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PROJECT TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION CON-011 FOR INSTRUCTION FOR PAINTING WORK

Project Technical Specification CON-011 For INSTRUCTION FOR PAINTING WORK CONTRENTS

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

GENERAL SURFACE PREPARATION PAINTING APPLICATION FIELD PROTECTION & CLEAN UP INSPECTION

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1.

GENERAL
1.1 Introduction This specification covers the minimum general requirements for painting work of piping, piping support, steel structures, machinery and equipment. Painting work includes surface preparation, selection, application, inspection and clean up of paints. All painting of steel surfaces shall be performed in accordance with Steel Structures Painting council (SSPC) Paint Application Specification PA-I, and manufacturers instructions unless modified by this specification. All surface preparation of steel surfaces shall be in accordance with Steel structures Painting Council Surface Preparation Specifications/or Swedish Standard SIS 05 59 00. 1.2 Precedence In case of conflict among the relevant documents, the following order of precedence shall be applied to. a) b) c) d) 1.3 Individual drawing Individual specification This specification applicable codes and standards (latest editions)

Measuring Units & Language Unless otherwise specifically specified, all drawings and documents shall be based on the metric system except rating and nominal size of piping materials which shall be based on the foot-pound system, and be prepared in English language.

1.4

Reference The latest editions and revisions of the following documents are referred to in this specification. 1.4.1 Steel Structures Painting Council (SSPC) Manual a) b) Volume 1. Volume 2. Good Painting Practice Systems and Specification Shop, Field, and Maintenance Painting Method for Measurement of Dry Film Thickness Solvent cleaning Hand Tool Cleaning Power Tool cleaning White Metal Blast Cleaning Commercial Blast Cleaning Brush-off Blast Cleaning

SSPC-PA-1 SSPC-PA-2

SSPC-SP-1 SSPC-SP-2 SSPC-SP-3 SSPC-SP-5 SSPC-SP-6 SSPC-SP-7

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1.4.2

SSPC-SP-8 Pickling SSPC-SP-10 Near White Blast cleaning

Visual Surface Preparation Standard Swedish Standard SIS 05 59 00 : St2 St3 Sa3 Sa2 Sa2 Sa1 Hand Tool Cleaning Power Tool Cleaning White Metal Blast Cleaning Near white Blast Cleaning Commercial Blast cleaning Brush-off Blast cleaning

1.5

General Requirements 1.5.1 The following items shall not be painted unless otherwise specified: a) b) c) Concrete foundations and pavement concrete structures Asbestos-cement sheathing, aluminum, brass, copper, stainless steel, slate, glass, tile, galvanized metal and similar weather resisting materials Finishing sheets of insulation Machined surfaces Internal surfaces of equipment Buried piping to be coated and wrapped Nameplate

d) e) f) g) h) 1.5.2

On all equipment and materials which are to be painted, surface preparation and application of prime coat shall be accomplished prior to erection except for tanks, piping or unless otherwise specifically excepted in the job specification. Requirements for painting of piping include entire piping system (pipe, fittings, flanges, valves, strainers, traps, etc.). Uninsulated portions of insulated or fireproofed equipment or piping system (e.g. vessel nozzles, manhole covers, valves, relief valves, bracket, etc.) which extend beyond the insulation or fireproof system, shall be painted including welded joint.

1.5.3

1.5.4

Damaged area of the prime coat shall be repaired after erection in accordance with the relevant specification. Painting material a) Paint and painting materials shown on the Project Technical specification (SP-009) shall be used. These materials shall be delivered to the job site sealed and leveled containers. They shall be stored in a location that is protected from the elements, well-ventilated, and free from excess susceptible to freezing shall be stored in a heated area.

1.5.5

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b)

Primers and finish coats for any particular system shall be from the same manufacturer whenever possible and in any case compatible must be assured. Paint shall be thoroughly mixed in accordance with manufacturers instructions immediately prior to application. Paint shall be thinned in accordance with the manufacturers instruction from the paint manufacturer shall be used.

c)

d)

1.5.6

All necessary instructions and recommendations, which are obtained from the paint manufacturer, shall be strictly followed in applying the paint system covered by this specification. The equipment listed below shall be shielded to prevent damage during surface preparation and painting operations. All openings, including those that are flanged or threaded, shall be sealed to prevent entry of sand, dust, or coating materials. After completion of painting operations all materials used for shielding and sealing shall be removed. a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) m) n) o) p) q) r) s) Nameplate Packing glands Packing seals Bearings Rotating equipment couplings Rotating equipment shafts Lubrication fittings Pressure gauges Gauge glasses Motor Starters Instrument Dials Vents Exposed linkage Valve stems Light bulbes Light bulbe enclosures Light reflectors Air intakes Rubber parts and plastic

1.5.7

1.5.8

Particular attention shall be paid to the preparation and painting of corners, edges, welds, rivet heads, etc. to ensure that adequate film thickness is achieved. The dry film thickness of each coating applied shall be checked by means of an elcometers (or equivalent) thickness gauge.

