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CONSILIUL TIINIFIC

CUPRINS
Pag. 195. CONSIDERAII PRIVIND CRIMA ORGANIZAT VASILE LPDUI 197. UNELE ASPECTE PRIVIND PRILE N PROCESUL PENAL, REGLEMENTATE N PROIECTUL NOULUI COD DE PROCEDURA PENAL PETRE BUNECI 200. POLIGRAFUL DE LA CLASIC LA ULTRA-MODERN TUDOREL BUTOI ALINA TNASE 204. CERCETAREA CRIMINALISTIC A UNOR FRAUDE INFORMATICE MIHAIL GHEORGHI GHEORGHE ALECU 208. PERFORMANE ALE METODELOR SPECTROMETRICE N CARACTERIZAREA MORFOLOGIC I STRUCTURAL A PROBELOR JUDICIARE (III) MARIA GEORGETA STOIAN ELENA GALAN GEORGETA ANDREESCU 216. ASPECTE TEORETICE I PRACTICE PRIVIND PERCHEZIIA N REGLEMENTAREA ACTUAL I NOILE PREVEDERI N PROIECTUL CODULUI DE PROCEDUR PENAL N ACEAST MATERIE CRISTIAN HRISTESCU 220. CONDUCEREA AUTOVEHICULULUI SUB INFLUENA BUTURILOR ALCOOLICE N MAREA BRITANIE MICHAEL WATSON RENATA-MINODORA WATSON 221. EXPERIMENTUL I RECONSTITUIREA N EXPERTIZA BALISTIC JUDICIAR GHEORGHE PESCU 224. CINELE GOM IA URMA INFRACTORILOR VIOREL GAVRA NICOLAE ERFEZEU 227. INSTRUMENTE LEGISLATIVE PE PLAN INTERNATIONAL DE COMBATERE A CRIMEI ORGANIZATE DAN VOINEA, ION PDUCEL 229. DETERMINAREA VITEZEI DE IMPACT A AUTOVEHICULELOR PRIN DESCOMPUNEREA MICRI MIRCEA FIERBINEANU 231. CND ROILE VORBESC CONSTANTIN VASILACHE ANCA DROBOT 234. RELEVAREA AMPRENTELOR LATENTE PE PIELEA UMAN I A AMPRENTELOR PAPILARE LATENTE NSNGERATE N CAZUL INFRACIUNILOR CU VIOLEN IONEL NECULA NICOLAE PREDA LUIGI PREDA 237. CILINDRUL (BUTUCUL) CU DISCURI ABLOY: SOLUIE DE NCHIDERE PERFORMANT I SIGURA MIHAI BNULEASA

vicepreedinte al Academiei Romne

Preedinte de onoare: Academician Marius SALA, Preedinte:

Chestor prof. univ. dr. Gheorghe POPA, preedintele Asociaiei Criminalitilor din Romnia

Vicepreedini: Prof. univ. dr. Lazr CRJAN,

Prof. univ. dr. Tudorel BUTOI, Universitatea Spirul Haret; Prof. univ. dr. habilitat n drept Mihail GHEORGHI, Universitatea Liber Internaional din R. Moldova; Conf. univ. dr. GHEORGHE GOLUBENCO, Universitatea Liber Internaional din R. Moldova; LAZARENKO LINA, Institutul de Criminalistic din Republica Lituania; Prof. univ. dr. KOSTADIN KIRILOV BOBEV, directorul Direciei de Criminalistic a Ministerului de Interne al Bulgariei; Chestor conf. univ. dr. Bujor FLORESCU, adjunct al inspectorului general al Poliiei Romne; Prof. univ. dr. PETRE BUNECI, decanul Facultii de drept Universitatea Ecologic; Prof. univ. dr. Valentin IFTENIE, I.N.M.L. Mina Minovici; Dr. Gheorghe BLAN, procuror general al Parchetului de pe lng Curtea de Apel Bucureti; Ing MIRCEA FIERBINEANU, expert judiciar; General de divizie (r) dr. Gavril Dorelu RMUREAN, membru al Asociaiei Criminalitilor din Romnia; Comisar-ef Gabriel RU, directorul Institutului de Criminalistic al I.G.P.R.; Comisar drd. ROMIC POTORAC, director adjunct al Institutului de Criminalistic; Comisar drd. Crian-Mucenic LZUREANU, directorul Centrului Chinologic - Sibiu; Comisar-ef drd. Viorel COROIU, Academia de Poliie Al. I. Cuza; Comisar-ef Nicolae BUZATU, expert criminalist; Comisar-ef lector univ. dr. Constantin DUVAC; Lector univ. dr. Ioan HURDUBAIE, Universitatea Romn de tiine i Arte Gheorghe Cristea; Conf. univ. dr. Valeric DABU, Universitatea Romn de tiine i Arte Gheorghe Cristea; Conf. univ. dr. Nicolae VDUVA, Universitatea Romn de tiine i Arte Gheorghe Cristea; Ing. Anca BLAN, director general al rmei Chronos; Conf. univ. dr. Gheorghe PESCU, Universitatea Dimitrie Cantemir; Comisar-ef Grigore PTRU, eful Serviciului criminalistic din D.G.P.M.B.; Lector univ. dr. Constantin DRGHICI; Academia de Poliie Al. I. Cuza Prof. Vladimir ALEXANDRESCU, director n Institutul Naional de Satistic; Comisar lector univ. drd. Sorinel CRUU, Academia de Poliie Al. I. Cuza
Revista Romn de Criminalistic a fost evaluat i clasat de Consiliul Naional al Cercetrii tiinice din nvmntul Superior (CNCSIS) cu avizul nr. 687/2006

