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DEPARTMENT OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

ANDHRA PRADESH
Name : Swathi K.N
Designation : Lecturer
Branch : Computer Engineering
Institute : Kamala Nehru Polytechnic For
Women, Hyd.
Year : I year
Subject : Computer Fundamentals and Office
Automation
Subject Code : CM-105
Topic : Fundamentals Of Computers
Duration : 50 minutes
Sub. Topic : Number systems Importance of
binary number system
Teaching Aids : PPT, Images, Animation.
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Objective

On completion of this period, you would be able


to know:

Number systems

Importance of binary number system

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Prerequisites:
What is decimal number system?
Decimal number system is used in our
general counting.

In decimal number system there are ten


digits which are used to form decimal
numbers.

Ten separate symbols 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,


7, 8, and 9
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Number systems:

 Number systems are useful in digital computer


technology.

 To perform arithmetic operations.

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Number systems (contd):

 A programmer who works on a computer is


allowed to use decimal digits;

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Number systems (contd):

 Number systems are useful in designing the


digital systems.

 To understand the operation of a computer the


knowledge of binary, octal and hexadecimal
number is essential.

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Why computers use binary number
systems?

 In all modern computers, storage and processing


units are made by electronic components which
can only indicate two states i.e. 0(off) or 1(on).

 So binary number system is conveniently used to


express the two possible states.

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Why computers use binary number
systems? (contd)

 We can easily design a computer circuit to


process data with binary digits.

 It reduces the cost and improves the reliability.

 Everything that can be done with decimal


system can also be done in binary system.

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Number systems used in computers:

 Decimal number system.

 Binary number system.

 Octal number system.

 Hexadecimal number system.

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Summary

In this class, you have learnt about

Importance of binary number system in digital


computer systems.

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Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is meant by number system ?

3. Why do we use binary number system in


digital computers?

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Quiz

1. Binary number system uses


a. 2 digits
b. 8 digits
c. 16 digits
Answer: a

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Quiz

2. Decimal number system uses digits


a. 0 and 1
b. 0 to 9
c. 0 to 16
Answer: b

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