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IHEAN OF THEOSOBM

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565

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1893

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ROBARTS

WILLIAM"Q

JUDGE

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~

THE

OCEAN OF THEOSOPHY

BY

WILLIAM Q. JUDGE,

Fellow of the Theosophical Society.

SECOND EDITION.

NEW YORK:

THE PATH, 144 MADISON AVENUE.

LONDON :

THEOSOPHICAL PUBLISHING SOCIETY, ? DUKE STREET, ADELPHI, W.C.

1893.

The Aryan Press.

COPYRIGHT, 1893,

BY WILLIAM Q. JUDGE

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER I.

THEOSOPHY ANDTHE MASTERS.

remain now concealed. defined. Their The Lodge. existence They of highlydevel

Theosophygenerally

oped men in the

Universe. These men are the Mahatmas,

How they work and why they

Initiates, Brothers, Adepts.

are perfected

men from other periods of evolution. They

names in history.

weremembers of

Apollonius, Moses,

have had various

Solomon, and others

this fraternity. Theyhadone single doctrine.

They

are possible because man

may at last be as they are.

cause it to reappear at the

They keep the true doctrine and

right time.

CHAPTER II.

GENERAL PRINCIPLES.

A view of the general laws governing the Cosmos. The one

The Jews had merely

Pages i to 13.

sevenfold division in the system. Real Matter not visible and

this always known to the Lodge.

Mind the intelligent portion

in of the the universal Mind. Periods of Evolution come to an end ;

the Cosmos is contained. Evolution proceeds upon the plan

Cosmos. In the universal Mind the sevenfold plan of

this is the Night of Brahma. TheMosaicaccountof cosmogen-

esis hasdwarfed modern conceptions.

part of the doctrine taken from the ancient Egyptians. within that at last Earth It chain is sevenfold is the reincarna also. chains to ours.

former old and now dead chain. This old chain was

A mass of Egos for

The doctrine accords with the inner meaning of Genesis. The

general length of periods

Herbert

tails.

Spencer s. The

The

of Evolution. is that of the evolution

old Hindu chronology gives the de

the Christian one. The

Same doctrine as

story of Solomon s Temple

of man. The doctrine far older than

real age of the world. Man is over 18,000,000 years old. Evo

lution is accomplished

solely by the Egos

become the users of human

forms. Each of the seven princi

ples of man is derived from one of the seven great divisions of

the Universe.

Pages 14 to 22.

CHAPTER III.

THE EARTH CHAIN.

The doctrine respecting

is one of a chain of

the Earth.

It

seven corresponding to man. The whole

seven are not in a chain separated as to members, but they

The

interpenetrate each other.

tion of a

now one of dead which and our contracting. moon is the visible representative. Moon

Venus, Mars, etc., are

living

members of other similar

IV

THE OCEAN OF THEOSOPHY. SEPTENARY CONSTITUTION OF MAN.

CHAPTER IV.

each chain. The number, though

Their course of evolution through

a certain part

the process

the incalculable, seven globes. is definite.

In each

of our nature is developed. Atthe fourth globe

of condensation is begun and reaches its limit.

Pages 23 to 28.

The constitution of man. transitory and perishable.

ordinary

centuries of this era, but

purposely

not able to bear it. The danger

if

withdrawn. The sevenfold

er man is a composite

four principles

trinity as the

How the doctine differs from the

Christian one. The real doctrine known in the first

withdrawn from a nation Pages 29 to 34.

the doctrine had not been

The lower

Death leaves physical the

What the

division. Theprinciples classified.

The low

being.

only persistent part of us.

The divisions agree with the chain of seven globes.

His higher trinity.

man is, andwhat the other unseen mortal man is. A second the organ

physical man not seen but still mortal. The senses pertain to

the unseen man and not to the visible one.

The body

and death

ism.

CHAPTER V.

BODY AND ASTRAL BODY.

and life principle.

Its powers The and mystery of life.

What is the cell.

by

Sleep

arc due to excess of life not bearable

functions.

The body an illusion.

Life is uni

versal. It is not the result of the organism.

