. [2 marks]P2,2008
(b)(i) Sketch the graph of x y 2 tan = for 0 s x s t
(ii) Hence, using the same axes, sketch a suitable straight line to find the number of solutions for
the equation 0
sec 2
tan 2 3
2
=
+
x
x x
t
, for 0 s x s t
[6 marks]P2,2008
6 (a) Sketch the graph of x y 2 cos
2
3
= for t
2
3
0 s s x . [3 marks]P2,2009
(b) Hence, using the same axes, sketch a suitable straight line to find the number of solutions for the
equation
2
3
2 cos
3
4
= x x
t
for t
2
3
0 s s x . State the number of solutions.
[3 marks]P2,2009
7 (a) Sketch the graph of y = 1 + 3cos x for 0 x 2t. [4 marks]P2,2010
(b) Hence, using the same axes, sketch a suitable straight line to find the number of solutions for the
equation 6t cos x = 4t  3x for 0 x 2t.
[3 marks]P2,2010
P a g e  10
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
DIFFERENTIATION AND INTEGRATION
1 The gradient function of the curve which passes through A(1, 12) is x x 6 3
2
, Find
a) the equation of the curve [3 marks]P2,2004
b) the coordinates of the turning points of the curve and determine whether each of the turning points
is a maximum or a minimum. [5 marks]P2,2004
2 The gradient function of a curve is kx hx
2
, where h and k are constants. The curve has a turning
point at (3, 4). The gradient of the tangent to the curve at the point x = 1 is 8. Find
a) the value of h and of k [5 marks]P2,2009
b) the equation of the curve [3 marks]P2,2009
3 Diagram shows the shaded region bounded by the curve y = g(x), the xaxis and the straight line x = 3.
O 1
y
x
x = 3
y = g(x)
It is given that the area of the shaded region is 10
unit2.
a) Find
i)
3
1
) ( dx x g
ii)
3
1
)] ( 2 [ dx x g x
[4 marks]P2,2010
b) Given g'(x) = 2x 8, find g(x) in terms of x.
[3 marks]P2,2010
P a g e  11
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
SECTION B
COORDINATE GEOMETRY
1 Solution to this question by scale drawing will not be accepted.
a. Find
i. the equation of straight line AB
ii. the coordinates of B
[5 marks]P2,2005
b. The straight line AB is extended to a point D such that
AB : BD = 2 : 3, Find the coordinates D.
[2 marks]P2,2005
c. A point P moves such that its distance from point A is
always 5 units. Find the equation of the locus of P.
[3 marks]P2, 2005
2 Solution to this question by scale drawing will not be accepted.
a. Calculate the area, in unit
2
, of triangle AOB
[2 marks]P2, 2006
b. Given that AC : CB = 3 : 2, find the coordinates of C.
[2 marks]P2,2006
c. A point P moves such that its distance from point A is
always twice its distance from point B.
i. Find the equation of the locus of P.
ii. Hence, determine whether or not this locus
intercepts the yaxis.
[6 marks}P2,2006
3 Solution by scale drawing is not accepted.
Diagram shows a triangle OPQ. Point S lies on the line PQ.
a. A point W moves such that its distance from point S is always
2
1
2 units. Find the equation of the locus of W.
[3 marks]P2,2008
b. It is given that point P and point Q lie on the locus of W.
Calculate
1. The value of k
2. The coordinates of Q
[5 marks]P2,2008
c) Hence, find the area, in unit
2
, of triangle OPQ
[2 marks]P2,2008
B
A(4, 9)
C
x
y
O
2y + x + 6 = 0
B(6, 2)
A(3, 4)
C
O
x
y
y
x
P(
2
3
, k)
S(3, 1)
Q
O
P a g e  12
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
4 Solution by scale drawing is not accepted.
Diagram shows a trapezium OABC. The line OA is perpendicular to the line AB, which intersects
the yaxis at the point Q. It is given that the equation of OA is x y
2
3
= and the equation of AB is
26 6 + = kx y
a) Find
i) the value of k
ii) the coordinates of A
[4 marks]P2,2009
b) Given AQ : QB = 1 : 2, find
i) the coordinates of B
ii) the equation of the straight line BC
[4 marks]P2,2009
c) A point P(x, y) moves such that 2PA = PB
Find the equation of the locus of P.
[2 marks]P2,2009
CIRCULAR MEASURE
1 Diagram shows a circle PQRT, centre O and radius 5 cm. JQK is a tangent to the circle at Q. The
straight lines, JO and KO, intersect the circle at P and R respectively. OPQR is a rhombus. JLK is an
arc of a circle O.
Calculate
a) the angle o, in terms of t
[2 marks]P2,2004
b) the length, in cm, of the arc JLK
[4 marks]P2,2004
c) the area, in cm
2
, of the shaded region.
[4 marks]P2,2004
2 Diagram shows a sector POQ of a circle, centre O. The point A lies on OP, the point B lies on OQ and
AB is perpendicular to OQ. The length of OA = 8 cm and
6
t
= ZPOQ radian.
It is given that OA : OP = 4 : 7
(Use t = 3.142)
Calculate
a) the length in cm of AP [1 mark ]P2,2005
b) the perimeter in cm of the shaded region [5 marks]P2,2005
c) the area in cm
2
of the shaded region [4 marks]P2,2005
O
A
Q
B
C
x
y
x y
2
3
=
26 6 + = kx y
o rad
O
R P
Q
J K
L
T
P
Q
B
O
A
8 cm
rad
6
t
P a g e  13
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
3 Diagram shows the plan of a garden. PCQ is a semicircle with centre O and has a radius of 8 m. RAQ
is a sector of the circle with centre A and has a radius of 14 m.
Sector COQ is a lawn. The shaded region is a flower bed
and has to be fenced. It is given that AC = 8 m and
ZCOQ = 1.956 radians.
Calculate
a) the area in m
2
of the lawn
[2 marks]P2,2006
b) the length in m, of the fence required for fencing the
flower bed.
[4 marks]P2,2006
c) the area in m
2
, of the flower bed.
[4 marks]P2,2006
4 Diagram shows a circle, centre O and radius 10 cm inscribed on a sector APB of a circle, centre P. The
straight lines, AP and BP, are tangents to the circle at point Q and point R, respectively.
(Use t = 3.142)
Calculate
a) the length in cm of the arc AB
[5 marks]P2,2007
b) the area in cm
2
of the shaded region.
[5 marks]P2,2007
5 Diagram shows two circles. The larger circle has centre X and radius 12 cm. The smaller circle has
centre Y and radius 8 cm. The circles touch at point R. The straight line PQ is a common tangent to the
circles at point P and point Q.
(Use t = 3.142)
Given that ZPXR = u radians,
a) show that u = 1.37 (to two decimals places)
[2 marks]P2,2008
b) calculate the length, in cm, of the minor arc QR
[3 marks]P2,2008
c) calculate the area, in cm
2
, of the shaded region
[5 marks]P2,2008
O Q A
P
C
R
O
A B
Q R
10 cm
60
o
P
Y
X
P
Q
R
u
12 cm
8 cm
P a g e  14
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
6 In diagram, POQ is a sector of a circle with centre O and radius 26 cm. SRT is a quadrant of a circle
with centre R and radius 5 cm.
