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Dimensionare structura de rezistenta pentru o constructie P+5E

L
1
6.6m := L
2
7.2m :=
h
p
4m :=
h
e
3.5m :=
l 6m :=
Amplassament : Cluj-Napoca
1. Evaluarea incarcarilor
a) Planseu curent
g
k.pc
4.35
kN
m
2
:= g
d.pc
5.873
kN
m
2
:=
b) Planseu terasa
kN
g
k.pt
7.335
kN
m
2
:= g
d.pt
9.90
kN
m
2
:=
1
c) Cvasipermanente
g
k.cv
1.5
kN
m
2
:= g
k.ventilatii
0.5
kN
m
2
:= g
d.cv
2.025
kN
m
2
:= g
d.ventilatii
0.675
kN
m
2
:=
d) Variabile
q
k
3
kN
m
2
:=
q
1.5 :=
q
d
q
k

q
4.5
kN
m
2
= :=
p
k.pt
g
k.pt
g
k.ventilatii
+ 7.835
kN
m
2
= :=
p
pt
g
d.pt
g
d.ventilatii
+ 10.575
kN
m
2
= :=
p
k.pc
g
k.pc
g
k.cv
+ 5.85
kN
m
2
= :=
p
pc
g
d.pc
g
d.cv
+ 7.898
kN
m
2
= :=
e) Incarcari din zapada
S
0k
1.5
kN
m
2
:= - pt.Cluj-Napoca
C
e
1 := - pt.expunere partiala

i
0.8 := - pt.panta =0
o
C
t
1 := - pt. termoizolatii uzual
S
k

i
C
e
C
t
S
0k
1.2
kN
m
2
= :=
f) Incarcari din vant
w
z
q
ref
C
e
+ C
p
+ := q
ref
w(z) - presiunea caracteristica a incarcarii din vant
q
ref
- presiunea de referinta a vantului
c
e
(z)

- factor de expunere la inaltimea z deasupra terenului
c
p
- coeficient aerodinamic de presiune al vantului pe element
c
t
(z) -factor topografic
c
r
(z) - factor de rugozitate
c
g
(z) - factor de rafala
g - factor de varf
I(z) - intensitatea turbulentei
k
r
(z) - factor pentru categorie de teren
2
g' 3.5 :=
q
ref
0.4
kN
m
2
:= z
0
1m :=
2.12
2
:=
Presiunea vantului la inaltimea z 7.5m :=
I
z

2.5 ln
z
z
0
|

\
|
|

0.421 = :=
c
g
1 g' 2 I
z

( )
+ 3.946 = :=
k
r
0.24 := pt. zone urbane
c
r
k
r
2
ln
z
z
0
|

\
|
|

\
|
|

2
0.234 = :=
c
t
1 :=
c
e
c
g
c
r
c
t
0.923 = :=
Calculul coeficientilor de presiune c
p
h 21.5m :=
b 42m := d 13.8m :=
e min b 2 z , ( ) 15m = :=
h b <
raport
d
h
0.642 = := =>
d e <
d
h
1
C
pA.10
1 :=
C
pB.10
0.8 :=
C
pE.10
0.3 :=
C
pD.10
0.8 :=
Deci, presiunea pentru fiecare zona in parte va fi:
w
A
q
ref
c
e
C
pA.10
0.369 kPa = :=
w
B
q
ref
c
e
C
pB.10
0.295 kPa = :=
w
E
q
ref
c
e
C
pE.10
0.111 kPa = :=
w
D
q
ref
c
e
C
pD.10
0.295 kPa = :=
w
s
w
E
0.111 kPa = :=
w
p
w
D
0.295 kPa = :=
w w
s
w
p
+
( )
l 2.436
kN
m
= := w
s
l 0.664
1
m
kN = w
p
l 1.772
1
m
kN =
3
Presiunea vantului la inaltimea z 11m :=
I
z

2.5 ln
z
z
0
|

\
|
|

0.354 = :=
c
g
1 g' 2 I
z

( )
+ 3.476 = :=
k
r
0.24 := pt. zone urbane
c
r
k
r
2
ln
z
z
0
|

\
|
|

\
|
|

2
0.331 = :=
c
t
1 :=
c
e
c
g
c
r
c
t
1.151 = :=
Calculul coeficientilor de presiune c
p
h 21.5m :=
b 42m := d 13.8m :=
e min b 2 z , ( ) 22m = :=
h b <
raport
d
h
0.642 = := =>
d e <
d
h
1
C
pA.10
1 :=
C
pB.10
0.8 :=
C
pE.10
0.3 :=
C
pD.10
0.8 :=
Deci, presiunea pentru fiecare zona in parte va fi:
w
A
q
ref
c
e
C
pA.10
0.46 kPa = :=
w
B
q
ref
c
e
C
pB.10
0.368 kPa = :=
w
E
q
ref
c
e
C
pE.10
0.138 kPa = :=
w
D
q
ref
c
e
C
pD.10
0.368 kPa = :=
w
s
w
E
0.138 kPa = :=
w
p
w
D
0.368 kPa = :=
w w
s
w
p
+
( )
l 3.039
kN
m
= := w
s
l 0.829
1
m
kN = w
p
l 2.21
1
m
kN =
Presiunea vantului la inaltimea z 14.5m :=
I
z

