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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethanol_(data_page)

Ethanol (data page)


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This page provides supplementary chemical data on ethanol.

Contents
1 Material Safety Data Sheet
2 Structure and properties
3 Thermodynamic properties
4 Spectral data
5 Vapor pressure of liquid
6 Density of ethanol at various temperatures (kg/l or g/cm3)
7 Properties of aqueous ethanol solutions
8 Boiling points of aqueous solutions
9 References

Material Safety Data Sheet


The handling of this chemical may incur notable safety precautions. It is highly recommend that you seek the Material
Safety Datasheet (MSDS) for this chemical from a reliable source and follow its directions.
SIRI (http://www2.siri.org/msds/index.php)
Science Stuff (http://www.sciencestuff.com/msds/C1156.html)
Mallinckrodt Baker (http://www.jtbaker.com/msds/englishhtml/p6735.htm) .

Structure and properties


Structure and properties
Index of refraction, n25

1.361

Dielectric constant, r

24.3 0 at 25 C

Bond strength

Bond length

Bond angle

Magnetic susceptibility[1] 5.8107 (cgs units, volume)


Surface tension

22.39 dyn/cm at 25C

Viscosity[2]

6.285 mPas at 50C


4.656 mPas at 40C
3.530 mPas at 30C
2.731 mPas at 20C
2.419 mPas at 15C
2.151 mPas at 10C
1.920 mPas at 5C

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1.720 mPas at 0C
1.546 mPas at 5C
1.394 mPas at 10C
1.261 mPas at 15C
1.144 mPas at 20C
1.040 mPas at 25C
0.949 mPas at 30C
0.794 mPas at 40C
0.670 mPas at 50C
0.570 mPas at 60C
0.487 mPas at 70C
0.452 mPas at 75C

Thermodynamic properties
Phase behavior
Triple point

150 K (123 C), 0.00043 Pa

Critical point

514 K (241 C), 63 bar

Std enthalpy change


of fusion, fusHo

+4.9 kJ/mol

Std entropy change


of fusion, fusSo

+31 J/(molK)

Std enthalpy change


of vaporization, vapHo

+38.56 kJ/mol

Std entropy change


of vaporization, vapSo

109.67 J/(molK)

Molal freezing point constant

1.99 C kg/mol

Molal boiling point constant

1.19 C kg/mol

Solid properties
Std enthalpy change
of formation, fHosolid

277.7 kJ/mol

Standard molar entropy,


Sosolid

? J/(mol K)

Heat capacity, cp

? J/(mol K)
Liquid properties

Std enthalpy change


of formation, fHoliquid

277.38 kJ/mol

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Standard molar entropy,


Soliquid

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethanol_(data_page)

159.9 J/(mol K)

Enthalpy of combustion, cHo 1370.7 kJ/mol


Heat capacity, cp

112.4 J/(mol K)
Gas properties

Std enthalpy change


of formation, fHogas

235.3 kJ/mol

Standard molar entropy,


Sogas

283 J/(mol K)

Heat capacity,[3][4] cp

78.28 J/(mol K) at 90C


87.53 J/(mol K) at 110-220C

Heat capacity ratio,[3][4]


= cp/cv

1.13 at 90C

van der Waals' constants[5]

a = 1217.9 L2 kPa/mol2
b = 0.08407 liter per mole

Spectral data
UV-Vis
max

? nm

Extinction coefficient,

?
IR
(liquid film)
Wave number transmittance
22%
880 cm1

[6]

Major absorption bands

1048 cm1

6%

1089 cm1

19%

1275 cm1

52%

1329 cm

44%

1384 cm1

32%

1418 cm1

33%

1650 cm

26%

1926 cm1

62%

2899 cm1

12%

2930 cm

13%

2977 cm1

4%
NMR

Proton NMR

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Carbon-13 NMR

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethanol_(data_page)

http://riodb01.ibase.aist.go.jp/sdbs/cgi-bin/IMG.cgi?fname=CDS00245&imgdir=cdsW;

Other NMR data


MS
Masses of
main fragments

Vapor pressure of liquid


P in mm Hg 1
T in C

10

40

100

400

760

1520 3800

31.3 2.3 19.0 34.9 63.5 78.4 97.5

7600

15200 30400 45600

126.0 151.8 183.0

218.0

242.0

Table data obtained from CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 44th ed.

Log10 of ethanol vapor pressure vs. temperature. Uses formula:

Ethanol vapor pressure vs. temperature. Uses


formula:
from
Lange's Handbook of Chemistry 10th ed.

