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Building Value

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C`r`mizi. Create pentru tine.
Sistemul de c`r`mizi POROTHERM
2
1. Cer|rte s| pr|rc|p|| erera|e ce prc|ectare s|
exec0t|e
Introducere
lr ccrc|t|||e spec|f|ce c|r Fcnr|a 0rce |a |rterva|e ce t|np apar
sc||c|tar| except|cra|e ce t|p0| c0tren0re|cr, ncc0| |cr ce nar|festare
ca s| efect0| acestcra as0pra ccrstr0ct|||cr a0 0r caracter |nprev|z|L||,
p0terr|c a|eatcr. O|r aceste nct|ve ef|c|erta nas0r||cr ce prctect|e
art|se|sn|ca pcate f| j0cecata r0na| ir ncc stat|st|c. Astfe|
respcrsaL|||tatea pertr0 prctect|a art|se|sn|ca a ccrstr0ct|||cr
treL0|e eva|0ata pe Laza cr|ter|||cr pr|v|rc respectarea prevecer||cr
rcrne|cr s| prescr|pt|||cr ce prc|ectare, ce exec0t|e s| ce exp|catare.
Fata ce ce|e ce na| s0s treL0|e sa irte|een ca prcL|enat|ca
prctect|e| art|se|sn|ce este 0r s|sten cesc||s, perfect|L|| ccrt|r00 s|
are |a Laza f0rcanertar|| s| cezvc|tar|| sa|e ever|nerte|e s| na| a|es
0rnar||e acestcra.
F|ecare ever|nert ce t|p se|sn|c ccrf|rna sa0 |rf|rna nas0r||e ce
a0 fcst |np|enertate ir cacr0| prcces0|0| ce ccrcept|e s| rea||zare a
ccrstr0ct|||cr, spec|f|cate ir prescr|pt|| va|aL||e |a 0r ncnert cat.
O|r acest nct|v, atraen atert|a, irca ce |a ircep0t, ca cate|e s|
pr|rc|p|||e er0nerate ir prezerta |0crare reprez|rta r0na| c parte a
prescr|pt|||cr ce treL0|e av0te ir vecere |a prc|ectarea s| rea||zarea
0re| ccrstr0ct|| c0 str0ct0ra ce rez|sterta c|r z|car|e pcrtarta s|
ref ecta stac|0| cercetar|| ir ccner|0 |a cra act0a|a.
NOT~
Oate|e c0pr|rse ir prezerta ccc0nertat|e a0 0r caracter cr|ertat|v s|
r0 v|r sa s0p||reasca sa0 sa ir|cc0|asca cer|rte|e |ea|e c|r ccner|0.
Ca|et0| ce prc|ectare is| prcp0re sa as|0re 0r n|r|n0n ce |rfcrnat||
pr|v|tcare |a |rterarea prcc0se|cr v|ererLerer, s|sten0|
EDGDI=:GB, pe p|ata ccrstr0ct|||cr c|r Fcnr|a s| a ncc0|0| c0n
acestea rasp0rc 0rcr cer|rte s| cr|ter|| |np0se ce prescr|pt|||e
ap||caL||e.
2. Pr|rc|p|| ce prc|ectare art|se|sn|ca
Prc|ectarea art|se|sn|ca 0rnareste sat|sfacerea c0 0r rac
ccresp0rzatcr ce s|0rarta a 0rnatcare|cr cer|rte f0rcanerta|e
(r|ve|0r| ce perfcrnarta).