2.5 ln
z
z
0
|

\
|
|

0.317 = :=

( )
+ = :=
4
c
g
1 g' 2 I
z

( )
+ 3.22 = :=
k
r
0.24 := pt. zone urbane
c
r
k
r
2
ln
z
z
0
|

\
|
|

\
|
|

2
0.412 = :=
c
t
1 :=
c
e
c
g
c
r
c
t
1.326 = :=
Calculul coeficientilor de presiune c
p
h 21.5m :=
b 42m := d 13.8m :=
e min b 2 z , ( ) 29m = :=
h b <
raport
d
h
0.642 = := =>
d e <
d
h
1
C
pA.10
1 :=
C
pB.10
0.8 :=
C
pE.10
0.3 :=
C
pD.10
0.8 :=
Deci, presiunea pentru fiecare zona in parte va fi:
w
A
q
ref
c
e
C
pA.10
0.53 kPa = :=
w
B
q
ref
c
e
C
pB.10
0.424 kPa = :=
w
E
q
ref
c
e
C
pE.10
0.159 kPa = :=
w
D
q
ref
c
e
C
pD.10
0.424 kPa = :=
w
s
w
E
0.159 kPa = :=
w
p
w
D
0.424 kPa = :=
w w
s
w
p
+
( )
l 3.501
kN
m
= := w
s
l 0.955
1
m
kN = w
p
l 2.546
1
m
kN =
Presiunea vantului la inaltimea z 18m :=
I
z

2.5 ln
z
z
0
|

\
|
|

0.293 = :=
c
g
1 g' 2 I
z

( )
+ 3.054 = :=
k
r
0.24 := pt. zone urbane
c
r
k
r
2
ln
z
z
0
|

\
|
|

\
|
|

2
0.481 = :=
c
t
1 :=
= :=
5
c
e
c
g
c
r
c
t
1.469 = :=
Calculul coeficientilor de presiune c
p
h 21.5m :=
b 42m := d 13.8m :=
e min b 2 z , ( ) 36m = :=
h b <
raport
d
h
0.642 = := =>
d e <
d
h
1
C
pA.10
1 :=
C
pB.10
0.8 :=
C
pE.10
0.3 :=
C
pD.10
0.8 :=
Deci, presiunea pentru fiecare zona in parte va fi:
w
A
q
ref
c
e
C
pA.10
0.588 kPa = :=
w
B
q
ref
c
e
C
pB.10
0.47 kPa = :=
w
E
q
ref
c
e
C
pE.10
0.176 kPa = :=
w
D
q
ref
c
e
C
pD.10
0.47 kPa = :=
w
s
w
E
0.176 kPa = :=
w
p
w
D
0.47 kPa = :=
w w
s
w
p
+
( )
l 3.879
kN
m
= := w
s
l 1.058
1
m
kN = w
p
l 2.821
1
m
kN =
Presiunea vantului la inaltimea z 21.5m :=
I
z

2.5 ln
z
z
0
|

\
|
|

0.276 = :=
c
g
1 g' 2 I
z

( )
+ 2.935 = :=
k
r
0.24 := pt. zone urbane
c
r
k
r
2
ln
z
z
0
|

\
|
|

\
|
|

2
0.542 = :=
c
t
1 :=
c
e
c
g
c
r
c
t
1.591 = :=
Calculul coeficientilor de presiune c
p
h 21.5m :=
b 42m := d 13.8m :=
e min b 2 z , ( ) 42m = :=
h b <
raport
d
h
0.642 = := =>
d e <
6
d
h
1
C
pA.10
1 :=
C
pB.10
0.8 :=
C
pE.10
0.3 :=
C
pD.10
0.8 :=
Deci, presiunea pentru fiecare zona in parte va fi:
w
A
q
ref
c
e
C
pA.10
0.636 kPa = :=
w
B
q
ref
c
e
C
pB.10
0.509 kPa = :=
w
E
q
ref
c
e
C
pE.10
0.191 kPa = :=
w
D
q
ref
c
e
C
pD.10
0.509 kPa = :=
w
s
w
E
0.191 kPa = :=
w
p
w
D
0.509 kPa = :=
w w
s
w
p
+
( )
l 4.201
kN
m
= := w
s
l 1.146
1
m
kN = w
p
l 3.055
1
m
kN =
2. Dimensionare grinda secundara
220 220 240 240 240
660 720
220
- distante intre grinzile secundare
- incarcari pe metru liniar
propun IPE 270 G
IPE270
36.1
kg
m
:= g
IPE270
G
IPE270
g 0.354
kN
m
= :=
P
k
p
k.pc
2.4 m g
IPE270
+ 14.394
kN
m
= :=
Q
k
q
k
3
kN
m
2
= :=
- calculul staic
M
max
92.18kN m :=
f
y
235MPa := E 210
kN
mm
2
:=
f
yd
f
y
1.1
213.636 MPa = :=
7
w
nec
M
max
f
yd
431.481 cm
3
= :=
=> aleg IPE 270
w
pl
484cm
3
:=
3. Evaluarea fortei seismice
3.1 Evaluarea greutatii cladirii
g
pc
- greutatea caracteristica a planseului curent
g
pt
- greutatea caracteristica a planseului terasa
g
u.tr
- greutatea caracteristica a incarcarii utile pe terasa
g
u.pc
- greutatea caracteristica a incarcarii utile pe planseu curent
g
pd
- greutatea caracteristica a peretilor despartitori
g
z
- greutatea caracteristica a incarcarii din zapada
g
cv
- greutatea caracteristica a incarcarii cvasipermanente
n 6 :=
L
1
6.6m :=
g
str
1.5
kN
m
2
:=
L
2
7.2m :=
l 6m :=
A
tr
L
1
L
2
+
( )
l 82.8m
2
= :=
g
pc
4.35
kN
m
2
:= g
pt
7.335
kN
m
2
:= g
u.tr
0.75
kN
m
2
:= g
u.pc
3
kN
m
2
:= g
z
1.2
kN
m
2
:=
g
pd
1
kN
m
2
:= g
v
0.5
kN
m
2
:=
G
cv
A
tr
n 1 ( ) g
v
g
pd
+
( )
A
tr
g
v
+ 662.4 kN = :=
G
str
A
tr
n g
str
745.2 kN = :=
G
pl
A
tr
g
pc
n 1 ( ) A
tr
g
pt
+ 2408.238 kN = :=
G
u
A
tr
n 1 ( ) g
u.pc
1242 kN = :=
G
z
g
z
A
tr
99.36 kN = :=
G
tot
G
str
G
pl
+ G
cv
+ 0.4 G
u
+ 0.4 G
z
+ 4352.382 kN = :=
3.2 Evaluarea fortei taietoare de baza:
F
b

