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jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

'DZifbmv 2012

twGJ 11- trSwf 2 Vol 11, No.2 Dec, 2012

'DZifbmv 2012

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jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

'DZifbmv 2012

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jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

'DZifbmv 2012

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Oya'jyXmef ; csuf t m; azmuf z suf I w&m;r0if E d k i f i H w G i f ; od k @ ck d ; 0if a &muf v maom Ed k i f i H j cm;om;ud k wnf ; cd k a exk d i f
cGifhjyKjcif;/ odk0Suf xm;jcif; (odk@) zrf;qD;xdef;csKyfjcif;rS vGwfajrmufatmif rnfonfhta=umif;t&if;ESifhjzpfap ulnDaomol
onf 5 ES p f x uf r yd k a om axmif ' %f E S i f h bwf a iG 50000 xuf r yd k a om aiG ' %f u d k j zpf ' %f a y;jcif ; cH & rnf j zpf o nf ?
(xk d i f ; ouU & mZf 2522 wG i f jyXmef ; aom xd k i f ; vl 0 if r _ } uD ; =uyf a &; Oya'yk ' f r 64 t&)
tvkyfvkyfcGifhr&aom w&m;r0iftvkyform;onf 3 vxufrydkaom axmif'%f (odk@) bwf 5000 xufrydkaom
aiG ' %f (od k @ ) axmif ' %f E S i f h aiG ' %f ES p f r sKd ; pvH k ; jzif h jzpf ' %f a y;jcif ; cH & rnf ? (xd k i f ; tvk y f o rm;0ef } uD ; XmerS 99/66 /2006
2006
wG i f xk w f a 0aom tvk y f o rm;iS m ;&rf ; jcif ; vuf p G J p mtk y f pmrsuf E S m 33 t&)
tvk y f o rm;u'f r &S d o nf h w&m;r0if t vk y f o rm;tm; vuf c H x m;onf h tvk y f & S i f o nf 3 ES p f x uf r yd k a om
axmif'%f (odk@) bwf 50000 (odk@) axmif'%fESifh aiG'%fESpfrsKd;pvHk;jzifh jypf%fay;jcif;cH&rnfjzpfonf? (xkdif;tvkyform;
0ef } uD ; XmerS 99/66 /2006
2006 wG i f xk w f a 0aom tvk y f o rm;iS m ;&rf ; jcif ; vuf p G J p mtk y f pmrsuf E S m 33 t&)

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (4)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

'DZifbmv 2012

a&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm; tvk y f v k y f j cif ; ES i f h ywf o uf o nf h jypf r _ u sL;vG e f r _ E S i f h jypf ' %f c srS w f c suf
a&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm; tvk y f v k y f c G i f h O ya' ouU & mZf 2551 ck E S p f t&
tvk y f y d k i f & S i f
jypf r _ u sL;vG e f r _

jypf ' %f c srS w f c suf

tvk y f v k y f c G i f h vuf r S w f r &S d o nf h


ta&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm; vuQ H I tvk y f v k y f a pjcif ; /
(yk ' f r 27)

iS m ;&rf ; onf h tvk y f o rm;ta&twG u f 1 OD ; v#if '%f a iG


bwf 10000 rS 100000 txd a y;aqmif & rnf ?
(yk ' f r 54)

a&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;wG i f tvk y f v k y f c G i f h v uf r S w f


&Sdaomfvnf; rdrdESifh tvkyfvkyfcGifhr&bJ vuQHI
tvk y f v k y f a pjcif ; / (yk ' f r 27)

'%f a iG bwf 10000 xuf rausmf ay;aqmif & rnf ?


(yk ' f r 54)

rd r d E S i f h tvk y f v k y f c G i f h & S d a omf v nf ; tvk y f v k y f c G i f h


vuf r S w f w G i f cG i f h j yKxm;onf h tvk y f t rsKd ; tpm;/
tvk y f y H k p H E S i f h tvk y f e ,f a jr/ ae&mtwk d i f ; r[k w f y J
a&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;ud k tvk y f v k y f a pjcif ; ? (yk ' f r 27)

'%f a iG bwf 10000 xuf rausmf a y;aqmif & rnf ?


(yk ' f r 54)

ar;jref ; pm/ &H k ; ac:pmtwk d i f ; rvk y f a qmif j cif ; (od k @ )


trS e f t wk d i f ; ta=umif ; r=um;jcif ; (od k @ )
pm&G u f p mwrf ; rsm;/ ouf a otaxmuf t xm;rsm;ud k
tpd k ; &tm%myd k i f / 0ef x rf ; od k @ ta=umif ; jycsuf
pH k v #if p G m jzif h ryd k @ aqmif j cif ; ? (yk ' f r 48)

'%f a iG bwf 10000 xuf rausmf ay;aqmif & rnf ?


(yk ' f r 55)

a&$@ajymif;tvkyform;
jypf ' %f c srS w f c suf

jypf r _ u sK;vG e f r _
tvk y f v k y f c G i f h v uf r S w f r&S d b J tvk y f v k y f j cif ; ?
(yk ' f r 51)

axmif ' %f 5 ES p f x uf r ausmf tuscH & rnf (od k @ )


'%f a iG bwf 2000 rS 100000 txd a y;aqmif & rnf
(od k @ ) ,if ; jypf ' %f E S p f r sKd ; pvH k ; csrS w f c H & rnf ?
a&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;rS jypf r _ u sL;vG e f a =umif ;
pG J c suf w if c H x m;&+yD ; owf r S w f x m;onf h umvtwG i f ;
(&uf 30 xuf r aES ; ) xk d i f ; Ed k i f i H j yif y od k @ xG u f & ef
oabmwl v uQ H y gu tr_ p D p pf a r;jref ; a&; 0ef x rf ; rS
pG J c suf w if xm;onf h tr_ t wk d i f ; '%f a iG c srS w f I
xk d i f ; Ed k i f i H j yif y od k @ xG u f o G m ;&ef vk y f a qmif E d k i f o nf ?
(yk ' f r 51)

tvk y f v k y f c G i f h vuf r S w f w G i f cG i f h j yKxm;onf h


tvk y f t rsKd ; tpm; tvk y f y H k p H E S i f h
tvk y f y d k i f & S i f o l a X;tvk y f e ,f a jr/ ae&mtwk d i f ;
tvk y f r vk y f j cif ; ? (yk ' f r 26 yxrtyd k ' f )

'%f a iG bwf 20000 xuf rausmf a y;aqmif & rnf ?


(yk ' f r 52)

tvk y f v k y f c G i f h vuf r S w f u d k ud k , f w G i f r aqmif x m;jcif ;


(od k @ ) tvk y f v k y f a eonf h t csd e f u mvwG i f tvk y f v k y f c G i f h
vuf r S w f u d k tpd k ; &tm%myd k i f / 0ef x rf ; od k @ rjyoEd k i f j cif ; ?
(yk ' f r 24)

'%f a iG bwf 10000 xuf rausmf ay;aqmif & rnf ?


(yk ' f r 53)

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w


wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (5)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

'DZifbmv 2012

u|Ed k y f w d k @ jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&;yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ((JACBA)rS


