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AUTO CAD NOTES

METHOD TO APPROACH A COMMAND IN CAD 1) COMMAND PROMPT AREA 2) SCREEN MENU AREA 3) POP UP MENU 4) STANDARD TOOL BAR CO-ORDINATE SYSTEM IN CAD: 1) ABSOLUTE CO ORDINATE SYSTEM 2) RELATIVE RECTANGLE CO ORDINATE SYSTEM 3) RELATIVE POLAR COORDINATE SYSTEM ABSOLUTE COORDINATE SYSTEM: IN THIS SYSTEM THE OBJECTS ARE DRAWN WITH REFERENCE TO THE ORGIN. FORMAT: X, Y RELATIVE RECTANGLE COORDINGATE SYSTEM: IN THIS SYSTEM THE OBJECTS ARE DRAWN WITH REFERENCE TO THE PREVIOUS POINT. FORMAT: @X, Y THE DEFAULT SCREEN AREA IN ENGLISH OR IMPERIAL SYSTEM IS 12X9 AND ITS UNITS ARE IN FEETS & INCHES.THE DEFAULT SCREEN AREA IN METRIC SYSTEM IS 420X297 AND ITS UNITS ARE IN MM

COMMANDS LINE (L): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CREATE LINES ON THE DRAWING SCREEN FROM ONE POINT TO OTHER POINT BY SPECIFYING THE COORDINATED THE POINTS. OPTIONS: ERASE (E): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO ERASE THE SELECTED OBJECTS FROM THE DRAWING SCREEN,
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(2) RELATIVE POLAR COORDINATE SYSTEM: IN THIS SYSTEM OBJECTS ARE DRAWN WITH REFERENCE TO THE PREVIOUS POINT BY SIMPLY SPECIFYING THE DISTANCE AND ANGLE. FORMAT: @ DISTANCE < ANGLE ORTHO: THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CREATE HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL LINES BY SIMPLY SPECIFYING THE DISTANCE AND DIRECTION. OSNAP: THIS COMMAND IS USED TO APROCH POINTS LIKE END POINT, MID POINT, CENTER POINT, INTERSECTION, EXTENSION POINT AND ALSO USED TO CREATE PARALLEL, PERPENDICULAR AND TANGENT LINES.

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(3) RECTANGLE (REC): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CREATE RECTANGLES ON THE DRAWING SCREEN BY SPECIFYINGTHE CO ORDINATES OF THE OPPOSITE CORNERS. OPTIONS: [CHAMFER/ELEVATION/FILLET/THICKNESS/WIDTH] CIRCLE(C): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CREATE CIRCLES ON THE DRAWING SCREEN BY SPECIFYING THE CENTER POINT AND RADIUS. OPTIONS: [3P/2P/TTR (TAN TAN RADIUS)] POLYGON (POL): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CREATE POLYGONS ON THE DRAWING SCREEN OF SIDES RANGING FROM 3-1024 NUMBERS OF SIDES. OPTIONS: CENTER METHOD, EDGE METHOD. ARC (A): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CREATE ARCS ON THE DRAWING SCREEN WITH THE GIVEN CENTER, RADIUSAND WITH THE MAXIMUM ANGLE OF 359,99 DEGREES DONUT (DO): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CREATE DONUT OR DUFNUTS ON THE DRAWING SCREEN. THE GIVEN INSIDE AND OUT SIDE DIA. FILL: THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CONTROL THE'ON AND OFF' OF FILLING OF SOLIDS WITHIN THE OBJECTS. OPTIONS:ON/OFF.

