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108

108 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my Analysis [4541/1] [4541/2]

SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012

108 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my Analysis [4541/1] [4541/2]

JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my

SPM 2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my Analysis [4541/1] [4541/2] [4541/3] Chemistry
Analysis [4541/1] [4541/2] [4541/3] Chemistry

Analysis

Analysis [4541/1] [4541/2] [4541/3] Chemistry

[4541/1]

[4541/2]

[4541/3]

Chemistry

Analysis [4541/1] [4541/2] [4541/3] Chemistry
SPM 2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my Analysis [4541/1] [4541/2] [4541/3] Chemistry
SPM 2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my Analysis [4541/1] [4541/2] [4541/3] Chemistry
SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 109 Chemistry Paper 1 1. Diagram 1 shows the electron arrangement

SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012

109

Chemistry Paper 1 1. Diagram 1 shows the electron arrangement of an atom of element

Chemistry

Paper 1

1. Diagram 1 shows the electron arrangement of an atom of element P.

5.

P
P
 

A

B

C

 

Diagram 1

D

What is the number of valence electrons in atom P ?

6.

A 7

C

5

A

B 6

D

4

B

 

C

2. What are the symbols of the elements of chromium, copper , manganese and potassium?

 

D

A

B

C

D

A B C D

7.

 

A

Lead(II) iodide

B

Barium sulphate

C

Calcium chloride

D

Magnesium carbonate

3. The following statement is about the arrangement of the elements in the Periodic Table of Elements.

8.

Elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic mass in The Periodic Table

Which of the following scientists made the above statement?

A Meyer

C

Mendeleev

B Newlands

D

Dobereiner

 

Temperature / o C

4. Diagram 2 shows the set-up of the apparatus for electrolysis.

 

A

450

B 200

B

200

C

450

D

300

9.

 

compound?

A Calsium carbonate, CaCO 3

Diagram 2 Which of the following compounds could be used as substance X?

A Ethene, C 2 H 4

B Sodium chloride solution, NaCl

C Chloromethane, CH 3 Cl

D Ethyl ethanoate, CH 3 COOC 2 H 5

B Carbonic acid, H 2 CO 3

C Carbon dioxide, CO 2

D Glucose, C 6 H 12 O 6

Carbon dioxide, CO 2 D Glucose, C 6 H 1 2 O 6 [4541/1] Catalyst Vanadium(V)

[4541/1]

[4541/1]

Catalyst

Vanadium(V) oxide

Vanadium(V) oxide

Iron powder

Iron powder

What are the ions present in molten sodium chloride and sodium chloride aqueous solution?

molten sodium chloride and sodium chloride aqueous solution? Which of the following solutions can show a

Which of the following solutions can show a pH value of 8?

0.1 mol dm -3 of ethanoic acid

0.1 mol dm -3 of hydrochloric acid

0.1 mol dm -3 of ammonia solutio

0.1 mol dm -3 of sodium hydroxide solution

Which of the following compounds is a soluble salt?

Diagram 3 shows the stages involved in the Contact Process to produce sulphuric acid.

involved in the Contact Process to produce sulphuric acid. Diagram 3 Which of the following represent

Diagram 3

Which of the following represent the temperature and the catalyst in stage 1?

of the following represent the temperature and the catalyst in stage 1? Which of the following
of the following represent the temperature and the catalyst in stage 1? Which of the following
of the following represent the temperature and the catalyst in stage 1? Which of the following
of the following represent the temperature and the catalyst in stage 1? Which of the following
of the following represent the temperature and the catalyst in stage 1? Which of the following
of the following represent the temperature and the catalyst in stage 1? Which of the following
of the following represent the temperature and the catalyst in stage 1? Which of the following
of the following represent the temperature and the catalyst in stage 1? Which of the following
of the following represent the temperature and the catalyst in stage 1? Which of the following
of the following represent the temperature and the catalyst in stage 1? Which of the following

Which of the following compounds is an organic

in stage 1? Which of the following compounds is an organic JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman

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in stage 1? Which of the following compounds is an organic JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman
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110

110 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my 10. Diagram 4 shows

SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012

110 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my 10. Diagram 4 shows

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2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my 10. Diagram 4 shows the graph of volume

10. Diagram 4 shows the graph of volume of carbon dioxide gas against time when 5 g of marble chips is added to 50 cm 3 of 0.2 mol dm -3 hydrochloric acid.

Volume of CO 2 gas / cm 3
Volume of CO 2 gas / cm 3

Diagram 4

At what time the rate of reaction the highest?

