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A
abaft ~ inspre pupa abbreviate ~ a abrevia, a prescurta, a simplifica abeam ~ la travers ability ~ capacitate able seaman - marinar brevetat abnormal ~ anormal aboard ~ la bord about ~ aproximativ, circa above ~ deasupra, sus; peste, in plus; inainte de abradant ~ abraziv abrade - a lefui, a poliza; a rectifica abraser ~ abraziv abrasion ~ abraziune, sjefuire abrasive cleaning ~ cura^are prin sablare abrasive cloth ~ panza de $mirghel abrasive disc ~ disc de rectificat; piatra de polizor abrasive wheel - disc abraziv; piatra de polizor abrasive/abrassive - abraziv; material abraziv abreast - la traversul navei, bord la bord abrupt ~ abrupt, brusc absolute ~ absolut absolute density ~ densitate absolute absolutely - in mod absolut, complet absorb ~ a absorbi; a aspira; a consuma

absorbability ~ putere de absortyie absorbable ~ absorbabil absorbent power ~ putere de absorbjie abundance ~ abundenja, frecvenfa accelerate ~ a accelera; a ambala accelerated - accelerat; ambalat acceleration ~ accelerate acceleration lever ~ maneta de accelerate accelerative force - forja de accelerate accelerator ~ accelerator acceptance ~ acceptare accessible ~ accesibil accessory ~ accesoriu; piesa auxiliara accessory drive ~ acfionare auxiliara accident - accident; avarie; pana accidental ~ accidental, intamplator accommodation davit ~ gruiul scarii de bord accommodation ladder ~ scara de bord according to ~ in conformitate cu; potrivit cu accumulator ~ acumulator accumulator cell ~ element de acumulator accuracy ~ exactitate, precizie accurate ~ exact, corect, precis acid ~ acid; acru acidity ~ aciditate acknowledge ~ a confirma acknowledge ~ confirmare acknowledgement ~ constatare, confirmare; chitanja acoustic(al) ~ acustic

action ~ funcfionare, acjiune, comanda action of rust ~ ruginire activity ~ funcjionare a unei masjni actual - efectiv, prezent, real, concret actual efficiency ~ randament efectiv actual power ~ putere efectiva actuate - a acfiona actuating appliance ~ dispozitiv/element de acfionare actuation ~ acfionare actuator ~ maneta/parghie de pornire

9A
acute ~ ascujit, acut adapt ~ a ajusta, a adapta add ~ a adauga, a aduna addendum circle - cere exterior (la roti dinjate) addition - adaos, impuritate, corp strain; suma additive - aditiv, care se adauga adequate ~ adecvat, corespunzator, potrivit adhere ~ a adera, a se lipi adhesion ~ adeziune, aderenfa, lipire adiabat ~ adiabata, curba adiabata adiabatic compression comprimare adiabatica adjacency - adiacenta, atingere adjacent ~ adiacent; alaturat adjust - a ajusta; a regla; a adapta; a calibra; a potrivi; a rotunji adjustability ~ reglabilitate adjustable capacitor/condenser ~

condensator variabil adjustable lever ~ parghie cu braf de lungime variabila adjustable rod - tija/bara reglabila adjustable spanner ~ cheie reglabila/universala adjustable wrench ~ cheie franceza adjusted ~ corectat, reglat adjusting - reglabil; ajustabil adjustment ~ ajustare, reglare, potrivire, rectificare admiral ship ~ nava amiral admirality ~ amiralitate admirality constant/coefficient coeficient al amiralitafii/de deplasament admissible ~ admisibil admissible stress ~ solicitare admisibila admission ~ admisie, admisiune; intrare; sosire admission aperture ~ fanta de admisie admission cam ~ cama a supapei de admisie admission gear - mecanism pentru deschiderea si inchiderea supapei de admisie admission lead ~ avans la admisie admission opening - orificiu de admisie admission stroke ~ cursa de admisie (apistonului) admit ~ a deschide admisia adsorbant/adsorbent ~ adsorbant advance - avans; depasjre; maintare advices - sfat; aviz

advisable ~ recomandabil, indicat advise ~ a sfatui, a recomanda aerate ~ a aerisi, a aera aeration ~ aerisire aerial winch ~ vinci antena aerial/antenna ~ antena afloat ~ pe mare, pe apa, care plutete afloat service ~ serviciu la bord afore ~ spre prova after - la/spre pupa; dupa after end ~ pupa after peak tank/aft, peak tank ~ tanc mic in extremitatea pupa aftercastle ~ duneta,.castel pupa afterpeak ~ afterpic afterpost ~ etambou afterward(s) - spre pupa, in pupa aftmost ~ eel mai din pupa, extremitatea pupa ag(e)ing ~ imbatranire age - durata de func|ionare agent ~ agent; mediu; substanfa

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aggravate - a agrava, a inrautafi; a tngreuia aggravation ~ agravare, inrautafire agree ~ a fi de acord (cu); a conveni (asupra); a consimji ahead ~ inainte; in prova air ~ aer; a aerisi, a ventila air bottle ~ butelie cu aer air cleaner - filtru de aer air compressor ~ compresor air conditioning ~ aer conditional air cooled ~ racit cu aer

air density - densitate a aerului air duct - canal/conducta/burlan de aer/aeraj, aducfie de aer air ejector fan ~ ventilator air engine ~ compresor air excess ~ exces de aer air exhaust ~ esapament/evacuare a aerului air feed ~ alimentare cu aer air flow - curent de aer air foam stationary extinguisher ~ stingator staf ionar aerospuma air gauge - manometru air hole ~ gura de ventilare air inlet ~ admisie aer air inlet temperature ~ temperatura de admisie air input ~ alimentare cu aer air intake ~ tub de aspirate a aerului; priza de aer air operated ~ cu comanda pneumatica air output ~ debit de aer evacuat air preheater tube ~ tub (feava) de preincalzire a aerului air pressure reading - citirea presiunii aerului air register ~ contor (registru) de aer air sand blower ~ dispozitiv de sablat air shaft ~ put de ventilare; canal de aerisire air valve ~ obturator de aer air-blower/air blower ~ ventilator/suflanta

air-conditioned ~ cu aer conditional air-cooled engine - motor cu racire cu aer air-cooler ~ racitor cu aer; racitor de aer aircraft carrier - nava portavion air-flow meter ~ contor de aer air-manifold - distributor de aer air-mass flow ~ circulatia masei (cantitafii) de aer air-pressure gauge - manometru (pentru aer) air-proof ~ etans (la aer); inchis ermetic air-vent ~ ventil de aerisire alarm - alarma, avertizor; a alarma alarm bell - clopot de alarma alarm gauge - manometru semnalizator alignment error ~ eroare de reglare alignment of the bearings ~ alinierea lagarelor (cuzinejilor) alignment/alinement ~ aliniere; jalonare; centrare; etalonare; echilibrare; reverificare alive ~ in funcfiune, sub curent alkalinity - alcalinitate all hands ~ tot echipajul all hands on deck ~ manevra cu tot echipajul all purpose ~ universal all welded ~ in intregime sudat allowable ~ admisibil, permis alloy ~ aliaj alloy steel ~ ofel aliat alongside - de-a lungul

11A

alteration ~ transformare; schimbare; mod ifi care alternance ~ alternanta alternate ~ alternativ; a alterna alternating ~ alternativ, alternant alternating ~ curent; curent alternativ alternating current balance/compensator ~ compensator de curent alternativ alternating stress tensiune/solicitare alternanta alternating-current generator ~ generator de curent alternativ alternation ~ alternanta; schimbare; modificare alternative - alternativ; schimbator; variabil alternator ~ alternator alternator gear ~ mecanism alternator, alteromotor-motor electric de curent alternativ alumina ~ alumina aluminia carrier ~ vrachier pentru transportat aluminiu aluminium - aluminiu amidships ~ la/in mijlocul navei ammeter ~ ampermetru ammonia ~ amoniac ammonia tanker/ammonia carrier ~ tanc care transports amoniac lichid amount ~ marime; valoare; cantitate; total; numar; volum

amount of heat ~ cantitate de caidura amperage ~ intensitate a curentului amphibious assault ship ~ nava amfibie de asalt amphibious command ship - nava amfibie de comandament amphibious ship/vessel ~ nava amfibie amplify ~ a amplifica amplifying ~ amplificator, de amplificare amplitude ~ amplitudine analogue/analog ~ analog analyse/analyze - a analiza; a cerceta analyser/analyzer - analizor, analizator anchor ~ ancora anchor chain quick releasing devices ~ dispozitive eliberare rapida a lanjului de ancora anchor chain ~ lanjul ancorei anchor windlass ~ vinci de ancora anchorage ~ ancora; ancorare; cablu de ancorare; consolidare anchor-handling machinery ~ mecanisme de manevrare a ancorei anchoring - ancorare; loc de ancoraj ancilliary ~ suplimentar; auxiliar ancilliary circuit ~ circuit de serviciu angle ~ unghi; colfar angle of incidence - unghi de atac angular ~ unghiular; cu muchii ascujite angular acceleration ~ accelerate

unghiulara angular movement - miscare unghiulara annex ~ anexa, adaos, supliment; a anexa announce - a anunja; a semnala annular ~ circular; rotund; inelar anode ~ anod anomaly anomalie, unghi polar answer ~ raspuns, rezultat; solute antenna/aerial ~ antena anti-clockwise ~ in sens contrar acelor de ceasornic anticorrosive ~ anticorosiv

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anticorrosive admixture - aditivi anticorozivi (ulei) anticorrosive coating - vopsea anticoroziva anticorrosive paint - vopsea anticoroziva antifouling paint ~ vopsea/pitura antivegetativa anti-freeze ~ antigel antifreeze compound ~ amestec antigel antifreezing ~ impotriva inghetarii antifriction alloy - aliaj antifrictiune antifriction metal ~ metal antifrictiune antifrictional ~ de antifrictiune antinoise ~ anizgomot antirust ~ anticoroziv antirust paint ~ vopsea anticorziva antiscale ~ dezincrustant

apparent propeller slip ~ alunecarea aparenta a elicei approximately ~ aproximativ aqueous solution ~ solute apoasa/ de apa arctic service ship/vessel nava arctica armature ~ indus (al masjnii electrice) armour plating - blindaj (al navei) artificial cold - frig artificial artificial draught - tiraj artificial asbestos ~ azbest asbestos cord ~ nur de azbest asphalt tanker ~ nava care transporta asfalt aspirated engine ~ motor ventilat aspiration manifold - galerie colector de aspirate assembling ~ asamblare assess - a evalua ; a stabili assume ~ a presupune astern - la (spre) pupa astern run(ning) ~ mars, (deplasare) inapoi athwartship ~ de-a latul navei atmosphere - atmosfera atomiser/atomizer - atomizer, pulverizator, injector atomize ~ a pulveriza attack - a ataca, a coroda attack ~ corodare, atac attain ~ a obtine; a atinge autogenous walding ~ sudura autogena automation - automatizare auxiliary connecting-rod ~ biela

secundara (bieleta) auxiliary deep submerge ship ~ nava auxiliara pentru lucrari sub apa auxiliary diesel engine ~ motor diesel auxiliar auxiliary feed-back valve ~ supapa auxiliara de verificare a admisiei auxiliary machinery - masjni auxiliare auxiliary sailing vessel ~ nava auxiliara cu vele auxiliary steam stop valve - supapa auxiliara de oprire a aburului auxiliary system ~ sistem auxiliar available - disponobil, util efectiv, real available surface ~ spatiu liber, suprafaja disponibila average pressure - presiune medie awning ~ tenda axial - axial axial bearing ~ lagar axial axial piston pump - pompa cu piston axial axial stern ramp ~ rampa la pupa la ro-ro axle ~ osie 13B

B
babbit ~ aliaj antifricfiune, compozif ie pentru lagSre back ~ inapoi back action ~ acjiune inversa back an anchor ~ a imperechea o ancora

back and forth motion - micare alternative back axle ~ ax/osie din spate back axle ~ punte din spate back electromotive force - tensiune contraelectromotoare back flow - curgere in sens invers, curent invers back gear ~ angrenaj intermediar background ~ fundal, zgomot de fond backlash ~ mers in gol back motion ~ mers inapoi (al navei) back nut ~ contrapiulifa back off - a deuruba back pressure ~ contrapresiune back-pressure valve ~ supapaVventil de rejinere back reaction ~ reacjie inversa back side - latura din spate backstay ~ cablu de ancoraj, patarafina backward ~ inapoi, in sens invers backward flow - contracurent backward push ~ reacfiune, recul backwater pump ~ pompa pentru apa de recirculafie bad ~ rSu, defect, nefavorabil, periculos baffle ~ ecran; deflector baffle plate ~ deflector bag ~ sac, punga bail ~ maner, toarta, ispo l bail ~ a scoate apa cu ispolul balance ~ cantar, contragreutate balancing ~ balansare, echilibrare, simetrizare, neutralizare balancing piston ~ piston de

echilibrare (la turbine cu abur) balancing tank - tanc de compensare bale - balot, marfa, manunchi ball ~ bila, minge, sfera, rulment, flotor ballast ~ balast, lest ballast dredger ~ alanda de draga ballast pumping system ~ instalatie de pompare balast ballast tank ~ tanc de balast ball-bearing ~ rulment cu bile ballhead/ball head ~ cap sferic cu greutaji ball-like ~ in forma de bila, sferoidal ball nut - piulija sferica balustrade ~ parapet, balustrada banana carrier - nava care transporta banane band ~ banderola, chinga, rigla, platbanda banked ~ montat in paralel banker - nava care pescuiete in apele insulei Terra Nova banking pin - tift opritor/de limitare banking screw - urub de oprire bank of tubes - fascicul tubular bar ~ bar (unitate de masura); bara; tija bar ~ a inchide, a bara; a exclude, a interzice bare ~ gol, neizolat barge ~ barja, barca barge carrier - nava port-alande barge-carrying ship - nava oceanica de transportat barje

barge tank - petrolier, tanc petrolier bark - bare, barcaz

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barrel - butoi, teava, baril, tambur, bobina barrel - tambur de vinci barrel-shaped ~ in forma de butoi barren neproductiv barrier - bariera, baraj, barare, dig, balustrada barycentre ~ centru de greutate barye ~ bar (unitate de presiune) basic shaft ~ arbore unitar basin ~ bazin, rezervor, rada basin ~ port natural, doc portuar batter ~ a bate, a batatori, a lamina, a demola battery ~ baterie electrica, element galvanic bay - cadru, platforma, nia, stativ bay - baie, golf beach ~ plaja, litoral, maS, jarm beach gear ~ aparataj costier de salvare beacon ~ baliza, far bead ~ talon, umar, granula, bordura beak ~ tift, preeminent, cioc beam ~ grinda; traversa beaming ~ focalizare bean ~ duza bear/bore/borne ~ a purta, a sprijini bear axle ~ arbore/ax planetar, semiax bearable ~ suportabil bearer suport

bearer bar ~ bara de suport bearing ~ lagar, cuzinet; pivot, reazem,apasare bearing area - suprafaja de reazem, suprafaja portanta bearing brass/bush - cuzinet bearing cage ~ colivia rulmentului bearing cover - capac de lagar bearing depth ~ inaltime utila a filetului bearing liner - cuzinet de lagar bearing neck ~ guler de cuzinet bearing oil ~ ulei pentru lagare bearing separator ~ colivia rulmentului beat ~ lovire, pulsatie. oc be at a dead end ~ a fi in impas beat in (a nail) ~ a bate (un cui) be clapped out ~ a fi complet dezafectat (un aparat, o masjna) become/became/become ~ a deveni become coated ~ a fi placat, a se acoperi become rusty ~ a rugini bed ~ strat, pat, cadru, bane, fundament bed ~ a rezema, a sprijini bedding of pipes ~ montare a tevilor bed of ballast ~ strat de balast bed plate/bedplate postament be equal to ~ a egaliza, a netezi be extinguished - a fi stins, a se stinge be fool-proof ~ a fi foarte simplu de manuit before hand ~ din vreme; din timp be frozen ~ a fi inghetat behaviour/behavior ~ cornportare,

comportament behind ~ in urma, in intarziere, defazat be in charge ~ a fi responsabil de, a avea responsabilitatea pentru be in contact ~ a veni in contact, a atinge bell ~ calota, clopot, sonerie bell clock - ceasornic/clopot cart bell crank - parghie cotita, parghie cu articulajie belled file ~ pila convexa bellied - bombat, convex belt ~ curea, Centura; Centura de baleiaj

15B
belt drive ~ transmisie/actionare prin curea bend/bent/bent a incovoia; a indoi; a curba; a inclina bend ~ a face un nod; a lega o parama; a inverga; a prinde lanful la ancora bend ~ incovoiere; indoitura; cot bending ~ mdoire berth ~ dana; cueta bilge - santina; gurna bilge keel ~ chila de ruliu bilge pumping system ~ sistem de pompare a apei de santina bilge separator ~ separator santina bilge suction line - tubulatura de aspiratie a apei de santina bilge suction pipe - conducta de aspiratie a apei de santina bilge wash pump - pompa de spalat santina

billion ~ miliard bimethyl ~ etan, dimetil bin ~ recipient, cupa, rezervor binary ~ dublu, compus din doua elemente bind ~ piesa de legatura bind/bound/bound ~ a lega, a fixa, a lipi, a angrena binder ~ parghie de strangere binder beam ~ traversa de legatura binder plug - bolf de strangere binding ~ fretare, gripare, tnjepenire, legare binding agent liant binding band ~ Centura, bandaj binding material - material liant, ciment, adeziv binding nut ~ piulita de strangere binding rivet ~ nit pentru montaj binding screw ~ surub de strangere 16 binocular ~ binoclu biodegradable - biodegradabil biphase ~ bifazat, bifazic biplug ~ fisa dubla bipod ~ suport cu doua picioare bipolar - cu doi poli birectangular ~ cu doua unghiuri drepte birth ~ generate, producere bisect ~ a secjiona, a impar^i in doua bit ~ cifra binara, bavura bit end ~ cap al bielei biting ~ taios bits ~ flci de menghina bitt ~ baba bitumen - bitum, asfalt

bitumen carrier ~ tanc pentru transportat bitum lichid bitumen coat ~ acoperire cu bitum bituminize ~ a impregna cu bitum bivalved ~ bivalv, cu doua supape black - negru; tntunecat black cargo - Incarcatura de produse de petrol brut blacken ~ a innegri, a mtuneca black oil ~ reziduuri petroliere grele, pacura black-out voltage ~ tensiune d? blocare blackwash ~ a innegri, a vopsi cu negru blade ~ pala, paleta; paleta de turbina bladed - cu palete blank ~ orb; gol; alb; nefinisat; neizolat blanket ~ inveli blank flange ~ flansa oarba blankness ~ gol, vid, vacuum blast suflare, sunet blast engine ~ suflanta blast ~ a sufla puternic, a sabla blast air ~ aer suflat, vant

bleed/bled/bled ~ a purja, a se scurge bleeder - ventil de purjare, robinet de golire. supapa de siguranta bleeding ~ scurgere, evacuare bleeding tap - robinet de golire bleeding wing tank ~ tanc lateral de evacuare bleed pipe ~ teava de scurgere bleed screw ~ surub tubular blend ~ amestec blend - a amesteea blendable ~ miscibil blended fuel ~ carburant etilat blended gasoline - benzina etilata blender ~ amestecator. agitator blending ~ amestec, amestecare, dozare blind ~ orb, gol blind flange - flansa oarba blinding ~ colmatare blind nut ~ piulita oarba blind plug - flansa oarba blink ~ a licari. a transmite semnale Morse blister ~ gol, bula de aer blistered surface - suprafata cu goluri/cu ochiuri bloating ~ umflare. inibibare block - scripete, macara: bloc blockage ~ blocare, mfundare block bearing - lagar monobloc block (shoe) brake - frana cu saboti blocker ~ dispozitiv de blocare blocking ~ blocare. Oprire blocking gear ~ dispozitiv de blocare/de fixare

B
blast cooling - racire brusca blast drying - uscare in curent de aer blaster ~ explozor blast in ~ a sufla blaze ~ luminozitate. flacara blaze - a marca, a lumina. a incepe bleed - ajutaj

blocking screw ~ surub de blocare block motor ~ motor monobloc block up ~ a bloca, a colmata blow/blew/blown ~ a sufla blow ~ soc. lovitura. lovire blow-back ~ rateu in carburator; presiunea gazului blow by ~ a purja blow clear ~ a purja blow clear purjare blow cold ~ a sufla aer rece blow-down line/pipe ~ teava de golire/de evacuare/de purjare blow-down valve - supapa de extractie/de descarcare blower - suflanta. ventilator; exhaustor blower fan ~ ventilator suflant blower-fed engine ~ motor cu compresor/supraalimentat blow off ~ a purja, a evacua (aburul); a sufla; a exploda blow-off cock ~ robinet de purjare blow-off valve - supapa de siguranta blow-out ~ suflare blow-out ~ a sufla blowtorch ~ lampa de sudura blow-up ~ explozie blow up ~ a exploda blow valve ~ supapa de aerisire blue ~ albastru bluing ~ albastrire. revenire, calire bluejacket ~ marinar blueprint ~ plan de detaliu/de executie blunt ~ tocit. bont, neascutit blunt - a toci

blurred ~ sters, neclar board ~ tablou. planseta. bord


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board ~ a urea la bord board sling - sapan cu platforms boat - barca, ambarcatiune, nava mica: s.alanda boat - a vasli boat-building workings - antier naval boatman ~ barcagiu boatswain ~ nostrom, s.ef de echipaj boatswain's call/pipe ~ siflee bob weight ~ contragreutate bodkin sula body ~ corp; parte principals; baza; suport body ~ carena body plan ~ plan de forme bogie - boghiu; carucior boiler - caldare, caldarina boiler compound ~ antitartru boiler feed ~ alimentare cu apa a cazanului boiler feeder ~ alimentator/pompa pentru cazane boiler feeding pump ~ pompa de alimentare pentru cazane boiler fireman ~ fochist boiler furnace ~ focar de cazan boiler gas - gaze arse/de evacuare boiler mountings - accesoriile caldarii; armaturi ale cazanului boiler mud - namol de cazan

boiler room ~ compartiment al caldarilor marine boiler scale - piatra de cazan boiler setting ~ zidaria unei caldari boiler shell ~ mantaua cazanului boiler slag ~ zgura de cazan boiler sludge ~ namol de cazan boiler system fitting ~ armatura instalatia caldarine
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boiler tube ~ teava de cazan boiler water feed pump ~ pompa de alimentare cu apa a cazanului boiling ~ fierbere boiling limits ~ limite de fierbere boiling point ~ punct/temperatura de fierbere boiling tube ~ teava fierbatoare boil off- a vaporiza boil out ~ a vaporiza bollard ~ baba bolt ~ bolt: bulon bolt ~ a fixa/a imbina cu bolturi bolting ~ fixare cu s.uruburi bond ~ fixare. legatura. Legare bond ~ a intari; a adera bone-oil ~ ulei de oase bonnet ~ manta, capac; calota book - carte; registru book ~ a retine, a angaja. a solicita booking ~ retinere, angajare, cumparare, solicitare. comanda telefonica booklet ~ bros.ura boom - ghiu; biga; fles.a, sageata, brat

boom of a girder ~ talpa a grinzii boost - sporire boost ~ a sprijini; a intensifica. a intari booster ~ motor auxiliar; servomotor; generator auxiliar booster pump ~ pompa auxiliara/de suprapresiune boost pressure ~ suprapresiune, presiune suplimentara/de admisie boot-topping - bordajul din preajma liniei de plutire; faa border ~ chenar, bordura, cadru border - a mSrgini, a imprejmui bore - gaura, alezaj; diametru interior bore ~ a gauri. a perfora, a aleza bored spindle ~ ax/arbore tubular bore out - a aleza, a regauri boring and turning lathe ~ strung de alezat borrow - a imprumuta (de la cineva, de undeva) borrowing imprumut both-way circuit ~ circuit bilateral bottle screw - intinzator (cu manon) bottom ~ fundul navei, carena; fundul marii bottom-blow valve ~ robinet de fund bottom dead centre ~ punct mort inferior

bottom draw ~ reziduu de fund bottom end bearing ~ lagar de capat bottom work ~ opera moarta bounce - lovitura puternica; vibratie bound - margine, limita. granita bound ~ cu destinatia boundary ~ suprafata de separafie, limita bounded - limitat, marginit boundless ~ nelimitat, nemarginit bow ~ prova; arc bow - a inclina, a Tncovoia, a curba bow anchor ~ ancora prova bow door/ramp - rampa prova pentru ro-ro i feribot bowing ~ curbare, arcuire, indoire bowl ~ cupa, bena; bazin bowman - om in prova bows - prova, prora bow shackle ~ cheie de impreunare bow thruster - elice mica langa etrava navei folosita pentru manevrabilitate la viteze mic i box ~ cutie, lada; locas,; buca, manon, cuzinet box clamp ~ menghina box (end) wrench - cheie tubulara boxer engine ~ motor orizontal cu cilindri opusj box-furnace boiler ~ cazan cu cutie de focar box key ~ cheie tubulara box nut - piulita oarba box spanner - cheie de piulita tubulara

brace ~ scoaba, clama; suport, proptea; ablon brace - a lega, a intari; a propti; a imbina bracing ~ sprijinire, fixare.intarire, consolidare bracket - guseu; consoia, suport brake ~ frana; diametru brake ~ a frana brake horsepower - putere efectiva/utila brake mean effective pressure presiune medie efectiva de franare brake operation ~ franare brake power ~ forta de franare brake shoe ~ sabot (de frana) braking ~ franare braking gear ~ mecanism de franare branch ~ ramificatie; derivape; brat; domeniu; specialitate branch - a deriva, a devia, a (se) ramifica; a (se) bifurca branched ~ ramificat branch point ~ punct de ramificatie branch rod ~ tija de piston brand - marca de fabricatie; sort. sortiment, calitate brand - a marca; a insemna brand new nou brass - alama; ofi|er inferior brass water pump ~ pompa de apa din alama 19B

breadth ~ latime
break ~ spargere. rupere. ruptura, spartura, crapatura break/broke/broken ~ a intrerupe, a

deconecta breakage ~ rupere; macinare; distrugere break contact ~ contact de separare/de intrerupere breakdown ~ pana; defectare, avarie; accident; deranjament breakdown ~ a demonta; a dispersa; a separa; a strapunge; a (se) prabusj breakdown service ~ depanare breakdown signal ~ semnal de avarie/pana breaker intrerupator break in ~ a rupe. a forta breaking ~ ruptura, intrerupere; spartura; rupere; deconectare breaking out ~ rupere breaking up ~ rupere. desfacere fortata break out ~ des, urubare; rabufnire break out ~ a desface; a sparge break up ~ descompunere, disociere break up ~ a deschide, a descompune, a dezmembra, a demonta, a separa breakwater (bulwark) - spargeval,pinten breastwork - parapet, balustrada breathing ~ respiratie bridge ~ pod. punte; coverta bridge ~ a s,unta, a deriva bridge crane ~ macara pentru containere

bridged - unit printr-o punte bridging ~ de legatura; de trecere bridle ~ brida, colier brief- scurt, concis bright ~ stralucitor. luminos brightness - luminozitate. stralucire 20 bring/brought/brought - a aduce bring into service - a pune in functiune; a da in folosinta bring up-to-date - a modemiza, a actualiza brittle ~ casant; friabil, sf&ramicios broach alezor broad ~ lat; larg bronze bronz bronze - a da cu bronz brown - maro, brun brush ~ perie, pensuia brush ~ a peria; a netezi bubble - a barbota; a clocoti; a fierbe bubbling ~ barbotare bucket ~ graifar; cupa de draga; galeata. ghiordel; paleta activa la o turbina bucket dredge ~ draga cu cupe buckle - a (se) Tndoi, a (se) curba; a (se)flamba; a (se) bomba buckled ~ indoit, flambat buckling - flambaj buckling load - forta de flambaj buffer ~ amortizor-tampon build/built/built - a construi builder constructor building berth - dana de constructie/de asamblare

building-up - refacere, cretere; montaj bulb - bulb, basjca, bula, bee bulge - umflare. proeminenta. convexitate, bombare bulge - a largi; a rotunji; a bomba; a (se) umfla bulk - multime. masa. marime; vrac; incarcatura a navei

buoyant force ~ forta de plutire buoying force - forta ascensionala. portanta burden ~ sarcina. greutate buried - ingropat, cufundat, inecat

21 C cabin ~ cabina cabin hardware - armaturi cabina cabinet dryer ~ etuva cable ~ cablu; parama cable holder ~ cabestan cable layer/ship/vessel - navacablier cable laying ship ~ nava-cablier cable link ~ lant cable repairing ship ~ nava-cablier de reparatii cable tender - nava-cablier caboose - bucatarie de nava/pe punte cabotage ~ cabotaj, navigatie de-a lungul coastei cage - cabina; carcasa; corp; tambur perforat caisson - cheson calcination ~ calcinare calculability ~ care poate fi calculat calculate ~ a calcula calculus - calcuL analiza matematica calibrate ~ a calibra, a regla; a verifica calipers - ubler call ~ apel; escala call ~ a face escala calm ~ linis,te; accalmie calm ~ a calma; a potoli caloric ~ caloric caloric unit ~ calorie (unitate de

burn/burnt/burnt - a arde: a praji


burnable ~ inflamabil burned gas ~ gaze de ardere burner ~ arzator; duza de injectie

bulk cargo - incarcaturaVmarfS vrac bulk carrier/bulker ~ vrachier bulk/container carrier - vrachier si port-container

burner head/mouth - ajutaj de arzator burning ~ ardere


burning gases - gaze de ardere/de evacuare

B
bulk density - greutate volumetric^ bulkfreighter - nava cisterna bulkhead - perete etans . bulk-oil carrier - vrachier i petrolier bulk-ore carrier ~ mineralier bulk transportation ~ transport al produselor neambalate bulkwark ~ parapet; bord fals bulky ~ masiv, voluminos bulwark ~ parapet bump ~ convexitate. proeminenta bump ~ a lovi, a izbi bumper ~ amortizor bundling legare bunk ~ pat, cus.eta bunker ~ rezervor, recipient bunker - a alimenta cu combustibil buoy ~ geamandura. baliza buoyancy - flotabilitate. forta portanta

burning oil - pacura


burnish ~ a bruna; a curata; a poliza; a lefui

burnisher - polizor
burn off- acalcina burn out ~ a (se) arde burst ~ rupere, spargere burst/burst/burst - a rupe; a izbucni; a plesni, a crapa bursting explozie bush ~ cuzinet bushing ~ bucs.a; cuzinet; mans.on busy ~ ocupat butane carrier ~ nava care transports butan lichid butterfly nut ~ piulita fluture butterfly screw ~ s,urub cu piulita fluture button ~ buton; clapeta by-pass ~ ocolire; deviere by-pass valve - robinet/supapa de circulate, de deviere

masura pentru energia termica) caloric value ~ putere calorica calorie/calory ~ calorie calorific effect ~ efect termic calorific intensity ~ temperatura de combustie calorifics ~ termotehnica calorifier - calorifer calorimeter - calorimetru cam ~ cama; excentric; pieptene; pinten,cioc cam gear ~ mecanism cu came camber ~ curbura, incovoiere, bombare camshaft ~ arbore cu came/de distribute camshaft bearing ~ lagar de arbore cu came; cuzinet palier al arborelui cu came can/could ~ a putea can ~ cutie, canistra, bidon, cutie de conserve can ~ geamandura cilindrica can ~ a conserva, a mmagazina, a inchide can hook - sapan/tapan de butoaie canal ~ canelura cancel ~ a anula, a contramanda cancel out ~ a (se) anula, a (se) sterge cancellation ~ anulare; reducere; contramandare candela ~ candela (unitate de intensitate luminoasa in S.I.) canister ~ canistra, bidon canned ~ ambalat; conservat; inchis cant ~ a taia piezis,, a tei; a inclina; a rasturna

cantilever ~ consola, grinda in consola cap - cap, capac, calota capability ~ capacitate, posibilitate capacitance - capacitate electrica capacitor ~ condensator capacity ~ capacitate, debit, volum, marime; productivitate, putere; sarcina, consum; cilindree capacity of a pump ~ debit al pompei capstan ~ cabestan (vinci cu ax vertical) capstan lathe ~ strung revolver capsule ~ capsula, carcasa mica

22
captain ~ comandant de nava captain's bridge ~ punte de comanda captance ~ reactanta capacitiva captation - captare captivate - a capta capture - a capta, a prinde car blade ~ pana ramei car carrier ~ nava port-vehicule car deck ~ punte pentru automobile car ferry - nava care transporta pasageri i autovehicule carbon soot - calamina carbon ~ carbon, calamina, carbune pur; electrod; diamant negru; negru de fum carbon deposit ~ depunere de calamina carbonic ~ carbonic carbonify - a carboniza carburizing cementare card ~ fisa, diagrama

cardan axle/shaft ~ arbore cardanic/articulat care - intretinere cargo ~ incarcatura, caric, marfe cargo boat - nava comerciaia cargo capacity ~ capacitate de incarcare cargo carrier cargou cargo deadweight - capacitate neta/utila de incarcare cargo gear ~ instalatie de incarcare cargo handling gear - utilaj de manipulare a marfurilor cargo handling machinery ~ instalatie de manevrare a marfii cargo hatchway ~ gura de magazie cargo liner - nava comerciaia de linie cargo oil pump - pompa de combustibil cargo ship - nava comerciaia cargo system ~ instalatii de incarcare cargo tank ~ tanc de marta cargo winch ~ vinci de marft cargo-and-passenger ship ~ nava combinata pentru pasageri i marfuri carpenter - dulgher; marangoz carpet ~ covor; strat de protectie carrier - brida; suport; carucior carrier ~ nava de transport; portavion carrier ring ~ inel de reazem carrousel ~ transporter circular carry ~ a purta; a suporta; a duce; a conduce; a transporta

carry along - a antrena carry away ~ a se departa; a se rupe carry forward ~ a antrena carry further - a continua carry off ~ a antrena, a indeparta, a evacua carry on ~ a continua carry out ~ a indeplini, a executa, a efectua, a realiza carry through ~ a indeplini, a efectua,a realiza carrying axle ~ ax purtator carrying capacity ~ capacitate portanta; forta ascensionaia; sarcina admisibila cartridge - caseta case ~ lada; dulap; invelis,; corp; carcasa; husa; sertar case ~ a inveli, a acoperi, a aeza, a amplasa case hardening ~ cementare case of emergency ~ calamitate; accident; caz de urgenta cased-butt coupling ~ cuplaj cu

mans.on 23
casing ~ armatura: blindaj: invelis metal ic, carcasa; manta cask ~ butoi; baril cast ~ mairita. forma turnata cast/cast/cast ~ a tuma; a arunca; a topi cast iron ~ fonta (nodulara) cast up ~ a calcula. a numara castaway ~ naufragiat castings - piese turnate castle ~ castel (suprastructura)

castle nut ~ piulita crenelata casualty - avarie; naufragiu catamaran ~ catamaran catch ~ clichet; opritor catch - a prinde; a apuca, a capta, a lua catch pin- bolt: stilt; splint catcher ~ dispozitiv de prindere, clichet de blocare catching -> captare catering ~ deservire. servire catering department ~ sectia servire/deservire cathead - mandrina cu uruburi de strangle cattle carrier ~ nava care transports vite catwalk ~ culoar; pasarela ingusta cause - a cauza, a produce cause beyond control - forta majors ceiling ~ p^iol. captuseala de bordaj cellular containership - nava care transporta containere/port container celular Celsius degree ~ grad Celsius (imitate de masura pentru temperatura) cement ~ ciment, liant, adeziv cement ~ a cimenta. a face priza. a lega cement carrier ~ nava care transports ciment cementing ~ cementare

24
center of projection ~ centru de proiectie

centigrade degree ~ grad Celsius centigrade scale ~ scala centigrada/Celsius centistokes ~ masura pentru vascozitatea combustibilului centner - chintal (imitate de masa = 100kg) central field of vision - camp la deschiderile din mijloc central force ~ forta centrala central girder ~ grinda principals central point ~ centru centre bearing ~ lagar de mijloc/intermediar centre distance - distanla intre varfuri/centre/axe centre line ~ axa a unei gauri centre line of pressure ~ linie de medie prcsiune centre of buoyancy ~ punct de aplicatie a fortei portante centre of buoyancy - centru de carena/de flotabilitate centre of displacement ~ centru de carena centre of gravity ~ centru de greutate centre of gyration - centru de rotatie centre of inertia ~ cerr de inertie centre of lift - centru ck justentatie centre of mass ~ centru de mass centre of symmetry ~ centru de simetrie centre piece ~ cruce cardanica centre pin ~ pivot

centre/center ~ centru, punct central,mijloc, medie centre - a centra, a centrui, a regla la centru centreboard ~ derivor central centrifugal ~ centrifuga; centrifug centrifugal acceleration ~ acceleratie centrifuga centrifugal air blower/pump suflanta centrifuga de aer centrifugal box - centrifuga centrifugal casting ~ turnare centrifugals centrifugal force ~ forta centrifuga centrifugal governor ~ regulator centrifug centrifugal pump ~ pompa centrifugal s centrifugal thrower ~ utilaj care impras.tie marfa vrac centrifugal-type air compressor ~ compresor centrifug de aer centrifuge ~ centrifugS centrifuge ~ a centrifuga centrifuging ~ centrifugale centring error ~ excentricitate centring/centering ~ centrare centripetal force ~ forta centripeta centuple ~ insutit century ~ suta: secol. Veac certain ~ sigur, precis; fixat certainty ~ siguranta. precizie; fixare certificate ~ certificat certificated officer ~ ofiter cu brevet certified electrical engine ~ motor

electric antigrizutos cetane ~ cetan cetane number ~ cifra cetanica chadburn ~ telegraf de comenzi la masjna chain ~ lant: lant de ancora: lant de statie chain ~ unitate de lungime (20,12m) chain ~ a lega cu un lant

______________ ____c
chain cable ~ lant de ancora chain grab ~ barbotin chain hawse - nara pentru lant chain tioist ~ macara cu lant de actionare chain locker ~ putul lantului de ancora chain pin ~ bolt de lant chain pipe-wrench ~ cheie pentru tevi chain swivel ~ za de lant vartej chain winch ~ troliu de lant chalk - creta; calcar chamber ~ camera chamber of a pump ~ cilindru de pompa chamfer - a anfrena chamfer - ant. teitura chamfering ~ te^ire. te^itura change ~ schimbare, modificare. transformare, comutare change - a schimba, a transforma, a modifica; a comuta change gear - cutie de viteze change gear ~ a schimba viteza

change of state ~ schimbare de stare change point ~ punct critic change up ~ a trece la o viteza mai mare changeable ~ schimbator. variabil change-over - comutare, schimbare, mutare; change-over ~ reconstructie. transformare change-over ~ a schimba viteza change-over contact ~ contact de comutare change-over into ~ a (se) transforma in, a (se) convert! in change-over switch ~ intrerupator, comutator; reversor; inversor change-over time ~ timp de comutare 25 change-over valve ~ supapa de comutare changer ~ transformator, schimbator; mecanism de mlocuire channel ~ canal: canelurS; crestatura channel ~ a cresta; a scobi; a stria channel bar ~ profil U chap ~ crapatura, fisura chap ~ a crSpa. a fisura, a spinteca, a cresta character ~ caracter, simbol, semn characteristic ~ caracteristica, particularitate characteristic ~ caracteristic; semnificativ characteristic factor ~ indice characteristic feature ~ trasatura caracteristica

characteristic poperty ~ caracteristica characteristic quantity ~ marime caracteristica, parametru charge ~ incarcatura charge ~ a umple, a alimenta charge air ~ incarcare cu aer/incarcatura de aer charge air cooler ~ incarcare cu aer de racire charge pump ~ pompa de alimentare charge-air cooling water ~ apa de racire a aerului de incarcare charger ~ alimentator; dozator charging ~ incarcare charging air ~ aer de mcarcare/de admisie charging hole ~ gura de incarcare/alimentare charging pipe - teava de alimentare, conducta de incarcare charging pump ~ pompa de alimentare charging rate ~ regim de incarcare charging tank ~ rezervor/tanc de alimentare charging valve ~ ventil/robinet de umplere chart ~ harta (maritime); diagrama, schema, desen, tabel, grafic charter ~ naylosire charterer ~ navlositor chartering ~ navlosire chassis ~ asiu. Support chatter ~ a vibra, a trepida chatter ~ vibrajje cheap ~ ieftin

check ~ obturator, ventil; joe check ~ a verifica, a controla, a revizui;a opri brusc; a retine check ~ control, verificare check for wear ~ a verifica uzura check nut ~ contrapiulita check screw ~ urub de oprire check stop valve ~ supapa de retinere/oprire check valve ~ clapeta de retinere/de mchidere checker ~ dispozitiv de verificare checking ~ verificare, control checkout ~ verificare, inspecfie, control check-up ~ verificare, control check-up ~ a verifica, a controla cheesing ~ bobinare chemical (sewage) treatment epurare chimica chemical ~ chimic chemical ~ produs chimic chemical engineering ~ tehnologie chimica chemical processing ~ prelucrare chimica
26

chemical tanker ~ tanc de produse chimice chemicals ~ chimicale chemistry chimie chest ~ lada. cufar; sertar chief ~s,ef chief- principal, fundamental, de baza chief constituent ~ piesa component^principal

chief designer ~ proiectant/constructor sef chief engineer ~ ef mecanic chief engineer ~ comandant al unitatii de lupta electromecanici chief engineer ~ inginer principal chief mate - ofiter secund chief officer ~ ofiter secund chief stew;ard - intendent ef chiesel ~ a daltui chiesel ~ dalta chill - racire brusca chill ~ a cali; a raci, a congela chilling ~ calire chip ~ archie, fragment chip ~ a as.chia, a taia, a daltui chipper ~ dalta chipping ~ taiere, as.chiere chipping chisel ~ dalta (lata) chipping hammer ~ ciocan de sablat/de matagonit chip removing process ~ prelucrare prin aschiere chisel ~ dalta chisel off- a ciopli, a daltui chiselling - daltuire, scobire chock - pana, preoptea, suport;lagar chock - a sustine, a sprijini, a propti chocking - colmatare; sufocare chocking up - ancrasare; colmatare choke - duza: strangulare choke - a (se) mfunda; a gatui; a strangula choke tibe - ajutaj choose/chose/chosen - a alege choosing - selectare, alegere; dimensionare

choppy - mare agitata chord - snur, funie chuck - manson; suport: dorn; mandrina de strangere chuck - a prinde, a fixa, a strange (in mandrina) chute - uluc, jgheab; plan inclinat chute - a aluneca circle - cere, circumferinta circle - a inconjura, a incercui circuit - circuit, schema circuit break ~ intrerupere a circuitului circular - circular; ciclic; rotund circular bore - alezaj circular circular line - circumferinta circular measure radiani circular motion - rnicare circulara circular nut ~ piulita rotunda circular sector - sector de cere circularity circularitate circulate ~ a functiona, a merge circulate through ~ a strabate circulating ~ de circulate; periodic circulating air - aer recirculat circulating medium - mediu de circulate circulating pipe - conducta de recirculare circulating valve ~ supapa de circulate circulation - circulate; rotatie circulation pump - pompa de circulate circumcircle - cere circumscris 27

circumference ~ circumferinta: perimetru circumradius ~ raza a cercului circumscris circumscribe - a circumscrie; a delimita civil ship/vessel ~ nava comerciala clack seat ~ scaun de supapa claim ~ revendicare, cerere. afirmatie claim ~ a solicita, a revendica, a cere, a pretinde clam ~ a Tncleia, a lipi clam- umed; lipicios clamp ~ carlig; clema; suport; s.urub de strangere; brida; colier clamp arm ~ bratul opritorului clamp up ~ a prinde, a strange, a fixa clamping ~ strangere; fixare; mcastrare clamping bolt ~ bolt de fixare/strangere clamping by screwing up ~ strangere prin insurubare clamping force - forta de strangere class ~ clasa. grupa. categoric classification - clasificare. impartire in clase. Gradatie classification certificate ~ certificat de registry classification society - registry maritim/naval claw ~ clichet; gheara. Dinte clean up ~ a curata cleaning ~ curatare

cleaning drill ~ dispozitiv de curatare cleaning port ~ orificiu de curatare cleaning room ~ instalatie de curatare cleaning solvent ~ solvent pentru curatare cleanliness ~ puritate; curatenie clear - clar, limpede; neechivoc; luininos; curat; liber; transparent clear - a curata.a s.terge clear ~ a descarca (nava) clear ~ a face formal itatile de sosire /plecare nava clearance ~ joe; luft; autorizatie de plecare a navei clearance gauge ~ spion clearliness - claritate, limpezime click ~ clichet clip ~ brida clog - a obtura; a mfunda; a colmata; a imbacsi clog up ~ a colmata, a infunda, a bloca clogged ~ infundat, imbacsit, astupat clogging - portiune colmatata; colmatare, mfundare, imbacsire, murdarire close ~ incheiere, mchidere; precis, exact; strans, apropiat close fit ~ ajutaj cu stangere/strans close ~ a inchide close in ~ a se apropia close nipple ~ racord drept close up ~ la semn, la post close up a rivet ~ a nitui

closed circuit ~ circuit inchis closed interval ~ segment, interval inchis closed-cycle turbine ~ turbina cu gaze in circuit inchis closed-impeller pump ~ pompa cu rotor inchis closeness ~ exactitate, precizie closing ~ mchidere, conectare closing cock - robinet de mchidere closing date ~ termen final closing device ~ dispozitiv de blocare/de mchidere 28 closing head - dispozitiv de bolcare/de mchidere; cap de strangere closing valve ~ ventil de mchidere closure ~ mchidere, incheiere cloudbursting - curatare cu alice cloudy ~ noros; neclar club ~ piston cluster ~ fascicul. manunchi; acumulare clutch - cuplaj, manon; mufa nedecuplabila clutch casing/case ~ carcasa/carter al ambreiajului clutch gear ~ mecanism de cuplare CO2 system fitting - armatura instalatia CO2 coach wrench ~ cheie reglabila coal - a carboniza; a face plinul de carbuni coal - carbune

coarse ~ rugos; aspru; brut, neprelucrat coarse adjustment ~ reglare bruta coarse-grained structure ~ structura macrogranulara coaster ~ nava costiera coasting ~ navigatie costiera. cabotaj coat - manta; strat de acoperire coat of paint ~ strat de vopsea coating ~ acoperire, strat, invelis,, manta coating gun ~ pistol de vopsit coating varnish - lac/vopsea de fmisare coaxial ~ coaxial cock ~ robinet; ventil; roza vanturilor cock wrench ~ cheie de robinet cockbill - a atarna (despre o ancora) cockpit ~ cocpit cockpit starter ~ demaror de bord cockswain/coxswain ~ ef de barca; timonier code ~ cod, cifru, semnal coefficient ~ coeficient, indice, factor coefficient of admission ~ coeficient de umplere coefficient of compressive strain ~ coeficient de stsbilitate la flambaj coefficient of contraction ~ coeficient de contractie coefficient of discharge ~ coeficient de debit coefficient of efficiency/of

performance ~ eficienta; coeficient de randament coefficient of expansion ~ coeficient de dilatatie volumica coefficient of hardness ~ cifra de duritate coefficient of resistance ~ modul de rezistenta coefficient of thermal efficiency randament termic coffer ~ cheson cofferdam ~ batardou cog ~ dinte. zimt; prag cogging - angrenaj cu fusuri; dantura coil ~ bobina; spirala. serpentina coil up ~ a infaura coincide ~ a coincide coke ~ cox. Calamina coke deposit ~ depunere de cocs cold chisel ~ dalta cold riveting - nituire la rece collar ~ colier. $,aiba; flan^a; manon; bratara; inel collect ~ a (se) colecta collecting channel ~ canal colector collecting tank ~ bazin colector/de colectare collector ~ camera de colectare de supraincalzitor, teava colectoare; colector, rezervor
29

collision bill ~ rol de gaura de apa collision bulkhead ~ perete de

coliziune collision of the first kind ~ s.oc de ordinul I collision quarters ~ posturi de actiune colmatage ~ colmataj colmation ~ colmatare colour/color ~ culoare; colorit combination carrier ~ nava care poate transporta marfa vrac
(minereu) I petrol combination pliers ~ cles.te universal combine - a lega, a combina, a amesteca, a unifica, a compune combined compressed-air

combustion gases ~ gaze de ardere combustion mist ~ combustibil


pulverizat

combustion temperature ~
temperatura de ardere combustion test stand - instalatie

pentru controlul combustiei combustion value ~ putere calorica come/came/come off ~ a (se) degaja command ~ comanda commercial craft / ship / vessel ~
nava comerciala common - simplu, obinuit common iron ~ dalta simpla de calafatuit commute ~ a comuta companion way ~ scara de tambuchi comparator - comparator compartment - compartiment, cabina compass - compas magnetic; busola marina compensate ~ a compensa, a echilibra, a aduce la zero complete ~ total completion ~ completare, extindere, prelungire, terminare compliance ~ rezistenta la arcuire compliance coefficient ~ coeficient de arcuire

hydraulic brake ~ frana


hidropneumatica combining gear ~ mecanism combinat combustibility ~ inflamabilitate combustible ~ inflamabil, combustibil, carburant

comply with ~ a corespunde la, a face fata la; a indeplinL a satisface component - componenta; termen; reper component part ~ element; organ; piesa componenta compose ~ a compune composite ~ mixt, combinat; complex composite force ~ forta rezultanta composite nozzle - ajutaj/duza demontabila composite strength - rezistenta compusa composition ~ alcatuire; structura 30 compound - amestec: compus compress - a comprima, a presa, a gatui, a strangula

compressed air - aer comprimat compressed air ~ pneumatic compressibility ~ compresibilitate compressing ~ compresie compressing force ~ forta de
compresie compressing ring - segment de compresie compression ~ compresie, comprimare compression chamber - camera de

collector line ~ conducts de preaplin coller clutch - manon de cuplare collet ~ guler, jug, cadru collier ~ nava care transports cSrbune collision ~ ciocnire, coliziune, abordaj

combustible composition ~ amestec combustibil combustion ~ ardere combustion chamber ~ camera de ardere combustion engine ~ motor cu
combustie interna

combustion flue ~ canal al focarului combustion furnace ~ cuptor de


ardere

compresie compression coefficient ~ coeficient de compresie compression ignition engine ~ motor cu aprindere prin compresie
compression pump ~ pompa de

incarcare/de presiune compression ratio ~ rapoit de comprimare compression ring ~ segment de comprimare compression stoke ~ cursa/timp de compresie compression stress - sarcina de compresie, solicitare la compresie compression stroke ~ cursa de compresie compression valve - supapa de

compresie compressive force ~ forta de


compresie

compressor ~ compresor: stopa de put compressor bar ~ calcai (al lantului de ancora): stopa de nara cu urub compressor housing ~ carcasa compresorului compressor unit ~ agregat de compresie

compressor wheel ~ roata


compresorului comutator ~ comutator concave ~ concav concentrate - a concentra; a aglomera; a Tngusta; a restrange concentration ~ concentrate concrete ~ concret; beton concrete - a cirnenta; a (se) solidifica concurrent ~ cu un punct comun, convergent, concurent condensability - capacitate de condensare

condensation - condensatie condense ~ a condensa, a comprima condensed steam ~ abur condensat condenser ~ distilator de apa; condensator; condensor condenser system ~ instalatie de condensare condensing point ~ temperatura de condensare condensing vessel ~ oala de condensat condition ~ condifie; proprietate, insusire, regim, stare, structura conditioned air ~ aer conditional conducive ~ care favorizeaza ceva conduct conducta conductor ~ dispozitiv de ghidare cone ~ con cone - pivot con cone clutch ~ cuplaj cu dinti cone-shaped ~ de forma conica confidence ~ incredere. siguranta confidence interval ~ interval de incredere configuration configuratie confine ~ a limita; a delimita; a inchide confined ~ delimitat; inchis confinement ~ delimitat; inchis 31 conflaglation - ardere, aprindere confluence ~ confluenta conformation ~ forma: structura conformity ~ concordanta conical - conic, in forma de con conjugation ~ conjugare, cuplare, racordare conn ~ a da comenzi la carma connect ~ a uni, a lega; a angrena; a

cupla; a conecta; a conexa; a anexa connecting bolt ~ s.urub de asamblare connecting device ~ organ de cuplare connecting gear ~ angrenaj de transmisie connecting pipe ~ racord, brans,ament.conducta de legatura connecting rod ~ tija/bara de conducere; biela connecting shaft ~ arbore de transmisie connecting sleeve ~ racord connecting-rod bearing ~ lagar/cuzinet de biela connecting-rod bearing cap ~ capac al capului de biela connecting-rod bushing ~ bucs.a/cuzinet/lagar al bielei connection ~ cuplaj, cuplare; imbinare connection hose ~ furtun de legatura; tut. racord connection piece ~ tubulatura connector - piesa de legatura con-ro ship ~ port-container s.i roro consecutive ~ consecutiv, succesiv; rezultant consecutively - consecutiv, succesiv consequence - consecinla. urmare. efect conservation ~ pastrare, intretinere,mentinere consistency ~ consecventa, stare; grosime. rezistenta.

