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INSTITUTUL NAIONAL DE STATISTIC

Coordonator al ediiei: Prof. Univ. Dr. Vergil VOINEAGU - Preedinte Colectivul de coordonare a lucrrii: Dr. Cristian Nicolae STNIC, Gabriel JIFCU, Ilie DUMITRESCU, Adriana CIUCHEA, Gheorghe VAIDA-MUNTEAN, Doina BADEA. Colectivul de elaborare a capitolelor Anuarului: Adriana CIUCHEA, Silvia PISIC, Ion FLORESCU, Daniela TEFNESCU, Andoria Cristina IONI, Dr. tefan TRIC, Andreea CAMBIR, Georgeta Marinela ISTRATE, Mihai GHEORGHE, Maria Ioana NICOLA, Constantin MNDRICELU, Nina ALEXEVICI, Floria CRSTEA, Virginia BALEA, Lucia Cecilia SINIGAGLIA, Florentina GHEORGHE. Colectivul de design i editare: Ilie DUMITRESCU, Doina BADEA, Lavinia POPESCU, Vitty-Cristian CHIRAN, Rodica-Elena SOLOVSTRU, Gabriela Melania PODBERECHI, Victorina BOTEA, Minodora RDULESCU, Elena TUDOR, Genia MIHOC, Mihaela Elena TEFAN, Gabriela ZAGALCA, Laura ENACHE, Valentina MUNTEANU, Lenua POPESCU, Daniela BUCUR, Daniela POPESCU.

Responsabil de publicaie: Doina BADEA Fotografie: Vitty-Cristian CHIRAN Editare CD: Daniela BUCUR, Lenua POPESCU, Rodica SOLOVSTRU, Gabriela ZAGALCA, Valentina MUNTEANU Coperta: Alexandru POPESCU

INSTITUTUL NAIONAL DE STATISTIC


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Abonamente la publicaiile editate de I.N.S se pot contracta prin: Activitatea Diseminarea Informaiilor Statisticii Romneti Telefon/Fax: +40 021 317 11 10 i Fax: +40 021 318 18 74 e-mail: rrs@insse.ro Publicaiile editate de Institutul Naional de Statistic se pot procura de la sediul I.N.S. prin: Librria Ion Ionescu de la Brad tel. 318 18 42 int. 2254, 1073, 2479 e-mail: rrs@insse.ro Punctele de vnzare de la sediile Direciilor Judeene de Statistic
I.S.S.N.: 1220 - 3246; I.S.S.N.-L : 1220 - 3246

INS 2011

CUVNT NAINTE

n susinerea acestui punct de vedere, Anuarul Statistic al Romniei 2011 reprezint, dup opinia mea, o bun pledoarie. n acest sens, pentru satisfacerea cerinelor utilizatorilor interni i externi, Anuarul rspunde integral criteriilor de calitate cerute de standardele i normele internaionale, aspectul i coninutul su plasndu-l, fr fals modestie, printre cele mai reuite lucrri din aceast categorie realizate de oficiile naionale de statistic ale rilor membre ale Uniunii Europene. Remarcabil, i pentru aceast ediie, este faptul c obligaia asumat, de a reduce la minimum perioada dintre momentul publicrii i anul de referin, a fost ndeplinit i ntr-un an n care statistica oficial romneasc a avut de trecut testul complex i dificil al organizrii, la scurt interval, a dou cercetri statistice de o importan deosebit: Recensmntul General Agricol i Recensmntul Populaiei i al Locuinelor. Desigur, rezultatele acestor recensminte care, n detaliu, vor aprea ncepnd din anul 2012 vor avea efect n ediiile viitoare ale anuarului, cnd vor fi operate i cuvenitele revizuiri pentru seriile de indicatori care au la baz informaii obinute din cercetrile amintite. Ca i n ediia anterioar, informaiile referitoare la statisticile n profil teritorial se gsesc exclusiv pe CD-ROM-ul publicaiei. Mulumesc tuturor celor care au contribuit la realizarea acestei lucrri i ateptm observaiile, comentariile, sugestiile i propunerile dumneavoastr, ale tuturor utilizatorilor de date statistice, care ne vor fi de un real folos. Este i scopul pentru care am inserat la finalul ediiei un Chestionar la care v rugm s raspundei.

Anuarul Statistic al Romniei este, de mai bine de un secol, mai exact din anul 1902, lucrarea fanion a statisticii naionale, un veritabil liant care asigur, an de an, tezaurizarea, de o manier comparabil, a celor mai importante informaii cu privire la evoluia fiecruia dintre sectoarele vieii economice i sociale a rii. De altfel, nsi impunerea sa n peisajul publicaiilor statisticoeconomice a fost determinat de raiunea de a avea, ntr-un anumit stadiu de dezvoltare a omenirii, un mijloc eficient de identificare rapid, sintetic i, totui, complet a elementelor eseniale n funcionarea mecanismului economic i social. Momentul din an al apariiei unei noi ediii face ca Anuarul s fie un instrument de lucru pentru adecvarea la realitate a proiectelor i aciunilor concepute pe termen scurt, dar i cea mai bun surs documentar pentru proieciile de perspectiv i conturarea unei viziuni cuprinztoare pe termen lung, prin care cercettorul obinuit, ct i autoritatea angajat ntr-o aciune decizional de interes pentru ntreaga comunitate gsesc cheile de interpretare a fenomenelor din societate, aa nct deciziile care se vor lua n viitor s in seama de acumulrile de valoare, dar i de capcanele economice sau sociale ale trecutului. De la o ediie la alta, Anuarul este mbogit sub aspectul coninutului i formei de prezentare, pstrnd acea coloan vertebral care d continuitate i valoare de comparabilitate, condiii sine qua non pentru orice demers analitic demn de o publicaie de prestigiu.

Prof. univ. dr. Vergil VOINEAGU, Preedintele Institutului Naional de Statistic

SINTEZA CUPRINSULUI

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CONTENTS

Not metodologic general ......................................... VII Prescurtri folosite pentru unitile de msur ........... XXII Simboluri folosite ........................................................ XXII 1. Geografie, meteorologie i mediu nconjurtor ........ 1 2. Populaie ................................................................. 35 3. Piaa forei de munc .............................................. 79 4. Veniturile, cheltuielile i consumul populaiei ........ 127 5. Locuine i utiliti publice ..................................... 175 6. Securitate i asisten social .............................. 189 7. Sntate ................................................................ 221 8. Educaie ................................................................ 237 9. Cultur i sport ...................................................... 271 10. Preuri .................................................................... 293 11. Conturi naionale ................................................... 309 12. Investiii i imobilizri corporale ............................ 373 13. tiin, tehnologie i inovare ................................. 387 14. Agricultur i silvicultur ....................................... 433 15. Activitatea ntreprinderii ........................................ 471 16. Industrie i construcii ........................................... 511 17. Transporturi, pot i telecomunicaii .................... 531 18. Comer internaional .............................................. 555 19. Comer interior i servicii de pia ........................ 595 20. Turism .................................................................... 603 21. Finane .................................................................. 627 22. Justiie ................................................................... 647 23. Statistic internaional ......................................... 657

General methodological note Abbreviations used for units of measurement Symbols used Geography, meteorology and environment Population Labour market Population income, expenditure and consumption Dwellings and public utilities Social protection and assistance Health Education Culture and sport Prices National accounts Investments and tangible fixed assets Science, technology and innovation Agriculture and forestry Enterprise activity Industry and construction Transport, post and telecommunications International trade Domestic trade and market services Tourism Finances Justice International statistics

NOT METODOLOGIC GENERAL

GENERAL METHODOLOGICAL NOTE

1. Cadrul legal privind activitatea statistic este statuat prin Legea nr. 226 / 2009 a organizrii i funcionrii statisticii oficiale n Romnia. n lege se regsesc contextul i prevederile care definesc elementele constitutive ale procesului statistic, respectiv, culegerea, prelucrarea, analiza i constituirea seriilor de date statistice oficiale, cu caracter demografic, social, economic, financiar i juridic, precum i principiile fundamentale care stau la baza funcionrii statisticii oficiale n Romnia. Statistica oficial n Romnia este organizat i coordonat de Institutul Naional de Statistic, organ de specialitate al Administraiei Publice Centrale, n subordinea Guvernului, finanat de la bugetul de stat. Institutul Naional de Statistic este autorizat s solicite i s obin cu titlu gratuit datele i informaiile statistice de la toate persoanele, fizice sau juridice, care dein capital sub orice form sau desfoar activitate de orice fel pe teritoriul Romniei. Principiile pe care se ntemeiaz activitatea statistic, n deplin concordan cu principiile fundamentale privind funcionarea statisticii ntr-o societate democratic, adoptate pe plan internaional, constau n: autonomie, confidenialitate a datelor individuale, transparen, relevan, proporionalitate, deontologie statistic i raport cost/eficien. Att contextul general, ct i principiile de funcionare a statisticii, precum i producerea de date statistice de calitate, armonizate cu normele i standardele Uniunii Europene, confer rezultatelor activitii statistice garania satisfacerii cerinelor utilizatorilor de date statistice. 2. Sursele de date statistice. Datele prezentate n Anuarul statistic sunt rezultatul a dou categorii de surse: cercetrile statistice exhaustive sau prin sondaj cuprinse n Programul Statistic Anual (PSA); surse administrative. 3. Programul Statistic Naional Anual (PSNA) reprezint instrumentul de baz prin care Institutul Naional de Statistic i ceilali productori de statistici oficiale sunt autorizai s realizeze colectarea, stocarea, procesarea, analiza i diseminarea datelor statistice oficiale, n vederea asigurrii informaiilor necesare utilizatorilor interni, precum i a celor ce decurg din legislaia Uniunii Europene i din recomandrile altor organizaii internaionale.

1. The legal framework concerning the statistical activity is represented by Law no. 226 / 2009 on the organisation and functioning of official statistics in Romania. The Law includes the context and the provisions defining the constitutive elements of the statistical process, namely: collection, processing, analysing and compiling official statistical data series, of demographic, social, economic, financial and juridical nature, as well as the fundamental principles on which the functioning of official statistics in Romania is defined. In Romania, the official statistics is organised and coordinated by the National Institute of Statistics, specialised body of central public administration, subordinated to Government and financed from the state budget. The National Institute of Statistics is entrusted to ask for and to obtain, free of charge, statistical data and information from all natural and legal persons, owing any type of capital or developing any kind of activity on Romanias territory. The principles on which statistical activity are based, fully compliant with the fundamental principles related to statistics functioning in a democratic society, adopted al international level, consists in: autonomy, individual data confidentiality, transparency, relevance, proportionality, statistical deontology and cost effectiveness. Both the general context and the principles of statistics functioning, as well as the production of statistical data of high quality, compliant with the European Unions norms and standards confer the statistical activity results the guarantee of meeting the statistical data users requirements. 2. Statistical data sources. The data presented within the Statistical Yearbook result from two data sources categories: exhaustive or sample statistical surveys, included in the Annual Statistical Programme (ASP); administrative sources. 3. The Yearly National Statistical Programme (YNSP) represents the basic tool by means of which the National Institute of Statistics and the other producers of official statistics are authorized to carry out the collection, storage, processing, analysis and dissemination of official statistical data, in order to provide the information necessary to domestic users, as well as those resulting from the legislation of European Union and from the recommendations of other international organisations.

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Programul Statistic Naional Anual cuprinde informaii, responsabiliti, resurse i termene de realizare, cu privire la: cercetri statistice; lucrri de sintez, studii i analize statistice; publicaii statistice. Programul Statistic Naional Anual se avizeaz de Consiliul Statistic Naional i se aprob prin hotrre a Guvernului. 4. Cercetarea statistic reprezint o lucrare complex de culegere, prelucrare, analiz i diseminare a datelor cu privire la starea i evoluia fenomenelor i proceselor economice i sociale. Cercetarea statistic se realizeaz pe baz de proiecte n care sunt definite concepte generale, scopul cercetrii i instrumentarul statistic ce st la baza acesteia (modul de organizare a cercetrii; chestionarul, clasificrile, nomenclatoarele, normele, instruciunile etc.). Potrivit criteriului sferei de cuprindere, datele din Anuarul statistic au fost determinate pe baza a dou tipuri de cercetri statistice: Cercetare statistic exhaustiv (total). n cadrul acestui tip de cercetare datele sunt nregistrate de la toate unitile populaiei statistice, denumit i colectivitate statistic, bine delimitat. Populaia statistic desemneaz totalitatea elementelor supuse observrii statistice, de aceeai natur, asemntoare sau omogene din punctul de vedere al anumitor criterii. Prin astfel de cercetri statistice exhaustive se obin rezultate detaliate n diferite structuri administrative, geografice, grupri pe activiti potrivit Clasificrii Activitilor din Economia Naional (CAEN) etc. Cele mai cunoscute cercetri exhaustive sunt recensmintele populaiei i locuinelor, recensmntul produselor i serviciilor industriale, recensmntul general agricol. Cercetare statistic prin sondaj. n cadrul acestui tip de cercetare, datele sunt nregistrate doar de la o parte a populaiei statistice, numit eantion. Eantionul este determinat pe baza criteriilor de reprezentativitate, prin utilizarea unor metode probabiliste, ale cror rezultate sunt extinse la ntreaga populaie statistic. 5. Sursele administrative reprezint sursele de eviden organizate i deinute de organisme ale administraiei publice sau non-guvernamentale pentru alte scopuri dect cele statistice. Sunt utilizate numai acele surse care au un potenial adecvat cerinelor statistice i corespund rigorilor tiinifice de sfer de cuprindere, calitate i completitudine care le fac utilizabile i n scopuri statistice. Folosirea acestor surse de date i informaii n scopuri statistice se realizeaz fie direct, ca date de baz (asimilate datelor statistice), fie prin prelucrri i adaptri corespunztoare pentru a satisface cerinele de calitate, comparabilitate i

The Yearly National Statistical Programme includes information, responsibilities, resources and deadlines, regarding: statistical surveys, synthesis papers, statistical studies and analyses, statistical publications. The Yearly National Statistical Programme is endorsed by the National Statistical Council and it is approved by Government decision. 4. The statistical survey is a complex activity of collection, processing, analysis and dissemination of data related to the economic and social phenomena situation and dynamics. The statistical survey is carried out based on projects, where the general concepts, the survey purpose and the statistical tools on which it is based are defined (survey organisation: questionnaire, classifications, nomenclatures, norms, guidelines a.s.o.). According to the coverage criterion, the data included in the Statistical Yearbook were determined based on two statistical surveys types: Exhaustive (total) statistical survey. Under this type of survey, data are recorded from all statistical population units, called statistical collectivity, which is well defined. The statistical population represents all the elements subject to statistical observation, of the same nature, similar or homogenous from certain criteria standpoint. Based on such exhaustive statistical surveys, detailed results are obtained in various administrative and geographical structures, by group of activities according to the Classification of Activities of National Economy (CANE) a.s.o. The most well-known exhaustive surveys are population and housing censuses, industrial products and services census, general agricultural census. Sample statistical survey. Under this type of survey, data are recorded only from part of the statistical population, called sample. The sample is determined based on representativeness criteria, by using probabilistic methods, whose results are further extended to the whole statistical population.

5. Administrative sources means the evidence sources organised and managed by public administration or non-governmental bodies, for other purposes than the statistical ones. Only the sources with an appropriate potential for statistical requirements and scientific rigour concerning coverage, quality and completeness making them also usable for statistical purposes are used. The use of these data and information sources for statistical purposes is achieved either directly, as basic data (assimilated to statistical data), or after appropriate processing and adaptation, in view to meet quality, comparability and coherence

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coeren, fie pentru reconciliere i validarea datelor statistice obinute n urma cercetrilor statistice. 6. Sfera de cuprindere a datelor. Datele prezentate n Anuar caracterizeaz ansamblul economiei naionale, cu excepia cazurilor cnd, prin notele specifice care prefaeaz fiecare capitol al Anuarului, se precizeaz altfel. Mrimile statistice folosite: n Anuar sunt prezentate, cu precdere, date absolute i date relative (indici, ponderi, indicatori de intensitate etc.). Indicatorul statistic este expresia numeric a unor fenomene, procese, activiti sau categorii economice sau sociale, manifestate n timp, spaiu i structuri. Indicele este un raport ntre valori ale aceleiai variabile nregistrate n uniti de timp sau teritoriale diferite. Indicii statistici utilizai n Anuar sunt: Indicele Laspeyres este o medie aritmetic ponderat a indicilor individuali ai aceleiai variabile; ponderile utilizate sunt cele din perioada de baz; Indicele Paasche este o medie aritmetic ponderat a indicilor individuali ai aceleiai variabile, ponderile utilizate fiind din perioada curent. Unitatea statistic este un obiect al cercetrii i purttor al caracteristicilor statistice urmrite prin program. Unitatea de observare este acea entitate de la care/pentru care sunt colectate date i informaii primare, pe baza creia se construiesc statistici. Unitatea de raportare este entitatea care furnizeaz datele i informaiile primare n cadrul unei cercetri statistice. Unitatea cu personalitate juridic reprezint entitatea (ntreprinderea, societatea comercial, asociaia, instituia bugetar, organizaia fr scop patrimonial etc.) care desfoar o activitate economic, are contabilitate proprie i ia decizii n exercitarea funciei principale. Unitatea fr personalitate juridic reprezint o persoan, o gospodrie, o familie, o asociaie sau orice alt entitate ce nu dispune de autonomie de decizie n exercitarea funciei principale. 8. Datele n preuri curente se refer la volumul produciei, veniturilor, cheltuielilor sau valoarea produselor, serviciilor etc. exprimate n preurile anului curent. Valorile din diferite perioade n preuri curente nu sunt direct comparabile i, n consecin, nu pot fi utilizate la calculul indicilor fr a fi, n prealabil, deflatate cu indicii de preuri corespunztori. 7.

requirements, or for reconciliation and validation of statistical data obtained from statistical surveys. 6. Coverage. The data presented within the Statistical Yearbook characterise the whole national economy, except cases where specific notes that preface each chapter of the Yearbook stipulates otherwise.

7. Statistical measures used: The Yearbook mainly presents absolute and relative data (indices, weights, propensity indicators a.s.o.). The statistical indicator is the numerical expression of certain phenomena, processes, activities or economic and social categories, manifested over time, area and structures. The index is a ratio between values of the same variables recorded in various time or territorial units. The statistical indices used within the Yearbook are: Laspeyres index - weighted arithmetic mean of individual indices of the same variable; the used weights refer to the base period; Paasche index - weighted arithmetic mean of individual indices of the same variable; the used weights refer to current period. The statistical unit is subject to the survey and bearer of the statistical characteristics observed through the programme. The observation unit is the entity from/for which primary data and information are collected, based on which statistics are compiled. The reporting unit is the entity supplying primary data and information under a statistical survey. The unit with legal status in the entity (enterprise, commercial company, association, budgetary institution, non-profit organisation a.s.o.) carrying out an economic activity, with own bookkeeping and taking decisions when exercising its main function. The unit without legal status is a natural person, a household, a family, an association or any other entity without decisional autonomy when exercising its main function. 8. Data expressed in current prices refer to the volume of production, income or expenses or to the value of products, services a.s.o., expressed in the current year prices. The values expressed in current prices corresponding to various periods are not directly comparable and, as consequence, cannot be used for indices compilation without being previously deflated with the corresponding price indices.

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9. Formele de proprietate sunt: proprietate majoritar de stat - cuprinde capitalul integral de stat, public, de interes naional i local i mixt, unde statul deine 50% i peste din capitalul social; proprietate majoritar privat - cuprinde capitalul integral privat, mixt, n care peste 50% din capitalul social este privat, capital integral strin, cooperatist i obtesc. Tot aici sunt cuprinse i activitile desfurate de ctre persoanele fizice i/sau gospodriile populaiei. 10. Clasificri i nomenclatoare. Sunt principalele instrumente care fac posibil structurarea dup criterii obiective i corecte a unitilor statistice, a proceselor i fenomenelor observate. Clasificrile utilizate n Anuar, potrivit diferitelor scopuri sau diferitelor domenii de activitate, sunt: Clasificarea Activitilor din Economia Naional (CAEN) reprezint un sistem coordonat i coerent de grupare, dup criterii tiinifice de omogenitate, a datelor referitoare la unitile statistice. n Anuar este utilizat versiunea actualizat a CAEN, respectiv CAEN Rev. 2, implementat prin Ordinul nr. 337 / 2007 al Preedintelui Institutului Naional de Statistic, publicat n Monitorul Oficial nr. 293 / 2007 i revizuit n Monitorul Oficial nr. 403/2008. CAEN Rev. 2 respect standardele europene, fiind total armonizat cu Nomenclatorul Activitilor din Comunitatea European NACE Rev. 2. Structura CAEN Rev. 2 este urmtoarea: Seciuni - codificate printr-o liter; Diviziuni - codificate prin dou cifre; Grupe - codificare prin trei cifre; Clase - codificate prin patru cifre. Pentru interpretarea corect a structurii datelor potrivit CAEN Rev. 2, n Anexa nr. 1 a Notei metodologice generale se prezint clasificarea la nivelul seciunilor i diviziunilor. De asemenea, n Anuar este utilizat i versiunea CAEN Rev. 1, implementat prin Ordinul nr. 601/2002 al Preedintelui Institutului Naional de Statistic, n conformitate cu Hotrrea Guvernului Romniei nr. 656/1997. CAEN Rev. 1 este total armonizat cu Nomenclatorul Activitilor din Comunitatea European NACE Rev. 1.1. Structura CAEN Rev. 1 este urmtoarea: Seciuni - codificate printr-o liter; Subseciuni - codificate prin dou litere; Diviziuni - codificate prin dou cifre; Grupe - codificare prin trei cifre; Clase - codificate prin patru cifre.

9. Ownership types: state majority ownership - comprises integral state, public, national and local interest and mixed capital, where the states own 50% or more of the social capital; private majority ownership - comprises integral private or mixed capital, where over 50% of the social capital is private, integral foreign or co-operative and community capital. The activities carried out by natural persons and/or population households are also included here. 10. Classifications and nomenclatures. These are the main tools allowing for the structuring of observed processes and phenomena according to objective and accurate criteria related to statistical units. The classifications used within the Yearbook, according to various purposes or fields of activity are: The Classification of Activities of National Economy (CANE) is a coordinated and coherent system for grouping, according to scientific criteria related to homogeneity, the data referring to statistical units. The updated version of CANE is used in the Yearbook, respectively CANE Rev. 2, implemented through the Order no. 337/2007 of the National Institute of Statistics President, published in the Official Journal no. 293/2007 and revised in the Official Journal no. 403/2008. CANE Rev. 2 observes the European standards, being fully compliant with the Nomenclature of Activities from the European Community NACE Rev. 2. The CANE Rev. 2 structure is the following: Sections - coded at one letter level; Divisions - coded at two digits level; Groups - coded at three digits level; Classes - coded at four digits level. In view to reach an accurate interpretation of data structure according to CANE Rev. 2, the Annex no. 1 to the General methodological note includes the classification at section and division level. At the same time, the updated version is used within the Yearbook CANE Rev. 1, implemented based on Order no. 601/2002 of the President of the National Institute of Statistics, in accordance with Romanias Government Decision no. 656/1997. CANE Rev. 1 fully complies with the Nomenclature of Activities of the European Community NACE Rev. 1.1. The CANE Rev. 1 structure is the following: Sections - coded at one letter level; Sub-sections - coded at two letters level; Divisions - coded at two digits level; Groups - coded at three digits level; Classes - coded at four digits level.

n cuprinsul Anuarului, datele sunt prezentate, de regul, pe seciuni sau pe diviziuni CAEN. Pentru interpretarea corect a structurii datelor potrivit CAEN Rev. 1, n Anexa nr. 2 a Notei metodologice generale se prezint clasificarea la nivelul seciunilor i diviziunilor. Gruparea dup mrime a ntreprinderilor; Clasificarea produselor asociate activitilor utilizat de Uniunea European - CPA; Clasificarea produselor i serviciilor asociate activitilor - CPSA 2002; Clasificarea produselor i serviciilor asociate activitilor - CPSA 2008, aprobat prin Hotrrea de Guvern nr. 53/1999 i revizuit prin Ordinul Preedintelui Institutului Naional de Statistic nr. 605 / 15.X.2008. CPSA 2008 reprezint o detaliere a CAEN Rev. 2, prin ordonarea dup principiul omogenitii a tuturor familiilor de produse i servicii pe niveluri ierarhice succesive. CPSA 2008 asigur informaii pentru: satisfacerea cerinelor de agregare i detaliere a datelor referitoare la producia de bunuri i servicii; identificarea sistematizat a produselor i serviciilor din economia naional; compararea i interpretarea unitar a datelor statistice. CPSA 2008 este total armonizat cu Clasificarea Produselor Asociate Activitilor (CPA 2008) utilizat n cadrul UE. Clasificarea conine explicaii la nivelul diverselor entiti de clasificare n funcie de necesiti. PRODROM - Nomenclatorul de produse i servicii industriale elaborat de Institutul Naional de Statistic (INS) i utilizat pentru cercetri statistice privind producia industrial. Nomenclatorul PRODROM este armonizat cu lista PRODCOM utilizat n cadrul Uniunii Europene. Legtura CAEN Rev. 1 cu PRODROM este asigurat la nivel de patru cifre (clas), ntruct poziiile PRODROM au fost realizate prin detalierea subclaselor elementare CPSA 2002, iar legtura CAEN Rev. 2 cu PRODROM este asigurat la nivel de patru cifre (clas), ntruct poziiile PRODROM au fost realizate prin detalierea subclaselor elementare CPSA 2008. 11. Definirea activitilor. n practic, majoritatea unitilor de producie efectueaz activiti cu caracter mixt, respectiv activitate principal, activiti secundare i activiti auxiliare. Identificarea activitii secundare este necesar pentru a ncadra o unitate ntr-o anumit poziie din CAEN Rev. 2, respectiv CAEN Rev. 1.

Within the Yearbook, as a rule, data are presented by CANE section or division. In view to reach an accurate interpretation of data structure according to CANE Rev. 1, the Annex no. 2 to the General methodological note includes the classification at section and division level. Enterprises grouping by size; Classification of products associated to activities used by the European Union - CPA; Classification of products and services associated to activities - CPSA 2002; Classification of products and services associated to activities - CPSA 2008, adopted by the Government Decision no. 53/1999 and revised by the National Institute of Statistics President Order no. 605 / 15.10.2008) CPSA 2008 represents a detailed version of CANE Rev. 2, whose organisation relies on the principle of homogeneity of all families of products and services by successive hierarchical levels. CPSA 2008 classification provides information in order to: respond to the requirements of aggregation and detailed data regarding the production of goods and services; identify the products and services from our national economy; ensure the comparability of statistical data. CSPA 2008 classification is fully harmonised with Classification of Products Associated to Activities (CPA 2008) used in EU. The classification contains explanatory notes for various classification entities according to the necessities. PRODROM - the Nomenclature of industrial products and services drawn up by the National Institute of Statistics and used for statistical surveys on industrial production. The PRODROM nomenclature complies with the PRODCOM list used within the European Union. CANE Rev. 1 link with PRODROM is ensured at four digits level (class), since PRODROM headings were established by detailing elementary sub-classes of CPSA 2002, and the link of CANE Rev. 2 with PRODROM is ensured at four digits level (class), since PRODROM headings were established by detailing elementary sub-classes of CPSA 2008. 11. Activities definition. In practice, most of the production units carry out activities of mixed nature, namely main activity, secondary and ancillary activities. The identification of secondary activity is needed in view to frame a unit under a certain heading of CANE Rev. 2, respectively CANE Rev. 1.

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Activitatea principal, n sensul clasificrii, este identificat prin metoda ordinii descresctoare (de sus n jos). Ea reprezint acea activitate care contribuie n cea mai mare msur la valoarea adugat total a unitii luate n considerare. Activitatea secundar este orice alt activitate din cadrul unitii productoare de bunuri sau servicii. Activitatea auxiliar este o activitate conex, indispensabil funcionrii unei entiti, precum: contabilitate, transport, depozitare, achiziionare promovare, ntreinere i reparaie etc. 12. mprirea teritorial. Din punct de vedere al structurii teritoriale, datele din Anuar sunt prezentate la nivel naional (pe ntreaga ar), precum i pe diferite uniti teritoriale, n funcie de specificul indicatorilor. Unitile teritoriale, dup statutul lor, sunt administrative (comun, ora, ora-municipiu, jude) i non-administrative (macroregiune i regiune de dezvoltare). Pn n anul 1998, prin lucrrile i publicaiile statistice, s-au prelucrat i diseminat, de regul, doar date la nivel de jude, municipii, orae i comune. ncepnd din anul 1998, n structura teritorial i, ca urmare, n publicaiile statistice, au fost prezentate date i la nivelul regiunilor de dezvoltare. ncepnd cu ediia 2008, potrivit Legii nr. 315/2004 privind dezvoltarea regional n Romnia, n structura teritorial sunt prezentate date i la nivelul macroregiunilor, constituite conform Legii privind stabilirea nomenclatorului unitilor teritoriale statistice din Romnia i cerinelor Regulamentului CE nr. 1059/2003 al Parlamentului i al Consiliului European privind stabilirea unui nomenclator comun al unitilor teritoriale de statistic NUTS, publicat n Jurnalul Oficial al Uniunii Europene nr. L 154/2003. 13. Conform Legii nr. 348/14 iulie 2004 privind denominarea monedei naionale a Romniei (ncepnd cu data de 1 iulie 2005), seriile de date exprimate n valori absolute au fost recalculate n lei (RON). Un leu nou (RON) este egal cu 10000 lei vechi (ROL). Seriile de indici nu sunt afectate de denominare.

The main activity, in the sense of classification, is identified by top-down method. This is the activity contributing to the largest extent to the total value added of the concerned unit. The secondary activity is any other kind of activity carried out within the unit producing goods or services. The ancillary activity is an auxiliary activity, indispensable for the functioning of an entity, such as: bookkeeping, transport, storage, purchase, promotion, maintenance and repair a.s.o. 12. Territorial breakdown. From territorial structure standpoint, the data included in the Yearbook are presented at national level (for the whole country), as well as by various territorial unit, depending on indicators specific. According to their status, territorial units are either administrative (commune, town, townmunicipality, county) or non-administrative (macroregion and development region). Till 1998, within the statistical works and publications, only data at county, municipality, town and commune level were, as a rule, processed and disseminated. Beginning with 1998, according to the territorial structure, the statistical publications also included data at development regions level. Starting with 2008 edition, according to the Law no. 315/2004 on regional development in Romania, territorial structure also presents data at macroregional level, constituted according to the Law on setting up the nomenclature of statistical territorial units in Romania and to requirements of the EC Regulation no. 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council regarding the setting up of a common nomenclature of statistical territorial units NUTS, published in Official Journal of European Union no. L 154/2003. 13. According to the Law no. 348/ July 14, 2004 on the process of national currency of Romania denomination (beginning with July 1, 2005), data series expressed in absolute values were recalculated in lei (RON). One leu (RON) is equivalent with 10000 former lei (ROL). Statistical indices series are not affected by denomination.

XII

GRUPAREA JUDEELOR, PE MACROREGIUNI I REGIUNI DE DEZVOLTARE COUNTIES GROUPING, BY MACROREGION AND DEVELOPMENT REGION

MACROREGIUNEA 1 / MACROREGION 1 MACROREGIUNEA 2 / MACROREGION 2


Satu Mare MARAMURE BOTOANI SUCEAVA Botoani Suceava IAI Iai

MACROREGIUNEA 3 / MACROREGION 3 MACROREGIUNEA 4 / MACROREGION 4

Nord - Vest North - West

SATU MARE

Baia Mare BISTRIA-NSUD

Zalu Oradea BIHOR Cluj-Napoca Cluj-Napoca Trgu Mure HARGHITA Miercurea Ciuc Arad ARAD ALBA Alba Iulia Timioara Deva Sibiu TIMI HUNEDOARA Braov Focani Galai PRAHOVA Reia Trgu Jiu Rmnicu Vlcea SIBIU BRAOV COVASNA Sfntu Gheorghe BACU VASLUI SLAJ CLUJ MURE Bacu Bistria NEAM Piatra-Neam Vaslui

Nord - Est North - East

Centru Center

VRANCEA

GALAI

Vest West

ARGE
Trgovite Ploieti

BUZU
Buzu

Brila BRILA

Tulcea TULCEA

CARA-SEVERIN

Legend / Legend: Orae / Towns Municipii / Municipalities Reedine de jude / County residence Judee / Counties Regiuni de dezvoltare / Development regions

Drobeta Turnu Severin

GORJ

VLCEA

Piteti

DMBOVIA IALOMIA ILFOV Slobozia CLRAI CONSTANA

MEHEDINI
Slatina Craiova DOLJ Alexandria GIURGIU Giurgiu BUCURETI

Clrai Constana

Sud - Est South - East

OLT

TELEORMAN

Sud - Vest Oltenia South - West Oltenia

Sud - Muntenia South - Muntenia

Bucureti - Ilfov Bucharest - Ilfov

GRUPAREA JUDEELOR, PE MACROREGIUNI I REGIUNI DE DEZVOLTARE COUNTIES GROUPING, BY MACROREGION AND DEVELOPMENT REGION
Macroregiunea Macroregion MACROREGIUNEA UNU MACROREGION ONE Regiunea de dezvoltare Development region Nord - Vest North - West Judeul County Bihor Bistria-Nsud Cluj Maramure Satu Mare Slaj Alba Braov Covasna Harghita Mure Sibiu Bacu Botoani Iai Neam Suceava Vaslui Brila Buzu Constana Galai Tulcea Vrancea Arge Clrai Dmbovia Giurgiu Ialomia Prahova Teleorman Ilfov Municipiul Bucureti Bucharest Municipality Dolj Gorj Mehedini Olt Vlcea Arad Cara-Severin Hunedoara Timi

Centru Center

MACROREGIUNEA DOI MACROREGION TWO

Nord - Est North - East

Sud - Est South - East

MACROREGIUNEA TREI MACROREGION THREE

Sud - Muntenia South - Muntenia

Bucureti - Ilfov Bucharest - Ilfov MACROREGIUNEA PATRU MACROREGION FOUR Sud - Vest Oltenia South - West Oltenia

Vest West

Not: Datele statistice n profil teritorial sunt prezentate pe judee, conform Decretului - Lege nr. 2/1968 cu modificrile ulterioare, iar judeele au fost grupate pe regiuni de dezvoltare. Prin rectificarea aprut n Legea nr. 315/28.06.2004 privind dezvoltarea regional n Romnia, au fost redenumite trei regiuni, dup cum urmeaz: - Regiunea de dezvoltare Sud este redenumit Sud - Muntenia, - Regiunea de dezvoltare Sud - Vest este redenumit Sud - Vest Oltenia, - Regiunea de dezvoltare Bucureti este redenumit Bucureti - Ilfov. S-au constituit patru macroregiuni, conform Legii privind stabilirea nomenclatorului unitilor teritoriale statistice din Romnia i cerinelor Regulamentului CE nr. 1059/2003 al Parlamentului i al Consiliului European privind stabilirea unui nomenclator comun al unitilor teritoriale de statistic NUTS, publicat n Jurnalul Oficial al Uniunii Europene nr. L 154/2003.

Denumirile oficiale ale macroregiunilor sunt prezentate n tabele, n mod convenional, n expresie numeric.
Note: Statistical data at territorial level are presented by county, according to the Decree - Law no. 2/1968 further amended, while the counties were grouped by development region. Through the rectification introduced in Law no. 315/28.06.2004 on regional development in Romania, three regions were renamed, as follows: - The development region South is renamed South - Muntenia, - The development region South - West is renamed South - West Oltenia, - The development region Bucharest is renamed Bucharest - Ilfov. Four macroregions were constituted, according to the Law on setting up the nomenclature of statistical territorial units in Romania and to the requirements of the EC Regulation no. 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council regarding the setting up of a common nomenclature of statistical territorial units NSTU, published in Official Journal of European Union no. L 154/2003.

The official names of the macroregions are presented in the tables, conventionaly, by numerical expression.

XIV

Anexa nr. 1 Annex no. 1 CLASIFICAREA ACTIVITILOR DIN ECONOMIA NAIONAL CAEN Rev. 2 (aprobat prin Ordinul nr. 337/20. IV. 2007 privind actualizarea Clasificrii activitilor din economia naional - CAEN, publicat n M.O. nr. 293/03. V.2007 i revizuit n M.O. nr. 403/29. V.2008) THE CLASSIFICATION OF ACTIVITIES IN THE NATIONAL ECONOMY CANE Rev. 2 (approved through Order no. 337/20. IV. 2007 on the classification of activities in the national economy - CANE updating, published in the Official Journal no. 293/03. V. 2007 and revised in the Official Journal no. 403/29. V. 2008)
Seciune Diviziune Denumire Section Division A 01 02 03 B 05 06 07 08 09 C 10 11 12 13 14 15 AGRICULTUR, SILVICULTUR I PESCUIT Agricultur, vntoare i servicii anexe Silvicultur i exploatare forestier Pescuitul i acvacultura INDUSTRIA EXTRACTIV Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Extracia minereurilor metalifere Alte activiti extractive Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei INDUSTRIA PRELUCRTOARE Industria alimentar Fabricarea buturilor Fabricarea produselor din tutun Fabricarea produselor textile Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i nclmintei; prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie Tiprire i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a preparatelor farmaceutice Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice Industria metalurgic Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor electronice i optice Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport Fabricarea de mobil Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor i echipamentelor Description

AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND FISHING Crop and animal production, hunting and related service activities Forestry and logging Fishing and aquaculture MINING AND QUARRYING Mining of coal and lignite Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Mining of metal ores Other mining and quarrying Mining support service activities MANUFACTURING Manufacture of food products Manufacture of beverages Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of textiles Manufacture of wearing apparel Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of travel and leather goods, harness and footwear; preparation and dyeing of furs Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of paper and paper products Printing and reproduction of recorded media Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations Manufacture of rubber and plastic products Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products Manufacture of electrical equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of other transport equipment Manufacture of furniture Other manufacturing activities n.e.c. Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment

16

17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33

XV

Seciune Diviziune Denumire Section Division D PRODUCIA I FURNIZAREA DE ENERGIE ELECTRIC I TERMIC, GAZE, AP CALD I AER CONDIIONAT Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat DISTRIBUIA APEI; SALUBRITATE, GESTIONAREA DEEURILOR, ACTIVITI DE DECONTAMINARE Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor; activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile Activiti i servicii de decontaminare CONSTRUCII Construcii de cldiri Lucrri de geniu civil Lucrri speciale de construcii COMER CU RIDICATA I CU AMNUNTUL; REPARAREA AUTOVEHICULELOR I MOTOCICLETELOR Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul, ntreinerea i repararea autovehiculelor i a motocicletelor Comer cu ridicata cu excepia comerului cu autovehicule i motociclete Comer cu amnuntul, cu excepia autovehiculelor i motocicletelor TRANSPORT I DEPOZITARE Transporturi terestre i transporturi prin conducte Transporturi pe ap Transporturi aeriene Depozitare i activiti auxiliare pentru transporturi Activiti de pot i de curier HOTELURI I RESTAURANTE Hoteluri i alte faciliti de cazare Restaurante i alte activiti de servicii de alimentaie INFORMAII I COMUNICAII Activiti de editare Activiti de producie cinematografic, video i de programe de televiziune; nregistrri audio i activiti de editare muzical Activiti de difuzare i transmitere de programe Telecomunicaii Activiti de servicii n tehnologia informaiei Activiti de servicii informatice INTERMEDIERI FINANCIARE I ASIGURRI Intermedieri financiare, cu excepia activitilor de asigurri i ale fondurilor de pensii Activiti de asigurri, reasigurri i ale fondurilor de pensii (cu excepia celor din sistemul public de asigurri sociale) Activiti auxiliare intermedierilor financiare, activiti de asigurare i fonduri de pensii

Description

ELECTRICITY, GAS, STEAM AND AIR CONDITIONING PRODUCTION AND SUPPLY Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE, WASTE MANAGEMENT AND DECONTAMINATION ACTIVITIES Water catchment, treatment and distribution Used water collection and purification Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery Activities and services of decontamination CONSTRUCTION Construction of buildings Civil engineering Specialised construction activities WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE; REPAIR OF MOTOR VEHICLES AND MOTORCYCLES Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGE Land transport and transport via pipelines Water transport Air transport Warehousing and support activities for transportation Postal and courier activities HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS Hotels and other accommodation facilities Restaurants and other catering services INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION Publishing activities Motion picture, video and television programme production, sound recording and music publishing activities Programming and broadcasting activities Telecommunications Computer programming, consultancy and related activities Information service activities FINANCIAL AND INSURANCE INTERMEDIATION Financial intermediation, except insurance and pension funding Insurance, reinsurance and pension funding (except compulsory social security) Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation, insurance activities and pension funds

35

36 37 38 39 F 41 42 43 G

45 46 47

H 49 50 51 52 53 I 55 56 J 58 59

60 61 62 63 K 64 65

66

XVI

Seciune Diviziune Denumire Section Division L 68 M 69 70 TRANZACII IMOBILIARE Tranzacii imobiliare ACTIVITI PROFESIONALE, TIINIFICE I TEHNICE Activiti juridice i de contabilitate Activiti ale direciilor (centralelor), birourilor administrative centralizate; activiti de management i de consultan n management Activiti de arhitectur i inginerie; activiti de testri i analiz tehnic Cercetare-dezvoltare Publicitate i activiti de studiere a pieei Alte activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti veterinare ACTIVITI DE SERVICII ADMINISTRATIVE I ACTIVITI DE SERVICII SUPORT Activiti de nchiriere i leasing Activiti de servicii privind fora de munc Activiti ale ageniilor turistice i a tur-operatorilor; alte servicii de rezervare i asisten turistic Activiti de investigaii i protecie Activiti de peisagistic i servicii pentru cldiri Activiti de secretariat, servicii suport i alte activiti de servicii prestate n principal ntreprinderilor ADMINISTRAIE PUBLIC I APRARE; ASIGURRI SOCIALE DIN SISTEMUL PUBLIC Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public NVMNT nvmnt SNTATE I ASISTEN SOCIAL Activiti referitoare la sntatea uman Servicii combinate de ngrijire medical i asisten social, cu cazare Activiti de asisten social, fr cazare ACTIVITI DE SPECTACOLE, CULTURALE I RECREATIVE Activiti de creaie i interpretare artistic Activiti ale bibliotecilor, arhivelor, muzeelor i alte activiti culturale Activiti de jocuri de noroc i pariuri Activiti sportive, recreative i distractive

Description

REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES Real estate activities PROFESSIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL ACTIVITIES Legal and accounting activities Activities of head offices; management consultancy activities Architectural and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis Scientific research and development Advertising and market research Other professional, scientific and technical activities Veterinary activities ADMINISTRATIVE AND SUPPORT SERVICE ACTIVITIES Rental and leasing activities Employment activities Travel agency, tour operator reservation service and related activities Security and investigation activities Services to buildings and landscape activities Office administrative, office support and other business support activities PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND DEFENCE; COMPULSORY SOCIAL SECURITY Public administration and defence; compulsory social security EDUCATION Education HUMAN HEALTH AND SOCIAL WORK ACTIVITIES Human health activities Residential care activities Social work activities without accommodation ARTS, ENTERTAINMENT AND RECREATION Creative, arts and entertainment activities Libraries, archives, museums and other cultural activities Gambling and betting activities Sports activities and amusement and recreation activities OTHER SERVICE ACTIVITIES Activities of membership organisations Repair of computers and personal and household goods Other personal service activities

71 72 73 74 75 N 77 78 79 80 81 82

O 84

P 85 Q 86 87 88 R 90 91 92 93

S 94 95 96

ALTE ACTIVITI DE SERVICII Activiti asociative diverse Reparaii de calculatoare, de articole personale i de uz gospodresc Alte activiti de servicii

XVII

Seciune Diviziune Denumire Section Division T ACTIVITI ALE GOSPODRIILOR PRIVATE N CALITATE DE ANGAJATOR DE PERSONAL CASNIC; ACTIVITI ALE GOSPODRIILOR PRIVATE DE PRODUCERE DE BUNURI I SERVICII DESTINATE CONSUMULUI PROPRIU Activiti ale gospodriilor private n calitate de angajator de personal casnic Activiti ale gospodriilor private de producere de bunuri i servicii destinate consumului propriu ACTIVITI ALE ORGANIZAIILOR I ORGANISMELOR EXTRATERITORIALE Activiti ale organizaiilor i organismelor extrateritoriale

Description

ACTIVITIES OF HOUSEHOLDS AS EMPLOYERS; UNDIFFERENTIATED GOODS AND SERVICESPRODUCING ACTIVITIES OF HOUSEHOLDS FOR OWN USE Activities of households as employers of domestic personnel Undifferentiated goods and services producing activities of private households for own use ACTIVITIES OF EXTRATERRITORIAL ORGANISATIONS AND BODIES Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies

97 98

U 99

XVIII

Anexa nr. 2 Annex no. 2 CLASIFICAREA ACTIVITILOR DIN ECONOMIA NAIONAL CAEN Rev. 1 (aprobat prin Ordinul nr. 601/26.XI.2002 aprut n M.O. nr. 908/13.XII.2002 privind actualizarea CAEN, aprobat prin H.G. nr.656/1997) THE CLASSIFICATION OF ACTIVITIES IN THE NATIONAL ECONOMY CANE Rev. 1 (approved through Order no. 601/26.XI.2002 published in the Official Journal no. 908/13.XII.2002 on CANE updating, approved by Government Decision no.656/1997)
Seciune Diviziune Denumire Section Division A 01 02 B 05 AGRICULTUR, VNTOARE, SILVICULTUR Agricultur, vntoare i servicii anexe Silvicultur, exploatare forestier i servicii anexe PESCUITUL I PISCICULTURA Pescuitul, piscicultura i serviciile anexe Description

AGRICULTURE, HUNTING AND FORESTRY Agriculture, hunting and related service activities Forestry, logging and related service activities FISHERY AND PISCICULTURE Fishing, operation of fish hatcheries and fish farms; service activities incidental to fishing MINING AND QUARRYING Mining of coal and lignite; extraction of peat Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas; service activities incidental to oil and gas extraction excluding surveying Mining of uranium and thorium ores Mining of metal ores Other mining and quarrying MANUFACTURING Manufacture of food products and beverages Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of textiles Manufacture of wearing apparel; dressing and dyeing of fur Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of luggage, handbags, saddlery, harness and footwear Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of pulp, paper and paper products Publishing, printing and reproduction of recorded media Manufacture of coke, refined petroleum products and nuclear fuel Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of rubber and plastic products Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of office machinery and computers Manufacture of electrical machinery and apparatus

C 10 11

INDUSTRIA EXTRACTIV Extracia i prepararea crbunelui Extracia hidrocarburilor i servicii anexe

12 13 14 D 15 16 17 18 19

Extracia i prepararea minereurilor radioactive Extracia i prepararea minereurilor metalifere Alte activiti extractive INDUSTRIA PRELUCRTOARE Industria alimentar i a buturilor Fabricarea produselor din tutun Fabricarea produselor textile Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte; aranjarea i vopsirea blnurilor Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie, a harnaamentelor i nclmintei Fabricarea lemnului i a produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din mpletitur de pai i alte materiale vegetale Fabricarea celulozei, hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie Edituri, poligrafie i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor Industria de prelucrare a ieiului, cocsificarea crbunelui i tratarea combustibililor nucleari Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice Industria metalurgic Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii Industria de maini i echipamente Industria de mijloace ale tehnicii de calcul i de birou Industria de maini i aparate electrice

20

21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

XIX

Seciune Diviziune Denumire Section Division

Description

32 33 34 35 36 37

Industria de echipamente pentru radio, televiziune i comunicaii Industria de aparatur i instrumente medicale, de precizie, optice i fotografice, ceasornicrie Industria mijloacelor de transport rutier Industria altor mijloace de transport n.c.a. Producia de mobilier i alte activiti industriale n.c.a. Recuperarea deeurilor i resturilor de materiale reciclabile

Manufacture of radio, television and communication equipment Manufacture of medical, precision and optical instruments, watches and clocks Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of other transport equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of furniture; manufacturing n.e.c. Recycling

E 40 41 F 45 G

ENERGIE ELECTRIC I TERMIC, GAZE I AP Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze i ap cald Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei CONSTRUCII Construcii COMERUL CU RIDICATA I CU AMNUNTUL, REPARAREA AUTOVEHICULELOR, MOTOCICLETELOR I A BUNURILOR PERSONALE I DE UZ GOSPODRESC Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul, ntreinerea i repararea autovehiculelor i a motocicletelor; comer cu amnuntul al carburanilor pentru autovehicule Comer cu ridicata i servicii de intermediere n comerul cu ridicata (cu excepia comerului cu autovehicule i motociclete) Comer cu amnuntul (cu excepia comerului cu autovehicule i motociclete); repararea bunurilor personale i gospodreti HOTELURI I RESTAURANTE Hoteluri i restaurante TRANSPORT, DEPOZITARE I COMUNICAII Transporturi terestre; transporturi prin conducte Transporturi pe ap Transporturi aeriene Activiti anexe i auxiliare de transport, activiti ale ageniilor de turism Pot i telecomunicaii INTERMEDIERI FINANCIARE Intermedieri financiare (cu excepia activitilor de asigurri i ale caselor de pensii) Activiti de asigurri i ale caselor de pensii (cu excepia celor din sistemul public de asigurri sociale) Activiti auxiliare intermedierilor financiare

ELECTRICITY, GAS AND WATER SUPPLY Electricity, gas, steam and hot water supply Collection, purification and distribution of water CONSTRUCTION Construction WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE; REPAIR OF MOTOR VEHICLES, MOTORCYCLES AND PERSONAL AND HOUSEHOLD GOODS Sale, maintenance and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles; retail sale of automotive fuel Wholesale trade and commission trade (except of motor vehicles and motorcycles) Retail trade (except of motor vehicles and motorcycles); repair of personal and household goods HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS Hotels and restaurants TRANSPORT, STORAGE AND COMMUNICATION Land transport; transport via pipelines Water transport Air transport Supporting and auxiliary transport activities; activities of travel agencies Post and telecommunications FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION Financial intermediation (except insurance and pension funding) Insurance and pension funding (except compulsory social security) Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation

50

51

52

H 55 I 60 61 62 63 64 J 65 66 67

XX

Seciune Diviziune Denumire Section Division K TRANZACII IMOBILIARE, NCHIRIERI I ACTIVITI DE SERVICII PRESTATE N PRINCIPAL NTREPRINDERILOR Tranzacii imobiliare nchirierea mainilor i echipamentelor, fr operator i a bunurilor personale i gospodreti Informatic i activiti conexe Cercetare-dezvoltare Alte activiti de servicii prestate n principal ntreprinderilor ADMINISTRAIE PUBLIC I APRARE; ASIGURRI SOCIALE DIN SISTEMUL PUBLIC Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public NVMNT nvmnt SNTATE I ASISTEN SOCIAL Sntate i asisten social ALTE ACTIVITI DE SERVICII COLECTIVE, SOCIALE I PERSONALE Eliminarea deeurilor i a apelor uzate; asanare, salubritate i activiti similare Activiti asociative diverse Activiti recreative, culturale i sportive Alte activiti de servicii personale ACTIVITI ALE PERSONALULUI ANGAJAT N GOSPODRII PARTICULARE Activiti ale personalului angajat n gospodrii personale Activiti desfurate n gospodrii private, de producere a bunurilor destinate consumului propriu Activiti ale gospodriilor private, de servicii pentru scopuri proprii ACTIVITI ALE ORGANIZAIILOR I ORGANISMELOR EXTRATERITORIALE Activiti ale organizaiilor i organismelor extrateritoriale

Description

REAL ESTATE, RENTING AND BUSINESS ACTIVITIES Real estate activities Renting of machinery and equipment without operator and of personal and household goods Computer and related activities Research and development Other business activities

70 71 72 73 74

L 75

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND DEFENCE; COMPULSORY SOCIAL SECURITY Public administration and defence; compulsory social security EDUCATION Education HEALTH AND SOCIAL WORK Health and social work OTHER COMMUNITY, SOCIAL AND PERSONAL SERVICE ACTIVITIES Sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar activities Activities of membership organization n.e.c. Recreational, cultural and sporting activities Other service activities PRIVATE HOUSEHOLDS WITH EMPLOYED PERSONS Private households with employed persons Private households activities producing self-consumption goods Private households services for own purposes EXTRA-TERRITORIAL ORGANIZATIONS AND BODIES Extra-territorial organizations and bodies

M 80 N 85 O 90 91 92 93 P 95 96 97

Q 99

XXI

PRESCURTRI FOLOSITE PENTRU UNITILE DE MSUR ABBREVIATIONS USED FOR UNITS OF MEASUREMENT
U.M. M.U. mm m m2 m3 ha (10000 m2) km km2 microgr. mg g kg t tdw l dal hl W kW kWh kVA = unitate de msur = measurement unit = milimetru = millimetre = metru = metre = metru ptrat = square metre = metru cub = cubic metre = hectar = hectare = kilometru = kilometre = kilometru ptrat = square kilometre = microgram = microgram = miligram = miligram = gram = gram = kilogram = kilogram = ton = tonne = ton deadweight = tonne deadweight = litru = litre = decalitru = decalitre = hectolitru = hectolitre = watt = watt = kilowatt = kilowatt = kilowatt - or = kilowatt - hour = kilovoltamper = kilovoltamper MVA CP HP kcal Gcal kO '' ' h 0 nr. no. % mii thou mil. mill. mild. bn echiv. equiv. S.A. A.S. buc. pcs. per. garnit. n.c.a. n.e.c. = megavoltamper = megavoltamper = cal putere = horse power = kilocalorie = kilocalorie = gigacalorie = gigacalorie = kilooctet = kilooctet = secund = second = minut = minute = or = hour = grad = degree = numr = number = procent = percentage = mii = thousands (thou) = milion = million = miliard = billion = echivalent = equivalent = substan activ = active substance = bucat = pieces = pereche = pair = = = = garnitur set neclasificate altundeva not elsewhere classified

SIMBOLURI FOLOSITE SYMBOLS USED - = nu este cazul


= data not applicable G = grafic = graph *) = date mai mici dect 0,5 = magnitude less than 0.5 **) = date mai mici dect 0,05 = magnitude less than 0.05 ***) = date mai mici dect 0,005 = magnitude less than 0.005

... = lips date


= data not available

~ = date nensumabile
= nontotalized data c = date confideniale = confidential data

GEOGRAFIE, METEOROLOGIE I MEDIU NCONJURTOR

GEOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT

CUPRINS TABELE

Pagina Page

TABLES CONTENTS

GEOGRAFIE I ORGANIZARE ADMINISTRATIV-TERITORIAL


1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 Poziia geografic a Romniei ..................................... 10 Lungimea frontierelor Romniei .................................. 11 Principalele altitudini muntoase ................................... 11 Lungimea principalelor cursuri de ap de pe teritoriul Romniei ....................................................... 13 Principalele lacuri naturale .......................................... 14 Principalele lacuri antropice ........................................ 15 Altitudinea medie a principalelor orae din Romnia .. 16 Organizarea administrativ a teritoriului Romniei, la 31 decembrie 2010 ................................................. 17

GEOGRAPHY AND ADMINISTRATIVETERRITORIAL ORGANISATION


Geographical position of Romania Length of Romanias borders Major mountain peaks Length of major rivers on Romanian territory Major natural lakes Major anthropic lakes Average height of major towns in Romania Administrative organisation of Romanian territory, on December 31, 2010

METEOROLOGIE
1.9 1.10 1.11 Temperatura aerului (media lunar i anual) ............ 18 Temperatura aerului (maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) .............................. 20 Precipitaii atmosferice (cantitatea lunar i anual) .. 28

METEOROLOGY
Air temperature (monthly and yearly average) Air temperature (monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum) Precipitations (monthly and yearly quantity)

MEDIU NCONJURTOR
Resurse naturale Ariile protejate, n anul 2010 ........................................ 30 Rezervaii ale biosferei, n anul 2010 .......................... 30 Parcurile naionale i parcurile naturale, n anul 2010 ................................................................ 31 Resursele de ap asigurate, potrivit gradului de amenajare, n anul 2010 .......................... 32 Calitatea factorilor de mediu Calitatea apelor de suprafa, n anul 2010 ................. 32 Msuri de protecie a mediului Investiii pentru protecia mediului, n anul 2010 ......... 33 Cheltuieli curente interne pentru protecia mediului, n anul 2010 ................................................................ 34

ENVIRONMENT
Natural resources Protected areas, in 2010 Biosphere reservations, in 2010 National and natural parks, in 2010 Water resources assured, according to the arrangement level, in 2010 Environment factors quality Superficial water quality, in 2010 Environment protection measures Investments for environment protection, in 2010 Internal current expenditure for environment protection, in 2010

1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15

1.16 1.17 1.18

SURSA DATELOR
Cercetri statistice: Cercetarea statistic privind cheltuielile pentru protecia mediului, completat de operatori economici i unitile administraiei publice.

DATA SOURCE
Statistical surveys: Statistical survey on environment protection expenditure, filled in by economic operators and public administration units.

Surse administrative: Institutul de Geografie Bucureti; Inspectoratul General al Poliiei de Frontier din cadrul Ministerului Administraiei i Internelor; Administraia Naional de Meteorologie; Ministerul Mediului i Pdurilor; Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului; Regia Naional a Pdurilor; Administraia Naional Apele Romne.

Administrative sources: Institute of Geography Bucharest; General Inspectorate of Border Police within the Ministry of Administration and Interior; National Administration of Meteorology; Ministry of Environment and Forests; National Agency for Environment Protection; National Company of Forests; National Administration Romanian Waters.

GEOGRAFIE I ORGANIZARE ADMINISTRATIV-TERITORIAL


Prezentare Romnia este situat n centrul geografic al Europei (sud-estul Europei Centrale), la nord de Peninsula Balcanic, la jumtatea distanei dintre Coasta Atlanticului i Munii Ural, n interiorul i exteriorul arcului Munilor Carpai, pe cursul inferior al Dunrii (1075 km) i cu ieire la Marea Neagr. De altfel, paralela 45N cu meridianul 25E se intersecteaz n apropiere de centrul geometric al rii, la 100 km N-V de capitala rii, Bucureti. Cu o suprafa de 238391 km2, Romnia este a 12-a ar ca mrime a Europei. Ieirea la mare nlesnete legturile cu rile din bazinul Mrii Negre, bazinul Mrii Mediterane i, prin intermediul acesteia, cu restul lumii. Litoralul romnesc al Mrii Negre se desfoar pe 245 km, ntre grla Musura (grania cu Ucraina) i localitatea Vama Veche (grania cu Bulgaria). Relieful Romniei se compune din trei trepte majore: cea nalt a Munilor Carpai (cel mai nalt vrf Moldoveanu 2544 m), cea medie care corespunde Subcarpailor, dealurilor i podiurilor i cea joas, a cmpiilor, luncilor i Deltei Dunrii. Delta Dunrii, cea mai tnr unitate de relief, n continu formare, are altitudinea medie de 0,52 m. Caracteristicile principale ale unitilor de relief sunt proporionalitatea (31% muni, 36% dealuri i podiuri, 33% cmpii i lunci) i dispunerea concentric a treptelor majore ale reliefului. Clima Romniei este temperat-continental de tranziie, cu influene oceanice dinspre vest, mediteraneene dinspre sud-vest i continental-excesive din est. Temperatura medie multianual este difereniat latitudinal, respectiv 8C n nord i peste 11C n sud, i altitudinal, cu valori de -2,5C n etajul montan (Vrfu Omu - masivul Bucegi) i 11,6C n cmpie (oraul Zimnicea - judeul Teleorman). Precipitaiile anuale scad n intensitate de la vest la est, respectiv de la peste 600 mm la mai puin de 500 mm

GEOGRAPHY AND ADMINISTRATIVETERRITORIAL ORGANISATION


Description Romania is situated in the geographical centre of Europe (south-east of Central Europe) at the north of the Balkan Peninsula, at half the distance between Atlantic Coast and The Urals, inside and outside the Carpathians Arch, on the Danube lower course (1075 km) and has exit to the Black Sea. Otherwise, the 45N parallel with the 25E meridian intersects near the geometrical centre of the country, 100 km N-V of the country capital, Bucharest. Romania is the twelfth country of Europe, having an area of 238391 km2. The exit to the sea enables the connections with the countries in the Black Sea basin, in the Mediterranean Sea basin and, by means of this, rest of the world. Romanian seaside of the Black Sea is lying on 245 km, between Musura stream (at the border with Ukraine) and Vama Veche locality (at the border with Bulgaria). Romania's relief consists of three major levels: the highest one in the Carpathians (the highest peak Moldoveanu 2544 m), the middle one which corresponds to the Sub-Carpathians, to the hills and to the plateaus and the lowest one in plains, meadows and Danube Delta. The Danube Delta, the youngest relief unit under permanent formation, has the average height of 0.52 m. Main features of relief units are proportionality (31% mountains, 36% hills and plateaus, 33% plains and meadows) and concentric display of the relief major levels. Romanias climate is temperate-continental of transition, with oceanic influences from the West, Mediterranean ones from South-West and continentalexcessive ones from the East. Multiannual average temperature is latitudinally different, 8C in the North and over 11C in the South, and altitudinally, with values of -2.5C in the mountain floor (Omu peak - Bucegi massif) and 11.6C in the plain (Zimnicea town - Teleorman county). Yearly precipitations decrease in intensity from west to east, from over 600 mm to less 500 mm in the East

n Cmpia Romn de Est, sub 450 mm n Dobrogea i circa 350 mm pe litoral, pentru ca n regiunile muntoase s ajung la 1000-1500 mm. Apele curgtoare ale Romniei sunt dispuse radial, marea majoritate avnd izvoarele n Carpai. Principalul colector al acestora este fluviul Dunrea, care strbate ara n partea sudic pe o lungime de 1075 km i se vars n Marea Neagr. Lacurile sunt reprezentate prin lacuri naturale (numeroase tipuri genetice) rspndite n toate unitile majore de relief, de la cele glaciare n etajul alpin (Lacul Mioarelor - Fgra la 2282 m) la limanele fluvio-maritime (Lacul Techirghiol la 1,5 m) i prin lacuri antropice, de asemenea n toate unitile de relief. Vegetaia este condiionat de relief i de elementele pedo-climatice, ntlnindu-se o dispunere etajat a acesteia. Regiunile montane sunt acoperite de pduri de conifere (ndeosebi molid), pduri de amestec (fag, brad i molid) i pduri de fag. Pe culmile mai nalte se afl pajiti alpine i tufriuri de jneapn, ienupr, afin, merior i altele. n regiunile de deal i de podi se ntlnesc pduri de foioase n care predomin fagul, gorunul sau stejarul; pe dealurile joase i cmpiile nalte, adesea, principalele specii care alctuiesc pdurile sunt cerul i grnia. Vegetaia de step i de silvostep, care ocupa ariile cu deficit de umiditate din Podiul Dobrogei, Cmpia Romn, Podiul Moldovei, Cmpia Banatului i Crianei, a fost, n cea mai mare parte, nlocuit prin culturi agricole. Fauna Romniei este grupat pe areale difereniate n funcie de biotopul fiecrei specii. n etajul alpin apar elemente relicte precum capra neagr i vulturul de munte. n pdurile carpatine triesc diferite mamifere: urs, cerb, rs, lup, mistre, cprior, veveri i un numr mare de specii de psri. n cteva regiuni muntoase se mai pstreaz cocoul de munte i cocoul de mesteacn; n regiunile de deal i cmpie sunt rspndite: iepurele, crtia, ariciul, diferite psri, oprle, batracieni .a.; pentru zonele de step sunt caracteristice roztoarele (popndul i hrciogul). Fauna acvatic este reprezentat ndeosebi prin pstrv n apele de munte (lostria, mai rspndit n trecut, a devenit destul de rar); clean i mrean n regiunile de deal; crap, biban, tiuc, somn, caras n cele de cmpie i Delta Dunrii; n apele marine teritoriale i pe Dunrea inferioar se ntlnesc i specii de sturioni. Resursele minerale utile ale Romniei sunt variate. Printre principalele resurse minerale utile pot fi menionate: petrolul, cu vechi tradiii de exploatare; gazele naturale; crbunii, n special huila cocsificabil, crbunele brun i lignitul; minereuri feroase i neferoase, zcminte de aur, argint i de bauxit; rezerve mari de

Romanian Plain, under 450 mm in Dobrogea and about 350 mm by seaside, in the mountainous areas they reach 1000-1500 mm. Romanian running waters are radially displayed, most of them having the springs in the Carpathians. Their main collector is the Danube river, which crosses the country in the south on 1075 km length and flows into the Black Sea. The lakes are represented by natural lakes (numerous genetic types) spread in all major units of relief, from glacial ones in the alpine floor (Mioarelor Lake - Fgra 2282 m) to river-maritime banks (Techirghiol Lake at 1.5 m) and anthropic lakes, as well in all relief units. The vegetation is determined by the relief and by pedo-climatic elements, being displayed in floors. Mountainous regions are covered by coniferous forests (especially spruce fir), mixture forests (beech, fir-tree, spruce fir) and beech forests. Higher peaks are covered by alpine lawns and bushes of dwarf pine, juniper, bilberry, red bilberry a.s.o. In the hills and plateaus regions there are broadleaved forests, prevailing beech, common oak or durmast oak; the main forest species often met on low hills and high plains are Quercus cerris and Quercus frainetto. The steppe and silvosteppe vegetation, which covered the areas of low humidity in Dobrogea Plateau, Romanian Plain, Moldova Plateau, Banat and Criana Plain has been mostly replaced by agricultural crops. Romania's fauna is grouped by different areals according to each species biotype. Relict elements as black goat (chamois) and mountain vulture live in the alpine area. In the Carpathian forests live various animals: bear, buck, lynx, wolf, wild boar, roebuck, squirrel and several species of birds. In a few mountainous areas both mountain cock and birch cock are still met. In the hill and field areas there are hares, moles, hedgehogs, various birds, lizards, batrachia a.s.o.; rodent animals as gopher and hamster are characteristic for the steppe areas. Water fauna is represented especially by trout in the mountainous waters (huck which was mostly spread in the past has become quite rare); dace and barbel in the hill region; carp, perch, pike, sheat fish, crucian in the field region and Danube Delta; sturgeon species are also met in the marine territorial waters and on the downstream Danube. Romania's useful minerals resources are various. Among the main useful minerals resources we can mention: crude oil, with old exploitation traditions; natural gas; coal, especially coking pitcoal, brown coal and lignite; ferrous and non-ferrous ores, gold, silver and bauxite ore deposits; vast reserves of salt as well as

sare, precum i o serie de resurse nemetalifere. O categorie aparte a bogiilor de subsol o constituie cele peste 2000 de izvoare de ape minerale, cu valene pentru consum i tratamente medicale. Teritoriul Romniei este mprit din punct de vedere administrativ n: sate, comune, orae, municipii i judee. Conform Legii privind stabilirea nomenclatorului unitilor teritoriale statistice din Romnia s-au constituit patru macroregiuni (n concordan cu prevederile Legii nr. 315/2004 privind dezvoltarea regional n Romnia i armonizarea cu cerinele Regulamentului CE nr. 1059/2003 al Parlamentului i al Consiliului European privind stabilirea unui nomenclator comun al unitilor teritoriale de statistic NUTS, publicat n Jurnalul Oficial al Uniunii Europene nr. L 154/2003. Macroregiunile nu sunt uniti administrativ-teritoriale i nu au personalitate juridic; sunt constituite pentru a asigura colectarea, elaborarea i difuzarea statisticilor regionale amortizate la nivelul Uniunii Europene. Ca uniti teritoriale (non-administrative) au fost create 8 regiuni de dezvoltare, constituite prin reuniunea mai multor judee. Judeul reprezint unitatea administrativ-teritorial tradiional n Romnia, alctuit din orae i comune, n funcie de condiiile geografice, economice, socialpolitice i de legturile culturale i tradiionale ale populaiei. Teritoriul Romniei este organizat n 42 de judee (inclusiv Municipiul Bucureti). Municipiul este un ora cu un rol economic, social, politic i cultural nsemnat avnd, de regul, funcie administrativ. Oraul reprezint o concentrare uman cu o funcie administrativ i un mod de via specific ariilor urbane i o structur profesional a populaiei n care predomin cea ocupat n ramurile neagricole. Comuna este unitatea administrativ-teritorial care cuprinde populaia rural unit prin comunitate de interese i tradiii, fiind alctuit din unul sau mai multe sate (din care unul este reedin de comun). Satul este cea mai mic unitate teritorial, avnd caracteristicile aezrilor de tip rural. Oraele principale: Bucureti, Timioara, Iai, Cluj-Napoca, Constana, Craiova, Galai, Braov, Ploieti, Brila, Oradea, Bacu, Piteti, Arad, Sibiu. Porturile principale: la Marea Neagr: Constana, Mangalia; la Dunre: Moldova Nou, Orova, Drobeta-Turnu Severin, Calafat, Corabia, Turnu Mgurele, Zimnicea, Giurgiu, Oltenia, Clrai, Cernavod, Hrova, Mcin, Brila, Galai, Tulcea, Sulina.

numerous non-metalliferrous resources. A special category of subsoil riches is constituted by over 2000 mineral water springs, with consumption and medical treatments valences. Romanian territory is divided from administrative viewpoint into: villages, communes, towns, municipalities and counties. According to the Law on setting up the nomenclature of statistical territorial units in Romania, four macroregions were constituted (according to the Law no. 315/2004 on regional development in Romania and harmonisation to the requirements of the EC Regulation no. 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council regarding the setting up of a common nomenclature of statistical territorial units NUTS, published in Official Journal of European Union no. L 154/2003. Macroregions are not administrative territorial units and have no legal entity, they are constituted to assure the collection, compilation and transmission of harmonised regional statistics at European Union level. As territorial (non-administrative) units, 8 regions of development were created, gathering several counties. County represents traditional administrativeterritorial unit in Romania, including towns and communes, depending on geographical, economical and social-political conditions and population cultural and traditional relations. Romanian territory is organized into 42 counties (including Bucharest Municipality). Municipality is a town, with an important economic, social, political and cultural role, usually having administrative function. Town represents a human concentration with administrative function and a life specific to urban areas and with a population professional structure where the population employed in non-agricultural branches prevails. Commune is a territorial-administrative unit which comprises rural population united by interest and traditional community, including one or several villages (from which one is commune residence). Village is the smallest territorial unit, having characteristics of rural settlements. Main cities: Bucharest, Timioara, Iai, Cluj-Napoca, Constana, Craiova, Galai, Braov, Ploieti, Brila, Oradea, Bacu, Piteti, Arad, Sibiu. Main harbours: at the Black Sea: Constana, Mangalia; at the Danube: Moldova Nou, Orova, Drobeta-Turnu Severin, Calafat, Corabia, Turnu Mgurele, Zimnicea, Giurgiu, Oltenia, Clrai, Cernavod, Hrova, Mcin, Brila, Galai, Tulcea, Sulina.

Aeroporturile principale: Bucureti (Henri Coand Otopeni i Aurel Vlaicu - Bneasa), Constana (Mihail Koglniceanu), Timioara (Traian Vuia), Cluj-Napoca, Iai, Arad, Oradea, Baia Mare, Trgu Mure, Suceava, Bacu, Deva, Sibiu, Craiova, Tulcea. Capitala: Municipiul Bucureti (1942254 locuitori, la 1 iulie 2010), mprit n ase sectoare administrative. Prima menionare documentar dateaz din 20.IX.1459, ca reedin a lui Vlad epe. Capital a rii Romneti ncepnd din a doua jumtate a secolului al XVII-lea i Capitala Romniei, din anul 1862, municipiul Bucureti este cel mai important centru politic, economic i cultural-tiinific al rii. Limba oficial: limba romn. Drapelul Romniei este tricolor; culorile sunt aezate vertical n ordinea urmtoare, ncepnd de la lance: albastru, galben, rou. Ziua naional a Romniei: 1 Decembrie. Imnul naional al Romniei este Deteapt-te romne. Forma de guvernmnt a Romniei este republica: Republic, conform Constituiei adoptate n 1991 i modificat n 2003; Puterea legislativ este reprezentat de un parlament bicameral (Camera Deputailor i Senatul), iar puterea executiv este exercitat de guvern, condus de un prim-ministru desemnat de preedintele rii; Preedintele rii este ales n baza rezultatelor alegerilor generale prin scrutin universal pentru un mandat de 5 ani. Moneda naional: Leu, cu subdiviziunea ban. Cursul monedei naionale este stabilit zilnic pe piaa valutar interbancar, moneda de referin fiind euro.

Main airports: Bucharest (Henri Coand Otopeni and Aurel Vlaicu - Bneasa), Constana (Mihail Koglniceanu), Timioara (Traian Vuia), Cluj-Napoca, Iai, Arad, Oradea, Baia Mare, Trgu Mure, Suceava, Bacu, Deva, Sibiu, Craiova, Tulcea. The capital: Bucharest Municipality (1942254 inhabitants on July 1, 2010), organised into six administrative sectors. The first documentary mention was on 20.IX.1459, as residence of Vlad epe. Capital of ara Romneasc since the second half of the XVIIth century and Capital of Romania since 1862, Bucharest Municipality is the most important political, economic and cultural-scientific center of the country. Official language: Romanian. Flag of Romania: is three - coloured; the colours are placed vertically in the following order from the lance: blue, yellow, red. National day of Romania: December, 1. National anthem of Romania is Wake up, Romanian. Government form in Romania is the republic: Republic, according to the Constitution adopted in 1991 and modified in 2003; Legislative power is represented by two chamber Parliament (Chamber of Deputies and Senate), and executive power is carried out by Government led by Prime Minister appointed by the countrys President; President of the country is elected based on general elections results by universal vote for a 5 years mandate. National currency: Leu, with ban as subdivision. The exchange rate is set on the interbank currency market on a daily basis, reference currency being euro.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE METEOROLOGIE


Cercetarea proceselor i fenomenelor fizice din atmosfera terestr, care determin starea timpului i clima, are la baz msurtorile i observaiile meteorologice ce se efectueaz permanent sau periodic n diferite puncte de pe suprafaa globului terestru i la diferite nlimi n atmosfera liber. Programul unitar al msurtorilor i observaiilor, precum i alte activiti meteorologice se asigur prin colaborare internaional, n cadrul Administraiei Naionale de Meteorologie, cu Organizaia Meteorologic Mondial. Staia meteorologic reprezint punctul de pe suprafaa terestr unde se efectueaz observaii i msurtori asupra tuturor elementelor i fenomenelor

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES METEOROLOGY


The research on physical processes and phenomena in the terrestrial atmosphere, which determine the weather and the climate, relies on the meteorological measurements and observations, permanently or periodically carried out in different points on the terrestrial globe surface and at various altitudes in the free atmosphere. The unitary programme of measurements and observations, as well as other meteorological activities are assured by international co-operation within National Administration of Meteorology, with the World Meteorology Organisation. The meteorological station represents the point from the terrestrial surface, where measurements and observations on all meteorological elements and

meteorologice, conform programului stabilit. Majoritatea observaiilor, msurtorilor i determinrilor meteorologice de la staii se efectueaz pe platforma meteorologic situat pe un teren deschis, tipic pentru regiunea respectiv, cu dimensionarea standard de 26 m x 26 m. Pentru cercetarea proceselor i fenomenelor atmosferice i pentru calculul diferiilor parametri meteorologici i climatici, este necesar raportarea observaiilor i msurtorilor, care se realizeaz att n spaiu, ct i n timp. Programul climatologic reprezint complexul observaiilor i msurtorilor meteorologice ce se execut la staii, dup timpul solar mediu local, att la termenele fixe, ct i continuu n 24 de ore. Permanent, la termenele climatologice (1, 7, 13, 19 timp solar mediu local) se efectueaz observaii i msurtori asupra: presiunii atmosferice, vntului, temperaturii i umezelii aerului, temperaturii suprafeei solului, nebulozitii, precipitaiilor, vizibilitii orizontale. Continuu, n tot cursul zilei i nopii se determin caracteristicile tuturor fenomenelor meteorologice (hidrometeori, litometeori, electrometeori etc.). Observaiile asupra temperaturii aerului constau n msurarea temperaturii aerului la termenele stabilite i n determinarea valorilor maxime i minime ale acesteia n intervalele de timp dintre aceste termene. Temperatura aerului se msoar cu instrumente cu citire direct, psihrometrul cu ventilaie artificial, termometrul de maxim cu mercur i termometrul de minim cu alcool i cu aparate nregistratoare (termografe). Pentru ca instrumentele cu care se msoar temperatura i umezeala aerului s nu fie influenate direct de radiaia solar, de radiaia terestr, de precipitaii i de rafalele vntului, ele se instaleaz n adpostul meteorologic situat la 2 m nlime deasupra solului. Msurarea cantitilor de ap ce provin din precipitaii atmosferice sau care se depun din ali hidrometeori se efectueaz cu ajutorul pluviometrului, iar nregistrarea continu a precipitaiilor (lichide) se face cu pluviograful. Cantitile de ap se msoar zilnic la termenele climatologice (1, 7, 13, 19) i se exprim prin grosimea stratului de ap czut, n mm (1mm=1l / m2).

phenomena are carried out in keeping with the programme. Most of meteorological observations, measurements and determinations from the stations are performed on the meteorological area situated on an open land, typical for the respective region, with the standard dimension of 26 m x 26 m. In order to observe the atmospheric processes and phenomena and to compute various meteorological and climatic parameters, it is necessary to report observations and measurements, carried out both in space and over time. The climatic programme represents the complex of meteorological observations and measurements performed at stations, according to the local average solar time, both at fixed deadlines and continuously during 24 hours. Permanently, at the climatic deadlines (1, 7, 13, 19 local average solar time), the observations and measurements are done for: atmospheric pressure, wind, air temperature and humidity, ground surface temperature, cloudiness, precipitations, horizontal visibility. Continuously, during all day and night, the characteristics of all meteorological phenomena (hydrometeors, litometeors, electrometeors a.s.o.) are determined. Air temperature observations consist of air temperature measurement at the observation deadlines and of determining its maximum and minimum values, during the intervals between the climatic observation deadlines. Air temperature is measured with direct reading instruments, the psychrometer with artificial ventilation, the thermometer of maximum with mercury and the thermometer of minimum with alcohol and with recording apparatus (thermographs). In view to ensure that the instruments for measuring air temperature and humidity are not directly influenced by the solar, terrestrial radiation, by precipitations and by wind gusts, they should be placed in the meteorological shelter situated at 2 meters high above the ground. The measurement of water quantities coming from atmospheric precipitations or deposited by other hydrometeors is carried out by means of pluviometer and the continuous recording of precipitations (liquids) is performed with the pluviograph. Water quantities are daily measured at climatic deadlines (1, 7, 13, 19) and they are expressed by the thickness of the fallen water layer, in mm (1mm=1l / m 2).

MEDIU NCONJURTOR
Resursele de ap reprezint potenialul hidrologic format din apele de suprafa i subterane n regim natural i amenajat, inventariate la nceputul anului, din care se asigur alimentarea diverselor folosine.

ENVIRONMENT
Water resources represent the hydrological potential consisting of the superficial and underground waters, under natural and arranged conditions, registered at the beginning of the year, of which the utilities are fed.

Ariile naturale protejate, conform O.U.G. nr. 57/2007, reprezint zone terestre, acvatice i/sau subterane, cu perimetrul legal stabilit i avnd un regim special de ocrotire i conservare, n care exist specii de plante i animale slbatice, elemente i formaiuni biogeografice sau de alt natur, cu valoare ecologic, tiinific sau cultural deosebit i cuprind: rezervaii ale biosferei - arii naturale protejate al cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor zone de habitat natural i a diversitii biologice specifice; parcuri naionale - arii naturale protejate al cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor eantioane reprezentative pentru spaiul biogeografic naional; parcuri naturale - arii naturale protejate al cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor ansambluri peisagistice n care interaciunea activitilor umane cu natura de-a lungul timpului a creat o zon distinct, cu valoare semnificativ peisagistic i/sau cultural, deseori cu o mare diversitate biologic; rezervaii tiinifice - arii naturale protejate al cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor habitate naturale terestre i/sau acvatice, cuprinznd elemente reprezentative de interes tiinific; rezervaii naturale - arii naturale protejate al cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor habitate i specii naturale importante sub aspect floristic, faunistic, forestier, hidrologic, geologic, speologic, paleontologic, pedologic; monumente ale naturii - arii naturale protejate al cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor elemente naturale cu valoare i semnificaie ecologic, tiinific, peisagistic deosebite; zone umede de importan internaional sunt acele arii naturale protejate al cror scop este asigurarea proteciei i conservrii siturilor naturale cu diversitate biologic specific zonelor umede; arii de protecie special avifaunistic sunt acele arii naturale protejate ale cror scopuri sunt conservarea, meninerea, i acolo unde este cazul, readucerea ntr-o stare de conservare favorabil a speciilor de psri i a habitatelor specifice, desemnate pentru protecia speciilor de psri migratoare slbatice; situri de importan comunitar reprezint acele arii care, n regiunile biogeografice n care exist, contribuie semnificativ la meninerea sau restaurarea la o stare de conservare favorabil a habitatelor naturale. Evaluarea calitii apelor de suprafa const n monitorizarea parametrilor biologici hidromorfologici, fizico-chimici, a poluanilor prioritari sau a altor poluani evacuai n cantiti importante.

