75%(4)75% au considerat acest document util (4 voturi)

10K vizualizări3 paginiMcDougall Littell Geometry Book Theorems Update 1

Dec 14, 2008

© Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

DOC, PDF, TXT sau citiți online pe Scribd

McDougall Littell Geometry Book Theorems Update 1

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

75%(4)75% au considerat acest document util (4 voturi)

10K vizualizări3 paginiMcDougall Littell Geometry Book Theorems Update 1

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

Sunteți pe pagina 1din 3

Postulate 1: Ruler postulate- The points on a line can be paired with real numbers in such a

way that any two points can have the coordinates 0 and 1. Once a coordinate system has

been chosen in this way, the distance between any two points equals the absolute value of the

difference of the coordinates.

Postulate 2: Segment Addition postulate- States that segment of lines can be added.

Postulate 3: Protractor postulate- On AB in a given plane chose any point O between A and B.

Consider OA and OB all the rays that can be drawn from O on one side of AB. These rays can

be paired with real numbers from 0 to 180 in such a way that (1) OA is paired with 0, and OB

with 180 (2) If OP is paired with x and OQ with y, then POQ = |x-y|.

Postulate 4: Angle addition postulate- States that angles can be added.

Postulate 5: A line contains at least two points; a plane three noncollinear points; and space

four points noncoplanar.

Postulate 6: Through any two points there is exactly one line.

Postulate 7: Through any three points there is exactly one plane, and through any three

noncollinear points there is exactly one plane.

Postulate 8: If two points are in a plane, then the line that contains those two points is also in

that plane.

Postulate 9: If two planes intersect, their intersection is a line.

Postulate 10: If two parallel lines are cut by a transversal, then the corresponding angles are

congruent.

Postulate 11: If two lines are cut by a transversal, and the corresponding angles are congruent,

the lines are parallel.

Postulate 12: SSS; if three sides of one triangle are congruent to three sides of another

triangle, then the triangles are congruent.

Postulate 13: SAS; if two sides and the included angle of one triangle are congruent to the

other triangles, then the triangles are congruent.

Postulate 14: ASA; If two angles and the included side of one triangle are congruent to the

other triangles, then the two triangles are congruent.

Theorems:

POINTS, LINES, PLANES, AND ANGLES

Theorem 1-1: If two lines intersect, then they intersect in exactly one point.

Theorem 1-2: Through a line and a point not in the line, there is exactly one plane.

Theorem 1-3: If two lines intersect, then exactly one plane contains the lines.

DEDUCTIVE REASONING

Theorem 2-1: (Midpoint Theorem)- If M is the midpoint of AB, then AM = ½ AB and MB = ½ AB.

Theorem 2-2: (Angle Bisector Theorem)- If BX is the bisector of angle ABC, then ABX = ½ ABC

and XBC = ½ ABC.

Theorem 2-3: Vertical angles are congruent.

Theorem 2-4: If two lines are perpendicular, then they form congruent adjacent angles.

Theorem 2-5: If two lines form congruent adjacent angles, then the lines are perpendicular.

Theorem 2-6: If the exterior sides of two adjacent acute angles are perpendicular, then the

angles are complementary.

Theorem 2-7: If two angles are supplements of congruent angles (or of the same angle), then

the two angles are congruent.

Theorem 2-8: If two angles are complements of congruent angles (or of the same angle), then

the two angles are congruent.

PARALLEL LINES AND PLANES

Theorem 3-1: If two parallel planes are cut by a third plane, then the lines of intersection are

parallel.

Theorem 3-2: If two parallel lines are cut by a transversal, then AIA are congruent.

Theorem 3-3: If two parallel lines are cut by a transversal, then SSI angles are supplementary.

Theorem 3-4: If a transversal is perpendicular to one of two parallel lines, then it is

perpendicular to the other line as well.

Theorem 3-5: Two lines are cut by a transversal and the AIA are congruent, then the lines are

parallel.

Theorem 3-6: If two lines are cut by a transversal and SSI angles are supplementary then the

lines are parallel.

Theorem 3-7: In a plane two lines perpendicular to the same line are parallel.

Theorem 3-8: Through a point outside a line, there is exactly one parallel to the given line.

Theorem 3-9: Through a point outside a line, there is exactly one perpendicular to the given

line.

Theorem 3-10: Two lines parallel to a third line are parallel to each other.

Theorem 3-11: The sum of the measures of the angles of a triangle is 180 degrees.