What it is made of.

The Astral Body.

As a model

for the body.

It is

possessed by all kingdoms of nature. Its

The

real sense organs are in the astral body.

The

power uiid all such psychical phenomena.

to travel.

The place the astral body has at spiritualistic

astral body accounts for telepathy, clairvoyance, clairaudience,

Pages 35 to 44.

CHAPTER VI.

KAMA DESIRE.

The fourth principle.

sions and Desires.

but is the cause for body.

Kama Rupa.

In English, the Pas

Kama Rupa is not produced by the body

act. This This is principle the balance has principle a higher of and the a

Right

At death

seven. it coalesces It is with the right basis the astral of action body and mover of the will.

desire leads to

lower aspect.

man.

The principle is in the astral body. The principle of desire is common to all the

and makes of it a shell of the

own of an automatic nature. This

It is a danger to the

It has powers of its

shell is the

race.

so-called "spirit" of stances.

Klementals help this shell at seances. No soul or con-

DOe prc^i-nt. Suicides and executed criminals leave very

coherent shells.

CONTENTS.

V

organized kingdoms. It is the brute part of man.

Man is

now a fully developed quarternary with the higher principles

partially developed.

CHAPTER VII.

MANAS.

Pages 45 to 51.

Manas the fifth principle.

The first of the real man.

This

mindless is the thinkingprinciple men. Perfected Manas and men is not is from the the older seer. systems If the connection gave it to divided into

is only its instrument.

product mind was given to

of brain. Brain

How the light of

us as they got it from their predecessors. Manas is the store

house of all thoughts.

between Manas and brain is broken the

person is not able to

Manas is

cognize. The organs of the body cognize nothing.

upper and lower. Its four peculiarities. Buddha,

fully developed. Atmathe Divine

Jesus, andothershadManas

Ego. The permanent individuality. This permanent individ

uality has been through

ies.

than in former times.

every is man as he is, andhow did he come. What the Uni

Manas and matter have now a greater facility of action

Manas is bound by desire, and this

Pages 52 to 59,

sort of experience in manybod

makes reincarnation a necessity.

CHAPTER VIII.

OF REINCARNATION.

Why

verse

is for. Spiritual and physical evolution demand reincar

nation. Reincarnation on the

or alteration of form.

physical plane is reembodiment

principles. It is not transmigration to lower globe Objections urged. Desire cannot alter law. Early arrivals

will one day be men in a period

cient.

Heldbythe early

far distant. The doctrine an

Christians. Taughtby Jesus. What

reincarnates.

Life s mysteries arise from incomplete incarna

tion of the higher

forms. Explanation of Manu on this.

Pages 60 to 69.

CHAPTER IX.

REINCARNATION CONTINUED.

The whole mass of matter of the

in heaven. Musttheywait for us. Recognition

dependent on objectivity.

of the soul not

What What

His

Heredity not an objection.

heredity does. Divergences in heredity not recognized.

tory goes against heredity. Reincarnation not unjust.

is justice.

We

do not suffer for another s but for our own From the nature of the soul.

From the laws of mind and

From differences in character. From the necessity for

deeds. Memory. Whywe do not rememberother lives. Who

does? How

to account for increase of population.

CHAPTER X.

Pages 70 to 78.

ARGUMENTS SUPPORTING REINCARNATION.

soul.

VI

THE OCEAN OF THEOSOPHY.

discipline and evolution.

From differences of capacity

and

start in life at the cradle. Individual identity proves it. The

probable vance. object of life makes it necessary.

to carry out Nature s purposes.

Mere

One life notenough

death confers no ad

A school after is death due to reincarnation.

is illogical. The persistence of

The ap

Inherent ideas

pearance savageryand of geniuses the decay of nations give support to it.

common to man show it.

Opposition to the doctrine based

solely on prejudice.

CHAPTER XI.

KARMA.

Pages 79 to 83.

law. Definition How present personal of the word. life is affected An unfamiliar by past term. acts of A other beneficent lives.

Each act has a thought at its root. Through

act vidual on each un-happiness

life.

in bad circumstances.

three fields of operation.