It is given that S is the midpoint of OP. Use t = 3.142 and give the answers correct to two decimal
places.
Calculate
a) ZPOQ, in radian
[2 marks]P2,2009
b) the perimeter in cm of the shaded region.
[4 marks]P2,2009
c) the area in cm
2
of the shaded region.
[4 marks]P2,2009
7 Diagram shows a circle with centre O. D is the midpoint of AC and ZDOC = 60
o
.
DIFFERENTIATION
1 The curve y = x
3
6x
2
+ 9x + 1 passes through the point A(2 , 3) and has two turning points, P(3 , 1)
and Q.
Find
(a) the gradient of the curve at A. [3 marks]P2,2010
(b) the equation of the normal to the curve at A. [3 marks]P2,2010
(c) the coordinates of Q and determine whether Q is the maximum or the minimum point.
[4 marks]P2,2010
O
R T Q
P
S
A C
B
D
O
60
o
It is given that the area of the major sector OAC is
15
7
209 cm
2
.
[Use t = 3.142]
Find
(a) the value of u, in radians, [1 mark]P2,2010
(b) radius, in cm, of the circle, [2 marks]P2,2010
(c) perimeter, in cm, of the shaded sector
[4 marks]P2,2010
(d) the area in cm
2
, of segment ABC
[3 marks]P2,2010
P a g e  15
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
DIFFERENTIATION AND INTEGRATION
4 Diagram shows part of the curve
( )
2
1 2
3
=
x
y which passes through A(1, 3)
a. Find the equation of the tangent to the curve at point
A.
[4 marks]P2,2004
b. A region is bounded by the curve, the xaxis and the
straight lines x = 2 and x = 3.
i. Find the area of the region
ii. The region is revolved through 360
o
about the x
axis. Find the volume generated, in term of t.
[6 marks]P2,2004
5 The diagram shows, the straight line PQ is normal to the curve 1
2
2
+ =
x
y at A(2, 3). The straight line
AR is parallel to the yaxis.
Find
c. the value of k
[3 marks]P2,2006
d. the area of the shaded region
[4 marks]P2,2006
e. the volume generated, in terms of t, when the region
bounded by the curve, the yaxis and the straight line
y = 3 is revolved through 360
o
about the yaxis.
[3 marks]P2,2005
6 The curve with gradient function
2
2
2
x
x has a turning point at (k, 8).
f. Find the value of k. [3 marks]P2,2007
g. Determine whether the turning point is a maximum or a minimum point. [2 marks]P2,2007
h. Find the equation of the curve. [3 marks]P2,
2007
A(1, 3)
( )
2
1 2
3
=
x
y
x
y
O
R
O
Q(k, 0)
x
A(2, 3)
P
y
1
2
2
+ =
x
y
P a g e  16
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
7 Diagram shows part of the curve ( )
3
1 = x k y , where k is a constant.
The curve intersects the straight line x = 3 at point
A.
At point A,
dx
dy
= 24
a) Find the value of k
[3 marks]P2,2007
b) Hence, calculate
i) the area of shaded region P.
ii) the volume generated in term of t when
the region R which is bounded by the
curve, the xaxis and the yaxis, is
revolved through 360
o
about xaxis.
[7 marks]P2,2007
8 Diagram shows the curve 5
2
+ = x y and the tangent to the curve at the point A(1, 6).
Calculate
i. the equation of the tangent at A.
[3 marks]P2,2008
j. the area of the coloured region,
[4 marks]P2,2008
k. the volume of revolution, in term of t, when the
region bounded by the curve and the straight line y
= 7 is rotated through 360
o
about the yaxis.
[3 marks]P2,2008
LINEAR LAW
1 Table shows the values of two variables, x and y, obtained from an experiment. Variables x and y are
related by the equation y = pk
x
, where p and k are constants.
x 2 4 6 8 10 12
y 3.16 5.50 9.12 16.22 28.84 46.77
a) Plot y
10
log against x by using a scale of 2 cm to 2 units on the xaxis and 2 cm to 0.2 unit on the
y
10
log axis.
[4 marks]P2,2004
b) Use your graph from (a) to find the value of
i) p
ii) k
[6 marks]P2,2004
P
A
R O
y
x
x = 3
( )
3
1 = x k y
O
x
y
5
2
+ = x y
A(1, 6)
P a g e  17
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
2 Table shows the values of two variables, x and y, obtained from an experiment. The variables x and y
related by the equation
px
r
px y + = , where p and r are constants.
x 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 5.5
y 5.5 4.7 5.0 6.5 7.7 8.4
a) Plot xy against x
2
, by using scale of 2 cm to 5 units on both axes. Hence, draw the line of best fit.
[5 marks]P2,2005
b) Use the graph from (a) to find the value of
i) p
ii) r
[5 marks]P2,2005
3 related by the equation y = pk
x+1
, where p and k are constants.
x 1 2 3 4 5 6
y 4.0 5.7 8.7 13.2 20.0 28.8
a) Plot y
10
log against (x + 1) using a scale 2 cm to 1 unit on (x + 1)axis and 2 cm to 0.2 unit on the
y
10
log axis. Hence, draw the line of the best fit.
[5 marks]P2,2006
b) Use your graph from (a) to find the value of
i) p,
ii) k
[5 marks]P2,2006
4 Table shows the values of two variables, x and y, obtained from an experiment. Variables x and y are
related by the equation x
k
p
kx y + =
2
2 , where p and k are constants.
x 2 3 4 5 6 7
y 8 13.2 20 27.5 36.6 45.5
a) Plot
x
y
against x, using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on both axes. Hence draw the line of best fit.
[4 marks]P2,2007
b) Use your graph in (a) to find the value of
i) p
ii) k
iii) y when x = 1.2
[6 marks]P2,2007
P a g e  18
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
5 Table shows the values of two variables, x and y, obtained from an experiment. Variables x and y are
related by the equation y = hk
2x
, where h and k are constants.
x 1.5 3.0 4.5 6.0 7.5 9.0
y 2.51 3.24 4.37 5.75 7.76 10.00
a) Based on the table, construct a table for the values of y
10
log .
[1 mark]P1,2008
b) Plot y
10
log against x, using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on the xaxis and 2 cm to 0.1 unit on the
y
10
log axis. Hence, draw the line of best fit.
[4 marks]P2,2008
c) Use the graph in (b) to find the value of
i) x when y = 4.8
ii) h
iii) k
[5 marks]P2,2008
6 Table shows the values of two variables, x and y, obtained from an experiment. The variables x and y
are related by the equation 1 + =
x
p
y
k
, where k and p are constants.
x 1.5 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0
y 2.502 0.770 0.465 0.385 0.351 0.328
a) Based on the table, construct a table for the values of
x
1
and
y
1
.
[2 marks]P2,2009
b) Plot
y
1
against
x
1
, using a scale of 2 cm to 0.1 unit on
x
1
axis and 2 cm to 0.5 unit on
y
1
axis.
Hence, draw the line of best fit.
[3 marks]P2,2009
c) Use the graph in (b) to find the value of
i) k
ii) p
[5 marks]P2,2009
7 Use graph paper to answer this question.
Table shows the value of two variables, x and y, obtained from an experiment. Variables x and y are
related by equation
k
h
y
x
= , where h and k are constants.
x 3 4 5 6 7 8
y 2.57 3.31 4.07 4.90 6.31 7.94
P a g e  19
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
(a) Plot y
10
log against x, using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on the xaxis and 2 cm to 0.1 unit on the
y
10
log axis.
