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## Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni

SECTION A
FUNCTIONS
1 Given that 2 3 : x x f and 1
5
: +
x
x g , find
a) f
-1
(x) [1 mark]P2,2006
b) f
-1
g(x) [2 marks] P2,2006
c) h(x) such that hg(x) = 2x + 6 [3 marks] P2,2006

1 Diagram shows the curve of quadratic function f(x) = -x
2
+ kx 5. The curve has a maximum point at
B(2, p) and intersects that f(x)-axis at point A.
a) State the coordinates of A [1 mark] P2,08
b) By using the method of completing the square, find
the value of k and of p. [4 marks] P2,08

2 The quadratic equation 0 6 5
2
= + x x has roots h and k, where h > k.
a) Find
i) the value of h and of k.
ii) the range of x if 0 6 5
2
> + x x [5 marks]P2,2009
b) Using the value of h and k from (a i), form the quadratic equation which has roots h + 2 and 3k 2
[2 marks]P2,2009

SIMULTANEOUS EQUATIONS

1 Solve the simultaneous equations p m = 2 and p
2
+ 2m = 8

2 Solve the simultaneous equations 1
2
1
= + y x and y
2
10 = 2x [5 marks]P2,2005

3 Solve the simultaneous equations 2x + y = 1 and 2x
2
+ y
2
+ xy = 5 [5 marks]P2,2006

4 Solve the simultaneous equations ;
2x y 3 = 0, 2x
2
10x + y + 9 = 0 [5 marks]P2,2007

5 Solve the following simultaneous equations :
x 3y + 4 = 0
x
2
+ xy 40 = 0 [5 marks]P2,2008
O
f(x)
x
B(2, p)
A
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Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
6 Solve the simultaneous equation k 3p = -1 and p + pk 2k = 0. Give your answer correct to three
decimal places. [5 marks]P2,2009

7 Solve the simultaneous equation x 2y = 7 and xy x = 9y. Give your answer correct to two decimal
places. [5 marks]P2,2010

COORDINATE GEOMETRY

1 Diagram shows a straight line CD which meets a straight line AB at the point D. The point C lies on
the y-axis.
a) Write down the equation of AB in the form of intercepts
[1 mark]P2,2004
b) Given that 2AD = DB, find the coordinates of D
[2 marks]P2,2004
c) Given that CD is perpendicular to AB, find the y-intercept of CD
[3 marks]P2,2004

2 Solution by scale drawing will not be accepted.
In diagram, the straight line AB has an equation y + 2x + 8 = 0. AB intersects the x-axis at point A and
intersects the y-axis at point B.

Point P lies on AB such that AP : PB = 1 : 3, Find
a) the coordinates of P [3 marks]P2,2007
b) the equation of the straight line that passes through P and
perpendicular to AB [3 marks]P2,2007

3 Solution by scale drawing will not be accepted.
Diagram shows the straight line AC which intersects the y-axis at point B.

B(9, 0)
A(0, -6)
D
O
x
y
C
A
P
B
O
x
y
y + 2x + 8 = 0
O
y
C
B
A(-3 , -7)
x
The equation of AC is 3y = 2x 15
Find

(a) the equation of the straight line which passes through
point A and perpendicular to AC.
[4 marks]P2,2010

(b) (i) the coordinates of B,
(ii) the coordinates of C, given AB : BC = 2 : 7

[3 marksP2,2010
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Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
STATISTICS
1 A set of data consists of 10 numbers. The sum of the numbers is 150 and the sum of the squares of the
number is 2 472.
a) Find the mean and variance of the 10 numbers [3 marks]P2,2004
b) Another number is added to the set of data and the mean is increased by 1. Find
i. the value of this number,
ii. the standard deviation of 11 numbers. [4 marks]P2,2004

2 Diagram shows a histogram which represents the distribution of the marks obtained by 40 pupils in a
test.
a) Without using ogive, calculate the median mark.
[3 marks]P2,2005
b) Calculate the standard deviation of the distribution.
[4 marks]P2,2005

3 Table shows the frequency distribution of the scores of a group of pupils in a game.
a) It is given that the median score of the distribution is 42.
Calculate the value of k.
[3 marks]P2,2006
b) Use the graph paper to answer this question.
Using a scale of 2 cm to 10 scores on the horizontal axis
and 2 cm to 2 pupils on the vertical axis, draw a histogram
to represent the frequency distribution of the scores. Find
the mode score.
[4 marks]P2,2006
c) What is the mode score if the score of each pupil is
increased by 5?
[1 mark]P2,2006

4 Table shows the cumulative frequency distribution for the scores of 32 students in a competition.
Score < 10 < 20 < 30 < 40 <50
Number of students 4 10 20 28 32

a) Based on the table above, copy and complete table below
Score 0 - 9 10 - 19 20 - 29 30 -39 40 49
Number of students
[1 mark]P2,2007
b) Without drawing an ogive, find the interquartile range of the distribution.
[5 marks]P2,2007
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
Number of Pupils
0.5 10.5 20.5 30.5 40.5 50.5
Marks
Score Number of Pupils
10-19 1
20-29 2
30-39 8
40-49 12
50-59 k
60-69 1

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Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
5 Table shows the marks obtained by 40 candidates in a test.

Given that the median mark is 35.5, find the value of x and of y.
Hence, state the modal class.

[6 marks]P2,2008

6 Table shows the frequency distribution of the marks of a group of students.

Marks Number of students
1 10 5
11 20 8
21 30 20
31 40 10
41 - 50 7

PROGRESSIONS

1 triangle has a base of x cm and a height of y cm. The measurement of the base and height of each
subsequent triangle are half of the measurements of its previous one.

a) Show that the areas of the triangles form a geometric progression
and state the common ratio
[3 marks]P2,2004
b) Given that x = 80 cm and y = 40 cm,
i) determine which triangle has an area of
4
1
6 cm
2
,
ii) find the sum to infinity of the areas, in cm2, of the triangles.
[5 marks]P2,2004

Marks Number of
candidates
10 19 4
20 29 x
30 39 y
40 49 10
50 - 59 8

(a) Use graph paper to answer this part of the question.
Using scale of 2 cm 10 marks on the horizontal axis
and 2 cm to 2 students on the vertical axis, draw a
histogram to represent the frequency distribution of
the marks in the table.
Hence find the mode mark.
[4 marks]P2,2010
(b) Calculate the standard deviation of the marks.
[4 marks]P2,2010
y cm
x cm
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Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
2 Diagram shows part of an arrangement of bricks of equal size.

The number of bricks in the lowest row is 100. For each of the other rows, the number of bricks is 2
less than in the row below. The height of each brick is 6 cm. Ali builds a wall by arranging bricks in
this way. The number of bricks in the highest row is 4. Calculate
a) the height in cm of the wall. [3 marks]P2,2005
b) the total price of the bricks used if the price of one brick is 40 sen. [3 marks]P2,2005

3 Two companies, Delta and Omega, start to sell cars at the same times
a. Delta sells k cars in the first month and its sales increases constantly by m cars every
subsequent month. It sells 240 cars in the 8th month and the total sales for the first 10 months
are 1900 cars. Find the value of k and of m.
[5 marks]P2,2006
b. Omega sells 80 cars in the first month and its sales increases constantly by 22 cars every
subsequence month. If both companies sell the same number of car in the nth month, find the
value of n.
[2 marks]P2,2006
4 Diagram shows the side elevation of part of stairs built of cement blocks.

The thickness of each block is 15 cm. The length of the first block is 985 cm. The length of each
subsequence block is 30 cm less then preceding block as shown in diagram.
a) If the height of the stairs to built is 3 m, calculate
i) the length of the top most block
ii) the total length of the blocks.
[5 marks]P2,2007

b) Calculate the maximum height of the stairs.
[3 marks]P2,2007
6 cm
985 cm
955 cm
925 cm
15 cm
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Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
5 Muthu starts working for a company on 1 January 2002 with an initial annual salary of RM18 000.
Every January, the company increased his salary 5% of the previous years salary. Calculate
a. his annual salary to nearest RM for the year 2007
[3 marks]P2,2008
b. the minimum value of n such that his annual salary in the nth year will exceed RM36 000.
[2 marks]P2,2008
c. the total salary, to the nearest RM, paid to him by the company for the years 2002 to 2007.
[2 marks]P2,2008

6 Amir drops a ball from a height of H cm above the floor. After the first bounce, the ball reaches a
height of H
1
cm, where H
1
= 0.8 H. After the second bounce, the ball reaches a height of H
2
cm, where
H
2
= 0.8 H
1
. The ball continues bouncing in this way until it stops.
Given that H = 200, find
a. the number of bounces when the maximum height of the ball from the floor is less than 50 cm
for the first time,
[4 marks]P2,2009

b. the total distance, in cm, traveled by the ball until it stops.
[2 marks]P2,2009