I
S
dT
m := S
dT
ag 0.08 :=
T
c
0.7 :=
C
t
0.05 :=
n 6 :=
H h
e
n 1 ( ) h
p
+ 21.5m = :=
T
1
C
t
H
3
4
0.499m
0.75
= :=
Clasa de
importanta

I
1 - pag 41
8
Factor de corectie
0.85
T<T.c
Greutatea totala a cladirii
G
tot
4352.382 kN =
Spectru de raspuns

0
2.75 :=

0
:=
q 4 :=
S
dT
ag

q
0.055 = :=
F
b

I
S
dT
G
tot
203.474 kN = :=
z
1
h
p
:= z
2
z
1
h
e
+ 7.5m = := z
3
z
2
h
e
+ 11m = :=
z
4
z
3
h
e
+ 14.5m = := z
5
z
4
h
e
+ 18m = := z
t
z
5
h
e
+ 21.5m = :=
m
1
A
tr
0.4g
u.pc
g
pc
+ g
str
+ g
v
+ g
pd
+
( )
707.94 kN = :=
m
3
m
1
:= m
2
m
1
:= m
4
m
1
:= m
5
m
1
:=
m
t
A
tr
g
pt
0.4g
z
+ g
v
+ g
str
+
( )
812.682 kN = :=
S m
1
z
1
m
2
z
2
+ m
3
z
3
+ m
4
z
4
+ m
5
z
5
+ m
t
z
t
+ 56409.363m kN = :=
F
1
F
b
m
1
z
1

S
10.214 kN = := F
4
F
b
m
4
z
4

S
37.027 kN = :=
F
2
F
b
m
2
z
2

S
19.152 kN = := F
5
F
b
m
5
z
5

S
45.965 kN = :=
F
3
F
b
m
3
z
3

S
28.09 kN = := F
t
F
b
m
t
z
t

S
63.026 kN = :=
4. Calcul static cadru transversal
- incarcari concentrate permanente
P
k1pc
l 2.2 m g
k.pc
57.42 kN = :=
P
k1pc
- incarcarea caracteristica permanenta trenasmisa de grinda
secundara pe dechiderea 1 la grinda principala
P
k1pc
- incarcarea caracteristica permanenta trenasmisa de grinda
secundara pe dechiderea 2 la grinda principala
P
k1pt
- incarcarea caracteristica permanenta trenasmisa de grinda
secundara pe dechiderea 1 la grinda principala
P
k1pt
- incarcarea caracteristica permanenta trenasmisa de grinda
secundara pe dechiderea 2 la grinda principala
P
k2pc
l 2.4 m g
k.pc
62.64 kN = :=
P
k1pt
l 2.2 m g
k.pt
96.822 kN = :=
P
k2pt
l 2.4 m g
k.pt
105.624 kN = :=
Q
k1
l 2.2 m q
k
39.6 kN = :=
Q
k2
l 2.4 m q
k
43.2 kN = :=
Z
k1
l 2.2 m S
k
15.84 kN = :=
Z
k2
l 2.4 m S
k
17.28 kN = :=
9
5. Verificarea grinzii principale
-eforturi pe grinda
M
Ed
280.885kN m :=
V
Ed
237.962kN :=
N
Ed
112.964kN :=
- profil
w
pl
1702cm
3
:=
w
nec
M
Ed
f
yd
1.315 10
6
mm
3
= := => Aleg IPE 450
b 190mm := I
w
791 10
9
mm
6
:=
h 450mm :=
I
z
1676 10
4
mm
4
:=
t
w
9.4mm :=
I
y.gr
33740 10
4
mm
4
:=
t
f
14.6mm :=
A
i
h 2 t
f

( )
t
w
39.555 cm
2
= :=
-clasa profilului
235
MPa
f
y
1 = :=
c
t
b t
w

2
90.3 mm = :=
c
t
t
f
6.185 =
c
t
t
f
9 < 1 = => Clasa 1
c
i
h 2 t
f
420.8 mm = := => Profilul este de clasa 1
c
i
t
w
44.766 =
c
i
t
w
72 < 1 = => Clasa 1
a) Verificarea de rezistenta

