xerxdeba — maSin transkriptSi Sesabamisi miniSneba unda iyos gakeTebuli. SeniSvna: transkripti fokus-jgufis dros gamarTuli diskusiis dros Cawerili audio.93 studenti. 77 ... sadac swavlobdnen. .gaaCnia. .. am magaliTSi. aseT SemTxvevebSi gamoyenebuli kvadratuli frCxilebi. 95 fokus-jgufi Catarda Telavis saxelmwifo universitetis SenobaSi. fokus-jgufis msvlelobaSi gamarTuli diskusiis gaSifvris Sedegad srulad xdeba respondentTa stilis dacva. respondentebs pirobiTi saxelebiT moixsenieben xolme... aris SemTxvevebi.danarTi #1 korufcia saqarTveloSi92 fokus-jgufis transkripti fokus-jgufis Catrebis TariRi: 29 ivnisi. sanam konkretul magaliTebze da konkretul SemTxvevebze gadavalT... namcxvari.. romlebic SeZlebisdagvarad sityvasityviT unda iyos gadatanili qaRaldze.an videokasetis detaluri gaSifvris Sedegia.

xolo qrTami SeiZleba gamoixatos kerZo seqtorSic. ki.da ar aris. aramed imis safuZvelze. ara. rom SeiZleba ufro kargi kriteriumebis. im kriteriumebs Sen ver akmayofileb da amis safasurad Sen unda gadaixado raRac. . rom saxelmwifo moxele TviTon iTxovs “aucilebel” gadasaxads. korufcia.ki. sinamdvileSi rac ar gaqvs. vTqvaT. xolo qrTamis SemTxvevaSi meqrTame TviTon aris SemTavazebeli. gWirdeba gasamrjelo.ki. raime momsaxurebis SemTxvevaSi.erTia.Seavso. Cemi azriT. . korufciis erT-erTi Semadgeneli nawilia.Tu am gansazRvrebas gamoviyenebT. . . korufciaze rodesac vsaubrobT.Cemi azriT.Tu nebayoflobiTia. erTi mxare kisrulobs raime Tanxis gaRebas. magram korufciis yvelaze ganmasxvavebeli niSani swored is aris. anu es SeiZleba ar iyos saxelmwifo moxele. cdilobs rom rame gadauxados.esec korufciaa.ara.. Seni azriT. rom is daayenos pirvel rigSi. romelic raime TxovniT mimarTavs. aseT SemTxvevaSi TviTon im adamianis uflebac irRveva. igulisxmeba saqarTveloSi qrTami rogorc saCuqari. korufcia da meqrTameoba erTi da igivea Tu ara? . Sen xdebi korumpirebuli. da ara is... da ZiriTadad saxelmwifo moxeleze unda gvqondes aq saubari. romelmac ginda rom samsaxurSi migiRos. daaxloebiT ase vfiqrob..mainc korufciasTan aris gadajaWvuli. am SemTxvevaSi ver mivalT korufciamde. . anu raime valdebulebis Sesruleba.ara. da qrTami miutano kerZo pirs. . rom Sen gTxoven im qrTams. arasamTavrobo organizaciaSic. ese igi.cxadia. . rom miitano. magram dRes qrTamis micemisas igive movaleobas asrulebs is. me mgoni. albaT.raRacas ukanonod akeTeb am SemTxvevaSi.dRes-dReobiT.. . TviTon im moxelis mimarT.magram amas ar SeiZleba davarqvaT. korufciasTan. ufro kargi Sefasebis mqone adamiani darCes gareT. korufcia aris. rodesac romelime adgilze mosaxvedrad Tu raRac. Tu vis ras miscem — im SemTxvevaSi. imitom rom is mainc akeTebs amas da arasamarTlebrivad xdeba im mxriv. rom miitano.korufcia es aris kanonis gareT momxdari garigeba. 78 . vTqvaT.-m rom moiyvana magaliTi — rodesac samsaxurSi iReben ara codnis safuZvelze. notariusebTan mimarTebaSi. . gansakuTrebiT. es korufcia? . codna an raRac. xolo meore. me Tu mkiTxavT. vTqvaT.. . ra Tqma unda.. . . . Tu viRaca gaiZulebs raRaca misce samsaxurSi miRebisaTvis. es mentalobidanac gamomdinareobs.. identuri ar aris. magram amave dros ase Tu ise akmayofilebs. qrTamic igivenairad xdeba — eg SeiZleba adre iyo mase. visac Txoven [fuls]. . maSin es ukve saCuqaria. magram dRes-dReobiT aRar aris. xom? moqalaqe. rogorc wesi. imitom rom qrTams iReb. vTqvaT.qrTami pirdapir kavSirSia. magram mTlianobaSi identuri cnebebi ar aris. .. adre SeiZleba nebayoflobiTi iyo. codnis mxriv arsebul moTxovnebs — am SemTxvevaSi rasTan gvaqvs saqme? . . mgoni. es aris uSualod saxelmwifo samsaxurSi momxdari movlena. Cemi azriT. vinc iRebs fuls.mec. imitom rom. kisrulobs raime ukanono qmedebis Sesrulebas am piris sasargeblod. rac sinamdvileSi saWiroa. raRac moqmedebas asruleben. . nebayoflobiTi. . rodesac orive mxare raRac valdebulebas kisrulobs. rodesac adamiani madlierebis niSnad uxdida adamians raRacas. Tundac formalurad.korufcia aris.Cemi azriT. an ufro ukeTesad moemsaxuros. madlierebis niSnad. vTqvaT. imitom rom meqrTameoba SeiZleba gamoixatos nebismier pirTan mimarTebaSi.

da Tavisuflad SeuZlia rom cal-calke aiRos.eg vTqvi weRan. rom ai.. magram raRac damatebiTi isini unda gaimarTos — Sen atyob. . magram ukve ici. kargi iqneboda.sxva formebic aqvs. vinc dRes pirvelad gaigo sityva “korufcia”? . ai “qrTami misca” da. da mniSvneloba ara aqvs. . namdvilad.madlierebis niSnad. imiT ki ara. . rodesac pativs gcemen da Sen pativs scem adamians.es aris ZiriTadad ganviTarebadi qveynebi. kargi. ar gawyoben — iZulebuli xdebi rom SesTavazo raRac. magram qvecnobierad. rom ai. magas xom qrTams ver daarqmev? . sadac korufcia Zalian aris . es ra iqneba. magram korufcia ar gangvimartavs rogorc aseTi. nacnobia.elementarulad ai.. Tu amas sxva formebic aqvs? .qrTamis SemTxvevaSi iniciativa modis Seni mxridan. .korufcias aqvs yvelanairi forma — swored is aris. igive rogorc samsaxurTan dakavSirebiT Camovarda laparaki. . romlis fasic aRemateba [800] lars.ki. . parketis dageba undodes an sul sxva raRacis [SekeTeba]. rom ara mgonia. Tu ra aris korufcia da ar gamouTqvia Tavisi azri? . SesarCevi. . imitom rom gawyobs im wuTas Sen am adamianis SemoTavazebuli winadadeba.raRac ar mgonia. . rom is daimsaxura an raRaca — sxvas toveb TamaSgareT. . kanonSi aris. . romeli qveynebia. rom is samarTlebrivad sworia.. SeiZleba xmamaRla ar iyos naTqvami.ara. . rom eqimTan midixar da “banbanerka” migaqvs.Cemi azriT.anda..eg iyo istoriuli winamZRvari qrTamisa. . qrTams ver daarqmev-Tqo pativiscemas...amas kanonic aregulirebs.Sedegebze gvilaparakia.1000 lari. vTqvaT. rom sajaro pirebs ar SeuZliaT miiRon saCuqari. miiRe monawileoba da geubnebian. . .da bankSi ver Seitan. pativs scem adamians elementarulad adamianuri motiviT da ara imitom. gavrcelebuli? Tqveni azriT. anu saCuqarSi igulisxmeba Tanxac da igulisxmeba nivTic. ra”. pativiscema sxvaa. saqarTveloSi. aris aq vinme. akmayofileb amas. aris aq vinme. rom ai...sityvaze. Tu sworad maxsovs — aris konkretuli Tanxa miRebuli. xolo korufciis SemTxvevaSi iniciativa modis im mxridan.eg ukve tradiciuli momentia.kargi gagebaa.qrTami me mainc sul cudi gagebiT maxsovs. romeliRac samsaxurSi gamocxadda raRac konkursi. .qrTami aris korufciis gamomxatveli meTodi. rom saCuqari Sen unda “ikisro”. Tu raRacas momitan. rom giWianureben saqmes. rom Sen arasamarTlebrivad im adamians. Sen raRac momitane. qrTami sxvaa. ra Tqma unda.. ra Tqma unda! . rom. Tumca korufciis xarisxi da 79 .ara. fuls ar gamovarTmev.korufcias imas ver davarqmevT. kargi gagebiT verc ityvi. vTqvaT. uxeSad geubnebi. maSin sxva kiTxva — korufcia SeiZleba aRviqvaT rogorc raRac fuladi Tanxis an saCuqris miReba. visac ucxo xalxis TandaswrebiT jer ar ulaparakia imis Sesaxeb. “pativs gcem. farulad miganiSnebs. . .imdenad xSirad ismis dRes-dReobiT.ara! mainc korufciaa.am SemTxvevaSi maSin is moiTxovs sam 400-larians. ki. am SemTxvevaSi Sen raRacis safasurad ukeTeb amas. . . TanamSromlad iyvan da nebismieri — amas SeiZleba. . vTqvaT.

.moicavs im qveynebs. da ra aris imis mizezi. meorec. vTqvaT.da xalxis donea ufro SeiZleba dabali. imitom rom ician.. ufro maRal donezea. . . ruseTi. rom marTla daisjebian. .gacilebiT naklebad. rom iseT qveynebSi arsebobs iseTi kanonebi. . . fuls miitan da morCa. da CvenTan ukve aravis eSinia arafris gakeTebis.korufcia aris yvela qveyanaSi.ara. vTqvaT. rom raRac sfero eqceva maqsimarulad CrdilSi. .iq aris sakanonmdeblo regulireba.naklebad. igive momentia — raRacas Caiden. TviTon korufciis sistemazec aris aq saubari. . kanonebs da eSiniaT. naklebad.] me vfiqrob. .evropis TiTqmis yvela qveyana. .ruseTi. [sadac korufcia ar aris gavrcelebuli. ratom aris am qveynebSi SedarebiT metad gavrcelebuli? . . daisjeba is adamiani.weRan damaviwyda meTqva. sadac korufcia ar aris.isic ar dagvaviwydes. rasac hqvia “ganviTarebadi”. gind evropaSi..dausjelobis sindromia saqarTveloSi. xSir SemTxvevaSi.indoeTi mgonia me. azerbaijani.amerika. kargiT. qveynebi. raRacas rom daaSaveben.aseve CamorCenili qveynebi. ras niSnavs saxelmwifoSi cxovreba.ganviTarebulia.ara. ician. TviTon saxelmwifo institutebis Camoyalibebis procesi ar aris iq dasrulebuli. rom Tu es moxdeba.sasomxeTic aseve. da romelia. 80 . ginda amerikaSi. anu is ukanono imaSi ar eqceva. aqedan gamomdinare. yofili sabWoTa samyaro. saxelmwifo moxeleebic ver acnobiereben. rom am qveynebSi korufcia naklebadaa gavrcelebuli? .Zalian did pativs scemen sazRvargareT saerTod. iq ki. . .ho.damokidebulia azrisa da sityvis TavisuflebasTan. .kanoni ar kanonobs. cdiloben es gadmoitanon sakanonmdeblo regulirebis sferoSi. . SeiZleba. modiT davasaxeloT qveynebi. da aq es kultura ar aris xSir SemTxvevaSi. yvela gadasaxadi iq aris kanonizirebuli. romlebic uSualod xels uwyoben korufciis gaRvivebas. albaT. an SedarebiT naklebad aris gavrcelebuli? . rom.ufro metad gavrcelebuli ar aris. da iq. ukraina. aq yvelaferi dauregulirebelia. me mgoni.es aris civilizebuli qveynebi. . . Tqveni azriT. kanoni ar kanonobs. . da iq xdeba korufciuli garigeba.sasomxeTi. . rom kriminogenuli situacia CvenTan da im qveynebSi [sadac korufcia gavrcelebulia] Zalian dabal donezea. .imitom. . magram sadac marTlaa gavrcelebuli — indoeTSi.me amerikas davasaxelebdi. .dausjeloba akeTebs amas. nu davajgufebT. . . TviTon sazogadoebac da. kanoni kanonobs. rac CvenTanac iyo didi problema.korufciis masStabi — aq yvela sferoSi midis korufcia. nebismier ganviTarebul qveyanaSi. anu prevencia am SemTxvevaSi.martiv magaliTs moviyvan — amerikis nebismier universitetSi ratom ar aris korufciis didi masStabi? elementarulad. . albaT. . rodesac atyoben. ramdenadac TviTon sasjelis aucilebloba. sasomxeTSi an ruseTSi.eg cxadia. kanonis simkacre imdenad ar gansazRvravs kanonis dacvas. . ician.

an qrTamis gareSe. igive sami gvaqvs. . saqarTveloSi korufcia ramdenad aris gavrcelebuli. rom dabrkolebas gana gadalaxavs. . saganmanaTleblo da. xelisuflebaSi modis da..es im doneze. rom axlandeli axalgazrdobac uwyobs amas efeqturad xels. rom amis gareSe ar xdeba.cudi kidev is aris.faqtiurad sfero ar arsebobs. saSualod saqarTvelos dones Tu SevadarebT.igivea. .ara.me vityodi.. isic ukanonod gadaaxdevinebs.rogorc yovelTvis. . rom adamiani. ganaTlebis sistemaSi. . me mgoni. mere. .Zalian gavrcelebulia. . rodesac Tanamdebobas daikavebs.da sabolood ver xvdebian. amas. . axla ukve daviRale. . is fiqrobs.marcxena gzas gamonaxaven.mgoni.Zalian. sadac korufcia ar aris.Zalian.ganaTleba. . romelic profesias korufciuli xerxebiT eufleba.ganaTleba.da sazRvargareT aravin gadaixdis fuls uswavlelobisTvis. gamonaklisebi iqneba. iqidanve ixdis ukanonod... iciT? mcdeloba aRar aris. . .ho. Tqveni azriT? . rom erTia aseTi sfero — ki.igive. Tu aq raime specifikuri situaciaa? .igives vityodi mec. rogorc Cven vakeTebT.ra Tqma unda! . erTi daasaxeleT.. SegiZliaT daasaxeloT sami sfero. Telavis raionSi igive sami sferoa.. fulis gareSe. rom qarTvelebis Cvevaao rom dawyebul saqmes bolomde ar amTavrebeno — da daaxloebiT hgaqvs. .sakmaod. . maSin igive sami sferoa. batono. anu romelic. . . sakmaod Tu Zalian? .jaWviviT modis. 81 . . im dRes erTma amerikelma Tqva. katastrofuli masStabiT.es SeiZleba Sevides saxelmwifo struqturebSi. magram ZiriTadad igive. . rom uswavleloba ufro Zviri ujdebaT da ufro cudia qveynisTvis ekonomikuradac da saerTodac. . rom yvelas TvalSia. . ra Tqma unda..saganmanaTleblo. . . da mesame — damexmareT. vakuumia sakanonmdeblo. .adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis doneze Tu gadmovitanT xelisuflebis situacias.Zalian. sadac korufcia yvelaze Zalian aris gavrcelebuli? an Tu TvliT. . vTqvaT. naklebad Tu igivea? . TelavSi korufcia metad aris gavrcelebuli. ukuRma varT niWierebi — nebismieri sxva SeiZleba fiqrobdes problemis gadaWraze.saxelisuflo struqturebSi.samarTaldamcavebi. rom modi axla ukve fuls mivcem. me vfiqrob. . .samarTaldamcav organoebSi. da ukve rogor aris. mgoni. Cvens qveyanas davubrundeT. anu ukan amoiRebs..kanons gareSea. qarTvelma SeiZleba oTxjer meti ifiqros marcxena mxridan mogvarebaze. samarTaldamcavi organoebi.Cvenc vuwyobT xels raRac momentSi. mainc moZebnis raRacas.unda meTqva is. imitom rom ukve rom ici.

