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Capitolul 3

TEHNOLOGIA DE CULTIVARE A PORUMBULUI


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HVWHJUkX

-porumb.Porumbul se

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unor buruieni

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alegnd plantele mai

UH]LVWHQWHODDWUD]LQFDPD] UHDFDUWRIXOVRLD

3.2. Fertilizarea

Asigurarea
PLQHUDOL]DUHD

elementelor nutritive necesare porumbului se face n principal prin

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GLQ

VRO

2

FRQWULEX LH

GHRVHELW 

R

DUH

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ul plantei

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HOHPHQWHQXWULWLYHvQVROLGHODFRQVXPXOVSHFLILF

DOE = Cs Ps Asol K

n care:
DOE = GR]DRSWLP HFRQRPLFGHvQJU PLQWHNJKD
Cs = FRQVXPXO VSHFLILF GLQ HOHPHQWXO QXWULWLY NJWRQ

 GH ERDEH L SURGXF LD VHFXQGDU 

DIHUHQW 

Ps
SURGXF LDVFRQWDW DVHRE LQHNJKD
Asol = aportul de element nutULWLYFXFDUHSDUWLFLS VROXONJKD
K
= IDFWRUXO GH FRUHF LH DO '2( NJKD vQ IXQF LH GH SODQWD SUHPHUJ

WRDUH GR]D GH

JXQRLGHJUDMGJUDGXOGHDVLJXUDUHFXDS 

Consumul specific n principalele elemente nutritive, SHQWUX UHDOL]DUHD SURGXF LHL SULQFLpale
LDSURGXF LHLVHFXQGDUHDIHUHQWHHVWHvQIXQF LHGHP ULPHDSURGXF LHLLGHKLEULGXOIRORVLW

Consumul specific de azot este de 22- NJKD vQ FRQGL LL GH QHLULJDUH L GH -20 kg/ha n
FRQGL LLGHLULJDUH&RQVXPXOVSHFLILFGH32O5 este de 9-11 kJKDSHQWUXSURGXF LLGHWKDSkQ OD
12 t/ha. Consumul specific de K2O este de 25-NJKDSHQWUXSURGXF LLGHWKDSkQ ODWKD

QJU

PLQWHOHFXD]RWVHDSOLF vQGR]HGH NJ1KDODQHLULJDWL

-300 kg N/ha

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1/2 - GLQ GR]

 VH DSOLF  SULP YDUD OD SUHJ WLUHD SDWXOXL JHUPLQDWLY VDX FRQFRPLWH

nt cu

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WUHEXLH IRORVLWH GR]H SUHD PDUL GH D]RW SHQWUX F  ERDEHOH RE LQXWH GHYLQ WR[LFH SHQWUX
DQLPDOHGLQFDX]DQLWUD LORULQLWUL LORUDFXPXOD L

QJU

PLQWHOH

cu fosfor DX R LQIOXHQ

 PDL PLF  DVXSUD SURGXF LHL FkQG VXQW IRORVLWH

VLQJXUH$GPLQLVWUDWHvPSUHXQ FXD]RWXOVDXSHIRQGGHJXQRLGHJUDMGVHRE LQSURGXF LLPDUL

de porumb boabe.Dozele folosite sunt de 40-120 kg P2O5KDvQIXQF LHGHFRQ LQXWXOVROXOXL n


IRVIRUPRELOGHDSURYL]LRQDUHDVROXOXLFXD]RWLGHSURGXF LLOHSODQLILFDWH WDEHOXO 

Tabelul 3.1.
'R]HOHGHIRVIRUSHQWUXSRUXPEvQIXQF LHGHFRQ LQXWXOVROXOXLvQIRVIRUPRELO

&RQ LQXWXOVROXOXLvQIRVIRUPRELOPJ32

O5/100 g sol

Sub 2
26
Peste 6

Doza de fosfor, P2O5 kg/ha


70 120
60 110
40 - 80

)RVIRUXO VH DGPLQLVWUHD]  WRDPQD  vQDLQWH GH HIHFWXDUHD DU WXULL VXE IRUP  GH VXSHUIRVIDW
VDX GH vQJU PLQWH FRPSOH[H'DF  QX V D DGPLQLVWUDW WRDPQD VH SRDWH DGPLQLVWUD SULP YDUD OD

pUHJ

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-se

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QJU

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QXP UXOXL GH SODQWH F ]XWH OD FRDFHUHD GHSOLQ 'R]HOH IRORVLWH VXQW GH 

