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Network Control Services 1.1 for Windows NT Enterprise Manager 6.2 for Windows NT WorkGroup Manager

Network Control Services 1.1 for Windows NT Enterprise Manager 6.2 for Windows NT WorkGroup Manager 6.2 for Windows

Device View User Guide

NT WorkGroup Manager 6.2 for Windows Device View User Guide N N e e t t

NNeettwwoorrkk MMaannaaggeemmeenntt

Businesses run on networks and networks run with management.

®
®

Device View User Guide

Transcend ® Network Control Services 1.1 for Windows NT ® Transcend Enterprise Manager 6.2 for Windows NT Transcend WorkGroup Manager 6.2 for Windows ®

http://www.3com.com/

Part No. 09-1769-000 Published June 1999

3Com Corporation 5400 Bayfront Plaza Santa Clara, California

95052-8145

Copyright © 1999, 3Com Corporation. All rights reserved. No part of this documentation may be reproduced in any form or by any means or used to make any derivative work (such as translation, transformation, or adaptation) without written permission from 3Com Corporation.

3Com Corporation reserves the right to revise this documentation and to make changes in content from time to time without obligation on the part of 3Com Corporation to provide notification of such revision or change.

3Com Corporation provides this documentation without warranty, term, or condition of any kind, either implied or expressed, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties, terms or conditions of merchantability, satisfactory quality, and fitness for a particular purpose. 3Com may make improvements or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described in this documentation at any time.

If there is any software on removable media described in this documentation, it is furnished under a license agreement included with the product as a separate document, in the hard copy documentation, or on the removable media in a directory file named LICENSE.TXT or !LICENSE.TXT. If you are unable to locate a copy, please contact 3Com and a copy will be provided to you.

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT LEGEND

If you are a United States government agency, then this documentation and the software described herein are provided to you subject to the following:

All technical data and computer software are commercial in nature and developed solely at private expense. Software is delivered as “Commercial Computer Software” as defined in DFARS 252.227-7014 (June 1995) or as a “commercial item” as defined in FAR 2.101(a) and as such is provided with only such rights as are provided in 3Com’s standard commercial license for the Software. Technical data is provided with limited rights only as provided in DFAR 252.227-7015 (Nov 1995) or FAR 52.227-14 (June 1987), whichever is applicable. You agree not to remove or deface any portion of any legend provided on any licensed program or documentation contained in, or delivered to you in conjunction with, this User Guide.

Unless otherwise indicated, 3Com registered trademarks are registered in the United States and may or may not be registered in other countries.

3Com, the 3Com logo, Boundary Routing, CoreBuilder, EtherDisk, EtherLink, EtherLink II, LinkBuilder, Net Age, NETBuilder, NETBuilder II, OfficeConnect, Parallel Tasking, SmartAgent, SuperStack, TokenDisk, TokenLink, Transcend, and ViewBuilder are registered trademarks of 3Com Corporation. ATMLink, AutoLink, DynamicAccess, FDDILink, NetProbe, and PACE are trademarks of 3Com Corporation. 3ComFacts is a service mark of 3Com Corporation.

OpenView is a registered trademark of Hewlett-Packard Company.

IBM and NetView are registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation. Microsoft, MS-DOS, Windows, and Windows NT are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. Novell and NetWare are registered trademarks of Novell, Inc. UNIX is a registered trademark of X/Open Company, Ltd. in the United States and other countries.

All other company and product names may be trademarks of the respective companies with which they are associated.

CONTENTS

ABOUT THIS GUIDE

Conventions 8

Related Documentation

Help Systems

10

Year 2000 Compliance

Technical Support

10

10

10

1 ABOUT DEVICE VIEW

About Device View

12

New in This Release

13

Management Support Matrix

15

Small Office, System, and Multi-Function Hubs

Small Office and Enterprise Switches Small Office and Enterprise Routers

Power Systems

17

18

18

16

2 USING DEVICE VIEW

Preparing Devices for Management Preparing the Management Platform

Starting Device View

21

20

21

From the Network Management Platform

22

From HP OpenView for Windows

From HP OpenView Network Node Manager for Windows NT

22

Using the Command Line Using Transcend Central Viewing Network Devices

Managing Media, Modules, Segments, and Ports

22

22

23

Using Media Selection Lists

Viewing and Changing Settings

27

28

26

22

3 MANAGING DEVICES

Managing Hubs and Switches

Device Setup

Managing Segments

Managing Ports

32

40

35

32

Managing High-Function Switches

Device Setup

Ethernet Port Setup

FDDI Port Setup

42

48

47

42

Managing CoreBuilder 9000 Switches

Chassis Management Module Management

51

53

51

Ethernet Port Setup

55

Managing Routers

56

Device Setup

56

ISDN Bridging Setup

62

Port Setup

65

Managing the SuperStack II Advanced RPS

Managing the CoreBuilder 9000 Switch Power Supply

64

Managing Power Systems

65

Managing the Console Port

71

67

4 ADVANCED MANAGEMENT TASKS

Setting up Resilient Links

73

About Resilient Links

74

Rules for Setting up Resilient Links

75

How to Set up a Resilient Link Pair

77

Balancing Load on PS Hub Segments

77

How Does Load Balancing Work?

78

Viewing Current Utilization Viewing Utilization History

Viewing Current Utilization Viewing Utilization History

80

82

Fixing and Unfixing Segments and Ports

Performing Load Balancing

84

83

Managing the CoreBuilder 3500, 9000, and 9400, and SuperStack II Switch

3900 and 9300

Managing Virtual LANs

84

86

Viewing Performance Statistics Viewing Traffic Statistics Viewing Activity Statistics Viewing Error Statistics

89

92

92

94

Viewing Frame Type Statistics Viewing Switching Statistics

Viewing Port Congestion Statistics

95

96

Managing Alarms

97

96

A SUPPORTED AGENT SOFTWARE AND DEVICES

CoreBuilder

100

LANplex

104

LinkBuilder

105

LinkSwitch

112

OfficeConnect 113

SuperStack II

114

Accessories

118

INDEX

ABOUT THIS GUIDE

About This Guide describes document conventions, explains where to find specific information, and lists other publications that may be useful.

The Device View User Guide describes how to manage 3Com hubs, switches, routers, bridges, and remote access devices using Transcend ® Network Management Software.

devices using Transcend ® Network Management Software. If the information in the Release Notes shipped with

If the information in the Release Notes shipped with your product differs from the information in this guide, follow the Release Notes.

This guide is intended for network administrators who understand networking technologies and how to integrate networking devices. You should have a working knowledge of:

Local Area Networking and Internetworking, including:

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)

Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)

Network management systems

3Com devices on your network

You should also be familiar with the interface and features of the Transcend Network Management Software you have installed.

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8

ABOUT THIS GUIDE

Finding Specific Information in This Guide

This table shows the location of specific information in this guide.

If you are looking to

Turn to

 

Learn about Device View and read a list of the 3Com devices you can manage

Chapter 1

Get started with Device View and find out about the Device View user interface and how to use it to set up 3Com devices on your network

Chapter 2

Find out how Device View helps you to manage hubs, switches, bridge/routers, and remote access routers, and create and assign virtual LANs.

Chapter 3

Find out how you can set up resilient links, view performance statistics, and use the Transcend Load Balancing Tool for the SuperStack II PS Hub.

Chapter 4

Check the software agents and devices that you can manage with Device View

Appendix A

Conventions

Table 1 and Table 2 list conventions that are used throughout this guide.

Table 1

Notice Icons

Icon

Notice Type

Description

Information noteguide. Table 1 Notice Icons Icon Notice Type Description Caution Warning Information that describes important

Caution 1 Notice Icons Icon Notice Type Description Information note Warning Information that describes important features or

Warning Icons Icon Notice Type Description Information note Caution Information that describes important features or

Information that describes important features or instructions

Information that alerts you to potential loss of data or potential damage to an application, system, or device

Information that alerts you to potential personal injury

Table 2

Text Conventions

Conventions

9
9

Convention

Description

Screen displays

This typeface represents information as it appears on the screen.

Syntax

The word “syntax” means that you must evaluate the syntax provided and then supply the appropriate values for the placeholders that appear in angle brackets. Example:

To enable RIPIP, use the following syntax:

SETDefault !<port> -RIPIP CONTrol = Listen

In this example, you must supply a port number for <port>.