Karma,

The first state

hell? Death of

Manas they re

born deformed or

National Why people and Racial Karma. Indi

The three

are

classes of Karma and its

and happiness. The Master s words on the

A sec

of

Loka of ? the Origin seven of principles Christian pur into

with numerous degrees.

The

man in Kama Loka.

It is de

and conscience.

It is the

"spirit" of

Pages 89 to 98.

CHAPTER XII.

after death. KAMA Whereand LOKA. wnat are heavenand

the body only the first step of death.

Separation

Kama

ond death after that.

three classes.

gatory.

What is

It is an astral sphere

Skandhas. The astral shell

void magicians of soul, there. mind, Fate of suicides and others. Pre-devachanic

stance rooms.

Classification of shells in Kama Loka.

Black

unconsciousness.

Pages 99 to 108.

CHAPTER XIII.

DEVACHAN.

The meaning

of the term. A state of Atma-Buddhi-Manas.

Length of stay Karma therein. on Devachan. Mathematics The of necessity the soul. for Average Deva-

Operation of

chan.

It

is another sort of thinking with no physical body to

clog it.

Only two fields for operation of causes subjective

No

time there for the soul.

and objective.

Devachan is one. Entities in Devachan have a

On

stay therein is 1 500mortal years.

Dependsonpsychic impulses

Do we see those left behind? We the bring last their thoughts images at before death

of life. Its use and purpose.

the devachanicstate is

fashioned. Devachan not

meaningless.

us.

power to help those they

love. Mediums cannot go to those in Devachan except in rare

cases and when the person is pure.

those in Devachan.

Adepts only ca-u help

Pages 109 to :i6.

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER XIV.

CYCLES.

Vli

One of the most important doctrines.

in the Sanskrit.

the reappearance

Few

of former

Correspondingwords

cycles known to the West, They cause

living

They affect life

personages. zations cycle back. The cycle of Avatars. Krishna, Buddha, quakes, Cosmic

and evolution.

When did the first moment come.

The first

rate of vibration determines the subsequent ones. Whenman

Reincarnation and karma intermixed Convulsions with and cataclysms.

leaves the globe the forces die.

cyclic

law.

Civili

and others come under cycles.

leaders.

Sun, and Sidereal

incarnation.

Intersection of cycles causesconvulsions.

cycles.

Individual cycles and that of great re

TheMoon,

the constellations, and the

Minor personages

and

The motion through

meaning of the story of Jonah.

The Zodiacal clock. How the

nations. Cause for earth Ultimate origin of man not discoverable. globe. The secret books on the question.

ical Cycles.

Fire, Glaciation,

and Floods. The Brahman-

Pages 117 to 126.

CHAPTER XV.

DIFFERENTIATION OF SPECIES MISSING LINKS.

Man not derived

from a single pair, nor from on the the animals. Seven races of men

appeared simultaneously

They are now amal

gamated

and

will

differentiate. The

Anthropoid Apes. Their

origin.

They came from man.

They

are the descendants of Missing links,

third and fourth rounds.

by intelligent

Hu

interference

The

Pages 127 to 134.

offspring from unnatural union in the

The

Delayed

Races.

man features

other planets.

by the

of apes accounted for. Thelowerkingdomsfrom

Their differentiation

Dhyanis. Themidwaypoint Science cannot of evolution. discover Astral them. forms No true ulus makes outer impression.

Astral Light the Register of

of old rounds solidified in physical rounds.

what they are and

why

aim of Nature in all this work.

CHAPTER XVI.

PSYCHIC LAWS, FORCES, AND PHENOMENA.

psychology

in the West.

It exists in the Orient.

Man the mirror of all forces.

Gravitation only a half law.

objects in

telegraphy. Read

clairvoyance, clairaud-

intheAstral Light. Dreams

Inner stim

Importance of polarity and cohesion. Rendering

visible. Imagination all powerful. Mental

ing minds is burglary.

Apportation,

ience, and second-sight. Pictures

and visions.

Apparitions.