-100 kg K2O /ha, n

IXQF LHGHDSURYL]LRQDUHDVROXOXLFXSRWDVLX WDEHOXO 

Tabelul 3.2.
'R]HOHGHSRWDVLXSHQWUXSRUXPEvQIXQF LHGHFRQ LQXWXOVROXOXL

n potasiu mobil
&RQ LQXWXOVROXOXLvQ.2

O asimilabil, K2O/100 g sol


15 20
10 15
Sub 10

Doza K2O, kg/ha


40 50
50 60
60 - 100

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DGPLQLVWUHD] VXEIRUP GHVDUHSRWDVLF VDXvQJU PLQWHFRPSOH[H

Gunoiul de grajd
vPERJ

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vQ FDQWLW

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azot, 1,5 kg P2O5 L .2O pentru fiHFDUH WRQ

 GH JXQRL GH JUDMG6SRUXULOH GH SURGXF LH RE LQXWH

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culturii porumbului (tabelul 3.3.).


Tabelul 3.3.
,QIOXHQ DJXQRLXOXLGHJUDMGDVXSUDSURGXF LHL

6WD LXQHD

Tipul
de sol

H[SHULPHQWDO

3URGXF LD

6SRUXORE LQXW

I U vQJU PLQWH

60 t/ha
7800
8500
14000

1120
6960

20 t/ha
5500
700

cu gunoi de grajd
40 t/ha
5000
8000

2670

11000

12300

DJULFRO

Fundulea
Lovrin

cernoziom levigat
cernoziom levigat
sol pseudogleic
podzolit

Albota

de porumb, kg/ha

3URGXF LLOH FHOH PDL PDUL GH SRUXPE ERDEH VH RE LQ FkQG VH DSOLF  vQ FRPSOH[
vQJU PLQWHOHRUJDQLFHvQJU PLQWHOHFXD]RWIRVIRULSRWDVLX

Dintre microelemente,zincul DUR LQIOXHQ PDLPDUHDVXSUDSURGXF LHLGH SRUXPE,QVXILFLHQ D


OXL SRDWH V  DSDU  GDF  V-DX IRORVLW GR]H H[FHVLY GH PDUL GH IRVIRU L D]RW VDX vQ FRQGL LL GH
PRQRFXOWXU 'H DVHPHQHD LQVXILFLHQ D ]LQFXOXL DSDUH SH VROXULOH HURGDWH GLQ 0ROGRYD L
% U JDQ3HQWUX FRQWUDFDUDUHD LQVXILFLHQ HL GH ]LQF VH DSOLF  

zinc,cnd porumbul are 7-8 frunze.


Folosirea amendamentelor HVWH QHFHVDU

-2 stropiri cu 0,4-0,6% sulfat de

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V U WXUDWH FX S+ SHVWH 6H IRORVHVF FDUERQDWXO GH FDOFLX SH VROXULOH DFLGH L IRVIRJLSVXO SH

solurile bazice.
/XFU

ULOHVROXOXL

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'XS

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-30cm, cu

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JUDSDFX FRO L GDF VROXOHVWHP UXQ LWLIRUPHD] FUXVW VDXFX JUDSDFXGLVFXULLJUDSHFXFRO L
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nt buruieni.

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3 -DQLIRORVLQGDJUHJDWXOIRUPDWGLQWUDFWRUL0$6-60.