Commands

The word “command” means that you must enter the command exactly as shown and then press Return or Enter. Commands appear in bold. Example:

To remove the IP address, enter the following command:

SETDefault !0 -IP NETaddr = 0.0.0.0

The words “enter” and “type”

When you see the word “enter” in this guide, you must type something, and then press Return or Enter. Do not press Return or Enter when an instruction simply says “type.”

Keyboard key names

If you must press two or more keys simultaneously, the key names are linked with a plus sign (+). Example:

Press Ctrl+Alt+Del

Words in italics

Italics are used to:

Emphasize a point.

Denote a new term at the place where it is defined in the text.

Identify menu names, menu commands, and software button names. Examples:

From the Help menu, select Contents.

Click OK.

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ABOUT THIS GUIDE

Related

Documentation

This guide is complemented by other 3Com documents and comprehensive help systems.

For additional information about using Device View to work with 3Com devices on your network, refer to:

Transcend Network Management Software Network Administration Guide for Windows is a guide to setting up network resources and administering your network effectively by configuring network components, managing assets, tracking changes, and managing the security of the network.

Online Help which provides more detailed information about how Device View works. Online Help is automatically installed onto your system when you install Device View.

Most user guides and release notes are available in Adobe Acrobat Reader Portable Document Format (PDF) or HTML on the 3Com World Wide Web site:

http://www.3com.com/

Help Systems

Each Transcend application contains a help system that describes how to use all the features of the application. Help includes window descriptions, instructions, conceptual information, and troubleshooting tips for that application.

Year 2000

For information on Year 2000 compliance and 3Com products, visit the

Compliance

3Com Year 2000 Web page:

http://www.3com.com/products/yr2000.html

Technical Support

3Com Corporation provides technical assistance through a variety of services, including the World Wide Web, a Bulletin Board Service, automated fax, and technical telephone support. For more information, access the following Web page:

http://www.3com.com/util/enterprise.html#support

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1

ABOUT DEVICE VIEW

Transcend ® Device View enables you to monitor and set up the 3Com hubs, switches, bridge/routers, and remote access devices in your enterprise-wide network.

This version of Device View is included in the following Transcend Network Management Software application suites:

Transcend Network Control Services 1.1 for Windows NT

Transcend Enterprise Manager 6.2 for Windows NT

Transcend WorkGroup Manager 6.2 for Windows

This guide collectively refers to these three applications as Transcend Network Management Software.

This chapter introduces Device View and summarizes management support for 3Com devices.

About Device View

New in This Release

Management Support Matrix

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12

CHAPTER 1: ABOUT DEVICE VIEW

About Device View

Device View provides an easy-to-use SNMP-based interface for managing the connectivity devices in your network. Transcend Network Management Software customizes the network management platform to add meaningful symbols to the network map, and associate the symbols that represent manageable devices with applications that support them.

When you manage a device, Device View creates an accurate graphical representation of the hardware that enables you to view the status of ports and indicators. You can use the picture to set up device and port parameters, and collect detailed statistics.

Transcend Network Management Software also includes Web Device View, which provides simple web-based device management via a proxy server. You can use both methods as part of a flexible and secure device management architecture.

Figure 1

Transcend Device Management Architecture

Figure 1 Transcend Device Management Architecture Device View manages 3Com small office, system, and

Device View manages 3Com small office, system, and multi-function hubs, switches, remote access devices, and power systems.

New in This Release

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New in This Release

Device View manages the following devices not supported in the previous major release of Transcend Network Management Software:

AccessBuilder ® 6218

CoreBuilder ® 3500

CoreBuilder 9000

CoreBuilder 9400

SuperStack ® II Dual Speed Hub 500

SuperStack II Switch 610

SuperStack II Switch 630

SuperStack II Switch 1100

SuperStack II Switch 3300

SuperStack II Switch IP 3800

SuperStack II Switch 3900

SuperStack II Switch 9300

SuperStack II Hub TR

SuperStack II Switch 2000 TR

To find out how to manage the SuperStack II Hub TR and SuperStack II Switch 2000 TR, refer to the Token Ring Manager User Guide.

Management support for the CoreBuilder 9000 Enterprise Switch is shown in Table 3

Table 3

Device View Support for the CoreBuilder 9000 Enterprise Switch

 

Agent

3Com

Description

Version

Part Number

16-slot chassis

 

3CB9E16

8-slot chassis

 

3CB9E8

7-slot chassis

 

3CB9E7

EME (EME1) Enterprise Management Engine

2.0

3CB9EME

EMC Enterprise Management Controller

2.0

3CB9EMC

(continued)

   
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CHAPTER 1: ABOUT DEVICE VIEW

Table 3

Device View Support for the CoreBuilder 9000 Enterprise Switch

24-port Gigabit Ethernet Switch Fabric Module

2.0

3CBFG24

24-port Gigabit Ethernet Switch Fabric Module with additional trunk

2.0

3CBFG24T

2-port 1000BASE SX Interface Module

2.0

3CB9LG2MC

2-port 1000BASE LX Interface Module

2.0

3CB9LG2SC

9-port 1000BASE-SX Gigabit Ethernet Layer 2 Switching Module

2.0

3CB9LG9MC

10-port 100BASE FX Layer 2 Switching Module

2.0

3CB9LF10MC

20-port 100BASE TX Layer 2 Switching Module

2.0

3CB9LF20R

36-port 10/100BASE TX Layer 2 Switching Module

2.0

3CB9LF36R

36-port 10/100BASE TX Telco Layer 2 Switching Module

2.0

3CB9LF36T

10-port 100BASE FX Layer 3 Switching Module

2.0

3CB9RF10MC

12-port 100BASE TX Layer 3 Switching Module

2.0

3CB9RF12R

Management Support Matrix

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Management

Support Matrix

These sections describe the management features that are available for the following ranges of devices:

Small Office, System, and Multi-Function Hubs

Small Office and Enterprise Switches

Small Office and Enterprise Routers

Power Systems

To find information about a specific device, use the device search index provided at the front of this guide. This index lists all the references to devices that appear in this guide, using the full product name.

that appear in this guide, using the full product name. For a full list of the

For a full list of the units you can manage by product range, and the versions of management agents that are supported, see Appendix A.

Upgrade agent software

Manage console port

Create resilient links

Manage bridging

Manage security

Monitor status

Manage ports

View statistics

Create VLANs

Set up device

Set up traps

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CHAPTER 1: ABOUT DEVICE VIEW

Small Office, System, and Multi-Function Hubs

Table 4 shows the small office, system, and multi-function hubs that you can manage with Device View.

Table 4

Small Office, System, and Multi-Function Hubs

✓ ✓

     

✓ ✓

   

LinkBuilder ® FDDI Hub

✓ ✓

 

✓ ✓

 

LinkBuilder MSH

✓ ✓

 

 

✓ ✓

 

LinkBuilder FMS/FMS II

✓ ✓

 

 

✓ ✓

 

LinkBuilder FMS 100

✓ ✓

   

 

LinkBuilder ECS

✓ ✓

         

 

LinkBuilder TP/8i

✓ ✓

 

 

✓ ✓

     

OfficeConnect ® Hub

8/TPM

✓ ✓

 

 

✓ ✓

   

SuperStack II Dual Speed Hub 500

✓ ✓

 

 

 

SuperStack II Hub 10

✓ ✓

 

 

 

SuperStack II Hub 100

✓ ✓

 

✓✓

   

   

✓✓✓

 

SuperStack II PS Hub

Monitor status Set up device Upgrade agent software Manage ports Manage console port Manage bridging Create resilient links Create VLANs View statistics Set up traps Manage security

Small Office and Enterprise Switches

Management Support Matrix

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17

Table 5 shows the small office and enterprise switches that you can manage with Device View.