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. (4)MOVE(M): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO MOVE THE OBJECTS ON THE DRAWING SCREEN FROM ONE POINT TO OTHER POINT WITH THE GIVEN BASE POINT ON THE DRAWING SCREEN. COPY(CO): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO COPY SELECTED OBJECTS FROM ONE POINT TO OTHER POINT WITH THE GIVEN BASE POINT. MULTIPLE OPTION IS USED TO COPY MULTIPLE OBJECTS ON THE DRAWING SCREEN. OFFSET(O): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CREATE PARALLEL LINE OR ARCS ON THE DRAWING SCREEN WITH THE GIVEN OFFSET DISTANCE ON THE DRAWING SCREEN. TRIM(TR): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO REMOVE A PART OF AN OBJECTS UPTO THE GIVEN BOUNDARY. EXTEND (EX): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO EXTEN THE SELECTED OBJECTS ON THE DRAWING SCREEN UPTO THE GIVEN BOUNDARIES. ZOOM(Z): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO VIEW ALL THE OBJECTS ON THE DRAWING . OPTIONS:ALL, CENTER, DYNAMIC, EXTENTS, PREVIOUS,
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SCALE, WINDOW, REAL TIME PAN(P): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO MOVE THE DRAWING SCREEN IN BOTH HORIZONTAL & VERTICAL DIRECTIONS
(5) MIRROR(MI):THIS COMMAND IS USED TO MIRROR THE SELECTED OBJECTS ABOUT THE GIVEN MIRROR LINE. THE DISTANCE BETWEEN SOURCE OBJECT AND MIRROR LINE IS MAINTAINED THE SAME FOR THE MIRRORED OBJECT ALSO. ROTATE(RO): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO ROTATE THE SELECTED THE OBJECTS ABOVE THE GIVEN BASE POINT TO THE GIVEN ANGLE. FILLET(F): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO APPLY FILLET BETWEEN TWO SELECTED OBJECTS TO THE GIVEN RADIUS. OPTIONS: [POLYLINE/RADIUS/TRIM] CHAMFER(CHA): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO APPLY CHAMFER BETWEEN TWO SELECTED OBJECTS TO THE GIVEN DISTANCE&ANGLE. OPTIONS: [POLYLINE/DISTANCE/ANGLE/TRIM/METHOD] LINETYPE(LT): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO APPLY OR CHANGE THE CURRENT LINE TYPE OF THE OBJECTS TO BE DRAWN ON THE DRAWING SCREEN WITH THE GIVEN STYLE. COLOR (COL): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO APPLY OR CHANGE THE CURRENT COLOR OF THE OBJECTS TO BE DRAWN ON THE DRAWING SCREEN WITH THE GIVEN COLOR . THE TOTAL COLOR RANGE IS FROM 1-255. STANDARD COLORS ARE FROM 1-9 AND GREY SHADES ARE FROM 250-255. UCSICON : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CONTROL THE POSITION OF UCSICON ON THE DRAWING SCREEN. OPTIONS: ON, OFF, ALL , NOORIGIN, ORIGIN.

(6) REDO: THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CANCELTHE UNDO


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OPERATION IN CAD. IT HAS ONLY ONE ACTION AND IT SHOULD IMMEDIATELY FOLLOW THE UNDO COMMAND. UNDO (U): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CANCEL THE LAST OPERATION IN CAD .WE CAN UNDO FOR UNLIMITED NO OF TIMES. BREAK (BR): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO BREAK THE SELECTED OBJECTS ON THE DRAWING SCREEN FROM ONE POINTT TO THE OTHER POINT. IT IS ALSO USED TO BREAK SELECTED OBJECTS INTO TWO EQUAL HALVES. SCALE (SC): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO REDUCE OR INCREASE THE SIZE OF THE OBJECTS ON THE DRAWING SCREEN TO THE GIVEN SCALE FACTOR. ARRAY (AR): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO COPY THE SELECTED OBJECTS ON THE DRAWINGN SCREEN IN BOTH RECTANGULAR AND CIRCULAR PATTERNS. OPTIONS: RECTANGULAR, POLAR

