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Test Chimie Clasa a10-A

Test Chimie Clasa a10-A

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Published by Maria Tinca

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Published by: Maria Tinca on Mar 06, 2012
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10/30/2013

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Test 1

I.
1. C
9
H
12
poate fi o hidrocarbura aromatica. de exemplu: izopropil benzen(cumen) ;
2. aftalina este o hidrocarbura aromatica polinucleara;
3. aftalina contine in molecula ei 1! atomi de carbon;
4. Toluenul poate participa la reactia de substitutie;
II. a. Toluenul este o hidrocarbura aromatica mononucleara. " Corect
b. #enzenul are in molecula 12 atomi. " Corect
c. itrarea benzenului se realizeaza cu amestec sulfonitric. " Corect
d. #enzenul nu poate participa la reactia de substitutie. " $restit
" benzenul participa la reactia de substitutie (reactiide halo%enare& nitrate& sulfonare& alchilare&
acilare)

III. a.

b. ' c
(
H
)
*
+

)
, 12 - ( . 1 - ) . 1+ - + . ) - 1/ , 0/ . ) . 9+ . /2 , 221 %2mol
221 % toluen .... 0/% C ..... )% H ...... 9+% * .... /2%
1!! % toluen .... x ...... 3 ....... z .... a
x , (0/ - 1!!) 2 221 , )(&)) 4 C
3 , () - 1!!) 2 221 , 1&)) 4 H
z , (9+ - 1!!) 2 221 , /2&+( 4 *
a , (/2 - 1!!) 2 221 , 10&+( 4
5erificare: )(&)) . 1&)) . /2& +( . 10&+( , 1!! 4
IV. a.
b. m , /!!% naftalina
puritate , 09&+ 4
m
1
, )0(&12 % α nitronaftalina
'C
1!
H
0
, 1! - 12 . 1 - 0 , 120 %2mol naftalina
'C
1!
H
(
*
2
, 1! - 12 . ( - 1 . 1 - 1/ . 2 - 1+ , 1() %2 mol α nitronaftalina
m
pura
, (puritate 4 - m
totala
) 2 1!! , ( 09&+ - /!! ) 2 1!! , )10&/ % naftalina pura
120 % naftalina ......1() % α nitronaftalina
a % naftalina .......)0(&1) % α nitronaftalina
a , (120 - )0(&1)) 2 1() , 20+&(2 % naftalina
η = (C
p
2C
t
) - 1!! , (20+&(2 2 )10&/) - 1!! , 0!4

6andamentul de reactie este de 0!4.
V.
a). 5 , 2!! m7 benzen
ρ = !&00 %2m7
η = 70%
Μ
benzen
, 12 - + . 1 - + , (0 %2mol benzen
'
clorobenzen
, 12 - + . 1 - 1 . )1&1 , 112& 1 %2mol clorobenzen
m , 5 - ρ = 200 - !&00 , 1(+ % benzen , Ct
η = (C
p
2C
t
) - 1!! ,8 C
p
, (C
t
- η) / 100 = (176 - (!) 2 1!! , 12)&2 % benzen pur
(0 % benzen ...... 112&1 % clorobenzen
12)&2 % benzen ....... x
x , (12)&2 - 112&1) 2 (0 , 1((&+9 % clorobenzen
b) (0 % benzen ........ (1 % Cl
2
12)&) % benzen ......... x
x , (12)&) - (1) 2 (0 , 112&2) % Cl
2
n
Cl2
, m2' , 112&2) 2 (1 , 1&10 moli Cl
2
1 mol Cl
2
(c.n) ....... 22&/ l
1&10 moli ............... 9
9 , 1&10 - 22&/ , )1&)9 l Cl
2

387.4) · 100 = 80% Randamentul de reactie este de 80%.. 5 g/mol clorobenzen m = V · ρ = 200 · 0.72 g naftalina η = (Cp/Ct) · 100 = (286.4 g naftalina pura 128 g naftalina .72 / 358. b... V = 200 mL benzen ρ = 0...... m = 400g naftalina puritate = 89.. 112.. x x = (123.6 % m1 = 387..2 · 112.5) / 78 = 177... a.IV...173 g α nitronaftalina a g naftalina .53 g α nitronaftalina a = (128 · 387.2 g benzen pur 78 g benzen .5 = 112.69 g clorobenzen ..88 = 176 g benzen = Ct η = (Cp/Ct) · 100 => Cp = (Ct · η) / 100 = (176 · 70) / 100 = 123.. V.52 g α nitronaftalina MC10H8 = 10 · 12 + 1 · 8 = 128 g/mol naftalina MC10H 7NO2 = 10 · 12 + 7 · 1 + 1 · 14 + 2 · 16 = 173 g/ mol α nitronaftalina mpura = (puritate % · mtotala) / 100 = ( 89.88 g/mL η = 70% Μ benzen = 12 · 6 + 1 · 6 = 78 g/mol benzen M clorobenzen = 12 · 6 + 1 · 5 + 35.5 g clorobenzen 123.....2 g benzen .6 · 400 ) / 100 = 358.53) / 173 = 286.. a).

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