continuitate consistent ~ consistent; intemeiat, valabil consistently ~ complet consist - compozitie. alcatuire; compunere consist in - a consta in, a rezida in consist of- a consta din, a se compune din console - consoia consolidate ~ a lega, a intari. a consolida; a as,eza; a etana consolidation ~ consolidare; etanare constancy ~ stabilitate, durabilitate; permanenta. Persistenta constant ~ constanta; coeficient; fix; durabil; stabil; invariabil constant pressure ~ presiune constanta constant-pressure valve ~ ventil/robinet de presiune constanta constituent ~ piesa component^ constrained fortat constriction ~ strangulare, gatuire; contractare construct ~ a construi, a proiecta construction ~ construire; executie, alcatuire consumption ~ consum; cerere; uzura contact breaker - intrerupator contact point - varf de contact contact roller ~ rola de ghidare container/barge carrier ~ port container s.i barje container/bulk carrier ~ nava multifunctionaia. port container sau vrachier

container ~ tanc, container; rezervor container ship ~ nava port-container containerized cargo - maria containerizata contaminate - a contamina content - continut; volum; capacitate contiguity ~ atingere; apropiere contingent ~ accidental; intamplator; posibil; eventual: conditional continue - a dura continuity ~ continuitate continuous ~ coniinuu, neintrerupt, permanent; durabil; constant; stabil continuous current ~ curent continuu continuous duty ~ regim continuu continuous output ~ debit continuu continuous-recording gauge ~ manometru cu inregistrare continua continuous service output ~ randament la functionare continua continuous work/running ~ functionare continua contortion - contorsiune; strivire; rasucire contour ~ contur; perimetru; profil contract - a (se) contracta; a comprima; a frecta contraction - contractie; strangula,ingustare; gatuire contraction of area ~ ingustare; gatuire contrapropeller ~ elice opusa contrarotating ~ care se rotete in sens

contrar; contrarotativ control ~ mecanism de ghidare; ghidaj control - control; verificare; supraveghere; comanda: reglaj control ~ a controla, a verifica; a supraveghea; a regla; a manipula control apparatus ~ aparatura de control control appliance - dispozitiv automat de control control assembly ~ bloc de comanda control board - tablou/ pupitru/ masa de comanda control card - fia de control control cock - robinet de reglare control device ~ dispozitiv de comandaV de reglaj control equipment ~ echipament de comanda control gate ~ vana de reglare control gear ~ mecanism de reglare/ de aj us tare controllable ~ controlabil, reglabil controllable propeller - elice cu pas reglabil controlled ~ reglabil, reglat controlled-volume pump ~ pompa cu debit reglabil controller action ~ mod de reglare controller construction diagram ~ schema de montaj control lever ~ maneta/ parghie de comanda controlling ~ supraveghere, control, reglare. Comanda

controlling device ~ regulator controlling force - forta de dirijare/de restabilire controlling gear ~ mecanism de reglaj control shaft - arbore de comanda c u came, arbore de ajustare control switch - intrerupator de comanda control switch gear ~ mecanism de conectare control test ~ proba de control, incercare control valve ~ supapa de reglaj; supapa de comanda convention ~ conventie, conditie, _____regula______________

33

conventional ~ conventional conventional cargo ~ marfa conventionala conventional turbine ship ~ nave cu turbine conventional converge ~ a converge, a se apropia converse ~ afirmatie/teorema; reciproca; invers, opus converse effect - efect invers conversion ~ transformare, conversie conversion of motion ~ transformare a mis.carii

convert ~ a transforma; a modifica; a convert! convertible ~ transformabil convex convex convey ~ a transporta; a conduce conveyer ~ transporter conveyer idler ~ rola de sustinere a covorului unei benzi convolute ~ infasurat; rasucit counter weight ~ contragreutate counterporte ~ contragreutate conversely ~ m mod reciproc convertible ~ convertibil; transformabil conveyor belt ~ banda rulanta conveior roll ~ banda rulanta cool ~ a (se) raci coolant pump ~ pompa a sistemului de raci re cool down ~ a raci cooler ~ racitor; camera de racire cooling - racire: refrigerent cooling agent ~ agent de racire cooling cavity - spatiu de racire cooling chamber ~ camera de racire cooling circuit ~ circuit de racire; circuit al agentului de racire cooling effect ~ efect de racire cooling fan - ventilator cooling fluid ~ lichid de racire cooling jacket ~ manta de racire cooling pipe - tub de racire cooling plant ~ instalatie de racire cooling range ~ zona de racire cooling system ~ sistem de racire cooling tank - manta de racire: nava frigorifica

cooling tube ~ recipient de racire: teava de racire cooling water system ~ sistem de racire cu apa cool off ~ a se raci coordinate ~ a coordona coordinate ~ coordonata cope chisel ~ dalta de canelat copper ~ cupru coppery ~ aramit; de cupru copy ~ copie; model: imitatie; duplicat copy ~ a copia; a imita; a lua ca model corbel ~ consola; nisa; proeminenta cord pulley - roata d- transmisie core ~ con; miez; protuberanta: nod; nucleu core diameter ~ diametru interior (la filet) coreless ~ fara miez cork ~ pluta; buson cork ~ a astupa; a infunda corner ~ colt; varf; ur correct ~ corect; exact; adevarat; potrivit correct ~ a corecta; a mdrepta; a rectifica; a compensa correction ~ corectare; Tndreptare corrective maintenance ~ depanare correctness ~ corectitudine correlation - corelatie; corelare corridor ~ coridor; pasaj; pasarela corrode - a coroda; a oxida; a ruginii; a ataca corrodent ~ corosiv

corrodent - agent corosiv corrodible ~ corodabil corroding - coroziune corrosion ~ gripare; coroziune; corodare; ruginire corrosing fatig ~ slabire prin coroziune corrosion inhibition ~ anticorodare corrosion-inhibiting additive ~ aditiv anticorosiv corrosion inhibitor ~ substanta anticorosiva corrosion-preventing ~ anticorosiv corrosion-proof ~ rezistent la coroziune corrosion spots ~ pete de coroziune corrosive ~ coroziv corrosiveness ~ corozivitate corrugated - ondulat; zimtat; striat; canelat corrugated tubes ~ tuburi grofate corrugation ~ rifluire; crestare cosine ~ cosinus cosmolene ~ vaselina cost - cost; pret; cheltuieli; pret de cost cotter/cottar ~ pana; s.tift; dorn; splint count ~ a calcula countable ~ numarabil counter ~ contrar; opus counteract ~ a lucra cu contrafort (din directie opusa). a contraactiona counteracting force - forta de reactiune counterbalance - balansier cu contragreutate; contragreutate counterbalance ~ a contrabalansa; a echilibra; a compensa

counterclockwise (direction) ~ sens opus acelor de ceasornic countermove ~ micare in sens opus countermovement ~ miscare inversa counter nut - contrapiulita counter propeller ~ el ice opusa countershaft axle ~ ax liber; arbore intermediar countersunk ~ inecat countersunk rivet ~ nit cu cap inecat couple ~ a cupla, a conecta couple ~ pereche coupler - ambreiaj; cuplaj; cuplare coupling ~ cuplare: cuplaj; manson de legatura; mufa; ghiara, cupla, imbinare coupling flange ~ flana de cuplare coupling lever ~ levier de cuplare course ~ directie; cursa; procedeu cover ~ manta, inveli, camasa; pelicula cover ~ a acoperi; a mveli; a proteja; a vopsi; a unge coverage ~ domeniu; acoperire covering ~ invelis., acoperire, izolafie; strat acoperitor. strat de protectie cowl ~ tromba (de aerisire) coxswain - sef de barca; timonier crab ~ troliu; autolift; masjna de ridicat crack ~ crapatura; fisura; ruptura crack ~ a (se) crapa; a sfarama; a deteriora, a rupe, a sparge; a (se) fisura, cracking fisurare

crack off ~ a se scoroji crack-up ~ spartura; ruptura cracky ~ fragil; casant cradle ~ cuzinet de sprijin craft ~ ambarcatie cramp ~ clama cramp ~ a strange
34

35crane ~ macara
crank ~ maniveia crank and connecting rod assembly ~ mecanism biela-manivela crank arm ~ brat de maniveia crack axle ~ ax/ arbore cotit crank cheek - brat de maniveia crankcase - carterul motorului crank end of connecting rod - cap de biela crankpin ~ fus maneton/de biela crankshaft ~ arbore cotit; arbore motor crash - distrugere; ruptura; spartura:crapatura; fisura crash ~ a sforma; a distruge crease ~ ruptura; spartura; indoitura crew - echipaj crew's list - rol al echipajului crinkling ~ flambaj cripple ~ a se deforma criterion ~ criteriu; caracteristica;
principiu

critical ~ critic; hotarator; decisiv critical point ~ punct critic critical speed ~ viteza critica crook - indoitura; strambare; carlig crook ~ a indoi; a curba; a mcovoia crooked ~ curbat; deviat; fndoit;

stramb; deformat cross ~ cruce; piese de legatura cross ~ transversal: incrucis,at; perpendicular cross ~ a incrucia; a traversa; a (se) intersecta cross-bar - traversa; bara transversala cross-beam ~ traversal balansier cross chisel ~ dalta in cruce cross-cut ~ retezare crossed ~ incrucis,at cross girder ~ traversa 36 crosshead ~ cruce cardanica; cap de cruce; capul bielei crosshead bushing ~ bucs,a capului de cruce crosshead guide ~ glisiera capului de cruce crosshead pin ~ bulonul capului de cruce cross out ~ a incrucis.a crossover reductie crosswise ~ in cruce crowbar ~ ranga cu gheare; drug crown ~ varf, coroana: diamant (ancora) crowned ~ sferic; bombat; convex crown nut ~ piulita crenelata crude ~ crud; neprelucrat; brut crude oil titei cruiser ~ crucis.ator cruise ship ~ nava de croaziera crumbling ~ faramitare crumbly - sfaramicios; friabil crush ~ sfarmare; strivire

crush ~ a rupe: a sparge; a strivi; a crapa crushing - strivire; turtire crust ~ crusta; strat superficial cube - cub; puterea a treia cube ~ a ridica la cub/la puterea a treia cubic ~ cubic cubical ~ volumetric: spatial; cubic; de gradul al treilea cubic capacity ~ cilindree; capacitate cilindrica: cubaj cubic feet ~ picioare patrate (u.m.) cuff ~ garnitura presetupei cup ~ mans.eta: inel; segment; garnitura de etans.are; gresor; ungator curb ~ opritor; limitator; fixator current ~ curent; curgere; flux current repair ~ reparatie curenta current revision ~ revizie curenta cursor ~ cursor; glisor cursory trecator; accidental curve - grafic; curba caracteristica curve ~ a (se) arcui; a (se) bolti curved ~ incovoiat; indoit; curbat; stramb; arcuit cushion ~ tampon; amortizor cushion ~ a amortiza; a captus. i cushioning ~ garnitura elastica; ciocnire; tamponare; lovire; amortizare cushion the stress ~ a amortiza tensiunea cut ~ rectificare; sjefuire; ascutire; taiere cut/cut/cut ~ a taia; a reteza cut across ~ a intersecta: a intretaia

cut away ~ taiat; retezat cut back ~ a dilua; a dizolva; a fluidiza cut-in- a cupla cut off ~ a opri; a decupla; a deconecta; a bloca cut off lever ~ maneta de decuplare cut out ~ intrerupator cut out ~ a intrerupe, a deconecta cuts ~ ingustari cut through ~ a gauri; a perfora; a strapunge cutting machine ~ mas.ina de taiat cutting off ~ inchidere; separare; retezare; debitare cuttle side hublou cycle ~ ciclu; perioada; proces ciclic cycle ~ a repeta periodic cyclical ~ circular; periodic; ciclic cylinder ~ cuzinet; cilindru cylinder block ~ blocul cilindrilor, bloc motor cylinder capacity - capacitate cilindrica cylinder cooling water inlet ~ apa de racire a cilindrului la intrare cylinder cover ~ chiulasa, capac al cilindrilor cylinder exhaust branch ~ derivatie (ramnificatie) de evacuare a cilindrului cylinder head ~ chiulasa cylinderhead gasket ~ garnitura de chiulasa cylinder in-line engine ~ motor cu
cilindri in linie

cylinder jacket mantaua cilindrului cylinder liner - camas.a cilindrului cylinder liner collar ~ manonul camasji cilindrului cylinder lubricating oil stud - bolt
de lubrifiere cylinder oil - ulei de cilindri cylinder oil groove ~ canelura pentru ulei de cilindru

cylinder sleeve ~ camas.a cilindrului cylinder volume ~ cilindree cylindrical ~ cilindric


37D

D
dacantation ~ decantare
damage ~ a deteriora, a defecta, a avaria damage ~ avarie, defectare, deteriorare, pana damage control ~ control de avarie; serviciu de siguranta a navei damage repairs ~ depanare damage report - raport de avarie damage survey - expertiza de avarie damp-proof- etan la patrunderea umiditatii; rezistent la umiditate damp ~ amortizare damp ~ ud, umed dampen-out ~ a se umezi damper ~ amoitizor damping amortizare damping action ~ efect de strangulare damping chuck ~ mandrina de strangere

damping resistance ~ rezistenta de franare damping spring ~ amoitizor dangerous ~ periculos dark ~ negru; de culoare inchisa dashpot ~ amortizor dashpot ~ cilindru de frana; amortizor; perna de aer data ~ date; informatii; indicii date ~ a data date ~ data, perioada, termen datum level ~ suprafata de baza/de referinta davit ~ gruie (de ambarcatiune) day off - zi de odihna, zi libera daylight ~ trecere sub presa dead ~ fSra curent neincarcat dead axel ~ osie fixa; ax purtator dead center ~ punct mort dead end - capat mort dead eye ~ gas.a, inimioara dead level ~ nivel constant; nivel de baza dead load ~ sarcina constanta dead point ~ punct mort dead slow ~ foarte incet (mas.ini) dead space ~ spatiu vatamator dead stroke ~ cursa moarta (a pistonului) dead work ~ opera moarta dead zone ~ zona moarta/ de stagnare deaden ~ a deconecta; a siabi; a amortiza; a astupa deadweight ~ greutate proprie; capacitate de transport deadwood ~ spatiu mort; masiv de nava; osatura pupa

deaeration ~ dezaerare deaering ~ dezaerare deaf- surd deafner - amortizor deallocate - a dezafecta decant - a (se) depune, a decanta, a filtra decanting - decantare decarbonize - decarbonizare decay - a diminua, a scadea decay fisiune decay - scadere, diminuare; degradare a materialelor decelerate - a frana, a mics.ora viteza; a intarzia

decelerated motion - micare


incetinita/intarziata deceleration - franare, acceleratie negativa, incetinire, intarziere decentration descentrare decimal ~ zecimal 38

D
decision ~ decizie, hotarare deck ~ punte

deck department - sectia punte?


departament punte deck machinery - masjni auxiliare de punte, mecanisme de punte deck superstructure suprastructura (pe puntea navei) deckering - ingros,are deckplug - dop la bordajul puntii decline ~ a (se) slabi; a (se) micora; a ceda decline - declin, scadere. mic$orare declivity - panta, inclinare

declutch - a debreia decompress - a reduce presiunea decompression valve - supapa de decompresie decontaminate - a dezinfecta, a degazifica decouple - a decupla decoupling - decuplare, deconectare decrease - a mics,ora. a descresje, a diminua, a scadea decrease - mics.orare, diminuare; red u cere decrement - descretere; amortizare;ate nu are dedendum circle - cere interior (la roti dintate) deduct - a scadea, a deduce deep - adancime deep ~ adanc deep sea - largul marii deep-sea liner - nava de linie care face curse lungi deep-sea tramp - nava fara orar fix care face curse lungi defective - defect, deficient, incomplet; deteriorat deficiency - deficient! lipsa deficient - defectuos, insuficient define - a defini, a preciza; a fixa definite-purpose motor - motor cu destinatie speciala definition - descriere, defmire; defmitie deflate - a goli, a dezumfla deflect a indoi, a curba, a devia, a stramba, a tncovoia deflect - fndoire, curbare

deflecting force - forta de deviere/de incovoiere deflecting torque - cuplu activ/motor deflection - abatere, deviere; sageata de incovoiere deflectivity - capacitate de a rezista la incovoiere deflectometer - flexometru deflector deflector deform - a deforma deformability - deformabilitate deformation - deformare, deformatie deforming - deformare, deformatie defrosting - decongelare. dezghetare degreasing - degresare degree calitate degree - grad, ordin, rang degree centigrade - grad Celsius degree of fullness ~ grad de umplere delay - a intarzia delay intarziere delayed action - incetinire, intarziere, efect de inertie delete - a anula, a terge, a elimina delineate ~ a schita. a desena deliver - a distribui, a livra, a furniza delivery - debit (de pompare); debitare; predare delivery air - aer insuflat delivery end - cap de livrare/de ies,ire 39D delivery gauge ~ manometru de refulare delivery mecanism ~ mecanism de

formare delivery outlet ~ orificiu de evacuare/de refulare delivery pipe - conducta de evacuare; conducta de refulare sub presiune delivery pressure - presiune de refulare delivery pump ~ pomps de refulare delivery rate ~ viteza de pompare delivery side ~ fata de apasare: parte de iesjre delivery tube ~ conducta de evacuare delivery valve ~ supapa de presiune/de refulare; ventil de golire dell ~ tesitura deltoid ~ triunghiular demixing ~ stratificare, separare in straturi demonstrate ~ a demonstra, a dovedi, a justifica, a prezenta demount ~ a demonta demountable ~ demontabil demounting ~ demontare denary ~ zecimal denial ~ negatie denominate - a denumi denominate ~ concret denote ~ a denota, a indica, a denumi, a insemna, a nota, a marca dense ~ dens, etan, compact denseness ~ densitate densimeter ~ densimetru density - densitate; impermeabilitate;desime; concentratie

denumerable ~ numarabil departure ~ plecare dependence ~ dependents dephased ~ defazat deplete ~ a goli, e epuiza deploy - a desfas.ura depose ~ depunere, sedimentare deposit - a (se) depune deposit ~ depunere, sediment, depozit deposit of scale ~ depunere de crusta/de piatra depositing ~ depozitare depress ~ a apasa; a deconecta depression ~ apasare (pe un buton) depth ~ adancime depth of penetration ~ adancime de patrundere derating ~ reducere a sarcinii de functionare; subregim derelict ~ abandonat. pSrasit derelict ~ epava in deriva derivation ~ derivatie. brans,ament. bifurcate derive ~ a deriva, a deduce, a trage concluzii. a decurge din: a obtine; a proveni derrick ~ biga de marfa. macara derust - a indeparta rugina desactivation dezactivare descale ~ a coji. a curata de piatra descend ~ a (se) cobori descending ~ coborare desert ~ a abandona. ; irasi design ~ a proiecta, a executa un proiect; a desena; a calcula design ~ plan: proiect; desen; schita;

schema; calcul designate ~ a desemna; a indica; a denumi: a marca: a nota; a arSta: a semna designation ~ desemnare (a cuiva); marcare; indicare; notare; destinatie
40

D
designer - desenator; proiectant; constructor designing ~ proiectare desk ~ pupitru de comanda detach ~ a decupla; a detas,a; a desprinde; a separa detachable ~ detas.abil. schimbabil. demontabil, amovibil detachment ~ detas,are. separare. desprindere detail ~ a detalia detail ~ reper detain ~ a retine. a impiedica. a opri, a frana detect ~ a detecta detectable ~ detectabil detecting ~ detectare detection ~ descoperire, identificare, observare detent ~ declan$.are: limitator de cursa; dispozitiv de decuplare; mecanism de oprire; clichet de blocare; opritor deteriorate ~ a (se) deteriora, a (se) strica determinable - determinabil determination ~ stabilire, defmire; determinare; calcul; dozare determine ~ a determina; a fixa; a

constata; a stabili; a preciza determined ~ determinat; fixat; precizat; stabilit; constatat develop ~ a dezvolta, a desfa$.ura developable - desfas.urabil development ~ dezvoltare; perfectionare: extindere,desfa$,urare deviate - a devia, a se abate deviation ~ decalaj, deviatie, abatere deviation ratio ~ raport, coeficient de deviatie device ~ dispozitiv, aparat, mecanism,plan, schema__________________ device for adjusting/stopping ~ dispozitiv de oprire, opritor; frana devil's claw ~ gheara de drac (pentru bolturile lanturilor de ancora) devise ~ a concepe, a proiecta dewater ~ a deshidrata diaclase ~ ruptura. spartura diagnose ~ a detecta erori/ defectiuni diagnostic ~ stabilire a erorilor/ defectiunilor diagonal ~ diagonal, oblic; contradiagonala diagonal member ~ diagonals; bara diagonals diagram ~ diagrams, schema, grafic. organigrams, schema de calcul. figurS, ilustratie. desen explicativ diagrammatic ~ grafic dial - a combina, a forma un numar de telefon dial ~ cadran,scala,scara,saiba de reglare

dial gauge ~ ceasomic comparator. comparator cu cadran; calibru cu disc cu numere diameter ~ diametru diamond ~ rombic, romboidal diaphragm ~ membranS, diafragmS; perete despSrtitor diaphragm gauge ~ manometru cu membranS diaphragm pump ~ pompS cu diafragmS diaphragm valve ~ supapS-disc; supapS cu membranS dibasic ~ bibazic die ~ filierS dielectric test ~ verificare a izolatiei dielectric/ dielectrical ~ (material) izolant diesel engine ~ motor diesel
41D

diesel fuel ~ motorina; combustibil pentru motoare diesel diesel generating set ~ grup electrogen cu motor diesel diesel liner ~ camasa de cilindru a unui motor diesel diesel oil ~ motorina speciala diesel oil tank ~ tanc de motorina speciala diesel-electric drive ~ actionare diesel-electrica diesel-fuel index ~ indice diesel la motorina diesel-powered generator ~ generator diesel differ ~ a diferi; a abate; a devia; a se deosebi

difference ~ diferenta, crestere, rest differential hoist ~ plan differential differential shunt motor ~ motor antisunt/cu excitatie serie preponderenta differential tackle ~ plan diferential differential-piston enginee ~ motor cu pistoane diferentiale difficulty ~ dificultate diffuse ~ a difuza, a raspandi diffuser ~ difuzor al compresorului diffusible ~ difuzabil diffusion pump ~ pompa cu difuzie digest ~ a rezuma, a clasifica, a sistematiza digit ~ cifra, unitate binara: pozitie dilatable ~ dilatabil; extensibil dilate ~ a dilata dilation/dilatation ~ dilatare diluant ~ diluant dilute ~ a dilua, a dizolva diluting diluare dilution ~ diluare; dilutie dimension ~ a masura, a dimensiona dimension ~ dimensiune, masurare dimension limit system ~ sistem de tolerante dimgey/dinghy ~ pui (barca mica) diminish - a diminua; a slabi; a micora; a scadea; a reduce dimple ~ adancitura; ondulatie; fncretitura dint ~ proeminenta; iesitura dip ~ a atarna o ancora dip - a scufunda; a afunda dip - Tnmuiere (in lichid) dip angle - unghi de inclinare dip into ~ a (se) scufunda (in)

dip the flag ~ a saluta cu pavilionul diphase ~ bifazat dipper dredger ~ draga cu lingura; excavator cu roata portcupe direct ~ a dirija; a comanda; a conduce;a indrepta; a directiona direct ~ direct; nemijlocit direct acting pump ~ pompa cu actiune directs direct coupling ~ cuplare directaVmecanica a arborilor a doua masjni direct current ~ curent continuu direct current generator generator de curent continuu direct drive ~ actionare directa direct driven dynamo ~ dinam cuplat direct direct impedance ~ impedanta mecanica directa direct injection type diesel engine ~ motor diesel fara compresor direct motor driven ~ motor cu actionare individuals
42

D
direct operating/operated ~ cu actiune directa direct reversing main engine motor principal reversibil direct speed ~ priza directa direct speeds ~ viteze ale axului/arborelui cu angrenajul intermediar decuplat direct steam turbine ~ turbina cu abur direct

direct stress ~ tensiune normals directed ~ oriental directing force - forta de dirijare/de restabilire direction finder ~ indicator de directie direction of a force ~ directie/sens al unei forte directions ~ instructiuni de functionare directions of use ~ instructiuni de folosire directive ~ dirijat directive force ~ forta de dirijare directivity ~ efect directiv directly coupled ~ cuplat direct directness orientare director devices ~ aparataj de reglare sj comanda dirt - gunoi. murdarie, noroi dirt trap - separator de impuritati disadjust ~ a deregla disadvantage ~ dezavantaj disassemble ~ a dezasambla, a demonta disassembling ~ dezasamblare de montare disassembly ~ demontare, demontaj disc/disk ~ s.aiba, disc, roata de curea: rondela. taler. Lamela discharge ~ a descarca: a elimina; a goli; adebita discharge ~ descarcare: debit; consum; iesire; eliminare discharge chamber ~ camera de evacuare

discharge cock ~ robinet de golire/de evacuare discharge connection ~ racord de evacuare discharge gate ~ orificiu de scurgere discharge gauge - manometru de refulare discharge line ~ conducta de descarcare/de evacuare/de refulare / de scurgere discharge nozzle ~ ajutaj de evacuare discharge of ballast ~ delestare discharge of pump ~ debit al pompei discharge of water ~ evacuarea apei discharge pipe ~ teava de scurgere. conducta de golire discharge pressure ~ presiune de evacuare discharge pump - pompa de evacuare discharge regulator ~ regulator de debit discharge stop valve ~ supapa de inchidere a refularii discharge valve ~ robinet/supapa/valva de evacuare, de descarcare, de golire discharge valve ~ supapa de presiune/de refulare/de evacuare discharge valve cage cap ~ piesa intermediara a ventilului de refulare discharged - descarcat dischargement ~ descarcare

discharge-metter - debitmetru discharging ~ descarcare discharging device ~ dispozitiv de evacuare/descarcare discharging gear ~ instalatie de descarcare
43D

disclosure ~ deschidere disconnect - a debreia; a deconecta disconnecting ~ debreiere, decuplare disconnection - debreiere; intrerupere discontinuity - discontinuitate, intrerupere discontinuous operation/running functionare discontinua discontinuously ~ discontinuu, intrerupt discoupling ~ decuplare, deconectare discover - a gasi, a descoperi. a afla. A constata discovery ~ descoperire discrepancy ~ divergenta, nepotrivire;deosebire; discrepanta; abatere; inexactitate discrete ~ discret; discontinuu; separat discriminate ~ a deosebi disengage ~ a decupla; a intrerupe; a deconecta disengageable ~ decuplabil disengaging ~ dezangrenare, decuplare disengaging (cone) bolt coupling ~

cuplaj cu bolt pentru decuplare disengaging clutch - ambreiaj disengaging device/gear mecanism de dezangrenare/de decuplare disentangle - a descurca dished ~ de forma concava disjoint ~ disjunct; altemativ disk/disc ~ saiba, disc disk brake - frana cu discuri disk motor ~ motor cu discuri disk piston ~ piston-disc dislodge ~ a disloca dismantle ~ a demonta (in piese separate) dismantle a ship ~ a dezafecta o nava dismantling ~ de demontare
44

dismount ~ a demonta dismountable - demontabil dismountable joining ~ imbinare demontabila dismounting - de demontare disoperate ~ a scoate din functiune dispersal ~ dispersie, imprastiere displace ~ a deslocui; a deplasa; a inlocui; a avea un deplasament de...; a disloca (un anumit volum de apa) displacement - dezlocuire; impingere; eliminare: translate; deplasare; cilindree; debit; deplasament al navei displacement/displacement tonnagedeplasament displacement blower ~ compresor cu piston

displacement curve - curba a deplasamentului displacement motor ~ motor volumetric displacement of cylinder ~ capacitate cilindrica displacement pump ~ pompa volumica; pompa cu piston plonjor display ~ a expune, a prezenta. a arata. A desfasura disposal ~ evacuare disposal of waste water evacuarea apelor reziduale disposition ~ amplasare, aezare; dispozitie disrupt ~ a rupe in bucati, a sfasja dissimilar ~ diferit dissimilarity - diferenta, deosebire dissipate - a disipa; a pierde dissipation ~ pierdere, dispersie dissolution - dizolvare dissolvent solvent dissymmetry asimetrie____________

D
distance piece ~ distantier; adaus distillation ~ distilare distillation plant ~ instalatie de distilare distilled water - apa distilata distort ~ a deforma, a stramba; a torsada distortion ~ distorsiune, deformare, strambare distress ~ sinistru maritim naufragiu:primejdie pe mare

distress flares ~ rachete de sinistru distribute ~ a distribui, a difuza distributing box - camera de distribute distribution ~ distribuire. distributie; remificatie; raspandire distribution branches ~ ramificatii de distributie distribution diagram ~ diagrama de distributie distribution switchboard - tablou de distributie distributor ~ distribuitor disturb ~ a deranja, a intrerupe, a se defecta disturb - anomalie. perturbatie, deranjament dither - semnal de superpozitie diver ~ scafandru diverter ~ derivator divide ~ a imparti; a diviza; a separa divided by ~ impartit la divider ~ piesa de ramificatie division ~ diviziune, separare, sector,compartiment. Sectie dockage ~ andocare docking ~ andocare dockyard - santier naval doctor - mecanism auxiliar; adaptor document ~ document dog ~ clema, clichet, gheara, dinte; opritor dog/clutch ~ cuplaj cu dinti dogs ~ clete dolly ~ troliu dome ~ capac. calota. capota domestic ~ de uz casnic, menajer

domestic equipment ~ echipament de uz gospodaresc donkey ~ motor auxiliar, masina auxiliara donkey boiler ~ caldarina donkey fan ~ ventilator auxiliar donkey-engine ~ maina auxiliara/motor auxiliar donkeyman ~ mecanic de auxiliare donkeypump ~ pompa auxiliara dory ~ barca de pescuit cu fund plat dosing valve ~ supapa de dozare dosing vessel ~ vas de dozare double-acting ~ cu dublu efect, cu dubla actiune double-sided ~ cu doua fete, bilateral double ~ dublu double acting cylinder ~ cilindru cu dubla acjiune/dublu efect double pump - pompa cu doi cilindri double safety valve ~ supapa dubla de siguranta double-acting piston pump ~ pompa cu piston cu dubla actiune double-bottom ~ dublu-fund double-bottom (tank) ~ (tanc) de dublu fund double-bottom ceiling ~ punte de dublu fund double-check ~ control dublu double-duty ~ cu functiune dubla double-duty ship/vessel ~ nava combinata (minereu si cereale) 45D double-piston enginee ~ motor cu doua pistoane opuse

doubling ~ dublare; de dublare dovetail ~ in forma de coada de randunica dowel ~ pivot, tift down ~ jos; in jos down stroke ~ cursa descendenta downcomer tube ~ teava descendenta downflow - conducta deversoare downtake ~ descendent downtime ~ perioada de repaus a echipamentului downward/downwards ~ in jos draft ~ a elabora, a concepe, a redacta, a schita, a proiecta draft ~ project plan, schita, desen; pescaj draft tube ~ teava de aspiratie drafting ~ desen tehnic drag - draga; frana. rezistenta la inaintare; sabot de frana drag brake ~ frana de incetinire drag off - a cara, a remorca drain ~ a drena; a goli drain ~ drenaj; golire; uscare drain arrangement ~ instalatie de santina drain cock ~ robinet de golire/de descarcare/de evacuare/de drenaj drain off- a cadea, a se elimina drain off the cooling ~ a goli apa de racire drain pipe ~ teava de scurgere/de evacuare/de drenare drain plug ~ dop al orificiului de scurgere

drain tap ~ robinet de golire/de e vac u are drain valve ~ robinet de golire/de evacuare drain well ~ put de drenaj/de santina drainage ~ drenaj drainage tube ~ conducta de prea plin drainer ~ rezervor de decantare draining off ~ drenare draining out ~ evacuare, indepartare drain-off - a drena drain-off valve ~ supapa de drenare draught ~ pescaj draw/drew/drawn ~ a extrage; a calca: a desena draw in ~ a trage inauntru. a absorbi draw off ~ a extrage; a aspira draw out ~ a scoate; a extrage; a evacua: a ridica; a desena; a schita draw up ~ a elabora, a proiecta drawing ~ desen tehnic

drawing pump ~ pompa de aspiratie dredge ~ a draga dredger - draga dredging dragare dress ~ a finisa; a prelucra; a netezi; a poliza; a ajusta dribble ~ a picura drift ~ deriva; abatere; deplasare; c urge re drill ~ burghiu drilling ~ gaurire; forare drilling machine - mas.ina de gaurit

drive/drove/driven ~ a actiona, a pune in mis.care drive - propulsie. actionare, transmisie drive ability ~ motricitate drive through ~ a perfora, a infige driven ~ actionat, antrenat driver ~ element de actionare; mecanic; mas.inist
46

D
driveshaft/drive shaft ~ arbore motor; osie motoare driving - actionare, comanda, transmisie driving gear ~ mecanism de antrenar e driving mechanism ~ mecanism motor/de antrenare; propulsor driving power ~ forta motrice, putere de actionare driving torque ~ cuplu motor drop-in - a picura drop ~ a scapa; a lasa sa cada; a arunca; a pica; a picura; a cobori; a mceta (lucrul) drop lubrication ~ ungere prin picurare drop out ~ a cadea. a se elimina drop test - incercare la oc prin cadere droplet ~ picatura mica dropper ~ ungator dropping ~ scadere; inclinare; cadere;reducere; coborare

drown ~ a inunda; a (se) Tneca drum ~ tambur; colector; cilindru; valt;toba dry-air pump ~ pompa cu aer uscat dry ~ a usca dry uscat dry dock ~ doc uscat dry exhaust ~ evacuare uscata dry out ~ a (se) usca dry run - functionare fara lubrifiant dry steam - abur uscat dryer ~ uscator drying ~ uscare, deshidratare dual ~ dual, dublu duality - dualitate duct ~ conducta duct keel-chilatunel ductility ~ ductilitate, maleabilitate dull ~ optuz. neascutit; mat dumb barge ~ lep nepropulsat. s.alanda dummy - orb, fals, provizoriu dump out ~ a goli, a rasturna, a varsa duplicate ~ a dubla duplicate ~ piesa de schimb/amovibila durability ~ durabilitate: rezistenta la uzura durable ~ durabil, permanent, rezistent,stabil duration ~ durata, perioada (de timp) dust ~ a prafui. a curata de praf dust ~ praf duty ~ solicitare, sarcina duty cycle ~ ciclu de functionare dying out ~ amortizare a oscilatiilor dynamic ~ dinamic

dynamometer ~ dimamometru, aparat pentru determinarea rezistentei la tractiune E ear ~ ureche. toarta. inel; maner earth ~ pamant, sol. Teren earthing elements ~ elemente impamantare ease ~ a usura. a descSrca. a elibera. A lua din carma ease off- a reduce viteza ease speed to ... ~ a reduce viteza la ease the engine - a reduce viteza easily ~ uor. cu uurinta easy ~ us,or eat away ~ a coroda eat through ~ a coroda eater - substanta coroziva ebonite ~ ebonita eccentric ~ excentric eccentric drive/gear ~ mecanism cu excentric eccentricity ~ excentricitate economical speed ~ viteza economica economiser/economizer ~ preincalzitor; recuperator de caldura economy ~ economic edge ~ a bordura, a tesj edge - margine. bordura, muchie edge stress ~ tensiune la muchie eduction ~ evacuare, golire eductor - ejector effect ~ a efectua, a realiza, a Tndeplini,a provoca, a cauza

effect ~ elect, actiune. intluenta. Fenomen effective ~ eficient, efectiv, real effective area - suprafata de lucru utila effective capacity - putere utila effective efficiency ~ randament efectiv effective horsepower ~ cal putere efectiv effective load - incarcatura utila effective power ~ forta efectiva effective pressure ~ presiune efectiva effective stroke ~ cursa utila effective work ~ lucru mecanic util efficiency - eficienta, randament efficient - eficient Efficient Deck Hand ~ marinar brevetat effluence ~ scurgere, pierdere effluent pump ~ pompa de ape uzate efflux ~ scurgere; eflux eject ~ a emite, a scoate ejection ~ aruncare, tanire, evacuare ejector ~ ejector, aruncator elaboration ~ elaborare; prelucrare elapse ~ a consuma elastic after-effect ~ actiune elastica ulterioara elastic deformation ~ deformatie elastica elbow ~ cot elbowed ~ cotit electric systems and apparatus ~

aparate i instalatii electrice electolyte ~ electrolit electric electric electric charge ~ sarcina electrica electric current ~ curent electric electric drive ~ actionare electrica electric equipment fitting ~ armatura instalatia electrica electric field ~ camp electric electric potential - potential electric electric propulsion ship ~ nava cu propulsie electrica electric set ~ grup electrogen electrical - electric electrical installation - instalatie electrica electrical linkage - legatura electrica Electrical Officer ~ ofiter electromecanic electrical power ~ putere/energie electrica electrician ~ electrician 48 electricity ~ electricitate electricity supply ~ distribute de energie electrica electrolytic acid ~ acid pentru acumulatoare electromagnet ~ electromagnet electromagnetic clutch ~ ambreiaj electromagnetic; cuplaj electromagnetic electromagnetic couple ~ ambreiaj electromagnetic electromagnetic induction ~ inductie electromagnetica

electromagnetical brake ~ frana electromagnetica electromechanical drive anirenare electromecanica electromechanics ~ electromecanica electromechanic ~ electromecanic electromotive ~ electromotor electromotive force ~ tensiune electromotoare electromotor ~ electromotor, motor electric electronic digital ~ digital/numeric electronic element ~ element; dispozitiv elevating screw ~ vinci cu s.urub elevation ~ inaitime, profiL sectiune verticala elevator ~ elevator, ascensor, lift eliminate ~ a elimina; a compensa, a egaliza ellipse ~ elipsa; oval elliptical-eliptic; oval elongated alungit elongation ~ alungire, extensiune emanate ~ a emana emanation ~ emanatie embark - a (se) imbarca embed ~ a inchide; a mgloba, a introduce; a incorpora; a incastra embedded ~ scufundat; mcastrat embedding ~ incastrare embossing die ~ matrita de tantat emerge - a aparea, a iesj in evidenta emergency ~ alarma; de avarie emergency lighting ~ iluminat de siguranta

emergency stop device - mecanism de oprire in caz de urgenta emery ~ smirghel emery cloth ~ hartie de mirghel empiric ~ empiric emplacement ~ amplasare, aezare; punere in pozitie employ ~ a folosi, a intrebuinta, a utiliza emptiness ~ spatiu gol/neocupat empting device ~ dispozitiv de golire empty ~ a goli, a evacua empty ~ gol, vid emptying ~ golire emulsification ~ emulsionare enamelling emailare encase ~ a inchide, a tncaseta enclose ~ a inchide, a mcadra, a imprejmui enclosed ~ protejat, inchis, capsulat end-cut ~ retezare end ~ capat, margine, sfar^it, limita, inchidere, incheiere, terminare end link ~ za, cap de lant, cheie terminal a end play ~joc axial end reaction - reactie in reazem endanger ~ a pune in pericol, a periclita endless ~ infmit, ftra sfars.it endless chain ~ lant fara sfarit endless screw - angrenaj melcat endurance ~ anduranta, rezistenta la oboseala, durabilitate 49 endurance limit ~ limita de rezistenta la oboseala

energy ~ energie energy balance ~ bilant energetic engage ~ a cupla, a ambreia, a conecta engagement ~ cuplare, anbreiere, angrenare engine - motor engine bed ~ batiu al motorului engine casing ~ put al masjnii engine compartment ~ sala a masinilor engine coolant - agent de racire al motorului engine department ~ sectia masini (departament maini) engine drive ~ actionare cu motor engine exhaust system - sistem de evacuare al motorului engine failure ~ avarie la mas. ini engine fitter - mecanic, montor; lacatus. ajustor engine foundation ~ fundatia motorului engine fuel carburant engine governor - regulatorul motorului engine house ~ compartiment al mainilor engine misfire ~ rateuri in functionarea
motorului

engine output - putere a motorului engine room installations ~ instalatii compartiment masjni engine room journal -jumal de masini

engine room staff- personalul mas.inii engine room telegraph ~ telegraf de marina engine room/engineroom ~ compartimentul masini, sala maini engine shaft ~ arbore motor engine thermal loading ~ sarcina termica a motorului engine torque ~ cuplu motor engine-driven fan ~ ventilator actionat de motor engineer-in-charge ~ mecanic de cart engineer inginer engineer cadet ~ mecanic stagiar engineer's book ~ jurnal de mas. ini engineer's wrench ~ cheie mecanica engineering ~ inginerie, tehnologie engineering description ~ descriere tehnica engineering factors ~ condifii tehnice engineering shop ~ atelier mecanic, sectie mecanica engineer-officer of the watch ~ mecanic de bord Engler degree ~ grad Engler (unitate de masura pentru vascozitatea cinematica) engrave ~ a grava enhance ~ a mari. a intensifica, a creste, a spori, a amplifica enlarge ~ a mari, a laigi enlargement ~ marire, largire. extindere, amplificare enrich - a imbogati

ensign ~ pavilion national ensure ~ a asigura enter ~ a intra. a introduce, a patrunde enthalphy ~ entalpie entirely ~ in Tntregim \ totalitate entrain - a antrena, a cupla entrance ~ deschidere, admisie, intrare entrap ~ a inchide, a capta entropy ~ entropie entry ~ intrare, inregistrare enumeration - enumerare. numarare envelope ~ invelis, camaa; manta, teaca environment ~ mediu inconjurator; vecinatate epoxy resin ~ ra$.ina epoxidica
50

epuration ~ epurare equal - a fi egal cu equal ~ egal; echivalent; identic equaling ~ egalizare, finisare equidistant ~ la distanta egala equilibrium - echilibru equipartition - distribute uniforma; repartitie egala equipment ~ echipament, utilaj, aparatura. Instalatie equivalent - echivalent, identic, sinonim; egal erect - a ridica. a monta, a inalta, a asambla, a construi erect ~ ridicat, perpendicular, drept erection ~ asamblare ergonomics ~ ergonomie erode ~ a eroda; a coroda

erosion - eroziune, erodare erratic ~ accidental, intamplator error ~ eroare, abatere escape ~ a scapa, a se elibera, a deversa escape ~ iesjre. eliberare. es,apament,scapare. Scurgere escape velocity ~ viteza de invingere a atractiei gravitational essential ~ esential fundamental, elementar establish ~ a pune la punct, a organiza,a stabili estimate ~ a aprecia, a estima, a evalua estimate ~ estimate, apreciere. Evaluare evaluation ~ evaluare, apreciere, estimare, calcul evaporate ~ a (se) evapora evaporation ~ evaporare evaporator ~ vaporizator even ~ a netezi, a nivela, a egala even ~ egal, uniform; (numar) par evenly uniform evenness ~ planitate everlasting ~ durabil evolution - degajare. emisie; evolutie ex ~ fost exact ~ a cere, a solicita exact - exact, precis exactness ~ exactitate, precizie, acurateta. Rigurozitate examination ~ examinare, observare, studiere, inspectare, cercetare, verificare, revizie