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Density of ethanol at various temperatures (kg/l or g/cm3)


Data obtained from Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 10th ed.
3C

0.80374 16C 0.79283 29C 0.78182

4C

0.80290 17C 0.79198 30C 0.78097

5C

0.80207 18C 0.79114 31C 0.78012

6C

0.80123 19C 0.79029 32C 0.77927

7C

0.80039 20C 0.78945 33C 0.77841

8C

0.79956 21C 0.78860 34C 0.77756

9C

0.79872 22C 0.78775 35C 0.77671

10C 0.79788 23C 0.78691 36C 0.77585


11C 0.79704 24C 0.78606 37C 0.77500
12C 0.79620 25C 0.78522 38C 0.77414
39C 0.77329 40C 0.77244

Properties of aqueous ethanol solutions


Data obtained from Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 10th ed. The annotation, d aC/bC, indicates density of
solution at temperature a divided by density of pure water at temperature b.
grams
ethanol
% wt
% vol
d
d
d
d
d
d
freezing
per 100
ethanol ethanol
10C/4C 20C/4C 25C/4C 30C/4C 20C/20C 25C/25C temp.
cc
15.56C
0.0

0.99973

0.99823

0.99708

0.99568

1.00000

1.00000

1.0

0.99785

0.99636

0.99520

0.99379

0.99813

0.99811

2.0

0.99602

0.99453

0.99336

0.99194

0.99629

0.99627

2.5

0.0

0.0

3.13

0.99363

3.0
4.0

5.00

3.97

4.8

6.00

4.76

5.0
5.05
6.0

6.30

1C

0.99426

0.99275

0.99157

0.99014

0.99451

0.99447

0.99258

0.99103

0.98984

0.98839

0.99279

0.99274

0.98971
0.99098

5.00

0.98938

0C

2C
0.98817

0.98670

0.99113

0.99106

0.98656

0.98507

0.98955

0.98945

0.98930
0.98946

0.98780

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6.8

8.47

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethanol_(data_page)

0.98658

3C

7.0

0.98801

0.98627

0.98500

0.98347

0.98802

0.98788

8.0

0.98660

0.98478

0.98346

0.98189

0.98653

0.98634

9.0

0.98524

0.98331

0.98193

0.98031

0.98505

0.98481

0.98393

0.98187

0.98043

0.97575

0.98361

0.98330

0.98267

0.98047

0.97897

0.97723

0.98221

0.98184

10.0

12.40

9.84

11.0
11.3

14.0

11.11

0.98006

5C

12.0

0.98145

0.97910

0.97753

0.97573

0.98084

0.98039

13.0

0.98026

0.97775

0.97611

0.97424

0.97948

0.97897

13.78

17.00

13.49

6.1C

14.0

0.97911

0.97643

0.97472

0.97278

0.97816

0.97757

15.0

0.97800

0.97514

0.97334

0.97133

0.97687

0.97619

0.97199

0.96990

0.97560

0.97484

15.02

18.50

14.68

16.0
16.4

0.97511
0.97692

20.2

0.97336

17.0

0.97583

17.5

21.5

18.0

22.10

18.8

23.1

0.97387

0.97259

7.5C
0.97062

0.96844

0.97431

0.97346

0.97194
17.54

0.97473

0.97129

8.7C
0.96923

0.96697

0.97301

0.97207

0.97024

9.4C

19.0

0.97363

0.96997

0.96782

0.96547

0.97169

0.97065

20.0

0.97252

0.96864

0.96639

0.96395

0.97036

0.96922

20.01

24.50

20.3

24.8

19.44

0.96863
0.96823

10.6C

21.0

0.97139

0.96729

0.96495

0.96242

0.96901

0.96778

22.0

0.97024

0.96592

0.96348

0.96087

0.96763

0.96630

22.11

27.00

21.43

0.96578

12.2C

23.0

0.96907

0.96453

0.96199

0.95929

0.96624

0.96481

24.0

0.96787

0.96312

0.96048

0.95769

0.96483

0.96329

24.2

29.5

25.0

30.40

26.0

0.96283
24.12

14.0C

0.96665

0.96168

0.95895

0.95607

0.96339

0.96176

0.96539

0.96020

0.95738

0.95422

0.96190

0.96018

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26.7

32.4

0.95914

27.0
28.0

33.90

26.90

29.0
29.9

36.1

30.0

36.20

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethanol_(data_page)