. . verafers ver vigoneb. is saSinelebebi. rom Telavi saqarTvelosTan SedarebiT Zalian pataraa. .ho. . es vakuumi unda moispos aucileblad. igive universitetSi. maSin iqneb sxva problemasTan 82 . yvelas hqonia met-naklebad. . wesdebiT aris gansazRvruli. rom ar mqonia. hoda Tanabrad aris procentulad Tu aviRebT. rom. zogadad saxelmwifoSi ukve sakanonmdeblo vakuumi. magram Semosavalic naklebia. ra vici. aq yovelTvis iqmneba raRac SezRuduli wre.gaunaTlebloba. socialuri foni. . magram Zalian [gavrcelebulia].. rodesac igive dabali xelfasi aqvT saxelmwifo samsaxurSi da bunebrivia..igivea. magram manamde — ra aris korufciis gavrcelebis mizezi saqarTveloSi.. formalurad Tu iuridiulad ar xdeba gamijvna. .. ucodinroba.SeiZleba sadRac naklebi Tanxaa gadasaxdeli. zogadi socialuri foni. TbilisSi ufro.eg aris mTavari. rom arasodes ar mqonia. Tqvens pirad gamocdilebas davubrundebiT. .aranairad naklebad. piradad Tqven Tu gqoniaT Sexeba korufciasTan? . ganaTlebis sistemaSi.iqidan gamomdinare...procentulad Tu aiRebT. raSic Cven vcxovrobT. igivea. Cemi azriT..met-naklebad. ase vTqvaT.. meore faqtori.Cemi azriT.. rodesac esa Tu is urTierToba ar regulirdeba kanoniT. samarTlebrivi is rom irRveva. . .. Tu ra donezea? is xom mainc iRebs am SemTxvevaSi? korufcia is aris.es SeiZleba iyos erTi kompleqsi. . . magram iman xom mainc safasurad gagikeTa! am wuTas korufciazea laparaki. rac dRes-dReobiT xdeba: ukanonoba. Tamamad SemiZlia vTqva. igive ar aris gansazRvruli studentis da universitetis valdebulebebi.mesame faqtoria umTavresi. .Cemi azriT. . .. aqac sakmaod irRveva.kanonis ucodinroba.samarTlebrivi.nu. ramdeni icnobs am wesdebas. . . ra valdebulebebi aqvs universitets Cvens mimarT. am SemTxvevaSi .arsebuli mdgomareoba. TviTon moqalaqis samarTlebrivi ganaTlebis zedmetad dabali done. Cven praqtikulad aranair.SedarebiT naklebi SeiZleba iyos. Tanabrad. . ra iwvevs korufcias? . axla mec vfiqrob.albaT.erTic ara. ramdens ixdi.me SemiZlia vTqva.qrTami ar mimicia.mainc araferi ar Seicvleba. erTi faqtori SeiZleba es gamovyoT. sadac mimdinareobs es procesi.ki. ganaTlebis sistemaSi konkretulad ra vakuumebia? . . . xom? .ho.vTqvaT. naklebia. magram vici. anu es procesi rom SeCerdes. aqedanac gamomdinareobs. es vakuumebi Zalian bevria. vidre aq — patara qalaqia.es valdebulebebi wesdebiT aris gansazRvruli. Tu aris es wesdeba da Tqven mas ar icnobT.erTi procenti. . magram sainteresoa. . Tu korufcia ra donezea? is aris mTavari. .. rom iman SeiZleba — uxeSad ar gamigo — lari aiRos.. mesame faqtoric SeiZleba arsebobdes am SemTxvevaSi. rodesac SemovdivarT universitetSi. sajaro moxeles ar SeuZlia 16 larian xelfasze cxovreba.ara. me vityodi piriqiT. .

SeiZleba cota xmamaRali naTqvami iyos Cemi mxridan.ara. Sen unda iswavlo. magram Cven kargad viciT. rac xdeba. rogorc weRan vTqvi..magram me ras viZaxi — TviTon kanoni ukve ar avaldebulebs universitets. . is getyvis uxeSad: me unda gaswavlo.erTi faqti SemiZlia — dResdReobiT imasac davoben.. rom mTavroba.? . es SeiZleba imis bralic aris.. ukve raRac testireba. Cemi azriT. am qalaqze. mTavroba — me vfiqrob. anu Cven. TviTon universitets. da sakmaod rTulad mosapovebeli dokumentia dRemde. . yovel SemTxvevaSi. igive Cvens dRevandel mdgomareobaSi. misaReb gamocdebze erTxel CaWra. rom 40% vTqvaT fasiani seqtoridan Semosuli Tanxebis unda moxmarebodaT studentebs. samjer CaWra — es ukve xdeboda raRac katastrofulad. . axla laparakia am Senobaze. magram kidev viZaxi. magram ar xdeba.am Senobazec. . ver Sexval.meti aqvs. qaTami ufro adre gaCnda Tu kvercxi.ki. im doneze midis ukve aqcenti..adamianebis azrs isini aRar aqceven yuradRebas imis Semdeg. araferi marTla ar fasdeboda. gadalaxavs im raRac problemebs. axla SeiZleba ase iyos. rodesac qrTams aZlev. vinc qrTams iRebs. iyo periodi. orjer CaWra. universitetSi rom Semodis studenti.gasagebia.me ise mgonia. Sen codvili xar. imitom rom saganmanaTleblo sistema Zalian dabal donezea. gindac codna gqondes..sxvaTaSoris.eg marTalia..Cemi azriT. mainc saboloo jamSi imas vfiqrob. sxva mizezebi. mTavrobas xalxi ar irCevs? . vidre imas. . rom mxolod im adamianebs hqondaT es debuleba wakiTxuli. magram TelavSi..me vfiqrob. rom. magram mcodnes xmis amoRebis unari da saSualeba eqneba.. iq unda xdebodes piradi gasaubreba da uflebebis ganmarteba. amis bralic. yvela CvenTaganis bralic. .ki. axla mase aRar aris? . debulebaSi wlebis ganmavlobaSi iyo Cadebuli. . xolo 60% leqtorebs xelfasebis saxiT — ar xmardeboda. rom xalxi arc cdilobs imis gamosworebas. fuli gadamixadeo. is arc imas getyvis. . marTla gareT rCebodi. vinc es miiRo. rom Cveni mTavroba da xalxi erTmaneTTan kavSirSi saerTod ar aris. materialurteqikuri bazis saxiT.anu Tu gainteresebs Seni uflebebi.formalurad irCevs. asea. am qalaqzec da am qveyanazec. vTqvaT. Tavisive iniciativiT. . . igive situaciaa. rom Tu ar iswavli. roca arc codna. . marTla katastrofa iyo..dabali politikuri kulturac aris amomrCevlisa. uxeSad rom SevadaroT. adamiani laparakobs sul sxva enaze. elementarulad. am qveyanaze Tu . . qrTami da me Cems Tavs ufro vTvli am SemTxvevaSi damnaSaved. bibliidan moviyvan. odnav mainc rom gaitanos Tavisi simarTle. mTavroba laparakobs sul sxva enaze. da am SemTxvevaSi — me maqvs micemuli. magram raRac momentSi isini .. Cven vuwyobT amas xels da Cveni isic aris. rom [studentis] Semosvlis Tanave. igive Cvens universitetze rom aviRoT.gvaqvs saqme? . rom codvili is ki ar aris. me ase mgonia. Cvens problemebze ar laparakoben. sxva mosazrebebi? .ukve raRas sasikeTo Zvrebi iqneba. . Tu raRac gadasaxadi ar Seitane universitetSi. rac isini amorCeulebi arian. martivad imitom. . amas aucileblad unda gavusvaT xazi. ver Sexval.irCevs. rom Tu adamians unda swavla da raRacis miRweva. meqrTameoba ufro adre gaCnda Tu TviTon meqrTame? imdenad gadajaWvulia es yvelaferi erTmaneTze. vinc aiRo es. ZiriTadad populisti [politikosebi]. .es yvelaferi modis. vTqvaT. romelic unda 83 .

.. ori miliardi — rogora varT ici. “iman gadawyvitos” — es momenti Zalian aris. me ase mgonia. rom yvela ase iqceodes. arc is ar icis.. me ubralod ise mgonia. garkveulwilad aferxebs korufcias. es momenti namdvilad aris.Tan qarTvelebis fsiqologia ufro sxvanairia. . vTqvaT. xom weria xolme. . magram me mainc privilegirebuli unda viyo.saerTod.. . da meore varianti. Sen cudad gamige — gana ar unda Secvla. da.. saxelmwifoSi moqalaqem ar icis Tavisi valdebulebebi. magram.iyos misaReb gamocdebze. .ki magram. rom ar unda qarTvel xalxs raRac Secvalos. rogorc patara ToTo bavSvi. yvela fiqrobs. eg ar aris imis dasabuTeba.ar moswonT. rom xalxs arc undao arafris Secvla. ra uflebebi aqvs. Tu ar cdiloben. rom moswonT is situacia. imitom rom igive es Cveni ori revolucia imis damadasturebelia. rom mieCvivnen.. mTavrobac ukve ise mieCvia sazRvargareTidan daxmarebas. TviTon saxelmwifoebriv doneze Tu vityviT. rom ki.nu.ara. mgoni umetesobas arc unda rom icodes. magram ver icavs im kanons! . ... ar icis. mgoni. Tqven daiwyeT laparaki. rom xalxs raRac undoda da Secvales kidec.verc daicavs.ki. magram dRes-dReobiTac sakmaod efeqturad mimdinareobs es.ubralod. imitom rom misi uflebebi. Tqven yvelam — TiTqmis yvelam — TqviT. Tu SevadarebT mdgomareobas revoluciamde da revoluciis Semdeg. romelic SeiZleba 10 wlis Semdeg movides.. magram TviTon mainc ar akeTebs.revolucia moxda. .me vityvi. Tqven axseneT revolucia. da gakaveben. ra Tqma unda. qarTveli xalxis Cvevaa. rom am situaciaSi yvela iqceodes kanonierad TviTon mis garda. Tundac igive saproceso moqmedebebze roca vsaubrobT. rom im wuTas me damiWiron. rac aris. rom is elodeba viRacisgan Svelas — ki unda. rogorc iuristi dagicavs — maSin Cveni profesia saerTod ar gaxdeboda saWiro. .. magram am dros TviTonve fiqrobs... . magram unda. xolo TviTon isev Zveleburad agrZelebdes.da ra uflebebi aqvs. .elementarul imeebze.. . rom Seicvalos.. ar unda gamCxrikon orderis gareSe. iciT? yvela adamians saqarTveloSi rom hkiTxo. axla martivad rom aviRoT: Tu universitetis biblioTekaSi ar aris wigni. — vici.. “icode kanoni. iqnebi daculi” — vici kanoni — rom. . unda rom Secvalos. rom gqoniaT Sexeba korufciasTan. damnaSave unda daisajos.. da rac mTavaria. . magram.Cemi azriT kidev.masas. .rogor aris. Sen ise ver daicav kanons. mainc gWirdeba damcveli. Cemi azriT. .arc aqvT moTxovnileba. gamoixateba saxelmwifos valdebulebebSi. rogorc wesi. Sen SegiZlia moiTxovo es. rom is ar aris sabuTi imisa. . arc moxdeboda revolucia.gind icode. ori ramis Sejereba minda. kanoni icis im adamianma. ara? . situacia 84 . unda yvelaferi iyos kanonierad. zogadad. amave dros..meore momentic aris.. .eg marTalia. ver moTxov amas. rasac realurad studentoba mimarTavs: elodeba axal reqtors.survili rom ara yofiliyo raRacis Secvlisa da keTildReobisken. rom kargi iqneboda. . . rom sul Wamaze da sul TxovniT TvaliT vuyurebT. ukve gamogvimuSaves aseTi Tviseba. imitom rom gaqvs amis ufleba. anu. ra movaleobebi akisria saxelmwifos winaSe. miliardi. maSin ise gamodis.ara. vTqvaT. yvelaferze advokati ara. .. kanoni unda kanonobdes. anu daayeno aseTi moTxovna. . rom arc cdiloben im situaciis Secvlas. yvelaferze advokati xom ar geyoleba. magram jer imdeni araferi ar momxdara. martivad vityvi: Sen rogorc ar unda icode kanoni. Tu ra xdeba? .

ki. marwyvs yididnen da ixdidnen. . imis laparaki.. rom axla korufcia isevea. ar ainteresebT codna. SeiZleba nela. imedi unda iyos.Cvens SemTxvevaSi ar Secvlila. .gamocdebTan dakavSirebiT. im students awyobs. xom SeiZleba saxelebis da 85 .. imitom rom valdebuli ar aris. xels aZlevs students. .. romlebic. rom gadaixados. jerjerobiT mainc. ise aRar aris aSkarad. saxelmwifo gamocdaze moikrifa isev fuli. is fuli jibeSi udevs. raRacnairad gaZvres.imedi geqneba. iseT situacias giqmnian. me rasTanac mqonda Sexeba.ki. im dRes erTma Tqva. rom ar eswavlaT.jerjerobiT. leqtori aiRebs fuls.Tqvens cxovrebaSi korufciasTan dakavSirebiT Seicvala Tu ar Seicvala? . ra moxdeba]. diplomiani rZali unda iyos. axlac asea. . rom ar Secvlila situacia. rom mowyobiliyvnen samsaxurSi da is fuli amoeRoT. magram jerjerobiT.. magram . es dekanic iZaxis. . veTanxmebi. rom ucodinar bavSvs ise dauweros niSani. magram situacia nel-nela win midis — gaumjobesebisaken.gavaldebuleben.da kidev ra situaciaa — rom CaTvlaSi 7 lari ar kmara da 10 lari unda moitano da aseTi raRaceebi. TiTqmis yvela jgufSi. studenti iZaxis. midis reqtori da eubneba: “es fuli daabruneT ukan. ufro Cumad... magram arian leqtorebi. . imitom rom Cairicxnen fuliT.centridan iwyeba korufciis winaaRmdeg brZola da mere regionebSi cota ufro sustdeba. movida axali reqtori — rac Cemi TvaliT maqvs danaxuli. . azri ara aqvs”.ara. an: “mokrefili gaqvT? dekans mieciT?” — “ara. niSnavs Tu ara es.. magram mainc. arada. fuli momikrifeT jgufmao. arada. moswrebaze arian. kargi. rom aviRoT. . .ki. cota mgoni ararealuri meCveneba. rac avirCieT Cveni prezidenti — sam TveSi da oTx TveSi aseTi didi problemis mogvareba ar SeiZleba. rom valdebuli xar. . me roca vabarebdi aq universitetSi. aravis ar miutanoT”. universitetSi ixdidnen fuls. danarCeni abarebda fuliT. .ara.SeiZleba ufro gaCumda da ar ismis. .araferi ar Secvlila. sjobia. kaco. . Tu xalxs ar endomeba. korufcias vgulisxmob. SemiZlia davasaxelo kidec es leqtorebi. da es Zalian kargia. . rogorc iyo revoluciamde? . .magram me vfiqrob. iqidan codna hqonda erTi xuT-aT kacs. rac me gadamxda.jerjerobiT me amas ver vxedav. mSoblebs aqvT aseTi is.ki. igive universitetis sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT. mere imaSi ixdidnen. mgoni. . rom vTqvaT momavali wlidan [ar ician. leqtorebTan mimarTebaSi. rogor gekadrebaT”. is ar moispoba. bolos mase aSkarad aRar aris. mere imaSi ixdidnen.erTi rame minda vTqva..arian leqtorebi. sami Tvea Tu oTxi Tvea. . . .ki. .diplomiani siZe unda iyos. iq ar Secvlila situacia. magram jerjerobiT. rom “Cems Svils aucileblad unda hqondes diplomi” da ar uyureben imas. ai axla.. . da 100 kaci viyaviT Tu ufro metni.da Semdeg gamocdebzec leqtorebs aZleven fuls. romlebic nebayoflobiT iZaxian uars... vinc vabarebdiT erTad.ubralo magaliTs moviyvan. gamocdebze axlac yvelani aZleven fuls.. rom korufcia moispos. ase vTqvaT. .ki.axla dameTanxmebiT. . piriqiT. pirvel rigSi.ara. am bolo sesiaze aZleven fuls? . es meqrTameoba universitetSi. imitom rom eswavlaT.“seilebi” ar aris. . modiT konkretul faqtebze davideT. imitom rom situacia marTla Seicvala. axla. rom imaT Svils ar unda swavla. da “ara. Tu SeiZleba momismineT. dekani udga gverdze — konkretuli faqti vici. gvqonda.

