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COPLANAR FORCE RESULTANTS

BY DR. FAROUK ELBARKI

Problem 2.31 Determine the x and y components of the 800 lb force.

800 lb y
40

60

60 x

800 lb

800 sin 40

40

800 cos 40

30 60

60

Fx = 800 sin 40 ,

, Fx = 514 lb

Fy = - 800 cos 40
Problem 2.32

, Fy = - 613 lb

Determine the magnitude of the resultant force and its direction, measured clockwise from the positive x axis.
y

50 N

30 45
70 N

65N

50 cos 30 65 cos 45 50 sin 30

70 x

65 sin 45

Fx = FRx Fy = FRy

FRx = 70 + 50 cos 30 65 cos 45 FRy = - 50 sin 30 65 sin 45 = - 71 N

FRx = 67.3 N 71 67.5

FR = (FRx2 + FRy2) , FR = (67.32 + 712) , FR = 97.8 N


tan = 71 = 46.5 o clockwise from the positive x axis 67.5

FR

Problem 2.34 Determine the magnitude of the resultant force and its direction, measured counterclockwise from the positive x axis.

F3 = 750 N

45

x 3

30 F1 = 850 N F2 = 625 N

y 750 cos 45

750 sin 45 625 sin 30


850 cos

850 sin 625 cos 30

cos = 4/5 sin = 3/5 FRx = F1 cos F2 sin 30 F3 sin 45


FRx = 850 * 4/5 625 sin 30 750 sin 45

FRx = - 162.8 N
FRy = - F1 sin F2 cos 30 + F3 cos 45 FRy = - 850 * 3/5 625 cos 30+ 750 cos 45 FRy = - 521 N FR = (FRx2 + FRy2) FR = (- 162.82 + (- 5212))

FR = 546 N
tan = 521 = 73 o , = 180 o + 73 o = 253 o 162.8

= 253 counterclockwise from positive x axis

FR

Problem 2.35 Three forces act on the bracket. Determine the magnitude and direction of F1 so that the resultant force is directed along the positive x' axis and has a magnitude of 1 KN.

y'

F2 = 450 N

45 30

F3 = 200N

x' F1

y'

450 sin 75 200 sin 30

200 cos 30

450 cos 75 F1 sin

F1 cos
x'

Take x' and y' axes as reference axes:


FRx' = F3 cos 30 + F2 cos 75 + F1 cos


FRx' = 200 cos 30 + 450 cos 75 + F1 cos FRx' = 290 + F1 cos FR = FRx' 290 + F1 cos = 1000 F1 cos = 710 (1)

FRy' = F2 sin 75 + F3 sin 30 F1 sin FRy' = 450 sin 75+ 200 sin 30 F1 sin FRy' = 535 F1 sin FRy' = 0 535 F1 sin = 0 F1 sin = 535 (2)

Divide (2) by (1)

F1 sin F1 cos

535 710

tan = 0.7535 = 37

Substitute in (1)
F1 cos 37 = 710 F1 = 889 N

Problem 2.36 If F1 = 300 N and = 20, determine the magnitude and direction, measured counterclockwise from x' axis, of the resultant force of the three forces acting on the bracket.
y y'

F2 = 450 N

45 30 20

F3 = 200N x

x' 300 N

y'

450 sin 75

200 sin 30

200 cos 30 450 cos 75 300 sin 20 300 cos 20 x'

FRx' = F1 cos + F2 cos 75 + F3 cos 30 FRx' = 300 cos 20+ 450 cos 75 + 200 cos 30

FRx' = 572 N


FRy' = F2 sin 75 + F3 sin 30 F1 sin 20 FRy' = 450 sin 75 + 200 sin 30 300 sin 20

FRy' = 432 N
FR = (FRx'2 + FRy'2)

FR = (5722 + 4322) FR = 716.8 N tan = FRy' FRx' = 37 y' = 432 572

FR
7o 30
o

x = 37

x'

MOMENTS & COUPLES


BY DR. FAROUK ELBARKI

PROBLEM NO (4.6) Determine the magnitude and directional sense of the moment of the force at A about point O.
y

520 sin
520N
13

12 5

x A

520 cos
6m

Solution Mo = 520 sin * (6) = 520 * (12/13) * (6) = + 2880 N.m (CCW)

PROBLEM NO (4.9) Determine the magnitude and directional sense of the resultant moment of the forces about point P.

4m

P 260 sin 260 N


3m
13

12

O 400 sin 30
2m

B 260 cos 400 N


30

A
2m

400 cos 30

Solution Mp = 260 * cos *( 3) + 260 * sin * (2) 400 * Sin 30 *( 2) + 400*cos 30 * (8) = + 3151.3 N.m (CCW)

ROBLEM NO (4.15) If FB = 30 N and FC = 45 N. determine the resultant moment about the bolt located at A.

Fc sin 30
0 . 75 m

C
30

2..5 m

Fc

20

FB sn25

Fc cos 30

FB

FB cos 25

Solution MA = 30 * cos 25o * ( 2.5) + 45 * cos 30 o * ( 3.25) = + 194.6 N.m (CCW)

PROBLEM NO (4.18) Determine the direction (0 180) of the force F = 40 N so that it produces (a) the maximum moment about point A and (b) the minimum moment about point A. Compute the moment in each case.

2m

40 cos

A F = 40 N
8m

40 sin Solution

MA = - 40 * Sin MA =80(4 sin

* (8) 40 * cos + cos ) - sin ) - cos )

* (2)

( 1) (2)

|dMA/d | = 80(4 cos


MA = 80( - 4 sin

(3)

(a) The maximum moment about point A when dMA/d = 0 80(4 cos - sin ) = 0 tan = 4 = 76 OR = 76 o + 180 o = 256 (refused) MA = - 80( 4 sin 76 o + cos 76 o) = - 329.8 < 0 So, the moment is maximum MA max = 330 N.m = 330 N.m

(b) The minimum moment about point A is when MA = 0 - 40 * sin * (8) 40 * cos * (2)= 0 4 * sin + cos = 0 tan = - 0.25 = 180 14 = 166 Alternative Solution : If the moment about (A) IS TO BE ZERO , the force F must pass through the point (A) , so : tan = 2/8 = 0.25 , = 14o ,
= 180 14
o o

= 166 o

F= 40 N 8m

2m