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High School Level

Glossary

Integrated Algebra Glossary

English / Spanish

Translation of Integrated Algebra terms based on the Coursework for Integrated Algebra Grades 9 to 12.
Word-for-word glossaries are used for testing accommodations for ELL/LEP students

Last Updated: 08/10/09

THE STATE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT / THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK / ALBANY, NY 12234

THE STATE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT / THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK / ALBANY, NY 12234
Education - P-16 Office of Elementary, Middle, Secondary, and Continuing Education and Office of Higher Education Office of Bilingual Education and Foreign Language Studies http://www.emsc.nysed.gov/biling/

THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Regents of the University


MERRYL H. TISCH, Chancellor, B.A., M.A., Ed.D. ....................................................................... MILTON L. COFIELD, Vice Chancellor, B.S., M.B.A., Ph.D. ......................................................... ROBERT M. BENNETT, Chancellor Emeritus, B.A., M.S. ............................................................... SAUL B. COHEN, B.A., M.A., Ph.D................................................................................................ JAMES C. DAWSON, A.A., B.A., M.S., Ph.D. ................................................................................ ANTHONY S. BOTTAR, B.A., J.D. ................................................................................................... GERALDINE D. CHAPEY, B.A., M.A., Ed.D. ................................................................................. HARRY PHILLIPS, 3rd, B.A., M.S.F.S. ........................................................................................... JOSEPH E. BOWMAN, JR., B.A., M.L.S., M.A., M.Ed., Ed.D......................................................... JAMES R. TALLON, JR., B.A., M.A. ............................................................................................... ROGER TILLES, B.A., J.D. ................................................................................................................ KAREN BROOKS HOPKINS, B.A., M.F.A........................................................................................ CHARLES R. BENDIT, B.A. ............................................................................................................. BETTY A. ROSA, B.A., M.S. in Ed., M.S. in Ed., M.Ed., Ed.D..................................................... LESTER W. YOUNG, JR., B.S., M.S., Ed. D. ..................................................................................... CHRISTINE D. CEA, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. .......................................................................................... WADE S. NORWOOD, B.A. ............................................................................................................. New York Rochester Tonawanda New Rochelle Plattsburgh Syracuse Belle Harbor Hartsdale Albany Binghamton Great Neck Brooklyn Manhattan Bronx Oakland Gardens Staten Island Rochester

Interim President of the University and Commissioner of Education


CAROLE F. HUXLEY

Senior Deputy Commissioner of Education, P16 JOHANNA DUNCAN-POITIER Associate Commissioner for Curriculum and Instructional Support JEAN STEVENS Coordinator, Office of Bilingual Education and Foreign language Studies PEDRO J. RUIZ Acknowledgements:
The New York State Education Department Glossaries for English Language Learners were reviewed and updated during the 2008-2009 school year. We would like to thank in these efforts the New York State Education Department Language BETACs (Spanish, Asian and Haitian Bilingual Education Technical Assistance Centers), the NYS Office of Curriculum, Instruction and Instructional Technology; the New York City Department of Education Office of English Language Learners, and the NYC Department of Education Translation and Interpretation Unit.
The State Education Department does not discriminate on the basis of age, color, religion, creed, disability, marital status, veteran status, national origin, race, gender, genetic predisposition or carrier status, or sexual orientation in its educational programs, services and activities. Portions of this publication can be made available in a variety of formats, including brailed, large print or audio tape, upon request. Inquiries concerning this policy of nondiscrimination should be directed to the Departments Office for Diversity, Ethics, and Access, Room 530, Education Building, Albany, NY 12234.

Integrated Algebra
English Problem Solving algebraically concept conjecture constraint equivalent formulate generalization graphically multiple representations numerically parameter pattern relative efficiency strategy verbally Reasoning and Proof appropriate approximation argument claim conclusion conjecture counterexample explain inductive reasoning logical argument mathematical conjecture proof refute systematic approach validity Spanish Resolucin de problemas algebraicamente concepto conjetura (formule una conjetura) lmite equivalente formular generalizacin grficamente representaciones mltiples numricamente parmetro patrn eficacia relativa estrategia verbalmente Razonamiento y prueba segn corresponda aproximacin (sustantivo) argumento, (verbo) argumentar, argumente reclamacin conclusin conjetura (formule una conjetura) contraejemplo explicar (explique) razonamiento inductivo argumento lgico conjetura matemtica prueba refutar (refute) aproximacin sistemtica validez