)rS
a&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;rsm;od k @ t}uH j yKcsuf
cif r if & ygaom a&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;rsm;cif A sm
aus;Zl ; jyKI usaemf w d k @ . T}uH a y;csuf r sm;ud k wd u spG m vk d u f e m&ef v d k t yf y gonf ? ,ck
tcsd e f o nf a&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f orm;rsm;twG u f tvG e f t a&;}uD ; aom tcsd e f j zpf y gI atmuf
azmf j yygvd k u f e m&rnf h tcsuf r sm;ud k azmf j yay;vd k u f y gonf ?
( 1 ) xkdif;EdkifiHonf u|Edkyfwdk@. ZmwdEdkifiHr[kwfyg? (odk@jzpfygI) xkdif;EdkifiH. owfrSwfxm;aom
Oya'abmif t wG i f ; Y aexk d i f & ef v d k t yf y gonf ?
( 2 ) oif w d k @ Y w&m;0if rnf o nf h pm&G u f p mwrf ; wpf p H k w pf & mr# vuf 0 ,f u d k i f a qmif x m;jcif ; r&S d y gu xd k i f ; yk v d y f r sm;.
zrf ; qD ; jcif ; ud k cH & rnf r S m rv$ J a tuef j zpf y gonf ?
( 3 ) w&m;0if p m&G u f p mwrf ; taxmuf t xm;qd k o nf r S m ,m,D E d k i f i H u l ; vuf r S w f / tvk y f v k y f c G i f h v uf r S w f / aexd k i f c G i f h
vuf r S w f r sm;jzpf & m 4if ; pm&G u f p mwrf ; rsm; jynf h p H k a e+yD q k d y gu rnf o nf h yk v d y f u r# zrf ; qD ; Ed k i f j cif ; r&S d y g?
( 4 ) txl ; ojzif h puf & H k t vk y f o rm;rsm;ud k owd a y;vk d y gonf ? rd r d w d k @ puf & H k . w&m;0if t rnf u d k rS w f o m;xm;&ef
vd k t yf y gonf ? ta=umif ; wpf p H k w pf & may:ayguf c J h y gu w&m;0if t rnf E S i f h o m aqmif & G u f & rnf j zpf y gonf ?
( 5 ) taumif ; qH k ; enf ; vrf ; rS m tvk y f u d k } ud K ;pm;vk y f u d k i f + yD ; rd r d w d k @ &oif h & xd k u f a om w&m;0if t cG i f h t a&;rsm;ud k v nf ;
Oya'abmif t wG i f ; rS wif j yawmif ; cH w wf & ef ta&;}uD ; vd k t yf y ga=umif ; t}uH j yKwk d u f w G e f ; tyf y gonf ?
rS D ; jirf ; ? ? ruf ( yf ) azmif a ';&S i f ; Oya'a=umif ; ay:rS tcG i f h t a&;rsm; pmtk y f r S ud k ; um;azmf j yonf ?
r[maZmf ((New Day)

To know about Guilties for Migrant Workers.


Do you know about the migrant Labours Law by Thailand!
It is essential know ledges for our migrants. Other way we can
call Compulsory facts for labours, Who works in Thailand.
Therefore I will explain about labour law of Thai.
It anyone who makes imitation documents, refill any others,
stamped imitation (or) imitation signature may concern the Thai
labour law must be 3 year imprison and fine not more than 6000 baths or both, Punishment.
If anyone who makes the imitation documentary for personal or officially must be
punishment not more than three years inprison and fine sixty thousand baths.
The violently man make others to wounded that body may be two years inprison and
fine 4000 baths (or) both punish mints.
Another case is carry the unreal foreigner enter the Thailand or help them is the
great punishment.
May be not more than ten years inprison and fine 100000 baths. (This case accorded
to the Thai immigration act which shown since Thai year 2522.)
Another case is acceptance the unreal the foreigners to stay his resident or hiding
someone do this way may 5 years as prisoner and fine 50000 baths.
(According to the Thai Immigration law, Act 64)
The Labour has without work permit but he do, must be punishment as 3 months in.
prison and not more than 5000 fine.
(According to the text book of ministry of Thailand.)
Another case is very important for the employer. It means he acceptance the migrant
labours. Who has without work permit may be 3 years inprison and fine 60000 baths.

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (6)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

'DZifbmv 2012

(According to the about on page 33)


According to the migrant Lanour Law BE- 2551.
Only for Employers.
CASE

Punishment.

Acceptance the without work permit labour Fine 10000 baths. To 100000 baths. For
to do.
labours each others.
Acceptance work permit but not the same
Fine 10000 baths. (Act 54)
with concern employer (Act 27)
Different work, not according to the work
permit (Act 27)

Fine net more than 10000 baths. (Act 54)

Argue to the officially letter or without


complete reasons and intime. (Act 48)

Fine not more than 10000 baths. (Act 55)

Only for migrant labour.


CASE

Punishment.

Doing without work permit. (Act 51)

In prison 5 years or fine 2000 baths until


100000 baths or both punishment.
If someone of migrants have been take by
charge, he can drive away by Thai
authorities within 30 days.

Different work permit and employer or


different permission work and work owner
or situation of worksite. (Act 26)

Fine not more than 20000 baths.


(Act 52)

Unholding work permit itself or cant to


show government authorities if they want
to see. (Act 24)

Fine not more than 10000 baths.


(Act 53)

Our JACBAs suggestive to migrants.


Dear migrant workers,
Please attention to our suggestion because this very important times for you. We
describe our suggestions below.
(1) Thailand is not our native land. So you all ought to stay within the rule of Thai.
(2) If you have nothing legality documents, may be arrest be police force.
(3) Legality ways shown as a passport, work permit, stay permit. All these document
complete man may not annoy by the Thai police.
(4) Thai one for factory workers. Mostly of factory workers didnt know the real name
of their worksites. Therefore you must know the real name of your factory and if
you know you record in your note bllke not to forget.
(5) The best ways for you are and able to claim lanour changes.
Reference chances on Rules by MAP foundation.
Ma Ha Zaw (New Day)

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w


wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (7)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

'DZifbmv 2012

vlxkusef;rma&; (tdrfwpftdrf. ydkr$m;trsm;qHk;ae&m 6 ae&m )