7 Diagram shows the arrangement of cylinders having the same radius, 3 cm. The height of the first
cylinder is 4 cm and the height of each subsequent cylinder increases by 2 cm.
[Volume of cylinder = t r
2
h]

(a) Calculate the volume, in cm
3
, of the 17
th
cylinder, in term of t.
[3 marks]P2,2010
(b) Given the total volume of the first n cylinders is 1620t cm
3
, find the value of n.
(c) [3 marks]P2,2010

4 cm 6 cm
8 cm
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Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
VECTORS

1 Diagram shows triangle OAB. The straight line AP intersects the straight line OQ at R. It is given that
OP = OB
3
1
, AQ = AB
4
1
,
~
6 x OP = and
~
2 y OA=
a) Express in term of
~
x and/or
~
y
i) AP
ii) OQ [4 marks]P2,2004

b) (i) Given that AP h AR = , state AR in terms of h,
~
x
and
~
y
(ii) Given that OQ k RQ = , state RQ in terms of k,
~
x and
~
y
[2 marks]P2,2004
c) Using AR and RQ from (b) find the value of h and
of k.
[4 marks]P2,2004

2 In the diagram, ABCD is a quadrilateral. AED and EFC are straight lines

It is given that
~
20 x AB = ,
~
8 y AE = ,
~
~
24 25 y x DC = ,
4
1
= and EC EF
5
3
=
a) Express in terms of
~
x and/or
~
y
i) BD
ii) EC [3 marks]P2,2005

b) Show that the points B, F and D are collinear.
[3 marks]P2,2005

c) If
~
x = 2 and
~
y = 3, find BD
[2 marks]P2,2005

R
Q
A
P O
B
A
B
C
D
E
F
P a g e | 8

Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
3 Diagram shows a trapezium ABCD.
It is given that
~
2 y AB = ,
~
3
2
= and
6
5
=
a) Express AC , in terms of
~
x and
~
y . [2 marks]P2,2006
b) Point F lies inside the trapezium ABCD such that
AB m EF = 2 , and m is a constant.
i) Express AF , in terms of m,
~
x and
~
y .
ii) Hence, if the point A, F and C are collinear, find the value
of m.
[5 marks]P2,2006

4 In diagram ABCD is a quadrilateral. The diagonal BD and AC intersects at point R. Point P lies on AD.
It is given that AD AP
3
1
= , BD BR
3
1
= ,
~
x AB = and
~
y AP =
a) Express I terms of
~
x and/or
~
y :
i) DB
ii) AR [3 marks]P2,2008

b) Given that
~
~
y x k DC = and AC h AR = , where h and
k are constants, find the value of h and if k.
[4 marks]P2,2008

5 Diagram shows triangle ABC. The straight line AQ intersects the straight line BR at P.

It is given that AR = 3RC, BQ =
3
2
BC, x AB 3 = and y AC 4 =
a) Express in terms of
~
x and/or
~
y :
i) BC
ii) AQ [3 marks]P2,2009

b) It is given that AQ h AP = and RB k AR AP + = , where h and
k are constants. Find the value of h and of k
[5 marks]P2,2009

A
B
C
D
F
E
A
P
B
R
C
D
A B
Q
P
R
C
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Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS

1 (a) Sketch the graph of y = cos2x for 0
o
s x s 180
o
.
[3 marks]P2,2004
(b) Hence, by drawing a suitable straight line on the same axes, find the number of solutions
satisfying the equation
180
2 sin 2
2
x
x = for 0
o
s x s 180
o
.
[3 marks]P2,2004
2 (a) Prove that x x x x ec 2 cos cot sin 2 cos
2 2 2
=
[2 marks]P2,2005
(b)(i) Sketch the graph of y = cos2x for 0 s x s 2t
(ii) Hence, using the same axes, draw a suitable straight line to find the number of solutions to the
equation ( ) 1 cot sin 2 cos 3
2 2 2
=
t
x
x x x ec for 0 s x s 2t. State the number of solutions.
[6 marks]P2,2005
3 (a) Sketch the graph of x y cos 2 = for 0 s x s 2t
[4 marks]P2,2006
(b) Hence, using the same axis, sketch a suitable graph to find the number of solutions to the
equation 0 cos 2 = + x
x
t
for 0 s x s 2t. State the number of solutions.
[3 marks]P2,2006
4 (a) Sketch the graph of x y 2 cos 3 = for 0 s x s 2t
[4 marks]P2,2007
(b) Hence, using the same axes, sketch a suitable straight line to find the number of solutions for the
equation
t 2
2 cos 3 2
x
x = for 0 s x s 2t. State the number of solutions.
[3 marks]P2,2007
5 (a) Prove that x
x
x
2 tan
sec 2
tan 2
2
=

. [2 marks]P2,2008
(b)(i) Sketch the graph of x y 2 tan = for 0 s x s t
(ii) Hence, using the same axes, sketch a suitable straight line to find the number of solutions for
the equation 0
sec 2
tan 2 3
2
=

+
x
x x
t
, for 0 s x s t
[6 marks]P2,2008
6 (a) Sketch the graph of x y 2 cos
2
3
= for t
2
3
0 s s x . [3 marks]P2,2009
(b) Hence, using the same axes, sketch a suitable straight line to find the number of solutions for the
equation
2
3
2 cos
3
4
= x x
t
for t
2
3
0 s s x . State the number of solutions.
[3 marks]P2,2009

7 (a) Sketch the graph of y = 1 + 3cos x for 0 x 2t. [4 marks]P2,2010

(b) Hence, using the same axes, sketch a suitable straight line to find the number of solutions for the
equation 6t cos x = 4t - 3x for 0 x 2t.
[3 marks]P2,2010
P a g e | 10

Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
DIFFERENTIATION AND INTEGRATION

1 The gradient function of the curve which passes through A(1, -12) is x x 6 3
2
, Find
a) the equation of the curve [3 marks]P2,2004
b) the coordinates of the turning points of the curve and determine whether each of the turning points
is a maximum or a minimum. [5 marks]P2,2004

2 The gradient function of a curve is kx hx
2
, where h and k are constants. The curve has a turning
point at (3, -4). The gradient of the tangent to the curve at the point x = -1 is 8. Find
a) the value of h and of k [5 marks]P2,2009
b) the equation of the curve [3 marks]P2,2009

3 Diagram shows the shaded region bounded by the curve y = g(x), the x-axis and the straight line x = 3.

O 1
y
x
x = 3
y = g(x)
It is given that the area of the shaded region is 10
unit2.
a) Find
i)

3
1
) ( dx x g
ii)

3
1
)] ( 2 [ dx x g x
[4 marks]P2,2010

b) Given g'(x) = 2x 8, find g(x) in terms of x.
[3 marks]P2,2010
P a g e | 11

Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
SECTION B

COORDINATE GEOMETRY

1 Solution to this question by scale drawing will not be accepted.

a. Find
i. the equation of straight line AB
ii. the coordinates of B
[5 marks]P2,2005
b. The straight line AB is extended to a point D such that
AB : BD = 2 : 3, Find the coordinates D.
[2 marks]P2,2005
c. A point P moves such that its distance from point A is
always 5 units. Find the equation of the locus of P.
[3 marks]P2, 2005

2 Solution to this question by scale drawing will not be accepted.
a. Calculate the area, in unit
2
, of triangle AOB
[2 marks]P2, 2006
b. Given that AC : CB = 3 : 2, find the coordinates of C.
[2 marks]P2,2006
c. A point P moves such that its distance from point A is
always twice its distance from point B.
i. Find the equation of the locus of P.
ii. Hence, determine whether or not this locus
intercepts the y-axis.
[6 marks}P2,2006

3 Solution by scale drawing is not accepted.
Diagram shows a triangle OPQ. Point S lies on the line PQ.

a. A point W moves such that its distance from point S is always
2
1
2 units. Find the equation of the locus of W.
[3 marks]P2,2008
b. It is given that point P and point Q lie on the locus of W.
Calculate
1. The value of k
2. The coordinates of Q
[5 marks]P2,2008

c) Hence, find the area, in unit
2
, of triangle OPQ
[2 marks]P2,2008

B
A(-4, 9)
C
x
y
O
2y + x + 6 = 0
B(6, -2)
A(-3, 4)
C
O
x
y
y
x
P(
2
3
, k)
S(3, 1)
Q
O
P a g e | 12

Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
4 Solution by scale drawing is not accepted.
Diagram shows a trapezium OABC. The line OA is perpendicular to the line AB, which intersects
the y-axis at the point Q. It is given that the equation of OA is x y
2
3
= and the equation of AB is
26 6 + = kx y
a) Find
i) the value of k
ii) the coordinates of A
[4 marks]P2,2009

b) Given AQ : QB = 1 : 2, find
i) the coordinates of B
ii) the equation of the straight line BC
[4 marks]P2,2009

c) A point P(x, y) moves such that 2PA = PB
Find the equation of the locus of P.
[2 marks]P2,2009

CIRCULAR MEASURE

1 Diagram shows a circle PQRT, centre O and radius 5 cm. JQK is a tangent to the circle at Q. The
straight lines, JO and KO, intersect the circle at P and R respectively. OPQR is a rhombus. JLK is an
arc of a circle O.