16.0C

0.96406

0.95867

0.95576

0.95272

0.96037

0.95856

0.96268

0.95710

0.95410

0.95098

0.95880

0.95689

0.96125

0.95548

0.95241

0.94922

0.95717

0.95520

0.95400
0.95977

0.95382

0.95067

0.94741

0.95551

0.95345

31.0

0.95823

0.95212

0.94890

0.94557

0.95381

0.95168

32.0

0.95665

0.95038

0.94709

0.94370

0.95207

0.94986

33.0

0.95502

0.94860

0.94525

0.94180

0.95028

0.94802

33.8

28.73

18.9C

40.5

0.94715

23.6C

34.0

0.95334

0.94679

0.94337

0.93986

0.94847

0.94613

35.0

0.95162

0.94494

0.94146

0.93790

0.94662

0.94422

35.04

41.90

33.25

0.94486

36.0

0.94986

0.94306

0.93952

0.93591

0.94473

0.94227

37.0

0.94805

0.94114

0.93756

0.93390

0.94281

0.94031

38.0

0.94620

0.93919

0.93556

0.93186

0.94086

0.93830

0.94431

0.93720

0.93353

0.92979

0.93886

0.93626

0.94238

0.93518

0.93148

0.92770

0.93684

0.93421

39.0

46.3

40.0
40.04

47.40

37.61

0.93510

41.0

0.94042

0.93314

0.92940

0.92558

0.93479

0.93212

42.0

0.93842

0.93107

0.92729

0.92344

0.93272

0.93001

43.0

0.93639

0.92897

0.92516

0.92128

0.93062

0.92787

44.0

0.93433

0.92685

0.92301

0.91910

0.92849

0.92571

45.0

0.93226

0.92472

0.92085

0.91692

0.92636

0.92355

0.91868

0.91472

0.92421

0.92137

45.31

53.00

46.0
46.3

28.7C

42.07

0.92406
0.93017

53.8

0.92257
0.92193

33.9C

47.0

0.92806

0.92041

0.91649

0.91250

0.92204

0.91917

48.0

0.92593

0.91823

0.91429

0.91028

0.91986

0.91697

49.0

0.92379

0.91604

0.91208

0.90805

0.91766

0.91475

50.0

0.92162

0.91384

0.90985

0.90580

0.91546

0.91251

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50.16

58.0

46.04

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethanol_(data_page)