Table 5

Small Office and Enterprise Switches

✓ ✓

 

CoreBuilder 2500

✓ ✓

 

CoreBuilder 3500

✓ ✓

✓ ✓

 

 

CoreBuilder 5000 FastModule

✓ ✓

 

CoreBuilder 6000

✓ ✓

 

 

CoreBuilder 9000

✓ ✓

✓ ✓

 

CoreBuilder 9400

✓ ✓

 

 

LANplex 2016

   

✓ ✓

 

 

LinkSwitch 500

✓ ✓

✓ ✓

 

LinkSwitch 1000

   

✓ ✓

 

 

LinkSwitch 1200

✓ ✓

✓ ✓

 

LinkSwitch 3000

 

 

✓ ✓

✓ ✓

   

OfficeConnect Switch 140M

 

✓ ✓

✓ ✓

 

SuperStack II Desktop Switch

 

✓ ✓

✓ ✓

   

SuperStack II Switch 610

 

✓ ✓

✓ ✓

   

SuperStack II Switch 630

 

✓ ✓

✓ ✓

 

SuperStack II Switch 1000

 

✓ ✓

✓ ✓

 

SuperStack II Switch 1100

✓ ✓

✓ ✓

 

SuperStack II Switch 2200

 

✓ ✓

✓ ✓

 

SuperStack II Switch 3000

 

✓ ✓

✓ ✓

 

SuperStack II Switch 3300

 

 

SuperStack II Switch IP 3800

✓ ✓

✓ ✓

 

SuperStack II Switch 3900

 

 

 

SuperStack II Switch 9000 SX

✓ ✓

✓ ✓

 

SuperStack II Switch 9300

Upgrade agent software

Use SuperStack groups

Manage console port

Create resilient links

Manage bridging

Manage security

Monitor status

Manage ports

View statistics

Create VLANs

Set up device

Set up traps

Upgrade agent software

Use SuperStack groups

Manage console port

Create resilient links

Manage bridging

Manage security

Monitor status

Manage ports

View statistics

Create VLANs

Set up device

Set up traps

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CHAPTER 1: ABOUT DEVICE VIEW

Small Office and Enterprise Routers

Table 6 shows the small office and enterprise routers that you can manage with Device View.

Table 6

Small Office and Enterprise Routers

✓ ✓

 

 

     

AccessBuilder 7000

BRI Card

✓ ✓

 

 

     

AccessBuilder 7000

PRI Card

✓ ✓

 

 

 

✓ ✓

 

NETBuilder ®

✓ ✓

 

 

 

✓ ✓

 

NETBuilder II

✓ ✓

 

 

 

✓ ✓

 

OfficeConnect NETBuilder 11x, 12x K, 14x S/T, 14x U

✓ ✓

   

✓✓

       

OfficeConnect

Remote 531

✓ ✓

   

✓✓

 

SuperStack II NETBuilder 200, 201, 22x, 32x, 42x, 43x, 44x, 45x & 52x

Power Systems

Table 7 shows the SuperStack II power systems that you can manage.

Table 7

Power Systems

✓ ✓ ✓ SuperStack II Advanced RPS
SuperStack II
Advanced RPS
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2

USING DEVICE VIEW

This chapter describes the Device View interface and explains how to run the application and use it to set up manageable devices.

This chapter contains:

Preparing Devices for Management

Starting Device View

Viewing Network Devices

Managing Media, Modules, Segments, and Ports

Viewing and Changing Settings

Using Online Help

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CHAPTER 2: USING DEVICE VIEW

Preparing Devices for Management

The ability to set up devices from the SNMP management station is an important part of your configuration management strategy. To prepare to manage devices on your network, you need to perform the following key tasks:

1 Discover devices and create network maps — The management system organizes your network into a hierarchical series of maps and submaps. This structured, hierarchical approach provides a high-level submap that represents your entire network, and detailed views of portions of the network, which helps you analyze and troubleshoot your network. Each map contains objects and symbols that represent parts of your network. Map symbols represent network resources as graphical icons, and relate to a set of basic management information that is stored in the management system’s object database.

2 Set up SNMP parameters — The management station uses SNMP to get and set management information on the agent. To make sure you can manage devices on your network, you need to set the SNMP parameters that affect how the system communicates with devices.

that affect how the system communicates with devices. Whenever a management application requests information from

Whenever a management application requests information from an SNMP agent, it provides a community name. The community name is a text string that acts as a password, and is used to authenticate every packet that is sent from the management application and the agent.

The management station must use the same community name that is configured on the agent. Setting the community name determines your level of management control over the device.

Some advanced management platforms enable you to set global values for other SNMP parameters, such as timeout and retry values, polling intervals, and SNMP proxy agents, that affect the way you manage devices.

For the CoreBuilder ® 9000 Enterprise Switch, you must configure the EME with certain parameters before you access the Administration Console of any switch fabric module or interface module, and before you access the system through an external Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) application. See the CoreBuilder 9000 Enterprise Management Engine User Guide for more information.

Preparing the Management Platform

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4 Set up IP address of management station — Each device needs to be set up with the IP address of the management station in order to send traps to it.

Preparing the

To allow the management platform to communicate properly with the managed devices, you need to set up the read-write community string on the management station. For detailed instructions on performing this task, refer to the network management documentation.

Management

Platform

Starting

You can launch Device View from a command line, a network management platform, or from another Transcend application such as Transcend Central.

Device View

Integration of Device View with your management platform is performed automatically when you install Transcend ® Network Management Software.

you install Transcend ® Network Management Software. The community strings that Device View uses depend on

The community strings that Device View uses depend on how you run the application, as shown in the following table:

When Device View is running

Device View uses community strings stored in

Standalone (network management platform not running or not installed)

Transcend Central

On HP OpenView for Windows or HP Open- View Network Node Manager for Windows NT

Transcend Central

All 3Com devices must have entries in the Transcend Central database and you must run Transcend Central before running Device View for the first time.

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CHAPTER 2: USING DEVICE VIEW

From the Network Management Platform

Device View can be started from either of the supported network management platforms.

To start Device View:

From HP OpenView for Windows

1 From the network management map, select the symbol that represents the device.

2 From the shortcut menu, select Device View.

From HP OpenView Network Node Manager for Windows NT

1 From the network management map, select the symbol that represents the device.

2 From the shortcut menu, select Device View.

For further details on platform integration, refer to the Installation Guide and Release Notes that accompany the Transcend Network Management Software.

Using the Command Line

You can launch the Device View by entering the following command string:

dv -form DV -community <read/write> -device <hostname/ip address>

For <read/write>, enter the read or write community string for the device. For <hostname/ip address>, enter the device’s hostname or IP address.

The path for the Device View command depends on your operating system.

For Windows NT: \TranscendNT\dv\bin

For Windows 95 or Windows 98: \Transcend\dv\bin

Using Transcend

Device View can be started from Transcend Central.

Central

To start Device View:

1 Select a device.

Viewing Network Devices

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Viewing Network Devices

Viewing Network Devices 23 Viewing Network Devices When you choose to manage a device, Device View

When you choose to manage a device, Device View presents a bitmap picture of the front panel of the managed device that reflects the hardware configuration and the condition of status indicators, ports, and modules.

Device View provides a notebook-style interface that enables you to manage a wide range of chassis-based and stackable 3Com devices:

AccessBuilder ® 6218, 7000 BRI Card, 7000 PRI Card

CoreBuilder — CoreBuilder 2500, CoreBuilder 3500, CoreBuilder 5000 FastModules (including Token Ring), CoreBuilder 9000, CoreBuilder 9400

LANplex — LANplex 2016, LANplex 2500

LinkSwitch — LinkSwitch 1000, LinkSwitch 2200, LinkSwitch 3000

OfficeConnect ® — OfficeConnect Hub 8/TPM, OfficeConnect Switch 140M, OfficeConnect Remote 531

SuperStack ® II — Hub 10, Hub 100, PS Hub, Desktop Switch, Dual Speed Hub 500, Switch 1000, Switch 1100, Switch 610, Switch 2200, Switch 3000, Switch 3000 10/100, Switch 3300, Switch 630, Switch IP 3800, Switch 3900, Switch 9000 SX, Switch 9300, UPS, Advanced RPS

For some older 3Com devices, Device View provides a different interface.

Figure 2 shows how Device View manages a SuperStack II Switch 1000. The title bar of the Device View dialog box displays the name or IP address of the device you are managing. At the bottom of the dialog box, the status bar provides messages and shows the direction of communication between the management station and the device.