Calculate
a) the angle o, in terms of t
[2 marks]P2,2004
b) the length, in cm, of the arc JLK
[4 marks]P2,2004
c) the area, in cm
2
[4 marks]P2,2004

2 Diagram shows a sector POQ of a circle, centre O. The point A lies on OP, the point B lies on OQ and
AB is perpendicular to OQ. The length of OA = 8 cm and
6
t
It is given that OA : OP = 4 : 7
(Use t = 3.142)
Calculate
a) the length in cm of AP [1 mark ]P2,2005
b) the perimeter in cm of the shaded region [5 marks]P2,2005
c) the area in cm
2
of the shaded region [4 marks]P2,2005

O
A
Q
B
C
x
y

x y
2
3
=

26 6 + = kx y

O
R P
Q
J K
L
T
P
Q
B
O
A
8 cm
6
t

P a g e | 13

Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
3 Diagram shows the plan of a garden. PCQ is a semicircle with centre O and has a radius of 8 m. RAQ
is a sector of the circle with centre A and has a radius of 14 m.

Sector COQ is a lawn. The shaded region is a flower bed
and has to be fenced. It is given that AC = 8 m and
Calculate
a) the area in m
2
of the lawn
[2 marks]P2,2006

b) the length in m, of the fence required for fencing the
flower bed.
[4 marks]P2,2006

c) the area in m
2
, of the flower bed.
[4 marks]P2,2006
4 Diagram shows a circle, centre O and radius 10 cm inscribed on a sector APB of a circle, centre P. The
straight lines, AP and BP, are tangents to the circle at point Q and point R, respectively.

(Use t = 3.142)
Calculate
a) the length in cm of the arc AB
[5 marks]P2,2007

b) the area in cm
2
[5 marks]P2,2007

5 Diagram shows two circles. The larger circle has centre X and radius 12 cm. The smaller circle has
centre Y and radius 8 cm. The circles touch at point R. The straight line PQ is a common tangent to the
circles at point P and point Q.

(Use t = 3.142)
Given that ZPXR = u radians,

a) show that u = 1.37 (to two decimals places)
[2 marks]P2,2008

b) calculate the length, in cm, of the minor arc QR
[3 marks]P2,2008

c) calculate the area, in cm
2
[5 marks]P2,2008

O Q A
P
C
R
O
A B
Q R
10 cm
60
o

P
Y
X
P
Q
R
u
12 cm
8 cm
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Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni

6 In diagram, POQ is a sector of a circle with centre O and radius 26 cm. SRT is a quadrant of a circle
with centre R and radius 5 cm.
It is given that S is the midpoint of OP. Use t = 3.142 and give the answers correct to two decimal
places.
Calculate
[2 marks]P2,2009

b) the perimeter in cm of the shaded region.
[4 marks]P2,2009

c) the area in cm
2
[4 marks]P2,2009
7 Diagram shows a circle with centre O. D is the midpoint of AC and ZDOC = 60
o
.

DIFFERENTIATION

1 The curve y = x
3
6x
2
+ 9x + 1 passes through the point A(2 , 3) and has two turning points, P(3 , 1)
and Q.
Find
(a) the gradient of the curve at A. [3 marks]P2,2010

(b) the equation of the normal to the curve at A. [3 marks]P2,2010

(c) the coordinates of Q and determine whether Q is the maximum or the minimum point.

[4 marks]P2,2010
O
R T Q
P
S
A C
B
D
O
60
o

It is given that the area of the major sector OAC is
15
7
209 cm
2
.
[Use t = 3.142]

Find
(a) the value of u, in radians, [1 mark]P2,2010
(b) radius, in cm, of the circle, [2 marks]P2,2010
(c) perimeter, in cm, of the shaded sector
[4 marks]P2,2010
(d) the area in cm
2
, of segment ABC
[3 marks]P2,2010
P a g e | 15

Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni

DIFFERENTIATION AND INTEGRATION

4 Diagram shows part of the curve
( )
2
1 2
3

=
x
y which passes through A(1, 3)

a. Find the equation of the tangent to the curve at point
A.
[4 marks]P2,2004

b. A region is bounded by the curve, the x-axis and the
straight lines x = 2 and x = 3.
i. Find the area of the region
ii. The region is revolved through 360
o
axis. Find the volume generated, in term of t.
[6 marks]P2,2004

5 The diagram shows, the straight line PQ is normal to the curve 1
2
2
+ =
x
y at A(2, 3). The straight line
AR is parallel to the y-axis.

Find
c. the value of k
[3 marks]P2,2006
d. the area of the shaded region
[4 marks]P2,2006
e. the volume generated, in terms of t, when the region
bounded by the curve, the y-axis and the straight line
y = 3 is revolved through 360
o
[3 marks]P2,2005

6 The curve with gradient function
2
2
2
x
x has a turning point at (k, 8).
f. Find the value of k. [3 marks]P2,2007
g. Determine whether the turning point is a maximum or a minimum point. [2 marks]P2,2007
h. Find the equation of the curve. [3 marks]P2,
2007

A(1, 3)
( )
2
1 2
3

=
x
y
x
y
O
R
O
Q(k, 0)
x
A(2, 3)
P
y
1
2
2
+ =
x
y
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Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
7 Diagram shows part of the curve ( )
3
1 = x k y , where k is a constant.

The curve intersects the straight line x = 3 at point
A.
At point A,
dx
dy
= 24
a) Find the value of k
[3 marks]P2,2007
b) Hence, calculate
i) the area of shaded region P.
ii) the volume generated in term of t when
the region R which is bounded by the
curve, the x-axis and the y-axis, is
revolved through 360
o
[7 marks]P2,2007

8 Diagram shows the curve 5
2
+ = x y and the tangent to the curve at the point A(1, 6).

Calculate
i. the equation of the tangent at A.
[3 marks]P2,2008
j. the area of the coloured region,
[4 marks]P2,2008
k. the volume of revolution, in term of t, when the
region bounded by the curve and the straight line y
= 7 is rotated through 360
o
[3 marks]P2,2008

LINEAR LAW
1 Table shows the values of two variables, x and y, obtained from an experiment. Variables x and y are
related by the equation y = pk
x
, where p and k are constants.

x 2 4 6 8 10 12
y 3.16 5.50 9.12 16.22 28.84 46.77

a) Plot y
10
log against x by using a scale of 2 cm to 2 units on the x-axis and 2 cm to 0.2 unit on the
y
10
log -axis.
[4 marks]P2,2004

b) Use your graph from (a) to find the value of
i) p
ii) k
[6 marks]P2,2004

P
A
R O
y
x
x = 3
( )
3
1 = x k y
O
x
y
5
2
+ = x y
A(1, 6)
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Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
2 Table shows the values of two variables, x and y, obtained from an experiment. The variables x and y
related by the equation
px
r
px y + = , where p and r are constants.

x 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 5.5
y 5.5 4.7 5.0 6.5 7.7 8.4

a) Plot xy against x
2
, by using scale of 2 cm to 5 units on both axes. Hence, draw the line of best fit.
[5 marks]P2,2005
b) Use the graph from (a) to find the value of
i) p
ii) r
[5 marks]P2,2005
3 related by the equation y = pk
x+1
, where p and k are constants.

x 1 2 3 4 5 6
y 4.0 5.7 8.7 13.2 20.0 28.8

a) Plot y
10
log against (x + 1) using a scale 2 cm to 1 unit on (x + 1)-axis and 2 cm to 0.2 unit on the
y
10
log -axis. Hence, draw the line of the best fit.
[5 marks]P2,2006

b) Use your graph from (a) to find the value of
i) p,
ii) k
[5 marks]P2,2006

4 Table shows the values of two variables, x and y, obtained from an experiment. Variables x and y are
related by the equation x
k
p
kx y + =
2
2 , where p and k are constants.

x 2 3 4 5 6 7
y 8 13.2 20 27.5 36.6 45.5

a) Plot
x
y
against x, using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on both axes. Hence draw the line of best fit.
[4 marks]P2,2007

b) Use your graph in (a) to find the value of
i) p
ii) k
iii) y when x = 1.2
[6 marks]P2,2007

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Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
5 Table shows the values of two variables, x and y, obtained from an experiment. Variables x and y are
related by the equation y = hk
2x
, where h and k are constants.

x 1.5 3.0 4.5 6.0 7.5 9.0
y 2.51 3.24 4.37 5.75 7.76 10.00

a) Based on the table, construct a table for the values of y
10
log .
[1 mark]P1,2008

b) Plot y
10
log against x, using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to 0.1 unit on the
y
10
log -axis. Hence, draw the line of best fit.
[4 marks]P2,2008

c) Use the graph in (b) to find the value of
i) x when y = 4.8
ii) h
iii) k
[5 marks]P2,2008
6 Table shows the values of two variables, x and y, obtained from an experiment. The variables x and y
are related by the equation 1 + =
x
p
y
k
, where k and p are constants.