**Public Health**
( 1 ) rD ; zd k a csmif a bpif
td r f o mcG u f x J r S m &d S w J h yd k r $ m ;awG a =umih f zsm;emr_ a wG &Ed k i f w ,f q d k w mud k usrwd k @ tm;vH k ;
od=uygw,f? 'gayr,hf tdrfomcGufxuf abpifrSm ydk;r$m;awGydkrsm;w,fqdkwmudkawmh rod=uygbl;?
yef ; uef c G u f a wG x J u tpmtpteawG / yef ; uef a q;&if ; uae uyf u sef a ewJ h tpm;tpmawG [ m
emrusef ; r_ j zpf a pwJ h buf w D ; &D ; ,m;awG u d k &S i f o ef a yguf z G m ; apygw,f ? 'D v d k y d k ; aumif a wG [ m
vufawG/ tpm;tpmawGqDudk a&muf&dSvmygw,f?tdrfomudk ydk;owfzdk@ owd&=uayr,hf abpifudk
oef @ &S i f ; a&;yH k r S e f v k y f a y;zd k @ awmh arh a ewwf y gw,f ? oef @ &S i f ; a&;vk y f w ,f q d k & if v nf ; a&eJ @ aq;cs
wmud k oef @ &S i f ; oG m ;+yD v d k @ xif w wf y gw,f ? wu,f w rf ; buf w D ; &D ; ,m;awG rayguf z G m ;apcsif & if a wmh csG w f a q;&nf u d k
toH k ; jyKoih f ygw,f ? aq;rsm;rsm;eJ @ aq;csypf + yD ; yd w f q d k @ aewmawG u d k z,f & S m ;ay;&ygr,f ? +yD ; &if vuf a q;zd k @ vnf ;
rarh o ih f y gbl ; ?
( 2 ) oG m ;yG w f w H
wpf a e@ES p f } ud r f c ef @ yg;pyf x J x nh f w wf w J h oG m ;yG w f w H r S m yd k ; aumif a ygif ; rsm;pG m u tcG i h f t a&;awG u d k apmih f + yD ;
acsmif;ajrmif; aeygw,f? oGm;wdkuf+yD;vkd@ oGm;yGwfwHudk aq;+yD;&if tJ'Dtpdktwdkif;yJ xm;wwf =uygw,f? bufwD;&D;,m;
awG[m pGwfpkdxdkif;rd_if;r_udk oabmusygw,f? 'Dvdk ywf0ef;usifrsdK;rSm &SifoefaygufzGm; wwf=uygw,f? 'ga=umihf oGm;wdkuf
wHudk oHk;+yD;&if av0ifavxGufaumif;wJh ae&mrsdK;rSm xm;oihfygw,f? 'Dae&m[m tdrfomeJ@a0;wJhae&mvnf; jzpf&ygr,f?
tdrfomudk oef@&Sif;a&;vkyfwJhtcgrsdK;rSm jyef@xGufvmwwfwJh ydk;aumifawG[m a&csdL;cef;wpf0dkufrSm tenf;qHk; ESpfem&Dcef@
&S i f o ef a exd k i f E d k i f y gao;w,f ? aeraumif ; jzpf + yD ; wJ h tcgwd k i f ; rS m vnf ; oG m ;yG w f w H u d k vJ a y;oih f y gw,f ?
( 3 ) qm;bl ; ES i h f ik w f o D ; bl ;
usrwdk@ tdrf&J tnpfnrf;qHk; ae&mawG[m xrif;pm;yJGcHkay:rSmvnf; &dSaeEkdifygw,f? tat;rdapwJh Adkif;&yfpfawG[m
ikwfoD;/ qm;bl;wdk@vdkrsdK; tudkiftwG,frsm;wJh ae&mawGrSm &dSaewwfygw,f? 'ga=umihf tpm;taomufawG jyifqif+yD;
wJ h t cg/ pm;aomuf + yD ; wJ h tcgawG r S m cH k u d k oef @ &S i f ; a&;vk y f w d k i f ; 'D b l ; awG u d k y g t0wf e J @ ok w f a y;&ygr,f ? yd k r $ m ;awG jyef @
yG m ;wmud k umuG , f z d k @ taumif ; qH k ; enf ; vrf ; uawmh vuf u d k r =umc% aq;ay;jcif ; ygyJ ?
( 4 ) &Drkwf
'D y pP n f ; av;[m =urf ; jyif a y: usaeEd k i f o vd k qd k z mawG =um;rS m vnf ; nyf a eEd k i f y gw,f ?
'D v d k a e&mrsd K ;awG r S m ES m acsjcif ; / acsmif ; qd k ; jcif ; u xG u f v mwJ h y d k ; r$ m ;awG pk y H k a ewwf y gw,f ? &D r k w f
wpf c k w nf ; ud k y J wpf t d r f o m;vH k ; u oH k ; pJ G = uyg w,f ? 'ga=umih f td r f & d S vl w d k i f ; [m yd k ; aumif
aygif ; rsm;pG m eJ @ xd a wG Ed k i f y gw,f ? &D r k w f 50 &mcd k i f E _ e f ; rS m tat;rd a pwJ h Ad k i f ; &yf p f a wG t"d u &S i f
oefwwfygw,f? 'ga=umihf t&uf 'grSr[kwf c|wfaq;tenf;i,fudk oHk;+yD; oef@&Sif;a&; vkyfay;oihf
ovd k rud k i f w G , f c if e J @ ud k i f w G , f + yD ; csd e f a wG r S m vuf a q;ay;zd k @ vd k t yf y gw,f ?
( 5 ) uG e f y sLwmuD ; bk w f
uGefysLwmem;rSm tpmpm;r,f/ ESmacsr,f/ pm;&if; vufraq;&ao;cif oHk;aer,f qdk&if uD;bkwf[m a&m*gydk;awG
pka0;&m ae&m}uD; jzpfoGm;ygvdrhfr,f? usef;rma&;udk xdcdkufapwJh E-Coli eJ@ taph ydk;aumifawG pka0;aewwf ygw,f?
uD ; bk w f 33 ck r S m av;ck u yd k ; awG t rsm;tjym;&d S a ewwf y gw,f ? 'ga=umih f uG e f y sLwmtem;rS m rjzpf r ae tpmpm;&r,f
qd k & if v nf ; tpmtpte awG rusef y gapeJ @ ? t&uf 'grS r [k w f c|wf a q;ud k o H k ; +yD ; oef @ &S i f ; a&; vk y f w J h t cgwk d i f ; rS m
Mouse ud k y g oef @ &S i f ; ay;yg?
( 6 ) a&csd K ;cef ;
usrwdk@udk oef@&Sif;apwJh 'Da&csdK;cef;}uD;[m oludk,fwdkifawmh roef@&Sif;ygbl;? a&csdK;cef;&J ydkufquf ae&mwdkif;rSm
ydk;r$m;awG cdkatmif;ae wwfygw,f? a&pdrfuefawGqdk&if ydkqdk;ygw,f? r_dawG[m pGwfpdkxdkif;rd_if;r_udk oabmuswma=umihf
81 &mcd k i f E _ e f ; aom a&csd K ;cef ; wd k i f ; [m r_ d p J G a e+yD ; 34 &mcd k i f E _ e f ; uawmh buf w D ; &D ; ,m;awG cd k a tmif ; aewwf y gw,f ?
'ga=umihftdrfomudk oef@&Sif;a&;vkyfzdk@ owd&wdkif; a&csdK;cef;udkyg xnhfoGif;pOf;pm;yg? txl;ojzihf ydkufqufae&m awGudk
owd x m;+yD ; oef @ &S i f ; a&;vk y f a y;yg?
Shared Mg Mandalays photo.

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (8)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

'DZifbmv 2012

[m',ESvHk;- wc%+yHK;

uHprf;rJ
ausmif ; &H y H k a iG t wG u f uH p rf ; rJ a &mif ; &wm oD w if ;
u|wf/ wefaqmifrkef;&moDjzpfavawmh yGJawGu cyfrsm;rsm;/
tvS L cH a wG u wef ; pD w d k ; &wJ h &moD j zpf a vawmh um q&m
=unf w d k @ ausmif ; &H y H k a iG & S m & cuf c uf / xD j zwf y d k i f ; awG u
xif o avmuf rpG H j zpf a ew,f ? 'D = um;xJ cyf } uD ; }uD ; tzG J @
tpnf ; wpf c k u &H y H k a iG x D v uf r S w f v ma&mif ; ygvd k @ zk e f ; quf
vmw,f ? q&m=unf w d k @ uH x vm+yD ? xD w pf t k y f a vmuf
awmh tenf ; qH k ; pG H + yD t xif e J @ / b,f a vmuf
xd k ; =u rvJ rod v d k @ }ud K +yD ; ar;prf ; rd w ,f ?
wpfzufu jyefajzvdkufwm a=umifh q&m=unf
rsuf j zLqk d u f o G m ;&yH k u wpf a pmif w nf ;
ygwJ h ?
I For You
ausmif ; ol a v; wpf a ,muf t*F v d y f
pum; rajym wwf a yr,f h uav;obm0
t*Fvdyfq&meJ@ pum;ajym =unfhcsifw,f? olru 'Da&ykvif;
[m q&mtwG u f v d k @ ajym csif w ,f ? 'gayr,f h ol a jymvk d u f
wmu I For YouwJ
wJh?

}uD;us,f jrifhjrwfol
ol i ,f c sif ; wpf p k rJ a qmuf + rd K @ zd k ; xl ; vuf b uf & nf
qd k i f r S m vB u f & nf a omuf = u&if ; awma&muf awmif a &muf
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pmrsufEmS (9)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

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'DZifbmv 2012

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pmrsufEmS (10)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

'DZifbmv 2012

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pmrsufEmS (11)

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pmrsufEmS (12)

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'DZifbmv 2012

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pmrsufEmS (14)

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'DZifbmv 2012

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pmrsufEmS (15)