Membrii:

prim-vicepreedinte al Asociaiei Criminalitilor din Romnia, ef catedr la Facultatea de drept din cadrul Universitii Spiru Haret; Chestor principal dr. Iancu TEFAN, vicepreedinte al Asociaiei Criminalitilor din Romnia; General maior magistrat conf. univ. dr. Dan VOINEA, vicepreedinte al Asociaiei Criminalitilor din Romnia;

Redactor ef: Vasile LPDUI


Redactor ef adjunct: Constantin GDEA Redactori: Simona CIOCAN, Stelua GREJDINOIU, Cristian DIACONESCU, Mihaela Irina CONSTANTINESCU, Marin RUIU, Lucian ALEXANDRESCU, Pantelimon BOTIN, Cristian DUMITRESCU Traducerea: Ioana VASILE i Renata-Minodora WATSON experi criminaliti. Trezorier: Mihai IVANICI. Secretar general de redacie: Alexandru BARBU Publicitate i difuzare: Liviu OPREA i Nicolae SAVU Contabilitate: ILEANA-CAMELIA GRIGORE Tel.: 021.210.33.44; E-mail: criminalistica@rol.ro Foto: Rzvan RIZEA, Emanuel APETREI i Mihai MRZA Revista a fost fondat n martie 1999 de prof. VASILE LPDUI
Revist realizat de Asociaia Criminalitilor din Romnia; recunoscut de Guvernul Romniei ca ind de utilitate public, prin Hotrrea nr. 1240/2005; Certicat de nscriere a persoanei juridice fr scop patrimonial nr. 17 din 26.02.2002, eliberat de Judectoria Sectorului 3, Bucureti; Autorizaie nr. 44/PJ/2002, 80-3/12.997; cod scal nr. 14523220; cont nou: 2511.E01.0.564199.0080.ROL. 6; cod IBAN RO58RNCB0080005641990006-B.C.R. Sucursala Doamnei, Bucureti Certicat de nregistrare a mrcii la O.S.M. nr. 78602 www.asociatiacriminalistilor.ro; asociatia criminalistilor@yahoo.com

Editor: Asociaia Criminalitilor din Romnia, B-dul Dacia nr. 55, sector 1, telefon 0212103344 Tipograe: Marius Rou.

I.S.S.N. 1454-3117

LEI 7

S U M M A RY

SOMMAIRE

Pag.
195. CONSIDERATIONS REGARDING ORGANIZED CRIME VASILE LPDUI 197. SOME CONSIDERATIONS REGARDING THE PARTIES IN THE TRIAL LAID DOWN IN THE DRAFT OF THE NEW CODE OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE PETRE BUNECI 200. THE POLYGAPH: FROM CLASSIC TO ULTRAMODERN TUDOREL BUTOI ALINA TNASE 204. FORENSIC RESEARCHES OF A FEW INFORMATIONAL FRAUD MIHAIL GHEORGHI GHEORGHE ALECU 208. PERFORMANCES OF SPECTROMETRIC METHODS IN MORPHOLOGICAL AND STRUCTURAL CHARACTERIZATION OF JUDICIAL EVIDENCES (III) MARIA GEORGETA STOIAN ELENA GALAN GEORGETA ANDREESCU 216. THEORETICAL ASPECTS IN CURRENT REGULATION AND NEW PROVISIONS REGARDING SEARCH IN THE DRAFT OF THE NEW CODE OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE CRISTIAN HRISTESCU 218. DRINKING AND DRIVING IN THE UNITED KINGDOM MICHAEL WATSON RENATA-MINODORA WATSON 221. EXPERIMENT AND RECONSTRUCTIONIN THE JUDICIAL BALLISTICS EXPERTISE GHEORGHE PESCU 224. THE GOM DOG TRACES THE OFFENDERS VIOREL GAVRA NICOLAE ERFEZEU 227. LEGISLATIVE INSTRUMENTS AT INTERNATIONAL LEVEL FOR FIGHTING ORGANIZED CRIME DAN VOINEA, ION PDUCEL 229. THE DETERMINATION OF COLLISION SPEED OF MOTOR VEHICLES THROUGH THE DECOMPOSITION OF MOTION MIRCEA FIERBINEANU 231. WHEN THE WHEELS ARE TALKING CONSTANTIN VASILACHE ANCA DROBOT 234. METHODS TO DRAW LATENT FINGERPRINTS FROM THE HUMAN SKIN AND LATENT PAPILLARY BLOODY TRACES IN THE CASE OF VIOLENT CRIMES IONEL NECULA NICOLAE PREDA LUIGI PREDA 237. THE CYLINDER (MORTICE CYLINDER) WITH ABLOY DISCS: IMPROVED AND SAFETY LOCKING SOLUTION MIHAI BNULEASA