mere iman etyoba gaikiTxa. grantebi gikeTebiao da geqnebao fuli. vinc aiRo. Rirsia da ar imsaxurebs. mixvda.. mesame kursze xar. imitom rom ar aris fizikurad da axla mSobiare qali rogor Camogiyvano Casabareblad? 25 lari momecio.iZulebiT.ki. marTali giTxraT. fuli aRar aiRos da saxelmwifo gamocdazec fuli aRar gTxovon. rom cota saxumaro Tema ar aris egao. ar geyo im fulis gadaxda? dajeqi is erTi weli. xan esa.SantaJireba moaxdine. magram im moswavles.piradad CemTvis es didi xarji iqneba.. iqneb ramiT mogvexmaroT.. xan vin damireka. morCa. aqtiuri studentebi varT. davanaxe. veTanxmebi. da orive Cavayene saqmis kursSi. rom cota seriozuloba Semateboda am faqts. Cemi azriT. vfiqrob. iswavle ra! 86 . es xdeba reqtoris arCevnebamde. mivedi am qalTan da veubnebi. . imitom rom axla Tu... jibeSi midevs Cveulebrivi radio. korumpirebuli. gamoikiTxa. kargi ra! yvelaferi misaRebi gamocdebidan iwyeba.minda vTqva saxelmwifo gamocdebze. niSani ki Tavisi surviliT dawera.. rac ginda isa qenio da mere. kaco. .. .ki. anu Tu unda winsvlis pretenzia hqondes.kaco. qalbaton m. . sami weli rom fuli ixade.gasagebia.. mere ukve vTqvi. araTu niSnis daweras. . nu. am SemTxvevaSi vicrue. isev fuliT unda isa qnan. Cemi meuRle wayvanili myavda TbilisSi samSobiarod da darCenili hqonda gamocda germanulSi. g. man diplomi ar unda gasces ucodinarze — da es daiwyeba dReidan Tu xvalidan.magram axla uyure — ver dageTanxmebi. .ki. etyoba. rom Tan gundSi mReris. . reqtorobis orive kandidats vuTxari me es yvelaferi. vici es qali vinc aris. .is pirovneba. magram [mase] saqme ar gakeTdeba. romelsac oTxi wlis ganmavlobaSi fuls arTmevdnen.. kaseta momecio. iq viRacasTan mivida da Tqva. . is gvikeTebia. . vTqvaT. eg miTxari! pirdapir 25 lars rom majaxeb. vuxsni. . imitom rom me ara mqonia is kaseta. rom. rom iqneba an gadavavadoT.mere ratom ar uTxari. studentis gamoCenis gareSe? . Camovedi. daicao. rac aris — rasac metyoda vicodi. rom viRaca igre ar viyavi — Tavidan miTxra. xan isa qenio. . rogor. gadamivade. xan isa. imaT rom mosTxovo saxelmwifo gamocdebze codna. romelic Tavisi swavlis periodSi ixdida da axla aRmoCnda am situaciaSi. magram oTxi wliT ukan dros ver davabrunebT. vTqvaT.imitom rom . rom viTom diqtofonze mqonda es Cawerili. me vuTxari. Senc xar korumpirebuli. mTeli oTxi wlis ganmavlobaSi codna ar miuRiaT. universitets Tu unda ramis pretenzia hqondes. Cemi azriT. uTxres. me vuTxari. . . marto is ar aris. cota. an raRaca — kargi. ara? . rom is ar iyo Cawerili. vfiqrob rom ararealuria. ki! .maseTi arc unda miiRo. nakleb ar iqneba-meTqi? arao.. dawera oTxiani.-sTan.ara.. mere daiwyo aqeT-iqiT sirbili. da yvelaferi kargad iqnebao. ese igi aZlevdnen leqtorebs fuls. hoda unda garbeino-meTqi magrad. axla SeiZleba leqtorma. sadac ginda iq miCivle.qrTams rom aZlev Sen. Tan xuTianio — mase ara xdebao. . Cemi azriT.ara.nu. .. ai-meTqi diqtofoni. 25 lari momeci da mogcem-Tqo? da is 25 lari iqna gadaxdili Tu ara? .gvarebis dasaxeleba.ki. SantaJi ar momixdenia. ki. . an raRaca. axlac. es gvikeTebia da iqneba gagviwioT angariSi. rom is pirovnebebi. egre xom ara xdeba? kargi-meTqi maSin — amoviRe es radio. ara? ese igi. vinc Tavidanve fuliT miiRes.Rirsia ratom.da am SemTxvevaSi Sen sTxov gadavadebas.

da aseTi kaci aris profesori? profesori aris Zalian bevri.erT welSi ver iswavlis is. rom profesoria da sazogadoebaSi Cans.urCeviaT fuli gadaixadon da. dro aRar dakargos.ara. imis magivrad atarebs viRac qali — im sagans. .hoda aris profesori aseTi kaci da is kaci amayobs. vinc amTavrebs axla. Torem aq xom ar aris ase. magram am adamianis sagani xom maqvs me. . .me gadavixade. viRaca rom mogiyves.ho. . ..arc me gadamixdia.imdenad aqvT tvini gayinuli. rom waikiTxo.ho. sam-sami sakiTxi iswavleTo — aq ar iyo laparaki yvela sakiTxis momzadebaze. . imas daimaxsovreb amxela kaci! . meoTxe kurselebi.axlobels hqonda erTi gverdi saswavli — leqtorma uTxra. . rogor. ver vnaxe.ara.ar vici.profesori ar aris. .. rom Camova.ara. rom Cven yvelani ise movediT am universitetSi da ai “sxvebi”. ise rom am semestrSi ar minaxia es pirovneba.bodiSs vixdi. . . .aseTi momenti xom ar SeiZleba. agrarulSi96 xom vswavlob — aris aseTi pirovneba.unda xarisxi CamoarTva da gauSva. magaliTad. nu davikavebT iseT pozicias. da is leqtoric — “ra kargi bavSvi xar. me vambob axlandel mdgomareobaze. kinaRam ara vceme. rom profesoria. .CvenTan. Camodis CvenTan universitetSi. . magram me minda isev TavSi davbrunde. aseTi situaciaa. leqcias ra. leqtoria. g.. magram elementarulad ar atokeben tvins. erTi wuTi — axla.. da leqtori gaiZulebs. eg aris Tu ara korufcia? . Camovida. magas arc aravin ar ambobs.. . midis. aq ufro metia. .me marTla ar gadamixdia. ara? Camodis — iZulebuli xar rom misce fuli. hoda.. .. es erTi gverdi iswavle da dagiwer ra niSans.. . amas ara aqvs mniSvneloba. Sen xar imisi studenti. bolo semestrSi iyo erTxel Camosuli — da is leqcia ratomRac gavacdine me. C. dajeqi ra. aseTi profesorebi ki ar unda daiWiro.arc me gadamixdia. am universitetSi97 xom ar aris aseTi situacia rom erTi profesori Camodis da magitom. rom Tbilisidan.ara. aiRos. rom ver iswavles is sami sakiTxi — ver iswavles Tu ar iswavles. samians dagiwer da wadi. sxvebze fuls iReben da isa.. . rom amdeni momikrifos jgufma. da es kaci Camodis — am semestrSi.me 15 larad Cavabare. ra — da es erTi gverdis swavla ver moaxerxa. erTi sakiTxi. .es ukve aris TviTon im pirovnebis brali. da im erT dReSi warmoidgine Sen rom vin Caabarebs. rom ra vici. leqcias atarebs. rogorc aris generali Zalian bevri. sami furceli ver unda iswavlo? . unda raRac.. zustad magas vambob. iZulebuli xar misce. ai dagiwer Sen xuTians” da mere rom saxelmwifo gamocdebze sTxov codnas. magram axla saxelmwifo gamocdebze ici ra moxda? exvewebodnen leqtorebi.. me vuTxari.. es iTxovs — darekavs. me Tu mkiTxav.. romelic aris Tbiliseli profesori. Tavis sagans vinc kiTxulobs.. rogor ar aris. axla CaTvlagamocdebis periodi xom modis — es kaci Camodis erTi dRiT. mainc iqidan cdiloben gaZvrenas.sami ki ara. etyvis imas. Telavis saxelmwifo universitetSi 87 .. Tan aris saSineli mkacri. 96 97 saqarTvelos agraruli universitetis Telavis filiali. magram viRacam viRacas uTxra da movewye universitetSi. xom? oTxi weli es studenti iZulebulia misces leqtors fuli. Caidos jibeSi da wavides — xels ki moawers.. vswavlob. . imitom rom. . gadaixada 15 lari.

- ki, ra Tqma unda. - ra Tqma unda, aris. - erTi wuTi, davamTavreb Tu SeiZleba. is viRacis Svilia, is viRacis naTesavia, moewyo. nawili aris fuliT mowyobili, imitom rom imas ara hyavs naTesavi da unda swavla — iyvnen, Cemi kurselebic iyvnen, brwyinvaled daamTavres, magram fuli hqondaT gadaxdili. Cemma meuRlem 800 dolari gadaixada inglisurze rom mowyobiliyo, magram oTxi weliwadi da saxelmwifo gamocdebze ise gavida, rom arc erT imaSi kapiki ar gadauxdia. - Zalian kargi! - iZuleba ara yofila, magram survili radgan hqonda swavlisa, gadaixada, imitom rom meti gza ara hqonda. - aravin ar moawyobda. - ki, ra Tqma unda, sabednierod maseTebic arian jer kidev.

Tu saidumlo ar aris, kidev vin Caabara aq ise, rom fuli ar gadauxdia?
- me. - me Cavabare. - mec. - me — arc fuli, arc... - me Cavabare, magram axla raSia saqme, viRacam viRacas uTxrao — me ubralod ar damikarges Cemi codna, imitom rom ver damikargavdnen, amitom ar vTvli me amas garigebad. - bevrs daukarges. ai Cems dros bevrs daukarges. - pirovnulad Cemze ver damikargavdnen, ra, imitom rom… - bevri vici iseTi, rom hqondaT conda da daarekines ubralod, hyavdaT is naTesavi an axlobeli, ise rom am bavSvs codna aqvs da ar daukargoT.

rom ar daerekinebinaT ra moxdeboda?
- daukargavdnen! - ki, ar miiRebdnen! - dakargavdnen, imitom rom — magaliTs moviyvan, Cemi meuRle rom mowyobiliyo, erT-erT umaRles pirTan reqtoratSi rom mividnen da gasaubreba iyo, Tu Tanxaze iyo laparaki, Tu rac iyo, maSin eubnebodnen, rom ai, momzadebulia da raRaca — maSin uTxres, “Cven am etapze codna ar gvainteresebs”. - ki, eg... - “Cven am etapze codna ar gvainteresebs”. ar minda davasaxelo saxeli da gvari. - arc gWideba, yvela mixvda! - gavagrZeleb. inglisuri icio, ekiTxeba — kio, kargad vicio. mere rad gindao? inglisurze rad ginda rom iswavloo, aq mainc verafers ver iswavlio. anu prestiJi aris nulze dacemuli. TiTqmis yvela fakultetze, garda sociologiurisa, ar aris imis prestiJi dacemuli. - ara, Cvenebi ki fiqrobdnen imas, rom, sityvaze, cudi momentia, rom Svilma ver Caabaros, da iZulebuli gaxdebi mag SemTxvevaSi, rom gadaixado, xom? rom ar darCes Svili gareT — magram me vuTxari, rom axla, sityvaze, viRacas daarekinoT — iqneb vabareb, hoda ratom unda viyo imis madlieri, Tu SevZeli, rom me CemiT Cavabaro. is fuli gadavixado — ar iyo is fuli gadasaxdeli da xom ar isesxebTmeTqi? Tu raRaca, RmerTma daifaros, moxda ise, rom ver da raRaca — mere an vinmes [daurekeT] an raRaca, magram gavedi Cveulebriv, uSpargalkod Sevedi, Cveulebriv davjeqi, davwere, gamovedi, damiweres 7 qula. - erTaderTi viyavi, vinc Tavisufali Tema dawera qarTulSi. - mec Tavisufali Tema davwere. - meore dRes [maTematikaSi] mqonda testireba, 10-quliani sistemiT iyo da miviRe 7 damiweres, magram aRar vidave, imitom rom gasuli viyavi. - magram Cems gverdze ra moxda, vTqvaT — Zalian kargad momzadebuli bavSvi, romelic ar iyo Telaveli — brwyinvaled abarebda istorias, magram ar uwerdnen am bavSvs im niSans! sanam aman mere panika ar daiwyo da viRac ar ipova. - iyo “posleze” mowyoba.
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- ki. - [anu] moewyobi, da pirvel sesiamde Tu ar dafarav am gadasaxads, gagricxaven. - me xom ar viyavi fuliT mowyobili da cxonebuli g. a. <...> — me xom ar viyavi fuliT mowyobili, da es xom icoda iman, iyo proreqtori, da Tu vinme raRacas akeTebda fuliT, midioda magasTan, da is mere reqtorTan iyofda. me rom ar viyavi fuliT mowyobili, pirveli kvira araferi da meore kviras biWebma dalies sasmeli da kursze viyaviT sami kaci fxizlebi, ra — atyda mTeli ambavi, dagvibares xuTi kaci, ori CemTan erTad sxva, vinc ufulod moewyo da ori kidev fuliT mowyobilebi, magram imaT Zalian cudi raRaceebi gaakeTes simTvraleSi. me ise iZulebuli gamxades, rom meRiarebina, rom ar gavegde, rom mec davlie, gesmis? - eg ukve dabali donea raRac, sxva sakiTxze gadavdivarT. axla me minda prestiJs Sevexo — ese igi, nulzea dacemuli universitetis prestiJi, azri ara aqvs, wiTels aiReb, mwvanes aiReb, cisfers aiReb, mniSvneloba ara aqvs aranairi. - da me mindoda gamemaxvelebina yuradReba TviTon leqtorebis doneze — piradad me ucxo enebze vswavlob, magram me Tu ar movemzade da me Tu ar viswavle kerZo maswavlebelTan... - eg skolaSia eg problema da magazec vilaparakebT. - ... kerZo maswavlebeli Tu ar meyoleba, me vinc maswavlis — nu movkvdebi, me mgoni, namdvilad. - is ver gaswavlis. - xandaxan, magaliTad — jek londonis istoria movuyeviT, magram sinamdvileSi sul sxva rame movuyeviT da ubralod saxelebi SevcvaleT da qali — cota nela moyeviTo, rom cota SeesworebinasaviT; me ar movyevi, Cemma kurselma gaakeTa, da Tavisi sakurso miutana TviTon, ese igi gadaaqseroqsa Cumad da miutana, nu qali ver mixvda. - anu kvalifikacia aris Zalian dabali. - ki. - bodiSi, erTi wami, Tundac CvenTan, iuristebTan rac xdeba — am universitetSi romc gadawyvitos vinmem, rom iswavlos im programiT, rac aris dRes — verasodes ver gaxdeba normaluri iuristi, Tu TviTon ar aris aqtiuri pirovneba. - eg mindoda [meTqva], TviTon aqtiuroba Zalian [mniSvnelovania]. - ki, jer marto masalebi — ganaTlebis sistemaSi marTla reforma unda gatardes, imdenad moZvelebul raRaceebs vswavlobT, ubralod... - SeiZleba vinmem iswavlos, vTqvaT, 60-ian wlebSi gamocemuli wignidan, magram iuristisTvis es aris dauSvebeli. - ki, zustad! - davamateb, ra, Tu SeiZleba — ai is patiosani leqtorebic, romlebic Zalian cotaa am universitetSi, isinic garkveulwilad xels uwyoben korufcias, da ratom. magaliTad, sociologiurze mowyoba pirvel weliwads Rirda 400 dolari. mere, rodesac prestiJi aiwia, ramodenime leqtorma daxvewa jgufi da Zalian kargad gamoiyvana, igive konferenciebze waiyvana da raRacaSi CarTo — mere gaZvirda es, faqtia ra, 800 dolaramde iyo SarSan, saSualod. - ara, meti. - SeiZleba. anu, ese igi, ginda Tu ar ginda, mainc xels uwyob korufcias, ra! - korufciul sistemaSi yvelaferi... - albaT, prestiJis xarjze Rirs raRac, albaT...

axla minda Sevecado Zalian mokled SevajamoT is, rac ukve vTqviT, da mere gadavideT sxva Temaze. ese igi, Tqvens studentur cxovrebaSi yvelas gvxdebaT raRac korufciuli faqtebi da yvelas erTxel mainc, Soridan mainc daginaxavT is, rac xdeba arakanonierad. es exeba (a) universitetSi Cabarebas, (b) sesiebs da (g) saxelmwifo gamocdebs. amis garda, Tu aris kidev rame korufciuli SemTxvevebi Tqvens studentur cxovrebaSi?
- sxva raRa darCa?

