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English Translation Copyright 1993 Ken Neat
All Rights Reserved. No pan of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a
retrieval system or transmitted in or by any means: electronic, electrostatic,
magnetic tape, mechanical. phorocopying. recording or otherwise, without
permission in writing from the publisher.
Fmt edition 1981
Second edition 1993
Reprinted 1996
British Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data
A CIP catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library
(applied for)
ISBN: 1-85744-002-1
Cover design by McCann-Erickson. courtesy of
William Grant and Sons International
Typeset in Great Britain by Ken Neat, Durham
Printed in Great Britain by BPC Wbeatoos Ltd, Exeter
CONTENTS
htroduction ..... .
Combinational Themes:
Double Attack . .
Discovered Attack
DL<:;covered Check
Pin ....
Diversion
Decoy ..
bterference
Defence-elimination
Square-vacation ..
Line-opening ....
l"tilization of open files
Diagonal-opening ...
l"rilization of open diagonals
Smothered mate
Blocking ..
X-ray ..... .
Overloading ..
Exploiting a back rank weakness
Weakness of the second rank ..
Intermediate move . . . . . . . .
Creation and utilization of passed pawns
Breakthrough ..... .
Simplifying combinations
Drawing combinations . .
Traps .......... .
A ttack on the kingside castled position
Attack on the king caught in the centre
Destructive combinations
Index of Players . . . . .
v
."
. vii
.1
.3
.5
.7
.11
. 19
.23
.25
.29
.31
.41
.43
.51
.53
.55
.55
.55
.59
.65
.67
.67
.75
.77
.81
.85
.89
.97
103
127
INTRODUCTION
Dear Reader! Before you is our third book on chess combinations. We should straight away
the reservation that, if you are unacquainted with Books 1 and 2, you will find it difficult
.:t'i yuur own to cope with the tests in this book.
The arrangement and the tests in this book differ somewhat from those in Books 1 and 2.
tests are aimed primarily at players of master strength, or those approaching it. In Russia
=i5 corresponds to the grades of Candidate Master and Master of Sport (about 200+ on the BCF
or 2200+ on the Elo scale). The system offered was tested for more than ten years with
yooth team of the Russian Republic, which in its time included the former W orid Champion
Karpov, grandmasters Balashov, Rashkovsky, Sveshnikov, Timoshchenko and Tsesh-
and many others who subsequently became well-known players.
TIle essence of the system is as follows. The evaluation of each test is worked out on as-point
The highest score of 5 is awarded for a correct solution, including all the most important
.-.i.aIions. If the solver indicates a subtlety not mentioned in the solution. his score may be
.n..-reased by 1 point. Often the solver will find a second path, apart from the author's, one which
:.5 also correct. In this case the score should again be 5 points. A score of 4 is awarded for a
correct but incomplete solution. For example. an important defensive resource may have been
:mined. If the start is indicated correctly, but the essential "point" is missed, a score of 3 is given.
When a correct start is made, but then a bad oversight is committed, a score of 2 is awarded. If
.. the first move is given correctly, the solver receives 1 point If no solution is given, or if it
is a completely incorrect one, no points are awarded.
We have determined a guiding time for each position, depending upon the degree of
difficulty. The total time allotted to one test should be not less than two hours, but also not more
than three. While in the previous books the time allotted to a test was considerably less, here,
taking account of the complexity and serious nature of the examples, we consider the indicated
time to be the most reasonable.
In solving the examples in this book, you should not, as in the previous books, put the accent
on one definite theme, but should select for yourself 8-12 examples beforehand, alternating them
irom the various themes. And here we should draw your attention to the fact that all answers
should be written down, and should be checked with the correct solutions only after you have
solved all the positions in the projected test. Basing yourself upon the time planned, choose
positions by alternating difficult ones with less difficult ones. As in Books 1 and 2, you should
award yourself bonus or penalty time points, at the rate of one point per five minute difference
from the suggested total time.
Your Chess IQ
There are altogether 378 positions in this book, so that a 100% solution can earn you a total
of 1890 points. With time bonuses it is possible, of course, to earn a score in excess of 100%.
On the basis of the solutions to a small sample of positions submitted by a range of volunteers,
\I,e suggest the following "Chess IQ" table:
vii
Positions 1-6 1
Theme: "Double Attack" (Nos. 1-10)
1. White to play (8 mins.) 2. White to play (10 mins.)
3. White to play (8 mins.) 4. Black to play (7 mins.)
5. White to play (8 mins.) 6. Black to play (12 mins.)
2 Double Attack / Discovered Attack
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 1-6
1. Ebralidze-Lubensky, Tbilisi,1949
1 Ii xh7+!! Iixh72 Ii xh7+ 3 hl+ 4 f6+! 5 ihd7+ Black
resigns.
2. Honfi-Szabadi, 1963
1 il.xh7+!! 2 fth3+ 3 UxdS Axc6 (after 3 ... c7or 3 ... fte8White
wins by4 IihS, e.g. 3 ... ftc7 4 Uh5 g6 S UhB+ rtJg76 Uh7+ rtJg8 - or6 ... 7
ftf3+ 8 h4 mate -7 fth6 and wins. or 3 ... e84 UhSf6 S Uh8+
fthS+) 4 Iixd7 il.xd7 5 f3 Black resigns.
3. Minev-Pelinkov, Sofia, 1956
1 Qxd5!! ftxd5 (badisl ... Uxd52JJ.e6!1!be63j7+
ft j8 + h 76 Ii j7 +) 2 f7+ 3 fxg8=ft + 4 ftxd5+ 1;& xd5 5 .ll.e6+ Black
resigns.
4. Novokhatsky-Levi. Volgograd. 1971
1...Uf1+!! 2 il.xfl Uxfl+ 3 i}d2+ 4 i}xe45 i}xe4 ftd3!! and Black
won. The finish was 6 Ue2 ftbl+ 7 ftxb2+ 8 ftb3+ 9 c410 d7
il.b6 11 JA,d6 ftd3+ 12 c3. and White resigned.
5. Szabo-Nikitin, Corr., 1964
1 1;&xh7+!! ftxh7 2 f7! Ud8 (2 ... 1;&j8 fails t03 i}xg6+, 4 ftxh7+ andS i}xj8+) 3
r;!;Jg7 4 f8=ft+ 1;&xf8 5 ttxh7+ 6 i}xf8+ Black resigns.
6. Tolush-Kopylov, Leningrad, 1954
1...il.xg4!! 2 il.xb4 (on 2 ft:cg4 there foUows2 ... ttg6+ 3 i}c2+ 4
i}xd4+Sf!:Jal Qb4+12 ... Af53ftxf51;&xf54.ll.xa3fta65 i}g3
Ii f2 6 i} e4 Ii f4 White resigns.
Positions 7-12 3
7. Black to play (15 mins.) 8. White to play (10 mins.)
9. Black to play (5 mins.) 10. Black to play (16 mins.)
Theme: "Discovered Attack" (Nos.1l-16)
11. White to play (7 mins.) 12. White to play (10 mins.)
4 Discovered Attack / Discovered Check
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 7-12
7. Chechelian-Baikov, Moscow,1974
1. .. Qg3! 2 (on 2 ... Ae3+.') 2 ... l:iel+! 3 l:if1+!! 4
Qfe4+ 5 Qxd6 6 AeS Qxfl 7 Qe4 Qd2+ 8 l:ixd2 Qxe4 White
resigns.
8. Peretz-Szeles, Budapest, 1968
1 QfS+!! exfS (if 1... 21!lxf6 gxf5 3 ilhS 4 or4 2
3 QxdS+ 4 Qxc7 l:ia7 S l:ifel+ 6 Qe8+ Black resigns.
9. Kholmov-Gligoric, Moscow. 1947
l...ilxd4! 2 ilxd4 l:ixd4 3 l:ixd4 l:ixd4 4 ftxd4 tlel+ S 6
tl xd4. and Black won.
10. Tseshkovsky-Tseitlin, Novc:&tHrsk.1971
1... gxf4!! 2 Qxg6+ (White thought that this move would win for him. but. .. )
2 ... hxg63 tlh3+ 'D'h5 4 1!Jxh5+ gxhS S l:i xf4 Ah6! (this move White had not
foreseen) 6 ftcS (if 6 l:icfl JJ.xj47 l:ixf4 Ae8l) 6 ... 7 6xhS+ 8 l:ixbS
l:i xf7. and Black won. The finish was 9 g4 Ae3 10 l:i xb7 White resigns.
11. Werle-Lundin, Sweden, 1969
1 AeS!! (or 1... ge2+ 2 3g4!) 2 l:ixd8+ 3 l:ih8+!
(3 ... 4 and 5 'D'xg7+) 4 fS+! S f6 6 Black resigns.
12. Markland-Hort, Hastings 1970/71
1 cxdS (the game in fact went 1 ... + 2 cxd53 Qxd5 b6 4 Qf4
Qx/4 5 6 JJ.dJ 71!Jg5 8 and Black resigned) 2
QxhS+! gxhS 3 HfS Qg7 S1!Jxg7+!! and White wins.
Positions 13-18 5
13. White to play (10 mins.> 14. White to play (8 mins.)
15. White to play (10 mins.) 16. Black to play (15 mins.)
Theme: "Discovered Check" (Nos. 17-22)
17. White to play (8 mins.) 18. White to play (10 mins.)
6
Discovered Check / Pin
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 13-18
13. Bronstein-Patzl, Krems, 1967
1 g6! trxc52 ttxh7+ 3 g7! ttxd4 4 g8 (there is nothing better) 5
tt xg8 tr g4 6 tt d8 tt xg7 7 l1.xd7, and White won.
14. Bellon-Pederson, Skopje, 1972
1 II xe4!! II xe4 2 xh6! gxh6 (2 ... 3 Qg5 +, while if 2 ... tt c 7, then again 3
3 l1.xc8l!.xc8 4 hxgS 5 ftxgS llde8 6 fthS+ Black resigns (on
6 ... l!.h6 there follows 7 ttxp+).
15. Vorotnikov-Faibismich, Leningrad, 1972 (variation)
1 Qf5! II xdl+ 2 f6 (if 2 ... IId4 3 ttc8+ 4 ftj8!) 3 trc8+ 4 II c7!
II xb2+ 5 g3 gl + 6 and White wins.
16. Ljubojevic-Planinc. Vrsac, 1971
1...l1.xf32 Ii xf3 (if 2 g.\/3 H d2.') 2 ... dl + 3 l!.gl + 4 II g7! 5 trh8+
d3 Hge7!!Whiteresigns.
17. Berebora-Somogyi. Hungary. 1985
1 II g4! trxf5 2 llxg7+ 3 II xf7+ 4 g7+ 5 II g6+! Black resigns.
18. Genin-Cherepkov. Leningrad, 1960 (variation)
1 tth4!! tte6 (1 ... ttd8 fails to2 'rixd8 llxd8 3l1.e7!, and 1... 'ria8+ t02 llf3 'rib?
3 tjJp+ ttj6!) 2 3 tjJf7+! 4 tth6+! 5 trh7
mate. In the game 1 ttf4 was played. and Black managed to defend successfully.
Positions 19-24 7
19. White to play (5 mins.) 20. White to play (8 mins.)
21. Black to play (8 mins.) 22. White to play (15 mins.)
Theme: "Pin" (Nos. 23-30)
23. Black to play (8 mins.) 24. Black to play (12 mins.)
8 Pin
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 19-24
19. Shestoperov-Mikenas, Moscow, 1955
1 xf7!! z::1 d2 (the main variation is 1... 2 while on 1 ... rtJxj7 comes 2
e7+ rtJg83 "tteS) 2 "ttxd2!! 3 and wins. The finish was 3 ... 'lftc4 4
J!.xc4+ 5 z::1 eS+ rtJ g7 6 and Black resigned.
20. Engels-Cardoso, Ribeirao Preto, 1949
1 tth7+!! rtJxh7 2 rtJhS (or2 ... rtJxh6 3 Bh3+ rtJg54 z::1g3+) 3 Axg7+!!
rtJxg7 (3 ... Ihg7 4 1z3+) 4 z::1 g3+ rtJxf6 (4 ... rtJj8 5 z::1g8 mate) 5 z::1 g6 mate.
21. Bakulin-Chistvakov, Moscow, 1959
1...ttf1!! 2 z::1xg2+ 3 z::1xf2+ 4 z::1g2+ 5 z::1gS+ (this wins
more quickly than 5 ... z::1xc2+ 6 fBf3+ 7 fBg5+. as played in the game) 6
rtJh2 i}f3+ 7 z::1 gl male.
22. Tal-ChancDer. U,-erpooI, 197" (from a simultaneous display)
1 i}xf7!! 2 fxe6+ 3 e7 fBe6 4 dxc5 ttxc5+ 5 rtJhl 6 z::1 dS!! Ad7
7 fte5!! ftxe5 (on 7. .. ftxc4 there follows 8 ttxe6+! "ttxe69 z::1j8+) S z::1 fS+ Black
resigns.
23. Bubnov-Terpugov, Mosco"" 1961
1... ttb2+ 2 rtJxa4 tta2! 3 ftc! b5+ 4 rtJb7! White resigns. Against 5 ... AdS
mate there is no defence.
24. Mastilovic-Belic, Novi Sad. 1976
L.h5! 2 fBe4 (or2 Axg6 Axg4+ J Ae7mate) 2 ... hxg4+ 3 .!l.e7+ 4
5 Ae2 (if 5 B.t:r.:? and 6 ... Arg5mate) 5 ... z::1 fS 6 Axg4 z::1hS+
White resigns.
Positions 25-30 9
~ . White to play (5 mins.) 26. White to play (10 mins.)
27. Black to play (10 mins.) 28. Black to play (10 mins.)
29. White to play (10 mins.) 30. Black to play (12 mins.)
10
Pin / Diversion
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 25-30
25. Rudenko-Kogan, Kiev, 1952
1 gxh6 2 '!!!'xd7 3 4 .!!!.xf6+ Black resigns.
26. Karasev-Klaman, Leningrad, 1967
1 2 g6!! 3 xf7 4 'ttb8+ S g3 6 Black
resigns.
27. Sinev-Miagmarsuren, Marianske Lame, 1962
1... fleS! 2 xe7 3 'ttd8+ 4 S .l!.xf3 6 gxf3
White resigns.
28. White-Duke, Toronto, 1972
l...tHS! 2 'ttd4 (or2 .!!!.fJ!.') 2 ... 3 fid2 fthl+4 fif8+ S
fi O+! White resigns.
29. Kotov-Kholmov, Moscow, 1971
1 fi xeS!! fl xcS 2 fi c2 lHc8 3 4 .l!.xa7 fi xa2 S .l!.cs h6 6 h4 7
hS Black resigns.
30. Planinc-Lombardy,Amsterdam,1974
1 ... 2 xf2 fi d8! 3 g2 (3 .!!!.g2 does not help, since both 3 ... fixfJ and
3 ... .l!.xe4! are threatened) 3 ... 'O'xf2 4 S .!!!.xe4 6 fi xd2 7
fl xd2 ftxc4+ 8 AxbI 9 'tte2 White resigns.
