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UNIVERSITATEA POLITEHNICA DIN BUCURESTI

-FACULTATEA DE TRANSPORTURISECIA TELECOMENZI I ELECTRONIC N TRANSPORTURI

PROIECT
PROIECTARE ASISTATA DE CALCULATOR

INDRUMATOR:
TOMESCU OVIDIU

STUDENT:
PETRE MARIUS GEORGE

Proiectare asistata de calculator


- Proiect A. Tema proiectului
Sa se aleaga individual o schema electrica a unui amplificator cu tranzistoare (sau
amplificatoare operationale), pentru care se va prezenta modul initial de functionare
(denumire aplificator, modul de functionare, unde poate fi intrebuintat etc). Pe baza
schemei alese se vor realiza in OrCAD (Pspice/Capture/Layout) analizele prezentate la
punctul B. Rezultatele analizelor vor fi comparate cu datele de catalog ale
amplificatorului ales.
Obs: Schema electriva va contine cel putin doua tranzistoare.

B. Cerintele proiectului
Sa se realizeze schema electrinca in OrCAD Capture si sa se amplaseze nodurile
conform cu modul de definire in Pspice. Pentru fiecare analiza in parte se va prezenta
programul Pspice. Pe baza acestei scheme se vor face urmatoarele analize:
Obs: Deoarece schema electrica in Capture a fost prezentata la inceputul punctului
B, aceasta schema va mai fi prezentata numai daca intervin modificari pe parcursul
proiectului. Inainte de inceperea oricarei analize se vor prezenta si cateva aspecte
teoretice, menite sa ajute cititorul sa inteleaga procesele de simulare si rezultatele
analizelor.
1. Analiza de curent continuu:
a) Caracteristica de iesire a tranzistoarelor
b) Functia de transfer
c) Punctul static de functionare al amplificatorului
2. Analiza de curent alternativ :
a) Folosind analiza de curent alternativ sa se determine spectrul de frecvente al
amplificatorului
b) Sa se determine rezistententele de intrare/iesire ale amplificatorului
3. Analiza in domeniul timp
a) La intrarea amplificatorului se va aplica un semnal sinusoidal. Frecventa
semnalului de intrare va fi aleasa atat din interiorul, cat si din afara spectrului de
frecvente. Cum se modifica aplitudinea semnalului de iesire in functie de
frecventa?
b) Analiza parametrica

c) Analiza cu temperatura
4. Analiza Fourier
5. Cablajul in Layout al circuitului
6. Concluzii
7. Bibliografie

Cuprins
1.Exemple de amplificatoare
2.Prezentarea circuitului:
-schema electrica
-cum functioneaza circuitul si unde se foloseste(caracteristici
tehnice)
3. Schema electrica a circuitului desenata in Orcad Capture, cu
amplasarea nodurilor.
4.Analiza in current continuu.Caracteristica de iesire pentru
fiecare transistor in parte.
5. Analiza functiei de transfer.
6. Analiza in curent alternativ(analiza in functie de frecventa).
7.Analiza in domeniul timp.
8. Analiza Fourier
9. Analiza parametrica.
10. Analiza in functie de temperatura.
11.Cablajul circuitului.
12. Bibliografie.

Amplificatoare de Audiofrecventa
In lantul electroacustic, pornind de la traductor ( sursa de program
sonor ) pana la sistemul acustic de redare ( difuzor ), semnalul electric este
prelucrat in amplificatorul de audiofrecventa. Acesta este compus in
principiu dintr-un preamplificator si un amplificator de putere.

Exemple de preamplificatoare
Preamplificatorul are rolul de a transmite semnale provenite de la
sursa de program (atat pe cele slabe cat si pe cele puternice ) spre
amplificatorul de putere, la un nivel cerut de acesta, de obicei de la cateva
sute de milivolti pana la cativa volti. In acelasi timp, in preamplificator sunt
prevazute retele care modifica amplificarea semnalului in functie de
frecventa sa, cum ar fi : circuite de corectie pentru banda magnetica sau
pentru disc, circuite pentru reglajul tonalitatii, egalizoare, circuite pentru
reglajul volumului compensate.