examine ~ a cerceta, a examina exceed - a depa$,I except ~ a excepta except - afara de, cu exceptia excess - excedent, exces, surplus; preaplin excess load ~ suprasarcina, supraincarcare exchange ~ a schimba, a inlocui exchange engine ~ motor de schimb exchangeability ~ interschimbabilitate exchangeable ~ de schimb, interschimbabil exchanger - schimbator; schimbator de caldura exclusion ~ excludere exfoliation - cojire, scorojire exhalation ~ degajare, emanatie, abur, vapori exhaust ~ a evacua. a goli; a sufla, a purja exhaust ~ es. apament evacuare, emisiune exhaust belt ~ zona de evacuare exhaust fan - exhauster, ventilator de aspiratie exhaust gas ~ gaz de evacuare exhaust-gas boiler ~ caldarina recuperatoare exhaust gas inlet ~ orificiu de evacuare gaze exhaust gas silencer ~ toba evacuare gaze exhaust gas temperature temperatura gazului de evacuare 51 exhaust gas turbocharging -

turbosuflanta cu gaze de evacuare exhaust gas turbocharger turbosuflanta pentru gaze de evacuare exhaust lead - avans la evacuare exhaust manifold - cot de esapament; galerie de evacuare exhaust manifold system - sistem de esapare exhaust of gases - esapamentul gazelor exhaust pipe - conducts de evacuare exhaust piping - tevi de evacuare exhaust pulse energy - energie oscilanta de evacuare exhaust stroke - cursa de evacuare a pistonului exhaust system - sistem de evacuare exhaust temperature - temperatura de evacuare exhaust valve - supapa/ventil de evacuare/de esapament exhaust valve gear - mecanism cu supapa de evacuare exhaust vent - ventilator de aspiratie exhauster exhauster exhausting orifice - orificiu de evacuare exhaustion evacuare exhauster ~ aspirator exit - iesire. evacuare, esapament exitation - excitatie electrica expand ~ a extinde, a dilata, a dezvolta,a largi, a amplifica

expander - intinzator; mandrinS expansion dilatare expansiune.Detenta expansion chamber - camera de expansiune expansion engine - motor cu expansiune expansion stroke - cursS/timp de detenta expansion turbine - turbina de detenta expantion joint ~ cuplaj, compensator expantion pipe - lira de dilatatie expantion tank - tanc de expansiune expantion vessel - vas de expansiune expedite - a grabi, a urgenta expel ~ a expulza expensive - scump experiment - a experimenta, a incerca experiment - experienta. experiment, incercare, proba experimental - experimental; prototip explode - a exploda, a crapa. a plesni explore - a cerceta, a studia, a explora, a analiza explosimeter ~ explozimetru explosion engine - motor cu explozie explosion turbine - turbina cu gaze "cu explozie " express ~ a exprima

extension - extindere. marire. lungire; alungire specifica extension bar - bara de extensie extensive - intins, vas extent - a extinde. a mari exterior - exterior, extern, lateral external - extern, exterior external governor - regulator extern extinction stingere extinguisher - cxtinctor. stingator extinguishing - stingere extinguishing powders prafuri/pulberi care sting incendii extra-output - putere suplimentara extreme extrem extremity - extremitate, capat eye ochi. ureche. surub cu ochi: ochet eye shield - viziera de protectie eyebolt - ochi de punte cu bolt eyebolt - surub cu ureche/cu ochi 52 F face ~ a finisa; a placa; a poliza: a freza face - fata; suprafata; parte exterioara;fafeta face gear - roata plana faceplate - placa de tabla facility amenajare. instalatie.dispozitiv; utilaj facing - acoperire; finisare; placare; strunjire; garnitura fact - fapt; eveniment; fenomen; realitate

factor - factor; coeficient; divizor fading amortizare Fahrenheit degree - grad Fahrenheit (unitate de masura pentru temperatura) fail - a se opri din lucru; a refuza sa functioneze; a se deteriora failing - defect; greseala failure - defectare, avarie; ruptura, eroare, defect failure crack - crapatura; fisura failure stress - tensiune de rupere faint ~ slab; sters fair - corect; exact; aproximativ fairway - senal navigabil fall - cadere; reducere fall - scadere a mareei fall away - a scadea fall back - a reveni fall back continuare fall down - a (se) prabusi fall off scadere fall over - a trece fall to pieces - a se desface in bucati; a se dezmembra fall/fell/fallen ~ a cadea falling in - cadere; inclinare false keel - chila falsa fam-nut ~ contrapiulita fan - a ventila, a aerisi fan ~ ventilator fan blade - paleta a ventilatorului fan blower - ventilator cu palete fan cooling - racire cu aer fanner - ventilator; suflanta fanning ~ ventilare. ventilatie fast - amarat

fast - parama de legare la cheu fast - tare, rezistent; durabil, stabil, fix;repede, rapid, iute fasten - a fixa; a tmbina fastener - mcheietoare; clema; dispozitiv de fixare; colier de strangere fastening fixare fastening by screws - fixare cu suruburi fastness - rezistenta; stabilitate fat ~ unsoare; gras, unsuros fathom- brat, fathom (1,83m) fatigue ~ a obosi fatigue ~ oboseaia fatigue strength - rezistenta la oboseaia fatty - gras; uleios; unsuros faucet - robinet; ventil; manson; tubulatura; cep; bucsa fault deranjament fault chart - tabel/lista de avarii/defectiuni fault condition ~ stare de avarie fault finder defectoscop fault of construction - defect de fabricate fault of current - intrerupere de curent fault tracing - depanare 53fault-free - depanat, corectat faulting - deranjament; defectare faultless - fara defectc; perfect faulty - defect, defectuos; defectat; deteriorat fay - a ajusta; a pune la punct feasibility fezabilitate feasible ~ posibil; realizabil

feather - a regla o elice cu pas variabi l feather - pana; nervura feather propeller - elice cu pale reversibile feather valve - supapa cu lamela feature ~ a caracteriza; a reprezenta feature ~ caracteristica; semn distinctiv: particularitate fee - onorariu; taxa feeble - slab feed - alimentare; mecanism de avans feed belt - alimentator cu banda feed engine - motor, pompa de alimentare feed entrance ~ orificiu de incarcare feed hole - gaura de ghidare feed into - a introduce feed motor - motor de avans feed pipe ~ conducts de alimentare feed pump - pompa de alimentare feed water - apa potabila; apa de alimentare feed water heater - preincalzitor al apei de alimentare feedback - reactie, autocontrol feed-check valve - valvula control alimentare feeder - put de alimenlare feeder - distributor; mecanism de avans feeder ship - nava de alimentare/aprovizionare 54 feed/fed/fed - a alimenta feeding - avans; alimentare

feeding circuit - circuit de alimentare feeding device - dispozitiv de alimentare; alimentator feeler sensor ferrule - inel; manseta; bordura; bratara; manson; bucsa ferry - feribot; bac de transbordare; pod plutitor field - domeniu fiery - inflamabil figurative - figurativ; grafic figure - a schita; a reprezenta grafic; a calcula figure ~ figura ; margine; diagrama; desen; citra. numar; coeficient figure out - a calcula file - a inregistra; a alinia; a pili file - pila file away - a pili file off - a pili fill - a umple; a satura; a astupa; a alimenta; aincarca fill - umplere fill in ~ a umple; a alimenta fill in/out/up a form - a completa un formular till up ~ a umple; a turna filler - Limplutura; vopsea de grund filler pipe - teava/conducta de umplere fillet - filet de surub; reductie; racord fillet corner - racordare filling - umplere; incarcare; alimentare filling pump - pompa de umplere filling valve - vans de umplere

film - a acoperi cu strat izolator filter ~ a filtra filter - filtru filter layer - strat filtrant filter off/out ~ a filtra filter unit - element de filtru; cartus. filtrant filth murdSrie filtration - infiltrare; filtrare find/found/found - a descoperi; a gasi;a calcula; a determina fine - amends; penalizare; fin; pur; rafinat; subtire; bun fine fit - ajustaj precis fine polishing - lustruire fina finger - bolt; still finish ~ a termina; a fmisa finish - lacuire; terminare; completare;fmisaj finishing finisare fir tree root method - rnetoda radacinii de brad fire-box - camera de ardere; (bear fire - a incalzi; a preincalzi; a arde fire - foe; flacara; incendiu; gratar fire boat ~ navS de stins incendiul fire call - semnal de incendiu fire cock - gura de incendiu fire detection equipment -echipament de deteclare a incendiilor fire exit (emergency) iesire de incendiu fire extinguisher extinctor fire extinguisher - exlinctor cu spuma

fire extinguishing fluid - fluid de stingere a incendiilor fire goods - marfa inflamabilS fire hose - manicS de incendiu, furtun de incendiu fire hose - manica de incendiu fire risk - pericol de incendiu fire up ~ a aprinde; a da foe firebrick - carSmidS refractara firefighting - lupta contra incendiului. \\combatere a incendiilor firefighting equipment echipament/instalatie de lupta contra incendiilor fireman - fochist fireproof - refractar, rezistent la foe fireproof- neinflamabil; rezistent la foe fireproof casing - incinta refractara fireproof dye - vopsea ignifugS fireproof wall - zid ignifug fireproofed wood - lemn ignifugat fireproofing ignifugare firerisk - rise de incendiu fire-tube boiler - caldare ignitubulara firing - aprindere; ardere; incalzire firing pin percutor firm - a (se) intari; a (se) condensa firm- solid; compact; stabil; fix; rigid;tare; ferrn first class ship - nava de prima clasa/de prim rang first gear - viteza intai first mate - ofiter secund first watch - cart de noapte; primul

cart fishing vessel - nava de pescuit fissure - crapatura; fisurS fit ~ a potrivi, a adapta. a ajusta, a instala, a pune la punct, a regla fit - ajustaj; montaj; echipament fit in - a ajusta; a monta fit into each other - a (se) potrivi fit into one another - a imercala fit on - a cala fit out - a arma/a dota o nava fit out - a echipa; a utila fit up ~ a monta; a as.eza; a ajusta; a instala fitment - ajustare; imbinare;'dispozitiv 55. fitness - potrivire; utilitate fitted - montat; instalat; inzestrat; dotat: echipat fitter's shop - atelier de lacatusene fitting ~ accesoriu; armatura fitting out berth - dan a de armare fittings ~ garnitura: set fix ~ a face punctul navei; a amara fix ~ a repara, a fixa, a bloca, a strange, a prinde, a lega; a regla: a monta; a instala; a monta in lagar fixed - fix; fixat; stabil; invariabil; constant; defmit; determinat fixed pitch propeller - elice cu pas constant, elice cu pale fixe fixed point - punct fix; reper fixed propeller curve ~ curba (de functionare) elicei fixe fixed rule ~ regulament

fixing - fixare; prindere; reglare a unei masini fixing screw - surub de fixare fixing tape - brida de fixare flabby - siabit flag - steag, drapel flag ship - nava amiral flake off - a razui flame - a arde cu flacari flame -- flacara flameproof- neinflamabil flammability ~ inflamabilitate flammable ~ inflamabil flange - flansa, brida. eclisa. cordon flange joint - imbinare cu flansa flank - flanc; latura; parte laterala flap - rabatabil: clapa de buzunar flare - a izbucni in Mead flare - mufa; manson; palnie: conicitate flacara: facia flash -jet; sclipire; scanteie; izbucnire;explozie; instantancu flask piston flat - fateta. plan; plat; orizontal; fara curbura flat brush - pensula lata pentru vopsit flat twin engine - motor cu doi cilindri opusi flatten out - a tndrepta; a aplatiza flattening - turtire flaw - a deteriora flaw - crapatura; defect; ruptura; deteriorare flawed - friabil; fragil; casant: rupt; defectuos: gres.it: imperfect flawy ~cu defecte

fleet - flota flex - a curba; a incovoia flexibility - flexibilitate: elasticitate; adaptibilitate flexible - cordon de alimentare; flexibil; elastic flexible clutch - cuplaj elastic flexible hose - furtun flexibil flexible joint - cuplaj flexibil; imbinare mobila flexible pipe - furtun/tub flexibil flexible tank - tanc flexibil/elastic flexion - incovoiere; indoire; curbare flexure - incovoiere flier - volant; nava rapida float - flotor float arm - bratul plutitorului floatable flotabil floating plutitor floating crane - macara plutitoare floating dock - doc plutitor floating matter - suspensii floating works - nava-atelier flood - suvoi; inundatie

56
flooding of the engine ~ inecare a motorului floor - podea; fund interior (la navele cu dublufund) floor out - a pardosi floorings lining - constructii captueli paiol ttoorplate - tabla, tola de varanga flotation flotatie flotation gauge for water level -flotor indicator al nivelului apei flow - a curge, a inunda

flow - debit, flux, curgere curenta flow away - a defecta; a deteriora flow chart - schema a procesului tehnologic flow gauge ~ debitmetru flow in ~ a curge inauntru flow indicator - indicator de debit; debitmetru flow meter/flowmeter - reometru, fluometru, contor de lichide flow out - a se scurge; a se revarsa flow over - a inunda; a deversa flow pipe - teava de refulare flow rate - viteza de curgere flow sheet ~ flux tehnologic flow through - a curge prin flowability fluiditate fluctuate - a fluctua fluctuation ~ fluctuate flue-gas ~ gaz de ardere; gaz de evacuare; gaze arse fluff scama fluid - fluid fluid brake - frana hidraulica fluid coupling - cuplaj hidraulic; turboambreiaj fluid meter vascozimetru flush - a spala flush - inecat; Tngropat flush - spalare; jet de apa flush out - a spala cu jet de apa flushimg pump - pompa de injectie flushing out ~ spalare; limpezire flute - canelura (arbore canelat) flutter - a vibra; a trepida flux - flux flux of energy ~ flux de energie

fly - parghie oscilanta; culbutor flyback - readucere flyer - volant flying - flotant; mobil flyweight - contragreutate fly\vheel - volant foam - spuma foaming ~ spumare fold - a indoi: a impaturi; a infas.ura foliated - lamelar foot/feet - picior (unitate de lungime -0,305 metri) foot plate - placa de baza foot valve - supapa de aspiratie; robinet de fund force ~ a presa. a forta: a accelera force ~ forta: solicitare: effort force down - a impinge in jos; a apasa; a presa force in - a presa; a injecta force into - a impinge in force lift pump - pompa de refulare force of acceleration - forta de acceleratie force of reaction - forta de reactiune force out - a dezlocui; a stoarce, a presa force pump - pompa de refulare force up ~ a determina o crestere forced draft ~ tiraj fortat forced feed lubrication ~ ungere sub 57

fore end - prova, extremitate prova fore part - partea anterioara; prova fore peak tank - tanc de asieta prova forecastle - teuga. castel prova foreman - maistru. sef de echipa forepeak/fore peak - pic prova; compartiment de coli/.iune prova foreside - parte din fata forest products carrier - nava care transports produse petroliere forging ~ forjare. picsa forjata fork - a (se) bifurca forked - bifurcat; ramificat form - sablon; forma formula - formula Forth Engineer ofiter trei mecanic forward - la/spre prova forward motion - miscare de inaintare forward speed - viteza mecanica foul - defect; de calitate inferioara; murdar; Tmbacsit fouling of valve - ancrasare a supapei foundation - baza; talpa; soclu foundation bolt ~ bolt/surub de

fracture ~ a fractura; a rupe; a sparge; a crapa; a fisura; a sfarma fracture - rupere; spargere; sfarmare;crapare frail - fragil; casant frame - coasts, osatura de nava, element de osatura; grinds frame - a incadra. a inrama frame - cadru. suport. constructie, corp; batiu frame spacing - interval Tntre coaste framework - rama; cadru; carcasa; batiu; o satura de nava free - a elibera; a degajo; a deconecta free ~ liber

free air ~ aer atmosferic free board mark ~ marca de bord liber free running ~joc; cursa moarta freeboard - bord liber free-wheeling/freewheel - roata a cuplajului torpedo; roata libera
freeze/froze/frozen - a congela, a

presiune__

ancorare four-cycle engine motor in patru timpi four-cylinder engine - motor cu patru cilindri
four-stage - in patru trepte fourth power - putere bipatrata fraction - particula; fragment fractionary - fractionar; fragmentar fractionate - a fractiona; a rectifica fractionize - a fractiona; a rupe

ingheta. a refrigera; a gripa, a bloca freight boat/carrier/steamer/vessel


nava comerciala freightage navlosire freighter -cargo, nava comerciala frequency ~ frecventa fresh water - apa dulce/proaspat

forced through - perforat


fore - prova: spre prova fore and aft - in planul diametral al navei, longitudinal

fresh - proaspat; dulce freshwater tank - tanc de apa dulce fret - frecare, roadere, tocire

friction - frecare; frictiune friction action ~ efect de franare/de frecare friction force - forts de frecare friction losses ~ pierderi prin frecare friction stress - efort de frecare frictional force - forta de frecare frictional loss ~ pierderi prin frecare
58

frictional wear - uzura la frecare frictionless - fara frecare front - latura din fata; din fata fruit carrier - nava care transports fructe/legume/carne/peste fuel ~ combustibii fuel coefficient - coeficienlul combustibilului fuel consumption - consum de combustibii fuel filling - alimentare cu combustibii fuel filter - filtru de combustibii fuel injection valve - supapa injectorului fuel injector - injector de combustibii fuel jet - jiclor fuel line - teava de aspirat combustibii fuel oil mixer ~ amestecStor combustibii

fuel oil system - instalatia de combustibii fuel pipe - conducts de combustibii fuel piping - conducts de combustibii fuel pump - pompa de combustibii fuel pump cam - bucsa pompei de combustibii fuel return pipe - conducts de intoarcere a combustibilului fuel system - conducte de carburant fuel valve cooling water - apa de racire pentru valvula de combustibii fuel valve cooling water inlet -admisia apei de racire pentru valvula de combustibii fuel-air mixture - amestec carburant fuelling - alimentare cu combustibii fulcrum - a pivota fulcrum - centru de rotatie; pivot full-load run/running - functionare sub sarcina totals full-open - complet deschis full pressure -presiune maxima full speed - viteza maxima full speed ahead -- cu toata viteza inainte full-rated power - putere maxima fume - gaze de evacuare, fum; vapori de apa. abur function - a functiona function - functie, functiune: aplicatie functional - functional funnel - cosul navei; palnie

funnel lubricator - gresor cu palnie funnel tube - tub cu palnie furbish - a lustrui furnace focar furnace door - usa focarului furrow - a riflui; a cresta; a stria furrow - sant; canal; canelura further suplimentar fuse sisuranta 59

G
gad - pana; varf; tais. gadget - dispozitiv gagging - mdreptare la recc gall - a deteriora; a uza prin frecare gallery - canal longitudinal galley - bucatarie gallon ~ galon; unitate de capacitate (4,541 Anglia, 3,781 SUA) galvanized ~ a galvaniza galvanized piping -- sistem de tevi galvanizate galvanizing galvanizare gang - a cupla; a ingreia gang - echipa; set de scule gangboard - schela de acces la bord gangway ~ pasarela gangway ladder - scara de bord gap - interval, joe, interstitiu. fanta; toleran^a garniture ~ garnitura gas blower - suflanta de gaze gas collector - colector/captator de gaze gas leakage - scurgere/emanatie de gaze gas oil motorina

gas outlet - orificiu de evacuare a gazelor gas outlet casing - supapa de evacuare a gazului gas pump - pompa de gaz gas temperature reading - citirea temperaturii gazului gas torch - aparat de sudura gas turbine - turbina cu gaz gas turbine engine - motor cu turbina cu gaze
60

gas/gaz - benzina: combustibil gaseous - gazos; cu continut de gaze gasifier ~ carburator gasket - garnitura de etans.are gasoline - benzina gasoline engine - motor cu ardere interna gas-turbine ship - nava cu turbine cu gaze gate - admisie: intrare; inchizator; poarta gate valve - vana/ventil de inchidere gather - a colecta; a (se) aduna; a (se)acumula gauge/gage - indicator de nivel; manometru; masura, scala; grosime; joja; aparat de masurat; dimensiune gauge - a masura; a aprecia, a uniformiza, a standardiza; a calibra, a etalona gauge - unitate de grosime (SUA) gauge board - panou cu aparate de masura; pupitru de masura gauge glass-tube - tub de sticla al indicatorului de nivel

gauge mark - reper de ajustare/de


re glare

gauge tap - robinet de control gauge valve - supapa de control gauged ~ calibrat gauges ~ mijloace de masurare gauging - masurare; masuratoare; dozare gauging tap - tarod de calibrare gauze ~ plasa de sarma, tesatura metal ica gear - a pune in mis.care (un mecanism); a cupla; a angrena gear - roata dintata; pinion; angrenaj; mecanism de actionare gear box - cutie de viteze

G
gear down - a reduce viteza gear drive - transmisie cu roti dintate gear pump - pompa cu roti dintate gear ratio - raport de transmitere gear reducer - redactor cu angrenaje gear reversing - schimbare a sensului mis.carii gear rim ~ coroana dintata (a volantului) gear shift - mecanism de cuplare; schimbator de viteze gear shifting - cuplare/schimbare a vitezelor gear tooth - dinte de angrenaj gear up - a mari viteza gear wheel ~ roata dintata

geared engine - motor cu reductor de turatie geared segment - sector dintat geared turbine - turbina cu reductor de turatie gearing - angrenaj; cuplaj; transmisie gearing up - mSrire a turatie i gear-wheel pump - pompa cu roti dintate genemotor - motor generator general inventory - inventar general general purpose rating ~ marinar care poate lucra pe punte i la maini generality - generalitate generate - a genera, a produce, a dezvolta, a degaja generating set - grup electrogenerator generation of power - producere de energie generator - generator, dinam genuine - autentic; original get/got/got - a primi; a obtine get loose - a se destace; a se detas,a; a se desprinde; a se slabi; a se des.uruba get out of order - a se defecta getter - degazor; reductor de absorbtie giant - urias.; gigant gib - prisma de ghidare; contrapana gibbus - convex; bombat gill - clapeta de reglare a aerului gin - troliu; palan; vinci manual girder ~ capra cu consola; traversa;

grinda girder beam - grinda cu zabrele;grinda principals girder strap - placa de presiune give/gave/given - a da give out ~ a scoate; a elibera give rise to ~ a da nas,tere la, a produce give way - a lace loc gland - bucs.a de presare a garniturii; garnitura de etans.are gland box - cutie a presgarniturii glass gauge - sticla de nivel glass reinforced plastics - plastic armat cu sticla glide - a aluneca; a glisa; a culisa glide - alunecare; glisare glider glisor gliding alunecare globe valve - supapa sferica; ventil de trecere globular ~ globular; sferic; rotund; circular glowing - incandescenta: incalzire; incandescent; luminos; stralucitor glue - clei; adeziv gluing ~ lipire; Tncleiere go/went/gone ~ a rula: a se roti; a functiona; a merge go down - a cSdea; a cobori goggles - ochelari de protectie
61

turatie; supapa regulatoare governor gear ~ angrenaj regulator de turatii governor joint - legatura/imbinarea regulatorului grab - a (se) gripa; a se intepeni grab - dispozitiv de prindere; graifar grade - a clasa; a sorta; a grada grade - clasa: categoric: calitate graded - gradat gradient - gradient: panta; inclinare grading - clasificare; sortare gradual ~ treptat gradually - in mod treptat graduation ~ clasificare; calibrare; etalonare; gradare; divizare gram(me)-force - gram-forta (unitate de masura pentru forta in S.T.) granulated granulat graph - desen: diagrama: grafic graphite - grafit grasp - a apuca: a prinde: a se agaja grasp - apucare; strangere; maner de

rama
grate - a razui: arade grate ~ gratar: focar; vatra; grila; grilaj,zabrele: plasa grate furnace ~ cuptor cu gratar grater raspel grating - gratie; gratar gratuated - gradat: impartit in grade gravitation - gravitatie; forta de gravitatie gravitation force - forta de gravitatie

gooseneck - parghie in forma de S; gat de lebada (rasuflatoare) govern - a conduce; a regla governing ~ reglaj: reglare; comanda :control governor ~ regulator de putere/de

62 gravity - gravitatie; greutate: forta de gravitatie gray/grey cenusiu grease ~ a unge; a gresa; a lubrifia grease lubrifiant grease box - gresor: ungator grease cup - ungator. gresor grease feeding unger grease gun - tecalemit (pentru gresare) grease inflow ~ aflux/admisie de unsoare grease lubricant - unsoare consistenta grease nipple - duza de ungere grease oil ~ lubrifiant; ulei de ungere greaser ~ marinar mecanic greaser - ungator, gresor greasing ungere great mare grey cast iron - fonta cenusie grid ~ grilaj; gratar grill ~ gratar (focar) grind/ground/ground - a ascuti; a poliza; a rectifica grind off- as.lefu i grinder polizor grinding - slefuire. rectificare; ascutire; polizare grinding machine - polizor grinding paste ~ pasta de slefuit grinding wheel ~ piatra de polizor grip ~ a strange; a apuca; a prinde grip - cap de prindere; graifar; maneta; maner gripping gripare

grit - material abraziv sintetic grommet - garnitura inelara: insertie;disc: manson groove - a riftui; a cresta; a stria a canela

gusset plate - guseu gutter - canelura; ant; jgheab gyration - giratie; miscare de rotafie

63H

G
groove - canal; canelura: crestatura; sant: jgheab: culisa groove-nut - canelura gross ~ mare; voluminos gross output - putere bruta gross power - putere bruta ground - a se pune pe uscat: a esua growth - crestere; marire; dezvoltare guard - balustrada; dispozitiv de protectie guard pin - stift de siguranta guard screen - scut: bara: ecran de protectie gudgeon - ax, bolt, pivot; balama de carma gudgeon pin - bolt de piston: boltul bielei; axul pistonului guidance ~ ghidare: comanda guide - a conduce, a ghida guide - piesa de ghidare: dispozitiv de ghidare: ghidaj; patina; glisiera; culisa guide mark - semn; marcaj guide pin - stift; bara: bolt de ghidare guide pulley - rola de ghidare; roata de ghidare guide roller - rola de ghidare guide shoe - papuc de ghidare guillotine door - poarta ghilotina gusset guseu

H
hack - a taia; a cresta hack -- taietura hack-saw blade - panza de fierastrau(pentru metale) half-automatic ~ semiautomat half-joint semiinbinare half - jumatate; semi -half deck semipunte half round - semi rotund hallow punch ~ preducea hammer - a forja, a ciocani. a lovi hammer - ciocan hammering - ciocanire hammering spanner - cheie de strans prin lovire hammock hamac hand - sageata; marinar hand blower - ventilator manual hand centrifuge - centrifuga cu actionare manuala hand drill - marina de gaurit manuala hand drive - actionare manuala hand extinguisher - extinctor manual hand flare - torta de semnalizare, facia de mana hand gear - comanda manuala: mecanism de actionare/guvernare manuala

hand governing - teglare manuala hand grip - tnaner hand hole - gura de vizitare hand in - a prezenta; a ainana; a depune; a preda hand pump - pompa manuala hand remote control of valves comanda manuala la distanta a valvelor

H
hand shift - comanda manuala; guvernare manuala hand wheel - roata de manevra; roata de mana; timona handbook - manual (carte) handle ~ a manevra handle - maniveia: maneta; maner; buton handling - tratare; tratament; prelucrare handling ability - proprietati tehnologice handling device - dispozitiv de manipulare; maneta handrail ~ baluslrada handy - uor de manuit handy-sized bulker - vrachier mic (30.000 - 35.000 t) hang/hung/hung ~ a atarna; a agata; a suspenda hang up - a atarna; a suspenda hanger - consola; bra{ara; aga{ator; carlig; inel de suspensie hanging - suspendare; agatare haphazard - la tntamplare harbour - port; bazin; rada portuara; acvatoriu al portului; loc de

adapostire harbour authorities - autoritaji portuare hard - dur; tare; rigid hard particles ~ particule dure harden - a intari; a cali; a oteli; a fortifica harden ability - capacitate de solidificare/rigidizare hardening calire hardness duritate hardness degree (of water) - grad de duritate (al apei) hard-wearing surface - suprafata rezistenta harmless - inofensiv. nedaunator harsh - grosier; rigid; aspru; rugos hasp - clama; bratara hat - capac hatch - gura: deschizatura; capac; bocaport hatcli/hatchway - gura de magazie; bocaport hatch beam - minginie (traversa mobila a gurii de magazie) hatch coaming - rama gurii de magazie hatch cover - capac de gura de magazie/bocaport haul - a tart; a trage; a remorca; a tracta haulage - transport; tractiune have/had/had - a avea hawse nara hawse pipe/hawsepipe - nara de ancora

hawser - cablu de otel: odgon hazard - rise, pericol head - toba de evacuare; extremitate prova; capat; varf; conducator head valve - taler de supapa heap ~ gramada; morman heat-proof- rezistent la caldura heat ~ caldura; topire heat balance - bilant termic (termodinamic) heat carrier agent termic heat changer/exchanger schimbator de caldura heat engine - motor termic heat exchanger - schimbator de caldura heat exchanger thermostat termostat al schimbatorului de caldura heat exhange/interchange - schimb de caldura heat exhaust - evacuarea caldurii heat fast termostabil heat input - absorbtie de caldura heat insulating bulkhead - pereti despartitori termoizolanti heat insulation - izolatie termica heat leakage - pierdere de caldura heat output - putere calorica heat pump ~ pompa termica heat sensitive termosensibil heat stress - tensiune termica heater - radiator, incalzitor; schimbator de caldura heat-flow - flux de caldura; flux termic; transfer de caldura

heating - incalzire; de incalzire heating coil - serpentina de incalzire (in tancuri de motorina sau pacura) heating efficienty - randament termic heating power - capacitate de incaluire; putere calorica heating up incalzire heat-resistant paint ~ vopsea termorezistenta heave - a ridica; a umfla; a deplasa; a inalta heave - umflare: ridicare; urcare heaviness greutate heavy - greu; greoi heavy fuel furnace - focar pentru

pacura
heavy fuel oil - combustibil greu heavy lift ship - nava care transporta marfuri grele (locomotive) heavy machine oil ~ valvolina (ulei de angrenaje) heavy oil tank - tanc pentru combustibil ereu

65H
heavy oil - combustibil greu: pacura heel - a se inclina heel - sabot heeling angle - unghi de bandare

heeling indicator - Tnclinomctru


height - inaltime, nivel helix - elice; supraiaja elicoidala helix pump ~ pompa elicoidala helm - canna: timona; transmisic de carma; casca helmsman - timonier; carmaci

help - a ajuta; a sprijini help - sprijinire; suport: ajutor hem in - a Tngusta; a limita; a delimita hemicycle - semicerc hemisphere ~ semisfera; emisfcra hemispherical ~ semisferic; emisferic hemp - calti hermetic - ermetic; elans. hermetical ermetic hertz - hertz heterogeneity - neomogenitate hexagon - hexagon hexahedron - hexaedru; cub hidden - ascuns; in repaus hide/hid/hidden - a ascunde high-duty -de mare putere high-energy - de mare energie high-grade - de calitate superioara: cu continut ridicat; de marc valoare high - inalt. inalta high gear - angrenaj multiplicator high power - putere mare high pressure piping - conducts de inalta presiune high pressure steam - abur de inalta presiune high presurer - inalta presiune high sea - largul marii; val inalt high speed - turatie inalta; mers rapid; de viteza mare

high strength nodular (wish spheroidal graphite) - forta


nodulara

highest output ~ putere maxima high-speed engine - motor rapid hight - inaltime hinder ~ a tmpiedica; a Tngreuna; a intarzia hindrance ~ irnpiedicare; obstacol; retinere; piedic a hinge - articulatic; balama hinge up ~ a suspenda hinged joint - imbinare articulara hire - a Tnchiria hit/hit/hit ~ a lovi; a ciocni; a bate; a apasa hit - ciocnire; lovire; izbire hitch - a agata; a prinde; a atarna; a lega; a misca: a smuci hitch - agatator; carlig; oprire spontana a unui mecanism hob - melc; surub fara sfars.it hog - a se deforma; a (se) arcui; a (se)incovoia; a rascheta hog - arcuire; incovoiere; deformatie; rascheta hoist the flag - a ridica pavilionul hold/held/held -an ine, a retine; a opri; a fixa hold magazie hold on - a stopa hold over - acumulator; acumulare holder - acumulator de caldura; stativ; maner; toarta; suport holding - fixare; iYitindere; prindere: durabilitate; rezistenta holding device - dispozitiv de franare / de oprire

66 H
hole - a gauri; a sapa; a scobi

hole - gaura; deschidere; gol; orificiu; scobitura; cavitate holed - gaurit hollow - a adanci; a ambutisa hollow - adancitura; cavitate; scobitura hollow - concav; tubular; scobit; gol hollow space - cavitate homogeneous - ornogen; similar; uniform homogeneousness - omogenitate homogenize - a omogeniza hook-up - a conexa; a cupla; a inlantui hook-up - schema de montaj; instalatie;conexiune; cuplare; rnontaj hook - a fixa prin carlige; a suspenda; a indoi; a incovoia; a agata; a prinde hook - capsa: carlig; maner; ureche hook on - a agata; a suspenda hook out - a decupla hooked - in forma de carlig hoop - colier hoop tension - tensiune inelara hooping - fretare hopper - palnie; recipient hopper barge - salanda cu clapete horizontal - orizontal; orizontala horse power /horsepower - cal putere hose - furtun hot - cald, incalzit; foarte radioactiv hot rolling - laminare la cald hot run supraincalzire hour - ora

house ~ a depozita; a inmagazina house - ruf house flag - pavilion de companie house line merlin housing - carcasa, carter hovercraft - nava pe perna de aer hower - vibrator; sirena howling - zgomote puternice; suieraturi hub - butuc hull - a gauri corpul navei hull - corpul navei. coca; osatura hull shop - hala de construct!! navale hull structure - construct!i corp hum - bazait; vajait; zgomot humectation - umectare; umezire humid - umed humidity - umezeala humming - bazait, vajait hurling pump - pompa rotativa hurt/hurt/hurt - a lovi; a avaria husbandry - intretinerea i repararea navei hydrant hidrant hydraulic - hidraulic hydraulic brake - frana hidraulica hydraulic drive - actionare hidraulica hydraulic hose - manica hidraulica hydraulic pump - pompa hidraulica hydraulic shock - soc hidraulic (lovitura de berbec hydraulic steering gear servomotor hidraulic

hydraulic system - sistem hidraulic hydrocarbon - hidrocarbura hydrogen hidrogen hydrophore - hidrofor hydrostatic pressure - presiune
hidrostatica
67

I
ice breaker - spargator de gheata ice class ship - nava pentru ghefuri ice-braker bulk carrier - vrachier spargator de gheata identical - identic; congruent identification - identificare; egalare identification mark - semn distinctiv; marca identify ~ a (se) identifica identity - identitate; congruenta idle - repaus; mers in gol idle - a functiona in gol idle hours - intreruperi in functionare;timpi morti idleness inertie idle power - putere reactiva idle running - functionare in gol (fara sarcina). mers in gol idle speed - viteza de mers in gol idle stroke - cursa moarta idle time - intreruperi in functionare idling - functionare in gol, mers in gol

ignite - a (se) aprinde, a arde ignitability/ignitibility inflamabilitate ignitable/ignitible - inflamabil ignition - aprindere; calcinare; ardere ignition advance ~ avans la aprindere ignition button - buton de contact ignition delay ~ intarziere la aprindere ignition failure - intrerupere la aprindere ignition key - cheie de cuplaj/de pornire ignition plug bujie ignition spark - aprindere prin scanteie ignitor - ignitor; stift ignorable neglijabil illegible ~ ilizibil ill-qualified - incompetent illuminance iluminare illuminate - a ilumina; a lumina inierse/immerse - a se afunda (despre nava); a intra in imersiune (despre submarine) impact - impact; ricos.are; izbire; oc; ciocnire; lovitura; impuls impact - a lovi; a izbi; a ricos.a; a ciocni impact effect - elect de s,oc impact pressure - presiune dinamica impact stress - forta de izbire/de oc

impact wave ~ unda balistica impact wrench ~ cheie de impact/de prindere impair - a defecta; a deteriora; a slabi; a strica impaired - cu defect impairment - deteriorare; deranjament impede - a impiedica; a opri; a tntarzia;a frana; a opune rezistenta; a stanjeni; a retine impediment - piedica; obstacol; stavila; intarziere; rezistenta impel - a impinge; a pune in mis.care; a constrange; a obliga impellent ~ forta de propulsie impeller - rotor cu pale/palete; rotor de turbina; rotor de suflanta; roata cu zbaturi impeller blade - paleta de rotor la turbine impeller pump - pompa centrifuga impenetrability - impenetrabilitate imperfect - imperfect; cu defect; incomplet; insuficient Imperial units - sistem de unitati de masura din Marea Britanie impermeability -impermeabilitate; etans.eitate impermeabilization - izolatie; stavilire; impermeabilizare impervious - impermeabil; etans. imperviousness ~ impermeabilitate impetus ~ impuls: forta dinamica impinge - a (se) lovi. a bate, a ricoa impingement - lovire, izbire; admisie

implement - unealta; instrument; echipament implement - a indeplini; a executa; a echipa implementation - mdeplinire; executare implicit - subinteles; implicit imply - a implica impose - a impune impregnated - impregnat; Tmbibat improper ~ impropriu; inexact improve ~ a imbunatati, a ameliora, a corecta, a perfectiona improvement - imbunatatire, ameliorare; perfectionare. corectare impulse - cantitate de mijcare; soc; impuls; excitatie impulse-duct engine - pulsoreactor impulse motor - motor de tip contact impurities - impuritati impurity ~ impuritate; contaminare inaccessible - inacccsibil;inadmisibil inaccuracy ~ inexactitate; imprecizie;eroare inaccurate - inexact; imprecis; grcsit inaction - inactiune; inertie in action ~ in functiune inactivation - inactivare inadequacy - nepotrivire; inadecvare; disproportie; imperfectiune inadmissible - inadmisibil in bad repair ~ reparatie incorecta; deteriorat in-built/inbuilt - Tncorporat; integral inch ~ tol (2.54 cm)

incidental - neesential; secundar incineration calcinare incipient - initial; incipient inclinare - tnclinabil; rabatabil; basculant inclination - oblicitate; deviere incline - a (se) inclina inclined-tube gauge - manometru cu tub inclinat incoming power - putere absorbita incorporate - a ingloba; a incorpora; a uni increase - cres.tere. marire, sporire increase - a create, a spori, a (se) innuilti, a mari, a urea increment - cretere; marire indentation - adancitura; scobitura; cavitate; dinte index - sageata. index; indice. reper; registru indicated apparatus - indicator indication - schija; indicatie; semn; indiciu indicator - ac indicator indicator valve - valva/supapa indicatoare indirect drive - actionare/antrenare indirecta induce - a produce; a cauza; a influenta inducer - inductor induction motor - motor asincron induction pipe - teava de aspiratie induction port - orificiu de admisie 69

induction stroke - cursa de admisie induction valve ~ supapa de admisie/bara de aspiratie inductive - inductiv; de inductie industrial footwear - incaltaminte industrials inert - inert; neutru inefficient - insuficient. Nesatisfacator inert gas ~ gaz inert inert gas system - sistem de gaz inert (pentru stingerea incendiilor) inertia - inertie, forta de inertie inflammability ~ inflamabilitate inflammation - inflamare inflatable boat ~ barca pneumatica inflatable lifebuoy - colac de salvare gonflabil inflatable liferaft - barca de sah are .pneumatica inflect - a incovoia; a tndoi; a curba inflow - intrare/admisie de aer influence - a influenta influence influenta information - informatie; date; comunicare; informare in front - in fata; frontal infuse - a injecta infusion pump - pompa de injectie in gear - angrenat; ambreiat; in functiune; in priza ingress - patrundere; infiltrare; penetratie; intrare inhaust ~ a absorbi

inherent - inerent; intrinsec; propriu inhibit - a impiedica; a opri; a retine; a bloca inhibition - oprire; impiedicare; retinere; blocare initial - initial; de plecare; de pornire; primar; de baza 70 initial charge - sarcina initiala initial heating preincalzire initial point - pozitie initiala initial state - stare initiala initial stress - solicitare/tensiune initiala initiate - a comanda; a declana inject - a injecta injecting nozzle - injector injection injectare injection nozzle ~ duza de injectie injection oil engine - motor cu injectie/diesel injection pump - pompa de injectie injection ram - piston de injectie injection system - sistem de injectie injection timing - sincronizare a injectarii injection valve - supapa de injectie injector - injector injure - a deteriora; a avaria injury - avarie; pana; deteriorare; defect ink - a innegri cu cerneala ink up - a impregna cu cerneala inland harbour - port interior inland ship - nava fluviala inleakage air - aer fals inlet - de admisie; orificiu de admisie;

gura de intrare; gura de scurgere inlet casing - carcasa admisiei inlet exhaust valve valvula/supapa interioara de evacuare inlet fan - ventilator de admisie inlet filter - filtru de admisie inlet manifold - galerie (colector) de admisie inlet opening - orificiu de admisie inlet stroke - timp de admisie inlet stub - stut de admisie inlet tube-plate - placa tubulara interioara inlet valve - supapa de admisie/de intrare/de aspiratie in-line engine - motor cu cilindri in
linie

in multiple - in paralel inner - interior; intern inner screw - elice interioara inner skin - bordaj interior inodorous - inodor; lipsit de miros in one part nedemontabil in one piece - monobloc; dintr-o bucata inoperative - in stare de repaus in phase - sinfa/.ic; in faza in position - asezat la pozitie in proportion to ~ in raport cu; proportional cu input - marime de intrare; intrare; introducere; alimentare; putere consumata; admisie: putere furnizata: putere absoluta; energie necesara inquiry - intrebare; cerere; ancheta;

investigate inrush - impuls/putere de pornire insert - insertie; bucsa; adaos; element de intercalate insert - a introduce; a intercala in service - in functiune inside room - spatiu interior inspect - a inspecta: a examina; a verifica; a controla; a cerceta inspection - inspectare. inspectie. exarninare inspection door - gura de vizita inspection window - gura de control instability instabilhate install - a monta; a asambla; a inslala I installation - instalatie. aparatura de exploatare; montaj, asamblare; echipament instruction - instructiuni de utilizare instruction booklet - manual de instructiuni instrument - instrument; aparat, dispozitiv, mecanism instrument board - tablou de bord instrument panel - tablou; pupitru de comanda insulance - rezistenta de izolatie insulate - a izola insulating material - material izolant insulation izolatie insulations lining - constructii: captus.eli; izolatii insulator izolator intake - admisie: intrare; acces:

aspiratie; alimentare intake valve - supapa de aspiratie/de admisie; robinet/ventil de admisie integral intreg intelligence - informatie: lamurire; inteligenta intensification - intensificare intensify - a intensifica: a mari; a creste interact ~ a interactiona interaction - intcractiune interconnect - a lega unul de altul, a lega, a conexa interchange - a schimba interchangeability - care sunt
interschimbabile

interchanging switch - comutator interference - interferenta. influenta perturbatoare interlinked - cuplat interlock - dispozitiv de sincronizare interlock - a cupla, a ambreia
71

interlocking - angrenate: intrepatrunse interlocking gear wheel ~ roti dintate angrenate intermediate - intermediar; auxiliar; mediu intermediate fuel oil - combustibil intermediar/in amestec intermediate-pressure turbine turbine de presiune medie intermediate shaft - arbore de transmisie intermediar

intermesh - a se angrena intermittent - intermitent; periodic; discontinuu: intrerupt; instabil intermittent duty - destinat functionarii discontinue intermittently - cu tntreruperi; intermitent intermittent service - functionare intermitenta inter mixture amestec intake stroke - cursa de admisie (a pistonului) internal - interior; intern; intrinsec internal combustion engine - motor cu combustie interns International Maritime Organization - Organizatia Maritima Internationala International Transport Workers Federation - Federatia Internationala a muncitorilor din transport interplay interactiune interrupt - a intrerupe interrupted - intermitent; intrerupt interrupter - intrerupator; maneta deintrerupere interrupter shaft - arbore de comanda/cu came interruption - intrerupere; separare interval - interval, distanta: repaus de functionare intervene - a interveni interworking - interactiune intricate - complicat intrinsic - interior; intern

introduce - a introduce invariability ~ continuilate:durabilitate invariable - invanabil; neschimbat; constant; continuu invent ~ a inventa inventory -inventar; stoc; depozit; rezerve inverse - invers; contrar; reciproc; opus;inversare inverted - rasturnat; inversat inverted U-bend ~ cot in U inversat invertible - inversabil; reversibil inward - in interior in work - in functiune iron - fier; font s irregular -- neregulat; defect irregularity ~ neregularitate; neuniformitate; functionare neregulata; asperitate; rugozitate irrespective indiferent irreversible - ireversibil isolate - a izola. a separa; a deconeeta isothermal compressioncompresiune izoteuma isolation - izolatie issue - rezultat; concluzie item - articol, unitate 72 J jack-knife - cutit de buzunar; cutit de gabier jack-screw/winch - cric/vinci cu s.urub jack ~ eric; vinci jack ~ pavilion de ancora

jack key switch clichet jackass - dop de nara jacket ~ manta; camas.a; invelis jacket cooling water - manta dc racire cu apa jackshaft - arbore intermediar jackstaff - baston de pavilion prova jagged ~ creslat; dintat jam - a strange; a strivi; a zdrobi; a indesa; a se bloca; a fixa prin pene; a apasa; a presa; a comprima jamgripare; intepenire; blocare jamming ~ gripare; fixare cu pene; bruiere, bruiaj jar - a vibra puternic jar - s.oc; vibratie; trepidalie jarring - vibratie; trepidatie jaw falca; gheara; pana; cama; dispozitiv de strangere jaw clutch/coupling - cuplaj cu gheare jerk - a smuci jerk - oc; smuciturS jerking ~ ocuri; smucituri; lovituri rapide; vibratii jet-jiclor jet angle - unghiul de alezaj jet engine - motor cu reacjie; reactor jet nozzle - ajutaj jib brat jib crane ~ macara pivot; tanta jig - dispozitiv de strangere; s,ablon jig down ~ a fixa; a strange job - lucru; operatie jog - avans normal; zguduitura; obstacol join - a cupla; a asambla; a imbina; a anexa; a uni

joining - tmbinare; acuplare; racordare joint - jonctiune. racord. legatura, imbinare. articulatie; loc de legare a cablurilor; punct de articulatie; sarniera joint packing - garnitura de etansare joint pin - urub oscilant joint ring - garnitura inelara. inel de etansare joint up ~ a conecta joint with dowels - imbinare cu pana jointed cross-shaft axle - axa a pendulului; axa pendulara jointing - imbinare; garnitura de etans,are jointly - tn comun jolt - a vibra jolt - $oc joule ~ joule joystick ~ parghie/maner/mana de comanda junction - racordare; imbinare; legatura jury pump - pompa auxiliara jury rudder - carma de avarie jut - a iesj in afara jut ~ iesjtura; convexitate; proeminenta 73 keel - chila keep/kept/kept - a tine: a retine; a mcntine; a intretinc keep pace ~ a tine pasul keep tight - a mentine etans keeper contrapiulita

keeping - intretinere; mentincre kelvin - kelvin (imitate de masurS pentru temperatura in S.I.) kerosene/kerosine ~ petrol lampant kettle - cazan de mcalzire; boiler key ~ a impana; a fixa cu pans key ic (pana) key greoove ~ canal cu pana key in - a conecta key seat - canal cu pana keying - imbinare cu pana keyway - canal cu pana kick - lovitura; soc; pornire usoara a motorului killing racire kilogramme - kilogram kilogramme-force - kilogram forts (unitate de masura pentru fofla) kilowatts kilovati kind - tip; sortiment; calitate kinematic cinematic kinetic energy - energie cinetica kinetic head ~ Inaltime cinetica kinetics - cinetica: cinematics Kingstone valve - priz.a de apa, valvula Kingstone kink - a innoda. a rSsuci kink - flambaj, Tncovoiere la benzi kit - set; trusa de scule: echipament knee - flambaj; genunchi; cot; legatura; guseu knock - a bate, a lovi knock - lovitura knock down ~ a darama: a dezasambla: a desface; a reduc e knock down demontabil knock off - a opri

knot - nod (mila pe ora) know/knew/known - a sti knuckle - incheietura; articulatie; gheara: clichet de cuplare
74