Positions 31-36 11
Theme: "Diversion" (Nos. 31-56)
31. White to play (5 mins.) 32. Black to play (8 rnins.)
33. White to play (5 mins.) 34. Black to play (5 mins.)
35. White to play (10 mins.) 36. Black to play (10 mins.)
12 Diversion
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 31-36
31. Tal-N.N., Riga, 1964 (from a simultaneous display)
1 (if l...axb6 2 mate) 2 Zlf6 3 Black resigns.
32. Panchenko-Kochiev, Riga, 1973
1...Ag4+!! (but not 1 ... Qf5?? 2 2 Zlxg4 Qf5 3 Zl xc2+ 4
White resigns.
33. Horowitz-N.N., Chicago, 1946 (from a simultaneous display)
1 cS+!! Axcs 2 JHS 3 Bxg7+! 4 5 mate.
34. Anen-Lumer. Corr . 1955
I...Af2!! 2 Bxh6 ttcl+!! 3 Axel Bel+4 Zlgl Zlxgl+mate.
35. Tolush-Mikenas. Moscow, 1951
1 (if 1 A:re3+ 2 fig2+ 3 Zld2+, with a draw by per-
petual check) 1... B xf6 2 d8= + Zl f8 3 d4+ Ag7 (or 3 ... 4 c4 + and 5
4 Bff2 5 Black resigns (5 ... Zlxe26 Zld8+).
36. Hamilton-Haygarth. England. 1956
1... Qxg4! 2 fxg4 Axg4! 3 ah2+!! 4 5 (5 J!.xg3 is
no better) S ... Rh8+ White resigns.
Positions 37-42 1 J
37. White to play (12 mins.) 38. Black to play (10 mins.)
39. Black to play (15 mins.) 40. White to play (8 mins.)
41. Black to play (7 mins.) 42. White to play (12 mins')
14 Diversion
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 37-42
37. Castanga-Feldman, Zurich, 1958
1 .o.d3!! (the bishop is taboo: 1 ... 2 fttd7+ 3 fttd8 mate, or 1 ... fttxd3
2 fttp+ 3 e7+) 2 e7! (or 2 ... fttxe7 3 Ag6+ 4 3 d6! AdS
(3 ... 4 + 5 d7+) 4 S .o.g6+ Black resigns
(5 ... 6 ftte7 mate, or 5 ... 'O'p 6 fuP+ 7 Ad:J}.
38. Tinworth-Farland, England. 1957
1...Ad4! 2 3 4 (or 4 ftte1 mate) 4 ...
S f6+ xf6 White resigns (6 1!lrj6 el mate).
39. Zaitsev-Rokhlin, YarosIa,1, 1954
1...ttgS!! 2 ttxh8+ 3 ttxh7 Axf2+! 4 (or4 + 5 6
4 ... 51!lh3 Ac8! White resigns. 6 is met by 6 ... 7 hxg3
and mates.
40. Mista-Navarovszky, Reggio Emilia, 1967/68
1 .o.xa42 (on 2 ... 3
4 g6+ 5 Ae4+! Black resigns.
41. Weller-Hall, Glasgow. 1964
1. .. c1+!! 2 fttxc1 3 (or 3 bxa3 ftta2 mate) 3 ... al+!! 4
S mate.
42. Saprokhin-Arabkertsev. Vc:Mgograd, 1967
1 .o.c2! (if 1 ... Axc2 2 i;.xh6 gxh6 3 2 gxh6 3 h3 f6 4
S 6 Black resigns.
Positions 43-48 15
43. Black to play (10 mins.) 44. White to play (12 mins.)
45. Black to play (15 mins.) 46. White to play (15 rnins.)
47. White to play (15 mins.) 48. Black to play (8 minsJ
16 Diversion
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 43-48
43. Kogan-Sokolsky, Kiev,1950
1...fS!! 2 AxfS 3 . fel Axf2+! 4 5 .g3+ 6 'l:tf3 . xf3+
7 a f8 8 White resigns.
44. Podgayets-Zhuravlyov, Leningrad, 1974
1 ttxd7 (in view of the threat of 2 Black is forced to accept this gift) 2
ttxg6+ tt g7 3 ttxe6+ 4 . fS! (after 4 .j7 ttg5 Black could have resisted)
4 ... .f8S .hS+ tth7 6 .xh7+ 7'l:te7+ 8 ttxb7 Black resigns.
45. Pavlitzky-Rech, Halle, 1971
1... a as!! 2'l:tbl .xal 3 ttxal'l:ta6!! 4'l:tbl (4'l:tgJ or4 ttdJ
4 ... 5 ttxc1 (or 5 aj2 ttfl +!I) S ... Qxe2 White resigns.
46. Byme,R-Bachmann., Helsinki,1952
I .xb7!! 'xb72 'xg5+ ag7 <2 ... c::Jh8 3 'd8+ tt/6+ 5 ttg6+
c::Jh86 ftxh7+ exh7 7 ee8+. or 2 ... ttg7 3'l:td8+ 4 .xh7 ttxh7 5 ttd7+) 3
tl'd8+ 4 Dh6! .g6 5 Dh7+ Dg7 6 tth8 Black resigns (6 ... 7 ah6+
8./6+).
47. Kreichik-N.N., Vienna. 1952
I tl'xc3!! ttf8 (or 1...t:xcJ2 .d8+ Ac83 !;Ixc8+ and4c7mate) 2 ttg7!! tl'c8 3
ttxc7!! ttxc74 . d8+! exdS 5 c7+ AdS 6 AxdS+ ttxdS 7 c8=tt mate.
48. Ivanov-Sveshnikov, Cheh1lbinsk, 1973
1.. . . a3!! 2 ttxa3.l1.e4+ j Ag2+ 4 ttxeS+ 5 ttfS+ 6 tth3+ 7
gS 'l:th6+ 8 g4 fS male.
Positions 49-54 17
49. Black to play (IO mins.) 50. White to play (IS mins.)
51. White to play (16 mins.) 52. White to play (20 mins.)
53. White to play (20 mins.) 54. White to play (20 mins.)
18 Diversion I Decoy
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 49-54
49. Yasvoin-Kopayev,Leningrad,1947
1...Aa6! 2 3 gxf3 4 5 6
7 AeS White resigns.
50. Nezhmetdinov-Paoli, Bucharest, 1954
1 b3! 2 gxf7+ (or 2 ... 3 4 3 exd4 4
Axd4 5 a h2 6 Ab6+ Iic7 7 Black resigns.
51. Matsukevich-Alburt, Volgograd, 1968
1 Ac4! Axc4 (or 1...liae8 2 Axe6 axe63 1ij7) 2 Iixd7+! 3
(3 ... 4 Iif6 mate, or 3 ... 4 Iid1 + MS S exdS, and wins) 4 5
a bl+ AbS 6 (6 ... 7 c4!!) 71:tg6 8 Iid8 9 Black
resigns.
52. Negeieshi-Berta,Corr .. 1971
1 Af4!! 2 Axb7 1id6 (if 2 ... ,Axb7 3 Iixb7+ 4 S Iib8+
6 ab1+) 3 Ac6+ \!lc8 4 Axe4+ 5 a b8+ 6 Ii b7+ 7
Ii d8 8 AdS+! e4 9 Axf7+ Black resigns.
53. Buturin-Sergievsky.Lvov, 1972
1 Iixb7! Iixb72 1ic6 IIg7 31:txh6 (no betteris3 ... 4 axf6+ S
Ac4!) 4 Ii xf6+ g8 5 Ab5 Ii f8 6 Ii c6 d8 7 Ac4+ a ff7 8 Axf7+ xf7 9
Black resigns.
54. Tal-Suttles, Sukhumi, 1972
1 .o.xaS! a xaS 2 Ii d8+ Af8 3 4 lie8 (the threat was S
6 IiJ.gS!!) 5 Ii a7 (no bener is 5 ... 6 7liJ.gS lia8 8 Qxe6
9 mate) 6 7 QgS ftd7 8 Iid8 b6 (or 8 ... 9 Iixj8+
IiJ.xe6 +) 9 Ii xd7 Ii xd7 10 b3. and White won.
Positions 55-60 19
55. White to play (20 mins.) 56. Black to play (20 mins.)
Theme: "Decoy" (Nos. 57-70)
57. White to play (8 mins.) 58. Black to play (10 mins.)
59. White to play (8 mins,) 60. White to play (6 mins.l
20 Decoy
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 55-60
55. Matulovic-Tringov, Siegen, 1970
1 f5!! gxf5 (Black cannot decline the sacrifice, since 1 ... 'tflf8. for instance. fails to
2 rtJh7 3 rtJxg6 4'tflfSmate) 2'tflh4 iH8 3'tflxh5+ 4 Ac5!!
'tflxc55 fth3 .l!.h6 6'tflxe8+ 'tflf8 7 ftd8! fxe4 8'tflxf8+ Axf8 9 ftxf8+ rtJg710
ft g8 mate.
56. Uitumen-Knesevic, Dubna, 1974
1... ftxa5! 2 'tflxa5 .l!.xd4+ 3 ft xd4 'tfle3+ 4 Af2 'tflxf3 (not 4 ... S rtJg2
6'tfld2!) 5 h4 6 rtJh2 7 ftd3 8 rtJgl'tfle2 9 ttd2 'tflxd21O
ft xd2 h5 White resigns.
57. Furman-Boyarinov,Leningrad,1965
1 ft xe6!! xe6 2 d8+ rtJf7 3 'tflf8+ rtJg6 4'tflg7+ rtJh5 5 g4+ rtJh4 6 .l!.xg5+!!
Black resigns (6 gxf5was bad on account of 6 ... 'tflel + 7 rtJg2'tfle2+ 8 rtJgl rtJh3.
and mates).
58. Zinn-Minev, HaDe, 1967
1...Aa3+!! 2 rtJxa3 1>4+ 12 ... eel + fails to win after 3 .Ab2 b4+ 4 5
rtJxb4 ftbS+ - or 5 ... eel+ 6 c3 - 6 rtJc3, but not 6 rtJa3? 3 (3
wouldhavebeenamwered by 3 ... bxc3+ 4 rtJa3'tflcl+ S rtJa4 6 7
ftg3+!! 8 hxg3 ee3;' 9 rtJb2 3 ... 4 ft b5+ 5
6 .Ab2 White resigns.
59. Sakharov-Cherepkov. Alma-Ala, 1969
l.Axh7+!! flxd6Axd63 fth4+ fth8+!!
ttxg7 mate.
60. Kovacs-Beni, Vienna, 1950
1 ftd8+!! 2'tflxd8+ 3 Qg5+ rtJh6 4 ttxf7 5 tth4+ 6
tth5 mate.
Positions 61-66 21
61. White to play (12 mins.) 62. White to play (10 mins.)
63. Black to play (12 mins.) 64. Black to play (15 mins.)
65. White to play (15 mins.) 66. White to play (12 mins.)
22
Decoy / Interference
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 61-66
61. Hemandez-Rantanen, Skopje,1972
1 g5! 2 b4!! ttxb4 3 tta3 4 tta45 ttb2+ e5 6 Black resigns.
62. Hansuit-Brunner, Porto Rico, 1965
1 tth6+!! (or 1... 2 Axe6! 3 fjgl + 4 l!.xg6 S
ttxh7+) 2 3 fjgl! ttxd4 (or 3 ... exf5 4l!.xfS+) 4 5 l:ih4+
6 f4 mate.
63. Grundinin-Rozit, Corr., 1959
2 fxe3 fjh2+!! 3 fxg3+4 (if 4 l:ixg3 ttj2+!) 4 ... ttf3+ 5
tth3+ 6 g5 I:i g8+ 7 ttf3 mate.
64. Vladimirov-Vorotniko,', Leningrad. 1973
2 (2 is bad on accounlof 2 ... ttd7!, threatening 3 ... ttbS+ and
4 ... 1!txgS, as well as 3... c6 and 3 ... h6; White cannot meet all these threats)
2 ... 3 4 f-1 hxg5+ 5 fxg5 ttxg5+!! 6 f6+ 7 (or 7
gSmate) 7 ... Dh6 mate.
65. Moscow, 1968
1 D g7+!! Axg72 'b7!! Ah6 3 'fftxc8+ 4 ttd7+ 5 ttxh7 6
ttbl+ 7 8 g4 Black resigns.
66. Bena-Ksarko, Rumania. 19; 1
1 gxh6+! 2 ftf8+ 3 ttd8+ 4 fjhl+! ttxhl 5 tth8+ 6
ttxhl Af47 ttgl+ 8 Black resigns.
Positions 67-72 23
67. White to play (15 mins.) 68. White to play (12 mins.)
69. White to play (20 mins.) 70. White to play (15 mins.)
Theme: "Interference" (Nos. 71-74)
71. White to play 02 mins.) 72. White to play (15 mins.)
24 Interference / Defence-elimination
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 67-72
67. Scheinke-Bogkof, Corr., 1963
1 2 g5 (if 2 ... 3lJ.e2+ 4lJ.g5 mate) 3lJ.xg5+
4 g4+! 5 I:1g1+ 6 7 I:1g2+ 8 mate.
68. Utkin-Amosov, Moscow, 1951
1 fxe5 2lJ.xe6+! 3 (if 3 ... 4 dxe5+ 5 4
1:1 cS S dxcS+ 6 cxb6+ 7 ftxa6, and White won.
69. Korchnoi-Balashov, Moscow, 1971
1 b4!! 2 as! lJ.h6 3lJ.xh6 4 S I:1f2 h4 7
Black resigns.
70. Tanin-Maksimov, Leningrad, 1951
1 Ag6+!! Ilxg6 2 ftxh5 3 IHl+ Af6 4 I:1xf6+! gxf6 S 1:1 g7 6
7 Qxe6+ 8 Qxc7 ilb7 9 exf6 10 Black resigns.
71. Bakhtiar-MukhitdinO\', Tashkent. 1959
1 l:ie3!! (on l...d.re3therefollows2 3lJ.e2+ 4
JJ.xd85f4+1.') 2 l:ie4 Ad8 3 1:1 xe5! ftd6 4 g5 S l:1e6+ 6 ftf8+
Black resigns.
72. Kevorkov-Tarasov,0msk.1950
llJ.dS+!! cxdS 2 l:ih8+!! 3 fth5+ 4 5 I:1xf6+! 6
7 ftf7 mate.
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
73. Black to play (12 mins.) 74. White to play (25 mins.)
Theme: "Defence-elimination" (Nos.75-86)
75. White to play (6 mins.) 76. White to play (8 mins.)
77. White to play (8 mins.) 78. White to play (8 mins.)
26 De/ence-elimination
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 73-78
73. Kroitsaller-Laipold. Tsitau, 1973
1... 2 f4 (or 2 bxc3 'fi.jh6 3/3 g3/) 2 ... g3! 3 ftxe3 bxc3 4 ZH3 cxb2 S ftxg3+
6 7 f1 g7+ f1 f7 White resigns.