Preamplificatoare de microfon
Caracteristica de frecventa a microfonului este plata, ca urmare ea nu
necesita corectii. Microfoanele de mare impedanta ( de tip piezo-electric sau
de tip condensator ) si cu nivel ridicat al semnalului ( 100-200 mV ) nu
ridica probleme deosebite preamplificatorului.Microfoanele dinamice, de
joasa impedanta ( circa 600 ) au un nivel scazut al semnalului de iesire

( circa 3 mV ) si ca atare cer din partea preamplificatorului performante


deosebite.
In acest proiect vom incerca analiza unui preamplificator de microfon
standard.

2. Schema amplificatorului:

Caracteristici:

banda de frecven: 40Hz...20kHz


amplificarea n tensiune: 200
tensiunea maxim de ieire: 3,5V RMS
impedan de ieire mic
stabilitate termic ridicat

3. Schema electrica a circuitului desenata in Schematics sau Orcad


Capture, cu amplasarea nodurilor.

4.Analiza in curent continuu


Analiza in curent continuu
V1 1 0 10mV
V2 11 0 15V
R1 1 0 47K
R2 3 0 100K
R3 6 0 2.2K
R4 6 7 56K
R5 7 8 4.7K
R6 7 0 6.8K
R7 13 0 5.6K
R8 12 0 47K
R9 5 4 100K
R10 10 9 27K
R11 10 11 390
C1 3 0 1NF
C2 7 0 10UF
C3 5 0 100UF
C4 1 2 1UF
C5 13 12 1NF
Q1 4 2 6 BC109C
Q2 9 4 8 BC109C
Q3 10 9 13 BC109C
D1 5 0 UT4020
.LIB EBIPOLAR.LIB
.LIB DIODE.LIB
.DC V1 list 10
.PRINT DC V(1,0) V(7,0) V(5,4) V(5,0) V(7,8) V(12,0)
.PRINT DC I(R1) I(R4) I(R5) I(R8) I(C2) I(C4) I(C5)
.END

Analiza in curent continuu


V1

V(1,0)

V(7,0)

V(5,4)

V(5,0)

V(7,8)

1.000E+01 1.000E+01 1.270E-07 -2.566E-05 6.184E-04 -9.803E-08


V1

V(12,0)

1.000E+01 0.000E+00
V1

I(R1)

I(R4)

I(R5)

I(R8)

I(C2)

1.000E+01 2.128E-04 -2.182E-12 -2.086E-11 0.000E+00 0.000E+00


V1

I(C4)

I(C5)

1.000E+01 0.000E+00 0.000E+00

Caracteristica de iesire a fiecarui transistor

Caracteristica de iesire a tranzistorului


VCC 3 0 15V
IB 0 1 25uA
Q 3 1 0 BC109C
.LIB EBIPOLAR.LIB
.DC VCC 0V 10V 0.05V IB 5uA 25uA 5ua
.PROBE
.END
Caracteristica de iesire a tranzistorului BC 109C
BJT MODEL PARAMETERS
BC109C
NPN
IS 7.049000E-15
BF 677
NF 1
VAF 28.14
IKF 96.23
ISE 7.049000E-15
NE 1.38
BR 2.209
NR 1
IKR 10.73
ISC 250.300000E-12
NC 2.002
RC 1.433
CJE 11.500000E-12
VJE .5
MJE .2717
CJC 5.380000E-12
VJC .6218
MJC .329
TF 437.800000E-12
XTF 12.85
VTF 10
ITF 3.097

TR 10.000000E-09
XTB 1.5
CN 2.42
D .87

Tensiunea de intrare V(1) creste rapid pana in pragul de 1V, si peurma


ramane constanta.

Punctul static de functionare al amplificatorului

R
6

9 3

. 2

4
T 4 0

0
B

. 5

0 9

6 5

. 0

. 6 m

. 0

. 6 8

V
3

V
C

0 9

2
R

2 8

1 0

7
2

0 k
R

6
1

. 1 1

1 5

1 5

2
c

3
R
1

R
2

0 0 k

R
9 5

2
. 2

. 6 6

. 6 k

k
R

3
6

. 8 k

0
0

Tensiunea in nodul 13 este de 2.119uV.