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CHAPTER 2: USING DEVICE VIEW

Figure 2

Managing a SuperStack II Switch 1000

Media and Sub Group — Enables you to highlight associated parts of the picture.

Console Port — Enables you to select the console port, and click the right mouse button to access a shortcut menu.

and click the right mouse button to access a shortcut menu. Ports — Enables you to
and click the right mouse button to access a shortcut menu. Ports — Enables you to

Ports — Enables you to select one or more ports that you want to work with, and click the right mouse button to

access a shortcut menu.

Status LEDs — Show the status indicators as they

appear on the device.

You can find out the status of the device, and change the configuration of the device, by interacting with the picture. To update the display, click Refresh on the View menu.

Figure 3 shows the Device View representation (device mimic) of a 16-slot CoreBuilder 9000 Switch. The title bar of the Device View window displays the name or IP address of the device you are managing. At the bottom of the window, the status bar provides messages and shows the direction of communication between the management station and the device. To update the display, click Refresh on the View menu.

Viewing Network Devices

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Figure 3

Managing a CoreBuilder 9000 Switch

Media and Sub Group — En- ables you to highlight associated ports.

Sub Group — En- ables you to highlight associated ports. Modules — Select a module with

Modules — Select a module with the left mouse button, and click the right mouse button to access a shortcut menu.

and click the right mouse button to access a shortcut menu. Ports — Select one or
and click the right mouse button to access a shortcut menu. Ports — Select one or
and click the right mouse button to access a shortcut menu. Ports — Select one or

Ports — Select one or more ports with the left mouse button, and click the right mouse button to ac- cess a shortcut menu.

Power Supply/Fan (left) — Color indicates status. EME (right) — Enterprise Management Engine

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CHAPTER 2: USING DEVICE VIEW

Managing Media, Modules, Segments, and Ports

Device View enables you to set up all aspects of the devices you manage.

You can select and work with:

Devices

Console ports

Modules

Transceivers

Segments

Ports

Virtual LANs

In many cases, you can choose multiple objects and set them up at the same time.

You select an object in Device View by clicking on it, then select other objects by either dragging over them, or clicking the first object and then holding down CTRL and choosing the other objects you want to select. When you select objects, Device View highlights them. You can deselect objects by clicking on them again.

them. You can deselect objects by clicking on them again. When you highlight a port, Device

When you highlight a port, Device View highlights LEDs and other status indicators associated with the port, to make it easier to check port status.

When you choose to set up multiple devices or ports, Device View checks the management features that the devices support. If some of your changes cannot be made, because one or more devices do not support them, Device View provides you with a detailed summary of the changes that were applied, and those that were not applicable.

Managing Media, Modules, Segments, and Ports

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Using Media

Device View also provides two media selection lists called Media and Sub

Selection Lists

Group which help you to choose the features you want to manage. For example, this makes it easy to work with all Fast Ethernet ports, find out which ports belong to VLAN 2, or choose all the ports that are connected to a cascaded segment in a stack of PS Hub devices as in Figure 4.

Figure 4

Filtering with the Media Selection Bar

in Figure 4. Figure 4 Filtering with the Media Selection Bar Media — Enables you to

Media — Enables you to choose port types, virtual LANs, or the entire stack

Sub Group — Selects half or full duplex mode, cascaded segment in a stack of segmentable hubs, or

VLAN name

To use the media selection lists:

1 Choose a general category in the Media list box.

Typical media selections are:

Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, or Gigabit Ethernet — highlights port interfaces according to port speed

Console — highlights all console ports

Vlan — highlights ports that belong to the virtual LAN you choose in the Sub Group list

SuperStack — highlights all the devices in a stack

Resilient Links — highlights resilient link ports when you select either Main or Standby in the Sub Group list box

Roving Analysis — highlights roving analysis ports when you select either Analyzer or Monitor in the Sub Group list box

When you make your selection, the options in the Sub Group list box change to reflect the media you want to work with. For example, the sub group may be Half Duplex or Full Duplex, the number of a cascaded segment, or the number of a VLAN.

2 Choose your selection in the Sub Group list box.

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Devices or ports matching your selection are highlighted.

3 Manage the selection by clicking the right mouse button and choosing a command from a shortcut menu.

Viewing and Changing Settings

You can access management information about devices, segments, ports, and virtual LANs by highlighting the feature you want to work with and clicking the right mouse button to access a shortcut menu.

To enable or disable a port interface, highlight the port and select Enable or Disable from the shortcut menu.

Figure 5

Selecting an Ethernet Port

from the shortcut menu. Figure 5 Selecting an Ethernet Port Ports — Select one or more

Ports — Select one or more ports that you want to work with, either by clicking them or using the Media and Sub

Group filters.

Shortcut menu — Right-click to access the menu and choose to Enable, Disable,

Configure, or view performance graphs.

The shortcut menu displays a series of commands that relate to the feature you select. Clicking Configure enables you to set up the feature using a notebook-style interface that divides management information into a series of sections within the same window. Within each section, tabbed pages group the settings you can configure. When you select a different section, the tab labels at the top of the page change automatically to show which options are available within that section.

Managing Media, Modules, Segments, and Ports

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Device View provides dialog boxes that enable you to read and write management information. When you want to update information in a dialog box, click Refresh to cause Device View to read new information from the device.

Figure 6

Using Tabs in the Notebook Interface

Available tabs for the Device section Available sections
Available tabs for the Device section
Available sections
Available tabs for the Device section Available sections Tab order and position can vary for different

Tab order and position can vary for different devices. Also, some tabs are specific to particular devices.

When you change management settings in Device View, always make sure you click Apply to write the changes to the device you are managing. Alternatively, to discard your changes and close the dialog box, click on the Exit command on the File menu.

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Using Online Help

This guide introduces you to using Device View to manage 3Com enterprise network equipment in your network. For detailed information about the settings that you can read and set, what fields and controls mean, and how you should use them, refer to the comprehensive online help that is automatically placed on your system when you install Device View.

Figure 7

Device View Help for Security Settings

Device View. Figure 7 Device View Help for Security Settings You can access help for the

You can access help for the application you are using in different ways. Device View Help is context-sensitive, which means that the help system produces information that relates to the management settings you are using when you click the Help button.

To access Device View help, either click on a Help button in a window or dialog box to access help on the tasks you can perform, or use the Help menu to use the Contents page or index to locate the information you want to find.

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MANAGING DEVICES

Device View provides management settings that are appropriate to the feature set of the managed resource. For example, you may need to set up cascaded segments on hubs, virtual LANs (VLANs) on switches, or ISDN bridging on remote access devices. Device View customizes the interface to match the needs of the systems you are managing.

This chapter describes management settings that Device View provides for hubs and switches, high-function switches, remote access devices and routers, and power systems. It also describes how to manage the console port and VLANs on various devices.

This chapter contains:

Managing Hubs and Switches

Managing High-Function Switches

Managing CoreBuilder 9000 Switches

Managing Routers

Managing Power Systems

Managing the Console Port

Depending on the feature set of the device you are managing, some settings may not be presented.

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Managing Hubs and Switches

C HAPTER 3: M ANAGING D EVICES Managing Hubs and Switches Device Setup This section describes

Device Setup

This section describes the management features that Device View provides for hubs and switches in your network.

This section contains:

Device Setup

Managing Segments

Managing Ports

Note that the available management facilities are determined by the managed device and its feature set. Refer to Chapter 1 for details of the management facilities available for particular hubs and switches. Certain switches have additional features that can be managed using Device View; refer to Managing High-Function Switches for further information.

To set up hubs and switches:

1 View the front panel by starting Device View.

2 Highlight the front panel, click the right mouse button, and select Configure on the shortcut menu.

Device View provides you with Device, Stations, Security, and Monitor management settings. Refer to the following sections to find out more about these groups of settings.

Figure 8

Managing Hubs and Switches

Managing Hubs and Switches

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8 Managing Hubs and Switches Managing Hubs and Switches 33 3 Click Apply after making changes

3 Click Apply after making changes to any settings.

Device Settings

The Device section contains the following settings:

Information — Provides detailed information about a device (for example, the IP address, MAC address, and IPX addresses) and enables you to enter a name, location, and contact.

Initialize — Enables you to initialize or reset a device. Initializing a device causes the parameters on the device to be returned to factory defaults.