Pag.
195. QUELQUES CONSIDRATIONS LGARD DU CRIME ORGANIS VASILE LPDUI 197. QUELQUES ASPECTS LGARD DES PARTIES DANS LE PROCS, REGLEMENTS DANS LE PROJECT DU NOUVEAU CODE DE PROCDURE PNALE PETRE BUNECI 200. LE POLYGRAPH COMME CTAIT HIER ET AUJOURDHUI TUDOREL BUTOI ALINA TNASE 204. LA RECHERCHE CRIMINALISTIQUE DES FRAUDES INFORMATIQUES MIHAIL GHEORGHI GHEORGHE ALECU 208. QUELQUES PERFORMANCES DES MTHODES SPCTROMETRIQUES DANS LA CARACTRISATION MORPHOLOGIQUE ET STRUCTURALE DES PREUVES JUDICIAIRES (III) MARIA GEORGETA STOIAN ELENA GALAN GEORGETA ANDREESCU 216. DES ASPECTS THORTIQUES LGARD DE LA PERQUISITION DANS LA RGLEMENTATION ACTUELLE ET LES NOUVELLES PRVISIONS DANS LE PROJECT DU CODE DE PROCEDURE PNALE CRISTIAN HRISTESCU 220. LA CONDUITE SOUS LINFLUENCE DE LALCOOL EN GRANDE BRETAGNE MICHAEL WATSON RENATA-MINODORA WATSON 221. LEXPRIMENTATION ET LA RCONSTITUTION DANS LXPERTISE BALISTIQUE JUDICIAIRE GHEORGHE PESCU 224. LE CHIEN GOM PREND LA TRACE DES MALFAITEURS VIOREL GAVRA NICOLAE ERFEZEU 227. LES INSTRUMENTS LGISLATIFS AU NIVEAU INTERNATIONAL POUR COMABTTRE LE CRIME ORGANIS DAN VOINEA, ION PDUCEL 229. LA DTERMINATION DE LA VITESSE DIMPACT DES VHICULES PAR LA DCOMPOSITION DU MOVEMENT MIRCEA FIERBINEANU 231. QUAND LES ROUES PARLENT CONSTANTIN VASILACHE ANCA DROBOT 234. LE RELVEMENT DES EMPREINTES LATENTES SUR LA PEAU HUMAINE ET DES EMPREINTES PAPILLAIRES LATENTES ENSANGLANTES AU CAS DES INFRACTIONS AVEC VIOLENCE IONEL NECULA NICOLAE PREDA LUIGI PREDA 237. LE CYLINDRE AVEC DES DISQUES ABLOY: UNE SOLUTION POUR FERMER LA PORTE DUNE MANIRE PERFORMANTE ET SRE MIHAI BNULEASA

N ATENIA CITITORILOR I COLABORATORILOR!


Urmtorul numr al revistei va aprea n luna decembrie 2009. Cei care doresc s-i asigure procurarea publicaiei noastre se pot adresa serviciilor de criminalistic de la inspectoratele de poliie judeene i de la Poliia Capitalei.De asemenea, materialele date spre publicare, nsoite de ilustraiile necesare, se vor trimite redaciei, tot prin serviciile de criminalistic, la Institutul de Criminalistic al I.G.P.R.

Toate articolele prezentate n revist au fost recenzate de membrii Consiliului tiinic. Persoanele interesate se pot adresa redaciei pentru traducerea n limba englez a ecrui articol.

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CRIMINALISTICA NR. 5 (65), OCTOMBRIE 2009, VOL. XI

CONSIDERAII PRIVIND CRIMA ORGANIZAT


CONSIDERATIONS REGARDING ORGANIZED CRIME
Col. (r) prof. VASILE LPDUI secretar general al Asociaiei Criminalitilor din Romnia

Abstract This article presents some aspects regarding organized crime (denition, genesis, legislation etc.). Basically, organized crime can be dened as the segment of offences to which are related illegal activities susceptible of seriously affecting certain sectors of the economic, social and political life, carried on through various methods and means, in a constant, planned and conspired manner, by associations of individuals, with well determined internal hierarchy, specialized structures and self-defense mechanisms, for the purpose of obtaining illicit prots at extremely high levels. Key words: organized crime, denition, legislation, offences from organized crime area, contribution in the prevention and ght against the organized crime phenomenon. Rezumat n acest articol sunt prezentate cteva aspecte referitoare la crima orgnizat (deniie, apariie, legislaie etc.). Crima organizat n esen poate denit ca ind acel segment infracional la care se raporteaz activitile ilegale, de natur s afecteze grav anumite sectoare ale vieii economice, sociale i politice, desfurate prin diverse metode i mijloace, n mod constant, planicat i conspirat, de ctre asociaii de indivizi, cu ierarhie intern bine determinat, cu structuri specializate i mecanisme de autoaprare, n scopul obinerii de proturi ilicite la cote deosebit de ridicate. Cuvinte cheie: crim organizat, deniie, legislaie, infraciuni din domeniul crimei organizate, contribuia n prevenirea i combaterea fenomenului crimei organizate.