L
label - a eticheta; a marca label ~ eticheta; inscriptie: denumire labour ~ munca: mana de lucru; balans puternic al navei lace - a lega lack ~ a lipsi lack ~ lipsa; neajuns ladder - scara; jug; punte amovibila ladder winch ~ vinci de scara de bord lag - a intarzia lag - defazaj; decalaj intre doua operafii lagging - incetinire; intarziere; defazaj;manta laker ~ vrachier pentru Manle Lacuri SUA lamellar - lamelar; cu lame laminate - a lamina; a stratifica laminated - lamelar; laminar, stratificat lamp - lanterna; lampa; corp de iluminat land - a debarca; a descSrca; a acosta land - pamant; so landing - acostare; debarcare; descarcare lap - a roda lap suprapunere

lapping - invelis. manta; imbinare prin suprapunere; rodaj lapping tools ~ scule de ajustare/de lepuit/de rodat lapse - eroare; scapare; greseala: cadere rastimp larboard babord large - mare; intins; spatios large caloric - kilocalorie (multiplu al unitatii de masura pentru energia termica)

large requirement - necesitate;


necesar; cerere lashing - legatura (la nava) last - a dura; a continua; a ramane; a rezista lasting - durabil; rezistent; persistent;permanent; trainic lastingness ~ durabilitate latch - clichet; opritor; de die latent - in repaus lateral - lateral; accesoriu; secundar; orizontal lateral flexure - flambaj; incovoiere transversal a lateral oscillation - oscilatie transversals lateral play ~ joe lateral lateral thrust - presiune laterals lathe - strung lathe-operator ~ strungailatitude - iStiine; largime; intindere; latitudine lattice - zabrele; gratar latticework - gratar; zabrele; grinds cu zabrele; structurS in zabrele

launch ~ a lansa la apa (o nava) launch engine - motor de ambarcatiune launching - lansare la apa (a unei nave) launching gear - instalatie de lansare law - lege; regula; principiu; formula: teorema lay - cablare; strat lay flat - a plana; a netezi; a nivela layer - bane; batiu; pat laying - instalare: montare layout -- a amplasa; a proiecta; a intocmi planul layout - amplasare: proiectare: proiect; plan; schema; utilaj; organizare

L
layshaft ~ torsiunea arborelui laziness - inertie lead/led/led - a conduce, a avansa, a decala in avans lead avan s lead - plumb lead admission - avans la admisie lead angle - unghi de avans lead back - a intoarce leader - surub conducator lead-in - a introduce leading conducerc; avans leading axle - ax motor/conducator leading shaft - arbore conducator league ~ leghe marina (5.55 km) leak - a (se) scurge leak - dispersie. infiltratie; gaura de apa

leak free/tight - etans.; impermeabil leak into - a (se) infiltra leak out ~ a strecura; a infiltra leak stopper - dop de gaura de apa leakage - pierdere prin scurgere, neetanseitate; gaura de apa leakage flow scurgere leakage indicator - indicator al scurgerilor leakage of a liquid - scurgere de lichid leakage pipe - conducta de preaplin leakiness - neetaneitate leaking - scapare: rasuflare; scurgere leakless - ermetic; etans leakproof ~ ermetic; etans . leaky ~ neetans; permeabil lean/leant/leant ~ a se inclina; a se sprijini; a se rezema lean - inclinare; aplecare least - eel mai putin; eel mai mic leave/left/left - a lasa: a parasi; a pleca leave out - a omite; a elimina left turning ~ la stanga leg - picior; suport; flang leg pipe - cot de teava legal - legal; permis; ingaduit legend - explicate a semnelor conventional legth of pipe - durata de functionare length lungime length between perpendiculars lungimea mtre perpendiculare length of pipe - lungimea tevi length of stroke - lungimea cursei

lengthen - a lungi, a Tntinde lengthened alungit lengthwise - in lung less - mai putin; minus; fara lessen - a micsora; a scurta; a reduce; a slabi let/let/let - a admite; a permite let go the anchor - a fundarisi ancora; funda ancora let in - a deschide admisia; a admite; a introduce let off - a goli; a elibera let offscurgere let out ~ a da drumul; a goli let through - a lasa sa treaca/sa patrunda level ~ nivel; inaltime; grad level - plan; drept; orizontal level gauge - indicator de nivel levelness - uniformitate; egalitate; netezime lever - levier; parghie., brat; maneta lever pump - pompa cu brat de parghie leverage - mecanism cu parghii; transmisie prin parghii; forta a parghiei; efect de parghie liberate - a elibera; a degaja lid - capac, clapa de inchidere

76

L
lie - a stationa (o nava) lie at anchor - a stationa la ancora life - durabilitate life belt - Centura de salvare life boat davits - grui de barca de salvare

life raft - pluta de salvare lifeboat - barca de salvare lifebuoy ~ colac de salvare lifejacket - vesta de salvare lifesaving eguipment - echipament de salvare lift - a ridica; a inalta lift - cursa; ascensor lift of a pump - inaltime de refulare lift off- a scoate; a ridica lift out - a ridica din, a scoate din l ift up -- a ridica lifter valve - tachet de supapa lifting-screw - eric; surub de ridicare lifting motor - motor al mecanismului de ridicare lifting movement - micare de ridicare lifting power - forta de ridicare lifting presure - presiune de refulare; presiune de pornire lifting pump - pompa-elevator light - lumina; foe; lampa; felinar; far light ~ luminos, stralucitor; uor light running - functionare in gol (fara sarcina), mers in gol light side hublou lighten - a uura, a slabi lightening - etans,are lighter aboard ship - nava care transport! barje lighting - aprindere; iluminare; iluminat lighting fixtures - corpuri de iluminat

lightness ~ uurinta; luminozitate; stralucire like ~ egal; similar; asemenea likeness ~ asemanare; egalitate limb - brat; arc; piesa limber board ~ panou de santina laterala limit - a limita; a delimita; a restrange; a micora; a margini limit - limita: margine limitation - conditie; limitare; restrictie; marginire; restrangere limited - limitat; delimitat; micorat; marginit; finit limited rotary motor ~ motor cu unghi de rotatie limitat limitless - nelimitat; infinit limp ~ mers neregulat line - tubulatura navala; companie/linie de navigatie line - a acoperi; a dubla; a captusi: a alinia line - captus.eala; traseu; contur; granita:limita: magistrala; conducta; sir line - saula line of shafting - linie de arbori line up - a centra linear - liniar; in linie dreapta; unidimensional linear induction motor - motor asincron cu miscare liniara liner - cuzinet; camas.a; manson; teava interioara: bucs.a liner/liner ship - nava comerciala de linie

lining ~ cuzinet; captueala; placare link - a lega link - articulatie; culisa; za; sector; tija;in an i vela link wrench - cheie articulata linkage - transmisie (prin sistem de parghii s.i tije); timonerie; mecanism cu articulalie; mecanism cu parghii
77L

lip - buz.S; margine: muchie; flansa; prag; tais liquefy - a lichefia; a fluidiza liquid-ring pump - pompa cu inel lichid liquid - fluid; lichefiat liquid - lichid. Solutie liquid natural gas carrier - nava care transports gaze naturale liquid/liquefied petroleum gas carrier - nava care transports gaze petroliere liquid/liquefied natural gas carrier/methanic carrier ~ nava care transporta gaze naturale liring cuzinct list lista litre - litru live - mobil; activ livestock carrier - nava care transporta animate vii (oi) load - a incSrca. a alimenta load - sarcina. incarcatura, solicitare.Randament load bearing portions portiuni/parti portante load compensation - echilibrare a sarcinii

load curve ~ curba de incarcare load diagram - schema distribuirii sarcinilor load distribution - repartizare a sarcinii load equalization ~ echilibrare a sarcinii load factor - grad de solicitare/de incSrcare load limit - limita de incarcare; de sarcina load line mark - marca de bord liber load range - domeniu/interval de sarcina load rating - coefficient de incarcare loaded - incarcat loading - incarcare; sarcina; incarcatura; solicitare loading berth - dana de incarcare loading shovel - plug incarcator local buckling - turtire locals localization - localizare; limitare; delimitare; marginire locate - a amplasa, a localiza locating - amplasare; localizare locating pin - bolt de fixare la montaj location - piesS de baza lock - a fixa, a opri, a (se) bloca lock - opritor; inchizator lock nut - contrapiulita lock washer - saiba de siguranta locked - fixat; blocat; tnchis locker - dulap; cheson locking - blocare; oprire a locatiei; trecere prin ecliiza

locking clamp - gheara de blocare locking handle ~ maner de blocare locking hook - carlig de blocare locking in - antrenare locking mechanism - mecanism de oprire/de blocare locking segment - segment de blocare locking tab - saiba de blocare cu umeri log book - jurnal de bord log carrier ~ nava care transporta busteni long-distance cruise ~ voiaj de lunga durata long-term - pe termen lung; de lunga durata

L.
long - lung; prelungit; de lunga durata long dosen - duzina mare (13 articole) long life - durabilitate long stroke - cu cursa lunga longitudinal - longitudinal longitudinal axis - axa longitudinals longitudinal vibration oscilatie/vibratie longitudinals look after - a avea grija de; a se ocupa de; a supraveghea look at ~ a examina; a cerceta look out seaman - marinar de veghe loop - bucla; las; colier; ochi de prindere

loop lubrication system - sistem de ungere bucla loose - cu joe; dez.legat. desfacut. Liber loose cargo - incarcatura vrac loosen - a (se) desface: a (se) slSbi (un arc. o piulita) loosening - slabire, desurubare. degripare a unui lagar loosing - deblocare; slabire lose/lost/lost - a pierde loss - pierdere. prejudiciu, pagubS loss free - fara pierderi loss of head - pierdere de presiune loss of power - pierdere de energie lost ~ pierdut louer - taieturS; deschizSturS; crestatura low-loss - cu pierderi mici low -scazut; slab; redus low duty - de putere mica low fuel consumption - consum scazut de combustibil low intake pump - pompS de alimentare de joasS presiune low lift pump - pompa de presiune joasS low pressure steam - abur de joasa
presiune

lower deck - punte inferioara lower pump box - piston de pompa lowering ~ coborare; descrestere lowering in - coborare; reducere lowest - eel mai scSzut lubricant ~ lubrifiant; lichid de ungere si racirc lubricate ~ a unge; a gresa; a lubrifia lubricating - lubrificatie, ungere, gresare lubricating oil - ulei de ungere lubricating oil sump - putul de drenaj pentru ulei de ungere lubricating oil temperature ~ temperatura uleiului de ungere lubricating ring - segment de ungere lubricator - gresor; aparat de ungere, lubrificator lug ~ opritor; stift: pivot; maner; ureche;ochi lukewarm cSldut luminous intensity - intensitate luminoasS lumper docher lying ~ orizontal 79

machine drive - actionare mecanica machine lathe - strung universal machine oil - ulei de masina machine parts - organe de masini machine riveting - nituire mecanica machine room - sals a masinilor machine spindle - arbore al masinii machine tool - masina; unealta machined parts - piese prelucrate machinery -- mecanism. masinarie; instalajie; utilaj machinery casing ~ camasa/put al masinii machinery house - sala a masinilor machinery oil - ulei de masjna machinery parts - organe de masini machinery shop - atelier mecanic machinery space - spatiu] masinilor maching - ajustare: adaptare;
echilibrare

mahogany mahon maiden voyage - prima calatorie a navei main - largul marii main - principal, tubulatura principals main anchor - ancorS principala/prova main bearing - lagar principal main clutch - cuplaj principal main deck - puntea principals main drive shaft - arbore principal al actionSrii main engine - motor principal main engine lubricating oil system
- sistemul de ungere al motorului

low presure - presiune joasa low rated engine - motor cu turatie redusa/subturat low speed - vitezS minima; lent lower - a cobori, a reduce, a micsora. A scadea lower ~ a lansa, a lansa la apS lower inferior

M
machinable prelucrabil machine - a preluera machine - masina, mecanism, dispozitiv machine components /elements/members/parts piese/organe de masini

machining prelucrare magnesium magneziu magnet magnet magnetic clutch - cuplaj magnetic magnetic compass - compas magnetic magnetic course - drum magnetic magnetic field - camp magnetic magnetic flux ~ ilux magnetic magnetic/magnetical - magnetic magnetize - a magnetiza magnetizing - magnetizare magnification - marire, amplificare magnify - a mSri, a amplifica magnitude - amplitudine, dimensiune, marime

principal main feed-check valve - supapS principals de verificare a alimentarii main forces - forte principale main hatch - gurS a magaziei principale main journal - fus de sprijin main line - conducts principals main motion - miscare principals main pipe - conducts principals main reduction gear ~ reductor principal main shaft - ax/arbore principal main spindle - arbore/ax principal main steam stop valve - supapa principals de oprire a aburului main swichboard - tablou principal de comanda main switch - comutator principal main valve - robinet principal mainland - continent; uscat: tSrm

M
mainly - in principal maintain - a mentine. a intretine maintainability - mentinere in stare de functionare maintaining constant - mentinere la o valoare constants maintaining power - forta de intretinere a miscarii maintenance - intretinere, mentinere maintenance instructions instructiuni de intretinere maintenance tools - scule pentru intretinere major - mare, major make/made/made - a face, a duce la make - a merge cu viteza de... make siaj make good ~ a repara make heavy - a ingreuia make out - a considera; a identifica; a recunoaste make up - a aranja; a fmisa; a monta make up for - a recupera makeup - reincarcare, completare, incarcare suplimentarS mall ~ baros malleability - maleabilitate malleable - maleabil; flexibil man-of-war - navS de razboi man a echipa; a inzestra o nava man over board - om la apa manage - a conduce; a coordona; a administra manageable - usor de manuit mandrel - dorn; mandrin; poanson

manhole - autoclava; gura de vizitare: trapa: fereastra de observatie manifold-pressure gauge ~ manometru pentru conducte manifold - distributor: tubulaturS cu ramnificatii (la petroliere): colector manifold inlet - admisia in colector (in manifold) manifold pressure - presume variata manipulate ~ a manui; a actiona manner - mod: manierS: stil manning - completare cu echipaj, echipare a navei manoeuvrability - manevrabilitate manoeuvre - a manevra manoeuvre - manevra manoeuvring gear - angrenaj de manevra manoeuvring valve - supapa de reglare manoeuvring winch - cabestan manometer - manometru manometer pressure - presiune manometricS mantle - manta; invelis; strat protector mantle corbel - bucsS de imbinare/de fix are manual - manual manual adjustment - reglaj manual manual control - comanda/reglare manual^ manual disengagement decuplare manuals manual fire-engine pompa de

incendiu: extinctor de mana manual labour - muncS manuals manual working - munca manuals manually ~ manual manually operated - actionat manual manufacturer - producator manway ~ gura de vizitare mar zgarieturS margin - joe: toleranta; spatiu liber

81M
margin of safety - coeficient de siguranta marina - port de ambarcatiuni marine - marina: flota maritima comerciala: marin; naval; maritim; de marina marine boiler - caldare marina marine diesel engine ~ motor diesel naval marine diesel fuel - combustibil diesel marine diesel oil - combustibil diesel marine engine - motor naval; masina navala marine glue ~ clei hidrofug marine nuclear plant - instalatie nucleara marina marine pump - pompa pentru constructii navale marine transport - transport maritim mariner - marinar maritime - maritim; marin maritime court - tribunal maritim mark - a marca; a indica; a insemna mark - imprimare: amprenta; semn;

intiparire mark out - a marca; a planifica marked - marcat marking - marcare; reperare; trasare marking gauge - sablon de trasaj mass - material; pasta; greutate; substanta: masa; multime mast - a instala/a monta catarge mast - arbore, catarg master - comandant; maistru master connecting-rod - biela principals master tap - tarod de calibrare (pentru filiera) masthead light - lumina de catarg mat - paiet; opac 82 match - a potrivi. a se potrivi matched - ajustat matching adjustment - ajustaj material - material maximum - maxim, maximum maximum/max, pressure - presiune maxima maximum continuous rating randarnent maxim continuu maximum demand - consum maxim;sarcina maxima maximum moment - moment maxim maximum output - putere maxima: debit maxim; randament maxim maximum rating - randament maxim mean/meant/meant - a insemna; a intelege; a avea in vedere

mean - medie; valoare medie; mijloc;cale mean - mediu; mijlociu mean permeability - permeabilitate medie mean piston speed - viteza medie liniara a pistonului mean speed ~ viteza medie mean stress - tensiune medie mean value - valoare medie meaning - semnificatie; sens: inteles meaningless - fara sens measurable - masura' measurant - marimc masurata measure - a masura: a verifica: a dimensiona measure - imitate de masura: dimensiune measurement masuratoare: masurare:masura measurement and control fittings sisteme/armaturi de masura si control measurer - dispozitiv de masurat measuring - masurare: dozare measuring device - instrument de masura mechanic - mecanic artificial mechanic - mecanic; montor; lacatus; masinist mechanical bias - antrenare mecanica mechanical brake - frana mecanica mechanical clearance -joe mecanic mechanical effect - putere efectiva; efect mecanic mechanical efficiency - eficienta mecanica

mechanical engineer ~ inginer mecanic; inginer constructor de masini mechanical equivalent of heat -echivalentul mecanic al calorie! mechanical force ~ forta mecanica mechanical indicator gear mecanism indicator mecanic mechanical linkage ~ transmisie mecanica. legatura mecanica mechanical locksmith - lacatus mecanic mechanical lubrication - ungere sub presiune mechanical ohm - ohm mecanic (imitate de impedanta mecanica) mechanical operation - comanda mecanica mechanical power - putere a masinii mechanical repair shop - atelier de reparatii mecanice mechanical seal - etansare mecanica; garnitura mecanica mechanical stress solicitare/tensiune mecanica mechanical wear - uzura mecanica mechanical work - lucru mecanic mechanical working - prelucrare mecanica mechanics mecanica mechanize - a mecaniza medial - mediu; median medium heavy semigreu medium oil motorina

medium-speed diesel engine motordiesel de viteza medie/semirapid meet/met/met - a se intersecta; a se intretaia: a (se) intalni meeting - tmbinare; racordare; cuplaj mega - mega (prefix pentru zece la a sasea unitati) melt ~ a (se) topi melt off/on - a (se) topi member - membru; reper; pies5 componenta; piesa de schimb membrane - membrana. diafragma membrane pump - pompa cu membrana mend - a imbunatati; a ameliora; a conecta; a perfecfiona; a finisa; a repara mender - reparafie curenta merchant fleet - flota comerciala merchant marine - marina comerciala merchant ship/vessel - nava comerciala merge - a (se) amesteca; a fuziona; a(se) uni mesh - a angrena mesh - angrenare de dinti; angrenare mess - a manca in comun mess - popota mess room/hall - careu; sal a de mese messenger - cablu portant; mesager metacentric height - inaltime metacentrica

metal - a metaliza, a acoperi cu metal 83M metal - metal metal primer - grund pentru metal metallic - metalic; de metal meter ~ a masura meter ~ instrument de masura metered - masurat; contorizat metering - masurare; contorizare; dozare metering device/equipment instrument de masura methane carrier - nava care transporta metan method ~ metoda method of calculation - metoda de calcul methodic ~ metodic; sistematic metre metru metric - metric metric calculation ~ calcul zecimal metric measure - masura metrica metric thread - filet metric mickey - imitate de lungime egala cu 1/200 dintr-un^ol micro - micro micron - micrometru; micron mid-position ~ pozitie centrala/de mijloc mid-section - parte centraia middle - mediu, mijlociu middle - mijloc; medie middle - termen mediu middle line - axa a navei; linie diametrala middle section - sectiune/zona de mijloc

middle speed - viteza intermediara middle watch - primul cart midpoint - punct de mijloc midship ~ cuplu maestru; mijlocul navei midships ~ la mijlocul navei might - a (fi) posibil; probabil might - putere; forta mild - lin; domol; moale mild steel - otel moale/cu continut mic de carbon mild wear - uzura normala mildew mucegai mile - mila (unitate de lungime mila marina- 1853.184 m); mila marina internationaia - 1852 m mile per hour - mila pe ora milky - cu aspect laptos; alburiu mill - a freza mill freza milling - frezare milling machine - mas.ina de frezat mini-bulker - rnini-vrechier (3.000 t) minify - a diminua; a reduce la minimum minimal - minim; minimal minimum - minimum: valoare minima; minimal; minim minimum bend ~ incovoiere minima minimum clearance ~ joe minim minor - mic; minor minor part ~ piesa auxiliara minus - minus minute - mic; fin; minutios; detaliat: precis; exact

minute ~ minut; proiect; proces verbal mirror - a reflecta; a oglindi mirror ~ oglinda; reflector misalignment - nealiniat, necentrat, nerectificat miscalculation ~ eroare de calcul misfire - rateu la aprindere mismachined - prelucrat gresit mis-match/mismatch - nepotrivire; dereglare

84

M
mismeasurement - eroare de masurare misplace - a aseza gres.it miss - a lipsi; a pierde; a rata o manevra mistake/mistook/mistaken - a gresi: a confunda mistake - eroare; greseala niistuning dereglare miter - imbinare in unghi ascutit miter angle - unghi de 45 de grade miter valve - ventil cu scaun conic mix - a amesteca mix - suprapunere, amestec mixable ~ miscibil mixed ~ amestecat; combinat mixed feed - alimentare in paralel mixed flow turbine ~ turbina Francis mixed system ~ functionare lipsa mixer - malaxor mixing chamber - camera de amestec mixing tank - tanc de omogenizare/amestecare

mixture - amestec; adaos; umplutura mobile crane ~ macara mobila mode of action - mod de lucru mode of operation - regim de lucru model - model, mostra; sablon moderate - a modera moderate - moderat modern - modern modification - modificare; schimbare;transformare modular construction - constructie modulara modulus - coeficient; modul; valoare absoluta moist - umed moisten - a umezi; a umecta moistness umiditate moisture - umezeaia. umiditate molten - topit; lichid; turnat_________ momentum - moment mecanic, energie cinetica: inertie a unui mobil in miscare: impuls Monel metal - metal Monel monitor - aparat de reglare/de control monitoring switchboard - tablou de comanda monitoring system - sistem de monitorizare monkey spanner - cheie universala monkey wrench - cheie franceza moor - a lega(nava) la cheu/la geamandura: a acosta moor ~ ancorare; afurcare; acostare (cu legare la cheu) mooring buoy - geamandura de

acostare mooring equipment - instalatie de manevra mooring machinery - mecanisme de legare (la tarm) /de acostare mooring system ~ instalatii manevra s,I legare morning watch - cart din zori motion - mis.care; mecanism motion characteristic ~ caracteristica cinematica motionless - imobil; nemicat; in
repaus

motive force - forta motoare motive power - sursa de energie; forta motoare motivity - forta motoare: rezen/a de energie motor-driven/-actuated/-operated - actionat/antrenat/comandat prin motor electric motor-generator - motor-generator; convertizor motor barge ~ barja/slep cu motor motor drive - antrenare mecanica

85M
motor fuel - combustibil pentru motoare motor knocking - bataia motorului motor launch - barca cu motor; salupa motor line - aliniamentul motorului motor operator - demaror; servomotor motor output - putere a unui motor motor pump motopompa motor ship motonava

motor torpedo boat - vedeta toipiloare motor torque - cuplu al motorului; cuplu de tractiune motor trouble - pana de motor motor vessel motonava motor winch - vinci/troliu/macara cu motor motor-boat ~ salupa motor-generator set - grup motorgenerator; grup convertizor mould ~ a ambutisa; a turna; a modela mould - dig de larg mouldability - plasticitate; maleabilitate mouldable - maleabil; ductil; plastic; modelabil moulded depth - inaltimea bordului mount - a monta; a asambla; a instala mounted - montat; instalat; fixat mounting - armatura; accesoriu; dispozitiv de ancorare/rezernare a tunului mouth of a furnace - gura de incarcare mouth of the harbour - iesire din port mouvability mobilitate mouvable - transportabil; mobil move - a (se) misca. a (se) deplasa, a agita, a inainta, a muta move ~ miscare. mutare move down - a cobori move in step - a functiona in faza move to and fro - a se balansa; a

oscila move up - a merge in sus; a (se) ridica;a create movement ~ miscare; avansare; deplasare; functionare; parcurs mover - motor moving - in miscare; mobil; deplasabil moving along - miscare de translate; deplasare moving blade - paleta de rotor moving force - forta motoare mud mai; noroi mud off - a colmata mud tank ~ salanda de draga muff- cuplaj; mans.on; bucsa muffle - a infos, ura; a inveli muffler - amortizor de zgomot; toba de esapament mule ~ ablon multi-engine - cu mai multe motoare multideck ship - nava cu multe punti de incarcare multidigit - cu mai multe cifre multiflow heater - incalzitor cu mai multe fluxuri multifuel engine ~ motor cu policarburant multimeter - aparat de masurat universal multinomial - polinom multiple-purpose meter - aparat de masurat universal multiple-radial engine - motor in steamultipla

multiple-ring valve - supapa inelara

M
multiple-runner turbine - turbina cu mai multe trepte multiple - multiplu multiple action ~ actiune compusa multiple control - comanda complexa multiple purpose - in mai multe scopuri multiple speed motor motor cu mai multe trepte de viteza multiplicant - de inmultit multiplication - inmultire: multiplicare multiplied by - inmultit cu multiplier ~ coeficient multiply - a inmulti; a multiplica multiposition propeller - elice cu pas reglabil multi-pulse method - metoda pulsatiilor multiple multipurpose - multifunctional; universal multi-purpose cargo ship - nava comerciala multi-functional^ multistage (air) compressor compresor cu mai multe trepte multistage centrifugal pump ~ pompa centrifuga cu mai multe etaje multitude - mul^ime; multitudine; cantitate multiway - cu mai multe cSi; multiplu; multipolar

munday hammer - ciocan munday mushroom - con de inchidere mushroom anchor - ancoraciuperca must - a trebui muster - inspecfia echipajului mutable - schimbator; variabil mutate - a schimba; a modifica mute - a amortiza mute - surdina mutual - reciproc; mutual mutual action - interactiune 87N nail - a bate fn cuie; a fixa; a pironi nail ~ cui; stift nailing - fixare in cuie naked - gol; nud; neprotejat name - a numi; a mentiona; a indica name - nume; mentiune; indicatie; inscriptie name plate emblema nano - - nano -nap - a scamosa nap scama Napier turbocharger ~ turbosuflanta Napier narrow - a restrange; a limita; a margini narrow - ingust; stramt narrow down - a Tngusta; a limita; a gatui; a strangula narrowing - micsorare; reducere; scadere; descrestere; diminuare narrows ~ gatuitura; slramtoare national flag ~ pavilion national native - natural; nativ; in stare pura natural cooling autoracire

natural drying - uscare naturala natural excitation - autoexcitatie natural hardness - duritate initiala natural lighting - iluminat natural natural motion - oscilatie/vibratie proprie natural number - numar natural intreg naturally aspirated engine ~ motor fara supraalimentare nature - natura; stare; caracter; structura naught - zero nautical - nautic; naval; maritim nautical international mile (naut. int.ml.) - mila nautica internationals (1852 m) nautical mile - mila nautica (6.080 picioare) nautics - stiinta nautica; navigatie maritima: sporturi nautice naval architect - inginer constructor dc nave naval constructions - constructii navale naval constructor - constructor naval naval distress wave ~ scmnal de pericol naval (SOS) naval dockyard/shipyard - santier de constructii navale, arsenal al marinei militare naval flag - pavilion de nava militara naval plane ~ hidroavion naval vessel - nave militare navigable navigabil

navigating cadet - cadet navigator navigation bridge - punte de comanda navigator ~ ofiter cu navigatia navigator ~ navigator navy - flota maritima militara; forta maritima; personal de marina navy yard - arsenal al marinei militare near-by material - material local nearly - aproape, aproximativ nearness - apropiere: proximitate neat - curat; pur; ordonat neck - degajare inelara; fus de arbore neck bearing - lagar intermediar neck bush - guler de cuzinet neck bushing - guler de cuzinet necking - gatuire; strangulare need - a avea nevoie need - lipsa; nevoie; dificultate needle - ac; sageata; indicator needle nozzle ~ ajutaj cu ac needle spacing - distanta dintre axe needle valve - vana inelara; supapa cu ac; ac obturator negation - negatie; negare negative negativ negative allowance - strangere negative pressure - vid; vacuum; depresiune negative process - proces negativ neoprene rubber - cauciuc de neopren nest - a imbuca; a incastra; a incorpora

nest - set; garnitura net - rclea; plasa; net net calorific/heating power putere calorifica inferioara net efficiency - randament util; putere utila net load - sarcinaVincarcare utila/neta net loss - echivalent de transmisie; pierdere totala net wieght ~ greutate neta; greutate proprie network ~ retea; plasa; schema; circuit; gratar; zabrele network mesh ~ veriga; za neutral axis - axa de coordonate/neutra neutral equilibrium - echilibru indiferent neutral line - linie a nodurilor newton - newton nib - cioc; varf; ac de ajutaj nick ~ a cresta nick - crestare: canelura; gat; gatuire;ingustare nil load - mers in gol; sarcina zero nip - a prinde: a apuca; a presa; a cornprima nip - menghina; presa; prindere; apucare; strangere nipper - falca de menghina; stopa mecanica nipple - niplu no-load - mers in gol; sarcina nula no-load losses ~ pierderi la mers in gol

no-load run/running - mers in gol no-load work - lucru mecanic de mers in gol noise zgomot noiseless run/running - mers tara zgomot nominal diameter - diametru nominal nominal output - debit nominal non-automatic neautomatic non-balanced - necompensat; neechilibrat non-burning - neinflamabil non-concentric excentric non-convex concav non-corrosive metal - metal necorosiv/inoxidabil non-cyclic - neciclic; neperiodic non-deflecting - rigid; nedeformabil non-flammable neinflamabil non-fluid oil ~ unsoare consistenta non-hazardous - nepericulos non-inflammable ~ neinflamabil non-interacting - care nu interacjioneaza non-propelled ship - na\ a nepropulsata non-shrinkable nedeformabil non-slip antiderapant non-soluble insolubil non-uniform ~ inegal; neuniform non-uniformity - neuniformitate; variabilitate; neomogenitate non-zero - diferit de zero non slip paint - vopsea antiderapanta

nonlevel - neorizontal; inclinat; neuniform non-return valve ~ clapeta/supapS/ventil de retinere nonterminating - infinit non-water cooled casing type carcasa tip fSra racire cu apa; carcasa racks cu aer nook - loc Tngust; mgustime noose - nod; lat; inel; ureche; culisa norm norma normal - normal; corespunzStor; perpendiculars normal conditions ~ condi|ii normale normal efficiency - putere/eficienta nominal a normal force - forta perpendiculars normal line - perpendiculars; normals normal load - incSrcare normal a/nominaiS normal manoeuvring manevrare/operare normals normal output ~ putere nominala; productivitate normals; debit normal normal position - stare de repaus normal pressure ~ presiune normals normal running - functionare normals normal speed - turatie de functionare normal temperature and pressure tcmperatura i presiune normal

normalise - a normaliza; a norma normalised normalizat; normal normally closed contact contact normal inchis normally open contact - contact normal deschis north - nord 90 northerly - nordic; septentrional nose - cioc; cama; cep; proeminentS; extremitate prova nose pipe - duzS; ajutaj; jiclor notation - notS; notare; denumire; tnsemnare; inregistrare notch - canelura; crestaturS; s.ant; canal de panS; adancitura; dinte; jgheab notch bar - epruveta crestatS notching ~ crestare; crestaturS note - a nota; a remarca; a denumi note - nota/dispozitie de comandS notice ~ informatie; instiin|are; notS; aviz; anunt; avertisment notification - notificare; avertismen t notify ~ a notifica; a anunja; a avertiza; a ins,tiinta nought zero novelty noutate nozzle - ajutaj; duza. jiclor; capul unui injector; cioc de barzS nozzle holder - tub de ajutaj nozzle inlet - orificiu de intrare al unui ajutaj

normality normalitate

nozzle needle - orificiu de iesire al ajutajului nozzle nut - piulifa duzei nozzle ring segment - segment cu ajutaje (la turbinS) nozzle seat -- suprafata de sprijin/scaunul duzei nozzle tip - cap de ajutaj nuclear-powered - cu propulsie nuclearS nuclear-powered ship - navS cu propulsie nudearS nuclear-powered submarine ~ submarin atomic nuclear power ~ energie nuclearS null - nul; zero; vid

0
oar - a raina; a vasli; a trage la rame oar - rama; vasla obey - a satisface conditiile; a executa object - a obiecta object - obiect; obiectiv objective - obiectiv; real oblate ~ turtit; comprimat; presat oblique ~ oblic; inclinat obliqueness oblicitate obliquity - oblicitate; mclinare observation ~ observatie; observare; examinare observation hole - gura de control; vizor observe ~ a observa; a remarca; a examina obsolescence - invechire; uzura morals obsolescent equipment echipament invechit obsolete - invechit; uzat moral obstacle - obstacol; piedica: tinta obstruct - a astupa: a bloca; a impiedica; a intarzia obstructing - obturare; obturatie obturate - a astupa; a etansa: a obtura obturating needle - ac opturator obturation - obturatie; obturare; etansare obturator ~ obturator; piesa de etansare obverse ~ revers; parte frontala obviate ~ a preveni

N
null point ~ punct zero/initial number - numSr; cifrS number of revolutions ~ turatie (la motor) number of turns - turatie numbered numerotat numbering - (sistem de) numerotare numbers - numire a navei numeral - cifra; numeral; simbol numeration - numarare; calcul numerical - numeric nut - piulitS; manson; muft; bucsS nut bolt - surub cu piulita nut key - cheie pentru piulita; cheie fixS nut lock - saibS de sigurantS; contrapiulita nut screw - piulita fluture 910

e normal value - valoare normals

obviousless - solutie necvidenta Occident - vest; Occident occlude - a astupa; a inchide occluded - ascuns; inchis; invizibil occupation - ocupatie; meserie; profesiune; luare in posesie occupied - ocupat (un loc) occupy - a ocupa; a locui; a acoperi; a exploata occur ~ a avea loc; a se Tntampla; a se petrcce; a se ivi occurrence - existenta; prezenta; raspandire; pozitie; ocazie; eveniment; caz; fntamplare occurrence of spark - formare a scanteii ocean - ocean ocean liner - nava oceanica de linie; transatlantic ocean-going ship ~ nava oceanica/de cursa lunga octane number - cifra octanica octuple ~ de opt on; optuplu odd impar; neegal; accidental; excedentar; suplimentar odd-even ~ impar-par oddness - imparitate odds probabilitati : odour - miros off - decuplat off-balance - dereglat; dezechilibrat off-centre - excentric; descentrat off-heat - caldura evacuata office - birou; functie; oficiu; sediu officer of the watch - ofiter de cart official - functionar; persoana oficiala; oficial official hour - ora oficiala

offing - largul marii off-load running - functionare in gol/fara sarcina off-position - pozitie de oprire/de repaus offsetting dezaxare offshore support vessel - nava de sprijin oil - a unge, a lubrifia, a impregna cu ulei, a gresa oil - ulei; petrol: produs petrolier oil bath - baie de ulei oil box - baie de ulei oil centrifuge - centrifuga de ulei oil cover - clapeta de ulei oil cup - gresor: ungator oil drain opening deschidere/orificiu pentru evacuarea uleiului oil drillboat - platforma de foraj marin oil duct ~ canal de ungere oil engine - motor cu motorina oil filter - filtru de ulei oil fuel - combustibil lichid; pacura oil fuel tank ~ tanc de combustibil lichid oil gauge - indicator de ulei oil gauge glass - indicator de nivel pentru ulei oil groove - canal de ungere oil level - nivel al uleiului oil level dipstick - tija pentru masurat nivelul uleiului oil lubrication - ungere cu ulei oil overflow pipe - teava de prea plin pentru ulei

oil pump ~ pompa de ulei oil purifier - filtru de ulei oil recovery - recuperare a uleiului oil reservoir - rezervor de petrol oil retaining/piston ring - segment de ungere oil ring - segment de radere/raclare oil scraper - segment de radere/raclare oil scraper ring - segment de ungere oil separator - separator de ulei oil squirt - pompa de ulei oil tank - rezervor de petrol oil-electric drive - propulsie Dieselelectrica oiler - ungator; gresor oil-fired - care arde cu ulei/petrol oiling - gresare; lubrifiere; ungere oil-like uleios oil-ore ship - nava care transporta petrol s.i minereu oil-pan crankcase - baia de ulei a carterului oil-tanker petrolier oil-tray of the crankcase - baia de ulei a carterului oilway - canal de ungere oily - uleios; unsuros omission ~ omisiune; lipsa; neglijenta; scapare omit - a omite on cuplat on edge - pe muchie on port bow -- in prova babord on port quarter ~ in pupa babord on position - pozitie de cuplare; cuplat one - unu; unic; oarecare one side ~ o parte; o fata

one way ~ unilateral; unidirectional one-axis monoaxial one-design class - serie de nave monotip one-digit - cu o singurS cifra one-dimensional - unidimensional only - unic; singur; numai on-off switch intrerupator open - a deschide. a slabi (un surub, o frana) open - declanat; scos din circuit; deschis; desfacut: liber open circuit ~ circuit deschis open out - a deschide; a largi; a mari open sea - mare deschisa; largul marii 930 open up - a deschide; a deconecta open up the engine - a accelera motorul; a deschide clapeta open-impeller pump - pompa cu rotor deschis opening ~ gaura; deschidere; orificiu; cavitate; declanare operate - a functiona. a pune in functiune operating accident - accident de exploatare operating conditions - conditii de lucru/de exploatare/de functionare; regim de functionare operating point - punct de functionare operating process - proces tehnologic operating range ~ raza de actiune; domeniu de functionare/de

actionare/de regalre operating safety - siguranta in functionare operating trouble pana; avarie; deranjament operation functionare operational guidance - instructiuni de functionare operational hazard - pericol de exploatare operative - operativ; eficace; in functiune operator - lucrator; operator: mas. inist; motorist opposite - opus; invers; contrar; de semne contrare opposite forces ~ cuplu de forte optimal - optim optimal adjustment - ajustare optima optimisation - optimizare optimise - a optimiza optimum ~ optim optimum torque - moment de torsiune optim option - optiune; alegere: selectie optional ~ facultativ orbicular sferic orbital engine - motor axial in doi timpi cu pistoane curbe intr-un bloccilindru circular rotativ orbital motion - miscare circulars order - a aranja; a ordona a comanda order - nota/dispozitie de comanda ordered - ordonat ordering - ordine; ordonare orderly ~ ordonat; regulat; metodic; sistematic; organizat

ordinary - obisnuit; comun; simplu ordinary hammering spanner cheie de strans prin lovire obisnuita Ordinary Seaman - marinar ordinate - ordonat; regulat; metodic ore minereu ore carrier mineralier ore pallet carrier - mineralier pentru granule de minereu de fier ore-bulk-oil carrier - vrachier combinat (minereu, marfuri vrac, petrol) ore-coal carrier - nava combinata pentru minereu si carbuni ore-grain carrier - nava care transports minereu si cereale orient - a orienta; a dirija orientability - orientabilitate orientable - orientabil oriented - oriental orifice ~ orificiu; gaura; gura; deschidere orifice plate ~ membrana/perete separator cu orificiu origin ~ origine; punct initial

pendulare; fluctuatie oscillatory ~ oscilant; oscilatoriu Otto engine - motor Otto/cu carburator oust - a alunga; a scoate out ~ defect; deplasat; deconectat; deschis; din afara; afara; in afara out of- defect; decuplat; deplasat; deconectat; deschis out of ~ din afara; afara; in afara out of order - dereglat; deranjat; defect; scos din functiune out of position - asezat gres.it out of shape deformat out of size - cu abateri de la tolerantele prescrise out of work - inactiv; oprit; decuplat outage - oprire; Tntrerupere outboard engine/motor - motor suspendat (in afara bordului) outbreak ~ explozie; izbucnire outburst - eruptie; degajare brusca outcome - ies.ire; rezultat; consecinta; avarie outer - in exterior; extern outer cover - invelis, exterior outer inspection - control vizual outfit ~ a echipa; a utila outfit - armare; echipare (a navei); instalatie; dispozitiv; set outflow ~ a se scurge outflow ~ scurgere; debit; evacuare; aura de scurgere outflow tube - teava de scurgere outlet - orificiu de evacuare; es.apament outlet casing feet - postamentul

94
origin of force ~ punct de aplicare a fortei original - initial: primar; original; autentic originate ~ a lua nas.tere O-ring joint - garnitura inelara orlop deck ~ punte falsa oscillate - a oscila; a pendula oscillating - oscilant; oscilator oscillation - oscilatie; vibratie;

carcasei de evacuare outlet entrance - orificiu de golire outlet nozzle - gura de scurgere outlet pipe - conducts de evacuare outlet port - orificiu de evacuare outlet pressure ~ presume de evacuare outlet valve ~ supapS de evacuare outline - a scoate in evidenta: a schita;a proiecta outline - plan; proiect; rezumat; descriere out-of-balance - neechilibrat; dezechilibrat; dereglat out-of-date - invechit; demodat: depas.it out-of-gear - dezangrenat; decuplat out-of-level neorizontal out-of-step asincron out-of-true - asezat gres.it; imprecis;descentrare; bataie out-of-use - scos din folosinta: invechit output ~ randament, debit; putere; capacitate output capacity - randament; debit output ratio - randament outshot - proeminenta; des.euri outside - parte exterioara; exterior; in exterior outside and inside doors - ui interioare s.i exterioare outstanding - remarcabil; important; restant; neindeplinit out-stroke - cursa de evacuare outturn - productie; randament outward - in afara

950
outward-flow turbine - turbina centrifuga outworn uzat oval - oval; eliptic overall ~ salopeta; total; global; general overall - total; global; general overall dimensions ~ dimensiuni exterioare/generale/de gabarit overall length - lungime maxima overcome - a tnfrange, a Tnvinge overfall deversare overfeed - supraalimentare overfeeding ~ supraalimentare overfill - a umple excesiv overflow ~ preaplin overflow hole - orificiu de preaplin overflow pipe ~ teava de preaplin overhang - consola; prelungire overhaul - a examina, a verifica overhaul - revizie generala; reparatie capitala overhead ~ de suprafata; superior overhead camshaft - arbore cu came In cap overheat - a supraincalzi overheat - supraincalzire overheating - supraincalzire overhouling - reparatie capitala overlap - a suprapune; a Tntoarce; a acoperi overlap ~ suprapunere overlapping - suprapunere; acoperire; mtindere overlay - strat de acoperire overlift - a ridica peste limita overload - a supraincarca, a

suprasolicita overload - suprasarcina, supraincarcare overloading - suprasarcina, supraincarcare overlook - a supraveghea overplus - surplus; excedent overpressure ~ suprapresiune overrunning - supraincarcare: debordare; deversare; trecere peste o limita normaia oversize - supradimensiune; supradimensionare oversquare engine - motor cu cursa scurta overstrain - a supraincarca; a suprasolicita overstrain - deformatie remanenta; supratensionare overstress ~ a supratensiona, a suprasolicita overtighten - a strange excesiv de tare overtime - ore suplimentare (de lucru) owner/shipowner - proprietar oxidize - a (se) oxida; a rugini oxy-acetylene cutting - taiere oxiacetilenica/autogena oxyacetylene flame - flacara oxiacetilenica

96
pace - pas; ritm; viteza de mers pack - a impacheta: a ambala; a infiisura; a ingramadi; a etansa: a astupa pack ~ pachet; gramada; teanc; stiva

pack a joint - a calafatui; a etans.a o imbinare pack up - a fixa; a strange; a ambala; a impacheta package - a tmpacheta; a ambala package - pachet; capsulS; mobil packet - a impacheta; a ambala packet - pachet; balot packing ~ garnitura (de etansare) packing gland - presetupa; presgarnitura: inel de presgarnitura; garnitura de etansare packing ring - inel de etansare; segment de compresie; gamiturS inelara packless - faia presetupa/presgarnitura pad proptea; suport; reazem; garnitura; flan$a: manson; tampon de amortizare; bucsa paddle - a rama; a vasli paddle ~ racleta; paleta: pala; lopata paddle-bladed impeller ~ rotor cu palete radiale paint - a vopsi, a pitura paint - vopsea. Pitura paint coat ~ strat de vopsea painting piturare painting compressed-air - pistol de vopsit pair - a imperechea; a fi cate doua/doi pair pereche pair of tongs cleste pairwise ~ in perechi pallet - diblu; lopata; paleta palley-block scripete

panel - panou, tablie panel switch ~ intrerupStor/comutator de panou panel-point load - nod de asamblare; sarcina in nod pantry - oficiu/bufet pap - butuc; bucsa paper/container carrier - nav8 care transporta containere si hartie parachute flares - racheta parasuta de pericol paraffin ~ petrol lampant; gaz; ulei de parafina paraffin engine - motor cu petrol lampant parallel forces - cuplu de foife parallel motion ~ miscare paraleia parallel vice - menghina paraleia parameter - parametru; constants; caracteristica; factor; indice; coeficient; marime de stare parcel tanker - nava pentru produse chimice care transporta mai multe tipuri de lichide odata part - a imparji; a diviza; a fractiona; a separa; a taia; a indeparta part off - a reteza part owner - coproprietar; coarmator part pressure ~ presiune parfiaia partial - partial; local partial automatic - semiautomat partial turbine ~ turbina cu admisie partiala participate -- a participa

particle ~ granuia; particuia particular - particular; specific; special; neobisnuit particularity - particularitate; proprietate; trasatura spccifica parting ~ despfirtire; separare; impartire; rost parting force - forta de separare/de sectionare_____________________ 97partition - diafragma partly - partial; in parte party - echipa. grup pass - a trece; a circula pass - irecere; orificiu de trecere; pas pass in - a introduce pass off- a iesi; a scapa; a evacua; a inlatura pass out - a iesi; a trece in afara pass over - a traversa; a transpoila; a merge; a trece peste ceva: a transfera pass through ~ a parcurge; a trece; atraversa; a strapunge passage - canal/conduct^ de ocolire pass-by - ocol; ocolire passenger pasager passenger and cargo ship - nava mixta passenger ship ~ nava de pasageri passenger/train/vehicle carrier feribot

passenger/vehicle ferry - feribot passive - pasiv, inactiv; inert pass-out back pressure turbine turbina cu contrapresiune paste on - a lipi pe/de

patch - a petici; a repara patching - reparatie prin aplicare de eclise patent ~ a breveta patent - patent; brevet patented - patentat, brevetat patrol boat - salupa de patrulare patrol ship/vessel - nava de patrulare pattern - model; proba; schita pawl ~ clichet pawl mechanism - mecanism cu clichet peak - varf; maxim; valoare de varf peak load - sarcina maxima peak output - debit la regim de functionare fortat peak power - putere maxima peak tank - pic, tanc de asieta_______ 98 peculiarity - paiticularitate; proprietate pedal pedala pedestal - soclu, piedestal pedestal base - cadru; montant peel - a (se) coji; a (se) exfolia peen - a ciocani peep hole - tereastra de control peg - a fixa peg - bolt: stift de oprire; tachet: dorn pegging - imbinare cu stifluri Pelton turbine - turbina cu cupe/Pelton penalty - amenda: penalizare; rebut pencil ~ creion: stiff de trasare pendent - atarnat; suspendat

pending - in timpul; in cursul; pans la; mainte de pendular oscilatoriu pendulate ~ a pendula; a oscila; a se balansa pendulum impact test - mcercare de rezilienta cu pendul Charpy penetrable - penetrabil; permeabil penetrate - a strapunge; a patrunde penetrometer - penetrometru: durometm penstock pipe - conducta de refulare per cent (%) - la suta percentage - procentaj; proportie percentage inspection - verificare
prin sondaj

percolate - a filtra; a strecura percussion ~ percutie; lovitura; soc perfect - a perfecta; a perfectiona; a
imbunatati

perfect - perfect; impecabil; complet perfect combustion - ardere completa perfection - perfectie: perfectare perforate - a gauri; a pertbra; a strapunge perforated gaurit perform - a executa; a realiza; a efectua; a indeplini performance - functionare: operatic; productivitate: randament; performanta: caracterislica; calitate de exploatare perimeter - perimetru: contur period - perioada; ciclu; timp; durata period of running - perioada de

functionare period of service - durata de folosire/de functionare period of starting engine - timp de pornire a masinii period of time ~ perioada de timp periodic(al) motion - miscare periodica periodical decimal - fractie zecimala periodica periodicity - periodicitate; frecventa peripheral/periphery force ~ forta periferica periphery - periferie: perimetru; circumferinta; contur perish - a se distruge; a se degrada permanence ~ stare de inertie permanency ~ durabilitate permanent ~ permanent; durabil; constant; fix; continuu permanent set ~ deformatie remanenta permeation - patrundere; penetratie; imbibare permissible - admisibil; permis permission - permis: autorizatie permit - a permite. a lasa permit - permis: bilel de libera trecere permutation - transformare; permutare; substituire permute - a permuta perpendicular alignment perpendicularitate perpendicularity perpendicularitate;

verticalitate persistence - permanenta; durabilitate; stare de inertie persistency - constanta: continuitate: constanta de timp: inertie peruse - a cerceta; a examina pervade - a trece prin ceva; a patrunde in: a se raspandi pet valve - robinet de proba petrol engine - motor cu carburator petrol feed pump - pompa de alimentare cu benzina petrol pump ~ pompa de benzina petrol tank - rezervor de benzina petroleum - petrol brut: titei Petty Officer - subofiter phenomenon fenomen phosphoric acid carrier - nava care transporta acid tbsforic physical - material; fizic physical process ~ procedeu fiz.ic physical properties ~ proprietati fizice; caracteristici de rezistenta mecanica physics fizica Pi-3,14 pick - a sapa: a alege; a sorta pick out - a sclectiona; a sorta pick up ~ a scoate; a extrage; a reccptiona; a capta; a ridica; a mregistra pick up - dispozitiv de prindere; senzor; adaptor pick up firing - a se aprinde, a porni pick up pump - pompa de \ id pick up speed - a accelera; a intra in

viteza picked - sortat; clasat picking out selectare picking up - ridicare; extragere pickle - decapant pico - - pico (prefix pentru 10 la minus 12) piece ~ a innoda; a innadi: a completa piece ~ bucata; parte; piesa; fragment pierce - a strapunge; a perfora: a gauri pierced ~ patruns: perforat 99piercement - strapungere; perforare piercing - strapungere pig iron - fonts pike-varfascutit pile - a ingramadi; a umple pile - gramada; stiva; pachet pile up - a ingramadi; a stivui; a acumula; a umple pillar - coloana; stSIp de reazem; montant: tija; bara pillow - cuzinet; lagar pilot - pilot; supapa auxiliara pilot valve - supapa a servomotorului; supapa pilot pilot vessel - pilotina, $alupa de pilot pilot's bridge - puncte de navigatie/de comanda pilot's flag - pavilion de avarie pin a bate in cuie pin - bolt; diblu; popic; dorn; bulon; pivot; cui

pin chain - lant articulat pin coupling ~ cuplaj cu boljuri; imbinare cu stifturi pincers - clete pinch - a taia cu cle?tele: a strangula; a strange; a comprima pinch bar - ranga; drug pinchers ~ cleste; gheare pinches corozitate pinion - pinion (roata dinjata) pinning - prindere; intarire; imbinare; asamblare pintle - pivot; balama pintle nozzle/valve - injector cu ac pipe - a curge prin conducta pipe - teava, conducta, tub pipe bend/elbow/knee ~ cot de teava pipe blockage - Tnfundare a conductei pipe bridge/clip - brafara pentru suspendarea conductelor