Hence, draw the line of best fit.
[4 marks]P2,2010
(b) Use the graph in (a) to find the value of
(i) h,
(ii) k,
(iii) y when x = 2.7
[4 marks]P2,2010
VECTOR
1 Diagram shows triangle AOB. The point P lies on OA and the point Q lies on AB. The straight line BP
intersects the straight line OQ at the point S.
It is given that
OA : OP = 4 : 1, AB : AQ = 2 : 1,
~
8x OA= ,
~
6 y OB =
a) Express in terms of
~
x and/or
~
y
i) BP
ii) OQ
[3 marks]P2,2007 { [3 marks]P2,2007
b) Using OQ h OS = and BP k BS = , where h and k are
constants. Find the value of h and of k
[5 marks]P2,2007
c) Given that 2
~
= x units, 3
~
= y units and ZAOB = 90
o
, find
AB
[2 marks]P2,2007
2 Diagram shows triangle OAB. The point C lies on OA and the point D lies on AB. The straight line OD
intersects the straight line BC at the point E.
O
P
A
Q
B
S
O C A
E
B
D
It is given that x OA = , y OB = , OA OC
3
2
= and
AD AB 2 =
(a) Express in terms of x and y
(i) BC
(ii) OD [4 marks]P2,2010
P a g e  20
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
(b) It is given that OD h OE = and BC k BE = ,where h and k are constants.
Express OE
(i) in terms of h, x and y
(ii) in terms of k, x and y [3 marks]P2,2010
(c) Hence, find the value of h and of k. [3 marks]P2,2010
PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS
1 (a) A club organises a practice session for trainees on scoring goals from penalty kicks. Each
trainee takes 8 penalty kicks. The probability that a trainee scores a goal from a penalty kick
is p. After the session, it is found that the mean number of goals for a trainee is 4.8.
i) Find the value of p.
ii) If a trainee is chosen at random, find the probability that he scores at least one goal.
[5 marks]P2,2004
(b) A survey on bodymass is done on a group of students. The mass of a student has a normal
distribution with a mean of 50 kg and a standard deviation of 15 kg.
i) If a student is chosen at random, calculate the probability that his mass is less than 41
kg.
ii) Given that 12% of the students have a mass of more than m kg, find the value of m.
[5 marks]P2,2004
2 For this question, give your answer correct to three significant figures.
(a) The result of a study shows that 20% of the pupils in a city cycle to school. If 8 pupils from the
city is chosen at random, calculate the probability that
i) exactly 2 of them cycle to school.
ii) Less that 3 of them cycle to school.
[4 marks]P2,2005
(b) The mass of watermelons produced from an orchard follows a normal distribution with a mean
of 3.2 kg and a standard deviation of 0.5 kg. Find
i) the probability that a watermelons chosen randomly from the orchard has a mass of not
more than 4.0 kg.
ii) the value of m if 60% of the watermelons from the orchard have a mass of more than m
kg.
[6 marks]P2,2005
P a g e  21
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
3 An orchard produces lemons. Only lemons with diameter, x greater than k cm are graded and
marketed.
Table shows the grades of the lemons based on their diameters.
Grade A B C
Diameter, x cm x > 7 7 > x > 5 5 > x > k
It is given that the diameter of the lemons has a normal distribution with mean of 5.8 cm and a
standard deviation of 1.5 cm.
a) If one lemon is picked at random, calculate the probability that it is of grade A.
[2 marks]P2,2006
b) In a basket of 500 lemons, estimate the number of grade B lemons.
[4 marks]P2,2006
c) If 85.7% of the lemons is marked, find the value of k.
[4 marks]P2,2006
4 (a) In a survey carried out in a school, it is found that 2 out of 5 students have handphones. If 8
students from that school are chosen at random, calculate the probability that
i) exactly 2 students have handphones,
ii) more than 2 students have handphones.
[5 marks]P2,2007
(b) A group of workers are given medical check up. The blood pressure of a worker has a normal
distribution with mean of 130 mmHg and a standard deviation of 16 mmHg. Blood pressure
that is more than 150 mmHg is classified as high blood pressure.
i) A worker is chosen at random from the group. Find the probability that the worker has
a blood pressure between 114 mmHg and 150 mmHg.
ii) It is found that 132 workers have high blood pressure. Find the total number of the
workers in the group.
[5 marks]P2,2007
5 The masses of mangoes from an orchard has a normal distribution with a mean of 300 g and a standard
deviation of 80 g.
a) Find the probability that a mango chosen randomly from this orchard has a mass of more than 168
g.
[3 marks]P2,2008
b) A random sample of 500 mangoes is chosen.
i) Calculate the number of mangoes from this sample that have a mass of more than 168 g.
ii) Given that 435 mangoes from this sample have a mass of more than m g, find the value of m.
[7 marks]P2,2008
6 A test paper consists of 40 questions. Each question is followed by four choices of answer, where only
one of these is correct.
a) Salma answers all the question by randomly choosing an answers for each question.
i) Estimate the number of questions she answered correctly.
ii) Find the standard deviation of the number of questions she answered correctly
[5 marks]P2,2009
P a g e  22
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
b) Basri answered 30 questions correctly and randomly choosing an answer for each of the remaining
10 questions. Find the probability that he answers
i) 36 questions correctly,
ii) At least 32 questions correctly.
[5 marks]P2,2009
7 (a) A random variable, X, has a binomial distribution with 10 trials where the probability of success
in each trial is p. The mean number of success is 4.
Calculate
(i) The value of p,
(ii) P(x 2) [5 marks]P2,2010
(b) The diameter of limes from a farm has a normal distribution with mean of 3.2 cm and a standard
deviation of 1.5 cm.
Calculate
(i) the probability that a lime chosen at random from this farm has a diameter more than 3.9 cm.
(ii) the value of d if 33% of the limes have diameters less than d cm.
[5 marks]P2,2010
P a g e  23
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
SECTION C
SOLUTION OF TRIANGLES
1 Solution by scale drawing will not be accepted
Diagram shows a quadrilateral ABCD such that ZABC is acute.
a) Calculate
i) ZABC
ii) ZADC
iii) The area in cm
2
of quadrilateral ABCD.
[8 marks]P2,2004
b) A triangle ABC has the same measurement as those given
for triangle ABC, that is AC = 12.3 cm, CB = 9.5 cm,
and ZBAC = 40.5
o
, but which is different in shape to
triangle ABC.
i) Sketch the triangle ABC
ii) State the size of ZABC
[2 marks]P2,2004
2 Solution by scale drawing will not be accepted
Diagram shows triangle ABC
a) Calculate the length in cm of AC.
[2 marks]P2,2005
b) A quadrilateral ABCD is now formed so that AC is a diagonal, ZACD =
40
o
and AD = 16 cm. Calculate the two possible values of ZADC.
[2 marks]P2,2005
c) By using the acute ZADC from (b), calculate
i) the length in cm of CD
ii) the area in cm
2
of the quadrilateral ABCD.
[6 marks]P2,2005
3 Solution by scale drawing will not be accepted
Diagram shows a quadrilateral ABCD
The area of triangle BCD is 13 cm
2
and ZBCD is acute.