x 1.5 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0
y 2.502 0.770 0.465 0.385 0.351 0.328

a) Based on the table, construct a table for the values of
x
1
and
y
1
.
[2 marks]P2,2009

b) Plot
y
1
against
x
1
, using a scale of 2 cm to 0.1 unit on
x
1
-axis and 2 cm to 0.5 unit on
y
1
-axis.
Hence, draw the line of best fit.
[3 marks]P2,2009

c) Use the graph in (b) to find the value of
i) k
ii) p
[5 marks]P2,2009

7 Use graph paper to answer this question.
Table shows the value of two variables, x and y, obtained from an experiment. Variables x and y are
related by equation
k
h
y
x
= , where h and k are constants.
x 3 4 5 6 7 8
y 2.57 3.31 4.07 4.90 6.31 7.94

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Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
(a) Plot y
10
log against x, using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to 0.1 unit on the
y
10
log -axis.
Hence, draw the line of best fit.
[4 marks]P2,2010
(b) Use the graph in (a) to find the value of
(i) h,
(ii) k,
(iii) y when x = 2.7
[4 marks]P2,2010

VECTOR

1 Diagram shows triangle AOB. The point P lies on OA and the point Q lies on AB. The straight line BP
intersects the straight line OQ at the point S.

It is given that
OA : OP = 4 : 1, AB : AQ = 2 : 1,
~
8x OA= ,
~
6 y OB =
a) Express in terms of
~
x and/or
~
y
i) BP
ii) OQ
[3 marks]P2,2007 { [3 marks]P2,2007
b) Using OQ h OS = and BP k BS = , where h and k are
constants. Find the value of h and of k
[5 marks]P2,2007
c) Given that 2
~
= x units, 3
~
= y units and ZAOB = 90
o
, find
AB
[2 marks]P2,2007
2 Diagram shows triangle OAB. The point C lies on OA and the point D lies on AB. The straight line OD
intersects the straight line BC at the point E.

O
P
A
Q
B
S
O C A
E
B
D
It is given that x OA = , y OB = , OA OC
3
2
= and

(a) Express in terms of x and y
(i) BC
(ii) OD [4 marks]P2,2010

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Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
(b) It is given that OD h OE = and BC k BE = ,where h and k are constants.
Express OE
(i) in terms of h, x and y
(ii) in terms of k, x and y [3 marks]P2,2010

(c) Hence, find the value of h and of k. [3 marks]P2,2010

PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS

1 (a) A club organises a practice session for trainees on scoring goals from penalty kicks. Each
trainee takes 8 penalty kicks. The probability that a trainee scores a goal from a penalty kick
is p. After the session, it is found that the mean number of goals for a trainee is 4.8.
i) Find the value of p.
ii) If a trainee is chosen at random, find the probability that he scores at least one goal.
[5 marks]P2,2004

(b) A survey on body-mass is done on a group of students. The mass of a student has a normal
distribution with a mean of 50 kg and a standard deviation of 15 kg.
i) If a student is chosen at random, calculate the probability that his mass is less than 41
kg.
ii) Given that 12% of the students have a mass of more than m kg, find the value of m.
[5 marks]P2,2004

2 For this question, give your answer correct to three significant figures.
(a) The result of a study shows that 20% of the pupils in a city cycle to school. If 8 pupils from the
city is chosen at random, calculate the probability that
i) exactly 2 of them cycle to school.
ii) Less that 3 of them cycle to school.
[4 marks]P2,2005

(b) The mass of water-melons produced from an orchard follows a normal distribution with a mean
of 3.2 kg and a standard deviation of 0.5 kg. Find
i) the probability that a water-melons chosen randomly from the orchard has a mass of not
more than 4.0 kg.
ii) the value of m if 60% of the water-melons from the orchard have a mass of more than m
kg.
[6 marks]P2,2005

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Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
3 An orchard produces lemons. Only lemons with diameter, x greater than k cm are graded and
marketed.
Table shows the grades of the lemons based on their diameters.
Diameter, x cm x > 7 7 > x > 5 5 > x > k

It is given that the diameter of the lemons has a normal distribution with mean of 5.8 cm and a
standard deviation of 1.5 cm.
a) If one lemon is picked at random, calculate the probability that it is of grade A.
[2 marks]P2,2006
b) In a basket of 500 lemons, estimate the number of grade B lemons.
[4 marks]P2,2006
c) If 85.7% of the lemons is marked, find the value of k.
[4 marks]P2,2006

4 (a) In a survey carried out in a school, it is found that 2 out of 5 students have handphones. If 8
students from that school are chosen at random, calculate the probability that
i) exactly 2 students have handphones,
ii) more than 2 students have handphones.
[5 marks]P2,2007

(b) A group of workers are given medical check up. The blood pressure of a worker has a normal
distribution with mean of 130 mmHg and a standard deviation of 16 mmHg. Blood pressure
that is more than 150 mmHg is classified as high blood pressure.
i) A worker is chosen at random from the group. Find the probability that the worker has
a blood pressure between 114 mmHg and 150 mmHg.
ii) It is found that 132 workers have high blood pressure. Find the total number of the
workers in the group.
[5 marks]P2,2007

5 The masses of mangoes from an orchard has a normal distribution with a mean of 300 g and a standard
deviation of 80 g.
a) Find the probability that a mango chosen randomly from this orchard has a mass of more than 168
g.
[3 marks]P2,2008
b) A random sample of 500 mangoes is chosen.
i) Calculate the number of mangoes from this sample that have a mass of more than 168 g.
ii) Given that 435 mangoes from this sample have a mass of more than m g, find the value of m.
[7 marks]P2,2008

6 A test paper consists of 40 questions. Each question is followed by four choices of answer, where only
one of these is correct.
a) Salma answers all the question by randomly choosing an answers for each question.
i) Estimate the number of questions she answered correctly.
ii) Find the standard deviation of the number of questions she answered correctly
[5 marks]P2,2009

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Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
b) Basri answered 30 questions correctly and randomly choosing an answer for each of the remaining
10 questions. Find the probability that he answers
i) 36 questions correctly,
ii) At least 32 questions correctly.
[5 marks]P2,2009

7 (a) A random variable, X, has a binomial distribution with 10 trials where the probability of success
in each trial is p. The mean number of success is 4.
Calculate
(i) The value of p,
(ii) P(x 2) [5 marks]P2,2010

(b) The diameter of limes from a farm has a normal distribution with mean of 3.2 cm and a standard
deviation of 1.5 cm.
Calculate
(i) the probability that a lime chosen at random from this farm has a diameter more than 3.9 cm.
(ii) the value of d if 33% of the limes have diameters less than d cm.
[5 marks]P2,2010
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Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
SECTION C
SOLUTION OF TRIANGLES

1 Solution by scale drawing will not be accepted
Diagram shows a quadrilateral ABCD such that ZABC is acute.

a) Calculate
i) ZABC
iii) The area in cm
2
[8 marks]P2,2004

b) A triangle ABC has the same measurement as those given
for triangle ABC, that is AC = 12.3 cm, CB = 9.5 cm,
and ZBAC = 40.5
o
, but which is different in shape to
triangle ABC.
i) Sketch the triangle ABC
ii) State the size of ZABC
[2 marks]P2,2004

2 Solution by scale drawing will not be accepted
Diagram shows triangle ABC
a) Calculate the length in cm of AC.
[2 marks]P2,2005

b) A quadrilateral ABCD is now formed so that AC is a diagonal, ZACD =
40
o
and AD = 16 cm. Calculate the two possible values of ZADC.
[2 marks]P2,2005

c) By using the acute ZADC from (b), calculate
i) the length in cm of CD
ii) the area in cm
2

[6 marks]P2,2005

3 Solution by scale drawing will not be accepted

The area of triangle BCD is 13 cm
2
and ZBCD is acute.
Calculate
a) ZBCD [2 marks]P2,2006
b) the length in cm of BD [2 marks]P2,2006
c) ZABD [3 marks]P2,2006
d) the area in cm
2

B
A
C
D
9.8 cm
12.3 cm
5.2 cm
9.5 cm
40.5
o

A
B
C
20 cm
15 cm
65
o

A
B
C
D
40
o

9 cm
6 cm
5 cm
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Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
4 Solution by scale drawing will not be accepted

a) Calculate
i) the length in cm of AC
ii) ZACB
[4 marks]P2,2007

b) Point A lies on AC such that AB = AB
i) Sketch AABC
ii) Calculate the area in cm
2
of AABC
[6 marks]P2,2007

5 Solution by scale drawing will not be accepted
In diagram below, ABC is a triangle. ADFB, AEC and BGC are straight lines. The straight line FG is
perpendicular to BC.