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195

UNELE ASPECTE PRIVIND PRILE N PROCESUL PENAL, REGLEMENTATE N PROIECTUL NOULUI COD DE PROCEDURA PENAL
SOME CONSIDERATIONS REGARDING THE PARTIES IN THE TRIAL LAID DOWN IN THE DRAFT OF THE NEW CODE OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
Prof. univ. dr. Petre BUNECI, decanul Facultii de Drept din cadrul Universitii Ecologice Abstract The communication presents some considerations regarding the parties in the trial, laid down by the draft of the New Code of Criminal Procedure. The author makes some suggestions for the improvement of some articles in the Code of Criminal Procedure, such as: articles 82, 92, and 306. Key words: parties in the trial, criminal prosecution in rem and in personam, residuary legatees. Rezumat n comunicare sunt prezentate unele consideraii privind prile n procesul penal reglementate n proiectul noului Cod de procedur penal. Autorul face unele propuneri de mbuntire a unor articole din Codul de procedur penal, cum ar : art. 82, 92 i 306. Cuvint cheie: prile n procesul penal, urmrirea penal in rem i in personam, succesorii cu titlu universal.

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POLIGRAFUL DE LA CLASIC LA ULTRA-MODERN


THE POLYGAPH: FROM CLASSIC TO ULTRAMODERN
Psiholog criminalist, expert n tehnica poligraf, prof. univ. dr. Tudorel BUTOI tudorel.severin@yahoo.com Traductor autorizat de Ministerul Justiiei, liceniat n Drept, absolvent master Psihologie judiciar victimologie: Alina TNASE alleena_t@yahoo.com

Abstract The purpose of this article is to familiarize the public with the use of the polygraph, or as it is also called, the lie detector, during the investigations. Basically, polygraph testing uses mechanical and electronic instruments, in order to record graphically the physiological changes which appear at the questioned person, under controlled conditions. The changes at the cardiovascular and respiratory activities level or in skin galvanic reex are recorded on a chart, which moves as the examiner asks the subject certain questions. Then, these charts are examined to determine whether the answers of the individual were or not accompanied by changes caused in the lines by the emotional factor, with regard to critical, neutral or control stimuli. Key words: polygraph, lie detector, graphic registration, physiological changes, cardiovascular activity, respiratory activity, skin galvanic reex, modications, parameter. Rezumat Scopul acestui articol este acela de a familiariza publicul cu utilizarea poligrafului sau, cum i se mai spune, detectorul de minciuni, n cadrul investigaiilor. n principiu, testarea poligraf folosete instrumente mecanice i electronice, pentru a nregistra grac modicrile oziologice care apar la persoana interogat, n condiii controlate. Modicrile la nivelul activitii cardiovasculare, respiratorii sau a reexului galvanic al pielii sunt nregistrate pe un grac, ce se mic pe msur ce examinatorul i pune subiectului anumite ntrebri. Aceste grace sunt apoi examinate, pentru a determina dac rspunsurile persoanei au fost sau nu nsoite de modicri provocate n trasee de factorul emoional, vis--vis de stimulii critici, neutri sau de control. Cuvinte cheie: poligraf, detector de minciuni, nregistrare grac, modicri ziologice, activitate cardiovascular, activitate respiratorie, reex galvanic al pielii, modicri, parametru.

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197

CERCETAREA CRIMINALISTIC A UNOR FRAUDE INFORMATICE


FORENSIC RESEARCHES OF A FEW INFORMATIONAL FRAUD

Prof. univ. dr. habilitat n drept, Mihail GHEORGHI Universitatea Liber Internaional din Republica Moldova Conf.univ.dr. GHEORGHE ALECU Facultatea de Drept i Administraie Public Constana, conductor de doctorat la Universitatea Liber Internaional din Republica Moldova

Abstract The forensic study of computer crimes, focusing on online offences, requires thorough knowledge from the investigator in the area of programs specialized in the investigation of computer criminality as well as other programs. Their use should lead to obtaining the best possible results. Key words: computer networks hacker, computer frauds, virus, logic bombs, crossborder crimes. Rezumat Studiul criminalistic al crimelor informatice, care au n vedere infraciunile on-line, necesit ca investigatorul s aib cunotine temeinice n domeniul programelor specializate n investigarea criminalitii informatice, precum i al altor programe. Utilizarea acestora trebuie s duc la obinerea de rezultate ct mai bune. Cuvinte cheie: sprgtor de reele informatice, fraude informatice, virus, bombe logice, infraciuni transfrontaliere.

