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Teacher’s Edition 7
Teacher’s Edition
7

Maths Dimensions

essential learning

PDF version

Chapter 1

Whole Number Revision 1

Homework Book Answers

• Fill the 7-litre bucket.

• Pour water from it into the 5-litre bucket until the 5-litre bucket is full (this will remove 3 litres from the 7-litre bucket).

is full (this will remove 3 litres from the 7-litre bucket). 1A Place value   •

1A

Place value

 

• 4 litres of water will remain in the 7-litre bucket.

1

a 31

b

703

c

2000

d

400 900

1G

Order of operations

 

2

a Twelve

 

1

a

16

b

18

c

4

d

11

e

4

f

36

b Four thousand and ten

 

2

a

6 × (5 2)

b

20 (8 6)

c

36 ÷ (6 ÷ 3)

c Seven million

 

3

a

(3 + 8) × 2

 

b

62 (10 × 5)

 

d Forty-five thousand, three hundred and thirteen

4

a

7

b

8

c

6

3

7 hundreds

 

4

306 804

5

a

15

b

9

c

34

d

10

e

16

f

5

5

a

87 621 b 12 678

6

2057

6

a

63

b

2

c

25

d13

Puzzle

 

e

2

f

36

g

27

h

8

‘ten-two’

i

36

j

130

k

44

l

12

1B

Addition

 

7

a

2 × $800 + 3 × $500 + $100

b

$3200

 

1

a 669

 

b

5190

8

a

8 × (29 + 11)

 

b

320

2

a 9523

b

7420

9

Multiplying and dividing take priority over addition

3

$148

4

11 808 km

 

and subtraction.

5

a

South Australia: 23 035

 

Puzzle

 
 

Western Australia: 28 468

‘thousand’

 
 

b

July

c

51 503

1H

Estimation

 

d

Add the totals for each of the 4 months.

 

1

b 41 + 503 40 + 500 = 540

 

1C

Subtraction

 

c 793 58 790 60 = 730

1

a

716

b

9279

d 49 × 11 50 × 10 = 500

 

2

a

88

b

894

e 798 ÷ 10 800 ÷ 10 = 80

3

162 minutes

 

f 102 × 39 100 × 40 = 4000

 

4

Geelong to Lorne: 66 km

 

2

$160 ÷ $19 $160 ÷ $20 = 8 gifts

Lorne to Port Campbell: 141 km Port Campbell to Warrnambool: 66 km

3

299 + 433 + 318 + 960 300 + 450 + 300 + 950 = 2000; 2000 km

Puzzle

12

Whole Number Revision 2

1D

Multiplication

 

1

a 3114

 

b

28 956

 

2

a 2033

b

19 110

3

$169

 

4

19

5

$785

1E

Division

 

1

a 413

 

b

89

2

a 1247

b

8041

3

292 litres

 

4

a

129

b

the number of students who paid for tickets

1F

Doubling and halving

 

1

a

10 × 69 = 690

 

b

36 × 100 = 3600

c

18 × 100 = 1800

 

d

100 × 97 = 9700

e

1000 × 19 = 19 000

 

2

a

560

b

800

c

330

d

392

e

600

3

a

1400

b

1670

c

342 000

4

$500

 

Puzzle

• Pour from a full 7-litre bucket into the 5-litre bucket— this leaves 2 litres in the 7-litre bucket.

• Empty the 5-litre bucket.

• Pour the 2 litres into the 5-litre bucket.

The four 4s puzzle

1

= 4 4 + 4 ÷ 4

2 = 4 ÷ 4 + 4 ÷ 4

3

= (4 + 4 + 4) ÷ 4

4 = (4 4) × 4 + 4

5

= (4 × 4 + 4) ÷ 4

6 = (4 + 4) ÷ 4 + 4

7

= 4 + 4 4 ÷ 4

8 = 4 × 4 (4 + 4)

9

= 4 + 4 ÷ 4 + 4

1J

Number systems of the past

 

1

a

13

b

51

c

20

d

156

e

1353

f

1500

2

a

VI

b

XIV

c

XXI

d

LXI

e

XXIX

f

MM

3

Roman numerals are harder to read quickly, and the filmmaker or TV network does not want viewers to realise that the film may be fairly old.