100
pipe fitting - racord; stuj pipe fracture - rupere/spargere a Jevii pipe insulation - izolare tubulatura piping ~ tubulatura; pompare prin conducte; tevi piston - piston piston clearance - joe al pistonului piston compressor - compresor cu piston piston cooling water - apa de racire piston piston crown - cap de piston; fund/calota de piston

piston cup/skirt - camaa/manta de piston piston diaphragm - membrana de piston piston displacement - cilindree; capacitate cilindrica; debit al pompei piston drive - acjionare cu piston piston engine - motor cu piston piston gudgeon - bolt de piston piston head capacity - capacitate cilindrica piston packing - garnitura de piston; garnitura de etansare a pistonului piston path/stroke/travel - cursa a pistonului piston pin - axul pistonului; bolt piston pin boss - umar pentru bolt de piston; ureche a pistonului piston pin bush ~ buca a boltului de piston piston pressure ~ presiune de piston piston pump - pompa cu piston piston ring - segment (de piston) piston rod - tija a pistonului piston rod coupling - cuplaj al tijei de piston piston rod end ~ cap al tijei de piston piston rod guide - ghidaj al tijei de piston piston rod knuckle - articulate a tijei de piston

p
piston skirt/cup - camasa/manta de

piston piston speed - viteza a pistonului piston spring - arc al pistonului piston underside - fata inferioara a pistonului piston-type steam engine - masina cu aburi cu piston pit - a coroda punctiform pit - canal/cSmin/put de vizitare pitch - a gudrona pitch - pas al elicei; tangaj pitch circle ~ cere primitiv (la roji dinjate) pitch indicator - indicator al gradului de inurubare pitch of propeller ~ pas al elicei pitch of screw - pasul surubului pitch trimmer - mecanism de reglare automata a pasului elicei pitching - tangaj pitching moment - moment de rastumare pitting - coroziune (in puncte), coroziune patrunsa. formarea a petelor de coroziune pivot - a pivota pivot - pivot, articulate; lagar oscilant;axa/punct de retire pivot pin ~ ax de pivotare pivoted - rotativ; oscilant pivoting ~ pivotant; turnant; rotativ place - a pune; a aseza; a stivui place ~ spajiu; loc; pozifie place on - a plasa; a amplasa plain - plan; neted; simplu; obisnuit plain bearing - reazem simplu: lagar de alunecare

plan - a proiecta; a schi{a; a planifica plan - plan; project; schema; schi{a; secjiune planar - plan; plat; planar plane - a netezi; a aplatiza; a nivela; a egaliza; a indrepta plane - plan; suprafaja plana plane angle - unghi plan plane carrier - nava portavion plane down - a egaliza plane surface - suprafaja frontala planer ~ raboteza planish ~ a egaliza; a indrepta; a aplatiza;a turti; a netezi; a poliza; a finisa plank - scandura de bordaj planking bordaj plant - instalafie; sistem plant item - majina utilaj plastic - material plastic plastic - plastic; maleabil; ductil plastic material - material plastic plastic strain ~ deformatie plastica plasticity ~ plasticitate; maleabilitate plasticize - a inmuia; a plastifia platband - margine; bordura plate ~ a placa cu foi de metal plate ~ tabia; tola de bordaj: armatura. Disc plate - tola, placa plate clutch - cuplaj cu lamele/cu discuri plate girder - grinda continua de tabla

plate out ~ a Tntinde; a egaliza; a netezi; a aplatiza plate screw ~ filiera plated - placat; imbracat platforms lining ~ construct! i captus.eli platforme plating ~ bordaj plating - strat play - joe; interstifiu; spafiu liber; rost play of piston ~ joe al pistonului play off - pornire pleasure boat/ship - nava de agrement pleat - a increfi; a plia plentiful - abundent; din plin plenty ~ abundenta plenum - de refulare; refulat pliability - pliabilitate; flcxibilitate pliable - pliabil; flexibil; elastic pliable pipe - conducts elastics pliant - flexibil; pliant pliers - cleste de indoit sarma plot - a desena un plan; a reprezenta grafic; a trasa; a schita plottable - evaluabil; estimabil plug - pana; ic; obturator; stift; cocos plug cock/valve - robinet cu cep; ventil cu cep plug filter ~ filtru cartus plugged opening - deschidere opturatS plugging - astupare; infundare plummer block - palier de arbore poitelice

plunger - bara/dop de prcsiune; (piston)plonjor, plunjer plunger piston - piston plunger plunger valve - supapa cu piston plural - multiplu; numeros; plural plurality ~ multitudine; numar mare plus - plus, cantitate pozitiva pneumatic drive - actionare pneumatics pneumatic impact wrench extragere prin soc pneumatic pneumatic remote control of valves - comanda pneumatics la distanta a valvulelor pneumatic working/drive ~ actionare pneumatics pocket - buzunar; locas; adancitura; rezervor point - punct, pozitie (a navei) point - virgula (pentru numere zecimale); punct point of flammability punct/temperatura de aprindere point of rest ~ punct de repaus 102 point of support - loc de incastrare/de reazem point out - a releva; a preciza pointed corrosion ~ coroziune in pete pointer - ac indicator pointlike - in fonnS de punct; punctiform polar line - razS polara pole - a sprijini; a propti pole - stalp; balizS

polish - a poliza, a slefui; a furbisa polish - luciu, lustru; polizare; furbisare polished - lustruit; polizat; slefuit ponderous - greu; masiv; cu dimensiuni man pony motor - motor auxiliar de pornire poop - dunetS. castel/suprastructura pupa; pupa (uzual ) poor - slab; redus poor mixture - amestec sSrac poor quality ~ (de) calitate proastS poor weld ~ sudare incorecta pop pocnet; pocniturS; detunaturS poppet valve - supapS cu scaun plat; supapS de aerisire; supapa cu tija 51 taler poppet-valve gear ~ mecanism de distribute cu supape pore - por porous - poros; spongios port - port; babord; orificiu, gaurS, deschidere; sabord port engine ~ motor babord port facilities ~ instalatii portuare port hole - hublou; iublou port side babord portability portabilitate portable - portabil; mobil portative force - forta portantS porter - grinds de rezistenta portion - parte; portiune; fragment position - pozitie position of equilibrium - pozijie de echilibru

position of rest ~ stare de repaus positioning - pozitionare. reglare a pozitiei positive - pozitiv; plus positive cooling - rScire suplimentara/fortats positive displacement pump pompS de refiilare/volumetricS positive feed - avans fortat/mecanic; antrenare fortata positive governing ~ comanda directs positive motion - miscare transmisa printr-un mecanism farS alunecare positive pressure ~ suprapresiune positive suction pump - pompS cu inSltime de aspiratie pozitiva post - a plasa; a amplasa; a aseza post scavenge - post evacuare/baleiaj post-acceleration - postaccelerare potential potential potential energy - energie potentials potential governor/regulator regulator de tensiune potential loss ~ pierdere de potential potentiometer - potentiometru; compensator pound - a pisa; a faramita; a sfSrma; a zdrobi; a bate; a ciocSni pound - livrS (453.6 g); loviturS puternicS; izbiturS pound per square foot ~ HvrS pe picior patrat (unitate de presiune 4,7 atm)

pound per square inch - livrS pe tol pSlrat; imitate de presiune 0,068 atm) pour ~ a turna pour in - a turna; a varsa in pour into - a turna pour on - a completa prin turnare pour out - a goli; a turna; a scurge pour point - punct/temperatura de congelare pouring - turnare pouring basin bazin de umplere pouring gate - gurS de umplere pouring in tumare pouring out - scurgere; tumare; golire powder - a pudra; a pulveriza; a pisa powder - pudrS; pulbere powdery ~ sub forms de pulbere power - a alimenta; a actiona power ~ putere (a unui motor); energie(electrics, hidraulicS) power actuator - servomotor; motor de cxecutie power amplifier - amplificator de putere power consumption - energie necesarS; putere absorbitS; consum de energie power control - robinet de strangulare power control apparatus ~ regulator de putere power control lever - parghie de pornire/de cuplare

power conversion - transformare de energie power curve - caractcristicS de putere power demand ~ necesar de putere power drive - actionare mecanicS power factor - factor de putere power failure - cSdere a tensiunii; intrerupere a alimentarii power feed - avans automat/mecanic power fuel - combustibil; carburant power gain - amplificare; factor de amplificare a puterii power glider - velier cu motor auxiliar power governor - regulator de putere power input - putere ceruta/absorbitS; consum de putere

103

power input rating - putere mecanica efectiva; putere de franare power line - conducta principal^ power loss - pierdere de putere/de energie power magnet - electromagnet power operation ~ actionare mecanica power output ~ putere de iesire/utila/furnizata power press ~ forta de presare power pump - pompa de actionare; motopompa power rating ~ putere maxima;

nominate; capacitate nominala power reactor - reactor de putere power required - energie necesara power shortage - lipsa de putere; cadere a alimentarii power source - sursa de putere/energie power steering - servodirectie power stroke - cursa utila power supplied by a motor ~ puterea furnizata de un motor power-actuated - cu actionare mecanica power-driven - actionat de motor power-driven ship/vessel - nava cu propulsie mecanica power-driven system - sistem automat cu actionare mecanica power-driven winch - troliu cu motor powered - cu actionare mecanica/electrica/pneumatica; mecanizat powered by a motor ~ cu actionare de la un motor powered controls ~ servocomenzi powerful ~ puternic; tare power-operated - acfionat mecanic power-propeller - cu propulsie mecanica powl click - clichet de cuplare practical ~ practic; util; aplicat 104 practice - a practica; a exercita; a utiliza

practice ~ practica: metoda: procedeu:folosire; utilizare; exploatare; regim de lucru precede - a preceda prechamber engine - motor cu antecamera precinct ~ limita; margine; incinta precipitate - a precipita precipitate ~ precipitat; depunere; sediment precipitating - precipitare; sedimentare; depunere precise - precis; exact precision - precizie; exactitate preclude ~ a exclude; a inlatura; a preveni pre-combustion - precombustie pre-combustion chamber antecamera; camera de preardere pre-combustion engine ~ motor diesel cu antecamera pre-compressed air - aer precomprimat pre-compression - precompresie pre-condition - condipe preliminara pre-cooler ~ racitor preliminar predicted rate - viteza teoretica preheat - a preincaizi pre-heater - preincalzitor preheating - preincaizire pre-ignition - aprindere cu bujie; preaprindere; avans de aprindere preliminaries - preliminarii: pregatiri pre-load - preincarcare

premature firing - precombustie preparation tank - tanc de preparare prepared - preparat; degrosal press-button board ~ tablou cu butoane de comanda present - a prezenta; a inmana; a depune present - prezent preservation ~ conservare. pastrare, mentinere preserve - a lasa neschimbat; a pastra; a feri preset - stabilit; fixat; determinat preset level - nivel fixat presetting ~ prestabilire; preajustare;preselectie press - a presa; a strapunge prin presare;a injecta press - presare; solicitare; presa press bolt - surub de presare press button - buton de apasare press down - a apasa; a presa press key - buton; manipulator; clapa press on - a apasa; a strange press out - a stoarce; a presa press pump - pompa de presiune pressability ~ care poate fi presat pressable presabil pressing - presare; refulare pressostat - presostat; automat manometric; regulator automat de
presiune

pressure presiune

pressure air - aer comprimat pressure alarm - alarma pentru exces de presiune pressure boost - ridicare a presiunii pressure coefficient - coeficient de presiune pressure control - reglare a presiunii pressure control valve ventil/robinet presostatic; supapa regulatoare de presiune pressure controller - regulator de presiune pressure curve - curba de compresie/de presiune pressure decline - cadere de presiune pressure distribution ~ distribuire de presiune pressure drop - reducere de presiune pressure engine - mecanism de presare; pompa de presiune pressure equalizing - egalizare a presiunii pressure gauge ~ manometru, indicator de presiune pressure governor - regulator de presiune pressure hose - furtun de aer comprimat pressure indicator - manometru, indicator de presiune pressure loss - pierdere de presiune; pierdere de sarcina pressure lubricating - ungere sub presiune

pressure lubrication - ungere sub presiune pressure meter - manometru pressure plate - placa de apasare/de presiune pressure pump - pompa de refulare/de presiune pressure ratio - raport/grad de compresie; coeficient/grad de comprimare; raport al presiunilor pressure recording gauge manometru inregistrator; inregistrator de presiune pressure reducer (device) (dispozitiv) redactor de presiune pressure regulator device dispozitiv regulator de presiune pressure relief valve - supapa reductoare de presiune pressure rise - ridicare a presiunii pressure side - fata de apasare pressure stub - stut de presiune pressure test - fncercare la compresie 105pressure transducer traductor de presiunc pressure valve - supapa de presiune pressure-actuated - actionat
pneumatic/hidraulic pressure-inlet nipple - racord de presiune pressure-tight - etan$ pressurisation - etansare; ennetizare pressurise - a mari presiunea; a ennetiza prestress ~ precomprimare prestressing - precomprimare prestressing stage - etapa de precomprimare

presumable - probabil; posibil presumption - prezumtie; presupunere presupposition presupunere pre-tension pretensionare preventer pin - stift de siguranta/de oprire/de blocare preventive maintenance - intretinere preventiva price ~ pret: cost; valoare prick ~ perforate; ac primary - primar: elementar; principal; esential primary axis - arbore principal primary shaft - arbore motor primary stage - faz.a initiala primary strength - rezistenta initiala primary winding - infasurare primara la bobine prime - a amorsa prime - amorsare a pompei prime - fundamental; esential; de prim ordin prime mover - motor primar prime paint grund prime quality - de cea mai buna calitate prime steam - abur umed priming ~ amorsare 106

priming of pump amorsare/pornire a


unei pompe priming paint - vopsea de grund priming plug - robinet de umplere (la pompe) priming pump - pompa de pornire; pompa-injector principal ~ principal; fundamental: de baza

principal axis - ax/arbore principal principal motive - inecanism principal de actionare principal strain - deformare principals principal stress - tensiune principals printed form formular priority (over; to) - prioritate; intaietate; precedents prisoner - stift de centrare prize - a ridica cu o parghie; a evalua; a pretui prize - parghie pro rata - proportional; conform probing - explorare; probare; sondaj; sondare procedure - metoda; tehnica; mod de tratare; procedeu; proces tehnologic proceed - a continua; a Inainta; a proceda: a actiona proceeding - procedeu; fapt; actiune process - a procesa; a prelucra process - proces tehnogic; metoda de lucru; procedeu; fenomen; desiasurare process chart ~ fia tehnologica processing ~ procesare; tratare; prelucrare; transformare; preparare; pregattre proclaim - a anunta: a declara procurable - procurabil; de vanzare prod - unealta ascutita; ac; sula produce - a produce, a cauza product - fabricat; produs product/products carrier - tanc de produse petroliere (transportate simultan) production ~ produclie: debit production engine - motor de serie profession - meserie; profesie;

specialitate professional - profesional; de profesie; expert proficiency - capacitate; eficacitate profile ~ profit; sectiune; contur; configuratie programme - a programa programme - program; plan progress - progres; dezvoltare; desfasurare: perfectionare prohibited - interzis project - a proiecta; a face un proiect project - proiect; plan projection - aruncare; proiectare; proeminenta prolate - alungit; prelung prolong - a prelungi promote - a promova; a grabi; a accelera promotion promovare prompt - prompt; instantaneu; imediat prong - furca; gheara; dinte; tift proof- rezistent; protejat; incercare; proba; control; verificare proof stress - tensiune de incercare proofing - incercare; proba; verificare a etanseitatii prop - a propti; a sprijini; a rezema propagate - a propaga propane carrier - nava care transporta propan propel ~ a propulsa; a pune in mis.care propeller elice propeller aperture ~ colivie a elicei

propeller axis - axa a elicei propeller blade - pala a elicei propeller bolt - bolt de elice propeller boss - butuc de elice propeller brake - elice de fiinare

propeller drive - cuplare a elicei propeller efficiency - randament al


elicei

protect - a acoperi; a proteja protecting - casca de protectie


107protecting cover - capac de

propeller fan - ventilator cu elice propeller frame - colivia elicei propeller guard - aparatoare de elice propeller hub - butuc al elicei propeller law - legea elicei propeller pump - pompa elicoidala propeller revolution - rotatia elicei propeller rupture - rupere a elicei propeller shaft - arborele port-elice propeller slip - read al elicei propeller-shaft tunnel - tunel al
arborelui portelice

propelling force - forta de propulsie propelling power - forta motoare propelling screw - elice de nava
maritimS proper - initial; original: specific; corect; corespunzator; curat property - propnetate; particularitate; insusire proportion - a potrivi; a masura; a dimensiona: a proportiona proportionate - a proportiona proportionate - proportional; proportional proportioning - proportionare; dozare: potrivire: masurare; dimensionare proportioning pump - pompa dozatoare propulsion - propulsie; forta de propulsie propulsion machinery ~ motor prospecting - prospec-tiune; cercetare

protectie protecting device - dispozitiv de protectie/de siguranta protection - protectie; protejare; intarire; consolidare; fixare; asigurare protective - protector; de protectie protective clothing ~ haine de protectie protective coating ~ strat protector prototype prototip protract - trasare; notare pe plan protrude ~ a se ridica; a iei din rand; a iesi in afara provable demonstrabil prove - a proba; a manipula; a manui; anac{iona; a dovedi provide - a inzestra; a asigura; a aproviziona; a prevedea; a livra; a alimenta; a da provide for - a asigura provide with ~ a inzestra; a alimenta cu province - domeniu; sfera; provincie; regiune provision ~ a aproviziona; a inzestra; a Tnarma provision room - cambuza provisional - provizoriu; temporar; aproximativ provoke ~ a provoca; a determina; a cauza proximity - apropiere; proximitate; vecinatate

pull - a extrage; a trage; a smulge pull - efort de intindere, tractiune, forta de tractiune pull along - a tan; a antrena pull apart - a smulge; a desface; a rupe pull back - a trage inapoi; a rama tnapoi pull on - a trage pulley - scripete, troliu; saiba de transmisie pulley block mufla pulling - extragere; vaslire pull-out - a smulge; a scoate cu forta 108 pulsate ~ a pulsa pulsating - pulsatoriu; intermitent pulsation - pulsatii; viteza unghiulara pulse ~ a pulsa pulse - impuls; $oc pulse reflection - reflectarea impulsului pulse system - sistem pulsator/oscilant pulse turbo charger - turbina de supraalimentare cu impulsuri pulverization pulverizare pump - a pompa pump - pompa pump barrel - cilindru/corp al pompei pump basket - sorb al pompei pump casing/cover - carcasa de pompa

pump chamber camera/compartimentul pompelor pump cooling - racire prin pompare pump delivery - debitul pompei pump down - a reduce presiunea pump house - casa/sala pompelor pump impeller ~ rotor de pompa centrifuga pump in - a injecta pump lift - cursa a pistonului de pompa: inaltime de refulare a pompei pump nozzle - stut/racord de aspiratie pump off - a indeparta prin pompare pump out - a evacua prin pompare pump out - a evacua prin pompare pump output - debit al pompei pump over - a pompa; a transvaza prin pompare pump piston ~ piston de pompa pump plunger/ram - plunger; piston plonjor pump shaft - arbore de pompa pump shell - carcasa de pompa pump up - a pompa; a injecta pump valve - supapa de pompa pumping - pompare; pompaj pumping rate - viteza de pompare pumpman - marinar, mecanic de pompe pump-runner vane ~ paleta de rotor de pompa punctiform punctiform punctual punctual punctuate ~ a puncta

punctured ~ perforat pungent - ascutit; caustic pure curat; pur pure car carrier (and truck carrier) ~ nava care transporta autovehicule (si camioane) pureness puritate purge - a purifica; a sufla; a curata; a epura; a purja; a limpezi purge purjare purging - purificare: curajare; epurare; purjare purification - purificare purification of sewage ~ epurare a apelor uzate purification process - proces de curajare/de purificare purifier epurator purify - a purifica purity puritate purity degree - grad de puritate purpose - scop; finalitate; destinatie purser - comisar de bord (pe nave de pasageri) pursue - a ajusta; a regla pursuit - urmarire; continuare push - a apasa; a presa; a impinge push along - a impinge push button - buton de presiune/de actionare/de comanda push down - a apasa; a presa push open - a deschide push out - a impinge afara push rod - tija de impingere. tachet push through - a strSpunge

push up - a impinge in sus pusher - nava impingator pusher screw ~ elice de propulsie pushing impingere pushing force/stress - efort de impingere push-pull cable ~ cablu si metric/bilateral; cablu push-pull put in - a umple; a turna; a pune in funcfiune put into action - a pune in funcjiune; a porni put into gear - a cupla; a angrena put off - a opri; a Tntrerupe; a decupla put off load - a descarca put on - a porni; a tncepe; a lansa; a formula; a aprinde put on speed - a pune in viteza; a mari viteza put out - a deconecta; a decupla; a opri put out of action gear - a scoate din functiune put up - a monta; a ridica; a instala; a fixa put/put/put - a pune; a aeza putting - asezare; montare; punere putty - a chitui putty - chit; mastic pyramid piramida pyramidal - piramidal 109Q

________________

quadrangle - patrulater quadrangular ~ cu patru laturi quadrant - sector de carma; sextant qualification - calillcarc; rezerva; conditie restrictiva qualified expert - expert autorizal qualify - a (se) calillca; a defini qualitative ~ calitativ quality - calitate; caracteristica; marca quantity - cantitate; marime; multime quantity of flow - debit dc apa/de scurgere quantity of heat - cantitate de caldura quantity of motion - cantitate de miscare quantity of waste water - cantitate de ape rezidualc quantum - cantitate; marime; multime quarter - a imparti in patru quarter - cartiet; post de lupta; sfert quarter boat - salupa cu motor quarter master - timonier quenching racire query - intrebare; chestiune; cerere; cercetare; semn de Tntrebare quest - cautare; cercetare question - intrebare; problems questionnaire ~ cliestionar quick - rapid; repede quick acting - cu actiune rapida; rapid quick action - actiune rapida quick break - deconectare brusca/instantanee

quick motion ~ miscare rapida; avans rapid quick work - opera moarta quiet - linistit; calm; ftra zgomot; silentios quiet run/running ~ mers lin/silentios quit - a parasi; a inceta; a abandona quite - pe deplin; in intregime; foarte;destul quiver - a vibra; a oscila; a trepida quivering - vibrare; oscilare; trepidare quoin - a intepeni quoin - pana; ic 10

R
rabble out - a racla; a indeparta prin raclare race an engine - a ambala/a tura un motor racing af the engine atnbalare/turare exagerata a motorului rack - a decanta; a turna; a seca; a epuiza rack- cremaliera rack bar cremaliera rack barrel - manson/bucs.a cu cremaliera rack-and-gear drive - angrenaj cu cremaliera i pinion racking trepidatie radial acceleration - accelerate centrifuga radiala radial cylinder engine ~ motor in stea

radial engine ~ motor in stea radial flow turbine ~ turbina radiala radial piston pump - pompa cu piston radial radial thrust ~ presiune radiala radial-bladed impeller - rotor cu palete radiale radian ~ radian (unilate pentru unghiuri plane in SI) radiate - a radia; a emite radiation - radiatie; radiere; iradiere radiator - radiator Radio Officer - ofifer radiotelegrafist radius rod - bara de inversare a mis;carii radius/radii - raza; distanta; intindere raft ~ pluta; ponton; bac rag bold - bulon de blocaj/de fixare rag pump - pompa cu lant ragged - rupt; zdrentuit; crestat; striat rail ~ a inchide; a imprejmui: a ingradi rail - bara; drug; grinda; traversa; balustrada; parapet rail stanchion ~ baston de balustrada rail guard balustrada rain-proof/tight - rezistent la ploaie; impermeabil; hidrofug raise - a ridica. a creste. a mari. a urea; a ridica la putere; a inalta raise - ridicare, urcare

raise to a power - a ridica la o putere raise up - a trage in sus; a ridica raising - ridicare; urcare; inaltare rake - a curata; a razui; a rascheta rake - racletS; curatitor; stergator rake out - a extrage; a scoate; a razui raker ~ racleta; racheta ram pinten (de nava) ram - plunger; piston plonjor;placa/pana a vanei ram cylinder - cilindru al presei hidraulice ram in - a monta garnitura de etansare a presetupei ram-jet engine statoreactor ram-pump - piston plunjer ramshackle - subred; darapanat; ruinat; insalubru random ~ accidental; dezordonat; haotic; la intamplare; intamplator random noise - zgomot de fond range - a (se) alinia; a se situa; a se intinde range - rand; sir; serie; interval; scara;camp; distanta; multime; oscilatie;raza de actiune range of action - raza de actiune; parcurs range of adjustment - capacitate de reglare range of ancillaries ~ sortiment de piese de rezervaVaccesorii range of capacity - interval de putere range of control ~ interval de reglare range of pre-heating - zona de

preincalzire range of regulation - capacitate de


reglare

112

range of revolutions - gama de tura| ii range of speed ~ gama de viteze range of stress - amplitudine a
tensiunilor

rank - a aranja; a ordona; a clasifica rank - rand; ir; clasa; tip rap - a desface prin ciocanire rapid - repede; rapid; abrupt rapid approach - avans rapid; alimentare rapida rapid power traverse - mers rapid rapidity rapiditate rapid-return motion - mi$care
accelerata; inapoiere rapida rarefaction rarefiere rarefy - a rarefia rash ~ a strapunge; a lovi rasp - a razui; a pili rasp - raspel ratchet - mecanism cu clichet ratchet gear - mecanism cu clichet ratchet-and-pawl - mecanism cu clichet rate - a calcula; a socoti; a considera; a dimensiona rate - viteza; ritm rate change ~ variafie de viteza rate of action - viteza de acfionare rate of advance - viteza de avansare rate of combustion - viteza de ardere rate of cooling - viteza de racire rate of evacuation - viteza de pompare rate of flow - debit; viteza de curgere

rate of wear - grad de uzura rate per cent - procent; procentaj rated - nominal; de calcul; de proiect rated at - cu putere nominaia de rated brake horse power ~ putere nominaia de franare rated capacity - putere nominaia; productivitate nominaia rated horsepower - putere nominaia rated input - putere consumata nominaia rated output - putere produsa nominaia; randament rated speed - turafie/viteza nominaia rated time - timp de referinta rated value - valoare nominaia rating - caracteristica nominaia (a unei maini); randament rating - clasificare (a navei) rating ~ matroz rating of a motor - sarcina nominaia a unui motor ratio ~ raport proporfie, coeficient, fracjie, relate rattle ~ a face zgomot; a zomai; a zangani; a pacam rattle - huruit; zgomot rattling - bataie a motorului; zgomot raw - brut; neprelucrat; nefinisat; grosjer raw sea water - apa de mare netratata ray ~ raz3; semidreapta raze - a slefui

reach - a se tntinde; a atinge; a ajunge reach - intindere; raza de ac|iune; zona de influenza; sector; sec{iune react on - a reaqiona la; a acfiona asupra reactance - reactanta; reactiv reacting force - forta de reactiune reaction - reactiune; forta de reactiune

R
reaction engine - motor cu reactie reaction force - forta de respingere reaction motor ~ motor cu reactie reaction pressure - contrapresiune reactive power ~ putere/forta de reactiune reactor ~ reactor read/read/read ~ a citi; a indica: a
manipula readability - capacitate de citire; inteligihilitate readiness for immediate operation pregStit pentru functionar reading - citire, indicate; rezultat al mastirarii readjust - a reajusta readjustment - reglare; corectare; rcctificare read-out display - indicatie a valorii masurate ready - pregatit; gala ready for operation ~ pregatit pentru intrarea in functiune readying pregatire real - real; adevarat; efectiv; veritabil; original real output - putere cfcctiva reliability - fiabilitate realign ~ a reajusta

realisable - realizabil; utilizabil realise - a intelege; a realiza realm domeniu; sfera ream out - a aleza reamer alezor reapiring depanare rear ~ dinapoi; posterior; spate rear axle - osie/punte din spate rear engine - motor in spate reason - motiv; cauza reasoning - rationament; judecata reassemble - asamblare (dupa o revizie) reassembly ~ reasamblare reassessment reevaluare rebound ~ contralovitura rebound valve - supapa de recirculatie rebuff ~ recul; aruncare Tnapoi rebuild - a reconditiona; a modifica recalibrate ~ a recalibra receiver ~ receptor, recipient, colector,rezervor, bctzin recess - canal circular; adancitura recharge - a reincarca recharge - reincarcare recheck - a verifica; a controla recipient recipient; vas reciprocal - invers; reciproc; dual reciprocal reaction - reactie

alternativa rectilinie reciprocating pump ~ pompa cu piston reciprocating rod - biela reciprocity - reciprocitate; simetrie reciprocity of the work done ~
reciprocitate a lucrului mecanic recirculate - a recircula recirculating pump - pompa de

recirculare recirculating water ~ apa de


recirculare reckon - a calcula; a socoti; a evalua

113
reclaim - a repara; a reface; a corecta; a recupera reclamation - reparare; corectare; rectificare; recuperare reclination inclinatie reclined - aplecat; inclinat reclosing - reinchidere: reanclansare recoil - retragere: soc; cursa inversa recoil buffer - amortizor de recul recombination - recombinare recondition ~ a reconditiona; a Ilnisa; a ajusta recondition ~ reconditionare; fmisare:ajustare reconditioning - reparatie; reconditionare record - tnregistrare; inscriere; notare; document recorder - aparat de inregistrare recovery recuperare recovery boiler - cazan recuperator rectangle ~ dreptunghi

rectangular - dreptunghiular rectify - a rectifica, a corecta rectilinear rectiliniu recuperated work ~ lucru mecanic recuperat recuperation recuperare recurrent - recurent; periodic; care revine recycling - recirculare; recirculatie: repetare redress - a indrepta; a corecta; a repara; a rectifica; a restabili reduce - a reduce, a slabi. a micora reduced volume - volum scazut reducer - reductor; man$on de reducjie reducibility - reductibilitate reducing bush - reductie cu mufa reducing piece ~ reductie reducing socket - mufa de reductie reducing valve ~ ventil de reducere; supapa de reductie; reductor de presiune reduction - reducere; micsorare.scadere. slabire. diminuare;transmisie: angrenaj; reductie:reductor

reversibila reciprocating displacement pump pompa volumica alternativa reciprocating engine - motor cu piston

reduction gear - reductor de turatie reduction in/of area - gatuire;


ingustare

reduction joint - reductie reduction of speed - reducere a


turatiei reduction ratio - raport de transmisie

reciprocating internal combustion engine ~ motor cu ardere inlerna cu piston reciprocating motion - miscare

redundant - suplimentar; excedentar;static nedeterminat; supraabundent;excesiv redwood scale - scara Redwood (masoara vascozitatea combustibilului) reefer - nava frigorifica reek - a scoate vapori; a fumega reek - abur; evaporare; vapori zare reel ~ a mfs,ura; a bobina reel - tambur de troliu; disc reengagement - pornire din nou re-equipment - reutilare; reechipare re-evaluation reevaluare reface - a rectifica refacer dispozitiv pentru repararea supapelor si a scaunelor de supapa refacing valve seats ~ rectificare a scaunelor de supapa referance peg reper referance point - punct de referinta; reper reference system - si stem de referinta refill - a umple din nou refill - piesa de schimb refining process - proces de curatare refinish - a fmisa; a ajusta 14 refit - a renova; a reechipa; a reutila; a repara refloating - ranfluare; restabilire a flotabilitatii reflow - a se revarsa; a curge inapoi reform - a reforma; a reorganiza; a

schimba; a preface

refrigerant agent - agent frigorific refrigerate - a refrigera refrigerated cargo - nava frigorifica refrigerated cargo pallet carrier-nava frigorifica pentru
marfa refrigerated ship/refer ship nava frigorofica

registration - inregistrare; inscriere regrind - a sjefui. a reascuti regrinding ~ rectificare regulable - reglabil; ajustabil regular - normal: obisnuit; regulat; corespunzator; fix; uniform; coerent regular engine oil - ulei standard regular feed - alimentare normals

regular operation - exploatare


normals regular routes - rule fixe regularity - regularitate; uniformitate; ordine regular-trader - nava de linie regulate ~ a potrivi; a regla; a ajusta regulating reglare regulating cock ~ robinet de reglaj regulating valve - robinet de reglare regulation reglare regulator - regulator; regulator de motor rehabilitation - reparatie; reconditionare reheat - a reincalzi reheater - preincalzitor reheating - preincalzire; incalzire repetata rein - maner; maneta reinforce - a intari; a rigidiza: a consolida reject rebut relate - a fi in relatie cu; a se referi la; a raporta relation - relatie; raport relationship - raport; legatura relativity relativitate

refrigerating - frigorific; racire refrigerating effect - efect de racire refrigeration plant - instalatie
frigorifica refuse - deeu; rebut regard - punct de vedere; parere; opinie regenerative heating - incalzire prin recuperare regime - regim/conditii de exploatare regimen - stare de inertie; regim;

relax - a relaxa; a (se) slabi o piulita/un nit releasable - degajabil: declans.abil release - a deconecta; a degaja: a debloca; a decupla; a desface; a slabi; a descarca release - descSrcare. reducere. deblocare; deconectare; declansator release gear - mecanism cu clichet release lever - dispozitiv de declansare automata; parghie de decuplare release mechanism - mecanism de decuplare 15R

release of pressure - reducere dc


presiune, decompresie release valve - supapa de evacuare/de golire releaser - declansor: mecanism de decuplare releasing - dcgajare, decuplare, deconectare, eliberare; debreiere reliability fiabilitate reliable - fiabil; sigur relief pressure valve supapa/ventil de siguranta. de descarcare relief valve - supapa de siguranta/de descarcare; supapa/ventil de scurgere/de golire relief-valve jet - supapa limitatoare de presiune reload - a transborda; a reincarca relocatable - deplasabil, transportabil reluctance - reluctanta, rezistenta

metoda region of operation - domeniu de


functionare/de lucru register - a inregistra; a marca registered breadth - latime de registru registered depth - adancime de tonaj registered length - lungime de calcul

magnetics remain - a ramane remains - resturi. ramasite: reziduuri remanent - remanent, rezidual remark - rcmarca remedial works ~ lucrari de reparatii remote - indepartat. la dislanta, condus de la distanta remote control gear - mecanism pentru comanda la distanta remote effect- telemecanica remote-acting equipment instalatie telemecanica/de telecomanda removable - demontabil. detasabil removal - indepartare. evacuare, eliminare. scoatere, deplasare remove - a misca; a muta: a scoate; a indeparta; a elimina: a demonta remove scale - a dezincrusta remove slag - a evacua zgura, a curata de rugina remove stress - a detensiona, a degaja presiune removing ~ demontare. inlaturare, indepartare rend - a rupe, a crapa, a despica render - a da, a reda, a preda, a livra renew - a retnnoi, a re face, a reconditiona

reconditionare renovation - reconditionare, reparar rent - ruptura, crapatura reoperate - a prelucra din nou reorganise ~ a reorganiza repair equipment/kit - trusa de scule pentru reparatii repair ship - atelier plutitor repair work ~ atelier de reparatii repairing - reparatie. depanare repairing shop - atelier de reparatii repeat ~ a repeta repeated - repetat. Multiplu replace - a Tnlocui; a repune, a restitui replacement - schimbare, inlocuire; piesa de schimb replacement engine - motor de

schimb replacement part - piesa de


schimb/de rezerva replenish - a umple, a completa, a Tntregi replenishment - reaprovizionare, completare, mtregire report - a comunica, a anunta, a indica report - raport, comunicare, informare 116 repressurising - restabilire a presiunii reprocessing - reprelucrare, reinnoire reproduce - a reproduce, a copia. a

reproduction - reproducere, multiplicare, copiere repulsion - respingere, repulsie, recul repulsion motor ~ motor de curent alternativ cu repulsatie repulsive force - forta de respingere request - apel. cerere, redamatie require - a cere required work - puterc consumata, lucru necesar requirement - cerere, cerinta. exigenta; solicitare requisite - conditie. premisa, cerinta requisite power ~ putere necesara re-reel - a rebobina, a reinfasura rescue apparatus ~ aparat de salvare rescue ship/vessel - nava de salvare/de

reserve/emergency tank rezervor


suplimentar/auxiliar/de siguranta reservoir - rezervor reset - a (fi) incadrat, a (fi) reajustat; a regla re-setting reasezare resetting cam - cama de reglaj resharpen -- a ascuti. a reascuti residual - rezidual, remanent residual exhaust gases - gaze reziduale de evacuare residual gas - combustibil/gaze reziduale residual water - apa reziduala/uzata residue - reziduu, rest, sediment residuum/residua ~ reziduu, sediment resin - a gudrona resin - rasina naturala; smoala. Gudron resistance ~ rezistenta; durabilitate resistance force ~ forta de rezistenta resistance start motor - motor cu pornire prin rezistenta resistance to pressure - rezistenta la presiune resistant - rezistent, durabil, fix, permanent resistivity - rezistivitate. rezistenta

ranfluare
rescue sticks - vergi de salvare research - a cerceta, a studia, a explora research - cercetare. investigate,

studiu research ship of opportunity nava


civila de cercetari oceanografice research ship/vessel - nava de cercetari reserve of buoyancy - rezerva de flotabilitate

renewable - care se poate inlocui renewal - reconditionare, tnlocuire, refacere renewal parts - piese de schimb/de rezerva renounce - a renunta renovating tank - tanc de

specifics resistor-start motor motor cu faza


auxiliara cu rezistenta resolution - descompunere (a fortclor) resolution of a force descompunere a forte i

multiplica reproductibility repetabilitate (a unei masuratori)

reserve part ~ piesa de schimb reserve source of power - rezerva de putere

resolvable - rezolvabil; soluhil resolve - a re/olva; a termina; a indicia;a hotari; a decide resonate - a rezona. a rasuna resonator rezonator, vibrator re-sort - a sorta, a tria. a aranja resound - a rasuna respect - a tine cont respect - raport. relatie. legatura. Punct de vedere respirator - masca dc gaze__________ 17respond - a reactiona. a raspunde response - raspuns; reactie; sensibilitate responsibility - raspundere,
responsabilitate, indatorire,

obligatie responsive - sensibil responsiveness/responsivity sensibilitate rest ~ a fi in repaus; a se rezema; a ramane; a se baza pe ... rest on - a se aseza. a se rezema restart - a relua, a reincepe, a repune in miscare restart - reluare resting position - stare de repaus restore - a reface, a repara, a reconditiona restraighten - a reajusta restrain - a frana, a fixa; a opri; a restrange restraint - limitare, delimitare, restrangere. retinere restrict - a restrange; a limita; a delimita

restricted - restrans, limitat, ingradit, delimitat restriction - restrangere, limitare, delimitare restrictor - loc de strangulare result ~ a rezulta result - randament; (mat) rezultat result from - a rezulta, a proveni result in ~ a rezulta, a duce la resultant - rezultanta, forta medie retain - a retine, a lega, a aduna retainer ring - inel opritor/de retinere retaining - sustinere, proptire, sprijinire retaining nut - piulita de fixare retaining spring - arc de fixare/de retinere retard - a impiedica, a frana, a opri retard - intarziere retardation - acceleratie negativa, efect de franare, incetinire retarding force ~ forta de decelerate retention - retinere: retentie retightening - intindere, tensionare; strangere retire - a misca in sens invers retirement ~ scoatere din functiune retract ~ mers invers; cursa de inapoiere retractable - retractabil; pliant retrofit - readaptare (care permite utilizarea unui echipament nou pe vechile instalatii)

retrograde motion - mers inapoi return - miscare inapoi; cursa inversa return bend - cot/teava in forma de U return line - conducta de retur return motion - miscare in sens invers, cursa de inapoiere. mers inapoi return stroke - miscare de recul return valve - supapa/ventil de retinere revenue ship/vessel ~ nava de control vamal reversal - schimbare a sensului miscarii; reversare reversal chamber - camera de reversare reversal of stress - alternanta de sarcini reversal return travel ~ cursa de inapoiere reverse - a schimba mersul reverse - recul reverse axle - axul de mers inapoi reverse direction - sens invers reverse feedback - contrareactie, reactie negativa reverse motion - miscare in sens contrar; cursa de inapoiere; revenire reverse shaft - arbore de inversare

18
reverser - inversor reversibility - reversabilitate reversible - reversibil; cu mecanism de inversare a sensului de miscare reversible diesel engine - motor diesel reversibil

reversible process - pieces reversibil reversing gear - mecanism inversor reversing mechanism - mecanism pentru inversarea sensului de miscare reversing motor ~ motor reversibil reversing pump - pompa reversibila reversing screw - surub de comanda al mecanismului de inversare reversing valve ~ supapa reversibila, ventil de inversare revert - a reveni; a se intoarce revertible - reversibii, inversabil revertive reversibil revet - a acoperi, a proteja revetment - acoperire, protejare, captusire revision - revizie, verificare. control revolution -- rotatie. retire revolution axis - axa de rotatie revolution per minute - rotatii pe minut revolutions per inch - numar de rotatii ale axului pentru un avans de un {ol revolvable - tumant, rotativ revolve - a (se) invarti, a (se) roti revolving - rotativ, tumant, rotitor revolving cylinder engine - motor cu cilindrii rotativi revolving shaft - ax care se misca/se roteste rhomb(us) - romb rib - nervura, coasta, muchie rich - bogat; abundent

rid - a elibera, a scapa de cevaT a curata ridge - bavura. muchie, bordurl margine rifler - canelura. crestatura rig - a inzestra, a monta, a asambla, a arma rig - dispozitiv, montaj, inzestrare rig out ~ a demonta rig up - a monta rigging - greement; tachelaj; manevra; instalare; echipare rigging and lights system instalajia de greement si lumini rigging screw ~ intinzator rigging up - montaj, montare, instalare,asamblare right - a redresa; a indrepta right - filet pe dreapta; drept; dreptunghic; perpendicular right aft - chiar in pupa right forward - chiar in prova right proportion - egalitate, simetrie,proportional itate right side - partea dreapta right the rudder/helm - a indrepta carnia; a pune carma la zero right-hand - la/pe dreapta right-hand engine ~ motor rotitor la dreapta rigid - rigid, tare, dur; stabil; fix , rigid fixing - capat incastrat rigid rigid joint ~ imbinare nedemontabila/rigida rigidity - rigiditate; rezistenta la
incovoiere

rim - margine, cadru. rama. bordura ring - segment rinse out/away/off - a clati. a limpezi rinsing - clatire, spaiare rip - a despica rip - ruptura. spartura. despicatura 119ripper - ferastrau de spintecat rise - a (se) urea, a (se) ridica rise - ridicare. crestere. marire rising - ridicare. credere, urcare: in
urcare rising and falling motion - miscare

de comanda rocker-actuated engine - motor cu culbutor rocking -- miscare alternativa/oscilanta:

alternative verticala rive - a despica; a crapa; a rupc rive - crapatura. deschizatura; dcspicatura; brcsa rivet ~ a nitui, a fixa in nituri rivet - nit
rivet head - cap de nit rivet joining - imbinare prin nituri riveted - nituit

basculare; basculant rod - tija; stanga rod and chain - tija si lant rod guide - ghidaj al tijelor/al parghiilor rodless pump - pompa fara tija rol! - a rula; a lamina; a rostogoli; a infasura; a rasuci roll on - a mandrina: a valtui: a derula
roll on-roll off ship ~ nava port-

riveting - nituire; asainblarc prin nituire riveting hammer - ciocan de nituit roadstead ~ rada (a portului) roar - zgomot roast - a calcina. a arde. a praji roasting - calcinare. Prajire rock - a vibra alternativ. a oscila; a se balansa rock ~ pozitie instabila; roca rocker - balansier; culisa; biela rocker actuator ~ culbutor rocker arm bratoscilant/basculant: bratul culbutorului; culisa; parghie

autovehicule roll up - a roslogoli rolled steel - otel laminat roller - rola de gliidare; scripete mic; rulou. sul. Valt roller bearing - rulment cu role; rulment radial roller plate ~ disc cu role roller track - sina de rulare rolling - ruliu; rostogolire rolling chock - chila de ruliu/antiruliu; consola-suport (la masina. caldare) rolling friction - frecare de rostogolire rolling friction bearing - lagar de rostogolire rolling motion ~ miscare de rostogolire; ruliu rolling up infasurare roll-off- a desfasura. a derula Roman numerals/figures - cifre

romane roof - ruf; plafon room - compartimerit; cabina; cabina de bord roomy - vast, spatios rope - a lega cu parame rope - funie. franghie; cablu; parama rope pulley - roata de transmisic pentru cablu rope vessel - nava-tuior ropy - cleios. lipicios, vascos rot - a putrezi rot - putregai rotary - rotativ; tumant; circulant rotary displacement pump - pompa \ olumica rotativa rotary dry vacuum pump - pompa de vid rotativa uscata rotary force - fotla de rotire rotary motion - miscare de rotatie