M0
1.1 :=
M
Rd
w
pl
f
y

M0
363.609 kN m = :=
M
Ed
M
Rd
0.772 = < 1
V
Rd
A
i
f
y
3
M0

487.886 kN = :=
V
Ed
V
Rd
0.488 = <0.5
10
b) Verificarea deformatiilor

Ed
0.0089m :=

max.adm
L
2
300
2.4 cm = :=
Ed

max.adm
< 1 =
c) Verificarea la flambaj lateral
d 2.4m :=
b 0.19m =
12 b 2.28m =
C
1
1 :=
I
t
1
3
2 t
f
3
b h t
w
3
+
|
\
|

51.879 cm
4
= := daN 10N :=
L
cr.LT
d 2.4m = :=
E 210
kN
mm
2
:=
G 0.807 10
6

daN
cm
2
:=
M
cr
C
1

2
E I
z

L
cr.LT
2
I
w
I
z
L
cr.LT
2
G I
t

2
E I
z

+ 1403.205 kN m = :=
'
LT
w
pl
f
y

M
cr
0.534 = :=
h
b
2.368 = > 2 => Curba de flambaj b =>
LT
0.34 :=

LT
0.5 1
LT
'
LT
0.2
( )
+ '
LT
2
+

0.699 = :=

LT
1

LT

LT
2
'
LT
2
+
0.869 = :=

M1
1.1 :=
M
b.Rd

LT
w
pl

f
y

M1
315.936 kN m = :=
M
Ed
M
b.Rd
0.889 = < 1
6. Verificarea stalpului central
- eforturi pe stalp
N
Ed.st
2738.363kN :=
M
Ed.st
322.517kN m :=
V
Ed.st
102.912kN :=
-profil
11
Aleg HEB500
b 300mm := I
y.st
107200 10
4
mm
4
:=
h 500mm :=
I
z.st
12620 10
4
mm
4
:=
t
w
14.5mm :=
I
w
7018 10
9
mm
6
:=
t
f
28mm :=
r 27mm := W
pl.y
4815 10
3
mm
3
:=
A 238.6 10
2
mm
2
:=
A
i
h 2 t
f

( )
t
w
64.38 cm
2
= :=
h
w
h 2t
f
0.444m = :=
6.1 Determinarea clasei sectiunii
235
MPa
f
y
1 = :=
- talpa comptimata
c
t
b t
w

2
142.75 mm = :=
c
t
t
f
5.098 =
c
t
t
f
9 < 1 = => Clasa 1
=> profil Clasa 1
- inima
c
i
t
w
29.021 =
c
i
t
w
33 < 1 = => Clasa 1
6.2 Verificarea de rezistenta

M
1 :=
N
Ed.st
A
f
y

M0

M
Ed.st
W
pl.y
f
y

M0

+ 0.851 = < 1
6.3 Verificari locale
- Verificare la voalare a inimii
h
w
t
w
30.621 = < 72
- Verificare la forfecare a inimii
1 :=
A
v
A 2 b t
f
t
w
2 r +
( )
t
f
+ 89.78 cm
2
= := A
v
h
w
t
w

( )
> 1 =
| |
12
V
c.Rd
A
v
f
y
3
|

\
|
|

M0
1107.374 kN = :=
V
Ed.st
V
c.Rd
0.093 = < 1
6.4 Verificare la flambaj
a) Determinarea lunigimilor de flambaj
Lungimea de flambaj dupa axa z
l
fz
h
p
:=
Lungimea de flambaj dupa axa y
- cadru cu noduri deplasabile
k
c
1.5
I
y.st
h
p
0.000402 m
3
= :=
k
1
1.5
I
y.st
h
e
0.000459 m
3
= :=
k
11
1.5
I
y.gr
L
1
0.0000767 m
3
= :=
k
12
1.5
I
y.gr
L
2
0.0000703 m
3
= :=

1
k
c
k
1
+
k
c
k
1
+ k
11
+ k
12
+
0.854 = :=

2
0 :=
Din diagrama F.5 din P 100 pg.223 =>l
f
/h
p
=1.65
l
fy
1.65 h
p
6.6m = :=
b) Determinarea
N
cr
N
cr.z

2
E I
z.st

l
fz
2
16347.766 kN = :=
N
cr.y

2
E I
y.st

l
fy
2
51006.551 kN = :=
c) Zveltetea redusa

z
A f
y

N
cr.z
0.586 = :=

y
A f
y

N
cr.y
0.332 = :=
Zveltetea redusa maxima este cea mai defavorabila , adica
z
13
d) Curba de flambaj
h
b
1.667 = t
f
28mm :=
Din tabelul 6.2 EC3-1, axa z-z, OL235 => curba b
e) Factor de reducere
Pt.
z
0.586 = si curba de flambaj b, din fig. 6.4 EC3-1 =>
z
0.844 :=
linterp
0.5
0.6
|

\
|
|

0.8842
0.8371
|

\
|
|

, 0.586 ,

(
(

0.844 =
N
Rk
A f
y
5607.1 kN = :=
M
y.Rk
W
pl.y
f
y
1131.525 kN m = :=
k 1 :=
f) Factor de reducere pt.flambajul lateral
LT