A t 1

B

t 2

C

t 3

D

t 4

11. Which statement is correct about noble gases?

A Exist as diatomic molecules

B Do not form chemical bonds

C Form ions with different valencies

D Combine with transition metals to form coloured compounds

12. Which of the following substances has electrostatic forces between its particles?

A

Naphthalene

C

Hydrogen chloride

B

Carbon dioxide

D

Magnesium oxide

13. rain causes the land to become acidic. Farmers

Acid

neutralize the acidity in the soil by adding

A lime

C

zinc nitre

B sulphur

D

ammonium sulphate

14. Atom of element X has a proton number of 13. Where is X located in the Periodic Table of Elements?

Group

Period

 

2

3

3

 

2

13

3

A B 3

C D 13

15. Which of the following substances is made up of atoms?

A Argon

C

Chlorine

B Nitrogen

D

Ammonia

16. Diagram 5 shows two examples of medicine Y

D Ammonia 16. Diagram 5 shows two examples of medicine Y Diagram 5 What is type

Diagram 5

What is type of medicine Y

A

Hormon

B

Analgesic

C

Antibiotic

D

Psychotherapeutic medicine

17. Diagram 6 shows the set up of apparatus to determine the empirical formula for metal oxide.

to determine the empirical formula for metal oxide. Diagram 6 Which of the following metals is

Diagram 6

Which of the following metals is most suitable to be used in the diagram 6?

A Lead

B Silver

C

D

Copper

Magnesium

18. Diagram below shows the formula of a nitrate salt

18. Diagram below shows the formula of a nitrate salt Which of the following are the

Which of the following are the possible ions of X?

I Silver ion

III

Carbonate ion

II Hydroxide ion

IV

Ammonium ion

A I and III only

C

II and III only

B I and IV only

D

II and IV only

19. Baking powder contains sodium hydrogen carbonate. It reacts with acidic substances to release

A

hydrogen

C

carbon dioxide

B

nitrogen

D

nitrogen dioxide

20. study of three metals M, N and O is carried out. It is

A

found that metal M has the highest tendency to lose electron while metal O has the least tendency. It can be summarised as below:

O has the least tendency. It can be summarised as below: Which of the following statements

Which of the following statements are true of the metals M,

N and O?

I displaces N from aqueous N nitrate

II will corrode if placed in contact with O in aqueous

M

M

M

nitrate

III is the positive terminal in a chemical cell using both

N

N

and O as electrodes

IV The voltage for chemical cell using M and O is bigger than chemical cell using N and O.

A I, II and III only

C

I, III and IV only

B I, II and IV only

D

II, III and IV only

21. Which of the following solutions have the same number of

hydrogen ions, H + , as in 50 cm 3 of 0.1 mol dm -3 sulphuric

acid,

H 2 SO 4 ?

 

I

100 cm 3 of 0.1 mol dm -3 hydrochloric acid, HCl

II

50 cm 3 of 0.2 mol dm -3 nitric acid, HNO 3

III

100 cm 3 of 0.1 mol dm -3 ethanoic acid, CH 3 COOH

IV

50 cm 3 of 0.1 mol dm -3 phosphoric acid, H 3 PO 4

A

I and II only

B

I and III only

C

III

and IV only

D

I, II and III only

acid, H 3 PO 4 A I and II only B I and III only C
acid, H 3 PO 4 A I and II only B I and III only C
SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 111 22. Diagram 7 shows molecular structure of a polymer. Diagram

SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012

111

22. Diagram 7 shows molecular structure of a polymer.

22. Diagram 7 shows molecular structure of a polymer. Diagram 7 What is the name of

Diagram 7

What is the name of the monomer of the polymer in the

diagram?

26. Diagram 9 represents the structural formula of a carbon compound.

9 represents the structural formula of a carbon compound. Diagram 9 Which of the following alcohol

Diagram 9 Which of the following alcohol reacts with propanoic acid to produce the above compound?

A Ethene

C

Propene

B Butene

D

Chloroethene

A

23. Table 1 shows the relative atomic mass of helium, carbon, sulphur and copper

B

B

Table 1 Which of the following statements is true? [ Avogadro constant = 6.0 x 10 23 mol -1 ]

C ? [ Avogadro constant = 6.0 x 10 2 3 mol - 1 ] D A

D ? [ Avogadro constant = 6.0 x 10 2 3 mol - 1 ] C A

[ Avogadro constant = 6.0 x 10 2 3 mol - 1 ] C D A
[ Avogadro constant = 6.0 x 10 2 3 mol - 1 ] C D A

A Mass of one copper atom is 64 g

B Mass of 1 mol of helium is 8 g

C 32 g of sulphur contains 6.02 x 10 23 sulphur atom

D Mass of one sulphur atom is 32 times bigger than one carbon atom

27. What is the oxidation number of nitrogen in NO 2 ?

A

+2

B

+3

C

+4

D

+6

24. Iron(III) ions can be reduced to iron(II) ions by substance X. Which of the following is substance X?

A Zinc

B Chlorine water

C Acidified potassium manganate(VII) solution

D Acidified potassium dichromate(VI) solution

28. A student discovered that a green apple that was cut into smaller pieces turned brown after 15 minutes. Which of the following substances should be added to prevent the browning of apple.