4

a XIV = 14

 

b

LXIV = 64

 

5

a MDC = 1600

b

MDCL = 1650

Two logic puzzles

1 Inhabitant 1: elf, Inhabitant 2: elf, Inhabitant 3: troll

2 The bar should be cut immediately in two places—to make three pieces.

The three separate pieces will be one-seventh, two-sevenths and four-sevenths.

Instalment 1:

Bank pays the person a one-seventh bit

Instalment 2:

The person returns the one-seventh bit and the bank pays the person a two-sevenths bit

Homework Book Answers

1

Homework Book Answers Instalment 3: The bank gives the one-seventh bit back to the person

Homework Book Answers

Instalment 3:

The bank gives the one-seventh bit back to the person

Instalment 4:

The person returns the one- and two-sevenths bits, and then the bank pays them with a four-sevenths bit

Instalment 5:

The bank gives the one-seventh bit to the person

Instalment 6:

The person returns the one-seventh bit and the bank pays the person a two-sevenths bit

Instalment 7:

The bank gives the one-seventh bit to the person

Chapter 2

Number Patterns 1

3 32

a

b

216

4 false

a

b

true

5 4 × 25 = 100; 100 3 = 1 000 000

a

6 2 + 2 2 + 2 3

a

b

14

2G Squares and square roots

1 b

a

36

144

c

64

2 0 and 1

a

3 5

b

10

c

9

4

a

625

b

2025

c

12 544

d

139 129

5 b

a

33

216

c

0·72

6 1

Extended-answer question:

Larger and smaller squares

2A

Exploring number patterns

 

1

Number

Square

The square is than the number

1

 

21, 26, 31, 36

 

b

       

a

13, 17, 23, 30

 

39

1521

bigger

 

d

 
 

c

64, 55, 46, 37

26, 37, 50, 65

 

2

4

bigger

2

a
a
 

b

1, 3, 6, 10, 15

0·3

0·09

smaller

 

0·767

0·588 289

smaller

c

2, 3, 4, 5

d

21, 28, 36, 45

 

15

225

bigger

2B

Multiples

 

1·2

1·44

bigger

0·98

0·9604

smaller

1

a

8, 16, 24, 32, 40

 

b

20, 40, 60, 80, 100

 

2

The list gives the multiples of 4.

5·001

25·010 001

bigger

3

56, 63, 70, 77, 84, 91, 98

 

2

39, 2, 15, 1·2, 5·001

 

4

a 12, 24, 36

 

b

36, 72, 108

 

3

0·3, 0·767, 0·98

5

a 40

b

60

4

1, because 1 2 = 1; and also 0

6

a 12 days

b

84 days

5

a numbers greater than 1

2C

Factors

b numbers between 0 and 1

1

a

{1, 2, 4, 8}

b

{1, 3, 5, 15}

2H Prime factors

c

{1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24}

 

d

{1, 11}

1

60 = 2 × 2 × 3 × 5

2

1

3

7 is not a factor of 99

2

a 24 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 3

4

a

2 × 36, 3 × 24, 4 × 18, 6 × 12, 8 × 9

b

12

b 400 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 5 × 5

5

{1, 3, 9}

 

c 50 = 2 × 5 × 5

 

6

a

2

b

1

7

$20

d 98 = 2 × 7 × 7

2D Divisibility tests

1

a

no

b

yes

c

no

d

yes

2

0, 2, 4, 6, 8

 

3

A number is divisible by 5 if it ends in 0 or 5.

4

7 + 1 + 5 + 5 = 18, which is divisible by 9.