74. Mabbs-Alexander. London, 1961
1 ft dS!! cxdS 2 hS g6 3 hf6+ .iA.xf6 4 i} xf6+ g7 (or 4 ... h8 5 h4l) S
6 7 8 Qe8+ 9 gS (or 9 ...
10 11 Qg7+ 12 ftf2 mate.
75. Filip-Ubranek. Prague. 1955
1 2 ftxfl 3 ftxc8+ ftf84 d7! Black resigns.
76. Volgograd.l956
1 cxd6 2 .o.b5 iI c6 3 A xc6! 0-04 ftel Black resigns.
77. Buenns Aires. 1972
1 axeS!! AxeS 2 3 Ac3 ftxf6 4 Axf6 S Black resigns
(5. . Aae8 61fl/4+1.
78. Polugayevsky-Bilek. 8usa.mL 1969
1 ftxeS!! 'fi. xeS (or 1 ... 2 3 2 3 4
Axf6 f1 el + S Black l; ... ftxel is met by 6 7 Ag7+
8.!J,.j7mate).
Positions 79-84 27
79. White to play (8 mins.) 80. White to play (6 mins.)
81. Black to play (6 mins.) 82. Black to play (8 mins.)
83. Black to play (15 mins.) 84. White to play (15 mins.)
28 Defence-elimination / Square-vacation
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 79-84
79. Tukmakov-Guss, Graz,1972
1 h6 (or 1...g6 2 2 Ad6 (mate by3 and 4 tth7was
threatened) 3 f7!! tte7 (3 ... 'i!::Jxj7 4 ttg6+ and 5 ftxg7 mate) 4 xd6 ttxd6 5
Black resigns.
80. Hohler-Czerniak, Heidenheim. 1959
1 Axa6 fi xa6 2 Axf6 Axf6 3 ftdB 4 ibf6+ ftxf6 5 fixd7 Black resigns.
81. NiIsson-CiaceIi. Stockholm, 1965
l. .. fixdl!! 2 lixdl lixh4+!! 3 gxh4 ftxh4+ 4 fth3 ftxf2+ 5 ttg2 ttxg2 mate.
82. Ferholt-Enklaar. Amsterdam. 1971
l...ftxf4!! 2 gxf4 exf2+ 3 'i!::Jf1 lie1+! 4 Dxel,A,g2+! 5 'i!::Jxg2fxel=tt+ White
resigns.
83. Lewi-Adamski. Polanica Zdroj.I969
1... ti'xc3!! 2 Axc3 i}xe2. 3 'i!::Jhl Qxc34 ftb3 5 ttxbl f36 Axf3 gxf3 7
fi gl Ah3 White resigns.
84. Petri-Both, West Germany. 1966
1 z::l xd6!! ti'xd6 2 Qxe4 3 ftxe4 4 Qxf7! D xf7 (if 4 ... ti'e7 5 Qe5+!)
5 tteS+ ttfS 6 Axf7+ 7 Axg6 Black resigns.
Positions 85-90 29
85. Black to play (15 mins.) 86. Black to play (20 mins.)
Theme: "Square-vacation" (Nos. 87-94)
87. White to play (7 mins.) 88. Black to play (12 mins.)
89. White to play (10 mins.) 90. White to play (15 mins.)
30 Square-vacation / Line-opening
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 85-90
85. Barcza-Keller, Moscow, 1956
1. .. lhf4!! 2 gxf4 AfS! 3 (on 3 ttd5 Black had prepared 3 ... 4
5 axh3 Axh3 mate) 3 ... Ae4 4 ah3 ftg4+ S Ilg3 6 AdS (if 6 ael
Axf3+ 7 axf3 8 axel) 6 ... Axf3+ 7 Axf3 White resigns.
86. Kitanov-Baum, Sterlitamak. 1949
1...Ah3!! 2 (on 2 ... fte4! 3f3 fte3+) 2 ... ac8! 3 ael (3
axc8? 3 ... ac3!! 4 bxc3 fte4 S f3 fte3+6 7 agl tlxe2 8 cxd4
e4! 9 f4 e3! White resigns.
87. Kottnauer-Lokvenc, Vienna., 1949
1 Axg7!! 2 ftf6+ 3 Axf7! JJ.xf7 4 fth6+ S Black resigns.
88. Redely-Baraty, Budapest. 1961
1...llal+!! 2 Axal fb4! 3 ttg8+ 4 ftb3 ftxal+ S tlbl axc2+! 6
ftc3mate.
89. Kubanek-Kopma, Prague. 1952
1 tlh6+! (if insteadl eIh; ... ? 2 fth4+ 3 Ah6+ and there is no
decisive continuation) 2 (2 ... t03 Ah6+ 4
tlf6) 3 tlg5+ ftel+ (or4 ... S AxeS+ AxeS 6c3+ 7 ae4+)
S J;lxeS+ AxeS 6 Black resigns.
90. Diemer-Kotek, Corr., 1955
1 d6! cxd6 2 a xe7!! 3 tte6 4 Axf6 S Axf6 fte3+ 6
Black resigns. On 6 ... comes 7 h5 8 ftxhS gxhS 9 Ah7 mate.
Positions 91-96 31
91. White to play (15 mins.) 92. Black to play (18 mins.)
93. White to play (20 mins.) 94. White to play (20 mins.)
Theme: "Line-opening" (Nos. 95-122)
95. Black to play (10 mins.) 96. White to play 00 mins.)
32 Line-opening
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 91-96
91. Lipsky-Penczak. Lublin. 1964
1 .lI.xg6!! hxg6 2 1:H7+!! 3 tth7+ (in the event of 3 ... 4
Black, despite his extra rook, is unable to avoid defeat, e.g. 4 ... ffla6 S 1/J.d3!, with the
threat of 1/J.j1+) 4 fflxg6+ 5 ffldS 6 1/J.xdS 7 8 fflxf6
Black resigns.
92. Akopian-Ovsepian. Yerevan. 1972
1. .. f3!! 2 3 ffld2 d3+ 4 5 1/J.xhS+ 6 gxhS 1/J.xhS+ 7
g3 ffI e6 White resigns.
93. Smyslov-Magrin, Lugano, 1968
1 1/J.xf7 2 1/J.g5 3 I::ixg6+ 4 1/J.6gS dS (4 ... Sl!.xhS, or
4 ... /6SaJand6 I::if871/J.xhS+
Black resigns.
94. Reshevsky-Matumoto, Siegen. 1970
1 Qf6+!! gxf6 2 exf6 .o.xf6 3.o.e4! 1/J.e84 fflxh7+ 5 6 fflf6
7 1/J.xd7 Qe7 8 fth8+ Qg8 9 thg7+! Black resigns.
95. Grozdev-Meistr. Con-., 1954
1...1/J.xh3+!! 2 gxh3 Af3+ 3 Qg4+!! 4 hxg4 hS!! 5 hxg4! White resigns
(but not 5. .. 1/J. xh6 6 g5.f).
96. Filip-Uhlmann, Mariamke La.zneJPrague. 1954
1 I::i xh6!! 2 1/J.hl! IIxb3 (or 2 ... QP 3 1/J.h7!) 3 axb3 fflxb3 4 5
I::i h7! Black resigns.
Positions 97-102 33
97. Black to play (5 mins.) 98. Black to play (10 mins.)
99. White to play (12 mins). ] 00. White to play (8 mins.)
101. White to play (6 mins.) 102. White to play (12 mins.)
34 Line-opening
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 97-102
97. Manov-Hairabedian,Bulgaria,1962
1...Ae2!! 2 xe2 (2 ttxe2 is no better) 2 ... fl h8+ 3 gl fl hI +! 4 fl h8+ 5
flhl+! 6 tth8+ 7 tth2 mate.
98. Cardoso-Ivkov, Marlborough, 1974
1 ... Axe4!! 2 Axe4 ttf4+ 3 Af3 fl d2+ 4 fl e2 e4! 5 fl xd2 fl xd2+ White resigns.
99. Benesch-Mich, Marianske Lame, 1952
1 Ad2!! ttxd2 (other queen moves would be met in the same way) 2 fl xg7+!! (after
2 fl /1 + e 73 tt h4 + d7 the outcome would still be unclear) 2 ... Axg7 3 fl f1 +
4 tth4+! Af6 (or 4 ... 5 flf7+ and 6 ttxe7mate) S exf6+ Black resigns.
On 5 ... d7 there follows 6 tt g3 eS 7 f7 fl f8 8 tt xeS and 9 tt d6+.
100. Nei-Zeinaly, Tallinn. 1948
1 ttxhS flh8 2 fxe6 3 fld7+! flxd74 ttxh8+ S ttf6 mate.
101. 1950
1 hxgS 2 .o.g6+! flxg6 3 fl hl+ fl h6 4 flxh6+ gxh6 (or 4 ... 5 fih1
mate) 5 ttf7 mate.
102. Lutsenko-Vardanian, Moscow, 1952
1 flxh5!! flxg5g6(if3 ...
4 flxh5! gxh5 5
Positions 103-108 35
103. White to play (10 mins.) 104. White to play (12 mins.)
105. Black to play (10 mins.) 106. White to play (6 mins.)
107. White to play (6 mins.) ] 08. White to play (10 mins.)
36 Line-opening
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 103-108
103. Madoni-Minaja, Tel Aviv, 1964
1 f6+!! gxf6 (or 1... rtij8 2 'tf1xh7.f) 2 gxf6+ 3 Ii g8+!! 4 'tf1h6! Af8 5
Ii gl+ rtih8 6 g g7! Black resigns.
104. Chukayev-Malev, Kaunas, 1964
1 g xf6!! rtixf6 2 g e6+! (if 2 ... fxe6 31!lxg6+ 41!lg7+ rtif45 'tf1g3
mate) 3 g xg6+! fxg6 (or 3 ... 4 lig8+!) 41!lxg6+ 5 tth6+ rtif7 6 Ag6+
rtif67 Ah7+ Black resigns.
105. Movshovich-Trlbushevsky, Moscow, 1956
1... 2 axb3 axb3 3 ttdl (or 3 ttbl gba6.f) 3 ... g a1+ 4 ttb4 5 d6 'tf1a4
6 d7 Ii xb 1 + White resigns.
106. Smejkal-Medina. Amsterdam. 1971
1 gxh5 2 Axh7+ 3 Axg7 41!lg5+ rtih7 5 ttxh5+ rtig7 6
gS! Black resigns.
107. Platz-Just, Leipng, 1972
1 'tf1xh7+!! 2 f1hl+ 3 rtih7 4 rtig8 5 gh8+!! rtixf7 6
f1 h7+ Black resigns (6 ... 7 lig7+ rtih88 Ii hI mate).
108. Sanakoyev-Zagorovsky, Voronezh, 1972
1 Ii xh5!! gxh5 21!lxhS 3 4 d7+! 5 tth8+ Af8 6 ttxf8+!!
7 mate. In the game White played the weaker 6 rtid8 7 'tf1xf8+,
and won, but only after a prolonged struggle.
Positions 109-114 37
109. White to play (12 mins.) 110. White to play (15 mins.)
111. Black to play (15 mins.) 112. White to play (18 mins.)
113. Black to play (20 mins.) 114. Black to play (18 mins.)
38 Line-opening
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 109-114
109. Johannsson-N.N., Reykjavik, 1960
1 fl f5!! gxf5 (if 1 ... tf!.xc4 2 e5 'tfte6 3 dxc4 'tftxj54 Ah3! and 5 e6!) 2 exf5 tf!.xc4 3
fl eS+ fl fS 4l1,d5+! 'tftxd5 5 flxfS+ 6 'tftb8+ 7 'tftc7+ Black resigns.
110. Rossetto-Cardoso, Portoroz, 1958
1l1,d5!! exd5 2 'tftxg7+!! 3 tf!.f5+ (or 3 ... 4 tf!.h6+!, butnot4
fle8+ tf!./8) 4 fle6+ tf!.f6 5 flxf6+ 6 flee6 flg2+ 7 'tftd8 8 tf!.e7!
Black resigns.
111. Kasas-Debarnot. Buenos Aires, 1972
With his last move White had captured a pawn with 1 Af3xd5. There followed:
1... tf!.g4! 2 hxg4 (forced, otherwise White is mated) 2 ... 'tfte3+ 3 'i:2h2 flh8!! 4 l1,f3
hxg4+ 5 'i:2g3 'tftf4+ 6 g3+ 7 flhl+!! White resigns.
112. Benau-J"tffar, Messeri, 1974
1 ftxh5! gxh52 Axh7+! 3 ftxh5+ 4 g6 5 gxf7 tf!.e7 6 fxeS=tf!.+
7 ftg5+ 8 ftg7 mate.
113. Grabenweger-Herzog, Vtenna. 1973
1...Ac3!! 2 b3! 3 axb3 (no better is 3 tf!.xf5 bxa2+ 4 b4!) 3 ... fl a4! 4
tf!.xf5 (or 4 bxc3 ftxc3 5 b.ra./ t1'lbJ+ 6 'i:2a1 'tftxa4+) 4 ... 'tfta5 5 tf!.xe7+ 6
bxa4 flb8 7 I1cfl ftxb2+ 8 flbl+! White resigns.
114. Demeny-Beszterczei, Debrecen, 1957
1...l1,e3+! 2 tf!.xe3 I1hl+! 3 'i:2g.2 (or J 'tfth8+ 4 'tfth2+ 5 'i:2j3 tf!.xd4+
6 'i:2xg4 'tfth5mate) 3 ... tf!. xe3+ tf!.xdl 5 tf!.xc6 'tfthS+ 6 tf!.e3 7 tf!.e7+
'i:2d78 fl f3 tf!.g4 White resigns.
Positions 115-120 39
115. Black to play (16 mins.) 116. Black to play (18 mins.)
117. White to play (15 mins.) 118. Black to play (15 mins.)
119. Black to play (20 mins.) 120. White to play (20 mins.)
40 Line-opening / Utilization of open files
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 115-120
115. Balinas-Korchnoi, Lugano, 1968
1 ... ,{},xc3!! 2 bxc3 II h6 3 f3 II xg3+! 4 exf3 5 ttb2 II g2 6 ttbS+ g7 7
i} f5+ ttxf5 S II gl tth39 tte5+ 10 ttf4+ g6 White resigns.
116. Nebilitsin-Karpenko, Novosibirsk, 1971
1. .. lA.xg3!! 2 II cS+ (or 2 hxg3 i}xe2+! 3 ttxe21f'lhl mate, while Black was
threatening2 ... lA.xh2+ 3 .!J.g3+ 4 Qxe2+! 5 ttxe2 tthl mate) 2 ... 3
h4 i}xe2+! (not 3 ... ttxh4? 4 llxp+ 51f'lxti5+) 4 ttxe2 ttxh4 5 ttg2lA.h2+
6 7 e2 S lleSlA.h2+ 9 exfI=1t+ 10 ttxfllA.gI+ White
resigns.
117. Barendregt-Szilagyi, Amsterdam, 1966
1 i}xh7! 2 tth4+ 3 .!J.g5 lleS4 e3llxc35llh3llxd36 tth7+
7 .!J.f6!! S tthS+ Black resigns.