A

Ascorbic acid

B

Sugar

C

Alcohol

D

Lechitin

25. Diagram 8 shows the apparatus set-up used to study the rate of reaction of calcium carbonate and hydrochloric acid.

rate of reaction of calcium carbonate and hydrochloric acid. Diagram 8 The rate of the above

Diagram 8 The rate of the above reaction can be increased by

29. The following statement is about X 3+ ion.

X 3+ ion has 14 neutrons and 10 electrons.

Which of the following proton numbers and nucleon numbers shows for atom X?

Proton number

Nucleon number

A 10

14

B 10

27

C 13

14

D 13

27

A grinding the marble chips

B lowering the temperature of hydrochloric acid

C using a larger flask

D adding water to hydrochloric acid

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C using a larger flask D adding water to hydrochloric acid JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman
C using a larger flask D adding water to hydrochloric acid JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman
C using a larger flask D adding water to hydrochloric acid JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman

112

112 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my 30. Diagram 10 shows

SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012

112 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my 30. Diagram 10 shows

JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my

2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my 30. Diagram 10 shows the electron arrangement of

30.

Diagram 10 shows the electron arrangement of a compound formed between element T and element Q.

of a compound formed between element T and element Q.   Diagram 10   What group
 

Diagram 10

 

What group in the Periodic Table of Elements is element Q

located?

A 2

C

16

B 8

D

18

31.

Which of the following pairs of substances is most suitable to prepare copper(II) sulphate salt?

A Copper with dilute sulphuric acid

B Copper(II) chloride with dilute sulphuric acid

C Copper(II) carbonate with dilute sulphuric acid

D Copper(II) nitrate solution with sodium sulphate solution

32

Diagram 11 shows the set-up of apparatus of an electrolysis process.

11 shows the set-up of apparatus of an electrolysis process.   Diagram 11   Which of
 

Diagram 11

 

Which of the following electrolytes produce oxygen gas at electrode X ?

I 1.0 mol dm -3 hydrochloric acid

II 1.0 mol dm -3 sulphuric acid

III 1.0 mol dm -3 potassium nitrate solution

IV 1.0 mol dm -3 potassium bromide

A I and II only

C

III and IV only

B II and III only

D

II, III and IV only

33.

The following equation represents the reaction between sodium hydroxide solution and dilute sulphuric acid.

H 2 SO 4 + 2NaOH → Na 2 SO 4 + 2H 2 O

What is the volume of 0.5 mol dm -3 sulphuric acid needed to neutralise 50 cm 3 of 0.5 mol dm -3 sodium hydroxide?

A 12.5 cm 3

C

50.0 cm 3

B 25.0 cm 3

D

75.0 cm 3

34. Which of the following statements explains why ceramic is suitable to make an engine block?

A Ceramic is chemically inert

B Ceramic is an electric conductor

C Ceramic can withstand high temperature

D Ceramic has a low specific heat capacity

35. Table 2 shows the proton number of elements S, T, U and V.

Table 2 shows the proton number of elements S, T, U and V. Table 2 What

Table 2

What is the arrangement of elements S, T, U and V in ascending order of atomic size?

A

S, T, U, V

B

S, V, T, U

C

V, U, T, S

D

U, T, S, V

36. C 4 H 8 is the molecular formula for isomers X and Y.

Which of the following statements is true of isomers X and

Y?

A

X and Y have similar molecular structure

B

X and Y have similar chemical properties

C

X and Y have different relative molecular mass

D

X and Y have similar physical properties

37. Diagram 12 shows curve X obtained when 8 g of granulated zinc (in excess) is reacted with 50 cm 3 of 1 mol dm -3 sulphuric acid.

with 50 cm 3 of 1 mol dm - 3 sulphuric acid. Diagram 12 Which of

Diagram 12

Which of the following reactions produces curve Y?

A 8 g zinc powder + 50 cm 3 of 2 mol dm -3 sulphuric acid

B 8 g zinc powder + 50 cm 3 of 1 mol dm -3 of sulphuric acid

C 8 g granulated zinc + 100 cm 3 of 1 mol dm -3 of sulphuric acid

D 8 g granulated zinc + 50 cm 3 of 2 mol dm -3 of sulphuric acid

3 of 1 mol dm - 3 of sulphuric acid D 8 g granulated zinc +
3 of 1 mol dm - 3 of sulphuric acid D 8 g granulated zinc +
SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 113 38. The following statements are about atom G and J.

SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012

113

38. The following statements are about atom G and J.

• Electron arrangement of atom G is 1

• Proton number of atom J is 6

What

is the formula of the compound formed between G

and J?

