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# COPLANAR FORCE RESULTANTS

## Problem 2.31 Determine the x and y components of the 800 lb force.

800 lb y
40

60

60 x

800 lb

800 sin 40

40

800 cos 40

30 60

60

Fx = 800 sin 40 ,

, Fx = 514 lb

Fy = - 800 cos 40
Problem 2.32

, Fy = - 613 lb

Determine the magnitude of the resultant force and its direction, measured clockwise from the positive x axis.
y

50 N

30 45
70 N

65N

## 50 cos 30 65 cos 45 50 sin 30

70 x

65 sin 45

Fx = FRx Fy = FRy

## FR = (FRx2 + FRy2) , FR = (67.32 + 712) , FR = 97.8 N

tan = 71 = 46.5 o clockwise from the positive x axis 67.5

FR

Problem 2.34 Determine the magnitude of the resultant force and its direction, measured counterclockwise from the positive x axis.

F3 = 750 N

45

x 3

30 F1 = 850 N F2 = 625 N

y 750 cos 45

850 cos

## cos = 4/5 sin = 3/5 FRx = F1 cos F2 sin 30 F3 sin 45

FRx = 850 * 4/5 625 sin 30 750 sin 45

FRx = - 162.8 N
FRy = - F1 sin F2 cos 30 + F3 cos 45 FRy = - 850 * 3/5 625 cos 30+ 750 cos 45 FRy = - 521 N FR = (FRx2 + FRy2) FR = (- 162.82 + (- 5212))

FR = 546 N
tan = 521 = 73 o , = 180 o + 73 o = 253 o 162.8

## = 253 counterclockwise from positive x axis

FR

Problem 2.35 Three forces act on the bracket. Determine the magnitude and direction of F1 so that the resultant force is directed along the positive x' axis and has a magnitude of 1 KN.

y'

F2 = 450 N

45 30

F3 = 200N

x' F1

y'

200 cos 30

F1 cos
x'

## Take x' and y' axes as reference axes:

FRx' = F3 cos 30 + F2 cos 75 + F1 cos

FRx' = 200 cos 30 + 450 cos 75 + F1 cos FRx' = 290 + F1 cos FR = FRx' 290 + F1 cos = 1000 F1 cos = 710 (1)

FRy' = F2 sin 75 + F3 sin 30 F1 sin FRy' = 450 sin 75+ 200 sin 30 F1 sin FRy' = 535 F1 sin FRy' = 0 535 F1 sin = 0 F1 sin = 535 (2)

## Divide (2) by (1)

F1 sin F1 cos

535 710

tan = 0.7535 = 37

Substitute in (1)
F1 cos 37 = 710 F1 = 889 N

Problem 2.36 If F1 = 300 N and = 20, determine the magnitude and direction, measured counterclockwise from x' axis, of the resultant force of the three forces acting on the bracket.
y y'

F2 = 450 N

45 30 20

F3 = 200N x

x' 300 N

y'

450 sin 75

200 sin 30

## 200 cos 30 450 cos 75 300 sin 20 300 cos 20 x'

FRx' = F1 cos + F2 cos 75 + F3 cos 30 FRx' = 300 cos 20+ 450 cos 75 + 200 cos 30

FRx' = 572 N

FRy' = F2 sin 75 + F3 sin 30 F1 sin 20 FRy' = 450 sin 75 + 200 sin 30 300 sin 20

FRy' = 432 N
FR = (FRx'2 + FRy'2)

FR
7o 30
o

x = 37

x'

## MOMENTS & COUPLES

BY DR. FAROUK ELBARKI

PROBLEM NO (4.6) Determine the magnitude and directional sense of the moment of the force at A about point O.
y

520 sin
520N
13

12 5

x A

520 cos
6m

Solution Mo = 520 sin * (6) = 520 * (12/13) * (6) = + 2880 N.m (CCW)

PROBLEM NO (4.9) Determine the magnitude and directional sense of the resultant moment of the forces about point P.

4m

3m
13

12

O 400 sin 30
2m

## B 260 cos 400 N

30

A
2m

400 cos 30

Solution Mp = 260 * cos *( 3) + 260 * sin * (2) 400 * Sin 30 *( 2) + 400*cos 30 * (8) = + 3151.3 N.m (CCW)

ROBLEM NO (4.15) If FB = 30 N and FC = 45 N. determine the resultant moment about the bolt located at A.

Fc sin 30
0 . 75 m

C
30

2..5 m

Fc

20

FB sn25

Fc cos 30

FB

FB cos 25

## Solution MA = 30 * cos 25o * ( 2.5) + 45 * cos 30 o * ( 3.25) = + 194.6 N.m (CCW)

PROBLEM NO (4.18) Determine the direction (0 180) of the force F = 40 N so that it produces (a) the maximum moment about point A and (b) the minimum moment about point A. Compute the moment in each case.

2m

40 cos

A F = 40 N
8m

40 sin Solution

* (2)

( 1) (2)

## |dMA/d | = 80(4 cos

MA = 80( - 4 sin

(3)

(a) The maximum moment about point A when dMA/d = 0 80(4 cos - sin ) = 0 tan = 4 = 76 OR = 76 o + 180 o = 256 (refused) MA = - 80( 4 sin 76 o + cos 76 o) = - 329.8 < 0 So, the moment is maximum MA max = 330 N.m = 330 N.m

(b) The minimum moment about point A is when MA = 0 - 40 * sin * (8) 40 * cos * (2)= 0 4 * sin + cos = 0 tan = - 0.25 = 180 14 = 166 Alternative Solution : If the moment about (A) IS TO BE ZERO , the force F must pass through the point (A) , so : tan = 2/8 = 0.25 , = 14o ,
= 180 14
o o

= 166 o

F= 40 N 8m

2m