Sunteți pe pagina 1din 1

Substane azotate proteice 7-8 g/dl Substane azotate neproteice Substane neazotate

Substane minerale cationi 155 mEq/litru Substane minerale anioni 155 mEq/litru Substane minerale i oligoelemente

Albumine (~ 60%) globuline (~ 40%) - fibrinogen - uree - creatinin - lipide colesterol total trigliceride HDL LDL - Glucide (glicemia) - Na+ - K+ - Ca total - Ca2+ - Mg2+ - Cl - HCO3
-

4,5 g/dl 3 g/dl 0,2-0,4 g/dl 25-40 mg/dl 0,6-1,2 mg/dl 700 mg/dl 150 - 200 mg/dl 50 - 130 mg/dl > 45 mg/dl la brbai i > 55 mg/dl la femei. < 130 mg/dl 100 mg/dl (80-120) 142 mEq/l 4-5 mEq/l 10 mEq/l 5 mEq/l 2-3 mEq/l 103-110 mEq/l 25 - 27 mEq/l 50-130 g/dl 110 g/dl

fier fluor

pH-ul sanguin = 7,35-7,40 pCO2 = 40 mmHg n sngele arterial i 46 mmHg n sngele venos. Acidul carbonic = 1,35 mEq/l Osmolaritatea sngelui i a plasmei = 300 mOs/l Presiunea coloid-osmotic = 28 mmHg VSH femei = 4 7 mm/or brbai = 1 3 mm/or Apa total 60% din greutate ~ 40 litri/individ de 70 kg; Volemia normal = 8% din greutate ~ 5 litri/individ Hematocritul = 45% Hemoglobina = 13-16 g/dl Hemoglobina redus = 4,5 g/dl snge venos. Creterile ---- cianoz Bilirubina total = 1 mg/dl. Creterile ----- icter BI (bilirubina indirect, neconjugat) = 0,8 mg/dl; BD (bilirubina direct, conjugat) = 0.2 mg/dl n sngele arterial: -presiunea parial a O2, PO2 = 95 - 100 mmHg -saturaia Hb cu O2 = 95 - 98% -15g/dl Hb fixeaz 15x1,34 = 19,520 mlO2/dl snge n sngele venos: -presiunea parial a O2, PO2 = 40 mmHg -saturaia Hb cu O2 = 60 - 75% -15 g/dl Hb fixeaz 15 ml O2/dl snge

Hematiile = 5.000.000/mm Volumul eritrocitar mediu = VEM = 80-94 Hemoglobina eritrocitar medie = 25-33 g (pg) Concentraia de hemoglobin eritrocitar medie = CHEM = 32-36 g Hb/100ml mas eritrocitar Leucocitele: 5.000 - 9.000/mm3 snge -granulocite neutrofile 60-70% -granulocite bazofile 0,5-1% -granulocite eozinofile 1-4% -monocite 6-10% -limfocite 25-32% Trombocite = 150000-300000/mm Timpul de sngerare = 2 - 4 minute Timpul de coagulare = 6-8 minute (metoda lamelor) i 6-10 minute (metoda eprubetelor) Timpul Howell = 60 i 120 secunde Timpul de tromboplastin parial (PTT) = 60-110 secunde Timpul de tromboplastin parial activat (APTT) = 35 - 45 secunde Timpul Quick = timpul de protrombin (PT) = 11-15 secunde