(7) OOPS: THIS COMMAND IS USED TO RETRIVE THE LAST ERASED OBJECT ON THE DRAWING SCREEN. LT SCALE (LTS): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CONTROL THE PITCH OF THE LINE TYPES ON THE DRAWING SCREEN. LINE WEIGHT (LW): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO APPLY LINE WEIGHTS TO THE OBJECTS ON THE DRAWING SCREEN
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BLIPMODE: THIS COMMAND IS USED TO ON AND OFF THE BLIP MARKS ON THE DRAWING SCREEN. REDRAW(R): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO REMOVE THE BLIPMARKS FROM THE DRAWING SCREEN. REGEN (RE): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO SMOOTHEN THE VIEWS OF OBJECTS LIKE ARCS AND CIRCLES WHEN ZOOMED IN. ELLIPSE (EL): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CREATE ELLIPSE OF ELLIPTICAL ARCS ON THE DRAWING SCREEN. OPTIONS: AXIS METHOD, CENTER METHOD BHATCH (BH): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO APPLY HATCH WITHIN THE CLOSED OBJECTS WITH THE GIVEN STYLE, SCALE AND ROTATION ANGLES. HATCH EDIT (HE): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO EDIT THE EXISTING HATCH ON THE DRAWING SCREEN. BOUNDARY (BO): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CREATE BOUNDARY AT THE SPECIFIED REGION USING PICK POINTS. NOW THIS BOUNDARY CAN BE COPIED SEPARATELY ON THE DRAWING SCREEN

(8) TEXT(DT): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO PLACE TEXT ON THE DRAWING SCREEN WITH THE GIVEN STYLE ,HEIGHT AND ROTATION ANGLE.
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OPTIONS : JUSTIFY ,STYLE EXPRESSIONS: %% c %% d %% p IMPLIES DIAMETER IMPLIES DEGREE IMPLIES PLUS ,MINUS

DEDIT(ED): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO EDIT THE EXISTING TEXT ON THE DRAWING SCREEN.

STYLE(ST): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CREATE NEW TEXT STYLE ON THE DRAWING SCREEN.

MTEXT(T) : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CREATE PARAGRAPH TEXT ON THE DRAWING SCREEN.

(9) LAYER(LA): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO DIFFERENTIATE THE DIFFERENT ELEMENTS LIKE OBJECTS, CENTERLINES,HATCH ,DIMENSION,TEXT ON THE CURRENT DRAWING SCREEN
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OPTIONS:ON,OFF,FREEZE,THAW,LOCK,UNLOCK,PLOT,UNPL OT, COLOR,LTYPE,LINEWEIGHT ETC

(10) FUNCTION KEYS: F1 - HELP F2 - TEXT SCEEN ON,OFF F3 - OSNAP ON,OFF F4 - TABLET ON ,OFF F5 - ISO PLANES TOP ,RIGHT ,LEFT F6 - CO-ORDINATES ON,OFF F7 - GRID ON ,OFF F8 - ORTHO ON,OFF F9 - SNAP ON,OFF F10 - POLAR ON, OFF F11 - OTRACK ON, OFF

ISO PLANE (F5 ) : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CHANGE THE CURSOR TO ISOMETRIC PLANES TO CREATE ISOMETRIC DRAWINGS.

(11) ID: THIS COMMAND IS USED TO IDENTIFY THE CO-ORDINATES OF THE SELECTED POINT ON THE DRAWING SCREEN. LIST (LI) : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO FIND THE GEOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF THE SELECTED OBJECTS ON THE DRAWING SCREEN DBLIST: THIS COMMAND IS USED TO LIST THE GEOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF ALL THE OBJECTS ON THE DRAWING SCREEN
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DISTANCE (DI) : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO FIND THE DISTANCE BETWEEN TWO RELATED POINTS ON THE DRAWING SCREEN MATCH PROP(MA): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO APPLY THE PROPERTIES OF ONCE SELECTED OBJECTS TO THE DESTINATION OBJECT PLINE(PL): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CREATE POLYLINES ON THE DRAWING SCREEN OPTIONS : ARC , CLOSE ,HALFWIDTH ,LENGTH ,UNDO ,WIDTH POINT(PO ) : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CREATE POINTS ON THE DRAWING SCREEN AT THE SPECIFIED LOCATION DDPTYPE: THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CHANGE THE STYLE AND SIZE OF THE POINTS ON THE DRAWING SCREEN XPLODE (X) : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CONVERT A POLYLINE OBJECT INTO INDIVIDUAL OBJECTS.