Calculate
a) ZBCD [2 marks]P2,2006
b) the length in cm of BD [2 marks]P2,2006
c) ZABD [3 marks]P2,2006
d) the area in cm
2
, quadrilateral ABCD. [3 marks]P2,2006
B
A
C
D
9.8 cm
12.3 cm
5.2 cm
9.5 cm
40.5
o
A
B
C
20 cm
15 cm
65
o
A
B
C
D
40
o
9 cm
6 cm
5 cm
P a g e  24
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
4 Solution by scale drawing will not be accepted
Diagram shows quadrilateral ABCD
a) Calculate
i) the length in cm of AC
ii) ZACB
[4 marks]P2,2007
b) Point A lies on AC such that AB = AB
i) Sketch AABC
ii) Calculate the area in cm
2
of AABC
[6 marks]P2,2007
5 Solution by scale drawing will not be accepted
In diagram below, ABC is a triangle. ADFB, AEC and BGC are straight lines. The straight line FG is
perpendicular to BC.
It is given that BD = 19 cm, DA = 16 cm, AE = 14
cm, ZDAE = 80
o
and ZFBG = 45
o
.
a) Calculate
i) DE
ii) EC
[5 marks]P2,2008
b) The area of triangle DAE is twice the area of
triangle FBG. Calculate the length in cm of
BG.
[4 marks]P2,2008
c) Sketch triangle ABC which has different
shape from triangle ABC such that AB = AB,
AC = AC and ZABC = ZABC.
[1 mark ]P2,2008
6 Solution by scale drawing will not be accepted
Diagram shows a trapezium KLMN. KN is parallel to LM and ZLMN is obtuse.
Find
a) the length in cm of LN [2 marks]P2,2009
b) the length in cm of MN [3 marks]P2,2009
c) ZLMN [3 marks]P2,2009
d) the area in cm
2
of triangle LMN [2 marks]P2,2009
A
B
C D
6 cm
16.4 cm
5.6 cm
105
o
50
o
45
o
80
o
A
B C
D
E
F
G
80
o
32
o
K
N
M
L
5.6 cm
12.5 cm
P a g e  25
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
7 Solution by scale drawing will not be accepted
Diagram shows triangle ABC and triangle CDE where BCE and ACD are straight lines.
INDEX NUMBER
1 Table shows the price indices and percentage of usage of four items P, Q, R, and S, which are the main
ingredients in the production of a type of biscuit.
Item
Price index for the year 1995
based on the year 1993
Percentage of usage
(%)
P 135 40
Q x 30
R 105 10
S 130 20
a) Calculate
i) the price of S in the year 1993 if its price in the year 1995 is RM37.70,
ii) the price index of P in the year 1995 based on the year 1991 if its price index in the year
1993 based on the year 1991 is 120
[5 marks]P2,2004
b) The composite index number of the cost of biscuit production for the year 1995 based on the year
1993 is 128.
Calculate
i) the value of x
ii) the price of a box of biscuit in the year 1993 if the corresponding price in the year 1995 is
RM32
[5 marks]P2,2004
25
o
50
o
A
B
C
D
E
6 cm
4 cm
2.5 cm
(a) Calculate the length, in cm, of
(i) BC
(ii) DE
[5 marks]P2,2010
(b) Point C' lies on BE such that AC' = AC
(i) Sketch triangle AC' B.
(ii) Find Z AC' B.
(iii)Calculate the area, in cm
2
, of triangle
AC' B.
[5 marks]P2,2010
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2 Table shows the price and the price indices for the four ingredients, P, Q, R, and S, used in making
biscuit of a particular kind. Diagram is a pie chart which represents the relative amount of the
ingredients P, Q, R, and S, used in making these biscuits.
Ingredients
Price per kg
(RM)
Price index for the year
2004 based on the year
2001 Year 2001 Year 2004
P 0.80 1.00 x
Q 2.00 y 140
R 0.40 0.60 150
S z 0.40 80
a) Find the value of x, y, and z [3 marks]P2,2005
b) (i) Calculate the composite index for the cost of making these biscuits in the year 2004 based on
the year 2001
(ii) Hence, calculate the corresponding cost of making these biscuits in the year 2001 if the cost in
the year 2004 was RM2985.
[5 marks]P2,2005
c) The cost of making these biscuits is expected to increase by 50% from the year 2004 to the year
2007. Find the expected composite index for the year 2007 based on the year 2001.
[2 marks]P2,2005
P
Q
R
S
100
o
60
o
120
o
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Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
3 A particular kind of cake is made by using four ingredients P, Q, R, and S. Table shows the prices of
the gradients.
Ingredient
Price per kilogram (RM)
Year 2004 Year 2005
P 5.00 w
Q 2.50 4.00
R x y
S 4.00 4.40
a) The index number of gradient P in the year 2005 based on the year 2004 is 120. Calculate the
value of w. [2 marks]P2,2006
b) The index number of gradient R in the year 2005 based on the year 2004 is 125. The price per
kilogram of ingredient R in the year 2005 is RM2.00 more than its corresponding price in the year
2004. Calculate the value of x and of y. [3 marks]P2,2006
c) The composite index for the cost of making the cake in the year 2005 based on the year 2004 is
127.5. Calculate
i) the price of a cake in the year 2004 if its corresponding price in the year 2005 is RM30.60
ii) the value of m if the quantities of gradients P, Q, R, and S used are in the ratio of 7 : 3 : m : 2.
[5 marks]P2,2006
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4 Table shows the prices and the price indices of five components P, Q, R, S, and T, used to produce a
kind of toy.
Component
Price (RM) for the year Price index for the year
2006 based on the year 2004 2004 2006
P 1.20 1.50 125
Q x 2.20 110
R 4.00 6.00 150
S 3.00 2.70 y
T 2.00 2.80 140
a) Find the value of x and of y. [3 marks]P2,2007
b) Calculate the composite index for the production cost of the toys in the year 2006 based on the year
2004. [3 marks]P2,2007
c) The price of each component increases by 20% from the year 2006 to the year 2008. Given that the
production cost of one toy in the year 2004 is RM55, calculate the corresponding cost in the year
2008.
[4 marks]P2,2007
S
R
Q
P
T
72
o
90
o
36
o
144
o
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Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
5 Table shows the prices and the price indices of four ingredients, fish, flour, salt and sugar used to make
a type of fish cracker.
Diagram shows a pie chart which represents the relative quantity of the ingredients used.
Ingredients
Price (RM) per kg for the year Price index for the year 2005
based on the year 2004 2004 2005
Fish 3.00 4.50 150
Flour 1.50 1.80 h
Salt k 0.90 112.5
Sugar 1.40 1.47 105
a) Find the value of h and of k [3 marks]P2,2008
b) Calculate the composite index for the cost of making these crackers in the year 2005 based on the
year 2004. [3 marks]P2,2008
c) The composite index for the cost of making these crackers increases by 50% from the year 2005 to
the year 2009.
Calculate
i) the composite index for the cost of making these crackers in the year 2009 based on the year
2004.
ii) the price of a box of these crackers in the year 2009 if its corresponding price in the year 2004
is RM25.