Natural protected areas, according to G.P.O. no. 57/2007, represents terrestrial, aquatic and/or underground areas, with legally settled perimeter and with a special protection and preservation regime, where wild plants and animal species, bio-geographic elements and formations or of other nature, with special ecological, scientific or cultural value exist and include: reservations of biosphere - protected natural areas whose purpose is the protection and preservation of a natural habitat areas and of specific biologic diversity; national parks - natural protected areas whose purpose is the protection and preservation of representative samples for the national bio-geographic space; natural parks - natural protected areas whose purpose is the protection and preservation of landscape piles in which human activities interactions in time created a distinct area, with landscape and/or cultural significant value, often with a great biological diversity; scientific reservations - natural protected areas whose purpose is the protection and preservation of terrestrial and/or aquatic natural habitats, including representative elements of scientific interest; natural reservations - natural protected areas whose purpose is the protection and preservation of important natural habitats and species from flora, fauna, forestry, hydrological, geological, speological, paleontological, pedological point of view; natural monuments - natural protected areas whose purpose is the protection and preservation of natural elements and of ecological, scientific, landscape special significance; wetlands of international importance are those protected natural areas whose purpose is to ensure the protection and preservation of the natural sites with a wetland-specific biological diversity; special avifaunistic protection areas are those protected natural areas whose purpose is the preservation, maintenance and where necessary the conservative rehabilitation of the bird species and specific habitats designated for wild migratory bird species protection; sites of community interest reprezent areas located in biogeographical regions, contributing significantly to the maintenance or restoration to a favourable preservation state of the natural habitats. The evaluation of the superficial waters quality is carried out by monitoring the biological hidro - morfological parameters, physico - chemical, the prioritary pollution agents or other pollution agents evacuated in important quantities.

Potrivit Legii nr. 310/2004, anexa 11, se disting 5 clase de calitate, definite astfel: clasa de calitate I - stare foarte bun - nu exist alterri (sau sunt foarte mici) ale valorilor elementelor fizico-chimice i hidromorfologice de calitate pentru tipul de corpuri de ap de suprafa fa de cele asociate n mod normal cu acel tip n condiii nemodificate; clasa de calitate II - stare bun - valorile elementelor biologice de calitate pentru tipul de corp de ap de suprafa prezint nivele sczute de schimbare datorit activitilor umane, dar deviaz uor fa de acele valori normale asociate cu tipul de corpuri de ap de suprafa n condiii nemodificate; clasa de calitate III - stare moderat - valorile elementelor biologice de calitate pentru tipul de corp de ap de suprafa deviaz moderat fa de acelea care sunt n mod normal asociate cu tipul de corp de ap de suprafa n condiii nemodificate. Valorile prezint semne moderate de perturbare ca urmare a activitilor umane i sunt esenial perturbate fa de valorile din condiiile de stare bun; clasa de calitate IV - slab - prezint dovezi de alterri majore ale valorilor elementelor biologice de calitate pentru tipul de corpuri de ape de suprafa i n care comunitile biologice importante deviaz semnificativ de la valorile normale asociate cu tipul de corpuri de ap de suprafa n condiii nemodificate; clasa de calitate V - proast - prezint dovezi de alterri majore ale valorilor elementelor biologice de calitate pentru tipul de corpuri de ape de suprafa i n care pri mari din comunitile biologice importante care sunt n mod normal asociate cu tipul de corpuri de ap de suprafa n condiii nemodificate, sunt absente. Cheltuielile pentru protecia mediului includ investiiile i cheltuielile curente interne pentru desfurarea activitilor de supraveghere i protecie a mediului, i care se refer la prevenirea sau repararea pagubelor aduse acestuia. Investiiile pentru protecia mediului includ cheltuielile efectuate pentru lucrri de construcii, de instalaii i de montaj, pentru achiziionarea de utilaje, mijloace de transport, alte cheltuieli destinate crerii de noi mijloace fixe pentru dezvoltarea, modernizarea, reconstrucia celor existente, cu scopul de protecie a mediului. Ele includ, de asemenea, valoarea serviciilor legate de transferul de proprieti al mijloacelor fixe existente i al terenurilor (taxe, materiale, comisioane, cheltuieli de transport de ncrcare - descrcare). Cheltuieli curente interne pentru protecia mediului nsumeaz cheltuielile efectuate pentru operarea, repararea i ntreinerea instalaiilor i utilajelor pentru

According to Law no. 310/2004, annex 11, 5 quality classes are distinguished, defined as follows: the first quality class - very good state - no alterations (or very few) of physico-chemical and hydro-morfological quality elements value exist for the type of superficial waters bodies as against those normally associated with specific type in unchanged conditions; the second quality class - good state - biological quality elements values for superficial water body type presents low levels of change because of human activity, but it slightly deviate as against those normal values associated with superficial water bodies type in unchanged conditions; the third quality class - moderate state - biological quality elements values for superficial water body type moderately deviates as against those which are normally associated with superficial water body type in unchanged conditions. These values presents moderate perturbation signs because of human activities and are essentially perturbated as against the good state conditions values; the fourth quality class - poor - presents major alteration proofs of the biological quality elements values for superficial water bodies type in which important biological communities significantly deviates from the normal values associated with superficial water bodies type in unchanged conditions; the fifth quality class - bad - presents major alteration proofs of the biological quality elements values for superficials water bodies type and in which big parts from important biological communities which are normally associated with superficial water bodies type in unchanged conditions are absent. Environment protection expenditure include investments and internal current expenditure for carrying out the activities of environment observation and protection and refer to environment damages prevention or repair. Investments for environment protection include the expenditure made for construction, installations and building works, for equipment, transport means purchasing, other expenditure meant to create new fixed assets for the development, modernization, reconstruction of the already existent ones, having the purpose of environment protection. They also include the value of services related to existent fixed assets and land ownership transfer (taxes, materials, commissions, loading-unloading transport expenditure). Current internal expenditure for environment protection are made of the expenditure for operating, repairs and maintenance of installations and equipment

protecia mediului de ctre personalul ntreprinderii. Ele includ salariile i impozitele aferente i cheltuielile materiale (materii prime, materiale, combustibili, energie, ap etc.). Cheltuielile curente interne nu includ cheltuielile pentru achiziionarea de servicii de mediu de la teri. Categoriile de productori de servicii pentru protecia mediului sunt: productorii nespecializai - uniti care execut o activitate de protecia mediului ca activitate secundar sau auxiliar la o activitate principal. Activitatea principal nu este una de protecia mediului. Aceste uniti se regsesc n sectorul producie (CAEN Rev.2, diviziunile: 02; 05-35; 41; 42; 43; 49; 50; 51); productorii specializai - uniti care execut activiti de protecia mediului ca activitate principal, conform CAEN Rev.2, diviziunile: 36; 37; 38; 39 i clasa 4677; administraia public - toate unitile administraiei publice locale i centrale a cror producie de servicii de protecia mediului non-pia este destinat consumului individual i colectiv (CAEN Rev.2, clasa 8411). Activitile specifice de protecia mediului sunt grupate dup domeniile de mediu, astfel: prevenirea i combaterea polurii (protecia aerului, protecia apei, managementul deeurilor, protecia solului i a apelor subterane); protecia resurselor naturale i conservarea biodiversitii (protecia speciilor, arii protejate, remediere i reconstrucie ecologic, refacerea mediului acvatic, prevenirea fenomenelor naturale periculoase); alte domenii (cercetare-dezvoltare, administrare general a mediului, reducerea zgomotului i a vibraiilor, protecia mpotriva radiaiilor, educaie, instruire, informare).

for environment protection by enterprise staff. They include salaries and taxes and material expenditure (raw materials, materials, fuels, energy, water a.s.o.). The current internal expenditure do not include environmental services purchased from thirds. Categories of service producers for environment protection are: non-specialised producers - units carrying out an activity of environment protection as their secondary or auxiliary activity. Their main activity is not the environment protection. These units are found in the sector of production (CANE Rev. 2, divisions: 02; 05-35; 41; 42; 43; 49; 50; 51); specialised producers - units carrying out an activity of environment protection as their main activity, according to CANE Rev.2, divisions: 36; 37; 38 ; 39 and 4677 class; public administration - local and central units of public administration whose non-market production of environment protection services is meant for individual and collective consumption (CANE Rev.2, 8411 class). Specific activities of environment protection are grouped by environmental domains, as follows: pollution prevention and reduction (air protection, water protection, wastes management, soil and underground waters protection); natural resources protection and biodiversity preservation (species protection, protected areas, ecological remedy and reconstruction, aquatic environment restoration, prevention of dangerous natural phenomena); other domains (research-development, environment general administration, noise and vibrations reduction, protection against radiation, education, training, looking for information).

1.1
Nord North Sud South Est East Vest West

Poziia geografic a Romniei Geographical position of Romania


Punctul extrem (localitatea) Extreme point (locality) Satul Horoditea Horoditea village Oraul Zimnicea Zimnicea town Oraul Sulina Sulina town Comuna Beba Veche Beba Veche commune Judeul County Botoani Teleorman Tulcea Timi Longitudinea estic1) Longitude east1) 26o4205 25o2332 29o4124 20o1544 Latitudinea nordic Latitude north 48o1506 43o3707 45o0936 46o0727

1) Dup Greenwich. / According to Greenwich.

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1.2

Lungimea frontierelor Romniei Length of Romanias borders


km

Lungimea frontierelor / Border length Total Total Total granie Bulgaria Republica Moldova Serbia Ucraina Ungaria Marea Neagr 3149,9 631,3 681,3 546,4 649,4 448,0 193,5 Terestr Land 1085,6 139,1 256,8 273,8 415,9 Fluvial River 1816,9 470,0 681,3 289,6 343,9 32,1 Maritim Sea 247,4 22,2 31,7 193,5 Total borders Bulgaria Republic of Moldova Serbia Ukraine Hungary Black Sea

Not: Lungimile frontierelor sunt oficializate numai cu Serbia i Ungaria, celelalte frontiere fiind calculate unilateral. Note: Lengths of borders are official only with Serbia and Hungary, the other borders being unilaterally calculated.

1.3

Principalele altitudini muntoase Major mountain peaks


Denumirea masivului muntos Name of massif Fgra Fgra Parng Retezat Bucegi Retezat Iezer Iezer Rodna Godeanu Fgra Rodna Cindrel Lotru Piatra Craiului Godeanu arcu arcu Leaota ureanu Cpna Climan ureanu Maramure Ciuca Maramure Judeul County Altitudinea vrfului (m) Height (m) 2544 2535 2519 2509 2505 2482 2462 2391 2303 2291 2283 2279 2244 2242 2238 2229 2190 2190 2133 2130 2124 2100 2059 1956 1954 1930

Denumirea vrfului muntos Name of peak Moldoveanu Negoiu Parngu Mare Peleaga Omu Retezat Iezerul Mare Ppua Pietrosu Gugu Suru Ineu Cindrel tefleti La Om (Piscul Baciului) Godeanu Cleanu arcu Leaota Vrful lui Ptru Ursu Pietrosu ureanu Farcu Ciuca Toroiaga

Arge Arge, Braov, Sibiu Gorj, Hunedoara Hunedoara Prahova, Braov, Dmbovia Hunedoara Arge Arge Maramure Cara-Severin, Hunedoara Sibiu, Vlcea Bistria-Nsud Sibiu Sibiu, Vlcea Braov Cara-Severin, Gorj Cara-Severin Cara-Severin Dmbovia, Arge Hunedoara Vlcea Suceava, Mure Hunedoara Maramure Braov, Prahova Maramure

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1.3
Name of peak

Principalele altitudini muntoase - continuare Major mountain peaks - continued


Denumirea masivului muntos Name of massif Ceahlu Ceahlu Vlcan Bistria Raru Bihor ible Vldeasa Muntele Mare Harghita Hma Bistria Vrancea Vrancea Gurghiu Penteleu Munii Cernei Cozia Tarcu Raru Nemira Obcina Mestecni Harghita Stnioara Obcina Feredeu Mehedini Semenic Guti Munii Metaliferi Poiana Rusc Trascu Guti Bodoc Munii Metaliferi Almj Munii Aninei Codru Moma Perani Mese Zarand Mcin Judeul County Neam Neam Gorj, Hunedoara Neam, Suceava Suceava Bihor, Alba Maramure, Bistria-Nsud Cluj Alba, Cluj Harghita Harghita, Neam Suceava Buzu, Vrancea Covasna, Vrancea Mure Buzu Cara-Severin Vlcea Bacu Suceava Bacu Suceava Harghita, Covasna Neam Suceava Mehedini Cara-Severin Maramure Alba Timi, Cara-Severin Alba Maramure Harghita Alba Cara-Severin Cara-Severin Arad, Bihor Braov Slaj Arad Tulcea Altitudinea vrfului (m) Height (m) 1907 1900 1868 1859 1856 1849 1837 1836 1826 1800 1792 1791 1784 1777 1776 1772 1733 1668 1664 1650 1649 1588 1558 1530 1495 1466 1447 1443 1437 1374 1369 1307 1301 1258 1224 1160 1112 1104 996 836 467

Denumirea vrfului muntos

Ocolau Mare Toaca Straja Budacu Giumalu Cucurbta Mare ible Vldeasa Muntele Mare Harghita Mdra Hmau Mare Pietrosu Goru Lcu Saca Penteleu Vlacu Mic Cozia Grindu Raru Nemira Lucina Cucu Bivolu Pacani Vrful lui Stan Piatra Goznei Guti Poienia Pade Dmbu Igni Ciomatu Detunata Svinecea Mare Leordi Pleu Vrful Cetii Mgura Priei Drocea uuiatu

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1.4
Dunre Mure Prut Olt Siret Ialomia Some Arge Jiu Buzu Dmbovia Bistria Jijia Trnava Mare Timi Criul Alb Vedea Moldova Brlad Trnava Mic Prahova Neajlov Olte Someul Mic Suceava Bega Arie Trotu

Lungimea principalelor cursuri de ap de pe teritoriul Romniei Length of major rivers on Romanian territory
Lungimea cursului de ap (km) Length of the river (km) 1075 761 742 615 559 417 376 350 339 302 286 283 275 246 244 234 224 213 207 196 193 186 185 178 173 170 166 162 Suprafaa bazinului (km2) Basin area (km2) 332501) 27890 10990 24050 42890 10350 15740 12550 10080 5264 2824 7039 5757 6253 5673 4240 5430 4299 7220 2071 3738 3720 2663 3773 2298 2362 3005 4456

Denumirea cursului de ap River name

1) Fr afluenii care formeaz bazine de ordinul 1. / Excluding the tributaries which form the first degree basins.

13

1.5
Bucura Znoaga Mare Blea Clcescu Sfnta Ana Zton Iezerul Ighiu Vintileasca Lacul Rou Bltu

Principalele lacuri naturale Major natural lakes


Judeul County Suprafaa (ha) Area (ha) Volum (mil. m3) Volume (mill. m3)

Denumirea lacului natural Natural lake name

Ianca Movila Miresii Lacul Srat-Brila Oltina Iezerul Mostitei Balta Alb Jirlu Amara-Buzu Snagov Cldruani Hazarlc Amara-Ialomia Taaul Techirghiol Mangalia Tatlageac Razim Sinoie Zmeica Siutghiol Brate Bistre Suhaia Lacul Rotund Dranov Lacul Rou Gorgova Lumina Merhei Furtuna Matia

Lacuri n circuri glaciare / Lakes of glacial circuses 10,5 9,0 4,7 3,0 Lacuri n cratere vulcanice / Lakes of volcanic crater Harghita 22,0 Lacuri n depresiuni carstice / Lakes of karstic depressions Mehedini 20,0 Alba 5,3 Vrancea 4,7 Lacuri de baraj natural / Lakes of natural barrage Harghita 12,6 Bacu 6,0 Lacuri n crovuri (depresiuni de tasare) / Clasto-karstic lakes Brila 322,0 Brila 180,0 Brila 39,0 Limane fluviatile / River banks Constana 2509,0 Clrai 1860,0 Buzu, Brila 1012,0 Brila 890,0 Buzu 600,0 Ilfov 575,0 Ilfov 224,0 Constana 168,0 Ialomia 132,0 Limane fluvio-maritime / River - maritime banks Constana 2335,0 Constana 1161,0 Constana 261,0 Constana 178,0 Lagune marine / Maritime lagoons Tulcea 41500,0 Constana 17150,0 Tulcea 5460,0 Constana 1900,0 Lacuri de lunc / River meadow lakes Galai 2111,0 Dolj 1867,0 Teleorman 1094,0 Tulcea 219,0 Lacuri din Delta Dunrii / Danube Delta lakes Tulcea 2170,0 Tulcea 1445,0 Tulcea 1377,5 Tulcea 1367,5 Tulcea 1057,5 Tulcea 977,5 Tulcea 652,5 Hunedoara Hunedoara Sibiu Gorj

0,5 1,0 0,2 0,1 0,6 1,0 0,2 0,1 0,7 0,1 1,6 4,5 0,2 60,0 160,01) 5,1 5,6 3,6 17,3 4,5 0,8 2,6 57,0 41,8 15,7 14,0 909,0 210,7 45,6 88,7 30,0 28,0 18,0 2,0 21,7 21,7 13,8 20,5 15,9 9,8 9,8

1) Volum rezultat din lucrrile de amenajare pentru irigaii. / Volume resulted from planning works for irrigations.

14

1.6

Principalele lacuri antropice Major anthropic lakes


Suprafaa la nivel normal de retenie (ha) Area at normal level of afflux (ha) 70000,01) 7920,0 5900,0 3100,0 2204,0 1692,0 1280,0 1095,0 1080,0 1013,0 950,0 884,0 870,0 500,0 452,0 447,0 420,0 380,0 360,0 290,0 270,0 256,0 234,0 230,0 230,0 215,0 182,0 Volumul la nivel normal de retenie (mil. m3) Volume at normal level of afflux (mill. m3) 2400,0 800,0 735,0 1130,0 202,7 110,0 96,0 74,0 76,0 76,3 340,0 212,9 469,0 6,1 15,8 131,0 210,0 8,6 126,0 120,0 65,0 14,2 14,1 38,0 8,0 70,3 63,0

Denumirea lacului antropic Anthropic lake name

Judeul County

Categoria de folosin Category of use

Porile de Fier Ostrovu Mare Stnca-Costeti Izvorul Muntelui-Bicaz Strejeti Ipoteti Frunzaru Izbiceni Drgneti Mihileti Vidra Fntnele Vidraru Drcani Soleti Oaa Gura Apelor Clineti Siriu Iovanu Colibia Lacul Morii Vcreti Brdior Pucai Tarnia Pecineagu

Mehedini Mehedini Botoani Neam Olt Olt Olt Olt Olt Ilfov Vlcea Cluj Arge Botoani Vaslui Alba Hunedoara Satu Mare Buzu Gorj Bistria Nsud Municipiul Bucureti Dmbovia Vlcea Vaslui Cluj Dmbovia

energie / energy energie / energy complex / complex energie / energy energie / energy energie / energy energie / energy energie / energy energie / energy complex / complex energie / energy energie / energy complex / complex piscicultur / fish breeding complex / complex energie / energy energie / energy complex / complex complex / complex complex / complex complex / complex complex / complex complex / complex complex / complex complex / complex energie / energy complex / complex

1) ntre confluena Nera-Dunre i baraj (dup datele celor dou hidrocentrale). / Nera-Danube and dam confluence (according to the data

of the two hydro-power stations).

15

1.7
Oraul Town

Altitudinea medie a principalelor orae din Romnia Average height of major towns in Romania
Judeul County Alba Teleorman Arad Bacu Maramure Bistria-Nsud Vaslui Botoani Braov Brila Buzu Clrai Cluj Constana Dolj Cluj Hunedoara Mehedini Braov Vrancea Galai Giurgiu Hunedoara Iai Timi Sibiu Harghita Harghita Bacu Bihor Hunedoara Neam Arge Prahova Cara-Severin Vlcea Neam Satu Mare Covasna Sibiu Maramure Mure Olt Ialomia Suceava Galai Timi Dmbovia Gorj Mure Tulcea Cluj Teleorman Vaslui Slaj Altitudinea medie (m) Average height (m) 235 45 107 165 225 360 90 130 625 20 85 95 13 360 25 100 285 220 65 430 55 35 23 245 95 70 300 665 385 210 150 650 345 287 150 245 250 195 123 555 415 270 375 135 35 325 50 90 280 205 330 30 330 23 110 275

Alba lulia Alexandria Arad Bacu Baia Mare Bistria Brlad Botoani Braov Brila Bucureti / Bucharest Buzu Clrai Cluj - Napoca Constana Craiova Dej Deva Drobeta-Turnu Severin Fgra Focani Galai Giurgiu Hunedoara Iai Lugoj Media Miercurea Ciuc Odorheiu Secuiesc Oneti Oradea Petroani Piatra Neam Piteti Ploieti Reia Rmnicu Vlcea Roman Satu Mare Sfntu Gheorghe Sibiu Sighetu Marmaiei Sighioara Slatina Slobozia Suceava Tecuci Timioara Trgovite Trgu Jiu Trgu Mure Tulcea Turda Turnu Mgurele Vaslui Zalu

Not: Oraul situat la cea mai mare altitudine medie este Predeal (judeul Braov) - 1060 m. Oraul situat la cea mai mic altitudine medie este Sulina (judeul Tulcea) - 4 m. Note: The town situated at the highest average height is Predeal (Braov county) - 1060 m. The town situated at the lowest average height is Sulina (Tulcea county) - 4 m.

16

1.8

Organizarea administrativ a teritoriului Romniei, la 31 decembrie 2010 Administrative organisation of Romanian territory, on December 31, 2010
Numrul oraelor i municipiilor Number of towns and municipalities 320 100 43 10 4 6 13 6 4 57 11 10 5 9 11 11 81 46 8 7 5 5 16 5 35 4 5 12 4 5 5 57 48 7 5 7 3 7 14 5 9 8 1 82 40 7 9 5 8 11 42 10 8 14 10

Macroregiunea Regiunea de dezvoltare Judeul Macroregion Development region County Total MACROREGIUNEA 1 MACROREGION 1 Nord - Vest / North - West Bihor Bistria-Nsud Cluj Maramure Satu Mare Slaj Centru / Center Alba Braov Covasna Harghita Mure Sibiu MACROREGIUNEA 2 MACROREGION 2 Nord - Est / North - East Bacu Botoani Iai Neam Suceava Vaslui Sud - Est / South - East Brila Buzu Constana Galai Tulcea Vrancea MACROREGIUNEA 3 MACROREGION 3 Sud - Muntenia / South - Muntenia Arge Clrai Dmbovia Giurgiu Ialomia Prahova Teleorman Bucureti - Ilfov / Bucharest - Ilfov Ilfov Municipiul Bucureti Bucharest Municipality MACROREGIUNEA 4 MACROREGION 4 Sud - Vest Oltenia South - West Oltenia Dolj Gorj Mehedini Olt Vlcea Vest / West Arad Cara-Severin Hunedoara Timi

Suprafaa total Total area (km2) 238391 68259 34159 7544 5355 6674 6304 4418 3864 34100 6242 5363 3710 6639 6714 5432 72612 36850 6621 4986 5476 5896 8553 5318 35762 4766 6103 7071 4466 8499 4857 36274 34453 6826 5088 4054 3526 4453 4716 5790 1821 1583 238 61246 29212 7414 5602 4933 5498 5765 32034 7754 8520 7063 8697

din care: municipii of which: municipalities 103 35 15 4 1 5 2 2 1 20 4 4 2 4 4 2 28 17 3 2 2 2 5 3 11 1 2 3 2 1 2 17 16 3 2 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 23 11 3 2 2 2 2 12 1 2 7 2

Numrul comunelor Number of communes 2861 760 403 91 58 75 63 59 57 357 67 48 40 58 91 53 861 506 85 71 93 78 98 81 355 40 82 58 61 46 68 551 519 95 50 82 51 59 90 92 32 32 689 408 104 61 61 104 78 281 68 69 55 89

Numrul satelor Number of villages 12956 3588 1800 430 235 420 214 220 281 1788 656 149 122 235 464 162 3861 2414 491 333 418 344 379 449 1447 140 475 188 180 133 331 2110 2019 576 160 353 167 127 405 231 91 91 3397 2070 378 411 344 377 560 1327 270 287 457 313

17

1.9
Staia meteorologic i anii de observaie

Temperatura aerului (media lunar i anual) Air temperature (monthly and yearly average)
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees

Ianuarie January

Februarie February

Martie March

Aprilie April

Mai May

Media lunar Iunie Iulie June July

Monthly average August Septembrie August September

Octombrie October

Noiembrie November

Decembrie December

Media anual Yearly average

Amplitudinea anual Yearly amplitude

Meteorological station and observation years Satu Mare 1901 - 2000 2010 Suceava 1901 - 2000 2010 Oradea 1901 - 2000 2010 Iai 1901 - 2000 2010 Cluj - Napoca 1901 - 2000 2010 Trgu Mure 1901 - 2000 2010 Bacu 1901 - 2000 2010 Timioara 1901 - 2000 2010 Deva 1901 - 2000 2010 Sibiu 1901 - 2000 2010 Vrfu Omu 1901 - 2000 2010 Galai 1901 - 2000 2010 Trgu Jiu 1901 - 2000 2010 Buzu 1901 - 2000 2010 Calafat 1901 - 2000 2010 Turnu Mgurele 1901 - 2000 2010 Bucharest - Filaret 1901 - 2000 2010 Constana 1901 - 2000 2010

Satu Mare 1901 - 2000 2010 Suceava 1901 - 2000 2010 Oradea 1901 - 2000 2010 Iai 1901 - 2000 2010 Cluj - Napoca 1901 - 2000 2010 Trgu Mure 1901 - 2000 2010 Bacu 1901 - 2000 2010 Timioara 1901 - 2000 2010 Deva 1901 - 2000 2010 Sibiu 1901 - 2000 2010 Vrfu Omu 1901 - 2000 2010 Galai 1901 - 2000 2010 Trgu Jiu 1901 - 2000 2010 Buzu 1901 - 2000 2010 Calafat 1901 - 2000 2010 Turnu Mgurele 1901 - 2000 2010 Bucureti - Filaret 1901 - 2000 2010 Constana 1901 - 2000 2010

-2,8 -1,8 -4,8 -7,0 -1,9 -1,3 -3,5 -6,0 -4,2 -2,8 -4,0 -2,8 -3,6 -5,7 -1,5 -0,3 -2,5 -1,0 -3,6 -2,2 -10,6 -12,0 -2,6 -3,6 -2,4 -2,1 -2,2 -3,4 -1,4 -2,9 -2,3 -3,0 -2,2 -2,6 0,1 -0,3

-0,6 1,6 -3,2 -3,5 0,3 2,4 -1,8 -0,7 -2,1 1,0 -1,8 1,4 -2,1 -1,7 0,6 2,8 0,0 2,3 -1,4 1,7 -10,8 -9,5 -0,9 0,2 -0,3 1,2 -0,2 0,2 0,6 0,4 0,3 -0,3 -0,2 0,5 1,2 2,3

4,5 5,1 1,4 2,6 5,2 6,0 3,1 4,5 3,6 4,1 4,0 4,5 2,9 4,3 5,7 6,7 5,3 5,6 3,9 4,5 -8,5 -8,8 4,0 5,0 4,8 5,9 4,4 5,3 5,7 6,5 5,6 6,2 5,3 5,7 4,5 5,9

10,4 11,1 7,9 9,4 10,8 11,5 10,2 11,1 9,2 10,0 9,7 10,5 9,7 10,6 11,1 12,0 10,7 11,1 9,5 10,2 -4,4 -4,0 10,8 12,1 10,9 11,8 10,9 12,0 11,9 12,6 12,2 12,9 11,6 12,8 9,6 11,8

15,7 16,1 13,4 15,1 15,9 16,2 16,0 17,3 14,4 14,8 14,8 16,0 15,2 16,6 16,3 16,6 15,6 15,4 14,4 15,4 0,3 1,2 16,5 17,9 15,9 16,5 16,6 17,4 17,4 17,9 17,6 18,2 16,9 17,6 15,2 17,4

18,8 20,0 16,9 18,0 19,0 19,8 19,5 20,8 17,4 18,6 17,7 19,5 18,9 19,8 19,6 20,5 18,6 19,5 17,5 19,0 3,5 5,6 20,4 21,5 19,4 20,5 20,3 21,2 21,0 21,8 21,3 22,1 20,7 21,7 19,7 21,2

20,4 21,8 18,6 21,1 20,9 22,4 21,2 23,3 19,1 20,4 19,4 21,1 20,6 22,5 21,5 23,1 20,4 21,3 19,2 20,9 5,5 7,3 22,5 24,1 21,4 22,5 22,3 24,1 23,3 24,8 23,3 23,8 22,9 23,6 22,2 24,5

19,8 21,3 17,8 21,4 20,4 21,6 20,5 24,0 18,4 20,2 18,8 21,1 19,8 22,8 20,9 22,5 19,8 21,4 18,6 20,6 5,7 9,5 21,9 25,9 20,8 22,9 21,9 25,8 22,8 25,0 22,5 25,3 22,4 25,7 22,0 26,8

15,5 14,2 13,6 13,6 16,3 15,1 15,9 15,6 14,2 13,6 14,6 14,5 15,3 15,4 16,8 16,2 15,7 15,1 14,5 14,5 2,8 2,7 17,3 17,7 16,5 16,1 17,4 17,8 18,2 18,4 18,1 18,4 17,7 18,4 18,2 19,5

10,1 6,6 7,9 5,9 10,9 8,2 10,0 7,5 8,8 6,6 9,2 6,9 9,5 7,1 11,2 9,2 10,2 7,9 9,2 7,1 -0,8 -3,2 11,3 9,0 10,5 8,1 11,2 9,0 11,9 9,3 11,8 9,6 11,8 9,4 13,2 11,7

4,9 8,0 2,7 8,0 5,3 9,2 4,1 10,3 3,3 6,9 3,7 7,1 3,7 9,3 5,7 9,3 4,7 7,6 3,8 8,0 -4,8 -1,2 5,2 11,4 4,8 8,4 5,1 10,0 5,7 9,9 5,7 10,1 5,5 11,0 7,6 13,3

0,1 -0,5 -2,2 -3,8 0,8 0,5 -0,8 -2,9 -1,4 -2,1 -1,3 -1,5 -0,9 -3,5 1,2 0,7 0,3 -0,6 -1,1 -1,6 -8,4 -9,7 0,1 0,0 0,0 -0,7 0,4 -0,8 1,0 -0,7 0,5 -0,8 0,4 0,4 2,8 3,3

9,7 10,3 7,5 8,4 10,3 11,0 9,5 10,4 8,4 9,3 8,7 9,9 9,1 9,8 10,7 11,6 9,9 10,5 8,7 9,8 -2,6 -1,8 10,5 11,8 10,2 10,9 10,7 11,6 11,5 11,9 11,4 11,9 11,0 12,0 11,4 13,1

23,2 23,6 23,4 28,4 22,8 23,7 24,7 30,0 23,3 23,2 23,4 23,9 24,2 28,5 23,0 23,4 22,9 22,4 22,8 23,1 16,5 21,5 25,1 29,5 23,8 25,0 24,5 29,2 24,7 27,9 25,6 28,3 25,1 28,3 22,1 27,1

Sursa: Administraia Naional de Meteorologie. Source: National Administration of Meteorology.

18

19

1.10
Staia meteorologic i anii de observaie

Temperatura aerului (maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) Air temperature (monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum)
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees

Ianuarie January

Februarie February

Martie March

Aprilie April

Mai May

Iunie June

Iulie July

August August

Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie September October November December

Maxima absolut anual i data nregistrrii Yearly absolute maximum and its date

Minima absolut anual i data nregistrrii Yearly absolute minimum and its date

Meteorological station and observation years

Satu Mare 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2010 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Suceava 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2010 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Oradea 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2010 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Iai 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2010 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Cluj - Napoca 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2010 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua

14,7 1990 -29,3 1982 16,2 9 -15,6 28 15,0 1984 -29,6 1954 5,6 7 -24,7 26 17,1 1939 -29,2 1942 15,4 9 -14,8 25 16,7 1921 -30,6 1963 9,2 9 -26,9 26 14,0 1903 -34,2 1963 14,1 9 -18,1 25

17,9 1989 -27,6 1940 13,9 26 -15,1 5 20,4 1990 -31,0 1954 5,7 26 -15,8 10 19,2 1958 -24,5 1935 15,1 19 -12,2 5 22,5 1990 -36,3 1937 12,0 23 -12,8 8 19,3 1966 -32,5 1929 13,9 26 -12,4 2

26,0 1974 -20,6 1940 22,1 25 -9,6 8 26,6 1952 -21,9 1955 21,3 21 -14,2 10 26,4 1974 -18,6 1932 22,5 25 -7,6 17 27,0 1926 -22,7 1952 22,8 21 -8,7 10

30,7 1950 -6,4 1954 24,2 25 -0,1 23 28,4 1943 -9,2 1963 22,8 30 -1,4 23 32,6 1934 -10,0 1944 23,3 25 1,8 2 31,5 1909 -9,4 1963 24,3 30 0,2 23

32,4 1937 -2,6 1976 27,9 4 6,3 1 34,5 1958 -2,2 1999 25,8 2 6,7 17 33,4 1968 -4,0 1943 28,2 5 7,6 18 36,4 1950 -3,0 1935 27,3 27 8,0 18 32,5 1924 -3,5 1935 27,5 3 5,8 17

36,3 37,2 2000 1939; 1987 0,6 4,9 1977 1961 33,5 12 8,1 2 34,0 1972 1,5 1958 31,7 12 9,2 7 37,8 2000 1,0 1918 32,4 12 9,6 3 38,0 1927 3,5 1934 36,1 13 9,3 6 36,0 1935 0,4 1955 33,8 13 8,0 2 34,1 16 11,5 9 35,2 1988 5,5 1989 31,9 18 11,9 8 39,5 1936 5,0 1943 34,3 23 11,7 9 40,0 1909 6,3 1929 34,3 23 13,1 8 37,0 1936 5,2 1980 32,4 17 11,1 6

39,4 1952 3,5 1980 36,0 14 6,5 30 38,6 1952 4,2 1993 33,6 13 8,3 30 40,0 2000 4,2 1942; 1943 36,0 15 8,0 30 39,7 1905 4,6 1914 38,1 13 10,8 30 38,0 1952 3,5 1933 32,6 27 8,0 30

37,3 1946 -4,7 1970 25,2 13 4,3 22

28,3 1943 -9,3 1971 19,2 18 -5,2 29

24,2 1968 -19,6 1989 22,9 16 -4,6 28 24,0 1994 -21,2 1942 22,9 14 -4,9 28 26,0 1997 -16,4 1915 23,0 16 -2,9 28 29,0 1926 -21,1 1993 24,4 14 -1,5 30 26,0 1926 -22,3 1948 19,8 5 -6,1 28

18,0 1989 -30,4 1961 13,8 9 -13,6 16 18,0 1989 -29,8 1996 15,6 9 -15,7 30 19,2 1957 -26,2 1902 16,5 24 -12,0 17 19,5 1989 -29,5 1946 12,1 25 -14,5 29; 30 18,7 1982 -27,9 1927 12,7 3 -13,7 18

39,4 16 august 1952 -30,4 24 decembrie/December 1961 36,0 14 august -15,6 28 ianuarie/January 38,6 17 august 1952 -31,0 20 februarie/February 1954 33,6 13 august -24,7 26 ianuarie/January 40,0 21 august 2000 -29,2 24 ianuarie/January 1942 36,0 15 august -14,8 25 ianuarie/January 40,0 27 iulie/July 1909 -36,3 1 februarie/February 1937 38,1 13 august -26,9 26 ianuarie/January 38,0 16 august 1952 -34,2 23 ianuarie/January 1963 33,8 13 iunie/June -18,1 25 iauarie/January

32,9 32,0 1986 1952 -3,5 -8,0 1953; 1977 1951; 1979 24,9 16 6,4 3; 24 37,0 1942 -1,9 1970 26,0 25 6,4 20 38,0 1946 -3,5 1921; 1931 27,5 17 7,4 22 33,7 1927 -3,0 1939 23,6 14 5,2 29 16,5 24 -5,3 29 32,7 1932 -10,5 1943 20,7 25 -3,0 28 33,9 1952 -9,6 1912 18,4 20 -4,2 29 32,6 1952 -8,8 1997 17,5 25 -4,1 23

26,6 30,2 1975 1926; 1950 -22,0 -8,4 1932 1923 21,0 26 -10,6 8 22,4 25 -1,0 23

Satu Mare 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2010 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date Suceava 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2010 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date Oradea 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2010 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date Iai 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2010 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date Cluj - Napoca 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2010 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date

20

21

1.10
Staia meteorologic i anii de observaie

Temperatura aerului (maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) - continuare Air temperature (monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum) - continued
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees

Ianuarie January

Februarie February

Martie March

Aprilie April

Mai May

Iunie June

Iulie July

August August

Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie September October November December

Maxima absolut anual i data nregistrrii Yearly absolute maximum and its date

Minima absolut anual i data nregistrrii Yearly absolute minimum and its date

Meteorological station and observation years

Trgu Mure 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2010 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Bacu 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2010 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Timioara 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2010 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Deva 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2010 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Sibiu 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2010 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua

14,0 1936 -32,8 1942; 1963

19,0 1994 -32,0 1929

27,0 1975 -27,3 1932

32,5 1934 -7,5 1929

34,4 1950 -1,6 1976

35,3 1963 0,3 1928

39,0 1936 4,6 1996

38,5 1946 2,7 1958

38,2 1946 -3,3 1970

31,5 1952 -8,4 1988

26,5 1926 -19,6 1989

18,3 1960 -25,9 1927

39,0 29 iulie/July 1936 -32,8 25 ianuarie/January 1942; 23 ianuarie/January 1963 35,9 14 august -21,9 25 ianuarie/January

Trgu Mure 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2010 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date Bacu 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2010 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date Timioara 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2010 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date Deva 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2010 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date Sibiu 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2010 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date

15,2 9 -21,9 25

14,8 26 -14,2 5

22,0 27 -9,0 8

23,2 25 0,0 23

29,1 3 6,0 17

34,5 13 7,5 2

33,4 17 11,1 4

35,9 14 8,1 21

27,4 17 5,1 24

19,1 18 -4,7 23

22,1 10 -6,0 28

16,3 9 -18,2 20

18,2 1984 -30,8 1963 5,2 9 -25,9 25

22,4 1977 -32,5 1954 9,8 26 -17,0 3

29,6 1952 -21,5 1986 22,3 21 -8,7 10

30,9 1943 -11,3 1963 24,1 30 -0,9 23

35,6 1908 -3,0 1912 28,6 27 7,3 15

36,5 39,6 1908 1988 2,7 6,0 1939 1904; 1954 34,8 13 8,2 7 33,9 23 12,3 4

38,8 1952 3,0 1940 35,8 13 9,3 30

35,8 1946 -4,5 1977 27,0 15; 17 6,2 22

34,6 1952 -10,0 1912 17,6 11 -5,0 29

26,6 1990 -21,4 1993 24,6 5 -4,2 28

19,0 1903 -27,8 1946 11,2 8 -17,2 16

39,6 6 iulie/July 1988 -32,5 20 februarie/February 1954 35,8 13 august -25,9 25 ianuarie/January

17,4 1979 -35,3 1963 14,0 9 -12,9 28

20,5 1994 -29,2 1935 16,5 19 -9,0 3

28,2 1952 -20,0 1932 21,5 25 -6,2 7

32,0 1950 -5,2 1931 25,2 30 3,1 4; 17

34,5 1950 -5,0 1935 29,0 26 7,5 16; 17; 21

38,4 1938 2,2 1962 34,6 13 8,0 3

39,6 1939 5,9 1962 35,5 23 13,5 9

41,0 1952 5,0 1949 35,9 15 9,0 30

39,7 1946 -1,9 1970 27,8 8 6,5 21

33,8 1935 -6,8 1971 19,4 18 -1,7 30

27,1 1926 -15,4 1922 22,5 15 -3,1 28

20,2 1957 -24,8 1927 16,1 23 -12,6 18

41,0 16 august 1952 -35,3 24 ianuarie/January 1963 35,9 15 august -12,9 28 ianuarie/January

15,3 1939 -31,6 1963 13,2 9 -16,6 25

20,8 1977 -28,1 1929 16,1 19 -9,4 3

28,5 1952 -21,7 1987 22,0 26 -8,0 7

32,3 1956 -6,0 1926 23,5 30 0,0 2

34,6 35,6 39,4 1950 1952; 1963 1931; 1936 -2,4 2,2 3,7 1953 1933 1962 28,5 3; 5 5,8 1 35,1 12 7,6 3 33,1 16 12,0 5

39,7 1952 4,4 1961 33,9 16 9,0 30

38,2 1946 -4,2 1970 26,1 8; 17 5,8 23

32,7 1932 -8,0 1997 19,0 6 -4,0 29

27,4 1926 -16,6 1922 20,4 8 -4,9 28

19,8 1957 -24,1 1927 14,9 8 -14,8 20

39,7 16 august 1952 -31,6 24 ianuarie/January 1963 35,1 12 iunie/June -16,6 25 ianuarie/January

15,6 1903 -31,8 1963 17,1 9 -24,2 25

21,3 1966 -31,0 1929 17,5 20 -12,4 10

30,6 1952 -24,5 1932 21,6 27 -9,2 16; 17

30,2 1934 -12,0 1942 22,5 30 -0,7 4

32,1 1973 -3,6 1963 27,8 3 3,7 8

35,4 1963 1,0 1934 34,0 12 5,9 2

37,5 1987 4,2 1996 32,0 18 10,7 28

38,4 1946 1,0 1981 32,7 15 9,4 21

39,5 1946 -3,6 1970; 1977 26,9 8 4,9 23

32,5 1932 -9,4 1997 19,3 31 -5,8 23

27,0 1926 -21,3 1948 22,3 10 -7,5 28

19,3 39,5 1957 7 septembrie/September 1946 -29,8 -31,8 1927 23 ianuarie/January 1963 15,1 25 -18,3 18 34,0 12 iunie/June -24,2 25 ianuarie/January

22

23

1.10
Staia meteorologic i anii de observaie

Temperatura aerului (maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) - continuare Air temperature (monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum) - continued
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees

Ianuarie January

Februarie February

Martie March

Aprilie April

Mai May

Iunie June

Iulie July

August August

Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie September October November December

Maxima absolut anual i data nregistrrii Yearly absolute maximum and its date

Minima absolut anual i data nregistrrii Yearly absolute minimum and its date

Meteorological station and observation years

Vrfu Omu 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2010 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Galai 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2010 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Trgu Jiu 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2010 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Buzu 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2010 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Calafat 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2010 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua

5,6 1949 -32,3 1964 -1,0 10 -24,2 25

6,0 1950 -38,0 1929 0,3 20 -22,3 3

12,2 1974 -29,6 1987 3,9 27 -22,1 7

12,8 1986 -26,0 1940 5,8 30 -11,1 23

16,6 1986 -16,0 1940 10,3 4 -7,3 17

22,0 1939 -12,0 1939 18,1 12 -2,8 2

22,1 1984 -8,0 1933 15,6 17 1,4 5; 29

20,8 1956; 1957 -7,0 1949 18,5 27 0,6 30

19,2 1993 -15,0 1935 10,3 11 -5,1 30

20,0 1935 -19,0 1946 6,6 31 -14,0 22

13,6 1945 -30,8 1957 9,0 14 -13,5 25

8,2 1972 -32,4 1957 1,4 2 -23,3 16

22,1 14 iulie/July 1984 -38,0 10 februarie/February 1929 18,5 27 august -24,2 25 ianuarie/January

17,3 1993 -26,5 1929 13,3 9 -21,5 25

22,4 1990 -28,6 1929 14,4 20 -11,7 4

27,8 1952 -17,2 1985 22,6 21 -6,9 10

31,8 1998 -5,2 1904 23,2 30 4,5 23; 27

36,2 1950 -0,1 1935 30,6 27 8,8 17

35,8 1908 3,8 1973 34,7 13 12,0 3

40,2 2000 7,3 1976 33,0 31 15,6 8

39,0 1904 6,2 1980 37,6 13 14,0 30

35,7 1968 -1,5 1977 29,9 18 8,1 22

33,5 1952 -6,8 1973 17,7 12 -0,9 30

25,6 1926 -17,4 1933 24,8 10 0,5 28

20,0 1947 -20,7 1996 14,8 9 -12,0 16

40,2 5 iulie/July 2000 -28,6 10 februarie/February 1929 37,6 13 august -21,5 25 ianuarie/January

18,3 1983 -31,0 1942 11,2 11 -18,0 25

21,7 1990 -28,3 1954 13,9 20 -13,1 3

26,4 1957 -24,7 1987 21,4 22 -6,6 7

31,8 1926 -4,6 1968 24,5 30 0,2 4

37,5 36,6 1950 1947; 1963 -1,2 2,2 1938 1918; 1990 28,9 26 5,3 21 33,7 13 6,4 3

40,6 39,0 2000 1922; 1946; 1952 5,0 2,6 1993 1939 34,0 22 11,3 29 35,5 14; 15 11,7 21

40,6 1946 -4,0 1906 27,5 16 6,5 22

31,5 1935 -9,0 1918 18,4 26 -4,0 30

26,4 1926 -15,1 1904 24,5 5 -2,7 1

20,0 1986 -26,9 1940 12,7 9 -14,7 18

40,6 8 septembrie/September 1946 4 iulie/July 2000 -31,0 24 ianuarie/January 1942 35,5 14; 15 august -18,0 25 ianuarie/January

Vrfu Omu 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2010 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date Galai 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2010 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date Trgu Jiu 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2010 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date Buzu 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2010 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date Calafat 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year monthly minimum year 2010 monthly maximum date monthly minimum date

18,4 1936 -29,6 1942 13,8 9 -25,7 26

22,2 1990 -25,0 1929 15,2 20 -13,8 3

27,9 31,5 1947 1909; 1947 -17,0 -5,3 1901 1944 23,8 22 -5,5 7 24,0 30 2,7 28

37,3 1950 -2,0 1915 29,9 27 7,0 17

38,5 1908 4,6 1973 35,0 13 10,3 3

39,8 2000 7,5 1902 33,9 17 14,5 28

39,6 1951 5,4 1939 37,3 13 13,7 30

37,0 1946 -2,0 1977 30,9 18 8,4 3

35,3 1952 -8,0 1988 17,6 11 -1,8 31

25,0 1963 -17,6 1975 24,6 10 -0,5 3

21,6 1989 -23,0 1902 15,7 9 -16,9 30

39,8 5 iulie/July 2000 -29,6 24 ianuarie/January 1942 37,3 13 august -25,7 26 ianuarie/January

20,5 1993 -29,2 1947 10,4 2 -21,0 25

22,4 27,6 1990 1952; 1994 -24,6 -15,7 1950 1963 11,5 28 -10,6 10 22,9 21 -5,9 10

34,5 1985 -3,0 1912 24,6 30 3,1 4

36,6 1969 1,6 1952 31,8 26 8,4 8

39,5 1908 6,2 1962 36,3 13 8,9 2

43,2 2000 9,0 1913 36,1 18; 23 14,5 30

41,3 1945 7,3 1904 39,0 28 11,3 30

39,8 1946 -1,3 1977 32,6 17 8,2 3; 24

31,6 1991 -6,2 1988 20,7 2 -2,9 30

25,9 1970 -16,2 1988 26,2 10 -0,7 1

21,2 1989 -21,8 1948 14,7 9 -18,3 18

43,2 4 iulie/July 2000 -29,2 8 ianuarie/January 1947 39,0 28 august -21,0 25 ianuarie/January

24

25

1.10
Staia meteorologic i anii de observaie

Temperatura aerului (maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) - continuare Air temperature (monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum) - continued
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees

Ianuarie January

Februarie February

Martie March

Aprilie April

Mai May

Iunie June

Iulie July

August August

Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie September October November December

Maxima absolut anual i data nregistrrii Yearly absolute maximum and its date

Minima absolut anual i data nregistrrii Yearly absolute minimum and its date

Meteorological station and observation years

Turnu Mgurele 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2010 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Bucureti - Filaret 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2010 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua Constana 1901 - 2000 maxima lunar anul minima lunar anul 2010 maxima lunar ziua minima lunar ziua

18,0 1983 -30,0 1942 10,4 11 -21,8 27

24,1 1995 -26,0 1950 12,4 28 -18,0 3

29,6 1951 -22,2 1929 22,8 21 -5,5 10

34,2 1985 -4,6 1923 24,2 30 2,0 4

38,8 1950 0,5 1938 31,0 27 7,3 21

38,2 1957 5,0 1911 35,5 13 9,5 2

43,2 1987 9,0 1974 34,6 14 15,0 8; 29

41,4 1952 6,6 1981 38,0 15 12,5 24

40,0 1946 -2,5 1977 32,5 8 8,2 3

36,4 1952 -5,8 1988 19,8 2 -2,8 30

26,7 1963 -18,2 1993 27,7 10 -1,5 1

22,0 1903 -25,0 1933 16,6 9 -14,0 18

43,2 25 iulie/July 1987

38,0 15 august

16,8 1983 -30,0 1942 11,7 11 -18,9 26

23,0 1995 -24,2 1929 13,4 20 -11,3 10

28,8 1947 -13,6 1929 23,8 22 -4,8 9

34,4 1934 -5,5 1923 25,2 24 3,9 28

36,6 1950 -0,2 1915 30,8 27 7,4 18

40,3 1918 4,2 1918 35,3 13 11,6 2

42,4 2000 8,6 1933 34,5 22 15,2 29

41,1 1945 6,6 1981 38,1 13 14,1 31

39,6 1946 -1,6 1906 32,5 8 9,0 3

35,5 1952 -10,7 1920 19,3 12 -1,2 29

29,4 1926 -17,8 1904 26,2 10 1,3 25

20,8 1903 -26,4 1927 16,9 9 -14,3 18

42,4 5 iulie/July 2000

38,1 13 august

18,0 1988 -24,7 1942 16,4 1 -17,8 25

24,5 1995 -25,0 1929 20,4 20 -9,0 10

30,8 1952 -12,8 1929 21,7 22 -2,9 10

31,9 1985 -4,5 1923 21,8 22 5,1 28

36,9 1969 1,8 1915 28,6 28 9,6 3; 18

36,9 1982 6,4 1913 30,4 11 12,7 2

38,5 1927 7,6 1944 31,2 18 16,5 29

36,8 1902 8,0 1936; 1949 34,7 11 17,6 30

34,8 1987 1,0 1931 28,9 28 11,0 22

31,0 1928 -12,4 1920 20,5 20 1,3 30

26,5 1990 -11,7 1953 24,6 11 4,8 25

21,0 1903 -18,6 1948 17,3 4 -8,2 31

38,5 10 iulie/July 1927

34,7 11 august

Turnu Mgurele 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year -30,0 monthly minimum 25 ianuarie/January 1942 year 2010 monthly maximum date -21,8 monthly minimum 27 ianuarie/January date Bucharest - Filaret 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year -30,0 monthly minimum 25 ianuarie/January 1942 year 2010 monthly maximum date -18,9 monthly minimum 26 ianuarie/January date Constana 1901 - 2000 monthly maximum year -25,0 monthly minimum 10 februarie/February 1929 year 2010 monthly maximum date -17,8 monthly minimum 25 ianuarie/January date

Sursa: Administraia Naional de Meteorologie. Source: National Administration of Meteorology.

26

27

1.11

Precipitaii atmosferice (cantitatea lunar i anual) Precipitations (monthly and yearly quantity)
mm

Staia meteorologic i anii de observaie Satu Mare 1901 - 2000 2010 Suceava 1901 - 2000 2010 Oradea 1901 - 2000 2010 Iai 1901 - 2000 2010 Cluj - Napoca 1901 - 2000 2010 Trgu Mure 1901 - 2000 2010 Bacu 1901 - 2000 2010 Timioara 1901 - 2000 2010 Deva 1901 - 2000 2010 Sibiu 1901 - 2000 2010 Vrfu Omu 1901 - 2000 2010 Galai 1901 - 2000 2010 Trgu Jiu 1901 - 2000 2010 Buzu 1901 - 2000 2010 Calafat 1901 - 2000 2010 Turnu Mgurele 1901 - 2000 2010 Bucureti - Filaret 1901 - 2000 2010 Constana 1901 - 2000 2010

Ianuarie January

Februarie February

Martie March

Aprilie April

Mai May

Iunie June

Iulie July

August Septembrie August September

Octombrie October

Noiembrie November

Decembrie December

Anual Yearly

Meteorological station and observation years Satu Mare 1901 - 2000 2010 Suceava 1901 - 2000 2010 Oradea 1901 - 2000 2010 Iai 1901 - 2000 2010 Cluj - Napoca 1901 - 2000 2010 Trgu Mure 1901 - 2000 2010 Bacu 1901 - 2000 2010 Timioara 1901 - 2000 2010 Deva 1901 - 2000 2010 Sibiu 1901 - 2000 2010 Vrfu Omu 1901 - 2000 2010 Galai 1901 - 2000 2010 Trgu Jiu 1901 - 2000 2010 Buzu 1901 - 2000 2010 Calafat 1901 - 2000 2010 Turnu Mgurele 1901 - 2000 2010 Bucharest - Filaret 1901 - 2000 2010 Constana 1901 - 2000 2010

39,8 81,1 24,2 31,4 36,3 63,1 29,7 47,2 26,3 45,9 28,4 43,7 25,0 34,7 39,1 65,0 32,1 47,4 28,6 46,0 71,6 79,6 30,0 43,6 52,4 87,1 26,5 26,0 39,0 35,6 35,8 51,6 39,5 65,8 28,8 47,3

35,9 35,5 24,4 35,5 32,1 48,8 26,9 36,8 26,4 39,3 28,7 46,8 25,6 43,2 37,5 76,5 29,7 40,2 26,6 18,6 79,5 100,3 26,0 56,5 50,0 80,8 25,6 52,3 36,1 75,9 32,3 69,9 33,3 86,1 26,3 66,9

35,0 28,8 24,4 28,6 35,5 24,3 28,4 13,1 25,4 25,4 26,3 48,2 26,3 29,2 36,5 32,9 28,7 34,4 31,2 45,1 76,6 84,7 24,0 34,9 45,4 52,3 22,9 28,1 37,0 75,0 34,4 49,6 38,1 54,1 24,9 46,3

44,8 80,0 47,5 32,0 48,1 61,2 43,9 24,9 46,4 51,8 49,0 102,8 38,6 43,0 48,2 56,6 47,4 62,6 53,8 81,4 86,0 80,6 38,1 16,6 63,6 69,2 40,1 37,2 47,8 43,9 42,0 45,0 46,0 45,2 28,7 15,0

63,1 119,6 74,7 152,9 65,5 118,9 55,9 61,4 74,4 139,0 73,8 101,8 66,6 92,2 63,4 118,0 64,7 116,2 78,3 72,8 106,9 127,3 50,5 80,2 83,3 71,0 63,9 65,0 60,0 35,5 56,7 63,6 68,1 115,2 36,6 37,4

81,4 111,8 92,0 226,5 83,3 82,8 82,6 139,5 90,0 166,8 90,0 132,4 86,8 184,8 81,0 131,3 78,8 142,2 106,4 176,5 140,1 223,4 66,3 99,0 92,0 143,2 80,3 81,6 63,2 73,6 64,7 99,6 85,5 68,1 42,2 83,0

69,4 177,8 89,9 112,1 64,3 81,6 69,3 25,2 79,0 97,8 80,0 74,2 81,0 171,4 58,3 25,0 69,4 105,0 87,6 70,7 135,5 161,3 47,9 73,0 64,4 68,4 62,1 45,8 46,4 20,2 52,6 68,1 59,2 34,7 33,7 91,2

62,2 58,0 67,6 72,3 56,2 82,3 56,0 49,9 72,7 58,2 69,7 25,8 62,5 39,8 51,5 81,8 58,5 25,0 71,0 87,9 105,7 172,6 40,3 6,2 57,6 66,4 50,1 21,2 36,0 33,2 38,6 18,5 50,0 24,0 29,8 0,2

45,6 108,8 44,6 64,3 47,1 93,4 45,3 51,5 42,7 73,2 43,7 48,4 48,9 52,4 43,9 40,5 44,4 55,6 54,6 16,8 65,8 122,4 39,5 57,6 53,5 50,8 38,7 46,6 39,3 9,2 37,6 40,2 40,6 34,2 29,7 33,6

46,0 23,2 30,3 43,1 44,0 52,5 32,5 40,8 37,5 28,0 41,7 28,6 35,9 61,4 49,7 40,0 41,2 34,8 43,9 29,0 59,6 40,6 34,4 101,2 64,5 93,0 35,2 46,0 47,1 90,1 41,2 66,3 42,9 49,7 33,7 81,0

47,3 73,3 34,1 38,0 48,6 76,1 37,0 45,3 31,6 26,1 36,7 33,2 34,0 36,9 48,7 48,1 36,9 28,2 33,9 32,0 55,5 58,2 34,3 23,0 62,6 93,9 39,2 13,2 52,0 30,8 45,4 12,9 47,8 9,8 39,6 22,3

53,3 97,7 25,2 33,1 52,2 91,2 29,7 45,6 30,6 60,3 32,5 49,6 30,0 36,6 49,4 74,6 38,3 67,5 29,2 41,7 68,5 116,1 32,6 90,6 63,0 105,3 32,8 50,8 48,9 67,1 40,3 59,4 41,4 72,7 34,3 59,6

598,8 995,6 562,9 869,8 588,9 876,2 517,8 581,2 564,7 811,8 583,5 735,5 543,5 825,6 583,9 790,3 551,1 759,1 626,2 718,5 1023,7 1367,1 445,6 682,4 726,3 981,4 501,5 513,8 532,8 590,1 502,7 644,7 567,7 659,6 368,1 583,8

Sursa: Administraia Naional de Meteorologie. Source: National Administration of Meteorology.

28

29

1.12

Ariile protejate, n anul 2010 Protected areas, in 2010


Numr Number 79 13 230 661 14 3 5 108 273 Suprafaa (ha) Area (ha) 3105361) 3162711) 844481) 2730561) 7638941) 664446 616571 2988713 3284092 Categories of protected areas Scientific reserves National parks Natural monuments Natural reserves Natural parks Biosphere reserves Wetlands of international importance Special avifaunistic protection areas Sites of community interest

Categorii de arii protejate Rezervaii tiinifice Parcuri naionale Monumente ale naturii Rezervaii naturale Parcuri naturale Rezervaii ale biosferei Zone umede de importan internaional Arii de protecie special avifaunistic Situri de importan comunitar

Not: Suprafeele ariilor protejate au fost calculate conform Legii nr. 5/2000 privind Planul de amenajare a teritoriului naional - Seciunea a III-a - zone protejate i H.G.-urilor nr.: 2151/2004; 1581/2005; 1143/2007 privind instituirea regimului de arie natural protejat pentru noi zone; 1284/2007 privind declararea ariilor de protecie special avifaunistic ca parte integrant a reelei ecologice europene Natura 2000 n Romnia; 1964/2007 privind instituirea regimului de arie natural protejat a siturilor de importan comunitar, ca parte integrant a reelei ecologice europene Natura 2000 n Romnia i 1066/2010 privind instituirea regimului de arie natural protejat asupra unor zone din Rezervaia biosferei Delta Dunrii. Note: Areas of protected zones were calculated according to the Law no. 5/2000 regarding the national territory arrangement plan - Section III - protected areas and G.D. no.: 2151/2004; 1581/2005; 1143/2007 regarding regime of natural protected area for new zones; 1284/2007 regarding declaration of special protection avifauna areas as integral part of European ecological relation NATURE 2000 in Romania; 1964/2007 on creation of protected natural area regime of community importance, as integrated part of European ecological networks NATURE 2000 in Romania and 1066/2010 regarding regime of natural protected area over some zones from the reservation of Danube Delta biosphere. 1) Suprafee reevaluate prin msurtori realizate cu tehnologii GIS. / Areas reassessed by measurements with GIS technologies. Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului. / Source: National Agency for Environment Protection.

1.13
Total

Rezervaii ale biosferei, n anul 2010 Biosphere reservations, in 2010


Judeul County Suprafaa1) (ha) Area1) (ha) 664446 Tulcea, Constana Hunedoara Maramure, Bistria-Nsud, Suceava 580000 38047 46399

Denumirea rezervaiei Name of reserve

Delta Dunrii / Danube Delta Retezat Rodna

1) Conform Legii nr. 5/2000 privind Planul de amenajare a teritoriului naional - Seciunea a III-a - zone protejate. / According to the Law

no. 5/2000 on the national territory arrangement plan - Section III - Protected areas. Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului. / Source: National Agency for Environment Protection.

30

1.14

Parcurile naionale i parcurile naturale, n anul 2010 National and natural parks, in 2010
Suprafaa legislaie (ha) Area legislation (ha) Suprafaa GIS (ha)1) Area GIS (ha)1)

Denumirea parcului Name of park

Judeul County

Parcuri naionale - total National parks - total Domogled-Valea Cernei Rodna Retezat Cheile Nerei-Beunia Semenic-Cheile Caraului Climani Cozia Piatra Craiului Munii Mcinului Defileul Jiului Ceahlu Cheile Bicazului-Hma Buila-Vnturria Parcuri naturale - total Natural parks - total Munii Maramureului Maramure Porile de Fier Cara-Severin, Mehedini Geoparcul Platoul Mehedini Mehedini Geoparcul Dinozaurilor - ara Haegului Hunedoara Munii Apuseni Alba, Bihor, Cluj Putna - Vrancea Vrancea Bucegi Arge, Braov, Dmbovia, Prahova Vntori Neam Neam Comana Giurgiu Balta Mica a Brilei Brila Lunca Mureului Arad, Timi Grditea Muncelului - Cioclovina Hunedoara Defileul Mureului Superior Mure Lunca Joas a Prutului Inferior Galai Cara-Severin, Mehedini, Gorj Bistria-Nsud, Maramure, Suceava Hunedoara Cara-Severin Cara-Severin Bistria-Nsud, Suceava, Mure Vlcea Arge, Braov Tulcea Gorj, Hunedoara Neam Neam, Harghita Vlcea

315857 60100 46399 38047 37100 36665 24041 17100 14800 11321 11127 8396 6575 4186

316271 61190 47207 38117 36707 36220 23915 16721 14781 11114 11136 7739 6933 4491

737428 148850 115656 106000 102392 75784 38204 32663 30818 24963 17529 17166 10000 9156 8247

763894 133419 128196 106492 100487 76022 38190 32598 30841 24963 20460 17355 38116 9494 7261

Not: Suprafeele ariilor protejate au fost calculate conform Legii nr. 5/2000 privind Planul de amenajare a teritoriului naional - Seciunea a III-a - zone protejate i H.G.-urilor nr.: 2151/2004; 1581/2005; 1143/2007, privind instituirea regimului de arie natural protejat pentru noi zone. Note: Protected areas were calculated according to the Law no. 5/2000 on The Plan of natural territory arrangement - Section III - protected areas and G.D. no.: 2151/2004; 1581/2005; 1143/2007, on the setting up of protected natural area regime for new zones. 1) Suprafee reevaluate prin msurtori realizate cu tehnologii GIS conform limitelor publicate pe site-ul Ministerului Mediului i Pdurilor. 1) Areas reassessed by measurements with GIS technologies according to limits issued on the site of Ministry of Environment and Forests. Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului. / Source: National Agency for Environment Protection.

31

1.15

Resursele de ap asigurate, potrivit gradului de amenajare, n anul 2010 Water resources assured, according to the arrangement level, in 2010
milioane m3 / an million m3 / year 39364 33953 13953 256 715 395 1059 609 2109 1682 40 1672 430 1956 726 2304 20000 5411

Surse de ap / Water sources Bazine hidrografice / Hydrographic basins Total Ape de suprafa / Superficial waters Ruri interioare / Inland rivers Tisa Some Criuri Mure Spaiul Banat1) / Banat Space1) Jiu Olt Vedea Arge Ialomia Siret Prut Alte bazine2) / Other basins2) Dunrea / The Danube Ape subterane / Underground waters
1) Spaiul Banat / Banat Space = Bega, Cara, Brzava, Timi, Cerna, Nera. 2) Alte bazine / Other basins = Clmui - Olt, Clmui - Buzu.

Sursa: Administraia Naional Apele Romne. / Source: National Administration Romanian Waters.

1.16

Calitatea apelor de suprafa, n anul 2010 Superficial water quality, in 2010


km

Bazine hidrografice Hydrographic basins

Total lungimi pe ruri supravegheate Total length of monitored rivers 41116 1170 3188 3036 4805 2935 2617 3927 1196 2159 835 1354 10938 755 1840 361

din care: / of which: Clasa I The first class 708 689 19 Clasa II The second class 29378 748 1609 2455 4239 2656 1422 1929 464 1156 655 592 10006 438 1009 Clasa III The third class 10228 422 1419 581 491 279 437 1775 732 1003 180 595 805 317 831 361 Clasa IV The fourth class 624 160 75 69 153 167 Clasa V The fifth class 178 51 127 -

Total Tisa Some Criuri Mure-Aranca Spaiul Banat1) / Banat Space1) Jiu Olt Vedea Arge Buzu Ialomia Siret Prut Dunrea / The Danube Litoral / Seaside

1) Spaiul Banat / Banat Space = Bega, Cara, Brzava, Timi, Cerna, Nera.

Sursa: Administraia Naional Apele Romne. / Source: National Administration Romanian Waters.

32

1.17

Investiii pentru protecia mediului, n anul 2010 Investments for environment protection, in 2010
mii lei preuri curente / lei thou current prices

Sectoare de activitate Activity sectors

Total

Prevenirea i combaterea polurii, pe domenii de mediu: Prevention and control of pollution, by environmental field: sol i ape subterane aer ap deeuri soil and air water waste underground waters

Protecia resurselor naturale i conservarea biodiversitii Natural resources protection and biodiversity preservation

Alte domenii Other fields

Total

4753593

911617

1399473

953640

333749

52913

1102201

Productori nespecializai / Non-specialised producers Total Silvicultur i exploatare forestier Foresty and logging Industrie extractiv Mining and quarrying Industrie prelucrtoare Manufacturing Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Construcii Construction Transporturi Transport 1843471 12262 280511 496754 804992 49952 131837 163765 63988 73804 430339 42842 185745 251920 3023 74014 22146 28921 8566 8984 9691 163534 673 40731 73531

964557

596324

10426

199147

118190

1452

39018

10903 78484

4176 22703

1791 13756

2513 92

678 33869

220 8

1525 8056

Productori specializai / Specialised producers Total Distribuia apei i salubritate Water supply and sewerage Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor; activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery Activiti i servicii de decontaminare Activities and services of decontamination Comer cu ridicata al deeurilor i resturilor Wholesale of waste and remains 1069905 612991 36402 35008 562784 556184 415891 13389 51209 6981 61 61 3558 1368

388010

1356

1841

381591

1036

2186

48887

4696

1004

43187

20017

38

63

19907

Administraie public / Public administration Total Administraie public central Central public adminstration Administraie public local Local public adminstration 1840217 832937 1007280 70223 7927 62296 672924 32143 640781 107410 3647 103763 30620 1079 29541 23931 2687 21244 935109 785454 149655

33

1.18

Cheltuieli curente interne pentru protecia mediului, n anul 2010 Internal current expenditure for environment protection, in 2010
mii lei preuri curente / lei thou current prices

Sectoare de activitate Activity sectors

Total

Prevenirea i combaterea polurii, pe domenii de mediu: Prevention and control of pollution, by environmental field: sol i ape subterane aer ap deeuri soil and air water waste underground waters

Protecia resurselor naturale i conservarea biodiversitii Natural resources protection and biodiversity preservation

Alte domenii Other fields

Total

9286892

243882

741349

6912316

90845

125834

1172666

Productori nespecializai / Non-specialised producers Total Silvicultur i exploatare forestier Foresty and logging Industrie extractiv Mining and quarrying Industrie prelucrtoare Manufacturing Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Construcii Construction Transporturi Transport 1780594 16155 105529 1419186 179785 18428 131424 215698 3 28355 127319 163849 5 13142 88279 44390 5 1352 17966 84971 14968 408 50877 1091901 1174 43844 1003321

164675

23006

54950

48289

21800

6772

9858

30192 44857

1805 5122

2449 2622

8570 5564

2028 1239

11923 23

3417 30287

Productori specializai / Specialised producers Total Distribuia apei i salubritate Water supply and sewerage Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor; activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery Activiti i servicii de decontaminare Activities and services of decontamination 7104690 483178 43025 6633 455025 426251 6552639 43528 38833 6368 25 15143 398

4885251

11278

20777

4818954

19494

25

14723

28969

7939

9035

11995

Comer cu ridicata al deeurilor i resturilor 1707292 Wholesale of waste and remains

25114

58

1681122

976

22

Administraie public / Public administration Total Administraie public central Central public adminstration Administraie public local Local public adminstration 401608 43110 358498 21072 16823 4249 70626 9446 61180 195828 5680 190148 7622 1778 5844 40838 2565 38273 65622 6818 58804

34

POPULAIE

POPULATION

CUPRINS TABELE

Pagina Page

TABLES CONTENTS

2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22 2.23 2.24 2.25 2.26 2.27 2.28 2.29 2.30

Populaia pe sexe i medii ....................................... 44 Populaia pe grupe de vrst i sexe, la 1 iulie ...... 46 Populaia pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 2010 ... 47 Populaia judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor, la 1 iulie 2010 ........................................................... 49 Gruparea judeelor i localitilor dup numrul locuitorilor, la 1 iulie 2010 ........................................ 53 Micarea natural a populaiei ................................. 54 Micarea natural a populaiei, pe medii ................. 56 Nscuii-vii dup grupa de vrst a prinilor .......... 58 Nscuii-vii dup rangul nscutului-viu i grupa de vrst a mamei ................................................... 60 Vrsta medie a mamei la natere, pe medii ............ 62 ntreruperi de sarcin, pe grupe de vrst .............. 62 Ratele de fertilitate, pe grupe de vrst i indicele conjunctural al fertilitii .......................... 63 Decesele, pe grupe de vrst i sexe ..................... 64 Decesele sub 1 an, dup grupa de vrst ................65 Decese, pe cauze de deces .................................... 66 Decese sub 1 an, pe cauze de deces ..................... 68 Durata medie a vieii, pe sexe i medii .................... 69 Cstoriile dup grupa de vrst a soilor ............... 70 Cstoriile dup starea civil a soilor nainte de cstorie ................................................. 71 Vrsta medie la cstorie i vrsta medie la prima cstorie, pe medii .......................... 72 Divorurile dup grupa de vrst a soilor ................ 72 Divorurile dup numrul copiilor minori rmai prin desfacerea cstoriei ............................ 74 Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, pe medii i sexe ................................... 74 Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, pe grupe de vrst i medii .................. 75 Structura fluxurilor migraiei interne urbane i rurale, determinate de schimbarea domiciliului ........ 76 Emigranii, pe sexe i grupe de vrst ..................... 77 Emigranii, dup naionalitate i ara de destinaie ............................................................. 77 Imigranii, pe sexe i grupe de vrst ...................... 78 Imigranii, dup ara de provenien ........................ 78 Migraia internaional determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, pe sexe ............................. 78

Population by sex and area Population by age group and sex, on July 1 Population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 2010 Population of counties, municipalities and towns, on July 1, 2010 Classification of counties and localities by inhabitants number, on July 1, 2010 Vital statistics Vital statistics, by area Live-births by age group of parents Live-births by live-birth order and age group of mother Average age of mother at birth, by area Abortions, by age group Fertility rates, by age group and total fertility rate Deaths, by age group and sex Infant deaths, by age group Deaths, by death causes Deaths under 1 year of age, by cause of death Life expectancy, by sex and area Marriages by age group of spouses Marriages by previous marital status of spouses Average age at marriage and average age at first marriage, by area Divorces by age group of spouses Divorces by number of under age children remained through marriage dissolution Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing, by area and sex Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing, by age group and area Structure of urban and rural internal migration flows determined by permanent residence changing Emigrants, by sex and age group Emigrants, by nationality and country of destination Immigrants, by sex and age group Immigrants, by origin country International migration determined by change of permanent residence, by sex

36

Teritorial

Territorial

2.31 2.32 2.33 2.34 2.35 2.36 2.37 2.38 2.39

2.40

2.41 2.42 2.43

Populaia i densitatea populaiei, n profil teritorial, la recensminte .......................................................... Populaia, n profil teritorial, pe sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 2010 ............................................................. Populaia, n profil teritorial i pe grupe de vrst, la 1 iulie 2010 ............................................................. Micarea natural a populaiei, n profil teritorial i pe medii, n anul 2010 ................................................ Ratele de fertilitate, n profil teritorial i pe grupe de vrst, n anul 2010 .............................................. Durata medie a vieii, n profil teritorial, pe sexe i medii, n anul 2010 ................................................. Decesele, pe cauze de deces, n profil teritorial, n anul 2010 ............................................................... Vrsta medie a soilor la data ncheierii cstoriei, n profil teritorial i pe medii, n anul 2010 ................. Divorurile, dup numrul copiilor minori rmai prin desfacerea cstoriei, n profil teritorial, n anul 2010 ............................................................... Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, n profil teritorial i pe medii, n anul 2010 ............................................................... Emigranii, n profil teritorial i pe grupe de vrst, n anul 2010 ............................................................... Imigranii, n profil teritorial i pe grupe de vrst, n anul 2010 ............................................................... Migraia internaional, n profil teritorial i pe sexe, n anul 2010 ...............................................................

Population and population density, at territorial level, on censuses Population, at territorial level, by sex and area, on July 1, 2010 Population, at territorial level and by age group, on July 1, 2010 Vital statistics, at territorial level and by area, in 2010 Age - specific fertility rates, at territorial level and by age group, in 2010 Life expectancy, at territorial level, by sex and area, in 2010 Deaths, by death causes, at territorial level, in 2010 Average age of spouses at marriage date, at territorial level and by area, in 2010 Divorces, by number of under age children remained through marriage dissolution,at territorial level, in 2010 Internal migration determined by change of permanent residence, at territorial level and by area, in 2010 Emigrants, at territorial level and by age group, in 2010 Immigrants, at territorial level and by age group, in 2010 International migration, at territorial level and by sex, in 2010

SURSA DATELOR
Cercetri statistice: Recensmintele populaiei; Statistici din evidena curent a populaiei, pentru datele referitoare la numrul i structura demografic a populaiei; nregistrri din evidena strii civile: Buletine statistice demografice completate de oficiile de stare civil cu date referitoare la nateri, decese, cstorii i de judectorii pentru divoruri. Surse administrative: Baza de date a Ministerului Administraiei i Internelor, privind evidena persoanelor, pentru migraia intern i internaional, determinat de schimbarea domiciliului.

DATA SOURCE
Statistical surveys: Population censuses; Statistics from current evidence of population, for data referring to population number and demographic structure; Registrations from civil register evidence: Statistical demographic reports filled in by civil register offices with data on births, deaths, marriages and respectively by the law courts for divorces. Administrative sources: Database of Ministry of Administration and Interior, for persons evidence, for internal and international migration, determined by domicile change.

37

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE
Numrul populaiei n perioada intercensitar s-a determinat pe baza datelor de la recensminte i a celor din evidena curent referitoare la micarea natural i migratorie. Numrul populaiei s-a calculat pornind de la datele Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor, 18 martie 2002, cu privire la populaia cu domiciliul n Romnia, la care s-a adugat sporul natural al populaiei i soldul migraiei internaionale determinat de schimbrile de domiciliu, pentru populaia la nivel naional; pentru populaia la nivel de localitate s-a adugat soldul migraiei interne determinat de schimbrile de domiciliu i numrul persoanelor cu reedina n localitate. Repartizarea populaiei pe medii s-a realizat astfel: pentru anul 1960, pn n anul 1966, n mediul urban sunt cuprinse municipiile, oraele i cele 183 localiti asimilate mediului urban; pentru anii 1966 i 1967, n mediul urban sunt incluse datele referitoare la municipii, orae i 238 comune asimilate urbanului; ncepnd cu anul 1968, n mediul urban sunt cuprinse numai municipiile i oraele. Vrsta este exprimat n ani mplinii (de exemplu, o persoan care are vrsta de 24 ani i 11 luni la 1 iulie, este cuprins la vrsta de 24 ani). Definiiile evenimentelor demografice sunt n concordan cu principiile i recomandrile Comisiei de Statistic a Organizaiei Naiunilor Unite: nscut-viu este produsul concepiei, expulzat sau extras complet din corpul mamei, independent de durata sarcinii i care, dup aceast separare, prezint un semn de via (respiraie, activitate cardiac, pulsaii ale cordonului ombilical sau contracii musculare dependente de voin); nscut-mort este produsul concepiei, expulzat sau extras complet din corpul mamei dup o durat a sarcinii de cel puin 28 sptmni i care, dup aceast separare, nu prezint nici un semn de via; decedat este persoana creia i-au ncetat definitiv funciile vitale dup trecerea unui timp oarecare de la natere; cstoria reprezint uniunea dintre un brbat i o femeie, ncheiat n concordan cu legislaia rii, n scopul ntemeierii unei familii i din care rezult drepturi i obligaii ntre cei doi soi, precum i ale acestora fa de copii; divorul reprezint desfacerea unei cstorii ncheiate legal, printr-o hotrre definitiv a organelor judectoreti.

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES
For intercensus years, the inhabitants number has been determined based on data from censuses and those from current evidence referring on vital and migration statistics. The inhabitants number was calculated from data of the Population and Housing Census, March 18, 2002, regarding the population with permanent residence in Romania, plus natural increase and balance of internal and international migration determined by permanent residence changes for population at national level; for population at locality level the balance of internal migration determined by permanent residence changes and number of persons with temporary residence in locality was added. Population breakdown by area was as follows: for 1960, until 1966, urban area included municipalities, towns and the 183 localities assimilated to the urban area; for 1966 and 1967, urban area included municipalities, towns and 238 communes assimilated to the urban area; starting with 1968, urban area includes only municipalities and towns. Age is expressed in the years reached during the year (for instance, a person of 24 years old and 11 months at July 1, is considered to be of 24 years old). The definitions of vital events are in compliance with the principles and recommendations of the United Nations Statistical Commission: live-birth is a product of conception completely ejected or extracted from the mother's body, regardless of the pregnancy duration, who after this separation gives a sign of life (respiration, heart activity, beats of umbilical cord or muscular contractions dependent of will); dead-born child is a product of conception completely ejected or extracted from the mother's body after a pregnancy duration of at least 28 weeks who, after this separation, gives no sign of life; deceased is the person whose vital functions definitively ceased after a certain time passed from his birth; marriage represents an union between a man and a woman concluded according to the countrys legislation, in order to set up a family, where husband and wife have rights and obligations against one another as well as against their children; divorce represents the dissolution of a legally concluded marriage, according to a final decision of judicial bodies.

38

Sporul natural reprezint diferena dintre numrul nscuilor-vii i numrul persoanelor decedate, n anul de referin. Durata medie a vieii reprezint numrul mediu de ani pe care i are de trit un nou-nscut, dac ar tri tot restul vieii n condiiile mortalitii pe vrste din perioada de referin. Rata de natalitate reprezint numrul de nscui-vii dintr-un an raportat la populaia medie din anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de nscui-vii la 1000 locuitori. Rata de mortalitate reprezint numrul persoanelor decedate dintr-un an raportat la populaia medie din anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de decese la 1000 locuitori. Rata mortalitii infantile reprezint numrul de decedai n vrst de sub 1 an la 1000 nscui-vii din anul respectiv. Rata de mortinatalitate reprezint numrul anual de nscui-mori dintr-un an, raportat la numrul de nscui-vii i mori din acelai an i se exprim n numrul de nscui-mori la 1000 nscui-vii i mori din anul respectiv. Rata de nupialitate reprezint numrul cstoriilor dintr-un an raportat la populaia medie din anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de cstorii la 1000 locuitori. Rata de divorialitate reprezint numrul divorurilor dintr-un an raportat la populaia medie din anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de divoruri la 1000 locuitori. Repartizarea evenimentelor demografice n profil teritorial (pe macroregiuni, regiuni de dezvoltare i judee) s-a fcut dup urmtoarele criterii: pentru nscui-vii i nscui-mori, dup domiciliul mamei; pentru decese, dup domiciliul persoanei decedate; pentru cstorii, dup locul nregistrrii cstoriei; pentru divoruri, dup ultimul domiciliu comun al soilor. Migraia intern reprezint schimbrile de domiciliu i stabilirile temporare de reedin n alt localitate dect cea de domiciliu n interiorul granielor rii. Schimbarea domiciliului s-a nregistrat n cazul persoanelor pentru care organele de poliie au nscris noul domiciliu n cartea de identitate i n fia de eviden a persoanei. ncepnd cu anul 1992, sunt cuprinse i schimbrile de domiciliu dintr-un sector n altul al Municipiului Bucureti. Nu sunt incluse schimbrile de domiciliu n interiorul aceleiai localiti sau n acelai sector, i nici dintr-un sat n altul, n cadrul aceleiai comune.

Natural increase represents the balance between the number of live-births and the number of deceased persons during the reference year. Life expectancy represents the average number of years an infant would live, if he / she lived all his / her life, under the conditions of mortality by age corresponding to the reference period. Birth rate represents the ratio between the number of live-births in a year and the average population of the respective year and is expressed by the number of livebirths per 1000 inhabitants. Mortality rate represents the ratio between the number of deceased persons in a year and the average population of the respective year and is expressed by the number of deaths per 1000 inhabitants. Infant mortality rate represents the number of deaths for infants under one year of age per 1000 live births in a given year. Late foetal-deaths rate is the ratio between the number of late foetal-deaths in a year and the total number of live births and late foetal deaths in the same year, and is expressed by the number of deaths per 1000 live births and late foetal deaths. Marriages rate represents the ratio between the number of marriages in a year and the average population of the respective year and is expressed by the number of marriages per 1000 inhabitants. Divortiality rate represents the ratio between the number of divorces in a year and the average population of the respective year and is expressed by the number of divorces per 1000 inhabitants. Demographic events breakdown at territorial level (by macroregion, development region and county) was done according to the following criteria: for live-births and dead-born children, by mother's residence; for deaths, by residence of the deceased person; for marriage, by place of marriage registration ; for divorces, by last common residence of the spouses. Internal migration represents changes of permanent residence and temporary settling of residence in another locality, different from that of permanent residence inside the borders of the country. Change of permanent residence was registered in case of persons for whom police wrote down the new permanent residence in the identity card and in persons evidence file. Starting with 1992, data also include changes of permanent residence from one sector to another within Bucharest Municipality. There are not included permanent residence changes inside the same locality or sector, or from one village to another, in the same commune.

39

Migraia internaional reprezint schimbarea domiciliului n alt ar sau, din alt ar n Romnia. Datele cu privire la emigrani se refer la cetenii romni care i-au stabilit domiciliul n strintate. Datele cu privire la imigrani se refer la cetenii din alt ar care i-au stabilit domiciliul n Romnia. Soldul migraiei internaionale reprezint diferena dintre numrul imigranilor i cel al emigranilor, n anul de referin.