(12)XLINE (XL): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CREATE INFINITE LINES ON THE DRAWING SCREEN OPTIONS : HOR ,VER , ANG , BISECT , OFFSET

RAY : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CREATE SEMI INFINITE LINES ON THE DRAWING SCREEN PEDIT(PE ) : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO EDIT THE EXISTING POLYLINE OBJECT ON THE DRAWING SCREEN
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OPTIONS : CLOSE ,JOIN , WIDTH , EDIT VERTEX , FIT , SPLINE , DECURVE , LTYPE GEN, UNDO SKETCH : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CREATE FREE HAND SKETCH ON THE DRAWING SCREEN WITH THE GIVEN INCREMENT OPTIONS : PEN ,EXIT , QUIT , RECORD , ERASE ,CONNECT SKPOLY : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CREATE SKETCHED LINES AS POLYLINE OBJECTS ON THE DRAWING SCREEN BY CHANGING THE VALUES FROM 0 TO1 CHANGE (CH) : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CHANGE PROPERTIES LIKE COLOR ,LINE TYPE ,LTSCALE ,ETC OF SELECTED OBJECTS ON THE DRAWING SCREEN. STATUS : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO FIND THE STATUS OF THE CURRENT DRAWING FILE ON THE DRAWING SCREEN. PURGE (PU) : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO REMOVE THE UNUSED LINETYPES ,TEXT STYLES ,PLOTS ETC FROM THE CURRENT DRAWING SCREEN.

(13)MLINE (ML ) : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CREATE MULTILINES ON THE DRAWING SCREEN WITH THE GIVEN STYLE AND SCALE OPTIONS: JUSTIFICATION ,SCALE AND STYLE MLSTYLE : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CREATE NEW MULTILINE STYLES ON THE DRAWING SCREEN OPTIONS : ELEMENT PROPERTIES,MULTIPLE PROPERTIES MLEDIT : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO EDIT THE EXISTING MULTILINES ON THE DRAWING SCREEN.
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OPTIONS: OPEN CROSS,MERGED CROSS,CLOSED CROSS,OPEN TEE, MERGED TEE, CLOSED TEE,CORNER JOINT, ADD VERTEX, DELETE VERTEX,CUT SINGLE, CUT ALL, WELD ALL. AREA(A) : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO FIND THE AREA OF A CLOSED OBJECT. OPTIONS: OBJECT , ADD ,SUBTRACT REVCLOUD : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CREATE 2D CLOUDS ON THE DRAWING SCREEN WITH THE ARC LENGTH. OPTIONS: ARC LENGTH, OBJECT.

(14)MULTIPLE: THIS COMMAND IS USED TO REPEAT A GIVEN COMMAND FOR MULTIPLE NO. OF TIMES BLOCK(B): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO STORE THE SELECTED OBJECTS FROM THE DRAWING SCREEN TO A BLOCK WHICH CAN BE RE-CALLED AT ANY TIME ON TO THE CURRENT DRAWING SCREEN OPTIONS : RETAIN ,CONVERT TO BLOCK ,DELETE INSERT(I) : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO INSERT THE BLOCKS ON TO THE DRAWING SCREEN WITH THE GIVEN BASE POINT ,SCALE FACTOR AND ROTATION ANGLE. WBLOCK(W): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CREATE BLOCKS
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WITH SELECTED OBJECTS FROM THE DRAWING SCREEN WHICH CAN BE RECALLED AT ANY TIME IN ANY OTHER DRAWING FILE MINSERT: THIS COMMAND IS USED TO INSERT THE BLOCKS ONTO THE DRAWING SCREEN IN BOTH ROW WISE AND COLUMN WISE UNITS (UN) : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CHANGE THE CURRENT UNITS TO INCHES ,FEETS, METERS,KMS ,YARDS ,ETC ON THE CURRENT DRAWING SCREEN

(16)ADCENTER(ADC) : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO INSERT STANDARD ENGINEERING COMPONENTS ON TO THE CURRENT DRAWING SCREEN RENAME (REN) : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO RENAME THE EXISTING LINETYPES ,LAYERS ,BLOCKS ,VIEWS ETC ON THE DRAWING SCREEN.

