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BOLERO SLx

INTRODUCTION
WHEN ANY TWO PARTS IN A ENGINE WORKS AS SYSTEM IT PRODUCE WEAR & TEAR AND HEAT DUE TO FRICTION . AT THE SAME TIME VERY HIGH TEMPERATURE IS PRODUCED, DUE TO COMBUSTION OF FUEL IN ENGINE . THESE HEAT ENERGY ARE CAPABLE ENOUGH TO MELT THE ENGINE PARTS, SO TO PREVENT WEAR AND TEAR A SYSTEM IS DEVELOPED IN AUTOMOBILE CALLED AS LUBRICATION SYSTEM.

AIM

AIM OF THIS PRESENTATION IS TO ACQUAINT THE CLASS OF THE LUBRICATION SYSTEM OF BOLERIO SLx 4WD

NECCESITY
FOR EASY MOTION OF ENGINE TO REDUCE HEAT OF ENGINE TO REDUCE FRICTION TO INCREASE THE LIFE OF ENGINE SEALING AGENT OF PISTON CUSHION AGENT FUCTION OF COOLING AGENT

FUNCTIONS OF LUBRICANTS
LUBRICATE MOVING PART TO MINIMISE WEAR AND TEAR. ABSORB HEAT FROM ENGINE PARTS THERE BY ACTING AS A COOLING AGENT. ABSORB SHOCKS BETWEEN BEARINGS AND OTHER ENGINE PARTS THERE BY REDUCING ENGINE NOISE AND EXTENDING ENGINE LIFE. FORMS A GOOD SEAL BETWEEN PISTON RINGS AND CYLINDER WALLS. ACT AS A CLEANING AGENT.

LOCATION

ESTABLISHED FROM OIL SUMP-CRANK CASE AND DEFFERENT PARTS OF ENGINE.

PARTS OF LUB SYSTEM


OIL SUMP STRAINER OIL PUMP (IN BOLERO SLX ROTOR TYPE) OIL FILTER (Bypass open at 1.5 kg/cm sq)BY PASS VALVE MAIN OIL GALLERY TURBO CHARGER

VACCUM UNIT CRANK SHAFT MAIN JOURNAL CRANK PIN CAM SHAFT CAM BUSH ROCKER SHAFT ROCKER ARM PUSH ROD- TAPET VALVE VALVE SPRING VALVE GUIDE

FUNCTIONING OF LUBRICATION SYSTEM When we crank the engine, crankshaft and camshaft rotates. From the scew gear of camshaft, drive gear of oil pump is also rotated which rotates the driven gear of oil pump.This rotation creats a suction at the inlet port, due to which the oil pump draws oil from the oil sump through rigid internal suction tube And oil starts flowing through different parts of engine as under

From Oil pump to Oil filter(prv opens at 2bar)

From Oil filter to Main oil Gallery(Bypass opens at 1.5 kg/cm square) From MOG oil runs through the length of the block to the main journal From Main journal to Crank pins Main journal crank pin 01 TO 01 02 02 03 SELF LUBRICATING 04 03 05 04

From Crank pins to respective connecting rods Big end & small end bearings and piston pins. From no. 1,3 & 5 main journals to no.1,2 & 3 cam shaft bushes. From MOG to Rocker arm shaft, where after lubricating the whole valve mechanism the oil fall back to the oil sump. From the MOG to Turbo-charger and vacuum unit (Through benjo bolt and external pipe line)

After lubricating the whole system while falling of lubricant in the sump it is splashed by the weights of crankshaft which lubricates cylinder walls, pistons, gudgeon pins, Big end and small end bearings.

FLOW CHART
Oil sump Big end Strainer Crank pin Oil pump Main Jrnl Cam bushes Oil Filter MOG Turbo charger Vacuum unit

Con-rod Small end Pis-pin

OIL SUMP

Valve Mech.

Rocker shaft

Vacuum unit

FLOW OF LUBRICATION
Valve Mech. ROCKER SHAFT CB MAIN OIL GALLERY MJ cp
Oil Filter

Oil Sump

DEFECTS IN LUBRICATION SYSTEM


LOW OIL PRESSURE HIGH OIL PRESSURE EXCESS OIL CONSUMPTION

DEFECTS
LOW OIL PRESSURE
1. 2. 3. 4. THIN OIL. CRANK CASE DILUTION. OVER HEATING OF ENGINE. WORN OUT OIL PUMP GEARS. 5. PRV ON PUMP STUCK IN OPEN POSITION. 6. OIL LEAKS

HIGH OIL PRESSURE (INDICATED BY OIL PRESSURE GAUGE)

1. THICK OIL. 2. PRV ON PUMP STUCK IN CLOSED POSITION. 3. COLD CLIMATE.

HIGH CONSUMPTION 1. OIL LEAKS. 2. WORN OUT PISTON OF OIL RINGS/CYLINDER (FREQUENT TOPPING WALLS/VALVE GUIDES UP IS REQUIRED) CYLINDER HEAD GASKET.

CARE AND MAINTENENCE


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. CHANGING OF OIL AS PER RECOMMENDATION USE OF PRESCRIBED GRADE OF OIL ENSURE NO LIKEASE IN SYSTEM FILTER MUST BE CHANGED WITH OIL CHANGING OIL INDICATOR SHOULD BE ALWAYS IN FUNCTIONING CONDITION CARRY OUT MAINTENANCE AS PER TASK NO.7.

LUBRICATION CHART
1 2 3 4 5 Engine oil (7.5lt) SAE15W40 Gear oil NG 530 (2lt) SAE80W90 Transfer case oil(1.6lt) 15000 Km 20000 Km 20000 Km

Differential gear oil (F 1.2lt) 20000 Km (R1.65lt) SAE90 Steering oil (0.8lt) Texamatic ATF 20000 Km

CONCLUSION
AS OF NOW WE HAVE LEARNT ABOUT LUBRICATION SYSTEM. DURING THIS PERIOD WE LEARNT NECCESITY, FUNCTION OF LUBRICANTS, ADVANTAGE OF LUBRICATION, TYPE OF LUBRICATION SYSTEM, PARTS OF LUBRICATION SYSTEM, FLOW OF LUBRICANTS IN THE VARIOUS PARTS OF ENGINE, DEFECTS IN LUBRICATION SYSTEM AND CARE AND MAINTENANCE OF THIS SYSTEM. SO IF WE PAY PROPER ATTENTION OR NEED TO THE REQUIREMENT OF ENGINE AT DIFFERENT TERRAIN AND CONDITION AND FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTION FOR USING LUBRICATION OIL AND TIME PROCEEDURE OF CHANGING LUBRICANTS WE CAN DEFINATELYN SAVE OR PROLONG THE LIFE OF ENGINE AND PARTS INVOLVED.