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'DZifbmv 2012

taotcsm vuf q k y f v uf u k d i f ajcvS r f ; awG e J @ oG m ;ae=u


yg+yD vk d @ orR w OD ; od e f ; pd e f u ajymcJ h y gw,f ? e,l ; a,mh c f r S m
&S d a ewk e f ; orR w OD ; od e f ; pd e f [ m a':atmif q ef ; pk = unf e J @
oD;jcm;awGqkHcJh=uygao;w,f? 'Dt&ifuvnf; 4if;wkd@ESpfOD;
tvm;wlt}udrf}udrf awGqkHcJh=uygw,f? olwkd@ESpfOD;&J rdwf
zufaqmif&Gufr_[m jzpfEkdifp&m tvm;tvmr&SdwJh rdwfzuf
yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufr_ wpfckyg? 'gayr,hf e,l;a,mhcfrSm olwkd@
ES p f O D ; &J awG qk H r _ u ol w k d @ ES p f O D ; eJ @ ol w d k @ wk d i f ; jynf jzwf o ef ;
avS s muf v S r f ; +yD ; cJ h w J h c &D ; ud k txif t &S m ;jyo aeygw,f ?
ol w k d @ ES p f O D ; &J quf q H a &;[m 2011 ck E S p f aEG O D ; &m
oDwkef;u crf;crf;em;em;}uD; r[kwfvSbJ omrefrSsomjzpfwJh
orR w OD ; od e f ; pd e f & J td r f r S m orR w uawmf u a':atmif q ef ;
pk=unfukd wnfcif;auGs;arG;cJhwJh npmpm;yGJeJ@ tpjyKcJh=uwm
jzpf y gw,f ?
tJ ' D a e@u npmpm;yG J & J txuf e H & H r S m jref r mh
vG w f v yf a &; Ad o k u m/ a':atmif q ef ; pk = unf & J zcif
OD ; atmif q ef ; &J yk H w l y ef ; csD u m;}uD ; ud k csd w f q G J x m;ygw,f ?
jref r mEk d i f i H jyef v nf a rG ; zG m ;a&;twG u f ol w k d @ &J arS s mf v ih f
csuf a wG u d k ajrprf ; c&rf ; ysKd ; I owd } uD ; pG m xm;&if ; rS s a0cJ h
=uygw,f ?
touf t &G , f } uD ; &ih f a e+yD j zpf w J h
Ak d v f c sKyf r ; }uD ; oef ; a&$ tem;,l o G m ;
+yD ; aemuf jref r mEk d i f i H r S m jzpf a y:vm cJ h w J h /
touf S L rS m ;avmuf w J h tajymif ; tvJ
awGudk tJ'Dae@u yxrqkH;awGqkHr_eJ@ tp
jyKcJ h w m jzpf y gw,f ?
tJ ' D t csd e f u p+yD ; orR w OD ; od e f ; pd e f
tpk d ; &[m Ek d i f i H a &; tusOf ; om;&maygif ; rsm;pG m ud k v$ w f
ay;cJhw,f? vGwfvyfpGm ajymqkda&;om;cGihf/ pkkH;cGihf/ v_yf&Sm;
cGihftay: wif;usyfwJh tuef@towfawGudk avSsmhay;cJhw,f?
wk d i f ; &if ; om; vuf e uf u d k i f t k y f p k a wG e J @ typf t cwf
&yfcJhw,f? a':atmifqef;pk=unf acgif;aqmifwJh NLD ygwD
[m a&G;aumufyGJrSm tjywftowf tEkdif&cJhayr,hf tm%m
ray;bJ 22 ES p f = umatmif zd E S d y f x m;cJ h & mrS a&G ; aumuf y G J r S m
jyef v nf y g0if t a&G ; cH c G i h f j yKcJ h y gw,f ? jref r mEk d i f i H k w f w &uf
yG i h f v if ; oG m ;wJ h t a=umif ; eJ @ ywf o uf + yD ; &S i f ; vif ; csuf a wG
trsKd ; rsKd ; zG i h f q k d c J h = uw,f ? yx0D E k d i f i H a &;utp avsmh y g;
roG m ;wJ h wpf u rB m vk H ; &J zd t m; ay;r_ tqk H ; aygh ? 'gayr,h f
usaemf ,kH=unfw,f? xl;jcm;wJh 'Dyk*~dKvfESpfOD;&J yk*~dKvfa&;
tawG t}uH K awG u trsm;}uD ; pum;ajymvd r h f r ,f x if w ,f ?
tar&d u ef t pk d ; &eJ @ uG e f * &uf v$ w f a wmf x J u t"d u r[m
rd w f a wG [ m a':atmif q ef ; pk = unf e J @ jref r mh ' D r k d u a&pD a &;
wkdufyGJ0ifawG&J kef;uefr_ tarSmifqkH;umvrSm olwkd@bufu
rm;rm;rwf r wf &yf w nf cJ h w ,f ? 'ga=umih f tqk H ; wpf a e@
ppf t pk d ; &u tavS s mh a y;vm&wJ h t csd e f r S m jref r mjynf u d k
usaemf w d k @ ul n D r ,f q k d w m ol r od e m;vnf x m;w,f ?

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (16)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

vrf ; tk d v rf ; a[mif ; }uD ; ud k tvG e f uG J j ym;jcm;em;wJ h


enf;vrf;eJ@ arSmufoGefypfzkd@ vkdtyfaewJhtcsdefrSm OD;odef;pdef
a&muf v mwmygyJ ?
OD;odef;pdef[m 0ef}uD;csKyftjzpfeJ@ jyifyurBmu a'o
wGif; tdrfeD;csif;+rdKawmfawGqD a&mufoGm;w,f? 'D+rdKawmf
awG [ m wpf c sd e f u Ek d i f i H w umpm&if ; 0if &ef u k e f +rd K awmf e J @
,SOf&if qif;&JEkHcsmwJh +rdKawGom jzpfcJhayr,hf ,cktcsdefrSm
wuf=uGawmufyaewJh acwfrD+rdKawmfawG jzpfae=u+yDqkdwm
jrif a wG oG m ;w,f ?
jref r mEk d i f i H qk H ; _ H ; ysuf p D ; cJ h & w,f q k d w m jiif ; vd k @ r&atmif
odomxif&Sm;aeyg+yD? urBmhtv,frSm ty,fcHEkdifiHwpfEkdifiH
jzpf a evd k @ tmqD , H E k d i f i H a wG t zk d @ tae&cuf a e+yD ; umuG , f
ajymqk d a y;zd k @ tcuf a wG ae=uygw,f ?
jyKjyif a jymif ; vJ a &;t&S d e f t [k e f u k d quf v uf & S i f o ef
atmif xd e f ; xm;zd k @ awmh cuf y gvd r h f r ,f ? wk d i f ; jynf e J @ vl r sKd ;
aumif;pm;a&;twGuf euf_dif;wJh r,kH=unfr_awGeJ@ cg;oD;rkef;
wD ; r_ a wG u d k a b;z,f + yD ; orR w OD ; od e f ; pd e f e J @ a':atmif q ef ;
pk=unfwkd@&J owWd&SdwJh erlem a&Saqmifvrf;!$efr_awGudk jynf
ol t m;vk H ; vk d u f e mvk y f a qmif E k d i f r _ t ay:rS m rl w nf y gr,f ?

'DZifbmv 2012

'D a cgif ; aqmif E S p f O D ; [m aumif ; rG e f w J h tem*wf t ay:rS m


ol w k d @ b0awG u d k yk H a tmxm;cJ h = uwmrk d @ ol w k d @ &J ,l e D a zmif ;
awG u d k cG m cscJ h = uygw,f ? a':pk u tjynf j ynf q k d i f & m
ol a wmf p if 0 wf k H v $ m ud k cG m cscJ h + yD ; OD ; od e f ; pd e f u awmh ol @ ud k
'D & mxl ; tm%mawG q D yd k @ aqmif a y;cJ h w J h ppf b uf q k d i f & mt
aqmif t a,mif 0wf k H } uD ; ud k cG m cscJ h w mygyJ ?
'Dvkd taqmifta,mif tay:0wfkHv$mawGudk cGmcs
vk d u f = uawmh ol w k d @ ES p f O D ; [m omref E k d i f i H o m; rsKd ; cspf a wG
tjzpf e J @ nD w l n D r S s awG qk H c G i h f & +yD ; jref r mEk d i f i H o pf t wG u f
}ud K ;yrf ; k e f ; uef v mEk d i f = u+yD a ygh ?
'D v k d v k y f aqmif = u&if ; usaemf w d k @ tygt0if wpf
urB m vk H ; ud k pd w f " mwf w uf = uG tm;&auseyf 0rf ; ajrmuf = u
aprS m trS e f y gyJ ?
uk d u d k -bmomjyef o nf ?
(aqmif;yg;&Sif uwfuif;bJvf (Kurt M. Campball)
onf tar&d u ef jynf a xmif p k t pk d ; &ta&S tm&S E S i h f
ypd z d w f a &;&m vuf a xmuf Ek d i f i H j cm;a&;0ef } uD ; jzpf o nf ? )
Myanmar Times

xdkif;a&mufjrefrmvkyfom;rsm;udk 'DZifbm 31 aemufqHk;xm;I ,m,DEdkifiHul;