120
rotary piston - piston rotativ rotary piston engine - motor cu

piston rotativ rotary plunger pump - pompa cu


pistoane rotitoare rotary power - putere de rotatie rotary pump - pompa rotativa/centrifuga rotary slide valve engine - motor cu

supapa rotativa rotary vacuum pump ~ pompa de vid rotativa rotate - a (se) rod, a (se) invarti; a pivota rotating assembly ansamblu/agregat

rotativ rotating drive shaft - arbore rotativ de antrenare

rounding - rotunjire; arc; curbura


rounding off- rotunjire

rotating motion ~ miscare de rotatie/de girafie rotating shaft - arborerotativ/turnant rotating vane carrier - rotor rotation - rotatie; giratie. rotire, miscare circulara rotational - turbionar. rotational rotational motion - miscare de rotatie rotational speed - viteza" de rotatie rotative moment - moment de inertie rotative motion - miscare de rotatie rotative speed turatie rotiform - in forma de roata rotor ~ rotor rough - brut, neprelucrat, cu asperitati; rugos, aspru rough adjustment ~ reglare bruta rough out - a scoate; a taia roughen - a inaspri; a forma asperitati roughly - aproximativ; estimativ roughness - rugozitate. asperitate roughness coefficient ~ coeficient de rusozitate round - a rotunji; a (se) roti; a dubla round - cere; circumferinta; ciclu round - rotund, circular, st'eric, rotunjit. aproximativ; complet; intreg; cere; circLimferinta; ciclu round figures ~ cifre rotunde round file - pila rotunda
round off- a rotunji

roundness - rotunjire routine - rutina. procedura; program de masina rove - saiba row - sir; snop. linie, (mat) sir. progresie row boat - barca cu rame row engine - motor cu cilindri in linie rowlock - furchet rub - a freca. a poliza. a slefui; a stergc rub - frecare, uzura prin frecare rub off the rust - a curata de rugina rubber - cauciuc rubber gasket - garnitura de cauciuc rubber packing - garnitura de cauciuc rubber ring - garnitura de cauciuc rubberise ~ a cauciuca, a guma rubberised - cauciucat, gumat rubberising - cauciucare, gumare rudder - carma rudder blade/body - pana carmei, safran rudder chain - trota de lant; atarnator de carma
rudder plate - pana carmei rudder post - etambou de carma rudder stop - limitator de carma rudder trunk/tube/w ell ~ put al

round out - a netezi

axului carmei rudeness asprime rugged ~ accidental, neregulat, colfuros

rugosity - rugozitate rule - a alinia, a guverna, a conduce, a hotari rule - norma, regula, formula ruled ~ liniat ruler - rigla. linie, lineal rumpling - mototolire run - mers. functionare: carena pupa: etapa: regini de lucru: demaraj run automatically - a merge/a se desfasura in mod automat run away - a pSrasi. a pleca run empty - a merge/a functiona in gol run hot - a functiona cald run idle/light ~ a merge/a functiona in gol run in - a roda run out - a se termina, a se scurge run short - a se epuiza, a se termina run slow - a intarzia, a fi In intarziere, a fi defazat run up - a pomi run/ran/run - a functiona, a opera; a administra; a naviga runaway ~ instabilitate: deriva runner - rotor, roata de actionare runner of a turbine - rotor de turbina running - functionare, mers; exploatare; regim running away - ambalarc (a motorului) running full power ahead/ahead cu toata puterea inainte running gear - mecanism de rotire running hot - incalzire a motorului

running hours - timp de functionare running life - durata de functionare running maintenance - intretinere in timpul functionarii running of a motor exploatare/functionare a unui motor running order - in stare de functionare running out - oprire; miscare prin inertie running repairs - intretinere curenta, repara|ii curente running speed - viteza de functionare/de regim running work - functionare continue running-in rodaj running-in operation - functionare in rodaj running-in period - perioada de rodaj run-off ~ scurgere. golire, deversare, debit run-off pipe - teava de golire/de scurgere run-off tap - robinet de scurgere run-out - micare in virtutea inertiei; uzura: uzare rupture - a rupe, a sparge, a sfarma. A fisura; a strapunge rupturing ~ rupere. Ruptura rush ~ a merge cu viteza mare, a accelera rush ~ pornire rust - a rugini rust - rugina

rust grease - unsoare anticoroziva rust off- a rugini, a coroda rust preventing - protectie contra ruginirii; anticorosiv rust spot ~ pata de rugina rusted ruginit rust-free inoxidabil rustless ~ neruginit; inoxidabil rustlessness - rezistenta la ruginire rusty - ruginit: oxidat rut - jgheab: scobitura supapaVventil de scurgere/de golire

122 S
safe - solid, sigur safe load - sarcina admisibila safe procedure - masuri de protectie,tehnica securitajii safe range of stress - limita de oboseala a materialului safeguard - a proteja. a ingradi, a intari, a apara safeguard ~ grilaj de protectie, dispozitiv de securitate safeguarding against breakage siguranta contra suprasolicitarii safety - siguranta: de siguranta, securitate in functionare safety against buckling - stabilitate le flambaj safety against fracture - siguranta la rupere safety appliance - dispozitiv de siguranta safety belt - Centura de salvare safety bolt - surub de siguranta; opritoare

safety clutch ~ cuplaj de siguranta safety coefficient/factor - coeficient de siguranta safety device - dispozitiv de siguranta safety engineering - tehnica a securitatii safety equipment - echipament de siguranta safety gear - dispozitiv de siguranta safety glass - sticla incasabila safety handle - maniveia de siguranta safety harness - hamuri/velatura de siguranta safety in operation - siguranta in functionare safety interlock - blocare de siguranta safety joint - legatura/racord de siguranta safety lever - p^rghie de siguranta safety limit - limita de incarcare safety measures - masuri de siguranta safety nut contrapiulita safety of operation - siguranta functionarii safety pin - tift de siguranta safety precautions - masuri de protectie safety regulations - instructiuni de siguranta safety relief valve ~ supapa de descarcare safety spectacles - ochelari de protectie

safety stop - opritor de siguranta safety switch - intrerupator de siguranta safety valve - supapa de siguranta safety valve head - scaun de siguranta al supapei sag - a indesa; a tasa; a aseza; a se indoi sag - sageata; incovoiere: deformare concava sagging - deformare, indoire; indoire a arcului sagging point - punct de inmuiere (metal) sagitta - sageata; inaltime a unui arc sagittal - in forma de sageata sagittiform - in forma de sageata sail ~ a naviga sail - panza (de corabie), vela; velier, corabie; navigaUe sail away/off - a pleca (nava) sail-assisted bulk carrier - vrachier cu doua vele rigide orientate de calculator 123sailing - navigatie sailing date - data a plecarii (navei) sailor - marinar salary - leafa: salariu salient - proeminent; caracteristic: proemincnta; iesind salient angle ~ unghi mai mic de 180
grade

saline ~ salin: sarat salinity - salinitate

salinometer - salinometru; densimetru saloon - careu (sala de mese) salt sarat salt ~ sare salt-settling tank ~ decanter de sare salvage - operatic de salvare pe mare salvage agreement - contract de salvare salvage ship/vessel - nava de salvare salvage works - lucrari de salvare sample ~ a lua probe/mostre sample - mostra, proba. sablon sample bottle - sticla de probe sample collecting - luare de probe sample taking - luare de probe sampler - aparat pentru luarea probclor sampling - sondaj sampling cock ~ robinet pentru luat probe Samson post -coloana de bigi; montant de baba sanction - sanctiune; pedeapsa; autorizare; consimtamant sand - a sabla sand - nisip sand cleaning - curafare prin sablare sand clogging ~ Tnnisipare; colmatare cu nisip sand nozzle ~ duza de sablare sandblast cleaning - sablare 124 sandblaster - aparat de sablat/de curatat cu nisip sandblasting - curatare prin jet de nisip sandblasting equipment/machine -

aparat de sablat sand-jet blower - aparat de sablat sandpaper ~ smirghel: glaspapir; hartie abraziva, de slefuit sandy nisipos sanitary and heating systems -instalalii sanitare si de incalzire sanitary appliances aparate/instalatii sanitare sanitary system - sistem sanitar sanitation ~ sistem sanitar; instalatii sanitare satellite ~ satelit; pinion planetar satiate - a satura satiated saturat satiation saturatie satisfy - a satisface; a corespunde saturated vapour - abur saturat; vapori saturati saturation coefficient/value coefficient de saturatie saturation elements - piese saturare saturation elements for electric equipments - elemente saturare pentru echipamente electrice saving - economic; economisire scalar - scalar; marime scalara scalding - oparire; llerbere scale - a cantari; a desena la scara scale - piatra; depuneri de piatra; calamina; scara/scala a unui instrument; rigla reductoarc; marime; dimensiune scale decade ~ demultiplicare in raportul 10/1 scale deflection - deviatie a indicatorului pe scara

scale forming - formare de piatra/de tailru scale incrustation - piatra de cazan, tartru scale inhibitor - agent dezincrustant scale mark - gradatie/diviziune a scalei, reper scale of hardness - scara de duritate scale removing - dezincrustare scale solvent dezincrustant scale trap - filtru, separator de impuritati scalene - cu laturi inegale scales cantar, balanta scaling - razuire, radere. curatare (a depunerilor) scaling of paint - cojire a vopselei scan - baleiaj, explorare scarcity - lipsa. insuficienta scarfing angle - unghi de tes.ire scatter ~ a difuza, a dispersa, a impra$.tia. a risipi scatter - dispersie, impras.tiere scavange air pressure ~ presiunea aerului de baleiaj scavenge - a purja. a sufla. a spala, a baleia scavenge port ~ orificiu de baleiaj scavenge pump ~ pompa de baleiaj scavenge the burnt gasses - a c-xpulza gazele arse scavenging ~ aer de baleiaj Scavenging air - aer de baleiaj scavenging air receiver - colector (aer) de baleia j scavenging engine - motor cu baleiaj al cilindrilor scavenging port ~ fanta de baleiaj a

motorului in doi timpi scavenging pressure - presiune de baleiaj scavenging pump - pompa de baleiaj scavenging stroke - cursa de evacuare a pistonului scavenging valve - supapa de evacuare scend - tangaj putemic scent - miros scharge motor motor polifazat cu colector cu doua grupuri de perii si caracteristica derivatie schedule - a planifica. a selectiona schedule ~ grafic, orar; program, plan, schema schedule programming ~ elaborare planificata a unui program scheduled maintenance ~ intretinere programata scheduling planificare scheme - plan; rezumat; protect; schema school ship/vessel - nava scoala science - $tiinta. Teorie scission - scindare; separare scissors foarfece sclerometer durometru scobs - pilitura, zgnra scoop - a goli scoop - ispol; cupa de draga scooped - scobit, adancit scope - volum, camp, domeniu scorch - a arde, a (se) aprinde. a se carboniza, a se lipi score - a cresta, a zgaria. a socoti, a

inregistra score - zgarictura. taictura; douazeci 125score pulley - roata de transmisie cu curea trapezoidala scotch boiler - cazan/caldare Scotch scour - a curata. a spala, a freca, a eroda, a roda scour - erodare, eroziune scouring - eroziune. spalare, degresare scow - salanda. gabara; slep; ponton scram ~ intrerupere brusca. oprire brusca scram mechanism ~ mecanism de oprire/de avarie scrap - rebut. Deseu scrap iron - fier vechi scrape - a rade. a razui. a rascheta scrape off - a razui, a inlatura scrape out - a indrepta prin raclare scraper ~ rascheta. screper scraping ~ razuire scratch ~ a razui, a cura{a scratch - crapatura. zgarietura scratching crestare screen -- ska, gratar. Scut screen filter - filtru cu sita screen wiper motor - motor cu disc cu contacte alunecatoare screening ~ protectie, sortare, ecranare scretch out - a curata prin razuire scretch resistance - rezistenta la
zgariere

scretch-proof - rezistent la zgariere screw - a insuruba; a rasuci; a fixa cu $uruburi screw - filetat, cu surub screw and nut type steering direclic cu sistem urub si piulita screw axis - axa a surubului screw base ~ postainent cu surub de reglare a pozitiei screw blade - pala de elice screw bolt - urub; bolt al palei de elice screw bushing - manson filetat screw cap - piulita olandeza screw capstan head - surub ftra sfarsit screw channel - cilindrul melcului screw compressor ~ compresor elicoidal screw down - a insuruba pana la refuz screw driver surubelnita screw driving machine surubelnita mecanica screw head - cap de surub screw in ~ a insuruba screw in place ~ a insuruba screw jack - vinci cu surub screw key - cheie, surubelnita screw locking device - dispozitiv de siguranta contra desurubarii screw nut piulita screw off/out - a desuruba screw on - a insuruba pe screw pitch - pas al urubului screw pump pompa axiala/elicoidaia

screw shaft - arbore portelice screw ship - nava cu elice imersa screw slip - recul al elicei screw thread filet screw type compressor -compresor elicoidal; suflanta elicoidala screw up - a insuruba screw vice menghina screw wake - siaj de elice screw wheel - roata dinfata cu dinti inclinati screw wrench ~ cheie franceza screw-cutting ~ filetarc screw-down valve ~ robinet cu ventil screw-down valves - robinet cu ventil 126 screw-driven/propelled ship - nava cu elice imersa screwed cap - capac filetat screwed elevator ~ elevator cu surub fara starlit screwed home - in$urubat pana la capat screwed hose connection Tmbinare de furtun cu piese filetate screwed joint ~ imbinare prin uruburi screwed joint nut - piulita olandeza screwed pipe joint - imbinare de tevi cu filet screwed tube - teava filetata screwed-on attachment - legatura prin filet

screwing up - insurubare screwtype axial flow fan ~ ventilator axial cu elice scrub - a spala. a frcca, a curata scrub out - a spala cu peria scruple - dram; unitate de greutate: 1 sc= l,3gf scuff ~ a toci, a uza scuff ~ uzura prin irecare scuffing - uzura prin frecare scull - pereche de rame/vasle sculler ~ pui (barca mica); vaslas. scupper - orificiu de scurgere a apei de pe punte; scurgere de pe punte scuttle ~ a saborda/a scufunda o nava scuttle ~ iublou/hublou sea ~ mare, valuri sea - marin; de marina sea bed/bottom - fund de mare sea boat - nava maritima sea harbour - port maritim sea inlet - priza de apa sea margin - toleranta/rezerva la starea marii sea mile ~ mila marina (= 1853,184 m) sea outlet - orificiu de purjare in mare sea road - ruta maritima sea sickness - rau de mare, naupatie sea suction pipe - conducts de aspiratie a apei de mare sea suction valve - priza de fund sea voyage - cursa a navei seacock - priza de apa de mare seagoing ship - nava maritima seal - a etansa. a inchide. a izola. a

sigila. a caiafatui seal - a sigila seal - dispozitiv de etansare. izolare. inchidere etana seal - sigiliu; dispozitiv de etansare seal in - a incapsula seal off ~ a etansa, a izola, a colmata seal pipe sifon seal ring - inel de etansare sealed - sigilat, etans.; sudat; capsulat; Tncastrat sealed module - modul inchis ermetic sealer - nava de vanat foci sealing - etanjare. garnitura de etansare sealing band - banda de etansare sealing flange - flansa de etansare sealing gland - garnitura, etans.are cu garnitura sealing head - capac de etansare; dispozitiv de etansare sealing joint - imbinare etans.a sealing material - material de etansare sealing putty - chit de etansare sealing ring ~ inel/aiba de etansare sealing up - etanare sealing-off - izolare, etanare, colmatare seam - sutura, imbinare seaman - marinar 127seamanship marinade search - a cauta. a cerceta

search - cercetare, control searching - cautare, explorare season - a a se uza; a lustrui; a impregna season - anotimp season crack ~ ilsura de imbatranire season cracking - fisurS intercristalina datorata coroziunii s.i tensiunii interne seat - a aseza, a sprijini seat - loc: suprafata de sprijin; locas seating - locas. suprafata de reazem; soclu; batiu; montare; ajustare seating nipple - niplu de racordare scawater - apa de mare seaworthy ~ in stare buna, capabil s& tina marea secant - secanta, secant secant line secants second - secund, al doilea second secundS second curvature - torsiune Second Engineer - ofiler I mecanic second gear ~ viteza a doua, treapta a doua de viteza Second Mate - oiiter doi second motion shaft - arbore de transinisie intermediar Second Officer -- ofiter secund second power - puterea a doua. Palrat secondary ~ circuit secundar: secundar, al doilea; subordonat; de calitate inferioara secondary bending moment ~ moment incovoietor de ordinul II; moment parazitar secondary force - forta suplimentara

secondary gear - pinion al arborelui cu came secondary heat exchanger schimbator de caldura secundar/suplimenlar secondary refrigerant ~ fluid intermediar de racire secondary shaft - arbore intermediar secondary stress - tensiune suplimentara secondary turbine - turbina auxiliara section ~ seclie. sectiune: profil: portiune. segment, parte sectional - demontabil, scparabil; sectional sectional area ~ sectiune transversals sector ~ sector, segment, parte; culisa secure - a imbina; a fixa; a asigura; a frana: a asigura (prin legaturi) secure by bolts ~ a fixa prin boituri secure in position - a fixa la pozitie secure to - a fixa de sediment ~ sediment: depunere; nSmol sediment sump - pu{ de depunere sedimentation - decantare, depunere seeming ~ aparent seep - a pStrunde. a se infiltra. a se
prelinge

seepage ~ infiltratie. scurgere seepage of fuel - scurgere de

combustibil segment - segment segment gear - sector/segment diniat segregate ~ a separa seize - a apuca, a prinde; a (se) gripa, a se bloca. a se intepeni seized piston - piston blocat seizing ~ gripare. blocare. Intepenire seizing of piston rings ~ blocare a segmentilor in canalele pistonului 128 seizure gripare select - a selecta, a sorta selection - alegere, triere, sortare selective filter ~ filtru selectiv selectivity selectivitate selector switch - comutator selectiv; selector self inductance inductivilale/inductanta proprie self-act travel - miscare automata self-acting - automat self-acting clutch - cuplaj automat self-acting control - reglare directs self-acting feed - avans mecanic/automat self-acting oiler ~ ungStor automat self-actuated automat self-adjustable - autoreglabil self-adjusting control - reglaj automat self-adjustment ~ autoreglare self-aligning ~ autocentrare self-balancing - autoechilibral, aulostabilizat self-braking - autofranare; blocare automata

self-catching - blocare aulomaia; autofranare self-changing gear - mecanism de achimbare automata a angrenajelor self-charge - sarcina proprie self-charging centrifuge cenlrifuga cu incarcare automata self-cleaning ~ autoepurare self-closing ~ automchidere self-closing drain valve - supapa de scurgere cu autoinchidere/inchidere automata self-closing valve - supapa de sigurania cu inchidere aulomaia self-closing valve - supapa de sigurania cu inchidere aulomaia self-contained lubrication - ungere prin circulajia lubrifiantului sub presiune self-contained motor drive ~ actionare cu motor electric individual self-cooled - auloracil; aulovenlilal self-cooling auloracire self-coupling - cuplare automata self-detaching - autodecuplare; cu autodecuplare self-governing - reglare automata: autoreglare self-governing process ~ proces de reglare automata/auloreglare self-heating - autoincalzire self-ignition autoaprindere self-ignition engine - motor diesel self-induction - auloinduclie selflimiting fan - ventilator cenlrifug

cu autoreglare self-locking autofranare; auloblocare; cu autofranare self-locking steering gear ~ direcjie cu autoblocare self-lubricating - cu ungere automalS self-lubricating bearing lagSr cu ungere automalS self-lubricating bushing - bucsa cu ungere automats self-lubricating ring - inel cu autoungere self-lubrication - ungere automaia self-lubricator - ungStor automal self-measuring tank - rezervor cu mSsurare aulomaia self-movement - miscare independent self-moving - automal, autopropulsat 129self-oil feeder - aparat de ungere automata self-operated controller regulator direct self-operated valve - supapa automata self-powered - cu alimentare proprie self-priming - cu autoamorsare self-priming pump pompa cu autoamorsare self-propelled autopropulsat, cu autopropulsie self-propelled ship nava cu propulsie proprie, motonava selfpulse modulation - modulatie prin impulsuri locale/autoexcitate self-recorder - inregistrator automat

self-recording - inregistrare automata self-recording device ~ mecanism cu autotnregistrare self-refrigeration ~ autoracire selfregulating control - reglare automata self-regulation - autoreglare selfresetting - reanclasare automata self-retention - autofranare, autoblocare self-rotation - rotatie proprie selfsealing stuffing box ~ presgarnitura cu etansare automata self-setting - autoajustare selfstarting - porn ire automata selfstopping - autofranare, autoblocare self-stopping gear mecanism cu autofranare self-suporting piston ~ piston cu tija cu un singur reazem in chiulasa cilindrului self-supporting - autointretinut; independent self-ventilated ~ autoventilat, autorScit 130 self-ventilation - autoventilafie Sellers bearing - lagar cu cuzineti oscilanti semi-annual - semestrial, de doua ori pe an semi-automatic control comanda semiautomata semicircle ~ semicerc semicircular - semicircular semicylindrical - semirotund,

semicilindric semi-Diesel engine motor semidiesel semifluid - semilichid, vascos semihard - semidur semimechanical - semiautomat semi-monthly ~ bilunar semipermanente - semirigid, semifixat semirotary pump - pompa cu palcte semishrouded ~ semideschis, semitnchis semi-ultraaccelerator semiultraaccelerator, accelerator semiultrarapid send/sent/sent - a trimite, a expedia; a transmite sense - direcjie sense of length - directie longitudinala sense of rotation sens de rotate sensed - dirijat, oriental sensibility - sensibilitate sensible heat air cooler - racitor de aer fara dezumidificare sensitive control - comanda manuala/precisa sensitivity - finefe, precizie sensor ~ detector, sensor separable - demontabil, deta$abil separate - a separa. a detasa, a desprinde separate - individual; separat; local separate drive - actionare separata separate excitation - excitatie independenta separate lubrication - ungere locala separation - separare separation efficiency - randament al unui filtru

separator - separator septillion numarul 10 la puterea 42 (Marea Britanie); numarul 10 la puterea 24 (S.U.A.) septuple - a inmulti cu 7 septuple - de 7 ori mai mare sequence - succesiune, s.ir sequence automation - automatizare secventiala sequence of operations - proces tehnologic sequencing - ordonare, determinare a succesiunii sequent ~ care urmeaza; urmator serial - in serie, serial; succesiv serial number - numar de serie/fabricatie series - serie, suita, succesiune series commutator motor - motor cu colector cu excitatie in serie series motor - motor cu excitajie in serie server - statie de servire service - a intre|ine, a repara, a alimenta service - intretinere; reparare; depanare; alimentare cu combustibil service board - pupitru de comanda service boat davits - grui de barca serviciu service gauge - manometru industrial service instructions - instructiuni de folosire service part - piesa de schimb service pit - canal de vizitare service shop - atelier de reparatii service stress - solicitare de regim,

conditii de lucru service tank tanc/rezervor de serviciu service tools - scule pentru lucrari de reparatii service water - apa industrial serviceable - folositor, util; rezistent, durabil; in buna stare de functionare servicing - intretinere servicing time - durata de intretinere servoamplifier - amplificator auxiliar, servoamplificator servo-assisted brake - servofrana servo-assisted steering servodirectie servo-brake - servofrana servoclutch ~ servoambreiaj servocontrol - servomecanism, servoreglare. servocomanda servoengine - servomotor servo-loop ~ circuit de reglare automata servolubrication - ungere centrals servorudder - servomotor de cartna servo-speed control - servocomanda a vitezelor servo-steering ~ servodirectie servo-system - sistem de reglare servo-unit - servomecanism set directie. sens set - set, grup de obiecte, baterie, garnitura, instalatie set at normal - a conecta normal set back contralovitura set fire to - a da foe, a aprinde set fire to - a da foe, a aprinde 131set free - a elibera, a manipula, a

manui. a actiona, a decupla set in - a intra, a porni set of instruments trusa de scule set of tools - trusa de scule set on fire - a aprinde set over - descentrare set pin - stift de monta j set point - punct fixat; valoare de referinta set right - a rectifica, a corecta set screw - surub opritor/de reglare set to work - a pune in functiune set to zero ~ a regla la zero set up - (mat) a pune in ecuatie set up - a ridica, a monta, a aseza; a infiinta, a organiza set(-)up - reglare a unui proces tehnologic; operatic de reglare set(-)up - structurS; amenajare set/set/set ~ a regla, a fixa, a lega, a aranja, a monta, a pune, a introduce, a ajusta, a stabili setter - mecanism de reglare; reglor setter-up - reglor, ajustor setting montare, ajustare, reglare setting montare, ajustare, reglare; instalare; fixare setting apart - separare, despartire setting device - dispozitiv de reglare setting going - punere in functiune setting up - instalare, montare, asamblare, reglare settle - a stabili, a instala; a aeza settle down - a decanta; a se linisti settle out - a sedimenta, a decanta settle out - a sedimenta, a decanta, a depune settled - aranjat, rezolvat, stabilit; constant, permanent, stabil, fixat

settlement - sedimentare, decantare, depunere settlement rate ~ viteza de sedimentare settling - decantare, sedimentare; sediment, depunere settling centrifuge - centrifuga de decantare settling cone ~ palnie de decantare settling down - depunere, precipitare settling filter ~ filtru decantor settling tank - tanc de decantare set-up error - abatere maxima de reglare sever - a desparti, a separa severe ~ rigid; riguros sewage - ape menajere/reziduale/uzate sewage disposal - evacuare a apelor reziduale sewage plant - instalatie pentru ape uzate sewage treatment - tratare a apelor reziduale sewer pump - pompa pentru ape reziduale sexdecillion - numarul 10 la puterea 96 (Marea Britanie); numarul 10 la puterea 51(S.U.A.) sextant - a 6-a parte dintr-un cere sextillion numarul 10 la puterea 36 (Marea Britanie); numarul 10 la puterea 21 (S.U.A.) sextuple - a inmulti cu 6 shackle - cheie de Tmpreunare, cheie; ochi/veriga de lant shackle cercel, bratara. ochi, toarta, jug,

ureche shaft - arbore, ax shaft alley - tunel al liniei de arbori shaft bearing - lagar de osie shaft governor - regulator montat pe arbore 132 shaft tunnel ~ tunel al liniei de arbori shafting'- linie axiaia/de arbori shaftline accesories accesorii linie

de arbori shaftline lubricating system instalatie ungere linie de arbori shake/shook/shaken - a scutura, a agita; a se clatina shallow - a Tndrepta, a egaliza; a scadea. a se mics.ora shallow water - apa putin adanca shallow-draft ship - nava cu pescaj
mic

shanked - cu coada shape - a forma, a ajusta; a freza shape - a participa la. a imparti, a
distribui

shape - forma, aspect, configurate shaped - in forma de shapeless fara forma specifica share - parte; portiune sharp - ascutit, taios sharp - precis, exact sharp pointed ascutit; cu varf sharpen - a ascuti shatter - a sffcrma. a sparge, a zdrobi shatterable - casant shatterproof- incasabil shear - a forfeca shear - forfecare; efort de forfccare shearing - forfecare shearing force

- forta de forfecare shearlegs trepied; biga sheath - a dubla bordajul, a inveli cu table; a placa sheath - invelis.. mania, husa sheathe - a acoperi. a inveli; a captui; a placa sheathing - camasa a unui cilindru sheave - scripete sheep carrier - nava care transporta oi sheer - curbura, incovoiere; simplu, clar; vertical sheet - schema, diagrama, strat, placa sheet anchor - ancora de siguranta shelf - raft; polite, etajera shell - manta. invelis., cuzinet shell plate - tabla de bordaj shell-and-coil heat exchanger ~ schimbator de caldura cu serpentine shell-and-tube cooler - racitor tubular

cu manta shell-and-tube heat exchanger schimbator de caldura multitubular shelvers - constructii rafturi shield a proteja, a blinda shield - scut, ecran; armatura shielded - ecranat, protejat; in manta shift - a schimba, a muta, a deplasa shift - deplasare, mutare; schimbare shift dog ~ gheara de cuplare shifter rod - bara de cuplare shifting beam - minginie, traversS mobila

shifting coupling - ambreiaj shifting spaner - cheie reglabila shifting-jaw clutch coupling -cuplaj cu dinti shine - a straluci, a lustrui shine - stralucire. luciu ship - nava. vapor, corabie ship agent - agent maritim ship bottom ~ fund al navei, carena ship chandler - furnizor maritim ship of the line - nava de linie (militara) ship scraper - draga ship screw suction - efect de sugere al elicci ship's bell - clopot de nava 133ship's boat - barca de nava ship's magnetism - magnetism al navei ship's sheathing - bordaj al navei ship's side - bord al navei shipboard - la bordul navei shipbuilder - constructor de nave shipbuilding - constructia de nave shipbuilding yard - santier naval shipmaster - comandant al unei nave comerciale shipowner ~ proprietar; armator shipping - navigatie shipping agency - agentie maritima shipping company - companie de navigatie shipping ton ~ tona de incarcare ship-propulsion reactor - reactor naval de propulsie ship's gear mecanisme de

incarcare/descarcare de pe punte shipwreck - naufragiu; epava shipwright - marangoz shipyard s.antier naval shock effect - efect de oc shock wave - unda balistica shoe - sabot de franare shop - atelier shop trial - probe de atelier/s.antier shore - a propti, a sprijini shore up a propti, a sprijini short - scurt; redus; concis shortage - criza, lipsa shortage of fuel - lipsa de combustibil short-circuit - a scurtcircuita short-circuit ~ scurtcircuit shortcoming ~ defect, deficienta, neajuns, lipsa shorten - a scurta, a mics.ora short-sea liner - nava de linie care face voiaje scurte short-sea tramp nava fara orar fix care face curse scurte short-stroke engine - motor cu cursa scurta shot blasting - curatare cu jet de alice shot-blast cleaning - curatare cu jet de alice shot-lubrication system ungere sub presiune shoulder - umar; prag, bancheta shove off - a impinge; a desprinde; a inlatura shovel - lopatS; faras shovel blade paleta, pala show - a indica; a se ivi; a apSrea showing - indiciu; demonstrare, expunere

shred - fasie; petic; bucata shrink a se contracta shrink - contractie, mics.orare. scurtare shrinking-on fretare shroud - a inveli, a acoperi shroud - invelis.; manta; carcasa; duza de elice shrouding - invelis,; manta shrunk on - montat prin calare la cald shunt-wound electric machine mas. ina electrica cu excitatie in derivatie shut - a inchide shut down ~ a inchide, a intrerupe, a decupla shut down - oprire, mtrerupere, deconectare; scoatere din functiune shut off- a separa, a opri; a intrerupe shut off cock - robinet de inchidere shut up ~ a inchide 134

s
shut-off device - dispozitiv de inchidere shut-off mechanism ~ mecanism de oprire shut-off nozzle - duza cu obturator shut-off valve - ventil de inchidere; vana de inchidere shutter inchizator; vana; ventil shutting off - inchidere; separare; obturare shuttling motion - mis.care oscilanta/alternativa sick bay ~ infirmerie de nava side - bord, parte, latura side clearance - joe lateral side gauge - manometru niontat

lateral side Kingston valve - priza de apa din bord side ladder - scara dc bord side light - iublou side of ship - bord al navei side plating - bordaj lateral mecanic side pressure - presiune laterals side slip - alunecare laterals sidelong ~ oblic. inclinat, piezis. side-valve engine - motor cu supape laterale sight - vedere; vizor sight control control vizual sight gauge - angrenaj de vizare; jojS de control sight glass - dispozitiv dc picurare al ungatorului; vizor sight hole - gura de vizitare sight mount - vizor sight opening - gura de control; vizor sight-feed lubricator - ungator cu picurare sighting device - dispozitiv de vizitare sign - a insemna; a marca; a semna sign - semn; indiciu; indicatie; cifra; simbol sign digit - cifra; semn; numSr signal - a anunfa, a semnala; a emite signal - semnal; semnalizator signalling swichboard - tablou semnalizare signed - prevazut cu plus/minus; marcat signed decimal - numar zecima! semnificativ significance - semnificatie; importan|a significant -

semnificativ; determinant signify - a semnifica, a insemna silence linite. tacere silenced - silentios, amortizat silencer - ainortizor de zgoniot; toba de eapament silencer filter - filtru de amortizare silent - tacut; fara sunet; lini?tit silent running - mers silentios silicon - siliciu silt - mal, aluviune silver - a arginta silver ~ argint similitude - asemanare simple simplu; elementar simple motion mis.care simpla simple purnp ~ pompa cu acfiune simpla simple reaction - reactie simpla simple-acting engine - motor cu simplu efect simplex pump - pompa simplex simulate - a Simula, a imita simulation - copie; simulare simulator - simulator simultaneity simultaneitate simultaneous simultan; concomitent single - a alege; a distinge, a selecta 135single - singur, singular; separat; unic;
mono

single acting - cu actiune simpla single drive - acdonare individuala single forced - forta concentrata single head - cheie simpla single motor ~ cu un singur motor single out ~ a scoate; a alege; a selectiona

single parts - piese detasate single step - cu o singura treapta; pas cu pas single-acting cylinder cilindru cu simpla actiune single-acting engine - mas.ina cu abur cu simplu efect single-acting piston - piston cu simplu efect single-acting pump pompa cu simplu efect single-acting ram pump - pompa cu piston plunjer cu actiune simpla single-bane engine - motor monobloc single-berth cabin cabins individuala single-casing turbine turbina cu un singur corp single-cylinder engine motor monocilindric single-cylinder steam engine maina cu abur monocilindrica single-disk thrust bearing - lagar axial unilateral single-ended spanner - cheie fixa simpla single-engined - cu un singur motor single-head box-end wrench - cheie inelara simpla single-head wrench ~ cheie fixa cu un singur capat single-phase - cu o singura faza, monofazat single-phase commutator motor motor monofazat serie cu colector single-phase supply - alimentare cu

curent alternativ monofazat singlepole double-throw switch comutator unipolar single-reduction gear - reductor cu o singura pereche de rod dintate single-stage axial turbine - turbina axiala unietajata single-stage centrfugal compressor - compresor centrifugal cu un singur etaj single-stage pump pompa cu o singura treapta single-stage turbine - turbina unietajata single-suction pump pompa centrifugS cu o singura aspiralie single-throw crankshaft - arbore cotit cu un singur cot single-throw double-pole switch comutator bipolar singular singular, unic singularity singularitate, punct singular sink bolt ~ surub cu cap inecat sink in - a scufunda; a afunda; a imersa sink/sank/sunk - a se scufunda sinkage ~ scufundare; adancime de imersiune sinking - scufundare; adancire siphon - |eava de aspiratie siphon gauge - manometru cu tub in U sit/sat/sat - a aseza; a rezema; a sprijini site - pozitie; as.ezare; amplasament; stare; loc de montaj situate - a situa; a plasa situate - situat: asezat, plasat

136 situation - amplasare; aezare; pozitie; stare; situade situation of proximity - aproximatie; valoare aproximativa six-cylinder engine ~ motor cu 6 cilindri sixteen cylinder engine motor cu 16 cilindri size - a clasa, a sorta; a calibra size marime. dimensiune, masura, calibru size up - a masura sizing dimensionare; masurare; calibrare sizing device - dispozitiv de calibrare sizzle - a pocni, a trosni sizzle - pocnitura. irosnitura skylight driving system ~ instalade actionare spirai slacken - a slabi; a in ,aini slackening - slabire; deslindcre; incetinire slant range - distanta oblica/diagonala slanted seat valve ~ valva cu scaun de supapa oblic slanting - abrupt; in panta; oblic; inclinat slantwise - oblic slash ~ a taia, a cresta sled - sanie; sabot sleek - a finisa, a lustrui, a netezi sleek neted, lucios, lustruit sleeping patent - brevet neaplicat sleeve mans, on; bucsa; mufa; tambur; cilindru; tub; s.tut; maneta; niplu;

cuzinet; camas.a sleeve baring ~ lagar monobloc cu bucsa; cuzinet; lagar intermediar sleeve connection - racord cu mans.on sleeve joint - mufa. imbinare prin mufe sleeve pipe ~ mufa, bucsa, teava cu mufa sleeveless - fara bucs.a sleeve-valve engine - motor cu distribute cu sertar sleigh ~ sanie; glisiera slew - a pivota, a roti, a intoarce slewing - pivotant, rabatabil, oscilant, rotativ slidable ~ mobil; alunecator slide - a aluneca, a glisa slide - sanie, glisiera. carucior, cursor alunecator. ghidaj slide down ~ a aluneca in jos slide off - a scoate, a demonta slide on - a pune/a monta pe un arbore slide surface suprafata de alunecare/de lucru a ghidajului slide valve - distributor cu sertar; vana; sertar slider - cursor, glisor slide-valve reciprocating pump pompa cu distribute cu sertare slideway ~ ghidaj; culisa sliding alunecare sliding motion - miscare de alunecare sliding plug - cursor sliding speed - viteza de alunecare sliding-sleeve engine - motor cu mansoane culisante; motor fara supape

sliding-vane pump - pompa cu palete slight - us.or, slab, superficial, neglijent slim - subtire slimy - vascos; lipicios; cleios sling/slung/slung - a arunca, a lansa, a atama, a suspenda slip - a aluneca, a se deplasa slip - cala de constructie/de lansare; carlig cu papagal; recul (al elicei) 137slip down - a aluneca slip forward - a avansa prin alunecare slip in - a introduce slip out - a aluneca in afara slip over ~ a aluneca: a glisa slippage - alunecare; patinare slipper - sabot de frana

cii turatie joasa slow combustion ardere lenta slow down ~ a Tncetini slow motion ~ mers lent slow running engine - motor lent slow speed diesel engine - motor

diesel lent slow-acting accelerator - accelerator


cu actiune lenta slow-brake interrupter - intrerupator cu declanare lenta slowing ~ Tncetinire slowing down ~ Tncetinire, franare 138 slowing period - timp de miscare in virtutea inertiei siowing-down power - putere de

slipper clutch - ambreiaj


slippery ~ alunecos, lunecos slipping - alunecare, patinare

Tncetinire slowing-down time ~ timp de


incetinire slow-motion device - Tncetinitor slowness - incetineala slow-up incetinire; decelerate sludge reziduuri lichide, noroi, namol sludge trap - colector de reziduuri slug - tniez. bara, bloc sluggish gros, vascos; lent; inert sluggish lubricant ~ lubrifiant vascos sluggish oil - ulei vascos sluggish servomechanism servomecanism cu actiune lenta sluggishness of the engine capacitate slabs de repriza a motorului sluice valve - robinetvana, robinet cu sertar sluing ~ pivotare, tabatere, oscilare, retire; pivotant, rabatabil, oscilant,

slipping motion - micare de


alunecare slipping strength rezistenta la alunecare slit - fisura, renura, crestatura, despicatura slit/slit/slit ~ a cresta, a canela, a crapa slitted - crestat, canelat sloop nava de garda slope - oblicitate sloping - in panta, oblic, inclinat sloping bottom tank - rezervor cu fund conic sloping position - pozifie inclinata slot ~ fanta; canal, spatiu slotted crank plate - culisa slow - incet, lent; cu actiune lenta slow action -

turnant, rotativ slusher - screper small - mic. marunt small craft nava mica small, diameter tube tub cu diarnetru mic

smooth - neted, plan; sjefuit; egal, omogen; netezime

smooth fracture - fisura


intergranulara smooth grinding - rectificare cu luciu smooth motion ~ mers linistit smooth operation - functionare silentioasa smooth out ~ a intinde, a netezi smooth running - mers fara ocuri smooth sea ~ mare linistita smooth surface - suprafata neteda smoothness - planeitate, netezime smother - a stinge un incendiu smoulder - a arde inabusjt smouldering - ardere inabusjla snail ~ melc, spirala snake - a erpui, a incolaci in spirala snaky - sinuos, erpuit, in serpentina snap ~ a se rupe, a plesni; a pocni snap in ~ a inclicheta snap off ~ a se desface brusc________ snap out - a decupla snap ring - segment elastic de fixare/de oprire snep-lever oiler - ungator cu arc snide - fals, contrafacut sniffing valve - supapa de aerisire snorting pufnitura snout - ajutaj snub - a opri brusc snug - comod, confortabil soak - a uda; a umezi; a Tmbiba; a Tnmuia; a umecta; a impregna soakage - Tmbibare, impregnare soap - sapun society - societate, asociatie, companie,

small part - particula small sample - esantion, mostra smallest - eel mai mic, minim small-scale manufacturing
operation - intreprindere mica small-scale production - productie in serie mica smart - tare; aspru smash - a zdrobi, a izbi, a sfarama smear a unge, a gresa, a lubrifia smeary - murdar; unsuros smelt down - a topi, a fluidiza

firma socket - locas. de fixare, talpa; racord; montura socket - punct de alimentare electrica pentru containere frigorifice socket key - cheie tubulara socket outlet and plug - fia i priza de curent socket spanner ~ cheie tubulara socle - postament soft iron ~ fier moale

soft petroleum ointment vaselina


soft steel - otel moale soften - a inmuia. a slabi in intensitate softening ~ Tnmuiere, dedurizare a apei soil - a murdari, a pata; a impurifica soil - pata, murdade

smelting point - punct de topire smirch - a pata, a murdari smirch - pata


smoke - a face fum smoke - fum, aburi grosj smoke box - camera de fum smoke flare ~ rachete de fum

soiling - murdari re
solder - a suda, a lipi solderable - care poate fi lipit/sudat sole - unic, exclusiv sole owner - proprietar unic solenoid valve - ventil elecromagnetic solicitor ~ avocat consultant solid ~ corp solid ______ _ 139solid - solid, in stare solida; plin, compact; nedemontabil solid angle unghi solid solid axle - osie plina; arbore plin solid bearing - lagar monobloc solid fuel ~ cornbustibil solid solid lubricant - lubrifiant consistent solid oil - unsoare

smoke flue - cos


smoke gases ~ gaze de ardere

smokeless - fara fum smokeless combustion - ardere fara fum


smokeless fuel - combustibil fara fum

consistenta solid piston - piston masiv solid pulley ~ roata de transmisie solid residue - reziduu solid solid shaft - arbore masiv solid wrench - cheie fixa solidification solidificare solidify - a solidifica solidifying - solidificare solidinjection diesel engine - motor diesel cu injectie directa solidity soliditate, rigiditate solubilization solubilizare solubleness solubilitate soot - funingine, negru de fum soot blower - ventilator impotriva funinginii sorround - a inconjura; a fi inconjurat (de) sort - a sorta, a tria, a clasifica, a alege, a aranja, a separa sort - gen, fel, specie sortable - clasat, convenabil, potrivit sorting - sortare sough canal/jgheab de scurgere sound zgomot; fara defecte. de buna calitate sound absorbent - amortizor de sunete sound absorbtion - absorbtie acustica sound absorbtion coefficient coefficient de fonoabsorbtie sound insulator - material fonoizolator
140

smokeless furnace ~ focar fara fum


smoke-tube boiler caldare/caldarina ignitubulara

sounding - sondaj soundness - structura fara defecte; factor de calitate soundproofing amortizare a

zgomotului sour - acid source sursa south - sud; sudic space - a spatia, a distanta space - spatiu, distanta, volum space angle - unghi solid spacer - distantier spacing ~ distanta, interval; pas spacing of the rivets - pas al nituirii spacious ~ spatios spalling ~ crapare, fisurare, exfoliere span ~ deschidere, distanta. interval spanner - cheie de piulite spardeck - punte continua deasupra puntii principale spardecker - nava cu contracoverta spare - piesa de schimb spare equipment ~ echipament de rezerva spare part number - numar al piesei de schimb spare parts - piese de schimb spare piece - piesa de rezerva sparecurrent source - instalatie auxiliara de alimentare spare-parts list - lista de piese de schimb spark - scanteie spark coil - bobina de inducjie spark drawer - excitator spark ignition - aprindere prin scanteie spark proof - care nu ia foe de la scantei spark timing - reglare a aprinderii sparking - scanteiere, aprindere sparking coil ~ bobina de inductie sparking out ~ scanteiere sparking plug - bujie sparking plug ignition - aprindere cu

bujie sparking retard - intarziere la


aprindere spark-plug fouling ~ ancrasare a bujiei spatial - spatial, in spatiu special special, particular, neobinuit special equipment ~ echipament special speciality - particularitate, specialitate species - categorie, fel specific - specific, caracteristic, distinctiv; determinat; exact, precis specific capacity - putere specifka specific concentration ~ concentratie specifica specific consumption consum specific specific discharge - debit specific specific electric resistance rezistivitate specific fuel oil consumption consum specific de cornbustibil specific heat - caldura specifica specific injection pressure presiune specifica de injec|ie specific kinetic energy - energie cinetica specifica specific oil consumption - consum specific de ulei specific potential energy - energie potentiala specifica specific pressure energy - energie de presiune specifica specific resistance - rezistenta

specifica_____________________ specific rotation power - rotane specified specific thermal resistance rezistivitate termica specific volume - volum specific specification specificate specifications specificatii tehnice specifications of quality - conditii tehnice de calitate specified - prescris; stabilit: conditional specified criterions condijii tehnice date specify ~ a specifica, a preciza, a enumera specimen - es.antion, proba spectacles - ochelari speed - viteza speed act - avans speed adjusting governor ~ regulator de viteza speed at continuous rating - viteza de regim continuu speed at outlet viteza la iesire speed boat - alupa speed brake - frana centrifuga speed controller - regulator de viteza speed counter - contor de rotaui speed factor - factor de viteza speed gear - angrenaj multiplicator speed meter ~ contor de rotajii speed of combustion - viteza de ardere speed of progression - viteza de avansare speed of response ~ viteza de reacjie speed of revolutions turade, viteza

de rotatie speed of the piston viteza medie liniara a pistonului speed pulley con de vitezespeed range - etajare a turatiilor; domeniu al reglarii vitezelor speed ratio - raport de transmitere; raport al vitezelor speed reducer gear ~ reductor de viteza speed regulation - reglare de viteza/turatie speed releasing - declansare rapida speed shifting mechanism mecanism de schimbare a vitezelor speed up ~ a mari viteza; a accelera speed-change gear - schimbator de viteze speeder - angrenaj de transmisie, regulator de viteza speed-increase drive - transmisie multiplicatoare speeding up acceleratie speeding up force - forta de pornire speed-up system ~ sistem de exploatare maxima speedy accelerat spell - scurt interval de timp; rastimp spend/spent/spent - a consuma, a intrebuinta spent - consumal, intrebuintat; uzat spent gas ~ gaze de evacuare sphere - sfera spherical ~ sferic spherical bushing - cuzinet sferic spherical joint - articulatie cu nuca spherical shape - sfericitate spherical valve robinet/supapa cu bila

spigot - lagar axial; robinet spike - a bate in cuie spike - dorn, pana. pivot spile box ~ manson de legatura 142 spill pipe - racord de golire, teava de preaplin spill valve - supapa de golire spill water ~ apa excedentara spill/spilt/spilt - a varsa, a imprastia; a se risipi; a turna spillage - pierderi prin scurgere spilling - imprastiere spillway coefficient - coeficient de debit al deversorului spin out - a centrifuga spin/spun/spun - a Tnvarti, a roti spindle - arbore, osie spindle control lever - parghie de cuplare si decuplare a arborelui principal spindle guide bearing lagar de ghidare a axului spindle sleeve manson al arborelui principal spiral - elicoidal spiral gearing - angrenaj elicoidal spirit - alcool, benzina. carburant splash ~ a improsca, a stropi splash ~ improscare, stropire splay - a sprijini, a propti; a tesi; a largi splay - oblic, tesit, evazat splaying - rost splice - a imbina splice - matisire; Tmbinare spline ~ pana de ghidare splined - cu caneluri splined shaft ~ arbore canelat splinter - fragment, archie split - crestat, canelat split axle ~ arbore sectional split off - a

se scinda split/split/split - a despica, a cr3pa; a sparge; a rupe; a tntredeschide; a imparti; a diviza split-field motor - motor serie cu excitatii inverse splitting off - spintecare, despicare splitting out - separate spoil/spoilt/spoilt - a strica, a defecta sponge - a absorbi, a Tmbiba sponge - burete. materie buretoasa spongy metal - metal spongios spontaneous - spontan; automat spool - a bobina spool - bobina spot - pozitie, punct spotted - patat spout - cama; bucsa; duzS; deversor spray - a stropi, a pulveriza spray cooler - racitor prin stropire spray nozzle ~ pulverizator; supapa de injectie spray valve - supap-5. de injectie sprayer ~ dispozitiv de stropit; pulverizator; injector sprayer valve - supapa de pulverizare spraying stropire; pulverizare spraying carburetor ~ carburator cu jiclor spread -- dispersie; abatere; extensiune; expansiune; extindere spread on - a intinde; a vopsi; a unge spread over - a imprastia; a presara; a acoperi spread/spread/spread - a extinde; a intinde; a imprastia; a desfasura; a raspandi; a acoperi; a propaga spreader ~ distributor /reading mtindere; difuzare;

dispersare; imprastiere spred out ~ a intinde sprig ~ a bate in cuie; a tintui sprincle - a stropi; a presara; a imprastia; a umidifica; a pulveriza spring - arc, resort spring a leak - a avea o gaura de apa spring action - arcuire spring activation - actionare cu arc spring adjusting collar - inel elastic de fixare spring assembly - set de arcuri spring attachment - mecanism de intindere cu arc spring beam opritor spring breakage - rupere a arcului spring jack - clichet spring link - articulatie cu arc spring loaded needle valve - supapa cu ac cu Tnchidere prin resort spring mechanism - mecanism cu arc spring off ~ a sari afara spring plunger - piston cu arc spring pressure - presiune a arcului spring reaction - efect de arcuire spring ring - inel-resort spring safety valve ~ supapa de siguranta cu arc spring tensioner - tensionarea arcului spring valve ~ supapa cu arc spring/sprang/sprung - a sari; a se Tndoi elastic; a se arcui springiness - elasticitate spring-loaded valve supapa cu inchidere prin resort springy elastic; arcuitor sprinkler - instalatie de stropit sprocket - pinion de lanf; dinte de roata; barbotin

spur - proptea; pinten; dinte; gheara spur gearing - angrenaj cilindric spur-gear drive - angrenaj cu rot.i dinnate spurling pipe ~ putul lanfului de ancoraspy hole ~ gura de vizitare

spyglass - luneta, binoclu sqare mile - mila patrata (= 3,4299 km patrati) squadron - escadra; detasament de nave; divizion de nave squally sea - mare furtunoasa (gradul 6) square - a ridica la patrat; a margin!; a imprejmui; a egaliza square patrat; echer square engine ~ motor cu cursa pistonului egala cu diametrul
cilindrului

square engine - motor patrat square foot - picior patrat (= 929 cm patraji) square inch - tol patrat (= 6.45 cm patrati) square root ~ radacina patrata square rule - echer; vinclu square shaft - arbore patrat square socket wrench - cheie patrata tubulara squash - a zdrobi squat ~ apupare la viteza squeezable comprimabil squeeze - a strange; a presa; a comprirna; a stoarce; a sfarama; a

strivi squirt (out) - a evacua/a spala prin jet de lichid sau prin stropire stab - a g3uri, a perfora, a strapunge stability ~ stabilitate; durabilitate; rezistenta; ecliilibru; rigiditate stability field - domeniu de stabilitate stability moment moment de
stabilitate

stability of shape nedeformabilitate stability ratio coeficiem de stabilitate


144

point - punct mort stain - a baitui; a decapa; a.vopsi; a p5ta; a colora stain - vopsea; pata; culoare; colorant stain resistance rezistenta la ruginire stained patat; colorat; vopsit staining colorare; vopsire stainless inoxidabil; rezistent la coroziune
stainless steel - otel inoxidabil stainless steel clip - colier din otel

stabilization - stabilizare stabilize - a stabiliza, a egaliza, a consolida, a asigura stabilitatea navei stabilizer - stabilizator stabilizing - stabilizare, mentinere la valoarea constants Stable ~ stabil, durabil, constant, stajionar stable operation ~ functionare stabila stable state - stare stabila stableness - stabilitate stabstor ~ stabilizator de tensiune stack ~ puj de nava staff- personal; conducere stage - faza; perioada; treapta; stadiu; etapa staggered ~ alternat; decalat staggering - decalare; esalonare staging ~ debarcader stagnation

inoxidabil stainlessness - inoxidabilitate stain-proof- rezistent la patare staircase generator - generator tn trepte stall an engine -- a cala/a bloca o masina stall start - start cu motor oprit stalled motor - motor blocat stalling motor valve - ventil automat de oprire a motoruiui stamp imprimare; amprenta; semn; stantare; marcS stample - a fixa stample - ochet; ochi; ureche; scoaba; clema; bratara stanch - etans; ermetic; de buna calitate stand - stativ; consols; oprire; stagnare; incetare stand 100% overload - a suporta o

supraincarcare de 100% stand out - a iesi in afara stand/stood/stood ~ a sta; a rezista; a se men{ine; a stationa standard ~ nivel; grad; etalon; standard; norma; proba standard ~ normal, standard standard capacity ~ putere normala standard fit - ajustaj standardizat standard load - inci'ircare normala standard part - piesa standardizata standard pressure presiune normaia standard rating - serie de valori nominale normale standard size ~ dimensiune standardizata standard specifications - conditii
tehnice; norme standard temperature and

pressure - temperatura si presiune normale standardization standardizare; normare; etalonare; calibrare stand-by ~ de rezerva, auxiliar stand-by equipment - echiparnent de rezerva stand-by power - putere de rezerva stand-by pump - pompa de rezerva standing ~ fix, imobil; invariabil; permanent; stationar standing stabilitate; rezistenja; durata;

situatie standing pressure ~ presiune constanta standpipe - tub piezometric standpoint - punct de vedere standstill ~ oprire, stagnare star coupling -- articulatie cardanica starboard/starbord side ~ tribord, la/spre tribord star-shaped -- in forma de stea start - a pomi. a Tncepe; a lansa; a actiona; a demara start - pomire; origine a miscarii; dernaraj start an engine - a porni un motor start from - a porni de ia start light - a porni fara sarcina start time - timp de pornire/de accelerate start up - a porni; a demara; a pune in functiune start up - pornire; demaraj; punere in functiune
start up boilers - a incalzi cazane startability - pornire usoara starter - dispozitiv de pornire starter gear pinion al demarorului starter magnetic station controller