A JG

JG

B 2

C

D

J 4 G

JG 4

39. Caffeine is found in coffee bean. Its molecular formular is

C 4 H 5 N 2 O. If one coffee bean contains 0.02 mol of caffeine, determine the mass of the compound in ten coffee beans [Relative Atomic Mass ; C, 12 ; H, 1 ; N, 14 ; O, 16]

A 0.97 g

C

9.70 g

B 1.9 g

D

19.4 g

40. 7 g of potassium hydroxide is dissolved in distilled water to form 250 cm 3 of solution. What is the molarity of the potassium hydroxide solution? [Relative Atomic Mass: H,1 ; O,16 ; K, 39]

 

A

0.03 mol dm -3

C

0.30 mol dm -3

B

0.05 mol dm -3

D

0.50 mol dm -3

41.

Table

4 shows the proton number of element X and Y.

Table 4 shows the proton number of element X and Y. Table 4 Which of the

Table 4 Which of the following is true for compound formed between X and Y?

 

Bonding type

Electrical conductivity

 

A

Ionic

in aqueous and molten state

B

Covalent

in aqueous and molten state

C

Covalent

in aqueous state only

D

Ionic

in molten state only

42.

Table

5 shows the results of an experiment for three chemical

cells P, Q and R.

of an experiment for three chemical cells P, Q and R. Table 5 Which of the

Table 5 Which of the following arrangements of metals X, Y and Z is in descending order of electropositivity in the electrochemical series?

43. Diagram 15 shows curve W obtained from the decomposition of 20 cm 3 of 0.40 mol dm -3 hydrogen peroxide solution, H 2 O 2 , using 0.2 g of manganese (IV) oxide as catalyst at a temperature of 30 0 C.

(IV) oxide as catalyst at a temperature of 30 0 C. Diagram 15 Which of the

Diagram 15

Which of the following experiments will produce curve X?

A

B

C

D

of the following experiments will produce curve X? A B C D 44. Table 6 shows

44. Table 6 shows the melting and boiling points of substances P, Q, R and S.

the melting and boiling points of substances P, Q, R and S. Table 6 Which of

Table 6

Which of the following substances has the highest kinetic energy at room temperature?

A P

C

R

B Q

D

S

45. The following equation shows the complete combustion of propene gas.

3H 2 O(g)

Which of the following statements are true when 1 mol of propene gas is burnt completely? [Relative atomic Mass : C 3 H 8 , 44 ; O 2 , 32 ; CO 2 , 44 ; H 2 O, 18, Molar volume of gas 22.4 dm 3 mol 1 at S.T.P.]

I Complete combustion of 0.1 mol of propene produces 5.4 g of water

II Complete combustion of 1 mol of propene gas produces 2 mol of water

III Complete combustion of 4.2 g of propene requires 14.4g of oxygen.

IV Complete combustion of 0.1 mol of propene produces 6.72 dm 3 carbon dioxide gas at s.t.p.

C 3 H 6 (g)

+

9/2 O 2 (g)

3CO 2 (g)

+

A Z, X, Y

C

X, Y, Z

A I and II only

C

II and IV only

B Z, Y, X

D

X, Z, Y

B I and IV only

D

I, III and IV

B Z, Y, X D X, Z, Y B I and IV only D I, III

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B Z, Y, X D X, Z, Y B I and IV only D I, III
B Z, Y, X D X, Z, Y B I and IV only D I, III
B Z, Y, X D X, Z, Y B I and IV only D I, III

114

114 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my 46. Ammonium sulphate, (NH

SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012

114 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my 46. Ammonium sulphate, (NH