Tu SegiZliaT damisaxeloT korufciis raime faqti, romelsac, Tqveni
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azriT, aqvs raime gamarTleba?
- araviTari. - gaaCnia visTvis? - ara, gamarTleba aqvs. magaliTad, 16 lari rodesac aqvs leqtors xelfasi da mas Semosavlis sxva wyaro ara aqvs, imas veranairad ver mosTxov, rom ar aiRos fuli viRac debilisgan, visac aqvs fuli da sTavazobs. codoa. - magram erTi ramea oRond — is bavSvi ar aris codo, rom niSans ar uwers? - ar aris codo, is aris debili... - mcodnesac rom ar ar uwers niSans, mainc awvalebs? - ara, eg... - ara, ki, aseTi faqtebi aris, rom gawvaleben. - Cven erTi rame gamogvrCa. dRes, Cems kursels — dRes moxda es ambavi — romelic pirvelia Tavis kursze da romelsac hyavs yvelgan “xuTi” — yvelaferi icoda, mesamed daibara qalma da mainc “oTxi” dauwera, im imediT, rom “xuTianisTvis” fuls miutanda. es ar aris gawameba? - ara, me magaze ar viZaxi. - “oTxi” damiwereo, Tqva am bavSvma, “xuTi” ar mindao. ukve itira kidec. - ar aris ganaTleba. unda icodes, rom SeuZlia man moiwvios komisia... - ukve ra aris, ici? is imedi da isa — yvela iseTi xom ver iqneba, ara? - magas viZaxi — samoqalaqo sazogadoeba ar aris kargad Camoyalibebuli, brZolisunariani. - me magaze ar viZaxi. - axla sxva Temaze gadavediT, Cven xom... - ara, sxva Tema ar aris, am qals uWirs am SemTxvevaSi, ityvi, rom 16 lari aqvs xelfasi. - ara, es aris ubralod gamamarTlebeli sabuTi. - me raze vbrazdebi, iciT — Cemi azriT, dauSvebelia students aqvs stipendia 17 lari da leqtorebs, profesorebs aqvT sadRac 50 laramde, ra, dedaCems aqvs sadRac 31 Tu raRaca, imdenad sasaciloa es yvelaferi! - 45 lari dekans aqvs. - erTi Zalian uxeSi Sedareba unda moviyvano, bodiSs vixdi winaswar. es aris realoba. aiRebs qrTams, maS ras izavs! axla warmoidgineT: erTi leqciis Catareba Rirda 15 TeTri. da samoqalaqo tualetSi rom Sexvide, Rirs 20 TeTri. ar aiRebs qrTams? aiRebs! - Zalian kargi Sedarebaa, magram... - roca bavSvi Clungia da ar swavlobs, mag SemTxvevaSi ver gaamtyuneb. - ukacravad, magram Cemi 3 Tvis disSvils Clungma eqimma dauniSna gentamicini — sinamdvileSi araferze! axla, dedaCemi ki azrovnebs da ar gaukeTa, magram Sen rom dauniSnav bavSvs da — imitom aris, dayruvdao da is mouvida da es mouvida — Sen ase nu uyureb, rom Clungia da morCa, gavida [universitetidan] da arafers ar gaakeTebs, imaze (vTqvaT, ucxo enebze ara) — aTi da aTasi adamianis sicocxlea damokidebuli da aTi da aTasi adamianis ganaTlebaa damokidebuli. - ra Tqma unda! - cxadia.

axla warmovidginoT Telavis saxelmwifo universiteti korufciis gareSe.
- sami studentiRa darCeba! - ver warmomidgenia! - me ver warmomidgenia. - Zalian sasiamovno iqneba, magram Zalian mcire raodenobiT darCeba — me gaviricxebi, magram mirCevia meored Caviricxo, magram axla gaviricxo, me amas Tamamad vityvi. - me Zalian gamixardeba! - me, magaliTad, vityvi — mirCevia, am universitetSi sul 5 kaci dadiodes da iyos iseTi, rogoric unda iyos wesiT, vidre aq iaros 3 aTasma... - universiteti ver iarsebebs maSin, Tu xuTi kaci ivlis. - maSin ar unda arsebobdes, es aris sircxvili amis arseboba!
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es aris — maSin ar unda arsebobdes.vin aris? . rom xelfasi unda moematos profesor-maswavleblebs. ra — datova bavSvebi auditoriaSi da uTxra: Cumad iyaviTo. . [aramed] Zalian-Zalian rom aqvT am korufciaSi gadgmuli fexebi.ginda dagisaxelo? . .ki. taqsiT gaiqca. da mere isev gaaubeduros da ase gagrZeldes mudmivad? . RanZili maqvs sayidelio. rZal-dedamTilis urTierTobebze midis saubari.skolaSi iwyeba korufcia da mere grZeldeba universitetSi.bavSvebsac awyobdaT.rogor ar awyobdaT! mageTi leqtoris Catarebul leqcias naRdad mirCevia. . .eg modis skolidan. .adre ise ar iyo. mesame is. aucileblad. rom siCumes vusmino! .ki.universitetSi.. rom Sen bavSvs Zalas atan. RanZili iyida. da isev im leqciaSi moaswro. . universitetSi Zviri. aseTi leqtorebic unda gavidnen. ra SemTxvevaSi ar iqneba universitetSi korufcia. rom mere kadri wamovides normaluri. erTi is. . rom skolidanve bavSvi unda wamovides codniT. .SemCneulebi vinc arian ise ki ara. TavSi rom urtyav.ise marTali xar. niSans ar dauwer? .ar aris korufcia. me vfiqrob. rom. mere isev aq fuliT moawyos. . rom 60 lars iRebs niSanSi! . rom am umaRles damTavrebul Clungs Sen 500 dolars arTmev da maswavleblad iReb. skolaSi.skolaSi gamoxatvis forma sxva aris. rom eubnebi.aris leqcia. Seni uflebebis dacva araferi ar aris — aq universitetSi rom amodis da is rom fuls sZalavs — iman ar icis. meore is. . bazari daiketebao. TviTon leqtorebis done unda iyos normaluri.CamovTvaloT. skolebSi korufcias aqvs adgili? .Caketili wrea. magram SevavsoT.da iseTi leqtorebi. . rodesac erT-erTma leqtorma — aseTi faqti arsebobs. skolidan unda daiwyos maswavleblebisa da sistemis gadaxaliseba. ginda Tu ara. . an.n.ra Tqma unda! . romlebic bavSvebs ukiTxaven — vTqvaT. .ar aris korufcia. Cumad jdoma? .universitetSi. iq fuli ar aris. rom saerTod es kvalifikacia gadaisinjos profesor-maswavleblebis. xom.ara. . eg aris pirveli. sagani uweria “ekonomiqsi” magram es ver gaurCevia politikuri ekonomikisgan. .ki. . amovida da gauSva is bavSvebi. sad ufro metia — skolaSi Tu universitetSi? . rom Seni saqme ar aris. da Tu SenTan ar moemzadeba. SenTan moemzados.skolidan modis. .eg marTalia. ..rogor ar aris! pirvel skolaSi vici maswavlebeli. iman RanZili iyida.ara. .Tavi daanebe pirvel skolas! . isini Cumad isxdnen. Cemi azriT — SeiZleba srulad ver vTqva.skolaSi iafi. T. .da ucodinroba. ese igi. rom is bavSvebi isev daaClungos. eseni unda moSordnen. . iZulebiT rom arTmevs im fuls.. rom komisia unda moiwvios da viRacasTan erTad 91 . rom Tan “ar ginda” da Tan jibes uwevs. me Tu mkiTxavT. marTalia.da emzadebian? .ki.studenti modis skolidan.

ara. rogorc sazRvargareT aris. imitom.. da. es xom skolis prestiJia!” ra skolis prestiJia. hqondes avtobusi. . aba maCveneo qviTrebio.. xom? am saqmes edga a. kaco!” — “Sen gagikeTebia aseTi rame?” — “ara!” .ai ra informacias vflob: 2003 welSi skolebSi.. 90% maswavleblebisa ori xeliT mwyevlida. naxevari saaTi vsaubrobdiT. da axla ver viwyeb isev Tavidan. axla gavige — skola valdebulia es bavSvebi waiyvanos saxlSi da Semdeg diliT wamoiyvanos. magram veRar moaxerxa imis “gadaxarSva”.an fuli unda hqondes da gadaixados. da im SemTxvevaSi iRebs. bolos leqtorma mohkra yuri da eubneba — saidan unda daiwyo qristianoba. . magaliTad. Sexvda qristianoba. rom unda daxarjuliyo. saidan daviwyo qristianobao. vino? axla. mivida buRalterTan. is midis isev buRalterTan. meWoraveboda uxeSad rom vTqvaT.amaSi geTanxmebi.mkalaviSvilidan-Tqo. . ekiTxeba: es fuli Camogividao? — Camomividao. universitetSia eg faqtori. “ratom Tqvi. esec korufciaa. xom? . minimaluri azrovnebis donec ara aqvs. “Sen is ratom dawere?”. me unda vuTxra. miReba-Cabarebis raRaca — eg kontrolis palatis saqmeao. iq wamZRvarebuli maqvs ilia WavWavaZis “kacia-adamianSi” romaa. maSin im bavSvs saxlSi manqana unda hyavdes. . ara. hqondes yoveldRiurad benzini. 92 . . goka gabaSvilma rom Tqva. statia exeboda skolis problemebs.Caabaros. rom momzadebaze — skola maxsendeba xolme magaze. skolis wesdebaSi weria. maxsovs. rom meTqva rom “ara” — Semdeg misi mSoblebis binis pirdapir daviwye momzadeba da amis gamo ignorirebas mikeTebda kursze. waRebuli aqvTo [fuli].ai..TviTon skolaSi maswavleblebis done aris Zalian dabali. erTi gadacema gavakeTeo da sul nacvalsaxelebiT vlaparakobdio — da yvelam damirekao. vekiTxebi: “icani Seni Tavi?” — “ara. imis gamo. dameTanxmebiT. .. an Tu iRebs. wamoiReTo? — arao. axla ar gamagiJoo! . da naxevari saaTi mekiTxeboda. rom masTan aRar vemzadebodi. merxebi unda iyos. erTi statia davwere erTi sami Tvis win — ese igi. imitom rom aranairi Sedegi vera vnaxe — ai veranairi. “vinc luarsabis saxeSi Tavis Tavs icnobs” da a.. <. rogor iyo gamoyofili: yvela skolaSi saxuravi unda iyos gakeTebuli. arc saxelebi damisaxelebia..yofili ganaTlebis ganyofilebis gamge mibarebs — axla mibarebs. Cemze?” yvela kargad xvdeboda. rom gadagvexeda. da rom vuyvebodi seminars.. proeqtis farglebSi. fasadi unda iyos gakeTebuli. direqtori ar iRebs saerTod soflidan bavSvebs.eg aris diskriminacia sacxovrebeli adgilis mixedviT. ese igi. . ar aris prestiJis dacema? .. romelic eubneba.ai.“maS ra ginda?” — “ara. yovelTvis ukmayofilebis SegrZneba hqonda da Suaze mawyvetinebda an roca xels viwevdi. igive pirvel skolas. gaigeT? mere is wavides. Caaqro mTlianad CemSi eg. skolas unda hqondes erTi avtobusi. da Turme es bavSvebi — me ar vicodi. .aseTi faqtebi skolaSi xSiria xolme.. skamebi unda iyos. da Semdeg ukve. 355 aTasi lari iyo gamoyofili xelfasebisa da socanaricxebis garda. erT leqtorTan vemzadebodi. dafebi. rodesac aq adamiani modis. maSin kargi aRmavlobis periodi mqonda. rom skolas ara aqvs. da rogor unda makadros adamianmao. . . rom skolaSi fuliT awyoben xalxso? saxeli da gvari miTxari.ra sisulelea! . ignorirebas mikeTebda — es imitom. es rom xdeba. g. vin ra gaakeTa. rom davanebe am leqtorTan momzadebas Tavi. imitom rom is Zalian Zlieri survili mqonda. sul yvelaferi unda iyos — ar aris arsad! midixar buRalteriaSi. arc gvarebi — modiodnen da. amis saSualeba. Cven visxediT CaTvlaze.. magram meore momentic aris. da elementaruli. rom pirvel skolaSi iSviaTia. . es ukve diskriminaciaa sacxovrebeli adgilis mixedviT..ra Tqma unda. albaT.miT umetes. .axla. rom is bavSvebi. goka. warmoidgine — meo suliT pedagogi varo. .> mere mivida sxva skolebSi. daCagrulia. vinc cxovroben Telavs gareT.. da siTamamec ar myofnida. rom faqtebi dazepirebuli ki hqonda.S. Tu ar vcdebi. ciliswamebaze miCivlos da marbeninos giJiviT. rasac hqvia.

