Sunteți pe pagina 1din 10

This is a free 9 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

SAA/SNZ MP74—1996

Miscellaneous Publication

Strategies for the development of standards for digital video and associated services

This is a free 9 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

This is a free 9 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

STRATEGIES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF STANDARDS FOR DIGITAL VIDEO AND ASSOCIATED SERVICES

SAA/SNZ MP74:1996

PUBLISHED JOINTLY BY:

STANDARDS AUSTRALIA 1 THE CRESCENT HOMEBUSH, NSW 2140 AUSTRALIA

STANDARDS NEW ZEALAND LEVEL 10 STANDARDS HOUSE

This is a free 9 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

155 THE TERRACE WELLINGTON 6001 NEW ZEALAND

ISBN 0 7337 0269 4

This is a free 9 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

PREFACE

This strategy document was prepared by a Task Group established by the Joint Australia/New Zealand Electrotechnology Standards Policy Board and the document is published under the Board’s auspices. The Digital Video Services Task Group was established to investigate the Standards and standards development strategies necessary for the delivery of open-access digital video services

The document was prepared, inter alia, to highlight the role Standards can play in overcoming the pitfalls of engaging in the piecemeal development of what will ultimately become a very complex delivery system for many services, some as yet unknown. It proposes a series of steps which Australia and New Zealand need to take to ensure that adequate Standards processes are in place to support the wide range of digital services that are foreseen. The document emphasises that appropriate and effective Standards are fundamental to the realization of the full range of commercial and entertainment benefits which are perceived as ‘possible’ with the emerging digital communications technologies.

While the work was started in Australia and New Zealand without the benefit of the full knowledge of the work which was going on in other groups in other parts of the world, the model of the service delivery system which has now emerged matches very closely the models which had been developed elsewhere. In addition, the strategy document draws heavily on the overseas Standards that have already been developed, in the digital television context. This alignment with international Standards development accords with Australia’s commitment to the Technical Barriers to Trade Code of the World Trade Organisation.

The strategy document is presented to act as a guide for standards implementation in Australia and New Zealand, with the confidence that the direction proposed is closely aligned with the developments in other countries yet that it is flexible enough to accommodate as yet unknown services.

© Copyright STANDARDS AUSTRALIA/STANDARDS NEW ZEALAND

Users of Standards are reminded that copyright subsists in all Standards Australia and Standards New Zealand publications and software. Except where the Copyright Act allows and except where provided for below no publications or software produced by Standards Australia or Standards New Zealand may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system in any form or transmitted by any means without prior permission in writing from Standards Australia or Standards New Zealand. Permission may be conditional on an appropriate royalty payment. Australian requests for permission and information on commercial software royalties should be directed to the head office of Standards Australia. New Zealand requests should be directed to Standards New Zealand.

Up to 10 percent of the technical content pages of a Standard may be copied for use exclusively in-house by purchasers of the Standard without payment of a royalty or advice to Standards Australia or Standards New Zealand.

Inclusion of copyright material in computer software programs is also permitted without royalty payment provided such programs are used exclusively in-house by the creators of the programs.

Care should be taken to ensure that material used is from the current edition of the Standard and that it is updated whenever the Standard is amended or revised. The number and date of the Standard should therefore be clearly identified.

The use of material in print form or in computer software programs to be used commercially, with or without payment, or in commercial contracts is subject to the payment of a royalty. This policy may be varied by Standards Australia or Standards New Zealand at any time.

This is a free 9 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

CONTENTS

1.

SUMMARY

7

1.1

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

7

1.1.1 Objectives for Future Digital Video Services Standards Development

7

1.1.2 Government Support for Standards

8

1.1.3 The Reference Model

9

1.1.4 Urgent Standards Requirements

9

1.2

INTRODUCTION

12

1.3

PRINCIPLES TO FOLLOW

16

1.4

TECHNICAL STANDARD RECOMMENDATIONS

17

2.

TERMS OF REFERENCE OF THE DVSTG

21

2.1

TERMS OF REFERENCE

21

2.2

PURPOSE OF THE STRATEGY DOCUMENT

22

3.

POLICY BACKGROUND AND REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT

23

3.1

AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT POLICY AND OBJECTIVES

23

3.1.1 Post-1997 Telecommunications Policy Framework

23

3.1.2 Post-1997 Technical Regulation

24

3.1.3 Government Objectives relating to Digital Video Services

24

3.2 NEW ZEALAND GOVERNMENT POLICY

24

3.3 UNIQUE CHARACTERISTICS OF AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND

25

 

3.3.1 Australia

25

3.3.2 New Zealand

26

3.4

REVIEW OF OTHER NATIONS’ APPROACHES

26

3.4.1 Europe

26

3.4.2 United Kingdom

27

3.4.3 United States of America

28

3.4.4 Canada

28

3.4.5 Japan

29

4.