 

5

a

8004

b

8001

Number Patterns 2

2E

Exploring primes and composites

1

2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43, 47

Multiples of 4 and 6 are also multiples of 2, and numbers divisible by 2 have already been removed.

2

53

3

1 has only 1 factor

4

a 91

b 91 = 7 × 13 so it has more than two factors Its factors are {1, 7, 13, 91}.

2F

Index notation

1

a 5 4

b

67 3

2

a 8 × 8

b

9 × 9 × 9 × 9 × 9 × 9

2 Maths Dimensions 7 Teacher’s Edition CD

e 120 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 3 × 5

f 57 = 3 × 19

Extended-answer question:

Goldbach’s conjecture

Several answers are possible. Here is one (with some alternatives):

4

= 2 + 2

6 = 3 + 3

8

= 3 + 5

10 = 5 + 5

12

= 7 + 5

14 = 7 + 7

16

= 3 + 13 (or 5 + 11)

18 = 7 + 11

20

= 3 + 17

22 = 11 + 11

24

= 5 + 19 (or 13 + 11)

26 = 13 + 13

28

= 11 + 17

30 = 13 + 17

32

= 3 + 29

34 = 17 + 17

36

= 5 + 31

38 = 19 + 19

40

= 17 + 23

42 = 5 + 37

44

= 3 + 41

46 = 23 + 23

48

= 5 + 43

50 = 3 + 47

Second part:

21

= 3 + 7 + 11

23 = 5 + 7 + 11

25

= 3 + 5 + 17

27 = 3 + 5 + 19

29

= 5 + 11 + 13

2I

1

2

Odds and evens

a even

13 Pluto Place, 17 Pluto Place

b

odd

c

even

3 4 4 4 + 6 + 8 5 + Odd Even − Odd Even
3
4
4
4 + 6 + 8
5
+
Odd
Even
Odd
Even
Odd
Even
Odd
Odd
Even
Odd
Even
Odd
Even
Even
Odd
Even
×
Odd
Even
Odd
Odd
Even
Even
Even
Even
6 a
either odd or even
b
8 ÷ 4 = 2 which is even
6 ÷ 2 = 3 which is odd
Extended-answer question: Oddities
1
a
4
b
9
c
16
2
100
3
20 2 : 20 × 20 = 400
4
the sum of the first n odd numbers is n × n.
Extended-answer question: Last digits
a
Powers of 7
Value
Last digit
1
7
7
7
2
7
49
9
3
7
343
3
4
7
2401
1
5
7
16 807
7
6
7
117
649
9
7
7
823
543
3

b

1

c

1

d

1, 5, 6, 10

 

Chapter 3

 

Fractions 1

3A

Shaded diagrams

 

1

a

1

---

b

4

------

 

1

4

1

or

---

c

------

or

---

 

2

12

3

12

3

2

4

---

3

7

------

 

1

4

8

or

---

------

 

7

28

4

13

5

7

3

67

---

6

3

------

------

or

---

 

50

5

16

8

8

 

3

6

a

B and D

b

---

---

4

2

,

8

9 abcd

---

---

---

1

2

4

---

 

2

5

3

9

3B

1

2

a

6

Mixed numbers and improper fractions

3

---

4

1

3

---

2 5

---

1 b

3

minutes

c

1

1

------

10

Homework Book Answers

3

abc

------

------

2

19

------

5

7

b

19

13

23

37

------

8

4 a

3C

Adding with the same denominator

1 abc

---

---

4

1

7

2

1

d

3

---

5

e

2 a

8

3

---

5

f

9

2

---

5

Helena should not have added the two bottom numbers (denominators).