Bridge — Enables you to specify for how long ageing entries are held in the switch database. This prevents the database from becoming full with obsolete entries by ensuring that when a device is removed from the network, its entry is deleted from the switch database.

Resilience — Enables you to protect critical communication links against failure by ensuring that if the main communication link fails, a standby duplicate link immediately and automatically takes over the task of the main link.

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Switch — Enables you to configure the default settings for the forwarding mode, PACE , VLAN port configuration mode, and duplex mode for the unit.

VLAN — Enables you to specify the VLAN server on your network. If you have configured ports on the switch to use AutoSelect VLAN mode, the server automatically places them in the correct VLAN.

Stack Info — Enables you to display detailed information about units making up a stack.

Stations Settings

The Stations section contains the following settings:

Locate — Enables you to determine to which port a device with a known MAC address is connected.

Attached — Enables you to build up a picture of the devices on your network by providing detailed information about the devices connected to a port.

Security Settings

The Security section contains the following settings:

Access — Allows you to specify which access methods can be used by the different levels of user that you can set up to manage the device. Device View prevents you from disabling all the access methods for all levels of user, so you will always have at least one point of access to the device.

Audit — Records the management requests made by any SNMP management station, the console port, or the Telnet interface.

Users — Provides details of the users set up to access the device, and allows you to add new users, modify the details of users, and delete users.

Monitor Settings

The Monitor section contains the following settings:

Remote Poll — Allows you use the management agent on one device to monitor other devices on your network, and to notify HP OpenView if they stop or restart communications.

Traps — Provides you with a list of network management stations to which traps are sent from the device, and enables you to add new

Managing Hubs and Switches

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management stations to the trap destination table. Traps alert you to faults or changes in the status the device.

Managing Segments

Device View provides comprehensive management of the SuperStack ® II Dual Speed Hub 500, PS Hub 40 and PS Hub 50. In addition to the management features described in other sections of this guide, Device View has specific management capabilities for port switching devices.

About Ethernet Port Switching

Segmentation is the process of dividing the network endstations among several distinct Ethernet collision domains, so that fewer users inhabit each domain. The traditional approach to this is deploying additional hubs to separate one large LAN into multiple workgroups. Reducing the number of users per segment increases the average bandwidth available to each user and makes the network more responsive.

To maintain connectivity between the domains and keep individual segments from being isolated, network managers must employ a frame-forwarding device — typically a switch or router to connect the hubs. Switches filter frames to keep intra-workgroup traffic to a minimum, and they usually provide a high-speed downlink port for connections to the enterprise backbone or to a local server.

With Device View, you can connect and isolate the segments from their associated cascaded segments. This enables you to create flexible workgroups which can change and grow with your needs.

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Figure 9

Connected and Isolated Workgroups

ANAGING D EVICES Figure 9 Connected and Isolated Workgroups Device View supports the following 3Com hubs

Device View supports the following 3Com hubs that support port-by-port segmentation features:

SuperStack II Dual Speed Hub 500 — a 10/100 stackable hub that contains both 10Mbps and 100Mbps Ethernet segments. This means you can connect 10BASE-T and 100BASE-TX equipment to the hub.

Device View enables you to connect or isolate segments, set up 10/100 Mbps Ethernet ports, enable or disable Auto Sensing, and set the default port type.

SuperStack II PS Hub — a flexible managed Ethernet repeater which can be used to build a small network or to expand a larger, more established network.

Device View enables you to connect or isolate segments, and the Transcend Load Balancing Tool provides automatic configuration of the segments in a stack of PS Hub devices, distributing traffic in order to achieve the maximum throughput and efficiency of traffic.

To learn more, see Balancing Load on PS Hub Segments.

Managing Hubs and Switches

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Managing Cascades and Segments

When you manage a device, you are presented with a picture of the device, or stack of devices, you are managing.

Figure 10

Managing a PS Hub 50

Cascade Connection buttons

Segment buttons
Segment buttons

The PS Hub has four separate internal repeaters, called segments, that you can use to create your workgroups. The Dual Speed Hub 500 has two internal segments, at 10Mbps and 100Mbps. In both cases, when you connect two or more devices together to form a stack, the segments are cascaded through the stack, enabling you to create segments that span two or more hubs.

The graphical representation contains areas that you can use to manage the special features of these devices:

Segment buttons — By clicking on these buttons, you can highlight the ports that are switched to each segment. If you are viewing a stack, all ports which are switched to segments that are connected to the same cascaded segment are highlighted.

When you select a segment and click the right mouse button, if there are ports assigned to a segment, the shortcut menu shows both port-related and segment-related commands.

Cascade Connection buttons — By viewing these connections, you can find out whether the segments are connected or isolated from

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their cascaded segments. You can choose to connect the segment to the cascade, or isolate the segment from the cascade.

Connecting and Disconnecting Cascades

When you connect two or more devices together to form a stack, the segments can be cascaded through the stack, enabling you to create segments that span two or more hubs.

Next to each segment button, there is a Cascade Connection button that shows whether the segment is connected to, or isolated from, its associated cascade segment:

Solid line — The segment is connected to the cascade.

Broken line — The segment is isolated.

To connect a segment to the cascade, highlight the Cascade Connection button and from the shortcut menu select Connect . To isolate a segment, highlight the Cascade Connection button and from the shortcut menu select Disconnect.

Figure 11

Connecting and Isolating Cascaded Segments

Connection button and from the shortcut menu select Disconnect . Figure 11 Connecting and Isolating Cascaded

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Setting up Segments

In a stack of PS Hubs, four segments are carried between the hubs by the cascade cables. These segments are four separate networks internal to the stack and they can connect to, or remain isolated from, their associated cascaded segments.

To configure the segments, select the device and select Configure Segment from the shortcut menu. In the Segment Configuration dialog box you can select a segment, rename it, and populate it with ports.

Figure 12

Segment Configuration Dialog Box

it with ports. Figure 12 Segment Configuration Dialog Box If you are managing the stack, the
it with ports. Figure 12 Segment Configuration Dialog Box If you are managing the stack, the

If you are managing the stack, the device bitmap is not automatically updated when you edit segment information. To update the bitmap view, select Refresh from the View menu.

Using the PS Hub 50 Segment Switch

The PS Hub 50 has an internal segment switch that provides switching between the four cascaded segments in a stack. When you manage a PS Hub 50, the graphical representation shows four additional Cascade Connection buttons that connect the cascades to the internal switch.

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If the segment switch is inactive, then the picture is grayed out. For example, if you have more than one PS Hub 50 in the same stack, only one segment switch can be active at any time. An example is shown in Figure 13.

Figure 13

Device View of a PS Hub Stack

shown in Figure 13. Figure 13 Device View of a PS Hub Stack To connect a

To connect a cascade to the internal switch of a PS Hub 50, highlight the Cascade Connection button connecting the cascade to the internal switch and from the shortcut menu select Connect . To isolate a cascade, highlight the Cascade Connection button connecting the cascade to the internal switch and from the shortcut menu select Disconnect.

Managing Ports

from the shortcut menu select Disconnect . Managing Ports Selecting a device on the map and

Selecting a device on the map and clicking Device View Tool on the shortcut menu displays the Device View window, which shows the front panel of the device. Connectors such as an AUI port or transceiver module that physically may be on the rear of the device are shown on the front panel in this view.

If you are managing a Dual Speed Hub 500, you can also select Configure Auto Sensing to enable a port to automatically determine the correct speed to use. If you disable the feature, you need to explicitly fix the default speed for each port.

To set up hubs and switch ports:

Managing Hubs and Switches

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1 View the front panel by starting Device View.

2 Highlight one or more ports, click the right mouse button, and select Configure on the shortcut menu.

Device View provides you with the Ports section which contains STP, Ethernet, Secure, and Switch tabs. Refer to the following sections to find out more about these groups of settings.

Figure 14

Managing Hub and Switch Ports

groups of settings. Figure 14 Managing Hub and Switch Ports 3 Click Apply after making changes

3 Click Apply after making changes to any settings.

When you manage hub or switch ports, the following management features are provided:

AutoNegotiation — You can set up AutoNegotiation for ports that support different wire speeds. For example, dual-speed ports may support either Ethernet or Fast Ethernet, depending on the device that you connect to the port. AutoNegotiation enables the port to automatically determine the correct speed and duplex mode to connect to the network.