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2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my 46. Ammonium sulphate, (NH 4 ) 2 SO
46. Ammonium sulphate, (NH 4 ) 2 SO 4 is an example of a fertilizer.
46. Ammonium sulphate, (NH 4 ) 2 SO 4 is an example of a
fertilizer. Calculate the percentage of nitrogen in 1 mole of
ammonium sulphate.
[Relative Atomic Mass: N, 14 ; H,1 ; S,32 ; O,16]
48.
Metal M forms a chloride compound with the formula MCl 3 .
Given the formula of chromate (IV) ions is CrO 4 2- , then the
formula of M chromate is
A MCrO 4
C
M(CrO 4 ) 3
A 12.12 %
B M 2 CrO 4
D
M 2 (CrO 4 ) 3
B 21.21 %
C 23.23 %
49
Diagram 17 shows the process to produce compound J.
D 31.31 %
47. Diagram 16 shows an apparatus set up to investigate a
redoxreaction by tranferring electrons at a distance.
Diagram 17
Which of the following structural formulas is of compound
J?
O
A
||
CH 3 —C—O—CH 2 —CH 3
O
B
||
CH 3 —C—O—CH 2 —CH 2 —CH
3
O
C
||
CH 3 —CH 2 —C—O—CH 2 —CH
Diagram 16
3
O
In this reaction, electron flow from electrodee P to electrode Q.
Which of the following are the correct solution for P and Q?
D
||
CH 3 —CH 2 —C—O—CH 2 —CH 2 —CH 3
Solution X
Solution Y
Iron(II) sulphate
A
Bromine water
50.
solution
The empirical formula of a hydrocarbon is CH 2 . Its relative
molecular mass is 56. What is the molecular formula of the
Potassium iodide
B
Bromine water
hydrocarbon?
solution
[Relative atomic mass: H, 1; C, 12 ]
Acidified potassium
C
Potassium iodide
dichromate(VI)
solution
A. C 3 H
solution
8
B. C 4 H
Acidified potassium
8
D
Potassium iodide
C. C 4 H
dichromate(VI)
10
solution
D. C 5 H
solution
10
8 B. C 4 H Acidified potassium 8 D Potassium iodide C. C 4 H dichromate(VI)
8 B. C 4 H Acidified potassium 8 D Potassium iodide C. C 4 H dichromate(VI)
SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 115 Chemistry Paper 2 1. SECTION A Answer All Questions Contact

SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012

115

Chemistry Paper 2 1. SECTION A Answer All Questions Contact process Sulphuric acid Haber process

Chemistry

Paper 2

1.

SECTION A Answer All Questions

Contact process Sulphuric acid Haber process Compound X
Contact process
Sulphuric acid
Haber process
Compound X

(a)

State the name of compound X.

(b)

Write the formula of compound Y.

(c)

(d)

Urea, (NH 4 ) 2 CO and compound Y are two type of fertilizers.

(i)

Calculate the percentage of nitrogen by mass in both fertilizers. [Relative Atomic Mass ; H, 1 ; C, 12 ; N, 14 ; O, 16 ; S, 32]

(ii)

Which fertilizers is a better for the growth of plants? Explain why.

(e)

 

(i)

Why we cannot burn the synthetic polymer?

(ii)

State one way to overcome the problem in (e)(i).

(ii) State one way to overcome the problem in (e)(i). [4541/2] [1 mark] [1 mark] [1

[4541/2]

[4541/2]

[1 mark]

[1 mark]

[1 mark]

[2 marks]

[2 marks]

[1 mark]

[1 mark]

Diagram below shows an industrial preparation of compound Y from the product of Contact process and Haber process.

Compound Y

Sulphur dioxide, SO 2 is one of the product of the Contact process that can cause acid rain. State one effect of acid rain to the environmental.

Sulphuric acid is one of the raw materials to produce synthetic polymers. However synthetic polymers are difficult to dispose.

polymers. However synthetic polymers are difficult to dispose. JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my

JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my

polymers. However synthetic polymers are difficult to dispose. JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my
polymers. However synthetic polymers are difficult to dispose. JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my
polymers. However synthetic polymers are difficult to dispose. JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my

116

116 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my 2. Diagram below shows

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116 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my 2. Diagram below shows

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2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my 2. Diagram below shows the graph of temperature

2. Diagram below shows the graph of temperature against time when solid of P is heated.

Temperature/ o C

63

A

time when solid of P is heated. Temperature/ o C 63 A F C B Time/s

F

C

when solid of P is heated. Temperature/ o C 63 A F C B Time/s (a)

B

when solid of P is heated. Temperature/ o C 63 A F C B Time/s (a)
when solid of P is heated. Temperature/ o C 63 A F C B Time/s (a)

Time/s

(a)

What is meaning of melting point?

 
 

[ 1 mark ]

(b)

State the melting point and boiling point of substance P.

 

Melting point

:

Boiling point

:

 

[2 marks]

(c)

Explain why temperature unchanged at BC?

 
 

[ 1 mark ]

(d)

Complete the table below by stating the physical state of substance P.

 
 
  [2 marks]

[2 marks]

(e)

Table below shows the melting point and boiling point of four substances.

 
 
   
 
 

(i)

What is the physical state of R and S at room temperature?

 

R :

 

S :

 

[2 marks]

 

(ii)

Draw the arrangement of particles of T at room temperature.

 
     

[ 1 mark ]

259

D

E
E
Draw the arrangement of particles of T at room temperature.         [ 1
Draw the arrangement of particles of T at room temperature.         [ 1
SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 117 3. Diagram below shows the chemical change occurred in copper

SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012

117

3. Diagram below shows the chemical change occurred in copper compound.

Copper(II) carbonate I II Copper(II) sulphate solution Copper(II) oxide IV III Copper metal
Copper(II) carbonate
I
II
Copper(II) sulphate solution
Copper(II) oxide
IV
III
Copper metal

(a)

Copper(II) carbonate is converted to copper(II) oxide in reaction I.