b Fractions 2
b
Fractions 2

c

4

---

5

3D

Adding with different denominators

1 abcd

------

------

------

9

19

19

2

3F

e

13

------

20

20

4

17

------

20

f

20

5

---

6

3 a

5

8

24

b

2

Subtracting with the same

denominator

3

2

---

3

1 abcd

---

---

---

1

1

1

5

4

4

2

1

---

2

e

3G

Subtracting with different denominators

1

1

abcd

------

------

------

24 10

5

3

7

------

24 20

1

1

2

---

5

e

2

4

---

5

3

------

10

2

3I

1

------

10

3

7

------

20

Multiplying fractions

1

abc

------

---

6

1

35

8

16

d

1

---

5

 

1

1

 

e

3

---

3

f

3

---

g

1

 

3

2

 

1

------

10

Fractions 3

 

3J Dividing fractions

 

1

 

1

b

3

 

1

a

---

 

c

---

4

2

2

 

3

b

3

a

---

------

 

8

14

3

a

9

b

5

 

c

1

---

------

8

12

4

abcd

------

---

------

10

5

7

27

8

50

8

5 a

3

2

------

11

b

7

---

9

c

34

1 ------

35

Homework Book Answers

3

8 12 4 abcd ------ --- ------ 10 5 7 27 8 50 8 5 a
Homework Book Answers 6 8 3K 1 2 3 4 2 7 1 --- 2

Homework Book Answers

6

8

3K

1

2

3

4

2

7

1

---

2

1

---

2

pies

7 3

3

---

4

books per hour

÷ 5 =

15

------

4

×

1

---

5

Fractions of quantities

a

a

3

---

4

14

$20

× 60 = 45

$36

b

28

b

c

21 cm

15

5 7

1

---

2

c

hours

=

d

15

------

20

69

=

70 kg

3

---

4

6 160 minutes or 2 hours, 40 minutes

7

a

1

---

5

b

1

---

5

× 60 = 12; 12 minutes

Fractions 4

3L

Squares and square roots of fractions

1 abc

------

---

25

1

64

1

---

4

5

9

1

1

7

---

9

2

a

6

b

c

3 abc

---

---

6

8

16

---------

121

41

------

64

5

7

------

10

4

3M Order of operations

1

1

---

3

a

b 2

1 a

9

b 6

1

---

3

1

---

2

 

2 abcd

------

------

------

13

13

11

16

24

15

6

1

---

2

 

f

1

 

e

5

------

 

12

 

Chapter 4

 

Decimals and Percentages 1

 

4A

Place value and notation

 

1

 

Thousands

 

Hundreds

 

Tens

Units

·

Tenths

 

Hundredths

 
 

a

63·1

     

6

3

·

1

 

b

510·91

   

5

1

0

·

9

 

1

c

4000·2

   

4

0

0

0·2

     

d

0·07

       

0 0

 

· 7

   

e

31·59

     

3

1 5

 

· 9

   

2

a

50·4

b

9·39

c

6034·1

Decimals and Percentages 2

 

d

300·2

e

0·005

4D Adding decimals

 

3

a

9 tens

b

9 tenths

c

9 units

d

9 hundredths

 

1

a

5·6

b

1·7

c

15·01

d

5·844

e

9 thousandths

 

2

$12·25

3

42·1°C

4

47·4 kg

 

4

a

False

b

True

c

 

False

d

True

4E

Subtracting decimals

 

5

a

Thousandths

b

0·03 g

1

a

0·25

b

1·75

c

13·35

d

0·28

6

a

0·8

b

12·8

c

 

1·2

d

17·001

2

10·84 seconds

3

0·85 litres

4

154·8 cm

7

0·043, 0·403, 0·43, 4·03, 4·3

 

4F

Multiplying decimals

 

8

a

Apples

b

Apples

c

Apples

1

a

0·12

b

0·4

c

0·12

d

9·6

e

0·6

4B

Estimation of decimals

2

a

0·12

b

0·143

c

13·44

d

0·0002

1

Question

 

Approximate

 

Estimated

Actual

3

×

 

0·2

 

4

0·05

 