T-8676 (Spanish)

Integrated Algebra
English Venn diagram verify Communication accuracy analyze argument coherent communicate comprehension conclusion conjecture decoding elicit equation evaluate extend formula function graph interpretation mathematical visual rationale standard (mathematical) notation strategy table technical writing terminology valid Connections coherent whole concept connection exactitud analizar (analice) (sustantivo) argumento, (verbo) argumentar, argumente coherente comunicar (comunique) comprensin conclusin conjetura (formule una conjetura) decodificar (decodifique) obtener (obtenga) ecuacin evaluar extender (extienda) frmula funcin grfico interpretacin visual matemtico fundamento lgico, base, fundamento notacin estndar (matemtica) estrategia tabla redaccin tcnica terminologa vlido Conexiones conjunto coherente concepto conexin Spanish diagrama de Venn verificar (verifique) Comunicacin

T-8676 (Spanish)

Integrated Algebra
English formulate physical model procedure quantitative model representation Representation angle of elevation array chart compare diagram equation function graph interpret mathematical phenomena organize physical phenomena profit record social phenomena symbol table technology translate Number Sense and Operations absolute value algebraic problem arithmetic operation arrangements (permutations) associative property closure property formular modelo fsico procedimiento modelo cuantitativo representacin Representacin ngulo de elevacin matriz, ordenacin tabla comparar diagrama ecuacin funcin grfico interpretar (interprete) fenmeno matemtico organizar (organice) fenmeno de la fsica ganancia (sustantivo) expediente o archivo, (verbo) anote o indique fenmeno social smbolo tabla tecnologa descifre, transforme Sentido numrico y operaciones numricas valor absoluto problema algebraico operacin aritmtica arreglos (permutaciones) propiedad asociativa propiedad de clausura Spanish

T-8676 (Spanish)

Integrated Algebra
English commutative property counting techniques decimal denominator discount distributive property exponential expression expression factorial field fraction Fundamental Counting Principle group identity property inverse property like/unlike radical terms number theory numerator percent of increase/decrease product properties of the Real numbers proportionality/direct variation quotient radical radicand real numbers scientific notation simplest form variable Algebra acute angle adjacent side/angle algebraic equation algebraic expression ngulo agudo lado o ngulo adyacente ecuacin algebraica expresin algebraica
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Spanish propiedad conmutativa tcnicas de conteo decimal denominador descuento propiedad distributiva expresin exponencial expresin factorial campo fraccin principio bsico de conteo grupo propiedad de identidad propiedad inversa trminos radicales semejantes o distintos teora numrica numerador por ciento de aumento o disminucin producto propiedades de los nmeros reales variacin proporcional o directa cociente radical radicando (sustantivo) nmeros reales notacin cientfica expresin mnima variable lgebra

T-8676 (Spanish)

Integrated Algebra
English algebraic fraction analyze axis of symmetry binomial coefficient common base complement of a subset coordinates cosine dependent difference of two perfect squares element equation exponent exponential growth and decay expression factoring fractional expression greatest common factor (GCF) hypotenuse independent variable inequality integer integral coefficient integral exponent integral root(s) intersection of sets interval notation lead coefficient legs of a right triangle line parallel to the x- or y-axis linear equation in one variable linear inequality in one variable analizar (analice) eje de simetra binomio coeficiente base comn complemento de un subconjunto coordenadas coseno dependiente diferencia de dos cuadrados perfectos elemento ecuacin exponente crecimiento y decrecimiento exponencial expresin descomponer en factores expresin fraccional mximo comn divisor hipotenusa variable independiente inecuacin nmero entero coeficiente entero potencia de nmeros enteros raz(ces) cuadrada(s) de nmeros enteros interseccin de conjuntos notacin por intervalos coeficiente principal catetos de un tringulo rectngulo lnea paralela al eje x o y ecuacin lineal de una variable (o incgnita) inecuacin lineal de una variable (o incgnita) Spanish fraccin algebraica

T-8676 (Spanish)