118. Krikunov-Chemenko, Rostov, 1974
1...d5! 2 cxd5 (forced, .. ise2 ... d.re4. with a quick win) 2 ... cxd5 3 i}xdS ttxdS!!
4 exdS xe1+ 5 8e3! 6 tta6 i}f3+ 7 i}g5+ S mate.
119. Ivkov-Quinteros. Olot. 1974
1...f5! 2 exf5 xh4!! 3 gxM 1f'lxh4 4 f6+ 5 e4+ 6 i}e6+ (stronger
than6 ... g5+) 7 S llh2+ 9lA.e2 llxe2+!! White resigns.
120. Averbakh-Sarvarov, Moscow, 1959
1 Axh7+! i}xh72 g6! fxg6 31f'lxg6 i}7f6 4 ttf7+ (if 4 ... 5 flg6l) 5
II xg7! i} xg7 6 6 gl i} fh5 7 6 g6! tt d6 S 6 xd6 lA.xd6 9 i} g6+ Black resigns.
Positions 121-126 41
121. White to play (20 mins.) 122. White to play (18 mins.)
Theme: "Utilization of open files" (Nos. 123-130)
123. Black to play (5 mins.) 124. White to play (7 mins.)
125. Black to play (12 mins.) 126. White to play (10 mins.)
42 Utilization of open files / Diagonal-opening
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 121-126
121. Turukin-Mitin, Corr., 1974
1 2 (the threat was 3 and 4 llg8 mate) 3
.o.f8 4 1l xf8 S .o.g6+ 1l f7 6 .o.xf7+ 7 1l g7+ 8 1l g8+ 9
1l1g7 mate.
122. Hartston-Bouwmeester, Adelboden, 1969
1 dS! exdS 2 1l e7 3 .o.xh7+ (or 3 ... 4 4 1l fS (if
4 ... 5 1:lg8 6 S gxfS dxc4 6 7 8 f6!
Black resigns.
123. Suni-Alivitra, Helsinki, 1957
1...llhl+!! 2 3 4 S 1:lh8 mate.
124. Herzog-Banas. Milan. 1974
11lxg7! 2 (if2 ... 3
S 1l g3+ 6 Black resigns (6 ... 7 mate).
125. Nielsen-Oren, Amsterdam, 1954
1... 1le2!! 2 3 xd7 .o.xf2+ (3 ... llxJ2 fails to win after 4 .o.g2+ 5
Ad4! 5 llg1.o.g2+61lxg2 ael+71lg11lxgl mate.
126. Jansa-Marovic. Madonna di Campiglio.1974
1 d5!! (if 1 lld3 when 2 llh3 is met by 2 ... and 2 .o.f5by 2 ... 3
llh3+ 1...llfd8 (on 1...f5there follows 2 ,O,xf5 exf5 3 4
5 lld3 f4 6 llg3! with inevitable mate, while if 1... 2 c3 with the threat of
3 Ac2) 2 1:l d3! .o.xdS 3 Af5 .o.xg2 4 Black resigns.
Positions 127-132 43
127. Black to play (12 mins.) 128. White to play (15 mins.)
129. White to play (20 mins.) 130. Black to play (20 mins.)
Theme: "Diagonal-opening" (Nos. 131-150)
131. Black to play (5 mins.) 132. Black to play (7 mins.)
44 DiagonaZ-opening
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 127-132
127. Zhelyandinov-Shakhov, Penn, 1960
1. .. d3!! 2 xd3 a e3! 3 t} dl a feB 4 0-0 a xe2 5 tltb3 Ae3 6 c2 Axf2+ White
resigns.
128. Karpov-Zsoldos, Budapest. 1973 (from a simultaneous display)
1 t}xe22 af7+ 3 HhB+ Ug8+ (or4 ... Hg6
mate) 5 (if 5 ... 6 ftg47 Hxg4+, and wins) 6
7 mate.
129. Rossolimo-Wood, Hastings 1949/50
1 f4!! aba7 (on 1...g.if4White hadprepared2g5!jxg5 3 t}h3+!) 2 t}h3 t}dB 3
fxgS fxgS 4 ac1 t}e7S tltc3! tltdB 6 Hf1! 7 HfS! Hd7 B t}xeS+! Black
resigns (8 ... dxe5 9 a e6 mate L
130. Klaman-Genin, Leningrad, 1962
1...t}hB! 2 Uh2 (forced. since 2 ... ah6! was threatened) 2 ... t}xh2+!! 3 a hB+
4 Ugh6 5 gxf4 ah1+ 6 a Bh2+ 7 Ah3 B a b2 a xb2, and Black
won. The game concluded 9 Ad2 11 t}xcS ah2+ 12
White resigns.
131. Sigurj onsson-Vizantiades.. Skopje, 1972
1... a xf3! 2 t}xdS a h3+!! 3 gxh3 AxdS+ 4 AeS mate.
132. Kellerman-Freidl, Nuremberg, 1955
1 ... t}f6+ 2 f3 (if 2 2 ... Ae3+ 3 t}xf3+! 4 gxf3 Ah3 mate.
Positions 133-138 45
133. White to play (7 mins.) 134. Black to play (8 mins.)
135. White to play (10 mins.) 136. Black to play (6 mins.)
137. White to play (8 mins.) 138. White to play (10 mins.)
46 Diagona/-opening
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 133-138
133. Kampfhenkel-Palmstet, Vienna, 1961
1 Qe7+!! Axe7 2 !;ih8+!! Qxh8 3 ftxh8mate.
134. Spiers-Davey, London, 1950
1...e2!! 2 Axe2 3 (3 is decisively met by 3 ... 3 ... Qh3! 4
gxh3 S Acs+ White resigns.
135. Tukmakov-Panno, Buenos Aires. 1970
1 e6! exd3 (or 1.. . .tJ.xe6 2 Axg7+ 31!Jd4+ mate) 2lbxd3 f6 3
gxf6lbxf64 !;ixh7+ S Black resigns.
136. Reicher-Mititelu, Bucharest, 1952 (variation)
1...Axg2 2 !;id2+! 3 t:txd2 (if 3 fJ.j2 4 S mate)
3 ... t:tb7+ 4 gl (or 4 4 ... mate.
137. Lipnitsky-Sidorov, Riga. 1954
1 hS! (if 1 ... fJ.g82 fJ.:cfS gxfS 3 JJ.xjS+ f:tg6 4ll.xd7 f:txg4 S Axg4) 2
f:txh6+! 3 4 ttgS+ 51!JxhS+ Black resigns.
138. Balayev-Ilyazov, Ordzhonikidze, 1974
1 f:t xh6! 2 fJ.hl+ 3 AdS!! 1!JxdS 4 S f:th6+ 6
Black resigns.
Positions 139-144 47
139. Black to play (12 mins.) 140. White to play (14 mins.)
141. Black to play (10 mins.) 142. White to play (15 mins.)
143. White to play (18 mins.) 144. White to play (15 mins.)
48 Diagona/-opening
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 139-144
139. Steiner-Zhukovitsky, Sevastopol, 1968
2 fxe4 (no betteris2 'l!1xa2 3 'l!1xc5 'l!1xb2+ 4 5!ld2 rIac8, or 3
Ad3 'l!1xb2+ 4 5!ld2 'fJ.fd85 'l!1xc5 'fJ. ac8 6 rIbl 'l!1a2) 2 ... Axc3 3 'l!1xc5 (3 bxc3
fails to 3 ... 'l!1a3+ 4 5!lbl Axa2+) 3 ... Axb2+! 4 5!lxb2 'l!1xa2+ 5 5!lc1 'fJ. fc8 6
Axc4 White resigns.
140. Andersen-Vaier, Denmark,1969
1 e6!! Axe6 (or 1...Axe12exp+ 'fJ.xp 3 'l!1xe7 'fJ.aj84 'l!1e5.') 2 'l!1xe6!! (2 Axe6
is met by 2 ... Axel, but now this would fail to 3 'fJ. xj7; it is equally bad to accept lhf
sacrifice:2.:.fxe63 Axe6+ 'fJ.p 4 'fJ.xj7 5 'fJ.xf6+ r;;,g76 'fJ.j7+ 5!lh6 7 Ag; ...
5!lh58 'fJ. e4!) 2 ... 3 'l!1e5 Ah6 4 'l!1xe7 'fJ. a7 5 'fJ. xf7! 'fJ. xf7 6 Axf7+ Black
resigns.
141. Dyaltov-Shashin, Leningrad,1962
1. .. 'fJ. xg2+ 2 5!lfl (or 2 5!lhl 'fJ.gxh2+ 3 5!lgl 'fJ. hi mate) 2 ... 'fJ. gl+!! 3 5!lxgl riC-
4 5!lfl 'l!1c4+!! 5 'fJ.xc4 Ah3 mate.
142. Keres-Gligoric, Zurich, 1959
1 'fJ.xd3 cxd3 2 Ab3+ 5!lh8 3 'fJ.xf6 4 'fJ.xf2+! 5 (not 5
'l!1c5+!) 5 ... 'fJ. fl+ 6 Black resigns.
143. Hecht-Keene, West Gennany, 1966
1 'l!1xd7 (or 1... 2 'l!1h5!) 2 Axf6 'l!1c6 3 'fJ.d5!! exd54 'l!1h5! Axf2+:
rIgl+ 5!lh78
144. Janosevic-Danov, Skopje, 1961
1 c5!! 'fJ. f7 Gfl ... Ilxj3 2 'fJ.xe8 mate) 2 'l!1xf7+! 5!lxf7 (or 2 ... 'l!1xj7 3 'fJ. e7!) 3
'fJ.d6+ 4 'fJ.el+ 5 'fJ.xd7+ 6 Aa4+ Black resigns.
Positions 145-150 49
145. White to play (10 mins.) 146. White to play (12 mins.)
147. White to play (18 mins.) 148. Black to play (15 mins.)
149. White to play (15 mins.) 150. White to play (20 mins.)
50 Utilization of open diagonals
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 145-150
145. Graf-Wurm, Augsburg, 1953
1 Axc5! bxc5 2 3 Ii f7!! 4 Ag7 (or 4 ... 51!lg7 mate)
5 thg7+ 6 mate.
146. Lein-Lavrentiev, Arkhangelsk, 1959
1 c5! (the only move to prevent the check at c4 and defend the e-pawn) 2 b4!
3 a3! 4 5 ttg8+ Af8 6 7 Ii f3. and White won.
147. Suetin-Bagirov, Minsk, 1961
1 exd5 2 e6 3 Iixa5!! bxaS 4 (on 4 ... wins by
either 5 e7 or 5 Iib5.') 5 Axd5! Ii xd5 (5. .. ttxe5 fails to 6 Ab7+) 6 1!lc6 7
Black resigns. There is no defence against 8
148. Malcanek-Teschner, Reggio Emilia 1964/65
1...lixe6!! 2 dxe6 3 ligl 4 e4 (4 Iixg3 ttxh4+ 5lih3 mate. or 5
4 ... 5 tte3 White resigns.
149. Lindner-Forgacs, Budapest, 1953
1 Ii xe4!! fxe4 2 Axe4+ g8 3 JJ.e6 (White was threatening not only 4
Iixg7+. but also 4 M5+) 4 tth7+ 5 Ag8 6Ad5 Iif7 7 Axf71!lxf7 8
Ii f3 Black resigns.
] 50. Kashits-Polyakov, USSR, 1950
1 e5!! (threatening2 Iixg5+) 2 exf6+ Iixf6 3 Iixg5+ hxg5 41!lh7+ 5
Axg5 6 7 JJ.xf6+ ttxf6 8 liel+ 91!lh7+ 10 lin Black
resigns.
Positions 151-156 51
Theme: "Utilization of open diagonals" (Nos. 151-156)
151. White to play (6 mins.) 152. Black to play (10 mins.)
153. White to play (7 mins.) 154. White to play (6 mins.)
155. White to play (6 mins.) 156. Black to play (12 mins.)
52 Smothered mate
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 151-156
151. Ljubisavlevic-Albano, La Speci, 1973
1
152. Stemer-Boleslavsky,Stockholm,1954
1... 2 cxd3 a c8! 3 Ab4 Ab6+ 4 (on 4 there follows 4 ... 5
1 + and 6 ... 4 ... e3+ 5 e2 c2 White resigns.
153. Bartrina-Ghitescu,Olot, 1974
1 Ag7! (1 'Sd8? does not work, on account of 1 ... Aj2+) 1. .. Af2+ (1 ... 't!1xg7 2
ad8+) 2 (not2 fh:b2+. or2 fug2+!) 2 ... Ab5+ (2 ... 't!1b8loses to
3 Ae5!!) 3 't!1e2+ 4 't!1xdl 5 Ah8!! 6 Black resigns.
154. Damjanovic-Lutikov, Sarajeyo, 1969 (variation)
1 't!1g3+ 2 't!1e5+ 3 4 axf7! ttxf7 5 ttd8+ 6 't!1f6+
and mate next move. In the game White overlooked this possibility. and after 1 't!1e6
't!1e72 't!1g4+ 3 ttc8+ 't!1e8 4 'S xf7+ 5 't!1xc7+ the players agreed a
draw.
155. Rabar-Bajec, Sarajevo, 1951
1 hxg6 2 tth3+ 3 ttxe6+ 4 5 6 't!1e6
mate.
156. Norman-Hansen v. Andersen, Copenhagen, 1954
1... Ii xe6!! 2 dxe6 3 bxc3 Ae4 4 5 ttxf3 a xf3+ 6 g2 a g3+ 7
lig2+ 8 lih2+ 9 ahl mate.
Positions 157-162 53
Theme: "Smothered mate" (Nos. 157-162)
157. Black to play 00 mins.) 158. White to play (8 mins.)
159. Black to play (8 mins.) 160. Black to play (12 mins.)
161. White to play (5 mins.) 162. Black to play (12 mins.)
54 Blocking / X-ray / Overloading
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 57-162
157. Sapunov-Bobotsov,Plovdiv,1949
1... e8!! 2 flxd5 (or2 'i!txe8 'i!td6+ 3 'iJg3+ 4 5 'f!Ih2
mate)2 ... 'f!Igl+!6 flxgl'iJf2mate.
158. Khanov-Pozdeyev, Ashkhabad,1951
1 'iJ f8 2 'f!Ixh6+ 'iJ h7 3 'iJ gS l!.g6 4 'i!txh7+! l!.xh7 5 'iJ f7 mate.
159. Kandolin-Ojanen, Helsinki,1963
1... 'f!Ib6!! 2 (played to aven the threat of 2 ... 'iJfi+ or 2 ... 'iJe2+ 3 'iJf2
mate, but insufficient, as the course of the game shows) 2 ... 'iJ f2+ 3 gl Ij;j e2+! 4
'iJ xe2 h3+ 5 'i!t gl + 6 'iJ xgl 'iJ f2 mate.
160. Larsen-Najdorf, Lugano, 1968
1...'f!IhS!! 2 'i!txd5+ 3 'f!Ixa2 xh3+!! 4gxh3 'i!txh3+ 5 'i!th2'iJf2mate.