[4 marks]P2,2008
Salt
15%
Sugar
10%
Fish
30%
Flour
45%
P a g e  30
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
6 Table shows the prices, the price indices and weightages for four types of stationery P, Q, R and S.
Stationery
Price (RM) per unit Price index for the year 2008
based on the year 2007
Weightage
Year 2007 Year 2008
P 2.80 2.10 x 4
Q 4.00 4.80 120 2
R 2.00 y 130 3
S z 5.80 116 m
a) Find the value of
i) x
ii) y
iii) z [3 marks]P2,2009
b) The composite index for the price of the stationery in the year 2008 based on the year 2007 is
108.4
Calculate the value of m [3 marks]P2,2009
c) The total expenditure for the stationery in the year 2007 is RM525.
Calculate the corresponding total expenditure in the year 2008. [2 marks]P2,2009
d) The price index for Q in the year 2009 based on the year 2007 is 132.
Calculate the price index for Q in the year 2009 based on the year 2008 [2 marks]P2,2009
P a g e  31
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
7 Table shows the price indices for three items P, Q and R used in the production of a type of bag.
Item
Price index in the year 2006
based on the year 2004
Price index in the year 2008
based on the year 2004
P 125 150
Q 116 x
R y 120
(a) Find the price index of item P in the year 2008 based on the year 2006.
[2 marks]P2,2010
(b) The price of item Q in the year 2004 is RM7.50 and its price in the year 2008 is RM10.50
Find
(i) the value of x,
(ii) the price of item Q in the year 2006
[3 marks]P2,2010
(c) The composite index for the production cost of the bag in the year 2006 based on the year 2004
is 118.5. The cost of the items P, Q and R used are in the ratio of 2 : 1 : 3
Find the value of y.
[3 marks]P2,2010
(d) Given the price of the bag in the year 2006 is RM47.40, find the corresponding price of the bag
in the year 2004.
[2 marks]P2,2010
P a g e  32
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
MOTION ALONG A STRAIGHT LINE
1 A particle moves along a straight line from a fixed point P. Its velocity V m s
1
, is given by
V = 2t(6 t), where t is the time, in seconds, after leaving the point P.
(Assume motion to the right is positive)
Find
a) the maximum velocity of the particle,
[3 marks]P2,2004
b) the distance travelled during the third second,
[3 marks]P2,2004
c) the value of t when the particle passes the point P again,
[2 marks]P2,2004
d) the time between leaving P and when the particle reverses its direction of motion.
[2 marks]P2,2004
2 Diagram shows the position and directions of motion of two objects, P and Q, moving in a straight line
passing two fixed points, A and B respectively. Object P passes the fixed point A and object Q passes
the fixed point B simultaneously. The distance AB is 28 m.
The velocity of v
p
m s
1
, is given v
p
= 6 + 4t 2t
2
, where t is the time, in seconds after it passes A,
while Q travels with a constant velocity of 2 m s
1
. Object P stops instantaneously at the point C.
(Assume that the positive direction of motion is towards the right)
Find
a) the maximum velocity in m s
1
, of P,
[3 marks]P2,2005
b) the distance, in m, of C from A,
[4 marks]P2,2005
c) the distance, in m, between P and Q when P is at the point C.
[3 marks]P2,2005
3 A particle moves in a straight line and passes through a fixed point O. Its velocity, v m s
1
, is given by
v = t
2
6t + 5, where t is the time, in seconds, after leaving O.
[Assume motion to the right is positive.]
a) Find
i) the initial velocity of the particle,
ii) the time interval during which the particle moves towards the left,
iii) the time interval during which the acceleration of the particle is positive.
[5 marks]P2,2006
b) Sketch the velocitytime graph of the motion of the particle for 0 s t s 5
[2 marks]P2,2006
c) Calculate the total distance travelled during the first 5 seconds after leaving O.
[3 marks]P2,2006
P Q
A B C
28 m
P a g e  33
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
4 A particles moves along a straight line and passes through a fixed point O. Its velocity, v m s
1
, is
given by v = t
2
6t + 8, where t is the time, in seconds, after passing through O.
[Assume motion to the right is positive.]
Find
a) the initial velocity, in m s
1
[1 mark]P2,2007
b) the minimum velocity, in m s
1
[3 marks]P2,2007
c) the range of values of t during which the particle moves to the left.
[2 marks]P2,2007
d) The total distance, in m, travelled by the particle in the first 4 seconds.
[4 marks]P2,2007
5 A particle moves along a straight line and passes through a fixed point O. Its velocity, v m s
1
, is given
by v = 10 + 3t t
2
, where t is the time, in seconds, after passing through O. The particle stops
instantaneously at a point R.
[Assume motion to the right is positive]
Find
a) the acceleration, in m s
2
, of the particle at R,
[3 marks]P2,2008
b) the maximum velocity, in m s
1
, of the particle,
[3 marks]P2,2008
c) the total distances, in m, travelled by the particle in the first 9 seconds, after passing through O.
[4 marks]P2,2008
6 A particle moves in a straight line and passes through a fixed point O. The velocity of the particle,
v cm s
1
, is given by v = 15 + 4t 3t
2
, where t is the time in s, after leaving O
Find
a) the initial velocity, in cm s
1
, of the particle,
[1 mark]P2,2009
b) the initial acceleration, in cm s
2
, of the particle,
[2 marks]P2,2009
c) the maximum velocity, in cm s
1
of the particle,
[3 marks]P2,2009
d) the distance, in cm, from O when the particle stops instantaneously.
[4 marks]P2,2009
7 A particle moves along a straight line such that its acceleration, a ms
2
, is given by a = 10 2t, where t
is the time, in seconds, after it passes through a fixed point O. The initial velocity of the particle is 
16ms
1
.
[Assume motion to the right is positive]
Find
(a) the maximum velocity, in ms
1
, of the particle, [4 marks]P2,2010
(b) the range of values of t during which the particle moves to the right, [2 marks]P2,2010
(c) the total distance, in m, travelled by the particle in the first 6 seconds. [4 marks]P2,2010
P a g e  34
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
LINEAR PROGRAMMING
1 Use graph paper to answer this question.
A district education office intends to organise a course on the teaching of Mathematics and Science in
English.
The course will be attended by x Mathematics participants and y Science participants.
The selection of participants is based on the following constraints.
I : The total number of participants is at least 40.
II : The number of Science participants is at most twice that of Mathematics.
III : The maximum allocation for the course is RM7 200. The expenditure for a Mathematics
participant is RM120 and for a science participant is RM80.
(a) Write down three inequalities, other then x > 0 and y > 0, which satisfy the above constraints.
[3 marks]P2,2004
(b) Hence, by using a scale of 2 cm to 10 participants on both axes, construct and shade the region R
which satisfies all the above constraints.
[3 marks]P2,2004
(c) Using your graph from (b), find
(i) the maximum and minimum number of Mathematics participants when the number of
Science participants is 10.
(ii) the minimum cost to run the course.
[4 marks]P2,2004
2 Use graph paper to answer this question.
An institution offers two computers courses, P and Q. The number of participants for course P is x and
for course Q is y.
The enrolment of the participants is based on the following constraints.
I : The total number of participants is not more than 100.
II : The number of participants for course Q is not more than 4 times the number of participants
for course P by at least 5.
III : The number of participants for course Q must exceed the number of participants for course
P by at least 5.
(a) Write down three inequalities, other then x > 0 and y > 0, which satisfy the above constraints.