da plius.yvelas ara aqvs imis saSualeba.ara. ra aris — erTi rame. ai eg maswavlebeli unda miartya kedelze! 93 . aris usaSinlesi mdgomareoba.me vfiqrob. minimumi aris marTla is 115 lari.Cems periodSic iyo. es aris absurdi — aq ixsneba korufcia da midis skolaSi.Sevedi skolaSi da guli gamiskda — telefonze TamaSobs naxevari klasi.rogor ara. . gibiZgebs Sen! .Sen vina gkiTxavs. rom saarsebo minimumi unda iyos 115 lari. . Tu direqtori ar Seicvala.iq sxva situaciaa.. xalxo! .ara.. arian adamianebi. iciT? weRan rom viZaxdiT. iZulebuli xdeba. bavSvi unda moamzados.. .ra doneze qreboda fuli.eg adre iyo. yvelas ara aqvs imis saSualeba.maswavlebeli rom yviris. raRac momentSi saxelmwifo gvibiZgebs korufciisken. axla piriqiT xdeba. . im fasadis SekeTebaze da a.. SeiZleba iTqvas. skolidan. rom minimaluri xelfasi qveyanaSi unda iyos 14 lari. ara. Sen swavla ar ginda-meTqi? da — “me rad minda swavla. me rad minda!”. yvelam rom papirosi gayidos? ..meoTxe skolaSi maswavlebelma marilze daayena muxlebiT bavSvi. im avtobusebze. ra. raRaceebs. — skolas ara aqvs fuli da iZulebuli xdeba.eg yvelaferi maRlidan modis. reformiT SeiZleba iseTi rame moxdes.S. . . .anu saxelmwifom dRes. . an raRacnairi monitoringi ar ganxorcielda. . . swavla ar undaT! es aris kidev yvelaze didi.viRa iyidis.magedan modis. magram dRes-dReobiT universitetis korufcia ufro damRupvelia. xom — amiT igive Seni xelisufleba geubneba. Tu sistema ar Seicvala. JurnalSi yofaqcevis magivrad saganSi “erTians” rom dauwers — ar iswavlis da ver gaamtyuneb. kacma ver miagno.ese igi. . da maswavlebels rom eubnebian. magram verc erTi maswavlebeli ver bedavda xeli daedo CemTvis. saqarTvelos parlamentma rodesac daadgina. gaiyideba! oRond. magram im wuTas. magram rodesac Sen amas akeTeb. ar vartymevinebdi. Zalian aris axla yuradReba misaqcevi da dasafiqrebeli — rogorc viciT. ratomac.raRac momentSi ki ara. aqedan gamomdinare. an saxelmwifo. . wixliT rom Semodis. erTi wlis winandeli faqti. Tundac im adamians. xom? .amis mizezi ra aris.. Tu ufro meti sWirdeba adamians.nu. me rom Seni maswavlebeli viyo. wadio — ar iZleva! azri ara aqvs.ara. .ver dadgeba da papiross ver gayidis quCaSi! . rom miusajos. . praqtikebze rom viyaviT [skolebSi] — bavSvebs. qarTulma saxelmwifom yvelanairi moraluri ufleba dakarga. yvelanair moralur valdebulebas mosamarTle kargavs. rom Semodis da ar icis. kedelze gartymevinebdi-Tqo Tavs. rom Sesavali unda gaakeTos.. da igive parlamenti adgens.. aba. gamomdinarea skolidan. samwuxarod. is modis skolidan da is skolaSi Tu mieCvia meqrTameobas. kerZo biznesi wamoiwyos. da martivad vityvi. . mcodneebi. xom — igives gaagrZelebs aq da aravis ar unda gaukvirdes es. fulis micemas. romelsac Sia da raRacas iparavs. marto rom ipranWebian da bolos veRar Sevikave Tavi. maswavlebeli rom wivis.. . vinmes rame mosTxovos. . Tu monitoringi an sazogadoebrivi. erTi rame kidev da skolasTan dakavSirebiT xmas aRar amoviReb. da im gagiJebul bavSvs rom dadgeba da wivil-kivils dauwyebs: “modi gakveTili Camabare!”. universitetidan gadaiRo skolis struqturam.ki. ra! meoTxeklaseli lawirakebi! . studenti rom modis universitetSi..profesoria! . umaRles saswavlebelSi saerTod gauqmdes gamocdebi da skolaSi miRebuli raRac Sefasebebis mixedviT ganawildes. .isic sakiTxavia. .adre ara. dawyeba eg aris. imitom rom adre ar iyo. rom sasikvdilod xar ganwiruli da Seni Tavis gadasarCenad rac ginda is qenio. “ki-Wa!” mere vubnebi.

saxelmwifo gamocdebze da aseve sesiaze? . aiRo sxvam. me ara mgonia axali cocxis faqtori.ar SeiZleba. erT wels iyo mimReb komisiaSi Tavmjdomared. studentebis garkveulma nawilma movagroveT 600 xelmowera [erT-erTi kandidatis] mxardasaWerad — magram es ar iyo raRaca Tavis moqonvis principi. rom universitetSi situacia gamoswordes korufciis TvalsazrisiT? .ki. aravis ar misceT. Seni arasamTavrobo organizacia ara marto misaRebze daeswroT. ai amaT unda Caabarono. Tavidanve ise hqonda saqme. . rom moatyues reqtori. .ukan daubrunes fuli? . romlebzec visaubreT. davinaxe. eg ar vici. Cven mas warvudgineT Cveni programa.is fuli.da es aris marTali. rom imas unda Caebarebina. movida viRac qistio. TviTon universitetis xelmZRvanelobam. imas. . 12 maisidan aris reqtori. ojaxidan mainc xom gamodioda. romlebic gvjera. erT-erTi bavSvis SeyvaniT.ara. Tu ar vcdebi. rac ukve faqtia da me piradad Cemi arasamTavrobo organizaciis saxeliT mivmarTav da me davakvirdebi misaReb gamocdebs Telavis saxelmwifo universitetSi axla. . da iq iyo sxvadasxva sakiTxebi. imedi aris.axla skolis Tema davxuroT. . rom ar gadaixadoT araferi. . dedaCemma [Tqva]. me.ki. mosawyobi fuli. me viZaxi.[fasiani seqtoris gadasaxadebis gamoyenebiT ufro kargia maTi xelfasebis gazrda. da amaze dagvTanxmda. . anu. imitom rom mainc gamodis is fuli. imitom rom me vici erTi magaliTi. rogorc es-es-es. aramed. rom mcdeloba iqneba. meore. vinc ginda mogTxovoT. . dekans ar misceT.mere mirbodnen saCivlelad. magaliTad. Cems Tavze gamovcade. da danarCenebma ar unda 94 . . aiRo sxvam is fuli. sanam reqtoris arCevnebi iqneboda. axla me vnaxe. .Cemi azriT. da marTla CaiWrnen is fulgadaxdilebi.ki.unda akontrolon misaRebi gamocdebi. kargi mxriv unda akontrolon. .eg dekanebis da studentebis [saqmea]. ar mokrifoT. pirvel rigSi leqtorebs xelfasi unda gaezardoT. rom gakeTdeba. . imitom rom azri ar eqneba. vTqvaT. .unda gaezardoT. Tavidanve momceso sia.ho.axali reqtori ecdeba. ai. me vfiqrob. da jerjerobiT midis sworad yvelaferi. damtkicda 1 ivniss. .me SemiZlia faqtebiT vilaparako. ara? da midioda marcxena jibeSi. 300 dolarzea aq saubari. maS fuli raRas gamogvarTveso? karg dros mirbodnen! es erTi. .axali cocxis faqtori mgonia jerjerobiT. magram ramdenad ganaxorcielebs.] . axla raSia saqme — saxelmwifo gamocdebze am kacma Semoiara absoluturad yvela auditoria da uTxra. ra unda Seesrulebina mas studnetebisTvis. erT-erTma moxelem es fuli da Seiyvana reqtorTan rogorc uniWieresi bavSvi. rom reqtoris Secvla moitans sasurvel cvlilebebs korufciis dargSi? sxva dargebs jerjerobiT nu SevexebiT.ho. ra gaakeTes.a. axali reqtori ras Secvlis? ramdenad TvliT. . vidre is “marcxniv” wavides. ukve aris raRac sasikeTo Zvrebi.da Semdeg leqtorebis atestacia unda moxdes. da [sjobs] wavides ise. romlebzec es kaci dagvTanxmda. erTi Zalian mokle SekiTxva universitetTan dakavSirebiT — rogor fiqrobT. . rom leqtorebs gauzardo xelfasi.kargi iqneba! danarCenebis azri mainteresebs — kidev ra unda gakeTdes imisaTvis.ar vici. . rom fasian seqtorze gazrdilia gadasaxadebi. sinamdvileSi fuli iqna aRebuli. iq iyo: biujetis gamWvirvaloba. ra Tqma unda. Torem saxelmwifo ar gazrdis Tavisi iniciativiT. misaRebi gamocdebis gamWvirvaloba. .

ukve CvenTvis moZvelebulia. Tan icis. momavali wlidan gakeTdeba. vinmes rame xom ar darCa saTqmeli? . risi geSiniao. me rogorc vici. bavSvebis mondomeba swavlisadmi. romelmac ar icoda qarTuli. romlebic 4 wlis ganmavlobaSi fuls aZlevdnen universitets. anu ra unda gaakeTo. qvebSi Cayaro RanZili.weRanac vTqvi me es azri da axlac gavimeoreb. ukacravad. axla Cven rom mivdivarT. rom TviTon ara var mondomebuli. arc CaWran. saZirkvlidan. imitom.rame treningebisaviT.. [gamomcdeli] eubneba axla. . aqvs xalxs amis saSualeba. axla me veubnebio.. aRar unda aiRon fuli da pirdapir gauSvan isini.is qali rom mokvdes. me mgoni. me mgoni. anu. mubnebodnen. .movidao viRac qisti. ver gaigeb. rodesac 4 weli aZlev fuls. vinc akeTebs miwis analizs. 95 . Tundac weliwadSi uSvebdes xuTs..ho.saxlis Senebas iwyeben. rom leqtoris done iyos maRali. . . leqtorebis kadri unda gadaxalisdes. . ukve daanaxebs Tavis saxes reqtoratsac da leqtorebsac da ukve esec erT-erTi is iqneba. . da mec amis msxverpli var. gauSvan is studentebi. me vfiqrob. ar icoda. roca saxelmwifoSi Seicvleba. Torem is literatura.saerTod es aris Zalian daStampuli. universitetSic ar Seicvleba. da Semdeg Tu is Tavis uflebebs gaecnoba. energia da CveniT unda gavakeToT es. moixsna saTvale — ras hqvia araferi ar vicio. da Semdeg. imtom rom Tu is bavSvi swavlobs. es iqneba... me rom gamocdebi mqonda.me vfirqob. uxerxul mdgomareobaSi nu magdebo. piriqiT. rom avtomaturad aqac sxvanairi situacia Seiqmneba. magram profesional kadrs.marto erTi qali? . raSi gamoixateba: unda daematos iseTi sagnebi. romliTac swavlobdnen 10 wlis win. SeiZleba vazis miwaSi miwis Txili Cayaro.am yvela problemis mogvarebasTan erTad unda aiwios universitetis prestiJi. sanam saxelmwifoSi ar Seicvleba situacia. da ava is nel-nela zeviT. ra. kaco. . romlebic kaxeTs sWirdeba. magram vapireb — Cemi azriT. yovelTvis ase iyo. iq 70 kacze meti zis auditoriaSi. . Cemi azriT. is. rom igive saxelmwifo gamocdebze is. mixvdebian.. da igive samsaxurSi roca miva is. rom maRali xelfasia. kaxeTSi ra miwaSi ra Cayaro. xalxma daanaxa. me vfiqrob. erTi qalia kaxeTSi. mwvane ginTia. amdeni pedagogi weliwadSi kaxeTs ara sWirdeba. da morCa. unda gakeTdes mevenaxeobameRvineobis fakulteti. . rom is studentebi CaWran. Tu is Tavisi uflebebisaTvis daiwyebs brZolas. rac ici is moyevio da — araferi ar vicio. rom am revoluciazec. ar viciT sad mivdivarT — diploms ki viRebT. da es aucileblad unda gakeTdes da es reqtoris Zalian didi survilia da.. zevidan qveviT. anu gadamzaddessaviT. sanam movrCebiT universitetis Sesaxeb saubars. . da ara vinmes yvirilma. araferi — Cemi azriT. . albaT. magram ruseTSi ar varT da ratom unda gamogcado rusulad? am dros is unda mieRoT. axla.kidev erTs davamatebdi. da rac mTavaria. rom viRaca magis mere unda CaWras — moyevio rame! araferi ar vicio.Cems win gogo gadioda. mTavari problemebi ukve Tqves: is. me ar vici qisturio da rusuli me ki vicio. saxelmwifo gamocdebze.Caabarono. rom mas ara aqvs codna.. da literaturac unda gaZlierdes. oRond es unda iyos Zalian prestiJuli fakulteti.araswori midgomaa.. modiT.anu. da erT-erTi sakiTxi hqonda [erekle]. ar ici. igive.Cemi azriT. 75 wlis. gagiJda. . magram sul sxvagan vfiqrob vimuSavo. Taobebia gaWedili. rom leqtorebma unda atestacia. imitom. razec aris moTxovna kaxeTSi. Tu rac aris [gaiaron]. . istorias rom vabarebdi — ra Tqma unda. iseTi fakultetebi. rom korufcia aRmoifxvras mTlianad. qvevidan SevcvaloT. xalxma daanaxa.maraa. . gadamwyveti. da imas garantirebuli eqneba samsaxuri. .

da gamocdebis [win] amxela wignebs ixli TavSi da ra Zali medga. ras gamomarTvio fuli? . aseTi erTi erTze Secvla leqtorTan yovelTvis iwvevs korufciul moments. imitom rom roca fuliT gyavs miRebuli. viqnebi srulyofili da kargi specialisti da isev bavSvi fiqrobs. Tundac Cems fakultetze. .. meore semestris bolos. da me ara var darwmunebuli.kargi. marTalia. da gaadvildeba studentis saqme. dade da waikiTxe — erT saaTs gaZleven. ukve iTqva da veTanxmebi.sad giCivlebs? . . da yvelanairad unda iyos dakmayofilebuli.ki.ras giCivlebs. rom iswavleba skolaSi..ar SeiZleba! . .ara. jer erTi CaTvlagamocdebs miaqvs uazrod didi dro.. yovelTviuri an yovelkvireuli gamokiTxva rodesac ar aris. romlebic. fuls miscems da miiReben.. erT wels da ar unda gadadiodes sam welze. anu. . Seivsos is codna — roca man es codna unda miiRos universitetSi.Tu ar abareb istoriulze. me vlaparakob.Cemi azria! unda gauSvan. ras ambob? . akademiur doneze icode saqarTvelos istoria.me minda kidev erTi davamato. ..da testi unda iyos. rom TiTqmis aravin ar icis normalurad aq. unda gauSva eseTebi. mTeli biblioTeka amoitane. gaberili da xSir SemTxvevaSi. profesiuli sagnebis xarjze farTovdeba is sagnebi.jerjerobiT xom.. adamiani xar da gimuSavdeba erTi momenti. aucileblad unda gadaxalisdes saswavlo programebi. aramed. rom rodesac davamTavreb.. es aucilebelia. ucxo enebze. ori sityva gviTxari! oTxians giwerT. yoveli Tvis bolos. .ho. absoluturad gawelili. rogor aris? rom ar gTxoven..hoda unda gauSva. erTi Tvis Semdeg.. vTqvaT.ara.. . uazro sagnebis swavleba. is wava da giCivlebs. Tu Sen igives gaakeTeb. imas ar miiReben samsaxurSi.Tu maSin. rom Seicvalos saswavlo programebi. is dokumentic aris. imas. roca ar eqneba codna.getyvis. qarTuli ena aucilebelia. meorec. da. imitom rom. isini arc arasdros ar iswavlian. ver gavige — geubnebian. . vTqvaT. Cemi azriT. imitom rom ici. ra! 96 ... .ver garicxav. . .sjobia profesiuls daeTmos meti dro da ara piriqiT.Cemi azriT. . Cemi azriT. ar gamowordeba! . romlebic aris Zalian moZvelebuli. . wigni Semoitane. romelic mas ar sWirdeba? . igive qarTuli ena. yoveli Tvis bolos. wavidnen ra! . rogorc wesi. Cemi azriT. . Cemi azriT.unda CaWran! axla ratom — . pirveli semestris bolos.unda CaWran! . konspeqti Semoitane. Cemi azriT. Tu oTx sityvas gvetyvi. CaTvla-gamocdebis arsebuli sistema unda Seicvalos testirebiT. es unda Seicvalos. wavidnen. Sen ar swavlob. . vTqvaT. ver iZaxian! maS ar unda CaWra egeTebi? .ki.wavidnen da adamians wamali dauniSnon. .ubralod normalurad unda iswavlebodes. saqarTvelos istoria igulisxmeba. imitom rom aCvena gamokiTxvebma.unda sacerSi gatardes yvela. or sityvaze samians giwerT. ar unda CaWran! . ar aris saWiro.ZiriTadi yvelaferi iTqva. roca gamoswordeba situacia. elementarulad.meti raRa pativi unda ecaT [saxelmwifo gamocdebze]. da sjobia testi.. . rasac gavdivarT.e-e.davamateb — testebi iyos ara marto. rom sxva gzebiT miiRos.raRaca sistemis cvlas mohyveba xolme viRacis. Cemi azriT. rom vabarebdi. . erT-erTi mniSvnelovania. aranairad ara varT kmayofili im swavliT meTodebiT. vTqvaT. magram mainc es ar unda aRematebodes. jer erTi.