Integrated Algebra
English literal equation lowest terms fraction monomial multiplication property of zero opposite side/angle parabola parallel polynomial product properties of exponents proportion Pythagorean Theorem quadratic equation quantitative quotient ratio relation right angle right triangle root(s) of an equation roster form set set-builder notation sine slope solution set subset sum system of linear inequalities systems of linear equations tangent translate (from verbal to symbolic) trigonometry trinomial ecuacin literal fraccin de trminos simplificados monomio propiedad multiplicativa del cero lado o ngulo opuesto parbola paralelo(a) polinomio producto propiedades de exponentes proporcin Teorema de Pitgoras ecuacin cuadrtica cuantitativo(a) cociente proporcin o porcentaje relacin ngulo recto tringulo recto raz(ces) de una ecuacin lista de presencia conjunto notacin de conjuntos seno pendiente (sustantivo) conjunto de soluciones subconjunto suma sistema de inecuaciones lineales sistemas de ecuaciones lineales tangente transfiera o interprete trigonometra trinomio Spanish

T-8676 (Spanish)

Integrated Algebra
English undefined union of sets universal set variable verbal expression verbal sentence vertex x-axis y-axis Geometry absolute value function angle area axis of symmetry of a parabola circle coefficient cylinder decagon exponential function function generalize geometric shape graph of a relation hexagon investigate nonagon octagon ordered pair parabolic function parallelogram pentagon perimeter polygon quadrilateral
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Spanish no definido unin de conjuntos conjunto universal variable expresin verbal oracin verbal vrtice eje x eje y Geometra funcin de valor absoluto ngulo rea eje de simetra de una parbola crculo coeficiente cilindro decgono funcin exponencial funcin generalizar (generalice) figura geomtrica grfico de una relacin hexgono investigar (investigue) nongono octgono par ordenado funcin parablica paralelogramo pentgono permetro polgono cuadriltero

T-8676 (Spanish)

Integrated Algebra
English quarter-circle rational coefficient rectangle rectangular solid regular polygon relation rhombus roots of a parabolic function sector of a circle semi-circle spatial reasoning square surface area trapezoid triangle vertex visualization volume Measurement appropriate unit conversion cubic unit error linear measure linear unit magnitude measurement system rate relative error square unit unit Statistics and Probability appropriateness biased conversin unidad cbica error medida lineal unidad lineal magnitud sistema de medicin tasa error relativo unidad cuadrada unidad Estadsticas y probabilidad carcter apropiado parcial, prejuiciado
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Spanish cuarto de crculo coeficiente racional rectngulo slido rectangular polgono regular relacin rombo races de una funcin parablica sector de un crculo semicrculo razonamiento espacial cuadrado rea de superficie trapecio tringulo vrtice visualizacin volumen Medicin unidad correspondiente

T-8676 (Spanish)

Integrated Algebra
English bivariate box-and-whisker plot calculated probability categorize causation central tendency complement conditional probability correlation cumulative frequency distribution table cumulative frequency histogram data dependent events dependent variable element empirical probability experimental design extrapolation favorable event finite sample space five statistical summary frequency distribution table histogram independent events independent variable interpolation line of best fit linear transformation maximum mean measure of central tendency median minimum bivariado diagrama de caja y bigotes probabilidad calculada clasificar (clasifique) causalidad tendencia central complemento probabilidad condicional correlacin tabla de distribucin de frecuencias acumuladas histograma de frecuencias acumuladas datos eventos dependientes variable dependiente elemento probabilidad emprica diseo experimental extrapolacin evento favorable espacio muestral finito resumen estadstico de cinco datos tabla de distribucin de frecuencias histograma eventos independientes variable independiente interpolacin lnea de ajuste ptimo transformacin lineal mximo media medida de tendencia central mediana mnimo Spanish

T-8676 (Spanish)

Integrated Algebra
English mode mutually exclusive events not mutually exclusive events percentile rank probability qualitative quantitative quartiles (specifically: first, second, third or lower, middle, upper) range sample space scatter plot series univariate modo eventos mutuamente excluyentes eventos mutuamente no excluyentes rango percentil probabilidad cualitativo(a) cuantitavo(a) cuarteles (especficamente: primero, segundo, tercero o inferior, medio o superior) rango o amplitud espacio de muestra diagrama de puntos serie univariado Spanish

T-8676 (Spanish)

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