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Group Members

Syeda Itrat Fatima

Sumira Mirza
Khawja Hassan Mehmood Ahmad Kamal Saad Anjum Kashif Ahsan

Glimpse on Following:
What is Artificial intelligence?

History of AI
Future of AI Advantage of AI Disadvantage of AI Application of AI

What is artificial intelligence?

"the study and design of intelligent agents

artificial Intelligence (AI) is the area of

computer science focusing on creating machines that can engage on behaviors that humans consider intelligent.
Artificial Intelligence refers to the 'intelligence' of

machinery, when we refer to 'intelligence' we are measuring the ability of the machine has in understanding its environment and then the corresponding actions it takes

History of AI
Greek myths

Middle Ages, there were rumors of secret mystical

or alchemical means of placing mind into matter. By the 19th century, ideas about artificial men and thinking machines were developed in fiction In the 20th century, the study of mathematical logic provided the essential breakthrough that made artificial intelligence seem plausible

The birth of artificial intelligence 19431956


The field of artificial intelligence research was

founded as an academic discipline in 1956 Cybernetics and early neural networks Game AI Turing's test Symbolic reasoning and the Logic Theorist

Golden years 19561974


Dartmouth Conference 1956: "every aspect of

learning or any other feature of intelligence can be so precisely described that a machine can be made to simulate it "Artificial Intelligence" as the name of the field

Indulgers of AI
intelligent Systems

Knowledge System
Intelligent Agents Neural Networks

Intelligent system
It learns during its existence. (In other words,

it senses its environment and learns, for each situation, which action permits it to reach its objectives.) It continually acts, mentally and externally, and by acting reaches its objectives more often than pure chance indicates (normally much oftener).

Knowledge system
Knowledge based systems are artificial intelligent

tools working in a narrow domain to provide intelligent decisions with justification. Knowledge is acquired and represented using various knowledge representation techniques rules, frames and scripts.

Intelligent agent
An Intelligent Agent (IA) is an autonomous entity

which observes through sensors and acts upon an environment using actuators (i.e. it is an agent) and directs its activity towards achieving goals (i.e. it is rational).

Neural network
Is a mathematical model or computational

model that is inspired by the structure and/or functional aspects of biological neural networks Group of artificial neurons Learning ability make the system adaptive. Computation approach.

Existing position of AI
Speech Recognition Systems.
Robot Control Google Intelligence Distribution Agent (IDA), developed

for the U.S. Navy, helps assign sailors new jobs at the end of their tours of duty by negotiating with them via email. Systems that trade stocks and commodities without human intervention.

Shared Control

Knight Rider

Train a Robot Army

It's Watching You

Future of AI
TalkTalk - the Search Engine of the Future
Now You Can Have Your Own Therapist 24/7 Animal like Machines

Software as collaborator
Family robots

Engineering Utopia
Robots are designed in such a way that they can

depict emotional aspect as well. For example: Robot playing with a kid.

Your Own Therapist 24/7Now You Can Have


Youll be having a therapist with you all the time

like your own shadow

Animal like Machines


Can assign harmful and complicated task to the

animal like machine.

Smart computer
Smart computer are for automating some human

functions, with the help of computer driven machines Can see, hear.

Software as a collaborator
Previously software was taken as a tool but now it

becomes a collaborator i.e partner of owner

Application of AI
game playing

speech recognition
understanding natural language computer vision expert systems heuristic classification

Academic Disciplines relevant to AI


Philosophy

Logic, methods of reasoning, mind as physical system, foundations of learning, language, rationality.

Mathematics

Formal representation and proof, algorithms, computation, (un)decidability, (in)tractability


modeling uncertainty, learning from data utility, decision theory, rational economic agents neurons as information processing units.

Probability/Statistics: Economics Neuroscience

Academic discipline
Psychology/

how do people behave, perceive, process cognitive Cognitive Science information, represent knowledge. building fast computers design systems that

Computer

engineering
Control theory

maximize an objective function over time


Linguistics

knowledge representation,

grammars

Advantage of AI

o Jobs o They don't stop

o No risk of harm
o Act as aids o Their function is almost limitless

Disadvantage of AI

Over reliance on AI Human Feel

Inferior
Misuse Ethically Wrong?

conclusion
Timeline

Academic discipline
The scenario's of Artificial intelligence The pro and cons of AI