DSVIEWER : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO VIEW THE ARERIAL VIEW OF THE OBJECTS ON THE DRAWING SCREEN VIEWRES: THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CONTROL THE RESOLUTION OF OBJECTS LIKE ARCS AND CIRCLES TO THE MAXIMUM OF 20,000 UNITSLIMIT

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SPLINE (SPL) : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CREATE SPLINES OR SMOOTH ARCS ON THE DRAWING SCREEN LENGTHEN(LEN ): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO MODIFY THE EXISTING LINES ON THE DRAWING SCREEN OPTIONS : DELTA , PERCENT ,TOTAL ,DYNAMIC GROUP(G): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO STORE SELECTED OBJECTS FROM THE DRAWING SCREEN TO A GROUP WHICH CAN BE CALLED AT ANY TIME

(17) FILTER(FI) : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO SELECT THE OBJECTS FROM THE DRAWING SCREEN HAVING SPECIFIC PROPERTIES COPYCLIP : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO COPY THE SELECTED OBJECTS FROM THE DRAWING SCREEN AND PLACE IT INTO THE CLIP BOARD

CUTCLIP : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO REMOVE SELECTED OBJECTS FROM THE DRAWING SCREEN INTO CLIPBOARD PASTE CLIP : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO PASTE THE OBJECTS FROM THE CLIPBOARD ONTO DRAWING SCREEN PASTE BLOCK: THIS COMMAND IS USED TO PASTE THE OBJECTS FROM THE CLIPBOARD AS A BLOCK FIND: THIS COMMAND IS USED TO FIND THE SPECIFIED TEXT FROM THE DRAWING SCEEN AND REPLACE WITH ANOTHER TEXT
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MEASURE(ME): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO DIVIDE THE SELECTED OBJECT ON DRAWING SCREEN TO THE GIVEN MEASUREMENT

AUTOCAD 3D (19) 3D OBJECTS CAN BE REPRESENTED BY THE FOLLOWING METHODS 1) WIRE FRAME MODEL (COMPOSED OF LINES AND ARCS ) 2)SURFACE MODEL (COMPOSED OF ONLY SURFACES ) 3)SOLID MODEL (COMPOSED OF OBJECTS HAVING MASS AND VOLUME ) V POINT: IT IS USED TO VIEW THE OBJECT IN DIFFERENT ORTHOGRAPHIC AND ISOMETRIC VIEW ORTHOGRAPHIC : TOP VIEW : BOTTOM : LEFT : RIGHT : FRONT : BACK : SW : SE : NE : NW : ISOMETRIC 0,0,1 0,0,-1 -1,0,0 1,0,0 0,-1,0 0,1,0 -1,-1,-1 1,-1,1 1,1,1 -1,1,1

HIDE (HI) : IT HIDES SHADING AND BACKFACES OF SOLID MODEL SHADE : IT APPLIES SHADING TO SURFACE AND SOLID
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OBJECTS

SHADE MODE(SHA): IT REPRESENTS 3D OBJECT EITHER IN WIREFRAME OR WITH SHADING THICKNESS (TH): IT APPLIES THICKNESS TO 2D OBJECTS IN Z- DIRECTION ELEVATION : IT IS USED TO CREATE OBJECTS AT A GIVEN HEIGHT I.E. WITH THE GIVEN DISTANCE ABOVE THE XY PLANE.