[3 marks]P2,2005
(b) By using a scale of 2 cm to 10 participants on both axes, construct and shade the region R that
satisfies all the above constraints.
[3 marks]P2,2005
(c) Using your graph from (b), find
(i) the range of the number of participants for course Q if the number of participants for
course P is 30.
P a g e  35
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
(ii) the maximum total fees per month that can be collected if the fees per month for
courses P and Q are RM50 and RM60 respectively.
[4 marks]P2,2005
3 Use graph paper to answer this question.
A workshop produces two types of rack, P and Q. The production of each type of rack of rack involves
two processes, making and painting. Table shows the time taken to make and paint a rack of type P
and a rack of type Q.
Rack
Time taken (minutes)
Making Painting
P 60 30
Q 20 40
The workshop produces x racks of type P and y racks of type Q per day. The production of racks per
day is based on the following constraints.
I : The maximum total time for making both racks is 720 minutes.
II : The total time for painting both racks is at least 360 minutes.
III : The ratio of the number of racks of type P to the number of racks of type Q is at least 1:3
(a) Write down three inequalities, other then x > 0 and y > 0, which satisfy the above constraints.
[3 marks]P2,2006
(b) Using a scale of 2 cm to 2 racks on both axes, construct and shaded the region R which satisfies all
of the above constraints.
[3 marks]P2,2006
(c) By using your graph in (b), find
(i) the minimum number of racks of type Q if 7 racks of type P are produced per day,
(ii) the maximum total profit per day if the profit from one rack of type P is RM24 and
from one rack of type Q is RM32.
[4 marks]P2,2006
4 Use graph paper to answer this question.
A factory produce two components, P and Q. In a particular day, the factory produces x pieces of
components P and y pieces of components Q. The profit from the sales of a piece of component P is
RM15 and a piece of component Q is RM12.
The production of the components per day is based on the following constraints.
I : the total numbers of components produced is at most 500
II : The numbers of component P produced is not more than three times the number of
component Q.
III : The minimum total profit for both components is RM4 200.
(a) Write down three inequalities, other then x > 0 and y > 0, which satisfy the above constraints.
[3 marks]P2,2007
(b) By using a scale of 2 cm to 50 components on both axes, construct and shade the region R that
satisfies all the above constraints.
[3 marks]P2,2007
(c) Use your graph in (b), to find
P a g e  36
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
(i) the minimum number of pieces of components Q if the number of pieces of component
P produced on a particular day is 100.
(ii) the maximum total profit per day.
[4 marks]P2,2007
5 Use graph paper to answer this question.
The members of a youth association plan to organise a picnic. They agree to rent x buses and y vans.
The rental of a bus is RM800 and the rental of a van is RM300.
The rental of the vehicles for the picnic is based on the following constraints.
I : The total number of vehicles to be rented is not more than 8.
II : The number of buses is at most twice the numbers of vans.
III : The maximum allocation for the rental of the vehicles is RM4000.
(a) Write down three inequalities, other then x > 0 and y > 0, which satisfy the above constraints.
[3 marks]P2,2008
(b) Using a scale of 2 cm to 1 vehicle on both axes, construct and shade the region R that satisfies all
the above constraints.
[3 marks]P2,2008
(c) Use the graph in (b) to find
(i) the minimum number of vans rented if 3 buses are rented.
(ii) the maximum number of members that can be accommodated into the rented vehicles if
a bus can accommodate 48 passengers and a van accommodate 12 passengers.
[4 marks]P2,2008
6 Use graph paper to answer this question.
Johan uses x small tiles and y big tiles for decoration of his bathroom. The decoration budget is based
on the following constraints.
I : The total number of tiles cannot exceed 100 pieces.
II : The number of small tiles cannot exceed three times the number of big tiles.
III : The number of big tiles cannot exceed the number of small tiles by more than 30
pieces.
(a) Write down three inequalities, other then x > 0 and y > 0, which satisfy the above constraints.
[3 marks]P2,2009
(b) Using a scale of 2 cm to 10 tiles on both axes, construct and shade the region R that satisfies all the
above constraints.
[3 marks]P2,2009
(c) Using the graph in (b), find
(i) the maximum number of small tiles that can be used.
(ii) the maximum total cost for the tiles if the cost of a small tile is RM1.50 and the cost of
a big tile is RM3.00
[4 marks]P2,2009
P a g e  37
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
7 Use graph paper to answer this question.
A training centre offers two courses, A and B. The number of participants for course A is x and the
number of participants for course B is y. The intake of the participants is based on the following
constraints :
I The maximum number of participants is 80.
II The number of participants for course B is at least 10.
III The number of participants for course B is at most
2
3
times the number of
participants for course A.
(a) Write down three inequalities, other then x > 0 and y > 0, which satisfy the above constraints.
[3 marks]P2,2010
(b) Using a scale of 2 cm to 10 participants on both axes, construct and shade the region R which
satisfies all of the above constrains.
[3 marks]P2,2010
(c) Using the graph constructed in (b), find
(i) the minimum number of participants for course A.
(ii) the maximum total fees collected per month if the monthly fees per participant for course A is
RM300 and for course B is RM400.