It is given that BD = 19 cm, DA = 16 cm, AE = 14
cm, ZDAE = 80
o
and ZFBG = 45
o
.
a) Calculate
i) DE
ii) EC
[5 marks]P2,2008
b) The area of triangle DAE is twice the area of
triangle FBG. Calculate the length in cm of
BG.
[4 marks]P2,2008
c) Sketch triangle ABC which has different
shape from triangle ABC such that AB = AB,
AC = AC and ZABC = ZABC.
[1 mark ]P2,2008

6 Solution by scale drawing will not be accepted
Diagram shows a trapezium KLMN. KN is parallel to LM and ZLMN is obtuse.

Find
a) the length in cm of LN [2 marks]P2,2009

b) the length in cm of MN [3 marks]P2,2009

c) ZLMN [3 marks]P2,2009

d) the area in cm
2
of triangle LMN [2 marks]P2,2009

A
B
C D
6 cm
16.4 cm
5.6 cm
105
o

50
o

45
o

80
o

A
B C
D
E
F
G
80
o

32
o

K
N
M
L
5.6 cm
12.5 cm
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Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
7 Solution by scale drawing will not be accepted
Diagram shows triangle ABC and triangle CDE where BCE and ACD are straight lines.

INDEX NUMBER

1 Table shows the price indices and percentage of usage of four items P, Q, R, and S, which are the main
ingredients in the production of a type of biscuit.

Item
Price index for the year 1995
based on the year 1993
Percentage of usage
(%)
P 135 40
Q x 30
R 105 10
S 130 20

a) Calculate
i) the price of S in the year 1993 if its price in the year 1995 is RM37.70,
ii) the price index of P in the year 1995 based on the year 1991 if its price index in the year
1993 based on the year 1991 is 120
[5 marks]P2,2004

b) The composite index number of the cost of biscuit production for the year 1995 based on the year
1993 is 128.
Calculate
i) the value of x
ii) the price of a box of biscuit in the year 1993 if the corresponding price in the year 1995 is
RM32
[5 marks]P2,2004

25
o

50
o

A
B
C
D
E
6 cm
4 cm
2.5 cm
(a) Calculate the length, in cm, of
(i) BC
(ii) DE
[5 marks]P2,2010

(b) Point C' lies on BE such that AC' = AC
(i) Sketch triangle AC' B.
(ii) Find Z AC' B.
(iii)Calculate the area, in cm
2
, of triangle
AC' B.
[5 marks]P2,2010
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Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
2 Table shows the price and the price indices for the four ingredients, P, Q, R, and S, used in making
biscuit of a particular kind. Diagram is a pie chart which represents the relative amount of the
ingredients P, Q, R, and S, used in making these biscuits.

Ingredients
Price per kg
(RM)
Price index for the year
2004 based on the year
2001 Year 2001 Year 2004
P 0.80 1.00 x
Q 2.00 y 140
R 0.40 0.60 150
S z 0.40 80

a) Find the value of x, y, and z [3 marks]P2,2005

b) (i) Calculate the composite index for the cost of making these biscuits in the year 2004 based on
the year 2001
(ii) Hence, calculate the corresponding cost of making these biscuits in the year 2001 if the cost in
the year 2004 was RM2985.
[5 marks]P2,2005

c) The cost of making these biscuits is expected to increase by 50% from the year 2004 to the year
2007. Find the expected composite index for the year 2007 based on the year 2001.
[2 marks]P2,2005

P
Q
R
S
100
o

60
o

120
o

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Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
3 A particular kind of cake is made by using four ingredients P, Q, R, and S. Table shows the prices of

Ingredient
Price per kilogram (RM)
Year 2004 Year 2005
P 5.00 w
Q 2.50 4.00
R x y
S 4.00 4.40

a) The index number of gradient P in the year 2005 based on the year 2004 is 120. Calculate the
value of w. [2 marks]P2,2006

b) The index number of gradient R in the year 2005 based on the year 2004 is 125. The price per
kilogram of ingredient R in the year 2005 is RM2.00 more than its corresponding price in the year
2004. Calculate the value of x and of y. [3 marks]P2,2006

c) The composite index for the cost of making the cake in the year 2005 based on the year 2004 is
127.5. Calculate
i) the price of a cake in the year 2004 if its corresponding price in the year 2005 is RM30.60
ii) the value of m if the quantities of gradients P, Q, R, and S used are in the ratio of 7 : 3 : m : 2.
[5 marks]P2,2006

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Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni

4 Table shows the prices and the price indices of five components P, Q, R, S, and T, used to produce a
kind of toy.

Component
Price (RM) for the year Price index for the year
2006 based on the year 2004 2004 2006
P 1.20 1.50 125
Q x 2.20 110
R 4.00 6.00 150
S 3.00 2.70 y
T 2.00 2.80 140

a) Find the value of x and of y. [3 marks]P2,2007

b) Calculate the composite index for the production cost of the toys in the year 2006 based on the year
2004. [3 marks]P2,2007

c) The price of each component increases by 20% from the year 2006 to the year 2008. Given that the
production cost of one toy in the year 2004 is RM55, calculate the corresponding cost in the year
2008.
[4 marks]P2,2007

S
R
Q
P
T
72
o

90
o

36
o

144
o

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Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni

5 Table shows the prices and the price indices of four ingredients, fish, flour, salt and sugar used to make
a type of fish cracker.
Diagram shows a pie chart which represents the relative quantity of the ingredients used.

Ingredients
Price (RM) per kg for the year Price index for the year 2005
based on the year 2004 2004 2005
Fish 3.00 4.50 150
Flour 1.50 1.80 h
Salt k 0.90 112.5
Sugar 1.40 1.47 105

a) Find the value of h and of k [3 marks]P2,2008

b) Calculate the composite index for the cost of making these crackers in the year 2005 based on the
year 2004. [3 marks]P2,2008

c) The composite index for the cost of making these crackers increases by 50% from the year 2005 to
the year 2009.
Calculate
i) the composite index for the cost of making these crackers in the year 2009 based on the year
2004.
ii) the price of a box of these crackers in the year 2009 if its corresponding price in the year 2004
is RM25.
[4 marks]P2,2008
Salt
15%
Sugar
10%
Fish
30%
Flour
45%
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Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
6 Table shows the prices, the price indices and weightages for four types of stationery P, Q, R and S.

Stationery
Price (RM) per unit Price index for the year 2008
based on the year 2007
Weightage
Year 2007 Year 2008
P 2.80 2.10 x 4
Q 4.00 4.80 120 2
R 2.00 y 130 3
S z 5.80 116 m

a) Find the value of
i) x
ii) y
iii) z [3 marks]P2,2009

b) The composite index for the price of the stationery in the year 2008 based on the year 2007 is
108.4
Calculate the value of m [3 marks]P2,2009

c) The total expenditure for the stationery in the year 2007 is RM525.
Calculate the corresponding total expenditure in the year 2008. [2 marks]P2,2009

d) The price index for Q in the year 2009 based on the year 2007 is 132.
Calculate the price index for Q in the year 2009 based on the year 2008 [2 marks]P2,2009
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Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
7 Table shows the price indices for three items P, Q and R used in the production of a type of bag.

Item
Price index in the year 2006
based on the year 2004
Price index in the year 2008
based on the year 2004
P 125 150
Q 116 x
R y 120

(a) Find the price index of item P in the year 2008 based on the year 2006.
[2 marks]P2,2010

(b) The price of item Q in the year 2004 is RM7.50 and its price in the year 2008 is RM10.50
Find
(i) the value of x,
(ii) the price of item Q in the year 2006
[3 marks]P2,2010

(c) The composite index for the production cost of the bag in the year 2006 based on the year 2004
is 118.5. The cost of the items P, Q and R used are in the ratio of 2 : 1 : 3
Find the value of y.
[3 marks]P2,2010

(d) Given the price of the bag in the year 2006 is RM47.40, find the corresponding price of the bag
in the year 2004.
[2 marks]P2,2010
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Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
MOTION ALONG A STRAIGHT LINE

1 A particle moves along a straight line from a fixed point P. Its velocity V m s
-1
, is given by
V = 2t(6 t), where t is the time, in seconds, after leaving the point P.
(Assume motion to the right is positive)
Find
a) the maximum velocity of the particle,
[3 marks]P2,2004
b) the distance travelled during the third second,
[3 marks]P2,2004
c) the value of t when the particle passes the point P again,
[2 marks]P2,2004
d) the time between leaving P and when the particle reverses its direction of motion.
[2 marks]P2,2004

2 Diagram shows the position and directions of motion of two objects, P and Q, moving in a straight line
passing two fixed points, A and B respectively. Object P passes the fixed point A and object Q passes
the fixed point B simultaneously. The distance AB is 28 m.