1.5.9

1.5.10 Pressure equipment and/or piping shall not be painted until completion of non-destructive testing.

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2.

SURFACE PREPARATION
2.1 General Prior to painting, all surfaces shall be thoroughly cleaned of any material that would lead to premature failure of paint coating. The method of surface preparation used shall be compatible with, and suitable for the prime coat of paint. The following is a tabulation of acceptable cleaning and inspection methods. SSPC METHOD VISUAL COMPARISON SIS 05 59 00

SYSTEM

Solvent cleaning Hand tool cleaning Power tool cleaning White metal blast cleaning Commercial blast cleaning Brush-off blast cleaning Pickling Near-white blast cleaning

SSPC-SP-1 SSPC-SP-2 SSPC-SP-3 SSPC-SP-5 SSPC-SP-6 SSPC-SP-7 SSPC-SP-8 SSPC-SP-10

--St2 St3 Sa3 Sa2 Sa1 --Sa2 1/2

2.2

Surface Defect Prior to commencement of surface preparation all surface defects, including cracks, surface lamination or deep pitting, likely to be detrimental to the protective painting system shall be removed. All fins and saw cuts, burns, and sharp edges shall be similarly removed.

2.3

Rust Removal Surfaces shall be primed before any resting occurs (if rust forms after cleaning, the surface shall be cleared before painting).

2.4

Blast Cleaning 2.4.1 Prior to blast cleaning, oil and similar matter shall be removed with a solvent wash (SSPC-SP1). Steel surfaces, normally, shall not be blasted when surface temperature is less than 3oC above the dew point, relative humidity is greater than 85% or there is a possibility that blasted surface will be subject to wetting before the first coat of primer can be applied. Surface shall be blown, wiped or vacuumed free of blasting abrasive and dust before they are primed. Since freshly blasted surfaces are subject to immediate corrosion, particularly in areas of high humidity or salt atmosphere, no more surface shall be blast cleaned than can be primed in the same day. Sandblast cleaning surfaces shall be primed within on hour.

2.4.2

2.4.3

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2.4.4

A 30 cm wide strip of uncrated, blasted surface shall be left between primed and unblasted surfaces to prevent damage to the newly dried resumed, the 30 cm strip of previously blasted surface shall require only a light brush blast to remove any rust that may be present. Cleaning shall be accomplished by holding the cleaning nozzle in a direction wary from the coated surface.

2.5

Solvent Cleaning Prior to solvent cleaning, soil, cement spatter, salt, or any other foreign matter other than oil or grease) shall be removed by a stiff fiber brush, wire brush, or any scraping.

2.6

Pickling Prior to pickling, all heavy deposits of oil, grease, soil or other similar substances, except rust, mill scale, or oxide, shall be removed by solvent cleaning, scraping or brushing.

2.7

Power Tool Cleaning Prior to power tool or sandblast cleaning, oil, grease and salts shall be removed by solvent cleaning. Exercise care in the use of power tools to prevent excessive roughening of the surface and the formation of ridges and burrs. Excessive poser wirebrushing of mill scale produces a burnished slick surface not suitable for coating.

2.8

Hand Tool Cleaning Prior to hand tool cleaning, oil, grease and salts shall be removed by solvent cleaning. Exercise care in the use of hand tools to prevent excessive roughening of the surface and the formation of ridges and burrs.

3.

PAINTING APPLICATION
3.1 Method 3.1.1 Paint shall be applied by one, or combination of the following methods: a) b) c) d) e) 3.1.2 Brushing Roller Coating Air Spraying Airless Spraying Paint Mitt (for small diameter piping and so forth)

The method of application shall be selected according to the paint manufacturers recommendation for the type of paint, the materials to be coated and circumstances of working area.

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3.2

Selection of Solvent Conventional solvent-base shall not be applied to exterior surface in damp, humid weather when the air temperature is below 5oC or when the surface temperature is less than 3 oC above the dew point. However, water-base paints may be applied on damp surfaces; wetting or exterior surfaces is recommended during hot weather. Water-base paint shall be applied at air temperature above 10 oC. Chemically cured paints generally shall not be applied at air or surface temperature below 10 oC or when relative humidity is above 85% (Paint manufacturers recommendations shall be consulted in each case for possible special temperature requirements). No paints shall be applied to a surface at a temperature that will cause blistering, porosity or otherwise be detrimental to the life of the paints.