C 1: If two angles of one triangle are congruent to two angles of another triangle, then

the third angles are congruent.

C 2: Each angle of an equiangular triangle has a measure of 60 degrees.

C 3: In a triangle, there can be at most one right angle or obtuse angle.

C 4: The acute angles of a right triangle are complementary.

Theorem 3-12: The measure of an exterior angle of a triangle equals the sum of the measures

of the two remote interior angles.

Theorem 3-13: The sum of the measures of the angles of a convex polygon with n sides is (n-

2)180.

Theorem 3-14: The sum of the measures of the exterior angles of any convex polygon, one

angle at each vertex, is 360 degrees.

CONGRUENT TRIANGLES

Theorem 4-1: If two sides of a triangle are congruent, then the angles opposite those sides are

congruent.

C 1: An equilateral triangle is also equiangular.

C 2: An equilateral triangle has three 60 degree angles.

C 3: The bisector of the vertex angle of an isosceles triangle is perpendicular to the

base at its midpoint.

Theorem 4-2: Converse of theorem 4-1.

Theorem 4-3: AAS; if two angles and a non-included side of one triangle are congruent to the

corresponding parts of another right triangle, then they are congruent.

Theorem 4-4: HL; if the hypotenuse and a leg on a right triangle, are congruent to that of

another, then the two triangles are congruent.

Theorem 4-5: If a point lies on the perpendicular bisector of a segment, then the point is

equidistant from both ends of the segment.

Theorem 4-6: Converse of theorem 4-5.

Theorem 4-7: If a point is equidistant from the endpoints of a segment, then the point is

equidistant from the sides of the angle.

Theorem 4-8: If a point is equidistant from the sides of an angle, then the point lies on the

bisector of the angle.

QUADRILATERALS

Theorem 5-1: Opposite sides of a parallelogram are congruent

Theorem 5-2: Opposite angles of a parallelogram are congruent.

Theorem 5-3: Diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other.

Theorem 5-4: If both pairs of opposite sides of a quadrilateral are congruent, then it is a

parallelogram.

Theorem 5-5: If one pair of opposite sides is both congruent and parallel, then the quadrilateral

is a parallelogram.

Theorem 5-6: If both pairs of opposite angles of a quadrilateral are congruent, then it is a

parallelogram.

Theorem 5-7: If the diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other, then the quadrilateral is a

parallelogram.

Theorem 5-8: If two lines are parallel, then all points on one line are equidistant from the other

line.

Theorem 5-9: If three parallel lines are cut off into congruent segments on one transversal,

then they cut off congruent segments in every transversal.

Theorem 5-10: A line that contains the midpoint of one side of a triangle and is parallel to

another side passes thought the midpoint of the third side.

Theorem 5-11: The segment that joins the midpoints of two sides of a triangle (1) is parallel to

the third side (2) is half as long as the third side.

Theorem 5-12: The diagonals of a rectangle are congruent.

Theorem 5-13: The diagonals of a rhombus are perpendicular.

Theorem 5-14: Each diagonal of a rhombus bisects two angles of the rhombus.

Theorem 5-15: The midpoint of the hypotenuse of aright triangle is equidistant from the three

vertices.

Theorem 5-16: If an angle of a parallelogram is a right angle, the parallelogram is a rectangle.

Theorem 5-17: If two consecutive sides of a parallelogram are congruent, then the

parallelogram is a rhombus.

Theorem 5-18: Base angles of an isosceles trapezoid are congruent.

Theorem 5-19: The median of a trapezoid (1) Is parallel to the bases (2) has a length equal to

the average of the base lengths.

INEQUALITIES IN TRIANGLES

Theorem 6-1: The measure of the exterior of a triangle is greater than the measure of either

remote interior angle.

Theorem 6-2: If one side of a triangle is longer than a second side, then the angle opposite the

first side is larger than the angle opposite the second side.

Theorem 6-3: If one angles of a triangle is larger than a second angle, then the side opposite

the first angle is longer than the side opposite the second angle.

C 1: The perpendicular segment from a point to a line is the shortest segment to the

line.

C 2: The perpendicular segment from a point to a plane is the shortest segment to the

plane

Theorem 6-4: Triangle Inequality: The sum of the lengths of two sides of a triangle is always

greater than the length of the third.

## Mult mai mult decât documente.

Descoperiți tot ce are Scribd de oferit, inclusiv cărți și cărți audio de la editori majori.

Anulați oricând.