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Literary terms glossary extended metaphor A metaphor that continues over multiple sentences, and that is sometimes extended

d throughout an entire work. Why Writers Use it: Extended metaphors allow writers to draw a larger comparison between two things or ideas. In rhetoric, they allow the audience to visualize a complex idea in a memorable way or tangible. They highlight a comparison in a more intense way than simple metaphors or similes. similarity in the vowel sounds of words that are close together in a poem, for example between 'born' and 'warm' The repetition of vowel sounds in words that are close together. Why Writers Use it: Connecting vowel sounds creates internal rhyme. It makes the words flow together, and can help make phrases more memorable. Its very popular amongst rappers and lyricists, and youll be more likely to find it in poetry rather than prose. the use of several words together that begin with the same sound or letter in order to make a special effect, especially in poetry The repetition of initial sounds in two or more neighbouring words. Why Writers Use it: It can help connect ideas, make sentences memorable or sound musical. When overused, it can also be cloying or irritating. The tone of a poem is the attitude you feel in it the writer's attitude toward the subject or audience. The tone in a poem of praise is approval. In a satire, you feel irony. In an antiwar poem, you may feel protest or moral indignation. Tone can be playful, humorous, regretful, anything and it can change as the poem goes along. A purposeful exaggeration or overstatement. In Greek, it literally means to overshoot. Why Writers Use It: Even though the statement might not be exactly true, it can create emphasis or also make something sound funny. When an author gives objects, concepts or animals human characteristics, emotions or abilities. Why Writers Use It: It can make non-human objects and ideas more relatable, since it is easier for humans to relate to another person than, say, a mop. It can also make objects or ideas seem more vivid. a comparison of two things, almost always using the words like or as. A figure of speech where two contradictory words are placed together. The result is something paradoxical, or something that doesnt make sense. Basic examples are expressions like jumbo shrimp or old news, but they can get more complicated and expressive. Why Writers Use It They are often inserted to highlight absurdities, or to explain complicated or intense feelingsso complicated that they can only be explained by words that dont make sense.

assonance

alliteration

tone

hyperbole

personification

simile oxymoron

Sources: http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/understanding-the-tone-of-a-poem.html http://blog.flocabulary.com/extended-metaphor/