vufrSwf xkwfay;rnf
xd k i f ; a&muf w&m;0if j ref r mvk y f o m;rsm; Zef e 0g&D 1 &uf r S p I wpf & uf v k y f c bwf 300 &rnf
(&ef u k e f / 'D Z if b m - 3)
xd k i f ; Ed k i f i H Y taxmuf t xm; rvk y f & ao;aom jref r mvk y f o m; wpf o ef ; eD ; yg;onf ,m,D E d k i f i H u l ; vuf rS w f ES i h f
Ed k i f i H o m;ouf a ocH v uf r S w f u d k 'D Z if b m 31 &uf a emuf q H k ; xm; jyKvk y f & rnf j zpf a =umif ; tvk y f o rm;/ tvk y f t ud k i f E S i h f
vl r _ z l v H k a &; 0ef } uD ; XmerS 'k 0 ef } uD ; OD ; jrih f o d e f ; u ajymonf ? w&m;r0if j ref r mvk y f o m;rsm;tm; ,m,D E d k i f i H u l ; vuf r S w f
xk w f a y;jcif ; ES i h f Ed k i f i H o m; ouf a ocH v uf r S w f x k w f a y;jcif ; ud k 2009 rS 2012 ck E S p f t xd cG i f h j yKcJ h o nf ? xyf r H I ouf w rf ;
wd k ; jr i f h a y;&ef xd k i f ; tpd k ; &uavmavmq,f tpD t pOf r&S d o nf h t wG u f a =umif h j zpf o nf ?
tck o l w d k @ 'D Z if b m 14 rwd k i f c if r S m ouf w rf ; wd k ; wm ES p f } ud r f w d k ; ay;xm;ayr,h f aemuf x yf ' D b uf u taxmuf
txm;rJ h e J @ cd k ; 0if a ewJ h tvk y f
orm;u rsm;rsm;vmw,f ? tJ ' D
tcgusawmh tck x yf v k y f a y;vnf ;
aemuf w d k ; OD ; rS m yJ [k 'k 0 ef } uD ;
OD ; jrih f o d e f ; u ajymonf ?
,m,DEdkifiHul;vufrSwf
xk w f a y;onh f u mv ouf w rf ; wd k ;
jrihfay;&ef ESpfEdkifiHtvkyform; 'k0ef
}uD ; tzJ G wd k @ onf n d E _ d i f ; aqG ; aEG ; yG J
rsm;Y t}ud w f t e,f aqG ; aEG ; cJ h & m
'DZifbm 14 rS 31 &ufxd wdk;IcGifh
u ,m,DEdkifiHul; vufrSwfrsm; jyK
jyKay;cJ h o nf ? xd k @ tjyif 2009 ck E S p f
vk y f c J h o l r sm;. ywf p f y d k @ ouf w rf ; wd k ;
jr i f h a y;&ef E S i h f taxmuf t xm;rJ h
uav;rsm;tm; taxmuf t xm; jyKvk y f a y;&ef Ed k i f i H u l ; vuf r S w f xk w f ay;onh f pcef ; ig;ck t euf ES p f c k t m;
a&G ; cs,f c G i h f a y;xm;a=umif ; owif ; &&S d o nf ? vmtd k e J @ uarB m 'D ; ,m;ud k igwd k @ vd k y J vk y f a ewm? ol w d k @ u xd k i f ; &J
oabmtwdkif;wlw,fqdkawmh tm;udk;r&Sdawmhbl;? 'gayr,fh igwdk@vkyfom;awGu olwdk@xuf oef;*%ef;rsm;w,f? quf+yD;
n d a etH k ; rS m yJ [k aejynf a wmf tvk y f orm;!$ e f = um;r_ O D ; pD ; XmerS ! $ e f = um;a&;rS L ;csKyf OD ; rsKd ; atmif u ajymonf ? xd k @ jyif
w&m;0if t axmuf t xm;&S d a om jref r m vk y f o m;rsm;ud k 2013 ck E S p f Zef e 0g&D 1 &uf r S p I xd k i f ; Ed k i f i H o m;wd k @ ES i h f wef ; wl
vpmaiG w pf & uf v S s if bwf o H k ; &mxd wd k ; jr i h f rnf [ k qk d o nf ? vk y f c vpmaiG u d k v nf ; vmrnf h Zef e 0g&D 1 &uf r S p +yD ;
jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (17)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

'DZifbmv 2012

twwf E d k i f q H k ; wl a tmif vk y f a y;r,f ? wpf E d k i f i H v H k ; wef ; wl y J ol w d k @ Ed k i f i H o m;eJ @ eD ; pyf a tmif x d vk y f a y;r,f [k q d k o nf ?


xd k i f ; Ed k i f i H o d k @ w&m;0if at*sif p D j zih f o G m ;rnh f jref r mvk y f o m;rsm;tm; ava=umif ; vd k i f ; jzih f yd k @ aqmif & ef t wG u f v nf ;
cGihfjyKvdkuf+yDjzpfa=umif; 'k0ef}uD; OD;jrihfodef;uajymonf? xdkif;tpdk;& bufrS jrefrmvkyfom;ta&twGuftm; aomif;*%ef;
omajymaoma=umifh jrefrm vkyfom;ta&twGuf twdtus&&Sd&ef xdkif;tifef*sDtdk tzJGrsm;tm; pm&if;aumufckdif;xm;+yD;
usef & S d a eao;onh f vk y f o m; wpf o ef ; eD ; yg;twG u f taxmuf t xm; &&S d & ef quf v uf a qG ; aEG ; oG m ;rnf j zpf o nf ?
**7 Days**

pHkprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&Siftpnf;ta0;owif;azmfjy&mrSm OuU
a':atmifqef; pk=unftrnfrazmfjy
(aejynf a wmf 'D Z if b m 4 &uf 2012)
pH k p rf ; ppf a q;a&;aumf r &S i f t pnf ; ta0;ud k ,ae@eH e uf 11 em&D w G i f
aejynf a wmf v$ w f a wmf 0 if ; --I12 pH k p rf ; ppf aq;a&;aumf r &S i f t pnf ; ta0;cef ; rY usif ; y&m tpnf ; ta0;od k @ c&D ; vG e f
onf h t zG J 0if r sm;rS t y usef t zG J 0if r sm; pH k p H k n D n D wuf a &muf = uonf ? pH k p rf ; ppf a q;a&;aumf r &S i f O uU u tzG i f h t rS m
pum;ajym =um;&mwG i f , ck j zpf y G m ;cJ h o nf h u d p P r S m ,cif u mvrsm;u yG i f h v if ; jrif o mr_ t m;enf ; cJ h I jzpf a =umif ; / Tud p P u k d
udkifwG,fajz&Sif;&mwGif jynfolvlxk. yl;aygif; aqmif&Gufr_ESifh Oya'pdk;rdk;r_&SdrSomvSsifEdkifiHawmf. tusKd;ESifhavsmfnDonfh
tajz&&S d E k d i f r nf j zpf a =umif ; / pH k p rf ; ppf a q;a&; ud p P u d k tjref q H k ; pwif a qmif & G u f o G m ;rnf j zpf a =umif ; / oyd w f p cef ; wG i f
jzpf y G m ;cJ h o nf h ud p P & yf r sm;/ oH C mawmf r sm;ES i f h ywf o uf o nf h u d p P & yf rsm;ud k OuU ud k , f w d k i f wm0ef , l a qmif & G u f o G m ;
rnfjzpf+yD; useftzGJ0ifrsm;taejzifh atmufygtzGJ 3 zGJ zGJpnf;+yD; wpf+ydKifwnf; aqmif&GufoGm;rnfjzpfa=umif; ajym=um;
onf ?
(u) a=u;eD p D r H u d e f ; tm; obm0ywf 0 ef ; usif x d e f ; od r f ; a&;twG u f Ek d i f i H w um jymef ; csuf r sm;/ aqmif & G u f o if h o nf h enf ;
ynmrsm; toH k ; jyKI pepf w us aqmif & G u f j cif ; &S d r&S d ?
(c) a=u;eD p D r H u d e f ; a=umif h vl r _ y wf 0 ef ; usif E S i f h obm0ywf 0 ef ; usif t ay: aumif ; usKd ; ES i f h qd k ; usKd ; ouf a &muf r _ r sm;?
(*) a=u;eD p D r H u d e f ; aqmif & G u f j cif ; a=umif h Ed k i f i H a wmf / jynf o l v l x k E S i f h tem*wf r sKd ; quf r sm;twG u f tusKd ; &S d r&S d ?
xdk@tjyif pHkprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&Siftm; ppfaq;pHkprf;&ef wm0efay; onfh tjcm;udpP&yfrsm;udkvnf; vdktyfovdk
tjref p H k p rf ; ppf a q;oG m ;rnf j zpf + yD ; aumf r &S i f t aejzif h owif ; xk w f j yef c suf r sm;ud k tcgtm;avsmf p G m xk w f j yef o G m ; rnf j zpf
a=umif ; owif ; &&S d o nf ? owif ; &&S d o nf ? (owif ; pOf ) owif ; aomif & if ; e*g;