12 b 3.6m =
C
1
1 :=
I
t
1
3
2 t
f
3
b h t
w
3
+
|
\
|

489.85 cm
4
= := daN 10N :=
L
cr.LT
h
p
4m = :=
E 210
kN
mm
2
:=
G 0.807 10
6

daN
cm
2
:=
M
cr
C
1

2
E I
z.st

L
cr.LT
2
I
w
I
z.st
L
cr.LT
2
G I
t

2
E I
z.st

+ 4617.814 kN m = :=
'
LT
w
pl
f
y

M
cr
0.294 = :=
Curba de flambaj b =>

LT
0.34 :=

LT
0.5 1
LT
'
LT
0.2
( )
+ '
LT
2
+

0.559 = :=

LT
1

LT

LT
2
'
LT
2
+
0.966 = :=
N
Ed.st

z
N
Rk

M1

k
M
Ed.st

LT
M
y.Rk

M1

+ 0.961 = < 1
7.Calculul imbinarilor
14
7.1 Imbinare grinda principala - stalp
-eforturi pe grinda
M
Ed
280.885kN m :=
V
Ed
237.962kN :=
N
Ed
52.544kN :=
- caracteristici geometrice
HEB 500
h
s
500mm :=
b
s
300mm :=
t
ws
14.5mm :=
t
fs
28mm :=
A
st
238.6 10
2
mm
2
:=
W
pl.y.s
4815cm
3
:=
W
pl.z.s
1292cm
3
:=
IPE 450
h 450mm :=
b 190mm :=
t
w
9.4mm :=
t
f
14.6mm :=
A 98.8cm
2
:=
W
pl.y
1702cm
3
:=
W
pl.z
276.4cm
3
:=
A
vz
50.85cm
2
:=
S 235
f
u
360
N
mm
2
:=
f
y
235
N
mm
2
:=
p
mins
124mm :=
p
max
198mm :=
h
is
444mm :=
d
s
390mm :=
Suruburi M27 maxim.
a) Alegerea surubului si stabilirea grosimii placii de capat a grinzii
Aleg surub M22
pt grupa 8.8
d 22mm := d
m
34.4 :=
d
0
24mm :=
f
ub
800
N
mm
2
:=
A
b
380mm
2
:=
fyb 640
N
mm
2
:=
A
s
303mm
2
:=
1.25 d 0.028m =
e 28mm :=
1.25 d e < 1 =
b) Dispunerea suruburilor cu caracter orientativ
t min e t
fs
,
( )
28 mm = :=
e
1min
1.2 d
0
28.8 mm = := e
1
70mm :=
e
1max
40 t 40mm + 1160 mm = := e
2
80mm :=
p
1min
2.2 d
0
52.8 mm = := p
1
145mm :=
p
1max
min 14 t 200mm , ( ) 200 mm = := p
2
160mm :=
e
3min
1.5 d
0
36 mm = :=
:=
15
Aleg nr suruburi n 8 := amplasate pe 2 randuri
c) Starea de eforturi in cel mai solicitat surub
M
2
1.25 :=
.
F
t.Ed.N
N
Ed
n
6.568 kN = := -ef. de intindere in tija din N
Ed

F
v.Ed
V
Ed
n
29.745 kN = := -ef. de forfecare in tija
y
1
73mm :=
y
2
218mm :=
y
3
363mm :=
y
4
508mm :=
F
t.Ed.M
M
Ed
y
4

2 y
1
2
y
2
2
+ y
3
2
+ y
4
2
+
|
\
|

161.163 kN = :=
- ef de intindere in tija din
M
Ed
F
t.Ed
F
t.Ed.N
F
t.Ed.M
+ 167.731 kN = := - intinderea in tija surubului
d) Verificarea suruburilor
Verificare la intindere in zona filetata
k
2
0.9 := A
s
3.03 cm
2
=
F
t.Rd
k
2
f
ub
A
s

M
2
174.528 kN = :=
verificam daca F
t.Ed
F
t.Rd
< 1 =
Verificare la forfecare in zona filetata
a
v
0.5 :=
F
v.Rd
a
v
f
ub
A
b

M
2
121.6 kN = :=
verificam daca F
v.Ed
F
v.Rd
< 1 =
Verificare la strivire
k
1
min 2.8
e
2
d
0

\
|
|

1.7 2.5 ,

(
(

2.5 = :=
- pt. suruburi de capat
a
d1
e
1
3 d
0

0.972 = :=
-pt. suruburi intermediare
a
d2
p
1
3 d
0

1
4
1.764 = :=
,
( )
= :=
16
a
d
min a
d1
a
d2
,
( )
0.972 = :=
a
b
min a
d
f
ub
f
u
, 1 ,
|

\
|
|

0.972 = :=
F
b.Rd
k
1
a
b
f
u
t d
M
2
431.2 kN = := - cap. portanta la strivire
verificam F
v.Ed
F
b.Rd
< 1 =
Verificare la forfecare si intindere combinata:
F
v.Ed
F
b.Rd
F
t.Ed
1.4 F
t.Rd

+ 0.755 = < 1
Verificare la strapungere prin forfecare:
d
med
22mm :=
t
p
t
fs
28 mm = :=
B
p.Rd
0.6 d
med
t
p
f
u