3D ORBIT /3D CO-ORBIT (CONTINUES ORBIT ): IT IS USED TO VIEW THE OBJECT IN DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVE VIEWS (20) 3D POLY (3P): IT IS USED TO CREATE 3D POLYLINES ON THE DRAWING SCREEN. RULESURF: IT CREATES SURFACE BETWEEN TWO SELECTED CURVES TABSURF: IT CREATES SURFACE WITH SELECTED OBJECT ALONG THE GIVEN PATH EDGESURF: IT CREATES SURFACE WITH INTERSECTING INDIVIDUAL EDGES REVSURF: IT CREATES REVOLVED SURFACE ALONG THE GIVEN AXIS TO GIVEN ANGLE SURFTAB 1 : IT CONTROLS NO. OF CONNECTING LINES IN X DIRECTION
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SURFTAB 2: IT CONTROLS NO. OF CONNECTING LINES IN Y DIRECTION 3D : IT CREATES THE FOLLOWING 3D SURFACES BOX , CONE , DISH ,DOME,MESH ,PYRAMID, SPHERE ,TORUS ,WEDGE

(21)SOLID COMMANDS: BOX, SPHERE ,CYLINDER ,CONE ,WEDGE ,TORUS EXTRUDE(EXT) : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO ADD MATERIAL TO A CLOSED 2D POLYLINE OBJECT IN Z- DIRECTION TO THE GIVEN DEPTH AND TAPER ANGLE BOOLEAN OPERATIONS: UNION (UNI): IT CREATES COMPOUND OBJECT FROM THE SELECTED SOLIDS SUBTRACT(SU): IT SUBTRACTS THE SELECTED SOLID FROM THE PARENT OBJECT INTERSECT(IN): IT SELECTS THE COMMON PORTION FROM THE SELECTED SOLIDS INTERFERE(INF): IT SELECTS THE COMMON PORTION FROM THE SELECTED SOLIDS WITHOUT DISTURBING IT (22) UCS: THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CHANGE THE POSITION OF XY PLANE IN THE CURRENT DRAWING SCREEN OPTIONS: NEW/MOVE/ORTHOGRAPHIC/PREV/RESTORE/SAVE/DEL/APPL
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Y/WORLD PATH: UCS ENTER NEW FACE SELECT THE FACE

(23)ROTATE 3D: IT ROTATES THE 3D OBJECT ALONG GIVEN AXIS OPTIONS: [Object/Last/View/Xaxis/Yaxis/Zaxis/2points

3DARRAY(3A) : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO ARRAY THE 3D OBJECT IN BOTH RECTANGULAR AND POLAR DIRECTIONS USING X,Y,Z PLANES

REGION(REG) : IT CONVERTS CLOSED 2D OBJECTS INTO 3D POLYLINES OBJECTS.

(24)SLICE(SL) : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO SLICE THE OBJECTS ON THE DRAWING SCREEN ABOUT THE GIVEN XYZ PLANES OPTIONS : OBJECT/ZAXIS/VIEW/XY/YZ/ZX/3POINTS SECTION(SEC) : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO VIEW THE SECTION OF 3D OBJECT AT THE SPECIFIED LOCATION OPTIONS: OBJECT/ZAXIS/VIEW/XY/YZ/ZX/3POINTS

(25)
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SOLIDEDIT: THIS COMMAND IS USED TO EDIT EXISTING OBJECTS ON THE DRAWING SCREEN OPTIONS: FACE ,EDGE ,BODY

(26)MASSPROP: THIS COMMAND IS USED TO VIEW THE MASS PROPERTIES OF THE SELECTED OBJECTS TO FIND MASS DENSITY ,VOLUME ,M.I.,RADIUS OF GYRATION ,CENTROID ,PRINCIPLE MOMENTS ETC.