161. Zgurev-Mechkarov, Sofia, 1949 (variation)
1 cxd5 (in the game Black played 1... but resigned after 2 'f!Ic3!!. since
if 2 ... g8 3 'iJf7 mate, 2 ... l!.,rc3 3 xh7 mate, or 2 ... 'i!td4 3 'i!txd4) 2 'f!IxdS+
3 'iJ f7+ g8 (Black is mated after 3 ... xj7 4 'i!txj7 'i!td4 5 fl e8+) 4 'iJ h6+ 5
'f!I g8+ xg8 6 'iJ f7 mate.
162. Evans-Larsen, DaUas, 1958
1... xf2!! 2 'iJe4 (2 'iJg4+) 2 ... 'iJxe4 3 fl exd3 lHl+!! 4 xfl (or4 r:Jxfl
'i!t/5+ 5 rt:Jgl 'f!Ic5+!) 4 .. White resigns. Black has a smothered mate.
Positions 163-168 55
Theme: "Blocking" (Nos. 163-164)
163. White to play (8 mins.) 164. White to play (12 mins.)
Theme: "X-ray" (Nos. 165-166)
165. White to play (7 mins.) 166. Black to play (10 mins.)
Theme: "Overloading" (Nos. 167-174)
167. White to play (6 mins.) 168. Black to play (8 mins.)
56 Overloading
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 163-168
163. Janke-GawIikowski, Warsaw, 1959
1 2 g xh6+ 3 g dhl 4 g hS+!! 5 .!A.h7 mate .

164. Salminsh-Dagne, Corr., 1960/62
1 .!A.g7 (other bishop moves would have been answered in the same way,
while ifl ... 2 1l e8+!) 2 f6+!! .!A.xf6 3 1l eS+ 1l xeS 4 g xeS+ g7 5 gS
6 g hS! Black resigns.
165. Funnan-Smyslov, Moscow, 1949
1 @c4 (against the threat of 2 + there is no satisfactory defence) 2
3 1lxc4+ 4 5 1lc7+ Black resigns.
166. Euwe-Lundin, Zurich, 1952
1. .. 2 (or 2 gxj2!.') 2 ... 1lxf3! 3 .!A.xf3 4 gxf3 (or 4
5 g3 h6!) 4 ... 5 g4+ 6 exdS 7 f3 dxc4! White resigns.
167. Vranek-Mista, Prague, 1957
1 gel 2 3 gxe74 gcS+ geS 5 gxeS mate.
168. Rudakovsky-Botvinnik, Moscow, 1945 (variation)
1. .. gxc13 gxcl
Positions 169-174 57
169. White to play (10 mins.) 170. White to play (8 mins.)
171. White to play (7 mins.) 172. Black to play (7 mins.)
173. White to play (6 mins.) 174. White to play (16 mins.)
58 Back rank weakness
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 169-174
169. Djindjihashvili-Tukmakov, Leningrad,1971
1 Qc5!! ZH4 (no betteris i ... J:ixe52 't!1h8+ 1iJ.j8 3 axeS) 2 't!1hS+ IiJ.fS 3 adS+!
4 't!1xfS+ r:::Jc7 5 't!1xe7+ 6 't!1xb7+ Black resigns.
170. Tseitlin-Gulko, Novosibirsk,1971
1 adS!! 't!1bl+ 2 r:::Jh2 3 't!1g4+ 't!1g6 4 IiJ.xg6 hxg6 5 't!1xf4. and White won.
171. Geller-Kapengut, Leningrad, 1971
1 J:i d4!! a xf4 (if i ... Axd4 2 't!1xd43 IiJ.xg6+. or i ... 't!1e5 2 IiJ.xg6+ and 3
't!1h4+) 2 J:idS+! a fS (on2 ... there follows 3 axj8+ J:ixj8 4 J:ig75
't!1xe4 6 J:ie7!) 3 axfS+ 4 't!1xe4 Black resigns.
172. Tolush-Antoshin, Leningrad, 1956
1... Eixd3!! 2 J:i xd3 J:iel+ 3 r:::Jf2IiJ.e4+ 4 r:::Jxel 't!1xg6. and Black won. 1... J:i e27 2
J:i xe2 would have been weaker in view of 3 J:i g4!
173. Smyslov-Euwe, Zurich,1953 (variation)
1 J:i xe5 2 't!1xe5! 't!1xe5 3 4 a b7+ 5 J:i b5 mate.
174. V elimirovic-Fridj onsson. Reykjavik, 1974
1 fxe6fxe62 't!1h3liJ.fS 3 J:ixh7! IiJ.xh7 (if3 ... l!.xb34 J:ih8+ J:ifl+
ajrj8+ 7 't!1xe6+ 8 axj8+ r:::Je79 J:ij7+) 4 't!1xe6+ r:::JfS (bad is
4 ... 5 't!1xe7 and 6 e6+) 5 J:i f1+ r:::JeS 6 J:i f7! a b7 7 't!1xa4 S J:ixh7
9 a xb6 10 't!1xe7+ Black resigns.
Positions 175-180 59
Theme: "Exploiting a back rank weakness" (Nos. 175-192)
175. White to play (5 mins.) 176. Black to play (10 mins.)
177. White to play (7 mins.) 178. White to play (9 mins.)
179. Black to play (10 mins.) 180. White to play (7 mins.)
60 Back rank weakness
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 175-180
175. Koshnitsky-Wolfer, Adelaide, 1972
I (if 1... 2 fle6!.') 2 fte5! 3 4 Black
resigns.
176. Torre-Radulov, Leningrad, 1973
1... (White still has chances of resisting after 1 ... t;}.xg1 2 flg3 ftf1 3 flxg1
flxj2 4 5 ftg4) 2 3 ftg4 t;}.xg14 (or 4
t;).gxf3} 4 ... 1:::1 b8!! 5 t;}.c3 White resigns.
177. Osnos-Dely, Budapest, 1965
1 Ae5!! Axe52 ftxe5! t;}.6d7 3 t;}.xf8 4 t;}.e7+ 5 I:::Ixf8 mate.
178. Sliwa-Stoltz, Bucharest, 1953
1 bxc6 2 b7 ftd8 3 bSQ I:::Idl+ 4 flxdl 5 t;}.b7!!, and White won.
179. Vikman-Iovcic, Corr., 1955
1...Af4!! 2 ti xf4 t;}. xf4 3 4 ftc1 ftxel+ 5 Axel fl a8! White resigns
(there is no defence against 6 ... fl aJ).
180. Corning-Sherwood, Corr., 1963
1 f6! ti dxd7 2 ft d8+! fl xd8 3 fl xd8+ g7 4 lA.f8+ g8 5 lA.h6 mate.
Positions 181-186 61
181. White to play (10 mins.) 182. Black to play (10 mins.)
183. White to play (15 mins.) 184. White to play (16 mins.)
185. Black to play (20 mins.) 186. White to play (20 mins.)
62 Back rank weakness
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 181-186
181. Velimirovic-Csom, Amsterdam, 1974
l.o.xf7+!! lixf72ttxeS+! lifS4d7ttd6Slif1!!Blackresigns.
182. Spiridonov-Krogius, Sochi, 1973 (variation)
1...licS!2tteStth33ligl ttg2+!!41:1xg2lic1+S1:1g1
mate. In the game Black missed this possibility, and played 1 ... lixe4 2 fxe4 ttxe4+
3 f3 4 li gl S 1:1 xd3 ttxd3, but in the end he still managed to win.
183. Horowitz-Denker, New York, 1946
1 ttxcS! lixcS 2 lixcS+ (if 2 ... 3 Ae4+ g6 4 li.\j7mate) 3 fxe64
li fxfS+ h 7 S .o.e4+ g6 6 li hS+ g7 7 gS! Black resigns. Against S li cgS+ f7
9 .o.xg6+ and 10 li h7+ there is no defence.
184. Dely-Hajtun, Budapest, 1954
1 ttxcS+ 2 lie3 ttfS 3 Axg6! ttxh64 li xeS+ ttfS S Axh7+! 6
lixfS AxdS (6 ... 7 lib8, or6 ... Ab7 7lixj7+) 7 lixcS Black resigns.
185. Szabo-Korchnoi, Lugano, 1968
1...ttxb3!! 2 Ac4 (after 2 ... tta4 3 lial White has the better position) 3
Axb3 xb3 4 ttb4 (White thought that, on account of this move, the entire com-
bination was not possible, but an unpleasant surprise awaited him) 4 ... S
ttxeS Aa4! 6 b3 (if 6 lid2 Axd67 lixd6 lic8!) 6 ... Axb3 7 d3 AdS! S e4
Axe4 White resigns.
186. Makogonov-Smyslov, Moscow, 1940
1 li eS!! tteS (orl ... ttxe52 ttxe5 lixe53 lid8+, and wins) 2 Ah3! li dS (if
2 ... ttb8 3 lig5 g6 4 lib5, threatening both 5 1:1xb3 and 5 Ah6!) 3 AxeS lixdl+ 4
g2 li xcS S 1:1 gS g6 6 li bS (or 6 Iixa5 7 Ah6) 6 ... d6 7 li xb3 S
ttxb3 Black resigns.
Positions 187-192 63
187. White to play (16 mins.) 188. White to play (18 mins.)
189. Black to play (12 mins.) 190. Black to play (8 mins.)
191. White to play (10 mins.) 192. White to play (25 mins.)
64 Second rank weakness
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 187-192
187. Liboreito-Link. Argentina. 1969
1 2 'l;tcl! 'l;te7 3 'l;tgS 'l;te8 4 5 'l;td7 6 'l;txdS+ 'l;te6
7 'l;txdS 8 9 Ii f8+ Black resigns.
188. Gheorghiu-Kinmark. The Hague. 1961
1 Ii xd6!! 'l;txd6 (or 1. .. Ax/5 2 Iixh6+! gxh6 3 4 and wins) 2
.Ii xf7 3 Ii e8+ 'l;tf8 (3 ... Iij8loses immediately to 4 'l;td2!.') 4 .Ii xf8+
Ii xf8 5 'l;t d2 g8 6 'l;t d4! Ii f7 7 .ll.xc8 Ii xc8 8 'l;txcS Ii cf8 9 .ll.d4 Black resigns.
189. Prins-Soultanbiev. Hastings 1949/50
1...'l;tf2! 2 'l;tc8+ 3 Iixgl+4 lixgl 'l;tf3+ 5 Iig2 6 ligl
7 hxg3 mate.
190. Golbin-Vetemaa. Gomel1973
1...f3+ 2 'l;td2! 3 .ll.c4 f2 4 'l;txhl 5 Ii el, and Black won.
191. Tseshkovsky-Semenyuk, Chelyabinsk, 1975
1 e6! Ii c8 2 Ii xc7 3 Ii e8+ 4 'l;txh7 Ii cc6 5 Ii f8+!! Black resigns
(5 ... 6 7 'l;te8 mate).
192. Estrin-Zapletal. 7th World CoIT. Ch., 1972-76
1 lie7! .Ii b3 2 'l;txfS! (not2 lidxd7 'l;txd73 'l;txb3+ axb3 4 Iixd7 1ib6, when the
passed b-pawn cannot be stopped) 2 ... 'l;t c 1 + (2 ... AxiS 3 fi d8 mate, while if
2 ... Ii xg2 + 3 f:lf1!) 3 f:lh2 fixh3+! 4 'l;txh3 'l;tf4+ 5 'l;tg3!! (White loses after 5
.!J.xh36 fid8+ 'l;tj8, or 5 g3 'l;txf2+ 6 'l;tg2 'l;txg2+ 7 .ll.c6) 5 ... Ii xg3 6
fxg3 'l;t g4 7 fi exd7! Black resigns.
Positions 193-198 65
Theme: "Weakness of the second rank" (Nos. 193-198)
193. White to play (6 mins.) 194. Black to play (12 mins.)
195. Black to play 00 mins.) 196. White to play (8 mins.)
197. Black to play (8 mins.) 198. White to play (12 mins.)
66 Intermediate move / Passed pawns
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 193-198
193. Galik-Hodak, Budva, 1958
1 l::l as+ 2 l::l a7+ 3 Qd6+! cxd6 (or 3 ... 4 Qxe8+ QxdJ 5 Qxg7) 4
exd6 Black resigns. There is no defence against the mating threats of S l::l c7 and S d7.
194. Weiss-Komponovo, Zurich, 1954
1...l::ld2! 2 ttxeS+ 3 ttg3 Qxe4!! 4 tth4+ S fxe4 gS!! 6 Qc2 tte2+
White resigns.
195. Bertok-Tolush, Vienna, 1957
1...l::l xf2!! 2 ttc3+ (2 l::lxJ2 ttbl + 3 l::l/lJ2+1 4 tte4+. or 2 ttd4+ 3
l::le5 mate) 2 ... 3 l::lel (or 3 tte2+ 4 5 tte4+)
3 ... l::le2! 4 f2!! White resigns.
196. Tal-Antoshin, Yerevan, 1957 (variation)
1 ttfS+! g6 2 ttd7! gxhS 3 Qg5+ 4 tte6+!! 5 g3. and against the
threats of 6 h4+ and 6 f4+ there is no defence. White in fact played 1 h4. and the
game ended in a draw.
197. Bredewout-Karaklajic, Beverwijk, 1967
1... lle2!! (threatening2 ... l::lxg2+ 3 .0./5+) 2 l::l f2 l::l aeS 3 l::l efl l::lxf24
l::le2+ S l::lxg2+! 6 l::lgl+! White resigns.
198. Ljubojevic-Donner, Wijk aan Zee,1973
1 gxfS 2 l::lxg7+! 3 Ac3 l::le6 (or3 ... l::lJ84 ttg5+) 4 QgS! h6 5
ttxe6 6 l::l el ttf77 Axf6+ (or 7. .. ttx/6 8 l::le7+ 9 ttg3+. and
wins) S l::l e7 ttxc4+ 9 Ac3 Black resigns.
Positions 199-204 67
Theme: "Intermediate move" (Nos. 199-202)
199. Black to play (10 mins.)
Black to move reckoned that he could capture the e4
pawn "for free". What had he overlooked?
201. Black to play (16 mins.)
White has just played e4-e5. confident that the e-pawn
is invulnerable. since if l... ~ x e S 2 AxeS ~ x e S 3 J;I el
is decisive. Black. however. thought differently ...
200. White to play (6 mins.)
Black. of course. took into account the ROssible double
attack I ~ h 3 . but thought that after I...AxdS he would
parry the threats. What had he missed?
202. White to play (20 mins.)
Both players saw the combination beginning with
1 Axh7+. but assessed its correctness differently.
Theme: "Creation and utilization of passed pawns" (Nos. 203-226)
203. White to play (5 mins.) 204. White to play (7 mins.)
68 Passed pawns
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 199-204
199. Grambczevski-Filep. Lublin. 1967
2 bxc6 3 a3 4 (no better is 4 ... 5
6 7 8 exf6 9 Ac4, when White wins a piece) S
cxb3 Black resigns.