M
2
334.406 kN = :=
F
t.Rd
B
p.Rd
< 1 =
7.2 Imbinare stalp - stalp
N
Ed.st
1826.997kN :=
M
Ed.st
47.647kN m :=
V
Ed.st
91.608kN :=
A
talpa
t
fs
b
s
84 cm
2
= :=
A
inima
A
st
2A
talpa
70.6 cm
2
= :=
Talpa

t
M
Ed.st
h
s
N
Ed.st
2
+ 1008.793 kN = :=
t
f
28 mm :=
t
p
t
f
:=
Alegem eclisa 300x14
b
e
300 mm :=
t
emin
A
talpa
b
e
28 mm = :=
t
e
28 mm :=
Alegem suruburi M24 grupa 8.8
f
ub
800
N
mm
2
:=
17
f
yb
640
N
mm
2
:=
d 24 mm :=
d
0
26 mm :=
A
s
3.53 cm
2
:=
A
b
4.52 cm
2
:=
k
s
1 :=
n 1 :=
0.5 :=

M3
1.25 :=
Efortul capabil la lunecare al unui surub pretensionat
F
pc
0.7 f
ub
A
s
197.68 kN = :=
F
s.Rd
k
s
n

M3
F
pc
79.072 kN = :=

Mo
1 :=
Calculul numarului de suruburi :
n
b

t
F
s.Rd
12.758 = :=
Aleg 12 suruburi M24
Dispunerea suruburilor:
e
1min
1.2 d
0
31.2 mm = := e
max
4 t 40mm + 152 mm = :=
p
1min
2.2 d
0
57.2 mm = :=
p
max
min 14 t 200mm , ( ) 200 mm = :=
e
2min
1.2 d
0
31.2 mm = :=
p
2min
2.4 d
0
62.4 mm = :=
Aleg :
e
1
75 mm :=
e
2
75mm :=
p
1
100mm :=
p
2
150mm :=
Verificare:
A
net
A
talpa
2 d
0
t
p
69.44 cm
2
= :=

M2
1.25 :=
N
plRd
A
talpa
f
y

Mo
1974 kN = :=
N
uRd
0.9 f
u

A
net

M2
1799.885 kN = :=
18
N
netRd
A
net
f
y

Mo
1631.84 kN = :=
N
tRd
min N
netRd
N
plRd
, N
uRd
,
( )
1631.84 kN = :=
N
Ed
N
tRd
< 1 =
Inima
t
f
t
ws
:=
t
p
t
f
:=
b
e
300 mm :=
t
emin
A
inima
2 b
e

11.767 mm = :=
t
e
12 mm :=
Alegem eclisa 300x12
Alegem suruburi M24 grupa 8.8
f
ub
800
N
mm
2
:= f
yb
640
N
mm
2
:=
d 24 mm :=
d
0
26 mm :=
A
s
3.53 cm
2
:=
A
b
4.52 cm
2
:=
k
s
1 :=
n 2 :=
0.5 :=

M3
1.25 :=
Efortul capabil la lunecare al unui surub pretensionat
F
pc
0.7 f
ub
A
s
197.68 kN = :=
F
s.Rd
k
s
n

M3
F
pc
158.144 kN = :=
Calculul numarului de suruburi :
n
b
V
Ed.st
F
s.Rd
:= = 4.62
Aleg 6 suruburi M24
Dispunerea suruburilor:
e
1min
1.2 d
0
0.031m = := e
max
4 t 40mm + 152 mm = :=
p
1min
2.2 d
0
0.057m = :=
p
max
min 14 t 200mm , ( ) 200 mm = :=
e
2min
1.2 d
0
0.031m = :=
p
2min
2.4 d
0
0.062m = :=
Aleg :
e
1
75 mm :=
:=
19
e
2
75mm :=
p
1
100mm :=
p
2
150mm :=
Verificare:
A
net
A
inima
2 d
0
t
p
63.06 cm
2
= :=

M2
1.25 :=
V
plRd
A
inima
f
y

Mo
1659.1 kN = :=
V
uRd
0.9 f
u

A
net

M2
1634.515 kN = :=
V
netRd
A
net
f
y

Mo
1481.91 kN = :=
V
tRd
V
netRd
:=
V
Ed.st
V
tRd
< 1 =
7.3 Imbinare stalp - infrastructura
7.3.1 Dimensiunile in plan a placii de baza
L
p
h
s
2 120 mm + 740 mm = :=
h
s
b
s
1.667 =
B
p
L
p
b
s

h
s
444 mm = :=
B
p
450mm :=
f
ck
20MPa :=
f
cd
f
ck
1.5
13.333 MPa = :=
b) N
max
- M
aferent

M
Ed
90.739kN m :=
N
Ed
2738.363kN :=
N
Ed
B
p
L
p

6M
Ed
B
p
L
p
2

+ f
cd
< 1 =
a) M
max
- N
aferent

M
Ed
322.517kN m :=
N
Ed
1409.014kN :=
20
N
Ed
B
p
L
p

6M
Ed
B
p
L
p
2

+ f
cd
< 1 =

1
N
Ed
B
p
L
p

6M
Ed
B
p
L
p
2

+ 12.084 MPa = :=

2
N
Ed
B
p
L
p

6M
Ed
B
p
L
p
2

3.622 MPa = :=
x

1
L
p

1

2
+
1.057m = :=
Nu apar intinderi in placa de baza, dispunem suruburi constructiv
7.3.2 Dimensionare suruburi placa de baza
Alegem :
c 6cm :=
I
N
Ed