International migration represents the change of permanent residence to another country or, from another country to Romania. Data on emigrants refer to Romanian citizens who settled their permanent residence abroad. Data on immigrants refer to citizens from another country who settled their permanent residence in Romania. Net international migration represents the difference between the number of immigrants and the number of emigrants during the reference year.

2.G1

Populaia pe sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 2010 Population by sex and area, on July 1, 2010

51,3%

52,3%

50,2%

48,7%

47,7%

49,8%

Total Masculin / Male

Urban Feminin / Female

Rural

44,9%

46,0%

43,9%

55,1%

54,0%

56,1%

Total

Masculin / Male Rural

Feminin / Female

Urban

40

2.G2
100

Populaia pe medii, la 1 iulie Population by area, on July 1


%

80 67,9 63,1 54,2 45,7 45,4 45,4 46,7 46,6 45,1 45,1 44,8 44,9 45,0 44,9 44,9 60 40 20 32,1 36,9 45,8 54,3 54,6 54,6 53,3 53,4 54,9 54,9 55,2 55,1 55,0 55,1 55,1 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Urban Rural

2.G3

Populaia pe vrste i sexe, la 1 iulie 2010 Population by age and sex, on July 1, 2010
Vrsta Age 100 95 90 85 80 75 70 65 60 55 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0

Masculin Male

Feminin Female

250

200

150

100

50

50

100

150

200

250 Mii persoane Thou persons

Mii persoane Thou persons

41

2.G4
30 25 20 15 10 5

Natalitatea, mortalitatea i sporul natural al populaiei Birth rate, mortality and natural increase
Rate (la 1000 locuitori) / Rates (per 1000 inhabitants)

1960

1965

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

Natalitate / Birth rate Sporul natural pozitiv Positive natural increase

Mortalitate / Mortality rate Sporul natural negativ Negative natural increase

2.G5
100 80 60 40 20 0

Rate de fertilitate, pe grupe de vrst Fertility rates, by age group


Nscui-vii la 1000 femei / Live-births per 1000 women

83,9 73,3 62,3 51,8 33,5 18,7 3,6 2005 15 19 ani / years 20 24 ani / years 25 29 ani / years 30 34 ani / years 0,2 36,9

79,9 59,2

23,3 4,6 2010 35 39 ani / years 40 44 ani / years 45 49 ani / years 0,2

42

2.G6
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Durata medie a vieii, pe sexe (ani) Life expectancy, by sex (years)

68,2 68,7 69,2 69,5 69,7 69,8 0 10 20 Masculin Male 30 40 50 60 70 Feminin Female

75,5 75,8 76,1 76,7 77,1 77,3 80

2.G7
200 150 100 50 0

Evoluia cstoriilor i divorurilor Evolution of marriages and divorces


mii / thou

189,2 141,8 146,6 149,4

134,3 115,8

33,2

32,7

36,3

35,7

32,3

32,6

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Cstorii Marriages

Divoruri Divorces

43

2.1

Populaia pe sexe i medii Population by sex and area


Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number Total Masculin Male 8981804 9069012 9130631 9200997 9261698 9315510 9351075 9371316 9447715 9670757 9820125 9945027 10056431 10156420 10243280 10347995 10460119 10564943 10626055 10677731 10777854 10875027 10953637 11029625 11091465 11128723 11165086 11214313 11261467 11319082 11374681 11422472 11449147 11435286 11213763 11200695 11176390 11156807 11123977 11080933 11041414 11012110 10984529 10968854 10949490 10568741 10642538 10606245 10571606 10543518 10521189 10496720 10477611 10457219 10434143 Feminin Female 9421610 9497920 9550090 9612134 9665383 9711857 9752088 9769467 9837099 10050227 10190053 10307514 10413227 10506228 10584245 10680846 10784984 10880755 10933855 10979838 11076768 11173278 11247750 11323010 11386238 11424351 11459419 11510523 11562012 11621348 11678871 11729092 11757573 11749798 11596272 11588274 11578870 11573815 11556974 11526687 11504511 11490693 11473493 11466351 11458903 11112233 11152255 11127311 11101722 11080331 11063176 11040843 11026831 11012740 10997155 n procente fa de total As percentage of total Masculin Male 48,8 48,8 48,9 48,9 48,9 49,0 49,0 49,0 49,0 49,0 49,1 49,1 49,1 49,2 49,2 49,2 49,2 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,3 49,2 49,1 49,1 49,1 49,0 49,0 49,0 48,9 48,9 48,9 48,9 48,7 48,8 48,8 48,8 48,8 48,7 48,7 48,7 48,7 48,7 Feminin Female 51,2 51,2 51,1 51,1 51,1 51,0 51,0 51,0 51,0 51,0 50,9 50,9 50,9 50,8 50,8 50,8 50,8 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,7 50,8 50,9 50,9 50,9 51,0 51,0 51,0 51,1 51,1 51,1 51,1 51,3 51,2 51,2 51,2 51,2 51,3 51,3 51,3 51,3 51,3 Urban Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number Rural n procente fa de total As percentage of total Urban Rural

1 iulie 1960 1 iulie 1961 1 iulie 1962 1 iulie 1963 1 iulie 1964 1 iulie 1965 15 martie 19661) 1 iulie 1966 1 iulie 1967 1 iulie 1968 1 iulie 1969 1 iulie 1970 1 iulie 1971 1 iulie 1972 1 iulie 1973 1 iulie 1974 1 iulie 1975 1 iulie 1976 5 ianuarie 19771) 1 iulie 1977 1 iulie 1978 1 iulie 1979 1 iulie 1980 1 iulie 1981 1 iulie 1982 1 iulie 1983 1 iulie 1984 1 iulie 1985 1 iulie 1986 1 iulie 1987 1 iulie 1988 1 iulie 1989 1 iulie 1990 1 iulie 1991 7 ianuarie 19921) 1 iulie 1992 1 iulie 1993 1 iulie 1994 1 iulie 1995 1 iulie 1996 1 iulie 1997 1 iulie 1998 1 iulie 1999 1 iulie 2000 1 iulie 2001 18 martie 20021) 1 iulie 2002 1 iulie 2003 1 iulie 2004 1 iulie 2005 1 iulie 2006 1 iulie 2007 1 iulie 2008 1 iulie 2009 1 iulie 2010
1) Recensmnt. / Census.

18403414 18566932 18680721 18813131 18927081 19027367 19103163 19140783 19284814 19720984 20010178 20252541 20469658 20662648 20827525 21028841 21245103 21445698 21559910 21657569 21854622 22048305 22201387 22352635 22477703 22553074 22624505 22724836 22823479 22940430 23053552 23151564 23206720 23185084 22810035 22788969 22755260 22730622 22680951 22607620 22545925 22502803 22458022 22435205 22408393 21680974 21794793 21733556 21673328 21623849 21584365 21537563 21504442 21469959 21431298

5912011 6029978 6109909 6234043 6317027 6417124 7305714 7343917 7467928 7144994 7316065 7464811 7619873 7776868 7938819 8142938 8339229 8555880 9395729 9517811 9778831 9886137 10171618 10484896 10872275 11054179 11141775 11370092 11540494 11770927 11961847 12311803 12608844 12552407 12391819 12367358 12406204 12427612 12457195 12411174 12404690 12347886 12302729 12244598 12243748 11435080 11608735 11600157 11895598 11879897 11913938 11877659 11835328 11823516 11798735

12491403 12536954 12570812 12579088 12610054 12610243 11797449 11796866 11816886 12575990 12694113 12787730 12849785 12885780 12888706 12885903 12905874 12889818 12164181 12139758 12075791 12162168 12029769 11867739 11605428 11498895 11482730 11354744 11282985 11169503 11091705 10839761 10597876 10632677 10418216 10421611 10349056 10303010 10223756 10196446 10141235 10154917 10155293 10190607 10164645 10245894 10186058 10133399 9777730 9743952 9670427 9659904 9669114 9646443 9632563

32,1 32,5 32,7 33,1 33,4 33,7 38,2 38,4 38,7 36,2 36,6 36,9 37,2 37,6 38,1 38,7 39,3 39,9 43,6 43,9 44,7 44,8 45,8 46,9 48,4 49,0 49,2 50,0 50,6 51,3 51,9 53,2 54,3 54,1 54,3 54,3 54,5 54,7 54,9 54,9 55,0 54,9 54,8 54,6 54,6 52,7 53,3 53,4 54,9 54,9 55,2 55,1 55,0 55,1 55,1

67,9 67,5 67,3 66,9 66,6 66,3 61,8 61,6 61,3 63,8 63,4 63,1 62,8 62,4 61,9 61,3 60,7 60,1 56,4 56,1 55,3 55,2 54,2 53,1 51,6 51,0 50,8 50,0 49,4 48,7 48,1 46,8 45,7 45,9 45,7 45,7 45,5 45,3 45,1 45,1 45,0 45,1 45,2 45,4 45,4 47,3 46,7 46,6 45,1 45,1 44,8 44,9 45,0 44,9 44,9

July 1, 1960 July 1, 1961 July 1, 1962 July 1, 1963 July 1, 1964 July 1, 1965 March 15, 19661) July 1, 1966 July 1, 1967 July 1, 1968 July 1, 1969 July 1, 1970 July 1, 1971 July 1, 1972 July 1, 1973 July 1, 1974 July 1, 1975 July 1, 1976 January 5, 19771) July 1, 1977 July 1, 1978 July 1, 1979 July 1, 1980 July 1, 1981 July 1, 1982 July 1, 1983 July 1, 1984 July 1, 1985 July 1, 1986 July 1, 1987 July 1, 1988 July 1, 1989 July 1, 1990 July 1, 1991 January 7, 19921) July 1, 1992 July 1, 1993 July 1, 1994 July 1, 1995 July 1, 1996 July 1, 1997 July 1, 1998 July 1, 1999 July 1, 2000 July 1, 2001 March 18, 20021) July 1, 2002 July 1, 2003 July 1, 2004 July 1, 2005 July 1, 2006 July 1, 2007 July 1, 2008 July 1, 2009 July 1, 2010

44

45

2.2
Total

Populaia pe grupe de vrst i sexe, la 1 iulie Population by age group and sex, on July 1
numr persoane / number of persons

Grupa de vrst (ani) Age group (years)

2005

2006

2007 Total

2008

2009

2010

21623849 1053889 1108895 1209921 1727418 1618002 1786029 1678743 1761497 1238076 1525338 1509522 1241759 973314 1089704 907414 665075 374155 155098

21584365 1057804 1098663 1177605 1653027 1599535 1778735 1689369 1869153 1192648 1463532 1528720 1310266 977303 1041631 913325 675967 391080 166002

21537563 1062537 1090284 1135618 1541828 1640127 1740686 1715518 1929137 1200174 1392744 1544281 1360523 984384 1004068 918177 690768 403440 183269 Masculin / Male

21504442 1070639 1073733 1121104 1428324 1692108 1679885 1752955 1746994 1455383 1316506 1545262 1416872 1006459 958358 923364 699363 417111 200022

21469959 1079077 1060158 1106540 1325569 1722804 1627924 1775260 1678096 1611779 1258455 1538167 1411490 1070415 923844 929212 704995 428578 217596

21431298 1082649 1051871 1106775 1207215 1721709 1611264 1773161 1663454 1738891 1212937 1473751 1435134 1157613 877712 932912 708422 441175 234653

0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84 85 i peste / and over

Total 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84 85 i peste / and over

10543518 541838 568389 619434 881000 827513 915862 855635 890199 618597 750091 730222 589008 445157 475236 381704 266285 135770 51578

10521189 544111 563176 602816 842934 818547 911059 863241 944770 596863 720761 739441 621161 447270 453301 383397 269993 143476 54872

10496720 545866 559856 581356 786763 839745 890529 878737 975816 602225 687380 746431 644226 451848 436752 383369 275630 149339 60852 Feminin / Female

10477611 550074 551180 574527 728731 865349 859946 898493 886521 731189 650955 746614 669904 462521 417662 383361 278196 155547 66841

10457219 554333 544930 566897 677428 879022 833631 910647 852829 811426 623476 743586 666790 492427 403762 383565 279022 159915 73533

10434143 556628 540650 567200 617804 877288 824511 910379 847519 876209 601357 713468 677935 532277 384057 383617 278785 164601 79858

Total 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84 85 i peste / and over

11080331 512051 540506 590487 846418 790489 870167 823108 871298 619479 775247 779300 652751 528157 614468 525710 398790 238385 103520

11063176 513693 535487 574789 810093 780988 867676 826128 924383 595785 742771 789279 689105 530033 588330 529928 405974 247604 111130

11040843 516671 530428 554262 755065 800382 850157 836781 953321 597949 705364 797850 716297 532536 567316 534808 415138 254101 122417

11026831 520565 522553 546577 699593 826759 819939 854462 860473 724194 665551 798648 746968 543938 540696 540003 421167 261564 133181

11012740 524744 515228 539643 648141 843782 794293 864613 825267 800353 634979 794581 744700 577988 520082 545647 425973 268663 144063

10997155 526021 511221 539575 589411 844421 786753 862782 815935 862682 611580 760283 757199 625336 493655 549295 429637 276574 154795

46

2.3
Vrsta (ani) Age (years)

Populaia pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 2010 Population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 2010
Total Ambele sexe Both sexes 21431298 1082649 218938 217983 215258 212442 218028 1051871 214793 209387 207042 207241 213408 1106775 222772 222516 223207 215047 223233 1207215 222079 236418 237288 256295 255135 1721709 339689 338059 349643 365991 328327 1611264 339637 306584 296734 323416 344893 1773161 354795 356559 355544 356946 349317 1663454 354197 331242 315813 326257 335945 1738891 365373 396132 492871 260106 224409 din care: Feminin of which: Female 10997155 526021 106076 105787 104840 103429 105889 511221 104521 101586 100918 100255 103941 539575 108391 108750 108617 105064 108753 589411 108271 115389 116106 125310 124335 844421 166763 166451 171189 179767 160251 786753 165680 149024 144316 159070 168663 862782 172337 173460 173353 173799 169833 815935 172910 161796 154704 160594 165931 862682 180916 195547 245721 128849 111649 Urban Ambele sexe Both sexes 11798735 590270 121061 119200 117373 114735 117901 515730 112843 104845 100749 98303 98990 510461 102102 101366 102472 100139 104382 607622 104413 113555 116462 132509 140683 1003129 194088 196958 205137 210653 196293 977441 204755 184342 179559 198089 210696 1049088 214426 213051 210202 210265 201144 927324 201493 185853 172084 180246 187648 1024976 207917 232705 302075 150836 131443 din care: Feminin of which: Female 6166031 286292 58540 57568 57203 55811 57170 250631 54804 50946 49166 47556 48159 248880 49671 49562 50007 48840 50800 299412 51635 55777 57130 65043 69827 502060 97095 98501 102424 105933 98107 489593 102206 92091 89679 99835 105782 523863 107022 106483 105116 104915 100327 471843 100967 93833 87385 92514 97144 538289 108489 121130 159258 79686 69726 Rural Ambele sexe Both sexes 9632563 492379 97877 98783 97885 97707 100127 536141 101950 104542 106293 108938 114418 596314 120670 121150 120735 114908 118851 599593 117666 122863 120826 123786 114452 718580 145601 141101 144506 155338 132034 633823 134882 122242 117175 125327 134197 724073 140369 143508 145342 146681 148173 736130 152704 145389 143729 146011 148297 713915 157456 163427 190796 109270 92966 din care: Feminin of which: Female 4831124 239729 47536 48219 47637 47618 48719 260590 49717 50640 51752 52699 55782 290695 58720 59188 58610 56224 57953 289999 56636 59612 58976 60267 54508 342361 69668 67950 68765 73834 62144 297160 63474 56933 54637 59235 62881 338919 65315 66977 68237 68884 69506 344092 71943 67963 67319 68080 68787 324393 72427 74417 86463 49163 41923

Total 0-4 0 1 2 3 4 5-9 5 6 7 8 9 10-14 10 11 12 13 14 15-19 15 16 17 18 19 20-24 20 21 22 23 24 25-29 25 26 27 28 29 30-34 30 31 32 33 34 35-39 35 36 37 38 39 40-44 40 41 42 43 44

47

2.3
Vrsta (ani) Age (years)

Populaia pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 2010 - continuare Population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 2010 - continued
Total Ambele sexe Both sexes 1212937 232996 235466 234951 246765 262759 1473751 271635 285261 301202 305257 310396 1435134 322646 278082 285466 274103 274837 1157613 281414 265017 212557 207147 191478 877712 175816 183612 172349 179664 166271 932912 198504 191645 187202 182107 173454 708422 158823 148500 142556 135816 122727 441175 111974 98797 88335 76167 65902 234653 din care: Feminin of which: Female 611580 116851 118052 118694 124769 133214 760283 138252 146249 155668 158420 161694 757199 168742 146306 150601 144982 146568 625336 150939 142864 114395 112234 104904 493655 97568 102548 96550 102096 94893 549295 115034 112560 110398 108171 103132 429637 95235 89634 86390 82631 75747 276574 69221 61593 55367 48362 42031 154795 Urban Ambele sexe Both sexes 738144 138488 142440 143781 151147 162288 928797 168542 177682 190579 194468 197526 880068 204378 174675 175488 164517 161010 626669 160662 147139 115225 107254 96389 421006 86744 88696 82864 85371 77331 415770 90085 87379 84071 79747 74488 297495 67119 62864 59575 56311 51626 184437 47076 41162 37227 31468 27504 100308 din care: Feminin of which: Female 397330 74402 76193 77456 81581 87698 499749 90637 95772 103275 104351 105714 466706 108761 92992 92894 86752 85307 336594 85677 78578 61717 57988 52634 237593 48482 49786 46554 48525 44246 246344 52133 51675 49919 47885 44732 183671 40508 38832 36924 34987 32420 117998 29785 26136 23771 20397 17909 69183 Rural Ambele sexe Both sexes 474793 94508 93026 91170 95618 100471 544954 103093 107579 110623 110789 112870 555066 118268 103407 109978 109586 113827 530944 120752 117878 97332 99893 95089 456706 89072 94916 89485 94293 88940 517142 108419 104266 103131 102360 98966 410927 91704 85636 82981 79505 71101 256738 64898 57635 51108 44699 38398 134345 din care: Feminin of which: Female 214250 42449 41859 41238 43188 45516 260534 47615 50477 52393 54069 55980 290493 59981 53314 57707 58230 61261 288742 65262 64286 52678 54246 52270 256062 49086 52762 49996 53571 50647 302951 62901 60885 60479 60286 58400 245966 54727 50802 49466 47644 43327 158576 39436 35457 31596 27965 24122 85612

45-49 45 46 47 48 49 50-54 50 51 52 53 54 55-59 55 56 57 58 59 60-64 60 61 62 63 64 65-69 65 66 67 68 69 70-74 70 71 72 73 74 75-79 75 76 77 78 79 80-84 80 81 82 83 84 85 i peste / and over

48

2.4

Populaia judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor, la 1 iulie 2010 Population of counties, municipalities and towns, on July 1, 2010
Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number 372265 68570 25934 20708 29636 5730 4264 7672 25826 15003 7429 8137 454922 164665 8282 8112 9478 10926 8016 7630 13802 13346 6263 639157 166594 36218 32668 10558 33942 14178 10457 714641 175546 23527 49016 19531 23398 14392 4908 12845 592561 204625 11045 17063 18293 10727 2335 11809 8240 10520 2665 Judee Municipii / Orae Counties Municipalities / Towns BISTRIA-NSUD Bistria1) Beclean Nsud Sngeorz-Bi BOTOANI Botoani1) Dorohoi1) Bucecea Drbani Flmnzi Sveni tefneti BRAOV Braov1) Codlea1) Fgra1) Scele1) Ghimbav Predeal Rnov Rupea Victoria Zrneti BRILA Brila1) Furei Ianca nsurei BUZU Buzu1) Rmnicu Srat1) Nehoiu Ptrlagele Pogoanele CARA-SEVERIN Reia1) Caransebe1) Anina Bile Herculane Boca Moldova Nou Oravia Oelu Rou Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number 317247 84848 11599 11022 10968 447107 114953 29582 5166 11624 11938 8003 5591 598313 276914 24649 37839 33041 5483 5194 16479 5634 8695 25712 357614 210245 4015 11110 7072 480222 131377 39324 11355 7831 7549 320840 82458 28350 8650 5956 16975 13049 12666 11712

Judee Municipii / Orae Counties Municipalities / Towns ALBA Alba Iulia1) Aiud1) Blaj1) Sebe1) Abrud Baia de Arie Cmpeni Cugir Ocna Mure Teiu Zlatna ARAD Arad1) Chiineu-Cri Curtici Ineu Lipova Ndlac Pncota Pecica Sntana Sebi ARGE Cmpulung1) Curtea de Arge1) Costeti Mioveni tefneti Topoloveni BACU Bacu1) Moineti1) Oneti1) Buhui Comneti Drmneti Slnic-Moldova Trgu Ocna BIHOR Oradea1) Beiu1) Marghita1) Salonta1) Aled Nucet Scueni tei Valea lui Mihai Vacu Piteti1)

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences. 1) Municipii. / Municipalities.

49

2.4

Populaia judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor, la 1 iulie 2010 - continuare Population of counties, municipalities and towns, on July 1, 2010 - continued
Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number 311898 73005 27170 7178 6696 6324 691048 305636 26325 38287 22005 57061 9669 723796 301221 39858 44036 5547 18444 10415 10478 10794 36186 5540 14343 7586 222434
1)

Judee Municipii / Orae Counties Municipalities / Towns CLRAI Clrai1) Oltenia1) Budeti Fundulea Lehliu Gar CLUJ Cluj-Napoca1) Cmpia Turzii1) Dej1) Gherla1) Turda1) Huedin CONSTANA Constana1) Mangalia1) Medgidia1) Bneasa Cernavod Eforie Hrova Murfatlar (Basarabi) Nvodari Negru Vod Ovidiu Techirghiol COVASNA Sfntu Gheorghe Trgu Secuiesc1) Baraolt Covasna ntorsura Buzului

Judee Municipii / Orae Counties Municipalities / Towns GALAI Galai1) Tecuci1) Bereti Trgu Bujor GIURGIU Giurgiu1) Bolintin-Vale Mihileti GORJ Trgu Jiu Motru1) Bumbeti-Jiu Novaci Rovinari Trgu Crbuneti Tismana Turceni icleni HARGHITA Miercurea Ciuc Gheorgheni1) Odorheiu Secuiesc1) Toplia1) Bile Tunad Blan Borsec Cristuru Secuiesc Vlhia HUNEDOARA
1) 1)

Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number 608904 290593 42344 3245 7547 280125 67510 12473 7437 376179 96396 22170 10423 5986 13375 8947 7724 8180 5200 324890 41410 19711 36370 15441 1603 7456 2747 10212 7127 461450 66178 15720 69574 28813 21274 42522 28336 4672 12790 5659 10880 24804 13446 9406

61341 19821 9424 11202 9033

DMBOVIA Trgovite1) Moreni1) Fieni Geti Pucioasa Rcari Titu DOLJ Craiova1) Bileti1) 1)

529781 88119 20281 7661 14972 15304 6563 10085 702124 298740 19536 17707 3873 12692 18650 8122

Brad Hunedoara1) Lupeni1) Ortie1) Petroani1) Vulcan1) Aninoasa Clan Geoagiu Haeg Petrila Simeria Uricani

Deva1) 1)

Calafat Bechet Dbuleni Filiai Segarcea

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences. 1) Municipii. / Municipalities.

50

2.4

Populaia judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor, la 1 iulie 2010 - continuare Population of counties, municipalities and towns, on July 1, 2010 - continued
Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number 286980 51778 34144 17182 8046 3501 4637 12977 825773 309631 42187 11841 13415 10475 321007 10464 21445 13148 8673 11594 20959 16835 34560 510482 138182 41018 16564 28368 5165 3166 5051 10296 8040 7611 12915 7499 16381 291051 105739 12616 5763 11496 6225 Judee Municipii / Orae Counties Municipalities / Towns MURE Trgu Mure1) Reghin1) Sighioara1) Trnveni1) Iernut Ludu Miercurea Nirajului Sarmau Sngeorgiu de Pdure Sovata Ungheni NEAM Piatra Neam1) Roman1) Bicaz Roznov Trgu Neam OLT Slatina1) Caracal1) Bal Corabia Drgneti-Olt Piatra-Olt Potcoava Scorniceti PRAHOVA Ploieti1) Cmpina1) Azuga Bicoi Boldeti-Sceni Breaza Buteni Comarnic Mizil Plopeni Sinaia Slnic Urlai Vlenii de Munte Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number 580228 143939 36471 32106 25551 9616 17549 6212 7469 5571 9578 6951 562122 106611 66758 8474 9560 20701 462734 77108 34730 20845 19189 12153 6121 5863 12358 812844 227194 36842 4902 19588 11372 17390 9998 12955 16080 9422 11563 6543 11363 13434

Judee Municipii / Orae Counties Municipalities / Towns IALOMIA Slobozia1) Feteti1) Urziceni1) Amara Czneti Fierbini - Trg ndrei IAI Iai1) Pacani1) Hrlu Trgu Frumos Podul Iloaiei ILFOV Bragadiru Buftea Chitila Mgurele Otopeni Pantelimon Popeti-Leordeni Voluntari MARAMURE Baia Sighetu Marmaiei1) Baia Sprie Bora Cavnic Dragomireti Slitea de Sus Seini Somcua Mare Tuii-Mgheru Trgu Lpu Ulmeni Vieu de Sus MEHEDINI Drobeta-Turnu Severin1) Orova1) Baia de Aram Strehaia Vnju Mare Mare1)

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences. 1) Municipii. / Municipalities.

51

2.4

Populaia judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor, la 1 iulie 2010 - continuare Population of counties, municipalities and towns, on July 1, 2010 - continued
Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number 364104 111877 22165 7100 7017 14937 9338 241014 64035 7877 11235 16326 425322 154220 52472 11078 14447 16205 5598 8260 4294 4182 5820 7575 708433 107317 19551 29710 29451 16443 6319 8658 11377 6528 15748 10224 5376 9962 9290 2654 14933 397990 49259 29951 28350 11605 14927 Judee Municipii / Orae Counties Municipalities / Towns TIMI Timioara1) Lugoj 1) Buzia Ciacova Deta Fget Gtaia Jimbolia Reca Snnicolau Mare TULCEA Tulcea1) Babadag Isaccea Mcin Sulina VASLUI Vaslui1) Brlad1) Hui1) Murgeni Negreti VLCEA Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number 679695 311428 44510 7550 5126 6553 7224 6194 11850 8621 13194 245899 90553 10198 5303 10830 4308 449524 69880 68834 29207 7869 10126 406555 110731 20245 9752 2885 4551 5539 5580 6945 8769 6701 3521 389769 98045 18426 12709 8893 8632 1942254

Judee Municipii / Orae Counties Municipalities / Towns SATU MARE Satu Mare Carei1) Ardud Livada Negreti-Oa Tnad SLAJ Zalu1) Cehu Silvaniei Jibou imleu Silvaniei SIBIU Sibiu1) Media1) Agnita Avrig Cisndie Copa Mic Dumbrveni Miercurea Sibiului Ocna Sibiului Slite Tlmaciu SUCEAVA Suceava1) Cmpulung Moldovenesc1) Flticeni1) Rdui1) Vatra Dornei1) Broteni Cajvana Dolhasca Frasin Gura Humorului Liteni Miliui Salcea Siret Solca Vicovu de Sus TELEORMAN Roiori de Vede1) Turnu Mgurele1) Videle Zimnicea Alexandria1)
1)

Rmnicu Vlcea1) Drgani1) Bbeni Bile Govora Bile Olneti Blceti Berbeti Brezoi Climneti Horezu Ocnele Mari VRANCEA Focani1) Adjud1) Mreti Odobeti Panciu BUCURETI1) BUCHAREST1)

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences. 1) Municipii. / Municipalities.

52

2.5

Gruparea judeelor i localitilor dup numrul locuitorilor, la 1 iulie 2010 Classification of counties and localities by inhabitants number, on July 1, 2010
Numrul judeelor, municipiilor, oraelor i comunelor Number of counties, municipalities, towns and communes n procente Date absolute fa de total Absolute data Percentage of total

Grupe de judee, municipii, orae i comune, dup numrul locuitorilor Groups of counties, municipalities, towns and communes, by inhabitants number

Numrul locuitorilor Inhabitants number n procente fa de total Percentage of total

Date absolute Absolute data

Judee1) / Counties1) Total Sub / under 300000 300000 - 399999 400000 - 499999 500000 - 599999 600000 - 699999 700000 - 799999 800000 i peste / and over 42 6 11 8 6 4 4 3 100,0 14,3 26,2 19,0 14,3 9,5 9,5 7,2 21431298 1567503 3853803 3587836 3373487 2618804 2848994 3580871 100,0 7,3 18,0 16,8 15,7 12,2 13,3 16,7

Municipii i orae / Municipalities and towns Total Sub / under 3000 3000 - 4999 5000 - 9999 10000 - 19999 20000 - 49999 50000 - 99999 100000 - 199999 200000 - 999999 1000000 i peste / and over 3202) 6 15 98 100 57 20 13 10 1 100,0 1,9 4,7 30,6 31,2 17,8 6,3 4,1 3,1 0,3 11798735 14889 62039 719245 1363471 1774336 1454523 1731751 2736227 1942254 100,0 0,1 0,5 6,1 11,6 15,0 12,3 14,7 23,2 16,5

Comune / Communes Total Sub / under 1000 1000 - 1999 2000 - 4999 5000 - 9999 10000 i peste / and over 28612) 82 598 1724 429 28 100,0 2,9 20,9 60,2 15,0 1,0 9632563 61388 946789 5557657 2753701 313028 100,0 0,6 9,8 57,7 28,6 3,3

1) Inclusiv Municipiul Bucureti. / Including Bucharest Municipality. 2)

Conform organizrii administrative a teritoriului existent la 1 iulie 2010. According to administrative territorial organization existing July 1, 2010.

53

2.6
Anii

Micarea natural a populaiei Vital statistics


Date absolute (numr) / Absolute data (number) Sporul natural Natural increase Nscui mori Dead-born children Decese la o vrst sub 1 an Infant deaths Rate (la 1000 locuitori) / Rates (per 1000 inhabitants) Nscui- vii Live-births Decese Deaths Sporul natural Natural increase Cstorii Marriages Divoruri Divorces Nscui-mori la 1000 nscui (vii+mori) Dead-born children per 1000 births (live-births and dead-born) 15,9 15,9 15,7 15,4 15,0 14,3 14,7 17,9 16,1 14,8 13,2 11,9 10,9 11,0 11,1 10,1 9,9 9,7 9,3 9,1 8,7 8,5 8,4 8,0 8,4 7,8 8,0 7,9 7,6 7,6 7,0 6,9 6,5 6,3 6,5 6,2 6,1 6,2 6,3 6,2 5,9 5,8 6,2 6,0 6,0 5,7 5,2 4,7 4,5 4,3 4,0 Decese la o vrst sub 1 an la 1000 nscui-vii Infant deaths per 1000 live-births 74,6 69,4 58,8 55,2 48,6 44,1 46,6 46,6 59,5 54,9 49,4 42,4 40,0 38,1 35,0 34,7 31,4 31,2 30,3 31,6 29,3 28,6 28,0 23,9 23,4 25,6 23,2 28,9 25,4 26,9 26,9 22,7 23,3 23,3 23,9 21,2 22,3 22,0 20,5 18,6 18,6 18,4 17,3 16,7 16,8 15,0 13,9 12,0 11,0 10,1 9,8

Nscui-vii Live-births

Decese Deaths

Cstorii Marriages

Divoruri Divorces

Years

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

352241 324859 301985 294886 287383 278362 273678 527764 526091 465764 427034 400146 389153 378696 427732 418185 417353 423958 416598 410603 398904 381101 344369 321498 350741 358797 376896 383199 380043 369544 314746 275275 260393 249994 246736 236640 231348 236891 237297 234600 234521 220368 210529 212459 216261 221020 219483 214728 221900 222388 212199

160720 161936 172429 155767 152476 163393 157445 179129 188509 201225 193255 194306 189793 203559 191286 197538 204873 208685 211846 217509 231876 224635 224120 233892 233699 246670 242330 254286 253370 247306 247086 251760 263855 263323 266101 271672 286158 279315 269166 265194 255820 259603 269666 266575 258890 262101 258094 251965 253202 257213 259723

191521 162923 129556 139119 134907 114969 116233 348635 337582 264539 233779 205840 199360 175137 236446 220647 212480 215273 204752 193094 167028 156466 120249 87606 117042 112127 134566 128913 126673 122238 67660 23515 -3462 -13329 -19365 -35032 -54810 -42424 -31869 -30594 -21299 -39235 -59137 -54116 -42629 -41081 -38611 -37237 -31302 -34825 -47524

197654 180465 184676 174931 169520 164229 171243 154105 146988 140011 145531 150215 157142 170130 175496 188139 195874 199794 201103 198139 182671 182973 174448 163826 164110 161094 167254 168079 172527 177943 192652 183388 174593 161595 154221 153943 150388 147105 145303 140014 135808 129930 129018 133953 143304 141832 146637 189240 149439 134275 115778

36947 33373 38095 36129 35145 36914 25804 481) 4023 6991 7865 9570 11254 14472 17951 34479 35945 25726 33190 35855 34130 33635 33164 34534 32853 32587 34562 34110 36775 36008 32966 37031 29290 31193 39663 34906 35586 34752 39985 34408 30725 31135 31790 33073 35225 33193 32672 36308 35685 32341 32632

5690 5251 4812 4601 4367 4048 4072 9644 8625 6984 5728 4822 4288 4194 4801 4288 4186 4144 3919 3754 3518 3257 2904 2605 2988 2824 3053 3053 2926 2821 2231 1910 1700 1582 1623 1472 1428 1483 1514 1459 1393 1282 1319 1290 1314 1262 1143 1009 993 969 856

26680 23190 18196 16270 13975 12264 12746 24590 31317 25584 21110 16964 15566 14444 14958 14498 13089 13207 12610 12995 11691 10886 9653 7676 8211 9191 8746 11077 9643 9940 8471 6258 6080 5822 5894 5027 5158 5209 4868 4360 4370 4057 3648 3546 3641 3310 3052 2574 2434 2250 2078

19,1 17,5 16,2 15,7 15,2 14,6 14,3 27,4 26,7 23,3 21,1 19,5 18,8 18,2 20,3 19,7 19,5 19,6 19,1 18,6 18,0 17,0 15,3 14,3 15,5 15,8 16,5 16,7 16,5 16,0 13,6 11,9 11,4 11,0 10,9 10,4 10,2 10,5 10,5 10,4 10,5 9,8 9,7 9,8 10,0 10,2 10,2 10,0 10,3 10,4 9,9

8,7 8,7 9,2 8,3 8,1 8,6 8,2 9,3 9,6 10,1 9,5 9,5 9,2 9,8 9,1 9,3 9,6 9,6 9,7 9,9 10,4 10,0 10,0 10,4 10,3 10,9 10,6 11,1 11,0 10,7 10,6 10,9 11,6 11,6 11,7 12,0 12,7 12,4 12,0 11,8 11,4 11,6 12,4 12,3 11,9 12,1 12,0 11,7 11,8 12,0 12,1

10,4 8,8 7,0 7,4 7,1 6,0 6,1 18,1 17,1 13,2 11,6 10,0 9,6 8,4 11,2 10,4 9,9 10,0 9,4 8,7 7,6 7,0 5,3 3,9 5,2 4,9 5,9 5,6 5,5 5,3 3,0 1,0 -0,2 -0,6 -0,8 -1,6 -2,5 -1,9 -1,5 -1,4 -0,9 -1,8 -2,7 -2,5 -1,9 -1,9 -1,8 -1,7 -1,5 -1,6 -2,2

10,7 9,7 9,9 9,3 9,0 8,6 8,9 8,0 7,5 7,0 7,2 7,3 7,6 8,2 8,3 8,9 9,1 9,2 9,2 9,0 8,2 8,2 7,8 7,3 7,3 7,1 7,3 7,3 7,5 7,7 8,3 7,9 7,7 7,1 6,8 6,8 6,7 6,5 6,5 6,2 6,1 5,8 5,9 6,2 6,6 6,6 6,8 8,8 6,9 6,3 5,4

2,01 1,80 2,04 1,92 1,86 1,94 1,35


*)

0,20 0,35 0,39 0,47 0,54 0,69 0,85 1,62 1,68 1,19 1,52 1,63 1,54 1,50 1,48 1,53 1,45 1,43 1,51 1,49 1,60 1,56 1,42 1,60 1,29 1,37 1,74 1,54 1,57 1,54 1,78 1,53 1,37 1,39 1,46 1,52 1,63 1,54 1,51 1,69 1,66 1,51 1,52

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

1) Au fost modificate unele dispoziii legale referitoare la divor (n octombrie 1966).

Some legal acts referring to divorces were modified (in October 1966).

54

55

2.7
Anii

Micarea natural a populaiei, pe medii Vital statistics, by area


Date absolute (numr) / Absolute data (number) Sporul natural Natural increase Nscui mori Dead-born children Decese la o vrst sub 1 an Infant deaths Rate (la 1000 locuitori) / Rates (per 1000 inhabitants) Nscui- vii Live-births Decese Deaths Sporul natural Natural increase Cstorii Marriages Nscui-mori la 1000 nscui Divoruri (vii+mori) Divorces Dead-born children per 1000 births (live-births and dead-born) Decese la o vrst sub 1 an la 1000 nscui-vii Infant deaths per 1000 live-births

Nscui-vii Live-births

Decese Deaths

Cstorii Marriages

Divoruri Divorces

Years

URBAN 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 156950 135417 124016 117298 114422 109722 108226 110009 110186 108542 108254 102432 98190 100915 111348 117780 119477 116367 121518 121864 117851 99331 101460 106784 107482 108771 112205 116450 115997 112733 111159 108436 110063 113225 112283 114316 116809 116384 114562 114352 116168 117632 57619 33957 17232 9816 5651 -2483 -8224 -5988 -2547 -2617 -182 -7631 -15035 -11368 -2968 971 3093 1805 7166 5696 219 110382 101993 92663 85505 82263 83381 84864 82522 82912 81015 79128 77231 76547 81483 90179 92651 96605 104445 96963 86363 74787 25553 28098 22443 23629 29767 26023 26389 25044 28702 25035 22486 22362 22675 23542 25134 23709 23338 26066 24806 22308 22144 1217 974 830 747 768 693 691 689 714 670 612 567 602 569 633 589 538 498 468 474 420 3778 2654 2575 2315 2295 1996 2006 2036 1907 1650 1744 1594 1426 1381 1555 1458 1341 1186 1030 982 913 RURAL 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 157796 139858 136377 132696 132314 126918 123122 126882 127111 126058 126267 117936 112339 111544 104913 103240 100006 98361 100382 100524 94348 147755 150300 157071 155841 157330 159467 169708 163318 156433 154035 147384 149540 156441 154292 144574 145292 141710 137403 138850 141045 142091 10041 -10442 -20694 -23145 -25016 -32549 -46586 -36436 -29322 -27977 -21117 -31604 -44102 -42748 -39661 -42052 -41704 -39042 -38468 -40521 -47743 82270 81395 81930 76090 71958 70562 65524 64583 62391 58999 56680 52699 52471 52470 53125 49181 50032 84795 52476 47912 40991 7413 8933 6847 7564 9896 8883 9197 9708 11283 9373 8239 8773 9115 9531 10091 9484 9334 10242 10879 10033 10488 1014 936 870 835 855 779 737 794 800 789 781 715 717 721 681 673 605 511 525 495 436 4693 3604 3505 3507 3599 3031 3152 3173 2961 2710 2626 2463 2222 2165 2086 1852 1711 1388 1404 1268 1165

URBAN 12,9 11,0 10,2 9,6 9,3 8,9 8,8 8,9 9,0 8,9 8,9 8,4 8,5 8,7 9,4 9,9 10,1 9,8 10,3 10,3 10,0 RURAL 14,3 12,9 12,9 12,7 12,7 12,3 12,0 12,4 12,4 12,3 12,3 11,5 11,0 11,0 10,7 10,6 10,3 10,2 10,4 10,4 9,8 13,4 13,9 14,8 14,9 15,1 15,4 16,5 15,9 15,3 15,1 14,4 14,6 15,3 15,2 14,7 14,9 14,6 14,2 14,3 14,6 14,7 0,9 -1,0 -1,9 -2,2 -2,4 -3,1 -4,5 -3,5 -2,9 -2,8 -2,1 -3,1 -4,3 -4,2 -4,0 -4,3 -4,3 -4,0 -3,9 -4,2 -4,9 7,5 7,5 7,7 7,3 6,9 6,8 6,4 6,3 6,1 5,8 5,5 5,2 5,1 5,2 5,4 5,0 5,2 8,8 5,4 4,9 4,2 0,67 0,82 0,65 0,72 0,95 0,86 0,89 0,95 1,10 0,92 0,80 0,86 0,89 0,94 1,03 0,97 0,96 1,06 1,12 1,04 1,09 6,4 6,6 6,3 6,3 6,4 6,1 6,0 6,2 6,3 6,2 6,1 6,0 6,3 6,4 6,4 6,5 6,0 5,2 5,2 4,9 4,6 29,7 25,8 25,7 26,4 27,2 23,9 25,6 25,0 23,3 21,5 20,8 20,9 19,8 19,4 19,9 17,9 17,1 14,1 14,0 12,6 12,3 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 8,2 8,2 8,7 8,8 8,8 9,1 9,5 9,4 9,2 9,1 8,9 9,0 9,8 9,7 9,6 9,9 9,8 9,7 9,7 9,9 10,0 4,7 2,8 1,5 0,8 0,5 -0,2 -0,7 -0,5 -0,2 -0,2 -0,6 -1,3 -1,0 -0,2 0,3 0,1 0,6 0,4 9,1 8,3 7,6 7,0 6,7 6,8 6,9 6,7 6,8 6,6 6,5 6,3 6,6 7,0 7,6 7,8 8,1 8,8 8,2 7,3 6,4 2,10 2,27 1,84 1,93 2,42 2,11 2,14 2,04 2,34 2,05 1,84 1,83 1,96 2,04 2,12 2,00 1,96 2,20 2,10 1,89 1,88 7,7 7,1 6,6 6,3 6,7 6,3 6,3 6,2 6,4 6,1 5,6 5,5 6,1 5,6 5,7 5,0 4,5 4,3 3,8 3,9 3,6 24,1 19,6 20,8 19,7 20,1 18,2 18,5 18,5 17,3 15,2 16,1 15,6 14,5 13,7 14,0 12,4 11,2 10,2 8,5 8,1 7,7 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

56

57

2.8
2005 Total Sub 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste 2006 Total Sub 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste 2007 Total Sub 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste 2008 Total Sub 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste 2009 Total Sub 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste 2010 Total Sub 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste

Nscuii-vii dup grupa de vrst a prinilor Live-births by age group of parents


Grupa de vrst a tatlui (ani)

Age group of father (years)


30-34

Grupa de vrst a mamei (ani)

Total

15-19

20-24

25-29

35-39

40-44

45-49

50 i peste and over

Nedeclarat Not stated

Age group of mother (years) 2005 Total Under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 and over 2006 Total Under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 and over 2007 Total Under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 and over 2008 Total Under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 and over 2009 Total Under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 and over 2010 Total Under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 and over

221020 527 28356 57908 72990 42606 16298 2205 129 1 219483 551 28329 54533 71721 44580 17537 2104 127 1 214728 562 26607 53250 68851 45512 17473 2345 120 8 221900 707 26949 56121 68119 49067 17600 3204 132 1 222388 758 25456 56985 65684 51371 18262 3746 126 212199 733 21775 52649 62843 51069 19051 3965 111 3

3850 157 3008 585 82 15 3 4067 181 3173 617 78 13 4 1 4040 192 3088 648 91 16 5 4372 230 3247 796 84 14 1 4242 273 3153 725 76 12 3 3347 237 2481 557 52 15 5 -

25822 126 9780 12340 3059 436 74 7 24129 109 9652 11169 2705 414 74 6 24154 116 9667 11397 2498 407 61 8 26399 151 10504 12924 2324 420 62 14 27414 185 10336 13839 2478 484 84 8 25165 179 9158 12948 2327 453 82 18 -

70308 38 7161 27019 30285 5107 654 41 3 67300 24 6901 25249 29242 5185 664 35 63157 30 6065 23827 27362 5168 646 58 1 62003 45 5779 23912 26016 5548 638 63 2 58839 38 4987 23501 24164 5443 642 63 1 53239 40 4115 20946 22425 5045 578 90 -

59508 5 1755 9786 26878 18425 2556 101 2 61493 13 1882 9901 27105 19780 2684 120 8 62301 5 1972 10069 27064 20379 2680 127 5 66448 13 1906 11005 27776 22611 2886 244 7 68253 9 1812 11480 27522 24018 3102 303 7 66337 9 1367 10787 26629 24007 3261 273 4 -

30487 343 2154 7561 13087 7016 317 9 32096 1 459 2103 7590 13777 7835 325 6 31946 2 426 2151 7191 14037 7683 448 7 1 31908 2 435 2341 7099 13988 7416 620 7 32299 1 378 2320 6999 14615 7298 679 9 33278 5 381 2518 7172 14740 7791 664 6 1

8396 64 370 1222 2640 3409 678 13 8224 71 325 1178 2525 3473 641 11 8568 83 366 1177 2623 3609 698 12 10700 85 493 1518 3469 4043 1076 16 12112 1 102 545 1589 3937 4575 1345 18 12675 1 100 600 1530 4026 4848 1549 20 1

3365 23 139 393 837 1226 682 65 3359 1 47 100 358 808 1367 619 59 3207 28 98 343 764 1325 595 52 2 3287 2 23 124 360 843 1204 684 47 3115 19 118 311 787 1129 711 40 3069 2 19 119 294 752 1074 769 39 1

1298 28 92 184 302 452 212 28 1395 24 80 200 362 500 199 30 1426 22 59 187 373 513 241 29 2 1599 23 99 219 410 501 306 41 1573 1 12 96 178 386 503 362 35 1536 12 93 158 386 501 351 35 -

17986 201 6194 5423 3326 1757 908 167 9 1 17420 222 6120 4989 3265 1716 936 159 12 1 15929 217 5256 4635 2938 1745 951 170 14 3 15184 264 4947 4427 2723 1764 849 197 12 1 14541 250 4657 4361 2367 1689 926 275 16 13553 260 4142 4081 2256 1645 911 251 7 -

58

59

2.9
2005

Nscuii-vii dup rangul nscutului-viu i grupa de vrst a mamei Live-births by live-birth order and age group of mother
Grupa de vrst a mamei (ani) Age group of father (years) 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste and over Live-birth order

Rangul nscutului-viu

Nscui-vii Live-births

Sub 15 Under

15-19

20-24

2005 221020 114992 67712 19609 8369 4284 2329 1478 2247 219483 117003 65731 18831 7979 4157 2357 1363 2062 214728 112579 65296 18866 8071 4093 2366 1389 2068 221900 118439 66011 19098 8094 4266 2416 1454 2122 222388 117763 67452 18996 8193 4107 2458 1375 2044 212199 111139 65009 18385 7881 4122 2274 1356 2033 527 519 8 551 530 21 562 543 19 707 688 19 758 735 23 733 714 19 28356 23129 4540 626 55 5 1 28329 22901 4774 597 52 4 1 26607 21394 4533 620 56 4 26949 21354 4795 734 63 3 25456 20227 4472 688 65 4 21775 16773 4324 622 52 4 57908 35882 15778 4384 1410 380 57 16 1 54533 34225 14649 4019 1250 305 77 8 53250 33131 14463 4006 1256 319 62 13 56121 34736 15234 4356 1363 341 72 14 5 56985 35096 15524 4501 1416 350 84 12 52649 31825 14475 4441 1439 377 75 13 4 72990 36559 24510 6560 2854 1381 683 288 155 71721 37636 22827 6218 2693 1342 640 239 126 68851 35885 21763 6122 2753 1291 608 286 143 68119 36600 20609 5832 2679 1413 609 237 140 65684 35554 20058 5405 2496 1209 587 239 136 62843 34691 18574 5109 2367 1214 549 227 112 42606 14437 17004 5275 2408 1393 844 594 651 44580 16539 17332 5029 2296 1364 848 560 612 45512 16569 18079 5059 2369 1380 905 559 592 49067 19279 18625 5148 2431 1438 922 588 636 51371 20141 19940 5227 2567 1416 916 567 597 51069 20569 19749 5000 2335 1388 877 535 616 16298 4089 5507 2433 1388 900 563 452 966 17537 4741 5760 2662 1439 931 633 431 940 17473 4582 5965 2694 1382 887 622 406 935 17600 4989 6017 2543 1237 843 611 464 896 18262 5044 6519 2612 1310 880 635 425 837 19051 5514 6859 2578 1344 881 568 458 849 2205 357 346 316 246 212 174 121 433 2104 400 356 294 231 200 146 119 358 2345 447 455 349 242 201 161 120 370 3204 769 696 465 305 219 194 139 417 3746 937 904 543 331 237 224 126 444 3965 1029 996 621 332 244 200 117 426 129 19 19 15 8 13 7 7 41 127 30 12 12 18 11 12 6 26 120 27 17 14 11 11 8 5 27 132 23 16 20 16 9 8 12 28 126 29 12 20 8 11 12 6 28 111 23 13 12 12 14 5 6 26 1 1 1 1 8 1 2 2 2 1 1 3 1 2 Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth and over 2006 Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth and over 2007 Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth and over 2008 Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth and over 2009 Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth and over 2010 Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth and over

Total Primul Al doilea Al treilea Al patrulea Al cincilea Al aselea Al aptelea Al optulea i peste 2006 Total Primul Al doilea Al treilea Al patrulea Al cincilea Al aselea Al aptelea Al optulea i peste 2007 Total Primul Al doilea Al treilea Al patrulea Al cincilea Al aselea Al aptelea Al optulea i peste 2008 Total Primul Al doilea Al treilea Al patrulea Al cincilea Al aselea Al aptelea Al optulea i peste 2009 Total Primul Al doilea Al treilea Al patrulea Al cincilea Al aselea Al aptelea Al optulea i peste 2010 Total Primul Al doilea Al treilea Al patrulea Al cincilea Al aselea Al aptelea Al optulea i peste

60

61

2.10
Anii Years 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Vrsta medie a mamei la natere, pe medii Average age of mother at birth, by area
ani / years

Vrsta medie a mamei la prima natere Average age of mother at first birth Total 23,7 23,9 24,2 24,3 24,6 24,9 25,2 25,3 25,5 25,6 26,0 Urban 24,9 25,2 25,5 25,7 26,0 26,3 26,6 26,7 27,0 27,1 27,5 Rural 22,3 22,4 22,5 22,5 22,6 22,7 22,9 22,9 23,1 23,1 23,4

Vrsta medie a mamei pentru toate naterile Average age of mother at all births Total 25,5 25,8 26,0 26,2 26,4 26,7 26,9 27,0 27,1 27,3 27,6 Urban 26,3 26,6 26,9 27,1 27,3 27,6 27,8 28,0 28,1 28,3 28,6 Rural 24,9 25,1 25,3 25,4 25,5 25,7 25,8 25,9 25,9 26,0 26,2

2.11
Anii Years

ntreruperi de sarcin, pe grupe de vrst Abortions, by age group


Total 15-49 ani / years 15 - 19 20-24 Grupa de vrst (ani) Age group (years) 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45 - 49

Numr / Number 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 162087 149598 136647 127410 115457 101271 17902 16656 15012 13833 11982 9731 34376 30732 28290 27010 25442 22931 40761 37085 33035 28952 25794 22351 35581 32951 30582 28796 26220 23238 26118 25260 22611 21016 18468 16223 6731 6319 6488 7314 7167 6366 618 595 629 489 384 431

La 1000 femei / Per 1000 women 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 29,0 27,0 24,8 23,5 21,3 18,8 21,2 20,6 19,9 19,8 18,5 16,5 43,5 39,4 35,3 32,7 30,2 27,2 46,8 42,7 38,9 35,3 32,5 28,4 43,2 39,9 36,5 33,7 30,3 26,9 30,0 27,3 23,7 24,4 22,4 19,9 10,9 10,6 10,9 10,1 9,0 7,4 0,8 0,8 0,9 0,7 0,6 0,7

La 1000 nscui-vii / Per 1000 live-births 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 735,1 683,5 638,1 578,3 520,9 478,9 631,3 587,9 564,2 513,3 470,7 446,9 593,6 563,5 531,3 481,3 446,5 435,5 558,4 517,1 479,8 425,0 392,7 355,7 835,1 739,1 672,0 586,9 510,4 455,0 1602,5 1440,4 1294,1 1194,1 1011,3 851,6 3052,6 3003,3 2766,7 2282,8 1913,2 1605,5 4790,7 4685,0 5241,7 3704,5 3047,6 3882,9

62

2.12
Anii Years 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Ratele de fertilitate , pe grupe de vrst i indicele conjunctural al fertlitii 1) 2) Fertility rates , by age group and total fertlity rate
Grupa de vrst (ani) / Age group (years) 15-19 59,1 62,6 58,4 61,5 56,8 52,4 51,7 79,8 82,4 72,6 65,7 62,1 61,3 60,6 69,3 69,2 70,0 71,2 72,8 72,5 72,3 71,1 68,9 57,5 56,1 57,3 62,9 65,3 62,7 59,3 51,5 49,8 47,4 47,0 45,0 42,0 40,0 40,8 40,3 40,0 39,0 35,8 32,7 33,4 33,8 33,5 35,0 35,2 38,5 39,3 36,9 20-24 164,1 155,4 147,4 144,0 144,0 140,7 143,0 251,8 241,4 215,7 201,4 190,9 185,9 182,4 202,3 197,8 196,9 200,9 198,5 200,2 200,4 194,3 184,4 178,4 191,9 191,4 191,3 189,7 176,7 169,1 145,2 131,1 127,1 124,6 119,3 109,5 102,2 100,7 96,9 93,3 90,2 82,2 81,5 79,7 77,2 73,3 69,8 66,5 67,9 67,5 62,3 25-29 121,2 110,1 105,0 102,9 102,6 99,8 98,2 198,1 193,9 171,7 151,6 138,1 131,6 124,2 142,9 138,5 136,7 138,1 132,7 128,8 126,8 121,6 107,2 99,9 114,7 121,1 126,7 126,4 123,8 118,0 97,8 78,6 77,1 74,2 75,8 73,4 72,4 72,6 77,6 77,6 78,5 73,8 77,6 79,0 80,7 83,9 82,7 81,0 83,1 82,7 79,9 30-34 67,6 60,1 54,9 53,1 52,2 53,5 53,4 124,1 126,5 108,0 94,9 82,7 76,9 71,6 78,3 71,4 69,4 67,6 64,4 61,0 58,3 56,4 47,5 42,5 50,5 55,2 63,3 65,7 63,0 58,8 46,4 34,2 31,1 28,3 28,7 29,4 30,1 33,9 36,3 37,3 38,7 37,4 38,3 41,7 46,2 51,8 54,0 54,4 57,4 59,4 59,2 35-39 39,0 32,4 29,5 28,2 26,2 25,1 25,1 59,7 63,9 54,7 48,8 44,3 40,7 37,6 40,2 36,7 33,4 32,3 30,3 28,4 25,0 23,4 19,6 17,4 20,1 21,4 26,1 28,7 27,3 25,6 19,4 13,9 12,9 11,4 11,3 11,0 10,9 11,2 11,7 12,4 13,4 13,7 15,0 16,1 17,6 18,7 19,0 18,3 20,5 22,1 23,3 40-44 45-49 14,5 13,2 11,4 10,7 9,5 8,9 8,3 16,6 17,3 15,0 13,8 13,1 12,0 10,3 10,7 10,0 9,0 8,6 8,2 7,6 6,5 6,3 5,2 4,5 4,6 5,1 6,4 8,1 7,3 7,1 5,5 4,0 3,7 3,2 3,2 3,1 2,9 2,9 2,8 2,8 3,1 3,0 3,0 3,1 3,4 3,6 3,5 3,9 4,4 4,7 4,6 1,4 0,9 0,8 0,7 0,8 0,8 0,9 1,2 1,2 1,0 0,9 0,8 0,8 0,6 0,7 0,7 0,7 0,7 0,7 0,7 0,5 0,6 0,4 0,4 0,3 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,3 0,2 0,3 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2

1)

2)

ani / years

Rata general de fertilitate General fertility rate 73,9 68,4 63,5 61,9 59,9 57,3 55,7 105,5 102,9 89,6 81,2 75,3 72,7 70,4 79,3 77,5 77,3 78,8 77,7 76,6 74,8 71,9 65,1 59,5 64,2 65,1 68,2 69,1 68,4 66,3 56,2 48,7 46,6 44,3 43,3 41,1 39,9 40,6 40,6 40,2 40,3 37,8 37,5 37,8 38,4 39,4 39,5 38,9 40,6 41,0 39,4

Indicele conjunctural al fertilitii Total fertility rate 2,3 2,2 2,0 2,0 2,0 1,9 1,9 3,7 3,6 3,2 2,9 2,7 2,5 2,4 2,7 2,6 2,6 2,6 2,5 2,5 2,4 2,4 2,2 2,0 2,2 2,3 2,4 2,4 2,3 2,2 1,8 1,6 1,5 1,4 1,4 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,2 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,4 1,3

1) Nscui-vii la 1000 femei. / Live-births per 1000 women. 2) Numrul de copii nscui de o femeie n cursul vieii sale fertile. / Number of children born by a woman during her fertile life.

63

2.13

Decesele, pe grupe de vrst i sexe Deaths, by age group and sex

Grupa de vrst (ani) Age group (years)

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Total Total 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84 85-89 90-94 95-99 100 i peste / and over 262101 3869 361 392 1006 973 1409 1979 3273 4296 9099 13024 15271 17432 29265 38043 45218 42795 18981 12522 2627 266 258094 3600 334 365 941 1020 1421 1839 3348 3841 8146 13063 15686 16893 26951 36656 44769 43883 20653 11643 2788 254 251965 3046 327 343 906 1029 1243 1832 3295 3841 7602 12866 15958 16745 25386 35322 43293 42793 22821 10185 2843 289 Masculin / Male Total 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84 85-89 90-94 95-99 100 i peste / and over 138461 2228 209 233 645 722 1006 1446 2318 3076 6464 9131 10375 11405 17785 20691 21680 17263 6694 4155 841 94 136264 2006 198 231 628 744 1036 1311 2357 2729 5831 9179 10776 11113 16518 19875 21657 18042 7173 3879 902 79 133405 1748 193 214 609 785 915 1319 2363 2769 5395 9163 10971 11030 15475 19387 20839 17886 7951 3353 951 89 135410 1660 193 193 599 895 887 1363 2252 3084 5141 9614 11895 11131 14539 19795 20844 18100 9458 2723 963 81 137550 1517 159 189 501 878 886 1365 2063 3446 4926 9355 12065 12208 14207 19580 21017 18816 10514 2669 1080 109 74973 791 101 93 231 400 417 734 1126 1966 2308 4251 5177 6144 6925 10803 12402 11438 7184 1813 595 74 253202 2865 325 315 888 1162 1201 1901 3055 4294 7136 13280 17144 16953 23538 35243 42702 42821 26597 8432 3068 282 257213 2660 266 301 721 1210 1171 1841 2841 4766 6862 13021 17319 18187 22852 35049 42645 43893 29709 8284 3294 321 142091 1407 167 161 322 522 558 956 1526 2613 3063 5586 7300 9170 11208 19271 25077 26565 19056 5435 1929 199

64

2.13

Decesele, pe grupe de vrst i sexe - continuare Deaths, by age group and sex - continued
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Grupa de vrst (ani) Age group (years)

Feminin / Female Total 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84 85-89 90-94 95-99 100 i peste / and over 123640 1641 152 159 361 251 403 533 955 1220 2635 3893 4896 6027 11480 17352 23538 25532 12287 8367 1786 172 121830 1594 136 134 313 276 385 528 991 1112 2315 3884 4910 5780 10433 16781 23112 25841 13480 7764 1886 175 118560 1298 134 129 297 244 328 513 932 1072 2207 3703 4987 5715 9911 15935 22454 24907 14870 6832 1892 200 117792 1205 132 122 289 267 314 538 803 1210 1995 3666 5249 5822 8999 15448 21858 24721 17139 5709 2105 201 119663 1143 107 112 220 332 285 476 778 1320 1936 3666 5254 5979 8645 15469 21628 25077 19195 5615 2214 212 67118 616 66 68 91 122 141 222 400 647 755 1335 2123 3026 4283 8468 12675 15127 11872 3622 1334 125

2.14
Total Neonatale Sub 7 zile 7-13 zile 14-29 zile Postneonatale 1 lun 2 luni 3-4 luni 5-6 luni 7-8 luni 9-11 luni

Decesele sub 1 an, dup grupa de vrst Infant deaths, by age group
2005 3310 1892 1321 284 287 1418 396 244 349 202 121 106 2006 3052 1723 1190 254 279 1329 367 273 303 177 95 114 2007 2574 1501 1023 241 237 1073 296 201 236 138 91 111 2008 2434 1397 919 234 244 1037 299 183 244 131 90 90 2009 2250 1289 824 224 241 961 264 180 237 130 80 70 2010 2078 1183 782 181 220 895 254 159 204 125 60 93 Age group Total Neonatal Under 7 days 7-13 days 14-29 days Postneonatal 1 month 2 months 3-4 months 5-6 months 7-8 months 9-11 months

Grupa de vrst

65

2.15
Total

Decese, pe cauze de deces Deaths, by death causes


numr / number

2005 Masculin Male 138461 1925 1454 26292 Feminin Female 123640 664 330 18614

2006 Masculin Male 136264 1902 1398 26597 Feminin Female 121830 610 306 18854

2007 Masculin Male 133405 1746 1331 26753 Feminin Female 118560 629 275 18630

2008 Masculin Feminin Male Female 135410 1832 1341 27705 117792 653 298 18781

2009 Masculin Male 137550 1750 1278 28110 Feminin Female 119663 608 245 19279

2010 Masculin Male 137957 1780 1249 28259 Feminin Female 121766 694 233 19243 Total Infectious and parasitic diseases of which: Tuberculosis Neoplasm Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases of which: Diabete mellitus Mental and behavioural disorders Diseases of the nervous system Diseases of the circulatory system of which: Ischaemic heart disease Cerebrovascular diseases Diseases of the respiratory system Diseases of the digestive system Diseases of the genitourinary system Pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium Certain diseases originating in the perinatal period Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities Injury, poisoning and other consequences of external causes Other causes

Boli infecioase i parazitare din care: Tuberculoz Tumori Boli endocrine, de nutriie i metabolism din care: Diabet zaharat Tulburri mentale i de comportament Boli ale sistemului nervos Boli ale aparatului circulator din care: Boala ischemic a inimii Boli cerebro-vasculare Boli ale aparatului respirator Boli ale aparatului digestiv Boli ale aparatului genito-urinar Sarcin, natere i luzie Unele afeciuni a cror origine se situeaz n perioada perinatal Malformaii congenitale, deformaii i anomalii cromozomiale Leziuni traumatice, otrviri i alte consecine ale cauzelor externe Alte cauze

1018 954 549 1055 77216 28012 25249 8311 9068 1364 -

1230 1169 148 907 85781 26633 30635 5040 5645 1012 37

1020 975 437 977 75982 28030 24585 7840 8658 1343 -

1203 1144 126 882 84344 26587 29956 4833 5547 1023 34

1076 1033 481 1061 73263 27279 22982 7927 8723 1329 -

1306 1256 107 957 81253 25676 28041 4730 5845 965 33

1048 1015 455 1024 72949 27069 22060 7898 9325 1370 -

1230 1191 138 1008 80188 25465 26522 4412 6129 1055 30

1131 1068 457 1083 73559 26687 22273 8223 10112 1343 -

1267 1206 161 990 80982 25588 26534 4669 6345 1122 47

1155 1095 465 1219 73993 27021 22490 8062 10174 1402 -

1419 1355 153 1345 82366 26276 26815 4671 6430 1142 51

761

490

671

483

565

393

551

319

466

336

436 351

279 274

549

451

456

401

430

327

340

309

382

294 9280 2752

9818 535

3223 398

9732 649

3037 453

9343 708

2914 471

9908 1005

2892 648

9510 1424

2675 888 1381 947

Not: Serie actualizat dup Clasificarea Internaional a Maladiilor - Revizia a X-a 1994. Note: Updated series according to the International Classification of Diseases - Revision X, 1994.

66

67

2.16
Total

Decese sub 1 an, pe cauze de deces Deaths under 1 year of age, by cause of death
numr / number

2005 3310 101

2006 3052 95

2007 2574 55

2008 2434 61

2009 2250 46

2010 2078 45

Boli infecioase i parazitare Infectious and parasitic diseases din care: / of which: Diareea i gastroenterita de natur infecioas Diarrhoea and gastro-enteritis of infectious nature Infecia cu meningococi Meningococcus infection Boli ale sistemului nervos Diseases of the nervous system din care: / of which: Meningita Meningitis Encefalita, mielita i encefalomielita Encephalitis, myelitis and encephalo-myelitis Boli ale aparatului respirator Diseases of the respiratory system din care: / of which: Pneumonia Pneumonia Boli ale aparatului digestiv Diseases of the digestive system din care: / of which: Gastrita, enterita i colita neinfecioas Non-infective gastroenteritis and colitis Unele afeciuni a cror origine se situeaz n perioada perinatal Certain diseases originating in the perinatal period din care: / of which: Traumatisme obstetricale Obstetrics traumatisms Hemoragii fetale i neonatale Fetal and neo-natal hemorrhages Malformaii congenitale, deformaii i anomalii cromozomiale Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities din care: / of which: Malformaii congenitale ale aparatului circulator Congenital malformations of the circulatory system Leziuni traumatice, otrviri i alte consecine ale cauzelor externe Injury, poisoning and other consequences of external causes Alte cauze Other causes

59 4 64

52 8 66

22 6 52

34 3 49

20 5 42

24 4 30

25 17 900 878 20

23 15 838 819 35

26 6 733 695 36

15 10 729 708 32

18 6 633 617 37

9 8 602 572 30

15

22

22

25

18

1251

1154

958

870

802

715

31 465 786

19 464 671

14 375 585

8 296 526

5 265 526

8 228 515

379

320

301

280

239

240

127

123

93

105

90

83

61

70

62

62

74

58

Not: Serie actualizat dup Clasificarea Internaional a Maladiilor - Revizia a X-a 1994. Note: Updated series according to the International Classification of Diseases - Revision X, 1994.

68

2.17
Anii Total

Durata medie a vieii, pe sexe i medii Life expectancy, by sex and area
ani / years

Pe sexe / By sex Masculin Male Feminin Female Urban / Urban Total Masculin Male 68,27 68,84 69,38 69,50 69,93 70,29 70,72 70,56 70,52 70,14 69,82 69,77 69,94 70,23 70,46 70,37 70,36 70,06 69,84 70,17 70,25 70,39 70,54 70,01 70,02 70,05 69,84 69,82 70,09 70,58 71,31 71,94 72,02 71,81 72,15 72,53 72,98 73,34 73,76 74,16 74,38 65,79 66,29 66,79 66,98 67,44 67,84 68,23 68,06 67,96 67,41 67,02 66,88 66,90 67,15 67,40 67,20 67,10 66,88 66,69 67,08 67,06 67,02 67,16 66,45 66,36 66,33 66,12 66,16 66,39 66,92 67,84 68,50 68,55 68,24 68,62 69,04 69,56 69,96 70,29 70,58 70,78

Pe medii / By area Rural / Rural Total Masculin Male 64,40 65,17 65,78 65,67 65,27 66,74 66,47 66,71 66,62 66,67 66,21 66,05 66,31 66,30 66,34 66,14 66,14 65,89 65,60 65,65 65,70 65,71 65,45 65,32 65,04 64,70 64,13 63,86 64,16 64,85 65,93 66,57 66,35 66,41 66,67 67,12 67,69 68,13 68,42 68,51 68,45 Feminin Female 68,83 69,61 70,20 70,02 70,60 71,18 71,04 71,28 71,46 71,24 71,03 71,07 71,53 71,65 71,82 71,85 71,98 71,86 71,58 71,60 71,80 72,25 72,29 72,52 72,68 72,66 72,33 72,26 72,58 72,91 73,49 74,17 74,20 74,14 74,41 74,83 75,13 75,50 76,05 76,36 76,54 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Years

Feminin Female 70,67 71,32 71,89 71,96 72,36 72,69 73,15 73,00 73,03 72,83 72,59 72,64 72,95 73,28 73,49 73,54 73,61 73,26 73,03 73,28 73,46 73,83 74,02 73,71 73,83 73,95 73,77 73,66 73,97 74,38 74,86 75,42 75,51 75,42 75,70 76,01 76,34 76,64 77,16 77,67 77,91

1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

67,33 68,00 68,58 68,55 69,08 69,58 69,69 69,76 69,82 69,54 69,21 69,14 69,42 69,60 69,77 69,70 69,74 69,53 69,27 69,42 69,56 69,76 69,78 69,52 69,48 69,40 69,05 68,95 69,24 69,74 70,53 71,19 71,18 71,01 71,32 71,76 72,22 72,61 73,03 73,33 73,47

65,07 65,70 66,27 66,28 66,83 67,29 67,37 67,45 67,42 67,10 66,68 66,53 66,70 66,83 66,98 66,81 66,78 66,55 66,30 66,51 66,56 66,59 66,56 66,06 65,88 65,70 65,30 65,19 65,46 66,05 67,03 67,69 67,61 67,42 67,74 68,19 68,74 69,17 69,49 69,68 69,76

69,51 70,26 70,85 70,77 71,29 71,82 71,97 72,06 72,18 71,98 71,75 71,78 72,17 72,40 72,61 72,65 72,78 72,59 72,32 72,41 72,65 73,05 73,17 73,17 73,32 73,36 73,09 73,00 73,32 73,67 74,20 74,84 74,90 74,78 75,06 75,47 75,80 76,14 76,68 77,09 77,30

66,63 67,41 68,01 67,87 68,46 68,99 68,79 69,03 69,08 68,94 68,59 68,53 68,89 68,94 69,04 68,95 68,99 68,81 68,52 68,55 68,70 68,88 68,75 68,76 68,67 68,46 67,99 67,80 68,11 68,66 69,53 70,20 70,08 70,08 70,34 70,78 71,23 71,64 72,05 72,23 72,26

Not: Durata medie a vieii n anul de referin s-a calculat pe baza numrului populaiei i al deceselor pentru o perioad de trei ani. Note: Life expectancy in the reference year was computed based on population number and on number of deaths during a three years period.