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PERFORMANE ALE METODELOR SPECTROMETRICE N CARACTERIZAREA MORFOLOGIC I STRUCTURAL A PROBELOR JUDICIARE (III)
PERFORMANCES OF SPECTROMETRIC METHODS IN MORPHOLOGICAL AND STRUCTURAL CHARACTERIZATION OF JUDICIAL EVIDENCES (III)
Comisar de poliie drd. ing. chimist MARIA GEORGETA STOIAN Subcomisar de poliie drd. ing. chimist ELENA GALAN Comisar de poliie chimist GEORGETA ANDREESCU Institutul de Criminalistic, Serviciul expertize zico-chimice Abstract In the rst article we presented theoretical aspects regarding forensic identication applied to forensic chemistry. In the previous article we presented the extraordinary performances of spectrometric methods: Microscope coupled with FT-IR Spectrometry, UV-VIS Microspectrophotometry, X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Gas Chromatography coupled with Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS), used in approaching the casuistry encountered in the forensic chemistry laboratories of the Romanian Forensic Science institute, the contribution brought by these in the solving of some cases which involved the analysis of microtraces as well as the manner of formulating the conclusions of the physicochemical expertise reports. In this article we will continue to present some interesting cases and the manner of formulating the conclusions of the physico-chenical expertise reports. Key words: forensic chemistry, categorical (certain) conclusions, probability conclusion, problem solving impossibility conclusions, spectrometric methods, judicial evidence characterization. Rezumat n primul articol am prezentat aspectele teoretice privind identicarea criminalistic aplicat n chimia judiciar. n articolul anterior, am prezentat performanele deosebite ale metodelor spectrometrice: spectrometria FT-IR cuplat cu microscop, microspectrofotometria n UV-VIS, spectrometria cu uorescen de raze X (XRF), microscopia electronic cu baleiaj (SEM), gazocromatograa cuplat cu spectrometria de mas (GC-MS), utilizate n abordarea cazuisticii ntlnite n laboratoarele de chimie judiciar ale Institutului de Criminalistic, contribuia adus de acestea n rezolvarea unor cazuri, ce au presupus analiza de microurme, precum i modul de formulare aconcluziilor rapoartelor de expertiz zico-chimic. n acest articol vom continua s prezentm cteva cazuri interesante i modul de formulare a concluziilor rapoartelor de expertiz zico-chimic. Cuvinte cheie: chimia judiciar, concluzii categorice (certe), concluzii de probabilitate i concluzii de imposibilitate a rezolvrii problemei, metode spectrometrice, caracterizarea probelor judiciare.

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ASPECTE TEORETICE I PRACTICE PRIVIND PERCHEZIIA N REGLEMENTAREA ACTUAL I NOILE PREVEDERI N PROIECTUL CODULUI DE PROCEDUR PENAL N ACEAST MATERIE
THEORETICAL ASPECTS IN CURRENT REGULATION AND NEW PROVISIONS REGARDING SEARCH IN THE DRAFT OF THE NEW CODE OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
Cristian HRISTESCU, prim procuror adjunct la Parchetul de pe lng Tribunalul Ialomia

Abstract In the search eld, the changes of legislation led to an interpretation and enforcement of the law in a non-unitary manner. The article analyzes the difculties encountered by the courts of law in the unitary interpretation and enforcement of the legal texts, the gaps existing in the current legislation regarding the search eld and the modications arisen in the draft of the new Code of Criminal Procedure. Key words: compulsoriness to begin criminal prosecution, search authorization, time period when the search can be done, to perform the search, types of search, legal modications. Rezumat Modicrile legislative intervenite au condus la o interpretare i aplicare a legii n mod neunitar n materia percheziiei. Articolul analizeaz dicultile ntmpinate de instanele judectoreti n interpretarea i aplicarea unitar a textelor de lege, lacunele existente n materia percheziiei n legislaia n vigoare i modicrile intervenite n proiectul noului Cod de procedur penal. Cuvinte cheie: obligativitatea nceperii urmririi penale, autorizarea percheziiei, perioada de timp n care poate efectuat percheziia, efectuarea percheziiei, tipuri de percheziie, modicri legislative.

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DRINKING AND DRIVING IN THE UNITED KINGDOM


Conf. univ. dr. MICHAEL WATSON University of Hudderseld Jurist RENATA-MINODORA WATSON Abstract Many road trafc accidents are associated with alcohol consumption. In June 2007 the British Medical Association endorsed a proposal to reduce the permitted blood alcohol limit to 50 mg per 100 ml. Key words: road trafc accidents, alcohol consumption, blood alcohol limit levels.