L
p
2
M
Ed
+

1
2
x
2
B
p

3
+
L
p
c
1195.817 kN = :=
Alegem suruburi M33 8.8
d
0
33mm :=
A
s
561mm
2
:=
f
ub
800
N
mm
2
:=
f
yb
640
N
mm
2
:=

M2
1.25 := k
2
0.9 :=
F
t.Rd
k
2
f
ub
A
s

M2
323.136 kN = :=
F
t.Ed
I
4
298.954 kN = := F
t.Rd
F
t.Ed
> 1 =
Dispunerea suruburilor:
= :=
21
e
1min
1.2 d
0
39.6 mm = :=
Aleg : e
1
60 mm :=
p
1min
2.2 d
0
72.6 mm = :=
e
2
90mm :=
e
2min
1.2 d
0
39.6 mm = :=
p
1
40mm :=
p
2min
2.4 d
0
79.2 mm = :=
p
2
90mm :=
e
3min
1.5 d
0
49.5 mm = :=
e
3
60mm :=
e
max
4 e
1
40mm + 280 mm = :=
p
max
min 14 e
1
200mm ,
( )
200 mm = :=
8.Dimensionarea fundatiilor izolate
l
st
50cm :=
b
st
30cm :=
CTS 0.5m :=
Coeficienti partiali de siguranta GEO CP3 :A
1
/A
2
+M
2
+R
3

G
1.35 :=
Q
1.5 :=
Actiuni:
Parametrii pamantului:

1 :=
c'
1.25 :=

1.25 :=
Rezistenta :
R.v
1 :=
Stratificatia terenului:
n 21 :=
0 ... -0.5: Umplutura
-0.50 ... -3.50: Argila prafoasa, cafenie plastic consistenta
I
c2
0.70 :=

k2
18.2
kN
m
3
:=
'
k2
12 :=
w
2
22% := e
2
0.69 :=
I
p2
21% := E
2
12000kPa :=
c'
k2
50 0.15 n + ( )kPa 53.15 kPa = :=
-3.50 ... -10: Nisip argilos,galben cafeniu

k3
19
kN
m
3
:=
'
k4
24 :=
w
3
18% := e
3
0.65 :=
I
p3
11% := E
3
14000kPa :=
c'
k3
5 0.2 n + ( )kPa 9200Pa = :=
Incarcarile de calcul pentru fiecare stalp:
- incarcarea distribuita permanenta: p
k
15 0.1 n + ( )kPa 17.1 kPa = := p
d

G
p
k
23.085 kPa = :=
- incarcarea distribuita variabila: q
k
8 0.1 n + ( )kPa 10.1 kPa = := q
d

Q
q
k
15.15 kPa = :=
Aria aferenta pentru fiecare stalp:
22
A
af.S1
30m
2
:= A
af.S2
15m
2
:= A
af.S3
15m
2
:=
Valoarea eforturilor sectionale:
G
Pi.S2
5m 3 m 0.3 m 6
kN
m
3
27 kN = :=
G
Pi.S3
6m 3 m 0.3 m 6
kN
m
3
32.4 kN = :=
N
Ed.st
1409.014 kN :=
M
Ed
322.517 kN m :=
T
Ed
102.919 kN :=
a). Predimensionare
- determinare P'
conv
linterp
0.6
0.8
|

\
|
|

450
300
|

\
|
|

, 0.69 ,

(
(

382.5 =
linterp
0.6
0.8
|

\
|
|

525
350
|

\
|
|

, 0.69 ,

(
(

446.25 =
linterp
0.5
1
|

\
|
|

382.5
446.25
|

\
|
|

, 0.7 ,

(
(

408 =
P'
conv
408kPa :=
P
tr
0.7P'
conv
285.6 kPa = :=
- alegere B si L
V
d
1.2 N
Ed.st
1690.817 kN = :=
V
d
P
tr
5.92m
2
= => Aleg B si L B 2.2m :=
L 2.7m :=
l
st
b
st
1.667 =
L
B
1.227 =
P
ef
V
d
B L
284.649 kPa = := P
ef
P
tr
<
P
ef
P
tr
0.997 =
V
d
1.25P
tr
2.176m =
- alegere dimensiuni cuzinet
l
c
0.65 L 1.755m = := b
c
0.65 B 1.43m = :=
Aleg: l
c
1.7m := b
c
1.4m :=
- alegere H
b
H
b
65cm :=
linterp
250
300
|

\
|
|

1.15
1.30
|

\
|
|

, 285.6 ,

(
(

1.257 =
tg
adm
1.25 :=
tg
B
H
b
B b
c

2
|

\
|
|

1.625 = := > tg
adm
tg
L
H
b
L l
c

2
|

\
|
|

1.3 = := > tg
adm
23
- alegereh
c
h
c
65cm := tg
adm
1 :=
tg
2h
c
b
c
b
st

1.182 = := > tg
adm
tg
2h
c
l
c
l
st

1.083 = := > tg
adm
b). Verificarea fundatiei

med
22
kN
m
3
:= D
f
h
c
H
b
+ 30cm + CTS 1.1m = :=
H
tot
D
f
CTS 0.6m = :=
G
fk
L B H
tot