The velocity of v
p
m s
-1
, is given v
p
= 6 + 4t -2t
2
, where t is the time, in seconds after it passes A,
while Q travels with a constant velocity of -2 m s
-1
. Object P stops instantaneously at the point C.
(Assume that the positive direction of motion is towards the right)
Find
a) the maximum velocity in m s
-1
, of P,
[3 marks]P2,2005
b) the distance, in m, of C from A,
[4 marks]P2,2005
c) the distance, in m, between P and Q when P is at the point C.
[3 marks]P2,2005

3 A particle moves in a straight line and passes through a fixed point O. Its velocity, v m s
-1
, is given by
v = t
2
6t + 5, where t is the time, in seconds, after leaving O.
[Assume motion to the right is positive.]
a) Find
i) the initial velocity of the particle,
ii) the time interval during which the particle moves towards the left,
iii) the time interval during which the acceleration of the particle is positive.
[5 marks]P2,2006
b) Sketch the velocity-time graph of the motion of the particle for 0 s t s 5
[2 marks]P2,2006
c) Calculate the total distance travelled during the first 5 seconds after leaving O.
[3 marks]P2,2006
P Q
A B C
28 m
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Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
4 A particles moves along a straight line and passes through a fixed point O. Its velocity, v m s
-1
, is
given by v = t
2
6t + 8, where t is the time, in seconds, after passing through O.
[Assume motion to the right is positive.]
Find
a) the initial velocity, in m s
-1

[1 mark]P2,2007
b) the minimum velocity, in m s
-1

[3 marks]P2,2007
c) the range of values of t during which the particle moves to the left.
[2 marks]P2,2007
d) The total distance, in m, travelled by the particle in the first 4 seconds.
[4 marks]P2,2007

5 A particle moves along a straight line and passes through a fixed point O. Its velocity, v m s
-1
, is given
by v = 10 + 3t t
2
, where t is the time, in seconds, after passing through O. The particle stops
instantaneously at a point R.
[Assume motion to the right is positive]
Find
a) the acceleration, in m s
-2
, of the particle at R,
[3 marks]P2,2008
b) the maximum velocity, in m s
-1
, of the particle,
[3 marks]P2,2008
c) the total distances, in m, travelled by the particle in the first 9 seconds, after passing through O.
[4 marks]P2,2008

6 A particle moves in a straight line and passes through a fixed point O. The velocity of the particle,
v cm s
-1
, is given by v = 15 + 4t 3t
2
, where t is the time in s, after leaving O
Find
a) the initial velocity, in cm s
-1
, of the particle,
[1 mark]P2,2009
b) the initial acceleration, in cm s
-2
, of the particle,
[2 marks]P2,2009
c) the maximum velocity, in cm s
-1
of the particle,
[3 marks]P2,2009
d) the distance, in cm, from O when the particle stops instantaneously.
[4 marks]P2,2009

7 A particle moves along a straight line such that its acceleration, a ms
-2
, is given by a = 10 2t, where t
is the time, in seconds, after it passes through a fixed point O. The initial velocity of the particle is -
16ms
-1
.
[Assume motion to the right is positive]
Find
(a) the maximum velocity, in ms
-1
, of the particle, [4 marks]P2,2010
(b) the range of values of t during which the particle moves to the right, [2 marks]P2,2010
(c) the total distance, in m, travelled by the particle in the first 6 seconds. [4 marks]P2,2010
P a g e | 34

Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
LINEAR PROGRAMMING

1 Use graph paper to answer this question.
A district education office intends to organise a course on the teaching of Mathematics and Science in
English.

The course will be attended by x Mathematics participants and y Science participants.
The selection of participants is based on the following constraints.
I : The total number of participants is at least 40.
II : The number of Science participants is at most twice that of Mathematics.
III : The maximum allocation for the course is RM7 200. The expenditure for a Mathematics
participant is RM120 and for a science participant is RM80.

(a) Write down three inequalities, other then x > 0 and y > 0, which satisfy the above constraints.
[3 marks]P2,2004

(b) Hence, by using a scale of 2 cm to 10 participants on both axes, construct and shade the region R
which satisfies all the above constraints.
[3 marks]P2,2004

(c) Using your graph from (b), find
(i) the maximum and minimum number of Mathematics participants when the number of
Science participants is 10.
(ii) the minimum cost to run the course.
[4 marks]P2,2004

2 Use graph paper to answer this question.
An institution offers two computers courses, P and Q. The number of participants for course P is x and
for course Q is y.

The enrolment of the participants is based on the following constraints.
I : The total number of participants is not more than 100.
II : The number of participants for course Q is not more than 4 times the number of participants
for course P by at least 5.
III : The number of participants for course Q must exceed the number of participants for course
P by at least 5.

(a) Write down three inequalities, other then x > 0 and y > 0, which satisfy the above constraints.
[3 marks]P2,2005

(b) By using a scale of 2 cm to 10 participants on both axes, construct and shade the region R that
satisfies all the above constraints.
[3 marks]P2,2005

(c) Using your graph from (b), find
(i) the range of the number of participants for course Q if the number of participants for
course P is 30.
P a g e | 35

Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
(ii) the maximum total fees per month that can be collected if the fees per month for
courses P and Q are RM50 and RM60 respectively.
[4 marks]P2,2005
3 Use graph paper to answer this question.
A workshop produces two types of rack, P and Q. The production of each type of rack of rack involves
two processes, making and painting. Table shows the time taken to make and paint a rack of type P
and a rack of type Q.

Rack
Time taken (minutes)
Making Painting
P 60 30
Q 20 40

The workshop produces x racks of type P and y racks of type Q per day. The production of racks per
day is based on the following constraints.
I : The maximum total time for making both racks is 720 minutes.
II : The total time for painting both racks is at least 360 minutes.
III : The ratio of the number of racks of type P to the number of racks of type Q is at least 1:3

(a) Write down three inequalities, other then x > 0 and y > 0, which satisfy the above constraints.
[3 marks]P2,2006

(b) Using a scale of 2 cm to 2 racks on both axes, construct and shaded the region R which satisfies all
of the above constraints.
[3 marks]P2,2006
(c) By using your graph in (b), find
(i) the minimum number of racks of type Q if 7 racks of type P are produced per day,
(ii) the maximum total profit per day if the profit from one rack of type P is RM24 and
from one rack of type Q is RM32.
[4 marks]P2,2006
4 Use graph paper to answer this question.
A factory produce two components, P and Q. In a particular day, the factory produces x pieces of
components P and y pieces of components Q. The profit from the sales of a piece of component P is
RM15 and a piece of component Q is RM12.

The production of the components per day is based on the following constraints.
I : the total numbers of components produced is at most 500
II : The numbers of component P produced is not more than three times the number of
component Q.
III : The minimum total profit for both components is RM4 200.

(a) Write down three inequalities, other then x > 0 and y > 0, which satisfy the above constraints.
[3 marks]P2,2007
(b) By using a scale of 2 cm to 50 components on both axes, construct and shade the region R that
satisfies all the above constraints.
[3 marks]P2,2007
(c) Use your graph in (b), to find
P a g e | 36

Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
(i) the minimum number of pieces of components Q if the number of pieces of component
P produced on a particular day is 100.
(ii) the maximum total profit per day.
[4 marks]P2,2007
5 Use graph paper to answer this question.
The members of a youth association plan to organise a picnic. They agree to rent x buses and y vans.
The rental of a bus is RM800 and the rental of a van is RM300.
The rental of the vehicles for the picnic is based on the following constraints.

I : The total number of vehicles to be rented is not more than 8.
II : The number of buses is at most twice the numbers of vans.
III : The maximum allocation for the rental of the vehicles is RM4000.

(a) Write down three inequalities, other then x > 0 and y > 0, which satisfy the above constraints.
[3 marks]P2,2008

(b) Using a scale of 2 cm to 1 vehicle on both axes, construct and shade the region R that satisfies all
the above constraints.
[3 marks]P2,2008
(c) Use the graph in (b) to find
(i) the minimum number of vans rented if 3 buses are rented.
(ii) the maximum number of members that can be accommodated into the rented vehicles if
a bus can accommodate 48 passengers and a van accommodate 12 passengers.
[4 marks]P2,2008

6 Use graph paper to answer this question.
Johan uses x small tiles and y big tiles for decoration of his bathroom. The decoration budget is based
on the following constraints.

I : The total number of tiles cannot exceed 100 pieces.
II : The number of small tiles cannot exceed three times the number of big tiles.
III : The number of big tiles cannot exceed the number of small tiles by more than 30
pieces.