CONDUCEREA AUTOVEHICULULUI SUB INFLUENA BUTURILOR ALCOOLICE N MAREA BRITANIE


Conf. univ. dr. MICHAEL WATSON University of Hudderseld Jurist RENATA-MINODORA WATSON Rezumat Multe accidente rutiere sunt asociate consumului de alcool. n iunie 2007, Asociaia Medical Britanic a sprijinit propunerea de a reduce limita legal a alcoolemiei n snge la 50mg per 100ml. Cuvinte cheie: accidente rutiere, consum de alcool, nivel permis de alcool.

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201

EXPERIMENTUL I RECONSTITUIREA N EXPERTIZA BALISTIC JUDICIAR


EXPERIMENT AND RECONSTRUCTION IN THE JUDICIAL BALLISTICS EXPERTISE
Conf. univ. dr. GHEORGHE PESCU

Abstract Most of judicial ballistic expert examinations involve the performance of experiments or partial reconstructions, in order to be able to answer the questions frequently asked to the experts. Key words: experiments, ballistic experiments, reconstructions, conditions necessary for the performance of experiments and reconstructions. Rezumat Majoritatea expertizelor balistice judiciare presupun efectuarea unor experimente sau reconstituiri pariale, pentru a putea rspunde ntrebrilor adresate frecvent experilor. Cuvinte cheie: experimente, experimente balistice, reconstituiri, condiii necesare efecturii experimentelor i reconstituirilor.

CINELE GOM IA URMA INFRACTORILOR


THE GOM DOG TRACES THE OFFENDERS
Procuror VIOREL GAVRA Parchetul de pe lng Tribunalul Bihor Comisar-ef NICOLAE ERFEZEU Serviciul Criminalistic I.P.J. Bihor

Abstract In the last twenty years an exponential growth has been recorded in the acquisition of technique in forensic: AFIS, PRINTRAK BIS, IMAGETRACK, LUCIA FORENSIC. The use of pursuit dogs in police activities has become a common practice in the EU countries, where a genuine database with odoriferous traces taken from the crime scene or from the suspects has realized. Key words: forensic, investigation, traces taken by the pursuit dog. Rezumat Ultimii douzeci de ani au nregistrat o cretere exponenial a achiziionrii tehnicii n criminalistic: AFIS, PRINTRAK BIS, IMAGETRAK, LUCIA FORENSIC. Folosirea cinilor de urmrire n activitile poliieneti a devenit o practic comun n rile UE, unde s-a realizat o adevrat baz de date cu urmele odorologice luate de la locul faptei ori de la suspeci. Cuvinte cheie: criminalistic, investigaie, urmele luate de cinele de urmrire .

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INSTRUMENTE LEGISLATIVE PE PLAN INTERNATIONAL DE COMBATERE A CRIMEI ORGANIZATE


LEGISLATIVE INSTRUMENTS AT INTERNATIONAL LEVEL FOR FIGHTING ORGANIZED CRIME
Conf. univ. dr. DAN VOINEA, lect. univ. drd. ION PDUCEL Universitatea Titu Maiorescu Abstract The article presents some of the legislative instruments at international level for preventing and ghting organized crime. More detailed explanations are given on The convention against transnational criminality, adopted at the UNO Convention of December 2000 in Palermo, Italy. Whereas at the level of the European Union there are very many legislative instruments, the article only presents some of them that have been adopted in 2008. Key words: legislative instruments, UNO Convention of December 2000, transnational organized criminality, framework decision, cooperation between the special intervention units of the EU states. Rezumat n articol este prezentat o parte din instrumentele legislative pe plan internaional de prevenire i combatere a crimei organizate. Sunt date explicaii mai detaliate asupra Conveniei mpotriva criminalitii transnaionale, adoptat la Conferina ONU din decembrie 2000 la Palermo, Italia. ntruct la nivelul Uniunii Europene exist foarte multe instrumente legislative, n articol sunt prezentate numai unele, care au fost adoptate n anul 2008. Cuvinte cheie: instrumente legislative, Convenia ONU din decembrie 2000, criminalitatea transnaional organizat, decizie cadru, cooperarea dintre unitile speciale de intervenie ale statelor UE.

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203

DETERMINAREA VITEZEI DE IMPACT A AUTOVEHICULELOR PRIN DESCOMPUNEREA MICRII


THE DETERMINATION OF COLLISION SPEED OF MOTOR VEHICLES THROUGH THE DECOMPOSITION OF MOTION
Ing. MIRCEA FIERBINEANU expert tehnic judiciar, Corpul Experilor Tehnici din Romnia; E-mail: mircea_erbinteanu@yahoo.com;
Abstract I suggest my own method of determining vehicles impact speed by decomposing the retrospective movement. Starting from the post-impact movement, namely the point where the vehicle stopped, you can determine the speeds based on the energy saving principle. This is followed by the sequence of the actual impact, on the same principle, by forming a system of two equations with two unknown data, by the solving of which you obtain the real value (positive), and then the movement before impact follows, which is solved by the classic formula, depending on the deceleration traces. Key words: impact, movement, speed, energy, equation. Rezumat V propun o metod proprie pentru determinarea vitezei de impact a autovehiculelor prin descompunerea micrii retrospective. Pornind de la micarea dup ciocnire, respectiv locul unde s-a oprit autovehiculul se determin vitezele pe principiul teoremei conservrii energiei. Urmeaz secvena ciocnirii propriu-zise, tot pe acelai principiu, prin formarea unui sistem de dou ecuaii cu dou necunoscute, prin rezolvarea cruia se reine valoarea real (pozitiv), dup care urmeaz micarea nainte de ciocnire, ce se rezolv prin formula clasic n funcie de urmele de frnare. Cuvinte cheie: ciocnire, micare, vitez, energie, ecuaie.