200. M ukhin-Chechelian. Moscow. 1972
1 lA-xdS 2lA-bS+!! (2 ... 3 mate) 3 4 exdS fS (if
4 ... 5 'Sd3! is decisive) SlA-d7 Black resigns.
201. Nippgen-Werhegen. Strasbourg.1973
1. .. 2 lA-xeSlA-e4!! 3 f4 (on 3 dxe4 4 'Sel Black had prepared
4 ... 5 6 3 ... 4 dxe4lA-xf4 S (if 5
'S 112) S ... lA-e3+ 6 'S f2 7 lA-xf2 8 + 9 White
resigns.
202. Spassky-Capelan. SoUngen. 1974
llA-xh7+! 2 3 'Sxdl+ 4 'S xdl cxb2+ S 6
a3 g6 (it was on this move that Black was pinning his hopes, but .. .) 7 'S d8+
8 9 fxg7!! (this was the move that Black had not foreseen)
9 ... 'Sg8+ and White won. There followed 11. ..
13 14 gS, and Black resigned.
203. Peresipkin-Romanishin. Odessa. 1972
1 f6 2 e6!! 'S xgS 3 'Sd8+ 4 exf7 Black resigns.
204. Boey-Filip. Belgium. 1972
1 lA-xg6!! hxg6 2 'S e7+! 'S xe7 3 dxe7+ 4 'S d8!! Black resigns.
Positions 205-210 69
205. Black to play (10 mins.) 206. Black to play (12 mins.)
207. White to play (7 mins.) 208. Black to play (8 mins.)
209. Black to play (10 mins.) 210. Black to play (8 mins.)
70 Passed pawns
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 205-210
205. Fiklni-Serbrnik, Corr., 1971/72
1... 2 .l!l.b5 (if 2 d6 a2+ 3 4 al='tf1+ 5 or4 d7
5 d8=t!i b2+ 6 bl ='tf1 + 7 'tf1b3+ mate) 2 ... a2+ 3 In the
game Black played 3 ... and after 4 .l!l.a4 he was forced to resign. But now there
is no defence against the two threats of 4 ... xb5, and 4 ... a3 followed by 5 ... b2
mate.
206. Barendregt-Portisch, Amsterdam, 1969
1... 2 fl c7 3 4 fl xb7 5 fl b8+ White resigns.
Only now did he see that after 6 fl xh8 b3 7 fl b8 b2 8 fl xb6 b4 Black gains a
new queen.
207. Isakson-Morris, Pretoria, 1963 (variation)
1 g5+! hxg5 2 3 4 as 5 a4, and White wins. In the game 1
was played, and the result was a draw.
208. Andreyev-Begun, Vitebsk, 1974
1...e2+ 2 (2 would have been answered in the same way) 2 ... a3! 3 Axb4
el='tf1+! 4 axb2 White resigns.
209. Szabo-Kholmov, Leningrad, 1967
2 g7 3 4 flxg7 c2!! White resigns.
210. Jonsson-Kustinsson, Reykjavik. 1962
1... fl b8!! 2 .l!l.xd8 fl xb2+ 3 al c2 4 b3 (4 cxdl = +!!) 4 ... cxdl='tf1 + 5
fl xd8 White resigns.
Positions 211-216 71
211. Black to play (10 mins.) 212. White to play (10 mins.)
213. White to play (8 mins.) 214. Black to play (7 mins.)
215. White to play (12 mins.) 216. White to play (12 mins.)
72 Passed pawns
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 211-216
211. Ajonen-Lahti, Helsinki, 1954
1... J:;Ixh3+!! 2 J:;Ixh3 J:;I xh3+ 3 4 J:;Ixf6 c2 5 J:;I f1 White resigns.
The careless 5 ... would have reversed the result of the game after 6 e5!!
212. Smyslov-Guimard, Mar del Plata, 1962
1 cxb6!! J:;I el+ 2 J::i xel 3 bxa7 4 J::i bI! 5 J:;I b8 Black resigns.
213. Zurakhov-Zamykhovsky, Kiev, 1959
1 J::ixh6+!! gxh6 2 g6+ 3 f6 Ag7 4 e7! Black resigns. On 4 ... J::ixe7 there fol-
lows 5 fxe7 Axe5+ 6
214. Mandel-Johner,Genova,1950
1... 2 hxg3 hxg3+ 3 4 J:;I xf2 J:;I hl+!! 5 gxf2 White resigns.
215. Richter-Doronet, Berlin, 1949
1 d2 2 3 J::i a6+!! bxa64 b6+ 5 b7+ 6 mate.
216. Lee-Radulov, Sinaia,1965
1 Axd5!! exd5 2 e6 3 4 5 e7 6
7 J::ie8, and White won.
Positions 217-222 73
217. White to play (15 mins.) 218. White to play (15 mins.)
219. White to play (18 mins.) 220. White to play (20 mins.)
221. White to play (8 mins.) 222. White to play (12 mins.)
74 Passed pawns / Breakthrough
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 217-222
217. Chekhlov-Batakov, Riga, 1974
1 e6! fI eS (on i ... White wins by 2 e7 and 3 flc8) 2 e7! 3 lH2! 4
bxcS S 6 fI f7! Black resigns. There is no defence against 7
218. Padevsky-Marjanovic, Vrnjacka Banja, 1973
1 g3+ 2 3 g4+ (not 3 ... 4 flei mate) 4 gxfS+ 5 f6!
Black resigns. There is no defence against the further advance of the pawn to f8.
219. Petrosian-Pomar, Havana, 1966
1 a6! 2 (or 2 ... 3 a7 4 3 4 e3 b2+ S
6 7 Black resigns.
220. Zelinsky-Zhuravlyov, Corr., 1974
1 2 dxc6 fxe3 3 c7!! 4 flxf7!! flxf7 S 6
7 fi f1 Black resigns.
221. Bakulin-Shamkovich, Moscow, 1964 (variation)
1 fI xeS 2 fI bS! fI fS 3 fI xfS+ 4 fI bS+ g7 S fI xaS, and White
wins, since S ... is met simply by 6 In the game White missed this pos-
sibility, and played 1 f4?
222. Ermenkov-Sax, Warsaw, 1969
1 d7 d3 2 (Black was threatening 2 ... x/i + 3 fI di mate) 2 ... fI c2 3 a3
(defending against the same threat) 3 ... (or 3 ... fld2 4 and 5 4
d2 S ficl+ 6 Black resigns.
Positions 223-228 75
223. White to play (20 mins.) 224. Black to play (10 mins.)
225. Black to play (14 mins.) 226. Black to play (20 mins.)
Theme: "Breakthrough" (Nos. 227-230)
227. Black to play (8 mins.) 228. Black to play (10 mins.)
76 Breakthrough I Simplifying combinations
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 223-228
223. Korchnoi-Parma, Yerevan, 1971
1 Axd4+!! 2 h6 (if 2 ... 3 AhS!) 3 4 AhS!! S
(or 5 ... 6 h71iJ.j7 7 b7!) 6 h7! 7 b7! Black resigns.
224. Bonasitz-Ortega, Havana, 1966
1...d3!! 2 fi xd3 (if 2 Axd3 bxc4, and Black wins a piece) 2 ... bxc4 3 fi c3 cxb3! 4
fi xcS+ Axcs S 1:txcS+ 1:teS 6 ttxeS+ (on any other move Black plays 6 ... 1:txe4,
with a won ending) 6 ... 1iJ. xeS 7 b2 S Ad3 d6 9 IiJ.c4! White resigns.
225. Sokolov-Ni, Kishinyov, 1961
1... fixc3!! 2 1:txc3 ficS 3 dxe7 ttxd4+!! 4 ttxd4 fi c1+ S Ael fi xe1+ 6
fi f1+ 7 el=Q+ S fif3+!! 9 g3 fixg3+! White resigns.
226. Gereben-Honfi, Bad Mondorf, 1974
1... fixf4!! 2 fi xc7+ 3 tte1 d2! 4 ttg3 ttfS+ S tte4+ 6 (if 6
1:tel + 7 1:tj1 mate) 6 ... h4! 7 1:tc3 ttfS+ S fig4+ 9 Axg4 1:txg4+ 10
d1=1iJ.+! White resigns.
227. Paoli-Ciocaltea, Dortmund, 1973
1...bS!! 2 IiJ.h6 (if 2 axb5 Axc4+ 3 bxc4 a4!!) 2 ... bxa4! 3 bxa4 Axc4+ 4
S IiJ. xg4 Ad4 White resigns.
228. Kuznetsov-Selenskikh, Chelyabinsk, 1971
1...g4! 2 h4! 3 gxh4 g3 4 fxg3 e3 S e2 6 a4 White resigns.
Positions 229-234 77
229. White to play (5 mins.) 230. White to play (12 mins.)
Theme: "Simplifying combinations" (Nos. 231-240)
231. Black to play (6 mins.) 232. White to play 00 mins.)
233. White to play (12 mins.) 234. White to play 05 mins.)
78 Simplifying combinations
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 229-234
229. Salo-Kupper, Amsterdam, 1954
1 exf5 2 e6! fxe6 3 g6! e5+ 4 hxg6 5 h7 6 Black resigns.
230. Lundin-Steiner, Vienna, 1951 (variation)
1 as! 2 a6 bxa6 3 c6 .o.eS (or 3 ... .o.c8 4 b6, and wins) 4 c7 Ad7 5 bxa6 AcS 6
a7, and White wins.
231. Barden-Korchnoi, Leipzig. 1960
1...thb5!! 2 d4+ 3 Axg2+ 4 J:;ixc2+ 5 flxb2 White resigns.
232. Stepak-Wolfiner, Tel Aviv, 1962
1 fxe42 .o.f5! J:;ixh4 (no betteris2 ... 3 .o.e6+ - or 3 ... 4
mate - 4 g6+ 5 6 J:;ibgllJ.j6 7 g7. and wins) 3 AxcSlJ.d4 4
Axd4 cxd4 5 g3 Black resigns.
233. Kupper-Schmid, Zurich, 1956
1 AxfS! J:;i xfS 2 g2! J:;i gS 3 J:;i g3 4 J:;i xgS+ 5 b4! 6 g7+!
Black resigns (after 6 ... 77 jxg 7 + 78 a4 one of the white pawns queens).
234. Hajtun-Ciric, Budapest, 1957
Id7 flxg6! J:;ixg64 J:;ic8+ flgS5 J:;ixb8 J:;ixbS6
(6 ... J:;id8 7 7 Black resigns (but not 7 fl bl + and 8 ... J:;idJ).
Positions 235-240 79
235. White to play (6 mins.) 236. Black to play (12 mins.)
237. Black to play (12 mins.) 238. Black to play (15 mins.)
239. Black to play (18 mins.) 240. Black to play (15 mins.)
80 Drawing combinations
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 235-240
235. Radulov-Hassani, Skopje, 1972
1 exdS (or 1 ... t!la5 2 2 t!lxdS 0-0-0 3 t!lxb7+ t!lxb7 4 Axb7+
S xd7+ 6 xi7 Black resigns.
236. Quinteros-Portisch, Manila, 1974
1. .. 2 AfS 3 Ae4 t!lb3+ 4 t!lxb3 );Ixb3+ S 6 as! 7
h4 hS 8 (no better is 8 a4, when White ends up in zugzwang) 8 ... a4, and
Black won.
237. Bobrov-Yusupov, Moscow, 1974
1... 2 fxeS f4 3 Axe3+ 4 S g3 gS 6 gxf4 gxi4 7 b4 8
);I h3 );I c2 White resigns.
238. Bitman-Moiseyev, Moscow, 1972
1... t!lxe4!! 2 xe4 Axe4 3 c3 (forced, in view of the threat of 3 ... Af3 and
4 ... 3 ... Af3 4 t!ld3 b4 (Black wins a third piece for the queen, and his attack
continues) S );I fe1 bxc3 6 bxc3 a3 7 ab1 Aa8 8 xa2 9 f4 White
resigns.
239. Gheorghiu-Gligoric, Hastings, 1964/65
1... xd3! 2 xd3 AfS 3 hdl );I d8 4 gS! S hxgS+ 6 g3 hS 7
);I xd3+ 8 xd3 9 fS 10 f4+ 11 bS! White resigns.
240. Dvoryetsky-Klovan, Thilisi, 1973
2 3 r;Ixa3 b4+ 4 bxa3+ S 6
7 8 9 10 White resigns.
Positions 241-246 81
Theme: "Drawing combinations" (Nos. 241.252)
241. Black to play and draw (6 mins.)
243. Black to play and draw (6 mins.)
245. Black to play and draw (15 mins.)
242. Black to play and draw (5 mins.)
244. White to play (15 mins.)
Can he save the game?
246. Black to play and draw (7 mins.)
82 Drawing combinations
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 241-246
24l. Gogolev-Varshavsky,Aluksne.1967
1... adl+! 2 'gl+! 3 lid3+! 4 'xd3 'e3+! S 'xe3 - stalemate.
242. Tiberger-Dreskievic. Lodz, 1970
1...h3+! 2 'fS+! 3 'xfS Ii xg3+! 4 ft g4+ S - stalemate.
243. Ormos-Betotsky, Budapest, 1951
l...flbl+! 2 ahl+! 3 4 fxg3 'xg2+! S - stalemate.
244. Kovacs-Portisch, Budapest, 1963
1 Ac8!! a b2+ 2 3 g7! flg24 Ag4!! axg4 S g8=' lixg8 - stalemate.
245. Lukanin-Shmulian. Taganrog, 1948
The first impression is that Black's position is hopeless, but... 1...c4!! 2 dxc4 cS 3
g4 4 S as 6 7 as!!, and Black is
stalemated whatever White plays. There is no way by which Black could have been
prevented from carrying out this idea.
246. Kopriva-Kabes, Novi Vcelnik.1956
1...'f1+ 2 axa3+!! 3 (if 3 bxa3 lic2+, and it is Black who wins, or 3
'xa3 'c4+ with perpetual check) 3 ... ttal+ 4 (if 4 ab5+) 4 ... ttaS+ S
'bS+ - draw.
Positions 247-252 83
247. Black to play and draw (5 mins.)
249. Black to play and draw (8 mins.)
251. Black to play (6 mins.)
After 1...d3 can White save the game?
248. Black to play and draw (6 mins.)
250. White to play (5 mins.)
How should White continue? What result can
Black hope for?
252. White to play (10 mins.)
How does White get out of his difficulties?
84 Traps
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 247-252
247. Navai A1i-Shaligram, Bombay, 1959
1...ttxb2+!! 2 g bS+ 3 4 5 with a draw
by perpetual check.
248. Petrosian-Rossetto, Buenos Aires, 1964
L.Axh4! 2 gxh4 ttg4+ 3 tth3+ 4 gxe3+! 5 fxe3 (5 ge2 is bad because
of 5 ... 'iJ.d3+!) S ... tthl+ 6 tth2+ - draw.
249. Litkevic-Badenstein, Citau, 1957
L.ge1!! 2 ttf3! (or2 ttxel ttg4+!) 2 ... tta6+ 3 gxe6+4dxe6 ttxe6+ 5
tth3+, with a draw by perpetual check.