xdkif;EdkifiHa&muf uav;rsm;. ynma&; jrefrmbufrS oGm;a&muf oif=um;ay;rnf


(&ef u k e f / 'D Z if b m 3 &uf 2012)
xd k i f ; a&muf jref r m tvk y f o rm;rsm;. uav;rsm;uk d jref r mEk d i f i H r S m oG m ;a&muf
ynmoif = um;ay;&ef ES p f E d k i f i H oabmwl n D r _ &&d S c J h a =umif ; tvk y f o rm;/ tvk y f t ud k i f E S i h f
vl r _ z l v H k a &;0ef } uD ; XmerS owif ; &&d S o nf ? xd k i f ; Ed k i f i H & d S jref r m bk e f ; }uD ; ausmif ; rsm;wG i f jref r m
Ek d i f i H r S apwemh 0ef x rf ; rsm; oG m ;a&muf u m ynmoif = um;rnh f tpD t pOf u d k xd k i f ; Ed k i f i H b uf r S
vufcHvdkuf+yDjzpf+yD; tao;pdwfukd ESpfEkdifiH ynma&;0ef}uD;XmerS xyfrH yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufrnf[k
od & onf ? ol w k d @ ynma&;pepf u d k v nf ; oif c G i h f a y;w,f ? NGO awG / bk e f ; }uD ; ausmif ; awG pmoif w mud k v nf ;
tod t rS w f j yKw,f ? tJ ' D a wmh ES p f z uf ynma&;0ef } uD ; Xme xyf a wG &r,f [k tvk y f o rm;!$ e f = um;a&;OD ; pD ; XmerS
!$ e f = um;a&;rS L ;csKyf OD ; rsKd ; atmif u ajymonf ? xd k i f ; a&muf jref r muav;i,f r sm;uk d ynmoif = um;ay;a&;twG u f
jrefrmEdkifiHbufrS tqifoihf &dSaea=umif;/ apwemh 0efxrf; ynmoif=um;ay;&ef qufoG,fxm;onhf tvSL&Sifrsm;vnf;
&dSae+yDjzpfa=umif;/ jrefrmEkdifiHrS oifdk; twkdif;om oif=um;ay;rnfjzpfa=umif; 4if;uajymonf? xdkif;wGif jrefrma&$ajymif;
vk y f o m; ES p f o ef ; cef @ &d S + yD ; a&$ ajymif ; vk y f o m;rsm;. uav;i,f ta&twG u f r S m wpf o d e f ; cJ G r S ES p f o d e f ; =um;&d S a =umif ;
od&onf? Edk0ifbm 26 &ufu jyKvkyfcJhaom jrefrm- xkdif;ESpfEdkifiH tvkyform;a&;&m aqG;aEG;yJGwGif xdkif;a&muf uav;

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (18)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

'DZifbmv 2012

i,f r sm;uk d ynmoif = um;rnh f tpD t pOf tygt0if vk y f o m;rsm;uk d ava=umif ; rS yd k @ aqmif a &;/ tvk y f o rm;rsm;uk d
Oya'twk d i f ; umuG , f a pmih f a &S m uf a &;/ Mou jzih f tvk y f o rm;opf r sm;apv$ w f a &;/ jref r mvk y f o m;rsm;. v$ J y d k @ aiG u d p P y l ;
aygif ; aqmif & G u f a &;wk d @ ud k aqG ; aEG ; cJ h = ua=umif ; od & onf ?

pmrsufESm (1) vufyHawmif;awmifudpP tpdk;& t"du wm0ef,l&rnf[k a':atmifqef;pk=unfqkdrS


tquf
a=u;eD p D r H u d e f ; pH k p rf ; ppf a q;a&;aumf r wD OuU a':atmif q ef ; pk = unf u ,ae@ &ef u k e f w d k i f ; a'o}uD ; tpd k ; &tzG J H k ; wG i f
usif ; yaom owif ; pm&S i f ; vif ; yG J Y ajym=um;oG m ;onf ? aemuf y d k i f ; wG i f v nf ; wk w f u k r ` % D r sm;ES i f h jy\em jzpf y G m ;r_
rSdap&ef rnfodk@vkyfaqmifoifhonfudk xGufay:vmrnfh tpD&ifcHpmwGif xnfhoGif;oGm;rnf[k olu qufajymonf?'DudpP
yxrOD;qHk; pvmwmu yGifhvif;jrifomr_r&Sdvdk@? tck 'Drdkua&pDbuf OD;wnfr,f qdk&if yGifhvif;jrifomr_ Sd&r,f/ wm0ef,lr_
Sd&r,f? 'DESpfcktay:rSm tajccH vkyfoGm;r,fqdk&if 'Djy\emawGu ay:vmrSm r[kwfygbl;? usrwdk@&J t}uHjyKcsufawGxJrSm
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wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (19)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

'DZifbmv 2012

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pmrsufEmS (20)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

'DZifbmv 2012

** a&eJ@ armif;r,hf um;=uD; Mercedes-Benz Ener-G-Force **

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vdkufonf? &D;&Jruf'&pfonf &moDtpY txaES;cJhjcif;a=umifh 14 yGJupm;+yD;bmpDvdkem
toif ; aemuf r S 11 rS w f c G m I vd k u f a e&onf h t wG u f y&d o wf r sm;. avS m if a jymif j cif ;
ud k c H a e&onf ? armf & if n d K ES i f h &D ; &J r uf ' &pf O uU zavmf & if w D E d k y D & uf Z f w d k @ t=um; quf q H
jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (21)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

'DZifbmv 2012

a&;onf aoG ; at;vmaea=umif ; / ZG e f 30 &uf r wd k i f r D toif ; ES i f h quf v uf v uf w G J & ef rjzpf E d k i f a wmh a =umif ; rmum
owif ; pmu azmf j yxm;onf ? 'D u d p P e J @ ywf o uf + yD ; usaemf v nf ; rajymrd y gvm;[k armf & if n d K u ajym=um;onf ?
(d k u f w m)

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cs,f v f q D ; enf ; jya[mif ; atA&if * &ef @ onf ,m,D e nf ; jybif e D w uf Z f ud k u l n D a y;&ef
jyefvmvdrfhrnfqdkonfh owif; udk cs,fvfqD;uy,fcsvkdufonf? bifeDwufZfonf 'DrufwD,kdtm;
tvk y f j zKwf v k d u f + yD ; aemuf ok H ; yG J u d k i f w G , f a y;cJ h & m wpf y G J r S s tEk d i f r &cJ h a y? *&ef @ onf cs,f v f q D ;
toif;udk 2008 ckESpfu csefyD,Hvd*fzkdife,ftxda&mufatmif ydk@ay;EkdifcJhonf? olonf cs,fvf
qD;toif;odk@ jyefvmvdrfhrnf[kqkdaejcif;rSm rjzpfEdkifyga=umif; cs,fvfqD;toif; ajyma&; qkdcGifh&Sd
olwpfOD;u ajym=um;onf? cs,fvfqD;y&dowftrsm;pku 'DrufwD,dkudk tvkyfjzKwf+yD; vDAmyl;enf;jya[mif; bifeDwufZfudk
,m,D e nf ; jycef @ tyf v d k u f o nf h t wG u f a'goxG u f a e=uonf ? (BBC)
** wpf E S p f w mtaumif ; qH k ; a*guf o D ; orm;qk urB m @eH y gwpf r uf u m&G d K if ; qG w f c l ; **
(vef ' ef 'D Z if b m 5)
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23 ESpf&Sd rufum&GdKif;onf 1998 ckESpfwGif wkduf*g;0k'fu 4if;qkudk qGwfcl;cJhJjyD; aemuf touft
i,f q k H ; qk qG w f c l ; Ed k i f o l j zpf v monf ? (k d u f w m)
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(&D , d k ' D * sae;d k ; 'D Z if b m 5)
b&mZ
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pmcsKyf&ef oabmwlvdkuf a=umif; twnfjyKajym=um;onf? touf 18 ESpf&Sd tqdkyg aemuf
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pm;rnf j zpf o nf ? 4if ; tm; cs,f v f q D ; u Zef e 0g&D t ajymif ; ta&$ umvwG i f pmcsKyf r nf j zpf
onf? a0gvufpfonf zvmrifeDtoif;udk b&mZ
b&mZDD;csefyD,Hzvm; qGwfcl;Edkif&ef upm;ay;cJholjzpfonf? 4if;pwrf; zdk@'fb&pfodk@
a';Apf v k p f / &mrD ; vuf p f E S i h f v l u wf y D , mZG e f wd k @ aemuf o d k @ vk d u f v d r f h r nf j zpf o nf ? (qif [ G m )