Real clairvoyance.

ideas are

impressedandpreservedby

Viii

THE OCEAN OF THEOSOPHY.

CHAPTER XVII.

PSYCHIC PHENOMENA AND SPIRITUALISM.

Spiritualism wrongly named. Should be called necromancy

dead. This cult didnotoriginate matter Materialization witha picture upon

deserve examination.

pret them differently from the "spiritualist".

tion confined to the question

of whether

dead do not return thus.

and the worship of the

in Am

erica. The practice long

Theosophists known in India. admit The the facts facts but recorded inter

The examina

the deadreturn. The

The mass of communications are

A

mass of electric magnetic

phenomena Or it can is

Im

from the astral shell Therecord of man. Objections stated to the claims

made bymediums.

justifies the ridicule of science.

and what it is.

it from the astral light.

the astral body of the medium extruded from the livingbody.

Analysis

of the laws to be known before the

be

understood.

The timbre of the "independent voice".

portance

Attempt

of the astral realm. The Dangers of mediumship.

to get these powers for money or selfish ends also

dangerous.

Cyclic law ordains the slackening of the force at

Pages 147 to 154.

this time. The purpose of the Lodge.

PREFACE.

N attempt is made in the pages of this book

to write of Theosophy in such a manner as

distinctly to to be be understood understood that by the he alone ordinary is responsi reader.

Bold statements are made in it upon the

knowledge of the writer, but at the same time it is less fromknowledge good basedupon evidenceand experience.

ble for what is therein written: the Theosophical

Society is not involved in nor bound by anything

said in the book, nor are any of its members any the

Theosophists because they may not accept

The tone of settled convic

is what not the result of dogmatism or conceit, but flows

he has set down.

tion which may be thought to pervade the chapters

Members of the Theosophical Society will notice

that needless certain controversy. theories or doctrines havenot been gone

into.

That is because they could not be treated

without unduly extending the book and arousing

The subject of the Will hasreceived notreatment,

inasmuch as that power or faculty is hidden, subtle,

undiscoverable as to essence, and only visible in

effect.

As it is absolutely colorless and varies in

moral quality in accordance with the desire behind

it, as also it acts frequently without our knowledge,

and as it operates in all the kingdoms below man,

there could be nothing gained by attempting to en

from the Spirit and the desire.

quire simply into written it apart that which he has been taught and

No originality

is claimed for this book. The writ

er invented none of it, discovered none of it, buthas

whichhas beenproved

handing on of what

tohim.

It therefore is only a

has been known before.

WILLIAM Q. JUDGE.

New York, October,

THE OCEAN OF THEOSOPHY.

CHAPTER I.

HEOSOPHY is that ocean of knowledge which

spreads from shore to shore of the evolu

tion of sentient beings; unfathomable in

it gives about nature for the man who accepts the statement

minds their fullest scope, yet, shallow enough at

its shores, it will not overwhelm the

of a child.

understanding

It is wisdom about God for those who

measured believe found in that or the he discovered, Christian is all things and Bible and that that in darkness God all, and cannot is wisdom around be

its deepest parts,

the greatest

his pavilion.

Although it contains by derivation the

name God and thus may seem at first sight to em

brace religion alone, it does not neglect science, for

it is the science of sciences and therefore has been

called the wisdom religion.

For no science is com

plete which leaves out any department of nature,

whether visible or invisible, and that religion which,

depending solely on an assumed revelation, turns ern the evolution of the physical, astral, psychical,

byman, but is a knowledge of the laws which gov

and intellectual constituents of nature and of man.

The religion of the day is but a series of dogmas

man-made and with no scientific foundation for pro-

It is not a belief or dogma formulated or invented

gious science.

gious, Theosophy is a scientific religion and a reli

away from things and the laws which govern them

is nothing but a delusion, a foe to progress, an ob

stacle in the way of man s advancement toward hap

piness.

Embracing both the scientific and the reli

2

THE OCEAN OF THEOSOPHY.

mulgated

ethics ; while our science as yet ignores the

rience which and failing lies within to admit the the visible existence and of tangible a com

unseen,

plete

is

set of inner faculties of perception in man, it

cut off from the immense and real field of expe

worlds.

