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The plantation labour act 1951 A canteen in plantations employing 150 or more workers.

. Crche in plantations employing 5 or more women workers Recreational facilities for the workers and their children Educational arrangements in the estate for the children of workers Medical aid to workers and their families Appointment of a welfare officer in plantations employing 300 or more workers. The contract labour act, 1970 A canteen in every establishment employing 100 or more workers Rest rooms or other suitable alternative accommodation where the contract labour is required to halt at night in connection with work of an establishment. Provision for washing facilities. Provision for first-aid box equipped with prescribed contents. Welfare measure Labour welfare refers to all those efforts of employers, trade unions, voluntary organizations and governmental agencies which help employees feel better and perform better. Merits Social and economic development of the nation Remove dissatisfaction Develop loyalty Minimize social evils Improve the local image of the company Cut down labour turnover Agencies

a. Welfare facilities by the government b. Welfare activities by trade unions c. Welfare facilities by employers d. Welfare work by voluntary agencies Types 1. Economic services 2. Recreational services 3. Facilitative services i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. Canteen rest room and lunch room Housing facilities Medical facilities Washing facilities Educational facilities Leave travel concession APPROACHES 1) Policing theory According to this theory, the factory and other industrial workplaces provide ample opportunities for owners and managers of capital to exploit workers in an unfair manner. This could be done by making the labour work for long hours, by paying workers low wages, by keeping the work places in an unhygienic condition, by neglecting safety and health provisions and ignoring the provision of elementary human amenities. Religion theory It has two connotations, that is the investment and atonement aspects. The investment aspect of the religion theory implies that the fruits of today's deeds will be reaped tomorrow.

The atonement aspect of the religion theory implies that the present disabilities of a person are the result of the sins committed by him/her previously. Philanthropic theory It means affection for mankind. The philanthropic theory of labour welfare refers to the provision of good working conditions, crches and canteens out of pity on the part of the employers who want to remove the disabilities of workers. It is more common in social welfare. Eg: student hostels, drinking water facilities, donations to religious and educational institutions Paternalistic theory It is also called the trusteeship theory. The industrialist or the employer holds the total industrial estate, properties and the profits accruing from them, in trust. The property which he/she can use or abuse as he/she likes is not entirely his/her own. He/she holds it for his/her use, no doubt ,but also for the benefit of his/her workers, if not for the whole society. Functional theory It is also known as the efficiency theory of labour welfare. It implies that welfare facilities are provided to make the workers more efficient. If workers are fed properly, clothed adequately and treated kindly, and if the conditions of their work are congenial, they will work efficiently. Social theory The social theory implies that a factory is morally bound to improve the conditions of the society in addition to improving the condition of its employees. Labour welfare, as mentioned earlier, is gradually becoming social welfare. Placating theory

This theory is based on the assumption that appeasement pays when the workers are organized and are militant. Peace can be bought by welfare measures. Workers are like children who are intelligent, but not fully so. As crying children are pacified by sweets, workers should be pleased by welfare works. Public relations theory According to this theory, welfare activities are provided to create a good impression on the minds of the workers and the public, particularly the latter. Some employers proudly take their visitors round the plant to show how well they have organized their welfare activities. Eg: clean and safe working conditions, a good canteen, make a good impression on the workers, visitors and the public. Social security- meaning The social security term varies to country to country. In socialist country the nations goal is to provide complete citizen security.In capitalist country, a measure of protection is afforded to needy citizen in consistence with resources of the state. Components of social security 1. Medical care 2. Sickness benefit 3. Unemployment benefit 4. Old-age benefit 5. Employment injury benefit 6. Family benefit 7. Maternity benefit 8. Invalidity benefit 9) Survivors benefit

SOCIAL SECURITY IN INDIA 9. SOCIAL ASSISTANCE: the state finances the entire cost of the facilities and benefits. Here benefits are paid after examining the financial position of the beneficiary SOCIAL INSURANCE: the state organizes the facilities financed by contributions from both the workers and employers, with or without a subsidy from the state. Draw backs The social security measures are fragmented in character. All social security provsions need to be integrated into one act. The burden of social security benefits, at present, is borne predominantly by the employer. Very little contribution is made by the workers or the state. This is against the social security principle The social security benefits at present cover industrial workers only. Workers in the unorganized sector do not get these benefits. There is no effective implementation and enforcement of the acts pertaining to social security schemes Law and acts Womens compensation act 1923 This act provides social security to the employees of a company by providing them compensation against various risks. A company is liable to pay the compensation only if the accident or the injury to the employee has been caused during the course of employment. This act is also provides overtime pay and the value of concessions or benefits in the form of food, clothing, and accommodation The amount of compensation that a company needs to pay an employee depends on the type of injury or disability suffered by the employee. Gainsharing is a system of management in which an organization seeks higher levels of performance through the involvement and participation of its people. It is a team approach; (group incentive plan)generally all the employees at a site or operation are included.

Gain sharing measures are typically based on operational measures. which are more controllable by employees rather than organization-wide profits. Gain sharing applies to all types of business that require employee collaboration ELEMENTS Gains and resulting payouts are based on savings generated by improved performance. Gains haring commonly applies to a single site, or stand-alone organization. Many plans often have a year-end reserve fund to account for deficit periods. Employees are involved with the design process. A supporting employee involvement system is part of the plan in order to drive improvement initiatives. ADVANTAGES Helps companies achieve sustained improvement in key performance measures Rewards only performance improvement Payouts are self-funded from savings generated by the plan Aligns employees to organization goals Fosters a culture of continuous improvement Enhances employee focus and awareness Increases the feeling of ownership and accountability Enhances the level of involvement, teamwork and cooperation Supports other performance improvement efforts and helps promote positive change Promotes morale, pride, and more positive attitudes toward the organization DISADVANTAGES Measures are narrower than organization-wide profit and therefore gains may be paid even though profits may be down. Requires a participative management style

Requires that management openly shares information related to performance measur Employees may question or challenge management decisions that may adversely impact a gain. Applies best to a work environment that requires teamwork and collaboration rather that individual entrepreneurship Paid on the basis of group performance rather than individual merit 10) STEPS TO MAKE SALARY STRUCTURE