R
6
4

7
0 6 . 0 n
R 6
1

. 3 1
7
2 7

. 6 7
1
U

T 4 0

4
Q

1 0

- 2

1
2 5 1

8 9m

k
1 5

9
3 6 . 6
3 9 0

. 3 p

0 . 6 p A
B C 1 0 9 C
- 6 7 1 . 3 f A

2
1 5

. 3 1

3
6 1

. 3

. 7 n A
B C 1 0 9 C
- 1 5 . 7 1 u A

- 2

3 2 . 0 p A
B C 1 0 9 C
- 3 7 8 . 3 p A

V
R

4
1

1
3
R
1 0

1
3

0 k

. 4 2

. 6 4 5

3
3

. 6
R

1 0 u
2
2

. 2

5 6

8
R

2
1

5 . 6
4 . 0 7 u A
R 3
6

. 8 k

0
0

. 3

Intensitatea de intrare in tranzistorul Q3 este de 610.3pA.

8
k

2
c

5.Analiza functiei de transfer


Analiza de transfer
V1 1 0 10mV
V2 11 0 15V
R1 1 0 47K
R2 3 0 100K
R3 6 0 2.2K
R4 6 7 56K
R5 7 8 4.7K
R6 7 0 6.8K
R7 13 0 5.6K
R8 12 0 47K
R9 5 4 100K
R10 10 9 27K
R11 10 11 390
C1 3 0 1NF
C2 7 0 10UF
C3 5 0 100UF
C4 1 2 1UF
C5 13 12 1NF
Q1 4 2 6 BC109C
Q2 9 4 8 BC109C
Q3 10 9 13 BC109C
D1 5 0 UT4020
.LIB EBIPOLAR.LIB
.LIB DIODE.LIB
.OP
.TF V(12) V1
.END
Analiza de transfer

NODE VOLTAGE
NODE VOLTAGE

NODE VOLTAGE

.0100 ( 2) 644.1E-06 (

3)

NODE VOLTAGE

1)

0.0000 ( 4) 644.1E-06

5) 618.4E-06 ( 6) 4.802E-09 (

9) 13.9410 ( 10) 14.0770 ( 11) 15.0000 ( 12)

7) 127.0E-09 ( 8) 225.0E-09

( 13) 13.2540
VOLTAGE SOURCE CURRENTS
NAME
CURRENT
V1
V2

-2.128E-07
-2.367E-03

TOTAL POWER DISSIPATION 3.55E-02 WATTS


**** DIODES
NAME
D1
MODEL
UT4020
ID
2.57E-10
VD
6.18E-04
REQ
2.39E+06
CAP
1.24E-10
**** BIPOLAR JUNCTION TRANSISTORS
NAME
Q1
Q2
Q3
MODEL
BC109C
BC109C
BC109C
IB
8.55E-25 -2.57E-10 5.05E-06
IC
9.51E-16 2.77E-10 2.36E-03
VBE
6.44E-04 6.44E-04 6.86E-01
VBC
-2.68E-08 -1.39E+01 -1.36E-01
VCE
6.44E-04 1.39E+01 8.23E-01
BETADC
9.51E+04 -1.08E+00 4.68E+02
GM
6.84E-15 -7.78E-14 9.12E-02

0.0000

RPI
4.93E+12 4.93E+12 5.60E+03
RX
0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00
RO
7.86E+11 5.02E+11 1.20E+04
CBE
1.15E-11 1.15E-11 6.04E-11
CBC
5.38E-12 1.91E-12 5.05E-12
CJS
0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00
BETAAC
3.37E-02 -3.83E-01 5.11E+02
CBX/CBX2 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00
FT/FT2
6.45E-05 -9.24E-04 2.22E+08
****