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STP — Allows you to configure the Spanning Tree parameters for Ethernet bridge ports. For devices which support VLANs, each VLAN has a separate STP system, with its own root bridge, root ports and Bridge Protocol Data Units (BPDUs).

Ethernet — Allows you to enable or disable a port and to determine the type of traps sent to your network management platform.

Switch — Allows you to configure the advanced features available for switched Ethernet ports.

Managing

High-Function

Switches

for switched Ethernet ports. Managing High-Function Switches Device Setup This section describes the management features

Device Setup

This section describes the management features that Device View provides for high-function switches in your network. These switches are:

CoreBuilder 2500

CoreBuilder 3500

CoreBuilder 9400

LANplex 2016

SuperStack II Switch 2200

SuperStack II Switch 3900

SuperStack II Switch 9300

This section contains:

Device Setup

Ethernet Port Setup

FDDI Port Setup

Note that the available management facilities are determined by the managed device and its feature set. Refer to Chapter 1 for details of the management facilities available for particular switches.

To set up high-function switches:

1 View the front panel by starting Device View.

2 Highlight the front panel, click the right mouse button, and select Configure on the shortcut menu.

Device View displays a form similar to Figure 15. The form can include some or all of the following tabbed sections displayed on the right side of the form:

Device

RAP

Bridge

Chassis

Software

SNMP

IP

Policy

VRRP

Managing High-Function Switches

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Refer to the following sections to find out more about these sections.

following sections to find out more about these sections. Tab order and position can vary for

Tab order and position can vary for different devices. Also, some tabs are specific to particular devices.

Figure 15

Managing High-Function Switches

vary for different devices. Also, some tabs are specific to particular devices. Figure 15 Managing High-Function
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Device Settings

The Device section contains the following tabbed pages:

Information — Provides detailed information about a device (for example, the IP address, MAC address, and IPX addresses) and enables you to enter a name, location, and contact.

Admin Console — Enables you to set password access to the device and lock the Administration Console.

Remote Poll — Allows you use the management agent on one device to monitor other devices on your network, and to notify the management station if they stop or restart communications.

Trunk Setup — Displays a table showing the trunks, and member ports, currently defined on the device.

Web Configuration — Enables you to manage the web configuration options on the selected device, for example, the Help server location and the email server address.

VLAN — Displays the VLANs currently defined on the module and enables you to create new VLANs, or modify or delete existing VLANs

Resilient Links — Enables you to manage resilient links. If a main communication link fails, a standby duplicate link immediately and automatically takes over the task of the main link. Each main and standby link pair is referred to as a resilient link pair.

RAP Settings

The RAP (Roving Analysis Port) section contains the following settings:

Monitor Setup — Allows you to set up the port whose traffic you want to analyze. The monitor port mirrors incoming and outgoing traffic to the analyzer port for analysis.

Analyzer Setup — Allows you to set up the destination port that will receive and process monitored traffic. The analyzer is the location where RMON processing occurs.

Roving analysis enables you to monitor port traffic for network management purposes. Device View allows you to choose any network segment that is attached to a supported device and monitor its activity using a network analyzer (also called a "probe").

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You can monitor a port to:

Analyze traffic loads on each segment so that you can continually optimize your network loads by moving network segments

Troubleshoot network problems (for example, to find out why a particular segment has so much traffic.)

When you set up roving analysis, the system copies port data and forwards it to the port on which the network analyzer is attached - without disrupting the regular processing of the packets.

Bridge Settings

The Bridge section contains the following settings:

General — Allows you to configure standard bridge parameters.

Spanning Tree — Allows you to view and configure spanning tree parameters such as the bridge priority, hello time, maximum age, and forward delay.

Chassis Settings

The Chassis section contains the following settings:

Fans & PSU — Allows you to view information about the device fans and power supply units (PSUs).

Modules — Allows you to view information about modules installed in the device.

System — Allows you to view hardware and software revision levels and protocol support.

Software Settings

The Software section contains the following settings:

Reboot — Allows you to reboot your device. Rebooting the device disconnects any rlogin and telnet. It also temporarily disrupts your ability to poll the device using Transcend applications, and the device shows up as unreachable.

NVRAM Configuration — Save your nonvolatile random access memory (NVRAM) configurations, restore them to the same or different device, and reset the device configurations to their factory defaults. You should save NVRAM configurations and store them off-site as a backup. If you are having trouble with the way the device

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is working on the network, you can reset the configurations to their defaults and reconfigure.

Software Upgrade — Allows you to install system software on the device.

SNMP Settings

The SNMP section contains the following settings:

Traps — Allows you to configure trap reporting for the device and to set whether remote traps are reported by proxy.

Community Strings — Allows you to define the Read Only and Read/Write community strings for the device. SNMP community strings allow you to secure management communication; however, these strings appear in the SNMP packet header unencrypted and are visible if the packet data is analyzed. For this reason, change community string settings frequently to improve management security

IP Configuration Settings

The IP Configuration section contains the following settings:

ARP Cache — Allows you to remove or flush the Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) cache. The ARP cache is a table of IP addresses learned by the device and their corresponding MAC addresses.

Interfaces — Allows you to create, edit, and delete IP interfaces. You define interfaces to establish the relationship between the ports on your device and the subnetworks in your IP network. IP interfaces are used for managing the device and to help route packets on your network. You can have up to 32 IP interfaces for management for each device.

Routes — Allows you to create a new static or default route or edit existing ones. Each device maintains a table of routes to other IP network, subnetworks, and hosts. You can either make static entries in this table or configure the device using the Routing Information Protocol (RIP).

When configuring the default route, neither a destination address or network mask are required. If the default type is selected the first two fields will be disabled. Only one default route can exist, so if one is already defined, it should not be possible to select the default type.

Policy Settings

Available on the CoreBuilder 3500 High-Function Switch only.

Managing High-Function Switches

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Enables to set up IP import and export routing policies. IP routing policies allow you to control how routes are sent from and received by the routing table in your system. Both RIP and OSPF have routing policy capabilities.

Import policies control what routes are added to the routing table. (That is, the import policies control which routes your system can accept from other routers.) When RIP or OSPF forwards a route to the routing table, the router searches its import policies before adding the route to the routing table.

Export policies control what routes from the routing table are advertised by the RIP and OSPF protocols to other routers. (That is, export policies control which routes your system can forward to other routers.) When RIP or OSPF are preparing a route advertisement, the router searches its export policies before advertising the route to the network. Routing policies can control the entire flow of routing information among the network, the protocols, and the routing table manager.

VRRP Settings

Available on the CoreBuilder 3500 High-Function Switch, Version 3.0 only.

Enables you to set up the Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP) on your LAN. VRRP defines an election protocol that dynamically enables routers on a LAN to back up each other. The IP address or addresses associated with one router can be assumed by a second router if the first router fails. Consequently, a host that uses the first router as its default gateway will have its IP traffic dynamically and transparently switched to the router that has assumed control. VRRP eliminates the single point of failure in statically configured default route environments.

Ethernet Port Setup

Selecting a device on the map and selecting Device View Tool from the shortcut menu displays the Device View window, which shows the front panel of the device. Connectors such as an AUI port or transceiver module that physically may be on the rear of the device are shown on the front panel in this view.

To set up high-function switch ports:

1 View the front panel by starting Device View.

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Device View provides you with the Ports section which contains Ethernet, Spanning Tree, and VLAN tabs. Refer to the following sections to find out more about these groups of settings.

Figure 16

Managing Ethernet Ports on High-Function Switches

Figure 16 Managing Ethernet Ports on High-Function Switches 3 Click Apply after making changes to any

3 Click Apply after making changes to any settings.

The Ports section contains the following settings:

Ethernet — Enables you to enable, disable, and configure Ethernet ports on a device.

Spanning Tree — Allows you to view and configure spanning tree parameters such as the path cost and port priority.

VLAN — Allows you to view and configure the identifiers and names of the VLANs to which a port belongs.

FDDI Port Setup

Device View enables you to set up FDDI ports, MAC port parameters, FDDI station parameters, and Link Error Rate (LER) parameters.