 

(i)

State the colour of copper(II) oxide.

 

[1 mark]

 

(ii)

Write the chemical equation for the reaction I.

 

[2 marks]

 

(iii)

4.0g copper(II) oxide is produced from the reaction I. Calculate mass of copper(II) carbonate used? [Relative Atomic Mass : Cu, 64 ; O, 16 ; C, 12]

 

[2 marks]

(b)

Copper metal can be changed to copper(II) sulphate solution in process III and then to copper(II) carbonate in process II.

(i)

Name the process II.

 

[1 mark]

 

(ii) Suggest the substances that used in process II and process III.

 

Process II

:

Process III

:

 

[2 marks]

(c)

Copper(II) oxide can be reduced to copper metal by passing the dry hydrogen gas. Draw a labeled diagram how to produce copper metal from the copper(II) oxide in the lab.

[2 marks]

4. Equation below shows the energy release from the reaction of iron and copper(II) sulphate solution. (Relative Atomic Mass : Cu, 64 ; Water heat specific capacity, 4.2 Jg 1 O C 1 )

Fe

+

CuSO 4

⎯→ Cu

+ FeSO 4

ΔH =

200kJmol 1

(a) Name the reaction represented by the equation above?

[1 mark]

Name the reaction represented by the equation above? [1 mark] JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web

JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my

Name the reaction represented by the equation above? [1 mark] JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web
Name the reaction represented by the equation above? [1 mark] JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web
Name the reaction represented by the equation above? [1 mark] JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web

118

118 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my (b) What meant ΔH

SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012

118 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my (b) What meant ΔH

JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my

2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my (b) What meant ΔH = −200kJmol − 1

(b) What meant ΔH = −200kJmol 1 from the equation above?

(c)

(d)

 

[1 mark]

Draw the energy level diagram for this reaction.

[3 marks]

If excess iron powder is added to the 100 cm 3 copper(II) sulphate solution 0.25 moldm 3 , calculate:

(i)

Temperature rise from this equation.

 

[3 marks]

(ii)

Mass of copper formed.

 

[1 mark]

(e) If iron powder is displaced by magnesium powder, predict the value of ΔH whether higher or lower than 200 kJmol 1 . Explain why?

(f )

Name one another metal that cannot displace copper from copper(II) sulphate solution.

H

H H H H | | | | ⎯ C = C ⎯ C ⎯
H
H
H
H
|
|
|
|
⎯ C
= C
⎯ C
⎯ C⎯ H
|
|
H
H

Compound P

5. Diagram above the structural formula of organic compound, P.

(a)

Name the compound P.

(b)

When compound P is burnt completely in excess oxygen, 5.4g of water produce.

(i)

Write the equation for the combustion of compound P in excess oxygen.

(ii)

Calculate the mass of compound P used? [Relative Atomic mass: C, 12 ; H, 1]

[2 marks]

[1 mark]

[1 mark]

[2 marks]

[3 marks]

of compound P used? [ Relative Atomic mass: C, 12 ; H, 1 ] [2 marks]
of compound P used? [ Relative Atomic mass: C, 12 ; H, 1 ] [2 marks]
SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 119 Substance X + glycerol ⎯→ fats + substance Y (c)

SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012

119

Substance X + glycerol

⎯→ fats + substance Y

(c) Equation above shows the reaction involve in manufacture of fats. State substance X and substance Y.

Substance X :

Substance Y :

[2 marks] (d) State the homologous series of fats. [1 mark] (e) Fats can be
[2 marks]
(d)
State the homologous series of fats.
[1 mark]
(e)
Fats can be divided into saturated fats and unsaturated fats.
(i)
Name the process to convert unsaturated fats to the saturated fats.
(ii)
State the catalyst used in this process.
[2 marks]
6.
A student carried out two experiments to investigate the factor that affects the rate of reaction.
(a)
(i)
Write the chemical equation for this reaction.
[2 marks]
(ii)
Calculate the maximum volume of hydrogen gas released at room condition in these experiments.
[Molar volume of gas at room condition, 24 dm 3 mol -1 ]
[2 marks]
(b)
Calculate the average rate of reaction for experiment 1 and experiment 2.
[2 marks]
(c)
The volume of gas released in experiment 1 is sketched in the diagram below.
Volume of gas/ cm 3
Time / s
Sketch the curve for experiment 2 in diagram above.
[1 mark]
(d)
Explain why the rate of reaction experiment 2 is higher than experiment 1 according the collision theory.
[3 marks]
than experiment 1 according the collision theory. [3 marks] JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my

JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my

than experiment 1 according the collision theory. [3 marks] JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my
than experiment 1 according the collision theory. [3 marks] JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my
than experiment 1 according the collision theory. [3 marks] JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my

120

120 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my SECTION B [20 marks]

SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012

120 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my SECTION B [20 marks]

JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my

2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my SECTION B [20 marks] Answer any one question

SECTION B

[20 marks]

Answer any one question from this section

7. Diagram below shows the apparatus set up for the electrolysis of copper(II) sulphate solution using carbon and copper electrodes. After 30 minutes the changes was observed.

