# Formule trigonometrice fundamentale

sin2x + cos2x = 1 sin (a + b) = sin a * cos b + sin b* cos a sin (a - b) = sin a * cos b – sin b * cos a cos (a + b) = cos a * cos b – sin a * sin b cos (a - b) = cos a * cos b + sin a * sin b sin 2a = 2 sin a * cos a sin a = 2 sin * cos * cos * cos * cos * sin

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

8. cos 2a = cos2 a – sin2 a = 1 – 2sin2 a = 2cos2 a – 1 9. sin a + sin b = 2sin 10. sin a - sin b = 2sin 11. cos a + cos b = 2cos 12. cos a – cos b = -2sin 13. tg (a + b) = 14. tg (a - b) = 15. sin α + sin β = 2sin
α β

* cos

α

β

16. sin 3a = 3sin a – 4sin3a 17. cos 3a = 4cos3a - 3cos a 18. 1 – cos a = 2sin2 19. 1 + cos a = 2cos2 20. sin x = ± 21. cos x = ±
√ √

22. sin a * sin b = [ cos (a – b) – cos (a + b)] 23. 2sin a * cos b = sin (a + b) + (a – b) 24.

cos x = Aplicatii geometrice in geometria plana → * → = |v| * |u| * cos α → → 1* 2* → + y1 * → → + y2 * → → * → = x1 * x2 + y1 * y2 → =√ + Conditia de paralelism/coliniaritate a 2 vectori → || →  = Conditia perpendicularitate a 2 vectori → ⊥ →  x1 * x2 + y1 * y2 = 0 . sin x = 28. sin (a + b + c) = sin [(a + b) + c] = sin (a + b) * cos c + sin c * cos (a + b) 27. √ 26.25.

( ) A= . A= unde : p – semiperimetrul r – raza cercului inscris 5. A = 7. A = √ Relatia medianei AM2 = .Teorema cosinusului ΔABC oarecare BC2 = AB2 + AC2 – 2AB * AC *cos A  a2 = b2 + c2 – 2b * c * cos A cos A = AC2 = AB2 + BC2 – 2AB * bC *cos B AB2 = AC2 + BC2 – 2AC * BC *cos C Teorema sinusurilor ΔABC oarecare = unde R – raza cercului circumscris Formule de calcul pentru aria unui triunghi ΔABC oarecare 1. A = p * r ) ( ) . A = 4. A = 6. A = 2. Formula lui Heron : A=√ ( 3.