- pornitor magnetic de static de control starter motor - motor de pornire starting - pornire, punere in funcf.iune;

cuplu de pornire starting a cold engine - pornire a unui motor rece starting acceleration - accelerate de pornire

1
demaraj

starting air - aer de

lansare starting air pressure presiune de pornire/de lansare starting compressor - compresor de starting device - dispozitiv de pornire starting distance ~ distanta de accelerare starting energy - energie de pornire starting engine - motor de pornire starting gear - mecanism de pornire starting impulse - impuls de pornire/aprindere starting motor - motor de pornire starting output - putere de pornire; putere furnizata la pornire starting push button - buton de
pornire

starting torque - cuplu de pornire starting valve ~ ventil/supapa de pornire starting work - lucru mecanic de pornire

starting-air valve ~ ventil de pornire starting-ignition coil bobina de aprindere pentru pornire start-up period - perioada de pornire starve a opri din lipsa de combustibil starving - subalimentare state - a declara; a indica; a specifica; a preciza, a formula state - stare; pozitie: structura; regim; situatie state of aggregation - stare de agregare state of motion - stare de miscare state of rest - stare de repaus state point - stare de echilibru statement formulare; specificare static strength - rezistenta la solicitare statica static value - valoare de repaus statics - statica station - baza; loc; pozijie stationary - in repaus; fix; stationar stationary axle - osie fixa stationary coupling - cuplare rigida stationary fit ~ ajustaj cu strangere statistical - statistic statistical mechanics - mecanica statistica statistics ~ statistics status - statut legal; situatie statut mile - mila terestra statutory - prevazut de lege; conform statutului; reglementar Stay - a ancora; a fixa; a sprijini; a sta; a opri; astationa (nava) stay - reazem; suport stay tube - tub tirant staying

- ancorare; amarare steadfast - ferm, neclintit; constant; fix; permanent; durabil steadiness continuitate; uniformitate; permanenta; rezistenta; durabilitate; stabilitate steady ~ a egaliza; a stabiliza steady - fix; rigid; stationar; uniform; stabil; ferm steady point - punct fix steady position - stare de repaus steady source - sursa constanta steady stress - tensiune la functionare in regim normal steady voltage - tensiune constanta steady-state flow - curgere uniforms steam - a evapora; a face aburi steam - abur

orificiu de evacuare a aburului steam pipe/line - conducts de abur steam piston - piston de abur steam powered generator generator actionat de forta aburului steam pressure - presiune de vapori steam pressure gauge - indicator
pentru presiunea aburului, manometru steam pump ~ pompa de abur steam shovel - draga cu abur steam sluice valve - robinet cu sertar

146
steam apparatus - cazan de abur; autoclava steam boiler - cazan de abur steam coil - serpentina de abur steam conduit - conducts de abur steam cooler - racitor de abur steam cylinder - cilindru de abur steam distributing slide-valve vana pentru distributia aburului steam distribution - distribute a aburului steam flow - debit de abur steam gauge - manometru de abur steam operated water-ejector pompa cu jet de abur si de apa steam out - a aburi steam outlet - evacuare a aburului;

pentru abur steam superheater supraincalzitor de abur steam tension - presiune de vapori steam turbine - turbina cu abur steam valve - robinet/ventil pentru abur steam windlass - vinci de ancora hidraulic steam-admission port camera de
admisie a aburului

steam-admitting pipe ~ teava de admisie a aburului steamboat - nava cu abur, vapor steam-boiler battery - baterie de cazane de abur steam-boiler feed water - apa de alimentare pentru cazane de abur steam-boiler fittings - armaturi pentru cazane cu aburi steamer nava cu abur; vaporizator steamgenerating heat - caldura de producere a aburului steaming aburire; antrenare cu vapori steamjet pump - pompa cu jet de

abur steam-jet refrigerating plant instalatie frigorifica cu jet de abur steam-outlet pipe - teava de priza de abur steamship - nava cu abur steamship company - companie de navigatie steamshop - sala a cazanelor steel acali, aoteli steel - otel steel door - usa metalica steel frame - cadru metalic steel jacket armatura; blindaj steel plating placare cu otel steel shafting - linie axiala de otel steel shell - invelis de otel steel-armoured - blindat steelbacked bearing - cuzinet cu camasa de otel steel-cord carcass - carcasa metalica steel-plate lining - armatura, blindaj; invelis metalic steel-shell bearing cuzinet cu camasa de otel steep - a scufunda; a introduce in solutie; a impregna; a imbiba steeping fluid - lichid pentru umezire steer gear - angrenaj de guvernare steering - guvernare; manevrabilitate steering axle - ax de directie steering booster amplificator hidraulic de directie steering control - mecanism de directie steering engine - maina a carmei;

servomotor de carma steering force - forta de guvernare steering gear angrenaj de guvernare; maina carmei steering lead - transmisie de carma steering lever ~ parghie a mecanismului de directie steering mechanism - mecanism de directie steering oar - rama de guvernare steering wheel - timona steering worm - melc, urub fara

step-by-step - in trepte; gradat stepby-step motor ~ motor pas cu pas stepped gear - transmisie etajata;

angrenaj etajat stepped piston compound


compressor - compresor polietajat cu piston diferential stepped resistance - rezistenta in

trepte stepped variation of speed modificare a vitezei in trepte stepped wheel gearing - angrenaj etajat; transmisie cu con de pinioane

sfars.it steering-wheel shaft arbore de


directie steering-worm gear angrenaj al casetei de directie steering-worm sector - sector dintat de directie stem - a programa o nava (pentru diverse operatiuni) stem - etrava; tija, ax stem bearing - lagar de ghidare a axului stemming - bordura, margine stencil - sablon stent - a Tntinde; a limita; a restrange; a evalua stent - intindere; limita; evaluare 148 step - pas; treapta; prag; timp; tranzitie step down - a reduce, a micsora (tensiunea) step valve - supapa in trepte step velocity input - variatie in trepte a vitezei

stepper motor - motor pas cu pas stepping electromagnet electromagnet de comutare pas cu pas step-up gear - angrenaj multiplicator step-up gearing transmisie multiplicatoare steradian - steradian (unitate pentru masurarea unghiului solid in SI) stern - pupa stern anchor - ancora pupa stern door - poarta etansa pupa stern gear - mecanism pupa stern gland presetupa a tubului etambou stern tube bearing - bucsa a tubului etambou sternpost shaft - arbore de etambou; arbore portelice sternway - viteza inapoi; mers inapoi al navei

steward ~ ospatar; intendent de bord stick to - a adera, a se lipi de stick/stuck/stuck - a lipi; a (se) bloca stickiness - adezivitate sticking - blocare; perforare sticking of the valve - gripare a supapei sticking place ~ punct de oprire sticking valve - valvula/ supapa de blocare sticking voltage - tensiune de blocaj sticky - cleios, lipicios; teapan stiffrigid; compact; tare, solid stiffness rigiditate; inflexibilitate still ~ silenjios Stillson wrench - cheie tubulara stimulate - a activa; a stimula stimulation - stimulare, stimul, excitatie stimulus - stimulent; soc; impuls sting ~ varf ascutit stint - a restrange; a limita stipulate - a stipula; a fixa; a preciza; a stabili; a conditiona stir - a agita; a amesteca stir - miscare; agitare stock - a furniza; a depozita stock ~ stoc de piese de rezerva; ax al carmei stock engine - motor de serie stock list - inventar stock rudder - ax al carmei stock tank - rezervor de depozitare stock-line indicator indicator de nivel stock-taking - inventariere stockyard - depozit stokehold compartiment al caldarilor

marine stone - a debavura stop - a opri, a Tnceta, a Tntrerupe; a termina; a astupa; a obtura; a stopa; a scoate din functiune; a frana stop oprire, stop, incetare; Tntrerupere; opritor; 1 imitator de cursa stop bolt - surub de oprire stop bush bucsa/mufa de oprire stop button buton de oprire/de deconectare stop device - dispozitiv de franare/de oprire stop down - a obtura stop gear mecanism de oprire stop piece clema de oprire stop pin ~ stift de oprire; bolt al dispozitivului de oprire stop up ~ a astupa, a strangula stop valve robinet de Tnchidere stop valve robinet/ventil/vanfi de Tnchidere/de oprire stop-all button - buton de avarie stop-cleat of rudder - limitator de carma stopcock - robinet de Tnchidere/de oprire; ventil de Tnchidere/de oprire stoppage - oprire, Tntrerupere stoppage in the flow ~ oprire a fluxului/a curgerii stopper - a bloca, a Inchide, a obtura stopper - stopa stopper circuit - circuit de decuplare stopper screw - surub de inchidere stopping - oprire; franare stopping device - dispozitiv de oprire stopping distance - distanta

de franare stopping lever - maneta de oprire stopping signal - semnal de oprire stopping time ~ timp de oprire storage - depozitare; depozit 149storage tank - tanc/rezervor de depozitare/de stocaj/de pastrare/de colectare store - a pastra, a tine, a stoca, a depozita store - provizii; stoc; magazie; antrepozit; materiale de intretinere storekeeper - magazioner storm furtuna storm ledder - scara de pisica stormy weather - furtuna stout - solid, rezistent, tare; durabil; stabil stove - etuva stowage - stivuire straight - drept; vertical; rectiliniu; direct straight angle - unghi multiplu de 180 grade straight reciprocating motion micare rectilinie alternativa straighten - a Tndrepta; a redresa; a egaliza; a pune in ordine straightening - aliniere, indreptare straightforward - direct, simplu straight-type engine - motor cu cilindri in linie straightway cock robinet de trecere cu cep straightway valve - robinet de trecere strain - a solicita, a deforma; a tensiona strain - solicitare; deformare, flambaj strain at failure - deformatie la rupere strain centre -

centru de deformare strain energy energie de deformatie strain magnitude - modul de elasticitate strain resistance rezistenta la flambaj strainer - intinzator, bolf de Tntindere; epurator; filtru strainless nedeformat strainmeter - aparat de masurat deformatii strand - a es.ua, a se pune pe uscat stranded - esuat stranding rSsucire; euare strange - straniu, neobis.nuit strangling - gatuire, strangulare strap - eclisa; curea; banda; clema stratify - a stratifica stratum/strata - strat stray ~ a devia, a se abate stray power putere de dispersie stream - flux stream anchor - ancora de curent; ancora pupa strength - putere, forfa; rezistenta strength calculation - calcul de rezistenta strength coefficient coeficient de rezistenja strength factor - factor de rezistenta strength in shear - rezistenta la forfecare strength in torsionrezistenta la rasucire strength of compression rezistenta la compresie strength of materials rezistenta

materialelor strength properties proprietati de rezistenta strength test - incercare la rezistenta strength tester - dinamometru strength weld - sudura de rezistenta strengthen - a tntari, a consolida, a fixa strengthening - consolidare, rigidizare; durcisare 150 stress - a solicita stress - tensiune, efort. sarcina. solicitare; incarcare. deformare; greutate, forta stress corrosion coroziune sub tensiune/prin deformare stress transmission - transmitere a tensiunilor stressed - tensionat stress-strain diagram - diagrama tensiune-deformare stretch - a Tntinde, a lungi; a strange stretch ~ alungire, tntindere; sector, sectiune stretching ~ tntindere, alungire, extensie stria/striae ~ striu, striatie, canelura striate - a canela, a stria strict ~ precis, exact, strict, riguros stricture - gatuire, ingustare, stramtare stride ~ pas stride/strode - a pai strike ~ a se lovi de stand, a atinge fundul (nava) striker - bolt, percutor striking gear - mecanism de aprindere striking lever ~ brat batator; levier al cutiei de viteze

string ~ sfoara, banda, coarda string/strung/strung - a lega. a Tntinde stringent - strict, riguros stringer obturator longitudinal strip - a desprinde, a scoate; a demonta strip - deformare strip down - a demonta strip off - a terge, a curata stripping pump ~ pompa de stripuire stroke - micare, cursa a pistonului; timp al motorului stroke (down) - cursa descendenta stroke (up) - cursa ascendenta stroke adjustment - reglare a cursei stroke capacity - cilindree, capacitate cilindrica stroke decrease - reducere a cursei stroke of engine - cursa a motorului stroke of piston - cursa a pistonului stroke ratio - raport dintre cursa s.i diametru strong - tare, rigid; durabil, rezistent; strans strong gale - furtuna puternica (forta 9) structure - structura. alcatuire structureless - amorf strum box sorb de santina strut - bara comprimatS strut jack ~ vinci de strangere stub - cap de biela; tu{ stub axle - fuzeta stub bolt - urub prizonier stud - a imbina cu uruburi stud - tift, tuj, bolt, opritor, prezon stud bolt - ?urub prizonier; bolt stud bolt wrench - cheie pentru

s.uruburi prizoniere stud nut piulita stud of hub - bulon de roata stud wheel plate ~ mecanism de inversat sensul de mi$care studded link ~ veriga; za study - a studia; a cerceta; a investiga stuff- a etana; a caiafatui; a lubrifia stuff - material, substanta stuffing - garnitura de etans.are stuffing box - imbinare etana; presetupa; presgarnitura stuffing box flange ~ flana de presgarnitura sturdiness - stabilitate; constanja 151sturdy - solid; rezistent; rigid style - varf; dalta subassembly bloc; ansamblu; subansamblu subclass - subclass subcooled - subracit subcooling subracire subcritical ~ subcritic subdivide - a subimparti; a subdiviza subdivision subdiviziune; compartimentare a navei subject ~ subiect; terna; specialitate subject index - indice de materii subject matter - subiect; tema; continut; fond subjoin - a adauga; a anexa subjoinder - adaos sublayer substrat submarine - submarin submerge - a (se) scufunda; a imersa submerged piston pump ~ pompa submersibila

submergence - imersiune submersible - iinersibil; submersibil submersible pump - pompa submersibila subordinate - a subordona subordination - subordonare subscribe ~ a semna; a iscaii; a fi de acord; a contribui cu subsequent care urmeaza dupS; urmator, consecutiv subside - a (se) slabi; a ceda subsidiary - auxiliar; secundar subsidiary stress tensiune suplimentara substance ~ material; substanfa; corp; masa substantiate - a fundamenta; a dovedi; a demonstra substitute - a substitui; a tnlocui substitute - rezerva, piesa de schimb substratum ~ substrat; baza; origine; sursa subsume - a subsuma; a include subsurface pump - pompa de adancime subsystem - subansamblu subtract a scadea subtracter - scazator subtraction sign ~ minus subtrahend ~ scazator success succes, reus. ita succession succesiune; ?ir; alternare successive - succesiv suck ~ a absorbi; a aspira; a suge suck in/off/out ~ a aspira suck up ~ a aspira sucker - piston de pompa; teava de aspiratie; sorb

sucker rod - tija de pompa sucking - aspiratie, suctiune sucking offaspirate, evacuare sucking pump pompS aspiratoare suction admisie, aspiratie suction basket sorb, crepina suction dredger draga aspiratoare suction effect efect de aspirate suction fan ventilator aspirator; exhauster suction filter - filtru de admisie suction flue - co$ de tiraj; tub de aspiratie suction hole - gura de aspiratie suction hood - sorb; crepina suction hose - sorb; crepina suction inlet orificiu de aspiratie suction lift inaijime de aspiratie a unei pompe suction line ~ conducta de aspiratie 152

suction manifold - colector de


aspiratie suction nozzle ~ trompa de aspiratie; orificiu de intrare suction pipe teava/conducta de admisie; teava de aspiratie suction piping ~ conducte de aspiratie suction port - gura de aspiratie suction pressure - presiune de aspiratie suction pump ~ pompa aspiratoare/de vid suction tube ~ teava de aspirate suction valve ~ supapa de aspiratie; clapa la tubul de aspirare al unei

pompe; vana de absorbtie; ventuza sudden change - variatie brusca; discontinuitate suffice ~ a fi suficient sufficient - suficient: ;:atisfacator suitable - potrivit; rezistent sulphuric acid corrosion coroziune cu acid sulfuric sum - a aduna; a rezuma sum - sums, total; calcul sum up - a totaliza; a aduna; a rezuma summarize - a rezuma summarized - rezumat summary sumar. cuprins, continut summation ~ sumare, totalizare summing up totalizare sump - put de drenaj sump tank - rezervor de colectare, decanter sunk ~ scufundat, afundat, coborat super - de calitate superioara; excesiv; extrem de super choper - selector mecanic ultrarapid

suprarefrigerare superconductor - supraconductor supercool - a supraraci supercooling - supraracire superficies ~ suprafata superfine ~ foarte fin superfluidity suprafluiditate superfluous ~ suplimentar, excedentar; inutil superheat - a supraincalzi superheat - supramcalzire superheated - supraincaizit superheated steam - abur supraincaizit superheated vapour ~ vapori :uipraincalziti iuperheater supraincalzitor schimbator de caldura lichid-vapori superheater boiler - cazan cu supraincalzitor

super long stroke - cursa extrem de lunga superaccelerator accelerator


ultrarapid supercentrifuge ~ supercentrifuga supercharge ~ a supraalimenta supercharger - compresor de supraalimentare supercharging ~ supraalimentare;

superheating - supraincalzire super-high-speed turbine ~ turbina


suprarapida

superimposing - suprapunere superimposition - suprapunere superintendence - supraveghere,


control, administrare 153supernumerary - suplimentar, excedentar superposition turbine turbina cu contrapresiune superpressure - suprapresiune supersaturate - a suprasatura supersaturated steam - abur
suprasaturat

supersaturation - suprasatura{ie supersound - ultrasunet superstructure - suprastructura (la nava) supertension - tensiune maxima; supratensiune supervise ~ a supraveghea, a controla, a inspecta supervision - supraveghere, control, inspectie supervisor - controlor, supervizor, supraveghelor, maistru supplant - a Tnlocui supple - flexibil, maleabil supplement - a completa, a suplimenta supplement - supliment, adaos supplier - furnizor supplimentary air intake - intrare suplimentara de aer supplimentary boiler - cazan auxiliar supply - a asigura, a aproviziona, a alimenta supply - alimentare; conducta de alimentare supply pipe ~ {eava de admisie supply pump - pompa de alimentare supply tank - tanc de rezerva supply tank valve - supapa de alimentare a tancului supply valve robinet/ventil de admisie; supapa de admisie
154

supracompresie supercharging air receiver rezervor de aer de supraalimentare superchilling - supraracire;

supply voltage ~ tensiune de alimentare supply-ship - nava de aprovizionare support - a sustine, a sprijini, a

consolida; a rezista support - suport, consola, reazem, sprijin, postament support rails ~ bare de sustinere/parapeti support ship ~ nava de susfinere pentru lucrSri sub apa supporting power ~ capacitate de incarcare; forja de sustentatie supporting surface - suprafata de sprijin suppres - a frana; a Tnchide suppresor ~ frana surcharge - a supraincarca; a supraalimenta un motor surcharge sarcina suplimentara. suprasarcina surcharged steam - abur nesaturat surd - numSr irationa! algebric surface - suprafata; arie: de suprafata surface action ~ actiune de suprafata; efect superficial surface of section - suprafata de taiere surfacing - nivelare, netezire surge - a merge neregulat (un motor); a avea s.ocuri surge - salt, oc surge pump - pompa cu membrana surgeless ~ linitit. fara vibratii surpass - a intrece, a depa$.i; a fi superior surplus - excedent; excedentar surplus heat - exces de caldura surplus of power - exces de putere/de energie

surveillance - inspectie, control, supraveghere survey - a supraveghea, a inspecta, a studia, a examina surveying control, inspectie, inspectare surveying ship - nava hidrografica survival craft - ambarcadi i plute de salvare susceptibility of corrosion tending de corodare suspend ~ a atarna, a suspenda suspension - sprijinire, rezemare; suspensie; eliminate sustain - a sustine, a sprijini swage - a Tngusta, a gatui, a strangula sweat - a asuda, a transpira sweat - condensare a apei sweat cooling - racire prin condensarea apei sweating - condensatie superficial sweep ~ draga de cautare; traina sweep over - a unge, a vopsi sweep/swept/swept - a baleia; a spala; a matura sweet water - apa dulce swell - prag. bordura; umar; colier; renura; guler; convexitate swell up ~ a (se) umfla swell/swelled/swollen a se umfla, a create swelling - umflare: largire; expansiune; dilatare; ieitura

swept capacity - capacitate cilindrica swept-volume ~ capacitate cilindrica, volum aspirat/deplasat/generat swich over - a comuta; a schimba swichboard - tablou distribute swift - rapid, repede swiftness - viteza, rapiditate, iuteala swim - a tnota, a pluti swimmer plutitor, flotor swing ~ impuls; vibratie; balansare; vibrare; oscilatie; pendulare; elongate; deviate; amplitudine a oscilatiei swing axle - ax oscilant swing check valve - ventil de rennere swing gear ~ mecanism de pivotare swing out/over ~ a bascula; a rabata swing/swung/swung - a oscila; a (se) balansa; a pendula swingable - oscilant, pendular, pivotant swinging - oscilare; vibratie; pendulare swirling flow ~ curgere turbionara switch - a cupla/a schimba viteza switch - intrerupator switch off ~ a intrerupe switch on a cupla switch out - a deconecta; a declana: a deschide switch plug - priza de curent switch position - pozitie de cuplare switch spring - clichet switching comutare; distribute switching in anclaare; conectare; mchidere

switching key - cheie de cuplaj switching mechanism - mecanism de cuplare switching member - organ de cuplare switching off - deconectare, deschidere, declansare switching on - conectare, mchidere, and as. are switching out deconectare, deschidere switching over - comutare switching time - timp de comutare swivel - a roti, a oscila, a swivel - ax, centru de rotatie: imbinare prin articulatie swivel axle - ax oscilant swivel connection Imbinare articulata swivel coupling - racord turnant swivel joint - imbinare articulata swivel pin ~ ax de rotatie swivelling - oscilant, rabatabil, pendular, pivotant, rotativ swivelling - retire, mtoarcere, articulare, asamblare swivelling link - articulatie rotativa symbol embletna; semn, notatie, simbol symbolic - simbolic, operational, functional symbolize - a simboliza, a reprezenta cu ajutorul simbolunlor symmetry simeuie synchronization -

sincronizare synchronization control ~ reglare a sincronizarii; comanda a sincronizarii synchronuous generator - alternator, generator sincron syndicate sindicat; consortiu synopsis sinopsis, rezumat, centralizare synthesis gas - gaz de sinteza synthetic - sintetic synthetic size adeziv sintetic system - instalatie, sistem system flow-chart ~ organigrama

generals system operational reliability Habilitate in functionarea sistemului system with power amplification sistem cu amplificare de putere; sistem de reglare cu energie auxiliara systematic - sistematic, metodic, organizat
156

tab ~ umar (al unei aibe de siguranta) tab washer - $aiba de blocare cu ciocuri; aiba de siguranta cu umeri table - a face un label; a tabela tachometer - tahometru; instrument pentru masurarea turatiei pieselor tachometer drive ~ mecanism de antrenare a vitezometrului tachometer recorder - inregistrator de viteze

tack - cui, tift. clema tack bolt bolt de legatura tackiness adezivitate, caracter adeziv tackle scripete; palan tacky - cleios, lipicios, vascos taffrail - grilaj de protectie; falsbord pupa tag - a marca; a eticheta tail end ~ extremitate posterioara a arborelui principal take apart - a demonta; a descompune; a desface take away - a inlatura take care of ~ a ingriji; a intretine take down - a demonta; a demola take from - a lua; a scoate; a extrage take hold of - a prinde; a apuca take in service a pune in functiune take in tow - a rernorca, a lua la remorca take into account ~ a tine seama de, a lua in calcul take measurement ~ a masura take off - a scoate; a separa; a inlatura; a opri; a intrerupe; a scadea; a reduce take out - a scoate; a elimina take out of service - a bloca; a scoate din functiune take over - a conecta; a introduce in circuit take place - a avea loc; a se petrece take possession of ~ a prelua; a ocupa take to pieces - a desface, a demonta take up the bearing - a regla un lagar take/took/taken - a primi, a lua take-off run - pornire

taking - scoatere, prelevare, extragere taking out - scoatere; ie? ire; deblocare taking over preluare; receptie talk - convorbire; conversatie talks - negocieri, tratative tally clerck - pontator talon - gheara tame - regulat; neted tamp - a Tndesa; a astupa tamp down - a indcsa tandem pump - pompa tandem tandem turbine - turbina tandem tangent line - tangenta tangential force - forta tangentiala tangential thrust - efort tangential; forfecare; presiune orizontala/laterala tangential wheel ~ rotor dc turbina cu admisie tangentiala tangential-flow turbine - turbina cu admisie tangentiala tank - $lep-tanc; rezervor; cisterna; tanc, rezervor tank accessories armaturS a rezervorului tank capacity capacitate a rezervorului tank top plating - punte de dublu fund tank vessel - nava cisterna tanker - petrolier; tanc petrolier tantamount - echivalent; egal cu pendulatap - a ramifica; a deriva; a evacua treptat tap - robinet; ventil; priza; derivable tap bolt - cep; diblu tap pipe - teava de scurgere/de evacuare

tape - a infasura; a bobina taper ~ a da forma conica: a subtia; a micsora taper ~ conic; tronconic; coniform taper - forma conica; conicitate; Tnclinare taper angle - conicitate, unghi de conicitate taper fit - ajustaj conic taper gauge - calibru conic taper valve - valvula cu cep conic tapered - conic, in forma de con tapered collar - pana cu inel tapered gearing - angrenaj conic tapering - conicitate taperseat valve ~ supapa cu scaun conic tapped - filetat, cu filet tappet clearance -joe al supapei/ventilului tappet lever culbutor tappet switch - intrerupator actionat prin motor tappet valve ~ tachet de supapa tar gudron, smoala task - sarcinS; problema T-beam - grinda in T team - echipa tear - ruptura; uzura tear out - a smulge; a scoate cu forta tear/tore/torn - a rupe; a smulge; a crSpa technical assistance asistenja tehnica 158 technical committee ~ comisie tehnica technical expression termen tehnic technical officer inginer technical regulations conditii

tehnice technical revision - revizie tehnica technical specification documentatie tehnica technicality termen tehnic; detaliu tehnic technique - tehnica; metoda; procedeu technology - tehnologie tee - a deriva; a ramifica tee - profil T; racord in T tee across - a (se) bifurca; a (se) ramifica telecontrol - telecomanda; telereglaj telegraph ship - cablier telescopic shaft - arbore/ax telescopic tell/told/told - a indica; a comunica telltale - aparat de semnalizare; axiometru telltale board - tablou indicator telltale device - dispozitiv indicator telltale pointer - ac indicator temper - a amesteca temperate temperat, moderat temperature temperatura temperature controller equipment - regulator de temperatura temperature effect - efect termic temperature fall - diferenta de temperatura temperature fluctuations - variatii de temperatura temperature gauge indicator de temperatura temperature increase crestere a temperaturii temperature loss pierdere de caldura

temperature measurement masurare a temperaturii temperature of combustion temperatura de combustie temperature of inflammability temperatura de inflamabilitate temperature of overshoot - exces de temperatura temperature of saturation ~ temperatura de saturatie temperature of self-ignition temperatura de autoaprindere temperature range ~ domeniu de temperatura temperature recorder inregistrator de temperatura temperature regulation ~ reglare a temperaturii temperature regulator - regulator de temperatura temperature rise ridicare a temperaturii temperature stability stabilitate termica temperature switch regulator de temperatura; termostat temperature variation - variatie de temperatura temperature-pressure curve caracteristica temperatura-presiune; curbs de variatie a presiunii in functie de temperatura tempering calire tempest - furtuna template model, sablon; calibru temporally in timp temporary - temporar; provizoriu;

auxiliar temporary repair - reparatie curenta tenable - trainic, durabil; utilizabil tenacity - tenacitate; vascozitate tend ~ a tinde tendancy to rust - tendinta de corodare tendency - inclinare; directie; sens; tendinta tendency to fracture fragilitate; friabilitate tender - slab, nerezistent tender ship - nava instabila tenet ~ teorie, doctrina tenon ~ a imbina cu cep tenon - cep, fus, diblu tensile breaking strength - rezistenta la rupere prin tractiune tensile stress - tensiune la Tntindere tension ~ a tensiona tension - tensiune; efort; elasticitate tension member ~ element solicitat la tractiune tension release - detensionare; detenta terebration - patrundere. perforare term - a desemna; a numi; a nota term - termen. notiune terminability - proprietate de a fi

terminus - punct extrem termless neliinitat; fara termen terms condi{ii; clauze territorial waters ape teritoriale tertiary - terfiar tervalence - trivalenja test - a testa, a verifica, a proba, a experimenta, a examina test - test, proba, incercare, verificare 159test data - caracteristici de incercare test pressure - presiune de incercare test unit - dispozitiv de control/de Tncercare tester - aparat de control/de incercare testimonial - certificat, atestat testing - verificare, incercare, proba test-stand - stand /bane de probe testudinate - arcuit, boltit texrope drive - antrenare prin curea trapezoidal a T-girder - grinda in forma de T thawing - decongelare, dezghefare T-head cylinder ~ cilindru cu supape laterale

booster - ejector de abur thermal capacity - caldura specifica thermal condition - regim termic thermal conductibility conductibilitate termica thermal conductivity - conductivitate termica

thermal diagram - diagrama termica thermal efficiency eficienta termica thermal energy ~ energie termica thermal equivalent of work ~
echivalent termic/caloric al lucrului mecanic

thermal potential ~ tensiune termica;


potential termic

thermal power - putere calorifica thermal stress ~ tensiune termica thermodynamics - termodinamica thermoelectric heat pump pompa
de caldura termoelectrica thermometer - termometru thermoregulator - termoregulator thermoresistant ~ termorezistent thermostat ~ termostat, termoregulator thermostat ~ termostatic thick ~ gros, groasa; dens, compact thicken - a (se) intari; a (se) mgrosa thickening ingrosare; concentrare thickness grosime; densitate thickness of armour - grosime a

theoretical - teoretic theoretical efficiancy - randament


teoretic, eficacitate teoretica theoretical heat cycle - ciclul teoretic de incalzire theoretical mechanics mecanica teoretica theory - teorie therefore de aceea, in consecinta, prin urmare

m&rginit
terminal - capat, sfarsit terminal point - extremitate, capat terminal screw - surub de strangere terminate - a delimita; a margini termination - terminatie; capat; sfarsit; extremitate

thermal - caloric, termic thermal anasysis - analiza termica thermal

blindajului

thickness of bed - grosime a stratului thickness of coat - grosime a stratului protector thickness of deposit grosime a

depunerii
thickness of plate ~ grosime a tablei thick-wall - cu pereti grosi thief hatch - onficiu de luat probe thief sampling - recoltare a probelor thimble ~ mufti, bucsa, manon thin - subtire; fluid thin plate - tabla subtire thing - lucru, obiect, articol thinner - diluant, solvent thin-wall cu pereti subtiri Third Engineer ofiter II mecanic Third Officer (Mate) ~ ofiter trei thirds ~ calitatea a treia thorough - minutios, meticulos, amanuntit thorough repair ~ reparatie capitals thoroughly - minutios, amanuntit 160 thread - filet, fir al flletului thread - fir. sfilanta

filetat three bladed - cu trei pale three cornered - triunghiular three way cock/tap/stop-cock robinet cu trei cai three-bearing crankshaft ~ arbore cotit pe trei paliere three-cylinder inverted engine ~
motor cu trei cilindri in stea threedimensional sphere - sfera

three-throw pump - pompa triplex three-way valve - supapa cu trei cai three-wheel pump pompa cu trei rotoare threshold adjustment reglaj la limits
thrice - de trei ori thrill - burghiu, sfredel throat - gat, orificiu de intrare throttle - a strangula throttle - supapa de reglare a debitului throttle down - a strangula, a reduce debitul

161throw

plina three-electrode switch comutator trifazat


three-engined - trirnotor threefaced - cu trei fete three-figure - cu trei cifre threefold - triplu, de trei ori three-mode control - reglare pe trei

throttle jet - ajutaj de strangulare throttle opening - admisie cu


strangulare throttle pedal - accelerator throttle valve - supapa-fluture; supapS de reglare a debitului throttling strangulare, incetinire, franare, reducere, inchidere prin vana-fluture through corrosion ~ coroziune pfttrunsa through-way valve - ventil de trecere throw - excentricitate, soc, aruncare, cursa, deplasare, impingere throw back - a respinge throw in - a introduce throw in first gear - a schimba in viteza intai throw into - a sufla throw into gear - a cupla throw key - cheie de cuplaj

cai
three-phase - trifazat three-place de trei cifre three-quarter floating axle - arbore planetar trei sferturi flotant threespeed gear box - cutie de viteze cu trei trepte three-square - triunghiular threesquare file - pila triunghiulara three-stage - cu trei trepte

thread (of screw) - filet de surub


thread into - a insuruba thread on -- a insuruba, a aeza in rand

thread withorth - filet in toli threaded connection - tmbinare cu


filet

three-stage compressor compresor


cu trei etaje three-term - cu trei elemente threeterminal - tripolar, cu trei borne three-throw crankshaft - arbore cotit cu trei coturi

threaded joint - imbinare cu filet threading - filetare threading ~ filetare threading die ~ filiera threading machine - rnasina de

out of motion - a opri throw out the clutch - a debreia throw/threw/thrown - a arunca; a bascula; a culbuta; a rasturna throwable contact - contact cu maneta throw-in lever - parghie de cuplare throwing out of gear - decuplare; dezanciasare; scoatere din viteza thrown - mchis throw-out - a decupla, a dezangrena; a arunca in afara throw-out clutch cuplaj debreiabil; ambreiaj throw-out lever - parghie de decuplare throw-out mechanism mecanism de decuplare throw-out sleeve - bucsa de debreiere throw-over gear mecanism de inversare; transmisie intermediara throw-up - a arunca in sus thrust - a impinge thrust - limitator de cursa; distanfier; tractiune; forta de forfecare; presiune axiala; contrapresiune, apasare. compresie thrust ball bearing - lagar axial cu bile thrust bearing - crapodina; lagar axial; lagar canelat thrust block lagar pieptene/axial; crapodina thrust coefficient coeficient de tractiune

thrust load - presiune axiala thrust plate - disc de ambreiaj; cuzinet


al crapodinei

thrust race - lagar axial thrust ring ~ inel opritor thrust screw - surub de strangere thrust shaft - arbore de impingere thrust washer - saiba de presiune thruster - elice de manevra thumb ~ cama thumb cleat - tachet simplu thumb latch - clichet thumb nut ~ piulita fluture thumb screw - surub de presiune thump - zgomot surd tickler - pompa de carburator; gresor tidal - de maree tie - a lega, a Tnnoda; a ancora tie circuit breaker - intrerupator de cuplaj tie rod - tija de legatura tie up - a lega, a fixa, a bloca tier ~ rand, sir. armatura, intaritura tight - strans, dens, compact; impermeabil, ermetic, etans tight fit - ajustaj fortat/fix tight fitting screw - surub de etansare tight joint imbinare etansa tight riveting nituire de etansare tighten - a strange; a intinde; a stremui; a etansa; a fixa tightening ~ strangere tightening angle - unghi de strangere tightening procedure procedeu de strangere tightly - strans. in mod etans tightness - etanseitate tightness test

- proba de etanseitate tiller - eerie; biela; maner; maneta tiller arm ~ maneta tilt - a inclina, a apleca, a rasturna tilt - inclinare, aplecare, panta, deviere, abatere; tenda tillable - rabatabil, orientabil tilted oblic, inclinat tilting - iriclinat; inclinabil___________ 162

T
tilting - rasturnare, inversare, rabatere tilting bearing - lagar oscilant tilting switch ~ intrerupator basculant timber carrier - nava care transport^ cherestea time ~ a regla; a fixa in timp time timp; perioada; termen; durata; vreme time bell - clopot de nava time lag intarziere, decalaj time lapse durata; perioada; interval de timp time of operation - durata de funcfionare time off ~ ora de incheiere/de terminare time the ignition - a regla aprinderea time-base oscillation oscilane de basculare timed - sincron, sincronizat timely actual, de actualitate timer mecanism de comutare cu program timer shaft - ax al distribuitorului de aprindere

timetable - orar (al navelor) timing angle - unghi de reglare a avansului timing box - capac de protectie timing device - dispozitiv de sincronizare; mecanism de timp timing gear - angrenaj de temporizare tin - staniu, cositor; tabla galvanizata; cutie (de conserve) tip - duza, ajutaj, jiclor tip clearance -joe radial; toleranta radial a tipper seal inchizator/obturator basculant tipping - basculare tipping motion - basculare, miscare de basculare tired - obosit; slabit tiredness ~ oboseala T-joint - imbinare in T to and fro - miscare alternativa "du-tevino" toe - lagar axial toggle - mecanism cu parghii cotite toggle clamp - dispozitiv de strangere cu articulatie toggle joint ~ articulatie cu nuca; parghie articulata toggle switch parghie cotita token - semn tolerable - admisibil, tolerabil tolerance - toleranta; eroare permisa tommy - cheie, surubelnita tommy screw - surub de strangere ton - ton a tongs - cleste tongue - limba, cep, clichet tonnage - tonaj tool - a prelucra tool - scula; polizor; unealta

tool box - lada de scule tool kit trusa de scule tool set ~ trusa de scule tool setter - ajustor, reglor tool steel - o{el de scule tooling prelucrare tooth/teeth - dinte/dinti la roti dintate tooth/toothed coupling cuplaj prin angrenare/prin roti dintate toothed clutch - cuplaj cu gheare toothed gear - transmisie prin angrenare toothed sector - sector dintat toothing - coroana dinfata (a volantului) 163top - gabie; parte superioara. capac top coat ~ strat final de acoperire cu vopsea top dead centre - punct mort superior top end - varf; parte superioara top feed ~ alimentare la partea superioara top layer - strat superior top of piston - capat de piston top pivot fus cu umeri top speed - vitezS maxima top up - a umple; a completa top view - vedere in plan, proiecde orizontala topic - tema, problema, subject topping turbine - turbina cu contrapresiune topping up completare topple - a rasturna, a rostogoli topside - parte superioara, bord deasupra apei

topside tank - tanc lateral superior topsides - opera moarta torpedo boat - torpilor torque moment/cuplu/efort de torsiune; cuplu motor torque wrench - cheie de torsiune torsion rasucire; torsiune torsion moment moment de torsiune; cuplu motor torsional couple - cuplu de torsiune torsional fatigue - rezistenfa la oboseala prin torsiune torsional force - forta de torsiune torsional strength - rezistenta la torsiune torsionally stiff clutch mufa/mans.on care nu cedeaza la torsiune torsion-free - fara torsiune torsionmeter - torsiometru tortuous - sinuos, serpuit tot up - a aduna, a Tnsuma, a totaliza total - a Tnsuma; a totaliza total - complet; general; intreg total - suma; total; intreg total amount ~ cantitate globala total attenuation - marime a amortizarii total characteristic caracteristica general a total exhaust energy energie totals la iesjre total force - forta rezultanta total heat - caldura totals total number numar total, cantitate totala total output - putere totala. randament general

total pressure - presiune totals total shaft horsepower at propeller - puterea totala la arborele el ice total strain - tensiune totala totality - totalitate, Tmregime totalization totalizare totally - complet, total touch - a fi tangent; a atinge: a apasa touch control - clapa de atingere touching - atingere, contact touching point - punct de tangenta/de contact tough - dur, tare, rezistent; rigid toughen - a se intari; a se solidifica toughness - rezistenta. compactitate tow - a remorca tow - remorcher; cablu de remorcare tow boat - remorcher tow rope parama de remorca towing remorcare towing hook - carlig remorca 164 towing hoop - ochi de remorca towing ship - nava-remorcher trace - a trasa; a reprezenta grafic trace urma; traseu; traiectorie trace a fault - a cauta un defect trace out - a proiecta traces of oil - urme de titei tracing - schita. desen track - drum al navei tracking device for leaks dispozitiv pentru detectarea scurgerilor tractive force - forta de tractiune trade mark - marca fabricii/producStorului trade ship/vessel - nava comerciala trader - nava comerciala trading

ship/vessel - nava comerciala trailing - frecare training ship nava coala tramp - nava tramp (fara orar si fara ruts fixa) tramping - transport cu nave tramp transducer coil - bobina convertorului transfer - a transporta; a transfera transfer - transmitere, transfer transfer rate - viteza de transfer transfer ratio - raport de transfer transfixation - strapungere, perforare transform - a transforma, a schimba; a reprezenta; a aplica transformation ratio ~ raport de transmisie transformer electromotive force tensiune electromotoare statica transformer ratio - raport de transmisie transgress - a depasi; a acoperi transgression - depasire; exces transit ~ a parcurge; a trece; a traversa; a intersecta transition - tranzitie; transformare; trecere; transfer; discontinuitate; schimbare a starii transition period - perioada/timp de tranzitie transitiveness - tranzitivitate translate - a imprima unui corp o mis.care de translatie translation translatie transmission - transmisie; angrenaj;

reductie transmission belt - curea de transmisie transmission drive actionare prin transmisie transmission gear mecanism de transmisie transmission gearbox cutie de viteze transmission gearing transmisie multiplicatoare/reductoare transmission housing - carcasa a cutiei de viteze transmission lubricant - unsoare pentru mecanisme de actionare transmission machinery mecanism de transmisie transmission pin bolt de transmisie/angrenaj transmission pulley - roata de transmisie transmission ratio ~ raport de
transmisie

transmission rod ~ bara de transmisie transmission rods timonerie de transmitere transmission rope cablu de transmisie transmission shaft arbore al unui reductor

165transmission strap - curea de


transmisie transom - cadru transversal de

etambou; osatura pupa transport - a transporta transport - transport transportable - deplasabil; transportabil; mobil transportation - transport transportation tank nava cisterna transporter crane pod de incarcare transship/tranship - a transborda transshipment transbordare transversal transversal; oblic transverse transversal; oblic transverse axis ~ ax transversal transverse bulkhead - perete transversal (de nava) transverse stress - tensiune de

traverse - avans longitudinal traverse - oblic; transversal tray downspout - teava de preaplin tread - lungime a chilei

treadboat - treapta
treat - a trata; a prelucra; a aplica un strat acoperitor; a prepara; a imbunatati treatment - tratare, tratament, prelucrare treaty - tratat, contract treble ~ a tripla treble - triplu, de trei on, intreit treble back gears - transmisie intermediara cu trei angrenaje trebling - triplare tremble - a tremura; a vibra; a trepida trepidation ~ trepidatie trial - incercare, proba; verificare,