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-15 zile se

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germinativ, n preziua sau n ziua sem

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-o lucrare cu combinatorul sau cu grapa

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DGkQF DVROXOXL

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6

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patogeni.
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nu pot ajunge la maturitate ntr-RDQXPLW

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DensiWDWHD RSWLP

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hibridului folosit.
&kWHYDGHQVLW

L OD UHFROWDUH VXQWSUH]HQW

ate n tabelul 3.4.-GHQVLWDWHD ODVHP

QDWHVWHFX

10-15% mai mare dect densitatea la recoltare.

Tabelul 3.4.
Densitatea la recoltare la cultura de porumb pentru boabe (mii plante/ha)
Hibrizii
Fundulea 420
Fundulea 418
P 3377 (Luana)
Fundulea 378
Fundulea 320
P 3747 (Fulvia)
Fundulea 270
Turda 213
P 3901 (Eva)
P - 3978

=RQDGHFXOWXU

Irigat

Neirigat

55 70

45 55

60 80

50 60

II

60 80

50 60

II

70 - 90

55 - 70

I
I

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SODQWHORU SH VXSUDID D FXOWLYDW  'LVWDQ HOH GH FP DVLJXU  FDSWDUHD XQHL PDL PDUL FDQWLW

L GH

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VH XVXF  PDL UHSHGH VDX GH -6cm pe solurile argiloase, n zonelH XPHGH 6HP QDWXO OD DGkQFLPH
PDL PDUH vQWkU]LH U V ULUHD FX - RUH SHQWUX ILHFDUH FHQWLPHWUX Q VFKLPE U G FLQLOH DX DFHHDL
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6HP QDWXO VH IDFH FX VHP Q WRULOH SQHXPDWLFH 63&

-6,8,12, de precizie, care distribuie pe

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/XFU

ULOHGHvQJULMLUH

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porumb n primele 3- V

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PHQ LQHUHD VROXOXL vQ VWDUH DIkQDW  DVLJXU  RE LQHUHD GH SURGXF LL ULGLFDWH /XFU ULOH GH vQJULMLUH DX
UROXOLGHDFRPEDWHG XQ WRULVDXGHDDVLJXUDIHUWLOL]DUHDVXSOLPHQWDU 

Combaterea buruienilor WDEHOXO VHIDFHDSOLFkQGGRX


cu folosirea erbicidelor;
I U IRORVLUHDHUELFLGHORU
1.

VWUDWHJLL

Q FD]XO FkQG QX VH IRORVHVF HUELFLGH FRPEDWHUHD EXUXLHQLORU VH IDFH  SULQ  JU SDW vQDLQWH GH
U V ULUHOXFU ULFXVDSDURWDWLY SUDLOHPHFDQLFHLSUDLOHPDQXDOH

JU SDWXO vQDLQWH GH U V ULUH VH IDFH FX JUDSD FX FRO L  *&5

-1,7 , la cca 5 zile de la

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OXFUDUHD FX VDSD URWDWLY  DVLJXU  GLVWUXJHUHD EXUXLHQLORU vQ FXUV GH U V ULUH SUHFXP L
DIkQDUHD VROXOXL SH WRDW  O

LPHD GH OXFUX /XFUDUHD VH H[HFXW  FkQG SO

antele au 4-5
IUXQ]H SHUSHQGLFXODU SH UkQGXULOH GH SODQWH L QXPDL SH WLPS vQVRULW 6H SRW IDFH -2
OXFU UL FX VDSD URWDWLY  SkQ  FkQG SODQWHOH vQFHS V  ILH UXSWH GH D[HOH VHF LLORU VDSHL

rotative;

SU LWXO PHFDQLF DVLJXU  GLVWUXJHUHD EXUXLHQLORU vQ VSD

iile dintre rndurile de porumb

PDL SX LQ vQ ]RQD GH SURWHF LH  SUHFXP L DIkQDUHD VROXOXL SH DFHVW VSD LX3UDLOH
PHFDQLFHvQQXP UGH VHHIHFWXHD] FXFXOWLYDWRUXO&36