250. Uhlrich-Sprengler, Berlin, 1948
1 bS! e8 2 g b I! g g8 3 g bS! - draw: both players are forced to repeat moves.
251. Barnes-Thompson, Manchester, 1946
1...d32 g e7+ 3 xe4+! 4 a8=Q+ g xa8 5 Af3+ - draw.
252. Zaitsev,A-Lutikov, Perm, 1971
1 Af4!! exf42 exf4 'iJ.a5 3 gg3 c4 4 ttfl tth4 5 ttg4 6 gg3 - draw.
Positions 253-258 85
Theme: "Traps" (Nos. 253-268)
253. White to play (6 mins.)
White played 1 Ad3, when it appears that Black can
reply 1 ... z:l exb6. What is this, an oversight or a trap?
255. White to play (8 mins.)
After 1 Ad3 can Black win a pawn by 1...cxd4 2 cxd4

257. Black to play (8 mins.)
It appears that Black can capture the d4 pawn quite
safely. But is this so? What did White have in mind?
254. Black to play (7 mins.)
The impression is that after 1... c7 Black should win,
but is this so?
256. Black to play (7 mins.)
White was hoping for 1...Axf4, on which he had
prepared a counter-blow. What was it?
258. White to play (10 mins.)
White went 1 What was he hoping for, since
after 1... z:l gl it is not apparent that he can avoid mate?
86 Traps
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 253-258
253. Tukmakov-Bronstein, Moscow, 1972 (variation)
1 fi exb6? 2 fi xb6 fi xb6 (or 2 ... 't!1xb6 3 fi c8+!!) 3 't!1f2!, and Black has no
satisfactory way of defending f7. In the game Black answered 1 with 1 ... fi g6 2
dxe4 3 't!1d4 e3 4 fi xe3 't!1xb6 5 't!1xb6 fi bxb6. whereupon a draw was
agreed.
254. Panchenko-Marjanovic, Thilisi, 1973 (variation)
1. .. 2 axb6!! 3 b5!!. and White wins. In the game was played,
and the final result was a draw.
255. Booth-Fazekas, London, 1946
1 cxd4 2 cxd4 3 't!1c3+ 4 't!1d2!! 't!1xal5 c3!, and Black cannot
avoid the loss of his queen after 6 b3.
256. Gligoric-Nievergelt, Zurich, 1959
2 exf5 3 exf6+ 4 fi xc6! Black resigns.
257. Pasman-Saigin, Riga, 1961
1... 't!1xd4? 2 fi dl 't!1e4 3 (or 3 ... 4 't!1xd8 fixd85 fixd8+ 6
h5!, and wins) 4 Black resigns (4 ... 5 fixj6+, or 4 ... 5 't!1xd8).
258. Perez-Ivkov, Havana, 1962
1 fi gl? 2 fxe4 3 fi d6+! 4 fi e6+! - draw. After 4 ... 5 fi e8+
g7 6 fi xg8+ 7 White cannot lose.
Positions 259-264 87
259. Black to play (8 mins.)
Black played 1... tt xc3. What was the cunning trap that
he had overlooked?
261. White to play (7 mins.)
White realized that, with normal play, Black would win
sooner or later, and so he set a trap by 1 d6, hoping for
1... cxd6. What was the point? What should Black play?
263. Black to play (7 mins.)
Black decided to play 1... Q xh2, and if 2 II h4 Q xf3+,
but he thereby fell into what well-concealed trap?
260. Black to play (6 mins.)
Black decided that he could safely capture the dS pawn
by 1...NxdS, but is this so?
262. Black to play (5 mins.)
After I..Be6 Black's position would be no worse. But
he decided that after 1...0-0, 2 would be bad on
account of 2 ... Is this so?
264. Black to play 00 mins.)
Neglecting the safety of his own king. Black threatened
White's with 1... Qxf3?, and was immediately punished.
88 Traps / Attack on the kingside castled position
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 259-264
259. Dvoiris-Spassky, Moscow, 1974 (from a simultaneous display with clocks)
l...ttxc3? 2 .o.c4+!! axc4 3 axd8+ 4 ttxf5+ ttf6 5 ae7+! Black resigns.
260. Robatsch-Jansa, Sochi, 1974
2cxd5! .o.xc3 3 ttd2!! ttxd5 4 ttxc3+ e5 5 Black resigns.
261. Bogatirev-Emelianov, Moscow, 1975
1 d6 cxd6n (Black should have played 1...'O'c6! 2 agl af8! - threatening
3 ... ttxg2+!! - 3 113 af1!) 2 ttb5+! .o.xb5 3 axb5+ 4 5
Black resigns.
262. Boatner-Patterson, USA, 1958
1...0-071 2 ttxe7!! ttd4+ 3 Ae3 ttxa14 ttxf8+!! 5 .o.c5+ Black resigns.
263. Bernstein-Seidman, New York, 1959
2 ttxe2 3 ttxh7+!! 4 ah4+ 5 mate.
264. Mileika-Verk, Riga, 1960
2 axc7 3 tte6+ 4 .o.xc7+ 5 ttd6+ 6 axc6+!!
bxc6 7 .o.a6 mate.
Positions 265-270 89
265. White to play (10 mins.)
Black appears to have overlooked 1 ~ d 5 , winning the
exchange. But is this so?
267. White to play (8 mins.)
It appears very tempting for White to capture the un-
defended rook at f8. But what is the price he has to pay?
266. Black to play (7 mins.)
Black chose the forcing continuation 1... g a1 + 2 ~ f 2
g f1 +, thinking that this would win. But does it?
268. Black to play (7 mins.)
White's last move, 1 Ad4, looks like an oversight. It
appears that by 1...Ac5 Black can get out of the
unpleasant pin, but is this so?
Theme: "Attack on the kingside castled position" (Nos. 269288)
269. White to play (12 mins.) 270. White to play (15 mins.)
90 Attack on the kingside castled position
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 265-270
265. ) Zabaleta-de Visente, Madrid, 1958
1 2 'xd3 3 'e2 Jaxd2!! (other queen moves would have
been answered in the same way) 4 'xd2 'gS! 5 'xf4 (forced, since Black was
threatening both mate at g2, and 5 ... S ... exf4, and Black won.
266. Boze-Denik, Corr., 1963
1... Ja al+ 2 Ja f1+? 3 Ac4+ 4 Ad3 Axd3+ 5 'xeS 6 Ja f8 mate.
267. Schwankrais-Aisinger, Karlsruhe, 1964
1 'xf8?? 'g4+ 2 Ag3 Jag2+ 3 4 'hS+ 5 f2+! 6
'f3+ 7 gl ' g2 mate.
268. Mista-K1oza, Poland, 1955
1...AcS?? 2 'h7+!! 3 ag8+ 5 Ig7+ 6 ag6+
7 8 Jah6 mate.
269. Steczkowski -Grulka, Lublin, 1969
1 ad3!! bxc3 (J ... g6fails t02 'xh7+, while on the comparatively best 1 ... Jae8,2
g6!! decides) 2 a h3 Axe4 3 g6!! h6 (if 3 ... Axg6 4 'xh7+! Axh7 5 Jaxg7+ and 6
Ja hxh7 mate) 4 gxf7+ Ja xf7 5 'xh6 Black resigns.
270. Karasev-Ioffe, Leningrad, 1969
1 Ja xf6!! gxf6 2 'd2 3 AxfS 4 'd8 5 'xh6 Ag6 6 Ja a3 Black
resigns.
Positions 271-276 91
271. Black to play (16 mins.) 272. White to play (20 mins.)
273. White to play (15 mins.) 274. White to play (20 mins.)
275. White to play (12 mins.) 276. White to play (12 mins.)
92 Attack on the kingside castled position
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 271-276
271. Shapiro-Kneller, Liepaja, 1972
1...'O'xh4!! 2 Axh3 (White loses immediately after 2 gxh4 1!Ig4 or 2 IBxh4 IBxh43
gxh4 1!Ig4) 2 ... 1!1 xh3 3 IB xh4 IB xh4 4 gxh4 1!1 g4+ (more accurate than 4 ... fj h6 5
IBf3 fjg6+ 6 IiJ.g5 f6 7 exf6 gxf6 81!1d3, or 6 ... 1!Ig4+ 7 8 5
1!Ixh4+ 6 fj h6 7 1!Ic2 (or 7 f4 fjg6+ 8 9 10
mate) 7 ... 1!1 g4+ 8 d3! White resigns (9 exd3 fjg6!).
272. Keres-Szabo, Budapest, 1955
1 fj xd7!! Axd7 2 Ad3!! h6 (2 ... g6 is not good in view of 3 h5, while in the event of
2 ... fjxb2 3 rtixb2 fjb8+ 4 Black has nothing for the sacrificed material) 3
1!If4! rtif8 (the threat was 41!1f6) 4 fjxg7! 5 1!If6+ (or 5 ... 61!1xh6,
with the threat of 7 Ah7+, 8 .o.g6+ and 91!1h7+, while 6 ... fj e7 fails to 71!1h7+
and 8 1!1 1t8 mate) 6 .o.g6 Black resigns.
273. Szabo-Honfi, Budapest, 1950
11!1xe5!! fje4h55 fjael rtig76e6!fxe67
fj xe6 fj f7 8 IB e8+ Black resigns.
274. Szabo-Bertok, Vinkovci, 1970
1 .o.xh5! gxh5 2 1!1 e2 f7 3 1!Ixh5+ g7 4 fj c3 fj h8 5 fj g3+ 6 1!1 g6! 1!Ixc4
7 1!1 g7 + e8 8 1!1 g8+ fj xg8 9 fj xg8 mate.
275. Pipitone-Rossi, Italy, 1968
1 fjxe5!!dxe52 ... fxe63fxe61!1c74 fjp+ 3
1!1 h6 fj g8 4 g5 fj g7 5 fxg6 f6 (if 5. .. fxg6 6 IB e6 fj cg8 7 IBxg 7 - not 7 fj fS
1!Ixe6 - 7 ... fjxg78 fjf8+ fjg89 fjj7) 6 IiJ.xh7 7 fj xf6 Black resigns.
276. Stein-Daskalov, Tallinn, 1971
1 IB e6+!! fxe6 2 1!1 xg6 exd5 (there is no other defence against 3 dre6) 3 .o.h3 e5
(again forced, since 4 .o.e6 was threatened) 41!1xf6+ fj f7 5 1!IhS+ 6 fj xe5+
dxe57 1!Ixe5+ Black resigns.
Positions 277-282 93
277. White to play (18 mins.) 278. Black to play (20 mins.)
279. White to play (12 mins.) 280. White to play (16 mins.)
281. White to play (20 mins.) 282. White to play (12 mins.)
94 Attack on the kingside castled position
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 277-282
277. Smyslov-Rubinetti, Palma de Mallorca, 1970
1 f5! exf5 2 gxf5 tta3 3 gxf54 Ilxh7+!! 5 tth2 6 ttg3 7
ttxg5 ttxc3 8 e6! Black resigns.
278. Kaufman-Kavalek, USA, 1972
1... 2 gxf3 exf3 3 Ad3 tte6! 4 (no better is 4 when Black wins by
either 4 ... Axh2+ 5 tte5+ 6 tth5 7 8 9
Axd310 axd3 ttg6!, or 4 ... ttxh3 5 ttg4+ 6 ttxf3! 7 .!b.r:g6fxg6 8
'iixd6 4 ... ttxh3 5 An tth6! (if 5. .. tth4 6 ad4!) 6 Ad3 7
tth3! White resigns.
279. K1ovan-Etruk,Riga,1964
1 ttxc4 0-0 2 'iixf7 3 axe7 4 cxd5 5 'ii e8+ a f8 6 a xf8+
7 ttc6! Black resigns.
280. Vitolinsh-Telman, Riga. 1967
1 'iixe6!! fxe6 2 Ag4! 'iixd5 3 Axe6+ 4 tth3+ Ah6 5 'iif7+ 6 'iixe7+
7 ttf3+ Black resigns.
281. Balashov-Tseitlin, Bamaul, 1969
1 e4! (Black thought that White was bound to recapture on h3; after the move
played he has no time to retreat his bishop, since after 2 mate is inevitable)
1...ttd72 Axg7 3 gxh3 f6 (if 3 ... 4 'iif2 is decisive) 4 'ii ael af75
'ii c2! Ii af8 6 'ii g2 d5 7 Ii g6! (now there is no adequate defence against 8 'ii h6)
7 ... dxe4 8 Ii h6 Black resigns.
282. Szabo-Padevsky.Amsterdam.1972
1 gxf6 (or 1 ... 2 Iid7and3 Iixj7) 2 ttg4+ 3 Ae4+ f5 4 Axf5+
exf5 5 ttxf5+ g8 6 Ii d7 ttxd7 7 ttxd7 Ii b8 (7. .. is answered in the same
way) 8 tt g4+ 9 ttf5+ Black resigns.
Positions 283-288 95
283. White to play (20 mins.) 284. Black to play (20 mins.)
285. White to play 00 mins.} 286. White to play (15 mins.)
287. Black to play (20 mins.> 288. White to play (20 mins.>
96 Attack on the king caught in the centre
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 283-288
283. Malevsky-Peshina, Kaliningrad, 1969
1 gxh5 (or 1...fxe6 2 Axg6! hxg6 3 2 3 4
5 e6! 6 I'i f2 fxe6 7 I'i xe6 (there is no other defence against
8 Ac3) 8 I'i f7 f8 9 I'i ef6 10 Axg6 Black resigns.
284. Palatnik-Bronstein, Tbilisi, 1973
1.. . .Axg4! 2 hxg4 3 Af4 .Ad6! (less convincing is 3 ... l'id2 4 with pos-
sibilities of a defence) 4 Axd6 (on 4 there follows 4 ... 5 Axh2 Axh2+
6 l'ixd2, and Black wins) 4 ... I'i xd6 5 !;Hel I'i g6! 6 (if 6 7
hI +!! 8 .Axhi mate) 6 ... 7 f6! 8 Ae4 9
xe4 10 xe4 I'i e6 White resigns.
285. Szabo-Paoli, Trencianskie Teplice, 1949
1 gxh6 2 (or2 ... 3 3 l'ixe7 4
(on 4 ... l'ig7there follows 5 6 Ab3+ 7 5 Ab3+ 6
7 8 .Ac2+ Black resigns.
286. Nezhmetdinov-Golenishev, Archangelsk, 1963
1 Axh6! as 2 gxf6 3 I'i e5!! (3 .. .fxe5 4 and5 4
l'ig5+! 5 I'i g7+ 6 I'i g3 Ag4 7l!.xf8 l'ixf8 8 9 h3 Black
resigns.
287. Gergeli-Civic, Corr., 1972173
1...Axg4!! 2 hxg4 3 (White loses after 3 4
and now 5 f3 6 7 and 8 ... mate, or 5 Af3 exf3 6
I'i ebi - 6 exf3 - 6 ... jxe2+ 7 d3! 8 3 ... 4 e3! 5
fxe3 (the threat was 5 ... exj2 and 6 ... 1 mate) 5 ... g3 6 gl (no better is 6
6 ... 7 8 9 10 l'ixgl 11
Ae5 mate.