Tncovoiere transverse system ship - nava cu


osatura transversala trap - a prinde; a capta trap - inchizator; obturator; clichet trapezoid/trapezium - trapez trapezoidal belt ~ curea trapezoidala travel - a calatori; a se misca; a se deplasa travel ~ calatorie; avans; cursa; deplasare; mis.care travel stroke cursa activa travel through - a parcurge; a traversa travelling calatorie; micare, deplasare travelling - deplasabil, mobil travelling engine - motor de propulsie travelling-crane - pod rulant traversable - mobil; deplasabil traverse - a traversa; a parcurge; a incrucisa

experimentare triangle - triunghi triangle of equal legs - triunghi


isoscel

triangle of forces - triunghi al fortelor triangle of motion triunghi al


vitezelor triangular - triunghiular triangular belt - curea trapezoidala trichlorethylene - tricloretilena trickle - a se scurge; a picura; a se prelinge trickle - scurgere trickle down - a curge in picaturi; a picura trickle out - a picura; a se scurge trickle through - a se strecura; a se

infiltra trickling cooler - racitor cu stropire cu apa trifurcation - ramificatie tripla 166 trigger - a declans_a; a desclicheta trigger - dispozitiv de inchidere mecanica; dispozitiv de blocare a unei roti; declarator; dispozitiv de deblocare triggering - declans.are; basculare triggering pulse - impuls de declansare trim - a balansa; a rectifica; a netezi; a ajusta; a regla; a echilibra; a pune in ordine; a taia trim - echilibrare; balansare; egalizare trim in - a ajusta; a potrivi trim the frequency ~ a acorda/a regla frcventa trimming - balansare; echilibrare; egalizare trimming tank ~ tanc de asieta trip - a dec!ana trip - cursa; parcurs; mecanism de decuplare trip cam - opritor de cuplare trip dog ~ limitator de cursa; declarator trip gear - mecanism cu clichet; mecanism de decuplare trip mechanism - mecanism de declanare tripartite - triplu; din trei p3r|i tripfree - autodeclans.are triphase trifazic; trifazat triple - a se tripla

triple - triplu; de trei ori triple geared - cu transmisie intermediara; cu trei angrenaje triple point - punct triplu triple reduction gear - reductor in trei trepte triple-plunger pump pompa cu trei pistoane triple-pole tripolar_______________ triplet - triplet triplex - triplu triplex pump - pompa triplex

triplication ~ triplare trip-out - ejecfie


tripping device - declarator automat tripping gear - mecanism de decuplare tripping lever - parghie de declansare tri-rod coupler - dispozitiv de cuplare cu trei bare trisection - trisectiune trolley pole - bara de ghidare trolley shoe cursor; piesa aluriecatoare troop-transport ship nava de transportai trupe trouble - pana: avarie; defect trouble hunting depanare; cautare a defectelor trouble location ~ depanare; localizare a defectelor

trouble tone - sernnal de avarie trouble-free operation functionare


normala

true ~ a ajusta; a rectifica; a indrepta true - adevarat; veritabil; autentic; real true power - putere activa true time - timp real true up ~ a indrepta; a rectifica truing/trueing ajustare; reglare; mdreptare trunk - corp; put de nava trunk piston engine - motor cu piston cu cap concav trunning cross - cruce cardanica trunnion - ax de rotate trunnion bearing - lagar de ax truss - a rigidiza; a intari trustworthiness autenticitate; certitudine 167truth - concentricitate; coaxialitate try - a Tncerca; a proba; a experimenta; a verifica; a revizui; a examina try incercare, proba; experienta try out a Tncerca; a experimenta; a examina trying - proba; incercare T-section profil m T T-shaped - in forma de T T-slot - canal in T tube - tub, conducts; Jeava tube boiler - cazan tubular tube plate - placa tubulara tube space - spatiu intertubular tube spacing - distantS dintre tuburi; dispozitie a tuburilor tube stack dop care blocheaza un tub/o teava tube stack - Tnfundarea conductei (strangulare datorita depunerilor) tube wall ~ placa tubulara tube well - put de aspiratie tube-expander -

mandrina pentru {evi tubing - tub; conducts; teava tubing pump pompa cu prajini tubular boiler cazan tubular tubular shaft - arbore tubular tubular wrench - cheie tubulara tuft - manunchi; fascicul tug - remorcher, nava remorcher tugboat - remorcher tulip valve supapa in forma de lalea tumble down ~ a se prabusi tumbler maneta; mecanism de inversare: intrerupator electric basculant tumbler shaft - arbore cu came tumbling ~ curajare in tambur tune ~ a acorda 168 tuned exhaust - evacuare sincronizata/acordata tuned manifold - acordare a esapamentului tuning - reglaj; ajustare; punere la punct tuning-up - punere la punct tunnel tunel (de nava) tunnel-screw propeller - elice cu tunel turbine - turbina turbine blade paleta de turbina turbine blower turbosuflanta turbine bucket paleta rotitoare de turbina turbine casing - casa de turbina turbine chamber - camera de admisie a turbinei hidraulice

turbine cylinder - cilindru de turbina turbine disc - discul turbinei turbine engine - turbina turbine fuel - carburant pentru motoare cu reactie turbine governor dispozitiv de reglaj al turbinei turbine inlet branch - tubulatura de admisie/de intrare in turbina turbine nozzle - ajutaj al turbinei cu abur turbine pipe line - conducta cu turbina turbine pump ~ turbopompa turbine shaft - arbore de turbina turbine shut-off rotary valve - vana sferica pentru turbine turbine side reservoir - rezervor lateral al turbinei turbine steamer nava cu turbine de abur turbine wheel - rotor de turbina turbine with multiple cylinders ~ turbina policorp turbo-air blower - turbosuflanta turbo-blower - turbo-suflanta turbocharger - turbina de alimentare turbocharger capacity capacitatea turbinei de alimentare turbocharger revolution - rotatia turbinei de alimentare turbocharging - supraalimentare (cu turbina) turbo-compressor - turbocompresor turbo-pump - turbopompa turbosupercharger - turbina de supraalimentare

turbo-ventilator - turboventilator turbulent current - curent turbionar turn - a functiona, a merge; a roti; a (se) mvarti turn - inclinare; rotatie; spita de filet turn about - a rasturna; a intoarce; a
gira

turn aside - a abate; a devia turn back - a slabi (un surub) turn button - inchizator rotativ turn clockwise - a invarti spre dreapta turn counterclockwise - a fnvaiti spre stanga turn down - a indoi; a vira turn knob snap - buton rotitor turn off a inchide, a opri, a atinge turn on ~ a aprinde, a da drumul, a deschide turn over - a forta un filet; a rasuci; a invarti; a rasturna turn round - a se invarti; a se roti turned-off - blocat turner - strungar turning - strunjire; retire; girajie; pivotare turning arbor - ax de antrenare turning back - intoarcere; revenire turning couple - moment de rotatie: cuplu al for|elor de rotatie turning force - forta de torsiune turning gear - mecanism/dispozitiv de intoarcere turning joint - articulatie rotativa turning lathe - strung turning lever - manivela turning moment - cuplu motor turning moment - cuplu motor;

moment de torsiune; moment de rotatie turning movement - miscare de retire turning pin - pivot turning piston ~ piston rotativ turn-off time ~ timp de intarziere la anclasare turn-on point - punct de conectare turnover - rasturnare; culbutare; rotativ; pivot; turnant; rabatabil turret ship - cuirasat tween deck interpunte, tweendeck tween deck ship/tween decker nava cu interpund twice - dublu: de doua ori twice normal - dublu normal twin - dublu; pereche twin cam - doua axe/doi arbori cu came twin check - verificare dubla twin compressor - compresor dublu twin engine installation ~ instalatie cu motoare in paralel twin hatch vessel - nava cu guri de magazie impartite in doua twin piston engine - motor cu pistoane duble twin pump ~ pompa duplex twin screw - elice dubla 169twin shafs - pujuri gemene twin spark - cu doua bujii pentru fiecare cilindru twin-armature motor - motor cu Indus dublu twin-bank engine ~ motor in linie dubla, motor cu doua linii paralele de cilindri si doi arbori cotifi twincylinder engine ~ motor cu
cilindri in V

twin-point ignition - dubia aprindere twin-screw ship ~ nava cu doua elice twist - a invarti; a rasuci; a cabla twist - rasucire; cablare; pas al elicei twisting ~ torsiune; torsionare; cablare; rasucire twisting couple - cuplu de torsiune twisting force - forta de torsiune twisting moment ~ cuplu motor; moment de torsiune twist-offschimbare a directiei two equal forces - cuplu de forfe two stroke diesel engine - motor diesel in doi timpi two-blade propeller - elice cu doua
pale

in doua etape two-stage regulator reductor de presiune cu doua trepte de reducere two-stroke engine - motor in doi timpi two-term - binom; cu doi termeni two-throw ladder - scara de bord dubla two-value capacitor motor motor cu condensator de pornire si condensator de functionare two-way - bilateral; bidirectional; cu doua directii two-way cock/valve robinet cu doua cai two-way contact - contact de
comutare type - tip; sortiment; model type joints - noduri tipice type of boiler - tip de cazan type of duty ~ caracteristica a funcjionarii
170

rupere: sarcina maxima ultimate yield - randament total ultimo/last month - din luna trecuta ultra large crude carrier - petrolier intre 350.000 si 550.000 t.d. ultra thin - foarte subtire ultraaccelerator - accelerator
ultrarapid ultracentrifuge - ultracentrifuga unabbreviated - neprescurtat unaccountable - inexplicabil; de neinteles unaccounted for neexplicat; nejustificat unadhesive - neaderent unaltered neschimbat, permanent unassignable care nu poate fi detenninat cu precizie unattended autonom, neasistat unauthorized neautorizat; fara imputernicire unavailable indisponibil; de neprocurat unavoidable - inevitabil unbalance dezechilibru unbiased - echilibrat, cu centrul de greutate stabil unbind - a dezlega, a desface, a desprinde

two-decker ~ nava cu doua punfi two-dimensional - bidimensional twofold - dublu: in doua straturi two-island-type ship/vessel - nava cu doua suprastructuri two-part demontabil; compus din doua piese two-part bearing ~ lagar demontabil two-phase ~ bifazat two-phase supercharger supraalimentator in doua trepte twopiece - din doua parti two-ply dublu; in doua straturi two-pole ~ bipolar two-sided - cu doua laturi; diedru; bilateral two-stage - in doua etape two-stage compressor ~ compresor in doua trepte two-stage reduction gear - reductor

U
U-beam ~ grinda in forma de U ullage - ulaj, spatiu go! al rezervorului ullaging - masurare a golului rezervorului ultimate - ultim, extrem. final; de baza. maxim; elemental' ultimate bending strength rezistenta limita la incovoiere ultimate carrying capacity - sarcina de rupere ultimate load - incarcare de rupere ultimate output - productie maxima ultimate strength - forta de rupere ultimate stress - effort/rezistenta la

unblended - neamestecat; pur unblown engine - motor fara


alimentare unbolt - a desuruba; a deschide unbound - nelegat, liber unbreakable ~ rezistent la rupere; incasabil

unburnable - care nu arde unbushed bearing - lagar fara cuzinet uncap - a demonta, a

deschide uncased - fara cutie uncertainty of measurement incertitudine a unei masuratori unclear - impur, murdar uncleared nedesfundat uncontrollable necontrolabil, nereglabil uncooled - neracit uncouple - a debreia, a decupla uncoupling debreiere, decuplare uncoupling device - dispozitiv de decuplare undecillion - numarul 10 la puterea 66 (GB); 10 la puterea 36 (SUA) undelayed ~ prompt, instantaneu undercapacity - putere insuficienta undercoat - straturi intermediare de vopsea undercool - a subraci; a suprarSci underexcited state - regim subexcitat undergauge subdimensional undergo - a suporta, a fi supus la underload - sarcina incompleta underneath - sub, dedesubt underpressure subpresiune, vid

underwriting - asigurare maritima undo - a demonta: a desuruba; a desface; a decupla undyed nevopsit unending - fara sfars.it unequal - neegal, inegal; neechivalent unequal load incarcare inegala uneven - inegal, neuniform; cu asperitati uneven running functionare neuniforma uneven wear - uzura inegala uneveness - asperitate; denivelare uneveness - neuniformitate unfasten - a deuruba; a slabi unfastening ~ slabire, desurubare unfix - a desparti; a desface: a detasa unfixed - nefixat; mobil unflawed - fara defect ungear - a decupla: a scoate din
angrenare

miscare uniform intarziata uniform motion - miscare uniforma uniformity - omogenitate, uniformitate uniformly - in mod egal/uniform uniformly accelerated ~ uniform

accelerat uniformly accelerated motion miscare uniform accelerata uniformly decreasing motion miscare uniform incetinita uniformly heated - cu temperatura

uniforma uniformly retarded motion miscare uniform intarziata uniformly variable motion miscare uniform variata unindirected - cu aceeasi directie uninflammable - neinflamabil uninterrupted duty - serviciu continuu union - mufa union body ~ racord, tut union joint hose racord de furtun union nipple ~ niplu de racordare union nut piulita olandeza union pipe ~ tub de legatura unit - agregat; subansamblu unit loading - effort unitar unit of energy ~ unitate de putere/energie unit of fit - unitate de toleranta/de ajustare unit of hardness - unitate de duritate 172

under-rated main engine - motor


principal sub sarcina/subturat underrunning voltage - tensiune secundara: tensiune minima undersized - dimensional mai mic/subdimensionat underspeed viteza redusa underwater subacvatic underwrite ~ a semna, a subscrie, a garanta, a asigura

ungrease ~ a degresa ungreasing degresare unguarded - fara dispozitiv protector uniaxial - cu un singur ax unidimensional -unidimensional unidirectional unidirectional unidirectional rotation - retire maun singur sens uniflow - echicurent uniform - egal, identic, omogen,

uniform, constant uniform accelerating motion micare uniform accelerata uniform combustion - ardere

unit of measure - unitate de masura unit of output - unitate de debit unit of power - unitate de putere unit of space/volume ~ unitate de volum unit power ~ unitate de putere unit pressure - presiune specifics unit pump - motopompa unit resistance - rezistenja specifica unit set agregat unit shaft system - sistem al arborelui unitar unit shear stress - efort tangential unitar unit square - patrat cu latura 1 unit weight - greutate specifica unite - a lega, a cupla, a uni, a amesteca unity - unitate; numarul unu univalence monovalenta. univalenta univalent monovalent, univalent universal bulk carrier - vrachier universal universal concept ~ nofiune generala universal coupling - cuplaj cardanic universal coupling device dispozitiv universal de cuplare universal joint - cuplaj cardanic universal key - cheie unversala universal measuring instrument aparat de masurat universal universal motor - motor electic
universal

uni forma uniform decreasing motion -

universal pliers - cleste patent universal screw wrench - cheie


fran ceza

universal shunt - sunt universal universal spanner - cheie universala universal tongs cles.te patent universal-joint bushing - bucs.a de
cardan

universal-joint drive - transmisie


cardanica universal-joint shaft- arbore cardanic unknown quantity marime necunoscuta: numar necunoscut unlatch - a debloca: a declansa unlikely - neverosimil. pu{in probabil unlimited - nelimitat unload - a goli unloaded running - mers fn gol unlock - a deschide: a descuia unlocking - deblocare, declans.are unlocking mechanism - mecanism de deb!ocare/de declansare unmendable - imposibil de reparat unmistakable - clar, evident unnoticeable - imperceptibil unnumbered - nenumerotat unobstructed - liber, neinpiedicat unoperated position - pozitie de
repaus

unserviceable ~ inevitabil unset aducere in starea initials unshift fix, imobil unshiftable - imobil, fix unshrouded impeller - rotor deschis unsilt - a decolmata unsinkability nescufundabilitate unsound - fragil, casant: defectuos
173unsteadiness ~ instabilitate

unsteady feed ~ avans periodic unsteady motion - miscare


nestationara unsymmetry - asimertie untight neermetic; neetan? untruth imprecizie untwist - a dezrasuci untwisting - retire inversa unused nefolosit unusual - neobisnuit unwatering conduit - conducts de golire up - in funcfiune up and down - in sus i in jos up stroke - cursa ascendents up time - durata, timp de functionare up to size - cu dimensiune nominala up-and down stroke - cursa dubla up-and-down motion - mis.care de urcaie si coborare uplift - forta ascensionala uplift pressure subpresiune, contrapresiune upper ~ superior, de deasupra; parte superioarS upper layer - strat superior upper part - parte superioara upper piston ring - segment superior al pistonului upper power level nivel superior de

putere upper range value - valoare maxima masurabila; limita superioara a domeniului de masurare upper side - latura superioara upper valve gear housing - capac de chiulasa upper work - opera vie upper-deck - punte superioara 174 uppermost - eel mai malt; eel mai ridicat; superior upright - montant, drept, vertical upset perssure - presiune de refulare upstroke of piston ~ cursa ascendenta

use ~ a folosi, a tntrebuinta, a utiliza use - utilizare, folosire, exploatare, intrebuinfare used - uzat, vechi; intrebuintat; folosit used air - aer evacuat used oil ~ ulei uzat/folosit used-up - uzat, utilizat useful - util, utilizabil useful effect - lucru mecanic util; randament

useful efficiency - putere utila useful effort - randament useful head - presiune utila useful output - efort util useful power ~ putere utila useful volume - volum util
useful work - lucru mecanic util usefulness - utilitate utility - utilitate utilization - utilizare. folosire, intrebuintare. exploatare utilization of waste heat - recuperare a caldurii utilizate utilize - a utiliza. a folosi, a intrebuinta utmost - eel mai departat. extrein; de la margine; ultim U-type coil inductor de incalzire tip U 175V vacuum - a aspira, a usca vacuumvid tnaintat; vacuum vacuum booster pump - pompa de vid preliminar vacuum gauge manometru de presiune; indicator de vid vacuum pipe - teava de admisie; conducta de vid

a pistonului upstroke press presa cu piston


ascendent uptake - galerie de evacuare uptake factor - factor de absorbtie uptake rate - viteza de absorbtie up-to-date ~ a actualiza; a moderniza up-todate - actualizare up-to-date ~ modern, actual upward - ascendent, in sus upward force - forta ascensionala; portanta upward pull - efect de absorbtie upward velocity ~ viteza de ascensiune usability ~ utilitate; aplicabilitate usable length - lungime utila usable range - sector util usable storage ~ capacitate utila a rezervorului

unpaired - impar unplug ~ a deconecta unpointed - bont. neascutit, tocit unreadable - ilizibil unrecognizable - neidentificabil unsafe fuel - combustibil inflamabil unsaturated - nesaturat unscrew - a desuruba unscrewing - des.urubare unsecured - fixat nesigur

vacuum pump - pompa de vid vacuum relief valve - supapa de aerisire vacuum seal - etanare la vid; garnitura de vid vacuum tight - ermetic la vid vacuum valve - supapa de vid vacuum-circulating pump - pompa de vid preliminar valid digit - cifra exacta value - valoare, marime, cantitate valve - valva; supapa; clapeta; clapa; robinet; ventil; sertar valve action ~ efect de supapa valve actuator ~ mecanism de ac^ionat supapa valve adjuster - regulator de aprindere valve barrel - cilindru al sertarului valve box ~ camera a supapelor valve bushing ~ buca de supapa valve cage - locas, al ventilului valve cap - capac de ventil: clapa a supapei; capac al reductorului de presiune valve case ~ locas. al supapei; camera a supapelor valve chest ~ camera a supapelor valve clearance - joe al supapei valve cone - scaun conic al supapei valve cotter ~ pana de supapa 176 valve cover - capac de ventil/de supapa valve cylinder ~ cilindru al vanei cilindrice valve diameter diarnetru al scaunului

de supapa valve disk - cap de supapa valve distribution - distribute cu supape valve fouling - ancrasarea supapei valve fracture - ruperea supapei valve gear -- mecanismul supapei valve grinder - dispozitiv de rectificat supape valve guard - 1 imitator de cursa al supapei valve guide - ghid de supapa valve guided above ~ ventil cu aripioare superioare valve guided below ~ ventil cu aripioare inferioare valve lash ~ joe de supapa valve leakage neetans.eitate a supapelor valve lever/rocker-arrn culbutor de supapa valve lift cursa a ventilului supapei valve mechanism - mecanism de
supape

valve oil - valvolina (ulei de angreuaje) valve opening - orificiu al supapei valve overlap - valvula de acoperire/Tnchidere valve pet cock robinet de scurgere/de golire/de evacuare valve piston piston cu supapa valve play - joe al supapei valve ring - inel de supapa valve rocker arm - culbutor valve rocker arm cover ~ capac de chiulasa

valve rod - tija supapei valve seat scaun al supapei valve sleeve bucs.5 de supapa valve spindle ~ tija de supapa/de ventil valve spring arc de supapa valve stem - tija supapei valve stem guide - ghid de supapa valve tappet - tachet de supapa valve timing - distribute cu supape valve travel ~ cursa a ventilului supapei valve wrench - cheie de robinet valve-control mechanism distribute cu supape valve-in-head engine - motor cu supape in cap valveless engine - motor fara supape valveless pump - pompa f$ra supape valve-operating mechanism mecanism de actionare a supapelor valve-rocker shaft ~ axul culbutorului valve-stem guide bearing - buca de supapa vane - paleta; cursor vane piston piston rotativ cu palete vane pump pompa cu palete vane wheel ~ rotor de turbina vane-type pump ~ pompa cu pistoane rotative vanish - a disparea vanish identically - identic mil vaporable evaporabil vaporization ~ evaporare vaporization temperature -temperatura de vaporizare vaporize - a (se) vaporiza, a (se) evapora

vaporizer - vaporizator vapour vapori, abur; ceata, negura vapour compression - presiune a aburului secundar vapour pressure - presiune de evaporare vapourproof/vapourtight - etan? la abur variable ~ variabil variable admission - adrnisie variabila variable compression compresie variabila variable decreasing motion mijcare variabila intarziata variable force - for|a variabila variable increasing motion -mi$care variabila accelerata variable inlet admisie variabila variable moment of inertia moment de inertie variabil variable motion - rnis.care variabila variable pulse-rate generator -generator de impulsuri cu frecventa reglabila variable size ~ dimensiune variabila variable voltage - tensiune variabila variable-delivery pump - pompa cu debit variabil variable-pitch propeller - elice cu pas variabil variable-stroke engine - motor cu cursa variabila variation - variatie, schimbare. deviate; deviere; ?mpratiere variation of the speed - schimbare de

viteza variety - diversitate; varietate; varianta; tip various - deosebit; diferit varnish a lacui varnish - lac varnish lacuire________^______ 177V" varnish coating - lacuire varnished - vopsit, lacuit vary ~ a varia, a se schimba, a se modifica, a diferi varying ~ variabil varying capacity - condifii variabile vaseline - vaselina V-belt - curea trapezoidala V-cylinders - cilindri in V vector - vector vector - vectorial vedette - vedeta de patrulare veebelt - curea trapezoidala vee-engine - motor In V veering - girare vehile carrier - nava port autovehicule V-eight engine - motor cu opt cilindri In V velocity - viteza velocity energy ~ energie cinetica velocity of rotation - viteza de rotatie velocity of sliding ~ viteza de alunecare velocity pressure - presiune dinamica velocity stage - treapta de viteza vent - a aerisi, a ventila vent orificiu. deschizatura; rasuflatoare; duza; ventil de aer; orificiu de ventilare vent cock robinet de aerisire vent hole ~ orificiu de ventilatie ventilate - a ventila; a aera ventilating fan -

ventilator ventilating valve - supapa de ventilate ventilation - ventilatie; aerisire; conditionare a aerului ventilation fan - ventilator ventilation system fittings - armaturi instalatie ventilatie 178 ventilator - ventilator venting pipe - conducta de evacuare a aerului/de aerisire verifier - aparat de luat probe verify ~ a controla; a verifica; a exarnina; a cerceta; a confirma vernier control - reglaj de precizie vernier coupling ~ cuplaj care asigura imbinarea arborilor in orice pozitie versatile - multilateral; universal version - versiune, variants vertical - vertical; verticala vertical auxiliary boiler - caldarina auxiliara verticala vertical axis - axa verticala vertical bearing - lagar vertical vertical deflection - deviatie pe verticala vertical piston pump pompa verticala cu piston vertical pump pompa verticala vertical shaft arbore vertical verticity - rotire In jurul axei proprii; capacitate de a fi in miscare de rotatie

very - adevarat, veritabil, real very large crude carrier ~ petrolier intre 100.000 si 350.000 t.d. vessel nava V-four engine - motor cu patru cilindri In V V-gear ~ roata de frictiune cu canale in V vibrate ~ a vibra; a oscila; a trepida vibration - vibrafie vibration damper ~ amortizor de vibratii vibration damping amoitizare a vibratiilor

V
vibration damping spring element ~ element cu arcuri pentru amortizarea vibratiilor vibratory vibrator, vibrant vibratory test incercare la vibratii vice ~ defect, viciu vicinity - vecinatate, apropiere; proximitate vicious - cu vicii victual ~ a se aproviziona cu hrana victualler ~ furnizor de alimente victuals ~ alimente, provizii view - a examina, a cerceta, a inspecta view ~ plan, sectiune. proiectie vigintillion ~ numarul 10 la puterea 120 (GB); numarul 10 la puterea 63 (SUA) vindicate - a justifica; a reclama violent storm - furtuna violenta (forta 11) viscosimeter/viscometer vascozimetru viscosity - vascozitate; frecare interna viscosity index - indice de

vascozitate viscosity regulator regulator de vascozitate viscous - vascos visible warning device - avertizor optic visual observation - observare vocational ~ profesional voice pipe - portavoce voice-pipe fittings armaturi instalatia porta-voce void - a goli; a deserta voltage - tensiune electromotoare; diferenta de potential voltameter voltametru voltammeter voltampermetru volume - volum; continut; capacitate volume cylinder - cilindree volumetric capacity - capacitate volumica volumetric efficiency randament volumetric; coeficient volumic/de volum; factor de volum; grad de umplere; eficienta volumica volute con, spirala; melc volute pump pompa elicoidala vortex flow curgere turbionara vortex pump pompa turbionara vortex wheel ~ turbina vouch - a afirma; a garanta; a dovedi; a confirma V-rope ~ curea trapezoidala V-rope drive - transmisie prin curea trapezoidala V-type engine - motor cu cilindri In V vuggy - poros, cavernos vulgar ordinar, comun, obisnuit V-wheel drive - transmisie prin roti si

santuri in forma de V 179 walls lining - constructii captus.eli pereti want - nevoie, lipsa, necesitate, necesar, cerere war flag - pavilion de razboi warehouse - a depozita warehouse dcpozit de materiale warm - a incalzi warm - cald warm air - aer cald warm-air feed - alimentare cu aer cald warmer - aparat de Tncalzit warm-up - a incalzi, a preincalzi warm-up - incalzire, preincalzire warning - avertizare, avertisment, semnal de avertizare warning colour - vopsea de semnalizare warning gauge limitator de umplere; dispozitiv de semnalizare warning lamp - lampa de avertizare warp ~ a (se) incovoia; a (se) stamba; a (se) rasuci; a(se) deforma warp parama de manevra; deformatie; deformare; strambare; scorojire warpage - deformare; strambare warping - distorsiune; deformare; strambare wash - a spala; a curata; a decanta, a limpezi wash away - a indeparta prin spalare; a spala wash by squirting - a spala prin jet de lichid

tf

wash over - a inunda washer - saiba de distantare/de etansare; rondela washer check aiba elastica (tip Grower) 180 washer pintle - s.aiba/inel de pivot washer spring - aiba elastica (tip Grower) washing installation instalatie de spalare wastage - deseuri, pierdere, uzare, scurgere a unui lichid waste - a risipi, a epuiza, a pierde waste pierdere, deseuri waste - uzat; inutil; de aruncat waste channel - canal de scurgere/de evacuare waste gases - gaze de evacuare waste heat recovery boiler - boiler de recuperare a caidurii evacuate waste heating ~ incalzire cu gaze de ardere waste oil - ulei uzat /folosit waste pipe - teava de preaplin; conducta de ape uzate waste steam pipe - conducta de evacuare a aburului waste valve supapa de golire waste water - ape reziduale wasted energy - lucru mecanic de mers in gol; energie pierduta wasteheat boiler - cazan recuperator waste-heat flue - canal pentru gaze de ardere waste-heat recovery recuperare a

caidurii evacuate waste-steam heating - incalzire cu abur recuperat waste-water purifying plant instalatie de epurare a apelor reziduale watch - a presta cart in mars.; a observa watch - bord/treime/schimb de serviciu; cart in mars. watch and duty list tabel cu carturile de serviciu watch keeper/officer - ofiter de cart watching - supraveghere watching gauge glass - ochi de observatie water - a face plinul de apa; a spala; a inunda cu apa water - apa water - de apa. nautic. acvatic water analysis - analiza a apei water ballast - balast de apa water cooler - racitor cu apa water cooling racire cu apa water cooling system ~ sistem de racire cu apa water discharge - debit de apa water ejector - ejector hidraulic water fire fittings - armaturi instalate impotriva incendiului water gauge manometru de apa, indicator de nivel water glass gauge - sticla de nivel water heater - boiler; incalzitor de apa water injection - pompare a apei water jacket - camas,a/manta de apa

(de racire) water jet -jet de apa water level controller - indicator al nivelului de apa water level indicator - indicator al nivelului apei water line - linie de apa water loss - pierdere de apa water pressure - presiune hidrostatica water pump - pompa de apa water pump drive belt cureaua de transmisie a pompei de apa water purifying - epurare a apei water repellent grease - unsoare hidrofuga/impermabila water requirement - necesar de apa water scale - crusta; piatra de cazan water softening - dedurizarea apei water supply pipe ~ teava/conducta de alimentare cu apa water tank - tanc de aprovizionare cu apa water tap - robinet de apa water tightness - impermeabilitate water tube - tub de apa water valve ~ supapa hidraulica water vapour vapori de apa; aburi water-cooled bearing - lagar cu racire cu apa water-cooled engine ~ motor cu racire cu apa water-cooled exhaust manifold -colector de evacuare rack cu apa water-driven centrifuge centrifuga

cu actionare hidraulica water-gauge cock - robinet de indicator de nivel water-jet pump pompa cu jet de apa; ejector cu apa water-proof hidrofug; etans.; impermeabil waterproofing - garnitura de etansare water-pump impeller ~ rotor al pompei de apa watertight - etans.; impermeabil watertight bulkhead - perete etans watertight cover - capac etan watertight door - poarta/usa etansa watertight packing - garnitura impermeabila water-tube boiler caldare/caldarina acvatubulara water-tube boiler - cazan acvatubular water-tube header boiler - cazan cu camera de apa; cazan nesectionat waterway - senal navigabil 181

w;_________ __________
watery - apos; lichid; umed, ud watt - watt wave ~ a ondula wave - val; unda wave mechanics ~ mecanica ondulatorie

wave of air - unda de aer; val de aer waviness - ondulatie; caracter ondulatoriu wavy - ondulat; zimtuit; striat wavy flow ~ curgere turbulenta way ~ canal; canelura; ruta; viteza de mars; inertie a navei; metoda; mijloc; domeniu; sfera weak - rara forta, slab; diluat weak coupling cuplaj larg weaken - a slabi, a micsora weakening - slabire weakly - slab wear - uzare, uzura wear and tear limit - limita de uzura wear hardness - rezistenta la uzura wear in ~ a ajusta prin rodare wear index - indice de uzura wear life - durata de uzura wear of pipes - uzura a conductelor wear off - a uza prin frecare wear out - a (se) uza. a epuiza wear/wore/worn ~ a uza, a toci wearing face - suprafata de rectificat wearing limit - limita de uzura wearing out - uzura wearing resistance - rezistenta la uzura wear-preventive additive ~ aditiv contra uzurii wear-proof/-resistant - rezistent la uzura wear-resisting alloy steel otel aliat rezistent la uzura 182 weather - timp, vreme, stare atmosferica weather conditions conditii meteorologice

weather deck - punte expusa weather report - predictie meteo web of crank ~ brat de arbore cotit weded break - crapatura de sudura wedge - a fixa cu pana wedge - ic; pana wedge gib - pana, tift, ic wedge grip - gheara de prindere; falca weekly - saptamanal weep/wept/wept ~ a se prelinge, a picura weeper - orificiu de scurgere/de evacuare; canal de drenaj weeping infiltratie; picurare weeping-out condensare in picaturi weft ~ flamura de semnalizare weigh ~ a cantari; a socoti; a compara weight ~ greutate weld - sudura welded connection - asamblare prin sudare welder - aparat de sudura; sudor welder's helmet - mascaVcasca de sudor welding - sudura welding joint - imbinare prin sudura welding rod - electrod de sudura well - gaura, cavitate, scobitura welldefined - univoc; neechivoc west vest, apus wet - a umezi, a umecta, a uda wet - umed, jilav, ud, umezit, umectat wet exhaust - evacuare condens wet steam - abur umed wet sump system - carter umed whale boat - baleniera whale catcher - baleniera wharf ~ chei, debarcader, ponton wheel ~ a se invarti, a se roti; a rula wheel roata; retire; rotate; roata

dintata; timona wheel driving-gear roata dintata conducatoare wheel house ~ timonerie wheel paddle - zbatul unei ro|i de propulsie (la navele fluviale) wheel reversing - mecanism de inversare cu roti dintate wheelman timonier wheelwork with conical gearing mecanism de angrenaj conic while ~ interval de timp, in timp ce whip - a Tnvarti un mecanism whip scripete, troliu, rnacara whipping bataie, oscilatie whipping ~ rasucire a unui mecanism whirling motion micare turbionara whistle - a fluiera whistle - fluier white ~ alb white cast iron - fonta alba white lead - alb de plumb; ceruza white metal ~ compozitie pentru lagare Whitworth thread - filet in toli (Whitworth) whole - intreg; tot wholly - cu totul, in intregirne; Tntreg; complet wide - larg, lat; vast, spatios widen ~ a largi, a lati widening - largire, latire; extindere. umflare, bombare width - iajime, largime; intindere winch - vinci wind ~ troliu; vant wind up ~ a infasura, a bobina; a rula; a ridica wind/wound/wound - a mvarti, a

rasuci un mecanism winding infSsurare; bobinaj windlass ~ vinci de ancora; instalatie de cabe.stan window - ferestre, hublouri wine tanker - nava care transports vin wing fillet - racord; piesa de racordare wing nut - piu!ita fluture wing propellers - elice exterioare wing screw - jurub-fluture wing tank - tanc lateral wipe - a sterge. a freca wipe over - a unge; a vopsi wire - a cupla wire and pulley - parame si scripeH wire brush ~ perie de sarmS wire rope - cablu de otel/ metalic wire shaft - arbore flexibil wireless ~ fara fir wiring - cuplare withdraw - a extrage; a scoate withdrawable demontabil withdrawal ~ demontare; retragere within - in interiorul withstand - a rezista; a opune rezisten^a wobble - a funcjiona cu impulsuri wobble - mijcare neuniforma, bataie wobble shaft - arbore cu came wobbling - mers neuniform, functionare cu ocuri wobbling plate pump - pompa cu pistonae rotitoare wood - lemn woodchip carrier - nava care transports materiale lemnoase wooden ~ de lemn 183wooden deck - punte de lemn,

construed! pe punte de lemn wooden plugs - dop de lemn woodwork constructie din lemn, piese din lemn work - a lucra. a inunci; a rezolva, a calcula, a socoti; a functiona, a prelucra work - lucru, munca; functionare; lucru mecanic work of acceleration lucru mecanic de accelerare woH-; of braking lucru mecanic de franar? .action - lucru mecanic de frecare work of ideal cycle - lucru mecanic fara pierderi work out - a elabora, a prelucra; a executa workability - care poate fi prelucrat working - forta, activitate; exploatare; regim de functionare working cycle ~ ciciu motor; ciclu de functionare working life - durata de funcfionare/de exploatare; durabilitate working loss - pierdere de lucru mecanic working order - capacitate de functionare working point - punct de aplicare a unei forte working stroke ~ cursa utila working tension ~ presiune de sarcma workload ~ incarcare; volum de lucru works - atelier

works engineer - inginer de exploatare workshop barge - slepatelier workshop ship - atelier plutitor workyard - santier naval worm - melc, spirals, surub fara sfarsit, canal elicoidal worm gear - roata melcata worm gearing - transmisie elicoidala worm screw - surub fara sfarsit worm wheel - roata melcata worm-driving gear - angrenaj cu melc worn - uzat worn bearing - lagar uzat worn engine ~ motor uzat worn-in - rodat worn-off ~ uzat worn-out - uzat, tocit worthless - fara valoare; inutil wrapping - garnitura de etansare wreck ~ a suferi o avarie wreck epava wreckage - resturi de epava wrench - cheie fixa write on - a pune o inscriptie wrong - greit, eronat W-type engine - motor in W X-engine ~ motor cu cilindri in X Xjoint - imbinare in forma de X

cedare yield of heat - cedare de caldura yield point - punct de rupere yield point of torsional shear -limita de forfecare/de torsiune yield to axial compression - flambaj yielding - elastic, moale, flexibil yoke - colier, brida yoke and eye rod ends - imbinare articulata cu capat de arbore in capat de arbore Y-valve - ventil cu scaun de supapa oblic 185ABREVlATIONS
zero - a aduce la zero; a anula; a regla zero - zero; origine; nul; punct zero zero adjustment - echilibrare la zero zero allowance - fSra toleranja zero level - nivel zero/de referinta zero load - sarcina nuia zero zone - primul fus orar zero-power range ~ domeniu de mers

mgol
zinc coating - zincare zinc plating ~ zincare
a.d. / air-dried - uscat la aer a.d. / average depth - adancime medie a.m. / ante meridiem ~ inainte de amiaza automata a.o.i.v. / automatically operated inlet valve - supapa de admisie automata a.p.t. / after peak tank/aft, peak tank tanc mic in extremitatea pupa A.s. / alongside - de-a lungul abt. / about aproximativ abv. / above - ca mai sus, de mai sus AC / air-cooled ~ racit cu aer ACG / automatic control gear mecanism cu comanda automata ADJ / adjustment ~ (element de)

184

X,Y
yacht - iaht yard - santier naval yardstick - etalon yawing moment moment de forfecare yawn - a (se) casca; a se deschide yawn - cascare, deschidere; joe year - an yellow jack - pavilion de carantina Y-engine - motor cu trei cilindri in stea yield - randament; emisie, efect,

ajustare/reglare AESC / American Engineering Standards Committee ~ Comitetul pentru standarde tehnice din S.U.A. afsd. / aforesaid - sus-mentionat ALM / alarm - alarma arr. / arrival ~ sosire ARV / automatic recirculation valve supapa de recirculare automata ASME / American Society of Mechanical Engineers - Asociaria inginerilor mecanici din S.U.A. auto. / automatic - automatic AUX / auxiliary - auxiliar b.b.b. / breaking before bulk - tnainte de inceperea descarcarii

BS / British Standard - standard britanic bu / bushel - busel (unitate de capacitate Ibu U.S.A.= 35,23831; Ibu G.B.= 36,36771) CB / control board ~ tablou/pupitru/masa de comanda cd / candela - candela(unitate de intensitate luminoasa in S.I.) Cst. / centistokes - masura pentru vascozitatea combustibilului cu-ft. / cubic feet - picioare patrate (u.m.) cyl. / cylinder - cilindru 187ABBREVIATIONS

D
d.c. / DC / direct coupling - cuplare directa/mecanicaa arborilor a doua masini d.c. / DC / direct current - curent continuu D.o. / diesel oil ~ motorina specials der. / derrick - biga de marfa. macara DO / diesel oil tank - tanc de motorina specials DO / diesel oil tank - tank de motorina E.D.H. / Efficient Deck Hand - marinar brevetat E.H.P. / total shaft horsepower at propeller ~ puterea totals ia arborele elice e.m.f. / electromotive force - tensiune electromotoare EDH / efficient deck hand - marinar brevetat
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186
b.c. / bulk cargo - incarcatura vrac b.c. / between centres - distam;a dintre centre b.g. / bevel gear - angrenaj conic b.h.p. / BHP / brake horsepower putere efectiva/utila b.i.d. / bis in die de doua ori pe zi b.m. / bending moment - moment de tncovoiere b.m.e.p. / brake mean effective pressure/b.m.e.p. - presiune medie efectiva de franare bbl. / bl. / barrel baril (unitate de capacitate; Ibaril U.S.A. = 158,9871; Ibaril G.B.= 163,651) bk. / bank - bane, tarm, mai, dig bkr / breaker - intrerupator BNP / blind nut plate - placa cu piulite Tnfundate BOM / B/M / bill of materials - lists a materialelor BP / by-pass - sunt, deviatie, ramificatie brk. / brake - frana

h.f.o. / heavy fuel oil - combustibil greu h.p. / horse power /horsepower cal putere ha. / hatch/hatchway - gura de magazie; bocaport HO / heavy oil ~ combustibil greu; pScura HO tank / heavy oil tank - tanc pentru combustibil greu ho. / hold - magazie Hz / hertz - hertz i.f.o. / intermediate fuel oil combustibil intermediar/tn amestec i.g.s. / inert gas system - sistern de gaz inert (pentru stingerea incendiilor) I.T.F. / International Transport Workers Federation - Federatia Internafionala a muncitorilor din transport IMCO / Intergovernamental Maritime Consultative Organization Organizatia Interguvernamentala Consultativa Maritima IMO / International Maritime Organization - Organizatia Maritima Internationals J /joule -joule

K
K / kelvin - kelvin (unitate de masura pentru temperatura in S.I.) Kg / kilogramme - kilogram Kgf / kilogramme-force - kilogram forta (unitate de mSsurS pentru for^a)

F. / fresh - proaspat; dulce f.p. / fireproof- neinflamabil; rezistent la foe GRP / glass reinforced plastics - plastic armat cu sticla

188

ABREVlATIONS

l.n.g. / liquid/liquefied natural gas carrier / methanic carrier - nava care transports gaze naturale l.n.g. / methane carrier - navS care transports metan l.p.g. / liquid/liquefied petroleum gas carrier - nava care transports gaze petroliere LASH / lighter aboard ship - navS care transports barje LOA / overall length - lungime maxima lub. / lubricating - de ungere m. / mi. / min. / minute - minut; proiect; proces verbal m. / mi. / ml. / mile - mils (unitate de lungime - mils marina = 1853,184 m); mils marina internationals = 1852m m.d.o. / marine diesel oil - combustibil diesel m.p.h. / mile per hour - mila pe orS m.s. / motor ship - motonava m.t. / machine tool - mas.inS; unealtS m.v. / motor vessel - motonava mag. / magnetic - magnetic mag. / magnitude - amplitudine, dimensiune, mSrime max. / maximum - maxim, maximum me. / MC / machine - maina, mecanism, dispozitiv ME / mechanical engineer - inginer mecanic; inginer constructor de mas.ini mech. / mechanic ~ mecanic; montor; iScStus.; masinist mech. / mechanics - mecanicS mi. / min. / minor - mic; minor min. / minimum - minimum; valoare minimS; minimal; minim N / newton - newton

NA / Napier turbocharger turbosuflantS Napier naut. int. ml. / nautical international mile - mils nauticS internationals (1852m) not. / notice ~ informatie; injtiintare; notS; aviz; anunt; avertisment nt. wt. / net weight - greutate netS; greutate proprie ntfy. / notify - a notifica; a anunta; a avertiza; a instiinta NTP / normal temperature and pressure ~ temperaturS i presiune normale O / oc. / Oc./ ocean - ocean o / occupation - ocupatie; meserie; profesiune; luare tn posesie O.c. / open circuit - circuit deschis o.h.c. / overhead camshaft - arbore cu came in cap o.l. / overload - suprasarcina, supramcSrcarc o.s. / one side - o parte; o fa^a o/o / oil-ore ship - navS care transports petrol si minereu obj. / objective obiectiv; real OBO / o.b.o. / ore-bulkoil carrier vrachier combinat (minereu. marfuri vrac, petrol)

189ABREVIATIONS
OBO/obo / combination carier vrachier combinat OOO / out of order dereglat; deranjat; defect; scos din functiune opt. / optional ~ facultativ OS / Ordinary Seaman - marinar p.f. / power factor - factor de putere p.s.f.; Ib / sq.ft. / pound per square foot - livra pe picior patrat (unitate de

presiune - 4,7 atm) p.s.i.; Ib / sq.in. / pound per square inch ~ livra pe tol patrat; unitate de presiune - 0,068 atm) part./ particular particular; specific; special; neobisnuit pat. / patent patent; brevet phys. / physical material; fizic phys. / physics - fizica PI / power input - putere ceruta/absorbitS; consum de putere pi. / plural - multiplu; numeros; plural ppm / particles per milimiter - particule pe milimetru pr. / pair - pereche pr. / power - a alimenta; a actiona pr./ pair pereche prin. / principal - principal; fundamental; de baza prov. / provisional - provizoriu; temporar; aproximativ QB / quick break - deconectare bruscaVinstantanee r / radian - radian(unitate pentru unghiuri plane in SI) r / residue reziduu, rest, sediment r.m. / reverse motion - miscare in sens contrar; cursa de inapoiere; revenire r.p.i. / revolutions per inch - numar de rotatii ale axului pentru un avans de un tol r.p.m. / revolution per minute rotatii pe minut rec. / record - inregistrare; inscriere; notare; document reg. / regular ~ normal; obisnuit; regulat; corespunzator; fix; uniform; coerent relf. vl. / relief valve - supapS de sigurantaVde descarcare; repl / replacement ~ schimbare, inlocuire; piesS de schimb res. / research - cercetare, investigate,

studiu ret. / retard - intarziere ro-ro / roll onroll off ship - nava portautovehicule ro-ro /container vessel nava portautovehicule si port-container ro-ro /vehicle/passenger ferry - navS care transport^ autovehicule si pasageri (bac) rpm / rotations per minute - rotatii pe minut

s
S / south - sud; sudic s./a. / semi-annual - semestrial, de doua ori pe an s./sec. / second ~ secunda

cm patrati) sq.in. / square inch - tol patrat (= 6,45 sq.ml. / sqare mile - mila patrata (= 3,4299 km patrati) Sr / steradian steradian (unitate pentru masurarea unghiului solid in SI) TC / twin cam - doua axe/doi arbori cu came TDC / top dead centre - punct mort superior tkr. / tanker - petrolier; tanc petrolier tpt. / transport - transport trans. / transfer - transmitere, transfer
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190
s.a. / sectional area ~ secjiune transversals s.t.p. / standard temperature and pressure - temperatura si presiune normale s.w. / specified - prescris; stabilit; conditional SBY / stand-by - de rezerva, auxiliar sc. / science - stiinta, teorie sea inl./m./mi. / sea mile - mila marina = 1853,184m sec. / secant ~ secants, secant shtg. / shortage - criza, lipsa sig. / signal ~ semnal; semnalizator sil.,s. / silver argint si. / slow - incet, lent; cu ac{iune lenta sp.ht. / specific heat - caldura specifics sp.vol. / specific volume ~ volum specific spec. / specimen - esantion, proba sq.ft. / square foot - picior patrat (= 929

U / underwater - subacvatic u.b.c. / universal bulk carrier - vrachier universal u.b.c. / universal bulk carrier - vrachier universal u.l.C.C. / ultra large crude carrier petrolier intre 350.000 si 550.000 t.d. U.l.C.C. / ultra large crude carrier petrolier intre 350000 si 550000 t.d. ull. / ullage - ulaj, spatiu gol al rezervorului ult. / ultimate - ultim, extrem, final; de baza, maxim; elementar v.l.C.C. / very large crude carrier petrolier intre 100000 si 350000 t.d. v/V/vel. / velocity - viteza W / watt - watt wk. / work - lucru, munca; functionare; lucru mecanic

191