CND ROILE VORBESC


WHEN THE WHEELS ARE TALKING
Subcomisar de poliie CONSTANTIN VASILACHE eful Biroului investigare tehnico tiinic a locului faptei VASLUI Tehnician criminalist agent de poliie ANCA DROBOT

Abstract All about the terrible accident that occurred two years ago, in a small town from Romania, when a cyclist lost his life, due to a road that had too many excavations. In order for the authorities to nd out the truth, a wheel talked and told everything about the accident and who had killed the innocent man, leaving a very important trace on the mans coat. Key words: trafc accident, discovery, interpretation and taking evidences, proving the guilt of the accident author. Rezumat Totul despre teribilul accident care avut loc n urm cu doi ani ntr-un orel din Romnia, cnd un ciclist i-a pierdut viaa datorit gropilor de pe strad. n scopul descoperirii adevrului, o roat a vorbit i a spus autoritilor totul despre accident, cine l-a ucis, lsnd o urm foarte important pe hain. Cuvinte cheie: accident de circulaie, descoperirea, interpretarea i ridicarea probelor, probarea vinoviei autorului accidentului.

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RELEVAREA AMPRENTELOR LATENTE PE PIELEA UMAN I A AMPRENTELOR PAPILARE LATENTE NSNGERATE N CAZUL INFRACIUNILOR CU VIOLEN
METHODS TO DRAW LATENT FINGERPRINTS FROM THE HUMAN SKIN AND LATENT PAPILLARY BLOODY TRACES IN THE CASE OF VIOLENT CRIMES
Comisar-ef de poliie IONEL NECULA Institutul de Criminalistic Comisar-ef de poliie drd. NICOLAE PREDA - I.P.J.Giurgiu Subinspector de poliie LUIGI PREDA - I.P.J.Hunedoara

Abstract Numerous violent offences involve a direct contact between the victim and his/her aggressor. The solving of such a violent offences would be, without a doubt, smoothened by discovering ngerprints on the human body. These studies are presenting more elaborate techniques, and in some of the cases positive results have been identied both in experimental cases and in real life cases. Methods to draw latent ngerprints from the skin: 1) iodine, followed by a transfer on a silver board 2) applying a conventional powder, followed by a transfer 3) lead powder and X-rays engravings (impressions) 4) magnetic powder and transfer 5) transfer of the papillary traces from the human skin on a Ficus leaf, followed by a treatment with Cyanoacrylate (PREDA-RO method) Key words: methods to draw latent ngerprints from the human skin, applying a conventional powder, drawing the bloody papillary traces. Rezumat Numeroase infraciuni cu violen implic un contact direct ntre victim i agresor. Elucidarea unor astfel de infraciuni cu violen ar fr ndoial facilitat prin descoperirea unor amprente pe corpul uman. Aceste studii prezint tehnici noi elaborate, iar n unele dintre ele au fost obinute rezultate pozitive, att n cazul experimentelor de laborator ct i n cazuri reale. Metodele de relevare a amprentelor latente de pe pielea uman: 1) pulverizarea vaporilor de iod, urmat de un transfer pe o plac de argint; 2) aplicarea unei pudre convenionale, urmat de un transfer; 3) praf de plumb i stampe cu raze X; 4) pudr magnetic i transfer; 5) transferul urmelor papilare de pe pielea uman pe o frunz de cus, urmat de tratamentul cu cianoacrilat (metoda PREDA-RO) Cuvinte cheie: metode de relevare a amprentelor latente de pe pielea uman, aplicarea unei pudre convenionale, ridicarea urmelor papilare nsngerate.

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CILINDRUL (BUTUCUL) CU DISCURI ABLOY: SOLUIE DE NCHIDERE PERFORMANT I SIGURA