69

2.18

Cstoriile dup grupa de vrst a soilor Marriages by age group of spouses


Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years) Total Sub 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 under 19336 48526 40106 15905 1145 476 97 36 9322 15648 4113 518 7047 24293 20470 3364 1463 6160 10370 5590 271 1382 3432 3941 55 329 874 1324 13 128 435 658 13 63 175 278 4 26 83 125 3 21 57 71 19966 47912 42322 17361 1439 583 138 49 9296 14770 3914 577 7083 24234 22156 3766 1690 6493 11116 6427 337 1342 3619 4319 71 283 785 1197 27 112 342 611 14 52 161 252 4 28 58 108 5 15 33 55 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste and over 865 2 3 5 7 14 30 85 719 941 3 2 5 6 2 10 45 85 783 1836 1 3 2 2 5 27 56 153 1587 936 1 1 6 4 11 43 92 778 816 1 4 7 16 43 88 657

Grupa de vrst a soului (ani) Age group of husband (years) 2005 Total Sub / under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2006 Total Sub / under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2007 Total Sub / under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2008 Total Sub / under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2009 Total Sub / under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over

141832 1773 29764 56000 25464 12532 5371 4159 2813 1760 2196 146637 2249 28747 58111 27924 13516 5173 4014 2887 1801 2215 189240 3168 36301 69336 38548 18664 7327 5432 4090 2942 3432 149439 1786 28192 55749 32071 13532 6717 3960 3138 2038 2256 134275 1486 26426 49752 29976 11776 6024 3031 2412 1581 1811

8538 8 121 684 1545 2782 1683 990 449 164 112 9299 27 129 738 1790 3089 1702 1009 494 195 126

3181 5 26 92 238 501 698 830 472 201 118 3309 8 34 86 296 578 709 827 462 202 107 4708 11 75 314 803 1155 1370 672 209 99 4680 1 21 116 374 897 1202 1001 669 261 138 4267 1 11 98 384 793 1220 902 537 211 110

2672 3 11 39 64 173 298 753 711 342 278 2707 3 17 27 76 171 301 751 739 388 234 3692 7 8 71 229 401 1059 1170 526 221 2603 17 75 171 350 646 749 380 215 1973 3 12 54 130 254 468 577 317 158

1808 2 3 6 19 38 84 278 498 470 410 1806 2 5 17 23 40 98 251 512 464 394 3051 1 13 68 101 384 927 1019 538 2041 1 5 13 29 107 282 629 566 409 1591 6 11 28 87 192 497 421 349

895 1 2 3 12 7 19 60 124 260 407 1014 2 2 8 15 25 74 156 269 463 1904 4 6 11 22 92 255 696 818 1161 3 10 19 62 156 375 536 897 1 4 7 13 45 136 307 384

25143 60296 52241 24013 12356 2376 703 72 12 4 12722 18881 4048 521 110 7806 29924 26356 4425 735 1865 8771 15889 9451 2166 314 1608 4535 6698 4396 47 262 866 1800 2668 9 86 284 687 1434 38 113 282 574 3 12 56 91 180 1 11 22 46 89 15671 51201 42153 19749 1162 559 52 7 7930 16378 3302 487 4990 24696 21414 3894 1330 7801 12662 7928 205 1353 3333 4611 36 290 921 1770 6 68 290 612 8 34 125 264 2 17 29 122 2 5 25 54 13230 48181 37720 17933 988 457 30 7 7008 15824 3050 445 3932 22694 18946 3554 1089 7521 11666 7614 169 1323 2885 4011 35 262 815 1504 4 52 197 476 1 29 76 209 2 9 32 64 2 10 23 49 9244 5 72 617 1884 2917 2018 982 461 194 94 7667 3 85 509 1632 2426 1827 679 307 130 69

70

2.18

Cstoriile dup grupa de vrst a soilor - continuare Marriages by age group of spouses - continued
Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years) Total Sub 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 under 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste and over

Grupa de vrst a soului (ani) Age group of husband (years) 2010 Total Sub / under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over

115778 872 21266 43390 27094 10664 5583 2336 1790 1309 1474

9748 41034 34120 16122 571 267 27 5 5195 13058 2590 342 3003 19492 17208 3128 832 6622 10651 7069 117 1264 2677 3594 22 247 697 1401 1 52 152 340 5 11 68 156 16 32 52 2 5 18 35

6890 1 68 455 1551 2196 1665 520 256 115 63

3813 7 86 324 671 1226 728 428 237 106

1552 1 5 12 33 111 239 370 394 248 139

1155 1 4 10 23 70 138 347 319 243

737 1 1 9 15 27 95 235 354

607 1 1 2 1 8 30 55 509

2.19
Starea civil a soului 2005 Total Necstorit Divorat Vduv 2006 Total Necstorit Divorat Vduv 2007 Total Necstorit Divorat Vduv 2008 Total Necstorit Divorat Vduv 2009 Total Necstorit Divorat Vduv 2010 Total Necstorit Divorat Vduv

Cstoriile dup starea civil a soilor nainte de cstorie Marriages by previous marital status of spouses
Starea civil a soiei / Marital status of wife Total Necstorit Unmarried Divorat Divorced Vduv Widow Marital status of husband 2005 Total Unmarried Divorced Widower 2006 Total Unmarried Divorced Widower 2007 Total Unmarried Divorced Widower 2008 Total Unmarried Divorced Widower 2009 Total Unmarried Divorced Widower 2010 Total Unmarried Divorced Widower

141832 119219 20697 1916 146637 123635 21053 1949 189240 167286 20047 1907 149439 127286 20407 1746 134275 116162 16863 1250 115778 99887 14801 1090

121038 110893 9737 408 124680 114573 9701 406 168132 158237 9448 447 128578 118600 9616 362 116824 108298 8205 321 100409 92843 7298 268

18389 7615 9934 840 19420 8306 10293 821 18510 8212 9538 760 18395 7917 9728 750 15582 7247 7821 514 13809 6546 6793 470

2405 711 1026 668 2537 756 1059 722 2598 837 1061 700 2466 769 1063 634 1869 617 837 415 1560 498 710 352

71

2.20
Anul i mediul Year and area

Vrsta medie la cstorie i vrsta medie la prima cstorie, pe medii Average age at marriage and average age at first marriage, by area
ani / years

Vrsta medie la cstorie Average age at marriage So Husband Soie Wife 27,1 28,0 25,3 27,2 28,1 25,6 27,7 28,1 27,3 27,7 28,4 26,4 27,5 28,2 26,2 27,6 28,4 26,1

Vrsta medie la prima cstorie Average age at first marriage So Husband 28,5 28,9 27,9 28,6 28,9 28,1 29,8 29,2 30,4 29,1 29,3 28,7 29,1 29,4 28,5 29,1 29,6 28,4 Soie Wife 25,2 26,1 23,5 25,3 26,2 23,7 26,3 26,4 26,2 25,9 26,6 24,5 25,8 26,6 24,4 26,0 26,9 24,3

2005 Total Urban Rural 2006 Total Urban Rural 2007 Total Urban Rural 2008 Total Urban Rural 2009 Total Urban Rural 2010 Total Urban Rural

30,7 31,3 29,7 30,8 31,2 29,9 31,3 31,2 31,4 31,2 31,5 30,5 30,9 31,2 30,2 30,9 31,4 30,1

2.21

Divorurile dup grupa de vrst a soilor Divorces by age group of spouses


Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years) Total Sub 20 20-24 and over 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste and over

Grupa de vrst a soului (ani) Age group of husband (years) 2005 Total Sub / Under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over

33193 30 1077 5268 7116 7117 3998 3792 2457 1189 1149

465 10 186 192 59 11 5 1 1

3463 8 612 1829 767 183 42 12 6 3 1

7297 6 217 2585 3056 1094 212 81 28 10 8

6943 4 40 538 2591 2922 582 191 51 14 10

6078 1 17 96 550 2552 1860 774 159 42 27

3259 1 3 18 68 283 1042 1347 393 74 30

2660 4 12 54 185 1126 972 241 66

1701 2 6 9 14 62 221 713 458 216

737 1 3 6 35 106 286 300

590 3 1 2 5 28 61 490

72

2.21

Divorurile dup grupa de vrst a soilor - continuare Divorces by age group of spouses - continued
Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years) Total Sub 20 20-24 and over 524 20 183 231 67 13 6 1 3 526 16 188 216 76 23 6 1 442 11 180 164 62 21 2 1 1 278 6 119 93 48 10 2 202 5 78 80 29 8 2 3267 16 560 1686 750 186 36 16 9 7 1 3381 13 481 1725 887 200 50 14 6 4 1 3462 4 556 1636 961 227 47 16 8 2 5 3235 9 566 1455 931 200 53 11 4 2 4 3298 4 589 1460 947 243 39 10 4 2 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste and over 542 1 1 2 2 2 5 25 44 460 631 1 10 28 69 523 691 1 4 6 25 62 593 605 2 4 4 10 26 65 494 647 2 1 7 26 81 530

Grupa de vrst a soului (ani) Age group of husband (years) 2006 Total Sub / Under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2007 Total Sub / Under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2008 Total Sub / Under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2009 Total Sub / Under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2010 Total Sub / Under 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over

32672 47 1016 4893 7015 7324 3900 3691 2518 1212 1056 36308 41 910 4836 7707 8487 4455 4057 2994 1591 1230 35685 19 944 4429 7497 7428 5506 3991 2971 1599 1301 32341 15 873 3829 6820 6342 5594 3444 2738 1521 1165 32632 9 851 3604 6891 6599 6051 3207 2645 1572 1203

6833 4 199 2306 3022 1021 176 63 25 13 4 7158 9 173 2265 3201 1180 221 65 22 15 7 6537 2 134 2010 2989 1028 265 63 26 10 10 5820 126 1741 2669 931 258 61 18 11 5 5618 132 1568 2636 981 238 37 14 8 4

7003 6 43 538 2558 2957 596 216 63 13 13 7856 3 40 510 2897 3344 709 236 77 29 11 7572 2 53 499 2848 2956 915 177 73 35 14 6860 40 433 2590 2587 908 201 66 25 10 7069 33 383 2607 2790 1012 168 51 11 14

6505 1 21 103 508 2803 1971 805 213 53 27 7300 23 91 526 3226 2115 936 263 81 39 6741 13 82 509 2653 2381 786 222 66 29 5782 15 69 467 2091 2314 559 190 55 22 5805 12 75 539 2056 2345 531 173 52 22

3009 4 10 71 274 902 1261 377 82 28 3696 17 82 410 1123 1490 476 77 21 4571 6 23 97 469 1661 1625 551 108 31 4620 3 25 84 434 1807 1543 572 117 35 5015 6 20 106 455 2134 1520 575 157 42

2617 4 12 24 53 154 1061 1020 219 70 2826 3 8 27 74 190 1058 1131 267 68 2747 10 18 56 173 1044 1098 278 70 2411 4 4 22 62 176 840 982 261 60 2349 15 17 48 223 751 953 272 70

1632 1 4 10 13 43 229 674 487 171 1967 2 2 8 22 37 214 845 642 195 1964 2 5 8 13 43 230 821 646 196 1807 5 7 17 62 183 751 601 181 1673 2 5 14 47 148 709 569 179

740 2 3 2 14 34 109 294 282 967 2 3 8 3 33 146 407 365 958 5 4 15 43 147 392 352 923 2 2 6 10 36 129 384 354 956 1 1 3 4 10 35 140 420 342

73

2.22
Anii Years 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Divorurile dup numrul copiilor minori rmai prin desfacerea cstoriei Divorces by number of under age children remained through marriage dissolution
Cu 5 copii i peste With 5 children and over 81 65 57 65 69 65

Total

Fr copii Without children 16485 16558 18929 18910 17410 16922

Cu 1 copil With 1 child 12249 11878 12825 12166 10616 11299

Cu 2 copii With 2 children 3725 3544 3851 3881 3653 3727

Cu 3 copii With 3 children 517 481 524 539 473 496

Cu 4 copii With 4 children 136 146 122 124 120 123

33193 32672 36308 35685 32341 32632

2.23
Anii Years

Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, pe medii i sexe Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing, by area and sex
numr persoane / number of persons

Sosii / In-migrants Total n urban In urban area n rural In rural area Total 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 272604 334025 374156 389254 330672 458995 136840 176100 175666 185948 166853 236502 135764 157925 198490 203306 163819 222493 272604 334025 374156 389254 330672 458995 Total

Plecai / Out-migrants Din urban From urban area Din rural From rural area

157377 194749 213668 232105 193120 273353

115227 139276 160488 157149 137552 185642

Masculin / Male 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 120924 149980 171118 179569 147712 206919 59910 77747 80190 84227 73752 105139 61014 72233 90928 95342 73960 101780 120924 149980 171118 179569 147712 206919 72921 90605 102448 111512 90274 128979 48003 59375 68670 68057 57438 77940

Feminin / Female 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 151680 184045 203038 209685 182960 252076 76930 98353 95476 101721 93101 131363 74750 85692 107562 107964 89859 120713 151680 184045 203038 209685 182960 252076 84456 104144 111220 120593 102846 144374 67224 79901 91818 89092 80114 107702

74

2.24

Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, pe grupe de vrst i medii Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing, by age group and area
numr persoane / number of persons

Sosii / In-migrants Grupa de vrst (ani) Age group (years) 2005 Total pn la / under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2006 Total pn la / under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2007 Total pn la / under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2008 Total pn la / under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over Total n urban In urban area n rural In rural area Total

Plecai / Out-migrants Din urban From urban area Din rural From rural area

272604 44573 21593 40152 39879 34071 23553 14846 15087 13829 8584 16437

136840 19542 9562 21338 24073 19537 12775 6811 6043 5335 3432 8392

135764 25031 12031 18814 15806 14534 10778 8035 9044 8494 5152 8045

272604 44573 21593 40152 39879 34071 23553 14846 15087 13829 8584 16437

157377 20894 10583 20701 22293 18198 14462 9868 11243 10866 6693 11576

115227 23679 11010 19451 17586 15873 9091 4978 3844 2963 1891 4861

334025 56037 25075 48966 53245 41300 28956 15761 16673 16182 11401 20429

176100 25461 11643 28060 34533 24524 16127 7455 6898 6398 4486 10515

157925 30576 13432 20906 18712 16776 12829 8306 9775 9784 6915 9914

334025 56037 25075 48966 53245 41300 28956 15761 16673 16182 11401 20429

194749 26494 11628 25341 31535 23165 17614 10269 12169 12659 9089 14786

139276 29543 13447 23625 21710 18135 11342 5492 4504 3523 2312 5643

374156 62465 27147 53799 56207 45282 31334 18033 17325 18508 15105 28951

175666 25787 11179 27965 33648 25175 15946 7857 6237 6019 4699 11154

198490 36678 15968 25834 22559 20107 15388 10176 11088 12489 10406 17797

374156 62465 27147 53799 56207 45282 31334 18033 17325 18508 15105 28951

213668 28329 11861 26608 32613 25258 18378 11569 12416 14357 11956 20323

160488 34136 15286 27191 23594 20024 12956 6464 4909 4151 3149 8628

389254 67366 25678 55310 56420 48096 31303 21667 16904 19651 16546 30313

185948 29033 10939 29730 34331 26678 15803 9871 6423 6510 5192 11438

203306 38333 14739 25580 22089 21418 15500 11796 10481 13141 11354 18875

389254 67366 25678 55310 56420 48096 31303 21667 16904 19651 16546 30313

232105 32902 11656 28588 34637 29480 19232 14369 12177 15241 13087 20736

157149 34464 14022 26722 21783 18616 12071 7298 4727 4410 3459 9577

75

2.24

Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, pe grupe de vrst i medii - continuare Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing, by age group and area - continued
numr persoane / number of persons

Sosii / In-migrants Grupa de vrst (ani) Age group (years) 2009 Total pn la / under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over 2010 Total pn la / under 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste / and over Total n urban In urban area n rural In rural area Total

Plecai / Out-migrants Din urban From urban area Din rural From rural area

330672 66116 22618 52262 47459 41186 24594 18631 11897 14257 11545 20107 458995 92863 33694 69711 65961 57466 35302 27992 15770 18217 15960 26059

166853 28895 9725 28983 29757 23765 12803 9071 4983 5504 4459 8908 236502 40674 15018 38630 41835 34091 18985 14113 6945 7467 6537 12207

163819 37221 12893 23279 17702 17421 11791 9560 6914 8753 7086 11199 222493 52189 18676 31081 24126 23375 16317 13879 8825 10750 9423 13852

330672 66116 22618 52262 47459 41186 24594 18631 11897 14257 11545 20107 458995 92863 33694 69711 65961 57466 35302 27992 15770 18217 15960 26059

193120 32586 9700 26749 29535 25554 15141 12359 8478 10903 8865 13250 273353 46342 14730 36159 42406 36681 22485 18813 11400 14028 12528 17781

137552 33530 12918 25513 17924 15632 9453 6272 3419 3354 2680 6857 185642 46521 18964 33552 23555 20785 12817 9179 4370 4189 3432 8278

2.25
Total

Structura fluxurilor migraiei interne urbane i rurale, determinate de schimbarea domiciliului Structure of urban and rural internal migration flows determined by permanent residence changing
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Numr persoane / Number of persons 272604 60195 76645 55032 80732 334025 75275 100825 64001 93924 374156 80235 95431 80253 118237 389254 78671 107277 78478 124828 330672 70246 96607 67306 96513 458995 96201 140301 89441 133052 Din rural n urban From rural to urban Din urban n urban From urban to urban Din rural n rural From rural to rural Din urban n rural From urban to rural Total Din rural n urban From rural to urban Din urban n urban From urban to urban Din rural n rural From rural to rural Din urban n rural From urban to rural

Rate la 1000 locuitori / Rates per 1000 inhabitants 12,6 5,1 6,5 5,6 8,3 15,5 6,3 8,5 6,6 9,7 17,4 6,8 8,1 8,3 12,2 18,1 6,7 9,1 8,1 12,9 15,4 6,0 8,2 8,3 10,0 21,4 8,2 11,9 9,3 13,8

76

2.26
Total Masculin Feminin

Emigranii, pe sexe i grupe de vrst (cetenii romni care i-au stabilit domiciliul n strintate) Emigrants, by sex and age group (Romanian citizens who settled their permanent residence abroad)
numr persoane / number of persons

2005 10938 4110 6828

2006 14197 5341 8856

2007 8830 3088 5742

2008 8739 3069 5670

2009 10211 3768 6443

2010 7906 2917 4989 Total Male Female

Pe grupe de vrst / By age group Sub 18 ani 18-25 ani 26-40 ani 41-50 ani 51-60 ani 61 ani i peste 765 1408 6359 1355 545 506 963 1726 8198 1782 839 689 1003 1062 4979 982 460 344 1214 1107 4722 974 445 277 1316 1270 5351 1393 522 359 1062 1074 3955 1156 406 253 Under 18 years 18-25 years 26-40 years 41-50 years 51-60 years 61 years and over

2.27
Total

Emigranii, dup naionalitate i ara de destinaie (cetenii romni care i-au stabilit domiciliul n strintate) Emigrants, by nationality and country of destination (Romanian citizens who settled their permanent residence abroad)
numr persoane / number of persons

2005 10938

2006 14197

2007 8830

2008 8739

2009 10211

2010 7906 Total

Dup naionalitate / By nationality (ethnic group) Romni Germani Maghiari Evrei Alte naionaliti 10301 93 460 48 36 13296 85 693 54 69 8589 12 167 21 41 8485 18 194 27 15 10052 15 103 27 14 7834 8 42 8 14 Romanians Germans Hungarians Jews Other nationalities

Dup ara de destinaie / By country of destination Australia Austria Canada Frana Germania Grecia Israel Italia Spania S.U.A. Suedia Ucraina Ungaria Alte ri 78 421 1220 343 2196 114 64 2731 139 1679 29 9 1013 902 125 581 1655 529 3110 134 128 3393 330 1982 37 19 900 1274 83 313 1787 372 1902 72 57 1401 138 1535 2 2 266 900 82 345 1738 431 1788 85 50 1098 238 1591 7 1 354 931 128 421 2045 576 1938 124 111 984 547 1793 15 2 331 1196 81 569 858 405 1399 133 62 844 882 1086 17 14 266 1290 Australia Austria Canada France Germany Greece Israel Italy Spain U.S.A. Sweden Ukraine Hungary Other countries

77

2.28
Total Masculin Feminin

Imigranii, pe sexe i grupe de vrst (ceteni strini care i-au stabilit domiciliul n Romnia) Immigrants, by sex and age group (foreign citizens who settled their permanent residence in Romania)
numr persoane / number of persons

2005 3704 2117 1587

2006 7714 4762 2952

2007 9575 5871 3704

2008 10030 6041 3989

2009 8606 5177 3429

2010 7059 4242 2817 Total Male Female

Pe grupe de vrst / By age group Sub 18 ani 18-25 ani 26-40 ani 41-50 ani 51-60 ani 61 ani i peste 554 426 1410 649 376 289 1083 868 3265 1469 729 300 1434 1002 3755 1880 1004 500 1451 1309 3878 1687 1142 563 1266 1266 3104 1399 977 594 951 975 2382 1264 878 609 Under 18 years 18-25 years 26-40 years 41-50 years 51-60 years 61 years and over

2.29

Imigranii, dup ara de provenien (ceteni strini care i-au stabilit domiciliul n Romnia) Immigrants, by origin country (foreign citizens who settled their permanent residence in Romania)
numr persoane / number of persons

ara de provenien Total Austria Canada R.P. Chinez Frana Germania Irak Iran-Republica Islamica Israel Italia Liban Republica Moldova Siria S.U.A Turcia Ucraina Ungaria Alte ri

2005 3704 76 153 1 117 238 1 7 134 216 11 1917 13 311 33 27 74 375

2006 7714 75 187 362 125 252 121 120 156 313 104 4349 151 292 273 38 103 693

2007 9575 126 271 375 184 423 129 139 239 844 162 4019 228 466 522 75 249 1124

2008 10030 126 334 580 153 526 136 88 204 1290 143 3476 224 581 566 63 368 1172

2009 8606 145 296 462 169 496 111 63 162 1233 94 2847 174 539 402 63 335 1078

2010 7059 111 230 321 149 438 58 45 108 1274 72 1973 135 434 398 39 294 980

Origin country Total Austria Canada China, Peoples Rep. of France Germany Iraq Iran Israel Italy Lebanon Republic of Moldova Syrian Arabian Republic U.S.A. Turkey Ukraine Hungary Other countries

2.30
Anii Years

Migraia internaional determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, pe sexe International migration determined by change of permanent residence, by sex
numr persoane / number of persons

Imigrani Immigrants Total Masculin Male 2117 4762 5871 6041 5177 4242 Feminin Female 1587 2952 3704 3989 3429 2817 Total

Emigrani Emigrants Masculin Male 4110 5341 3088 3069 3768 2917 Feminin Female 6828 8856 5742 5670 6443 4989

Soldul migraiei internaionale Net international migration Total Masculin Male -1993 -579 2783 2972 1409 1325 Feminin Female -5241 -5904 -2038 -1681 -3014 -2172

2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

3704 7714 9575 10030 8606 7059

10938 14197 8830 8739 10211 7906

-7234 -6483 745 1291 -1605 -847

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PIAA FOREI DE MUNC

LABOUR MARKET

CUPRINS TABELE

Pagina Page

TABLES CONTENTS

FORA DE MUNC
3.1 3.2 3.3 Populaia dup participarea la activitatea economic, pe sexe i medii .......................................................... 92 Ratele de activitate, ocupare i omaj BIM, dup nivelul de educaie, pe sexe i medii .................. 93 Structura populaiei ocupate, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe grupe de vrst, n anul 2010 ................................................................ 94 Structura populaiei ocupate, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i dup statutul profesional, n anul 2010 ................................................................ 94 Structura populaiei, dup participarea la activitatea economic, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2010 ......................................... 96 Structura populaiei ocupate, dup nivelul de educaie, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2010 ......................................... 97 Structura populaiei ocupate, pe grupe de ocupaii, grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2010 .............. 98 Structura populaiei ocupate, dup statutul profesional, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2010 .............................................................. 102 Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei naionale ................................................................... 103 Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe forme de proprietate, n anul 2010 ....... 103 Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe ................................ 104 Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe forme de proprietate, clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor i pe sexe ......................................... 105 Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe .................................................. 105 Salariaii, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2010 ............................. 107 Salariaii, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2010 ............................................... 108 omerii nregistrai i rata omajului ........................ 110 Persoanele cuprinse n cursuri de formare profesional ................................................. 110 omerii nregistrai, dup nivelul de educaie i pe grupe de vrst, la 31 decembrie 2010 ............................................... 112 omerii nregistrai, beneficiari de indemnizaii de omaj, pe grupe de vrst i dup durata omajului, la 31 decembrie 2010 .............................. 112 omajul BIM de lung durat, pe sexe i medii ....... 114

LABOUR FORCE
Population by participation in economic activity, by sex and area Activity, employment and ILO unemployment rates, by educational level, sex and area Employment structure, by activity of national economy and by age group, in 2010 Employment structure, by activity of national economy and by status in employment, in 2010 Population structure, by participation in economic activity, by age group, sex and area, in 2010 Employment structure, by educational level, by age group, sex and area, in 2010 Employment structure, by occupation group, age group, sex and area, in 2010 Employment structure, by status in employment, by age group, sex and area, in 2010 Civil employment, by activity of national economy Civil employment, by activity of national economy and by type of ownership, in 2010 Average number of employees, by activity of national economy and by sex Average number of employees, by ownership type, enterprises size class and by sex Average number of employees, by activity of industry and by sex Employees, by activity of national economy and by sex, on December 31, 2010 Employees , by activity of industry and by sex, on December 31, 2010 Registered unemployed and unemployment rate Persons who attend vocational training courses Registered unemployed, by educational level and by age group, on December 31, 2010 Registered unemployed, receiving unemployment indemnities, by age group and by unemployment duration, on December 31, 2010 ILO long term unemployed, by sex and area

3.4

3.5

3.6

3.7 3.8

3.9 3.10 3.11 3.12

3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18

3.19

3.20

80

Pagina Page
CONDIII DE MUNC 3.21 3.22 3.23 3.24 3.25 3.26 3.27 Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2010 ............................ 115 Revendicrile care au declanat conflicte de interese . ............................................................... 119 Conflictele de interese i frecvena lor lunar .......... 120 Greve declanate, cu respectarea procedurii prevzute n Legea nr. 168 / 1999 ............................ 120 Conflictele de interese, pe activiti ale economiei naionale ................................................................... 122 Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe activiti ale economiei naionale.......................... 126 Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe grupe majore de ocupaii ...................................... 126 WORKING CONDITIONS Number of injured at work, by activity of national economy, in 2010 Claims which caused conflicts of interest Conflicts of interest and their monthly frequency Strikes initiated by observing the procedure provided by Law no. 168 / 1999 Conflicts of interest, by activity of national economy Rate of vacancies, by activity of national economy Rate of vacancies, by major occupation groups

Teritorial 3.28 3.29 Populaia dup participarea la activitatea economic, n profil teritorial, pe sexe i medii ................ Ratele de activitate, ocupare i omaj BIM, n profil teritorial, dup nivelul de educaie, pe sexe i medii, n anul 2010 ......................................... Structura populaiei, dup participarea la activitatea economic, n profil teritorial, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2010 .............................................. Structura populaiei ocupate, n profil teritorial, dup nivelul de educaie, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2010 .............................................. Structura populaiei ocupate, n profil teritorial, dup statutul profesional, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2010 .............................................. Structura populaiei ocupate, n profil teritorial, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe grupe de vrst, n anul 2010 ..................................... Populaia ocupat civil, n profil teritorial i pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2010 ..................................................................... Numrul mediu al salariailor, n profil teritorial ................ Numrul mediu al salariailor, n profil teritorial i pe sexe ......................................................................... Numrul mediu al salariailor, n profil teritorial i pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2010 ..................................................................... omerii nregistrai i rata omajului, n profil teritorial, la 31 decembrie 2010 ........................... omerii nregistrai, n profil teritorial, pe categorii de personal i nivel de educaie, la 31 decembrie 2010 ....................................................... omajul BIM de lung durat, n profil teritorial, pe sexe i medii ................................................................

Territorial Population by participation in economic activity, at territorial level, by sex and area Activity, employment and ILO unemployment rates, at territorial level, by educational level, by sex and area, in 2010 Population structure, by participation in economic activity, at territorial level, by age group, sex and area, in 2010 Employment structure, at territorial level, by educational level, by age group, sex and area, in 2010 Employment structure, at territorial level, by status in employment, by age group, sex and area, in 2010 Employment structure, at territorial level, by activity of national economy and by age group, in 2010 Civil employment, at territorial level and by activity of national economy, in 2010 Average number of employees, at territorial level Average number of employees, at territorial level and by sex Average number of employees, at territorial level and by activity of national economy, in 2010 Registered unemployed and unemployment rate, at territorial level, on December 31, 2010 Registered unemployed, at territorial level, by category of personnel and educational level, on December 31, 2010 ILO long term unemployed, at territorial level, by sex and area

3.30

3.31

3.32

3.33

3.34

3.35 3.36 3.37

3.38 3.39

3.40

81

3.41

3.42 3.43 3.44

Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n profil teritorial, n anul 2010 ...................................................................... Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe grupe majore de ocupaii, n profil teritorial, n anul 2010 ..................... Numrul accidentailor n munc, n profil teritorial, n anul 2010 ..................................................................... Conflictele de interese, n profil teritorial, n anul 2010 .....................................................................

Rate of vacancies, by activity of national economy, at territorial level, in 2010 Rate of vacancies, by major occupation groups, at territorial level, in 2010 Number of injured at work, at territorial level, in 2010 Conflicts of interest, at territorial level, in 2010

SURSA DATELOR
Cercetri statistice: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii, pentru datele privind populaia ocupat i omajul BIM (definit conform criteriilor Biroului Internaional al Muncii); Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc n unitile economico-sociale, pentru datele referitoare la numrul salariailor (conform Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 530/1999 privind statisticile structurii ctigurilor salariale i costului forei de munc); Cercetarea statistic trimestrial asupra locurilor de munc vacante, pentru datele referitoare la rata locurilor de munc vacante (conform Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 453/2008 privind statisticile referitoare la locurile de munc vacante); Balana forei de munc, pentru datele privind populaia ocupat civil pe activiti ale economiei naionale, pe forme de proprietate i pe judee. Surse administrative: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc, pentru datele privind omajul nregistrat i numrul persoanelor cuprinse n cursuri de calificare i recalificare; Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale, pentru datele privind condiiile de munc.

DATA SOURCE Statistical surveys: Household labour force statistical survey, for data on employment and ILO unemployment (defined according to the International Labour Office criteria); Labour cost survey carried out in economic and social units, for data regarding the number of employees (according to the Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council no.530/1999 regarding statistics of earnings and labour cost structures); Quarterly job vacancy survey, for data related to rate of vacancies (according to the Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council no.453/2008 regarding statistics of vacancies); Labour force balance, for data on civil employment by activity of national economy, by type of ownership and by county. Administrative sources: National Agency for Employment, for data on the number of registered unemployment and the number of persons who attend qualification and requalification courses; Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection, for data on working conditions.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE FORA DE MUNC


Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) este conceput ca o surs important de informaii intercenzitare asupra forei de munc; ancheta furnizeaz, ntr-o manier coerent, date eseniale asupra principalelor segmente de populaie (activ - ocupat i n omaj - inactiv), cu numeroase posibiliti de corelare i structurare dup caracteristici demo - socio economice diverse, n condiii de comparabilitate internaional. ncepnd cu anul 1996, ancheta forei de munc n gospodrii se realizeaz trimestrial, ca o cercetare

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES LABOUR FORCE


Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) is conceived as an important source of inter-census information about labour force; the survey provides, in a coherent way, essential data about main population segments (economically active - employed and unemployed - non-economically active), with numerous possibilities of correlation and structuring by demo-socioeconomical features, under international comparability conditions. Beginning with 1996, household labour force survey is quarterly carried out, as a continuous survey,

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continu, permind astfel obinerea de date conjuncturale asupra mrimii i structurii ofertei de for de munc i evidenierea fenomenelor cu caracter sezonier care se manifest pe piaa forei de munc. Din anul 2004, volumul eantionului pe care se realizeaz ancheta este de 28080 locuine/trimestru. Datele anuale se calculeaz ca medii aritmetice ale datelor trimestriale. Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc este o cercetare statistic anual complex care furnizeaz elementele necesare efecturii unor analize privind evoluia diferitelor componente ale costului forei de munc i corelaiile dintre ele, oferind, totodat, elementele necesare calculului mrimii brute i nete, lunare i orare, a ctigului salarial structurat pe activiti ale economiei naionale, forme de proprietate, forme juridice, categorii de salariai, sexe, regiuni de dezvoltare i judee. Se realizeaz pe un eantion de circa 26200 de operatori economici i sociali, aparinnd tuturor claselor de mrime a ntreprinderii, indiferent de numrul de salariai. Sunt excluse forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). Cercetarea statistic asupra locurilor de munc vacante este o cercetare statistic selectiv trimestrial, avnd ca perioad de referin luna de mijloc a trimestrului, furnizeaz elementele necesare calculrii ratei trimestriale a locurilor de munc vacante. Cercetarea statistic se realizeaz pe un eantion de circa 25000 de ntreprinderi/uniti locale. Sunt excluse forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). Balana forei de munc este o lucrare care se realizeaz pe baza informaiilor din mai multe surse de date: statistica demografic; cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc; cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO); surse administrative. Populaia ocupat civil cuprinde, potrivit metodologiei balanei forei de munc, toate persoanele care, n anul de referin, au desfurat o activitate economico-social aductoare de venit, cu excepia cadrelor militare i a persoanelor asimilate acestora (personalul din Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Administraiei i Internelor, Serviciul Romn de Informaii), a salariailor organizaiilor politice, obteti i a deinuilor. Populaia activ (persoanele active) - din punct de vedere economic - cuprinde toate persoanele de 15 ani i peste, care furnizeaz fora de munc disponibil pentru producia de bunuri i servicii; include populaia ocupat i omerii BIM. Populaia ocupat cuprinde, conform metodologiei Cercetrii statistice asupra forei de munc n gospodrii, toate persoanele de 15 ani i peste, care au desfurat o activitate economic productoare de 1) bunuri sau servicii de cel puin o or n perioada de referin (o sptmn), n scopul obinerii unor venituri sub form de salarii, plat n natur sau alte beneficii.
1)

resulting in short-term data on the labour force size and structure and pointing out seasonal phenomena taking place on the labour market. Since 2004, the sample volume is of 28080 dwellings/quarter. The yearly data are calculated as quartely data arithmetic means.

Labour cost survey is a complex yearly statistical survey which provides the necessary elements for the analysis on the evolution of various components of labour cost and correlations among them, offering, as well, the necessary elements for the calculation of net and gross size, monthly and hourly, of the earnings structured by national economy activity, ownership type, legal form, employees category, sex, development region and county. It is achieved on a sample of about 26200 economic and social operators, from all enterprise size classes, irrespective of employees number. There are excluded armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.). Job vacancy survey is a quarterly statistical sample survey, having as reference period the quarter middle month; it provides the necessary elements for the calculation of vacancies quarterly rate. It is carried out on a sample of about 25000 enterprises / local units. There are excluded armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.) Labour force balance is a paper drawn up based on the information from several data sources: demographic statistics, labour cost survey; household labour force survey (HLFS); administrative sources. Civil employment includes, according to the methodology used for the labour force balance, all persons who, during the reference year, carried out a socio-economic lucrative activity, excepting military staff and similar (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service staff), political and community organisations employees and the convicts. Economically active population (active persons) comprises all persons aged 15 years and over, providing available labour force for the production of goods and services; it includes employed population and ILO unemployed. Employment includes, according to the methodology of Household labour force survey all persons aged 15 years and over, who carried out an economic activity producing goods or services of at least 1) one hour during the reference period (one week) in order to get income as salaries, payment in kind or other benefits.

Pentru lucrtorii pe cont propriu i lucrtorii familiali neremunerai care lucreaz n agricultur, durata minim este de 15 ore. For self-employed and contributing family workers who work in agriculture, minimum duration is 15 hours.

83

omerii BIM, conform criteriilor Biroului Internaional al Muncii (BIM), sunt persoanele de 15-74 ani, care n perioada de referin ndeplinesc simultan urmtoarele condiii: nu au loc de munc i nu desfoar o activitate n scopul obinerii unor venituri; sunt n cutarea unui loc de munc, utiliznd n ultimele patru sptmni diferite metode active pentru a-l gsi (nscrierea la agenii de ocupare a forei de munc sau la agenii particulare de plasare, aciuni pentru nceperea unei activiti pe cont propriu, publicarea de anunuri, apel la prieteni, rude, colegi, sindicate etc.); sunt disponibile s nceap lucrul n urmtoarele dou sptmni, dac s-ar gsi imediat un loc de munc. Rata de activitate reprezint raportul dintre populaia activ i populaia total n vrst de 15-64 ani, exprimat procentual. Rata de ocupare reprezint raportul dintre populaia ocupat i populaia total n vrst de 15-64 ani, exprimat procentual. Rata omajului BIM reprezint raportul dintre numrul omerilor BIM i populaia activ, exprimat procentual. Rata omajului BIM de lung durat reprezint ponderea omerilor aflai n omaj de 12 luni i peste n populaia activ. Rata omajului BIM de lung durat pentru tineri (15-24 ani) reprezint ponderea omerilor tineri aflai n omaj de 6 luni i peste n populaia activ tnr. Incidena omajului BIM de lung durat reprezint ponderea omerilor aflai n omaj de 12 luni i peste n total omeri. Incidena omajului BIM de lung durat pentru tineri (15-24 ani) reprezint ponderea omerilor tineri aflai n omaj de 6 luni i peste n total omeri tineri. Statutul profesional reprezint situaia unei persoane ocupate, n funcie de modul de obinere a veniturilor prin exercitarea unei activiti i anume: salariat, persoana care-i exercit activitatea pe baza unui contract de munc ntr-o unitate economic sau social - indiferent de forma ei de proprietate - sau la persoane particulare, n schimbul unei remuneraii sub form de salariu, pltit n bani sau natur, sub form de comision etc.; patron, persoana care-i exercit ocupaia (meseria) n propria sa unitate (ntreprindere, agenie, atelier, magazin, birou, ferm etc.), pentru a crei activitate are angajai unul sau mai muli salariai; lucrtor pe cont propriu, persoana care-i exercit activitatea n unitatea proprie sau ntr-o afacere individual, fr a angaja nici un salariat, fiind ajutat, sau nu, de membrii familiei, neremunerai;

ILO unemployed, according to International Labour Office (ILO) criteria, are persons aged 15-74 years who, during the reference period, simultaneously meet the following conditions: have no job and are not carrying out any activity in order to get income; are looking for a job, undertaking certain actions during the last four weeks (registering at employment agencies, or private agencies for placement, attempts for starting an activity on own account, publishing notices, asking for a job among friends, relatives, mates, trade unions a.s.o.); are available to start work within the next two weeks, if they immediately find a job. Activity rate represents the ratio between active population and total population aged 15-64 years expressed as percentage. Employment rate represents the ratio between employed population and total population aged 15-64 years expressed as percentage. ILO unemployment rate represents the ratio between the number of ILO unemployed and active population expressed as percentage. Long term ILO unemployment rate represents the weight of unemployed for 12 months and over in active population. Long term ILO unemployment rate for young people (aged 15-24 years) represents the weight of young unemployed for 6 months and over in young active population. Incidence of long term ILO unemployment represents the weight of unemployed for 12 months and over in total unemployed. Incidence of long term ILO unemployment for young people (aged 15-24 years) represents the weight of young unemployed for six months and over in total young unemployed. Status in employment represents the situation of an employed person, depending on the way of achieving income from his activity, namely: employee, a person who carries out his activity based on an employment contract into an economic or social unit - no matter of its ownership type - or for private persons, for a remuneration as salary, in cash or in kind, as commission a.s.o.;

employer, a person who carries out his occupation (trade) in his own unit (enterprise, agency, workshop, shop, office, farm a.s.o.) for whose activity he has one or several employees; self-employed, a person who carries out his activity in his own unit or in an individual business, without hiring any employee, being helped, or not, by contributing family workers;

84

lucrtor familial neremunerat, persoana care-i exercit activitatea ntr-o unitate economic familial condus de un membru al familiei sau o rud, pentru care nu primete remuneraie sub form de salariu sau plat n natur; gospodria rneasc (agricol) este considerat o astfel de unitate; membru al unei societi agricole sau al unei cooperative neagricole, persoana care a lucrat fie ca proprietar de teren agricol ntr-o societate agricol constituit conform legii, fie ca membru al unei cooperative meteugreti, de consum sau de credit. Numrul mediu al salariailor reprezint o medie aritmetic simpl rezultat din suma efectivelor zilnice ale salariailor, inclusiv din zilele de repaus sptmnal, srbtori legale i alte zile nelucrtoare mprit la numrul total al zilelor calendaristice (365 zile). n efectivul zilnic al salariailor luat n calculul numrului mediu, nu se cuprind: salariaii aflai n concedii fr plat, n grev, detaai la lucru n strintate. n zilele de repaus sptmnal, srbtori legale i alte zile nelucrtoare se ia n calcul ca efectiv zilnic numrul salariailor din ziua precedent, mai puin cei al cror contract/raport a ncetat n aceast zi. Salariaii care nu au fost angajai cu norm ntreag s-au inclus n numrul mediu proporional cu timpul de lucru prevzut n contractul de munc. ncepnd cu anul 2003 din efectivele zilnice luate n calculul numrului mediu au fost exclui salariaii al cror contract de munc/raport de serviciu a fost suspendat, conform Legii nr.53/2003 Codul muncii, art. 49-54, privind Suspendarea contractului individual de munc i Legii nr.161/2003 referitor la suspendarea raportului de serviciu (exemple: concediu de maternitate, concediu pentru incapacitate temporar de munc, exercitarea unei funcii n cadrul unei autoriti executive, legislative ori judectoreti pe toat durata mandatului .a.). Numrul salariailor la 31 decembrie (efectivul salariailor) reprezint numrul de salariai angajai cu contract individual de munc pe durat determinat sau nedeterminat, n program complet sau parial (inclusiv cei cu contract de munc/raport de serviciu suspendat) existeni n evidenele ntreprinderii la sfritul anului. Nu sunt cuprini salariaii detaai la lucru n strintate i cei care cumuleaz mai multe funcii i nu au funcia de baz la unitatea raportoare. Repartizarea salariailor pe activiti ale economiei naionale s-a realizat dup activitatea omogen a ntreprinderii, iar pe judee n funcie de localitatea n care acetia i desfoar activitatea. omerii nregistrai reprezint persoanele care ndeplinesc cumulativ condiiile prevzute de Legea nr. 76/2002 privind sistemul asigurrilor pentru omaj i stimularea ocuprii forei de munc i care se

contributing family worker, a person who carries out his activity into a family economic unit, run by a member of the family or a relative, for which he gets no remuneration as salary or payment in kind; peasant (agricultural) household is considered such a unit; member of an agricultural holding or of a non-agricultural co-operative, a person who worked either as owner of agricultural land into an agricultural holding set up according to legal provisions, or as a member of a craftsmen, consumption or credit co-operative. Average number of employees represents a simple arithmetic mean resulted from the sum of daily employees number, including from the weekly rest days, legal holidays and other non-working days divided to the total calendar days of the year (365 days). In daily number of employees taken into calculation for average number, there are not included: employees under unpaid leave, on strike, detached to work abroad. In weekends, legal holidays, other days off it is taken into calculation as daily number the number of employees from previous day, less that of those whose labour contract ceased the same day. Employees who were not employed in full time are included in average number of employees, proportionally with the working time from the labour contract. Beginning with 2003 out of the daily total number taken into account when computing the average number excluded the employees whose labour contract/agreement was suspended according to the Law no. 53/2003 - Labour Code, art. 49-54, regarding the Suspension of the individual labour contract and the Law no. 161/2003 regarding suspension of the work agreement (examples: maternity leave, temporarily labour disability leave, exercising a function within an executive, legislative or judiciary authority during duration of the mandate a.s.o.). Number of employees on December 31 (number of employees) represents the number of employees employed with individual labour contract with definite or non-definite duration, with full or part-time (including those with suspended labour contract/agreement) existent in the enterprise records at the end of the year. The employees detached abroad and those who hold more than one position and are not having the main position at the reporting unit are not included. The breakdown of employees by activity of the national economy was carried out according to homogeneous activity of the enterprise and by county according to the locality where they work. Registered unemployed represent persons who fulfill the cumulative conditions stipulated by the Law no.76/2002 regarding the system of unemployment insurance and employment incentives and who register

85

nregistreaz la agenia pentru ocuparea forei de munc n a crei raz teritorial i au domiciliul sau, dup caz, reedina, ori alt furnizor de servicii de ocupare, care funcioneaz n condiiile prevzute de lege, n vederea obinerii unui loc de munc. Conform legislaiei n vigoare, calitatea de omer o are persoana care ndeplinete cumulativ urmtoarele condiii: a) este n cutarea unui loc de munc de la vrsta de minimum 16 ani i pn la ndeplinirea condiiilor de pensionare; b) starea de sntate i capacitile fizice i psihice o fac apt pentru prestarea unei munci; c) nu are loc de munc, nu realizeaz venituri sau realizeaz din activiti autorizate potrivit legii, venituri mai mici dect valoarea indicatorului social de referin definit n textul Legii nr. 76/2002; d) este disponibil s nceap lucrul n perioada imediat urmtoare dac s-ar gsi un loc de munc; Asimilai omerilor sunt: absolvenii instituiilor de nvmnt i absolvenii colilor speciale pentru persoane cu handicap n vrst de minim 16 ani, care, ntr-o perioad de 60 de zile de la absolvire, nu au reuit s se ncadreze n munc potrivit pregtirii profesionale; persoanele care nainte de efectuarea stagiului militar nu au fost ncadrate n munc i care ntr-o perioad de 30 de zile de la data lsrii lor la vatr nu s-au putut ncadra n munc; Rata omajului nregistrat reprezint raportul dintre numrul omerilor (nregistrai la ageniile pentru ocuparea forei de munc) i populaia activ civil (omeri + populaie ocupat civil, definit conform metodologiei balanei forei de munc). Locuri de munc vacante Rata locurilor de munc vacante reprezint raportul dintre numrul locurilor de munc vacante i numrul total al locurilor de munc (ocupate i vacante, exclusiv cele blocate sau destinate numai promovrii n interiorul ntreprinderii sau instituiei), exprimat procentual. Datele medii anuale privind numrul locurilor de munc vacante i numrul total de locuri de munc se calculeaz ca medii aritmetice simple ale datelor trimestriale corespunztoare fiecruia dintre cei doi indicatori. Numrul locurilor de munc vacante include numrul posturilor pltite, nou create, neocupate, sau care vor deveni vacante, pentru care: angajatorul ntreprinde aciuni concrete spre a gsi un candidat potrivit pentru ocuparea postului respectiv (exemple de aciuni concrete ntreprise de

to the employment agency in the territorial zone they have domicile or, by case, residence, or to another provider of employment services, functioning according to the law, in order to get a job. According to the legislation in force, unemployed position is held by person who fulfills the following cumulative conditions: a) he is looking for a job from 16 years old at least to pension age; b) his health, his physical and psychical capacities make him able to work; c) he has no job, he gets no income or, from legal activities, he gets an income lower than the value of reference social indicator according to the Law no.76/2002; d) he is available to start work in the next period if he finds a job; Assimilated unemployed are: graduates of educational institutions and graduates of special schools for disabled persons aged 16 years at least, who, during a 60 days period since graduation, did not succeed in being employed according to their vocational training; persons who, before carrying out their military service, were not employed and who, during a 30 days period since the end of military service, could not be employed; Registered unemployment rate represents the ratio between the number of unemployed (registered at the agencies for employment) and civil economically active population (unemployed + civil employment, defined according to the methodology of labour force balance). Job vacancies Vacancies rate represents the ratio between the numbers of vacancies and total number of jobs (occupied and vacant, excluding the blocked ones or meant for promotion inside the enterprise or institution), expressed as percentage. Yearly average data on the number of vacancies and total number of jobs are calculated as simple arithmetic means of quarterly data corresponding to each of the two indicators. Number of vacancies includes the number of paid, newly created jobs, unoccupied or becoming vacancies, for which: employer takes concrete actions to find an adequate candidate for that job (examples of concrete actions taken by employer: announce of vacancy existence

86

angajator: anunarea existenei locului vacant prin serviciile de ocupare a forei de munc, publicitate prin ziare, media, Internet, contactare direct a posibililor candidai etc.); angajatorul dorete ocuparea imediat sau ntr-o perioad specific de timp. Perioada maxim necesar ocuprii locului de munc vacant poate fi nelimitat. Sunt considerate locuri de munc vacante posturile destinate persoanelor din afara ntreprinderii (dar pe care pot concura i persoane din interiorul ntreprinderii), indiferent dac sunt posturi pe durat determinat sau nedeterminat, n program de lucru normal sau parial. Nu se consider vacante, posturile neocupate: destinate exclusiv promovrii persoanelor din interiorul ntreprinderii sau instituiei; din unitile administraiei publice, blocate printr-un act normativ. Posturile ocupate de persoanele care absenteaz o anumit perioad de timp (concedii de maternitate, pentru ngrijirea copilului, concedii medicale, concedii fr plat, alte absene), se consider vacante, dac angajatorul dorete substituirea pe perioad determinat (temporar) i dac ntreprinde aciuni de gsire a candidailor. Numrul total al locurilor de munc (ocupate i vacante) include efectivul salariailor la sfritul lunii (exclusiv cei cu contract de munc/raport de serviciu suspendat) i numrul locurilor de munc vacante.

through employment services, advertising in the newspapers, mass media, internet, direct contact with possible candidates;

employer whishes to occupy at once or in specific period of time. Maximum period needed to occupy the vacancy can be unlimited.

There are considered vacancies those jobs for persons outside the enterprise (for which can also compete those from inside the enterprise) no matter if they are jobs for definite or indefinite period, full time or part time. There are not considered vacancies the unoccupied jobs: exclusively meant to promote persons from inside the enterprise; from units of public, local administration blocked by normative documents. Jobs occupied by persons who are absent a certain period of time (maternity leaves, child care, sick leaves, unpaid ones, others) are considered vacancies if the employer wishes substitution during definite or temporary period and if he looks for candidates. Total number of jobs (occupied and vacant) includes the number of employees at the end of the month (except those with suspended labour contract / agreement) and number of vacant jobs.

CONDIII DE MUNC
Accident de munc reprezint vtmarea violent a organismului, precum i intoxicaia acut profesional, care s-au produs n timpul procesului de munc, n ndeplinirea ndatoririlor de serviciu, indiferent de natura juridic a contractului n baza cruia se desfoar activitatea i care provoac incapacitatea temporar de munc de cel puin trei zile, invaliditate sau deces. n raport cu urmrile produse i cu numrul persoanelor accidentate, accidentul de munc se clasific n: accident care produce incapacitate temporar de munc de cel puin 3 zile; accident care produce invaliditate; accident mortal; accident colectiv, respectiv cel n care sunt accidentate n acelai timp i din aceeai cauz cel puin trei persoane. Rata accidentelor de munc reprezint frecvena de accidentare sau numrul accidentailor ce revin la 1000 salariai.

WORKING CONDITIONS
Accident at work represents the violent body injury as well as the acute professional intoxication, taking place during labour process or when accomplishing duties at work, irrespective of the legal nature of contract on which the activity is based and which causes the temporary incapacity of work for at least three days, invalidity or death. According to consequences and to the number of persons injured, accidents at work are classified as follows: accident causing temporary incapacity of work for at least 3 days; accident causing invalidity; fatal accident at work; collective accident, when at least 3 persons are injured at the same time and due to the same cause. Rate of accidents at work represents accidents frequency or number of injured persons per 1000 employees.

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Conflictele de interese se refer la ntreruperile temporare ale lucrului declanate, n general, n scopuri revendicative sau pentru normalizarea raporturilor de munc dintre unitate, pe de o parte, i salariaii acesteia, pe de alt parte conform Legii nr.168/1999 privind soluionarea conflictelor de munc. Greva constituie o ncetare colectiv i voluntar a lucrului ntr-o unitate, conform Legii nr. 168/1999. Conform CAEN Rev.2 Industria include activitile de: industrie extractiv, industrie prelucrtoare, producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat, distribuia apei, salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare. Serviciile comerciale includ activitile de: comer, transport i depozitare, hoteluri i restaurante, informaii i comunicaii, intermedieri financiare i asigurri, tranzacii imobiliare, activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice, activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport. Serviciile sociale includ activitile de: administraie public i aprare, asigurri sociale din sistemul public, nvmnt, sntate i asisten social, activiti de spectacole culturale i recreeative i celelalte activiti ale economiei naionale.

Conflicts of interest refer to work temporary interruptions, generally for claiming purposes or in view to normalize the labour relationships between the unit, on the one side, and its employees, on the other side according to the Law no.168/1999. Strike represents a collective and voluntary ceasing of work within a unit, according to the Law no. 168/1999. According to CANE Rev.2 Industry includes: mining and quarrying, manufacturing, electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply, water supply, sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities. Trade services include: trade, transport and storage, hotels and restaurants, information and communication, financial intermediation and insurance, real estate activities, professional, scientific and technical activities, activities of administrative services and of support services. Social services include: public administration and defence, social insurance of public sector, education, health and social assistance, shows, culture and recreation activities, other activities of national economy.

3.G1

Populaia ocupat civil, pe principalele activiti ale economiei naionale Civil employment, by main activities of national economy
CAEN Rev. 2 / CANE Rev. 2 2009 2010

28,7% 42,8% 42,7%

29,1%

7,4%

21,1%
Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industrie1) Industry1)

7,5%

20,7%
Construcii Construction Servicii Services

1) Inclusiv producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat i distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea

deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare. / Including electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply and water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities.

88

3.G2
100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

Structura populaiei ocupate, dup statutul profesional, pe sexe i medii, n anul 2010 Employment structure, by status in employment, by sex and area, in 2010
%

12,7 20,4 1,3

6,9 26,4 1,8

20,0 12,9 0,7

1,1 6,4 1,9

26,7

37,0 65,6 64,9 66,4 90,6 0,6 35,7

Total

Masculin Male

Feminin Female

Urban

Rural

Salariat Employee Patron Employer

Lucrtor pe cont propriu i membru al unei societi agricole sau al unei cooperative Self employed and member of an agricultural holding or of a co-operative Lucrtor familial neremunerat Contributing family worker

3.G3

Structura populaiei ocupate n activiti neagricole, pe sexe, n anul 2010 Employment structure in non-agricultural activities, by sex, in 2010
CAEN Rev.2 / CANE Rev.2 Total

22,7%

30,1%

Masculin / Male

Feminin / Female

15,1%

32,4% 36,3%

10,9%

32,3%

27,2%

2,2% 34,8% 17,7%


Industrie Industry Construcii Construction Servicii comerciale Trade services Servicii sociale Social services

38,3%

Not: Industria include activitile de: industrie extractiv, industrie prelucrtoare, producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat, distribuia apei, salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare. Serviciile comerciale includ activitile de: comer, transport i depozitare, hoteluri i restaurante, informaii i comunicaii, intermedieri financiare i asigurri, tranzacii imobiliare, activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice, activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport. Serviciile sociale includ activitile de: administraie public i aprare, asigurri sociale din sistemul public, nvmnt, sntate i asisten social, activiti de spectacole culturale i recreeative i celelalte activiti ale economiei naionale. Note: Industry includes: mining and quarrying, manufacturing, electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply, water supply, sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities. Trade services include: trade, transport and storage, hotels and restaurants, information and communication, financial intermediation and insurance, real estate activities, professional, scientific and technical activities, activities of administrative services and of support services. Social services include: public administration and defence, social insurance of public sector, education, health and social assistance, shows, culture and recreation activities, other activities of national economy. Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2010. / Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2010.

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3.G4
5500 5000 4500 4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0

Evoluia numrului mediu al salariailor Evolution of average number of employees

mii persoane / thou persons

4559

4667

4885

5046

4774

4376 3085

2765

2948

3148

3339

2793

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Numrul mediu al salariailor - total Average number of employees - total Numrul mediu al salariailor din sectorul integral privat1) Average number of employees from integral private sector1)
1) Include: proprietate integral privat, proprietate integral strin. / Including: private integral ownership, foreign integral ownership.

3.G5
800

Numrul omerilor nregistrai i rata omajului nregistrat Number of registered unemployed and unemployment rate

mii persoane / thou persons

7,8 7,0 5,9 5,2 7,1 5,2 4,6 460 219 191 2006 4,0 3,9 368 167 2007 4,4 4,4 403 187 2008 709 302 2009 627 264 2010 6,3

600

400

200

523

2005

Numrul omerilor nregistrai - total Number of registered unemployed - total Numrul omerilor nregistrai - femei Number of registered unemployed - women

Rata omajului - total Unemployment rate - total Rata omajului - femei Unemployment rate - women

90

3.G6
25 20 15 10 5 0

Rata omajului BIM, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2010 ILO unemployment rate, by age group, sex and area, in 2010
%

22,3 21,8

8,5 5,9 7,0 5,5 35-44 6,0 5,0 45-54 3,5 1,2 55 i peste and over
ani / years

15-24

25-34

Masculin Male

Feminin Female

% 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0

30,5

15,3

9,2 5,6

6,7 4,3 35-44

6,8 3,5 45-54

5,3 1,0 55 i peste and over


ani / years

15-24

25-34

Urban

Rural

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2010. Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2010.

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3.1

Populaia dup participarea la activitatea economic, pe sexe i medii Population by participation in economic activity, by sex and area
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

mii persoane / thou persons Populaia activ Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural Populaia ocupat Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural omeri BIM1) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural Rata de activitate2) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural Rata de ocupare2) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural Rata omajului BIM1) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural 9851 5431 4420 5361 4490 9147 5011 4136 4889 4258 704 420 284 472 232 10041 5526 4515 5595 4446 9313 5074 4239 5115 4198 728 452 276 480 248 9994 5515 4479 5494 4500 9353 5116 4237 5072 4281 641 399 242 422 219 9944 5526 4418 5471 4473 9369 5157 4212 5101 4268 575 369 206 370 205 9924 5524 4400 5475 4449 9243 5100 4143 5032 4211 681 424 257 443 238 9965 5549 4416 5538 4427 9240 5112 4128 5032 4208 725 437 288 506 219 Economically active population Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural Employment Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural ILO1) unemployed Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural Activity rate2) Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural Employment rate2) Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural ILO1) unemployment rate Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural

procente / percentage 62,4 69,5 55,3 60,3 65,3 57,7 63,9 51,5 55,0 61,6 7,2 7,7 6,4 8,8 5,2 63,7 70,8 56,6 62,6 65,2 58,8 64,7 53,0 57,2 61,1 7,3 8,2 6,1 8,6 5,6 63,0 70,1 56,0 61,6 65,1 58,8 64,8 52,8 56,8 61,5 6,4 7,2 5,4 7,7 4,9 62,9 70,6 55,2 61,7 64,5 59,0 65,7 52,5 57,5 61,2 5,8 6,7 4,7 6,8 4,6 63,1 70,9 55,4 62,1 64,6 58,6 65,2 52,0 57,1 60,7 6,9 7,7 5,8 8,1 5,4 63,6 71,5 55,8 63,1 64,4 58,8 65,7 52,0 57,3 60,9 7,3 7,9 6,5 9,1 5,0

1) BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii. / ILO = International Labour Office. 2) Calculate pentru populaia n vrst de munc (15 - 64 ani). / Calculated for working age population (15 - 64 years).

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO). Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS).

92

3.2

Ratele de activitate, ocupare i omaj BIM1), dup nivelul de educaie, pe sexe i medii Activity, employment and ILO1) unemployment rates, by educational level, sex and area
procente / percentage

2009 Nivelul de educaie Educational level Total Superior Mediu Sczut Tertiary Medium Low

2010 Nivelul de educaie Educational level Total Superior Mediu Sczut Tertiary Medium Low

Rata de activitate2) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural Rata de ocupare2) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural Rata omajului BIM1) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural 6,9 7,7 5,8 8,1 5,4 4,3 4,3 4,3 4,2 5,8 7,2 7,6 6,8 8,3 5,6 7,5 9,9 4,8 18,0 5,0 7,3 7,9 6,5 9,1 5,0 5,4 5,3 5,4 5,3 5,9 8,3 8,4 8,1 9,7 6,0 58,6 65,2 52,0 57,1 60,7 84,1 85,2 83,1 84,7 78,6 62,2 68,7 55,0 59,0 68,0 42,0 49,1 36,3 23,4 52,0 58,8 65,7 52,0 57,3 60,9 82,4 83,6 81,2 83,1 76,6 62,2 69,1 54,6 59,1 68,0 63,1 70,9 55,4 62,1 64,6 88,0 89,1 86,9 88,4 83,5 67,1 74,4 59,0 64,4 72,1 46,1 55,5 38,6 28,7 55,4 63,6 71,5 55,8 63,1 64,4 87,1 88,3 85,9 87,7 81,4 67,9 75,5 59,4 65,4 72,4

Activity rate2) 46,3 Total By sex 55,5 Male 38,8 Female By area 28,6 Urban 55,2 Rural Employment rate2) 43,0 Total By sex 50,5 Male 36,9 Female By area 23,7 Urban 52,7 Rural ILO1) unemployment rate 6,1 Total By sex 8,0 Male 4,1 Female By area 16,7 Urban 3,8 Rural

1) BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii. / ILO = International Labour Office. 2) Calculate pentru populaia n vrst de munc (15 - 64 ani). / Calculated for working age population (15 - 64 years).

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO). Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS).

93

3.3

Structura populaiei ocupate, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe grupe de vrst, n anul 2010 Employment structure, by activity of national economy and by age group, in 2010
Total populaie ocupat (mii persoane) Total Total 15-64 ani employment years (thou persons)
9240 2780 96 1646 126 76 705 1134 444 180 126 132 19 159 154 471 385 403 50 154 95,5 85,3 99,9 99,9 100,0 100,0 99,9 99,9 99,9 99,8 100,0 99,9 100,0 99,7 99,9 99,9 99,7 99,8 99,5 99,3

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

din care, n vrst de munc (%): of which, at working age (%): 65 ani i grupe de vrst (ani) peste (%) age groups (years) 65 years and over 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 (%)
7,8 10,2 1,3 6,4 1,4 3,5 9,0 10,3 3,3 15,0 8,9 8,2 6,4 4,6 9,4 3,8 3,0 2,0 8,5 10,5 26,6 17,7 17,0 26,5 18,1 24,5 31,0 35,5 25,6 34,2 47,9 39,6 31,8 43,7 28,0 30,2 30,5 30,1 33,4 31,5 28,9 21,1 48,3 33,3 36,4 30,7 31,7 31,3 37,9 26,8 23,3 29,7 31,4 24,5 32,3 36,7 26,9 32,7 25,8 28,1 20,8 17,4 27,6 25,6 31,0 30,8 19,9 17,8 24,4 17,4 15,0 18,5 22,4 16,4 20,7 21,7 25,2 23,8 21,0 20,6 11,4 18,9 5,7 8,1 13,1 10,5 8,3 5,0 8,7 6,4 4,9 3,9 8,0 10,5 9,5 7,5 14,1 11,2 10,8 8,6 4,5 14,7 0,1 0,1 0,1 0,1 0,1 0,2 0,1 0,3 0,1 0,1 0,3 0,2 0,5 0,7

Din total femei: (%) Total Of total, 15-64 ani women years (%)
44,7 46,6 15,1 42,9 22,3 27,9 9,0 54,8 17,8 59,7 36,2 66,8 49,9 53,0 32,7 38,8 75,1 79,5 53,2 61,9 42,3 38,7 15,1 42,9 22,3 27,9 9,0 54,8 17,8 59,5 36,2 66,7 49,9 52,9 32,7 38,8 75,1 79,4 53,2 61,9

din care, n vrst de munc (%): of which, at working age (%): grupe de vrst (ani) age groups (years) 15-24
3,2 4,1 0,2 2,9 0,1 0,9 0,5 5,2 0,3 8,9 3,5 5,4 2,6 2,6 2,5 1,0 2,5 1,7 2,6 7,3

25-34
11,9 7,9 1,9 12,0 3,9 7,5 2,2 18,7 4,7 17,9 15,7 25,6 15,8 24,0 8,2 10,8 24,1 24,4 18,6 20,0

35-44
13,0 9,3 7,9 15,5 8,8 9,7 3,2 18,6 6,7 17,2 8,5 19,7 14,2 13,6 12,0 13,6 21,0 26,3 13,9 18,2

45-54
9,3 7,7 5,0 10,4 7,5 7,4 2,5 10,5 4,7 12,2 7,1 12,8 13,1 9,1 7,5 10,3 19,5 18,5 12,7 12,3

65 ani i peste (%) 65 years and over 55-64 (%)


4,9 9,7 0,1 2,1 2,0 2,4 0,6 1,8 1,4 3,3 1,4 3,2 4,2 3,6 2,5 3,1 8,0 8,5 5,4 4,1 2,4 7,9 0,2 0,1 0,1 0,1 -

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Total Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti ale economiei naionale

Total Agriculture, forestry and fishing Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other activities of national economy

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2010. / Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2010.

3.4

Structura populaiei ocupate, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i dup statutul profesional, n anul 2010 Employment structure, by activity of national economy and by status in employment, in 2010
Total populaie ocupat (mii persoane) Total employment (thou persons) 9240 2780 96 1646 126 76 705 1134 444 180 126 132 19 159 154 471 385 403 50 154 din care, dup statutul profesional (%): of which, by status in employment (%): Salariat Employee 65,6 5,2 99,7 97,1 99,8 96,2 71,6 88,4 90,1 96,2 95,6 98,6 90,9 87,0 96,1 100,0 99,6 97,1 92,4 63,2 Patron Employer 1,3 0,1 1,0 0,1 1,4 2,0 4,7 1,3 2,9 2,0 0,2 3,6 3,0 1,3 0,1 0,9 1,6 2,5 Lucrtor pe cont propriu Self-employed 20,3 52,9 0,3 1,7 0,1 1,9 25,7 6,1 8,4 0,9 2,3 1,2 4,4 9,8 2,5 0,3 1,9 6,0 33,7 Lucrtor familial neremunerat Contributing family worker 12,7 41,6 0,2 0,5 0,7 0,8 0,1 0,1 0,1 0,1 0,6 Din total femei: (%) Of total, women (%) 44,7 46,6 15,1 42,9 22,3 27,9 9,0 54,8 17,8 59,7 36,2 66,8 49,9 53,0 32,7 38,8 75,1 79,5 53,2 61,9 din care, dup statutul profesional (%): of which, by status in employment (%): Salariat Employee 29,7 1,1 15,1 42,3 22,2 27,2 8,5 51,3 17,6 58,4 35,2 65,9 48,3 46,9 30,3 38,8 75,0 77,4 51,5 36,2 Patron Employer 0,3 0,2 0,1 0,3 0,2 1,2 0,1 1,0 0,3 0,1 0,7 1,3 0,5 0,6 0,3 0,8 Lucrtor pe cont propriu Self-employed 5,8 16,1 0,3 0,3 0,2 2,0 0,1 0,3 0,7 0,8 0,9 4,7 1,8 0,1 1,4 1,4 24,4 Lucrtor familial neremunerat Contributing family worker 8,9 29,4 0,1 0,1 0,1 0,3 0,1 0,1 0,1 0,5 Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti ale economiei naionale

Total Agriculture, forestry and fishing Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other activities of national economy

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2010. / Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2010.

94

95

3.5

Structura populaiei, dup participarea la activitatea economic, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2010 Population structure, by participation in economic activity, by age group, sex and area, in 2010
procente / percentage

Grupe de vrst

Total populaie Total population

Persoane active Persoane Economically active persons inactive Total Ocupate omeri BIM1) Non-economically Employed ILO1)unemployed active persons Total

Age groups

Total Sub 15 ani 15 - 64 ani din care: 15 - 24 ani 25 - 34 ani 35 - 44 ani 45 - 54 ani 55 - 64 ani 65 ani i peste Total Sub 15 ani 15 - 64 ani din care: 15 - 24 ani 25 - 34 ani 35 - 44 ani 45 - 54 ani 55 - 64 ani 65 ani i peste Total Sub 15 ani 15 - 64 ani din care: 15 - 24 ani 25 - 34 ani 35 - 44 ani 45 - 54 ani 55 - 64 ani 65 ani i peste Total Sub 15 ani 15 - 64 ani din care: 15 - 24 ani 25 - 34 ani 35 - 44 ani 45 - 54 ani 55 - 64 ani 65 ani i peste Total Sub 15 ani 15 - 64 ani din care: 15 - 24 ani 25 - 34 ani 35 - 44 ani 45 - 54 ani 55 - 64 ani 65 ani i peste

100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0

46,5 63,6 31,2 78,7 84,1 74,8 42,5 13,1 53,1 71,5 36,2 85,6 91,7 84,5 52,7 15,1 40,1 55,8 26,1 71,4 76,3 65,5 33,5 11,6 47,0 63,1 25,7 83,0 86,9 74,6 32,6 1,3 45,8 64,4 37,8 72,3 80,3 75,1 56,0 22,4

43,1 58,8 24,3 72,5 79,3 70,6 41,1 13,1 Masculin / Male 48,9 65,7 28,1 78,3 86,3 79,4 50,3 15,1 Feminin / Female 37,5 52,0 20,4 66,4 72,1 62,2 32,9 11,6 Urban 42,7 57,3 17,9 75,4 81,0 69,5 30,8 1,3 Rural 43,5 60,9 32,0 68,3 76,9 72,5 55,1 22,4

3,4 4,8 6,9 6,2 4,8 4,2 1,4 4,2 5,8 8,1 7,3 5,4 5,1 2,4 2,6 3,8 5,7 5,0 4,2 3,3 0,6 4,3 5,8 7,8 7,6 5,9 5,1 1,8 2,3 3,5 5,8 4,0 3,4 2,6 0,9 -

53,5 100,0 36,4 68,8 21,3 15,9 25,2 57,5 86,9 46,9 100,0 28,5 63,8 14,4 8,3 15,5 47,3 84,9 59,9 100,0 44,2 73,9 28,6 23,7 34,5 66,5 88,4 53,0 100,0 36,9 74,3 17,0 13,1 25,4 67,4 98,7 54,2 100,0 35,6 62,2 27,7 19,7 24,9 44,0 77,6

Total Under 15 years 15 - 64 years of which: 15 - 24 years 25 - 34 years 35 - 44 years 45 - 54 years 55 - 64 years 65 years and over Total Under 15 years 15 - 64 years of which: 15 - 24 years 25 - 34 years 35 - 44 years 45 - 54 years 55 - 64 years 65 years and over Total Under 15 years 15 - 64 years of which: 15 - 24 years 25 - 34 years 35 - 44 years 45 - 54 years 55 - 64 years 65 years and over Total Under 15 years 15 - 64 years of which: 15 - 24 years 25 - 34 years 35 - 44 years 45 - 54 years 55 - 64 years 65 years and over Total Under 15 years 15 - 64 years of which: 15 - 24 years 25 - 34 years 35 - 44 years 45 - 54 years 55 - 64 years 65 years and over

1) BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii. / ILO = International Labour Office. Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2010. Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2010.

96

3.6

Structura populaiei ocupate, dup nivelul de educaie, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2010 Employment structure, by educational level, by age group, sex and area, in 2010
Total populaie ocupat (mii persoane) Total Total employment 15-64 ani (thou persons) years 9240 1480 5437 387 2990 2060 2323 1824 499 5112 730 3197 192 1546 1459 1185 951 234 4128 750 2240 195 1444 601 1138 873 265 5032 1335 3325 324 2016 985 372 316 56 4208 145 2112 63 974 1075 1951 1508 443 95,5 99,6 99,3 99,0 99,7 98,7 84,0 91,2 57,8 96,2 99,3 99,0 98,3 99,6 98,4 86,7 91,3 67,9 94,6 99,8 99,7 99,7 99,7 99,6 81,3 91,1 48,8 99,6 99,8 99,9 99,8 99,9 99,9 96,8 98,0 90,5 90,5 97,6 98,3 94,7 99,2 97,7 81,6 89,8 53,6 din care, n vrst de munc (%): 65 ani of which, at working age (%): i peste grupe de vrst (ani) (%) age groups (years) 65 years and over 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 (%) 7,8 3,9 7,5 2,8 8,2 7,4 11,0 11,6 8,9 Total 26,6 28,9 40,6 29,0 25,4 34,2 31,3 25,7 23,9 20,4 22,6 12,3 28,1 37,4 30,7 16,7 19,2 7,7 20,8 18,1 23,4 21,4 22,8 24,5 16,4 18,3 9,4 11,4 8,0 8,8 15,4 5,6 12,2 19,5 19,5 19,5 11,8 10,2 10,5 21,8 5,9 13,8 16,3 16,3 16,2 10,9 6,0 6,5 9,2 5,4 8,3 22,8 22,9 22,5 9,1 7,7 8,8 14,4 5,9 12,7 17,3 17,6 15,9 14,1 11,5 9,0 20,6 5,1 11,8 19,9 19,9 20,0 4,5 0,4 0,7 1,0 0,3 1,3 16,0 8,8 42,2 3,8 0,7 1,0 1,7 0,4 1,6 13,3 8,7 32,1 5,4 0,2 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,4 18,7 8,9 51,2 0,4 0,2 0,1 0,2 0,1 0,1 3,2 2,0 9,5 9,5 2,4 1,7 5,3 0,8 2,3 18,4 10,2 46,4

Nivel de educaie

Educational level

Total Superior Mediu Postliceal de specialitate sau tehnic de maitri Liceal Profesional Sczut Gimnazial Primar sau fr coal absolvit Total Superior Mediu Postliceal de specialitate sau tehnic de maitri Liceal Profesional Sczut Gimnazial Primar sau fr coal absolvit Total Superior Mediu Postliceal de specialitate sau tehnic de maitri Liceal Profesional Sczut Gimnazial Primar sau fr coal absolvit Total Superior Mediu Postliceal de specialitate sau tehnic de maitri Liceal Profesional Sczut Gimnazial Primar sau fr coal absolvit Total Superior Mediu Postliceal de specialitate sau tehnic de maitri Liceal Profesional Sczut Gimnazial Primar sau fr coal absolvit

Total Tertiary Medium Speciality post high school or technical foremen education High school Vocational Low Secondary school Primary or no education Total Tertiary Medium Speciality post high school or technical foremen education High school Vocational Low Secondary school Primary or no education Total Tertiary Medium Speciality post high school or technical foremen education High school Vocational Low Secondary school Primary or no education Total Tertiary Medium Speciality post high school or technical foremen education High school Vocational Low Secondary school Primary or no education Total Tertiary Medium Speciality post high school or technical foremen education High school Vocational Low Secondary school Primary or no education

Masculin / Male 8,3 26,6 28,9 20,6 3,3 38,3 28,4 19,1 7,6 25,2 32,8 22,9 2,1 8,6 7,2 13,4 13,7 12,1 7,1 4,4 7,4 3,5 7,8 7,8 8,5 9,3 6,0 5,7 3,6 6,0 2,4 7,1 5,0 10,9 9,7 17,2 10,3 6,8 9,8 4,9 10,5 9,5 11,0 11,9 7,8 22,8 27,0 23,5 23,2 24,4 18,2 Feminin 26,6 42,8 25,8 39,7 24,2 24,9 17,6 20,7 7,1 26,6 36,8 29,5 18,3 20,4 9,9 25,0 21,3 24,4 15,5 16,5 11,5

/ Female 29,1 20,9 29,5 17,1 36,0 24,0 29,5 37,9 33,7 15,1 17,9 5,8 17,8 24,4 24,9 17,3 20,3 7,4 23,3 18,2 25,5 22,1 24,3 29,3 22,4 24,2 12,7 17,6 17,5 19,9 17,4 19,8 20,2 15,2 17,1 8,9

Urban 30,3 31,2 40,7 29,6 26,5 33,1 32,1 27,4 22,9 25,9 24,9 31,6 28,8 35,2 30,0 20,3 21,6 13,1

Rural 22,2 26,3 39,3 22,5 23,7 35,9 27,7 22,1 24,8 19,4 22,2 9,9 24,1 41,7 31,4 16,1 18,7 7,0

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2010. / Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2010.

97

3.7

Structura populaiei ocupate, pe grupe de ocupaii, grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2010 Employment structure, by occupation group, age group, sex and area, in 2010
Total populaie ocupat (mii persoane) Total employment (thou persons) din care, n vrst of which, grupe de age groups 15-24 25-34 de munc (%): at working age (%): vrst (ani) (years) 35-44 45-54 55-64 Total 9240 95,5 7,8 26,6 28,9 20,8 11,4 4,5 Total Members of legislative body, executive, leaders of public administration, leaders and clerks 0,4 of socio-economic and political units 0,3 Specialists with intellectual and scientific occupations 0,1 Technicians, foremen and assimilated - Civil servants 0,2 Operative workers in services, trade and assimilated 16,0 Farmers and skilled workers in agriculture, forestry and fishery Artisans and handicraftmen in machinery and installations - maintenance and adjustment 2,4 Other categories of occupations of which: 4,7 Unskilled workers Male 5112 96,2 8,3 26,6 28,9 20,6 11,8 3,8 Total Members of legislative body, executive, leaders of public administration, leaders and clerks 0,4 of socio-economic and political units 0,4 Specialists with intellectual and scientific occupations 0,3 Technicians, foremen and assimilated - Civil servants 0,3 Operative workers in services, trade and assimilated 14,3 Farmers and skilled workers in agriculture, forestry and fishery Artisans and handicraftmen in machinery and installations 0,1 maintenance and adjustment 1,9 Other categories of occupations of which: 4,2 Unskilled workers Female 4128 94,6 7,1 26,6 29,1 20,9 10,9 5,4 Total Members of legislative body, executive, leaders of public administration, leaders and clerks 0,6 of socio-economic and political units 0,1 Specialists with intellectual and scientific occupations - Technicians, foremen and assimilated - Civil servants 0,1 Operative workers in services, trade and assimilated 17,9 Farmers and skilled workers in agriculture, forestry and fishery Artisans and handicraftmen in machinery and installations - maintenance and adjustment 3,6 Other categories of occupations of which: 5,4 Unskilled workers

Grupe de ocupaii

Total 15-64 ani years

65 ani i peste (%) 65 years and over (%)

Occupation groups

Total Total Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului, nali conductori ai administraiei publice, conductori i funcionari din unitile economico-sociale i politice Specialiti cu ocupaii intelectuale i tiinifice Tehnicieni, maitri i asimilai Funcionari administrativi Lucrtori operativi n servicii, comer i asimilai Agricultori i lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Meteugari i lucrtori calificai n meserii de tip artizanal, de reglare i ntreinere ale mainilor i instalaiilor Alte categorii de ocupaii din care: Muncitori necalificai Masculin Total Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului, nali conductori ai administraiei publice, conductori i funcionari din unitile economico-sociale i politice Specialiti cu ocupaii intelectuale i tiinifice Tehnicieni, maitri i asimilai Funcionari administrativi Lucrtori operativi n servicii, comer i asimilai Agricultori i lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Meteugari i lucrtori calificai n meserii de tip artizanal, de reglare i ntreinere ale mainilor i instalaiilor Alte categorii de ocupaii din care: Muncitori necalificai Feminin Total Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului, nali conductori ai administraiei publice, conductori i funcionari din unitile economico-sociale i politice Specialiti cu ocupaii intelectuale i tiinifice Tehnicieni, maitri i asimilai Funcionari administrativi Lucrtori operativi n servicii, comer i asimilai Agricultori i lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Meteugari i lucrtori calificai n meserii de tip artizanal, de reglare i ntreinere ale mainilor i instalaiilor Alte categorii de ocupaii din care: Muncitori necalificai
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2010. Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2010.

184 1000 836 430 1042 2242 1409 2097 1068

99,6 99,7 99,9 100,0 99,8 84,0 100,0 97,6 95,3

2,6 2,6 6,3 6,5 9,5 9,9 6,6 9,4 12,6

25,6 40,0 32,7 30,8 31,0 17,0 25,4 25,9 23,2

35,7 28,6 28,4 32,9 33,4 20,4 33,2 32,0 27,0

24,3 19,6 21,7 23,4 20,3 17,0 26,2 20,6 20,1

11,4 8,9 10,8 6,4 5,6 19,7 8,6 9,7 12,4

124 487 309 129 376 1148 1116 1423 626

99,6 99,6 99,7 100,0 99,7 85,7 99,9 98,1 95,8

2,4 2,1 7,7 8,9 10,0 11,1 6,4 9,8 15,3

22,3 38,2 33,4 30,9 34,4 17,5 25,3 27,4 25,5

36,5 27,6 25,2 30,7 30,8 21,2 32,5 32,0 25,9

25,4 20,3 20,0 22,3 17,7 17,7 26,1 19,2 17,0

13,0 11,4 13,4 7,2 6,8 18,2 9,6 9,7 12,1

60 513 527 301 666 1094 293 674 442

99,4 99,9 100,0 100,0 99,9 82,1 100,0 96,4 94,6

3,2 3,1 5,5 5,5 9,2 8,5 7,3 8,4 9,0

32,4 41,7 32,3 30,7 29,2 16,5 25,3 22,7 19,9

34,1 29,5 30,2 33,9 34,8 19,5 36,1 32,1 28,5

21,7 19,1 22,7 23,8 21,8 16,3 26,6 23,5 24,4

8,0 6,5 9,3 6,1 4,9 21,3 4,7 9,7 12,8

98

3.7

Structura populaiei ocupate, pe grupe de ocupaii, grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2010 - continuare Employment structure, by occupation group, age group, sex and area, in 2010 - continued
Total populaie ocupat (mii persoane) Total employment (thou persons) din care, n vrst of which, grupe de age groups 15-24 25-34 de munc (%): at working age (%): vrst (ani) (years) 35-44 45-54 55-64 Urban 5032 99,6 5,7 30,3 31,2 23,3 9,1 0,4 Total Members of legislative body, executive, leaders of public administration, leaders and clerks 0,4 of socio-economic and political units 0,2 Specialists with intellectual and scientific occupations 0,1 Technicians, foremen and assimilated - Civil servants 0,1 Operative workers in services, trade and assimilated 10,4 Farmers and skilled workers in agriculture, forestry and fishery Artisans and handicraftmen in machinery and installations - maintenance and adjustment 0,2 Other categories of occupations of which: 0,4 Unskilled workers Rural 4208 90,5 10,3 22,2 26,3 17,6 14,1 9,5 Total Members of legislative body, executive, leaders of public administration, leaders and clerks 0,6 of socio-economic and political units 0,6 Specialists with intellectual and scientific occupations 0,4 Technicians, foremen and assimilated - Civil servants 0,3 Operative workers in services, trade and assimilated 16,3 Farmers and skilled workers in agriculture, forestry and fishery Artisans and handicraftmen in machinery and installations 0,1 maintenance and adjustment 4,7 Other categories of occupations of which: 7,0 Unskilled workers

Grupe de ocupaii

Total 15-64 ani years

65 ani i peste (%) 65 years and over (%)

Occupation groups

Urban Total Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului, nali conductori ai administraiei publice, conductori i funcionari din unitile economico-sociale i politice Specialiti cu ocupaii intelectuale i tiinifice Tehnicieni, maitri i asimilai Funcionari administrativi Lucrtori operativi n servicii, comer i asimilai Agricultori i lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Meteugari i lucrtori calificai n meserii de tip artizanal, de reglare i ntreinere ale mainilor i instalaiilor Alte categorii de ocupaii din care: Muncitori necalificai Rural Total Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului, nali conductori ai administraiei publice, conductori i funcionari din unitile economico-sociale i politice Specialiti cu ocupaii intelectuale i tiinifice Tehnicieni, maitri i asimilai Funcionari administrativi Lucrtori operativi n servicii, comer i asimilai Agricultori i lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Meteugari i lucrtori calificai n meserii de tip artizanal, de reglare i ntreinere ale mainilor i instalaiilor Alte categorii de ocupaii din care: Muncitori necalificai

152 925 688 355 785 112 953 1062 366

99,6 99,8 99,9 100,0 99,9 89,6 100,0 99,8 99,6

2,7 2,4 5,5 6,2 9,2 6,7 5,1 6,9 11,5

25,6 40,0 32,9 31,8 31,8 14,5 23,4 26,9 22,7

35,3 29,2 28,5 32,3 31,8 23,8 32,3 33,2 27,4

24,5 19,6 22,1 23,4 21,4 20,5 29,3 23,6 25,9

11,5 8,6 10,9 6,3 5,7 24,1 9,9 9,2 12,1

32 75 148 75 257 2130 456 1035 702

99,4 99,4 99,6 100,0 99,7 83,7 99,9 95,3 93,0

2,1 5,2 9,8 7,9 10,6 10,0 9,5 12,0 13,2

25,7 39,7 31,6 26,2 28,8 17,2 29,3 24,8 23,5

37,6 21,2 28,2 35,6 38,2 20,2 35,3 30,8 26,8

22,9 20,3 19,6 23,0 17,1 16,8 19,8 17,5 17,0

11,1 13,0 10,4 7,3 5,0 19,5 6,0 10,2 12,5

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2010. Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2010.

100

3.8
Statutul profesional

Structura populaiei ocupate, dup statutul profesional, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2010 Employment structure, by status in employment, by age group, sex and area, in 2010
Total populaie ocupat (mii persoane) Total Total employment 15-64 ani (thou persons) years din care, n vrst de munc (%): of which, at working age (%): grupe de vrst (ani) age groups (years) 15-24 25-34 Total 35-44 45-54 65 ani i peste (%) 65 years and over 55-64 (%)

Status in employment

Total din care: Salariat Patron Lucrtor pe cont propriu Lucrtor familial neremunerat

9240 6062 119 1878 1177

95,5 99,9 99,5 85,0 88,9

7,8 6,5 1,4 4,7 20,3

26,6 30,3 20,7 17,3 22,9

28,9 32,4 37,0 24,2 17,8

20,8 22,5 29,7 19,6 12,6

11,4 8,2 10,7 19,2 15,3

4,5 Total of which: 0,1 Employee 0,5 Employer 15,0 Self-employed Contributing 11,1 family worker

Masculin / Male Total din care: Salariat Patron Lucrtor pe cont propriu Lucrtor familial neremunerat 5112 3320 90 1346 353 96,2 99,9 99,8 86,8 96,0 8,3 6,5 1,0 5,4 38,3 26,6 29,7 20,7 17,6 33,4 28,9 31,7 38,1 25,0 14,6 20,6 22,3 28,5 19,8 6,5 11,8 9,7 11,5 19,0 3,2 3,8 Total of which: 0,1 Employee 0,2 Employer 13,2 Self-employed Contributing 4,0 family worker

Feminin / Female Total din care: Salariat Patron Lucrtor pe cont propriu Lucrtor familial neremunerat 4128 2742 29 532 824 94,6 100,0 98,4 80,5 85,9 7,1 6,4 2,6 3,2 12,6 26,6 31,1 20,7 16,5 18,4 Urban Total din care: Salariat Patron Lucrtor pe cont propriu Lucrtor familial neremunerat 5032 4561 93 323 54 99,6 99,9 99,4 97,1 91,5 5,7 5,5 1,2 8,2 18,4 30,3 30,8 19,0 26,4 22,8 Rural Total din care: Salariat Patron Lucrtor pe cont propriu Lucrtor familial neremunerat 4208 1501 26 1555 1123 90,5 99,9 99,7 82,5 88,8 10,3 9,4 2,0 4,0 20,4 22,2 28,6 26,7 15,5 22,9 26,3 35,6 36,6 23,2 17,8 17,6 19,6 24,6 19,2 12,6 14,1 6,7 9,8 20,6 15,1 9,5 Total of which: 0,1 Employee 0,3 Employer 17,5 Self-employed Contributing 11,2 family worker 31,2 31,4 37,2 28,8 19,3 23,3 23,5 31,1 21,3 12,2 9,1 8,7 10,9 12,4 18,8 0,4 Total of which: 0,1 Employee 0,6 Employer 2,9 Self-employed Contributing 8,5 family worker 29,1 33,3 33,5 22,1 19,3 20,9 22,8 33,5 19,0 15,2 10,9 6,4 8,1 19,7 20,4 5,4 Total of which: - Employee 1,6 Employer 19,5 Self-employed Contributing 14,1 family worker

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2010. Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2010.

102

3.9

Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei naionale (la sfritul anului) Civil employment, by activity of national economy (end of year)
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)


Total Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii

2008 8747 2407 1981 81 1691 82 127 692 1168 422 162 132 117 47 166 217 220 432 402 62 120

2009 8411 2411 1774 73 1491 75 135 626 1138 419 125 125 114 49 164 207 230 413 408 67 141

2010 8371 2440 1733 65 1472 73 123 628 1140 426 133 134 133 31 156 204 204 390 406 63 150

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections) Total Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industry Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

Sursa: Balana forei de munc - la sfritul anului. / Source: Labour force balance - end of year.

3.10

Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe forme de proprietate, n anul 2010 (la sfritul anului) Civil employment, by activity of national economy and by type of ownership, in 2010 (end of year)
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

din care: femei Total of which: women

din total, pe forme de proprietate: of total, by type of ownership: Majoritar Majoritar Activity de stat privat (CANE Rev.2 sections) State Private majority majority 1379 807 31 153 31 25 52 45 25 2 136 6 11 10 6 33 17 204 366 345 33 1 6992 3145 2409 1580 34 1447 21 78 603 1138 290 127 123 123 25 123 187 24 61 30 149 Total of which: women Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industry Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

Total din care: femei Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii

8371 2440 1733 65 1472 73 123 628 1140 426 133 134 133 31 156 204 204 390 406 63 150 3952 1296 689 10 632 17 30 104 576 72 79 53 100 15 81 66 116 267 323 32 83

Sursa: Balana forei de munc - la sfritul anului. / Source: Labour force balance - end of year.

103

3.11
Total

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe Average number of employees, by activity of national economy and by sex
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total 2009 2010


4774 4376

Brbai Men 2009 2010


2542 2291 82 786 64 591 72 712 56 528

Femei Women 2009 2010


2232 2085 28 585 11 527 23 525 11 471

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)


Total Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industry Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 110 95 Industrie 1371 1237 Industrie extractiv 75 67 Industrie prelucrtoare 1118 999 Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat 78 73 Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare 100 98 Construcii 404 337 Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 816 752 Transport i depozitare 282 258 Hoteluri i restaurante 118 108 Informaii i comunicaii 114 106 Intermedieri financiare i asigurri 107 101 Tranzacii imobiliare 29 27 Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice 134 126 Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport 192 181 Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale 225 210 din sistemul public1) nvmnt 394 380 Sntate i asisten social 378 366 Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative 56 53 Alte activiti de servicii 44 39

59

56

19

17

72 354

72 290

28 50

26 47

400 207 43 70 34 17 71

355 189 39 64 32 15 65

416 75 75 44 73 12 63

397 69 69 42 69 12 61

133

125

59

56

103 121 77 25 19

95 122 74 24 18

122 273 301 31 25

115 258 292 29 21

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. Source: Labour cost survey.

104

3.12

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe forme de proprietate, clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor i pe sexe Average number of emolyees, by ownership type, enterprises size class and by sex
mii persoane / thou persons

Forma de proprietate Ownership type Clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor Enterprises size class Total Sub 50 salariai Under 50 employees 50 - 249 salariai 50 - 249 employees 250 salariai i peste 250 employees and over Proprietate public1) Public ownership1) Sub 50 salariai Under 50 employees 50 - 249 salariai 50 - 249 employees 250 salariai i peste 250 employees and over Proprietate privat2) Private ownership2) Sub 50 salariai Under 50 employees 50 - 249 salariai 50 - 249 employees 250 salariai i peste 250 employees and over

Total 2009 4774 1481 1061 2232 1463 104 232 1127 3311 1377 829 1105 2010 4376 1298 988 2090 1389 113 218 1058 2987 1185 770 1032

Brbai / Male 2009 2542 833 607 1102 623 47 107 469 1919 786 500 633 2010 2291 710 553 1028 591 50 97 444 1700 660 456 584

Femei / Female 2009 2232 648 454 1130 840 57 125 658 1392 591 329 472 2010 2085 588 435 1062 798 63 121 614 1287 525 314 448

1) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local. / Including: state integral 2) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.

ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.

Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, cooperative ownership, community ownership, foreign integral ownership. Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

3.13

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe Average number of employees, by activity of industry and by sex
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Industrie - total

Total 2009 2010 1371 1237 75 25 27 3 12 8 67 23 25 3 9 7 999 137 21 1 25 138

Brbai Men 2009 2010 786 64 22 22 3 10 7 591 68 17 2 7 26 712 56 20 20 2 8 6 528 64 14 1 7 18

Femei Women 2009 2010 585 11 3 5 *) 2 1 527 76 8 *) 20 150 525 11 3 5 1 1 1 471 73 7 *) 18 120

Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions) Industry - total Mining and quarrying Mining of coal and lignite Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Mining of metal ores Other mining and quarrying Mining support service activities Manufacturing Manufacture of food products Manufacture of beverages Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of textiles Manufacture of wearing apparel Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of travel and leather goods, harness and footwear; preparation and dyeing of furs

Industrie extractiv Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Extracia minereurilor metalifere Alte activiti extractive Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei

Industrie prelucrtoare 1118 Industria alimentar 144 Fabricarea buturilor 25 Fabricarea produselor din tutun 2 Fabricarea produselor textile 27 Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte 176 Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i nclmintei; prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor 62

58

16

15

46

43

105

3.13

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare Average number of employees, by activity of industry and by sex - continued
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total 2009 2010

Brbai Men 2009 2010

Femei Women 2009 2010

Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions) Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of paper and paper products Printing and reproduction of recorded media Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations Manufacture of rubber and plastic products Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Manufacture of computers, electronic and optical products Manufacture of electrical equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of other transport equipment Manufacture of furniture Other manufacturing activities n.e.c. Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment

Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite 59 Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie 10 Tiprirea i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor 18 Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului 8 Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice 30 Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a preparatelor farmaceutice 8 Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice 41 Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice 43 Industria metalurgic 38 Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii 84 Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor electronice i optice 21 Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice 33 Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. 53 Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor 100 Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport 37 Fabricarea de mobil 60 Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. 10 Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor i echipamentelor 29 Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea deeurilor; activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile; activiti i servicii de decontaminare

47 9 14

44 5 9

36 5 7

15 5 9

11 4 7

6 28

6 21

4 19

2 9

2 9

8 37 38 34

3 27 31 30

3 24 28 27

5 14 12 8

5 13 10 7

73 20 32 49 107 29 54 9 25

66 9 17 42 47 31 38 4 25

57 9 17 38 51 24 34 4 22

18 12 16 11 53 6 22 6 4

16 11 15 11 56 5 20 5 3

78

73

59

56

19

Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning 17 production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and 26 decontamination activities Water catchment, treatment 11 and distribution Used water collection 1 and purification Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery; activities 14 and services of decontamination

100 40 6

98 40 6

72 28 5

72 29 5

28 12 1

54

52

39

38

15

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

106

3.14

Salariaii, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2010 Employees, by activity of national economy and by sex, on December 31, 2010
mii persoane / thou persons

Total salariai Total employees din care: proprietate majoritar Total privat1) of which: private majority ownership1) 4581 95 1310 65 1073 3203 65 1157 34 1048 Din total: Of total: Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections) Brbai Femei Men Women

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public2) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii

2365 72 740 55 558

2216 23 570 10 515

Total Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industry Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesales and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector2) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

73

21

55

18

99 346 809 268 112 114 110 28 135 192 204 383 375 57 43

54 321 807 132 105 102 100 22 102 176 17 30 25 42

72 295 376 197 41 68 33 15 69 131 88 119 76 25 20

27 51 433 71 71 46 77 13 66 61 116 264 299 32 23

1) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral 2) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

strin. / Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, foreign integral ownership.

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2010. Source: Labour cost survey - 2010.

107

3.15

Salariaii, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2010 Employees, by activity of industry and by sex, on December 31, 2010
mii persoane / thou persons

Total salariai Total employees din care: proprietate majoritar privat1) of which: private majority ownership1) 1157 34 1 20 *) 7 6 1048 142 21 2 29 158 Din total: Of total:

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Total

Brbai Men

Femei Women

Total Industrie extractiv / Mining and quarrying Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior Mining of coal and lignite Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Extracia minereurilor metalifere Mining of metal ores Alte activiti extractive Other mining and quarrying Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei Mining support service activities Industrie prelucrtoare / Manufacturing Industria alimentar / Manufacture of food products Fabricarea buturilor / Manufacture of beverages Fabricarea produselor din tutun Manufacture of tobacco products Fabricarea produselor textile / Manufacture of textiles Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte Manufacture of wearing apparel Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i nclmintei; prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of travel and leather goods, harness and footwear; preparation and dyeing of furs Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie Manufacture of paper and paper products Tiprirea i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor Printing and reproduction of recorded media Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a preparatelor farmaceutice Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice Manufacture of rubber and plastic products

1310 65 23 24 2 9 7 1073 143 21 2 29 158

740 55 20 20 1 8 6 558 66 14 2 8 22

570 10 3 4 1 1 1 515 77 7 *) 21 136

64

64

17

47

52

51

39

13

9 15

9 14

5 7

4 8

6 29

6 27

4 20

2 9

40

40

26

14

1) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral

strin. / Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, foreign integral ownership. Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2010. / Source: Labour cost survey - 2010.

108

3.15

Salariaii, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2010 - continuare Employees, by activity of industry and by sex, on December 31, 2010 - continued
mii persoane / thou persons

Total salariai Total employees din care: proprietate majoritar privat1) of which: private Brbai majority Men ownership1) 37 33 26 27 Din total: Of total:

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Total

Femei Women

Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Industria metalurgic Manufacture of basic metals Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor electronice i optice Manufacture of computers, electronic and optical products Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice Manufacture of electrical equipment Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport Manufacture of other transport equipment Fabricarea de mobil Manufacture of furniture Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. Other manufacturing activities n.e.c. Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor i echipamentelor Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei Water catchment, treatment and distribution Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate Used water collection and purification Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea deeurilor; activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile; activiti i servicii de decontaminare Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery; activities and services of decontamination

37 34

11 7

74

69

58

16

22

22

10

12

34 49

34 49

18 38

16 11

123

123

60

63

28 58 11

26 58 10

23 37 5

5 21 6

27

17

23

73

21

55

18

99

54

72

27

40 7

11 2

28 6

12 1

52

41

38

14

1) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral

strin. / Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, foreign integral ownership. Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2010. / Source: Labour cost survey - 2010.

109

3.16
Total

omerii nregistrai1) i rata omajului (la sfritul anului) Registered unemployed1) and unemployment rate (end of year)
persoane / persons

Total omeri / Total unemployed 2005 522967 215147 143800 57779 13568 1 1 163 105 38 20 307656 274505 27022 6129 5,9 2006 460495 166657 106112 49359 11186 176 83 79 14 293662 263613 23759 6290 5,2 2007 367838 121389 74249 37781 9359 121 64 48 9 246328 216027 23884 6417 4,0 2008 403441 143549 86056 44650 12843 259892 225848 26169 7875 4,4 2009 709383 435497 262026 131855 41616 273886 240969 24497 8420 7,8 2010 626960 329639 178728 110052 40859 1 1 297320 262874 25536 8910 7,0 2005 219224 95241 54509 32868 7864 56 27 20 9 123927 106678 13788 3461 5,2 2006 191449 74997 40821 27714 6462 51 17 30 4 116401 100505 12289 3607 4,6

Din care: femei / Of which: women 2007 166626 60513 31588 23210 5715 32 8 21 3 106081 89325 12987 3769 3,9 2008 187228 73039 37599 27213 8227 114189 94153 15087 4949 4,4 2009 302124 188457 93100 71697 23660 113667 97407 11282 4978 7,1 2010 264401 142429 60638 57710 24081 121972 103748 12891 5333 6,3 Total Recipients of unemployment indemnity Primary, secondary, vocational High school and post high school University Recipients of support allowance Primary, secondary, vocational High school and post high school University Beneficiaries of compensatory payments according to G.P.O. no. 98/1999 Primary, secondary, vocational High school and post high school University Unpaid unemployed Primary, secondary, vocational High school and post high school University Unemployment rate (%)

Beneficiari de indemnizaie de omaj Primar, gimnazial, profesional Liceal i postliceal Universitar Beneficiari de alocaie de sprijin Primar, gimnazial, profesional Liceal i postliceal Universitar Beneficiari de pli compensatorii potrivit O.U.G.nr.98/1999 Primar, gimnazial, profesional Liceal i postliceal Universitar omeri neindemnizai Primar, gimnazial, profesional Liceal i postliceal Universitar Rata omajului (%)
1)

La ageniile pentru ocuparea forei de munc. / At the agencies for employment. Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. / Source: National Agency for Employment.

3.17
Total

Persoanele cuprinse n cursuri de formare profesional Persons who attend vocational training courses
persoane / persons

Persoane cuprinse n pregtire Persons attending training courses 2005 59780 53077 2006 65031 55931 5452 3648 37859 22534 821 12464 1464 576 15189 3651 54906 33215 1630 3359 13169 3280 253 3508 5150 2007 64093 53651 6007 4435 45731 26601 1432 3531 11942 2016 209 12910 3508 2008 59703 50622 5307 3774 44490 25241 2258 3504 11643 1513 331 9912 3681 2009 44347 41306 1346 1695 36586 24910 911 659 9035 960 111 4533 2301 2010 39987 37979 825 1183 30692 23480 1702 413 4297 601 199 6391 1406 16276 7664 163 8449 2005

din care: s-au ncadrat n activitate of which: employed in activity 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Total of which: Unemployed Persons who benefit of free vocational training services Persons who do not benefit of free vocational training services 24819 10567 277 13975 21891 6387 244 15260 8924 4818 236 3870 5894 3369 74 2451 6713 5008 141 1564 Accomplished their training in organized courses: Unemployed who attended courses financed from unemployment insurance budget Unemployed who attended courses organized from other funds Persons who benefit of free vocational training services financed from unemployment insurance budget Persons beginning the training in the previous year On the basis of researches and programmes of perspective on the labour market At the request of interested natural persons At the request of the economic operators Under training (on going courses) Interrupted the training1)

din care: omeri Persoane care beneficiaz de servicii gratuite de formare profesional Persoane care nu beneficiaz de servicii gratuite de formare profesional Au ncheiat pregtirea n cursuri organizate: omeri care au urmat cursuri finanate din bugetul asigurrilor pentru omaj omeri care au urmat cursuri organizate din alte fonduri Persoane care beneficiaz de servicii gratuite de formare profesional finanate din bugetul asigurrilor pentru omaj Persoane care au nceput cursurile n anul anterior Pe baza studiilor i programelor de perspectiv, privind piaa muncii La cererea persoanelor fizice interesate La cererea operatorilor economici n pregtire (cursuri n derulare) Au ntrerupt cursurile1)
1)

110

Datele se refer numai la numrul omerilor nregistrai conform Legii nr. 76/2002 privind sistemul asigurrilor pentru omaj i stimularea ocuprii forei de munc cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare. / Data refer only to the number of registered unemployed according to the Law no. 76/2002 with subsequent amendments. Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. / Source: National Agency for Employment.

111

3.18

omerii nregistrai, dup nivelul de educaie i pe grupe de vrst, la 31 decembrie 2010 Registered unemployed, by educational level and by age group, on December 31, 2010
persoane / persons

omeri nregistrai / Registered unemployed Grupe de vrst / Age groups Total sub 25 ani 25 - 29 ani 30 - 39 ani 40 - 49 ani 50 - 55 ani peste 55 ani under 25 years 25 - 29 years 30 - 39 years 40 - 49 years 50 - 55 years over 55 years Total din care: Femei Primar, gimnazial, profesional din care: Femei Liceal i postliceal din care: Femei Universitar din care: Femei
1)

din care: beneficiari de indemnizaie de omaj1) / of which: beneficiaries of unemployment indemnity1) Grupe de vrst / Age groups Total sub 25 ani 25 - 29 ani 30 - 39 ani 40 - 49 ani 50 - 55 ani peste 55 ani under 25 years 25 - 29 years 30 - 39 years 40 - 49 years 50 - 55 years over 55 years 329640 142429 178729 60638 110052 57710 40859 24081 49189 23648 10519 4023 28758 12940 9912 6685 21448 11296 7959 3161 5815 3342 7674 4793 71827 33975 40419 14775 22362 13416 9046 5784 103127 46447 62030 22574 33820 19486 7277 4387 53830 21715 35763 12357 13768 7352 4299 2006 30219 5348 22039 3748 5529 1174 2651 426 Total of which: Women Primary, secondary, vocational of which: Women High school and post high school of which: Women University of which: Women

626960 264401 441603 164386 135588 70601 49769 29414

99142 42664 44123 14421 40961 18850 14058 9393

47671 20565 30165 10191 7726 4316 9780 6058

151632 67135 114698 44588 26645 16010 10289 6537

175945 78340 129643 51701 38295 21838 8007 4801

91814 39337 71660 29046 15448 8135 4706 2156

60756 16360 51314 14439 6513 1452 2929 469

Inclusiv beneficiarii de drepturi conform O.U.G. nr. 98/1999. / Including recipients of rights according to G.P.O. no. 98/1999. Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. / Source: National Agency for Employment.

3.19
Total Brbai Femei Sub 25 ani Brbai Femei 25 - 29 ani Brbai Femei 30 - 39 ani Brbai Femei 40 - 49 ani Brbai Femei 50 - 55 ani Brbai Femei Peste 55 ani Brbai Femei
1)

omerii nregistrai, beneficiari de indemnizaii de omaj1), pe grupe de vrst i dup durata omajului, la 31 decembrie 2010 Registered unemployed, receiving unemployment indemnities1), by age group and by unemployment duration, on December 31, 2010
persoane / persons

Total

1 zi - 3 luni 1 day - 3 months 109750 62975 46775 16647 9221 7426 10186 4955 5231 27292 14886 12406 30969 17367 13602 15986 9554 6432 8670 6992 1678

Durata omajului cuprins ntre: 3 - 6 luni 6 - 9 luni 3 - 6 months 6 - 9 months 99320 50662 48658 31454 15692 15762 8964 3980 4984 20871 9761 11110 21544 10665 10879 10504 5835 4669 5983 4729 1254 48390 27622 20768 740 426 314 1590 824 766 11584 5879 5705 19104 10155 8949 9800 5748 4052 5572 4590 982

Duration of unemployment: 9 - 12 luni 12 - 15 luni 9 - 12 months 12 - 15 months 69157 43918 25239 343 199 144 689 380 309 11689 7060 4629 30294 17770 12524 16739 10465 6274 9403 8044 1359 2751 1828 923 5 3 2 19 13 6 390 266 124 1158 686 472 698 449 249 481 411 70

15 - 18 luni 15 - 18 months 185 144 41 44 30 14 72 47 25 69 67 2

18 - 21 luni 18 - 21 months 1 1 1 1 -

21 - 27 luni 21 - 27 months 86 61 25 1 1 14 7 7 31 17 14 40 37 3 Total Men Women Under 25 years Men Women 25 - 29 years Men Women 30 - 39 years Men Women 40 - 49 years Men Women 50 - 55 years Men Women Over 55 years Men Women

329640 187211 142429 49189 25541 23648 21448 10152 11296 71827 37852 33975 103127 56680 46447 53830 32115 21715 30219 24871 5348

Inclusiv beneficiarii de drepturi conform O.U.G. nr. 98/1999. / Including recipients of rights according to G.P.O. no. 98/1999. Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. / Source: National Agency for Employment.

112

113

3.20

omajul BIM1) de lung durat, pe sexe i medii ILO1) long term unemployed, by sex and area
procente / percentage

2005
Rata omajului BIM1) de lung durat (12 luni i peste) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural Rata omajului BIM1) de lung durat pentru tineri (6 luni i peste) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural Incidena omajului BIM1) de lung durat (12 luni i peste) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural Incidena omajului BIM1) de lung durat pentru tineri (6 luni i peste) Total Pe sexe Masculin Feminin Pe medii Urban Rural

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010
ILO1) long term unemployment rate (12 months and over) Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural ILO1) long term unemployment rate for youth (6 months and over) Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural Incidence of ILO1) long term unemployment (12 months and over) Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural Incidence of ILO1) long term unemployment for youth (6 months and over) Total By sex Male Female By area Urban Rural

4,0 4,6 3,4 5,2 2,7

4,1 4,7 3,3 4,7 3,2

3,2 3,6 2,7 3,9 2,4

2,4 2,9 1,8 2,9 1,7

2,1 2,4 1,7 2,6 1,5

2,5 2,9 2,1 3,2 1,7

13,1 14,0 11,7 18,2 8,7

14,2 14,9 13,1 18,0 10,9

13,3 13,5 13,0 15,9 11,1

10,5 10,5 10,5 12,7 8,6

10,3 10,9 9,3 13,5 7,6

13,0 13,8 11,8 17,8 9,1

56,2 59,0 52,2 58,4 51,7

56,0 57,4 53,8 55,3 57,5

50,0 49,9 50,1 50,3 49,4

41,3 42,9 38,4 43,4 37,5

30,9 31,6 29,8 32,2 28,7

34,9 36,9 32,0 35,2 34,2

66,5 68,4 63,5 69,1 62,4

67,4 69,2 64,7 65,9 69,8

66,1 64,2 69,5 64,3 68,5

56,3 55,6 57,4 54,6 58,6

49,5 51,6 46,3 49,8 49,0

58,8 62,0 54,1 58,4 59,6

1) BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii. / ILO = International Labour Office.

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO). Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS).

114

3.21

Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2010 Number of injured at work, by activity of national economy, in 2010
Numr accidentai Accidente colective Number of injured Collective accidents at work Rata din care: Numr accidentai accidentelor of which: Numr Number of injured de munc Total Incapacitate accidente din care: Rate of Mortal temporar Number Total mortal accidents Fatal de munc of accidents of which: at work Temporary at work fatal () incapacity of work

Activitatea (seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Total Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Agriculture, forestry and fishing

4040 162 69 3

340 42 12 2

3700 120 57 1

38 1 -

228 7 -

30 3 -

0,88 0,61 0,34 0,32

Agricultur, vntoare i servicii anexe Agriculture, hunting and ancillary services Pescuit i acvacultur Fishing and acvaculture Silvicultur, exploatare forestier i servicii anexe Forestry and logging and ancillary services Industrie extractiv Mining and quarrying Extracia crbunelui Coal mining Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Extracia minereurilor metalifere Metalliferrous ores quarrying Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei Mining support service activities Alte activiti extractive Other extractive activities Industrie prelucrtoare Manufacturing Produse alimentare Food products Buturi Beverages Produse din tutun Tobacco products Produse textile Textile products Articole de mbrcminte Clothing articles Articole de nclminte si pielarie Leather goods and footwear Prelucrarea lemnului i a produselor din lemn (exclusiv mobil) Wood and wooden products manufacturing (excluding furniture) Celuloz, hrtie i produse din hrtie Pulp, paper and paper products

90

28

62

1,63

307 242

6 1

301 241

2 -

8 -

2 -

3,57 11,80

34

32

0,98

2 12 17 1521 182 26 6 33 125 27

3 72 8 3 5 3

2 12 14 1449 174 23 6 33 120 24

11 1 2 -

110 3 75 -

5 4 -

0,39 1,33 1,03 1,10 1,20 0,53 2,09 0,34 0,66 0,56

145

13

132

2,15

25

25

1,73

115

3.21

Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2010 - continuare Number of injured at work, by activity of national economy, in 2010 - continued
Numr accidentai Accidente colective Number of injured Collective accidents at work Rata din care: Numr accidentai accidentelor of which: Numr Number of injured de munc Total Incapacitate accidente din care: Rate of Mortal temporar Number Total mortal accidents Fatal de munc of accidents of which: at work Temporary at work fatal () incapacity of work

Activitatea (seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Edituri, poligrafie i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor Publishing houses, poligraphy and recording reproducible registrations

10

10

0,51

Prelucrarea ieiului, cocsificarea crbunelui i tratarea combustibililor nucleari 5 Crude oil processing, coal coking and nuclear fuel treatment Substane i produse chimice Chemical substances and products Produse farmaceutice Pharmaceutical products Produse din cauciuc i mase plastice Rubber and plastic products Fabricarea produselor din minerale nemetalice Manufacturing of products of non metallic minerals Metalurgie / Metallurgy Construcii metalice i produse din metal Metallic structures and metal products Fabricarea calculatoarelor si a produselor electronice si optice Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice Manufacture of electrical equipment Fabricarea mijloacelor de transport rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport Manufacture of other transport equipment Fabricarea de mobil Manufacture of furniture Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor i echipamentelor Repair and installation of machinery and equipment Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. Other manufacturing activities n.e.c. Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze i ap Electric and thermal energy, gas and water production and supply 71 10 74

0,33

6 1 1

65 9 73

1,82 0,83 1,72

61

60

1,17

111 132

4 6

107 126

1,86 1,41

19

18

0,78

84

82

1,02

40

40

0,77

115

112

11

2,06

83 97

5 6

78 91

1,48 0,87

29

26

1,06

11

10

0,51

87

79

0,94

116

3.21

Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2010 - continuare Number of injured at work, by activity of national economy, in 2010 - continued
Numr accidentai Accidente colective Number of injured Collective accidents at work Rata din care: Numr accidentai accidentelor of which: Numr Number of injured de munc Total Incapacitate accidente din care: Rate of Mortal temporar Number Total mortal accidents Fatal de munc of accidents of which: at work Temporary at work fatal () incapacity of work

Activitatea (seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Distribuia apei; salubritate; gestionarea deeurilor; activiti de decontaminare Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei Water catchment, treatment and distribution Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate Used water collection and purification Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor, activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery Activiti i servicii de decontaminare Decontamination activities and services Construcii Construction Comerul cu ridicata i cu amnuntul, repararea i ntreinerea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Wholesale and retail, repair and maintenance of motor vehicles and motorcycles Comerul cu ridicata i cu amnuntul ntreinerea i repararea autovehiculelor i a motocicletelor Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Comerul cu ridicata - cu excepia autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Wholesale - excepting motor vehicles and motorcycles Comerul cu amnuntul - cu excepia autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Retail - excepting motor vehicles and motorcycles Hoteluri i restaurante Hotels and restaurants Transport i depozitare Transport and storage Transporturi terestre, transporturi prin conducte Land transport, pipe-line transport

87

79

0,94

117

108

1,27

45

41

1,22

0,06

70

65

2,06

1 535

84

1 451

24

0,18 1,82

391

30

361

18

0,63

40

38

0,51

173

20

153

18

0,84

178

170

0,53

57 306

1 31

56 275

1 6

3 34

0,24 1,18

208

24

184

34

1,3

117

3.21

Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2010 - continuare Number of injured at work, by activity of national economy, in 2010 - continued
Numr accidentai Accidente colective Number of injured Collective accidents at work Rata din care: Numr accidentai accidentelor of which: Numr Number of injured de munc Total Incapacitate accidente din care: Rate of Mortal temporar Number Total mortal accidents Fatal de munc of accidents of which: at work Temporary at work fatal () incapacity of work

Activitatea (seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Transporturi pe ap 6 Water transport Transporturi aeriene 6 Air transport Depozitare i activiti auxiliare pentru transporturi 51 Warehousing and support activities for transportation Activiti de pot i de curier 35 Postal and courier activities Intermedieri financiare i asigurri 35 Financial intermediation and insurance Intermedieri financiare, cu excepia activitilor de asigurri i ale fondurilor de pensii 28 Financial service activities, except insurance and pension funding Activiti de asigurri, reasigurri i ale fondurilor de pensii (cu excepia celor din sistemul public de asigurri sociale) 5 Insurance activities, reinsurance and pension funding (except social insurance public system) Activiti auxiliare pentru intermedieri financiare, activiti de asigurare i fonduri de pensii 2 Activities auxiliary to financial services and insurance activities Tranzacii imobiliare 18 Real estate Informaii i comunicaii 50 Informatics and communications Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice 45 Professional, scientific and technical activities Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport 161 Administrative and support service activities Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public 84 Public administration and defence; public system social insurance nvmnt / Education 43 Sntate i asisten social 77 Health and social assistance Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative 20 Leisure, culture and sport activities Alte activiti de servicii 24 Other services

6 6

0,75 0,51

44

1,37

35 32

0,83 0,42

26

0,67

0,18

0,14

18 45

1 -

3 -

1,33 0,55

41

0,46

14

147

1,32

10

74

0,63

7 1

36 76

0,14 0,28

3 10

17 14

0,43 0,40

118

3.22
Revendicri Claims Total

Revendicrile care au declanat conflicte de interese Claims which caused conflicts of interest
Pondere n total / Weight in total 2006 2007 2008 2009 100,0 100,0 100,0

2005 100,0

2010

100,0 100,0

Salariale (neacordarea compensrilor, indexrilor, neplata salariilor la termen, neacordarea unor prime de vacan etc.) For salary reasons (non-payment of compensations, of indexations, of wages in time, of holidays bonuses a.s.o.) Organizarea muncii (revizuirea normelor de munc, organizarea timpului de lucru, programul de munc, lipsa fiei postului) Labour organisation (revision of labour norms, organisation of working time, schedule, lack of position file) Condiii de munc (neasigurarea condiiilor normale de munc i a condiiilor sociale, acordarea grupelor de munc etc.) Working conditions (lack of normal labour and social conditions, promotion in higher wage classes a.s.o.) Timp de munc (neacordarea zilelor libere, orelor suplimentare, concediilor suplimentare, lucrul n schimburi etc.) Working time (lack of days-off, additional hours and leaves, shifts a.s.o.) Drepturi sociale (lipsa unor msuri de protecie social la nivelul agenilor economici, sisteme proprii de asigurri sociale, acordare de locuine, bilete de tratament, fonduri pentru aciuni sociale etc.) Social rights (lack of some social security measures at economic units level, own systems of social insurance, dwellings, treatment tickets, funds for social actions a.s.o.) Viaa sindical (asigurarea condiiilor pentru desfurarea activitii sindicale, amestecul patronatului n activitatea sindical, msuri de sancionare a liderilor, lipsa de transparen, prezena liderilor la negocieri etc.) Trade-union life (conditions for union activity, employers involvement in the union activity, measures of leaders sanction, lack of transparency, presence of leaders at negotiations a.s.o.) Alte revendicri (modificri n structurile organizatorice, negocierea contractelor colective etc.) Other claims (changes in organisational structures, negotiation of collective contracts a.s.o.)

60,0

57,7

68,6

78,4

73,9

40,3

1,6

0,9

14,2

5,4

2,3

0,9

5,0

6,3

0,9

1,8

19,2

27,9

29,1

19,8

26,1

59,7

Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

119

3.23
Total Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie
1)

Conflictele de interese i frecvena lor lunar Conflicts of interest and their monthly frequency
Numr conflicte Number of conflicts 2005 98 6 11 11 11 15 3 7 5 8 9 10 2 2006 95 10 12 9 6 13 7 7 8 4 6 6 7 2007 86 9 11 6 7 15 6 8 5 3 3 7 6 2008 116 14 32 11 10 11 10 8 4 7 2 5 2 2009 92 12 8 7 8 15 11 4 3 7 3 9 5 2010 73 3 9 4 7 7 6 8 9 4 3 9 4 2005 323606 4853 12396 5345 202414 16656 9680 11130 1463 41257 4185 11047 3180 Numr salariai Total1) 2006 109969 39076 11682 8579 3835 10690 3876 2612 2559 1816 11582 4744 8918 2007 103552 6477 33595 3947 5893 23975 4077 5676 1292 1769 1696 6880 8275 Number of employees Total1) 2008 268732 24484 158556 38841 10506 5911 9057 1915 6083 7775 1695 3202 707 2009 161532 16980 5067 15878 14444 53193 30608 898 1539 4884 1465 14840 1736 2010 114408 541 34079 1819 6548 25427 2892 18338 14439 2998 2128 4418 781

din care: participani la conflicte / of which: involved in conflicts 2005 184072 3351 10245 3054 112673 9968 6264 8383 985 15666 3256 9037 1190 2006 79736 31492 10279 6385 2579 8071 2155 1893 1781 1347 7610 1128 5016 2007 72767 5480 27665 3181 4415 11628 3578 4258 908 1285 1285 4835 4249 2008 204798 15047 138006 29903 3092 2776 2330 1428 2890 6086 1230 1389 621 2009 104701 11702 3604 12411 4834 41001 15072 477 892 1715 1096 11455 442 2010 61682 329 20491 1668 4321 13690 1423 7320 4646 2268 1472 3408 646 Total January February March April May June July August September October November December

Aferent unitilor n care au avut loc conflicte de interese. / For the units where conflicts of interest took place. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

3.24
Total

Greve declanate, cu respectarea procedurii prevzute n Legea nr. 168 / 1999 Strikes initiated by observing the procedure provided by Law no. 168 / 1999
Numr greve Number of strikes 2005 8 4 20062) 2 1 20072) 12 4 2008 8 3 2009 1 1 2010 2005 4601 2439 Numr salariai Total1) 20062) 1493 1205 20072) 27725 6251 Number of employees Total1) 2008 43677 2405 2009 400 400 2010 -

din care: participani la greve / of which: involved in strikes 2005 2892 1307 20062) 1254 979 20072) 8081 3340 2008 16730 1350 2009 360 360 2010 Total Warning strike Warning strike followed by proper strike Proper strike

Grev de avertisment Grev de avertisment urmat de grev propriu-zis Grev propriu-zis

4 -

1 1

2 8

3 2

2162 -

1205 288

4306 21474

13822 27450

1585 -

979 275

2140 4741

8980 6400

1) Aferent unitilor n care au avut loc greve. / For the units where strikes took place. 2)

Datele aferente grevei de avertisment urmate de grev propriu - zis reprezint parte component a datelor aferente grevei de avertisment. / The data on the warning strike followed by proper strike represent a component of data on warning strike. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale. / Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

120

121

3.25

Conflictele de interese, pe activiti ale economiei naionale Conflicts of interest, by activity of national economy
2009 2010 Numr salariai Number of employees din care: participani la conflicte of which: involved in conflicts 61682 28938 511 596 -

Activitatea (seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Numr conflicte Number of conflicts 92 1 1 41 6 1 5 1

Numr salariai Number of employees Total1) din care: participani la conflicte of which: involved in conflicts 161532 10920 10920 42724 5306 501 2524 101 104701 10920 10920 20913 2057 250 1630 82

Numr conflicte Number of conflicts 73 37 3 3 -

Total1)

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Total Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Agricultur, vntoare i servicii anexe Industrie extractiv Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Produse ale industriei prelucrtoare Industria alimentar Fabricarea produselor din tutun Fabricarea produselor textile Industria pielriei i a produselor din piele Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a preparatelor farmaceutice Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului Fabricarea articolelor din beton, ciment i ipsos Fabricarea altor maini i utilaje cu destinaie specific Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice Industria metalurgic Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice Industria de maini i echipamente Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier, a remorcilor si semiremorcilor Producia de piese i accesorii pentru autovehicule i pentru motoare de autovehicule Fabricarea articolelor pentru sport Fabricarea de mobil Repararea i ntreinerea aeronavelor i navelor spaiale Alte activiti industriale Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Construcii Lucrri de geniu civil Tranzacii imobiliare, nchirieri i activiti de servicii prestate n principal ntreprinderilor

114408 51427 748 1231 -

Total Agriculture, forestry and fishing Agriculture, hunting and annex services Mining and quarrying Mining of coal and lignite Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Manufacturing Manufacture of food products Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of textiles Manufacture of leather goods and footwear Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of paper and paper products Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products Manufacture of cement, concrete and gypsum articles Manufacture of other machinery and equipment with specific destination Manufacture of rubber and plastic products Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals Manufacture of electrical equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Production of parts and accessories for motor vehicles and engines of motor vehicles Manufacture of sport articles Manufacture of furniture Repair and maintenance aircrafts and space ships Other manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Construction Civil engineering Real estate transactions, rentings and services activities mainly rendered to enterprises

1 1 4 1 1 5 1 5 6 1 1 1 13 13 3 3 -

76 59 2779 132 669 1189 1500 5639 13210 7800 618 1628 66209 66209 1149 1149 -

72 50 2070 78 669 881 350 3866 3160 4000 158 1540 46484 46484 317 317 -

5 1 1 3 7 3 8 1 1 1 4 4 2 2 -

4140 666 331 654 13696 7470 21670 430 186 205 6830 6830 600 600 -

1603 450 320 395 4911 4430 15192 220 168 142 6426 6426 295 295 -

1) Aferent unitilor n care au avut loc conflicte de interese. / For the units where conflicts of interest took place.

Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

122

123

3.25

Conflictele de interese, pe activiti ale economiei naionale - continuare Conflicts of interest, by activity of national economy - continued
2009 2010 Numr salariai Number of employees din care: participani la conflicte of which: involved in conflicts

Activitatea (seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Numr conflicte Number of conflicts

Numr salariai Number of employees Total1) din care: participani la conflicte of which: involved in conflicts

Numr conflicte Number of conflicts

Total1)

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Comer cu ridicata cu excepia comerului cu autovehicule i motociclete Transport i depozitare Transporturi terestre i transporturi prin conducte Transporturi pe ap Transporturi aeriene Transporturi pe cale ferat Hoteluri i alte faciliti de cazare Hoteluri i alte faciliti de cazare Informaii i comunicare Telecomunicaii Activiti de editare Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Intermedieri financiare cu excepia activitilor de asigurri i ale fondurilor de pensii Asigurri profesionale tiinifice i tehnice Cercetare dezvoltare Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Activiti de servicii privind fora de munc Activiti de investigaii i protecie Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public nvmnt nvmnt Alte activiti de servicii colective, sociale i personale Reparaii de calculatoare, de articole personale i de uz gospodresc Alte activiti de servicii Sntate i asisten social Activiti referitoare la sntatea uman Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Activiti de creaie i interpretare artistic Alte activiti de servicii Alte activiti de servicii 3 3 2 2 5 5 2450 2450 326 326 1744 1744 510 510 225 225 1301 1301 4 1 1 2370 33 33 2117 22 22 4 2370 2117 5 2 2 2150 6618 6618 1744 5398 5398 10 2 2 7688 13900 13900 4263 10590 10590 5 2150 1744 10 7688 4263 2 2 2000 2000 80 80 3 3 8124 8124 1280 1280 1 2 2 9261 500 500 7600 220 220 1 1 127 127 90 90 1 9 9 2 2 1 1500 9981 9981 4000 4000 9261 620 7569 7569 800 800 7600 1 4 1 2 1 1 1 3 2 1 8074 3468 650 2300 518 250 250 11517 11467 50 3049 1087 244 720 123 200 200 3325 3300 25 1 1500 620 1 8074 3049

Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Wholesale except of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Land transport and transport via pipelines Water transport Air transport Railway transport Hotels and similar accommodation Hotels and similar accommodation Information and communication Telecommunication Publishing activities Financial intermediation and insurance Financial service activities, except insurance and pension funding Professional, scientific and technical activities Research development Administrative and support service activities Activities of services on labour force Security and investigation articles Public administration and defence, social insurance of public sector Public administration and defence, social insurance of public sector Education Education Other collective, social and personal services of activities Repair of computers and personal and household goods Other service activities Health and social assistance Human health activities Shows, culture and recreation activities Activities of art creation and interpretation Other services Other services

1) Aferent unitilor n care au avut loc conflicte de interese. / For the units where conflicts of interest took place. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

124

125

3.26
Total

Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe activiti ale economiei naionale Rate of vacancies, by activity of national economy
procente / percentage

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

2008

2009

2010

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections) Total Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industry - total Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesales and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

1,94 1,78 1,57 0,28 1,78 0,41 0,97 1,45 0,60 0,64 0,71 0,59 2,52 0,60 2,02 1,33 5,97 1,43 6,28 2,25 0,99

0,88 1,42 0,64 0,06 0,72 0,27 0,44 0,60 0,22 0,43 0,40 0,54 0,97 0,20 0,95 0,73 2,14 0,56 3,42 0,94 0,54

0,59 0,85 0,67 0,05 0,77 0,14 0,54 0,53 0,24 0,47 0,12 0,76 0,84 0,16 0,62 0,59 1,17 0,17 1,10 0,88 0,29

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie - total Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra locurilor de munc vacante. / Source: Job vacancy survey.

3.27
Total1)

Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe grupe majore de ocupaii Rate of vacancies, by major occupation groups
procente / percentage

Grupe majore de ocupaii

2008 1,94 1,17 3,17 2,13 1,68 1,57 1,72 1,64 1,64 1,94

2009 0,88 0,56 1,40 1,04 0,69 0,89 1,00 0,62 0,72 0,77

2010 0,59 0,33 0,75 0,51 0,52 0,52 0,39 0,41 0,88 0,64

Major occupation groups Total1) Members of legislative bodies, senior clerks and leaders Specialists with intellectual and scientific occupations Technicians, foremen and assimilated Civil servants Operative workers in services, trade and assimilated Farmers and skilled workers in agriculture, forestry and fishery Artisans and handicraftmen in machinery and installations maintenance and adjustment Operators for installations, machinery and equipment assemblers Unskilled workers

Legislatori, nali funcionari i conductori Specialiti cu ocupaii intelectuale i tiinifice Tehnicieni, maitri i asimilai Funcionari administrativi Lucrtori operativi n servicii, comer i asimilai Agricultori i lucrtori calificai n agricultur,silvicultur i pescuit Meteugari i lucrtori calificai Operatori la instalaii, maini i asamblori de echipamente Muncitori necalificai

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra locurilor de munc vacante. / Source: Job vacancy survey.

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VENITURILE, CHELTUIELILE I CONSUMUL POPULAIEI POPULATION INCOME, EXPENDITURE AND CONSUMPTION

CUPRINS TABELE

Pagina Page

TABLES CONTENTS

VENITURILE POPULAIEI 4.1 Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor ............................. 142 4.2 Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor, grupate dup numrul persoanelor din componen, n anul 2010 ............................................................. 142 4.3 Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor, pe decile, n anul 2010 ............................................................. 144 4.4 Distribuia gospodriilor i persoanelor din gospodrii, pe decile, n anul 2010 .................... 144 4.5 Salariile medii brute, realizate pe principalele activiti ale economiei naionale, n luna octombrie 2010 ............................................ 146 4.6 Structura salariailor, pe grupe de salarii brute, realizate n luna octombrie 2010 .............................. 147 4.7 Indicii ctigului salarial real .................................... 147 4.8 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe ................................................. 148 4.9 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar, pe forme de proprietate, clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor i pe sexe ..................................... 150 4.10 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar, pe forme de proprietate, clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor i pe sexe .......................................... 150 4.11 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe .......................... 151 4.12 Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2010 ............................................................. 155 4.13 Indicatori structurali din statisticile ctigurilor salariale i costului forei de munc ......................... 161 4.14 Costul mediu lunar i costul mediu orar al forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2010 ............................................................. 162 4.15 Costul mediu lunar i costul mediu orar al forei de munc, pe activiti ale industriei, n anul 2010 ............................................................. 164 CHELTUIELILE I CONSUMUL POPULAIEI 4.16 Cheltuielile totale ale gospodriilor .......................... 168 4.17 Cheltuielile totale ale gospodriilor, grupate dup numrul persoanelor din componen, n anul 2010 ............................................................. 168 4.18 Cheltuielile totale ale gospodriilor, pe decile, n anul 2010 ............................................................. 170 4.19 Structura cheltuielilor totale de consum ale gospodriilor ....................................................... 170

POPULATION INCOME Total income of households Total income of households, grouped by number of component persons, in 2010 Total income of households, by decile, in 2010 Distribution of households and of persons from households, by decile, in 2010 Average gross salaries, by main activity of national economy, obtained in October 2010 Structure of employees, by gross salary group, obtained in October 2010 Indices of real earnings Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity of national economy and by sex Average gross nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type, enterprise size class and by sex Average net nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type, enterprise size class and by sex Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity of industry and by sex Quarterly labour cost indices, by activity of national economy, in 2010 Structural indicators of earnings and labour cost statistics Average monthly labour cost and average hourly labour cost, by activity of national economy, in 2010 Average monthly labour cost and average hourly labour cost, by activity of industry, in 2010 POPULATION EXPENDITURE AND CONSUMPTION Total expenditure of households Total expenditure of households, grouped by number of component persons, in 2010 Total expenditure of households, by decile, in 2010 Structure of total consumption expenditure of households

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Pagina Page
4.20 Structura cheltuielilor bneti de consum ale gospodriilor ....................................................... 4.21 Consumul mediu anual, la principalele produse alimentare i buturi, pe locuitor .............................. 4.22 Consumul alimentar mediu zilnic (exprimat n calorii i factori nutritivi), pe locuitor ......................... 4.23 nzestrarea gospodriilor cu bunuri de folosin ndelungat ................................................ Structure of money expenditure for households consumption Yearly average consumption, for the main food products and beverages, per inhabitant Daily average food consumption (expressed in calories and nutrients), per inhabitant Households endowment with durable goods

172 173 174 174

Teritorial 4.24 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, n profil teritorial i pe sexe, n anul 2010 ........................ 4.25 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar, n profil teritorial i pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2010 ..................................................... 4.26 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar, n profil teritorial i pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2010...................................................................... 4.27 Veniturile totale ale principalelor categorii de gospodrii, n profil teritorial, n anul 2010.................. 4.28 Cheltuielile totale ale principalelor categorii de gospodrii, n profil teritorial, n anul 2010..................

Territorial Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, at territorial level and by sex, in 2010 Average gross nominal monthly earnings, at territorial level and by activity of national economy, in 2010 Average net nominal monthly earnings, at territorial level and by activity of national economy, in 2010 Total income of main household categories, at territorial level, in 2010 Total expenditure of main household categories, at territorial level, in 2010

SURSA DATELOR
Cercetri statistice: Cercetarea statistic a bugetelor de familie; Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc, n unitile economico-sociale (conform Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 530/1999 privind statisticile structurii ctigurilor salariale i costului forei de munc); Cercetarea statistic lunar asupra ctigurilor salariale, n unitile economico-sociale (conform Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 1165/1998 i nr. 1158/2005 privind statisticile pe termen scurt); Cercetarea statistic a salariilor, n luna octombrie, n unitile economico-sociale; Cercetarea statistic PRODROM A - Produse i servicii industriale; Cercetarea statistic privind producia vegetal la principalele culturi; Cercetarea statistic privind efectivele de animale i producia animal; Cercetarea statistic privind datele de comer internaional;

DATA SOURCE
Statistical surveys: Family budgets survey; Labour cost survey, in socio- economic units (according to Regulation (EC) no. 530/1999 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning structural statistics on earnings and on labour costs); Monthly survey on earnings, in socio-economic units (according to Regulation (EC) no.1165/1998 and no. 1158/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning short-term statistics); Survey on salaries, in October, in socio-economic units; Statistical survey PRODROM A - Industrial products and services; Statistical survey on crop production for main crops; Statistical survey on livestock and animal production; Statistical survey on international trade data;

129

Balanele produselor agricole la productor; Legislaia n vigoare la 1 iulie a anului pentru care se calculeaz indicatorul. Surse administrative: Direcia Poliiei Rutiere din cadrul Inspectoratului General al Poliiei Romne, pentru datele privind autovehiculele nscrise n circulaie; Statistica vamal; Evidenele societilor de telefonie; Compania Naional Pota Romn.

Balances of producer agricultural products; The national legislation in force on July 1st of the year for which the structural indicator is computed. Administrative sources: Road Police Directorate within General Inspectorate of Romanian Police, for data regarding registered motor vehicles; Customs statistics; Phone companies records; National Company Romanian Post.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE
VENITURILE POPULAIEI Cercetarea statistic a bugetelor de familie permite colectarea informaiilor privind componena gospodriilor, veniturile, cheltuielile i consumul acestora i alte aspecte ale nivelului de trai al populaiei. Ancheta este organizat ca o cercetare trimestrial continu pe o perioad de 3 luni consecutive, pe un eantion de 9360 locuine permanente, repartizate n subeantioane lunare independente de cte 3120 locuine permanente. Cercetarea s-a desfurat n 780 centre de cercetare repartizate n toate judeele rii i n sectoarele municipiului Bucureti (427 n mediul urban i 353 n mediul rural). Includerea unei gospodrii ntr-o anumit categorie socio-economic s-a realizat pe baza statutului ocupaional principal al capului gospodriei. n categoria Agricultori s-au inclus gospodriile de lucrtori pe cont propriu n agricultur i membrii asociaiilor agricole. n cadrul gospodriilor de Pensionari s-au inclus i pensionarii agricoli. Gruparea gospodriilor pe decile de venit s-a efectuat pe baza venitului total pe o persoan, deflatat cu indicele preurilor de consum al populaiei cu baz ianuarie 2010. Decilele mpart seria gospodriilor ordonate cresctor dup nivelul venitului mediu lunar pe o persoan n 10 pri egale (grupe decilice). Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc: caracteristicile cercetrii sunt prezentate n capitolul nr. 3 - Piaa forei de munc (pagina 83). Cercetarea statistic lunar asupra ctigurilor salariale asigur producerea informaiilor necesare pentru evaluarea tendinelor pe termen scurt ale ctigurilor salariale medii i ale numrului de salariai la nivel de activiti ale economiei naionale. Cercetarea se realizeaz cu periodicitate lunar, fiind cercetate circa 25000 ntreprinderi i uniti locale. Unitile din sectorul bugetar sunt cuprinse exhaustiv n cercetare, excepie fcnd unitile administraiei publice locale pentru care datele la

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES
POPULATION INCOME Family budgets survey allows to collect information on households composition, income, expenditure and consumption and other aspects of population living standard. The survey is organized as a quarterly continuous survey for a period of 3 successive months, on a sample of 9360 permanent dwellings, distributed in monthly independent sub-samples of 3120 permanent dwellings. The survey has been carried out in 780 survey centers distributed in all counties of the country and in Bucharest Municipality sectors (427 in urban area and 353 in rural area). A household was included in a certain socioeconomic category based on the main occupational status of the household reference person. The category Farmers includes households of self-employed in agriculture and members of agricultural associations. The households of Pensioners also include agricultural pensioners. Households were grouped by income deciles based on total income per person, deflated by population consumer price index with January 2010 as base. The deciles divide the household series structured ascending according to the level of monthly average income per person into 10 equal parts (decile groups). Labour cost survey: the characteristics of the survey are presented in chapter no. 3 - Labour market (page 83). Monthly survey on earnings ensures the necessary information for evaluating the average earnings short-term trends and number of employees at level of activities of the national economy. The survey is monthly carried out by observing approximately 25000 enterprises and local units. The units of the budgetary sector are exhaustively surveyed, excepting the local public administration units for which the data at communal

130

nivelul consiliilor locale comunale se culeg pe baz de eantion reprezentativ la nivel de jude (cca. 770 de uniti). Pentru sectorul economic, au fost incluse n cercetare unitile cu 4 salariai i peste, care reprezint 93,32% din numrul total al salariailor din acest sector. Sunt excluse forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). Rezultatele acestei cercetri sunt utilizate pentru calculul indicilor trimestriali ai costului orar al forei de munc. Cercetarea statistic asupra salariilor n luna octombrie este o cercetare statistic anual care are ca obiectiv asigurarea informaiilor privind numrul de salariai pe grupe de salarii de baz i realizate, pe grupe majore de ocupaii, salariul mediu brut de baz i realizat, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe, n luna octombrie. Se realizeaz pe un eantion de circa 23900 de operatori economici i sociali. Sunt excluse forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). Structura veniturilor pe surse de provenien este determinat de caracterul eterogen al gospodriilor, n funcie de statutul ocupaional al membrilor acestora. n anul 2010, componena gospodriilor pe categorii de gospodrii, dup statutul ocupaional al membrilor gospodriei se prezint astfel:

local councils level are collected based on a sample, representative at county level (about 770 units). As for the economic sector, the units with 4 employees and over have been included in the survey, these accounting for 93,32% of total number of employees in this sector. The military staff, as well as the assimilated staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.) is excluded. The results of this survey are used when computing the quarterly indices of hourly labour cost. The survey on salaries in October is a yearly statistical survey having as objective to ensure the information about the number of employees by basic and obtained salary group, by major occupation group, basic and obtained average gross salary, by activity of national economy and by sex, in October. It is carried out on a sample of approximately 23900 economic and social operators.The military staff, as well as the assimilated staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.) is excluded. Income structure by origin source is determined by the heterogeneous character of households, depending on the occupational status of their members. In 2010, the composition of households by household category, by occupational status of household members is presented as follows:

numr mediu de persoane / gospodrie / average number of persons / husehold

Statutul ocupaional al membrilor gospodriei Total persoane Persoane active Salariai Patroni i lucrtori pe cont propriu n activiti neagricole1) Agricultori omeri Alte persoane Persoane inactive Pensionari Elevi i studeni Casnice Alte persoane
1)

Total gospodrii din care, gospodrii de: / of which, households of: Total Salariai Agricultori omeri Pensionari households Employees Farmers Unemployed Pensioners 2,897 1,284 0,802 3,149 1,898 1,669 3,421 1,727 0,165 3,496 2,023 0,564 2,446 0,569 0,308

Occupational status of household members Total persons Economically active persons Employees Employers and self-employed in non-agricultural activities1) Farmers Unemployed Other persons Non-economically active persons Pensioners Pupils and students Housewives Other persons

0,111 0,209 0,162 1,613 0,681 0,472 0,163 0,297

0,036 0,066 0,127 1,251 0,124 0,654 0,163 0,310

0,077 1,431 0,054 1,694 0,091 0,676 0,195 0,732

0,101 0,082 1,276 1,473 0,166 0,744 0,222 0,341

0,052 0,113 0,096 1,877 1,391 0,210 0,116 0,160

Inclusiv membrii cooperativelor neagricole. / Including members of non-agricultural holdings.

131

Veniturile totale cuprind: veniturile bneti pe surse de provenien (salarii, venituri din activiti pe cont propriu, vnzri, ajutoare de omaj, pensii, alocaii pentru copii, burse i alte prestaii de protecie social, venituri din proprieti etc.); contravaloarea prestaiilor (mrfuri i servicii) gratuite sau cu reducere de pre, evaluat la preul de vnzare al unitii ofertante; contravaloarea consumului de produse alimentare i nealimentare din resurse proprii (producie, stoc etc.), determinat pe baza preurilor medii lunare ale produselor respective. Ctigul salarial nominal brut cuprinde: salariile, respectiv drepturile n bani i n natur cuvenite salariailor pentru munca efectiv prestat (inclusiv pentru timpul lucrat suplimentar), potrivit formei de salarizare aplicat, sporurile i indemnizaiile acordate ca procentaj din salariu sau n sume fixe, alte adaosuri la salarii potrivit legii, sumele pltite pentru timpul nelucrat (indemnizaiile pentru concediile de odihn i de studii, zile de srbtoare i alte zile libere, sumele pltite din fondul de salarii pentru concediile medicale), premiile, primele de vacan i alte sume pltite din fondul de salarii potrivit prevederilor legislaiei n vigoare sau contractelor colective de munc; sumele pltite din profitul net i din alte fonduri (inclusiv contravaloarea tichetelor de mas). Ctigul salarial nominal net se calculeaz scznd din sumele brute aferente ctigului salarial nominal brut urmtoarele elemente: impozitul aferent; contribuia salariailor la bugetul asigurrilor pentru omaj; contribuia individual de asigurri sociale de stat; contribuia salariailor pentru asigurrile sociale de sntate. Indicele ctigului salarial real se calculeaz ca raport ntre indicele ctigului salarial nominal mediu net i indicele general al preurilor de consum al populaiei, exprimat procentual. Costul forei de munc reprezint totalitatea cheltuielilor suportate de angajator pentru fora de munc i anume: sume brute pltite direct salariailor (cheltuieli directe): salarii, sume pltite pentru timpul nelucrat, premii i alte stimulente, drepturi n natur pltite din fondul de salarii sau din alte fonduri, sume pentru protecia social din fondul de salarii i din contribuia de asigurri sociale; alte cheltuieli ale unitii cu fora de munc (cheltuieli indirecte) pentru formarea profesional,

Total income include: money income by origin sources (salaries, income from own account activities, sales, unemployment benefits, pensions, children allowances, scholarships and other allowances of social protection, income from properties a.s.o.); equivalent value of free or lower cost provisions (sales and services), estimated at selling price of offerer; equivalent value of consumption of food and non-food products from own resources (production, stock a.s.o.), determined based on monthly average prices of respective products. The gross nominal earnings includes: salaries, in cash and in kind for employees actually done work (including for supplementary worked time), according to the salary type applied, bonuses and indemnities granted as salary percentage or as fixed amounts, other bonuses according to the law, amounts paid for unworked time (indemnities for holiday and study leaves, holidays and other free days, amounts paid from salary funds for medical leaves), premiums, holiday bonuses and other amounts paid from salary funds according to the legislation provisions in force or to employment collective contracts; amounts paid from net profit and other funds (including equivalent value of lunch tickets). The net nominal earnings is calculated by subtracting from gross sums related to gross nominal earning the following elements: afferent tax; employees contribution to unemployment insurance budget; individual contribution to state social insurance; employees contribution to health insurance. The real earnings index is calculated as a ratio between the average net nominal earnings index and the population general consumer price index, expressed as percentage. The labour cost represents all the expenditure supported by the employer for the labour force, namely: gross amounts directly paid to employees (direct expenditure): salaries, amounts paid for unworked time, premiums and other incentives, rights in kind paid from salary funds or from other funds, amounts for social protection from salary funds and from social insurance contribution; other expenditure of the unit with labour force (indirect expenditure) for vocational training,

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contribuii pentru ajutorul de omaj i asigurri sociale, servicii pentru protecie social, alte cheltuieli. Costul mediu lunar al forei de munc pe un salariat s-a calculat prin raportarea cheltuielilor unitii pentru fora de munc la numrul mediu al salariailor i numrul de luni ale anului. Costul mediu orar al forei de munc s-a calculat prin raportarea cheltuielilor unitii pentru fora de munc la numrul de ore-om pltite. Indicele trimestrial al costului forei de munc este un indicator pe termen scurt care permite evaluarea tendinelor costurilor orare suportate de angajator cu fora de munc salariat. Metodologia utilizat i seriile de date sunt construite n conformitate cu prevederile Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 450/2003 privind indicii costului forei de munc. Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc se calculeaz ca indici de tip Laspeyres, pentru costul total cu fora de munc i cele dou componente ale acestuia: cheltuieli directe (salariale) i cheltuieli indirecte (non-salariale), cu anul de referin 2008 pentru activitile economice definite conform CAEN Rev.2. Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc sunt calculai ca indici provizorii pentru anul (N), urmnd a fi recalculai ca definitivi n anul (N+1), cnd devin disponibile datele (date definitive) din ancheta anual asupra costului forei de munc. Sursa datelor: Calculul indicilor trimestriali ai costului orar al forei de munc se realizeaz pe baza informaiilor obinute din dou surse de date statistice: Cercetarea statistic lunar asupra ctigurilor salariale (conform Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 1165/1998 i nr.1158/2005 privind statisticile pe termen scurt); Cercetarea statistic anual asupra costului forei de munc (conform Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 530/1999 privind statisticile structurii ctigurilor salariale i costului forei de munc). Datele pentru perioada 2000-2008 au fost estimate conform noii Clasificri a Activitilor din Economia Naional (CAEN Rev.2), armonizat cu clasificarea european n domeniu (NACE Rev.2). Metoda de estimare aplicat se bazeaz pe matricea de conversie a activitilor economice definite conform CAEN Rev.1, n activitile economice definite conform CAEN Rev.2. La baza construirii matricei de conversie au stat datele colectate conform ambelor versiuni de CAEN, prin cercetarea statistic lunar asupra ctigurilor salariale, n cursul anului 2008, respectiv prin cercetarea statistic anual asupra costului forei de munc, pentru anul 2007.

contributions to unemployment benefit and social insurance, social protection services, other expenditure. Monthly average labour cost per employee is calculated as the ratio between the units expenditure for labour force and the average number of employees and the number of months during one year. Average hourly labour cost is calculated as the ratio between the units expenditure for labour force and the number of hours - man paid. The quarterly labour cost index is a short-term indicator showing the assessment of hourly labour costs trends incurred by the employers as result of engaging the labour work force. The methodology used and data series built up are in accordance with the Regulation (EC) no. 450/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the labour cost index. The quarterly labour cost indices are calculated as Laspeyres type indices for total labour cost and its main components: wages and salaries and other labour costs (non-wage costs), with reference year 2008 for economic activities according to CANE Rev.2. The quarterly labour cost indices are calculated as provisional indices for year (N) and recalculated as final during year (N+1), when the data (final data) from the annual survey on labour costs become available. Data source: Quarterly labour cost indices are calculated based on the information obtained from two statistical data sources: Monthly statistical survey on earnings (according to the Regulation of European Council and Parliament no. 1165/1998 and no. 1158/2005 regarding statistics of earnings and labour cost structure); Yearly statistical survey on labour cost (according to the Regulation of European Council and Parliament no. 530/1999 regarding statistics of earnings and labour cost structure). Data for 2000-2008 period were estimated according to the new Classification of Activities in the National Economy (CANE Rev.2), compliant with the European classification in this field (NACE Rev.2). The estimation method applied relies on the conversion matrix of economic activities defined according to CANE Rev. 1 in economic activities defined according to CANE Rev.2. Conversion matrix was built based on data collected according to both CANE versions, by means of monthly statistical survey on earnings, during 2008, respectively by means of yearly statistical survey on labour cost for 2007.

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Costul total cu fora de munc - reprezint totalitatea cheltuielilor directe i indirecte suportate de angajator cu fora de munc salariat. Conform metodologiei europene, se exclud cheltuielile suportate de angajator cu formarea profesional a angajailor, recrutarea personalului i echipamentul de protecie. Cheltuielile directe cu fora de munc - includ sumele brute pltite din fondul de salarii pentru timpul lucrat (inclusiv premii), pentru timpul nelucrat, drepturile n natur ca remunerare a muncii (potrivit prevederilor din contractele colective de munc), sumele brute pltite salariailor (ca stimulente) din profitul net realizat de unitate, sumele brute pltite din alte fonduri (inclusiv drepturi n natur) acordate conform legislaiei n vigoare. Cheltuielile indirecte cu fora de munc - includ contribuiile angajatorului la fondurile de asigurri i protecie social (omaj, sntate etc.), sumele brute pltite salariailor care prsesc unitatea (ieire la pensie, transfer, detaare etc.), sumele brute pltite pentru ntreruperi ale lucrului neimputabile salariailor, alte cheltuieli cu fora de munc. Costul mediu orar al fortei de munc reprezint raportul dintre cheltuielile angajatorului cu fora de munc i timpul efectiv lucrat. Timpul efectiv lucrat cuprinde numrul total de ore lucrate n program normal de lucru i numrul de ore lucrate suplimentar (n zilele lucrtoare, peste programul normal de lucru i n zilele de repaus sptmnal, srbtori legale i alte zile nelucrtoare). Sfera de acoperire: ncepnd cu anul 2008, indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc se calculeaz pentru activitile economice definite, conform Clasificrii Activitilor din Economia Naional (CAEN Rev.2), armonizat cu clasificarea european n domeniu (NACE Rev.2). Pe lng seria indicilor trimestriali ai costului forei de munc n form brut (neajustat) se calculeaz i seriile n form: a) ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare; b) ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare i sezonier, eliminndu-se efectul variaiei numrului de zile lucrtoare de la un trimestru la altul, precum i efectul variaiei sezoniere. Ajustarea s-a realizat prin metoda regresiv, n conformitate cu recomandrile Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 450/2003 privind indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc. Pentru ajustare s-a folosit pachetul de programe DEMETRA (metoda TRAMO/SEATS), care realizeaz estimarea efectului numrului de zile lucrtoare diferit de la un trimestru la altul i efectul calendarului (Patele ortodox, an bisect i alte srbtori naionale) precum i identificarea i corectarea valorilor extreme (schimbri ocazionale de nivel, tranzitorii sau permanente).

Total labour cost - represent the total expenditure direct remuneration and other expenditure incurred by the employer as result of engaging the labour work force. According to European methodology, vocational training costs, recruitment costs and expenditure on working clothes are excluded. Wage and salary costs - include gross payments as direct remuneration for hours worked (including bonuses), payment for days not worked, payments in kind (according to collective agreements), gross payment from net profit of the unit, gross payments from other funds (including in kind) according to national legislation in force. Other labour costs (non-wage costs) - include the employers social contributions (for unemployment, health etc.), gross payment for employees leaving the unit (retirement, transfer, detachment etc.), gross payments for work breaks not-imputed to the employees, other labour costs. Average hourly labour cost represents the ratio between the employers costs as result of employing the labour work force and the number of hours actually worked. Number of hours actually worked includes the total number of hours worked during the usual working time and the over time (additional to the normal working hours, during the weekends, holidays etc.). Coverage: Starting with 2008, quarterly labour cost indices are calculated for economic activities defined, according to the Classification of Activities in the National Economy (CANE Rev. 2), harmonized with European classification in the field NACE (Rev.2). Besides quarterly indices series of unadjusted labour cost, the following series are calculated: adjusted by working days effect; adjusted by working days and seasonal effect, being eliminated the effect of working days variation from one quarter to another, as well as effect of seasonal variation. Adjustment was done by regressive method, according to the recommendations of European Parliament and Council Regulation no. 450/2003 regarding quarterly indices of labour cost. For adjustment, the DEMETRA software package was used (TRAMO/SEATS method) estimating the effect of working days number different from one quarter to another and calendar effect (orthodox Easter, leap year and other national holidays) as well as identification and correction of extreme values (level occasional changes, transitory or permanent). a) b)

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Seria ajustat dup numrul de zile lucrtoare s-a obinut prin eliminarea acestor efecte din seria brut, cu ajutorul unor coeficieni de corecie, stabilii n funcie de modelul de regresie utilizat (aditiv sau multiplicativ). Ajustarea s-a realizat prin metoda indirect, respectiv prin aplicarea metodei de ajustare la nivelurile inferioare (asupra componentelor indicilor), indicii ajustai calculndu-se din componentele ajustate. Estimarea componentelor neobservate: trend-ciclu, sezonalitate i componenta neregulat se realizeaz de ctre programul SEATS pe baza modelelor ARIMA. Seriile ajustate sezonier s-au obinut prin eliminarea componentei sezoniere din seria ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare. Stabilirea modelelor de regresie folosite pentru fiecare serie se face anual i implic recalcularea seriilor ajustate calculate n anul precedent (recalculare datorat modificrii modelelor adoptate, numrului de regresori folosit i numrului de observaii disponibile). Disparitatea salarial de gen - n form neajustat, reprezint ponderea diferenei dintre ctigul salarial mediu brut realizat de brbai i cel realizat de femei n ctigul salarial brut realizat de brbai. Sursa datelor: Cercetarea statistic asupra salariilor n luna octombrie. Urmtorii indicatori structurali (sarcina fiscal asupra costului forei de munc, capcana omajului, capcana salariului mic, sarcina fiscal asupra ctigului disponibil) se calculeaz - conform metodologiei Eurostat i OECD pentru o unitate etalon (notat n continuare cu AW) reprezentat de salariatul cu program complet de lucru din activitile de industrie, construcii i servicii comerciale (seciunile C - K, conform CAEN Rev.1, respectiv seciunile B - N, conform CAEN Rev.2 ncepnd cu anul de referin 2008). Sarcina fiscal asupra costului forei de munc reprezint proporia tuturor reinerilor (contribuii sociale i impozit) suportate de angajat i de angajator n totalul costului forei de munc pentru un AW care realizeaz 67% din ctigul mediu brut al activitilor de industrie, construcii i servicii comerciale. Capcana omajului - permite evaluarea consecinelor financiare n cazul transferului din omaj n cmpul muncii ca AW care realizeaz 67% din ctigul mediu brut al activitilor de industrie, construcii i servicii comerciale. Indicatorul msoar proporia sumelor reinute din ctigul brut ca efect al impozitrii i plii contribuiilor de asigurri i protecie social i sistarea indemnizaiei de omaj i a altor beneficii sociale, n condiiile n care o persoan iese din omaj i intr n cmpul muncii.

Adjusted series by working days number was obtained by eliminating these effects from the adjusted series, by means of some correction coefficients, set up according to the regression model used (additive or multiplicative). Adjustment was done by indirect method, respectively applying the adjustment method at lower levels (over indices components), adjusted indices being calculated from adjusted components. Estimation of unobserved components trend-cycle, seasonality and irregular component is carried out by SEATS software based on ARIMA models. Seasonally adjusted series were obtained by eliminating seasonal components from adjusted series by working days effect. Regression models used for each series are yearly set up and involve recalculation of adjusted series calculated in the previous year (recalculation due to the change of adopted models, number of regression used and number of available observations). Gender pay gap - in unadjusted form, express the difference between mens and womens average gross earnings as a percentage of mens average gross earnings. Data source: The statistical survey on salaries in October. The following structural indicators (tax wedge on labour cost, unemployment trap, low wage trap, tax rate on disposable earnings) are calculated - according to the Eurostat and OECD methodology - for an average worker (noted further on as AW) who is a full-time employee working in activities of industry, construction and commercial services (sections C - K of CANE Rev.1, respectively sections B - N according to CANE Rev.2 since reference year 2008). Tax wedge on labour cost - is defined as share of total tax rates and social security contributions payable by the employee and employer in the gross labour costs for an AW who earns 67% of the average gross earnings of the activities on industry, construction and commercial services. Unemployment trap - measures the financial consequences of an AW, earning 67% of the average gross earnings of the activities on industry, construction and commercial services, who moves from unemployment to employment. Unemployment trap measures what percentage of gross earnings is taxed away by higher tax and social security contributions, and also the withdrawal of unemployment and other social benefits, under the conditions where a person is no longer unemployed and become employed person.

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Indicatorul reprezint ponderea diferenei dintre ctigul brut i creterea venitului net (cnd iese din omaj i intr n cmpul muncii) n ctigul brut. Indicatorul se calculeaz pentru dou cazuri particulare: fr rencadrare n munc pe durata perioadei de omaj - caz n care se evalueaz consecinele financiare n cazul transferului din omaj n cmpul muncii, dar nu n timpul perioadei de omaj, ci la un moment de timp ulterior, nespecificat; cu rencadrare n munc dup 2 luni de omaj - caz n care se evalueaz consecinele financiare n cazul transferului din omaj n cmpul muncii, dup 2 luni de omaj. n acest caz, conform prevederilor legale, persoana beneficiaz din momentul angajrii pn la sfritul perioadei pentru care era ndreptit s primeasc indemnizaia de omaj, de o sum lunar suplimentar. Acest caz este introdus conform metodologiei revizuite a OECD i este relevant pentru politicile de ncurajare a rencadrrii n munc a omerilor. Capcana salariului mic - permite evaluarea consecinelor financiare n cazul n care o persoan salariat i mrete efortul de munc depus i implicit, nivelul salariului ctigat, adic, msoar proporia sumelor reinute din ctigul brut ca efect al impozitrii, plii contribuiilor de asigurri, protecie social i orice alte reduceri sau sistri ale beneficiilor sociale, n condiiile n care are loc o cretere a ctigului brut. Indicatorul reprezint ponderea diferenei dintre creterea ctigului brut i cea a venitului net (creteri determinate de mrirea efortului de munc) n creterea ctigului brut. Indicatorul se calculeaz pentru dou cazuri particulare: persoan necstorit, fr copii, n ipoteza n care, de la un nivel al ctigului de 33% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al unui AW ar atinge un nivel al ctigului de 67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al unui AW; cuplu cstorit, cu doi copii, din care un singur printe lucreaz, n ipoteza n care, de la un nivel al ctigului de 33% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al unui AW ar atinge un nivel al ctigului de 67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al unui AW. Sarcina fiscal asupra ctigului disponibil exprim cota corespunztoare tuturor reinerilor (contribuii sociale individuale i impozit) aplicate ctigurilor brute formate din ctiguri salariale i sume transferate de stat sub form de alocaii acordate familiei. n determinarea indicatorului se iau n calcul ctigurile brute i nete pentru 13 cazuri particulare care in cont de starea civil, numrul ctigtorilor de salarii (din familie) i numrul de copii n ntreinere:

Unemployment trap express a report between the gross earnings and the growing of net incomes (when the employee moves from unemployment to employment). The indicator is calculated for two particular cases: without rehiring during unemployment period - when there are evaluated financial consequences in case of unemployment transfer in labour field, but not during unemployment period, at a subsequent time moment not specified. with rehiring after two unemployment months -when there are evaluated financial consequences in case of unemployment transfer in labour field, after two unemployment months. In this case, according to legal stipulations, person benefits from hiring moment till the end of period due to receive unemployment indemnity, of an additional monthly amount. This case is introduced according to OECD revised methodology and it is relevant for policies encouraging the unemployed rehiring. Low wage trap - measures the financial consequences for a person or a family when the employed person increases his/her work effort and implicitly the achieved earnings, i.e. it measures the share of amounts taken over from the gross earnings for the payment of taxes, insurance contributions, social protection and any other deductions or ceased social allowances, under the conditions of increased gross earnings. The indicator represents the weight of the difference between gross earnings increase and net income increase (entailed by the increased labour effort) in the gross earnings increase. Low wage trap is computed for two particular cases: single person without children moving from 33% to 67% of the average earnings of an AW;

one-earner couple with two children moving from 33% to 67% of the average earnings of an AW.

Tax wedge on disposable earnings - is defined as share of total retentions (tax rates and individual social security contributions) applied to gross earnings that contains the gross earnings and cash transfers from the government as family allowances. For determining the indicator the gross and net earnings are taken into account for 13 different family situations. Differences exist with respect to marital status, number of workers (in the family) and number of dependent children:

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persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 167% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 50% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 80% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 125% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; persoan necstorit, cu 2 copii, care realizeaz 67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, un singur printe lucreaz i realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, ambii prini lucreaz, unul realizeaz 100%, iar cellalt 33% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, ambii prini lucreaz, fiecare realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, ambii prini lucreaz, unul realizeaz 100%, iar cellalt 67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; cuplu cstorit, fr copii, ambii soi lucreaz, unul realizeaz 100%, iar cellalt 33% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW; cuplu cstorit, fr copii, ambii soi lucreaz, fiecare realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW. Indicatorul se calculeaz ca diferen ntre 100% i raportul dintre ctigul disponibil i ctigul salarial mediu brut pentru fiecare din cele 13 cazuri particulare. Ctigul disponibil se calculeaz ca sum a ctigului salarial mediu net i sumelor transferate de stat sub form de alocaii acordate familiei (conform legislaiei naionale: alocaia de stat pentru copii, alocaia familial complementar, alocaia de susinere pentru familia monoparental). Sursa datelor: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. Pentru calcularea reinerilor se utilizeaz legislaia n vigoare la 1 iulie - ncepnd cu anul de referin 2008, conform metodologiei OECD. CHELTUIELILE I CONSUMUL POPULAIEI Cheltuielile totale cuprind: cheltuielile bneti, indiferent de destinaie (consum, impozite i pli obligatorii, cumprri de animale i psri, imobile i terenuri, alte cheltuieli

single person without children, earning 67% of the average gross earnings of AW; single person without children, earning 100% of the average gross earnings of AW; single person without children, earning 167% of the average gross earnings of AW; single person without children, earning 50% of the average gross earnings of AW; single person without children, earning 80% of the average gross earnings of AW; single person without children, earning 125% of the average gross earnings of AW; single person with 2 children, earning 67% of the average gross earnings of AW; married couple with 2 children, only one parent is working and earns 100% of the average gross earnings of AW; married couple with 2 children, both parents are working, one earns 100% and the other earns 33% of the average gross earnings of AW; married couple with 2 children, both parents are working and earn100% of the average gross earnings of AW; married couple with 2 children, both parents are working, one earns 100% and the other earns 67% of the average gross earnings of AW; married couple with no children, both persons are working, one earns 100% and the other earns 33% of the average gross earnings of AW; married couple with no children, both persons are working and earn 100% of the average gross earnings of AW. The indicator is calculated as a difference from 100% and the report between the disposable earnings (takehome pay) and gross earnings for each of the 13 family situations. The disposable earnings (take-home pay) is calculated as a sum of the net earnings and cash transfers from the government as family allowances (according to national legislation: state allowance for children, supplementary family allowance, sustaining allowance for single parent family). Data source: The statistical labour cost survey. In view to calculate the retentions, the legislation in force on July 1st is used - starting with the reference year 2008, according to OECD methodology. POPULATION EXPENDITURE AND CONSUMPTION Total expenditure include: money expenditure, irrespective of their destination (consumption, taxes and compulsory payments, purchases of animals and poultry, real estate and

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de investiii etc.), inclusiv contravaloarea prestaiilor (mrfuri i servicii) gratuite sau cu reducere de pre, evaluat la preul de vnzare al unitii ofertante; contravaloarea consumului de produse alimentare i nealimentare din resurse proprii (producie, stoc etc.) determinat pe baza preurilor medii lunare ale produselor respective. Cheltuielile totale de consum cuprind: cheltuielile bneti pentru cumprarea produselor alimentare consumate, a mrfurilor nealimentare i pentru plata serviciilor, inclusiv contravaloarea prestaiilor (mrfuri i servicii) gratuite sau cu reducere de pre; contravaloarea consumului de produse alimentare i nealimentare din resurse proprii. Consumul mediu anual de produse alimentare pe locuitor, exprimat n uniti fizice, reprezint cantitile de produse alimentare consumate n medie pe locuitor, n anul de referin, indiferent de forma sub care se consum (natural sau prelucrat), de sursa de aprovizionare (magazine alimentare, piaa liber, consumul din resurse proprii etc.), sau de locul unde se consum (gospodrii individuale, restaurante, cantine, gospodrii instituionale etc.). Consumul mediu anual de buturi, pe locuitor reprezint cantitile de buturi alcoolice i buturi nealcoolice, consumate n medie, pe locuitor, n anul de referin, indiferent de sursa de aprovizionare (magazine alimentare, piaa liber i producia proprie a productorilor agricoli numai pentru consumul de vin) i de locul unde se consum (gospodriile individuale ale populaiei, restaurante, cantine etc.). Att consumul de produse alimentare ct i consumul de buturi se calculeaz ca disponibil de consum (producie + import - export - prelucrare industrial - pierderi - variaie de stocuri) raportat la populaia total de la 1 iulie, anul de referin. Consumul alimentar mediu zilnic, exprimat n calorii i factori nutritivi, pe locuitor reprezint coninutul n calorii i factori nutritivi al consumului alimentar mediu zilnic i se determin pe baza datelor privind consumul mediu net zilnic (exclusiv partea necomestibil a unui produs alimentar care se ndeprteaz att n timpul prelucrrii industriale sau culinare ct i n momentul consumului efectiv) i a compoziiei alimentelor, exprimat n calorii i factori nutritivi (proteine, lipide i glucide). nzestrarea gospodriilor cu bunuri de folosin ndelungat, se exprim prin numrul de bunuri de folosin ndelungat n stare de funcionare care revin n medie la 100 de gospodrii (exclusiv bunurile nchiriate sau mprumutate de la alte persoane sau instituii).

lands, other investment expenditure a.s.o.), including equivalent value of free or at lower prices provisions (goods and services), evaluated at selling price of offering unit; equivalent value of consumption of food and non-food products from own resources (production, stock a.s.o.), determined based on monthly average prices of respective products. Total consumption expenditure include: money expenditure for buying consumed food products, non-food goods and for payment of services, including equivalent value of free or at lower prices provisions (goods and services); equivalent value of food and non-food products consumption from own resources. Yearly average consumption of food products per inhabitant expressed in physical units, represents the quantities of food products consumed in average per capita in the reference year regardless the consumption type (natural or processed), the supply source (food stores, free market, consumption from own resources a.s.o.) or the consumption place (individual households, restaurants, canteens, institutionalised households a.s.o.). Yearly average consumption of beverages, per inhabitant represents quantities alcoholic beverages, nonalcoholic beverages, consumed as average, per inhabitant in the reference year no matter of supply source (food stores, free market and own production of agricultural producers only for wine consumption) and of consumption place (population individual households, restaurants, conteens a.s.o.). Both food products consumption and beverages consumption are calculated as available for consumption (production + import - export - industrial processing - losses - change in stocks) related to total population on July 1st, reference year. Daily average food consumption expressed in calories and nutrients, per inhabitant represents the content in calories and nutrients of daily average food consumption and is determined based on data regarding daily net average consumption (excluding non-edible part of a food product being removed both-during industrial processing or cooking as well as in the moment of effective consumption) and food composition expressed in calories and nutrients (proteins, fats and carbohydrates). Households endowment with durable goods, is expressed by the number of durable goods in function, as average per 100 households (excluding goods rented or borrowed from other persons or institutions).

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4.G1
25,7%

Structura veniturilor bneti Structure of money income


2005 2010

5,8% 30,6%

4,0%

4,1% 5,0% 59,4%

3,3% 3,3% 58,8%

Salarii brute i alte drepturi salariale Gross salaries and other salary rights Venituri din agricultur Income from agriculture

Venituri din activiti neagricole independente Income from non-agricultural independent activities Alte venituri Other income

Venituri din prestaii sociale Income from social provisions

4.G2
4500 4000 3500 3000 2500

Ctigul salarial mediu brut, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2010 Average gross earnings, by activity of national economy, in 2010
lei/salariat / lei/employee

CAEN Rev.2 (seciuni) CANE Rev.2 (sections) 4445 3650 2652 2707 1908 1272 1659

2000 1902 1500 1000 500 0 Total 1 1389

1890

2144 1529 1597 1059 1612

1509 1117

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

7 - Informaii i comunicaii 1 - Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Agriculture, forestry and fishing Information and communication 2 - Industrie1) 8 - Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Industry 1) Financial intermediations and 3 - Construcii insurance Construction 9 - Tranzacii imobiliare 4 - Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; Real estate activities repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 10 - Activiti profesionale, tiinifice Wholesale and retail; repair of motor i tehnice vehicles and motorcycles Professional, scientific and 5 - Transport i depozitare technical activities Transport and storage 11 - Activiti de servicii administrative 6 - Hoteluri i restaurante i activiti de servicii suport Hotels and restaurants Activities of administrative services and of support services
1)

12 - Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public2) Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector2) 13 - nvmnt Education 14 - Sntate i asisten social Health and social assistance 15 - Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Shows, culture and recreation activities 16 - Alte activiti de servicii Other service activities

Inclusiv producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat i distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare. / Including electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply and water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities. 2) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

139

4.G3
2400 2000 1600

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe sexe Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by sex
lei/salariat / lei/employee

1814 1700

1906 1775

2007 1786 1466 1308

1468 1312 1222 1200 1037 1095 1062 981 922 891 803 796 800 689 400 0 BRUT NET GROSS 2005 BRUT NET GROSS 2006
Brbai Men

1348 1264

1405 1310

BRUT NET GROSS 2007

BRUT NET GROSS 2008


Femei Women

BRUT NET GROSS 2009

BRUT NET GROSS 2010

4.G4

Structura cheltuielilor totale de consum, n anul 2010 Structure of total consumption expenditure, in 2010
Total gospodrii / Total households

Salariai / Employees

25,2%
44,1%

Agricultori / Farmers

30,7%
28,2%
40,6%

13,8%
27,3%

58,9%

31,2%

omeri / Unemployed

Pensionari / Pensioners

26,5%

23,4%

48,5% 25,0%
Cheltuieli pentru produse alimentare Expenditure for food products Cheltuieli pentru mrfuri nealimentare Expenditure for non-food goods Cheltuieli pentru plata serviciilor Expenditure for payment of services

45,3%

31,3%

140

4.G5

Structura cheltuielilor totale ale gospodriilor Structure of total households expenditure


2005 2010

3,6% 12,5% 75,2% 7,3% 15,7%

3,4%

72,1% 7,3%

1,4%

1,5%

Cheltuieli de consum Consumption expenditure Cheltuieli pentru investiii Expenditure for investment

Cheltuieli de producie Production expenditure Impozite, contribuii, cotizaii, taxe Taxes, contributions, dues, fees Alte cheltuieli Other expenditure

4.G6
4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0

Evoluia consumului alimentar mediu zilnic (exprimat n calorii), pe locuitor Evolution of daily average food consumption (expressed in calories), per inhabitant
calorii / calories

3385

3455

3290

3300

3273

3147

1992

1999

1905

1874

1854

1803

928 465

985 471

927 458

969 457

978 441

919 425

2005

2006
Calorii - total Calories - total

2007

2008

2009

2010

Lipide (n echiv. calorii) Fats (in equiv. calories) Proteine (n echiv. calorii) Proteins (in equiv. calories)

Glucide (n echiv. calorii) Carbohydrates (in equiv. calories)

Not: Conform nomenclatorului Eurostat i FAO. / Note: According to the Eurostat and FAO nomenclature.