med
78.408 kN = :=
V
d
N
Ed.st
G
fk

G
+ 1514.865 kN = :=
M
xfEd
0kN :=
T
yfEd
0kN :=
M
yfEd
M
Ed
T
Ed
H
b
h
c
+
( )
+ 456.312 kN m = :=
T
xfEd
T
Ed
102.919 kN = :=
e
L
M
xfEd
V
d
0 cm = :=
L' L 2e
L
2.7m = :=
e
B
M
yfEd
V
d
30.122 cm = :=
B' B 2e
B
1.598m = :=
A' L' B' 4.313m
2
= :=
- calculul capacitatii portante a terenului, conditii drenate
c'
c'
k2

c'
42.52
kN
m
2
= := e 2.718 :=
'
'
k2

9.6 = :=
N
q
e
tan ' ( )
tan 45
'
2
+
|

\
|
|

\
|
|

2
2.382 = :=
N
c
N
q
1
( )
1
tan ' ( )
8.172 = :=
N

2 N
q
1
( )
tan ' ( ) 0.468 = :=
0 :=
b
q
1 tan ' ( ) ( )
2
1 = :=
b

b
q
:=

( )
24
b
c
b
q
1 b
q

( )
N
c
tan ' ( )
1 = :=
s
q
1
B'
L'
|

\
|
|

sin ' ( ) + 1.099 = :=


s

1 0.3
B'
L'
|

\
|
|

0.822 = :=
s
c
s
q
N
q
1
( )
N
q
1
1.17 = :=
F
H
0 0 kN = :=
1
2
3
4
481
1324
557
285
l
c
bc
m
i
2
B'
L'
+
|

\
|
|

1
B'
L'
+
1.628 = :=
i
q
1
F
H
A' c'
1
tan ' ( )
V
d
+

\
|
|
|

m
i
1 = :=
i

1
F
H
A' c'
1
tan ' ( )
V
d
+

\
|
|
|

m
i
1 +
1 = :=
1324
1026
60
Mxx
i
c
i
q
1 i
q

( )
N
c
tan ' ( )
1 = :=

d2

k2

18.2
kN
m
3
= :=
q'
d2
D
f
20.02
kN
m
2
= :=
M
yy
902
4
5
P c' N
c
b
c
s
c
i
c
q' N
q
b
q
s
q
i
q
+ 0.5
d2
B' N

+ 464.531
kN
m
2
= :=
V
d
A'
351.2
kN
m
2
=
V
d
A'
P
0.756 =
c). Armarea cuzinetului
N
cEd
N
Ed.st
1409.014 kN = :=
M
xcEd
0 :=
M
ycEd
M
Ed
T
Ed
h
c
+ 389.414 kN m = :=
25
e
l
M
xcEd
N
cEd
0 cm = :=
b
c
1.4m :=
e
b
M
ycEd
N
cEd
27.637 cm = :=
P
c1
N
cEd
l
c
b
c

1
6 e
l

l
c

6 e
b

b
c
+
|

\
|
|

1293.249 kPa = :=
P
c2
N
cEd
l
c
b
c

1
6 e
l

l
c
+
6 e
b

b
c
+
|

\
|
|

1293.249 kPa = :=
P
c3
N
cEd
l
c
b
c

1
6 e
l

l
c
+
6 e
b

b
c

\
|
|

109.204 kPa = :=
P
c4
N
cEd
l
c
b
c

1
6 e
l

l
c

6 e
b

b
c

\
|
|

109.204 kPa = :=
l
cy
l
c
l
st

2
0.6m = :=
P
c0
1026kPa :=
M
xx
P
c0
b
c
l
cy

l
cy
2
P
c2
P
c0

( )
b
c

l
cy
2
l
cy

2
3
+ 303.45m kN = :=
P
cmed
P
c1
P
c2
+
2
1293.249 kPa = :=
l
cx
b
c
b
st

2
0.55m = :=
M
yy
P
cmed
l
c
l
cx

l
cx
2
332.527 kN m = :=
Calculul ariilor de armatura
sectiune
b b
c
:=
h h
c
:=

max
28mm :=
c
nom
25mm :=
d
y
h c
nom
14mm 611 mm = :=
d
x
h c
nom
14mm 28mm 0.583m = :=
Materiale
Aleg beton C16/20
f
ck
16MPa :=
f
cd
f
ck
1.5
10.667 MPa = :=
f
ctm
1.9MPa :=
Aleg armatura de otel S500
26
f
yk
500MPa :=
f
yd
f
yk
1.15
434.783 MPa = :=
Sectiunea x-x

M
xx
b d
y
2
f
ck

0.036 = :=
z
d
y
2
1 1 3.539 + ( ) 590.71 mm = :=
x 2.5 d
y
z
( )
50.725 mm = :=
A
s
M
xx
0.87 f
yk
z
11.809 cm
2
= :=
A
ef
25.45cm
2
:= Aleg 18/10cm
Sectiunea y-y
sectiune
b l
c
:=
h h
c
:=

max
28mm :=
c
nom
25mm :=

M
yy
b d
x
2
f
ck

0.036 = :=
z
d
x
2
1 1 3.539 + ( ) 563.816 mm = :=
x 2.5 d
x
z
( )
47.96 mm = :=
A
s
M
yy
0.87 f
yk
z
13.558 cm
2
= :=
A
ef
18.18cm
2
:= Aleg 18/14cm
27
28