marTla kargi studenti. pirvel rigSi. safuZvlianad ganvixileT. anu. rom raRacas gamocvlian. “wadi Svilo. Tqveni azriT. rom axalgazrdebi unda Semoiyvano. Zalian brwyinvaledac icoda. . romelmac marTla xuTebze daamTavra — “me xuTosnebi ar mainteresebso”. xanSi Sesuli kadri. axla xalxi uaresad gazarmacda da iZaxis. . imedi SeiZleba gqondes.. albaT.es aqsiomaa: Sen xar moqalaqe.me Tu mkiTxavT. .ara.egeTi SemTxvevebi.. . . unda movides kargi mTavrobao.. . xelisuflebas — aravis ar hqondes iluzia.jer ara.Sen xom axla amas iZaxi — Sen rom moxvide xelisuflebaSi. vinc ufro. da auditoriis damorCilebis done — nuli. umjobesi xom ar iqneba.. eg iwvevs ukve. . igive revoluciam erTi Zalian cudi raRac moaxdina — xalxi adre xom iZaxda. .. ver ityvi. magram.axla iseTi gadaRlili var gamocdebis mere. ver gaxsovdeba. . ai mere ukve daiwyebs isev. imitom rom brwinvalea. am dros me mikiTxavs qali leqcias. romlebic pirvel rigSi Sen unda daicva. . mgoni. arian ukve Zalian bebrebi bevrni. me ar viZaxi. . romelsac kbilebi daaviwyda saxlSi da meubneba. ver vazrovneb. SeiZleba Tu ara axla vilaparakoT warmatebuli brZolis Sesaxeb korufciis winaaRmdeg zogadad saqarTveloSi? . SeiZleba.marTalia! . ratom aqvs am xalxs aseTi.Tu ar Segawuxe..ara. undoda rom leqtorad imuSavos.skolaSic da universitetSic asaks ratomRac abaven Rvawlmosilebas — es ase aRar aris. ki ar ainteresebs.. Sen gaqvs uflebebi. kbilebi momitaneo”.ara.ar gamigia maseTi naTqvami. romelsac SeiZleba sapensio asaki aqvs. albaT. [magram] misi xmis tembri iyo CurCuli..araviTar SemTxvevaSi.marTalia..movaleobas ixdi. xuTianze damTavrebuli studenti. magram imas ver Secvli. .. .jerjerobiT ar SegviZlia.iTxove da mogecemao — raRac unda iTxovo da. rogorc ginda kargi xelisufleba iyos. .Cemi azriT. amasTan is axalgazrda gogo. analogiurad iqneba.marTalia! .ara. rom weRan rogorc vTqvi — rom gadaxalisdes. . maSin reqtoratSi uTxres. . Cven kargi mTavroba gvyavs da axla isini gviSvelian.aucileblad! adamiani var da ase iqneba! . Sen rogorc ki xuWav Tvalebs. . . unda gamoicvalon leqtorebi. .erTi momentic aris. 97 .. arian aq moxucebi. mikiTxavda kaci.Semoyvanaze. es ase xdeba gamonaklisebis gareSe. Cven verafers ver SevcliT.ra? yvela mase iZaxis! .marTalia. .. erTi-ori xanSi Sesuli namdvilad kargia oRond.. Cemi axlobeli movida SarSan. . is yovelTvis Tavxeddeba xelisuflebiT.. revoluciam erTi ra SeiZleba cudi moitanos — xalxs amdeni wlis dagrovili energia im ramdenime kviraSi daaxarjvina da axla aRar ainteresebs im xalxs jer-jerobiT. . magram Senc unda iyo aqtiuri. raRaca Tu ar gaiZule.axali kadri unda movides. ar gaakeTeb.aqedan gamomdinare.asaksac gaaCnia. .da.. sxvaTaSoris.. . axalgazrdebi unda SemoviyvanoT — unda SemoviyvanoT iseTebi. keTili nebiT es ar iqneba. ....sapensio asaki. ukve imedi aqvT. universitetis situacia.

Cemi azriT. ase vTqvaT.yvela. . ukve iciT.Tu kanoni ikanonebs.. Tqveni azriT. me vfiqrob. ucxoeTidan moyvanili eqspertebi. .] . is zemodan namdvilad ar iqneba. precedentebi iqmneba. kerZoSia. kidev.oRond. . yvela Tavis profesiaSi. erTma gogom sami ena icis. TbilisSi elementarulad: “inglisuri ici? kompiuteri ici?” atestacias gadixar da giReben samsaxurSi. 40 lari — nuli mouWres. magram erTi SemTxveva moxda — sagadasaxados TanamSromlebs hqondaT 400 lari xelfasi.ra Tqma unda! ra SemTvevaSi iqneba brZola saqarTveloSi warmatebuli? korufciis winaaRmdeg dRevandel . atestacia gavlilebi. sinamdvileSi ai gamodian revoluciis dros. raRac patara wvlils SevitanT korufciis winaaRmdeg.Tu ara marto sityviT.ki. magram imedi ar unda daikargos. . dRes-dReobiT myavs axalgazrda axloblebi TbilisSi.. da sxvaTaSoris oTxidan samma ukve samsaxuri naxa. rom sul rom gvqondes magis imedi. axla saqarTveloSi korufciis winaaRmdeg? . . .yvela absoluturad. ukve rom midixar. . vinc ixlarTeba raRaceebSi. magram Cumad mainc xdeba. .ara. 98 . ra! . .Zalian bevri! . . samjer gamocdebi Caabarebines... rogor ara. Tu qvevidan ar wamovida. da sinamdvileSi saqme saqmeze rom midges.imitom. karg donezea. ra! vin unda ibrZodes.wavidnen.. axla wadi da nu moaparineb imas! . magram ar iWeren Tavisebs.me davinaxe cvlileba. saqmiT verafers ver gaakeTeben.Cemi azriT. weRan rogorc vTqvi.. yvelaze didi Secdoma ra aris — iWeren.aba ra aris seriozuli cvlileba? . .ki! .. .kanoni ikanonebs da xelfasebi gaizrdeba.seriozuli brZola da seriozuli cvlilebebi moitana am revoluciam. unda gaakontrolon. axla meoTxed Caabarebines da 30 larze dasves. .Cumad ki ar xdeba.Zalian kargia. aqamde Zalian wvalobdnen. ra.yvelam.. rom korumpirebulebs iWeren.da unda Sedges es antikorufciuli sabWo da unda gaakontrolon igive Cveni universiteti da ase mivaRwevT Sedegs. magram am SemTxvevaSi TviTon Cveni codniT.ara. sadac iqnebian arasamTavrobo organizaciebis wevrebi. axla saCvenebel daWerebze nu damiwyebT laparaks.maS axla aravin ar unda ifiqros imaze. daiWiron anzor burjanaZe da davijereb rom asea. rom rame seriozuli brZola daiwyos korufciis winaaRmdeg? . magram mTavrobisgan unda modiodes keTili neba. es ar unda iyos.xalxi. [formalurad. kidev ra SeiZleba gakeTdes? .jerjerobiT mainc Zalian Znelad moxdeba es. me rac ginda viyviro. adre iRebda 400 lars. iWeren. . rogori done Semovida da rogori azrovneba? rom Tu ar geyoleba samsaxurSi profesionali. romlebic samsaxurs eZebdnen da sakmaod kargi codna aqvT. vici rom 30 — Zmakacis deda 400 lars iRebda. aramed Cveni saqmiTac. axla daaWres da 30 lari dautoves. unda Seiqmnas (da mgoni ukve Seqmnilic aris) antikorufciuli komisiasaviT raRaca. . .ara.eg kerZo struqturebSi.

igive informaciis gamoTxovebis momentSi. damiwereT-meTqi qviTari — damiweres. TbilisSi samSobiaroSi 100 dolari moaWra polisma. ubralod gancxadebis Setana. polisis funqcia ver gavige. es iyo Cemi erT-erTi Setanili wvlili am sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT. 6 lari Tu 12 lari momTxoves. gavCumdi. Zalian cud mdgomareobaSi var.jer skolidanve. 10 lari xom gadavixade. ar gadavixdiT-meTqi. da deidaCemma: “sircxvilia. imitom rom me bevrad mirCevia.veubnebi. ese igi 90 lari. intriganiao.arc arsad. iqiT dedaCemi — “kargi.Tundac. intrigani var? . kaco. veubnebi — sxvaTaSoris. Ramis skolaSi vswavlobdi. istoriebi ara aqvT. pasportis aReba mindoda. rom ar SegiZlia — Tundac kerZo saubarSi Sens megobars uTxra. pirveli — Seni piradi magaliTiT misce magaliTi sxvas. me vfiqrob. ratom ar damiwer. . . es ar niSnavs. . maqvs saSualeba. me vuTxari. Sevitane gancxadeba.pasporti. da ramdenime dRis win aRricxvaze aviyvane bavSvTa poliklinikaSi. . rom moviTxove es qviTari — ratom moiTxoveo. ar gaigo. TavisTvis laparakobso.hoda. anda qmediTi daxmareba aRmouCino. kargi. sadac. miT umetes. . magram aqeT sidedri medga.me. rom mivce fuli leqtors da raRac CavTvalo.konkretulad ra SeiZleba gavakeToT Cven? .eg aris kidev — mSoblebis faqtori Zalian is aris. ukanono gadasaxads — magaliTad. da meore momenti — is. da 5 lari kidev wamlebi mogvces raRac da imaSi gadagvaxdevines. bavSvi myavs. magram dRes-dReobiT me amas ar gavakeTeb. damiwere [qviTari] da 24 lari unda mogce. romelic SeiZleba ver moipova. Tu piradobis mowmoba? . vidre is) — Sen daexmaro im adamians im resursiT.Cveni cxovreba xom marto gamocdebi da CaTvlebi ar aris? . Tu raime organizaciis wevri xar. anu igive.ara. .ara. gahyve imas.. direqtori iZaxis. diplomis fuli minda. unda gavacnoT sxva adamianebic am uflebebs.. bevri rame SeiZleba! . rom aRar gadavixadoT gamocdebSi da CaTvlebSi fuli. maSin vicrue da Tavisuflebis institutis saxeli gamoviyene. Cems das Sehqonda pasportze 10 lari rom mosTxoves. imitom rom namdvilad problemebiT var savse. me vuTxari. yvelam xom ar icis? egec Setanili wvlilia. rom Seitano? . . elementarulad is informacia.albaT marTla. me vuTxari: “damiwere qviTari da vixdi”. eg giJiao. . 9 Tve xom vswavlob.. rom dadis. magaliTad. gaCumdi! eqimebia. TavisTavad. dagvWirdeba”. rac Sen ici da iman ar icis (Tundac uflebebi. rom bankSi Sevitano — ar aris aranairi gza! .pasporti.marTali xar.Tundac. rom ar CavdgaT fexi iq. . Senaxuli maqvs dRemde.me vfiqrob. rac Sen gaqvs. zogadad interesi unda gaviRviZoT imisa. ra! didi madloba! 99 . 120 lariani gadasaxadi momitanes. mere gamovdivar da yvirian. bunebrivia. es aris erTi momenti. ra moxdao”. SeiZleba ar undoda. meti saSualeba SeiZleba gqondes.6 lari Zalian iafia pasportisTvis. dedisac da bavSvisac. magram Tu xar rigiTi pirovneba.da is sadazRvevo polisi raRa iyo? .erTi. . meores. .. risTvis — eg RmerTma icis. TveSi 10 lari unda gadamexada. ar dagiwero.angariSis nomeri ici. ara? fasianze vswavlobdi. me sami gamocda gadavitane da vapireb swavlas. analogiurad. Zlivs vikavebdi Tavs.ar aris eg korufcia? . . .Cvens uflebebs unda gavecnoT. gadavixadoT. maqvs polisi. aq mivitane — rveuli xom mivitane. Tundac Sen ufro mebrZoli xar.

ix. visac axasiaTebs is socialur-demografiuli Tvisebebi. termini gamoiyeneba ZiriTadad CarTuli dakvirvebis Sesaxeb saubrisas. generalur erTobliobas warmoadgens saqarTvelos yvela srulwlovani moqalaqe. antropologiaSi da sociologiaSi). agreTve misi mamoZravebeli Zalebis. mkvlevari aranairad ar ereva im movlenebSi. romlis mizanicaa ama Tu im problemis winaswari Seswavla.danarTi #2. aRweriTi gamokvleva — socialuri gamokvleva. agreTve: aRweriTi gamokvleva da analitikuri gamokvleva. Tvisebrivi kvlevis meTodikis terminologiis ganmartebiTi leqsikoni analitikuri gamokvleva — socialuri gamokvlevis yvelaze rTuli saxeoba. anketireba — masobrivi gamokiTxvis saxeoba. magaliTad. aq Camoyalibebulia gamokvlevis strategia. agreTve: interviu. dakvirveba — informaciis Segrovebis meTodi (ZiriTadad gamoiyeneba eTnografiaSi. arsebobs Tu ara kavSiri am problemis Semadgenel elementebs Soris. ix. romlis moqmedebac mkvlevris dakvirvebis da Seswavlis sagania. dasabuTebulia gamokvlevis problemis mniSvneloba da aqtualuroba da mis Sesaswavlad SerCeuli gzebis (meTodebis) gamoyenebis marTebuloba. gamokvlevis programa — sabuTi. romelic kiTxvaris gamoyenebiT warimarTeba. xSirad — raTa gamovlenili iqnes. romelic miznad isaxavs ara marto socialuri problemis aRweras. Tu SeviswavliT qarTveli qalebis damokidebulebas ama Tu im problemisadmi. romlebsac akvirdeba. xolo meore — aSS-Si. Tu Telavis saxelmwifo universitetis studentebis azris Seswavlas visaxavT miznad. ix. pirvel SemTxvevaSi. agreTve: cxovrebis istoria. agreTve: dazverviTi gamokvleva da aRweriTi gamokvleva. romelic tardeba ama Tu im socialuri problemis SeZlebisdagvarad sruli aRweris mizniT. gamokvlevis programis safuZvliani damuSaveba xels uwyobs xarisxiani gamokvlevis Catarebas da sando Sedegebis miRebas. mis mier ama Tu im movlenebis gaazreba da Sefaseba. romlis drosac mkvlevari akvirdeba aqtor(eb)is moqmedebas. aramed. ix. misi mdgomareobis “dazverva”. generaluri erToblioba SeiZleba sxvadasxva iyos. xolo meore SemTxvevaSi is xSirad 100 . kerZod — germaniaSi. Cveni generaluri erToblioba am universitetis studentebi iqnebian. mizezebis gamoaSkaravebas. anketirebis dros respondenti TviTon kiTxulobs kiTxvaris kiTxvebs da Tavadve aRniSnavs pasuxebs. erTmaneTisagan ganasxvaveben e. agreTve: dazverviTi gamokvleva da analitikuri gamokvleva. raTa Seswavlil iqnes ama Tu im socialuri problemis gavlena individis cxovrebaze. “ubralo” da “CarTul” (“monawile”) dakvirvebas. dazverviTi gamokvleva — socialuri gamokvlevis yvelaze ubralo tipi. Tu Cveni mizania saqarTvelos mosaxleobis azris Seswavla. romlebic mis azrs Seesabameba. biografiuli interviu — siRmiseuli intervius nairsaxeoba. generaluri erTobliobaa saqarTveloSi mcxovrebi qalebi. romelic miznad isaxavs respondentis cxovrebis (biografiis) qronologiur rekonstruqcias.w. gamokvlevis programa kvlevis dawyebamde unda SemuSavdes. romelTa Seswavlac mkvlevris mizans warmoadgens. generaluri erTobliobis gansazRvra SerCevis Sedgenis safuZvelia. Tumca wminda gamoyenebiTi gamokvlevebis SemTxvevaSi misi SemuSaveba SeiZleba ar moxdes. generaluri erToblioba — yvela im adamianTa erToblioba. Tumca pirveli gansakuTrebiT farTod gamoiyeneba evropaSi. romelic aucilebelia empiriuli socialuri gamokvlevis Casatareblad. ix. aqtori (Tvisebriv kvlevaSi) — pirovneba. gamokvlevis obieqtidan gamomdinare. biografiul interviusa da “cxovrebis istorias” Soris bevria saerTo. da sxv.