-6 sau CPS-8 la interval de


10-15 zile ntre ele.Pentru a proteja plantele de pRUXPEODSULPDSUDLO YLWH]DGHOXFUX
HVWHGHNPRU DGkQFLPHDGHOXFUXSRDWHILGH-FPLDU]RQDGHSURWHF LHGH
FP GH R SDUWH L FHDODOW  D UkQGXOXL GH SODQWH/D SUDLOD D GRXD YLWH]D GH OXFUX SRDWH
FUHWH OD  NPRU  LDU ]RQD GH SURWHF LH FUHWH OD  FP GH ILHFDUH SDUWH D UkQGXOXL/D
SUDLODDWUHLDFkQGU G FLQLOHSODQWHORUGHSRUXPEVXQWWRWPDLGH]YROWDWHDGkQFLPHDGH

lucru scade la 5-FP]RQDGHSURWHF LHFUHWHODFPLDUYLWH]DGHOXFUXSRDWHFUHWH


la 10-NPRU 

ConcRPLWHQWFXSUDLODPHFDQL]DW

WUHEXLHI FXW SUDLODPDQXDO vQWUHSODQWHSHUkQGLSH

]RQDGHSURWHF LHSHQWUXGLVWUXJHUHDEXUXLHQLORULDIkQDUHDVROXOXL

Tabelul 3.5.
Principalele buruieni din culturile de porumb
Dicotiledonate anuale

Dicotiledonate perene

Monocotiledonate anuale

Monocotiledonate perene

Pteridofite perene
2.

Hibiscus trionum
Galinsoga parviflora
Amaranthus retroflexus
Chenopodium album
Polygonum persicaria
Sinapis arvensis
Polygonum convolvulus
Ranunculus sardous
Xanthium italicum
Stellaria media
Polygonum lapathifolium
Polygonum aviculare
Veronica persica
Solanum nigrum
Portulaca oleracea
Stachys annua
Thlaspi arvense
Amaranthus cholorostachys
Amaranthus blitoides
Capsella bursa-pastoris
Convolvulus arvensis
Cirsium arvense
Rubus ceasius
Lathyrus tuberosus
Sonchus arvensis
Aristolochia clematitis
Echinochloa crus-galli
Setaria glauca
Digitaria sanquinalis
Setaria viridis
Avena fatua
Erafostis poaeoides
Setaria verticillata
Agrophyron repens
Cynodon dactylon
Sorghum halepense
Equisetum arvense

Q VWUDWHJLD GH FRPEDWHUH D EXUXLHQLORU SULQ IRORVLUHD HUELFLGHORU HVWH QHFHVDU  FRPEDWHUHD
LQWHJUDW DEXUXLHQLORUFDUHFRQVW vQDSOLFDUHDvQFRPSOH[DP VXULORUDJURWHKQLFHLFKLPLFH
)RORVLUHD HUELFLGHORU DUH HILFDFLWDWH PD[LP  QXPDL GDF  VH FRUHOHD]  VSHFWUXO GH DF LXQH D

erbicidului folosit cu structura speciilor de buruieni. Pentru a cuprinde n spectrul de combatere un


QXP U FkW PDL PDUH GH VSHFLL GH EXUXLHQL WUHEXLH V  VH IRORVHDVF   VDX PDL PXOWH HUELFLGH Q

IXQF LHGHPRGXOGHDF LXQHDHUELFLGHORU GHFRQWDFWGHLQKLEDUHDJHUPLQD LHLHWF DFHVWHDVHYRU


DSOLFDvQDLQWHGHVHP QDWVDXGXS DSDUL LDEXUXLHQLORUvQFXOWXUDGHSRUXPE
&HOH PDL EXQH UH]XOWDWH DX GDW DVRFLD LLOH GH HUELFLGH DOF WXLWH GLQWU XQ HUELFLG SH ED]  GH