[4 marks]P2,2010
P a g e  38
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
SECTION A
FUNCTIONS
1a)
3
2 + x
1b)
15
15 + x
1c) 4 10 ) ( = x x h
QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS
1a) (0 , 5)
1b) k = 4 , p = 1
2ai) h = 3 , k = 2
2aii) x < 2 , x > 3
2b) x
2
9x + 20 = 0
3a) 3x + 2y + 23 = 0
3bi) B(0 , 5)
3bii) C(
2
21
,2)
SIMULTANEOUS EQUATIONS
1) m = 0.606 , 6.606 , p = 2.606 , 4.606
2) y = 4 , 3 , x = 3 ,
2
1
3) x = 0.693 , 1.433 , y = 2.386 , 1.886
4) x = 3 , 1 , y = 3 , 1
5) x = 5 , 6 , y = 3,
3
2
6) p = 1.577 , 0.423 , k = 3.731 , 0.269
7) x = 13.24 , 4.76 , y = 3.12 , 1.12
COORDINATE GEOMETRY
1a) 1
6 9
=
y x
1b) D(3 , 4)
1c)
2
1
2a) (3 , 2)
2b) 2y = x 1
STATISTICS
1a) mean = 15 , variance = 22.2
1bi) 26
1bii) 5.494
2a) 24.07
2b) 11.74
3a) k = 4
3b) 43
3c) 48
4a)
Score 09 1019 2029 3039 4049
No. of
students
4 6 10 8 4
4b) 18.33
5) x = 13 , y = 5
6a) 26
6b) 11.43
PROGRESSIONS
1a)
4
1
= r
1bi) Triangle number 5 , T
5
1bii) 2133
3
1
2a) 294
2b) RM1019.20
3a) k = 100 , m = 20
3b) n = 11
4ai) 415 cm
4aii) 14 000
4b) n = 33
5a) RM22 973
5b) n = 16
5c) RM122 434
6a) 7
6b) 1 800 cm
7a) 324 t
7b) n = 12
VECTORS
1ai) 2y + 6x
1aii) x y
2
9
2
3
+
P a g e  39
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
1bi) h(6x 2y)
1bii) )
2
9
2
3
( x y k +
1c) h =
2
1
, k =
3
1
2ai) 20x + 32y
2aii) 25x
2b) BD = 4BF
2c) 104
3a) 5x + 2y
3bi) 4x + my
3bii) m =
5
8
4ai) x 3y
4aii)
3
2
x + y
4b) h =
2
1
, k =
3
4
5ai) 3x + 4y
5aii) x +
3
8
y
5b) h =
11
9
, k =
11
3
TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
1a,b)
2sin
2
x = 2 
180
x
1 2sin
2
x = 1 (2 
180
x
)
cos2x =
180
x
 1
y =
180
x
 1
Number of solutions = 2
2a) cosec
2
x 2sin
2
x cot
2
x
= 1 + cot
2
x 2sin
2
x cot
2
x
= 1 2sin
2
x
= cos2x
2b)
3(cosec
2
x 2sin
2
x cot
2
x) = 1
t
x
3cos2x = 1
t
x
cos2x =
3
1
3
t
x
y =
3
1
3
t
x
Number of solutions = 4
3a)
3b)
x
t
+ 2cos x = 0
2cos x =
x
t
1
180
=
x
y
y=
3
1
3
t
x
y =
x
t
P a g e  40
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
y =
x
t
Number of solutions = 2
4a,b)
2  3cos2x =
t 2
x
3cos2x = 2 
t 2
x
y = 2 
t 2
x
, Number of solutions = 8
5a,b)
x
x
2
sec 2
tan 2
=
) tan 1 ( 2
tan 2
2
x
x
=
x
x
2
tan 1
tan 2
= tan 2x
t
x 3
+ 0
sec 2
tan 2
2
=
x
x
t
x 3
+ tan2x = 0
tan2x =
t
x 3
y =
t
x 3
, Number of solutions = 3
6a,b)
x
t 3
4
cos2x =
2
3
cos2x = x
t 3
4

2
3
2
3
cos2x =
2
3
( x
t 3
4

2
3
)
y =
4
9 2
x
t
Number of solutions = 3
7a,b)
6tcos x = 4t  3x
3cosx =
t
t
2
4
 x
t 2
3
1 + 3cosx = 2  x
t 2
3
+ 1
1 + 3cosx = 3  x
t 2
3
y
x
4
t
2
t
4
3t
t
3
t
x
y
3
=
y = 2 
t 2
x
y =
4
9 2
x
t
y
x
2
t 3t/2 2t
t/2
0
3
4
y = 3  x
t 2
3
y = 3 cos2x
P a g e  41
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
y = 3  x
t 2
3
Number of solutions = 2
DIFFERENTIATION AND INTEGRATION
1a) y = x
3
3x
2
10
1b) (2 , 14) minimum point
2a) h = 2 , k = 6
2b) y = 5 3
3
2
2 3
+ x x
3ai)  10
3aii) 24
3b) g(x) = x
2
8x + 7
SECTION B
COORDINATE GEOMETRY
1ai) y = 2x + 17
1aii) B (8 , 1)
1b) D (14 , 11)
1c) x
2
+ y
2
+ 8x 18y + 72 = 0
2a) 9 unit
2
2b) C (
5
2
,
5
12
)
2ci) x
2
+ y
2
18x + 8 y + 45 = 0
2cii) Shown : b
2
4ac < 0
3a) 4x
2
+ 4y
2
24x 8y +15 = 0
3bi) k = 3
3bii) Q (
2
9
, 1)
3c) 7.5 unit
2
4ai) k = 4
4aii) A(2 , 3)
4bi) B(4 , 7)
4bii) 2y + 3x = 26
4c) 3x
2
+ 3y
2
+ 24x 10y 13 = 0
CIRCULAR MEASURE
1a)
3
2
t radian
1b) 20.95 cm
1c) 61.40 cm
2
2a) 6 cm
2b) 24.40 cm
2c) 37.46 cm
2
3a) 62.59 m
2
3b) 38.25 m
3c) 31.39 m
2
4a) 31.42 cm
4b) 88.63 cm
2
5a) cosu =
5
1
u = 1.37 radian, shown
5b) 14.18 cm
5c) 40.66 cm
2
6a) 0.39 radian
6b) 40.00 cm
6c) 82.18 cm
2
7a) 4.189 radian
7b) 10 cm
7c) 61.89 cm
7d) 61.43 cm
2
DIFFERENTIATION
1a) 3 =
dx
dy
1b) x 3y + 7 = 0
1c) Q(1 , 5) maximum point
DIFFERENTIATION AND INTEGRATION
1a) y = 12x + 15
1bi)
5
1
1bii)
1125
49
t
2a) k = 5
2b) 20
6
5
2c) 6
5
2
t
3a) k = 7
3b) (1 , 8) minimum point
3c) y = x
2
+
x
2
+ 5
4a) k = 2
4bi) 8
4bii)
7
4
t
P a g e  42
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
5a) y = 2x + 4
5b)
3
1
5c) 2t
LINEAR LAW
1a,b)
x 2 4 6 8 10 12
log
10
y 0.50 0.74 0.96 1.21 1.46 1.67
y = pk
x
log10y = log10p + xlog10k
log10y = (log10k)x + log10p
log10p = 0.26
p = 1.820
log10k = Gradient of the graph
= 0.1161
k = 1.306
2a,b)
x
2
1 4 9 16 25 30.25
xy 5.5 9.4 15.0 26.0 38.5 46.2
y = px +
px
r
xy = px
2
+
p
r
p = gradient of the graph
= 1.375
p
r
= Yintercept
375 . 1
r
= 4
r = 5.5
3a,b)
x + 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
log y 0.60 0.76 0.94 1.12 1.30 2.46
y = pk
x+1
log y = log p + (x + 1)log k
log y = (log k)(x + 1) + log p
log p = Y intercept
log p = 0.26
p = 1.82
log k = Gradient of the graph
= 0.172
k = 1.486
P a g e  43
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
4a,b)
x 2 3 4 5 6 7
x
y
4 4.4 5 5.5 6.1 6.5
y = 2kx
2
+ x
k
p
x
y
= 2kx +
k
p
2k = Gradient of the graph
= 0.5
k = 0.25
k
p
= Yintercept
25 . 0
p
= 3
p = 0.75
5a,b)
x 1.5 3.0 4.5 6.0 7.5 9.0
log y 0.40 0.51 0.64 0.76 0.89 1.00
ci) When y = 4.8, log10y = 0.68
Based on the graph, x = 5
y = hk
2x
log10y = log10h + 2xlog10k
log10y = (2log10k)(x) + log10h
log10h = Yintercept
= 0.28
h = 1.91
2log10k = Gradient of the graph
= 0.08
log10k = 0.04
k = 1.10
6a,b)
x
1
0.67 0.50 0.33 0.25 0.20 0.17
y
1
0.40 1.30 2.15 2.60 2.85 3.05
P a g e  44