1·2

question

answer

 

answer

0·1

 

0·02

 

0·4

0·005

 

0·12

 

(calculator)

0·3

 

0·06

 

1·2

0·015

 

0·36

49·11 ÷ 5·1

   

50

÷ 5

 

10

 

9·629

0·08

 

0·016

 

0·32

0·004

 

0·096

13·98 + 1·9

   

14

+ 2

 

16

 

15·88

0·12

 

0·024

 

0·48

0·006

 

0·0144

1·88 0·93

   

2

1

 

1

 

0·95

     

4

a

25·2

 

b

29·13

c

2·216

d

24·7538

         

6·07 × 5·97

   

6

× 6

 

36

 

36·2379

5

$18·80

6 a

$7·80

b

$2·20

 
 

2

a

90 ÷ 50 = 1·8

b

$1·95

3

600

7

$91·52

4C

Rounding decimals

 

8

a

$8·31

b

$29·44

c

$10·55 if given in cash

1 5·8

a

b

13·1

c

 

0·5

d

42·6

4G Dividing by whole numbers

1 a 6·91

b

0·113

c

63·3

d

 

2 3·63

a

 

b

0·17

0·2175

3 b

a

1·438

16·259

c

0·001

 

2 $5·35 ÷ 3 = $1·78 or $1·80 if paying in cash

4 6·7 kg

 

5 a

$7·99

b

$8·00

3 $8·79

 

4 Maths Dimensions 7 Teacher’s Edition CD

Decimals and Percentages 3

4H Dividing by decimals

1

a 2

b

48·2

c

9830

d

1·8 ÷ 9

2

a 155

b

9·64

c

4915

d

0·2

3

a 21

b

210

c

21

d

21 000

4

a 0·296

b

4·4

c

2·099

d

615·9

5

50

6

250

7

87·9 cents

8

25 days

4I

Exploring powers of 10

 

1

a

29

b

538·1

c

4·9

d

6300

e

57·91

f

0·438

2

a

2·345

b

0·0036

c

0·732

d

0·001 56

e

60·034

f

0·007

4K

1

2

3

Fractions and decimals

a

0·8

b

0·75

 

c

0·875

 

d

0·35

a

0·3125

b

1·5

c

3·175

a

0·444

444 444

 

b

0·232 323 232

c

5·188 888 888

d

60·658 658 658

 

˙

˙

a

2

b

18

c

14·0

7

d

3· 192

 

˙

a

8

b

0· 27

Converting decimals to fractions

4

5

4L

1

2

abcd

---

------

------

4

6

1

e

5

5

---

8

a 1

3

---

4

e 14

3

------

25

f

b

f

25

201

---------

250

2

---

5

7

2

9 ---

8

c

20

5

1

---------

125

d

17

------

25

76 ---------

200

63

Decimals and Percentages 4

4M Percentages

1 35% 2 3 a 86% b 14%
1
35%
2
3
a 86%
b
14%

4

5

6

7

4N Finding percentages of quantities

abcd

---

---

------

5

4

25

1

3

2

16

------

25

Less than half; half would be 50%.

a 80%

b

15%

c

24%

a 49%

b

5%

c

71·8%

1

a

$30

b

38

c

72 m

d

$112

2

$180

 

3

144 kg

 

4O Calculating percentages

1

300 students

2

30

3

a

75

b

325

4

a

$45·90

b

$195·50

 

5

The Eski fridge is cheaper: it costs $1300 35% of $1300; $1300 $455 = $845 The Chillaway costs $1150 20% of $1150; $920

Homework Book Answers

Extension: Squares and square roots

1

a

9·61

b

0·16

c

39·0625

d

0·000 144

e

52·2729

f

0·023 104

2

a

0·7

b

2·7

c

2·88

d

0·13

e

0·587

f

14·28

Chapter 5

Length and Perimeter 1

5A

Units used to measure lengths

 

1

a

m

b

cm