DWUD]LQLXQHUELFLGDQWLJUDPLQHLFDSOLFDWHODSUHJ WLUHDSDWXOXLJHUPLQDWLYFRPSOHWDWHFXDSOLFDUHD
XQXLHUELFLGGHFRQWDFWvQWLPSXOYHJHWD LHLSHQWUXFRPEDWHUHDXQRUVSHFLLUH]LVWHQWH'HDVHPHQHD
DOHJHUHDFRPELQD LHLGHHUELFLGH LDGR]HORU IRORVLWHVHPDLIDFHvQIXQF LH GHFRQ LQXWXOVROXOXLvQ
PDWHULH RUJDQLF  L GH IDSWXO F  YRU IL FXOWLYDWH VDX QX SODQWH PDL SX LQ UH]LVWHQWH OD HUELFLGH
UHPDQHQWH3H WHUHQXULOHFX XQ FRQ LQXW PDL PDUH vQ KXPXV GDF  XUPHD]  WRW R FXOWXU  GH SRUXPE

dozele se folosesc spre limLWDPD[LP LDUSHVROXULOHFXXQFRQ LQXWPDLPLFGHKXPXVVDXGDF VH


vor cultiva plante mai sensibile la erbicidele remanente, dozele folosite vor fi spre limitele
inferioare (tabelul 3.6.).
Tabelul 3.6.
'R]HOHGHHUELFLGHvQIXQF LHGHFRQ LQXWXOVROXlui n humus
(UELFLGH SURGXVFRPHUFLDO LFRQ LQXWXOVROXOXL

Erbicide
recomandate
a) Pitezin 75 sau Onezin 50 PU +
+ Diizocab sau Mecloran SDMA
b) Pitezin 75 sau
Onezin 50 PU

n humus
34%
2,5 3,0
4,0 4,5
1,75 2,0
6,0 6,5
9,0 10,0

23%
2,0 2,5
3,0 4,0
1,75 2,0
4,5 6,0
7,0 9,0

peste 4 %
3,0 3,5
4,5 5,0
1,75 2,0
6,5 7,0
10,0 11,0

&kQG VH DGPLQLVWUHD]   DPHVWHF GH $WUD]LQ FX 'LL]RFDE HUELFLGHOH VH DSOLF  vQDLQWH GH
VHP QDW L VH vQFRUSRUHD]  LPHGLDW GXS  DSOLFDUH GHRDUHFH 'LL]RFDEXO HVWH YRODWLO L VH SLHUGH GLQ
VXEVWDQ DDFWLY 

De asemenea, porumbul se poate erbicida numai cu Diizocab (4-8 l/ha) sau cu Eradicane,
Alirox (6-10 l/ha), care trebuie ncorporate n sol, imediat ce s-au aplicat pe teren. Erbicidele
SDMA VDX ,FHGLQ VH DSOLF  FkQG SRUXPEXO HVWH vQ ID]D GH - IUXQ]H DOWIHO SRDWH V  SURGXF 
GLPLQXDUHD SURGXF LHL HOH FRPEDW EXUXLHQLOH GLQ JHQXULOH Cirsium, Sonchus, Rubus. Pentru
EXUXLHQLOHUH]LVWHQWHOD6'0$VDX,FHGLQvQWLPSXOYHJHWD LHLVHSRDWHIRORVL erbicidul Basagran, n
GR] GH-OKDPSRWULYDFRVWUHLXOXLGLQUL]RPLVHIRORVHWHHUELFLGXO7HOO:vQGR] GH-60
g/ha,cnd porumbul are 4-IUXQ]HLFRVWHLXODUH-3 frunze.
Q WRDWH VLWXD LLOH FkQG VH DSOLF  HUELFLGH VH IDF OXFU UL PHFDQL]DWH GH DIkQDUH D VROXOXL L
FKLDULQWHUYHQ LLPDQXDOHSHQWUXGLVWUXJHUHDEXUXLHQLORUUH]LVWHQWHODHUELFLGH

Combaterea bolilor DUH vQ YHGHUH DSOLFDUHD XQRU P

VXUL SUHYHQWLYH SHQWUX HYLWDUHD EROLORU

SURGXVH GH W FLXQHOH FRPXQ L GH IXVDULXP $FHVWHD FRQVWDX vQ IRORVLUHD KLEUL]LORU UH]LVWHQ L
WUDWDUHDVHPLQ HLFX707'vQWUHUXSHUHDURWD LHLJUkX
&RPEDWHUHD G

XQ

-porumb sau a monoculturii de porumb.