Managing High-Function Switches

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To set up FDDI ports on high-function switches:

1 View the front panel by starting Device View.

2 Highlight one or more ports, click the right mouse button, and select Configure on the shortcut menu.

Device View provides you with Ports and Station sections. Refer to the following sections to find out more about these groups of settings.

Figure 17

Managing FDDI Ports on High-Function Switches

settings. Figure 17 Managing FDDI Ports on High-Function Switches 3 Click Apply after making changes to

3 Click Apply after making changes to any settings.

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Ports Settings

The Ports section contains the following settings:

Link Errors — Allows you to set up FDDI Link Error Rate (LER) parameters.

FDDI — Allows you to view and configure the state of FDDI ports on the device.

Station Settings

The Station section contains the Configuration tab, which allows you to configure FDDI station parameters. An FDDI station is an addressable node on the network that can transmit, repeat, and receive information. A station contains only one Station Management (SMT) entity and at least one MAC or one port. Stations can be single attachment (one physical connection to the network) or dual attachment (two physical connections to the network).

Managing CoreBuilder 9000 Switches

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Managing CoreBuilder 9000 Switches

Chassis Management

This section describes the management features that Device View provides for CoreBuilder 9000 Switches in your network.

This section contains:

Device Setup

Module Management

Ethernet Port Setup

To manage a CoreBuilder 9000 Switch:

1 View the front of the chassis by starting Device View.

2 Highlight the entire chassis and click the right mouse button. Device View displays a shortcut menu with the following options: Configure, IP Config, and Inventory.

a If you select Configure, Device View displays the Device section, which includes the Information, Backplane Connections, Reset, and Trunk Setup tabbed pages. Refer to Device Settings for information on these pages.

b If you select IP Config, Device View displays the IP Configuration section, which includes the ARP Cache, Interfaces, and Routes tabbed pages. Refer to IP Configuration Settings for information on these pages (valid for Layer 3 modules only).

c If you select Inventory, Device View displays the Chassis section, which includes the PSU, Fan Status, Modules, Temperature, and Fabric tabbed pages. Refer to Chassis Settings information on these pages.

3 Click Apply after making changes to any settings.

Device Settings

The Device section contains the following tabbed pages:

Information — Provides detailed information about a device (for example, the IP address, MAC address, and IPX addresses) and enables you to enter a name, location, and contact.

Reset— Allows you to reboot your device. Rebooting the device disconnects any rlogin and telnet. It also temporarily disrupts your ability to poll the device using Transcend applications, and the device shows up as unreachable.

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Backplane Connections — Displays a table showing the current backplane connections (switch fabric module to interface module) and the status of each connection.

Trunk Setup — Displays a table showing the trunks, and member ports, currently defined on the device.

IP Configuration Settings

The IP Configuration section contains read-only pages, which are valid for Layer 3 modules only. To create, edit, or delete IP configuration setting, select the appropriate Layer 3 module in your CoreBuilder 9000 Switch. The IP Configuration section includes the following tabbed pages:

ARP Cache — Allows you to view the Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) cache. The ARP cache is a table of IP addresses learned by the device and their corresponding MAC addresses.

Interfaces — Allows you to view the IP interfaces defined on the CoreBuilder 9000 Switch. You define interfaces to establish the relationship between the ports on your device and the subnetworks in your IP network. IP interfaces are used for managing the device and to help route packets on your network. You can have up to 32 IP interfaces for management for each device.

Routes — Allows you to view the IP routes defined on the CoreBuilder 9000 Switch. Each device maintains a table of routes to other IP network, subnetworks, and hosts. You can either make static entries in this table or configure the device using the Routing Information Protocol (RIP).

When configuring the default route, neither a destination address or network mask are required. If the default type is selected the first two fields will be disabled. Only one default route can exist, so if one is already defined, it should not be possible to select the default type.

Chassis Settings

The Chassis section contains the following tabbed pages:

PSU — Provides detailed information about the power supplies installed in the chassis.

Fan Status — Allows you to manage and view information about the fan units installed in the chassis.

Modules — Provides detailed information about the modules installed in the chassis.

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Temperature — Allows you to view temperature information for a chassis.

Fabric — Allows you to view information for the Gigabit Ethernet (GEN) Switch Fabric Module (or modules) operating in the chassis.

Module Management

To manage CoreBuilder 9000 Switch modules:

1 View the front of the chassis by starting Device View.

2 Highlight the module and click the right mouse button. Device View displays a shortcut menu. The menu options include the following:

Configure Module and Configure Bridge (all modules), and RAP and IP Config (Layer 3 modules only).

a If you select Configure Module, Device View displays the Config Module section, which includes the Reset, VLANs, and Backplane Connections (switch fabric module only) tabbed pages. Refer to Module Settings for information on these pages.

b If you select Configure Bridge, Device View displays the Bridge section, which includes the General and Spanning Tree tabbed pages. Refer to Bridge Settings for information on these pages.

c If you select RAP, Device View displays the RAP (Roving Analysis Port) section, which includes the Analyzer Setup and Monitor Setup tabbed pages. Refer to RAP Settings information on these pages.

d If you select IP Config, Device View displays the IP Configuration section, which includes the ARP Cache, Interfaces, and Routes tabbed pages. Refer to IP Configuration Settings for information on these pages.

3 Click Apply after making changes to any settings.

Module Settings

The Config Module section contains the following tabbed pages:

Reset— Allows you to reboot a module. Rebooting a module disconnects any rlogin and telnet. It also temporarily disrupts your ability to poll the module using Transcend applications, and the module shows up as unreachable.

VLANs — Show the VLANs currently defined on the module and enables you to create new VLANs, or modify or delete existing VLANs.

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Backplane Connections — For switch fabric modules, displays a table showing the current backplane connections (switch fabric module to interface module) and the status of each connection.

Bridge Settings

The Bridge section contains the following settings:

General — Allows you to configure standard bridge parameters.

Spanning Tree — Allows you to view and configure spanning tree parameters such as the bridge priority, hello time, maximum age, and forward delay.

RAP Settings

The RAP (Roving Analysis Port) section contains the following settings:

Monitor Setup — Allows you to set up the port whose traffic you want to analyze. The monitor port mirrors incoming and outgoing traffic to the analyzer port for analysis.

Analyzer Setup — Allows you to set up the destination port that will receive and process monitored traffic. The analyzer is the location where RMON processing occurs.

Roving analysis enables you to monitor port traffic for network management purposes. Device View allows you to choose any network segment that is attached to a supported device and monitor its activity using a network analyzer (also called a "probe").

You can monitor a port to:

Analyze traffic loads on each segment so that you can continually optimize your network loads by moving network segments

Troubleshoot network problems (for example, to find out why a particular segment has so much traffic.)

When you set up roving analysis, the system copies port data and forwards it to the port on which the network analyzer is attached - without disrupting the regular processing of the packets.

IP Configuration Settings

The IP Configuration section contains the following settings:

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ARP Cache — Allows you to remove or flush the Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) cache. The ARP cache is a table of IP addresses learned by the device and their corresponding MAC addresses.

Interfaces — Allows you to create, edit, and delete IP interfaces. You define interfaces to establish the relationship between the ports on your device and the subnetworks in your IP network. IP interfaces are used for managing the device and to help route packets on your network. You can have up to 32 IP interfaces for management for each device.

Routes — Allows you to create a new static or default route or edit existing ones. Each device maintains a table of routes to other IP network, subnetworks, and hosts. You can either make static entries in this table or configure the device using the Routing Information Protocol (RIP).

When configuring the default route, neither a destination address or network mask are required. If the default type is selected the first two fields will be disabled. Only one default route can exist, so if one is already defined, it should not be possible to select the default type.

Ethernet Port Setup

The Device View window shows a bitmap representation (device mimic) of the front of the device. The mimic displays installed modules (for modular switches) and all front panel ports. Connectors such as an AUI port or transceiver module that physically may be on the rear of the device are shown in this view. However, CoreBuilder 9000 Switch backplane ports are not displayed.

To set up switch ports:

1 View the front panel by starting Device View.

2 Highlight one or more ports, click the right mouse button, and select Configure on the shortcut menu.

Device View provides you with the Ports section which contains Ethernet, Spanning Tree, and VLAN tabs. Refer to the following sections to find out more about these groups of settings.

