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# AE

## Practicing Balance Stoichiometry of carbon emissions

Cookout
How many grams of carbon dioxide do you use when cooking using propane (C 3H8)? A normal cookout uses about 3.65 moles of propane. a. Write a balanced equation for the combustion of propane. b. Convert moles of propane to moles of carbon dioxide using the mole ratio from the balanced equation. c. Convert moles of carbon dioxide to grams of carbon dioxide.

## Carbon dioxide from a car in a year

Calculate the mass (grams) of carbon dioxide emitted by a car in one year. An average driver uses 200 gallons of gasoline in a year (midsized car, about 12,000 miles per year). To keep it easy, assume gasoline is entirely octane. The density of octane is 0.7028 g/mL. Also, you should know that there are 3785 mL in one gallon. a. Write a balanced equation for the combustion of octane. b. Convert gallons to mL. c. Convert mL of octane to grams of octane.

d. Convert grams of octane to moles of octane. e. Convert moles of octane to moles of carbon dioxide using the mole ratio from the balanced equation. f. Convert moles of carbon dioxide to grams of carbon dioxide.

## Detritus & anaerobic respiration

Remember your decomposers from life science? They produce carbon dioxide as well by decomposing glucose into carbon dioxide and methane (CH4). a. Write a balanced equation for the decomposition of glucose into carbon dioxide and methane. b. How many grams of carbon dioxide would be released by the decomposition of 1.000 kg of glucose? c. How many liters of methane (assuming STP) would be released by the decomposition of 1.000 kg of glucose?

d. How many grams of methane would be released by the decomposition of 1.000 kg of glucose? e. Why arent your answers to b and d equal if 3 moles of methane and 3 moles of carbon dioxide are produced from detritus decomposition of glucose?

## Fly or drive? (Honors)

Estimate the volume (in Liters) of carbon dioxide used in a driving trip from Culver to Boston. Assume the car gets 30 miles to a gallon. The driving trip is 932 miles long according to Google. Estimate the volume (in Liters) of carbon dioxide used in a flight from Culver to Boston (assuming such a flight exists). The flight would be 900 miles; a plane flies an average of 445 miles per hour, combusting 33,630,000 grams of fuel every hour. Finally, jet fuel is dodecane. Use Wikipedia to look up its molecular formula and density. Use standard temperature and pressure for your conversions of carbon dioxide.

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