141

4.1

Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor Total income of households


din care, gospodrii de: of which households of: Salariai / Employees Agricultori Farmers omeri / Unemployed 2007 2008 2009 2010 2007 2008 2009 2010 2007 2008 2009 2010 lei, lunar pe o gospodrie lei, monthly per household

Total gospodrii / Total households 2007 2008 2009 2010

Pensionari / Pensioners 2007 2008 2009 2010

Venituri totale

1686,74 2131,67 2315,99 2304,28 2347,16 2852,99 3105,05 3091,09 1281,90 1594,47 1823,04 1672,24 1136,03 1300,62 1609,24 1647,32 1274,07 1704,38 1871,67 1905,44 procente percentage

Total income

Venituri bneti din care: Salarii brute i alte drepturi salariale Venituri din agricultur Venituri din activiti neagricole independente Venituri din prestaii sociale Venituri din proprietate Contravaloarea veniturilor n natur obinute de salariai i beneficiari de prestaii sociale Contravaloarea consumului de produse agricole din resurse proprii

81,1 51,3 2,8 2,8 19,8 0,2

83,1 52,1 2,5 2,9 21,6 0,3

83,7 50,9 2,5 2,8 24,2 0,2

83,9 49,3 2,8 2,7 25,7 0,2

88,8 78,8 0,5 0,7 5,5 0,1

89,6 81,3 0,4 0,8 5,3 0,2

90,1 81,8 0,4 0,6 5,6 0,1

90,4 80,8 0,6 0,6 6,5 0,1

51,6 8,1 20,6 2,8 13,9 0,1

54,0 8,6 22,1 3,1 15,1 0,1

56,6 11,0 23,0 3,2 13,7 **)

56,3 9,0 24,7 3,4 14,3 0,1

79,0 37,1 3,9 3,1 22,1 0,1

80,1 31,1 2,8 3,7 22,6 0,9

82,2 38,7 1,2 3,4 25,9 0,1

81,6 37,0 2,8 3,6 27,1 0,6

75,1 22,3 2,7 1,3 46,0 0,1

78,8 22,2 2,1 1,4 49,5 0,1

79,8 20,8 1,9 1,3 53,6 0,1

80,2 19,5 2,1 1,2 55,2 0,1

3,1

3,1

2,6

1,9

3,3

3,3

2,7

2,0

1,5

1,5

1,2

1,2

3,6

3,3

3,1

2,4

3,1

3,1

2,8

1,9

15,8

13,8

13,7

14,2

7,9

7,1

7,2

7,6

46,9

44,5

42,2

42,5

17,4

16,6

14,7

16,0

21,8

18,1

17,4

17,9

Money income of which: Gross salaries and other salary rights Income from agriculture Income from non-agricultural independent activities Income from social provisions Income from ownership Equivalent value of income in kind obtained by employees and receivers of social provisions Equivalent value of consumption of agricultural products from own resources

4.2

Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor, grupate dup numrul persoanelor din componen, n anul 2010 Total income of households, grouped by number of component persons, in 2010
Total gospodrii Total households Gospodrii cu: Households with: 1 persoan 1 person 2 persoane 2 persons 3 persoane 3 persons 4 persoane 4 persons 5 persoane 5 persons 6 persoane i mai multe 6 persons and more

lei, lunar pe o persoan lei, monthly per person Venituri totale 795,31 1048,84 1039,23 918,45 715,24 595,87 460,51 Total income

procente percentage Venituri bneti din care: Salarii brute i alte drepturi salariale Venituri din agricultur Venituri din activiti neagricole independente Venituri din prestaii sociale Venituri din proprietate Contravaloarea veniturilor n natur obinute de salariai i beneficiari de prestaii sociale Contravaloarea consumului de produse agricole din resurse proprii 83,9 49,3 2,8 2,7 25,7 0,2 1,9 14,2 82,6 25,3 2,2 1,9 48,0 0,3 1,9 15,5 84,2 39,7 2,1 1,5 38,4 0,1 1,7 14,1 87,5 62,0 2,2 2,7 17,3 0,3 1,8 10,7 83,9 59,6 2,9 3,5 14,8 0,1 2,1 14,0 80,2 45,9 4,6 3,4 22,8 0,1 2,1 17,7 75,7 35,5 5,1 4,5 26,7 **) 2,2 22,1 Money income of which: Gross salaries and other salary rights Income from agriculture Income from non-agricultural independent activities Income from social provisions Income from ownership Equivalent value of income in kind obtained by employees and receivers of social provisions Equivalent value of consumption of agricultural products from own resources

142

143

4.3

Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor, pe decile, n anul 2010 (total gospodrii) Total income of households, by decile, in 2010 (total households)
Decila de venit total pe o persoan1) (lei): Decile of total income per person1) (lei): Decila 1 pn la Decile 1 up to 236 Decila 2 Decile 2 236 - 349 Decila 3 Decile 3 349 - 434 Decila 4 Decile 4 434 - 531 Decila 5 Decile 5 531 - 629 Decila 6 Decile 6 629 - 736 Decila 7 Decile 7 736 - 867 Decila 8 Decile 8 867 - 1048 Decila 9 Decile 9 1048 - 1393 Decila 10 peste Decile 10 over 1394

lei, lunar pe o gospodrie lei, monthly per household Venituri totale 1197,39 1501,48 1596,68 1786,93 2006,03 2131,10 2271,19 2611,16 3251,52 4686,94 Total income

procente percentage Venituri bneti din care: Salarii brute i alte drepturi salariale Venituri din agricultur Venituri din activiti neagricole independente Venituri din prestaii sociale Venituri din proprietate Contravaloarea veniturilor n natur obinute de salariai i beneficiari de prestaii sociale Contravaloarea consumului de produse agricole din resurse proprii 53,2 6,0 10,2 5,7 26,9 **) 67,3 19,6 6,3 6,5 29,7 **) 71,3 26,3 4,0 4,5 32,4 **) 77,4 34,3 2,8 3,6 33,0 0,1 81,0 41,1 2,5 2,6 32,0 0,1 84,4 45,0 2,3 2,2 31,8 0,1 87,3 48,9 1,4 2,0 32,0 0,1 89,2 54,8 1,3 1,7 28,9 **) 91,9 66,0 1,3 1,4 20,8 0,1 94,6 74,6 2,2 2,0 12,1 0,5 Money income of which: Gross salaries and other salary rights Income from agriculture Income from non-agricultural independent activities Income from social provisions Income from ownership Equivalent value of income in kind obtained by employees and receivers of social provisions Equivalent value of consumption of agricultural products from own resources

1,7 45,1

1,7 31,0

1,4 27,3

1,8 20,8

1,8 17,2

1,8 13,8

2,1 10,6

2,3 8,5

2,1 6,0

1,8 3,6

1) Intervalele de venit sunt exprimate n preurile lunii ianuarie 2010. / Income intervals are expressed in the prices of January 2010.

4.4
Gospodrii de:

Distribuia gospodriilor i persoanelor din gospodrii, pe decile, n anul 2010 Distribution of households and of persons from households, by decile, in 2010
procente / percentage

Total

Decila 1 pn la Decile 1 up to 236

Decila 2 Decile 2 236 - 349

Decila de venit total pe o persoan1) (lei): Decile of total income per person1) (lei): Decila 3 Decila 4 Decila 5 Decila 6 Decila 7 Decila 8 Decile 3 Decile 4 Decile 5 Decile 6 Decile 7 Decile 8 349 - 434 434 - 531 531 - 629 629 - 736 736 - 867 867 - 1048

Decila 9 Decile 9 1048 - 1393

Decila 10 peste Decile 10 over 1394

Households of:

Total Gospodrii Persoane Salariai Gospodrii Persoane Agricultori Gospodrii Persoane omeri Gospodrii Persoane Pensionari Gospodrii Persoane

100,0 100,0

10,0 14,7

10,0 12,2

10,0 10,2

10,0 10,1

10,0 9,8

10,0 9,2

10,0 8,7

10,0 8,6

10,0 8,7

10,0 7,8

Total Households Persons Employees Households Persons Farmers Households Persons Unemployed Households Persons Pensioners Households Persons

100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0

2,3 3,9 49,7 58,6 26,5 31,0 4,9 8,7

5,2 6,9 18,1 16,7 23,4 24,0 9,4 12,8

6,1 7,7 11,1 9,2 11,8 11,8 12,8 12,9

7,5 9,1 7,0 5,3 11,4 10,5 12,6 12,5

9,2 10,4 4,9 3,7 8,7 8,0 12,2 11,8

10,0 10,8 3,4 2,5 5,6 4,6 12,1 10,7

10,5 10,5 2,2 1,3 4,9 4,0 12,0 10,0

12,4 11,6 1,4 1,1 3,4 2,5 11,2 9,3

16,7 14,3 1,2 0,9 2,5 2,1 7,8 7,0

20,1 14,8 1,0 0,7 1,8 1,5 5,0 4,3

1) Intervalele de venit sunt exprimate n preurile lunii ianuarie 2010. / Income intervals are expressed in the prices of January 2010.

144

145

4.5

Salariile medii brute, realizate pe principalele activiti ale economiei naionale, n luna octombrie 2010 Average gross salaries, by main activity of national economy, obtained in October 2010
Numrul salariailor care au lucrat cel puin 21 zile cu program complet (mii persoane) Number of employees who worked at least 21 days in full time (thou persons) Total din care: femei of which: women 1680 18 434 8 390 16

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2) Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Salariul mediu brut realizat (lei/salariat) Average gross salary obtained (lei/employee) Total 1721 1302 1751 3217 1531 3274 Brbai Men 1830 1311 1981 3214 1724 3313 Femei Women 1600 1274 1439 3234 1318 3135

Total salariai / Total employees Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industria / Industry Industria extractiv Mining and quarrying Industria prelucrtoare / Manufacturing Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construcii / Construction Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport i depozitare Transport and storage Hoteluri i restaurante Hotels and restaurants Informaii i comunicaii Information and communication Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Financial intermediation and insurance Tranzacii imobiliare Real estate activities Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Professional, scientific and technical activities Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Activities of administrative services and of support services Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) Public administration and defence; social insurance of public sector1) nvmnt / Education Sntate i asisten social Health and social assistance Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Shows, culture and recreation activities Alte activiti de servicii Other service activities

3554 76 1024 55 821 73

75

20

1607

1586

1665

264 565

36 272

1517 1490

1482 1583

1739 1390

200 82 82 89 15 84

52 51 33 61 6 38

1973 1044 3541 3887 1676 2602

1972 1127 3808 4529 1743 2627

1974 992 3142 3600 1579 2573

123

37

1175

1103

1339

283

167

1512

1568

1473

351 255 36 25

243 198 21 13

1625 1571 1402 1166

1784 1768 1454 1313

1555 1515 1364 1032

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra salariilor, n luna octombrie 2010. / Source: Survey on salaries, in October 2010.

146

4.6
Total Pn la 700 701 - 1000 1001 - 1500 1501 - 2000 2001 - 3000 3001 - 4000 4001 - 5000 5001 - 6000 6001 - 7000 7001 - 8000 Peste 8000

Structura salariailor, pe grupe de salarii brute, realizate n luna octombrie 2010 Structure of employees, by gross salary group, obtained in October 2010
procente / percentage

Grupe de salarii brute realizate - lei -

Total 100,0 14,0 25,9 21,9 14,2 13,0 5,2 2,3 1,2 0,7 0,5 1,1

Brbai Men 100,0 12,6 25,0 20,8 14,7 14,1 6,0 2,7 1,4 0,8 0,5 1,4

Femei Women 100,0 15,7 27,0 23,0 13,7 11,8 4,3 1,9 0,9 0,5 0,4 0,8

Gross salary group obtained - lei Total Up to 700 701 - 1000 1001 - 1500 1501 - 2000 2001 - 3000 3001 - 4000 4001 - 5000 5001 - 6000 6001 - 7000 7001 - 8000 Over 8000

Not: Pentru luna octombrie 2010 s-au luat n calcul numai salariaii care au lucrat cel puin 21 zile lucrtoare (cu program complet). Note: For October 2010, there were taken into account only employees who worked at least 21 working days (full time). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra salariilor, n luna octombrie 2010. / Source: Survey on salaries, in October 2010.

4.7

Indicii ctigului salarial real Indices of real earnings


procente / percentage

1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 1990 100,0 81,5 70,8 58,9 59,1 1991 100,0 86,9 72,3 72,5 1992 100,0 83,2 83,4 1993 100,0 100,3 1994 100,0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 66,5 81,6 93,9 112,9 112,5 100,0 72,7 89,3 102,7 123,5 123,1 109,4 100,0 56,2 68,9 79,3 95,4 95,1 84,5 77,2 100,0 58,4 57,0 59,4 71,7 69,9 72,9 82,5 80,5 83,9 99,1 96,7 100,9 98,8 96,4 100,6 87,8 85,7 89,4 80,3 78,3 81,7 104,0 101,4 105,8 100,0 97,5 101,8 100,0 104,3 100,0 62,4 76,6 88,1 105,9 105,6 93,8 85,8 111,0 106,8 109,5 105,0 100,0 63,9 78,4 90,2 108,5 108,1 96,1 87,8 113,7 109,4 112,2 107,5 102,4 100,0 70,8 86,9 100,0 120,2 119,8 106,4 97,3 126,0 121,2 124,3 119,1 113,4 110,8 100,0 78,3 96,0 110,5 132,9 132,5 117,7 107,6 139,3 134,1 137,4 131,7 125,5 122,5 110,5 100,0 89,5 109,8 126,4 151,9 151,4 134,5 123,0 159,3 153,2 157,1 150,5 143,4 140,0 126,3 114,3 100,0 97,4 119,6 137,7 165,5 165,0 146,5 134,0 173,5 166,9 171,1 164,0 156,2 152,5 137,7 124,6 109,0 100,0 111,8 137,3 158,0 189,9 189,3 168,2 153,8 199,1 191,6 196,4 188,2 179,3 175,1 158,0 143,0 125,0 114,7 100,0 130,3 159,9 184,0 221,2 220,5 195,9 179,1 232,0 223,2 228,7 219,2 208,9 204,0 184,1 166,5 145,7 133,7 116,5 100,0 128,3 157,4 181,2 217,8 217,2 192,9 176,4 228,4 219,7 225,2 215,9 205,6 200,8 181,2 163,9 143,4 131,7 114,7 98,5 100,0 123,6 151,7 174,6 209,8 209,2 185,8 169,9 220,0 211,7 217,0 208,0 198,1 193,5 174,6 158,0 138,2 126,8 110,5 94,9 96,3

147

4.8

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity of national economy and by sex
lei /salariat / lei /employee

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2) TOTAL SALARIAI Total economie Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii BRBAI Total economie Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante

2009 Brut Net Gross Net 1845 1350 1745 3231 1528 1361 1007 1300 2360 1146

2010 Brut Net Gross Net 1902 1389 1890 3388 1675 1391 1024 1388 2435 1237

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections) TOTAL EMPLOYEES Total economy Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industry Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social 1) insurance of public sector Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities MEN Total economy Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industry Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants

3539

2573

3708

2671

1659 1441 1418 2068 1066 3360 4304 1623 2569 1166

1241 1069 1047 1518 799 2468 3109 1193 1870 873

1701 1529 1597 2144 1059 3650 4445 1612 2652 1272

1256 1125 1166 1557 786 2687 3200 1182 1915 940

2947 2206 1810 1701 1104 1906 1358 1974 3249 1713

2159 1596 1342 1249 818 1405 1014 1463 2372 1276

2707 1908 1659 1509 1117 2007 1395 2119 3374 1869

1968 1380 1226 1103 824 1466 1029 1549 2427 1373

3609

2621

3754

2700

1673 1402 1573 2098 1148

1253 1041 1158 1537 861

1698 1501 1832 2152 1124

1255 1105 1334 1562 832

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2010. / Source: Labour cost survey - 2010.

148

4.8

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe - continuare Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity of national economy and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2) Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii FEMEI Total economie Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii

2009 Brut Net Gross Net 3397 5096 1613 2624 1093 2499 3675 1184 1910 822

2010 Brut Net Gross Net 3842 5348 1647 2710 1182 2834 3844 1206 1957 880

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections) Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social 1) insurance of public sector Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities WOMEN Total economy Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industry Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; social 1) insurance of public sector Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

2791 2417 1994 1751 1308 1775 1324 1436 3135 1320

2059 1754 1486 1285 963 1310 986 1082 2294 1000

2518 2090 1815 1536 1294 1786 1370 1579 3460 1458

1848 1511 1338 1125 951 1308 1010 1170 2480 1085

3326

2425

3560

2576

1624 1719 1269 1986 1019 3301 3934 1636 2508

1209 1267 941 1468 764 2419 2845 1204 1825

1711 1703 1387 2122 1021 3361 4035 1568 2589

1260 1250 1017 1546 759 2465 2907 1154 1869

1331

988

1469

1074

3079 2112 1763 1660 949

2243 1525 1306 1219 709

2864 1823 1619 1487 965

2069 1319 1197 1085 715

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2010. / Source: Labour cost survey - 2010.

149

4.9
Total

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar, pe forme de proprietate, clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor i pe sexe Average gross nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type, enterprise size class and by sex
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate Clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor

Total 2009 2010 1845 1135 1747 2362 2346 1662 2107 2458 1623 1096 1646 2264 1902 1226 1844 2348 2195 1448 1986 2318 1765 1205 1804 2380

Brbai / Men 2009 2010 1906 1183 1792 2514 2552 1805 2132 2723 1696 1145 1720 2360 2007 1272 1924 2559 2451 1568 1998 2650 1852 1249 1908 2490

Femei / Women 2009 2010 1775 1075 1686 2214 2192 1544 2086 2269 1524 1030 1534 2136 1786 1170 1742 2145 2005 1352 1977 2078 1650 1148 1652 2236

Ownership type Enterprise size class Total Under 50 employees 50 - 249 employees 250 employees and over Public ownership
1)

Sub 50 salariai 50 - 249 salariai 250 salariai i peste Proprietate public1) Sub 50 salariai 50 - 249 salariai 250 salariai i peste Proprietate privat2) Sub 50 salariai 50 - 249 salariai 250 salariai i peste

Under 50 employees 50 - 249 employees 250 employees and over Private ownership
2)

Under 50 employees 50 - 249 employees 250 employees and over

1) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local. / Includes: entirely 2) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral

state ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.

strin. / Includes: private majority ownership, entirely private ownership, co-operative ownership, communal ownership, entirely foreign ownership. Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

4.10
Total

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar, pe forme de proprietate, clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor i pe sexe Average net nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type, enterprise size class and by sex
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate Clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor

Total 2009 2010 1361 844 1294 1735 1718 1227 1547 1799 1203 815 1223 1671 1391 903 1354 1711 1599 1066 1450 1686 1294 888 1327 1736

Brbai / Men 2009 2010 1405 879 1326 1847 1872 1331 1568 1996 1254 852 1275 1738 1466 937 1412 1862 1784 1153 1461 1926 1356 920 1401 1813

Femei / Women 2009 2010 1310 800 1251 1626 1604 1142 1529 1658 1132 767 1145 1581 1308 862 1281 1565 1462 997 1441 1513 1212 846 1220 1635

Ownership type Enterprise size class Total Under 50 employees 50 - 249 employees 250 employees and over Public ownership
1)

Sub 50 salariai 50 - 249 salariai 250 salariai i peste Proprietate public1) Sub 50 salariai 50 - 249 salariai 250 salariai i peste Proprietate privat2) Sub 50 salariai 50 - 249 salariai 250 salariai i peste

Under 50 employees 50 - 249 employees 250 employees and over Private ownership
2)

Under 50 employees 50 - 249 employees 250 employees and over

1) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local. / Includes: entirely 2) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral

state ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.

strin. / Includes: private majority ownership, entirely private ownership, co-operative ownership, communal ownership, entirely foreign ownership. Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

150

4.11

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity of industry and by sex
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) TOTAL SALARIAI Total - Industrie Industrie extractiv Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Extracia minereurilor metalifere Alte activiti extractive Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei Industrie prelucrtoare Industria alimentar Fabricarea buturilor Fabricarea produselor din tutun Fabricarea produselor textile Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i nclmintei; prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie Tiprirea i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a preparatelor farmaceutice Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice Industria metalurgic Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor electronice i optice Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport Fabricarea de mobil Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor i echipamentelor Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat

2009 Brut Net Gross Net

2010 Brut Net Gross Net

Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions) TOTAL EMPLOYEES

1745 1300 3231 2360 3222 2347 4011 2322 1679 3190 2934 1698 1234 2318

1890 1388 3388 2435 3268 2383 4045 2749 1825 3626 2862 1985 1335 2629

Total - Industry Mining and quarrying Mining of coal and lignite Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Mining of metal ores Other mining and quarrying Mining support service activities Manufacturing Manufacture of food products Manufacture of beverages Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of textiles Manufacture of wearing apparel Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of travel and leather goods, harness and footwear preparation and dyeing of furs Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of paper and paper products Printing and reproduction of recorded media Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations Manufacture of rubber and plastic products Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Manufacture of computers, electronic and optical products Manufacture of electrical equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of other transport equipment Manufacture of furniture Other manufacturing activities n.e.c. Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply

1528 1146 1265 948 2054 1505 3999 2852 1288 979 999 773

1675 1237 1277 948 2341 1707 4484 3224 1416 1057 1129 858

1113

857

1188

894

1009

764

1086

811

1619 1201 1537 1152 3482 2553 2283 1680 2839 2067 1529 1139 1891 1397 2169 1613 1556 1162 2009 1507 1688 1263 1853 1381 1865 1405 2287 1689 1180 897 1327 1000 1992 1474

1738 1283 1751 1283 4161 2973 2315 1705 3030 2187 1713 1263 2068 1513 2367 1726 1690 1245 2185 1605 1953 1438 1940 1417 2145 1574 2483 1823 1209 905 1285 963 2126 1558

3539 2573

3708 2671

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

151

4.11

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity of industry and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor; activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile; activiti i servicii de decontaminare BRBAI Total - Industrie Industrie extractiv Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Extracia minereurilor metalifere Alte activiti extractive Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei Industrie prelucrtoare Industria alimentar Fabricarea buturilor Fabricarea produselor din tutun Fabricarea produselor textile Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i nclmintei; prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie Tiprirea i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a preparatelor farmaceutice Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice Industria metalurgic Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor electronice i optice Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a.

2009 Brut Net Gross Net

2010 Brut Net Gross Net

Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions) Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Water catchment, treatment and distribution Used water collection and purification Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery; activities and services of decontamination MEN

1659 1241 1985 1482 1868 1393

1701 1256 2095 1538 2035 1512

1395 1046

1357 1008

1974 1463 3249 2372 3330 2423 3974 2330 1646 3213 1354 2103 4287 1415 1106 2908 1705 1209 2336 1012 1537 3055 1071 848

2119 1549 3374 2427 3380 2462 3925 2788 1780 3649 1357 2433 4809 1483 1263 2778 2014 1304 2646 1005 1769 3454 1107 953

Total - Industry Mining and quarrying Mining of coal and lignite Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Mining of metal ores Other mining and quarrying Mining support service activities Manufacturing Manufacture of food products Manufacture of beverages Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of textiles Manufacture of wearing apparel Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of travel and leather goods, harness and footwear preparation and dyeing of furs Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of paper and paper products Printing and reproduction of recorded media Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations Manufacture of rubber and plastic products Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Manufacture of computers, electronic and optical products Manufacture of electrical equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.

1713 1276

1869 1373

1197

920

1309

978

1007

761

1075

802

1842 1361 1610 1206 3427 2508 2303 1696 3186 2317 1574 1168 1928 1422 2205 1640 1570 1172 2282 1698 1904 1417 1877 1396

1972 1453 1903 1389 4229 3027 2382 1754 3276 2357 1757 1291 2090 1528 2411 1759 1706 1257 2313 1692 2179 1596 1982 1446

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

152

4.11

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity of industry and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport Fabricarea de mobil Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor i echipamentelor Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor; activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile; activiti i servicii de decontaminare FEMEI Total - Industrie Industrie extractiv Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Extracia minereurilor metalifere Alte activiti extractive Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei Industrie prelucrtoare Industria alimentar Fabricarea buturilor Fabricarea produselor din tutun Fabricarea produselor textile Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i nclmintei; prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie Tiprirea i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a preparatelor farmaceutice Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice

2009 Brut Net Gross Net 2099 1571 2307 1700 1197 907 1448 1085 2003 1482

2010 Brut Net Gross Net 2424 1768 2500 1836 1217 910 1371 1022 2149 1575

Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions) Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of other transport equipment Manufacture of furniture Other manufacturing activities n.e.c. Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Water catchment, treatment and distribution Used water collection and purification Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery; activities and services of decontamination WOMEN

3609 2621

3754 2700

1673 1253 1984 1486 1886 1410

1698 1255 2067 1519 2062 1537

1417 1062

1377 1023

1436 1082 3135 2294 2496 1838 4184 2294 1857 3014 3057 1669 1363 2188

1579 1170 3460 2480 2534 1866 4572 2603 2068 3468 3233 1879 1500 2515

Total - Industry Mining and quarrying Mining of coal and lignite Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Mining of metal ores Other mining and quarrying Mining support service activities Manufacturing Manufacture of food products Manufacture of beverages Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of textiles Manufacture of wearing apparel Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of travel and leather goods, harness and footwear preparation and dyeing of furs Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of paper and paper products Printing and reproduction of recorded media Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations Manufacture of rubber and plastic products

1320 1000 1186 890 1955 1441 3122 2234 1239 944 981 759

1458 1085 1207 899 2151 1576 3414 2465 1391 1038 1109 844

1084

835

1145

864

1014

773

1121

840

1374 1025 1460 1095 3620 2668 2240 1644 2635 1920 1443 1082

1450 1075 1601 1178 4009 2849 2170 1598 2878 2081 1634 1212

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

153

4.11

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity of industry and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice Industria metalurgic Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor electronice i optice Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport Fabricarea de mobil Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor i echipamentelor Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor; activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile; activiti i servicii de decontaminare

2009 Brut Net Gross Net 1798 1336 2020 1500

2010 Brut Net Gross Net 2010 1472 2197 1597

Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions) Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Manufacture of computers, electronic and optical products Manufacture of electrical equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of other transport equipment Manufacture of furniture Other manufacturing activities n.e.c. Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Water catchment, treatment and distribution Used water collection and purification Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery; activities and services of decontamination

1501 1126 1773 1341 1451 1094 1761 1320 1664 1261 2191 1635 1152 880 1235 936 1923 1429

1631 1201 2075 1529 1689 1254 1790 1315 1892 1399 2404 1765 1194 896 1221 919 1977 1452

3326 2425

3560 2576

1624 1209 1989 1473 1793 1320

1711 1260 2166 1586 1923 1409

1340 1005

1299

966

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

154

4.12

Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2010 Quarterly labour cost indices, by activity of national economy, in 2010
Serie brut (neajustat) Unadjusted series
%, fa de acelai trimestru din anul precedent % as against the same quarter of previous year

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Trim.I Q.I

Trim.II Q.II

Trim.III Q.III

Trim.IV Q.IV

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Costul total al forei de munc Total labour cost Total industrie, construcii i servicii Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii 104,36 106,73 107,04 112,70 107,97 105,51 103,46 104,87 106,88 111,71 111,02 107,36 102,44 107,18 99,47 94,23 101,64 99,20 109,75 102,33 98,20 105,01 107,73 104,55 101,13 102,53 106,28 104,54 111,19 100,74 110,19 102,19 105,81 99,55 95,38 97,96 95,24 105,81 98,36 92,90 107,42 104,66 105,46 100,40 105,27 105,32 101,37 117,89 107,27 103,40 103,80 104,93 80,52 77,16 81,05 82,80 105,51 98,36 94,08 107,44 100,97 108,33 99,96 105,18 103,47 107,40 113,24 102,43 101,47 101,52 105,92 81,58 77,58 82,77 81,28 105,20 Total industry, construction and services Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; 1) social insurance of public sector Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

Cheltuieli directe cu fora de munc (salariale) Labour direct expenditure (salary) Total industrie, construcii i servicii Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) 104,67 117,80 107,71 112,68 108,15 106,12 103,52 104,96 106,98 112,80 110,93 107,09 102,63 106,81 98,50 102,71 108,38 105,67 107,71 104,73 101,72 102,59 106,37 104,64 112,28 100,66 109,92 102,38 105,45 98,59 98,79 102,53 108,10 104,64 105,64 100,98 105,33 105,41 101,47 119,04 107,18 103,14 103,99 104,56 79,74 98,75 103,83 108,12 100,95 108,51 100,54 105,24 103,57 107,51 114,35 102,35 101,21 101,71 105,56 80,79 Total industry, construction and services Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; 1) social insurance of public sector

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

155

4.12

Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2010 - continuare Quarterly labour cost indices, by activity of national economy, in 2010 - continued
Serie brut (neajustat) Unadjusted series
%, fa de acelai trimestru din anul precedent % as against the same quarter of previous year

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Trim.I Q.I

Trim.II Q.II

Trim.III Q.III

Trim.IV Q.IV

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Cheltuieli directe cu fora de munc (salariale) Labour direct expenditure (salary) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii 94,33 100,68 98,70 109,46 95,48 97,03 94,76 105,54 77,24 80,29 82,39 105,23 77,67 81,99 80,87 104,93 Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

Cheltuieli indirecte cu fora de munc (non-salariale) Labour indirect expenditure (non - salary) Total industrie, construcii i servicii Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii 103,28 84,22 104,73 101,02 77,49 102,74 96,89 73,30 105,11 97,00 74,23 105,13 Total industry, construction and services Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; 1) social insurance of public sector Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

112,76

107,78

104,72

101,02

107,31 103,40 103,25 104,54 106,49 107,97 111,34 108,35 101,78 108,52 103,04 93,87 104,99 101,00 110,77

103,92 99,11 102,32 105,94 104,16 107,47 101,03 111,21 101,53 107,13 103,13 95,02 101,19 96,96 106,80

104,83 98,39 105,06 104,99 101,00 113,94 107,58 104,35 103,13 106,24 83,42 76,87 83,72 84,30 106,49

107,67 97,96 104,97 103,15 107,01 109,45 102,73 102,40 100,87 107,24 84,51 77,29 85,50 82,75 106,19

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

156

4.12

Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2010 - continuare Quarterly labour cost indices, by activity of national economy, in 2010 - continued
Serie ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare2) Working days adjusted series2)
%, fa de acelai trimestru din anul precedent % as against the same quarter of previous year

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Trim.I Q.I

Trim.II Q.II

Trim.III Q.III

Trim.IV Q.IV

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Costul total al forei de munc Total labour cost Total industrie, construcii i servicii Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii 104,35 106,73 107,04 112,70 108,00 105,48 103,46 104,84 106,88 111,71 111,02 107,36 102,44 107,18 99,47 94,23 101,64 99,28 109,12 102,33 98,20 105,01 107,73 104,55 101,13 102,53 106,28 104,54 111,19 100,74 110,20 102,19 105,81 99,55 95,38 97,96 95,24 105,81 98,37 92,90 107,42 104,66 105,43 100,41 105,27 105,34 101,37 117,89 107,27 103,40 103,80 104,93 80,52 77,16 81,06 82,75 106,11 98,36 94,08 107,44 100,97 108,36 99,97 105,18 103,49 107,40 113,24 102,43 101,47 101,52 105,92 81,58 77,58 82,76 81,32 104,60 Total industry, construction and services Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; 1) social insurance of public sector Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

Cheltuieli directe cu fora de munc (salariale) Labour direct expenditure (salary) Total industrie, construcii i servicii Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) 104,66 117,80 107,71 112,68 108,18 106,09 103,52 104,93 106,98 112,80 110,93 107,09 102,63 106,81 98,50 102,71 108,38 105,67 107,71 104,73 101,72 102,59 106,37 104,64 112,28 100,66 109,92 102,38 105,44 98,59 98,80 102,53 108,10 104,64 105,61 100,99 105,33 105,44 101,47 119,04 107,18 103,14 103,99 104,56 79,74 98,76 103,83 108,12 100,95 108,54 100,55 105,24 103,59 107,51 114,35 102,35 101,21 101,71 105,55 80,79 Total industry, construction and services Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; 1) social insurance of public sector

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National 2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

157

4.12

Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2010 - continuare Quarterly labour cost indices, by activity of national economy, in 2010 - continued
Serie ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare2) Working days adjusted series2)
%, fa de acelai trimestru din anul precedent % as against the same quarter of previous year

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Trim.I Q.I

Trim.II Q.II

Trim.III Q.III

Trim.IV Q.IV

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Cheltuieli directe cu fora de munc (salariale) Labour direct expenditure (salary) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii 94,33 100,68 98,78 108,84 95,48 97,03 94,76 105,54 77,24 80,29 82,33 105,83 77,67 81,98 80,91 104,33 Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

Cheltuieli indirecte cu fora de munc (non-salariale) Labour indirect expenditure (non - salary) Total industrie, construcii i servicii Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii 103,28 84,22 104,73 101,02 77,49 102,74 96,90 73,30 105,11 97,00 74,23 105,13 Total industry, construction and services Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; 1) social insurance of public sector Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

112,76

107,79

104,71

101,02

107,35 103,37 103,25 104,51 106,49 107,97 111,34 108,35 101,79 108,52 103,04 93,87 104,99 101,07 110,14

103,92 99,11 102,32 105,94 104,16 107,47 101,03 111,21 101,53 107,13 103,13 95,02 101,19 96,96 106,80

104,79 98,40 105,06 105,01 101,00 113,94 107,58 104,35 103,13 106,23 83,42 76,87 83,73 84,24 107,10

107,71 97,97 104,97 103,17 107,01 109,45 102,73 102,40 100,87 107,24 84,51 77,29 85,49 82,79 105,58

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National 2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

158

4.12

Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2010 - continuare Quarterly labour cost indices, by activity of national economy, in 2010 - continued
Serie ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare i sezonier2) Working days and seasonally adjusted series2)
%, fa de acelai trimestru din anul precedent % as against the same quarter of previous year

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Trim.I Q.I

Trim.II Q.II

Trim.III Q.III

Trim.IV Q.IV

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Costul total al forei de munc Total labour cost Total industrie, construcii i servicii Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii 103,15 105,69 107,66 110,33 106,97 102,89 103,03 104,77 106,88 111,41 107,44 108,38 102,66 104,76 94,08 93,44 99,27 99,27 107,72 101,59 98,36 105,61 109,04 105,04 101,61 102,86 106,45 104,50 110,86 103,99 109,69 102,76 106,28 92,06 90,50 97,80 95,23 104,85 98,38 93,05 106,80 103,82 106,16 101,23 104,57 104,90 101,32 116,50 104,83 103,13 103,26 106,30 84,62 78,98 79,71 82,76 106,41 98,52 94,40 106,96 101,61 106,90 100,20 105,82 103,80 107,48 113,74 102,86 102,52 101,83 104,52 83,39 78,48 84,97 81,34 106,39 Total industry, construction and services Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; 1) social insurance of public sector Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

Cheltuieli directe cu fora de munc (salariale) Labour direct expenditure (salary) Total industrie, construcii i servicii Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) 103,49 116,64 108,34 110,31 107,15 103,48 103,09 104,86 106,99 112,49 107,34 108,10 102,85 104,40 93,17 101,96 108,56 106,28 109,02 105,22 102,20 102,92 106,55 104,61 111,94 103,90 109,42 102,95 105,92 91,17 98,78 102,69 107,47 103,80 106,34 101,81 104,63 104,99 101,42 117,64 104,74 102,87 103,45 105,93 83,80 98,91 104,19 107,63 101,59 107,08 100,78 105,88 103,89 107,59 114,85 102,77 102,26 102,02 104,16 82,58 Total industry, construction and services Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; 1) social insurance of public sector

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National 2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

159

4.12

Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2010 - continuare Quarterly labour cost indices, by activity of national economy, in 2010 - continued
Serie ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare i sezonier2) Working days and seasonally adjusted series2)
%, fa de acelai trimestru din anul precedent % as against the same quarter of previous year

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Trim.I Q.I

Trim.II Q.II

Trim.III Q.III

Trim.IV Q.IV

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Cheltuieli directe cu fora de munc (salariale) Labour direct expenditure (salary) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii 93,54 98,34 98,77 107,44 90,59 96,87 94,75 104,58 79,06 78,96 82,34 106,14 78,56 84,17 80,93 106,12 Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

Cheltuieli indirecte cu fora de munc (non-salariale) Labour indirect expenditure (non - salary) Total industrie, construcii i servicii Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii 101,98 83,39 105,34 100,32 77,61 103,33 97,03 73,42 104,50 97,17 74,49 104,65 Total industry, construction and services Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; 1) social insurance of public sector Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

110,39

109,10

103,88

101,66

106,33 100,83 102,82 104,44 106,49 107,68 107,74 109,38 102,00 106,07 97,46 93,09 102,54 101,07 108,72

104,41 99,57 102,65 106,12 104,12 107,15 104,28 110,70 102,10 107,61 95,37 90,15 101,01 96,95 105,83

105,52 99,21 104,36 104,57 100,95 112,60 105,13 104,07 102,60 107,62 87,66 78,68 82,34 84,26 107,41

106,25 98,20 105,60 103,48 107,09 109,93 103,15 103,47 101,18 105,82 86,38 78,18 87,77 82,81 107,39

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National 2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

160

4.13

Indicatori structurali din statisticile ctigurilor salariale i costului forei de munc Structural indicators of earnings and labour cost statistics
procente / percentage

Indicatori structurali Disparitatea salarial de gen2) Sarcina fiscal asupra costului forei de munc3) Capcana omajului3) pentru urmtoarele cazuri: - fr rencadrare n munc pe durata perioadei de omaj4) - cu rencadrare n munc dup 2 luni de omaj5) Capcana salariului pentru urmtoarele cazuri: - persoan necstorit, fr copii - cuplu cstorit, cu doi copii, din care un singur printe lucreaz Sarcina fiscal asupra ctigului disponibil3) pentru urmtoarele cazuri: - persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 167% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 50% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 80% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz 125% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - persoan necstorit, cu 2 copii, care realizeaz 67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, un singur printe lucreaz i realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, ambii prini lucreaz, unul realizeaz 100%, iar cellalt 33% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, ambii prini lucreaz, fiecare realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, ambii prini lucreaz, unul realizeaz 100%, iar cellalt 67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - cuplu cstorit, fr copii, ambii soi lucreaz, unul realizeaz 100%, iar cellalt 33% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW - cuplu cstorit, fr copii, ambii soi lucreaz, fiecare realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW mic3)

20081) 2009 7,8 41,0 8,4 43,1

2010 Structural Indicators 12,6 Gender pay gap 3) 43,3 Tax wedge on labour cost 3) Unemployment trap for the following cases: 70,6 - without rehiring during 4) unemployment period 5) 59,7 - with rehiring after two unemployment months Low wage trap for the following cases: 30,6 - single person, without children - one-earner couple 31,0 with two children Tax wedge on disposable earnings 3) (net earnings) for the following cases: - single person without children, earnings 67% of the average gross earnings of AW - single person without children, earnings 100% of the average gross earnings of AW - single person without children, earnings 167% of the average gross earnings of AW - single person without children, earnings 50% of the average gross earnings of AW - single person without children, earnings 80% of the average gross earnings of AW - single person without children, earnings 125% of the average gross earnings of AW - single person with 2 children, earnings 67% of the average gross earnings of AW - married couple with 2 children, only one parent is working and earns 100% of the average gross earnings of AW - married couple with 2 children, both parents are working, one earns 100% and the other earns 33% of the average gross earnings of AW - married couple with 2 children, both parents are working and earn 100% of the average gross earnings of AW - married couple with 2 children, both parents are working, one earns 100% and the other earns 67% of the average gross earnings of AW - married couple with no children, both persons are working, one earns 100% and the other earns 33% of the average gross earnings of AW - married couple with no children, both persons are working and earn 100% of the average gross earnings of AW
3) 2)

67,3 56,8

73,4 61,7

29,3 35,3

30,4 29,5

25,6 27,4 28,8 24,2 26,5 28,1 17,2

26,8 28,4 29,8 25,3 27,6 29,1 10,8

27,1 28,7 29,9 25,7 27,9 29,3 12,1

21,7

18,9

19,7

21,7

19,7

22,8

24,9

25,6

26,0

23,3

24,1

24,6

26,0

27,1

27,4

27,4

28,4

28,7

1) Indicatorii structurali, cu excepia disparitii salariale de gen, au fost recalculai conform legislaiei naionale n vigoare la 1 iulie. / Structural indicators except salary disparity were recalculated according to national legislation in force on July 1st. 2) Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra salariilor n luna octombrie. / Source: Survey on wages in October. 3) Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc i legislaia naional n vigoare la 1 iulie a anului pentru care se calculeaz indicatorul. / Source: Labour cost survey and the national legislation in force on July 1st of the year for which the structural indicator 4) Date comparabile cu seria precedent (cu excepia perioadei de referin pentru legislaia naional, care se modific din 1 ianuarie n 1 iulie). / Comparable data with previous series (except reference period for national legislation changed on January 1st to July 1st). 5) Conform metodologiei revizuite OECD. / According to OECD revised methodology.

is computed.

161

4.14

Costul mediu lunar i costul mediu orar al forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2010 Average monthly labour cost and average hourly labour cost, by activity of national economy, in 2010
Structura (%) Sume brute pltite direct salariailor Gross amounts directly paid to employees Costul mediu lunar al forei de munc, pe un salariat - lei Average monthly labour cost, per employee - lei 2477 1808 2538 4888 2196 Costul mediu orar al forei de munc - lei / or Average hourly labour cost - lei / hour 14,43 10,57 14,68 29,11 12,67 Din fondul de Din profitul net salarii (inclusiv i alte fonduri premii i (inclusiv Din fondul drepturi drepturi de asigurri Total n natur) n natur) sociale Of salary funds Of net profit Of social (including and other funds insurance premiums and (including funds benefits in kind) benefits in kind) 77,4 77,8 75,9 71,0 76,8 73,8 75,2 71,6 67,1 72,3 2,9 2,1 3,6 3,0 3,8 0,7 0,5 0,7 0,9 0,7 Structure (%) Alte cheltuieli ale unitii cu fora de munc Other labour expenses of the unit Contribuia Contribuia pentru protecia pentru asigurri social a i protecie omerilor social Contribution to Contribution to unemployed insurance and social protection social protection

Activitatea (seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total

Pentru formarea profesional Vocational training

Alte cheltuieli Other expenditure

Activity (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Total Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Industrie Industrie extractiv Industrie prelucrtoare Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Construcii

22,6 22,2 24,1 29,0 23,2

0,2 *) 0,3 0,8 0,2

0,4 0,4 0,4 0,3 0,4

21,1 21,0 21,5 22,6 21,5

0,9 0,8 1,9 5,3 1,1

Total Agriculture, forestry and fishing Industry Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Construction Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transport and storage Hotels and restaurants Information and communication Financial intermediation and insurance Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities Activities of administrative services and of support services Public administration and defence; 1) social insurance of public sector Education Health and social assistance Shows, culture and recreation activities Other service activities

5148

29,94

73,8

69,3

3,9

0,6

26,2

0,5

0,4

21,8

3,5

2312 1992

13,42 11,70 11,89 16,37 8,04 27,18 33,14 12,60 19,77 9,72 15,35 14,13 14,62 11,57 8,40

77,7 77,5 78,4 77,6 78,1 78,3 77,6 78,0 78,2 78,0 77,9 78,5 78,6 78,4 77,7

73,9 75,3 76,3 74,2 76,3 76,6 74,4 75,5 76,4 74,6 68,4 76,9 74,1 76,4 76,4

3,1 1,6 1,6 2,7 1,4 1,2 2,1 2,1 1,2 2,9 8,7 1,1 3,0 1,4 1,0

0,7 0,6 0,5 0,7 0,4 0,5 1,1 0,4 0,6 0,5 0,8 0,5 1,5 0,6 0,3

22,3 22,5 21,6 22,4 21,9 21,7 22,4 22,0 21,8 22,0 22,1 21,5 21,4 21,6 22,3

0,2 0,1 0,1 0,2 *) 0,3 0,5 *) 0,2 0,1 0,1 *) 0,1 0,1 0,2

0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4

21,1 21,2 20,6 21,0 20,9 20,7 20,4 20,6 20,7 21,1 20,3 21,0 20,8 20,8 21,1

0,6 0,8 0,5 0,8 0,6 0,3 1,1 1,0 0,5 0,4 1,3 0,1 0,1 0,3 0,6

Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 2034 Transport i depozitare Hoteluri i restaurante Informaii i comunicaii Intermedieri financiare i asigurri Tranzacii imobiliare Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) nvmnt Sntate i asisten social Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative Alte activiti de servicii 2779 1356 4680 5807 2131 3376 1662 2645 2451 2482 2001 1440

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National

Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.). Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2010. / Source: Labour cost survey - 2010.

162

163

4.15

Costul mediu lunar i costul mediu orar al forei de munc, pe activiti ale industriei, n anul 2010 Average monthly labour cost and average hourly labour cost, by activity of industry, in 2010
Structura (%) Sume brute pltite direct salariailor Gross amounts directly paid to employees Costul mediu lunar al forei de munc, pe un salariat - lei Average monthly labour cost, per employee - lei 2538 4888 4578 5960 3652 2411 4460 2196 1679 3297 5940 1723 1451 Costul mediu orar al forei de munc - lei / or Average hourly labour cost - lei / hour 14,68 29,11 29,72 33,98 24,19 14,03 25,63 12,67 9,75 18,77 34,64 10,00 8,37 Din fondul de Din profitul net salarii (inclusiv i alte fonduri premii i (inclusiv Din fondul drepturi drepturi de asigurri Total n natur) n natur) sociale Of salary funds Of net profit Of social (including and other funds insurance premiums and (including funds benefits in kind) benefits in kind) 75,9 71,0 66,5 71,4 76,0 76,9 75,8 76,8 77,7 76,1 76,4 78,1 78,5 71,6 67,1 63,1 66,9 72,7 74,0 73,3 72,3 74,1 73,2 74,1 72,0 71,3 3,6 3,0 2,2 3,6 2,6 2,4 1,5 3,8 2,9 2,3 1,8 5,2 6,2 0,7 0,9 1,2 0,9 0,7 0,5 1,0 0,7 0,7 0,6 0,5 0,9 1,0 Structure (%) Alte cheltuieli ale unitii cu fora de munc Other labour expenses of the unit Contribuia Contribuia pentru protecia pentru asigurri social a i protecie omerilor social Contribution to Contribution to unemployed insurance and social protection social protection

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total

Pentru formarea profesional Vocational training

Alte cheltuieli Other expenditure

Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Total - Industrie Industrie extractiv Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Extracia minereurilor metalifere Alte activiti extractive Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei Industrie prelucrtoare Industria alimentar Fabricarea buturilor Fabricarea produselor din tutun Fabricarea produselor textile Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i nclmintei; prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie Tiprirea i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a preparatelor farmaceutice Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice Industria metalurgic Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor electronice i optice

24,1 29,0 33,5 28,6 24,0 23,1 24,2 23,2 22,3 23,9 23,6 21,9 21,5

0,3 0,8 0,1 1,3 0,1 0,1 0,5 0,2 0,1 0,5 1,5 0,1 *)

0,4 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4

21,5 22,6 26,5 20,9 23,3 21,6 22,1 21,5 21,0 20,3 21,3 20,7 20,6

1,9 5,3 6,6 6,1 0,2 1,0 1,2 1,1 0,8 2,7 0,4 0,7 0,5

Total - Industry Mining and quarrying Mining of coal and lignite Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Mining of metal ores Other mining and quarrying Mining support service activities Manufacturing Manufacture of food products Manufacture of beverages Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of textiles Manufacture of wearing apparel Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of travel and leather goods, harness and footwear preparation and dyeing of furs Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials Manufacture of paper and paper products Printing and reproduction of recorded media Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations Manufacture of rubber and plastic products Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Manufacture of computers, electronic and optical products

1526

8,83

78,3

72,3

5,2

0,8

21,7

*)

0,4

20,9

0,4

1405 2239 2245 4990 3130 3948 2253 2801 3210 2141 2858

8,16 12,82 13,22 28,89 18,01 22,74 12,91 16,32 18,52 12,46 16,30

77,9 78,1 78,7 74,8 76,8 77,0 77,2 75,7 73,0 77,4 78,2

75,1 73,4 74,9 70,9 71,1 73,0 73,4 72,3 68,8 73,9 74,7

2,3 4,0 3,1 3,2 5,0 3,1 3,2 2,8 3,7 2,9 2,9

0,5 0,7 0,7 0,7 0,7 0,9 0,6 0,6 0,5 0,6 0,6

22,1 21,9 21,3 25,2 23,2 23,0 22,8 24,3 27,0 22,6 21,8

*) 0,3 *) 0,5 0,2 0,4 0,2 0,6 0,4 0,1 0,2

0,4 0,4 0,4 0,3 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,3 0,4 0,4

21,3 20,8 20,6 21,3 21,4 21,1 21,1 21,0 25,4 21,1 20,8

0,4 0,4 0,3 3,1 1,2 1,1 1,1 2,3 0,9 1,0 0,4

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2010. / Source: Labour cost survey - 2010.

164

165

4.15

Costul mediu lunar i costul mediu orar al forei de munc, pe activiti ale industriei, n anul 2010 - continuare Average monthly labour cost and average hourly labour cost, by activity of industry, in 2010 - continued
Structura (%) Sume brute pltite direct salariailor Gross amounts directly paid to employees Costul mediu lunar al forei de munc, pe un salariat - lei Average monthly labour cost, per employee - lei 2612 2558 2888 3293 1577 1660 2612 Costul mediu orar al forei de munc - lei / or Average hourly labour cost - lei / hour 15,09 14,70 16,46 18,90 9,02 9,60 15,23 Din fondul de Din profitul net salarii (inclusiv i alte fonduri premii i (inclusiv Din fondul drepturi drepturi de asigurri Total n natur) n natur) sociale Of salary funds Of net profit Of social (including and other funds insurance premiums and (including funds benefits in kind) benefits in kind) 75,9 76,1 75,8 76,9 77,6 77,5 76,1 71,6 72,7 70,5 72,9 72,7 72,1 73,0 3,7 2,8 4,5 3,1 4,2 4,8 2,4 0,6 0,6 0,8 0,9 0,7 0,6 0,7 Structure (%) Alte cheltuieli ale unitii cu fora de munc Other labour expenses of the unit Contribuia Contribuia pentru protecia pentru asigurri social a i protecie omerilor social Contribution to Contribution to unemployed insurance and social protection social protection

Activitatea (diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total

Pentru formarea profesional Vocational training

Alte cheltuieli Other expenditure

Activity (CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport Fabricarea de mobil Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor i echipamentelor Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor; activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile; activiti i servicii de decontaminare

24,1 23,9 24,2 23,1 22,4 22,5 23,9

0,2 0,2 0,3 0,1 *) 0,1 0,1

0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4

21,3 21,4 22,6 21,2 21,3 20,8 21,5

2,2 1,9 0,9 1,4 0,7 1,2 1,9

Manufacture of electrical equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of other transport equipment Manufacture of furniture Other manufacturing activities n.e.c. Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply Water supply; sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities Water catchment, treatment and distribution Used water collection and purification Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities of recycling materials recovery; activities and services of decontamination

5148

29,94

73,8

69,3

3,9

0,6

26,2

0,5

0,4

21,8

3,5

2312 2772 2122

13,42 15,98 12,30

77,7 78,0 77,2

73,9 73,4 75,0

3,1 3,9 1,7

0,7 0,7 0,5

22,3 22,0 22,8

0,2 0,3 0,1

0,4 0,4 0,4

21,1 20,7 21,7

0,6 0,6 0,6

1872

10,94

77,3

74,6

2,1

0,6

22,7

0,1

0,4

21,5

0,7

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2010. / Source: Labour cost survey - 2010.

166

167

4.16

Cheltuielile totale ale gospodriilor Total expenditure of households


din care, gospodrii de: Salariai / Employees Agricultori 2007 2008 2009 2010 2007 2008 lei, lunar pe o gospodrie of which households of: Farmers omeri / Unemployed 2009 2010 2007 2008 2009 2010 lei, monthly per household 1723,39 1618,49 1154,55 1360,36 1556,06 1615,92 1170,31 1504,48 1639,60 1685,39 percentage 55,4 56,0 82,8 84,1 84,8 83,7 76,3 79,5 80,1 79,8 Money expenditure of which, for: Purchasing consumed food and beverages Purchasing non-food goods Payment of services Expenditure for investment Production expenditure Taxes, contributions, dues, fees Equivalent value of agricultural products consumption from own resources Total expenditure

Total gospodrii / Total households 2007 2008 2009 2010

Pensionari / Pensioners 2007 2008 2009 2010

Cheltuieli totale

1541,96 1915,19 2047,33 2062,95 2108,64 2540,00 2707,51 2722,89 1228,89 1501,31 procente

Cheltuieli bneti din care, pentru: Cumprarea de alimente i buturi consumate Cumprarea de mrfuri nealimentare Plata serviciilor Cheltuieli pentru investiii Cheltuieli de producie Impozite, contribuii, cotizaii, taxe Contravaloarea consumului de produse agricole din resurse proprii

82,7

84,6

84,5

84,1

91,3

92,0

91,8

91,3

51,0

52,7

22,0 21,7 17,7 1,7 1,3 15,0

22,2 22,4 17,3 2,1 1,4 15,8

22,3 22,2 17,8 1,3 1,2 16,2

22,1 22,1 18,2 1,5 1,1 15,7

21,2 22,3 19,0 2,1 0,4 23,1

21,3 22,3 18,3 1,8 0,5 24,5

21,2 21,6 18,9 0,9 0,4 25,7

21,1 21,2 19,1 1,2 0,4 25,3

17,3 15,7 8,3 1,2 3,4 2,3

17,5 15,5 8,3 2,3 4,0 2,5

17,8 17,4 8,8 1,5 4,0 3,3

18,4 17,8 9,1 1,9 3,6 2,7

27,6 21,3 19,9 1,0 0,9 9,1

28,3 21,5 18,7 4,7 0,7 7,5

27,8 21,8 20,2 0,7 0,5 10,6

27,9 20,3 21,6 0,4 0,8 10,2

23,1 21,7 17,2 1,2 2,2 7,0

23,5 23,2 17,0 2,0 2,3 7,6

23,5 23,6 17,8 1,5 1,9 7,7

23,0 23,8 17,9 1,5 1,8 7,4

17,3

15,4

15,5

15,9

8,7

8,0

8,2

8,7

49,0

47,3

44,6

44,0

17,2

15,9

15,2

16,3

23,7

20,5

19,9

20,2

4.17

Cheltuielile totale ale gospodriilor, grupate dup numrul persoanelor din componen, n anul 2010 Total expenditure of households, grouped by number of component persons, in 2010
Total gospodrii Total households Gospodrii cu: 1 persoan 1 person 2 persoane 2 persons 3 persoane 3 persons Households with: 4 persoane 4 persons 5 persoane 5 persons 6 persoane i mai multe 6 persons and more

lei, lunar pe o persoan Cheltuieli totale 712,02 991,56 910,72 813,28 procente Cheltuieli bneti din care, pentru: Cumprarea de alimente i buturi consumate Cumprarea de mrfuri nealimentare Plata serviciilor Cheltuieli pentru investiii Cheltuieli de producie Impozite, contribuii, cotizaii, taxe Contravaloarea consumului de produse agricole din resurse proprii 84,1 22,1 22,1 18,2 1,5 1,1 15,7 15,9 83,6 25,3 21,4 21,9 0,7 1,2 8,5 16,4 83,9 21,8 22,6 18,7 1,1 1,4 13,8 16,1 88,0 21,6 22,2 18,8 1,5 0,7 19,9 12,0

lei, monthly per person 646,65 percentage 84,5 21,4 21,5 18,1 1,5 1,0 18,2 15,5 80,2 21,6 22,9 15,6 2,6 1,1 14,0 19,8 75,7 23,7 21,7 13,3 1,7 1,8 10,6 24,3 Money expenditure of which, for: Purchasing consumed food and beverages Purchasing non-food goods Payment of services Expenditure for investment Production expenditure Taxes, contributions, dues, fees Equivalent value of agricultural products consumption from own resources 533,46 417,20 Total expenditure

168

169

4.18

Cheltuielile totale ale gospodriilor, pe decile, n anul 2010 (total gospodrii) Total expenditure of households, by decile, in 2010 (total households)
Decila de venit total pe o persoan1) (lei): Decila 1 pn la Decile 1 up to 236 Decila 2 Decile 2 236 - 349 Decila 3 Decile 3 349 - 434 Decila 4 Decile 4 434 - 531 Decila 5 Decile 5 531 - 629 Decile of total income per person1) (lei): Decila 6 Decile 6 629 - 736 Decila 7 Decile 7 736 - 867 Decila 8 Decile 8 867 - 1048 Decila 9 Decile 9 1048 - 1393 Decila 10 peste Decile 10 over 1394

lei, lunar pe o gospodrie Cheltuieli totale 1305,33 1474,70 1526,83 1667,57 1826,62 procente Cheltuieli bneti din care, pentru: Cumprarea de alimente i buturi consumate Cumprarea de mrfuri nealimentare Plata serviciilor Cheltuieli pentru investiii Cheltuieli de producie Impozite, contribuii, cotizaii, taxe Contravaloarea consumului de produse agricole din resurse proprii 58,7 68,4 71,5 77,7 81,2

lei, monthly per household 1933,83 percentage 84,8 88,1 90,4 92,9 95,6 Money expenditure of which, for: Purchasing consumed food and beverages Purchasing non-food goods Payment of services Expenditure for investment Production expenditure Taxes, contributions, dues, fees Equivalent value of agricultural products consumption from own resources 2012,05 2291,13 2748,08 3841,67 Total expenditure

24,8 16,4 11,2 1,3 1,5 1,3 41,3

25,1 20,0 13,8 0,1 1,7 5,0 31,6

23,5 20,3 14,7 1,1 1,7 7,2 28,5

23,7 21,9 16,8 0,5 1,8 9,6 22,3

23,3 22,0 17,7 1,0 1,8 12,2 18,8

23,4 23,4 18,6 0,6 1,4 13,8 15,2

24,1 23,1 19,6 0,9 1,1 15,6 11,9

22,5 23,5 20,2 1,7 0,7 17,8 9,6

20,9 23,6 20,1 0,8 0,6 22,7 7,1

17,2 22,6 20,6 3,9 0,5 27,2 4,4

1)

Intervalele de venit sunt exprimate n preurile lunii ianuarie 2010. / Income intervals are expressed in the prices of January 2010.

4.19

Structura cheltuielilor totale de consum ale gospodriilor Structure of total consumption expenditure of households
din care, gospodrii de: Salariai / Employees Agricultori 2008 2009 2010 2007 2008 lei, lunar pe o gospodrie of which households of: Farmers omeri / Unemployed 2009 2010 2007 2008 2009 2010 lei, monthly per household 1103,67 1065,70 percentage 53,2 9,7 5,8 11,5 3,5 1,9 5,2 3,2 2,4 0,4 1,0 2,2 53,8 10,1 5,4 11,7 3,1 1,9 5,3 3,1 2,5 0,1 1,0 2,0 46,0 7,5 6,1 15,6 3,4 2,4 4,9 5,2 3,7 0,7 1,3 3,2 47,4 8,0 5,7 15,7 3,2 3,7 4,2 4,3 3,2 0,7 0,7 3,2 45,6 8,4 4,3 15,6 3,8 2,2 6,5 5,3 3,5 0,6 1,0 3,2 45,8 7,9 4,1 16,8 3,6 2,7 5,0 5,4 3,3 0,8 1,2 3,4 45,2 6,1 5,2 17,1 4,0 6,9 3,9 4,2 3,8 0,4 0,7 2,5 43,2 5,8 5,2 17,5 4,4 7,3 4,5 4,0 3,7 0,4 1,1 2,9 42,6 6,4 4,9 17,6 4,5 7,8 4,0 4,3 3,7 0,6 0,8 2,8 42,4 6,6 4,3 18,4 4,2 7,9 4,5 4,2 3,3 0,3 0,8 3,1 Agro-food products and non - alcoholic drinks Beverages, tobacco Clothing and footwear Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels Furniture, dwelling endowment and maintenance Health Transport Communications Leisure and culture Education Hotels, cafees and restaurants Miscelaneous products and services 931,84 1097,92 1265,17 1317,84 880,99 1135,50 1253,30 1286,43 Total consumption expenditure

Total gospodrii / Total households 2007 2008 2009 2010

2007

Pensionari / Pensioners 2007 2008 2009 2010

Cheltuieli totale de consum

1104,70 1365,36 1468,60 1486,43 1456,23 1727,84 1836,94 1849,57

779,40

931,25 procente

Produse agroalimentare i buturi nealcoolice 41,7 Buturi alcoolice, tutun 6,5 mbrcminte i nclminte 6,8 Locuin, ap, electricitate, gaze i ali combustibili 15,5 Mobilier, dotarea i ntreinerea locuinei 4,6 Sntate 3,9 Transport 5,9 Comunicaii 5,1 Recreere i cultur 4,6 Educaie 0,8 Hoteluri, cafenele i restaurante 1,2 Diverse produse i servicii 3,4

40,9 6,5 6,7 15,6 4,8 4,1 6,1 5,0 4,5 0,8 1,4 3,6

40,9 7,1 6,0 15,8 4,6 4,5 5,8 5,1 4,4 0,9 1,3 3,6

41,0 7,7 5,4 16,6 4,0 4,5 6,0 5,0 4,0 0,7 1,3 3,8

37,1 6,3 7,9 15,1 5,3 2,2 7,6 6,1 5,5 1,1 1,5 4,3

37,2 6,6 7,9 15,0 5,2 2,2 7,4 5,9 5,4 1,2 1,6 4,4

37,4 7,1 7,0 15,1 4,9 2,4 7,2 6,0 5,4 1,3 1,6 4,6

37,6 8,1 6,4 15,9 4,1 2,4 7,3 5,8 4,9 1,1 1,6 4,8

56,5 9,0 5,8 11,5 3,7 1,9 3,7 2,6 2,5 0,1 1,1 1,6

55,9 9,6 5,4 11,8 3,6 1,9 3,9 2,7 2,5 0,1 1,0 1,6

170

171

4.20

Structura cheltuielilor bneti de consum ale gospodriilor Structure of money expenditure for households consumption
Total din care, gospodrii de: / of which, households of: gospodrii Total Salariai Agricultori omeri Pensionari households Employees Farmers Unemployed Pensioners

2005 lei, lunar pe o gospodrie / lei, monthly per household Cheltuieli bneti de consum - total pentru: Produse alimentare Mrfuri nealimentare Plata serviciilor 2006 lei, lunar pe o gospodrie / lei, monthly per household Cheltuieli bneti de consum - total pentru: Produse alimentare Mrfuri nealimentare Plata serviciilor 2007 lei, lunar pe o gospodrie / lei, monthly per household Cheltuieli bneti de consum - total pentru: Produse alimentare Mrfuri nealimentare Plata serviciilor 2008 lei, lunar pe o gospodrie / lei, monthly per household Cheltuieli bneti de consum - total pentru: Produse alimentare Mrfuri nealimentare Plata serviciilor 2009 lei, lunar pe o gospodrie / lei, monthly per household Cheltuieli bneti de consum - total pentru: Produse alimentare Mrfuri nealimentare Plata serviciilor 2010 lei, lunar pe o gospodrie / lei, monthly per household Cheltuieli bneti de consum - total pentru: Produse alimentare Mrfuri nealimentare Plata serviciilor 1286,29 1672,82 733,23 1128,20 1090,90 1275,03 1670,16 758,07 1085,74 1063,67 1185,33 1573,16 619,91 932,03 958,52 946,00 1318,78 507,70 793,85 725,15 815,46 1126,06 447,51 704,61 633,25 720,27 1010,30 416,26 614,01 555,04

2005 Money expenditure for consumption- total for: Food products Non-food goods Payment of services 2006 Money expenditure for consumption- total for: Food products Non-food goods Payment of services 2007 Money expenditure for consumption- total for: Food products Non-food goods Payment of services 2008 Money expenditure for consumption- total for: Food products Non-food goods Payment of services 2009 Money expenditure for consumption- total for: Food products Non-food goods Payment of services 2010 Money expenditure for consumption- total for: Food products Non-food goods Payment of services

procente / percentage 36,7 34,5 28,8 35,0 34,2 30,8 40,8 40,1 19,1 41,5 29,6 28,9 38,2 34,2 27,6

procente / percentage 35,6 35,0 29,4 34,2 34,5 31,3 41,2 39,3 19,5 39,5 33,0 27,5 36,4 35,3 28,3

procente / percentage 35,8 35,4 28,8 33,9 35,7 30,4 41,8 38,0 20,2 40,1 30,9 29,0 37,3 34,9 27,8

procente / percentage 35,9 36,2 27,9 34,4 36,0 29,6 42,3 37,5 20,2 41,4 31,3 27,3 36,8 36,4 26,8

procente / percentage 35,7 35,7 28,6 34,4 35,0 30,6 40,4 39,6 20,0 39,9 31,2 28,9 36,2 36,4 27,4

procente / percentage 35,5 35,4 29,1 34,3 34,5 31,2 40,6 39,4 20,0 39,9 29,2 30,9 35,6 36,8 27,6

172

4.21

Consumul1) mediu anual, la principalele produse alimentare i buturi, pe locuitor Yearly average consumption1), for the main food products and beverages, per inhabitant
U.M. M.U. 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Produse de origine vegetal Crop products Cereale i produse din cereale Cereals and cereal products - n echivalent boabe - in equivalent grains - n echivalent fin - in equivalent flour Cartofi Potatoes Legume i produse din legume (n echivalent legume proaspete), leguminoase boabe i pepeni Vegetables and vegetable products (equivalent fresh vegetables), dried pulses and melons Fructe i produse din fructe (n echivalent fructe proaspete) Fruit and fruit products (equivalent fresh fruit) Zahr i produse din zahr (n echivalent zahr rafinat) Sugar and confectioneries (equivalent refined sugar) Grsimi vegetale (greutate brut) Vegetal fats (gross weight) Produse de origine animal Animal products Lapte i produse din lapte, n echivalent lapte de 3,5% grsime (exclusiv unt) Milk and dairy products in equivalent milk 3.5% fat (butter excluded) Ou Eggs Pete i produse din pete (n echivalent pete proaspt) Fish and fish products (fresh fish equivalent) Carne, produse din carne i organe comestibile (n echivalent carne proaspt) Meat, meat products and edible offals (equivalent fresh meat) Grsimi animale (greutate brut) Animal fats (gross weight) Buturi Beverages Buturi nealcoolice Soft-drinks Bere Beer Vin i produse din vin Wine and wine products Buturi alcoolice distilate (n echivalent alcool 100%) Distilled alcoholic beverages (in equivalent alcohol 100%) litri litres litri litres litri litres litri litres 115,7 68,6 16,4 134,1 78,2 21,1 146,6 92,0 23,4 160,12) 155,92) 154,72) 92,5 24,6 82,9 22,2 2,03) 76,8 18,5 litri litres buci pieces kg 284 277 268 267 243 239 239,2 246,6 252,8 254,7 233,2 224,0 kg kg kg 214,8 162,6 98,0 207,9 157,3 97,4 206,9 156,0 96,1 204,0 154,1 99,5 200,8 151,7 93,1 199,6 150,4 98,2

kg

162,6

181,7

164,1

176,0

168,2

174,4

kg

75,9

83,2

67,8

66,7

62,3

63,3

kg

27,4

29,0

24,9

23,2

25,8

22,1

kg

14,6

15,4

13,8

14,6

16,0

14,8

4,5

4,6

3,8

4,0

4,8

4,6

kg

68,3

69,9

66,7

66,6

67,5

60,0

kg

3,6

3,8

3,3

3,3

3,9

3,4

2,7

1,9

1,6

2,4

1,6

1) Disponibilul de consum. / Available for consumption. 2) Inclusiv consumul de bere nealcoolic. / Including non - alcoholic beer consumption. 3) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published.

173

4.22

Consumul alimentar mediu zilnic (exprimat n calorii i factori nutritivi), pe locuitor Daily average food consumption (expressed in calories and nutrients), per inhabitant
U.M. M.U. 2005 3385 2006 3455 2007 3290 2008 3300 2009 3273 2010 3147

Calorii Calories din care: / of which: De origine animal Animal origin Proteine Proteins din care: / of which: De origine animal Animal origin Lipide Fats din care: / of which: De origine animal Animal origin Glucide Carbohydrates

numr number numr number grame grams grame grams grame grams grame grams grame grams

897

925

912

920

888

833

112,2

114,3

111,2

111,5

107,7

103,4

57,4

58,6

57,6

57,7

55,8

51,7

101,7

107,5

101,3

104,4

105,3

98,9

57,2

59,1

57,8

58,6

57,3

53,6

483,9

485,4

462,4

457,8

452,7

440,5

Not: Conform nomenclatorului Eurostat i FAO. / Note: According to the Eurostat and FAO nomenclature.

4.23
Aparate audio Audio sets Televizoare TV sets

nzestrarea gospodriilor cu bunuri de folosin ndelungat Households endowment with durable goods
numr mediu la 100 gospodrii / average number per 100 households

2005 83,0 98,3 94,6 18,8 91,0 61,3 49,3 21,7

2006 85,6 118,5 89,6 24,7 92,2 64,8 52,6 23,4

2007 86,1 124,1 86,0 30,8 93,1 67,1 55,1 23,1

2008 86,1 132,0 83,1 36,8 94,1 70,8 58,7 27,1

2009 85,2 134,2 82,7 38,6 95,0 73,9 61,7 28,6

2010 82,7 138,4 80,0 41,1 95,3 75,3 63,8 28,6

Frigidere i congelatoare Refrigerators and freezers Combin frigorific Refrigerating box Maini de gtit cu gaze Gas cooking stoves Maini electrice de splat rufe Electric washing machines Aspiratoare de praf Vacuum cleaners Autoturisme Cars

Sursa: Ancheta Bugetelor de Familie. / Source: Family Budgets Survey.

174

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5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.10 5.11

Fondul de locuine .................................................... 180 Balana fondului de locuine ..................................... 181 Locuine terminate ................................................... 182 Locuine terminate, dup tipurile de instalaii cu care sunt dotate i fondurile de finanare ............ 184 Locuine terminate, dup numrul camerelor de locuit i sursele de finanare ............................... 186 Strzile oreneti ................................................... 186 Transportul public local de pasageri ........................ 187 Transportul public local de pasageri, pe tipuri de vehicule de transport ................................................ 187 Canalizare public i spaii verzi .............................. 187 Reeaua i volumul gazelor naturale distribuite ....... 188 Reeaua i volumul apei potabile distribuite ............ 188 Teritorial

Dwellings stock Balance of dwellings stock Finished dwellings Finished dwellings, by type of installations they are endowed with and financing funds Finished dwellings, by number of habitation rooms and financing sources Town streets Local public passengers transport Local public passengers transport, by type of vehicles of transport Public sewerage and green spaces Natural gas distribution network and volume Drinking water supply network and volume Territorial Dwellings stock, at territorial level and by type of ownership, on December 31, 2010 Finished dwellings, at territorial level, in 2010 Local public passengers transport, at territorial level, on December 31, 2010 Town streets, at territorial level, on December 31, 2010 Public sewerage and green spaces, at territorial level, on December 31, 2010 Volume of drinking water supplied to consumers, at territorial level, in 2010 Natural gas distribution network and volume, at territorial level, in 2010 Localities provided with thermal energy, at territorial level, on December 31, 2010 Drinking water supply network, at territorial level, in 2010

5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 5.19 5.20

Fondul de locuine, n profil teritorial i pe forme de proprietate, la 31 decembrie 2010 ............................. Locuine terminate, n profil teritorial, n anul 2010 ........ Transportul public local de pasageri, n profil teritorial, la 31 decembrie 2010 ...................................... Strzile oreneti, n profil teritorial, la 31 decembrie 2010 ..................................................... Canalizare public i spaii verzi, n profil teritorial, la 31 decembrie 2010 ..................................................... Volumul de ap potabil distribuit consumatorilor, n profil teritorial, n anul 2010 ........................................ Reeaua i volumul gazelor naturale distribuite, n profil teritorial, n anul 2010 ........................................ Localiti n care se distribuie energie termic, n profil teritorial, la 31 decembrie 2010 ........................ Reeaua de distribuie a apei potabile, n profil teritorial, n anul 2010 ........................................

SURSA DATELOR
Cercetri statistice: Cercetarea statistic privind modificrile fondului de locuine; Cercetarea statistic privind locuinele terminate; Cercetri statistice privind alimentarea cu ap, canalizare public i spaii verzi, salubritatea i distribuia energiei termice, a gazelor naturale i alte cercetri statistice pentru domeniul edilitar.

DATA SOURCE
Statistical surveys: Statistical survey on the changes in dwellings stock; Statistical survey on finished dwellings; Statistical surveys on water supply, public sewerage and green spaces, sanitation and distribution of electric energy, natural gas and other statistical surveys in urbanistic field.

176

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE
Fondul de locuine se determin pe baza datelor obinute la recensmintele populaiei i locuinelor i a modificrilor intervenite n cursul fiecrui an, respectiv: intrrile, reprezentnd locuinele date n folosin (locuine noi i spaii cu alt destinaie transformate n locuine); ieirile, reprezentnd demolrile i schimbarea locuinelor n spaii cu alt destinaie. Locuina este construcia, format din una sau mai multe camere de locuit situate la acelai nivel al cldirii sau la niveluri diferite, prevzut, n general, cu dependine (buctrie, baie etc.) sau cu alte spaii de deservire, independent din punct de vedere funcional, avnd intrarea separat din casa scrii, curte sau strad i care a fost construit, transformat sau amenajat n scopul de a fi folosit, n principiu, de o singur gospodrie. Locuina terminat n cursul unui an este acea construcie care nu a existat anterior i ale crei elemente, inclusiv fundaia, s-au construit pentru prima dat, la care s-au realizat toate categoriile de lucrri prevzute n documentaia de execuie i care au fost recepionate de beneficiar. Camera de locuit reprezint o ncpere dintr-o locuin care servete pentru locuit, avnd suprafaa de cel puin 4 m2, nlimea de cel puin 2 m pe cea mai mare parte a suprafeei sale i care primete lumin natural fie direct prin ferestre i / sau ui exterioare, fie indirect, prin verande cu ajutorul ferestrelor i / sau uilor, sau prin alte camere de locuit cu ajutorul glasvandurilor. Astfel, sunt considerate camere de locuit: dormitoarele, camerele de zi, holurile locuibile, ncperile cu dubl utilizare (din a cror suprafa, o parte este folosit pentru locuit) i de asemenea, alte ncperi destinate pentru locuit. Suprafaa (aria) construit desfurat (total) reprezint suma suprafeelor seciunilor orizontale ale tuturor nivelurilor cldirii (subsol, parter, etaje i mansard, exclusiv podurile circulabile sau necirculabile), delimitate de conturul exterior al pereilor exteriori. Nu se cuprind suprafeele aferente treptelor exterioare, teraselor neacoperite, ariile curilor interioare i exterioare de lumin sau de acces, mai mari de 4 m2, subsolurile tehnice. Suprafaa (aria) util desfurat (total) rezult din suprafaa construit desfurat, din care se scade suprafaa ocupat de perei (exclusiv pereii amovibili). Suprafaa (aria) locuibil desfurat (total) reprezint suma suprafeelor destinate pentru locuit a tuturor locuinelor sau spaiilor de locuit din cldire.

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES
Dwellings stock is determined based on data obtained from Population and Housing Censuses and on changes occurred each year, namely: inputs, representing dwellings in use (new dwellings and spaces with another destination changed into dwellings); outputs, representing demolitions and change of dwellings into spaces with another destination. A dwelling is the construction, made up by one or more habitation rooms situated at the same floor of the building or at different floors, generally endowed with outhouses (kitchen, bathroom a.s.o.) or with other service spaces, functionally independent, with separated entrance from the staircase hall, yard or street and which has been built, transformed or arranged with a view to be used, in principle, by a single household. A finished dwelling built during one year, is that building which did not exist before and whose elements, including the foundation, were built for the first time, for which all categories of work foreseen into the execution documentation were performed and which were received by beneficiary. Habitation room represents a room from a dwelling used for habitation, having an area of at least 4 sq.m, a height of at least 2 m on largest part of its area, which gets natural light either directly through windows and / or exterior doors, or indirectly through veranda by means of windows and / or doors, or by other habitation rooms by means of French windows. Thus, the following are considered habitation rooms: bedrooms, dining rooms, habitation halls, rooms with double use (of whose area, one part is used for habitation) and also, other rooms for habitation purpose. The total built up area represents the sum of horizontal section areas of all the building floors (basement, land-floor, floors and attic, excluding passing or non-passing garrets) limited by the outside contour of the external walls. The areas afferent to outside steps, uncovered terraces, inside yards and outside yards for lighting or access purposes exceeding 4 sq.m and technical basements are not included. Useful area (total area) results from unfolded built surface, of which the surface occupied by the walls is subtracted (excluding removable walls). Total unfolded living floor represents the sum of the areas meant for habitation of all dwellings or living spaces in the building.

177

Transportul public local de pasageri reprezint operaiunea de transport de pasageri care se efectueaz cu un vehicul rutier de transport, precum i cu metroul, n interiorul zonei administrativ-teritoriale a unei localiti, fr a depi limitele acesteia. Lungimea total simpl a reelei de distribuie a apei potabile reprezint lungimea tuburilor i conductelor instalate pe teritoriul localitii respective, pentru transportul apei potabile de la conductele de aduciune sau de la staiile de pompare pn la punctele de branare a consumatorilor. Apa potabil distribuit consumatorilor este cantitatea total de ap potabil livrat efectiv tuturor consumatorilor, populaiei i operatorilor economici, pentru nevoi productive i neproductive (casnice, bi publice, cldiri social-culturale i administrative, hoteluri, stropitul strzilor, spaii verzi etc.) prin reele de distribuie sau direct prin conducte de aduciune; se determin cu ajutorul apometrelor instalate la consumatori, iar n lipsa acestora pe baza normelor de consum paual. Lungimea total a conductelor de distribuie a gazelor naturale se refer la totalitatea conductelor (din reea i direct din conductele magistrale de transport) prin care se distribuie gaze la consumatorii dintr-o localitate, ncepnd de la staiile de reglare a presiunii i predare a gazelor de ctre furnizori pn la punctele de branare a consumatorilor. Gazele naturale distribuite efectiv reprezint volumul total de gaze naturale livrate consumatorilor prin reele de distribuie (inclusiv gazele naturale consumate de unitatea distribuitoare).

Local public passengers transport includes passengers transport operations carried out using a road transport vehicle as well as the subway, within the administrative-territorial area of a locality, without exceeding its boundaries. Simple total length of drinking water supply network represents the length of tubes and pipes placed in the respective locality, for drinking water transport from feed pipes or from pumping pipes up to the consumers connection points. Drinking water supplied to the users is the total quantity of drinking water actually delivered to all consumers, to the population and to economic operators, for productive and non-productive needs (domestic, public baths, social-cultural and administrative buildings, hotels, street wash, green spaces a.s.o.) through distribution networks or directly aduction by pipes; it is determined by means of water gauges installed at the consumers and, if they are not present, by means of flat rate consumption norms. Total length of distribution pipes of natural gas refers to all pipes (from network and directly from main transport pipes) distributing gas to the consumers in one locality, starting from pressure adjustment and gas delivery stations of suppliers up to the consumers connection points. Actually distributed natural gas represents the total volume of natural gas delivered to the consumers by means of distribution networks (including natural gas consumed by distribution unit).