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
y
k
=
x
p
+ 1
y
1
= (
k
p
)(
x
1
) +
k
1
k
1
= Yintercept
= 3.9
k = 0.26
k
p
= Gradient of the graph
26 . 0
p
= 5.213
p = 1.34
7a,b)
x 3 4 5 6 7 8
log y 0.41 0.52 0.61 0.69 0.80 0.90
y =
k
h
x
log y = xlog h log k
log y = (log h)(x) log k
log h = Gradient of the graph
= 0.098
h = 1.253
 log k = Yintercept
= 0.11
log k = 0.11
k = 0.7762
VECTOR
1ai) 2x 6y
1aii) 4x + 3y
1b) h =
5
2
, k =
5
4
1c) 24.08
2ai)
3
2
x y
2aii)
2
1
x +
2
1
y
2bi)
2
1
hx +
2
1
hy
2bii)
3
2
kx + (1 k)y
2c) h =
5
4
, k =
5
3
PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS
1ai) p = 0.6
1aii) 0.9993
1bi) 0.2743
1bii) m = 67.63
2ai) 0.294
2aii) 0.797
2bi) 0.945
2bii) m = 3.07
3a) 0.2119
3b) 246
3c) 4.2
4ai) 0.2090
4aii) 0.6846
4bi) 0.7357
4bii) 1250
5a) 0.9505
5bi) 475
5bii) m = 209.84
P a g e  45
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
6ai) 10
6aii) 2.739
6bi) 0.01622
6bii) 0.7560
7ai)
5
2
7aii) 0.1673
7bi) 0.3203
7bii) 2.54
SECTION C
SOLUTION OF TRIANGLES
1ai) 57.23
o
1aii) 106.07
o
1aiii) 82.37 cm
2
1bi)
1bii) 122.8
o
2a) 19.27 cm
2b) 50
o
44' , 129
o
16'
2ci) 24.89 cm
2cii) 290.1 cm
2
3a) 60
o
4'
3b) 5.573 cm
3c) 116
o
33'
3d) 35.43 cm
2
4ai) 13.36 cm
4aii) 23
o
53'
4bi)
4bii) 13.80 cm
2
5ai) 19.34
5aii) 16.21
5b) 10.50
5c)
6a) 23.23
6b) 21.76
6c) 98
o
11'
6d) 60.31 cm
2
7ai) 2.207
7aii) 7.072
7bi)
7bii) 75
o
7biii) 8.264
INDEX NUMBER
1ai) RM29.00
1aii) 162
1bi) 125
1bii) RM25.00
2a) x = 125 , y = 2.80 , z = 0.50
2bi) 129.44
2bii) RM2 306.09
2c) 194.16
3a) 6.00
3b) x = 8 , y = 10
3ci) RM24.00
3cii) m = 4
4a) x = 2.00 , y = 90
4b) 123.5
4c) RM81.51
5a) h = 120 , k = 0.80
5b) 126.38
A'
B'
C'
B
B
A'
C
23
o
53'
A'
B' C'
45
o
35
30.21
C' C B
A
4 cm
50
o
P a g e  46
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
5ci) 189.57
5cii) RM47.39
6ai) x = 75
6aii) y = 2.60
6aiii) z = 5.00
6b) m = 6
6c) RM569.10
6d) 110
7a) 120
7bi) 140
7bii) RM8.70
7c) 115
7d) RM40.00
MOTION ALONG A STRAIGHT LINE
1a) 18 ms
1
1b) 17
3
1
m
1c) t = 9 s
1d) 6 s
2a) 8 ms
1
2b) 18 m
2c) 4 m
3ai) 5 ms
1
3aii) 1 < t < 5
3aiii) t > 3 s
3b)
3c) 13 m
4a) 8 ms
1
4b) 1 ms
1
4c) 2 < t < 4
4d) 8 m
5a) 7 ms
2
5b) 12.25 ms
1
5c) 123
6
1
m
6a) 15 cm s
1
6b) 4 cm s
2
6c) 16
3
1
cm s
1
6d) 36 cm
7a) 9 ms
1
7b) 2 < t < 8
7c) 41
3
1
m
LINEAR PROGRAMMING
1a)
I : x + y 40
II : y 2x
III : 3x + 2y 180
ci) When y = 10
x min = 30
x max = 53
cii) When x = 14, y = 26
minimum cost = 120(14) + 80(26)
= RM3760
5
4
0 1 5 3
V/ms
1
t/s
y = 2x
(14,27)
R
3x + 2y = 180
x + y = 40
P a g e  47
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
2a,b)
I : x + y 100
II : y 4x
III : y x + 5
ci) The range of the number of participants for
course Q is 35 y 70
cii) Objective function = 50x + 60y
Let the total fees collected be RM3000
50x + 60y = 3000
5x + 6y = 300
Based on the graph, the maximum
collection is obtained when
x = 20 and y = 80
Maximum total fees
= 50(20) + 60(80)
= RM5800
3a,b)
I : 60x + 20y 720
II : 3x + 4y 36
III : y 3x
ci) Based on the graph, when x = 7, the minimum
value of y = 4
The minimum number of racks of tape Q produce
per day is 4.
cii) Objective function = 24x + 32y
Let the profit be RM192
24x + 32y = 192
3x + 4y = 24
Based on the graph, the maximum profit is
obtained when x = 6 and y = 18.
Maximum profit = 24(6) + 32(18)
= RM720
4a,b)
I : x + y 500
II : y
3
1
x
III : 5x + 4y 1400
R
y = 4x
x + y = 100
y = x + 5
5x + 6y = 300
(20,80)
3x+4y =24
3x+4y =36
3x+ y =36
y = 3x
(6,18)
R
P a g e  48
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
ci) Based on the graph, when x = 100, the
minimum value of y = 225
The minimum number of pieces of component Q
produced is 225.
cii) Objective function = 15x + 12y
Based on the graph, the maximum total profit is
obtained when x = 375 and y = 125.
Maximum total profit
= 15(375) + 12(125)
= RM7 125
5a,b)
I : x + y 8
II : y
2
1
x
III : 8x + 3y 40
ci)Based on the graph, when x = 3, the minimum
value of y = 2.
The minimum number of vans rented is 2.
cii) Let the number of members that can be
accommodated be 48.
48x + 12y = 48
4x + y = 4
Based on the graph, the maximum number of
members that can be accommodated is occurred
when x = 4 and y = 2.
Maximum number of members
= 48(4) + 12(2)
= 216
6a,b)
I : x + y 100
II : y
3
1
x
III : y x + 30
y =
3
1
x
5x + 4y = 1400
x + y = 500
(375,125)
R
R
(4,2)
y =
2
1
x
x + y = 8
8x + 3y = 40
4x + y = 4
P a g e  49
Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
ci) Based on the graph, the maximum number of
small tiles that can be used is 75.
cii) Objective function = 1.5x + 3y
Let the total cost of the tiles be RM60.
1.5x + 3y = 60
x + 2y = 40
Based on the graph, the maximum total cost is
obtained when x = 35 and y = 65.
Maximum total cost
= 1.5(35) + 3(65)
= RM247.50
7a,b)
I: x + y 80
II : y 10
III : y
2
3
x
ci) Based on the graph, the minimum number of
participants for course A is 7.
cii) Objective function = 300x + 400y
Let the total fees collected per month be RM12 000
300x + 400y = 12 000
3x + 4y = 120
Based on the graph, the maximum total fees are
obtained when x = 32 and y = 48
Maximum total fees collected per month
= 300(32) + 400(48)
= RM28 800
R
x + 2y = 40
y = x + 30
x + y = 100
y =
3
1
x
(35,65)
x + y = 80
y =
2
3
x
y = 10
R
(32,48)
3x + 4y = 120