Copper (II)
Copper (II)

(a)

Based on the diagram above, state the factor that determines the product formed at electrode X and Y.

 
 

[2 marks]

(b)

Explain the reaction at electrode X and Y. Include the following in your explanation.

• List all the ions present in the electrolyte

• List of ions attracted to each electrode

• Name of the ion selectively discharge and ion formed at electrode.

• The reason why the ions selective discharge at cathode

• Half equation for the reaction at the each electrode.

 

[10 marks]

(c)

Copper electrode X is replaced by carbon electrode.

(i)

State the type the reaction at this electrode. Give a reason.

(ii)

Write the half equation for the reaction at this electrode.

 

[4 marks]

(d)

Diagram below shows the simple voltaic cell.

 
 
 

Electron flows from metal Q to metal P. Identify the negative terminal and positive terminal in this simple voltaic.

State the observation in each terminal.

[4 marks]

8. By state an example of reaction between acid and metal, explain the redox reaction in terms of change in oxidation number.

(a)

(i)

[4 marks]

 

(ii)

By state an example, explain why double decomposition reaction not a redox reaction?

[3 marks]

(b)

Reaction between copper(II) sulphate solution and zinc metal also is an example of redox reaction.

(i)

Name and write the half equation of this reaction to show oxidation and reduction process.

[5 marks]

(ii)

State two observations that you can observe. Explain why.

[4 marks]

(iii)

Copper(II) sulphate solution is replaced by the iron(III) chloride solution. State two observations and determine the oxidizing and reducing agent.

[4 marks]

by the iron(III) chloride solution. State two observations and determine the oxidizing and reducing agent. [4
by the iron(III) chloride solution. State two observations and determine the oxidizing and reducing agent. [4
SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 121 SECTION C [20 marks] Answer any one question from this

SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012

121

SECTION C

[20 marks]

Answer any one question from this section

9. (a) Salt is very important in our daily life.

 

(i)

State what is salt?

 

[2 marks]

 

(ii)

Zinc nitrate is an example of soluble salt. State four reactions how to prepare zinc nitrate and write chemical equation for the each reaction.

 

[8 marks]

(b)

A student wants to prepare 100 cm 3 solution of sodium hydroxide 0.2 mol dm -3 . [Relative Atomic Mass: Na, 23 ; O, 16 ; H, 1]

(i)

Calculate the mass of sodium hydroxide necessary to prepare this solution.

 

[3 marks]

 

(ii)

Explain how we want to prepare 100 cm 3 sodium hydroxide solution 0.1 mol dm 3 from the solution in (b)(i) through dilution process.

 

[7 marks]

(a)

10. Ethene is an example hydrocarbon compound.

 

(i)

What is meant by hydrocarbon and state the hologous series of ethene.

 

[2 marks]

 

(ii)

Ethene is bubble through bromine water. What is observation and state the type of reaction that occurred. Give the name and draw the structure formula of the product.

 

[4 marks]

(b)

A hydrocarbon Z contains 82.75% of carbon by mass. [Relative Molecular Mass : C, 12 ; H,1]

(i)

Calculate the empirical formula of Z.

 

[4 marks]

 

(ii)

Determine the molecular formula of Z if its Relative Molecular Mass is 58.

 

[3 marks]

 

(iii)

Draw and name the all of isomers of compound Z.

 

[4 marks]

(c)

Explain why vulcanised rubber more elastic than natural rubber.

 

[3 marks]

rubber more elastic than natural rubber.   [3 marks] JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my

JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my

rubber more elastic than natural rubber.   [3 marks] JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my
rubber more elastic than natural rubber.   [3 marks] JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my
rubber more elastic than natural rubber.   [3 marks] JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my

122

122 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my Chemistry Paper 3 [4541/3]

SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012

122 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my Chemistry Paper 3 [4541/3]

JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my

2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my Chemistry Paper 3 [4541/3] Answer all questions

Chemistry

Paper 3

[4541/3]

Chemistry Paper 3 [4541/3] Answer all questions 1 Diagram 1.1 shows the set-up of apparatus used

Answer all questions

1 Diagram 1.1 shows the set-up of apparatus used in an experiment to determine the position of different metals in the electrochemical series by measuring the voltage of different pairs of metals.