SMALL-SIGNAL CHARACTERISTICS

V(12)/V1 = 0.000E+00
INPUT RESISTANCE AT V1 = 4.700E+04
OUTPUT RESISTANCE AT V(12) = 4.700E+04
6. Analiza in curent alternativ(analiza in functie de frecventa)
Analiza de current alternativ
V1 1 0 AC 0.5
V2 11 0 20Vdc
R1 1 0 47K
R2 3 0 100K
R3 6 0 2.2K
R4 6 7 56K
R5 7 8 4.7K
R6 7 0 6.8K
R7 13 0 5.6K
R8 12 0 47K
R9 5 4 100K
R10 10 9 27K
R11 10 11 390
C1 3 0 1NF

C2 7 0 10UF
C3 5 0 100UF
C4 1 2 1UF
C5 13 12 1NF
Q1 4 2 6 BC109C
Q2 9 4 8 BC109C
Q3 10 9 13 BC109C
D1 5 0 UT4020
.LIB EBIPOLAR.LIB
.LIB DIODE.LIB
.AC DEC 10 10 20000000000000000000g
.PROBE
.END
#
*** Diode MODEL PARAMETERS
UT4020
IS 19.780000E-09
N 1.855
BV 200
IBV 1.000000E-03
RS .0214
TT 5.150000E-06
CJO 121.600000E-12
VJ .5288
M .4425
EG 1.132
XTI 4.908
**** 02/01/12 16:05:26 ********* PSpice 9.2 (Mar 2000) ******** ID# 1
****

BJT MODEL PARAMETERS


BC109C
NPN
IS 7.049000E-15
BF 677
NF 1
VAF 28.14

IKF 96.23
ISE 7.049000E-15
NE 1.38
BR 2.209
NR 1
IKR 10.73
ISC 250.300000E-12
NC 2.002
RC 1.433
CJE 11.500000E-12
VJE .5
MJE .2717
CJC 5.380000E-12
VJC .6218
MJC .329
TF 437.800000E-12
XTF 12.85
VTF 10
ITF 3.097
TR 10.000000E-09
XTB 1.5
CN 2.42
D .87
**** 02/01/12 16:05:26 ********* PSpice 9.2 (Mar 2000) ******** ID# 1
SMALL SIGNAL BIAS SOLUTION
TEMPERATURE = 27.000
DEG C
NODE VOLTAGE NODE VOLTAGE NODE VOLTAGE
NODE VOLTAGE
(

1)

0.0000 (

5) 618.4E-06 ( 6) 4.802E-09 (

9) 13.9410 ( 10) 14.0770 ( 11) 15.0000 ( 12)

( 13) 13.2540

2) 644.1E-06 (

3)

0.0000 (

4) 644.1E-06

7) 127.0E-09 ( 8) 225.0E-09
0.0000

VOLTAGE SOURCE CURRENTS


NAME
CURRENT
V1
V2

0.000E+00
-2.367E-03

TOTAL POWER DISSIPATION 3.55E-02 WATTS

Din analiza de current alternative observam o modificare a tensiunii de


iesire dupa pragul de 20kHz adica o crestere a tensiunii. Dupa acest prag
tensiunea creste odata cu frecventa destul de mult. Totodata mai putem
spune ca semnalul nu are forma sinusoidala asa cum ar trebui sa apara dupa
comenzile din program.

7.Analiza in domeniul timp


-pentru circuit folosind la intrarea amplificatorului o sursa de semnal
sinusoidal
Analiza in domeniul timp
V1 1 0 ac 10mv SIN(0 1ms 1k)
V2 11 0 15V
R1 1 0 47K
R2 3 0 100K
R3 6 0 2.2K
R4 6 7 56K
R5 7 8 4.7K
R6 7 0 6.8K
R7 13 0 5.6K
R8 12 0 47K
R9 5 4 100K
R10 10 9 27K
R11 10 11 390
C1 3 0 1NF
C2 7 0 10UF
C3 5 0 100UF
C4 1 2 1UF
C5 13 12 1NF
Q1 4 2 6 BC109C
Q2 9 4 8 BC109C
Q3 10 9 13 BC109C
D1 5 0 UT4020
.LIB EBIPOLAR.LIB
.LIB DIODE.LIB
.TRAN 70ms 7s
.PROBE
.END