THE CYLINDER (MORTICE CYLINDER) WITH ABLOY DISCS: IMPROVED AND SAFETY LOCKING SOLUTION
Dipl. ing. MIHAI BNULEASA, preedinte al Asociaiei Lctuilor din Romnia
Abstract : In the year 1907 the Finnish inventor Emil Herinksson created a new safety cylinder in which a key is operating some discs and not pin tumblers as on standard cylinders. The main advantage of these cylinders is there are no springs inside, therefore the wear is minimum; it withstands high torque to discs, high drilling resistance, and very important this cylinder is virtually pick proof by manipulation. n the year 2001 ABLOY patented Protec system; this is the most performant discs cylinder ever made. This system has 11 active discs providing 1.970 million combinations. Also the opening by manipulation/picking is not known so far for ABLOY cylinders. Keywords: safety cylinder, mortice cylinder, ABLOY Protec, locksmith, master key system, picking, lockpicking, manipulation, key, combination, discs cylinder. Rezumat: n anul 1907 nlandezul Emil Herinksson a creat un tip nou de cilindru de siguran (butuc), la care o cheie acioneaz o serie de discuri i nu tifturi ca la cilindrii clasici. Avantajele principale ale acestor cilindri cu discuri sunt acelea c nu exist niciun arc nuntru, deci nu exist frecri ntre piese; datorit presiunii arcurilor, uzurile sunt minime; prezint o rezisten sporit la forarea cilindrului prin rsucirea discurilor, are o rezisten sporit la gurire, i, nu n ultimul rnd, acest sistem este practic imposibil de deschis prin manipulare (palpare), deci fr a avea o cheie potrivit. De asemenea, conine un sistem de master key extins. n anul 2001, rma scandinav productoare ABLOY a lansat primul sistem Protec patentat; acesta reprezint chintesena sistemelor cu discuri fabricate pn acum. Cu un numr de 11 discuri active, acest sistem confer un numr de 1.970 milioane de combinaii. De asemenea, fabricantul garanteaz imposibilitatea deschiderii prin palpare/manipulare. Practic, nu se cunoate lctu sau specialist care s se poat lauda c a deschis un astfel de sistem, fr a folosi cheia potrivit. Cuvinte cheie: cilindru de siguran, butuc, ABLOY Protec, lctu, master key sistem, palpare, manipulare, cheie, combinaii, cilindru, discuri.

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NOUTI EDITORIALE - NEW EDITIONS

BUCURETIUL NECUNOSCUT
Recent a ieit de sub tipar, la Editura Little Star, o lucrare de referin istoric. Autori: Vasile Lpdui, Constantin Gdea, Dian Popescu. Lucrarea Bucuretiul necunoscut o istorie fascinant a Capitalei, ediia a II-a, revzut i adugit, se bazeaz, dup cum i este i numele, pe documente inedite sau puin cunoscute, cu numeroase fotograi de epoc, ilustrative pentru ecare perioad tratat, ntr-un stil care mbin harul naratorului cu zgrcenia stilist a istoricului. Cea de-a doua ediie a acestei cri merge pe rul evenimentelor, ntmplrilor i muncii pline de sacricii a ctitorilor de Capital din prima ediie, care s-a bucurat de un real succes n rndul cititorilor, pornind de la primele nceputuri ale facerii Bucuretiului pn n secolul XX, cnd deja istoria, indu-le mai aproape, pare s le e mai cunoscut. Este, aadar, o carte document, bine nchegat, plcut i plin de nvminte, care se adreseaz tuturor celor care doresc s cunoasc cum s-a plmdit acest ora-Capital i cum a reuit Bucuretiul s ajung cel pe care l cunoatem astzi.

Cei interesai de aceast lucrare se pot adresa Asociaiei Criminalitilor din Romnia: telefon 0212103344, e-mail www.asociatiacriminalistilor.ro sau asociatiacriminalistilor@yahoo.com, preul lucrrii 25 lei.

NOUTI EDITORIALE - NEW EDITIONS Lpdui, chestor prof. univ. dr. Gheorghe Popa, general maior (r) prof. univ. dr.Vasile Crjan, general maior magistrat conf. univ. dr. Dan Voinea, chestor pr. lector univ. dr. Iancu tefan, asist. univ. ing. Dian Popescu. Consultani de specialitate: comisar-ef asist. univ. dr. Gabriel ru, comisar-ef lect. univ. dr. Constantin Duvac, comisar-ef Ioan Dadus. Lucrarea curprinde comunicrile prezentate la Simpozionul Internaional cu aceeai tem, organizat de Asociaia Criminalitilor din Romnia i Inspectoratul General al Poliiei Romne, n zilele de 4 i 5 noiembrie 2008. Ea analizeaz toate etapele parcurse de la cercetarea locului infraciunii, metode, mijloace i procedee folosite i pn la descoperirea fptuitorului, documentarea aciunilor acestuia i trimiterea lui n justiie, prezentate de specialiti cu experien n domeniu din ar i strintate. Se adreseaz tuturor celor ndrituii cu atribuii specice pe aceast linie, celor preocupai de asigurarea linitii cetenilor acestei ri, dar nu numai, ind nu doar util, dar i interesant i captivant. Poate procurat la preul de 20 lei de la Asociaia Criminalitilor din Romnia, telefon 0212103344.

INVESTIGAREA CRIMINALISTIC A INFRACIUNILOR CU VIOLEN


Sub auspiciile Asociaiei Criminalitilor din Romnia, a vzut de curnd lumina tiparului lucrarea Investigarea criminalistic a infraciunilor cu violen. Coordonatorii lucrrii: col. (r) prof. Vasile