The experiment is repeated by replacing metal M with metals N, P and Q and salt solution of M with the respective salt solutions of N, P and Q. The copper electrode is the positive terminal in all the experiments.

respective salt solutions of N, P and Q. The copper electrode is the positive terminal in
respective salt solutions of N, P and Q. The copper electrode is the positive terminal in

Diagram 1.1

salt solutions of N, P and Q. The copper electrode is the positive terminal in all
salt solutions of N, P and Q. The copper electrode is the positive terminal in all
SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 123 Diagram 1.2 shows the voltmeter readings of all the experiments.

SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012

123

Diagram 1.2 shows the voltmeter readings of all the experiments.

1.2 shows the voltmeter readings of all the experiments. Diagram 1.2 (a) Record the voltmeter readings

Diagram 1.2

(a)

Record the voltmeter readings in the spaces provided in Diagram 1.2.

 
 

[3 marks]

(b)

Construct a table to record the voltmeter reading for the different pairs of metals.

 

[3 marks]

(c)

State one hypothesis based on this experiment.

 

[3 marks]

(d)

State the observations that can be made for this experiment after 20 minutes at:

(i)

The negative terminal

(ii)

The positive terminal

(iii)

The copper(II) sulphate solution

 

[3 marks]

(iii) The copper(II) sulphate solution   [3 marks] JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my

JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my

(iii) The copper(II) sulphate solution   [3 marks] JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my
(iii) The copper(II) sulphate solution   [3 marks] JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my
(iii) The copper(II) sulphate solution   [3 marks] JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my

124

124 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my (e) Explain your answer

SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012

124 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my (e) Explain your answer

JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my

2012 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my (e) Explain your answer for (d) (iii).  

(e)

Explain your answer for (d) (iii).

 
 

[3 marks]

(f )

State the operational definition for the position of metals in the electrochemical series.

 

[3 marks]

(g)

For this experiment, state:

 

(i)

The manipulated variable

(ii)

The responding variable

(iii) The constant variable

 
 

[3 marks]

(h)

Based on the voltmeter readings, arrange all the metals in ascending order of their electropositivity.

 

[3 marks]

 

(i)

The experiment is repeated by using different pairs of metals as shown in Table 1. Predict the positive terminal and the voltage for each pair of metals by completing the table.

[6 marks]

[6 marks]

 

Table 1

(j)

The following is a list of chemical substances:

 

• Sodium chloride

• Silver chloride

• Zinc sulphate

• Lead(II) sulphate

Classify these substances into substances that can be made as an electrolyte and substances that cannot be made as an electrolyte.

[3 marks]

into substances that can be made as an electrolyte and substances that cannot be made as
into substances that can be made as an electrolyte and substances that cannot be made as
SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 125 2 Diagram 2.1 shows two methods of dissolving sugar cubes

SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012

125

2 Diagram 2.1 shows two methods of dissolving sugar cubes to make sugar solution.

methods of dissolving sugar cubes to make sugar solution. Diagram 2.1 A group of students discovered

Diagram 2.1

A group of students discovered that it is faster to dissolve the sugar cubes to make sugar solution by using hot water rather than cold water. This is due to the difference in the temperature of the water.

Referring to the situation above, plan a laboratory experiment to investigate the effect of temperature on the rate of reaction between sulphuric acid and sodium thiosulphate solution.

Your planning should include the following aspects.

a) Statement of the problem

b) All the variables

c) Statement of the hypothesis

d) Lists of substances and apparatus

e) Procedure

f) Tabulation of data

END OF QUESTION PAPER

[17 marks]

f) Tabulation of data END OF QUESTION PAPER [17 marks] JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web

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f) Tabulation of data END OF QUESTION PAPER [17 marks] JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web
f) Tabulation of data END OF QUESTION PAPER [17 marks] JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web
f) Tabulation of data END OF QUESTION PAPER [17 marks] JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web
SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 Jawapan Chemistry Chemistry Paper 1

SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012

Jawapan Chemistry Chemistry Paper 1

Jawapan

Jawapan Chemistry Chemistry Paper 1
Jawapan Chemistry Chemistry Paper 1
Jawapan Chemistry Chemistry Paper 1

Chemistry

Chemistry

Paper 1

Jawapan Chemistry Chemistry Paper 1
SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 Jawapan Chemistry Chemistry Paper 1
SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 Jawapan Chemistry Chemistry Paper 1
SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 Chemistry Paper 2

SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012

Chemistry

Paper 2

Chemistry Paper 2
Chemistry Paper 2
Chemistry Paper 2
SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 Chemistry Paper 2
SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 Chemistry Paper 2
SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012

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SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 Chemistry Paper 3

SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012

Chemistry

Paper 3

Chemistry Paper 3
Chemistry Paper 3
Chemistry Paper 3
SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 Chemistry Paper 3
SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012 Chemistry Paper 3
SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012

SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2012

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