Analiza in domeniul timp


BJT MODEL PARAMETERS
BC109C
NPN
IS 7.049000E-15
BF 677
NF 1
VAF 28.14
IKF 96.23
ISE 7.049000E-15
NE 1.38
BR 2.209
NR 1
IKR 10.73
ISC 250.300000E-12
NC 2.002
RC 1.433
CJE 11.500000E-12
VJE .5
MJE .2717
CJC 5.380000E-12
VJC .6218
MJC .329
TF 437.800000E-12
XTF 12.85
VTF 10
ITF 3.097
TR 10.000000E-09
XTB 1.5
CN 2.42
D .87

NODE VOLTAGE
NODE VOLTAGE

NODE VOLTAGE

NODE VOLTAGE

1)

0.0000 (

2) 644.1E-06 (

3)

0.0000 (

4) 644.1E-06

5) 618.4E-06 ( 6) 4.802E-09 (

9) 13.9410 ( 10) 14.0770 ( 11) 15.0000 ( 12)

7) 127.0E-09 ( 8) 225.0E-09
0.0000

( 13) 13.2540
VOLTAGE SOURCE CURRENTS
NAME
CURRENT
V1
V2

0.000E+00
-2.367E-03

PUTEREA TOTALA DE DISIPARE: 3.55E-02 WATTS

Din acesta analiza observam ca circuitul nu indepliste functia de amplificare,


cu alte cuvinte acest circuit nu este un amplificator. Semnal de la intrare
scade foarte mult odata cu cresterea frecventei, ceea ce seamana cu o
atenuare. As putea spune observand acest grafic, ca circuitul indeplineste
functia de atenuare, atenuarea fiind distorsionata pana aproape de 8 Hz.
8.Transformata Fourier pentru semnalul de intrare si cel de iesire
a) pentru semnalul de intrare
Analiza fourier de intrare
V1 1 0 AC 10mV SIN (0 10mV 30KHz)
V2 11 0 dc 15V
R1 1 0 47K
R2 3 0 100K
R3 6 0 2.2K
R4 6 7 56K
R5 7 8 4.7K
R6 7 0 6.8K
R7 13 0 5.6K
R8 12 0 47K
R9 5 4 100K
R10 10 9 27K
R11 10 11 390
C1 3 0 1NF
C2 7 0 10UF
C3 5 0 100UF
C4 1 2 1UF
C5 13 12 1NF
Q1 4 2 6 BC109C
Q2 9 4 8 BC109C
Q3 10 9 13 BC109C
D1 5 0 UT4020
.LIB EBIPOLAR.LIB
.LIB DIODE.LIB
.TRAN 10us 100us 10us
.FOUR 1K V(12)
.PROBE
.END

Analiza fourier pentru intrare


NODE VOLTAGE
NODE VOLTAGE
0.0000 (

NODE VOLTAGE

2) 644.1E-06 (

3)

NODE VOLTAGE

1)

0.0000 (

4) 644.1E-06

5) 618.4E-06 ( 6) 4.802E-09 (

9) 13.9410 ( 10) 14.0770 ( 11) 15.0000 ( 12)

7) 127.0E-09 ( 8) 225.0E-09
0.0000

( 13) 13.2540
VOLTAGE SOURCE CURRENTS
NAME
CURRENT
V1
V2

0.000E+00
-2.367E-03

TOTAL POWER DISSIPATION 3.55E-02 WATTS


FOURIER COMPONENTS OF TRANSIENT RESPONSE V(12)
DC COMPONENT = -6.087864E-07
HARMONIC FREQUENCY
NORMALIZED
NO
(DEG)

(HZ)

COMPONENT

FOURIER

NORMALIZED

COMPONENT

(DEG)

