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# DEPARTMENT OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Name : Swathi K.N
Designation : Lecturer
Branch : Computer Engineering
Institute : Kamala Nehru Polytechnic For
Women, Hyd.
Year : I year
Subject : Computer Fundamentals and Office
Automation
Subject Code : CM-105
Topic : Fundamentals Of Computers
Duration : 50 minutes
Sub. Topic : Number systems Importance of
binary number system
Teaching Aids : PPT, Images, Animation.
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Objective

to know:

Number systems

## Importance of binary number system

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Prerequisites:
What is decimal number system?
Decimal number system is used in our
general counting.

## In decimal number system there are ten

digits which are used to form decimal
numbers.

7, 8, and 9
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Number systems:

technology.

##  To perform arithmetic operations.

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Number systems (contd):

##  A programmer who works on a computer is

allowed to use decimal digits;

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Number systems (contd):

digital systems.

##  To understand the operation of a computer the

knowledge of binary, octal and hexadecimal
number is essential.

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Why computers use binary number
systems?

##  In all modern computers, storage and processing

units are made by electronic components which
can only indicate two states i.e. 0(off) or 1(on).

##  So binary number system is conveniently used to

express the two possible states.

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Why computers use binary number
systems? (contd)

##  We can easily design a computer circuit to

process data with binary digits.

##  Everything that can be done with decimal

system can also be done in binary system.

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Number systems used in computers:

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Summary

## Importance of binary number system in digital

computer systems.

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## 3. Why do we use binary number system in

digital computers?

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Quiz

a. 2 digits
b. 8 digits
c. 16 digits