RMAT: THIS COMMAND IS USED TOAPPLY RENDER MATERIALS TO THE OBJECTS FROM THE DRAWING SCREEN RENDER (RR): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO VIEW THE APPLIED RENDER MATERIALS TO THE OBJECTS ON THE DRAWING SCREEN BACKGROUND: THIS COMMAND IS USED TO APPLY BACKGROUND COLORS TO THE 3D OBJECTS ON THE DRAWING SCREEN (REVOLVE(REV): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO REVOLVE A 2D POLYLINE OBJECT ABOUT THE GIVEN AXIS TO THE GIVEN
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ANGLE TO FORM SOLID VPORTS: THIS COMMAND IS USED TO VIEW THE 3 D OBJECTS IN DIFFERENT VIEWS IN DIFFERENT VPORTS LSNEW: THIS COMMAND IS USED TO INSERT LANDSCAPE OBJECTS ON THE CURRENT DRAWING SCREEN
(28)MSLIDE: THIS COMMAND IS USED TO CREATE THE SLIDE OF THE CURRENT VIEW ON THE DRAWING SCREEN VSLIDE : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO VIEW THE SLIDES CREATED USING MSLIDE COMMAND. DELAY: THIS COMMAND IS USED TO DELAY THE EXECUTION OF COMMANDS THE GIVEN TIME IN MILLISECONDS RSCRIPT: THIS COMMAND IS USED TO REPEAT THE SET OF INSTRUCTIONS WRITTEN IN A NOTEPAD FOR MULTIPLE NO OF TIMES SCRIPT(SCR): THIS COMMAND IS USED TO RUN A SCRIPT FILE WRITTEN IN A NOTEPAD AND SAVED WITH EXTENSION FILE NAME .SCR . RESUME: THIS COMMAND IS USED TO RESUME AN INTERRUPTED SCRIPT FILE ON THE DRAWING SCREEN.

(29)CREATION OF SIMPLE LINE TYPES: SYNTAX: *LT NAME ,DESCRIPTION A, LT CODES LTCODES: + VE VALUES INDICATES PENDOWN
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- VE VALUES INDICATES PENUP ZERO INDICATES DOT(.)

CREATION OF COMPLEX LINE TYPES: SYNTAX: *LT NAME ,DESCRIPTION A, LT CODES ,[ TEXT ,TEXT STYLE ,SCALE FACTOR,ROTATION ANGLE ,X-OFFSET ,Y-OFFSET] ,LTCODES

MENU LOAD : THIS COMMAND IS USED TO ADD OR REMOVE ITEMS FROM THE POP UP OR PULL DOWN MENU

IMPORT: THIS COMMAND IS USED TO IMPORT ANY DRAWINGS FROM THE OTHER SOFTWARES TO CAD BMP OUT: THIS COMMAND IS USED TO EXPORT THE SELECTED OBJECTS FROM THE DRAWING SCREEN TO OTHER SOFTWARE FILES. (31) STEPS TO TAKE 2D PRINT OUT: ENTER THE COMMAND PLOT CLICK ON PLOT DEVICE CHOOSE THE REQUIRED PLOT DRIVE CLICK ON PLOT SETTINGS SELECT THE REQUIRED PAPER SIZE CHOOSE CENTRE THE PLOT , AND EXTENTS CHOOSE LANDSCAPE OR PORTRAIT OPTION
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CLICK ON FULL PREVIEW OK

STEPS TO TAKE 3D PRINT OUTS ENTER THE COMMAND LAYOUT CHOOSE TEMPLATE OPTION SELECT THE REQUIRED PAPER SIZE CLICK ON THE NEWLY CREATED LAYOUT ERASE THE OBJECTS FROM THE PAPER SPACE USING LAST OPTION ENTER THE COMMAND MODEL VIEW (MV) CHOOSE "4" OPTION AND PLACE THE VIEWS ON THE PAPER SPACE ENTER THE COMMAND MODEL SPACE (MS) AND CLICK ON THE REQUIRED VIEW AND SET THE REQUIRED VIEW. ENTER THE COMMAND PAPER SPACE (PS) TO COME OUT OF THE MODEL SPACE ENTER THE COMMAND PLOT AND CLICK ON OK.

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