PHASE
PHASE

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

1.000E+03
2.000E+03
3.000E+03
4.000E+03
5.000E+03
6.000E+03
7.000E+03
8.000E+03
9.000E+03

1.234E-06
1.278E-06
1.331E-06
1.375E-06
1.398E-06
1.391E-06
1.359E-06
1.312E-06
1.268E-06

1.000E+00
1.035E+00
1.078E+00
1.114E+00
1.132E+00
1.127E+00
1.101E+00
1.063E+00
1.028E+00

-8.851E+01
-8.797E+01
-8.880E+01
-9.088E+01
-9.370E+01
-9.666E+01
-9.911E+01
-1.005E+02
-1.005E+02

0.000E+00
8.905E+01
1.767E+02
2.632E+02
3.489E+02
4.344E+02
5.205E+02
6.076E+02
6.961E+02

TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION = 3.070394E+02 PERCENT

In cazul analizei Fourier de intrare, tensiunea de intrarea isi pastraza forma


sinusoidala.
b) pentru semnalul de iesire
Analiza fourier de iesire
V1 1 0 AC 10mV SIN 0 10mV 100Hz
VPER 2 1 AC 1V SIN 0 1V 200Hz

V2 11 0 dc 15V
R1 1 0 47K
R2 3 0 100K
R3 6 0 2.2K
R4 6 7 56K
R5 7 8 4.7K
R6 7 0 6.8K
R7 13 0 5.6K
R8 12 0 47K
R9 5 4 100K
R10 10 9 27K
R11 10 11 390
C1 3 0 1NF
C2 7 0 10UF
C3 5 0 100UF
C4 1 2 1UF
C5 13 12 1NF
Q1 4 2 6 BC109C
Q2 9 4 8 BC109C
Q3 10 9 13 BC109C
D1 5 0 UT4020
.LIB EBIPOLAR.LIB
.LIB DIODE.LIB
.TRAN 0.1US 0.002S
.FOUR 10M V(10)
.PROBE
.END

Analiza fourier de iesire


Diode MODEL PARAMETERS
UT4020
IS 19.780000E-09
N 1.855
BV 200
IBV 1.000000E-03
RS .0214
TT 5.150000E-06
CJO 121.600000E-12

VJ .5288
M .4425
EG 1.132
XTI 4.908
BJT MODEL PARAMETERS
BC109C
NPN
IS 7.049000E-15
BF 677
NF 1
VAF 28.14
IKF 96.23
ISE 7.049000E-15
NE 1.38
BR 2.209
NR 1
IKR 10.73
ISC 250.300000E-12
NC 2.002
RC 1.433
CJE 11.500000E-12
VJE .5
MJE .2717
CJC 5.380000E-12
VJC .6218
MJC .329
TF 437.800000E-12
XTF 12.85
VTF 10
ITF 3.097
TR 10.000000E-09
XTB 1.5
CN 2.42
D .87
INITIAL TRANSIENT SOLUTION
C

TEMPERATURE = 27.000 DEG

NODE VOLTAGE
NODE VOLTAGE

NODE VOLTAGE

1)

0.0000 ( 3)

5) 611.1E-06 ( 6) 4.802E-09 (

9) 13.9410 ( 10) 14.0770 ( 11) 15.0000 ( 12)

0.0000 (

2)

NODE VOLTAGE

0.0000 (

4) 636.5E-06

7) 127.0E-09 ( 8) 225.0E-09
0.0000

( 13) 13.2540
VOLTAGE SOURCE CURRENTS
NAME
CURRENT
V1
VPER
V2

3.058E-12
3.058E-12
-2.367E-03

TOTAL POWER DISSIPATION 3.55E-02 WATTS


**** 02/01/12 16:10:23 ********* PSpice 9.2 (Mar 2000) ******** ID# 1
**** FOURIER ANALYSIS
DEG C

TEMPERATURE = 27.000

FOURIER COMPONENTS OF TRANSIENT RESPONSE V(12)


DC COMPONENT = -2.070817E-07
HARMONIC FREQUENCY FOURIER NORMALIZED
NORMALIZED
NO
(HZ) COMPONENT COMPONENT (DEG)
(DEG)
1
2
3
4