socialuri kvlevis meTodika — pirveladi informaciis Segrovebis. eTnografia — gansxvavebuli kulturis Seswavla da aRwera. misgan informaciis miRebis procesi. monografiuli gamokvleva. eTika — profesiuli saqmianobis ganmsazRvreli principebis da normebis erToblioba. kiTxvari SeiZleba miZRvnili iyos mxolod erTi Temisadmi. 101 . es meTodebi cnobilia rogorc “moqnili” meTodebi da raodenobrivi meTodebisagan gansxvavebiT miznad isaxavs ara Sesaswavli fenomenis raodenobrivi gavrcelebis suraTis dadgenas. interviueri ZiriTadad masobrivi gamokiTxvis procesSi gamoiyeneba. rogorc es wesebi am kulturis warmomadgenlebs esmiT. nawilobriv struqturirebuli da arastruqturirebuli. romelic exmareba mkvlevars am kulturis SeswavlaSi. demografiuli informaciis Segrovebis umTavresi wyaroa regularuli aRwera. misi ramdenime ZiriTadi tipi gamoirCeva. demografia — mosaxleobis struqturis mecnieruli Seswavla.srulad iziarebs dakvirvebis obieqtTa yofas. dakvirveba. fokus-jgufi. Sobadobis. Tvisebrivi meTodebi — socialuri kvlevis meTodebis jgufi. romelic yvela saxelmwifoSi saSualod 10 weliwadSi erTxel tardeba. kiTxvari — specialuri wesebis Tanaxmad Sedgenili kiTxvebis erToblioba. romelic uSualod esaubreba respondents. romelic awarmoebs mosaxleobis raodenobis zrdisa da Semcirebis. mimarTavs mas kiTxvaris kiTxvebiT da iniSnavs miRebul pasuxebs. ramdenad struqturirebulia interviu: struqturirebuli. agreTve. informanti — CarTuli dakvirvebis dros mkvlevaris informaciis erT-erTi ZiriTadi wyaro. eTikuri normebi Tavmoyrilia eTikis kodeqsebSi. romlebsac Tan axlavs pasuxis SesaZlo variantebis sia. romlis meSveobiTac Seiswavleba sxvadasxva tipis dokumentebi maTSi ama Tu im maCveneblebis gamovlenis sixSiris dafiqsirebis mizniT. aseve Tvisebrivi. interviu — respondentis gamokiTxvis. agreTve: Tvisebrivi meTodebi da raodenobrivi meTodebi. romelTac respondentebi pasuxoben masobrivi gamokiTxvis dros. sqesobriv Tanafardobas da am maCveneblebis cvlilebebs. mosaxleobis azris Seswavla ama Tu im problemasTan dakavSirebiT misi reprezentatuli nawilis (SerCevis) gamokiTxvis safuZvelze. masobrivi gamokiTxva — sociologiuri kvlevis yvelaze farTod gavrcelebuli raodenobrivi meTodi. meTodi — ama Tu im saqmianobis praqtikuli ganxorcielebis konkretuli xerxi. specialuri wesebis Tanaxmad SerCeul respondentebTan. esaubreba maT. da sxv. monawileobas saqmianobaSi. an sxvadasxva Tematuri blokisagan Sedgebodes. gamomdinare iqidan. romelic ama Tu im profesiis zneobriv Rirebulebebs gamoxatavs. ganixilavs mis asakobriv. Sesaswavli kulturis warmomadgeneli. interviueri — kvleviTi jgufis wevri. termini iTargmneba qarTul enaze rogorc “Sinaarsis analizi”. socialur kvlevaSi — pirveladi informaciis Segrovebis saSualeba. kontent-analizi — sociologiuri kvlevis meTodi. aramed mis siRrmiseul Seswavlas. iRebs maT daxuruli kiTxvebi — kiTxvebis saxeoba sociologiur kiTxvarSi. gamokiTxva xdeba formalizebuli kiTxvaris safuZvelze. rogorebicaa siRrmiseuli interviu. romelic ZiriTadad Tvisebrivi meTodebis gamoyenebiT xdeba. is SeiZleba iyos rogorc raodenobrivi. sikvdilianobis. ix. sicocxlis xangrZlivobis. eTnografiis ZiriTadi mizania cxovrebis gansxvavebuli wesebis gageba ise. raTa ukeT Seiswavlos maTi cxovreba. migraciis analizs. “cxovrebis istoria”. gamokiTxvis tipidan gamomdinare. romelic aerTianebs iseT meTodebs. interviu verbaluri informaciis miRebis yvelaze ufro gavrcelebuli saSualebaa socialur kvlevebSi.

adamianebi gansakuTrebul yuradRebas aqceven imas. romelic ar iqna (an ver iqna) gaTvaliswinebuli gamokiTxvis organizatorebis mier. ras da rogor amboben. kvlevis obieqtebis reaqcia im garemoebaze. misi gamovlenis sixSire. sadiskusio gegma ZiriTadad “Ria” kiTxvebisgan Sedgeba. sadiskusio gegma — kvlevis instrumenti. agreTve mocemulia damatebiTi varianti “sxva”. romlis drosac interviueri pirispir esaubreba respondents da kiTxvarSi iniSnavs mis mier gacemul pasuxebs. romliTac moixsenieba kvlevis Catrebisas pirveladi informaciis Segrovebis procesi. esaa intervius savaraudo kiTxvebis sia. Tumca yvelaze xSirad monografiuli gamokvleva Tvisebriv meTodebTan asocideba. savele samuSaoebi — termini. ukavSirdeba mis problemur monaxazs da Tavis gamoxatulebas poulobs gamokvlevis programaSi. romlebsac Tan erTvis pasuxis SesaZlo variantebis sia. kontent-analizi. monografiuli gamokvleva — kvleviTi midgoma socialur mecnierebebSi. savele samuSaoebi ki Zalian didi xnis manZilze grZeldeba. moderatori — fokus-jgufis wamyvani. intervius sxva saxeobebia satelefono da safosto interviu. magram. naxevrad daxuruli kiTxvebi — kiTxvebis saxeoba sociologiur kiTxvarSi. reaqtiuloba adamianebis bunebrivi reaqciaa. isini ase ar moiqceodnen. reprezentatuloba gulisxmobs. rom mis farglebSi mravali meTodi gamoiyeneba (upirveles yovlisa — CarTuli dakvirveba). romelic ramdenime meTods aerTianebs. rom maT moqmedebas akvirdebian. satelefono gamokiTxva — masobrivi gamokiTxvis saxeoba. romelic SeiZleba iyos rogorc Tavad mkvlevari. rom mkvlevari Seiswavlis maT. rogorc wesi. pirispir interviu — intervius yvelaze gavrcelebuli saxeoba. rom SerCeva proporciulad asaxavs generaluri erTobliobis ZiriTad maCveneblebs. vinaidan amaxinjebs miRebul Sedegebs. mkvlevris arseboba rom ara. es midgoma upirveles yovlisa gamoirCeva imiT. warmoadgens ra mis “mikromodels”. magram dakvirvebis warmoebisas es Zalze seriozuli problemaa. respondentis binaze tardeba. wesebsa da meTodebs. socialuri kvlevis meTodologia — samecniero kvlevis logika. romelic erTian sistemaSi aerTianebs mis principebs. romelic kvlevis Catarebis dros informaciis uSualo wyaroa. romelTa gamoyenebac statistikur kanonzomierebebs emyareba da romlebic miznad isaxavs gamoavlinos ama Tu im socialuri fenomenis gavrceleba. ician ra. romlisganac mkvlevrebi iReben maTTvis saWiro informacias. cnobilia. romelic gamoiyeneba siRrmiseuli intervius da fokus-jgufebis struqturirebis mizniT. respondenti — adamiani. daafiqsiron gansxvavebuli azri. aseve mowveuli piri. gamokiTxuli. socialur kvlevaSi meTodologia ganixileba rogorc kvlevis Teoriuli safuZveli. raodenobrivi meTodebi — socialuri kvlevis formalizebuli meTodebi. pirispir interviu. agreTve “SemTxvevis Seswavlis” saxeliT. rogorc masobrivi gamokiTxva. sadac respondentebs saSualeba eZlevaT. rogor epyrobian sxva adamianebs. misi xanrgZlivoba SeiZleba meryeobdes 20 wuTidan 60 wuTamde. romelic tele102 . Tu rogor iqcevian.damuSavebis da gamoyenebis meTodebis erToblioba. reprezentatuloba — mTavari moTxovna respondentTa SerCevisadmi masobrivi gamokiTxvis Catarebis dros. reaqtiuloba — mkvlevris an kvleviTi situaciis gavlena aqtorebis saqcielsa da naTqvamze. gansakuTrebiT vlindeba CarTuli dakvirvebis warmoebis procesSi. mis farglebSi raodenobrivi meTodebic gamoiyeneba. da saboloo jamSi maTi saqcieli bunebrivi aRar aris. es iseTi meTodebia.

“Ria” kiTxva — kiTxvis saxeoba. Tu rogori pasuxia mosalodneli mkvlevris mier dasaxul kvleviT kiTxvebze. satelefono interviuebi.fonis meSveobiT tardeba. am tipis kiTxvebi Zalian mizanSewonilia imdenad. SerCeva — wesebi. Tvisebriv kvlevaSi SerCevis SedgenasTan dakavSirebiT naklebi moTxovna arsebobs. Seityos respondentis ara mxolod damokidebuleba da pozicia. Tvisebriv kvlevaSi xSirad swored transkriptis saxiT viRebT pirvelad (“nedl”) monacemebs. agreTve: biografiuli interviu. romelsac Cven viRebT SerCevis Sedegad da romlebsac uSualod gamovkiTxavT. siRrmiseuli interviu — intervius saxeoba. 103 . fokus-jgufi — Tvisebrivi kvlevis erT-erTi yvelaze popularuli meTodi. fokusjgufSi 6-dan 12-mde respondenti iRebs monawileobas. satelefono gamokiTxvis Catarebisas gansakuTrebiT Znelia reprezentatulobis dacva. is warimarTeba sadiskusio gegmis safuZvelze specialuri kvalifikaciis mqone wamyvanis. romelTa damuSavebac xdeba kvlevis Sedegebis analizis mizniT. SerCeviTi erToblioba — respondentTa jgufi. aramed motivaciebi. hipoTeza gamokvlevis programis aucilebeli nawilia. ix. amitom Ria kiTxvebi ufro farTodaa gavrcelebuli. Tu SerCeva sworad ganxorcielda. moderatoris mier. romelic farTod gamoiyeneba Tvisebriv meTodebSi. misi gavlenis dadgenis meSveobiT. 10-15 wuTze met xans ar grZeldeba. romelic sadiskusio gegmis safuZvelze warimarTeba da miznad isaxavs. da ufro damaxasiaTebelia Tvisebrivi kvlevisTvis. romelic aseve cnobilia “jgufuri diskusiis” saxeliT. transkripti — intervius an fokus-jgufis audio-Canaweris qaRaldze gadatanis (“gaSifvris”) Sedegad miRebuli teqsti. romelic ar sTavazobs respondentebs pasuxis SesaZlo variantebs. am process gansakuTrebuli mniSvneloba aqvs masobrivi gamokiTxvis Catarebis dros. rogorc wesi. sadac SerCeva reprezentatuli unda iyos. romelic miznad isaxavs ama Tu im problemis Seswavlas respondentis cxovrebaSi am problemis adgilis. magram maTi statistikuri damuSaveba Zalian Sromatevadia. ramdenadac isini minimalur gavlenas axdens respondnetTa pasuxebze. esaa nawilobriv struqturirebuli interviu. hipoTeza — mecnierulad dasabuTebuli varaudi imis Sesaxeb. romelTa Tanaxmadac unda moxdes respondentTa SerCeva generaluri erTobliobis wevrebisagan. rogorc wesi. “cxovrebis istoria” — siRrmiseuli intervius nairsaxeoba. SerCeviTi erToblioba generaluri erTobliobis reprezentatuli iqneba.

1998.: Thomson/Wadsworth. we will have discussion and/or Q&A session. 1991. they should be used appropriately in order to achieve reliable results. but not of opposite nature. Pp. this leads to higher responsibility of the researcher. Main topics covered in the course are outlined below. Power and Resistance in the Modern Metropolis. however. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press. the students will: (a) get familiar with the theory and history of qualitative research methods in social sciences. the main objectives of this 8-week course are two-fold: as a result of attending this course. Detailed analyses of components of research design are presented. qualitative data are not representative. which stresses the idea that the two groups of methods can mutually enrich the research. 3 hours. 1991 “The Extended Case Method. 104 . Lecture. Pp. 2004. Exploring the Interactive Continuum. unlike quantitative research method results. Week 1. We start with discussion of the nature and distinctive features of qualitative research methods. Major issues in the discussion of the nature of qualitative and quantitative research methods are connected with the idea that qualitative and quantitative methods of social research are of different. which. Isadore Newman and Carolyn R. and a discussion of theoretical paradigms that lay behind qualitative and quantitative research methods At the end of the lecture. Benz (1998) is introduced. does not mean that they are less scientific. which will be covered more in detail later on. Michael Burawoy. Benz. 271-287 in: Michael Burawoy et al. 1-12 (“Qualitative-Quantitative Research: A False Dichotomy”). in order to make the students familiar with the ways of thinking about new research projects and getting prepared to start one. Qualitative research methods offer more flexibility to the researcher while doing field work. although they can not be generalized and claimed that their results are representative for the population under study. Qualitative-Quantitative Research Methodology. 1 hour The first lecture offers introduction to qualitative research methods in social sciences. Belmont. At the end of the class. The model of “qualitative – quantitative interactive continuum” developed by Isadore Newman and Carolyn R. Calif. 288-298 (“Some Qualitative Filed Research Paradigms”). they provide deeper understanding of the social world than the quantitative methods do. and poses specific ethnical issues. The Practice of Social Research. We stress that. First lecture also offers a historical analysis of development of qualitative research methods. On the other hand. Required readings for this week are: Earl Babbie. such as surveys. 10th Edition.” Pp. and (b) learn how to conduct various types of qualitative research which are most frequently used in the contemporary social research practice. Berkley: University of California Press. Qualitative Methods in Social Research: Introduction and Historical Overview. which are compared with quantitative methods. Ethnography Unbound. discussion.Tinatin Zurabishvili QUALITATIVE METHODS IN SOCIAL RESEARCH Course outline As stated in the course syllabus. we discuss research design and the ways to develop it.