**cs,f
cs,fvfqD;uGif;v,fupm;orm; *GsefrDac;vf tm;ig;ESpfouf wrf;&Sd pmcsKyfopf xyfwkd;csKyf **
cs,f v f q D ; uG i f ; v,f u pm;orm; *G s ef r D a c;vf o nf vuf & S d y &D r D , mvd * f u vyf cs,f v f
qD;toif;ESifh ig;ESpfoufwrf;&Sd pmcsKyfopfwpf&yf xyfwkd;csKyfqdkcJha=umif; od&onf? touf
(25)ES p f t &G , f & S d uG i f ; v,f u pm;orm; rD a c;vf onf 2005 ck E S p f w G i f pwrf ; zk d @ b&pf c sf o k d @
a&muf&SdcJh+yD; 2011-2012 abmvkH;&moD. csefyD,Hvd*fcsefyD,Hjzpfa&; wGifvnf; cs,fvfqD;
toif;twGuf ta&;ygaomu wpf&yfrS yg0ifcJholvnf; jzpfonf? Ekdif*sD;&D;,m; =u,fyGifh
rD a c;vf o nf ,ck E S p f a bmvk H ; &moD w G i f enf ; jy'D r wf w D , k d E S i f h enf ; jy&maz;vf b if e D w uf Z f wk d @ ES p f O D ; .vuf x uf cs,f v f q D ;
toif ; twG u f +yd K if y G J a ygif ; 20 ausmf y g0if u pm;cJ h + yD ; vnf ; jzpf o nf ? cs,f v f q D ; toif ; Y ajcmuf E S p f a usmf = um upm;cJ h + yD ;
aemuf cs,fvfqD;toif;ESifh tom;usum pwrf;zkd@b&pfcsfY aysmf&$ifr_&&Sd ae+yDjzpf a=umif;vnf; uGif;v,fvl rDac;vfu
cs,f v f q D ; toif ; . w&m;0if 0 uf b f q k d u f o k d @ ajym=um;cJ h o nf ? cs,f v f q D ; uG i f ; v,f u pm;orm; rD a c;vf o nf +yD ; cJ h o nf h
abmvk H ; &moD u &&S d c J h o nf h csef y D , H v d * f zvm;tygt0if y&D r D , mvd * f z vm;wpf } ud r f / tuf z f a tzvm;av;}ud r f E S i f h tjcm;
atmifjrif r_rsm;&&Sdatmif vnf; cs,fvfqD;toif;twGuf taumif;qkH;pGrf;aqmifay;cJhonfh upm;orm;vnf; jzpfonf?
(tif w meuf )

**pyg;toif
pyg;toif;refae*smuay:wkduGif;v,fupm;orm; armfwif[kdtm;ac:,lrnf[k qkd **
vef ' ef t ajcpk d u f awmh w if [ rf a[mh p yg;toif ; ref a e*sm tef ' &D A D v m bk d t mh p f o nf
'DZifbm 5 &uf eHeufykdif;u ,SOf+ydKifcJhaom ay:wkdtoif;ESifh yDtufpf*sDtoif;wkd@. csefyD,H
vd*f yGJpOfwGif touf(26)ESpft&G,f&Sd ay:wkduGif;v,f upm;orm; armfwif[kd. upm;ykHukd
=unf h _ c J h + yD ; aemuf 4if ; tm; ajymif ; a&$ a=u;aygif 24 oef ; ay;um ac:,l r nf [ k qk d onf ?
jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (22)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

'DZifbmv 2012

pyg;toif ; onf +yD ; cJ h o nf h =o*k w f vtwG i f ; uwnf ; u ay:wl * D u G i f ; v,f upm;orm;armf w if [ k d u k d pH c sd e f w if ajymif ; a&$
a=u;jzifh ac:,l&ef jyifqifxm;cJhonf? okd@&mwGif tajymif;ta&$aps;uGufrydwfrD0_duf [ufvdef;odk@ ta&mufr ac:,lEkdifcJhay?
xkd@a=umifh pyg;enf;jy bkdtmhpfonf armfwif[kdtm; Zefe0g&Dtajymif; ta&$wGif ac:,l&ef ypfrSwfxm;vm cJh+yD; ,ckwpfywf
twGif; ay:wkdtoif;u yDtufpf*sDtoif;ukd ESpf*kd;-wpf*kd; jzifh _H;edrfhcJhonfh csefyD,Hvd*f+ydKifyGJokd@ oGm;a&muf &if; ay:wkduGif;
v,fupm;orm; armfwif[kdtm; ac:,la&;ESifh ywfoufIjyifqifr_rsm;jyKvkyfcJhonf? enf;jyADvmbkdtmhpf onf yxrwGif
Zif ; epf t oif ; rS touf ( 26)ES p f t&G , f & S d wk d u f p pf r S L ;a[mh c f u k d ac:,l &ef ypf r S w f x m;cJ h j cif ; jzpf + yD ; Zif ; epf toif ; ES i f h
atpDrDveftoif;wkd@ ,SOf+ydKifcJhonfh csefyD,H vd*fyGJpOfY yGJ+yD;cgeD; 10 rdepftvkdwGif vlpm;vJ upm;cJh&jcif;ukd rauseyfum
Zif;epf toif; rS xGufcGmrnf[kqdkonf? vuf&SdwGifrl enf;jyADvmbkdtmhpf onf ay:wkdtoif;rS ay:wl*D =u,fyGifharmfwif
[k d u k d o m t+yD ; owf ac:,l & ef }ud K ;yrf ; vsuf & S d o nf ? (tif w meuf )

** cs,fvfqD;orkdif;wpfavSsmuf yxrqkH;xGufcJ h &onf h csefyD,Hvd*f **


2012-2013 ,l t D ; tuf z f a tcsef y D , H v d * f + yd K if yG J tk y f p k a emuf q k H ; yG J p Of r sm;uk d +yD ; cJ h o nf h
t*F gESifh Ak'<[l;ae@rsm;wGif ,SOf+ydKifupm;oGm;+yD;jzpf&m tkyfpktqifhyGJpOfrsm;tm;vkH; +yD;qkH;oGm;
cJ h + yD j zpf I (16)oif ; _ H ; xG u f t qif h o k d @ tk y f p k y xrae&mES i f h 'k w d , ae&mY &yf w nf c J h = uonf h
toif ; rsm;wuf a&muf o G m ;cJ h + yD j zpf o nf ? tqk d y g (16)oif ; _ H ; xG u f t qif h o k d @ ,ref E S p f u csef y D
,H v d * f q k z vm;&&S d c J h o nf h csef y D , H v d * f csef y D , H c s,f v f q D ; toif ; rS m ,ck E S p f w G i f wuf a &muf
EkdifcJhjcif;r&SdbJ tkyfpktqifh rSmyif vSnfhjyef cJh&onf? +yD;cJhonfhESpfwGif csefyD,Hvd*fqkzvm;ukd enf;jy'DrufwD,kd&&Sdatmif
pGrf;aqmifay;EkdifcJh+yD; csefyD,H vd*ftkyfpkrSmyif 'DrufwD,kdxkwfy,f jcif;cHcJh&+yD;aemuf ,m,Denf;jytjzpf bifeDwufZfukdif
wG,faeonfh cs,fvfqD;toif;rSm csefyD,Hvd*ftkyfpkaemufqkH;yGJpOfwGif aemha*s;vef toif;ukd pwrf;zkd@b&pfcsfwGif vufcH
,S O f + yd K if upm;cJ h + yD ; ajcmuf * k d ; -wpf * k d ; jzif h tjywf t owf tEk d i f & &S d c J h o nf ? wpf z uf r S *sLAif w yf t oif ; ES i f h &S u f w m'd k ; euf
wkd@. yGJ&v'fukd tcGifhaumif;,lEkdif&ef jyifqifcJhaomfvnf; *sLAifwyftEkdif&cJhaoma=umifh &Sufwm'dk;euftoif;ESifh trSwfwl
*k d ; uG m jcm;csuf t & wwd , ae &mYom &yf w nf c J h & +yD ; csef y D , H v d * f t k y f p k t qif h r S y if xG u f c G m cJ h & jcif ; jzpf o nf ? cs,f v f q D ;
toif;ukd enf;jybifeDwufZf a&muf&SdcJh+yD;aemuf y&DrD,mvd*fwGif EkdifyGJwpfyGJrS r&,lEkdifao;ojzifh csefyD,H vd*ftkyfpkaemufqkH;
yG J p Of w G i f taumif ; qk H ; yk H p H j zif h tEk d i f & &S d a tmif pG r f ; aqmif a y;Ek d i f c J h a omf v nf ; t&mrxif c J h a y? aemh a *s; vef t oif ; uk d
tEkdif&&SdcJhjcif;rSm bifeD wufZf. cs,fvfqD;toif;a&muf yxrqkH; EkdifyGJjzpfovkd cs,fvfqD;toif;. yxrqkH; csefyD,Hvd*frS
xG u f c J h & onf h E S p f j zpf c J h o nf ? ,ck E S p f w G i f csef y D , H v d * f t k y f p k t qif h r S apmpD ; pG m xG u f c J h & jcif ; rS m cs,f v f q D ; toif ; . ork d i f ;
wpf a vS s muf yxrqk H ; csef y D , H v d * f t k y f p k t qif h r S vS n f h j yef c J h & onf h csef y D , H t oif ; jzpf a pcJ h + yD ; tqk d ; &G m ;qk H ; &moD [ k qk d &
rnf j zpf o nf ?
**