5.G1

Locuine terminate, pe medii Finished dwellings, by area


2005 2010 47,1% 53,4% 46,6%

52,9%

Urban

Rural

178

5.G2
70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

Locuine terminate, pe surse de finanare Finished dwellings, by financing sources


Numr locuine (mii) Number of dwellings (thou)

67,3

62,5 48,9

47,3 39,6 32,9 27,7 34,8 43,0 61,2 56,8

46,0

5,1 2005

4,8 2006

4,3 2007

6,1 2008

5,7 2009

2,9 2010

Fonduri private Private funds

Fonduri publice Public funds

Total locuine terminate Total finished dwellings

5.G3

Locuine terminate, dup numrul camerelor de locuit Finished dwellings, by number of habitation rooms
2005 9,6% 2010 6,7%

44,0%

21,9%

18,8%

52,0%

24,5% cu o camer with one room cu dou camere with two rooms cu trei camere with three rooms

22,5%

cu patru camere i peste with four rooms and over

179

5.1

Fondul de locuine Dwellings stock


Existent la sfritul anului Existing at end of year Locuine (mii) Dwellings (thou) Camere de locuit (mii) Habitation rooms (thou) Suprafaa locuibil (mii m2) Living floor (thou m2) 2005 8201 197 8004 21153 361 20792 312020 5803 306217 Total State majority ownership Private majority ownership 2006 8231 195 8036 21273 355 20918 314542 5690 308852 Total State majority ownership Private majority ownership 2007 8270 191 8079 21428 346 21082 317834 5525 312309 Total State majority ownership Private majority ownership 2008 8329 191 8138 21638 344 21294 322205 5521 316684 Total State majority ownership Private majority ownership 2009 8385 193 8192 21841 347 21494 326413 5627 320786 Total State majority ownership Private majority ownership 2010 8428 195 8233 22011 349 21662 330008 5690 324318 Total State majority ownership Private majority ownership

2005 Total Proprietate majoritar de stat Proprietate majoritar privat 2006 Total Proprietate majoritar de stat Proprietate majoritar privat 2007 Total Proprietate majoritar de stat Proprietate majoritar privat 2008 Total Proprietate majoritar de stat Proprietate majoritar privat 2009 Total Proprietate majoritar de stat Proprietate majoritar privat 2010 Total Proprietate majoritar de stat Proprietate majoritar privat

180

5.2

Balana fondului de locuine Balance of dwellings stock


Locuine (numr) Dwellings (number) 2009 2010 Camere de locuit (numr) Habitation rooms (number) 2009 2010 Suprafaa locuibil Living floor (m2) 2009 2010

Total Existent la nceputul anului Existent at the beginning of the year Intrri - total / Input - total construcii noi i adugiri la cele existente / new construction and additions to existent ones schimbare din spaii cu alt destinaie change in use Ieiri - total / Output - total schimbarea din locuin n spaiu cu alt destinaie change from dwelling into a space with other destination prin demolare / by demolition Existent la sfritul anului Existent at year end Urban / Urban Existent la nceputul anului Existent at the beginning of the year Intrri - total / Input - total construcii noi i adugiri la cele existente / new construction and additions to existent ones schimbare din spaii cu alt destinaie change in use Ieiri - total / Output - total schimbarea din locuin n spaiu cu alt destinaie change from dwelling into a space with other destination prin demolare / by demolition Existent la sfritul anului Existent at year end Rural / Rural Existent la nceputul anului Existent at the beginning of the year Intrri - total / Input - total construcii noi i adugiri la cele existente / new construction and additions to existent ones schimbare din spaii cu alt destinaie change in use Ieiri - total / Output - total schimbarea din locuin n spaiu cu alt destinaie change from dwelling into a space with other destination prin demolare / by demolition Existent la sfritul anului Existent at year end 3809484 31164 31103 61 3382 77 3837266 26136 26076 60 3135 69 10500509 117698 117514 184 9123 253 10609084 106374 106189 185 8365 285 147423831 149595427 2317412 2313715 3697 145816 4880 2152777 2149204 3573 138578 5633 4519179 32066 31417 649 3539 978 4547706 23218 22786 432 3250 660 11137570 105232 103938 1294 11012 3511 11231790 82515 81590 925 10048 2386 174781664 176817887 2251904 2210693 41211 215681 84460 1764536 1736807 27729 184029 56668 8328663 63230 62520 710 6921 1055 8384972 49354 48862 492 6385 729 21638079 222930 221452 1478 20135 3764 21840874 188889 187779 1110 18413 2671 322205495 326413314 4569316 4524408 44908 361497 89340 3917313 3886011 31302 322607 62301

5866 8384972

5656 8427941

16371 21840874

15742 22011350

272157 260306 326413314 330008020

2561 4547706

2590 4567674

7501 11231790

7662 11304257

131221 127361 176817887 178398394

3305 3837266

3066 3860267

8870 10609084

8080 10707093

140936 132945 149595427 151609626

181

5.3
Anii

Locuine terminate Finished dwellings


Din acestea, finanate din: Fonduri private Locuine (numr) Dwellings (number) Suprafaa Area Construit Built up Of which, financed from: Private funds (mii m2) (thou m2) Util Useful Locuibil Living floor Locuine (numr) Dwellings (number) Construit Built up

Total Locuine (numr) Dwellings (number) Construit Built up Suprafaa (mii m2) Area (thou m 2) Util Useful Locuibil Living floor

Fonduri publice / Public funds Suprafaa (mii m2) Area (thou m2) Util Useful Locuibil Living floor Years

Total 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 32868 39638 47299 67255 62520 48862 4827 5870 7374 9874 9140 7779 3718 4515 5702 7628 7038 6010 2308 2793 3523 4706 4372 3743 27742 34782 43000 61171 56764 45983 4444 5529 7038 9407 8715 7528 Urban 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 15484 18810 23799 32553 31417 22786 2468 2934 3766 4836 4525 3524 1868 2221 2869 3705 3448 2695 1124 1335 1694 2219 2105 1633 11746 15532 20205 28338 26511 20364 2174 2683 3476 4494 4156 3317 Rural 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 17384 20828 23500 34702 31103 26076 2359 2936 3608 5038 4615 4255 1850 2294 2833 3923 3590 3315 1184 1458 1829 2487 2267 2110 15996 19250 22795 32833 30253 25619 2270 2846 3562 4913 4559 4211

Total 3457 4281 5465 7285 6742 5830 Urban 1675 2056 2670 3459 3194 2547 Rural 1782 2225 2795 3826 3548 3283 1138 1414 1804 2422 2240 2087 1388 1578 705 1869 850 457 89 90 46 125 56 44 68 69 38 97 42 32 46 44 25 65 27 23 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 1008 1235 1565 2046 1914 1533 3738 3278 3594 4215 4906 2422 294 251 290 342 369 207 193 165 199 246 254 148 116 100 129 173 191 100 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2146 2649 3369 4468 4154 3620 5126 4856 4299 6084 5756 2879 383 341 336 467 425 251 261 234 237 343 296 180 162 144 154 238 218 123 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

182

183

5.4

Locuine terminate, dup tipurile de instalaii cu care sunt dotate i fondurile de finanare Finished dwellings, by type of installations they are endowed with and financing funds
numr / number

Din acestea, finanate din: Tipul instalaiei 2005 Total Electric De alimentare cu ap potabil De canalizare De nclzire, din care: Central termic (inclusiv termoficare) Sobe cu gaze Sobe cu combustibil solid i lichid Urban Electric De alimentare cu ap potabil De canalizare De nclzire, din care: Central termic (inclusiv termoficare) Sobe cu gaze Sobe cu combustibil solid i lichid Rural Electric De alimentare cu ap potabil De canalizare De nclzire, din care: Central termic (inclusiv termoficare) Sobe cu gaze Sobe cu combustibil solid i lichid 2006 Total 2007 47299 46755 34101 27717 2008 67255 66942 53096 43535 2009 62520 62020 49293 39623 2010 48862 48613 38297 28515 2005 27742 27172 16793 12858 Fonduri private 2006 34782 34416 22170 18151 2007 43000 42459 30432 24121

Of which,financed from: Private funds 2008 61171 60858 48534 39150 2009 56764 56266 43738 34378 2010 45983 45746 35550 25795 2005 5126 5086 4581 4580 Fonduri publice / Public funds 2006 4856 4852 3224 3200 2007 4299 4296 3669 3596 2008 6084 6084 4562 4385 2009 5756 5754 5555 5245 2010 2879 2867 2747 2720 Total Electric For supply with drinking water For sewerage For heating, of which: Steam - generating station (including central heating) Gas stoves Stoves with solid and liquid fuel Urban Electric For supply with drinking water For sewerage For heating, of which: Steam - generating station (including central heating) Gas stoves Stoves with solid and liquid fuel Rural Electric For supply with drinking water For sewerage For heating, of which: Steam - generating station (including central heating) Gas stoves Stoves with solid and liquid fuel Type of installation

32868 39638 32258 39268 21374 25394 17438 21351

15100 20259 1522 1486 16065 17709 15484 18810 15429 18793 13501 16377 12486 15470

28150 1442 17328 23799 23745 21252 19189

47076 1014 18523 32553 32495 29946 26782

44480 906 16616 31417 31227 28534 25997

33404 727 14310 22786 22763 21095 18265

11313 1385 14863 11746 11691 9834 8178

17185 1479 15935 15532 15516 13243 12341

24639 1440 16544 20205 20151 17749 15688

42711 1013 16807 28338 28280 25742 22591

39602 905 15803 26511 26323 23640 21146

30743 661 14159 20364 20342 18677 15852

3787 137 1202 3738 3738 3667 4308

3074 7 1774 3278 3277 3134 3129

3511 2 784 3594 3594 3503 3501

4365 1 1716 4215 4215 4204 4191

4878 1 813 4906 4904 4894 4851

2661 66 151 2422 2421 2418 2413

11500 14691 821 959 3116 3109 17384 20828 16829 20475 7873 9017 4952 5881

19516 819 3299 23500 23010 12849 8528

29032 545 2801 34702 34447 23150 16753

27708 428 3111 31103 30793 20759 13626

19840 372 2480 26076 25850 17202 10250

7927 684 2043 15996 15481 6959 4680

11631 954 2896 19250 18900 8927 5810

16069 817 3154 22795 22308 12683 8433

24848 545 2770 32833 32578 22792 16559

22982 428 2982 30253 29943 20098 13232

17499 306 2465 25619 25404 16873 9943

3573 137 1073 1388 1348 914 272

3060 5 213 1578 1575 90 71

3447 2 145 705 702 166 95

4184 31 1869 1869 358 194

4726 129 850 850 661 394

2341 66 15 457 446 329 307

3600 5568 701 527 12949 14600

8634 623 14029

18044 469 15722

16772 478 13505

13564 355 11830

3386 701 12820

5554 525 13039

8570 623 13390

17863 468 14037

16620 477 12821

13244 355 11694

214 129

14 2 1561

64 639

181 1 1685

152 1 684

320 136

184

185

5.5
Total Cu o camer

Locuine terminate, dup numrul camerelor de locuit i sursele de finanare Finished dwellings, by number of habitation rooms and financing sources
numr / number

2005

2006

2007 Total

2008

2009

2010

32868 3139 7182 8072 14475

39638 3038 8592 9615 18393

47299 3851 8743 12008 22697

67255 5332 16698 16879 28346

62520 5312 14721 15961 26526

48862 3269 9166 11020 25407

Total With one room With two rooms With three rooms With four rooms and over

Cu dou camere Cu trei camere Cu patru camere i peste

Din acestea, finanate din: Of which, financed from: Fonduri private Private funds Total Cu o camer Cu dou camere Cu trei camere Cu patru camere i peste 27742 1041 4672 7589 14440 34782 1356 5864 9278 18284 43000 2307 6640 11494 22559 61171 3688 13030 16303 28150 56764 3257 11453 15615 26439 45983 2318 7692 10711 25262 Total With one room With two rooms With three rooms With four rooms and over

Fonduri publice Public funds Total Cu o camer Cu dou camere Cu trei camere Cu patru camere i peste 5126 2098 2510 483 35 4856 1682 2728 337 109 4299 1544 2103 514 138 6084 1644 3668 576 196 5756 2055 3268 346 87 2879 951 1474 309 145 Total With one room With two rooms With three rooms With four rooms and over

5.6
din care: Modernizate

Strzile oreneti (la sfritul anului) Town streets (end of year)


km

2005 Lungimea strzilor oreneti 25696

2006 26065

2007 26168

2008 26309

2009 26606

2010 27005 Town streets length of which:

14943

15314

15757

16157

16536

16911

Modernized

186

5.7

Transportul public local de pasageri Local public passengers transport


2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Length of simple line (km) - at end of year Trams Trolleybuses Underground Number of registered vehicles (at end of year) Trams1) Buses and minibuses Trolleybuses Underground1)

Lungimea liniei simple (km) - la sfritul anului Tramvaie Troleibuze Metrou Numrul vehiculelor n inventar (la sfritul anului) Tramvaie1) Autobuze i microbuze Troleibuze Metrou1)
1) Vagoane. / Passenger carriages.

931,8 685,5 153,7

919,7 576,7 153,7

907,4 486,5 153,7

896,7 476,4 162,4

891,3 475,4 162,4

883,5 406,4 162,4

1673 6189 789 610

1513 6008 698 640

1433 5947 660 704

1481 5886 696 614

1438 6069 641 608

1411 5244 614 550

5.8
Total

Transportul public local de pasageri, pe tipuri de vehicule de transport Local public passengers transport, by type of vehicles of transport
mii pasageri / thou passengers

2007 2167133 665777 1136442 200133 164781

2008 2167474 672700 1124933 187824 182017

2009 2089601 635921 1084945 197848 170887

2010 2117199 629071 1119863 191033 177232 Total Trams Buses and minibuses Trolleybuses Underground

Tramvaie Autobuze i microbuze Troleibuze Metrou

5.9

Canalizare public i spaii verzi (la sfritul anului) Public sewerage and green spaces (end of year)
2005 2006 708 2007 735 2008 760 2009 777 2010 798

Localiti1) cu instalaii de canalizare public (numr) Localities1) with public sewerage installations (number) din care: / of which: Municipii i orae Municipalities and towns Lungimea total simpl a conductelor de canalizare (km) Total simple length of sewerage pipes (km) Suprafaa spaiilor verzi n municipii i orae (ha) Green spaces area in municipalities and towns (ha)
1) Municipii, orae, comune. / Municipalities, towns, communes.

692

306

308

309

309

308

309

18149

18602

19356

20364

20953

21978

20098

20269

20724

21124

21232

22005

187

5.10

Reeaua i volumul gazelor naturale distribuite Natural gas distribution network and volume
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Number of localities1) provided with natural gas (end of year) Simple length of distribution pipes of natural gas (km) - end of year Natural gas distributed (million m3) of which: For household use

Numrul localitilor1) n care se distribuie gaze naturale (la sfritul anului) Lungimea simpl a conductelor de distribuie a gazelor naturale (km) - la sfritul anului Gaze naturale distribuite (milioane m3) din care: Pentru uz casnic

742

774

807

815

835

866

27496 28960 30738 31927 33338 34726 12963 10332 11902 11049 2828 2687 2535 2731 9773 2677 9639 2823

1) Municipii, orae, comune. / Municipalities, towns, communes.

5.11

Reeaua i volumul apei potabile distribuite Drinking water supply network and volume
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Number of localities1) supplied with drinking water installations (end of year) of which: Municipalities and towns Simple total length of drinking water supply network (km) - end of year of which: Municipalities and towns Drinking water supplied to the users (million m3) of which: For household use

Numrul localitilor1) cu instalaii de alimentare cu ap potabil (la sfritul anului) din care: Municipii i orae Lungimea total simpl a reelei de distribuie a apei potabile (km) - la sfritul anului din care: Municipii i orae Ap potabil distribuit consumatorilor (milioane m3) din care: Pentru uz casnic

1935 315

1999 317

2070 318

2123 317

2191 317

2252 317

47778 50821 52578 56809 60456 63095 25171 25953 25636 26396 26857 27226

1089 628

1070 652

1065 671

1075 682

1065 681

1024 689

1) Municipii, orae, comune. / Municipalities, towns, communes.

188

SECURITATE I ASISTEN SOCIAL

SOCIAL PROTECTION AND ASSISTANCE

CUPRINS TABELE

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TABLES CONTENTS

PROTECIA SOCIAL A OMERILOR 6.1 Cheltuielile cu protecia social a omerilor .......... 198 6.2 Indemnizaii de omaj ............................................ 199 6.3 Cheltuielile publice pe piaa muncii, pe categorii de cheltuieli i tipuri de intervenii publice .............................................. 199 ASIGURRI SOCIALE 6.4 Numrul mediu al pensionarilor ............................ 200 6.5 Pensia medie lunar .............................................. 201 6.6 Pensionarii de asigurri sociale de stat, dup nivelul pensiei, la 31 decembrie 2010 .................... 202 6.7 Indicii pensiei medii reale a pensionarilor de asigurri sociale de stat .................................... 204 6.8 Biletele pentru tratament balnear i odihn acordate prin asigurrile sociale ............................ 204 6.9 Biletele pentru tratament balnear acordate prin asigurrile sociale de stat, pe staiuni balneoclimaterice .................................................. 206 ASISTEN SOCIAL 6.10 Alocaii i alte ajutoare acordate populaiei (sume pltite) ........................................ 207 6.11 Numrul centrelor de plasament funcionale i al serviciilor alternative (la sfritul anului) ........ 208 6.12 Numrul copiilor din centrele de plasament, pe grupe de vrst (la sfritul anului) .................. 209 6.13 Unitile din nvmntul special ........................ 209 6.14 Copiii i elevii din nvmntul special, dup nivelul de educaie i pe vrste .................... 210 6.15 Minorii cu deficiene din uniti de asisten social (la sfritul anului) ...................... 210 6.16 Elevii din nvmntul special, primar i gimnazial, pe tipuri de uniti .............................. 212 6.17 Centre pentru asistarea adulilor ............................ 213 6.18 Numrul beneficiarilor din sistemul de protecie a copilului aflat n dificultate .................................. 214 6.19 Persoane adulte ngrijite n centre de asisten social ale Autoritii Naionale pentru Persoanele cu Handicap, pe tipuri de deficiene, la 31 decembrie 2010 .......................... 215 6.20 Cheltuielile pentru protecia social a persoanelor cu handicap, neinstituionalizate ............................ 216 6.21 Veniturile i cheltuielile de protecie social............ 218 6.22 Cheltuielile de protecie social, pe funcii de protecie social i categorii de cheltuieli, n anul 2009 .......................................... 218

UNEMPLOYED SOCIAL PROTECTION Expenditure for unemployed social protection Unemployment indemnities Public expenditure on labour market, by expenditure category and type of public interventions SOCIAL INSURANCE Average number of pensioners Monthly average pension State social insurance pensioners, by level of pension, on December 31, 2010 Average real pension indices of state social insurance pensioners Tickets for balneary treatment and rest granted by means of social insurance Tickets for balneary treatment granted by means of state social insurance, by spa SOCIAL ASSISTANCE Allowances and other benefits granted to the population (payments) Number of functional placement centers and of alternative services (end of year) Number of children from placement centers by age groups (end of year) Units from special education Children and pupils from special education, by level of education and by age Under age persons with deficiencies from social assistance units (end of year) Pupils from special, primary and secondary education, by type of units Centers for adults assistance Number of beneficiaries from the protection system of child under difficulty Adult persons taken care of in social assistance centers of National Authority for Disabled People, by type of deficiency, on December 31, 2010 Expenditure for special protection of noninstitutionalised disabled persons Income and expenditure of social protection Expenditure of social protection, by functions of social protection and category of expenditure, in 2009

190

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6.23 Ponderea cheltuielilor din cadrul fiecrei funcii de protecie social, n totalul cheltuielilor de protecie social i n Produsul Intern Brut ...... 219 Teritorial 6.24 Cheltuielile cu protecia social a omerilor, n profil teritorial, n anul 2010 ...................................... 6.25 Numrul mediu al pensionarilor i pensia medie lunar de asigurri sociale de stat, n profil teritorial, n anul 2010 ...................................... 6.26 Cantine de ajutor social, n profil teritorial, n anul 2010 .................................................................. Weight of expenditure within each function of social protection, in total expenditure of social protection and in Gross Domestic Product Territorial Expenditure for unemployed social protection, at territorial level, in 2010 Average number of pensioners and monthly average state social insurance pension, at territorial level, in 2010 Social assistance canteens, at territorial level, in 2010

SURSA DATELOR
Cercetri statistice: Cercetarea statistic asupra unitilor colare de nvmnt preuniversitar special. Cercetarea statistic asupra numrului de pensionari i pensiei medii lunare; Colectarea naional de date asupra statisticii proteciei sociale, conform metodologiei europene ESSPROS (European System of Integrated Social Protection Statistics) pentru statisticile privind protecia social; Colectarea naional de date asupra politicilor privind piaa muncii, conform metodologiei europene LMP (Labour Market Policies) pentru statisticile privind politicile care acioneaz pe piaa muncii. Surse administrative: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc, pentru datele privind protecia social a omerilor nregistrai; Casa Naional de Pensii Publice i Alte Drepturi de Asigurri Sociale, pentru datele privind protecia social a pensionarilor de asigurri sociale, precum i datele pentru biletele de tratament i odihn; Ministerul Culturii, Cultelor i Patrimoniului Naional Secretariatul de Stat pentru Culte; Casa de Asigurri a Avocailor; Ministerul Aprrii Naionale; Ministerul Administraiei i Internelor; Serviciul Romn de Informaii; Autoritatea Naional pentru Persoanele cu Handicap, pn n anul 2009 pentru datele privind: cheltuielile pentru protecia special a persoanelor

DATA SOURCE
Statistical surveys: Statistical survey on special preuniversity education units. Statistical survey on number of pensioners and monthly average pension; National data collection on social protection statistics, according to ESSPROS European methodology for social protection statistics;

National data collection on labour market policies, according to LMP European methodology for labour market statistics

Administrative sources: National Agency for Employment, for data on registered unemployed social protection; National Public Pension Office and Other Social Insurance Rights Office, for data on social protection of social insurance pensioners, as well as the data for balneary treatment and rest tickets; Ministry of Culture, Religions Affairs and National Heritage - State Secretariate for Cults; Lawyers Insurance Office; Ministry of National Defence; Ministry of Administration and Interior; Romanian Intelligence Office; National Authority for Disabled People, until 2009 for data on expenditure for special protection of noninstitutionalised disabled persons, number of

191

cu handicap neinstituionalizate, numrul minorilor cu deficiene din unitile proprii specializate, centrele pentru asistarea adulilor, numrul persoanelor asistate n centre, pe tipuri de deficiene; Autoritatea Naional pentru Protecia Familiei i a Drepturilor Copilului, pn n anul 2009 i Oficiul Romn pentru Adopii, pentru indicatorii din sistemul de protecie a copilului aflat n dificultate (prentmpinarea situaiilor ce pun n pericol securitatea i dezvoltarea copiilor cuprinde prevenirea prenatal a abandonului copilului sau meninerea copilului n familia natural); Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale, pentru datele privind cminele pentru persoane vrstnice i pentru datele privind alocaiile de stat i suplimentare, alocaia familial complementar i alocaia de susinere pentru familia monoparental i alte ajutoare acordate de la bugetul statului i bugetele locale. ncepnd cu anul 2010, Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale reprezint sursa datelor i pentru indicatorii furnizai pn n anul 2009 de Autoritatea Naional pentru Persoanele cu Handicap i Autoritatea Naional pentru Protecia Familiei i a Drepturilor Copilului.

under age persons with deficiencies from own specialized units, centers for assisting adults, number of persons assisted in centers, by type of deficiency; National Authority for Family and Child Rights Protection, until 2009 and Romanian Office for Adoptions, for indicators from the protection system of child under difficulty (preventing the situations jeopardizing the children security and growth, refers to the prenatal prevention of child abandonment or maintaing the child within his natural family); Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection, for data on elderly persons hostels and for data on state and additional allowances, complementary family allowance and support allowance for mono-parental family and other benefits granted from state budget and local budgets. Since 2010, the Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection is the source of data and indicators provided until 2009 by the National Authority for Disabled People and National Authority for Family and Child Rights Protection.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE
PROTECIA SOCIAL A OMERILOR Cheltuielile cu protecia social a omerilor : Indemnizaia de omaj (conform Legii nr. 76/2002 privind sistemul asigurrilor pentru omaj i stimularea ocuprii forei de munc intrat n vigoare la data de 1 martie 2002) reprezint o compensaie parial a veniturilor care se acord persoanelor aflate n omaj, ca urmare a pierderii locului de munc sau absolvenilor instituiilor de nvmnt i militarilor care au efectuat stagiul militar i care nu s-au putut ncadra n munc i venituri de completare, conform legislaiei n vigoare. Cheltuieli pentru formarea profesional reprezint cheltuielile efectuate pentru calificarea, recalificarea, perfecionarea i specializarea persoanelor aflate n cutarea unui loc de munc; formarea profesional se realizeaz prin cursuri, stagii de practic i specializare, organizate pe niveluri de pregtire, pe baza planului naional de formare profesional. Plata absolvenilor reprezint suma acordat angajatorilor care au ncadrat n munc, pe durat nedeterminat, absolveni ai unor instituii de nvmnt. Suma lunar se stabilete conform Legii nr. 76/2002 - art. 80, alin. 1 cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare.

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES
UNEMPLOYED SOCIAL PROTECTION Expenditure for unemployed social protection: Unemployment indemnity (according to the Law no. 76/2002 on unemployment insurance system and employment stimulation coming into force since March 1, 2002) represents a partial compensation of income granted to the unemployed after losing their jobs or to the graduates of educational institutions and to the military staff who ended their military service and who could not get employed, as well as income in completion, according to the legislation in force. Expenditure for vocational training represent expenditure for the qualification, re-qualification, training and specialization of persons looking for a job; vocational training is done by means of courses, practice and specialization stages, organized by training levels, based on the national plan of vocational training. Graduates remuneration represents the amounts granted to the employers who employed graduates of educational institutions, for indefinite duration. Monthly amount granted is established based on Law no. 76/2002 - art. 80, alin. 1, with subsequent amendments.

192

Plile pentru stimularea omerilor care se angajeaz nainte de expirarea perioadei de omaj reprezint sumele pltite n completarea veniturilor salariale omerilor (cu experien n munc i absolvenilor instituiilor de nvmnt) conform Legii nr. 76/2002 - art. 72 i art. 73 cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare. Plile pentru stimularea mobilitii forei de munc reprezint sumele acordate ca prime de ncadrare persoanelor (omere) care se ncadreaz n munc nainte de expirarea perioadei n care beneficiaz de indemnizaie de omaj, ntr-o localitate situat la o distan mai mare de 50 km de localitatea n care i au domiciliul stabil i ca prime de instalare persoanelor (omere) care se ncadreaz n munc nainte de expirarea perioadei n care beneficiaz de indemnizaie de omaj, ntr-o alt localitate i, ca urmare a acestui fapt, i schimb domiciliul. Primele de ncadrare i de instalare se stabilesc conform Legii nr. 76/2002 - art. 74, 75, 76 cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare. Plile pentru stimularea angajatorilor care ncadreaz omeri din categoria defavorizai reprezint sumele acordate angajatorilor care au ncadrat n munc, pe durat nederminat, absolveni din rndul persoanelor cu handicap. Suma lunar se stabilete conform Legii nr. 76/2002 - art. 80, alin. 2, cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare. Plile compensatorii efectuate n cadrul programelor de restructurare, privatizare i lichidare reprezint sumele acordate persoanelor crora li s-au desfcut contractele individuale de munc ca urmare a concedierilor colective (O.G. nr. 7/1998 i O.U.G. nr. 98/1999 cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare). Alte cheltuieli cuprind sumele acordate sub form de credite ntreprinderilor mici i mijlocii pentru nfiinarea de noi locuri de munc, precum i cele necesare administrrii fondului pentru plata ajutorului de omaj. Conform metodologiei LMP, intervenia public pe piaa muncii reprezint intervenia public ce are ca scop atingerea unei funcionri eficiente i corectarea dezechilibrelor aprute pe piaa muncii. Interveniile publice se disting de celelalte intervenii ale administraiei publice prin faptul c sunt destinate unor grupuri particulare de persoane considerate ca de interes pentru buna funcionare a pieei muncii.

Incentives for unemployed getting employed before expiring their unemployment period represent the amounts paid to complete salary income for unemployed (with work experience and to graduates of educational units) according to the Law no. 76/2002 art. 72 and art. 73, with subsequent amendments. Incentives for labour force mobility represents the amounts granted as tax free employment bonuses for persons (unemployed) who get employed before expiring their period of receiving unemployment benefit in one locality situated at over 50 km far from their stable domicile locality and as installation bonuses for the persons (unemployed) who get employed before expiring their period of receiving unemployment benefit, into another locality and therefore change their domicile. The employment and installation bonuses are established according to Law no. 76/2002 - art. 74, 75, 76, with subsequent amendments. Incentives for employers who hire unfavoured unemployed represent the amounts granted to employers who employed, for indefinite duration, graduates among disabled persons. The monthly amount is established according to the Law no. 76/2002 - art. 80, alin. 2, with subsequent amendments. The compensations granted within the programmes of restructuring, privatization and liquidation are the amounts granted to those persons for whom individual employment contracts ceased as consequence of collective lay off (G.O. no. 7/1998 and G.P.O. no. 98/1999 with subsequent amendments and completions) Other expenditure include the amounts granted as credits to the small and medium enterprises to create new jobs, as well as those needed for the management of unemployment benefit funds. According to LMP methodology, public intervention on the labour market represents public intervention aiming at efficient functioning and disequilibria correction on the labour market. Public interventions are different from other interventions of general government because they are meant for special groups of persons of interest for the good functioning of labour market.

193

Interveniile publice sunt de urmtoarele tipuri: Servicii privind piaa muncii - se refer la interveniile pe piaa muncii adresate persoanelor (participanilor) aflate n cutarea unui loc de munc, fr modificarea statutului lor pe piaa muncii, ci doar n scopul mijlocirii gsirii unui loc de munc. Msuri privind piaa muncii (msuri active) - se refer la interveniile pe piaa muncii privind participanii a cror principal activitate este cutarea activ a unui loc de munc i care se finalizeaz prin modificarea statutului lor pe piaa muncii. Suporturi financiare privind piaa muncii (msuri pasive) - se refer la interveniile care furnizeaz indivizilor asisten financiar, direct sau indirect, pentru persoanele dezavantajate pe piaa muncii. Transferurile ctre indivizi - reprezint cheltuielile publice transferate direct ctre indivizi i care sunt pltite n bani sau sub forma unei reduceri a impozitelor obligatorii. Transferuri ctre angajatori - se refer la cheltuielile publice transferate direct angajatorilor i care sunt pltite n bani sau sub forma unei reduceri ale impozitelor obligatorii. Transferurile ctre furnizorii de servicii - sunt cheltuielile publice transferate direct productorilor de bunuri i/sau servicii care sunt oferite indivizilor sau angajatorilor ca servicii directe (de exemplu formare profesional sau consiliere) n beneficiul participanilor. Alte cheltuieli - sunt acele cheltuieli care nu pot fi detaliate dup tipul beneficiarului direct.

Public interventions are of various types: Labour market services - refer to interventions on the labour market for persons (participants) seeking for a job, without changing their status on the labour market, only in order to find a job. Labour market measures (active measures) refer to interventions on the labour market regarding participants whose main activity is to seek for a job actively, and ends by changing their status on the labour market. Labour market financial supports (passive measures) - refer to interventions providing financial assistance, directly or indirectly, for disadvantaged persons on the labour market. Transfers to persons - represent public expenditure directly transferred to persons paid in cash or as discounts of compulsory taxes. Transfers to employers refer to public expenditure directly transferred to employers paid in cash or as discounts of compulsory taxes. Transfers to providers of services are public expenditure directly transferred to providers of goods and /or services for persons or employers as direct services (for instance, vocational training or consulting) for the benefit of participants. Other expenditure are those expenditure which cannot be detailed by type of direct beneficiary.

ASIGURRI SOCIALE Pensia medie lunar s-a calculat prin raportarea sumelor cuvenite (conform deciziilor) pensionarilor existeni n plat n anul de referin, la numrul mediu lunar al acestora nmulit cu 12. De la 1 iulie 2000, sumele cuvenite pentru calculul pensiei medii lunare cuprind i valoarea impozitului aferent sumelor ce depesc plafonul stabilit prin lege (O.U.G. nr. 87/2000). ncepnd cu 1 ianuarie 2003, sumele cuvenite drept pensii nu mai includ contribuia pentru asigurrile sociale de sntate (O.U.G. nr. 147/2002). Indicele pensiei reale s-a calculat, numai pentru pensionarii de asigurri sociale de stat, ca raport procentual ntre indicele pensiei medii nominale i indicele general al preurilor de consum. Pensia medie nominal utilizat n calculul pensiei reale a pensionarilor de asigurri sociale de stat cuprinde i pensia suplimentar.

SOCIAL INSURANCE Monthly average pension has been computed as a ratio between the amounts granted (in accordance with the pension decision) to the pensioners on payment during the reference year, and their monthly average number multiplied by 12. Since July 1, 2000, the amounts for the calculation of monthly average pension also comprise the value of tax for the amounts exceeding the threshold set up by the Law (G.P.O. no. 87/2000). Starting with January 1, 2003, amounts representing pensions do not include anymore health social insurance contribution (G.P.O. no. 147/2002). Real pension index has been calculated, only for state social insurance pensioners, as a percentage ratio between nominal average pension index and general consumer price index. Nominal average pension used for the calculation of real pension of state social insurance pensioners contains supplementary pension as well.

194

Pentru comparabilitatea seriei de date, ncepnd cu 1 iulie 2000, s-a dedus i valoarea impozitului. Conform metodologiei ESSPROS, protecia social reprezint expresia tuturor interveniilor ntreprinse de organismele publice sau private n scopul protejrii gospodriilor i indivizilor de consecinele unui set definit de riscuri sociale sau nevoi, n condiiile n care nu este implicat niciun aranjament simultan de reciprocitate sau unul individual. Funcia de protecie social se definete n termenii scopului final pe care trebuie s l ating protecia social, adic de protejare a indivizilor i familiilor/gospodriilor mpotriva riscului social major identificat. Prestaiile de protecie social se clasific pe opt funcii de protecie social, corespunztoare celor opt riscuri sociale majore identificate de ESSPROS. Funciile de protecie social sunt: boal/ngrijirea sntii; invaliditate; limit de vrst; urma; familie/copii; omaj; locuin; excluziune social (neclasificat n alt parte). Cheltuielile de protecie social cuprind: cheltuieli cu prestaiile sociale; costuri administrative; alte tipuri de cheltuieli (de exemplu: dobnzi bancare n conexiune cu fondurile sociale). Cheltuieli cu prestaiile sociale reprezint valoarea resurselor de protecie social alocate beneficiatilor n numerar sau n natur (bunuri i/sau servicii). Costuri administrative reprezint cheltuielile pe care le implic organizarea i administrarea schemelor de protecie social. Prestaiile dependente de un prag al venitului sunt cele care se acord condiionat, respectiv dac nivelul venitului beneficiarului se situeaz sub un prag prestabilit. Prestaiile independente de un prag al venitului sunt cele care se acord necondiionat de nivelul veniturilor beneficiarului.

For the data series comparability, beginning with July 1, 2000, the value of tax is also deducted. According to ESSPROS methodology, social protection represents the expression of all interventions of public or private bodies in order to protect the households and persons against the consequences of a set of social risks or needs, if no simultaneous mutual or individual arrangement is involved. Social protection function is defined in terms of final purpose for social protection, namely to protect persons and families/ households against major social risk identified. Provisions of social protection are divided into eight functions of social protection, according to those eight major social risks identified by ESSPROS. Social protection functions are: sickness/health care; disability; old age; survivor; family/children; unemployment; housing; social exclusion / non-classified elsewhere). Expenditure for social protection include: expenditure for social protection benefits; administrative costs; other types of expenditure (for instance, bank interests related to social funds); Expenditure for social protection benefits represent the value of social protection resources allocated to the beneficiaries in cash or in kind (goods and/or services). Administrative costs represent the expenditure for the organization and administration of social protection schemes. Means - tested benefits are conditioned provisions, respectively if the level of the beneficiary income is under a preset threshold. Non-means tested benefits are unconditioned provisions by the level of the beneficiary income.

195

6.G1
7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0

Evoluia numrului mediu al pensionarilor Evolution of average number of pensioners


mii persoane / thou persons

6067 6042

5806 5785

5745 5726

5701 5685

5689 5676

5675 5664

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Pensionari - total Pensioners - total

Pensionari de asigurri sociale Social insurance pensioners

6.G2
5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0

Evoluia numrului mediu al pensionarilor de asigurri sociale Evolution of average number of social insurance pensioners
mii persoane / thou persons

4750 4611

4780 4633

4794 4643

4819 4664

4877 4718

4927 4767

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Pensionari de asigurri sociale (exclusiv agricultori) Social insurance pensioners (excluding farmers) Pensionari de asigurri sociale de stat State social insurance pensioners

196

6.G3
800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0

Evoluia pensiei medii lunare Evolution of monthly average pension


lei / persoan / lei person

711 593 399 267 246 88 311 298 117 389 159 573 300 686

739 717

253

309

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Pensionari de asigurri sociale Social insurance pensioners

Pensionari de asigurri sociale de stat State social insurance pensioners

Pensionari de asigurri sociale - agricultori Social insurance pensioners - farmers

6.G4
150 140 130 120 110 100 0

Evoluia pensiei medii nominale i reale Evolution of nominal and real average pension
% anul precedent = 100 / previous year = 100

144,7

128,7 134,1 117,8 116,4 118,3 122,8 112,0 103,5

108,1

109,2

97,5 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Indicele pensiei nominale Nominal pension index Indicele pensiei reale Real pension index

197

6.1
Total

Cheltuielile cu protecia social a omerilor Expenditure for unemployed social protection


mii lei / lei thou

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

1535107,1 1543664,6 1447440,6 1386224,7 2722523,1 3822056,9 812529,3 805495,4 724993,2 634347,6 1669818,3 2319704,9

Indemnizaie de omaj (omeri cu experien n munc)1) Unemployment indemnity (unemployed with work experience)1) Indemnizaie de omaj (omeri fr experien n munc)2) Unemployment indemnity (unemployed without work experience)2) Cheltuieli pentru formarea profesional Expenditure for vocational training Plata absolvenilor Graduates remuneration

55508,0

36330,0

29247,1

29712,9

64594,5 114122,1

18235,6 68157,1

25330,9 64775,0

24723,2 59724,7

27468,1 56566,0

20460,6 51627,0

20911,9 35644,9

Pli pentru stimularea omerilor care se angajeaz nainte de expirarea perioadei de omaj3) 14166,2 Incentives for unemployed who got employed before unemployment period expiry3) Pli pentru stimularea mobilitii forei de munc3) Incentives for labour force mobility3) Pli pentru stimularea angajatorilor care ncadreaz omeri din categoria defavorizai3) Incentives for employers who hire unfavoured unemployed3) Pli compensatorii efectuate n cadrul programelor de restructurare, privatizare i lichidare Compensations granted within the programmes of restructuring, privatization and liquidation Plati pentru stimularea absolvenilor Payments for graduates stimulation Combaterea marginalizrii sociale4) Fight against social marginalization4) Alte cheltuieli Other expenditure 5384,8

12478,3

13241,5

14402,5

15707,5

26269,3

5603,2

5725,0

6481,3

5338,0

7778,7

64054,2

75182,4

90180,7

101500,4

70343,2

55591,0

85911,1

45874,3

44825,1

59300,0

41598,2

22730,1

411160,8

1672,8 7704,8 463217,5

2974,1 11849,2 439956,8

3558,7 15943,9 436943,3

2550,5 13206,8

2765,1 12090,4

767278,5 1204448,5

1) Indemnizaia de omaj acordat persoanelor aflate n omaj ca urmare a pierderii locului de munc, conform articolului 39 din

Legea nr. 76/2002, precum i alte sume acordate n completarea veniturilor salariale ale angajailor conform articolului 72 din Legea nr.76/2002 privind sistemul asigurrilor pentru omaj i stimularea ocuprii forei de munc cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare i a veniturilor de completare, conform O.U.G. nr.175/2002, O.U.G. nr.8/2003, O.U.G. nr.115/2003, Legea nr.174/2003, Legea nr.138/2004 i O.U.G. nr.22/2004. Unemployment indemnity granted to unemployed after losing their jobs, according to the article 39 of Law no.76/2002, as well as other amounts completing salary income of employees according to the article 72 of Law no.76/2002 regarding unemployment insurance system and employment stimulation with subsequent amendments and vocational reintegration, according to G.P.O. no.175/2002, G.P.O. no.8/2003, G.P.O. no.115/2003, Law no.174/2003, Law no.138/2004 and G.P.O. no.22/2004. 2) Indemnizaia de omaj acordat absolvenilor instituiilor de nvmnt, conform articolului 40 din Legea nr.76/2002,precum i alte sume acordate n completarea veniturilor salariale ale angajailor conform articolelor 72-73 din Legea nr.76/2002 privind sistemul asigurrilor pentru omaj i stimularea ocuprii forei de munc (cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare). Unemployment indemnity granted to education institutions graduates according to the article 40 of Law no.76/2002 as well as other amounts completing salary income of employees according to the articles 72-73 of Law no.76/2002 regarding unemployment insurance system and employment stimulation (with subsequent amendments). 3) Alte categorii de cheltuieli, conform Legii nr.76/2002, privind sistemul asigurrilor pentru omaj i stimularea ocuprii forei de munc (cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare). Other category of expenditure according to Law no.76/2002 regarding unemployment insurance system and employment stimulation (with subsequent amendments). 4) Conform Legii nr.116/2002 privind prevenirea i combaterea marginalizrii sociale. According to Law no.116/2002 regarding preventing and fighting against social marginalization. Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. / Source: National Agency for Employment.

198

6.2

Indemnizaii de omaj Unemployment indemnities


2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Media lunar (lei / persoan) Monthly average (lei / person) Indemnizaie de omaj (omeri cu experien n munc)1) Unemployment indemnity (unemployed with work experience)1) Indemnizaie de omaj (omeri fr experien n munc)2) Unemployment indemnity (unemployed without work experience)2) 236 259 321 401 469 470

160

162

180

238

291

268

n procente fa de salariul minim brut pe economie In percentage as against the gross minimum salary in economy Indemnizaie de omaj (omeri cu experien n munc)1) Unemployment indemnity (unemployed with work experience)1) Indemnizaie de omaj (omeri fr experien n munc)2) Unemployment indemnity (unemployed without work experience)2)

76,1

78,5

82,3

78,6

78,2

78,3

51,6

49,1

46,2

46,7

48,5

44,7

1) Indemnizaia de omaj acordat persoanelor aflate n omaj ca urmare a pierderii locului de munc, conform articolului 39

din Legea nr. 76/2002. / Unemployment indemnity granted to unemployed after losing their jobs, according to the article 39 of Law no.76/2002. 2) Indemnizaia de omaj acordat absolvenilor instituiilor de nvmnt, conform articolului 40 din Legea nr.76/2002. / Unemployment ndemnity granted to education institutions, according to the article 40 of Law no.76/2002.

6.3

Cheltuielile publice pe piaa muncii1), pe categorii de cheltuieli i tipuri de intervenii publice Public expenditure on labour market1), by expenditure category and type of public interventions
mii lei / lei thou

Categorii de cheltuieli Expenditure category Tipuri de intervenii publice Types of public interventions Total2) Transferuri ctre indivizi Transfer to persons 2010 2009 1973928 67693 2010 2907298 44644 Transferuri ctre angajatori Transfer to employers 2009 130343 52 130291 2010 94529 40 94489 Transferuri ctre furnizorii de servicii Transfer to suppliers of services 2009 162040 157006 4968 2010 151545 146416 5129

2009 Total Servicii privind piaa muncii Services on labour market Msuri privind piaa muncii Measures on labour market Suporturi financiare privind piaa muncii Financial support on labour market

2266311 3153371 157058 202952 146456 144262

1906301 2862654

1906235

2862654

66

1) Conform metodologiei europene (LMP), pentru statisticile privind politicile care acioneaz pe piaa muncii. / According to (LMP) 2) Diferenele ntre datele pe total i valorile obinute din nsumarea diverselor structuri utilizate sunt datorate rotunjirilor.

European methodology for labour market statistics.

The differences between total data and data obtained by cumulating the different structures used are due to rounding up. Sursa: Colectarea naional de date conform metodologiei LMP. / Source: National collections of data according to LMP methodology.

199

6.4

Numrul mediu al pensionarilor Average number of pensioners


mii persoane / thou persons

2005 TOTAL Pensionari de asigurri sociale1) - total din care: Stat Agricultori Pensionari de asigurri sociale (exclusiv agricultori) din care: Pentru limit de vrst Cu stagiu complet de cotizare Cu stagiu incomplet de cotizare Pensie anticipat Pensie anticipat parial De invaliditate Gradul I Gradul II Gradul III De urma Beneficiari de ajutor social2) - tip pensie Pensionari I.O.V.R. (invalizi, orfani i vduve de rzboi) Invaliditate De urma 6067 6042 4611 1292

2006 5806 5785 4633 1005

2007 5745 5726 4643 932

2008 5701 5685 4664 866

2009 5689 5676 4718 799

2010 5675 5664 4767 737 TOTAL Social insurance pensioners1) - total of which: State Farmers Social insurance pensioners (excluding farmers) of which: For age limit With due complete stage With due incomplete stage Anticipated pension Partial anticipated pension Invalidity I degree I degree III degree Survivor pension Social benefit 2) - pension type War invalids, orphans and widows pensioners Invalidity Survivor pension

4750 3146 2223 923 12 113 827 35 552 240 652

4780 3142 2194 948 12 119 866 37 560 269 641

4794 3153 2161 992 12 117 882 39 556 287 630

4819 3186 2099 1087 10 113 892 41 549 302 618

4877 3239 2030 1209 9 112 909 42 545 322 608

4927 3309 2282 1027 9 123 887 41 511 335 599

21 6 15

18 5 13

16 5 11

14 4 10

11 3 8

9 3 6

1) Cuprind pensionarii de asigurri sociale de stat, pensionarii provenii din Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Administraiei i

Internelor, Serviciul Romn de Informaii, Secretariatul de Stat pentru Culte i Casa de Asigurri a Avocailor. / Comprise state social insurance pensioners, pensioners coming from the Ministry of National Defence, the Ministry of Administration and Interior, the Romanian Intelligence Office, the State Secretariate for Cults and Lawyers Insurance Office. 2) Ajutorul social tip pensie pltit din fondul de asigurri sociale. / Support allowance of pension type paid from social insurance funds.

200

6.5
TOTAL

Pensia medie lunar Monthly average pension


lei/persoan / lei/person

2005 246

2006 298

2007 389

2008 572

2009 685

2010 716 TOTAL Social insurance pensions1) - total of which: State Farmers Social insurance pensions (excluding farmers) of which: For age limit With due complete stage With due incomplete stage Anticipated pension Partial anticipated pension Invalidity pensions I degree II degree III degree Survivor pension Social benefits2) - pension type War invalids, orphans and widows pensioners Invalidity Survivor pension

Pensionari de asigurri sociale1) - total din care: Stat Agricultori Pensionari de asigurri sociale (exclusiv agricultori) din care: Pentru limit de vrst Cu stagiu complet de cotizare Cu stagiu incomplet de cotizare Pensie anticipat Pensie anticipat parial De invaliditate Gradul I Gradul II Gradul III De urma Beneficiari de ajutor social2) - tip pensie Pensionari I.O.V.R. (invalizi, orfani i vduve de rzboi) Invaliditate De urma

246 267 88

298 311 117

389 399 159

573 593 253

686 711 300

717 739 309

289 340 404 184 391 244 210 230 213 203 147

336 395 469 223 440 287 251 258 255 242 171

434 511 609 298 557 378 319 322 323 310 221

631 741 879 475 803 560 460 462 466 449 320

750 880 1051 591 953 669 542 544 549 530 381

778 908 1057 577 980 696 557 559 564 548 396

77

87

111

161

188

192

216 359 158

226 375 167

236 391 174

245 403 181

245 402 181

244 399 180

1) Cuprind pensiile de asigurri sociale de stat, pensiile din sistemul Ministerului Aprrii Naionale, Ministerului Administraiei i Internelor,

Serviciului Romn de Informaii, Secretariatului de Stat pentru Culte i Casei de Asigurri a Avocailor. / Comprise the state social insurance pensions, the pensions of the Ministry of National Defence, the Ministry of Administration and Interior, the Romanian Intelligence Office, the State Secretariate for Cults and Lawyers Insurance Office system. 2) Ajutoare sociale tip pensie, pltite din fondul de asigurri sociale. / Support allowances of pension type, paid from social insurance funds.

201

6.6

Pensionarii de asigurri sociale de stat, dup nivelul pensiei, la 31 decembrie 2010 State social insurance pensioners, by level of pension, on December 31, 2010
Numr pensionari asigurri sociale de stat Number of state social insurance pensioners 4769789 1170 273 314 373 359 504 530 604 544 814 1359 1266 1714 4990 4588 7862 6483 7278 8882 11370 12425 15992 17729 20149 22945 24399 27970 30296 32440 35846 37176 38488 38606 99151 105702 117797 125904 282453 284660 560142 716781 281273 420773 346039 803554 88621 39194 28442 37169 10510 3453 1302 531 238 362 Limit de vrst / Age limit din care: / of which: Cu stagiu complet Cu stagiu incomplet de cotizare de cotizare With due With due complete stage incomplete stage 2499291 155 31 39 31 37 35 49 37 32 53 47 64 121 1242 580 259 228 195 198 246 263 399 485 546 534 529 554 566 684 655 745 806 789 2540 2973 4080 6398 41454 45524 143888 393314 211111 353608 312532 766197 86177 38204 27754 36288 10313 3356 1266 504 227 349 727560 522 125 149 208 179 157 177 196 153 197 281 225 226 622 613 1856 1704 2173 2975 4755 5060 7368 7840 9233 10785 10299 11760 11751 11846 12594 12124 12941 13019 34943 38009 40988 42280 78111 74918 127642 92931 18615 15076 5612 3801 203 81 58 112 31 20 6 5 5 Pensie anticipat parial Partial anticipated pension 124474 20 2 5 4 2 2 3 5 3 3 2 6 3 6 4 9 10 8 17 12 20 20 29 21 26 28 31 44 59 63 76 140 194 737 1280 2015 2823 8431 10102 24065 31910 10525 12265 7439 10013 858 378 264 339 82 36 17 9 5 4 Invaliditate / Invalidity din care: / of which: Total Gradul I I degree Gradul II II degree Gradul III III degree De urma Survivor pension Average montly quantum of the pension (lei / person)

Nivelul mediu lunar al pensiei (lei / persoan)

Total

Pensie anticipat Anticipated pension

Total Pn la 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 55 56 - 60 61 - 65 66 - 70 71 - 75 76 - 80 81 - 85 86 - 90 91 - 95 96 - 100 101 - 110 111 - 120 121 - 130 131 - 140 141 - 150 151 - 160 161 - 170 171 - 180 181 - 190 191 - 200 201 - 210 211 - 220 221 - 230 231 - 240 241 - 250 251 - 260 261 - 270 271 - 280 281 - 290 291 - 300 301 - 325 326 - 350 351 - 375 376 - 400 401 - 450 451 - 500 501 - 600 601 - 700 701 - 800 801 - 900 901 - 1000 1001 - 1500 1501 - 1693 1694 - 1836 1837 - 2000 2001 - 2500 2501 - 3000 3001 - 3500 3501 - 4000 4001 - 4500 4501 - 5000 Peste 5000
Sursa: Casa Naional de Pensii Publice. Source: National Public Pension Office.

3226851 677 156 188 239 216 192 226 233 185 250 328 289 347 1864 1193 2115 1932 2368 3173 5001 5323 7767 8325 9779 11319 10828 12314 12317 12530 13249 12869 13747 13808 37483 40982 45068 48678 119565 120442 271530 486245 229726 368684 318144 769998 86380 38285 27812 36400 10344 3376 1272 509 227 354

8750 1 1 3 2 1 1 2 1 1 4 1 1 1 1 2 1 4 1 3 2 3 1 2 5 13 10 10 9 32 33 146 827 865 1801 1753 2857 181 77 39 40 6 3 3 -

846323 55 12 12 17 13 26 19 16 27 23 42 29 37 79 76 104 139 159 195 290 387 430 565 727 957 1330 1871 2448 3063 3862 4581 5184 5693 16655 23279 33636 40677 97930 112111 214184 172134 35317 33051 15958 16892 962 371 262 318 63 32 7 8 6 2

39085 3 1 1 2 1 1 1 3 4 4 5 10 7 10 11 19 12 21 25 25 32 47 55 54 58 88 100 357 535 1191 1905 6242 6825 10061 6979 1376 1374 709 840 47 19 13 8 3 1 -

468081 23 7 8 6 7 11 9 7 14 10 17 13 19 34 39 56 70 75 87 134 176 208 219 267 352 421 605 755 868 1178 1422 1616 1975 6266 11231 19220 23580 55609 62670 122857 98284 20024 18469 8867 9224 515 189 132 171 33 18 5 5 3 1

339157 29 5 3 11 5 13 10 9 13 12 24 16 17 42 33 44 64 74 101 146 200 203 334 439 580 884 1234 1646 2140 2630 3101 3480 3618 10032 11513 13225 15192 36079 42616 81266 66871 13917 13208 6382 6828 400 163 117 139 27 13 2 3 3 1

563391 417 103 108 113 125 282 282 349 328 536 987 942 1326 3040 3311 5633 4402 4743 5496 6066 6694 7773 8809 9618 10643 12212 13751 15485 16785 18671 19648 19412 18911 44263 40151 37068 33717 56495 41972 50217 25665 4840 4972 2745 3794 240 83 65 72 15 6 3 5 2

Total Under 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 55 56 - 60 61 - 65 66 - 70 71 - 75 76 - 80 81 - 85 86 - 90 91 - 95 96 - 100 101 - 110 111 - 120 121 - 130 131 - 140 141 - 150 151 - 160 161 - 170 171 - 180 181 - 190 191 - 200 201 - 210 211 - 220 221 - 230 231 - 240 241 - 250 251 - 260 261 - 270 271 - 280 281 - 290 291 - 300 301 - 325 326 - 350 351 - 375 376 - 400 401 - 450 451 - 500 501 - 600 601 - 700 701 - 800 801 - 900 901 - 1000 1001 - 1500 1501 - 1693 1694 - 1836 1837 - 2000 2001 - 2500 2501 - 3000 3001 - 3500 3501 - 4000 4001 - 4500 4501 - 5000 Over 5000

202

203

6.7
Anii 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
1)

Indicii pensiei medii reale a pensionarilor de asigurri sociale de stat1) Average real pension indices of state social insurance pensioners1)
procente / percentage

1990 100,0

1991 74,3 100,0

1992 63,1 85,0 100,0

1993 56,3 75,8 89,2 100,0

1994 55,0 74,0 87,1 97,6 100,0

1995 61,4 82,6 97,2 109,0 111,6 100,0

1996 63,1 84,9 99,9 112,0 114,7 102,8 100,0

1997 50,3 67,7 79,7 89,3 91,5 82,0 79,7 100,0

1998 49,2 66,3 78,0 87,5 89,6 80,3 78,1 97,9 100,0

1999 47,2 63,5 74,7 83,8 85,8 76,9 74,8 93,8 95,8 100,0

2000 44,0 59,2 69,7 78,1 80,0 71,6 69,7 87,4 89,3 93,2 100,0

2001 46,6 62,7 73,8 82,7 84,7 75,9 73,9 92,6 94,6 98,7 105,9 100,0

2002 48,2 64,8 76,3 85,5 87,6 78,5 76,4 95,8 97,8 102,1 109,5 103,4 100,0

2003 51,6 69,5 81,8 91,7 93,9 84,1 81,8 102,6 104,8 109,4 117,4 110,8 107,2 100,0

2004 57,7 77,6 91,4 102,4 104,9 94,0 91,4 114,7 117,1 122,3 131,2 123,9 119,7 111,7 100,0

2005 62,3 83,9 98,8 110,7 113,4 101,6 98,8 124,0 126,6 132,2 141,8 133,8 129,4 120,7 108,1 100,0

2006 68,1 91,7 107,9 120,9 123,9 110,9 108,0 135,4 138,3 144,3 154,8 146,2 141,4 131,8 118,0 109,2 100,0

2007 83,6 112,6 132,5 148,5 152,1 136,2 132,6 166,2 169,8 177,2 190,1 179,5 173,6 161,9 145,0 134,1 122,8 100,0

2008 112,1 151,0 177,7 199,2 204,0 182,7 177,8 223,0 227,7 237,7 255,1 240,7 232,8 217,3 194,5 179,8 164,6 134,1 100,0

2009 125,7 169,2 199,1 223,2 228,6 204,8 199,3 249,9 255,2 266,4 285,8 269,8 260,9 243,4 217,9 201,6 184,6 150,3 112,0 100,0

2010 122,6 165,1 194,3 217,8 223,1 199,8 194,5 243,9 249,1 260,0 278,9 263,3 254,6 237,6 212,7 196,7 180,0 146,7 109,4 97,5 100,0

Years 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Inclusiv pensiile din sistemul Ministerului Aprrii Naionale, Ministerului Administraiei i Internelor i Serviciului Romn de Informaii. Including the pensions of the Ministry of National Defence, the Ministry of Administration and Interior and the Romanian Intelligence Office system

6.8

Biletele pentru tratament balnear i odihn acordate prin asigurrile sociale Tickets for balneary treatment and rest grated by means of social insurance
U.M. / M.U. 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Asigurri sociale de stat State social insurance Total bilete Total tickets Tratament balnear Balneary treatment Odihn Rest mii / thou mii / thou mii / thou 321,7 276,3 45,4 321,2 272,7 48,5 313,8 261,8 52,0 325,4 250,8 74,6 286,4 214,9 71,5 169,8 169,8 -

Cheltuielile efectuate pentru tratament i odihn1) mii lei / lei thou 242130,5 Expenditure for treatment and rest1)

265062,3

314729,0 315977,1 345232,3 239878,9

1)

Inclusiv cheltuielile efectuate pentru tratamentul balnear al agricultorilor, conform Ordonanei de Urgen a Guvernului nr. 31/1998. Including farmers expenses for balneary treatment, according to Government Priority Ordinance no. 31/1998. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

204

205

6.9
Localitatea Locality Total

Biletele pentru tratament balnear acordate prin asigurrile sociale de stat1), pe staiuni balneoclimaterice Tickets for balneary treatment granted by means of state social insurance1), by spa
numr bilete / tickets number

Judeul County

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

276342 Ialomia Mehedini Sibiu Neam Slaj Arge Prahova Timi Vlcea Covasna Timi Constana Constana Bihor Hunedoara Vlcea Cara-Severin Brila Bihor Constana Arad Constana Iai Maramure Vlcea Bacu Braov Dmbovia Constana Gorj Buzu Bistria-Nsud Prahova Bacu Prahova Mure Vrancea Bihor Bihor Bihor Bacu Constana Cluj Harghita Suceava Vlcea Vlcea 11860 2288 1174 4001 1174 120 374 7250 20429 21820 616 8581 173 25797 5790 9266 26377 7959 6993 7344 4282 297 2855 2324 19665 412 1489 5628 9035 2830 9334 2464 4944 3919 7303 297 295 1439 2375 6844 1480 7534 8493 1418

272653 13246 2662 1083 3769 1211 115 351 7932 19111 20224 719 7535 317 25302 6136 8220 28955 8067 7914 4621 4493 312 2688 2192 19086 743 1435 5619 8570 234 3113 9522 2014 5223 3718 7595 125 184 1254 2007 6225 1410 7357 8922 1122

261786 14869 3132 1062 3687 1383 80 379 7866 18400 19777 799 7187 245 22353 7295 7368 25200 8188 8566 5279 5293 439 2799 2075 15157 558 1470 5794 7307 3290 9198 2066 4526 3726 7090 180 1223 2017 6539 1414 6767 8593 1150

250786 13941 3086 911 3150 1384 49 277 7525 17894 20094 629 7223 21933 7183 6377 23160 8107 8389 5142 5560 412 2832 1839 16395 329 1257 5764 7121 3170 7095 1964 4345 3430 6880 186 1236 1917 6009 1381 5727 8564 919

214901 12187 3221 878 2170 1247 226 6290 16281 18723 547 6452 199 19035 6776 5788 14331 7415 7512 3803 5278 420 2537 1631 13335 930 5256 6223 3420 4905 1629 3316 3016 7110 158 1088 1268 4943 1137 5610 7806 804

169816 8447 2385 599 1737 1052 266 5337 12334 16047 424 3167 220 15356 5312 4345 10657 5802 6394 3634 4010 338 2202 1018 12454 4494 4460 2936 2685 1214 2561 3373 5490 279 238 766 1579 3010 878 4226 7473 384 233

Amara Bala Bazna Blteti Bizua Bughea Buteni Buzia Cciulata Covasna Calacea Eforie Nord Eforie Sud Felix Geoagiu Govora Herculane Lacul Srat 1 Mai Mangalia Moneasa Neptun Nicolina Ocna ugatag Olneti Oneti Predeal Pucioasa Saturn Scelu Srata Monteoru Sngeorz-Bi Sinaia Slnic Moldova Slnic Prahova Sovata Soveja Stna de Vale Tnad Tinca Trgu Ocna Techirghiol Turda Tunad Vatra Dornei Vlenii de Munte Voineasa

1) Pentru pensionari, salariai bugetari i salariai trimii n vederea recuperrii capacitii de munc. / For pensioners, state employees

and employees sent for recovering the working capacity. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale. / Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

206

6.10

Alocaii i alte ajutoare acordate populaiei (sume pltite) Allowances and other benefits granted to the population (payments)
mii lei / lei thou

2005 De la bugetul de stat From state budget Alocaii de stat pentru copii State allowances for children Alocaia familial complementar Complementary family allowance Alocaia de susinere pentru familia monoparental Support allowance for mono-parental family Indemnizaia pentru creterea copilului Indemnity for child raising Stimulent pentru creterea copilului Incentive for child raising Contribuii pentru asigurrile de sntate aferente indemnizaiei pentru creterea copilului Health insurance contributions coresponding to the indemnity for child raising Alocaia pentru copii nou-nscui Allowance for new born children Trusoul pentru copii nou-nscui Outfits for new born children Sprijin financiar pentru constituirea familiei Financial aids for family set up Alocaii de ncredinare i plasament familial Allowances for family placement Ajutoare pentru soiile de militari n termen Benefits for wives of conscripts Ajutoare de urgen Emergency benefits Ajutoare financiare Financial benefits Ajutorul pentru persoane refugiate Benefits for refugees De la bugetele locale From local budgets Ajutoare sociale Social support Ajutorul pentru acoperirea unei pri din cheltuielile de nmormntare Aid for partial covering of funeral expenses Ajutoare de urgen Emergency benefits 1844773,6 1230647,2 335203,8

2006 3647371,0 1263822,3 316730,5

2007 4322980,6 2082807,8 297426,8

2008

2009

2010 6041256,2 2916950,7 442171,3

4721902,6 5542953,1 2586442,2 2894505,6 288685,5 405027,8

161649,4

165108,1

155733,3

145442,8

180735,4

189034,9

1661174,0 36175,2

1436236,3 23877,4

1320183,4 1737806,5 22211,1 18716,4

2212724,8 12256,6

86557,6

104262,8

131432,1

94034,1

122718,7

34091,7 -

36217,4 -

37877,9 21359,1 87812,2

39886,5 29709,2 76656,2

44448,7 30311,0 78231,9

29633,8 22508,2 35819,2

70707,3 410,6

71314,5 190,0

61790,2 -

58596,5 -

57501,3 -

55648,2 -

7216,8 4747,1 99,7 533987,6 524644,6

4228,5 5791,6 61,3 467383,2 449233,0

7004,3 6629,1 163,4 422119,8 396615,9

12786,8 9494,8 375,5 393058,2 366540,4

1304,0 330,4 433181,0 414584,3

220,6 1351,0 218,2 510402,6 479099,1

797,5 8545,5

1104,2 17046,0

1561,7 23942,2

2069,0 24448,8

2125,9 16470,8

2207,0 29096,5

Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale. / Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

207

6.11

Numrul centrelor de plasament funcionale i al serviciilor alternative (la sfritul anului) Number of functional placement centers and of alternative services (end of year)
numr / number

2005 Centre de plasament / Placement centers Publice / Public Private / Private 1382 995 387 589 62 100 52 63 21 23 60

2006

2007

2008

2009 2010

1545 1635 1140 1251 405 384 578 60 99 49 59 20 23 38

1595 1593 1554 1209 1217 1193 386 376 361

Servicii alternative la instituii de tip rezidenial clasic dezvoltate de serviciile publice specializate pentru protecia copilului Alternative services in classic residential type institutions developed by specialized public services for child protection Centre maternale Maternal centers Centre/servicii de ngrijire de zi Centers/services of day care Servicii de asisten i sprijin a tinerilor de peste 18 ani care urmeaz o form de educaie colar Assistance and support services for youngsters of over 18 years of age who attend a type of school education Centre/servicii de consiliere i sprijin pentru prini Counseling and support centers/services for parents Servicii de prevenire a abandonului copilului n perioada preconceptiv Services for prevention of child abandon in pre-conceptive period Servicii de monitorizare, asisten i sprijin al femeii gravide predispus la abandonul copilului Services for monitoring, assistance and support for the pregnant woman prone to child abandon Centre de pregtire i sprijinire a reintegrrii i integrrii copilului n familie Centers of training and support for re-integration and integration for the child in the family Centre/servicii de ngrijire de zi i recuperare pentru copilul cu handicap/nevoi speciale Centers/services of day care and recuperation for the disabled/ special needs child Centre de asisten i sprijin pentru readaptare psihologic a copilului cu probleme psihosociale Centers for assistance and support for psychological re-adaptation of the child with psycho-social problems Servicii de orientare, supraveghere i sprijinire a reintegrrii sociale a copilului delicvent Services of orientation, surveillance and support for the social re-integration of the delinquent child Servicii de asisten a copilului pentru exercitarea dreptului sau la exprimarea liber a opiniei sale Services of assistance for the child in order to express his right or his opinion Servicii pentru sprijinirea copilului n exercitarea drepturilor sale Services for supporting the child in expressing his rights Centre de consiliere i sprijin pentru copilul maltratat, abuzat, neglijat Centers of counseling and support for the maltreated, abused and neglected child Servicii de orientare, supraveghere i sprijinire a copiilor strzii Services of orientation, surveillance and support for the street children Servicii/centre pentru copiii strzii Services/centers for the street children Centre de prevenire i consiliere antidrog pentru tineri Centers for anti-drug preventing and counseling youngsters Centre pentru mam i copil supui violenei domestice Centers for the mother and child under domestic violence Servicii mobile de terapie i sprijin pentru copii cu handicap din asistena maternal Mobile services of therapy and support for disabled children from the maternal assistance Centre de urgen i sprijin pentru mame cu copii cu nevoi speciale Centers of emergency and support for mothers and children with special needs Centre de prevenire a infracionalitii n rndul elevilor din coli Centers for prevention of crimes among the pupils Alte servicii nespecificate Other non-specified services

8601) 9161) 9461) 9451) 61 277 27 71 9 8 13 63 281 21 70 5 7 13 63 317 20 62 3 8 13 63 295 21 62 3 8 18

87

90

155

167

170

177

10

13

20

14

14

18

19

9 12 12 3 14 2 5 1 2 38

8 3 31 14 21 3 13 2 2 2 13

1 1 13 14 20 1 1 5 163

10 12 20 1 1 5 221

8 12 23 7 6 211

6 12 27

6 6 217

1) Sunt incluse serviciile de ngrijire zi aflate n subordinea consiliilor locale DGASPC-urilor i OPA. / There are included day care services

under subordination of local councils GDSACP and APO. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale - Direcia General Protecia Copilului. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection - General Directorate for Child Protection.

208

6.12

Numrul copiilor din centrele de plasament, pe grupe de vrst (la sfritul anului) Number of children from placement centers by age groups (end of year)
numr / number

Total

2008 Numrul copiilor n centrele de plasament din care, pe grupe de vrst (ani mplinii): sub 1 an 1 - 2 ani 3 - 6 ani 7 - 9 ani 10 - 13 ani 14 - 17 ani peste 18 ani

2009

2010

Centre de plasament Placement centers Publice Private Public Private 2008 2009 2010 2008 2009 2010 Number of children from placement centers of which, by age groups (years): under 1 year 1 - 2 years 3 - 6 years 7 - 9 years 10 - 13 years 14 - 17 years over 18 years

24427 23696 23103 20033 19525 19126

4394

4171

3977

247 387 2099 2980 5401 7384 5929

234 371 1932 3112 5506 6981 5560

255 417 1959 3049 5619 6760 5044

236 332 1521 2150 4303 6245 5246

232 343 1476 2294 4396 5939 4845

246 395 1541 2327 4473 5760 4384

11 55 578 830 1098 1139 683

2 28 456 818 1110 1042 715

9 22 418 722 1146 1000 660

Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale - Direcia General Protecia Copilului. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection - General Directorate for Child Protection.

6.13
Total

Unitile din nvmntul special (la nceputul anului colar) Units from special education (at the beginning of the school year)
numr / number

Tipuri de uniti colare Type of school units

2005/ 2006 190 20

2006/ 2007 174 9

2007/ 2008 176 13

2008/ 2009 172 14

2009/ 2010 170 13

2010/ 2011 166 11

Grdinie speciale Special kindergartens coli primare i gimnaziale speciale Special primary and secondary schools Licee speciale Special high schools coli profesionale speciale Special vocational schools

126

125

122

113

105

106

11

12

13

14

41

45

33

28

28

31

11

209

6.14
Vrsta

Copiii i elevii din nvmntul special, dup nivelul de educaie i pe vrste (la nceputul anului colar) Children and pupils from special education, by level of education and by age (at the beginning of the school year)
persoane / persons

2007/ 2008

2008/ 2009

2009/ 2010

2010/ 2011

Precolar Pre-school

Primar i gimnazial Primary and secondary 16861 51 415 919 1229 1554 1773 2750 1687 2060 1992 2431 -

Liceal High school 662 3 94 106 129 330

Profesional Vocational

Postliceal Post high school 235 235

Precolar Pre-school

Primar i gimnazial Primary and secondary 16048 77 406 860 1244 1446 1722 2888 1655 1931 1590 2229 -

Liceal Profesional High Vocational school 1020 17 149 193 218 443 8206 63 649 1371 1634 4489

Primar i Postliceal Precolar gimnazial Post high Pre-school Primary and school secondary 224 224 2147 248 360 549 483 507 16308 122 482 924 1266 1508 1607 2780 1845 1856 1580 2338 -

Liceal Profesional High Vocational school 2063 40 578 557 414 474 5598 9 473 1214 3902

Postliceal Post high school 197 197

Primar i Precolar gimnazial Pre-school Primary and secondary 2138 193 357 519 556 513 16341 68 401 982 1259 1473 1666 2511 1838 1913 1587 2643 -

Liceal High school 3690 74 670 1120 842 984

Profesional Postliceal Vocational Post high school 3509 34 455 3020 183 183

Age

Total

2080

8990 115 858 1392 1937 4688

2156 264 366 502 504 520 -

Total 3 years 4 years 5 years 6 years 7 years 8 years 9 years 10 years 11 years 12 years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years 18 years and over

3 ani 266 4 ani 325 5 ani 442 6 ani 496 7 ani 551 8 ani 9 ani 10 ani 11 ani 12 ani 13 ani 14 ani 15 ani 16 ani 17 ani 18 ani i peste -

6.15

Minorii cu deficiene din uniti de asisten social1) (la sfritul anului) Under age persons with deficiencies from social assistance units1) (end of year)
persoane / persons

2005
Uniti de asisten pentru minori cu deficiene Social assitance units1) for under age persons with deficiencies Centre de integrare prin terapie ocupaional Integration centers for occupational therapy Centre de recuperare i reabilitare2) Recovery and rehabilitation centers2) social1) 362

2006
207

2007
144

2008
206

2009
121

2010
72

362

1 206

144

1 205

121

72

1) Fostele uniti ale Autoritii Naionale pentru Persoanele cu Handicap pn n anul 2009. / Until 2009, former units of the National 2) Includ: Centre rezideniale: centre de ngrijire i asisten, centre pilot de recuperare i reabilitare pentru persoanele cu handicap,

Authority for Disabled People.

centre de recuperare i reabilitare pentru persoanele cu handicap, centre de recuperare i reabilitare neuropsihiatric, locuine protejate, centre respiro, centre de criz, centre de pregtire pentru o via independent. Centre nerezideniale (n regim de zi): centre de zi, centre cu profil ocupaional, centre de servicii de recuperare neuromotorie de tip ambulatoriu, echipa mobil, centre de consiliere psihosocial, centre de recuperare i integrare social. Including: Residential centers: Disabled people care and assistance centers, recovery and rehabilitation pilot centers, recovery and rehabilitation centers, neuropsihiatric recovery and rehabilitation centers, protected dwellings, respiro centers, crises centers, independent life training centers. Non-residential centers (day regime): day centers, occupational profile centers, neuromotor recovery centers of ambulatory type, paramedic, psychosocial counseling centers, recovery and social integration centers. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale - Direcia General Protecia Persoanelor cu Handicap. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection - General Directorate for Disabled Persons Protection.

210

211

6.16
Total

Elevii din nvmntul special, primar i gimnazial, pe tipuri de uniti (la nceputul anului colar) Pupils from special, primary and secondary education, by type of units (at the beginning of the school year)
persoane / persons

Tipuri de uniti colare Type of school units

2005/ 2006 19315 14373

2006/ 2007 18079 12972

2007/ 2008 16861 11385

2008/ 2009 16048 10501

2009/ 2010 16308 10206

2010/ 2011 16341 10402

coli speciale pentru debili mintal Special schools for mentally defective children coli speciale pentru deficiene de vz Special schools for sight deficiencies coli speciale pentru deficiene de auz Special schools for hearing deficiencies Centre colare speciale Special school type centers Centre de educaie special Special education centers Clase speciale integrate n nvmntul obinuit Special classes integrated into usual education coli pentru alte deficiene fizice i intelectuale1) Schools for other physical and intelectual deficiencies1) Cmine coal pentru debili mintal School-type hostels for mentally defective children

794

734

698

645

622

626

1350

1321

1309

1311

1386

1313

442

735

864

857

1137

1172

266

414

565

741

960

1017

1126

1118

1079

989

956

817

880

630

816

874

889

750

84

155

145

130

152

244

1) coli speciale pentru deficiene motorii, coli speciale pentru comportamentali (socio-afectivi), centre de pedagogie curativ i terapie

social, coli speciale de reeducare. / Special schools for motor deficiencies, special schools for socio-affective behaviour, centers of curative pedagogy and social therapy, special schools for rehabilitation.

212

6.17
Tipul unitii Type of units

Centre pentru asistarea adulilor Centers for adults assistance


Personal / Staff Medico-sanitar i de recuperare Administrativ Medical-sanitary Administrative and recovering 2009 9186 3594 2010 7709 2794 2009 4498 1923 2010 4925 2041

Uniti Units 2009 Total Centre de ngrijire i asisten1) Care and assistance centers1) Centre de integrare prin terapie ocupaional1) Centers for integration through occupational therapy1) Centre de recuperare i reabilitare2) Recovery and rehabilitation centers2) Cmine pentru persoane vrstnice3) Elderly persons hostels3) 481 102 2010 490 99

Aduli asistai Assisted adults 2009 24163 6964 2010 24929 6447

20

19

1582

1550

529

402

430

451

251

254

10178

11077

5063

4513

2145

2433

108

118

5439

5855

1) Instituiile de protecie social pentru persoane adulte cu handicap aflate n coordonarea metodologic a Ministerului Muncii, Familiei i

Proteciei Sociale. / Social protection institutions for adult disabled persons, under the methodological coordination of the Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection. 2) Includ: Centre rezideniale: centre de ngrijire i asisten, centre pilot de recuperare i reabilitare pentru persoanele cu handicap, centre de recuperare i reabilitare pentru persoanele cu handicap, centre de recuperare i reabilitare neuropsihiatric, locuine protejate, centre respiro, centre de criz, centre de pregtire pentru o via independent. Centre nerezideniale (n regim de zi): centre de zi, centre cu profil ocupaional, centre de servicii de recuperare neuromotorie de tip ambulatoriu, echipa mobil, centre de consiliere psihosocial, centre de recuperare i integrare social. Including: Residential centers: Disabled people care and assistance centers, recovery and rehabilitation pilot centers, recovery and rehabilitation centers, neuropsihiatric recovery and rehabilitation centers, protected dwellings, respiro centers, crises centers, independent life training centers. Non-residential centers (day regime): day centers, occupational profile centers, neuromotor recovery centers of ambulatory type, paramedic, psychosocial counseling centers, recovery and social integration centers. 3) Finanate de la bugetele locale i de la bugetele organizaiilor neguvernamentale. / Financed from local budgets and non-governmental organisations budgets. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale - Direcia General de Protecie a Persoanelor cu Handicap. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection - General Directorate for Disabled Persons Protection.

213

6.18

Numrul beneficiarilor din sistemul de protecie a copilului aflat n dificultate Number of beneficiaries from the protection system of child under difficulty
persoane / persons

2005 Numr de copii beneficiari ai activitilor de prevenire (date cumulate pe an) Number of children beneficiaries of preventive activities (data cumulated by year) Numr de copii aflai n ngrijire de tip familial definitiv (date cumulate pe an) Number of children under final care of family type (data cumulated by year) prin integrare n familia natural by integration in natural family prin adopii definitive i irevocabile by final and irrevocable adoptions naionale national internaionale international Numr de copii aflai n ngrijire de tip familial temporar (la sfritul anului) Number of children under temporary care of family type (end of year) la rude pn la gradul IV relatives up to fourth level la alte familii / persoane other families / persons ncredinai n vederea adopiei custody for adoption la asistent maternal maternal assistant al serviciilor publice specializate public specialised services al organizaiilor private autorizate private authorised organisations Numr de copii protejai n centrele de plasament1) (la sfritul anului) Number of children protected in placement centers1) (end of year) n centrele de plasament ale serviciilor publice specializate placement centers of public specialised services n centrele de plasament ale organizaiilor private autorizate placement centers of private authorised organisations Numrul copiilor dezinstituionalizai Number of disinstitutionalised children reintegrai n familia natural reintegrated in their maternal family adopia definitiv i irevocabil internaional international definitive and irevocable adoption mplinirea vrstei de 18/26 ani getting 18/26 years of age declinare de competene, alte cauze competence decline, other causes

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

59682

27986

37657

43201

44008

49331

8374 7236 1138 1136 2

4952 3531 1421 1421 -

6153 4859 1294 1294 -

5882 4582 1300 1300 -

5722 4506 1216 1216 -

5924 4567 1357 1357 -

47723 24689 5140 333 17561 17213 348

48065 23847 4215 194 19809 19571 238

46442 21888 3870 282 20402 20216 186

45324 20513 3738 272 20801 20663 138

43816 19067 3783 331 20635 20519 116

42438 17969 3889 663 19917 19829 88

28786

26105

25114

24427

23696

23103

23684

21198

20532

20033

19525

19126

5102

4907

4582

4394

4171

3977

7091 3105 1 2491 1494

4906 2077 1940 889

6594 2927 2117 1550

6129 2836 1834 1459

6170 2730 1809 1631

6472 2898 1841 1733

1) Inclusiv copiii preluai de Autoritatea Naional pentru Protecia Drepturilor Copilului i Oficiul Romn pentru Adopii (ncepnd cu anul

2000, conform H.G. nr. 261/2000), din unitile colare din sistemul de nvmnt special (M.E.C.I.); din instituiile de protecie special a persoanelor cu handicap (A.N.P.H.); din unitile sau seciile de spital cu profil de recuperare distrofici, recuperare i reabilitare neuropsihomotorie sau pentru copiii bolnavi de HIV/SIDA (M.S.) i reorganizai n cadrul serviciilor publice specializate pentru protecia copilului. / Including children taken over by the National Authority for Child Rights Protection and Romanian Office for Adoptions (starting with 2000, according to the G.D. no. 261/2000), from school units of special educational system (M.E.R.I.); from institutions of special protection of disabled persons (N.A.D.P.); from units of hospital sections with profile of distrophy persons recovery, recoveries and neuropsychomoving rehabilitation or for AIDS sick children (M.H.) and reorganised within public specialised services for child protection. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale - Direcia General Protecia Copilului i Oficiul Romn pentru Adopii. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection - General Directorate for Child Protection.

214

6.19

Persoane adulte ngrijite n centre de asisten social ale Autoritii Naionale pentru Persoanele cu Handicap, pe tipuri de deficiene, la 31 decembrie 2010 Adult persons taken care of in social assistance centers of National Authority for Disabled People, by type of deficiency, on December 31, 2010
Persoane adulte (numr) Adult persons (number) din care, n: of which, in: Centre de ngrijire i asisten Care and assistance centers 6447 695 Centre de integrare prin terapie ocupaional Centers for integration through occupational therapy 1550 22 Centre de recuperare i reabilitare 1) Recovery and rehabilitation centers1) 11077 961

Tipuri de deficiene Type of deficiency Total

n % fa de total In % as against total

Total Fizic Physical Somatic Somatic Auditiv Auditive Vizual Vizual Mintal Mental Neuropsihic Neuropsychic Handicap sever (asociat) Severe disabled (asociated) Boli rare2) Uncommon sickness2) Surdocecitate Deafness Social Social

19074 1678

100,0 8,8

524

2,8

335

181

84

0,5

55

10

19

504

2,6

328

51

125

9179

48,1

2746

935

5498

4470

23,4

1211

366

2893

1647

8,6

498

150

999

71

0,4

45

24

911

4,8

529

376

1) Includ: Centre rezideniale: centre de ngrijire i asisten, centre pilot de recuperare i reabilitare pentru persoanele cu handicap,

centre de recuperare i reabilitare pentru persoanele cu handicap, centre de recuperare i reabilitare neuropsihiatric, locuine protejate, centre respiro, centre de criz, centre de pregtire pentru o via independent. Centre nerezideniale (n regim de zi): centre de zi, centre cu profil ocupaional, centre de servicii de recuperare neuromotorie de tip ambulatoriu, echipa mobil, centre de consiliere psihosocial, centre de recuperare i integrare social. Including: Residential centers: Disabled people care and assistance centers, recovery and rehabilitation pilot centers, recovery and rehabilitation centers, neuropsihiatric recovery and rehabilitation centers, protected dwellings, respiro centers, crises centers, independent life training centers. Non-residential centers (day regime): day centers, occupational profile centers, neuromotor recovery centers of ambulatory type, paramedic, psychosocial counseling centers, recovery and social integration centers. 2) Bolile rare cuprind: boli rare i HIV/SIDA. / Uncommon sickness comprise uncommon sickness and HIV. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale - Direcia General Protecia Persoanelor cu Handicap. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection - General Directorate for Disabled Persons Protection.

215

6.20

Cheltuielile pentru protecia social a persoanelor cu handicap, neinstituionalizate Expenditure for social protection of noninstitutionalised disabled persons
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Cheltuieli (mii lei) Expenditure (lei thou) Total Drepturi bneti Money rights Persoane care au n ngrijire, supraveghere i acord ajutor permanent minorului sau adultului handicapat Persons who take care, watch and help permanently the disabled under age person or adult Indemnizaie lunar pentru adulii cu handicap grav sau accentuat Monthly indemnity for adults with severe or accentuated disability Alocaii sociale pentru nevztorii cu handicap grav sau accentuat Social allowances for blind people with severe or accentuated disability Alocaii de stat pentru copii cu handicap State allowances for disabled children Faciliti financiare Financial facilities Indemnizaia lunar de hran pentru persoanele infectate cu HIV/SIDA1) Monthly food indemnity for AIDS infected persons1) Alocaia lunar de hran pentru copiii bolnavi de HIV/SIDA1) Monthly food allowance for AIDS sick children1) Cheltuieli ocazionate de plata drepturilor Expenditure for payment of rights Indemnizaia nsoitor pentru adultul nevztor Indemnity for visual disabled persons attendants Buget complementar pentru persoanele cu handicap Monthly complementary personal budget for disabled persons 699716,5 595946,5 876500,6 712623,8 1308827,8 772683,5 1690059,1 1978625,3 943901,5 1103294,9 2172898,8 1240548,8

325386,7

396506,0

720369,8

943901,5 1103294,9

1165989,9

242492,9

284816,6

25393,2

28066,9 91344,5

31301,2 151121,5

26920,5 29689,4

42699,0

56030,2

74558,9 59048,2

7620,1

7069,9

3745,8

27753,0

30751,1

32550,2

1544,0

934,1

695,3

4805,4

5685,4

321,0

2977,0

6946,6

6466,5

154890,5

213292,6

242976,1

265306

347497,6

457892,0

537692,3

568283,8

1) Conform Legii nr. 10/2003 pentru modificarea O.U.G. nr. 102/1999 privind protecia social i ncadrarea n munc a persoanelor

cu handicap. Din anul 2008 sunt cuprini i adulii. / According to Law no.10/2003 amending G.P.O. no. 102/1999 on social protection and employment of disabled people. Since 2008, adults are also included. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale - Direcia General Protecia Persoanelor cu Handicap. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection - General Directorate for Disabled Persons Protection.

216

6.20

Cheltuielile pentru protecia social a persoanelor cu handicap, neinstituionalizate - continuare Expenditure for social protection of noninstitutionalised disabled persons - continued
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Numr mediu lunar de beneficiari Monthly average number of beneficiaries Total Drepturi bneti Money rights Persoane care au n ngrijire, supraveghere i acord ajutor permanent minorului sau adultului handicapat Persons who take care, watch and help permanently the disabled under age person or adult Indemnizaie lunar pentru adulii cu handicap grav sau accentuat Monthly indemnity for adults with severe or accentuated disability Alocaii sociale pentru nevztorii cu handicap grav sau accentuat2) Social allowances for blind people with severe or accentuated disability2) Alocaii de stat pentru copii cu handicap State allowances for disabled children Faciliti financiare Financial facilities Indemnizaia lunar de hran pentru persoanele infectate cu HIV/SIDA1) Monthly food indemnity for AIDS infected persons1) Alocaia lunar de hran pentru copiii bolnavi de HIV/SIDA1) Monthly food allowance for AIDS sick children1) Cheltuieli ocazionate de plata drepturilor Expenditure for payment of rights Indemnizaia nsoitor pentru adultul nevztor Indemnity for visual disabled persons attendants Buget complementar pentru persoanele cu handicap Monthly complementary personal budget for disabled persons ~ 424200 ~ 466831 ~ 1228763 ~ 1356994 ~ 1304472 ~ 1400641

248679

285373

427125

493282

526285

547138

118948

122485

129005

53370

56033

55937

60850

65011

220302

89075

75274

3203

2940

1626

6310

6521

6862

380

267

207

360

1869

1694

1877

42404

44603

45186

44918

507295

590248

635444

663515

1) Conform Legii nr. 10/2003 pentru modificarea O.U.G. nr. 102/1999 privind protecia social i ncadrarea n munc a persoanelor

2) Inclusiv numrul mediu lunar al nsoitorilor pentru nevztori. / Including average monthly number of blind people accompanying

cu handicap. Din anul 2008 sunt cuprini i adulii. / According to Law no.10/2003 amending G.P.O. no. 102/1999 on social protection and employment of disabled people. Since 2008, adults are also included.

persons. Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale - Direcia General Protecia Persoanelor cu Handicap. Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection - General Directorate for Disabled Persons Protection.