ANALYSIS OF ISSUES

31

4.1

END USER

31

4.1.1 General

31

4.1.2 Issues of Access, Universality and Equity

33

4.1.3 Interactivity and Bidirectional Communications

34

4.1.4 End User Premises Cabling

34

4.1.5 Environmental Considerations

34

4.2

CONTENT PROVIDER

35

4.2.1 Generic Issues

35

4.2.2 Specific Issues - sourced from the Australian Broadcasting Commission (ABC)

35

4.2.3

Specific Issues - sourced from FOXTEL and Optus Vision

36

This is a free 9 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

4.3 SERVICE PROVIDER - SOURCED FROM FOXTEL AND OPTUS VISION

37

4.4 TRANSPORT SERVICE PROVIDER - SOURCED FROM TELSTRA AND OPTUS COMMUNICATIONS

38

4.5 OPPORTUNITIES FOR AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY

40

 

4.5.1 Opportunities for Industry

40

4.5.2 Industry Development

42

5.

TECHNICAL STANDARDS

45

5.1

STANDARDS PHILOSOPHY IN AUSTRALIA

45

5.1.1 General

45

5.1.2 Regulatory Standards Setting

46

5.1.3 National Standards Setting

48

5.2 STANDARDS PHILOSOPHY IN NEW ZEALAND

49

5.3 SUMMARY OF EXISTING STANDARDS

51

5.4 STANDARDS REFERENCE MODEL

51

 

5.4.1 A Reference Model and Standard Interfaces

51

5.4.2 Customer Premises Cabling

54

5.5

STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT PROPOSAL

55

6.

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

57

6.1

PRINCIPLES TO FOLLOW

57

6.2

TECHNICAL STANDARD RECOMMENDATIONS

64

ATTACHMENT 1 - BACKGROUND

67

A1.1

THE FORMATION OF THE DVSTG

67

A1.2

MISSION OF THE DVSTG

71

A1.3

MEMBERSHIP OF THE DVSTG

71

ATTACHMENT 2 - MEMBERSHIP OF THE DVSTG

73

ATTACHMENT 3 - GLOSSARY AND ACRONYMS

75

A3.1

GLOSSARY OF MAJOR TERMS

75

A3.2

ACRONYMS

79

ATTACHMENT 4 - EUROPEAN UNION DIRECTIVE

83

ATTACHMENT 5 - A REFERENCE MODEL FOR DIGITAL SERVICES

91

A5.1 BACKGROUND

91

A5.2 SCOPE

94

A5.3 OTHER REFERENCE MODELS

94

This is a free 9 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

A5.4 DVSTG REFERENCE MODEL & PHYSICAL INTERFACE OPTIONS

96

A5.5 DVSTG REFERENCE MODEL DETAILS

101

Reference Points

101

Functional Blocks

102

Extensions to the Reference Model

106

A5.6 ILLUSTRATIVE APPLICATIONS

108

Example 1

108

Example 2

109

Example 3

110

Example 4

111

ATTACHMENT 5A - LAYERED REFERENCE MODELS

112

A5A.1 OSI 7-LAYER MODEL DESCRIPTION

114

Layer 7 Application Layer

114

Layer 6 Presentation Layer

115

Layer 5 Session Layer

115

Layer 4 Transport Layer

115

Layer 3 Network Layer

116

Layer 2 Data Link Layer

117

Layer 1 Physical Layer

117

A5A.2 COMMUNICATION OVER MULTIPLE NETWORKS IN TERMS OF THE OSI MODEL

119

A5A.3 ANALOGY OF THE DVSTG MODEL TO THE OSI MODEL

120

ATTACHMENT 5B - COMPARISON OF DVSTG & DAVIC MODELS

121

A5B.1 BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES

121

A5B.2

DAVIC OVERVIEW

121

A5B.3 MAPPING OF DVSTG AND DAVIC MODELS

123

ATTACHMENT 6 - INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITIES

125

A6.1

HARDWARE

125

A6.2

SOFTWARE

126

A6.3

APPLICATIONS

126

A6.4

OTHER

126

ATTACHMENT 7 - BIBLIOGRAPHY

127

ATTACHMENT 8 - RELEVANT STANDARDS

129

ITU

129

ISO/IEC

129

ETSI

130

DVB

130

NEW ZEALAND STANDARDS

131

This is a free 9 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

ATTACHMENT 9 - POLICY PRINCIPLES

133

Carrier rights of interconnection and access

133

Service provider right of interconnection

133

Service provider right of access

134

Access rights to services not covered by carrier access undertakings

134

Guaranteed access to equipment and subscriber management systems

134

Provision to continue broadband direction

134

Universal service

134

Information

135

First published as SAA/SNZ MP74:1996.

This is a free preview. Purchase the entire publication at the link below: This is

This is a free preview. Purchase the entire publication at the link below:

This is a free 9 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

   

Learn about other SAI Global Services:

 
Database of European Law, CELEX and Court Decisions Need to speak with a Customer Service Representative

Need to speak with a Customer Service Representative - Contact Us