But Theosophy

knows that the whole is

and the invisible, and per

constituted of the visible and objects to be but transitory

ceiving outer things

in.

the facts

It

it grasps thus without law evolving law, but down to the

collections of atoms fortuitously thrown together and in the assertion that there must be be

of nature, both without and with

its vocabulary and hails the reign

is therefore complete in itself and sees no

anywhere; it throws the word

unsolvable mystery

coincidence out of

of law in everything and every circumstance.

That man possesses an immortal soul is the com

mon belief of humanity ; to this Theosophyadds that

he is a soul ; and further that all nature is sentient,

that the vast array of objects and men are not mere

smallest atom all is soul and spirit ever evolving un

der the rule of law which is inherent in the whole.

And just as the ancients taught, so does Theosophy;

that the course of evolution is the drama of the soul

and that nature exists for no other purpose than the

soul s experience.

The Theosophist agrees with

Prof. Huxley

universe whose intelligence is as much -ainccl as is possible on this one.

ings in the

beyond

and

ours as ours exceeds that of the black beetle,

who take an active part in the government of

the natural order of things. Pushing further on by

the light of the confidence had in his teachers, the

Theosophist adds that such intelligences were once

human and came like all of us from other and pre

vious worlds, where as varied experience

had been

We are therefore

not appearing for the first time when we come upon

this planet, but have pursued along, an immeasur

able course of activity and intelligent perception on

other systems of globes, some of which were de-

ELDER BROTHERS AND INITIATES.

3

stroyed ages before the solar system condensed.

This immense reach of the evolutionary system

means, then, that this planet on which we now are

is be and the used that result in the the of inhabitants the bringing activity into of and the existence the latter evolution of in the their of earth, some turn

other one that died long ago, leaving its energy to

came from some older world to

the destined work in matter. the progress of the less progressed, preserve the

proceed here with

And the brighter

planets, such as Venus, are the habitation of still

more progressed entities, once as low as ourselves,

but now raised up to a pitch of glory incomprehen

sible for our intellects.

The most intelligent being in the universe, man,

has never, then, been without a friend, but has a

line ence, of and elder continually brothers seek who for continually opportunities watch of draw over

knowledge gained through aeons of trial and experi also keep the knowledge they have gained of the

laws of nature in all departments, and are ready

when cyclic law permits to use it for the benefit of

mankind. They have always existed as a body, all

knowing each other, no matter in what part of the

world they may be, and all working for the race in

ing the developing intelligence of the race on this

ing or other the destiny globes to of consider the soul. the great truths concern

These elder brothers

many different ways. they do come out some of their number are rulers

of men, some teachers, a few great philosophers,

while others remain still unknown except to the

most advanced of the body.

hunted as devils by others.

In some periods they are well

known to the people and move among ordinary men

whenever the social organization, the virtue, and the

development of the nations permit it. For if they

were to come out openlyand be heard of everywhere,

they would be worshipped as gods by

some and

In those periods when

view were they THE to OCEAN make OF themselves THEOSOPHY. public in the

4

It would be subversive of the ends

they have in

present civilization, which is based almost wholly oh

money, fame, glory, and personality.

as one of them has already said,

For this age,

"is

an age of

transition ", when every system of thought, science,

religion, government, and society is changing, and

men to the s point minds suitable are only forthese preparing elder for brothers an alteration to intro

into that state which will permit the race to advance

duce their actual presence to our sight. Theymay

be truly called the bearers of the torch of truth

across the ages; they investigate all things and be

ings ; theyknowwhatman is in his innermost nature

and what his powers and destiny, his state before power to resist the cyclic law of rise and fall ; and

while cataclysms seemed to show a universal de

struction of art, architecture, religion, and philos

cients, watched sadly the decay of those who had no

nations and seen the vast achievements of the an

death of his body ; they have stood by the cradle of

birth and the states into which he goes after the

ophy, they have preserved the records of it all in

places secure from the ravages of either men or

time ; they have made minute observations, thr<