217

6.21
Venituri Income Cheltuieli2) Expenditure2) Sold (+/-) Balance (+/-)

Veniturile i cheltuielile de protecie social1) Income and expenditure of social protection1)


U.M. / M.U. milioane lei lei million milioane lei lei million milioane lei lei million % % 2005 38019 38831 -812 2006 42642 44184 -1542 2007 54035 56375 -2340 2008 67885 73362 -5477 2009 77634 84951 -7317

Ponderea cheltuielilor n Produsul Intern Brut Weight of expenditure in Gross Domestic Product

13,4

12,8

13,6

14,3

17,1

1) Conform metodologiei europene ESSPROS pentru statisticile privind protecia social. / According to ESSPROS European methodology

for social protection statistics. 2) Exclusiv costurile administrative. / Except administrative costs. Sursa: Colectarea naional de date conform metodologiei europene ESSPROS. Source: National data collection, according to ESSPROS European methodology.

6.22

Cheltuielile de protecie social1), pe funcii de protecie social i categorii de cheltuieli, n anul 2009 Expenditure of social protection1), by functions of social protection and category of expenditure, in 2009
milioane lei / lei million

Funcii de protecie social Functions of social protection Categorii de cheltuieli Expenditure category Total Boal/ ngrijirea sntii Sickness/ Health care ~ Limit Familie/ Invaliditate de vrst Urma Copii Disability Old age Survivor Family/ Children ~ ~ ~ ~ omaj Locuin Unemployment Housing Excluziune social Social exclusion ~

Total cheltuieli de protecie social Total expenditure of social protection Cheltuieli cu prestaiile sociale2) Expenditure for social protection benefits2) Independente de un prag al venitului, Non-means tested din care: / of which: n numerar In cash n natur In kind Dependente de un prag al venitului, Means-tested din care: / of which: n numerar In cash n natur In kind Costuri administrative Administrative costs Alte cheltuieli Other expenditure

84951

83952

20797

8078

39853

3831

8082

2167

117

1027

79590 56882 22708 4361 3874 488 957 42

20788 1650 19137 9 9 -

8065 7334 732 13 13 -

39809 39649 160 44 44 -

3539 3539

7389 4710 2679

2167 1987 180 -

117 117 -

1027 956 71 -

292 289 2 -

693 642 51 -

1) Conform metodologiei europene ESSPROS, pentru statisticile privind protecia social. / According to ESSPROS European 2) Diferenele ntre datele pe total i valorile obinute din nsumarea diverselor structuri utilizate sunt datorate rotunjirilor. / The differences

methodology for social protection statistics.

between total data and data obtained by cumulating the different structures used are due to rounding up. Sursa: Colectarea naional de date asupra statisticii proteciei sociale, conform metodologiei europene ESSPROS. Source: National data collection on social protection statistics, according to ESSPROS European methodology.

218

6.23

Ponderea cheltuielilor din cadrul fiecrei funcii de protecie social1), n totalul cheltuielilor de protecie social i n Produsul Intern Brut Weight of expenditure within each function of social protection1), in total expenditure of social protection and in Gross Domestic Product
procente / percentage

Funciile de protecie social Function of social protection n procente fa de total cheltuieli de protecie social In % as against total expenditure of social protection Boal/ngrijirea sntii Sickness/Health care Invaliditate Disability Limit de vrst Old age Urma Survivor Familie/Copii Family/Children omaj Unemployment Locuin Housing Excluziune social Social exclusion n procente fa de Produsul Intern Brut In % as against Gross Domestic Product Boal/ngrijirea sntii Sickness/Health care Invaliditate Disability Limit de vrst Old age Urma Survivor Familie/Copii Family/Children omaj Unemployment Locuin Housing Excluziune social Social exclusion

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

28,5 8,2 39,9 4,1 13,9 3,1 2,3

26,1 8,7 41,5 4,5 14,1 2,7 2,4

26,8 9,6 41,7 3,9 12,7 2,0 3,3

25,2 9,8 46,2 4,4 10,6 1,4 0,2 2,2

24,8 9,6 47,5 4,6 9,6 2,6 0,1 1,2

3,8 1,1 5,3 0,5 1,8 0,4 0,3

3,3 1,1 5,2 0,6 1,8 0,3 0,3

3,5 1,3 5,5 0,5 1,7 0,3 0,4

3,5 1,4 6,5 0,6 1,5 0,2


2)

4,2 1,6 8,1 0,8 1,6 0,4


2)

0,3

0,2

1) Conform metodologiei europene ESSPROS, pentru statisticile privind protecia social. / According to ESSPROS European 2) Sub 0,003. / Under 0.003.

methodology for social protection statistics.

Sursa: Colectarea naional de date asupra statisticii proteciei sociale, conform metodologiei europene ESSPROS. Source: National data collection, on social protection statistics, according to ESSPROS European methodology.

219

SNTATE

HEALTH

CUPRINS TABELE

Pagina Page

TABLES CONTENTS

7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7

7.8

7.9 7.10 7.11

Unitile sanitare, pe forme de proprietate .............. 226 Personalul medico-sanitar ........................................ 228 Paturile din unitile sanitare .................................... 229 Paturile de spital aferente anumitor specialiti medicale .................................. 229 Cazuri noi de mbolnvire prin unele boli infecioase i parazitare ........................................... 230 Cazuri noi de mbolnvire, pe clase de boli, declarate de medicii de familie ................................ 231 Repartizarea cazurilor de SIDA, dup anul nregistrrii, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i cale de transmitere ...................................... 232 Repartizarea persoanelor admise la tratament, ca urmare a consumului de droguri, pe sexe, grupe de vrst i tipuri de droguri .......................... 234 Numrul pacienilor ieii din spital, pe clase de boli ........................................................ 235 Asistena medical de urgen ................................. 236 Activitatea de recoltare i conservare a sngelui, n uniti cu proprietate majoritar de stat ................. 236

Sanitary units, by type of ownership Medical-sanitary staff Beds from sanitary units Hospital beds related to certain medical specialities New cases of infectious and parasitic diseases New cases of illness, by disease classes, declared by family physicians Breakdown of AIDS cases, by registration year, age group, sex and way of transmission Breakdown of persons admitted for treatment, following drugs consumption, by sex, age group and drug type Number of patients out of hospital, by disease classes Emergency medical assistance Blood collecting and preserving, in the units with state majority ownership

Teritorial

Territorial

7.12 7.13

Unitile sanitare, n profil teritorial, n anul 2010 ............ Paturile din spitale i personalul medico-sanitar, n profil teritorial, n anul 2010 .........................................

Sanitary units, at territorial level, in 2010 Hospital beds and medical-sanitary staff, at territorial level, in 2010

SURSA DATELOR
Cercetri statistice:

DATA SOURCE
Statistical surveys:

Cercetri statistice realizate n unitile sanitare.


Surse administrative:

Statistical surveys carried out in sanitary units.


Administrative sources:

Ministerul Sntii, pentru datele privind: numrul


cazurilor noi de mbolnvire, numrul pacienilor ieii din spital, pentru perioada 2005-2009; asistena medical de urgen, pentru anul 2005; activitatea de recoltare i conservare a sngelui; numrul cazurilor de SIDA nregistrate; coala Naional de Sntate Public i Management Sanitar, pentru datele privind numrul pacienilor ieii din spital, ncepnd cu anul 2010.

Ministry of Health, for data on: the number of new


cases of diseases; the number of patients out of hospital for 2005-2009 period; emergency medical assistance, for 2005; blood collecting and preserving; AIDS number of registered cases.

National School of Public Health and Sanitary Management, for data on the number of out of hospital patients, beginning with 2010.

222

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE
Reeaua unitilor sanitare este urmrit att pentru sectorul majoritar de stat, ct i pentru cel privat, datele reflectnd situaia nregistrat la sfritul anului. Tabelul privind ,,cazurile noi de mbolnvire pe clase de boli se refer numai la datele raportate de medicii de familie care au contract cu Casa Naional de Asigurri de Sntate. Datele din tabelul privind ,,pacienii ieii din spital, pentru perioada 2005-2009, se refer numai la unitile din sectorul majoritar de stat (numai reeaua Ministerului Sntii). ncepnd din anul 2010, datele din acest tabel se refer att la unitle din sectorul de stat ct i la cele din sectorul privat. Numrul laboratoarelor medicale din sectorul majoritar de stat nu s-a urmrit separat pn n anul 2006, acestea fiind integrate n numrul spitalelor, policlinicilor, dispensarelor i altor tipuri de uniti medicale. n numrul medicilor, stomatologilor i personalului sanitar mediu este inclus i personalul corespunztor din alte ministere i instituii cu reea proprie. n numrul personalului sanitar mediu sunt inclui: asisteni medicali; surori medicale; tehnicieni sanitari; oficiani medicali; moae; laborani i alte categorii de personal sanitar cu studii medii asimilate. n numrul personalului sanitar auxiliar sunt inclui: infirmiere, ageni DDD (dezinsecie, dezinfecie, deratizare), brancardieri, biei, gipsari, nmolari, ambulanieri i alte categorii de personal asimilat. n numrul paturilor de spital sunt incluse i cele pentru nou nscui din spitalele sau seciile de obstetricginecologie; nu sunt incluse paturile pentru nsoitori. n numrul paturilor de spital: la specialitatea interne sunt incluse paturile pentru: interne, endocrinologie, medicina muncii, cardiologie, reumatologie, diabet zaharat, nutriie i boli metabolice, gastroenterologie i hematologie; la specialitatea chirurgie sunt incluse paturile pentru: chirurgie general; chirurgie maxilofacial; chirurgie infantil; chirurgie plastic i reparatorie; chirurgie cardiovascular; neurochirurgie; chirurgie toraco-pulmonar; ortopedie i urologie; la specialitatea psihiatrie sunt incluse paturile pentru psihiatrie i paturile pentru recuperare neuro - psiho - motorie; la specialitatea pediatrie sunt incluse paturile pentru pediatrie i distrofici. n numrul paturilor de spital pentru copii sunt cuprinse att paturile din spitalele i seciile de pediatrie, ct i cele pentru copiii din alte spitale.

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES
The network of sanitary units is observed both for the state majority sector and for the private one, the data reflecting the situation registered at the end of the year. The table concerning new cases of illness, by disease classes, refer only to the data raported by family doctors that have contracts with National House of Health Insurance. Data in the table concerning out of hospital patients, for 2005-2009 period, refer only to the state majority sectors units (only Ministry of Health network). Beginning with 2010, the data of the table refer both for the state majority sector and for the private one. The number of medical labs of state majority sector was not separately observed until 2006, being included in the number of hospitals, polyclinics, dispensaries and other types of medical units. The number of physicians, dentists and ancillary medical staff also includes the corresponding staff from other ministries and institutions with own network. The number of ancillary medical staff includes: medical assistants; medical nurses; sanitary technicians; medical officiants; midwives; laboratory assistants and other categories of medical staff with equivalent secondary school degrees. The number of auxiliary medical staff includes: sick nurses, DDR staff (disinsection, disinfection, raticide), stretcher bearers, washers, gypsum, mud, ambulance staff and other categories of ancillary staff. The number of hospital beds also includes the beds for newborn children in hospitals or obstetrics-gynaecology section; beds for accompanying persons are not included. The number of hospital beds for: internal medicine includes beds for: internal medicine, endocrinology, occupational medicine, cardiology, rheumatology, diabetes, nutritional and metabolic diseases, gastro-enterology and haematology; surgery includes beds for: general surgery; jaw face surgery; infant surgery; plastic surgery; cardiovascular surgery; neurosurgery; thorax - lung surgery; orthopaedics and urology; psychiatry includes beds for psychiatry and neuro psycho - motor recovery;

pediatrics includes beds for pediatrics and distrophics. The number of hospital beds for children covers the beds from pediatrics hospitals and departments, as well as those for children from other hospitals.

223

7.G1
14000 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0

Evoluia principalelor uniti sanitare Evolution of main sanitary units


numr uniti / number of units

10939 9081 5808 5823

11170 8870

12036

7926

433 249 2005


Spitale Hospitals Policlinici Polyclinics Cabinete medicale de familie Family doctors offices

291

503 311 2010


Cabinete stomatologice Dentist offices

289

Farmacii i puncte farmaceutice Pharmacies and pharmaceutical points Cree Crches

Cabinete medicale de specialitate Health specialized offices

7.G2
150 120 90 60 30

Evoluia principalelor categorii de personal medico-sanitar Evolution of main categories of medical-sanitary staff
mii persoane / thou persons

123

127

136

132

130

127

47

47 11 10 2006

48 12 11 2007

50

50

52

10 9 0 2005

12 12 2008

12 12 2009
Farmaciti Pharmaceutical chemists Personal sanitar mediu Ancillary medical staff

13 14 2010

Medici (exclusiv stomatologi) Physicians (excluding dentists) Stomatologi Dentists

224

7.G3
160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0

Paturile din unitile sanitare Beds from sanitary units


mii paturi / thou beds paturi la 1000 locuitori beds per 1000 inhabitants

6,6

6,6

6,4

6,4

6,5

6,2

7 6 5

143,0

142,0

4 138,0 138,2 138,9 132,0 3 2 1

2005

2006
Paturi Beds

2007

2008

2009

2010

Paturi la 1000 locuitori Beds for 1000 inhabitants

7.G4
80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

Cazuri noi de mbolnvire prin boli infecioase New cases of infectious diseases
mii / thou

72

71

69

74

75 68

22 11 2005 8 2006

20 7 2007

19 5 2008

19 5 2009

18 5 2010

16

Boli diareice acute Acute diarrhoea diseases

Hepatit viral Viral hepatits

Tuberculoz Tuberculosis

225

7.1
Spitale

Unitile sanitare, pe forme de proprietate Sanitary units, by type of ownership


numr uniti / number of units

Forma de proprietate: Total 2005 433 386 249 224 59 7 9 6 57 23 136 906 787 52 10939 75 9081 138 5808 158 5071 752 430 291 2006 436 393 260 211 53 7 10 5 60 26 120 1007 791 52 10969 54 9948 415 32 95 6878 102 5347 862 427 273 2007 447 403 263 208 46 5 92) 4 66 27 133 1036 804 53 11048 66 10532 443 33 74 8370 156 5897 1009 424 272 2296 2158 41 380 2008 458 444 269 213 47 5 82) 4 66 30 158 1033 837 52 11279 106 11025 447 27 156 9038 224 6127 1088 413 280 2555 2130 41 469 2009 474 461 268 211 47 71 5 92) 4 68 28 171 1055 903 55 11390 108 11683 426 31 165 9998 251 6506 1080 368 287 2828 2226 41 437 2010 503 472 311 204 40 86 4 92) 4 68 26 188 1000 1235 52 11170 110 12036 424 29 159 8870 218 6682 1244 317 289 2978 2209 41 662 2005 422 382 30 223 58 7 8 6 57 8 5 73 787 52 8932 30 3335 10 1231 41 495 49 2 291 41 360 Majoritar de stat 2006 419 388 28 210 52 7 9 5 60 7 5 69 791 52 8904 13 3269 415 32 8 1377 23 492 57 1 273 1268 555 41 350 2007 425 394 22 206 45 5 82) 4 66 7 3 44 804 53 8524 16 3123 443 33 23 1433 92 481 44 272 1547 495 41 308

Type of ownership: Public majority 2008 428 434 23 211 46 5 82) 4 66 10 29 77 837 52 8566 14 3102 447 27 8 1581 29 482 53 274 1743 371 41 310 2009 431 443 15 210 46 71 5 72) 4 68 6 21 57 903 55 8177 10 2853 426 31 2 1587 13 501 39 283 1874 446 41 282 2010 428 443 17 203 38 86 4 72) 4 68 9 29 60 1235 52 6768 8 2339 424 29 1 1154 12 492 30 1 285 1785 390 41 267 2005 11 4 219 1 1 1 15 131 833 2007 45 5746 128 4577 117 4576 703 428 524 1421 47 Majoritar privat / Private majority 2006 17 5 232 1 1 1 19 115 938 2065 41 6679 87 5501 79 4855 805 426 572 1492 75 2007 22 9 241 2 1 1 20 130 992 2524 50 7409 51 6937 64 5416 965 424 749 1663 72 2008 30 10 246 2 1 20 129 956 2713 92 7923 148 7457 195 5645 1035 413 6 812 1759 159 2009 43 18 253 1 1 2 22 150 998 3213 98 8830 163 8411 238 6005 1041 368 4 954 1780 155 2010 75 29 294 1 2 2 17 159 940 4402 102 9697 158 7716 206 6190 1214 316 4 1193 1819 395 Hospitals Integrated ambulatories of the hospitals and specialized ambulatories Polyclinics Dispensaries Health care centers1) Mental health care centers Tuberculosis sanatoria Balneary sanatoria Preventoria Health and social care units Diagnosis and curative centers Health specialized centers General practitioner offices Medical school offices Medical student offices Family doctors offices Medical civil societies Dentist offices Dentist school offices Dentist student offices Medical dentist civil societies Health specialized offices Medical specialized civil societies Pharmacies Pharmaceutical points Pharmaceutical stores Crches Medical laboratories Dentist laboratories Transfusion centers Other health care offices

Ambulatorii integrate spitalelor i de specialitate Policlinici Dispensare medicale Centre de sntate1) Centre de sntate mintal Sanatorii T.B.C. Sanatorii balneare Preventorii Uniti medico-sociale Centre de diagnostic i tratament Centre medicale de specialitate Cabinete medicale de medicin general Cabinete medicale colare Cabinete medicale studeneti Cabinete medicale de familie Societi medicale civile Cabinete stomatologice Cabinete stomatologice colare Cabinete stomatologice studeneti Societi stomatologice civile medicale Cabinete medicale de specialitate Societi civile medicale de specialitate Farmacii Puncte farmaceutice Depozite farmaceutice Cree Laboratoare medicale Laboratoare de tehnic dentar Centre de transfuzie sanguin Alte tipuri de cabinete medicale

5243) 1840 14213) 2047 41 407 41 425

1) Inclusiv centre de sntate cu paturi de spital. / Including health care centers with hospital beds. 2) Inclusiv sanatoriile de nevroze sau de neuropsihiatrie. / Including the neurosis or neuropsychiatry sanatoria. 3) Numai sectorul privat. / Only private sector.

226

7.2

Personalul medico-sanitar Medical-sanitary staff


persoane / persons

2005 Medici1) Physicians1) din care: femei1) of which: women1) Locuitori la un medic Population per physician Medici la 10000 locuitori Physicians per 10000 inhabitants Stomatologi Dentists din care: femei of which: women Locuitori la un stomatolog Population per dentist Stomatologi la 10000 locuitori Dentists per 10000 inhabitants Farmaciti Pharmaceutical chemists din care: femei of which: women Locuitori la un farmacist Population per pharmaceutical chemists Farmaciti la 10000 locuitori Pharmaceutical chemists per 10000 inhabitants Personal sanitar mediu Ancillary medical staff din care: femei of which: women Locuitori la un cadru mediu Population per ancillary medical person Personal mediu la 10000 locuitori Ancillary medical staff per 10000 inhabitants Personal mediu la un medic Ancillary medical staff per physician Personal sanitar auxiliar Auxiliary medical staff din care: femei of which: women 47388 32543 456

2006 46936 31786 460

2007 48199 33303 447

2008 50267 34897 428

2009 50386 34968 426

2010 52204 36151 411

21,9

21,7

22,4

23,4

23,5

24,4

10249 6624 2110

10620 6829 2032

11651 7456 1849

11901 7553 1807

12497 7843 1718

12990 8381 1650

4,7

4,9

5,4

5,5

5,8

6,1

9283 8505 2329

9932 9177 2173

11108 10224 1939

11704 10705 1837

11996 10924 1790

13624 12410 1573

4,3

4,6

5,2

5,4

5,6

6,4

123455 112920 175

126613 115555 170

136353 123608 158

132464 121175 162

129673 118205 166

126656 115352 169

57,1

58,7

63,3

61,6

60,4

59,1

2,6

2,7

2,8

2,6

2,6

2,4

59199 50482

59124 50398

62292 52882

66339 56122

64801 54796

62838 52982

1) Exclusiv stomatologi. / Dentists excluded.

228

7.3

Paturile din unitile sanitare Beds from sanitary units


2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Paturi (numr) / Beds (number) Paturi n spitale - total din care: Pentru obstetric-ginecologie Pentru copii Pentru nou nscui i prematuri Paturi n cree Paturi n preventorii1) Paturi n uniti medico-sociale1) Paturi n sanatorii T.B.C.1) 143027 142034 138025 138184 138915 132004 112241) 11033 176991) 17582 10171 16313 10149 16455 10205 16878 4924 14161 390 2818 908 9226 14924 4651 14880 370 2925 610 Beds in hospitals - total of which: For obstetrics-gynaecology For children For new-born and premature children Beds in crches Beds in preventoria1) Beds in medical social services units1) Beds in Tuberculois sanatoria1)

4922 4872 52001) 5329 143101) 132201) 131351) 13729 555 495 420 420 2260 1437 2365 1437 2823 909 2726 918

Paturi la 1000 locuitori / Beds per 1000 inhabitants Paturi n spitale - total Pentru obstetric-ginecologie Pentru copii 6,6 0,51) 0,81) 6,6 0,5 0,8 6,4 0,5 0,8 6,4 0,5 0,8 6,5 0,5 0,8 6,2 0,4 0,7 Beds in hospitals - total For obstetrics-gynaecology For children

1) Numai unitile din sectorul public. / Only from public sector units.

7.4
Total

Paturile de spital aferente anumitor specialiti medicale Hospital beds related to certain medical specialities
numr paturi / number of beds

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010 Total of which: Internal medicine2) General surgery2) Obstetrics-gynaecology New-born and premature children Pediatrics2) Infectious diseases Tuberculosis and pneumology Psychiatry and neuropsychiatry2) Ophthalmology NTE Neurology Dermatology and venereology

1423771) 142034 138025 138184 138915 132004

din care: Interne2) Chirurgie2) Obstetric-ginecologie Nou nscui i prematuri Pediatrie2) Boli infecioase Tuberculoz i pneumologie Psihiatrie i neuropsihiatrie2) Oftalmologie O.R.L. Neurologie Dermato-venerologie

30694 22978 11224 5200 9839 6956 10302 17224 2309 3054 5704 2389

30013 23202 11033 5329 10004 6767 10126 17184 2250 2996 5786 2322

29145 22273 10171 4922 9429 6350 9893 17099 2127 2511 5932 1982

29255 22768 10149 4872 9330 6190 9572 17097 2080 2557 5971 1970

28259 22530 10205 4924 9231 6109 9676 17420 2087 2587 5791 1943

26676 21493 9226 4651 8438 5518 9456 17137 1812 2371 5539 1608

1) Numai unitile din sectorul public. / Only from public sector units. 2) Sfera de cuprindere este prezentat la pagina 223. / The coverage is presented in page 223.

229

7.5

Cazuri noi de mbolnvire prin unele boli infecioase i parazitare New cases of infectious and parasitic diseases
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Numr / Number Boli diareice acute Hepatit viral Tuberculoz Rubeol Grip Dizenterie Sifilis Tuse convulsiv Scarlatin Toxiinfecii alimentare Rugeol Erizipel Trichineloz Salmoneloz Leptospiroz 71851 11171 22348 6801 4431 765 6862 57 2923 2426 5043 2038 574 716 451 70892 7809 20371 3553 235 599 5661 37 3178 2404 3524 1796 350 645 386 69011 6854 18909 2958 575 735 4887 35 3577 2348 350 1497 432 620 316 73551 4832 18716 1746 835 371 4015 51 3106 1781 12 1423 503 624 200 67693 4633 177711) 613 7122 337 3236 10 2169 1083 8 1125 366 940 139
1)

75092 4518 15948 351 1600 259 2326 29 1659 946 193 1241 201 1096 171

Acute diarrhoea diseases Viral hepatitis Tuberculosis Rubella Influenza Dysentery Syphilis Whooping cough Scarlet fever Food poisoning Measles Erysipelas Trichinosis Salmonellosis Leptospirosis

Cazuri noi de mbolnvire la 100000 locuitori New cases of illness per 100000 inhabitants Boli diareice acute Hepatit viral Tuberculoz Rubeol Grip Dizenterie Sifilis Tuse convulsiv Scarlatin Toxiinfecii alimentare Rugeol Erizipel Trichineloz Salmoneloz Leptospiroz 332,3 51,7 103,3 31,5 20,5 3,5 31,7 0,3 13,5 11,2 23,3 9,4 2,7 3,3 2,1 328,4 36,2 94,4 16,5 1,1 2,8 26,2 0,2 14,7 11,1 16,3 8,3 1,6 3,0 1,8 320,4 31,8 87,8 13,7 2,7 3,4 22,7 0,2 16,6 10,9 1,6 7,0 2,0 2,9 1,5 342,0 22,5 87,0 8,1 3,9 1,7 18,7 0,2 14,4 8,3 0,1 6,6 2,3 2,9 0,9 315,3 21,6 82,81) 2,9 33,2 1,6 15,1 **) 10,1 5,0 **) 5,2 1,7 4,4 0,6 350,4 21,1 74,4 1,6 7,5 1,2 10,9 0,1 7,7 4,4 0,9 5,8 0,9 5,1 0,8 Acute diarrhoea diseases Viral hepatitis Tuberculosis Rubella Influenza Dysentery Syphilis Whooping cough Scarlet fever Food poisoning Measles Erysipelas Trichinosis Salmonellosis Leptospirosis

1) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published.

230

7.6
Clase de boli Total

Cazuri noi de mbolnvire, pe clase de boli, declarate de medicii de familie New cases of illness, by disease classes, declared by family physicians
mii / thou

2005 16159

2006 15324

2007 14287

2008 14604

2009 15407

2010 16204

Disease classes Total of which: Infectious and parasitic diseases Neoplasm Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases Blood and blood generation diseases Mental disorders Diseases of the nervous system and of sense organs Diseases of the circulatory system Diseases of the respiratory system Diseases of the digestive system Diseases of the genitourinary system Complications of pregnancy, childbirth and confinement Skin and hypodermic diseases Diseases of osteogenous and muscular system Congenital malformations Diseases originating in the perinatal period IIlness feelings Injury, poisoning

din care: Boli infecioase i parazitare Tumori Boli endocrine, de nutriie i metabolism Boli de snge i ale organelor hematopoietice Tulburri mentale Boli ale sistemului nervos i organelor de sim Boli ale aparatului circulator Boli ale aparatului respirator Boli ale aparatului digestiv Boli ale organelor genito-urinare Complicaii ale sarcinii, naterii i luziei Boli de piele i esut subcutanat Boli ale sistemului osteo-muscular Anomalii congenitale Boli originale n perioada perinatal Stri ru definite Traumatisme, otrviri

826 47

739 51

688 52

657 52

623 59

589 66

283

299

491

575

494

513

152 169

149 170

175 210

185 238

153 247

155 285

1024

1009

1021

1074

1135

1306

747

818

778

780

831

920

7816

7278

6234

6214

7081

6984

1556

1408

1399

1495

1460

1646

1030

1008

955

988

978

1075

22

23

36

39

36

33

793

757

672

659

668

823

1098 4

1078 4

1179 4

1238 4

1257 5

1365 12

2 146 444

2 118 413

2 83 308

2 90 314

2 83 295

3 108 321

231

7.7

Repartizarea cazurilor de SIDA1), dup anul nregistrrii, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i cale de transmitere Breakdown of AIDS cases1), by registration year, age group, sex and way of transmission
numr / number

Total

2005 Masculin Male

Feminin Female

Total

2006 Masculin Male

Feminin Female

Total

2007 Masculin Male

Feminin Female

2008 Total Masculin Feminin Male Female

2009 Total Masculin Feminin Male Female

2010 Total Masculin Feminin Male Female

Distribuia cazurilor SIDA, pe grupe de vrst (la data diagnosticului) i sexe Total Grupa de vrst 0 - 14 ani 0 - 11 luni 1 - 4 ani 5 - 9 ani 10 - 12 ani 13 - 14 ani Grupa de vrst de 15 ani i peste 15 - 19 ani 20 - 24 ani 25 - 29 ani 30 - 34 ani 35 - 39 ani 40 - 49 ani 50 - 59 ani 60 ani i peste 10780 6142 4638 11072 6298 4774 11352 6467 4885

AIDS cases breakdown, by age group (at the date of diagnosis) and by sex 11621 6614 5007 11869 6764 5105 12068 6875 5193 Total Age group 0 - 14 years 0 - 11 months 1 - 4 years 5 - 9 years 10 -12 years 13-14 years Age group 15 years and over 15-19 years 20-24 years 25-29 years 30-34 years 35-39 years 40-49 years 50-59 years 60 years and over

7856 637 2533 3155 1266 265

4554 354 1512 1828 713 147

3302 283 1021 1327 553 118

7864 641 2535 3157 1266 265

4559 357 1513 1829 713 147

3305 284 1022 1328 553 118

7868 642 2537 3158 1266 265

4562 358 1514 1830 713 147

3306 284 1023 1328 553 118

7876 644 2539 3161 1267 265

4566 359 1516 1831 713 147

3310 285 1023 1330 554 118

7889 649 2544 3163 1267 266

4569 362 1516 1831 713 147

3320 287 1028 1332 554 119

7897 653 2547 3163 1268 266

4570 363 1516 1831 713 147

3327 290 1031 1332 555 119

2924 688 278 437 454 356 459 188 64

1588 354 97 209 259 201 299 130 39

1336 334 181 228 195 155 160 58 25

3208 817 296 466 482 382 486 207 72

1739 412 104 225 278 217 315 143 45

1469 405 192 241 204 165 171 64 27

3484 902 315 502 512 422 518 236 77

1905 462 117 241 298 244 336 161 46

1579 440 198 261 214 178 182 75 31

3745 959 358 524 541 450 569 262 82

2048 489 138 250 320 256 371 175 49

1697 470 220 274 221 194 198 87 33

3980 984 416 551 571 479 604 282 93

2195 499 168 261 340 279 402 189 57

1785 485 248 290 231 200 202 93 36

4171 988 471 576 596 503 635 300 102

2305 501 192 276 352 293 423 204 64

1866 487 279 300 244 210 212 96 38

Distribuia cazurilor SIDA la grupa de vrst 0 - 14 ani, dup calea de transmitere Total Mam-copil Factori de risc mam: Droguri intravenos Heterosexual Altele / necunoscut Hemofilie / coagulopatii Recipient transfuzii Nozocomial Necunoscut 7856 4554 3302 7864 4559 3305 7868 4562 3306

AIDS cases breakdown for age group 0 - 14 years, by way of transmission 7876 4566 3310 7889 4569 3320 7897 4570 3327 Total Mother to child Mother-risk factors: Intravenous drugs Heterosexual Other / unknown Haemophilia / clotting disorders Transfusion recipient Nosocomial Unknown

1 225 134 8 1694 5084 710

138 90 8 999 2944 375

1 87 44 695 2140 335

1 228 137 8 1694 5085 711

139 93 8 999 2944 376

1 89 44 695 2141 335

1 229 140 8 1694 5085 711

140 95 8 999 2944 376

1 89 45 695 2141 335

1 230 145 8 1694 5085 713

141 97 8 999 2944 377

1 89 48 695 2141 336

1 236 150 8 1694 5085 715

143 98 8 999 2944 377

1 93 52 695 2141 338

1 241 153 8 1694 5085 715

144 98 8 999 2944 377

1 97 55 695 2141 338

Distribuia cazurilor SIDA la grupa de vrst de 15 ani i peste, dup calea de transmitere Total Homo / bisexual Droguri intravenos Hemofilie / coagulopatii Recipient transfuzii Heterosexual Altele / necunoscut 2924 90 8 19 284 1791 732 1588 90 5 19 120 966 388 1336 3 164 825 344 3208 100 10 19 306 1952 821 1739 100 7 19 130 1051 432 1469 3 176 901 389 3484 108 12 19 306 2147 892 1905 108 9 19 130 1166 473 1579 3 176 981 419

AIDS cases breakdown for age group 15 years and over, by way of transmission 3745 116 13 19 306 2324 967 2048 116 10 19 130 1256 517 1697 3 176 1068 450 3980 135 16 19 306 2503 1001 2195 135 11 19 130 1358 542 1785 5 176 1145 459 4171 143 21 19 306 2661 1021 2305 143 15 19 130 1447 551 1866 6 176 1214 470 Total Homo / bisexual Intravenous drugs Haemophilia / clotting disorders Transfusion recipient Heterosexual Other / unknown

1) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published.

232

233

7.8

Repartizarea persoanelor admise la tratament, ca urmare a consumului de droguri, pe sexe, grupe de vrst i tipuri de droguri Breakdown of persons admitted for treatment, following drugs consumption, by sex, age group and drug type
numr / number

2005

2006

20071)

20082)

20092)

20102)

Repartizarea persoanelor admise la tratament, pe sexe Breakdown of persons admitted for treatment, by sex Total Masculin Feminin Sex necunoscut din total: cazuri noi nregistrate Masculin Feminin Sex necunoscut 1538 1086 452 653 460 193 1912 1410 502 801 566 235 2420 1949 471 1432 1170 262 3649 3011 635 3 1931 1561 367 3 5353 4095 1253 5 3885 2867 1013 5 4419 3443 955 21 2706 2060 629 17 Total Male Female Unknown sex of total: new registered cases Male Female Unknown sex

Repartizarea persoanelor admise la tratament, pe grupe de vrst Breakdown of persons admitted for treatment, by age group Total Sub 15 ani 15-19 ani 20-24 ani 25-29 ani 30-34 ani 35 ani i peste Vrst necunoscut din total: cazuri noi nregistrate Sub 15 ani 15-19 ani 20-24 ani 25-29 ani 30-34 ani 35 ani i peste Vrst necunoscut 1538 42 240 335 273 133 515 653 32 139 168 119 46 149 1912 57 319 398 347 185 606 801 30 157 208 148 68 190 2420 64 291 546 612 252 655 1432 41 184 343 359 146 359 3649 8 179 611 670 478 1697 6 1931 7 135 331 320 252 886 5353 8 198 624 847 765 2904 7 3885 8 178 453 556 550 2134 6 4419 16 229 602 801 631 2101 39 2706 15 191 404 443 338 1278 37 Total Under 15 years 15 - 19 years 20 - 24 years 25 - 29 years 30 - 34 years 35 and over Unknown age of total: new registered cases Under 15 years 15 - 19 years 20 - 24 years 25 - 29 years 30 - 34 years 35 and over Unknown age

Repartizarea persoanelor admise la tratament, pe tipuri de droguri Breakdown of persons admitted for treatment, by drug type Total Opiacee Cocain Stimulante Hipnotice i sedative Halucinogene Inhalani volatili Canabis Alte substane din total: cazuri noi nregistrate Opiacee Cocain Stimulante Hipnotice i sedative Halucinogene Inhalani volatili Canabis Alte substane 1538 738 5 16 296 20 35 428 653 350 4 12 81 8 28 170 1912 937 2 11 199 24 42 697 801 431 1 5 88 10 34 232 2420 1336 12 25 186 2 23 142 694 1432 768 12 16 107 2 11 130 386 3649 1469 11 23 178 4 14 121 1829 1931 736 10 19 103 2 11 105 945 5353 1303 13 7 94 9 16 104 3807 3885 710 12 5 68 8 11 93 2978 4419 1118 24 31 124 18 41 171 2892 2706 524 21 24 67 11 32 152 1875 Total Opium based substances Cocaine Stimulative substances Hypnotic and sedative Halluginocenic Essential inhalant Cannabis Other substances of total: new registered cases Opium based substances Cocaine Stimulative substances Hypnotic and sedative Halluginocenic Essential inhalant Cannabis Other substances

1) Include persoane admise la tratament n uniti ale Ministerului Sntii i Centre de Prevenire, Evaluare i Consiliere Antidrog din 2) Include persoane admise la tratament n uniti ale Ministerului Sntii, ambulator n Centre de asisten integrat n adicie ale

cadrul Ageniei Naionale Antidrog. / Include persons admitted for treatment in units belonging to the Ministry of Health and Prevention, Evaluation and Anti-drugs Consulting centres from the National Anti-drugs Agency.

Ageniei Naionale Antidrog i Centre de asisten privat i n cadrul sistemului penitenciar. / Include persons admitted for treatment in units belonging to the Ministry of Health and ambulatory in care centres to integrated addiction from the National Anti-drugs Agency and private care centres and within penitentiary system. Sursa: Inspectoratul General al Poliiei Romne din cadrul Ministerului Administraiei i Internelor. Source: General Inspectorate of Romanian Police within the Ministry of Administration and Interior.

234

7.9
Total

Numrul pacienilor ieii din spital, pe clase de boli Number of patients out of hospital, by disease classes
mii persoane / thou persons

2005 4201 212

2006 4782 228

2007 4483 228

2008 4765 238

2009 4834 229

2010 49521) 222

Boli infecioase i parazitare Infectious and parasitic diseases din care: / of which: Tuberculoz Tuberculosis Tumori Neoplasm Boli endocrine, de nutriie i metabolism Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases din care: / of which: Diabet zaharat Diabetes mellitus Tulburri mentale i de comportament Mental and behavioural disorders Boli ale sistemului nervos i organelor de sim Diseases of the nervous system and sense organs Boli ale aparatului circulator Diseases of the circulatory system din care: / of which: Boala ischemic a inimii Ischaemic heart disease Boli cerebro-vasculare Cerebrovascular diseases Boli ale aparatului respirator Diseases of the respiratory system Boli ale aparatului digestiv Diseases of the digestive system Boli ale aparatului genito-urinar Diseases of the genitourinary system Sarcin, natere i luzie Pregnancy, childbirth and confinement Unele afeciuni a cror origine se situeaz n perioada perinatal Certain diseases originating in the perinatal period Malformaii congenitale, deformaii i anomalii cromozomiale Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities Leziuni traumatice, otrviri i alte consecine ale cauzelor externe Injury, poisoning and other consequences of external causes Alte cauze Other causes
1) Inclusiv sectorul privat. / Private sector included.

41

43

46

48

45

45

276

323

325

397

405

430

143

152

152

169

182

163

72

65

61

67

72

73

222

259

253

274

289

290

217

249

238

256

257

285

560

682

609

657

682

716

102 113

106 144

121 125

79 125

80 126

85 128

603

649

616

652

673

634

448

504

464

479

474

523

307

348

317

326

321

334

367

407

384

396

385

378

115

135

126

129

133

128

32

45

38

32

32

30

277

309

274

278

267

272

422

492

459

482

505

547

235

7.10
Anii Years 20051) 20062) 20072) 20082) 20092) 2010

Asistena medical de urgen Emergency medical assistance


Persoane bolnave Patients Transportate Transported 1542678 1978125 1840997 1754994 1866580 1824990 Asistate Assisted 699207 904926 783528 812646 879351 847323

Autosalvri (numr) Ambulances (number)

3249 3217 3123 2753 2547 2536

1) Numai unitile din sectorul public. / Only from public sector units. 2) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published.

7.11
Anii Years

Activitatea de recoltare i conservare a sngelui, n uniti cu proprietate majoritar de stat Blood collecting and preserving, in the units with state majority ownership
Cantitatea de snge i plasm transfuzat (litri) Quantity of transfused blood and plasma (litres) 144235 139671 148421 146846 168881 153390

Centre de transfuzie sanguin (numr) Blood transfusion centers (number)

Snge recoltat (litri) Collected blood (litres)

Bolnavi transfuzai (numr) Transfused patients (number)

2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

41 41 41 41 41 41

180960 144736 157775 156658 193919 184116

200132 193456 195304 214020 199000 211621

236

EDUCAIE

EDUCATION

CUPRINS TABELE

Pagina Page

TABLES CONTENTS

8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.9 8.10 8.11 8.12 8.13 8.14 8.15 8.16 8.17 8.18

nvmntul pe niveluri de educaie ....................... 243 Populaia colar pe niveluri de educaie i pe sexe ................................................................ 245 Personalul didactic pe niveluri de educaie i pe sexe ................................................................ 246 Absolvenii pe niveluri de educaie .......................... 246 Populaia colar pe niveluri de educaie i tipuri de coli ........................................................ 247 Gradul de cuprindere n nvmnt a populaiei de vrst colar ..................................................... 247 Elevii nscrii n nvmntul preuniversitar, dup studiul limbilor moderne ................................. 248 nvmntul preuniversitar, dup limba de predare ............................................ 250 nvmntul liceal, pe profiluri ................................ 252 nvmntul profesional, postliceal i de maitri, pe tipuri de coli i profiluri de pregtire ................. 254 nvmntul special ................................................ 258 nvmntul superior, pe localiti .......................... 258 nvmntul superior, pe grupe de specializri ...... 262 nvmntul superior din instituii private, pe localiti, n anul universitar 2010/ 2011 .............. 266 nvmntul superior din instituii private, pe grupe de specializri .......................................... 266 nvmntul pe niveluri de educaie din instituiile private ...................................................... 268 Numrul elevilor care au promovat examenul de bacalaureat ........................................ 269 Rata abandonului n nvmntul preuniversitar ........................................................... 269 Teritorial

Education by level of education School aged population by level of education and by sex Teaching staff by level of education and by sex Graduates by level of education School aged population by level of education and type of school Enrolment rate for school aged population Pupils enrolled in pre-university education, by foreign language studied Pre-university education, by teaching language High school education, by profile Vocational, post high school and foremen education, by type of school and training profile Special education Tertiary education, by locality Tertiary education, by group of specializations Tertiary education from private institutions, by locality, in 2010/ 2011 academic year Tertiary education from private institutions, by group of specializations Education by level of education from private institutions Number of pupils who gra uated the School Leaving Examination Abandon rate in pre-university education Territorial School aged population at territorial level and level of education, in 2010/2011 school year Pre-school education, at territorial level, in 2010/ 2011 school year Primary and secondary education, at territorial level, in 2010/ 2011 school year High school education, at territorial level, in 2010/ 2011 school year Vocational education, at territorial level, in 2010/ 2011 school year Post high school education, at territorial level, in 2010/ 2011 school year Foremen education, at territorial level, in 2010/ 2011 school year Tertiary education, at territorial level, in 2010/ 2011 academic year

8.19 8.20 8.21 8.22 8.23 8.24 8.25 8.26

Populaia colar, n profil teritorial i niveluri de educaie, n anul colar 2010/ 2011 ............................... nvmntul precolar, n profil teritorial, n anul colar 2010/ 2011 .............................................. nvmntul primar i gimnazial, n profil teritorial, n anul colar 2010/ 2011 ............................... nvmntul liceal, n profil teritorial, n anul colar 2010/ 2011 .............................................. nvmntul profesional, n profil teritorial, n anul colar 2010/ 2011 .............................................. nvmntul postliceal, n profil teritorial, n anul colar 2010/ 2011 ................................................ nvmntul de maitri, n profil teritorial, n anul colar 2010/ 2011 .............................................. nvmntul superior, n profil teritorial, n anul universitar 2010/ 2011 .........................................

238

8.27

8.28 8.29

Numrul elevilor care au promovat examenul de bacalaureat, n profil teritorial, n anul colar 2009/2010 ................................................ Absolvenii n profil teritorial i niveluri de educaie, n anul colar / universitar 2009/2010 ........... Rata abandonului n nvmntul preuniversitar, n profil teritorial, n anul colar 2009/2010 ...................

Number of pupils who graduated the School Leaving Examination, at territorial level, in 2009/2010 school year Graduates at territorial level, and level of education, in 2009/2010 school / academic year Abandon rate in pre-university education, at territorial level, in 2009/2010 school year

SURSA DATELOR
Cercetri statistice: Cercetri statistice realizate la nceputul i sfritul anului colar (universitar) n unitile de nvmnt de toate tipurile, pe forme de proprietate i niveluri de educaie.

DATA SOURCE
Statistical surveys: Statistical surveys carried out at the beginning and at the end of school year (academic year) in educational units of all types, by type of ownership and level of education.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE
Datele statistice privind numrul copiilor i elevilor nscrii, absolvenilor i personalului didactic din nvmntul preuniversitar (precolar, primar i gimnazial, liceal, profesional, postliceal) cuprind i pe cele din nvmntul special. Profilurile, calificrile profesionale i specializrile n care se pregtesc elevii i studenii sunt stabilite conform prevederilor legislaiei n vigoare, referitoare la organizarea i funcionarea nvmntului n Romnia i pe baza Nomenclatorului profilurilor, calificrilor profesionale i specializrilor, ntocmit de Institutul Naional de Statistic mpreun cu Ministerul Educaiei,

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES
Data on the number of enrolled children and pupils, graduates and teaching staff of preuniversity education (pre-school, primary and secondary, high school, post high school) also refer to special education. Profiles, vocational qualifications and specializations for pupils and students are set up according to the stipulations of the in force legislation, referring to education organisation and functioning in Romania and based on Nomenclature of profiles, vocational qualifications and specialisations, drawn up by the National Institute of Statistics together with the Ministry of Education, Research, Youth and Sport. Statistical data on tertiary education (number of faculties, enrolled students, graduates and teaching staff) also include short term higher education (colleges), as well as foreign students who study in Romania; Romanian students who study in other countries are not included. Teaching staff is registered only once at the unit where there is the work record. Foremen trainers who carry out training-educational activity within the educational system are also included in the same category. Enrollment rate for school aged population represents the ratio between number of pupils from a certain age group, no matter of education level and total population of the same age group.

Cercetrii, Tineretului i Sportului.


Datele statistice privind nvmntul universitar (numrul facultilor, studenii nscrii, absolvenii i personalul didactic) includ i nvmntul superior de scurt durat (colegii), precum i studenii strini care studiaz n Romnia; nu sunt inclui studenii romni care studiaz n alte ri. Cadrele didactice sunt nregistrate o singur dat la unitatea unde au cartea de munc. n aceeai categorie sunt inclui i maitrii instructori, care desfoar activitate instructiv-educativ n sistemul de nvmnt. Gradul de cuprindere n nvmnt a populaiei de vrst colar reprezint raportul dintre numrul elevilor dintr-o anumit grup de vrst, indiferent de nivelul de educaie i totalul populaiei de aceeai grup de vrst.

239

8.G1
0,4% 2,3%

Personalul didactic, pe niveluri de educaie Teaching staff, by level of education


2005/2006 2010/2011

11,2%

12,7% 0,4%

11,8%

14,8%

**)
23,6%

22,0%

51,4%

49,4%

nvmnt precolar Pre-school education nvmnt primar i gimnazial Primary and secondary education nvmnt liceal High school education **) = Sub 0,05 Under 0.05

nvmnt profesional Vocational education nvmnt postliceal i de maitri Post high school and foremen education nvmnt superior Tertiary education

8.G2
100 80 60 40 20 0

Populaia colar, pe niveluri de educaie (exclusiv postuniversitare) School aged population, by level of education (excluding post-university education)
%

16,4 1,0

18,1 0,8 45,0

20,6 1,0 44,0

20,6 1,2 43,2

18,6 1,5 43,7

16,7 1,7

46,2

44,3

21,5 14,9 2005/2006

21,2 14,9 2006/2007

19,6 14,8 2007/2008

19,9 15,1 2008/2009

20,2 16,0 2009/2010


Secundar Secondary Post secundar Post secondary

20,6 16,7 2010/2011

Preprimar (precolar) Pre-primary (pre-school) Primar (clasele I-IV) Primary (forms I-IV) Teriar (superior) Tertiary (higher)

240

8.G3

Ponderea elevilor care studiaz o limb strin (prima limb modern), n total elevi din nvmntul preuniversitar Weight of pupils learning a foreign language (first foreign language), in total number of pupils from pre-university education
2005/2006 2010/2011

10,6%

1,6% 22,3%

2,3%

2,4% 21,0%

29,3%

37,5%

36,2%
nvmnt primar Primary education nvmnt gimnazial Secondary education

36,8%
nvmnt liceal High school education nvmnt profesional Vocational education

nvmnt postliceal i de maitri Post high school and foremen education

8.G4

Absolvenii, pe niveluri de educaie Graduates, by level of education


2005/2006 2009/2010

16,1% 2,3%

33,3% 27,1%

28,3%

21,6%

2,7%

12,8% 26,7%
nvmnt gimnazial Secondary education nvmnt liceal High school education nvmnt superior Tertiary education

29,1%
nvmnt profesional Vocational education nvmnt postliceal i de maitri Post high school and foremen education

241

8.G5

Ponderea absolvenilor din nvmntul liceal, pe profiluri Weight of high-school graduates, by profile
2005/2006 2009/2010

11,4% 14,3%

7,4%

11,7%

48,7%

42,2%

28,2%

36,1%
Licee i colegii teoretice (inclusiv liceele de informatic) Theorethical high schools and colleges (including the informatics high schools) Licee industriale (inclusiv liceele de metrologie) Industrial high schools (including the metrology high schools) Licee economice i administrative Economic and administrative high schools Alte licee Other high schools

8.G6

Structura studenilor, pe grupe de specializri, din nvmntul superior Students in higher education institutes, by specialization groups
Anul universitar / Academic year
2005/2006 2010/2011

1,6% 23,0% 30,5% 27,1%

1,4% 23,8%

5,1%

8,1%

8,9% 30,9%
Tehnice Technical Medico-farmaceutice Medicine and pharmacy tiine economice Economics

14,3% 25,3%
tiine juridice Law science Universitar-pedagogice University-pedagogy Artistice Artistic

242

8.1

nvmntul pe niveluri de educaie (nvmnt de zi, seral, cu frecven redus i deschis la distan) Education by level of education (full time, part-time, part-time attendance education and learning at distance)
2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 Total 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011

Uniti Units Populaia colar Enrolled population Copii n grdinie Children in kindergartens Elevi - total Pupils - total nvmnt de zi Full time education nvmnt seral Part-time education nvmnt cu frecven redus Part-time attendance education Studeni Students nvmnt de zi Full time education nvmnt seral Part-time education nvmnt cu frecven redus Part-time attendance education nvmnt deschis la distan Learning at distance Personal didactic Teaching staff

11865 4360831 648338 2996029 2880157 60588 55284 716464 518997 2602 60874 133991 281034

8484 4345581 648862 2911213 2784827 57324 69062 785506 539174 1115 68013 177204 277318

8230 4404581 650324 2846904 2700780 59681 86443 907353 555975 1132 89335 260911 276849

8221 4324992 652855 2781039 2612331 63559 105149 891098 516468 1616 93842 279172 275426

8244 4176866 666123 2735424 2558900 78694 97830 775319 562105 1626 132654 78934 268679

7588 4029226 673736 2682489 2516508 84860 81121 673001 513491 995 94239 64276 252953

nvmnt precolar / Pre-school education Grdinie de copii Kindergartens Copii nscrii Children enrolled Personal didactic Teaching staff 3769 648338 35755 1720 648862 36555 1731 650324 37348 1718 652855 38253 1697 666123 38322 1498 673736 37353

nvmnt primar i gimnazial / Primary and secondary education coli Schools Elevi nscrii (n clase l-VIII) Pupils enrolled (in forms l-VIII) din care: / of which: n nvmntul gimnazial Secondary education Personal didactic Teaching staff din care:/ of which: n nvmntul gimnazial Secondary education Din nvmntul primar i gimnazial: Of primary and secondary education: nvmnt special: Special education: coli Schools Elevi nscrii (n clase l-VIII) Pupils enrolled (in forms l-VIII) Personal didactic Teaching staff 6411 1900561 961231 144489 88668 5045 1842208 922769 141601 86114 4737 1789693 924518 138972 84422 4727 1752335 893166 138560 84491 4623 1719676 873997 135231 82959 4248 1691441 862588 125005 77445

126 19315 6038

125 18079 6225

122 16861 6151

113 16048 6183

105 16308 6355

106 16341 6203

243

8.1

nvmntul pe niveluri de educaie (nvmnt de zi, seral, cu frecven redus i deschis la distan) - continuare Education by level of education (full time, part-time, part-time attendance education and learning at distance) - continued
2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011

nvmnt liceal / High school education Licee High schools Elevi nscrii Pupils enrolled Personal didactic Teaching staff 1410 767439 61914 1421 780925 62048 1426 791348 61620 1444 784361 60647 1638 837728 60255 1643 866543 59609

nvmnt profesional / Vocational education coli Schools Elevi nscrii Pupils enrolled Personal didactic Teaching staff 90 284412 6234 115 250383 5643 147 220335 5939 147 189254 5129 98 115445 2803 5 54538 116

nvmnt postliceal i de maitri / Post high school and foremen education coli Schools Elevi nscrii Pupils enrolled Personal didactic Teaching staff din care: / of which: nvmnt de maitri Foremen education Elevi nscrii Pupils enrolled Personal didactic Teaching staff 78 43617 1099 79 37697 888 83 45528 1006 79 55089 864 80 62575 965 86 69967 1124

2821 26

2693 18

4534 10

6319 29

6315 12

6108 13

nvmnt superior / Tertiary education Instituii de nvmnt superior Tertiary education institutions Faculti Faculties Studeni nscrii - total Students enrolled - total din care: / of which: nvmnt de scurt durat (colegii) Short-term education (colleges) Din total: studeni strini care studiaz n Romnia Of total: foreign students studying in Romania Personal didactic Teaching staff 107 770 716464 104 755 785506 106 631 907353 106 617 891098 108 624 775319 108 629 673001

27872

12937

1485

573

570

610

9944

10396

11095

11887

13778

16138

31543

30583

31964

31973

31103

29746

Rate la 10000 locuitori / Per 10000 inhabitants Elevi Pupils Studeni Students 1386 331 1349 364 1322 421 1293 414 1274 361 1252 314

244

8.2

Populaia colar pe niveluri de educaie i pe sexe (nvmnt de zi, seral, cu frecven redus i deschis la distan) School aged population by level of education and by sex (full time, part-time, part-time attendance education and learning at distance)

Total = T / Total = T Masculin = M / Male = M Feminin = F / Female = F Populaia colar Enrolled population T M F T M F T M F T M F

2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011

4360831 2176098 2184733 648338 330802 317536 1900561 980972 919589 961231 496477 464754

4345581 2164302 2181279 648862 331126 317736 1842208 950183 892025 922769 476353 446416

4404581 2185299 2219282 650324 332715 317609 1789693 923812 865881 924518 476600 447918

4324992 2151452 2173540 652855 333666 319189 1752335 904733 847602 893166 460685 432481

4176866 2084733 2092133 666123 340949 325174 1719676 888518 831158 873997 451168 422829

4029226 2019611 2009615 673736 344967 328769 1691441 874606 816835 862588 445455 417133

nvmnt precolar Pre-school education

nvmnt primar i gimnazial Primary and secondary education din care: / of which: nvmnt gimnazial Secondary education Din nvmntul primar i gimnazial: Of primary and secondary education: nvmnt special Special education

T M F T M F T M F T M F

19315 11937 7378 767439 354634 412805 284412 174948 109464 43617 15071 28546

18079 11099 6980 780925 370577 410348 250383 155309 95074 37697 10390 27307

16861 10428 6433 791348 382158 409190 220335 136798 83537 45528 12046 33482

16048 9971 6077 784361 380190 404171 189254 118881 70373 55089 15696 39393

16308 10219 6089 837728 418249 419479 115445 72949 42496 62575 17336 45239

16341 10264 6077 866543 441438 425105 54538 35223 19315 69967 19476 50491

nvmnt liceal High school education

nvmnt profesional Vocational education

nvmnt postliceal i de maitri Post high school and foremen education din care: / of which: nvmnt de maitri Foremen education

T M F T M F T M F

2821 2671 150 716464 319671 396793 27872 11800 16072

2693 2496 197 785506 346717 438789 12937 5685 7252

4534 4189 345 907353 397770 509583 1485 558 927

6319 5806 513 891098 398286 492812 573 147 426

6315 5903 412 775319 346732 428587 570 103 467

6108 5763 345 673001 303901 369100 610 105 505

nvmnt superior Tertiary education din care: / of which: nvmnt de scurt durat (colegii) Short-term education (colleges)

245

8.3

Personalul didactic pe niveluri de educaie i pe sexe Teaching staff by level of education and by sex

Total = T / Total = T Masculin = M / Male = M Feminin = F / Female = F Personal didactic Teaching staff nvmnt precolar Pre-school education nvmnt primar i gimnazial Primary and secondary education din care: / of which: nvmnt special Special education nvmnt liceal High school education nvmnt profesional Vocational education nvmnt postliceal i de maitri Post high school and foremen education din care: / of which: nvmnt de maistri Foremen education nvmnt superior Tertiary education T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F

2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 281034 78238 202796 35755 85 35670 144489 35710 108779 6038 1082 4956 61914 21319 40595 6234 2769 3465 1099 307 792 26 10 16 31543 18048 13495 277318 75850 201468 36555 93 36462 141601 34812 106789 6225 1066 5159 62048 21035 41013 5643 2537 3106 888 224 664 18 11 7 30583 17149 13434 276849 75876 200973 37348 108 37240 138972 34283 104689 6151 1113 5038 61620 20513 41107 5939 2521 3418 1006 326 680 10 3 7 31964 18125 13839 275426 74696 200730 38253 98 38155 138560 34472 104088 6183 1017 5166 60647 19820 40827 5129 2191 2938 864 260 604 29 15 14 31973 17855 14118 268679 71393 197286 38322 112 38210 135231 33561 101670 6355 1030 5325 60255 19407 40848 2803 1169 1634 965 305 660 12 8 4 31103 16839 14264 252953 65841 187112 37353 135 37218 125005 30451 94554 6203 998 5205 59609 19019 40590 116 57 59 1124 338 786 13 7 6 29746 15841 13905

8.4

Absolvenii pe niveluri de educaie (nvmnt de zi, seral i cu frecven redus) Graduates by level of education (full time, part-time and part-time attendance education)
2005/2006 231842 114111 185255 100122 150187 57322 15899 10462 1251 47 112244 65578 2006/2007 219507 108294 187576 100541 133829 50623 12660 8322 1172 96 125499 74459 2007/2008 207798 102485 218205 112982 113084 43175 12986 9660 1339 100 232885 151092 2008/2009 204018 100346 202113 103574 100901 38303 17574 11406 2909 223 214826 128010 2009/2010 198981 97538 204863 103544 89805 32259 19232 12845 2952 233 191291 118992

Anul colar / School year nvmnt gimnazial Secondary education din care: feminin / of which: female nvmnt liceal High school education din care: feminin / of which: female nvmnt profesional Vocational education din care: feminin / of which: female nvmnt postliceal i de maitri Post high school and foremen education din care: feminin / of which: female din care: /of which: nvmnt de maitri foremen education din care: feminin / of which: female nvmnt superior Tertiary education din care: feminin / of which: female

246

8.5
Total

Populaia colar pe niveluri de educaie i tipuri de coli1) School aged population by level of education and type of school1)
procente / percentage

2005/ 2006 100,0 14,5 21,0 44,9 21,5 23,4 8,2 15,2 8,9 6,3 1,0 0,9 0,1 18,6 15,4 0,6 2,6

2006/ 2007 100,0 14,5 20,5 43,5 20,5 23,0 8,1 14,9 9,3 5,6 0,8 0,7 0,1 20,7 17,2 0,3 3,2

2007/ 2008 100,0 14,2 19,0 42,4 20,3 22,1 7,8 14,3 9,5 4,8 1,0 0,9 0,1 23,4 19,8 0,1 3,5

2008/ 2009 100,0 14,4 19,0 41,2 19,7 21,5 7,8 13,7 9,5 4,2 1,2 1,1 0,1 24,2 19,6 **) 4,6

2009/ 2010 100,0 15,1 19,3 41,5 19,9 21,6 7,8 13,8 11,2 2,6 1,4 1,3 0,1 22,7 17,6 **) 5,1

2010/ 2011 100,0 15,9 19,6 42,2 20,4 21,8 8,0 13,8 12,5 1,3 1,7 1,5 0,2 20,6 15,9 **) 4,7 Total Pre-primary (pre-school) Primary (forms I-IV) Secondary Lower (forms V-VIII) Upper General (theoretical high school) Technical / vocational high school vocational Post secondary post high school foremen Tertiary (higher) long-term short-term (colleges) postuniversity

Preprimar (precolar) Primar (clase I-IV) Secundar Inferior (clase V-VIII) Superior General (liceu teoretic) Tehnic / vocaional liceu profesional Post secundar postliceal de maitri Teriar (superior) de lung durat de scurt durat (colegii) postuniversitar
1)

Conform Clasificrii Internaionale Standard a Educaiei (CISE) - 1997. / According to International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) - 1997.

8.6
Total

Gradul de cuprindere n nvmnt a populaiei de vrst colar Enrolment rate for school aged population
procente / percentage

2005/ 2006 76,0 80,4 98,0 96,2 73,5 51,2 74,1 79,6 98,1 96,2 71,5 46,5 78,0 81,2 97,8 96,2 75,6 56,1

2006/ 2007 77,3 80,9 97,0 95,0 75,7 55,9 75,3 80,0 97,2 95,1 73,9 50,5 79,5 81,9 96,9 94,9 77,7 61,5

2007/ 2008 79,7 81,8 96,0 94,4 77,4 63,8 77,2 81,1 96,2 94,6 75,4 57,3 82,3 82,6 95,7 94,2 79,5 70,5

2008/ 2009 79,6 81,7 95,0 94,4 79,2 63,3 77,4 80,9 95,2 94,5 77,4 57,5 82,0 82,6 94,8 94,3 81,1 69,2

2009/ 2010 78,7 81,9 94,9 94,5 81,3 59,3 76,8 81,2 95,2 94,7 80,2 54,0 80,7 82,6 94,7 94,4 82,5 64,8

2010/ 2011 77,6 82,1 94,6 94,0 80,8 56,0 76,0 81,4 94,8 94,2 80,1 51,3 79,3 82,8 94,4 93,7 81,5 60,9 Total 3 - 6 years 7 - 10 years 11 - 14 years 15 - 18 years 19 - 23 years and over Male 3 - 6 years 7 - 10 years 11 - 14 years 15 - 18 years 19 - 23 years and over Female 3 - 6 years 7 - 10 years 11 - 14 years 15 - 18 years 19 - 23 years and over

3 - 6 ani 7 - 10 ani 11 - 14 ani 15 - 18 ani 19 - 23 ani i peste Masculin 3 - 6 ani 7 - 10 ani 11 - 14 ani 15 - 18 ani 19 - 23 ani i peste Feminin 3 - 6 ani 7 - 10 ani 11 - 14 ani 15 - 18 ani 19 - 23 ani i peste

247

8.7

Elevii nscrii n nvmntul preuniversitar, dup studiul limbilor moderne Pupils enrolled in pre-university education, by foreign language studied
numr / number

Prima limb modern First foreign language 2005/ 2006 Total Limba Limba Limba Limba Limba Limba Limba Limba Limba Limba 2619377 1483773 1056792 64936 5113 5062 3223 108 135 235 583029 358312 207012 15189 872 1110 534 948881 513834 401718 28147 2729 1587 866 767439 442453 305887 15041 862 1433 1285 108 135 235 278278 134893 136003 5667 650 918 147 2006/ 2007 2541738 1513882 956428 59031 3737 5048 3163 74 132 230 13 568073 368319 183797 13984 475 1155 327 16 911756 516732 365339 25116 1941 1601 1027 780925 473634 289878 13457 909 1599 1015 58 132 230 13 245526 125540 112912 5847 412 693 122 2007/ 2008 2480878 1538900 877073 54405 2426 4427 3253 26 134 215 19 517694 353121 150486 12558 355 951 223 914039 538883 346930 24560 990 1513 1163 791348 497245 277786 12528 882 1568 945 26 134 215 19 215919 115395 95810 4066 199 395 54 2008/ 2009 2413768 1562729 792784 48981 1748 4784 2385 26 127 204 516223 361865 141506 11567 220 857 208 882938 545879 311931 21819 799 1586 924 784361 517163 252001 11530 599 1803 908 26 127 204 185745 101726 79976 3331 130 538 44 2009/ 2010 2372518 1610931 707378 44250 2632 4891 2101 26 115 194 509443 367974 129042 10883 304 1097 143 863036 559737 279413 20457 864 1608 957 837665 579417 243144 10700 1353 1824 892 26 115 194 112524 64170 46354 1541 72 362 25 2010/ 2011 2313361 1619742 644927 39943 989 4784 2680 117 179 486907 358433 117078 9856 140 1092 308 850605 571735 257436 18260 510 1483 1181 866543 613988 238735 10149 301 2127 947 117 179 52881 31309 20785 681 82 24 2005/ 2006 1516772 621616 738556 119213 23070 6048 8039 84 146 7353 2688 3373 1068 143 19 62 913263 388004 429565 72017 18156 3079 2420 22 564023 219183 290161 43315 4459 2832 3865 62 146 27710 11549 12761 2488 312 28 572 2006/ 2007 1550570 609992 789549 121681 15080 5438 8595 22 62 151 9516 4215 4096 905 149 129 22 877855 361845 430764 68393 11748 2736 2355 14 629281 231799 337000 49986 3093 2399 4805 48 151 30909 11930 16168 2204 88 132 387

A doua limb modern Second foreign language 2007/ 2008 1632878 619765 863217 126400 9831 5680 7889 96 7678 2987 3630 935 32 94 878373 349596 447875 68152 7452 3039 2250 9 708341 251932 391705 55217 2226 2338 4836 87 35881 15009 18356 1936 121 160 299 2008/ 2009 1631885 577506 909998 123160 6931 6268 7641 47 131 203 8134 3176 4018 641 39 81 132 47 848445 316713 457196 64998 4686 2837 2000 15 737825 243489 429356 54902 2134 3068 4557 116 203 35270 13813 18043 2468 72 282 592 2009/ 2010 1673000 541896 988818 122627 5889 6152 7290 24 87 217 8023 2756 4147 984 25 71 16 24 827324 285721 470829 62836 3443 2719 1776 813978 245913 500113 57052 2372 3099 5125 87 217 21501 7377 12020 1608 49 263 184 2010/ 2011 1682189 518541 1022121 121243 5313 6576 8062 24 54 255 5362 1922 2520 764 17 25 90 24 814023 267546 475652 62620 3585 2719 1901 847409 244667 534296 56897 1711 3636 5893 54 255 12828 4203 7706 702 137 80 Total English language French language German language Russian language Spanish language Italian language Greek language Japanese language Portuguese language Turkish language Primary education English language French language German language Russian language Spanish language Italian language Greek language Japanese language Secondary education English language French language German language Russian language Spanish language Italian language Portuguese language High school education English language French language German language Russian language Spanish language Italian language Greek language Japanese language Portuguese language Turkish language Vocational education English language French language German language Russian language Spanish language Italian language Post high school and foremen education English language French language German language Russian language Spanish language Italian language

englez francez german rus spaniol italian greac japonez portughez turc

nvmnt primar Limba englez Limba francez Limba german Limba rus Limba spaniol Limba italian Limba greac Limba japonez nvmnt gimnazial Limba englez Limba francez Limba german Limba rus Limba spaniol Limba italian Limba portughez nvmnt liceal Limba englez Limba francez Limba german Limba rus Limba spaniol Limba italian Limba greac Limba japonez Limba portughez Limba turc nvmnt profesional Limba englez Limba francez Limba german Limba rus Limba spaniol Limba italian nvmnt postliceal i de maitri Limba englez Limba francez Limba german Limba rus Limba spaniol Limba italian

41750 34281 6172 892 14 391

35458 29657 4502 627 672

41878 34256 6061 693 868

44501 36096 7370 734 301

49850 39633 9425 669 39 84

56425 44277 10893 997 38 220

4423 192 2696 325 90 1120

3009 203 1521 193 2 42 1048

2605 241 1651 160 143 410

2211 315 1385 151 360

2174 129 1709 147 189

2567 203 1947 260 59 98

248

249

8.8

nvmntul preuniversitar, dup limba de predare1) (nvmnt de zi, seral i cu frecven redus) Pre-university education, by teaching language1) (full time, part-time and part-time attendance education)
2005/ 2006 2006/ 2007 2007/ 2008 2008/ 2009 2009/ 2010 2010/ 2011

COPII I ELEVI NSCRII CHILDREN AND PUPILS ENROLLED nvmnt precolar Limba romn Limba maghiar Limba german Limba srb Limba ucrainean Limba slovac Limba ceh Limba bulgar Limba croat Limba romanes nvmnt primar i gimnazial Limba romn Limba maghiar Limba german Limba srb Limba ucrainean Limba slovac Limba ceh Limba croat Limba romanes Limba turc Limba engleza nvmnt liceal Limba romn Limba maghiar Limba german Limba srb Limba ucrainean Limba slovac Limba croat Limba bulgar Limba engleza nvmnt profesional Limba romn Limba maghiar nvmnt postliceal i de maitri Limba romn Limba maghiar din care: nvmnt de maitri Limba romn Limba maghiar 648338 600920 41104 5408 276 236 227 16 20 97 34 648862 601137 41280 5417 272 280 219 28 81 94 54 650324 603025 41054 5122 235 320 259 29 78 127 75 652855 605635 41184 4975 252 309 253 22 60 87 78 666123 617934 41857 5356 224 309 226 22 47 73 75 673736 624092 42747 5982 144 298 251 12 62 75 73 Pre-school education Romanian language Hungarian language German language Serbian language Ukrainian language Slovakian language Czech language Bulgarian language Croatian language Romanes language Primary and secondary education Romanian language Hungarian language German language Serbian language Ukrainian language Slovakian language Czech language Croatian language Romanes language Turkish language English language High school education Romanian language Hungarian language German language Serbian language Ukrainian language Slovakian language Croatian language Bulgarian language English language Vocational education Romanian language Hungarian language Post high school and foremen education Romanian language Hungarian language of which: Foremen education Romanian language Hungarian language

1900561 1793992 96266 8977 287 159 661 50 42 48 79 767439 731769 30876 4101 131 208 164 57 133 284412 274273 10139

1842208 1737450 93944 9551 353 138 626 53 40 53 780925 745414 30968 3776 122 201 183 50 211 250383 240507 9876

1789693 1685749 92816 9981 247 115 587 55 52 91 791348 755562 31559 3528 114 198 220 80 87 220335 211565 8770

1752335 1649578 91732 9803 238 123 549 46 57 209 784361 748540 31616 3417 107 269 236 83 93 189254 181945 7309

1719676 1617465 90930 10147 198 115 529 38 69 185 837728 799905 33563 3373 112 307 292 78 98 115445 111224 4221

1691441 1589012 90779 10180 176 125 514 33 75 189 358 866543 826705 35452 3420 106 281 285 67 94 133 54538 52798 1740

43617 42105 1512 2821 2792 29

37697 36545 1152 2693 2664 29

45528 44426 1102 4534 4534 -

55089 53821 1268 6319 6319 -

62575 61390 1185 6315 6315 -

69967 68591 1376 6108 6108 -

1) Limba romn i limba minoritilor naionale. / Romanian language and language of national minorities.

250

8.8

nvmntul preuniversitar, dup limba de predare1) (nvmnt de zi, seral i cu frecven redus) - continuare Pre-university education, by teaching language1) (full time, part-time and part-time attendance education) - continued
2005/ 2006 2006/ 2007 2007/ 2008 2008/ 2009 2009/ 2010 2010/ 2011

PERSONAL DIDACTIC TEACHING STAFF nvmnt precolar Limba romn Limba maghiar Limba german Limba srb Limba ucrainean Limba slovac Limba ceh Limba bulgar Limba croat nvmnt primar i gimnazial Limba romn Limba maghiar Limba german Limba srb Limba ucrainean Limba slovac Limba ceh Limba croat Limba romanes Limba turc nvmnt liceal Limba romn Limba maghiar Limba german Limba srb Limba ucrainean Limba slovac Limba croat Limba bulgar nvmnt profesional Limba romn Limba maghiar nvmnt postliceal i de maitri Limba romn Limba maghiar din care: nvmnt de maitri Limba romn 35755 33552 2085 93 4 5 13 1 1 1 36555 34350 2073 91 10 6 13 2 6 4 37348 35083 2138 80 10 7 14 2 7 7 38253 35969 2146 89 13 9 15 2 5 5 38322 36004 2185 92 9 9 13 2 3 5 37353 35088 2137 94 6 8 9 1 5 5 Pre-school education Romanian language Hungarian language German language Serbian language Ukrainian language Slovakian language Czech language Bulgarian language Croatian language Primary and secondary education Romanian language Hungarian language German language Serbian language Ukrainian language Slovakian language Czech language Croatian language Romanes language Turkish language High school education Romanian language Hungarian language German language Serbian language Ukrainian language Slovakian language Croatian language Bulgarian language Vocational education Romanian language Hungarian language Post high school and foremen education Romanian language Hungarian language of which: Foremen education Romanian language

144489 137449 6699 248 29 3 50 11 61914 59210 2399 196 16 14 29 30 20 6234 6182 52

141601 134503 6727 286 27 4 53 1 62048 59474 2292 181 16 13 29 23 20 5643 5563 80

138972 132202 6424 273 10 3 59 1 61620 58974 2401 167 21 14 31 12 5939 5865 74

138560 131455 6685 309 16 2 55 1 37 60647 57893 2479 177 21 17 35 25 5129 5098 31

135231 128411 6451 295 10 2 47 1 14 60255 57519 2473 186 19 16 35 7 2803 2790 13

118802 112490 6001 262 2 36 1 10 59609 56929 2420 175 19 18 39 9 116 116 -

1099 1083 16 26 26

888 863 25 18 18

1006 994 12 10 10

864 850 14 29 29

965 959 6 12 12

1124 1121 3 13 13

1) Limba romn i limba minoritilor naionale. / Romanian language and language of national minorities.

251

8.9

nvmntul liceal, pe profiluri (nvmnt de zi, seral i cu frecven redus) High school education, by profile (full time, part-time and part-time attendance education)
2005/2006 2006/2007 1421 557 469 35 15 3 14 130 30 45 33 4 74 12 2007/2008 1426 558 483 23 12 15 136 28 45 34 4 75 13 2008/2009 1444 560 487 22 10 18 150 27 45 34 4 73 14 2009/2010 1638 554 605 53 10 4 20 171 25 45 33 3 74 41 2010/2011 1643 554 589 56 9 3 17 188 25 45 33 3 76 45

Licee / High schools Licee i colegii teoretice1) Theoretical high schools and colleges1) Licee industriale2) Industrial high schools2) Licee agricole Agricultural high schools Licee silvice Sylvicultural high schools Licee agromontane Agromountain high schools Licee veterinare Veterinary high schools Licee economice i administrative Economic and administrative high schools coli normale Pedagogical schools Licee de art Art high schools Licee cu program de educaie fizic Sports high schools Licee militare Military high schools Seminarii teologice Theological seminaries Licee speciale Special high schools Elevi nscrii / Pupils enrolled Licee i colegii teoretice1) Theoretical high schools and colleges1) Licee industriale2) Industrial high schools2) Licee agricole Agricultural high schools Licee silvice Sylvicultural high schools Licee agromontane Agromountain high schools Licee veterinare Veterinary high schools Licee economice i administrative Economic and administrative high schools coli normale Pedagogical schools Licee de art Art high schools Licee cu program de educaie fizic Sports high schools Licee militare Military high schools Seminarii teologice Theological seminaries Licee speciale Special high schools

1410 554 455 44 17 3 17 125 30 45 32 4 73 11

767439 368821 228091 9550 7551 3707 4544 90468 10540 14111 14828 1629 12869 730

780925 361917 250510 7531 6276 2996 3625 96661 8812 13931 14418 1434 12188 626

791348 355586 265127 6583 5186 2672 3616 104674 6947 13522 13863 1358 11552 662

784361 352739 258273 7680 3913 1989 4508 109797 5463 13588 13947 1202 10242 1020

837728 344449 297941 11368 4156 2248 5016 126220 4748 13778 14324 1227 10190 2063

866543 338829 313110 13729 3738 2657 5363 139529 5639 13915 14761 1289 10294 3690

1) Inclusiv liceele de informatic. / Including the informatics high schools. 2) Inclusiv liceele de metrologie. / Including the metrology high schools.

252

8.9

nvmntul liceal, pe profiluri (nvmnt de zi, seral i cu frecven redus) - continuare High school education, by profile (full time, part-time and part-time attendance education) - continued
2005/2006 2006/2007 187576 90311 54520 2235 2044 1128 1772 22019 2636 3561 3771 360 3071 148 2007/2008 218205 91252 79916 1978 1710 995 728 27734 2518 3472 3747 435 3530 190 2008/2009 202113 89138 68289 1883 1098 614 742 28535 2326 3224 3283 318 2427 236 2009/2010 2010/2011 204863 86350 74001 2242 862 352 1057 29369 1053 3300 3386 280 2468 143 3)

Absolveni / Graduates Licee i colegii teoretice1) Theoretical high schools and colleges1) Licee industriale2) Industrial high schools2) Licee agricole Agricultural high schools Licee silvice Sylvicultural high schools Licee agromontane Agromountain high schools Licee veterinare Veterinary high schools Licee economice i administrative Economic and administrative high schools coli normale Pedagogical schools Licee de art Art high schools Licee cu program de educaie fizic Sports high schools Licee militare Military high schools Seminarii teologice Theological seminaries Licee speciale Special high schools Personal didactic / Teaching staff Licee i colegii teoretice1) Theoretical high schools and colleges1) Licee industriale2) Industrial high schools2) Licee agricole Agricultural high schools Licee silvice Sylvicultural high schools Licee agromontane Agromountain high schools Licee veterinare Veterinary high schools Licee economice i administrative Economic and administrative high schools coli normale Pedagogical schools Licee de art Art high schools Licee cu program de educaie fizic Sports high schools Licee militare Military high schools Seminarii teologice Theological seminaries Licee speciale Special high schools

185255 90250 52297 2511 2239 955 1911 21716 2665 3435 3621 461 3014 180

61914 22156 25361 1809 747 94 531 4866 1414 2297 1293 110 973 263

62048 22290 25719 1452 652 73 441 5177 1362 2424 1253 107 897 201

61620 22012 26019 802 485 511 5679 1246 2407 1260 99 931 169

60647 21987 25017 820 364 623 5872 1161 2347 1175 94 959 228

60255 20988 24587 923 322 62 677 6167 1057 2578 1150 88 1036 620

59609 20617 23857 999 213 80 669 6528 1025 2555 1045 85 1072 864

1) Inclusiv liceele de informatic. / Including the informatics high schools. 2) Inclusiv liceele de metrologie. / Including the metrology high schools. 3) Anul colar 2010/2011 se ncheie dup examenul de corigen din toamn. / 2010/2011 school year ends after the autumn second

examination.

253

8.10

nvmntul profesional, postliceal i de maitri, pe tipuri de coli i profiluri de pregtire Vocational, post high school and foremen education, by type of school and training profile
Elevi nscrii / Pupils enrolled 2005/ 2006 2006/ 2007 2007/ 2008 2008/ 2009 2009/ 2010 2010/ 2011 2005/ 2006 Absolveni / Graduated 2006/ 2007 2007/ 2008 2008/ 2009 2009/ 2010

coli profesionale Vocational schools Construcii de maini Engineering Electrotehnic i electronic Electrotechnics and electronics Mine Mines Petrol Oil Metalurgie Metallurgy Energetic Energy Chimie industrial Industrial chemistry Materiale de construcii Construction materials Construcii-montaj Assembly-construction Exploatarea i industrializarea lemnului Wood exploitation and processing Transporturi Transport

274041 240924 211345 181048 109847 51029 146429 130863 110597 98529 87731 66068 55392 46740 41022 22642 6772 32631 27719 21885 19224 17882

30650 26995 23595 19174

9986

3778 15360 13618 11450 10143

8413

137 1471 148 1744 2957 1455

16 991 59 1413 2569 1202

762 54 983 2313 878

813 39 674 1890 629

696 63 297 1072 452 8884

507 20 229 385 137 4059

126 896 84 1147 1531 676 9655

14 578 33 844 1361 590 8909

440 43 674 1265 454 8063

456 31 489 1203 352 7795

508 51 267 892 365 6898

19039 17270 16703 14728

15383 13431 11280

9113

5148

2129

7896

7286

5781

4736

3982

15299 13730 12235 10174 484 274 321 172 9808

9886 110 6074 8938 243 8364 1272 154 1352 6750

9222 12445 10822 63 2924 459 6793 262 6396

9534 290 5938

7885 158 5504 8187 262 7392 1434 200 1204 5909

7589 96 4874 6708 160 6351 1078 140 1131 5829

Pot i telecomunicaii Post and telecommunications Industrie alimentar Food industry Industrie uoar Light industry Poligrafie Poligraphy Gospodrirea apelor Water management Agricultur Agriculture Silvicultur Forestry Teologie Theology Turism Tourism Comer Trade Alimentaie public Public catering Industrie mic i prestri servicii Small-sized industry and rendering services Industrie Industry

12525 11908 10960

34738 26768 21087 15751 664 124 626 554 416 -

3357 18212 14421 10892 157 425 109 389 288 9280 1646 253 981 5735

25083 22203 18457 14710 3251 592 1773 3394 543 1569 3083 399 2083 2245 317 2331

3667 11545 11416 462 50 531 3206 1759 381 899 5407 1779 300 896 5960

10600 11415 11064 11001

23693 22640 21654 20092 13178

6355 14015 13077 11976 12151 11061

6163

6516

6140

5949

4265

2999

3978

4193

3729

3814

3456

21

20

254

8.10

nvmntul profesional, postliceal i de maitri, pe tipuri de coli i profiluri de pregtire - continuare Vocational, post high school and foremen education, by type of school and training profile - continued
Elevi nscrii / Pupils enrolled 2005/ 2006 2006/ 2007 9459 1458 7 16 1774 2007/ 2008 8990 1173 12 1677 2008/ 2009 8206 1098 8 10 1420 2009/ 2010 5598 807 7 10 908 2010/ 2011 3509 488 670 2005/ 2006 3758 335 18 5 12 823 Absolveni / Graduated 2006/ 2007 2966 387 6 520 2007/ 2008 2487 240 452 2008/ 2009 2372 262 7 431 2009/ 2010 2074 278 7 10 336

coli profesionale speciale 10371 Special vocational schools Construcii de maini Engineering Electrotehnic i electronic Electrotechnics and electronics Chimie industrial Industrial chemistry Materiale de construcii Construction materials Construcii-montaj Assembly-construction Exploatarea i industrializarea lemnului Wood exploitation and processing Transporturi Transport Industrie alimentar Food industry Industrie uoar Light industry Agricultur Agricult