3 Click Apply after making changes to any settings.

The Ports section contains the following settings:

Ethernet — Enables you to enable, disable, and configure Ethernet ports on a device.

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Spanning Tree — Allows you to view and configure spanning tree parameters such as the path cost and port priority.

VLAN — Allows you to view and configure the identifiers and names of the VLANs to which a port belongs.

Managing Routers

names of the VLANs to which a port belongs. Managing Routers Device Setup This section describes

Device Setup

This section describes the management features that Device View provides for routers and remote access devices in your network.

This section contains:

Device Setup

ISDN Bridging Setup

Port Setup

Note that the available management facilities are determined by the managed device and its feature set. Refer to Chapter 1 for details of the management facilities available for particular routers.

Device View enables you to set up bridging and routing settings that affect how the device behaves.

To set up AccessBuilder ® and OfficeConnect ® Remote devices:

1 View the front panel by starting Device View.

2 Highlight the front panel, click the right mouse button, and select Configure on the shortcut menu.

Device View provides you with System, Bridge, Autocall, DHCP, DNS, Firewall, and Routing management settings. Refer to the following sections to find out more about these groups of settings.

Figure 18

Managing Routers

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Figure 18 Managing Routers Managing Routers 57 3 Click Apply after making changes to any settings.

3 Click Apply after making changes to any settings.

System Settings

The System section contains the following settings:

Configure — Enables you to set up basic information about a remote access device.

Reset — Each unit is supplied configured with a factory installed default configuration. Enable the Reset check box and click Apply, then click Yes in the Warning Dialog box to erase all data.

Save — The System Parameters that have been set up can be saved to NVRAM. To save the system configuration, enable the Save check box and click Apply. Click Yes in the Warning Dialog box to save all data to NVRAM.

Yes in the Warning Dialog box to save all data to NVRAM. Configuration by the user

Configuration by the user changes the parameters used by the unit but does not overwrite the default configuration. Returning the unit to its default configuration overwrites any user configuration that has been saved to memory.

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Bridge Settings

A bridge provides connection between hosts on the same network. It

monitors traffic and learns which of its ports a destination address is connected to. In addition frames with specified addresses or using specified protocols can be filtered and forwarded or rejected as required by the user.

You can set up Spanning Tree parameters, address filters to direct frames

to the correct port for transmission or to prevent frames being

transmitted to certain addresses, bridge filters to enable bridging and provide control of the unit's filtering functions, and type filters which

filter frames by their layer 2 protocol to determine whether they are rejected or forwarded.

The Bridge section contains the following settings:

Address Filter — Address filters are used to direct frames to the correct port for transmission or to prevent frames being transmitted to certain addresses.

Filter — The Filter dialog box is used to enable bridging and provide control of the unit’s filtering functions.

Spanning Tree — The Spanning Tree Parameters dialog box is used to configure STP and parameters associated with it.

Type Filter — Type filters filter frames by their layer 2 protocol to determine whether they are rejected or forwarded.

Autocall Settings

Using the IP, IPX, MAC, RIP, and SAP tabs, you can set up autocalls so that, if the destination address of a packet from the LAN matches one of the configured autocall addresses, an automatic call is made to the associated ISDN number and the packet forwarded.

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Settings

The OfficeConnect Remote and AccessBuilder 7000 devices can provide DHCP Relay Agent (BOOTP Relay) and DHCP Server Support. The AccessBuilder devices can also provide DHCP client proxy support. DHCP and BOOTP allow a client, on startup, to send a request for configuration information; this request is broadcast on the network. Typically, the broadcast is a request for an Internet Protocol (IP) address to be assigned, but may also request other essential configuration information. When the broadcast is received by a DHCP (or BOOTP) server, the configuration

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information is returned to the client allowing it to complete its configuration and start up.

DHCP assumes that the server and requesting device are installed on the same LAN. When routing, the unit needs to encapsulate the request with routing information so that a reply from the DHCP server is passed to the correct device when the configuration information is returned; this is the function of the DHCP relay agent. If access to a remote DHCP server is required, the unit must be configured to pass DHCP requests to the appropriate network so that an autocall is generated when a DHCP request is received on the LAN port.

Domain Name Server (DNS) Settings

You can set up the Internet Protocol (IP) addresses for Domain Name Server (DNS) servers, which are advertised to local hosts by Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), and to remote hosts by Point to Point Protocol (PPP). You can also set up the DNS proxy functionality, including parameters for operation as well as the information needed for the DNS proxy to connect to remote DNS servers. This allows local hosts, and remote hosts connecting to the local network using PPP, to resolve IP addresses from their domain names.

The DNS section contains the following settings:

Addresses — Enables you to set the primary and secondary DNS server and NBNS server IP addresses. These are those advertised to clients connecting by PPP and, for the DNS addresses, by DHCP. If DNS proxy is enabled, the DNS addresses will be ignored as the unit's own address is advertised as the DNS server.

Domain — Lists all the domains accessible to the unit. Each entry represents a route to a set of domain name servers which provide names within the domain entered in the Domain field. DNS profiles can be used to identify a particular set of DNS servers; this makes it easy to associate servers with more than one domain table entry.

Profile — A DNS profile describes a route to a remote DNS server. Many DNS profiles can be configured and each will be an entry in the DNS Profile Table screen.

Each profile consists of a name, the name of the route over which the DNS addresses can be negotiated using IP Control Protocol (IPCP) and the addresses of primary and secondary DNS servers to be used if the remote server field is left blank.

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Proxy — When DNS proxy is enabled, the unit acts as a proxy domain name server. DNS requests are addressed to the proxy, which keeps a cache of IP addresses and domain names. If the domain name in a request is not in the cache the proxy will contact the DNS server for the IP address.

Firewall Settings

Setting up IP and IPX firewalls allows the filtering of packets by packet type and source or destination address to limit access to and from remote sites. Before attempting to configure an IPX firewall for a unit, certain information must be available. The required information is:

The IPX external numbers on both sides of the link.

The IPX internal numbers of the relevant servers.

The IPX network number assignments for the OfficeConnect or AccessBuilder units when routing.

The topology of the network.

Knowledge of the topology is important as Novell networks can be set up to bridge or route within servers.

Routing Settings

You can enable and configure IP and IPX routing and configure IPX nearest servers and Network Address Translation (NAT).

Before you set up routing, make sure:

Each unit must have a unique name.

Each unit must have a unique IP address. The IP Address of the LAN port serves the dual function of identifying both the LAN and the unit. The IP address must be set even if it is intended to route only IPX. A unique IP address is also necessary to allow either Telnet remote access or SNMP management.

RIP/SAP learning must be enabled. All ISDN Autocall Addresses table entries are copied to the routing table during power-up.

If IPX packets are to be routed, configure an IPX Network Number and IPX Frame Type.

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The Routing section contains the following settings:

IP — Once connected to a remote site, a unit learns IP routes through the network as it receives RIP updates and automatically updates its own IP routes table. Device View lists all the IP routes that have been configured.

Nearest Server — When initiating a station, the device will transmit a Get Nearest Server message to obtain the address of a network server. The way the unit responds depends on the IPX Nearest Server router configuration option. Device View lists all the servers that have been configured as nearest servers.

NAT — The unit can connect private Internet Protocol (IP) networks to an internet or other domain. Using NAT, a single IP address can be used to represent all the private IP addresses on a network. This makes it unnecessary to reconfigure a private network to connect to external Internet connected networks.

The unit operates only with Telnet, File Transfer Protocol (FTP) and applications such as web browsers. It may not work with Transport Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) based protocols and applications that encode the client or host IP address as these cannot be handled by the address translation mechanism of the unit.

RIP — Once connected to a remote site, a unit learns IPX routes through the network as it receives Routing Information Protocol (RIP) updates and automatically updates its Novell IPX RIP table. Device View lists all the IPX routes that have been configured.

Configure — Enables you to configure options that enable or disable IP or IPX routing and control the way the IP RIP operates.

SAP — Once connected to a remote site, a unit receives Service Advertising Protocol (SAP) updates through the network and updates its Novell IPX SAP table. Device View lists all the SAPs, configured and learned, used by the unit.