288. Hennings-Mohring, East Germany, 1967
1 Af6!! I'i e8 (J ... bxc3 is bad on account of 2 h6!!) 2 I'i g3 bxc3 3 I'i h3 cxb2+ 4
Axf6 5 gxf6 6 e5 7 fxg7+ 8 f6 9 d5 10 g8=Q
I'i xg8 11 Black resigns.
Positions 289-294 97
Theme: "Attack on the king caught in the centre" (Nos. 289-308)
289. White to play (20 mins.) 290. White to play (8 mins.)
291. White to play (5 mins.) 292. White to play (12 mins.)
293. White to play (10 mins.) 294. Black to play (15 mins.)
98 Attack on the king caught in the centre
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 289294
289. SpasskyRashkovsky, Moscow, 1973
1 ttc6 (J fxe61oses t02 .A.d6! ttb63 ttg5! r:Jj7 4 tte7+ r:Jg85 ttxe6
mate. or 3 .. ttd8 4 ttg6+!!) 2 r:Jxe7 3 ttg5+ f6 (on 3 ... r:Jj8 there follows
4 ttg6 5 r:Jg86 ttxd7 7 r:Jxd1 JJ.xg28 lie3) 4 exf6+ r:JdS 5
f7+ r:Jc7 (or 5 ... ttf6 6 r:Je7 - 6 ... r:Jc8 7 ttgS+! -7 r:Jd8 8
t:;;Jc7 9 10 lie7+ followed by 11 r:Jxd1) 6 ttf4+ Black resigns (since if
6 ... 7 lie8+!. or 6 ... r:Jb6 7 lie6.').
290. Shiyanovsky-Lipnitsky, Kiev, 1952
1 fS! (if 1 ... exf5 2 &f6. and there is no defence against 3 while if
1 ... Hg8 2 2 r:Jf8 3 .A.xf6l!.xf6 4 Black resigns.
291. Kirov-Padevsky,Sofia,1972
I fxe6 2 .A.xb6 3 cS tta7 4 ttc6+ r:Je7 5 r:Je8 6
Black resigns.
292. Najdorf-Rossetto, Buenos Aires, 1973
1 H xdS! cxdS 2 xf7!! Axc3 3 bxc3 Ii h7 4 e7+ r:J g8 5 .A.xd5 Ii g7 6 eS+!!
Black resigns.
293. Lundin-Momo, Leipzig, 1960
ll!.xdS!! exdS (1 ... Hxd52 ttd8+! Iixd83 Hxd8 mate, or 1 ... 2 .A.c6! 3
2 e6 fxe6 3 ttxe6+ r:Jf8 4 Ah6+ H gg7 5 gel g de7 (or 5 ... ttc8 6 gfl +)
6 ttf6+ (6 ... 7 &g7) 7 Black resigns.
294. Troianescu-Szabo, Bucharest, 1947
1...lixd2!! 2 AxdZ (2 r:Jxd2fails t02 ... 2 ... 3 (even worse is3
Iid8, with the threat of4 ... lixd2+ and 5 ... while 4 met by
4 ... 3 ... 4 Ael ttc4+ 5 r:Jg2 6 r:Jh3 Iig6 7 g4 ttxf3+ S Ag3 gh6
mate.
Positions 295-300 99
295. White to play (10 mins.) 296. White to play (12 mins.)
297. Black to play (7 mins.l 298. White to play (15 mins.)
299. Black to play (12 mins.) 300. White to play (10 mins.)
100 Attack on the king caught in the centre
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 295-300
295. Zaitsev,I-Savon, Moscow, 1969
1 .l1.xe6 (bad is 1...fxe6 2fxe6+ 'i!;Jg8 3 e7/) 2 fxe6 c4+ 3 'i!;Jhl ttxeS 4 exf7
'i!;Je7 5 f5 tte6 6 ttxg7 Black resigns.
296. Newspaper Readers-Krupsky, Gomel, 1970
1 exd5 2 .l1.xdS+ 3 IhdS .l1.e6 4 il.f5 5 J;;lxf5+! gxf5 6
'i!;Je8 7 Black resigns (7. .. 'i!;Jd7 8 + 'i!;Jc6 9
297. Saveliev-Gerasimov, Moscow, 1970
1. .. J;;lxe4+! 2fxe4 J;;lxe4+ 3 'i!;Jgl d3+6 'i!;Jh2 ttf2! 7
J;;l xh4+ White resigns.
298. Klovan-Dementiev, Vilnius, 1972
1 'i!;Jxf7 2 il.xe6+! 'i!;Jxe6 3 'i!;Jf7 4 e6+ 'i!;Jg8 (4 ... 'i!;Je8 5 5
exd7 c6 6 J;;l ael J;;l e4 7 J;;l xe4 8 Ad6!! Black resigns. There is no defence
against 9 il.xd8 10 J;;l f8 mate.
299. Quinteros-Ribli, Montilla, 1974
1...dxe3!! 2 J;;l xd8 axd8 3 il.e2 J;;l d2 (threatening 4 ... il.d3, while if 4 'i!;Jfl
4 g4 il.d3 5 f1 xe2 6 xe2 J;;l xe2 7 gl J;;l d8 White resigns. After the bishop
moves from d3 there is no defence against the mate.
300. Kupreichik-Lutikov, Sochi, 1970
1 il.xb5! (the quickest and most effective winning path; also good was 1 .t!.c4 with
the same idea, or 1 .t!.f1 2 .t!.h3 0-0-0 3 1...axb52 J;;l xd7!
(2 ... is very bad in view of 3 and 4 3 J;;l dl + 'i!;Jc6 4 xd8
hxd8 5 b4 f6 (5 ... c4 brings no relief after 6 6 7 .t!.xd5 8
Black resigns.
Positions 301-306 101
301. White to play (8 mins.) 302. White to play (15 mins.)
303. White to play (18 mins.) 304. White to play (I5 mins.)
305. White to play (12 mins.) 306. White to play (15 mins.)
102 Attack on the king caught in the centre I Destructive combinations
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 301-306
301. Vaganian-BotteriU, Hastings, 1974/75
1 J!l.xf7+!! 2 3 (3 is weakerin view of 3 ... 4
5 C:;;Zg7) 3 ... 4 5 6
d5 d7 7 e7! Black resigns. The white knights are invulnerable, and there is no
defence against S
302. Urzica-Ghinde, Bucharest, 1975
1 J!l.dS! (1 ... 2 2 Iixg7! c:Jxg7 (if 2 ... 3 cxd4 4
J!l.e7 5 .fJ.xe7+ C:;;Zxe76 0-0-0) 3 C:;;ZfS 4 J!l.e7+! C:;;ZeS 5 J!l.d6 (no
better is 5 .. .J6 6 C:;;Zd8 7 mate) 6 7 J!l.xc3+ 8 bxc3
9 Black resigns.
303. Boleslavsky-Flohr, Moscow, 1950 (variation)
1 Ii xf6+!! gxf6 2 c:;;zgS 3 C:;;Zf7 (on 3 ... .fJ.g7there follows 4 c:Jj8
5.fJ.j4!) 4 c:Jg6 (if 4 ... C:;;Zg7 5 .fJ.e3 6 7 Iid7+) 5 c:Jf7
(or 5 ... C:;;Zg7 6 .fJ.e3 7 6 .fJ.a5! (6 ... to 7 Iid7+) 7
Ii d7+ .fJ.c7 S J!l.b4 g5+ 9 f4, and White wins.
304. Krasilnikov-Bogoslovsky, Yaroslavl, 1951
1 Ii xd6+! c:;;z xd6 2 .fJ.c5+! Ii xc5 (or 2 ... C:;;Zxc5 3 +) 3 Ii dl + .fJ.d4 (if 3 ... Ii d5
4 Iixd5+ exd5 C:;;Ze76 C:;;Ze8 C:;;Zj88 mate) 4 Iixd4+
Iid55 Iixd5+ exd5 6 C:;;Zc5 7 C:;;Zd4 (or 7. .. c:Jb4 8 S c:Jd2
Black resigns.
305. Mecking-Rocha, Mar del Plata, 1969
1 Iixd7!! c:Jxd7 2 3 c:JcS4 5 c:Jb8 6
Iibl+
306. Nezhmetdinov-Kamishev, Gorky, 1950
1 xf7!! c:Jxf7 2 c:Je7 3 cxd5 e5 4 f4 5 fxe5 f5 6 e6 C:;;Zf6 7 h4! 8
c:Jhl 9 Black resigns.
Positions 307-312 103
307. White to play (20 mins.) 308. White to play (20 mms.)
Theme: "Destructive combinations" (Nos. 309-378)
309. Black to play (8 mins.) 310. Black to play (6 mins.)
311. White to play (12 mins.) 312. White to play (12 mins.)
104 Destructive combinations
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 307-312
307. Mista-Fichtl, Prague, 1974
1 fxe6 2 3 (or 3 ... gxh4 4 exd55 aael) 4
a ac1! a d8 (forced. in view of the threat of 5 ac7+ 6 mate) 5 Qg6+
6 a c7+ a d7 7 a c8! Qef6 8 exf6 Qxf6 9 Black resigns.
308. Tilet-Gakometti, Corr., 1956
1 b3! 2 a3! 3 (3 ... fud8 4 and 5 aj7mate) 4
5 6 Qf7+ 7 g6 8 g4+ 9 axe7 .ll.b7 (or
9 ... Qxe7 10 'tftxh8) 10 a xh7+ Black resigns (the next move is 11 mate).
309. Gurgenidze-Nezhmetdinov, TbiIisi, 1957
1... axf2!! 2 c:Jxf2 (or 2 aj8! 3 aJI +! 4 .ll.xe3+ 5
2 ... 3 c:Je1 4 5 Qd5 White resigns_
310. Sazhayev-Mokin, Chelyabinsk, 1973
1... Qxf2!! 2 3 c:Jfl f4! 4 gxf4 a xf4+ 5 a xf4 .ll.d3+! White resigns_
311. Troinov-Popov, Irkutsk, 1962
1 exd5 2 (if 2 ... 3 is decisive) 3 .ll.xd5+ (if
3 ... 4 4 f5+ 5 .ll.f3+ 6 g3+ Black resigns. After6 ... there
follows 7 .ll.g2+ g4 8 a f4+ c:Jh5 9 .ll.f3+ 10 a h4 mate.
312. Unzicker-Antoshin, Sochi, 1965
l.ll.xf7+!! ae7(if3 ... .ll.e74 axe7!
ac6! ad8 (White was threatening not only 5 axf6+ gxf6 6 but also 5 .!J.xe7-
and6 axb6;on4 ... ace1 acc76 5
Axe7+ .ll.xe7 6 a xb6 a xd5 7 a xb2 Black resigns.
Positions 313-318 105
313. White to play (15 mins.) 314. White to play (15 mins.)
315. White to play (15 mins.) 316. White to play 00 mins.)
317. Black to play 02 mins.) 318. Black to play (12 mins.)
106 Destructive combinations
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 313-318
313. Bednarski-Pytel, Lublin,1972
1 J;i xf7!! J;i xf7 2 (on 2 ... there follows 3 Axcs 4 J;ifl I) 3
g6 4 5 6 J;i d8 7 Ab6 Black resigns.
314. Petrosian-Balashov, Moscow,1974
1 Axf7! 2 Ah6! (other moves similarly fail to prevent a check on the
a2-g8 diagonal) 3 c4+ 4 J;i adl 5 6 J;i xd4 J;i c5 7 h4
Black resigns.
315. Filipowicz-Pokojowszyk, Warsaw,1971
1 J;ixf7 2 Axf7+ 3 J;i a7! (3 ... J;ib8 or 3 ... J;ic7is answered by4
AxcS) 4 5 J;i xf6+ (capturing on f6 leads to mate) 6 7
J;ixg6 Black resigns. On 7 ... 8 Agl there follows 9 Ah6 10
11 J;i xh6+.
316. Ragozin-Veresov, Moscow,1945
1 J;i xg6+!! fxg62 J;i f7+!! 3 (or 3 ... 4 4
5 g7+ 6 f6+ exf6 7 Black resigns.
317. Adorjan-Basman, Hasting'i 1973/74
1...Axf2+!! 2 3 4 J;i xd4 5 Axd4 6
7 J;i c2 8 J;i d2 White resigns.
318. Adamski-Podgayets, Vama,1972
2 3 (or3 3 ... Axd44 5
g5+ 6 7 J;in White resigns. There is no defence against 8 ...
mate.
Positions 319-324 107
319. White to play (12 mins.) 320. White to play (15 mins.)
321. White to play (12 mins.) 322. White to play (7 mins.)
323. Black to play (12 mins.) 324. White to play (12 mins.)
108 Destructive combinations
SOLUTIONS TO POSITIONS 319-324
319. Men-Yuferov, Batumi.1972
1 fi xf7 (on 1... there follows 2 fifJ + 3 2 xe6 ttfS 3
g6!! ttxd34gxf7+ S fixd3 fixh46 fif3+ fig1+ fifSBlack
resigns.
320. Koltsov-Nikiforov. Leningrad. 1974
1 (1 ... ttxg3 is answered by 2 2 fi xe6 ttxe6 (2 ...
to 3 fiel + 4 fie7+) 3 ttc7+ 4 f7+ S ttf4 gS 6 ttd4 7 ttcS+
d7 S f8= + fi xf8 9 tt xfS Black resigns.
321. Krogius-Chernikov, Kuybishev,1970
1 xf7!! fi xf7 2 fi eS+ fi f8 3 fi fe1 c6 4 hxg6 S fi xfS+ ttxf8 6 ttxg6+
7 fi e8 ttxe8 8 ttxeS+, and White won. The game concluded S ... 9 g4
fib810 tthS f4 ttgS+ fie814hS lie71SfS
tth6+ 17 gS Ii d7 IS g6, and Black resigned.
322. Gipslis-Novopashin, Riga. 1954
1 2 fixg7! 3 4 ttxhS S lin! Black resigns
323. Razuvayev-Chistyakov. Moscow,1969
2 fi bl (the acceptance of the sacrifice loses after either 2 3
ttc4+ 4 fie2 5 ttel mate, or2 ttc6+ 3 4
ttb5+ 5 l:1e2 and wins) 2 ... 'O'xh3 3 'tte6 4 ttxe6 5 Ii xb6 h5,
and Black won.
324. Figler-Galtsev. Corr . 1969/70
1 2 f5 (bad is 2 ... 3 lid?) 3 exf5 Axf54 tth5 5
e3 6 Ii d7! Black resigns. On 6 ... xf5 there follows 7 ttxf5 Ii fS S
Ii xg7+, and mates.
Positions 325-330 109
325. White to play (5 mins.> 326. Black to play (12 mins.)
327. White to play (10 mins.) 328. Black to play (8 mins.>
329. White to play (10 mins.) 330. Black to play (12 mins.>