WRULORU DUH vQ YHGHUH GLPLQXDUHD SDJXEHORU SURGXVH GH U

porumbului (Tanymecus dilaticolis) sau de vierPLL VkUP

LRDUD

Agriotes sp.). Atacul se previne prin

WUDWDUHD VHPLQ HORU FX LQVHFWLFLGH VDX SULQ WUDWDUHD VROXOXL FX )XUDGDQ * Q YHJHWD LH vPSRWULYD
U

LRDUHLVHIDFWUDWDPHQWHFX/LQGDWR[vQGR]HGH

-40 kg /ha.

(YDOXDUHDSURGXF LHLPHGLLGHS

orumb

3HQWUX D VH IDFH HYDOXDUHD SURGXF LHL PHGLL GH SRUXPE vQ ILHFDUH SXQFW GH FRQWURO VH
GHWHUPLQ 

QXP UXOGHWLXOH L PDULPLMORFLLLPLFL 


QXP UXOGHERDEHvQWLXOH L DOHLGXS FDWHJRULLOHDPLQWLWH 
QXP UXOPHGLXGHERDEHSHXQWLXOHWH

(Nb).

$VWIHOQXP UXOPHGLXGHWLXOH LODKDVHDIO IRORVLQGIRUPXOD

Nst =

nst 10000
,
s np

n care:
QW -QXP UXOWLXOH LORUGLQWRDWHSXQFWHOHGHFRQWURO
s -VXSUDID DSXQFWXOXLGHFRQWUROPHWULS WUD L
np -QXP UXOSXQFWHORUGHFRQWURO
Cu acHVWHGDWHVHSRDWHFDOFXODLSURGXF LDPHGLHGHERDEH 4NJKD 
Nst Nb MMB
Q=
1.000.000

3.7. Recoltarea
3HQWUX ERDEH SRUXPEXO VH UHFROWHD]  OD PDWXULWDWHD GHSOLQ  OD   ]LOH GXS  RILOLUHD

P W VLL WLXOH LORU&D LQGLFL GH UHFXQRDWHUH HQXPHU P  WLXOH LL VXQW ULJL]L L SkUkLH FkQG VXQW
U VXFL L vQ PkLQL ERDEHOH V DX vQW ULW L D DS UXW SRWFRYL D OD ORFXO GH LQVHU LH SH FLRF O X LDU

frunzele s-DXvQJ

OEHQLW

&DPHWRGHGHUHFROWDUHVHSUDFWLF UHFROWDUHDPDQXDO VDXPHFDQL]DW 

5HFROWDUHD PDQXDO  VH SRDWH IDFH vQ GLIHULWH YDULDQWH  GHVSULQGHUHD WLXOH LORU FX S QXL L
GHS QXDUHD OD XQ ORF GH GHSR]LWDUHGHVSULQGHUHD WLXOHWXOXL GHS QXDWW LHUHD vQWUHJLL SODQWH
VFRDWHUHD OD XQ ORF GH GHSR]LWDUH L GHS QXDUHD vQ ORFXO UHVSHFWLY GHS QXDUHD SH W

eren la

JU PH]LOHGHSODQWHW LDWH 

5HFROWDUHDPHFDQL]DW VHIDFHVXEIRUP GHERDEHVDXWLXOH L5HFROWDUHDvQWLXOH LVHIDFHFX


FRPELQD WUDFWDW  &

 3 VDX  DXWRSURSXOVDW  & 6 P, cnd boabele au umiditatea de 28de boabe se face cu combina C   8 HFKLSDW  FX FXOHJ WRUXO GH

5HFROWDUHD VXE IRUP


WLXOH L &6

  L HFKLSDPHQWXO GH WUHLHU (75HFROWDUHD vQFHSH FkQG ERDEHOH DX XPLGLWDWHD GH
24-25%, lundu-VHP VXULFRUHVSXQ] WRDUHGHXVFDUH
3 VWUDUHD SRUXPEXOXL VXE IRUP  GH WLXOH L VH IDFH vQ S WXOH GLQ LSFL GH OHPQ VDX SODV  GH