tm;upm;owif;twdktxGmrsm; **

** tmqif e ,f e nf ; jy tmpif 0 if ; *g;onf a&S m f v f a u; wk d u f p pf r S L ; touf 29 ES p f t &G , f & S d [ef a wvmtm;


vmrnf h Zef e 0g&D v tajymif ; ta&$ wG i f &atmif a c:,l r nf [ k xk w f a zmf a jym=um;onf ?
** cs,fvfqD;wkdufppfrSL; touf 23 ESpft&G,f&Sd pwm*Dtm; wpfywfvkyfc aygif 80000 jzifh vDAmyl;uac:,l&ef
}ud K ;pm;vsuf & S d o nf ?
18ES p f t &G , f & S d =opa=w;vs wk d u f p pf r S L ;
** *sLAif w yf p f t oif ; onf touf
rmq,f qmbpf Z mtm; ac:,l a &; aqG ; aEG ;
vsuf&Sd onf?
24 ES p f t &G , f & S d vD 0 rf a 'gpuD ; tm;
** a'ghrGeftoif;wkdufppfrSL; touf
ref , l t oif ; u ac:,l & ef } ud K ;pm;jcif ; ud k
&yfqkdif;&ef a'ghrGef enf;jy *sm*ef uavmhyfu
ajym=um;onf ?
orm; &S E k d u f ' gtm; ref , l u ac:,l & ef
** tif w mrD v ef u G i f ; v,f u pm;
pD p Of a e&m eD ; pyf r _ r sm;&S d a e+yD j zpf a =umif ;
owif ; xk w f jyef o nf ?
pm;orm; *&ef e D k d u vmrnf h Zef e 0g&D
** usLyD t mtoif ; uG i f ; v,f u
tajymif ; ta&$ umvY toif ; rS xG u f c G m
rnf j zpf a =umif ; xk w f a zmf a jym =um;onf ?
** cs,f v f q D ; toif ; wG i f t}uH a y;wpf O D ; tjzpf x m;&S d r nf h enf ; jy a[mif ; *&ef @ onf toif ; atmif j rif r _ & &S d & ef
omvd k t yf a =umif ; enf ; jy bif e D wuf Z f u ajym=um;onf ?
jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (23)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

'DZifbmv 2012

** tmqif e ,f t oif ; wk d u f p pf j znf h w if ; &ef e,l ; umq,f w k d u f p pf r S L ; touf 27 ES p f t &G , f & S d 'rf b mbmtm;
vmrnf h Z ef e 0g&D tajymif ; ta&$ umvY pmcsKyf c sKyf q d k a c:,l r nf j zpf o nf ?
** cs,f v f q D ; aemuf c H u pm;orm; touf 25 ES p f t &G , f & S d a';Apf v k Z f u yH k r S e f y J G x G u f u pm;cG i f h r &ygu toif ; rS
xG u f c G m rnf j zpf a =umif ; ajym=um;onf ?
** ay:wl * D u G i f ; v,f u pm;orm;ES i h f ref , l u G i f ; v,f u pm;orm; touf 25 ES p f t &G , f & S d emeD t m; vmrnf h
Zef e 0g&D v Ya&mif ; csrnf r[k w f a =umif ; ref , l u vyf u owif ; xk w f j yef o nf ?
** tJ A mwef t oif ; aemuf c H v l touf 35 ES p f t &G , f & S d 'pf w if tm;,ck E S p f &moD u k e f Y toif ; ES i f h p mcsKyf o pf
xyf r H c sKyf q d k a wmh r nf r[k w f a =umif ; tJ A mwef r S xk w f a zmf a jym=um;onf ?
** ref , l u rd r d t m; vd k t yf r _ & S d a eorS s rd r d u pm;ay;rnf j zpf a =umif ; / enf ; jytzJ G wG i f wm0ef , l a pvd k y guvnf ;
wm0ef , l r nf j zpf a =umif ; uG i f ; v,f u pm;orm; aygvf p cd k ; u xk w f a zmf a jym=um;onf ?
** &D ; &J r uf ' &pf t oif ; onf &moD u k e f c sd e f t xd vmvD * gzvm;&,l a &;ud k rqk w f r epf }ud K ;pm;oG m ;rnf j zpf a =umif ;
enf ; jyarmf & if [ k d u ajym=um;vd k u f o nf ?
(tif w meuf )
wef toif ; uG i f ; v,f u pm; orm;
touf 23 ESpf t&G,f&Sd aqmuforf
pwm*D E S i h f t oif ; acgif ; aqmif t'rf
vmvmemwd k @ tm; e,l ; umq,f u ac:,l
&ef p D p Of v suf & S d o nf ?
ESpft&G,f&Sd aemufcHvl qef;wdk@pftm; ac:,l
aqmf a ygvd k t oif ; onf touf 29
&ef }ud K ;pm;vsuf & S d o nf ?
ppf r S L ; &S d e f ; vk e f ; tm; 0uf p f b &G e f ; u ac:,l
touf 25 ESpf t&G,f&Sd vDAmyl;wdkuf
&ef }ud K ;pm;vsuf & S d o nf ?
t&G,f&Sd uGif;v,fupm;orm; bmvufwD
yJ & pf p d e f @ *smrd e f ; toif ; rS touf 20
*g;u Zef e 0g&D t ajymif ; ta&$ umvY
tm; tmqif e ,f e nf ; jy tmpif 0 if ;
ac:,l &ef p D p Of v suf & S d o nf ?
rd r d o nf ref , l e nf ; jywm0ef , l & ef toif h r &S d a o;a=umif ; / ref , l e nf ; jy tjzpf wm0ef , l v d k p d w f j yif ; jy vsuf & S d
a=umif ; &D ; &J r uf ' &pf e nf ; jy armf & if [ k d u xk w f a zmf a jym=um;onf ?
cs,fvfqD;toif;ydkif&Sif atb&mrdkApfcsfu enf;jybifeDwufZfudk apmihf=unhfvsuf&Sda=umif; xkwfazmfajym=um;onf?
atpDrDvefuvyfOuUjzpfol bmvlpudkeDu bmavmhw,fvDtm; ac:,lxm;vdkaom pdwfqEN&Sda=umif; xkwfazmf
ajym=um;onf ?
vD A myl ; toif ; enf ; jy d k ' f * sm;u vmrnf h Z ef e 0g&D t ajymif ; ta&$ umvwG i f bmrif * rf t oif ; rS touf 19 ES p f
t&G , f *d k ; orm;*suf b uf v ef t m; ac:,l & ef p D p Of v suf & S d & mvuf & S d *d k ; orm;yD y D a&em.tem*wf r S m toif ; rS x G u f
cG m &zG , f & S d a =umif ; 4if ; u ajym=um;onf ?
qGrfqD;toif;rS wdkufppfrSL; touf 26 ESpft&G,f rDcsLonf vmrnfh Zefe0g&Dtajymif;ta&$umvwGif emydkvDESifh
*sd E d k t mtoif ; rsm;teuf wpf o if ; od k @ ajymif ; a&$ rnf j zpf a =umif ; xk w f a zmf a jym=um;onf ?
cs,f v f q D ; wd k u f p pf r S L ;touf 27 ES p f t &G , f & S d awm&uf p f t m; vmrnf h aEG & moD Y ref p D ; wD ; / tmqif e ,f / pyg;t
oif ; wd k @ u ac:,l & ef pd w f 0 if p m;vsuf & S d o nf ?
touf 23ESpft&G,fwdkufppfrSL; pwm*Dtm;ajymif; a&$a=u;aygif 15 oef;jzifh ac:,l&ef vDAmyl;ESifh cs,fvfqD;wdk@u
aqG ; aEG ; vsuf & S d o nf ?
uvk*sftoif; awmifyHupm;orm;touf 27 ESpft&G,f&Sd qdk*ltm; ADvm/ e,l;umq,fESifh aemh0Spftoif;wdk@u
ac:,l a &;awG qH k a qG ; aEG ; vsuf & S d o nf ? (tif w meuf )
pk p nf ; bmomjyef - armif c spf = unf / jrif h a rmif p d k ;

WE DO, SO WE ARE (JACBA)


jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (24)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

'DZifbmv 2012

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pmrsufEmS (25)

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Blog jacbaburma.blogspot.com / Ph- 087 308 9680

This material has been funded by UKaid from the Department for International Development,
however the views expressed do not necessarily reflect the departments official policies.

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