Sunteți pe pagina 1din 20

Asumsi 1.

Kebutuhan steam yang dihitung adalah steam untuk meningkat temperature ke temperatur maintenance dan steam yang dibutuhkan u 2. Penurunan temperatur sehingga mengharuskan pemanasan adalah 5 C 3. Volume oil yang dipanaskan diasumsikan 155 m3 yang merupakan volume maksimal tangki

Kalkulasi Kebutuhan Steam per Tangki MFO


Initial T Final T Heating time Maintain T Wind velocity Ambient T Diameter Height h Tank manhole Volume oil Delta T Faktor 60 65 5 65 10.08 6.25 27.4 81.32 6.8 6.04 1.7 20 0.508 155 5 1 C C hr C km/h mph C F m m m in m m3 K

Data
Cp, MFO Densitas MFO Pressure Steam Latent heat 2.09 kJ/kg K 988.8 kg/m3 8 bar 2768.3 kJ/kg 873 Btu/lb

Basic Data Calculation


Tank capacity Weight of fluid in tank Average liquid temperature Tank wall area Tank roof area 219 m3 153266 kg 62.5 144.5 129 1387 41 437 C F m2 ft2 m2 ft2

Heat up Load
Heat up load 320,326 kJ/hr 305,072 Btu/hr

Tank wall heat loss


Tank wall heat loss Wind velocity correction Insulation thickness 120 Btu/hr/ft2 2 1 in

Insulation thickness correction Wall heat loss

0.20 66,181 Btu/hr

Tank roof heat loss


Tank roof heat loss rate Tank roof heat loss 60 Btu/hr/ft2 10,413 Btu/hr

Total heat load


Total heat load 381,666 Btu/hr

Steam Consumption
Maximum steam consumption Maintenance steam consumption 437 lb/hr 197 kg/hr

88 lb/hr 39 kg/hr

Maximum steam consumption for two tanks Maintenance steam consumption for two tanks

393.47 kg/hr

78.96 kg/hr

Maximum steam consumption as the function of volume of oil in the tank


Max steam consumption (lb/hr) Oil weight (kg) Heat up load (Btu/hr) Total heat load (Btu/hr) 4,944 9,841 86,435 99.01 9,888 19,682 96,276 110.28 19,776 39,364 115,958 132.83 39,552 78,728 155,323 177.92 59,329 118,092 194,687 223.01 79,105 157,457 234,051 268.10 98,881 196,821 273,415 313.19 118,657 236,185 312,779 358.28 138,434 275,549 352,143 403.37 158,210 314,913 391,507 448.46

Oil volume (m3) 5 10 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160

Kebutuhan steam satu tangki 450 400 si steam (kg/hr) 350

Kebutuhan steam dua tangki

Asumsi: - Peningkatan temperatur 5 C - Waktu pemanasan 5 jam

Konsumsi steam (kg/hr)

350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 30 60 90 120 150 180 Volume MFO yang akan dipanaskan (m3)

intenance dan steam yang dibutuhkan untuk meningkatkan temperatur mula-mula 155 m3 fuel oil

Max steam Max steam consumption for consumption (kg/hr) two tanks (kg/hr) 44.55 89.11 49.63 99.25 59.77 119.54 80.06 160.13 100.35 200.71 120.64 241.29 140.94 281.87 161.23 322.45 181.52 363.03 201.81 403.62

1.2 1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.2

Basic Sizing Step


I. Inlet and Outlet Pressure Condition of the trap
Inlet Pressure Maximum pressure in steam line supply Inlet pressure to control valve Pressure drop in coil Outlet pressure from control valve to coil Pressure drop in coil Inlet pressure to steam trap Outlet Pressure Outlet pressure Differential Pressure Differential pressure 7.990 barg 115.86 psig 0 barg Atmospheric tank system-gravity drainage (see Equipment Type 1, Class A)

10 barg 8.000 barg 0.005 barg 7.995 barg 0.005 barg 7.990 barg

II. Condensate Load Calculation


Asumsi Pemanasan dalam tangki diasumsikan hanya disebabkan oleh heat loss dari tangki karena pengaruh lingkungan Heat loss Tank wall heat loss Tank roof heat loss Total tank heat loss Condensate load Condensate load 87.74 lb/hr 39.48 kg/hr 66,181.43 Btu/hr 10,412.93 Btu/hr 76,594.36 Btu/hr

III. Safety factor


Safety factor 3 see matrix

IV. Desired Trap Capacity

Desired trap capacity each tank

118.44 kg/hr

V. Available Steam Trap Capacity

See graphic below Discharge capacity Discharge capacity 350 kg/hr 3300 kg/hr (Hot condensate near steam temperature) (Cold water 21 C)

7.99 psig

116 psig

VI. Selection Criteria


Mechanical First level criteria Safety Efficiency Service life Second level criteria Ease of checking P P P Thermostatic P P P Thermodynamic P P P

Sensitivity to backpressure Resistance to freeze damage Dirt sensitivity Some models can be installed successfully in horizontal or vertical line

Tend to decline in efficiency as backpressure exceed 50% of the inlet pressure

Installation versatility

Mechanical traps do not easily lend themselves to flexibility of use

Air venting

Pass air very quicly Must first cool slightly before they can open wider to pass a greater amount of condensate Bimetallic thermostatic generally are very rugged Bellows thermostatic trap will fail either open or closed (depending on the design of bellows)

Some models can be installed successfully in horizontal or vertical line Thermodynamic disc trap and bucket trap release air much more slowlyy

Responsiveness to changing load

Very responsive The closed-float are fragile and damage-prone

Very responsive

Resistance to shock vibration and water hammer

Generally are very rugged

Predominant failure mode

Thermodynamic and bimetal trap fail open when they are worn out Cyclic thermodynamic disc and bucket trap are easier to check for proper maintenance and better at passing dirt particles Most thermodynamic trap follows saturation curve closely

Discharge mode

Condensate discharge temperature relative to saturation curve

Magniture of condensate subcooling Ease of maintenance Supplementing accessories or features Third level criteria Product availability Post-sales service Warranty Price

pheric tank system-gravity drainage quipment Type 1, Class A)

ari tangki karena pengaruh lingkungan

ondensate near steam temperature)

350

Note When properly sized and installed When properly sized and installed When properly sized and installed

The faster the air is vented, the more quickly equipment is brought up to temperature

A trap that fails open is more desirable than one that fails closed in order to preserve the process

Continuous draining float trap is especially responsive to rapidly changing condensate loads and does not contribute to pressure surges in return system

A trap with little subcooling will discharge condensate within 2-3 degrees of steam temperature, while a trap with large subcooling will discharge condensate with 30 or more degree F of steam temperature. It is desirable to discharge condensate as soon as it forms to achieve steady temperature control