3.3

Prime Coat Surface areas cleaned shall be prime coated with the specified primer the same day that surface preparation has been completed and before rerouting occurs. Surface cleaned by pickling should, if possible, be primed while still warm.

3.4

Contact Surface Contact surface should be painted as follows : 3.4.1 Contact surfaces of steel members to be jointed by bolting in frictiontype joints shall be painted with inorganic zinc primers. Steel coated in the shop or in field before erection shall not be coated within 50 mm of the edges to be welded, except for inorganic zinc primers. Steel surface in direct bonded contact with concrete, embeded in concrete, or coated with concrete, shall only be painted in specific cases where corrosion of the steel is expected to be a problem. Steel to be embedded in brick or other masonry shall be given at least on prime coat. Any surfaces not in direct bonded contact, but inaccessible after assembly, shall receive the full specified paint system before assembly.

3.4.2

3.4.3

3.4.4

3.4.5

3.5

Recoating Surface shall not be recoated until preceding coat has properly dried or cured. The surface may be considered ready for recoating when the next coat can be applied without the development of paint film irregularities, such as lifting or loss of adhesion to the undercoat. However, the minimum or maximum drying or curing time specified by the paint manufacturer shall be acceptable redcoat period. Paint shall not be force-dried under conditions which will cause checking, wrinkling, blistering, formation of pores, or which will be detrimental to its condition or appearance.

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3.6

Protection of Painted Surface Newly painted surfaces shall be protected to the fullest extent practical form rain, condensation contamination, snow and freezing until the coating has dried.

3.7

Color of Successive Coat Successive coats of paint, preferably, should be of a different color. However, if they are of the same color, alternate coats shall be tinted to produce sufficient contrast to ensure complete coverage and specified film thickness of each coat. The final finish coat shall not be tinted. Tinting materials shall be compatible with the paint and shall not be detrimental to its service life.

3.8

Sprayed Coating Sprayed coating shall be cross-spray-applied to insure uniform coverage free of runs and sags.

3.9

Dry-Film Thickness Dry-film thickness shall be in accordance with Project Technical Specification (SP-009). Where the required thickness is not achieved, additional coats shall be applied until the proper thickness is obtained. Application shall be such that the film thickness will not affect appearance or service life of the paint.

3.10

Type of Paint & Number of Coat The type of paint to be used and number of coat to be applied shall be in accordance with Project Technical Specification (SP-009).

3.11

Touch-up Painting 3.11.1 Touch-up painting for finish coat shall be applied as a minimum in the following case: a) b) c) d) e) f) Spots Swells Cracks Strip-offs Discoloration Other improper painting

3.11.2 Touch-up painting for prime coat shall be applied to the portions damaged during transportation, handling and construction period, before application of successive coats.

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4.

FIELD PROTECTION & CLEAN UP


4.1 Surface Protection All equipment, walls, floors, ceilings and other surfaces shall be fully protected from damage. All necessary drop cloths or other protection required to fully protect all surfaces from dust, paint droppings, paint mist, other contaminants shall be provided during the execution of this work. 4.2 Tripping Protection Sufficient care shall be exercised by painters while painting around switches and controls so as to avoid tripping of switches. All switches shall remain unmoved. 4.3 Removal of Spot All surfaces which have been spotted with paint such as window glass, floors, walls, equipment, etc. shall be cleaned to the satisfaction of OWNER. 4.4 Temporary Shelter A temporary shelter for storage and mixing of paint materials shall be provided. Adequate fire fighting equipment, satisfactory to OWNER, shall be provided for the temporary shelter and at all locations where painting work is in progress. 4.5 Others All shipping tags, wires, strings and other means of temporary or shipping identifications on surfaces to be painted shall be removed, but only checking with and receiving authorization from OWNER representative.

5.

INSPECTION
5.1 Inspection by OWNERs Representative All surfaces especially prepared for painting are to be inspected and approved as satisfactory by OWNERs representative before any paint is applied. Field inspector shall also inspect all surfaces after cleaning and shall notify OWNERs representative of any defects, improper material or workmanship, or other conditions which in his opinion will affect the satisfactory performance and permanency of his work. Where such defects have been pointed out, no painting shall be started until all such faulty conditions have been corrected or until a written agreement has been made with the OWNERs representative regarding any subsequent defects, which may develop because of the conditions, noted. 5.2 Inspection of Film Thickness 5.2.1 OWNERs inspector shall monitor wet and dry film thickness of the paint and shall compare his findings with those recommenced. In

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case of inadequate film build, recoating shall be carried out without OWNERs expense. 5.2.2 The inspector shall determine the adequacy of: a) Surface preparation, by comparison to Swedish Std. SIS 05 59 00 prior to application of the first coat of paint. Dry film thickness, by measurement of each coat and of the total system by procedures specified by SSPC-PA-2.

b)

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