1.000E+03
2.000E+03
3.000E+03
4.000E+03

4.146E-07
4.157E-07
4.172E-07
4.186E-07

1.000E+00
1.003E+00
1.006E+00
1.010E+00

-9.090E+01
-9.186E+01
-9.295E+01
-9.417E+01

PHASE
PHASE

0.000E+00
8.993E+01
1.797E+02
2.694E+02

5
6
7
8
9

5.000E+03
6.000E+03
7.000E+03
8.000E+03
9.000E+03

4.192E-07
4.189E-07
4.175E-07
4.151E-07
4.121E-07

1.011E+00
1.010E+00
1.007E+00
1.001E+00
9.940E-01

-9.551E+01 3.590E+02
-9.691E+01 4.485E+02
-9.830E+01 5.380E+02
-9.964E+01 6.275E+02
-1.009E+02 7.172E+02

TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION = 2.843622E+02 PERCENT

9. Analiza in functie de un parametru


Analiza parametrica
V1 1 0 sin(0 3 1k)
V2 11 0 15v
R1 1 0 47K
R2 3 0 100K
R3 6 0 2.2K
R4 6 7 56K

R5 7 8 4.7K
R6 7 0 6.8K
R7 13 0 5.6K
R8 12 0 {R}
R9 5 4 100K
R10 10 9 27K
R11 10 11 390
C1 3 0 1NF
C2 7 0 10UF
C3 5 0 100UF
C4 1 2 1UF
C5 13 12 1NF
Q1 4 2 6 BC109C
Q2 9 4 8 BC109C
Q3 10 9 13 BC109C
D1 5 0 UT4020
.LIB EBIPOLAR.LIB
.LIB DIODE.LIB
.TRAN 10u 3m 0 50u
.PARAM R=47k
.STEP PARAM R LIST 10 50 10k
.PROBE
.END
Analiza parametrica
****

Diode MODEL PARAMETERS


UT4020
IS 19.780000E-09
N 1.855
BV 200
IBV 1.000000E-03
RS .0214
TT 5.150000E-06
CJO 121.600000E-12
VJ .5288
M .4425
EG 1.132
XTI 4.908

****

BJT MODEL PARAMETERS


BC109C
NPN
IS 7.049000E-15
BF 677
NF 1
VAF 28.14
IKF 96.23
ISE 7.049000E-15
NE 1.38
BR 2.209
NR 1
IKR 10.73
ISC 250.300000E-12
NC 2.002
RC 1.433
CJE 11.500000E-12
VJE .5
MJE .2717
CJC 5.380000E-12
VJC .6218
MJC .329
TF 437.800000E-12
XTF 12.85
VTF 10
ITF 3.097
TR 10.000000E-09
XTB 1.5
CN 2.42
D .87

**** 02/01/12 19:03:57 ********* PSpice 9.2 (Mar 2000) ******** ID# 1
********

**** INITIAL TRANSIENT SOLUTION


27.000 DEG C
****

CURRENT STEP

NODE VOLTAGE
NODE VOLTAGE
0.0000 (

PARAM R = 10

NODE VOLTAGE

2) 644.1E-06 (

TEMPERATURE =

3)

NODE VOLTAGE

1)

0.0000 (

4) 644.1E-06

5) 618.4E-06 ( 6) 4.802E-09 (

9) 13.9410 ( 10) 14.0770 ( 11) 15.0000 ( 12)

7) 127.0E-09 ( 8) 225.0E-09
0.0000

( 13) 13.2540
VOLTAGE SOURCE CURRENTS
NAME
CURRENT
V1
V2

0.000E+00
-2.367E-03

TOTAL POWER DISSIPATION 3.55E-02 WATTS

**** INITIAL TRANSIENT SOLUTION


27.000 DEG C
****

CURRENT STEP

NODE VOLTAGE
NODE VOLTAGE
(

1)

0.0000 (

PARAM R = 50

NODE VOLTAGE

2) 644.1E-06 (

TEMPERATURE =

3)

NODE VOLTAGE

0.0000 (

4) 644.1E-06

5) 618.4E-06 ( 6) 4.802E-09 (

7) 127.0E-09 ( 8) 225.0E-09

9) 13.9410 ( 10) 14.0770 ( 11) 15.0000 ( 12)

0.0000

( 13) 13.2540
VOLTAGE SOURCE CURRENTS
NAME
CURRENT
V1
V2

0.000E+00
-2.367E-03

TOTAL POWER DISSIPATION 3.55E-02 WATTS


**** INITIAL TRANSIENT SOLUTION
27.000 DEG C
****

CURRENT STEP

NODE VOLTAGE
NODE VOLTAGE
0.0000 (

PARAM R = 10.0000E+03

NODE VOLTAGE

2) 644.1E-06 (

TEMPERATURE =

3)