(a) Write down three inequalities, other then x > 0 and y > 0, which satisfy the above constraints.
[3 marks]P2,2009

(b) Using a scale of 2 cm to 10 tiles on both axes, construct and shade the region R that satisfies all the
above constraints.
[3 marks]P2,2009

(c) Using the graph in (b), find
(i) the maximum number of small tiles that can be used.
(ii) the maximum total cost for the tiles if the cost of a small tile is RM1.50 and the cost of
a big tile is RM3.00
[4 marks]P2,2009

P a g e | 37

Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
7 Use graph paper to answer this question.
A training centre offers two courses, A and B. The number of participants for course A is x and the
number of participants for course B is y. The intake of the participants is based on the following
constraints :

I The maximum number of participants is 80.
II The number of participants for course B is at least 10.
III The number of participants for course B is at most
2
3
times the number of
participants for course A.

(a) Write down three inequalities, other then x > 0 and y > 0, which satisfy the above constraints.
[3 marks]P2,2010

(b) Using a scale of 2 cm to 10 participants on both axes, construct and shade the region R which
satisfies all of the above constrains.
[3 marks]P2,2010

(c) Using the graph constructed in (b), find
(i) the minimum number of participants for course A.
(ii) the maximum total fees collected per month if the monthly fees per participant for course A is
RM300 and for course B is RM400.
[4 marks]P2,2010

P a g e | 38

Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
SECTION A
FUNCTIONS
1a)
3
2 + x

1b)
15
15 + x

1c) 4 10 ) ( = x x h

1a) (0 , -5)
1b) k = 4 , p = -1
2ai) h = 3 , k = 2
2aii) x < 2 , x > 3
2b) x
2
-9x + 20 = 0
3a) 3x + 2y + 23 = 0
3bi) B(0 , -5)
3bii) C(
2
21
,2)

SIMULTANEOUS EQUATIONS

1) m = 0.606 , -6.606 , p = 2.606 , -4.606
2) y = -4 , 3 , x = 3 ,
2
1

3) x = -0.693 , 1.433 , y = 2.386 , -1.886
4) x = 3 , 1 , y = 3 , -1
5) x = 5 , -6 , y = 3,
3
2

6) p = 1.577 , 0.423 , k = 3.731 , 0.269
7) x = 13.24 , 4.76 , y = 3.12 , -1.12

COORDINATE GEOMETRY

1a) 1
6 9
=
y x

1b) D(3 , -4)
1c)
2
1

2a) (-3 , -2)
2b) 2y = x 1

STATISTICS

1a) mean = 15 , variance = 22.2
1bi) 26
1bii) 5.494
2a) 24.07
2b) 11.74
3a) k = 4
3b) 43
3c) 48
4a)
Score 0-9 10-19 20-29 30-39 40-49
No. of
students
4 6 10 8 4
4b) 18.33
5) x = 13 , y = 5
6a) 26
6b) 11.43

PROGRESSIONS

1a)
4
1
= r
1bi) Triangle number 5 , T
5

1bii) 2133
3
1

2a) 294
2b) RM1019.20
3a) k = 100 , m = 20
3b) n = 11
4ai) 415 cm
4aii) 14 000
4b) n = 33
5a) RM22 973
5b) n = 16
5c) RM122 434
6a) 7
6b) 1 800 cm
7a) 324 t
7b) n = 12

VECTORS

1ai) -2y + 6x
1aii) x y
2
9
2
3
+
P a g e | 39

Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
1bi) h(6x 2y)
1bii) )
2
9
2
3
( x y k +
1c) h =
2
1
, k =
3
1

2ai) -20x + 32y
2aii) 25x
2b) BD = 4BF
2c) 104
3a) 5x + 2y
3bi) 4x + my
3bii) m =
5
8

4ai) x 3y
4aii)
3
2
x + y
4b) h =
2
1
, k =
3
4

5ai) -3x + 4y
5aii) x +
3
8
y
5b) h =
11
9
, k =
11
3

TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
1a,b)

2sin
2
x = 2 -
180
x

1 2sin
2
x = 1 (2 -
180
x
)
cos2x =
180
x
- 1
y =
180
x
- 1

Number of solutions = 2

2a) cosec
2
x 2sin
2
x cot
2
x
= 1 + cot
2
x 2sin
2
x cot
2
x
= 1 2sin
2
x
= cos2x

2b)

3(cosec
2
x 2sin
2
x cot
2
x) = 1
t
x

3cos2x = 1
t
x

cos2x =
3
1
3

t
x

y =
3
1
3

t
x

Number of solutions = 4

3a)

3b)
x
t
+ 2cos x = 0
-2cos x =
x
t

1
180
=
x
y
y=
3
1
3

t
x

y =
x
t

P a g e | 40

Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
y =
x
t

Number of solutions = 2
4a,b)

2 - |3cos2x| =
t 2
x

|3cos2x| = 2 -
t 2
x

y = 2 -
t 2
x
, Number of solutions = 8

5a,b)
x
x
2
sec 2
tan 2

=
) tan 1 ( 2
tan 2
2
x
x

=
x
x
2
tan 1
tan 2

= tan 2x

t
x 3
+ 0
sec 2
tan 2
2
=
x
x

t
x 3
+ tan2x = 0
-tan2x =
t
x 3

y =
t
x 3
, Number of solutions = 3
6a,b)

x
t 3
4
-cos2x =
2
3

cos2x = x
t 3
4
-
2
3

2
3
cos2x =
2
3
( x
t 3
4
-
2
3
)
y =
4
9 2
x
t

Number of solutions = 3

7a,b)

6tcos x = 4t - 3x
3cosx =
t
t
2
4
- x
t 2
3

1 + 3cosx = 2 - x
t 2
3
+ 1
1 + 3cosx = 3 - x
t 2
3

y
x
4
t

2
t

4
3t

t
3
t
x
y
3
=
y = 2 -
t 2
x

y =
4
9 2
x
t

y
x
-2
t 3t/2 2t
t/2
0
3
4
y = 3 - x
t 2
3

y = |3 cos2x|
P a g e | 41

Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
y = 3 - x
t 2
3

Number of solutions = 2
DIFFERENTIATION AND INTEGRATION
1a) y = x
3
3x
2
10
1b) (2 , -14) minimum point
2a) h = 2 , k = 6
2b) y = 5 3
3
2
2 3
+ x x
3ai) - 10
3aii) 24
3b) g(x) = x
2
8x + 7

SECTION B

COORDINATE GEOMETRY

1ai) y = 2x + 17
1aii) B (-8 , 1)
1b) D (-14 , -11)
1c) x
2
+ y
2
+ 8x 18y + 72 = 0
2a) 9 unit
2

2b) C (
5
2
,
5
12
)
2ci) x
2
+ y
2
18x + 8 y + 45 = 0
2cii) Shown : b
2
4ac < 0
3a) 4x
2
+ 4y
2
24x 8y +15 = 0
3bi) k = 3
3bii) Q (
2
9
, -1)
3c) 7.5 unit
2

4ai) k = 4
4aii) A(-2 , 3)
4bi) B(4 , 7)
4bii) 2y + 3x = 26
4c) 3x
2
+ 3y
2
+ 24x -10y 13 = 0

CIRCULAR MEASURE

1a)
3
2
1b) 20.95 cm
1c) 61.40 cm
2

2a) 6 cm
2b) 24.40 cm
2c) 37.46 cm
2

3a) 62.59 m
2

3b) 38.25 m
3c) 31.39 m
2

4a) 31.42 cm
4b) 88.63 cm
2

5a) cosu =
5
1

5b) 14.18 cm
5c) 40.66 cm
2

6b) 40.00 cm
6c) 82.18 cm
2

7b) 10 cm
7c) 61.89 cm
7d) 61.43 cm
2

DIFFERENTIATION

1a) 3 =
dx
dy

1b) x 3y + 7 = 0
1c) Q(1 , 5) maximum point

DIFFERENTIATION AND INTEGRATION
1a) y = -12x + 15
1bi)
5
1

1bii)
1125
49
t
2a) k = 5
2b) 20
6
5

2c) 6
5
2
t
3a) k = 7
3b) (1 , 8) minimum point
3c) y = x
2
+
x
2
+ 5
4a) k = 2
4bi) 8
4bii)
7
4
t
P a g e | 42

Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
5a) y = 2x + 4
5b)
3
1

5c) 2t
LINEAR LAW
1a,b)
x 2 4 6 8 10 12
log
10
y 0.50 0.74 0.96 1.21 1.46 1.67

y = pk
x

log10y = log10p + xlog10k
log10y = (log10k)x + log10p

log10p = 0.26
p = 1.820
log10k = Gradient of the graph
= 0.1161
k = 1.306

2a,b)
x
2
1 4 9 16 25 30.25
xy 5.5 9.4 15.0 26.0 38.5 46.2

y = px +
px
r

xy = px
2
+
p
r

p = gradient of the graph
= 1.375
p
r
= Y-intercept
375 . 1
r
= 4
r = 5.5

3a,b)
x + 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
log y 0.60 0.76 0.94 1.12 1.30 2.46

y = pk
x+1

log y = log p + (x + 1)log k
log y = (log k)(x + 1) + log p

log p = Y- intercept
log p = 0.26
p = 1.82

log k = Gradient of the graph
= 0.172
k = 1.486

P a g e | 43

Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
4a,b)
x 2 3 4 5 6 7
x
y

4 4.4 5 5.5 6.1 6.5

y = 2kx
2
+ x
k
p

x
y
= 2kx +
k
p

2k = Gradient of the graph
= 0.5
k = 0.25

k
p
= Y-intercept
25 . 0
p
= 3
p = 0.75

5a,b)
x 1.5 3.0 4.5 6.0 7.5 9.0
log y 0.40 0.51 0.64 0.76 0.89 1.00

ci) When y = 4.8, log10y = 0.68
Based on the graph, x = 5
y = hk
2x

log10y = log10h + 2xlog10k
log10y = (2log10k)(x) + log10h

log10h = Y-intercept
= 0.28
h = 1.91

2log10k = Gradient of the graph
= 0.08
log10k = 0.04
k = 1.10

6a,b)
x
1
0.67 0.50 0.33 0.25 0.20 0.17
y
1

0.40 1.30 2.15 2.60 2.85 3.05

P a g e | 44

Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
y
k
=
x
p
+ 1
y
1
= (
k
p
)(
x
1
) +
k
1

k
1
= Y-intercept
= 3.9
k = 0.26

k
p
26 . 0
p
= -5.213
p = -1.34

7a,b)
x 3 4 5 6 7 8
log y 0.41 0.52 0.61 0.69 0.80 0.90

y =
k
h
x

log y = xlog h log k
log y = (log h)(x) log k

log h = Gradient of the graph
= 0.098
h = 1.253

- log k = Y-intercept
= 0.11
log k = -0.11
k = 0.7762

VECTOR

1ai) 2x 6y
1aii) 4x + 3y
1b) h =
5
2
, k =
5
4

1c) 24.08
2ai)
3
2
x y
2aii)
2
1
x +
2
1
y
2bi)
2
1
hx +
2
1
hy
2bii)
3
2
kx + (1 k)y
2c) h =
5
4
, k =
5
3

PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS

1ai) p = 0.6
1aii) 0.9993
1bi) 0.2743
1bii) m = 67.63
2ai) 0.294
2aii) 0.797
2bi) 0.945
2bii) m = 3.07
3a) 0.2119
3b) 246
3c) 4.2
4ai) 0.2090
4aii) 0.6846
4bi) 0.7357
4bii) 1250
5a) 0.9505
5bi) 475
5bii) m = 209.84
P a g e | 45

Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
6ai) 10
6aii) 2.739
6bi) 0.01622
6bii) 0.7560
7ai)
5
2

7aii) 0.1673
7bi) 0.3203
7bii) 2.54

SECTION C

SOLUTION OF TRIANGLES
1ai) 57.23
o

1aii) 106.07
o

1aiii) 82.37 cm
2

1bi)

1bii) 122.8
o

2a) 19.27 cm
2b) 50
o
44' , 129
o
16'
2ci) 24.89 cm
2cii) 290.1 cm
2

3a) 60
o
4'
3b) 5.573 cm
3c) 116
o
33'
3d) 35.43 cm
2

4ai) 13.36 cm
4aii) 23
o
53'
4bi)

4bii) 13.80 cm
2

5ai) 19.34
5aii) 16.21
5b) 10.50

5c)

6a) 23.23
6b) 21.76
6c) 98
o
11'
6d) 60.31 cm
2

7ai) 2.207
7aii) 7.072
7bi)

7bii) 75
o

7biii) 8.264

INDEX NUMBER

1ai) RM29.00
1aii) 162
1bi) 125
1bii) RM25.00
2a) x = 125 , y = 2.80 , z = 0.50
2bi) 129.44
2bii) RM2 306.09
2c) 194.16
3a) 6.00
3b) x = 8 , y = 10
3ci) RM24.00
3cii) m = 4
4a) x = 2.00 , y = 90
4b) 123.5
4c) RM81.51
5a) h = 120 , k = 0.80
5b) 126.38
A'
B'
C'
B
B
A'
C
23
o
53'
A'
B' C'
45
o

35
30.21
C' C B
A
4 cm
50
o

P a g e | 46

Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
5ci) 189.57
5cii) RM47.39
6ai) x = 75
6aii) y = 2.60
6aiii) z = 5.00
6b) m = 6
6c) RM569.10
6d) 110
7a) 120
7bi) 140
7bii) RM8.70
7c) 115
7d) RM40.00

MOTION ALONG A STRAIGHT LINE

1a) 18 ms
-1

1b) 17
3
1
m
1c) t = 9 s
1d) 6 s
2a) 8 ms
-1

2b) 18 m
2c) 4 m
3ai) 5 ms
-1

3aii) 1 < t < 5
3aiii) t > 3 s

3b)

3c) 13 m
4a) 8 ms
-1

4b) -1 ms
-1

4c) 2 < t < 4
4d) 8 m
5a) -7 ms
-2

5b) 12.25 ms
-1

5c) 123
6
1
m
6a) 15 cm s
-1

6b) 4 cm s
-2

6c) 16
3
1
cm s
-1

6d) 36 cm
7a) 9 ms
-1

7b) 2 < t < 8
7c) 41
3
1
m

LINEAR PROGRAMMING

1a)
I : x + y 40
II : y 2x
III : 3x + 2y 180

ci) When y = 10
x min = 30
x max = 53

cii) When x = 14, y = 26
minimum cost = 120(14) + 80(26)
= RM3760

5
-4
0 1 5 3
V/ms
-1

t/s
y = 2x
(14,27)
R
3x + 2y = 180
x + y = 40
P a g e | 47

Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni
2a,b)
I : x + y 100
II : y 4x
III : y x + 5

ci) The range of the number of participants for
course Q is 35 y 70

cii) Objective function = 50x + 60y
Let the total fees collected be RM3000
50x + 60y = 3000
5x + 6y = 300

Based on the graph, the maximum
collection is obtained when
x = 20 and y = 80

Maximum total fees
= 50(20) + 60(80)
= RM5800

3a,b)
I : 60x + 20y 720
II : 3x + 4y 36
III : y 3x

ci) Based on the graph, when x = 7, the minimum
value of y = 4
The minimum number of racks of tape Q produce
per day is 4.

cii) Objective function = 24x + 32y
Let the profit be RM192
24x + 32y = 192
3x + 4y = 24

Based on the graph, the maximum profit is
obtained when x = 6 and y = 18.
Maximum profit = 24(6) + 32(18)
= RM720

4a,b)
I : x + y 500
II : y
3
1
x
III : 5x + 4y 1400

R
y = 4x
x + y = 100
y = x + 5
5x + 6y = 300
(20,80)
3x+4y =24
3x+4y =36
3x+ y =36
y = 3x
(6,18)
R
P a g e | 48

Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni

ci) Based on the graph, when x = 100, the
minimum value of y = 225

The minimum number of pieces of component Q
produced is 225.

cii) Objective function = 15x + 12y
Based on the graph, the maximum total profit is
obtained when x = 375 and y = 125.

Maximum total profit
= 15(375) + 12(125)
= RM7 125

5a,b)
I : x + y 8
II : y
2
1
x
III : 8x + 3y 40

ci)Based on the graph, when x = 3, the minimum
value of y = 2.

The minimum number of vans rented is 2.

cii) Let the number of members that can be
accommodated be 48.
48x + 12y = 48
4x + y = 4

Based on the graph, the maximum number of
members that can be accommodated is occurred
when x = 4 and y = 2.

Maximum number of members
= 48(4) + 12(2)
= 216

6a,b)
I : x + y 100
II : y
3
1
x
III : y x + 30

y =
3
1
x
5x + 4y = 1400
x + y = 500
(375,125)
R
R
(4,2)
y =
2
1
x
x + y = 8
8x + 3y = 40
4x + y = 4
P a g e | 49

Disediakan oleh Mohamad Esmandi Bin Hapni

ci) Based on the graph, the maximum number of
small tiles that can be used is 75.

cii) Objective function = 1.5x + 3y
Let the total cost of the tiles be RM60.
1.5x + 3y = 60
x + 2y = 40

Based on the graph, the maximum total cost is
obtained when x = 35 and y = 65.

Maximum total cost
= 1.5(35) + 3(65)
= RM247.50

7a,b)
I: x + y 80
II : y 10
III : y
2
3
x

ci) Based on the graph, the minimum number of
participants for course A is 7.

cii) Objective function = 300x + 400y

Let the total fees collected per month be RM12 000
300x + 400y = 12 000
3x + 4y = 120

Based on the graph, the maximum total fees are
obtained when x = 32 and y = 48

Maximum total fees collected per month
= 300(32) + 400(48)
= RM28 800

R
x + 2y = 40
y = x + 30
x + y = 100
y =
3
1
x
(35,65)
x + y = 80
y =
2
3
x
y = 10
R
(32,48)
3x + 4y = 120