VkUP  XQGH WLXOH LL VXQW VXSXL SHUPDQHQW FXUHQ LORU GH DHU SHQWUX XVFDUH6XE IRUP  GH ERDEH VH
S VWUHD]  vQ PDJD]LL GH VFkQGXU  VDX vQ FHOXOH GH VLOR] GLQ EHWRQ SHQWUX S VWUDUHD VXE IRUP  GH

boabe, porumbXOWUHEXLHV

DLE XPLGLWDWHDGHFFD

3URGXF LLOHRE LQXWH

ntr-RFXOWXU

QRUPDO VXQWGH

-8000 kg boabe/ha pe teren neirigat,


7000-NJKDSHWHUHQFXDSRUWIUHDWLFL-15000 kg/ha pe teren irigat.

&XOWXUDLULJDW DSRUXPEXOXL

PorXPEXO SRDWH GD vQ FRQGL LL GH LULJDUH SURGXF LL GH - RUL PDL PDUL GHFkW vQ FRQGL LL GH
QHLULJDUHvQDQLLFXSUHFLSLWD LLQRUPDOHDMXQJkQGODSURGXF LLGH-15 t boabe/ha.
QFXOWDUDLULJDW WUHEXLHV VHIRORVHDVF KLEUL]LGHPDUHSURGXFWLYLWDWHFDSDELOLV YDORULILFH
GR]HPDULGHvQJU PLQWHLV ILHUH]LVWHQ LODIUkQJHUH/

-400, F-412, F-418, F-420, P-374, F-378,

P-3732, P- 'H DVHPHQHD vQ FRQGL LL GH LULJDUH WHUHQXO WUHEXLH V  ILH PDL ELQH SUHJ WLW L
nivelat, pentru a asigura densitatea uQLIRUP  L U V ULUHD XQLIRUP  'HQVLW LLOH IRORVLWH VXQW PDL
mari (70-85 mii plante/ha), iar dozele de erbicide sunt mai mici.

5HJLPXO GH LULJDUH WUHEXLH V  DVLJXUH PHQ LQHUHD XPLGLW

LL vQ VWUDWXO GH  FP DGkQFLPH OD

nivelul de 50-70% din umiditatea acFHVLELO  SHQWUX SODQWHQ DFHVW VFRS OD LQWHUYDOH GH
12-14 zile, n perioada 20 iunie-15 august se vor aplica 3- XG UL FX QRUPH GH XGDUH GH
700-800 metrii cubi/ha.
QFXOWXUDLULJDW DUHRPDUHHILFLHQ IHUWLOL]DUHD-70t/ha gunoi de grajd.

&XOWXUDVXFFHVLY

GHSRUXPE

&XOWXUD VXFFHVLY  GH SRUXPE vQILLQ DW  GXS  UHFROWDUHD XQRU SUHPHUJ WRDUH WLPSXULL
UHXHWH vQ VSHFLDO vQ &kPSLD GH 6XG L 'REURJHD6HP QDWXO WUHEXLH V  VH vQFKHLH FHO PDL W U]LX
SkQ  OD  LXQLH L V  VH IRORVHDVF  KLEUL]L WLPSXULL  ) ) HWF&XOWXUD VXFFHVLY  GH SRUXPE
HVWHVLJXU SHWHUHQXULOHLULJDWHXQGHVHSRDWHDVLJXUDXGDUHDGHU V ULUH PHWULLFXELDS KD L

de 3-XG

ULvQYHJHWD LHFXQRUPHGH PHWULLFXELDS KDIL

3URGXF LLOHRE LQXWHsunt de 3500-7000kg boabe/ha.

ecare.