0.91349

51.0

0.91943

0.91160

0.90760

0.90353

0.91322

0.91026

52.0

0.91723

0.90936

0.90524

0.90125

0.91097

0.90799

53.0

0.91502

0.90711

0.90307

0.89896

0.90872

0.90571

54.0

0.91279

0.90485

0.90079

0.89667

0.90645

0.90343

55.0

0.91055

0.90258

0.89850

0.89437

0.90418

0.90113

0.89621

0.89206

0.90191

0.89833

55.16

63.0

50.00

56.0
56.1

0.90220
0.90831

63.6

0.90031
0.90008

41.0C

57.0

0.90607

0.89803

0.89392

0.88975

0.89962

0.89654

58.0

0.90381

0.89574

0.89162

0.88744

0.89733

0.89423

59.0

0.90154

0.89344

0.88931

0.88512

0.89502

0.89191

60.0

0.89927

0.89113

0.88699

0.88278

0.89271

0.88959

60.33

68.0

53.98

0.89038

61.0

0.89898

0.88882

0.88466

0.88044

0.89040

0.88725

62.0

0.89468

0.88650

0.88233

0.87809

0.88807

0.88491

63.0

0.89237

0.88417

0.87998

0.87574

0.88574

0.88256

64.0

0.89006

0.88183

0.87763

0.87337

0.88339

0.88020

65.0

0.88774

0.87948

0.87527

0.87100

0.88104

0.87783

66.0

0.88541

0.87713

0.87291

0.86863

0.87869

0.87547

67.0

0.88308

0.87477

0.87054

0.86625

0.87632

0.87309

68.0

0.88071

0.87241

0.86817

0.86387

0.87396

0.87071

69.0

0.87839

0.87004

0.86579

0.86148

0.87158

0.86833

70.0

0.87602

0.86766

0.86340

0.85908

0.86920

0.86593

71.0

0.87365

0.86527

0.86100

0.85667

0.86680

0.86352

71.9

78.3

0.86311

51.3C

72.0

0.87127

0.86287

0.85859

0.85426

0.86440

0.86110

73.0

0.86888

0.86047

0.85618

0.85184

0.86200

0.85869

74.0

0.86648

0.85806

0.85376

0.84941

0.85958

0.85626

75.0

0.86408

0.85564

0.85135

0.84698

0.85716

0.85383

76.0

0.86168

0.85322

0.84891

0.84455

0.85473

0.85140

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77.0

0.85927

0.85079

0.84647

0.84211

0.85230

0.84895

78.0

0.85685

0.84835

0.84403

0.83966

0.84985

0.84650

79.0

0.85422

0.84590

0.84158

0.83720

0.84740

0.84404

80.0

0.85197

0.84344

0.83911

0.83473

0.84494

0.84157

81.0

0.84950

0.84096

0.83664

0.83224

0.84245

0.83909

82.0

0.84702

0.83848

0.83415

0.82974

0.83997

0.83659

83.0

0.84453

0.83599

0.83164

0.82724

0.83747

0.83408

84.0

0.84203

0.83348

0.82913

0.82473

0.83496

0.83156

85.0

0.83951

0.83095

0.82660

0.82220

0.83242

0.82902

86.0

0.83697

0.82840

0.82405

0.81965

0.82987

0.82646

87.0

0.83441

0.82554

0.82148

0.81708

0.82729

0.82389

88.0

0.83181

0.82323

0.81888

0.81448

0.82469

0.82128

89.0

0.82919

0.82062

0.81626

0.81186

0.82207

0.81865

90.0

0.82654

0.81797

0.81362

0.80922

0.81942

0.81600

0.82386

0.81529

0.81094

0.80655

0.81674

0.81331

92.0

0.82114

0.81257

0.80823

0.80384

0.81401

0.81060

93.0

0.81839

0.80983

0.80549

0.80111

0.81127

0.80785

94.0

0.81561

0.80705

0.80272

0.79835

0.80848

0.80507

95.0

0.81278

0.80424

0.79991

0.79555

0.80567

0.80225

96.0

0.80991

0.80138

0.79706

0.79271

0.80280

0.79939

97.0

0.80698

0.79846

0.79415

0.78981

0.79988

0.79648

98.0

0.80399

0.79547

0.79117

0.78684

0.79688

0.79349

99.0

0.80094

0.79243

0.78814

0.78382

0.79383

0.79045

0.79784

0.78934

0.78506

0.78075

0.79074

0.78736

91.00

100.0

94.00

100.0

74.62

79.39

114.3
C

grams
ethanol
% wt
% vol
d
d
d
d
d
d
freezing
per 100
ethanol ethanol
10C/4C 20C/4C 25C/4C 30C/4C 20C/20C 25C/25C temp.
cc
15.56C

Boiling points of aqueous solutions


Data obtained from CRC Handbook of Chemistry 44th ed., p2391

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Weight % ethanol
BP C

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethanol_(data_page)

Weight % ethanol
BP C

liquid

vapor

liquid

vapor

78.1

95.5

95.5

78.2

91

92

86.5

18

71

78.4

85

89

87.0

17

70

78.6

82

88

87.5

16

69

78.8

80

87

88.0

15

68

79.0

78

86

88.5

13

67

79.2

76

85

89.0

12

65

79.4

74

85

89.5

11

63

79.6

72

84

90.0

10

61

79.8

69

84

90.5

10

59

80.0

67

83

91.0

57

80.2

64

83

91.5

55

80.4

62

82

92.0

53

80.6

59

82

92.5

51

80.8

56

81

93.0

49

81.0

53

81

93.5

46

81.2

50

80

94.0

44

81.4

47

80

94.5

42

81.6

45

80

95.0

39

81.8

43

79

95.5

36

82.0

41

79

96.0

33

82.5

36

78

96.5

30

83.0

33

78

97.0

27

83.5

30

77

97.5

23

84.0

27

77

98.0

19

84.5

25

75

98.5

15

85.0

23

74

99.0

<1

10

85.5

21

73

99.5

<1

86.0

20

72

100.0

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethanol_(data_page)

Azeotropic mixture. See azeotrope (data) for more azeotropes of ethanol.

References
1. ^ NMR-002: Sample Devices and Magnetic Susceptibility (http://nmr.chem.umn.edu/ResReports/NMR002.html)
2. ^ "Pure Component Properties" (http://www.cheric.org/research/kdb/hcprop/cmpsrch.php) (Queriable database). Chemical
Engineering Research Information Center. http://www.cheric.org/research/kdb/hcprop/cmpsrch.php. Retrieved 12 May
2007.
3. ^ a b Lange's Handbook of Chemistry 10th ed, pp 1525-1528
4. ^ a b CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 44th ed. pp 2582-2584
5. ^ Lange's Handbook of Chemistry 10th ed, pp 1522-1524
6. ^ "Spectral Database for Organic Compounds" (http://riodb01.ibase.aist.go.jp/sdbs/cgi-bin/cre_index.cgi?lang=eng)
(Queriable database). Advanced Industrial Science and Technology. http://riodb01.ibase.aist.go.jp/sdbs/cgibin/cre_index.cgi?lang=eng. Retrieved 9 June 2007.

Linstrom, P.J.; Mallard, W.G. (eds.) NIST Chemistry WebBook, NIST Standard Reference Database Number
69. National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg MD. http://webbook.nist.gov
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