NODE VOLTAGE

1)

0.0000 (

4) 644.1E-06

5) 618.4E-06 ( 6) 4.802E-09 (

9) 13.9410 ( 10) 14.0770 ( 11) 15.0000 ( 12)

7) 127.0E-09 ( 8) 225.0E-09

( 13) 13.2540
VOLTAGE SOURCE CURRENTS
NAME
CURRENT
V1
V2

0.000E+00
-2.367E-03

TOTAL POWER DISSIPATION 3.55E-02 WATTS

0.0000

Din analizele de temperatura si cea parametrica observam cum se comporta


circuitul in cazul modificarilor de temperatura si anume care este forma
semnalului la iesire. Acest lucru se observa si in cazul in care sunt modificati
parametrii initiali.

10. Analiza in functie de temperatura


analiza de temperatura
V1 1 0 AC 10mV SIN(0 10mV 100Hz)
V2 11 0 15V
R1 1 0 47K
R2 3 0 100K

R3 6 0 2.2K
R4 6 7 56K
R5 7 8 4.7K
R6 7 0 6.8K
R7 13 0 5.6K
R8 12 0 47K
R9 5 4 100K
R10 10 9 27K
R11 10 11 390
C1 3 0 1NF
C2 7 0 10UF
C3 5 0 100UF
C4 1 2 1UF
C5 13 12 1NF
Q1 4 2 6 BC109C
Q2 9 4 8 BC109C
Q3 10 9 13 BC109C
D1 5 0 UT4020
.LIB EBIPOLAR.LIB
.LIB DIODE.LIB
.TRAN 10us 100us 10us
.TEMP -26 24 69
.PROBE
.END
Analiza de temperatura
**** INITIAL TRANSIENT SOLUTION
-26.000 DEG C

TEMPERATURE =

NODE VOLTAGE
NODE VOLTAGE

NODE VOLTAGE

1)

0.0000 (

.0054 (

5)

.0054 ( 6) 4.792E-09 (

9) 13.9050 ( 10) 14.0850 ( 11) 15.0000 ( 12)

2)

3)

NODE VOLTAGE

0.0000 (

4)

7) 126.5E-09 (

.0054
8) 224.1E-09
0.0000

( 13) 13.1320
VOLTAGE SOURCE CURRENTS
NAME
CURRENT
V1
V2

0.000E+00
-2.345E-03

TOTAL POWER DISSIPATION 3.52E-02 WATTS


**** TEMPERATURE-ADJUSTED VALUES
24.000 DEG C
NODE VOLTAGE
NODE VOLTAGE
0.0000 (

NODE VOLTAGE

2) 667.2E-06 (

3)

TEMPERATURE =

NODE VOLTAGE

1)

0.0000 (

4) 667.3E-06

5) 646.5E-06 ( 6) 4.801E-09 (

9) 13.9390 ( 10) 14.0770 ( 11) 15.0000 ( 12)

7) 126.9E-09 (

8) 224.9E-09
0.0000

( 13) 13.2480
VOLTAGE SOURCE CURRENTS
NAME
CURRENT
V1
V2

0.000E+00
-2.366E-03

TOTAL POWER DISSIPATION 3.55E-02 WATTS


**** TEMPERATURE-ADJUSTED VALUES
69.000 DEG C

TEMPERATURE =

NODE VOLTAGE
NODE VOLTAGE
0.0000 (

NODE VOLTAGE

2) 723.0E-06 (

3)

NODE VOLTAGE

1)

0.0000 (

4) 723.1E-06

5) 374.8E-06 ( 6) 5.644E-09 (

9) 13.9580 ( 10) 14.0710 ( 11) 15.0000 ( 12)

7) 146.1E-09 (

8) 258.9E-09

( 13) 13.3420
VOLTAGE SOURCE CURRENTS
NAME
CURRENT
V1
V2

0.000E+00
-2.383E-03

TOTAL POWER DISSIPATION 3.57E-02 WATTS

0.0000

11.Cablajul circuitului