282-268 (“Qualitative Filed Research”). 2 hours The first method that is covered in detail in terms of this course is in-depth interview. 317-330 in: Robert M. 1995. iago kaWkaWiSvili. selection of respondents. semi-structured and non-structured interviews. is not directive. In addition to general discussion about in-depth interview as qualitative research method in the social sciences. 363-381 (“Field Research”). Homework assignments for this week are: 1) to prepare a discussion guide which could be used to conduct a series of in-depth 105 . 2 hours. Изд-во «Самарский университет». Pp. Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Perspectives and Formulations. С. ed. методы. we offer an example of how a Discussion Guide of an in-depth interview can look like. While introducing this method. We also discuss technical aspects of conducting in-depth interviews. Ill.John Lofland and Lyn Lofland. Calif. research proposals submitted by the students will be discussed during the next seminar. Emerson. In the end. Belmont. В. Use of open-ended questions stimulates development of the respondent’s narrative. We also discuss several probing techniques (silence. Week 2. Calif.” Pp. students are required to prepare two assignments to be submitted two days prior the next class: a) Think of and bring a list of 5 issues which are suitable for qualitative research. Contemporary Field Research. life histories and biographic narrative interviews (Gail Kligman’s and Gabriele Cappai’s works are used to get better understanding of these types of in-depth interview). where both theoretical and practical aspects of the proposed research will be considered. Becker. After Robert S. which. Lawrence Newman. In-Depth Interview Lecture. recording equipment. however. Recommended readings: Earl Babbie. Ядов. Pp. we first distinguish between structured.” // sociologiuri kvlevis meTodebi. we consider two variations of in-depth interviewing. 1995. Belmont. Howard S. 1998. W. and allows both researcher/interviewer and respondent to develop new issues not mentioned in the guide. and b) Come up with a research design of their own. программа. 1998. echo. Fifth edition. 2004. baiting) that can help us get more information. “The Epistemology of Qualitative Research. 101-122 (“Thinking Topics”). which can be directed by the questions of the interviewer. Analyzing Social Settings: A Guide to Qualitative Observation and Analysis. 42-80 («Методология»).: Waveland Press.: Thomson/Wadsworth. 22-44. we consider in-depth interviewing as a process of collaboration between researcher and respondent. namely. Weiss. discussion. The lection finishes with the discussion of possibilities of analyzing in-depth interviews. The Practice of Social Research. Pp. 2003. Prospect Heights. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. “konkretuli sociologiuri kvlevis meTodologia. Tbilisi: Tbilisis universitetis gamomcemloba. gv. In-depth interview is an example of semi-structured interviews which are conducted based on a discussion guide as a major research instrument. with a short review which emphasizes its major features. 10th Edition. such as selection and preparation of the setting. 2001. Социологическое исследование: методология.: Wadsworth. often – without interviewer’s injection in respondent’s narrative. After the first lecture. provided that they are of interest to the study.

specifically focusing on the role and functions of the 106 . 1994. however. Merton’s and his colleagues’ work in this field. 2) to conduct 3 in-depth interviews based on this guide. Walnut Creek. С. Pp. Gail Kligman. 206-220 (“Unstructured Interviewing”). The Art and Method of Qualitative Interview Studies. Required readings for this week are: Robert S.” (Targmani wignidan: Gabriele Cappai. The greatest advantage of focus groups as a qualitative research method is that it gives the researchers the possibility to observe the process of forming group judgments and/or decisions. technical aspects of their preparation. selection of participants.interviews. The Art and Method of Qualitative Interview Studies. income. first of all. Pp. while there are some areas where it is not usually recommended to use focus groups – e. Weiss. 1994. Research Methods in Anthropology. and to discuss the process of conducting these. М. Focus Groups Lecture. gabriele kapai. Berkley: University of California Press. these are the areas where focus groups proved to be most effective. which can help students to work on their own guide. 1998. Halle/Saale: Hallescher Verlag). discussion. Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Controlling Reproduction in Ceausescu’s Romania. Pp. 2000. The Politics of Duplicity. The most important and/or typical experiences reported by the students will be discussed during next meeting. Week 3.” which. Recommended readings: Robert S. 2000. personal relationships. “biografiul-naratiuli interviu: Teoriuli winamZRvrebi da gamoyenebis xerxebi. CA: AltaMira Press. Russel Bernard. 2000. Emigrazione. Pp. Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Weiss. New York: Free Press. by the fact that up to a dozen of respondents participate in a single focus group discussion. we discuss distinctiveness of focus groups. CA: AltaMira Press. Third edition. Major areas of use of focus groups in contemporary research practice are reviewed. specifically focusing on the difficulties they encounter. social and political research. associanismo ed identità nelle società multikulturali. 449-488 (“Some Traditions of Text Analysis”). 2002. 2002. H. and advises regarding how to conduct them. 121-150 (“Issues in Interviewing”). Learning from Strangers. Learning from Strangers. Белановский. 61-120 (“Interviewing”). Third edition. 2 hours We discuss focus group as a “group in-depth interview.g. An example of a discussion guide is presented in the appendix. 3) the students are also required to transcribe one of these interviews – the one they think was the most successful. Глубокое интервью. marketing research.: Никколо М. Walnut Creek. A short review of the historical development of the focus groups in the social sciences focuses on Robert K. H. 2000. Research Methods in Anthropology. Pp. In the section devoted to the main features of this method. Fra realtà locale e processi globali. has several specific features.. 148-205 (“Bitter Memories: The Politics of Reproduction in Everyday Life”). namely. Russel Bernard. which are determined. New York: Free Press.. 2 hours.

In contrast with the interview techniques discussed during the previous weeks. which presents additional challenges to the researcher. These techniques are: verbal associations. brand mapping. where the causes of corruption in Georgian higher education are discussed. 39-68.: Никколо М. 3. Last section discusses the possibilities of analysis of the data obtained through focus group discussions. Calif. Two examples are offered in the end of this lecture. Focus Groups: A Practical Guide for Applied Research. 2001. first of all – the level of analysis should be determined. maia araviaSvili. To prepare a discussion guide which could be used to conduct a series of focusgroup discussions. stereotypes. one of which is a possible discussion guide. Appendix 1 offers a transcript of a focus group conducted with students of one of Georgian universities. Second Edition. 2. observation is obviously the first method to be introduced. 31-65. Pp. we will focus on the latter.” // sociologia saqarTveloSi: Tanamedrove mdgomareoba da perspeqtivebi. To write a Project Proposal on a given topic (“Causes of Corruption in the Georgian Higher Educational Institutions”). Белановский. although both individual and group level can be justified. 2000. In addition. Метод фокус-групп. Thousand Oaks. Krueger. with all necessary equipment. To find out which projective techniques are used in the Discussion Guide presented in the Example 2. Thousand Oaks. Week 4. finishing sentences. Although a distinction will be made between nonparticipant and participant observation. discussion. 1 hour As we move towards non-verbal techniques of data collection. Analysis of focus group results is quite similar to the analysis of in-depth interview data. Morgan.: Sage Publications. and the other – a descriptive report of a research project based exclusively on focus groups. М. Participant Observation Lecture. I’ll try to arrange a visit to a research center where the students will have an opportunity to see a room designed for focus group discussions. Our discussion classes will be based on the analysis of the students’ homework assignments. 1997. etc. Pp. Calif. we’ll watch a tape of a focus-group discussion and evaluate how it was conducted. where the students are required to use projective techniques they find suitable for the topic they choose. Focus Groups as Qualitative Research. 2001. Required readings for this week are: David L. Recommended readings: С. Next section is devoted to the 10 most frequently used projective techniques that facilitate focus group discussions. collages. although there are several specific considerations. which is one of the most popular qualitative research methods. the project should be conducted using focus groups.: Sage Publications. Third edition. 97-124. “narkomania: problemis Sefaseba axalgazrdebis mier. If possible.moderator. 107 . besides. observation takes place in the natural environment. Telavi: “samoqalaqo ganaTlebis proeqti”. our advise is to base analysis on the interplay of the two levels of analysis (Morgan 1997: 60). personification. 3 hours. Homework assignments for this week are: 1. Tamar zurabiSvili. Richard A.

279-373. we will focus of detailed discussion of (a) fieldnotes submitted by the students as a result of observations they made. 53-62. in particular – how to write fieldnotes during the fieldwork. New York: Holt. 2002. starting with descriptive stage of observation and eventually arriving to selective observation. As an example of possible analytic strategy used by participant observers.White’s classical analysis of group structure in the Street Corner Society will be presented. its major aim as well as its major advantage is the possibility to study a distinctive (sub)culture and explain its meanings as they are understood and interpreted by its members. the researcher defines the exact focus of observations. so these discussions will be particularly helpful at this stage. Research Methods in Anthropology. Immediately after the observation. Fieldnotes are discussed in detail. Street Corner Society: The Social Structure of an Italian Slum. take different seats and observe what’s going on in the library for 3 hours. it is considered that studying unfamiliar cultures is usually more effective than researchers’ own culture. Characteristics of good informants are also discussed during the lecture. By next week. to be further discussed during next week’s class. Recommended readings: H. 1 hour. During the fieldwork. W. AltaMira Press. they have to write (again. Relatively little new material will be delivered during this week. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Paradoxically. Forth edition. and how to transform them into the research report. 3-51. Pp. finding informants. It starts with entering the field. and (b) readings from White’s Street Corner Society. discussion.F. Pp. 100-111. the students have to make final decisions regarding their course projects. Required readings for this week are: James P. Participant Observation (continued) Lecture. 94-110. and was considered as a means to learn about distinctive culture. we continue to learn participant observation.Historically. participant observation was first developed by anthropologists and ethnographers. 108 . Third edition. 73-84. Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. establishing contact with the actors. There is only one homework assignments for this week: The students are required to go to a public library in pairs. 1997. 122-129. Rhinehart and Winston. 3 hours During our fifth week. 1993. as a way to document how the fieldwork proceeds. instead. Participant observation is always a long-time commitment and usually takes years to collect the data. Week 5. They are required to take notes during the observation. and submit them. because in the latter case the researcher can not approach his/her own culture as a complete stranger. separately) fieldnotes based on what they’ve observed. but not to share any observations with each other. Contemporary participant observation as it is practiced by most social sciences. Pp. can be applied in modern as well as in non-modern societies. Participant Observation. Russel Bernard. 323-364 (“Participant Observation”). William Foote White. Spradley.

Required readings for this week are: Mitchel Dunier. 1979. its theoretical context and how Dunier fit his study into the particular one. we will discuss a study of the 1930s conducted by Paul Lazarsfeld and his colleagues in the Austrian village of Marienthal. The Ethnographic Interview. Pp. Pp. focusing on the specific ways of conducting fieldwork and building relationships with informants. New York: Holt. Pp. As a multi-method approach. use of photography in presenting the findings. 1979. New York: Holt. and there are no clear guidelines regarding site selection and data analysis. which was introduced in the social sciences based on the experience of anthropologists. which is distinctive in a number of ways. we will discuss this method during two week. Case Study Lecture. Spradley. 2 hours. Second edition. New York: Farrar. During the class.Week 6. the methods used can be both qualitative and quantitative (e. but we consider the former as an even broader research approach. rather than a single method of collecting the data. Recommended readings: Robert K. Case studies are a lot in common with participant observation. Rinehart and Winston. 17-42. students’ presentations. This study is very interesting for us mainly from the methodological perspective. The Ethnographic Interview. (b) sites. First we will focus on the history of this method. Spradley. the students will present their research projects focusing on (a) their research questions. James P. the second study we will discuss in detail in this class is Mitchel Dunier’s Sidewalk. his relationships with the informants. specifically. Since there is no single way to conduct case study research. 25-39 (“Informants”). 55-68 (“Interviewing an Informant”). Rinehart and Winston. discussion. we will first discuss readings from the Sidewalk. what is particularly specific with case studies. Week 7.. Sidewalk. We discuss several aspects of this study: the research question and how it was formulated. use of many various techniques of data collection which are discussed in detail by the authors. Strauss and Giroux. Sage Publications. 109 . 1 hour Case study is the final method considered in terms of this course. 2 hours This week is focused on discussions. Applications of Case Study Research. James P. methodology used by Dunier and.g. and (c) methodology they use to conduct the fieldwork. In the second part of the class. Experience of the Chicago School and their role in establishing this method are also discussed. surveys). one of the best ways to learn about this method is to introduce more examples. As an example of early case study research. Case Study (continued) Discussion. 231289. This will be our final discussion of students’ research projects before they finish and submit them. case studies employ a number of research techniques that help the researchers to collect the data. Yin. As in the case of participant observation. 3 hours. 2001. So. 2002.

Boston: Allyn and Bacon. Policies and Procedures. during the class. Belmont. Codes of ethics have been elaborated in a systematic way after the Second World War by professional associations of the social scientists in Europe and North America. Pp. We focus on: (a) Rights of the respondents. 1998.org/esomar/show/id=65961 American Sociological Association. discussion. Two Codes of Ethics we are focusing on in this class are ICC/ESOMAR International Code of Marketing and Social Research Practice (ICC/ESOMAR. The Practice of Social Research. 1999). Discuss the case study concerning ethical dilemmas that Eric J. 2. 2 hours. 10th Edition. we will focus on the responsibility of the researcher while doing fieldwork and the requirements of professional communities towards their members. “Ethical Concerns in Participant Observation/Ethnography. Required readings for this week are: W. 3. We will also discuss special rules that try to regulate publications of research results in the media. Calif.” in Advances in Consumer Research 25: 72-74. Pp. 1995) and Code of Ethics and Policies and Procedures of the ASA Committee on Professional Ethics (American Sociological Association. During our last class. Ethics of Qualitative Research Lecture. ICC/ESOMAR International Code of Marketing and Social Research Practice.asanet.html 1997. and the second is a paper where an ethnographer (Eric J. Fifth edition. Two case studies are presented during the class. Arnould. Earl Babbie. and (c) responsibility towards the society in general. most of the professional association are international. (b) Rights of the clients who commission research. and to compare these Codes.org/members/enforce. Sanctions against those who violate ethical norms are discussed based on the hierarchy of sanctions in the ASA Code of Ethics. Codes of ethics should be distinguished from the legal requirements. which leads to unification of ethical standards of the respective professional activity over the state boarders.org/members/ecoderev. 396-398 (“Ethical Dilemmas of Field Research”). Arnould faced during his fieldwork and provide their own assessment of the situation and best ways to deal with it. 2 hours It’s hard to overestimate significance of ethical issues while doing fieldwork. American Sociological Association Committee on Professional Ethics. in order to avoid misinformation and deception of public. we discuss the specific character of ethical norms. http://www. 2004. 306-307 (“Research Ethics in Qualitative Field Research”). Eric J. other countries joined them later. to be discussed during the seminar. Nowadays. Assess the quality of presentation of the finding in the CNN publication distributed in class. 1997. http://www. and from mutual responsibilities outlined in the contracts signed between the researchers and clients. Code of Ethics. Lawrence Newman.Week 8. 2003. one is a CNN publication where survey results are presented. http://www. the students are required to find on the web codes of ethics of several professional organizations whose members are involved in social research. Homework assignments for this week are: 1.html 110 . Arnould) discusses ethical dilemmas he faced while doing fieldwork in Chad.asanet. Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches.esomar.: Thomson/Wadsworth.

Nevertheless. Over 40 terms are defined in this glossary. This is a concise reference for the students. close-ended questions. qualitative methods. content analysis. fieldwork. case-study. research design. they will be encouraged to consult academic social science dictionaries. is not the only one the students will be using. e. This Glossary. hypothesis. a transcript of a focus group interview is presented. in-depth interview.: actor. In the Appendix 2. where only terms covered in terms of this particular course are explained. I hope this will be helpful for the students. transcript. discussion guide. ethnography.In the Appendix 1. biographic interview. a Short Glossary of the terms used in qualitative research practice is presented. given that some of them may not be familiar with any vocabulary connected with research practice. respondent. observation. however. focus group. The terms and in (Georgian) alphabetical sequence. quantitative methods. moderator. life history.g. and few of the terms used in this course are already established in Georgian (some are not fully established even in English). 111 . ethics. et al. openended questions.

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