- cer|rta ce s|0rarta a v|et|| (pertr0 0r c0tren0r c0 |rterva|0|
nec|0 ce rec0rerta ce refer|rta l|F = 1DD ar|)
- cer|rta ce ||n|tare a ceracar||cr (pertr0 0r c0tren0r c0 |rterva|0|
nec|0 ce rec0rerta ce refer|rta l|F = SD ar|)
As|0rarea cer|rte|cr ce perfcrnarta se|sn|ca se 0rnareste a se
rea||za pr|r.
a) a|eerea 0rcr anp|asanerte favcraL||e , c0 r|sc0r| se|sn|ce n|r|ne
L) ccrfcrnarea erera|a favcraL||a a ccrstr0ct|e|,
c) as|0rarea 0re| r||c|tat| s0f|c|erte |a cep|asar| |atera|e ir nas0ra sa
||n|teze |a va|cr| acn|s|L||e att cep|asar||e aLsc|0te, ct s| ce|e re|at|ve,
c) cLt|rerea 0r0| necar|sn str0ct0ra| favcraL|| ce c|s|pare ce
erer|e |a act|0rea c0tren0r0|0| ce prc|ectare.
Cer|rta ce rez|sterta s| staL|||tate ir caz0| c|ac|r||cr c0 str0ct0ra c|r
z|car|e este ccrc|t|crata ir pr|rc|pa| ce act|0rea se|sn|ca s| |np0re
sat|sfacerea 0rnatcare|cr ccrc|t|| te|r|ce pr|rc|pa|e.
- necar|sn favcraL|| ce c|s|pare a erer|e| se|sn|ce
- capac|tatea ce rez|sterta ir sect|0r||e ce|e na| sc||c|tate a|e
t0t0rcr e|enerte|cr str0ct0r|| sa f|e ce| p0t|r ea|a c0 efcrt0r||e
sect|cra|e ce prc|ectare, pertr0 tcate r0par||e ce ircarcar|
staL|||te cf. ccc0|0| CFD-2DD6.
- staL|||tatea ce arsanL|0 a c|ac|r|| (pr|r e||n|rarea r|sc0|0| ce
a|0recare a terer0|0|, ce rast0rrare catcr|ta fcrte|cr cr|zcrta|e s|
as|0rarea r||c|tat|| spat|a|e)
- staL|||tatea |cca|a a peret||cr pr|r r||c|zarea acestcra
- c0ct|||tate (as|0rarea 0re| capac|tat| s0f|c|erte ce rct|re p|ast|ca
fara rec0cerea senr|f|cat|va a capac|tat|| ce rez|sterta s|
rec0cerea r|sc0|0| ce r0per| c0 caracter fra||) .
2.1. Amplasarea construc]iilor
Se reccnarca a|eerea anp|asanerte|cr ccrstr0ct|||cr ce asa
rat0ra irct prctect|a art|se|sn|ca sa se rea||zeze ir ccrc|t||
eccrcn|ce, fara |0area 0rcr nas0r| te|r|ce ce rea||zare fcarte
ccst|s|tcare.
Se va ev|ta anp|asarea pe na|0r|, rpe sa0 a|te terer0r| ce r0
prez|rta staL|||tate, cecarece ex|sta per|cc|0|0| apar|t|e| a|0recar||cr ce
terer sa0 s0rpar||cr.
lr caz0| ir care terer0| ce f0rcare este refavcraL|| (r|s|p0r| c0 rac
nare ce afrare, c0 per|cc| ce ref0|are sa0 ||c|ef|ere, n|0r| etc.) se
vcr |0a nas0r||e recesare pertr0 ccrsc||carea terer0|0| astfe| irct
acesta sa pcata as|0ra c L0ra ccnpcrtare se|sn|ca a ccrstr0ct|||cr.
Pertr0 a se p0tea |0a cec|z|a ce anp|asare cpt|na s| c0 r|sc0| se|sn|c
ce| na| n|c este cL||atcr|0 a se efect0a 0r st0c|0 ecte|r|c pe
anp|asanerte|e prcp0se.
2.2. Conformarea de ansamblu a structurilor
lr sccp0| 0re| prc|ectar| rat|cra|e s| ef|c|erte a c|ac|r||cr se vcr 0rnar|
0rnatcare|e aspecte ccrcept0a|e ce Laza .
- s|np||tatea str0ct0r|| care sa prevaca 0r s|sten str0ct0ra|
ccrt|r00 s| rez|stert, pertr0 trarsn|terea fcrte|cr se|sn|ce ir ncc
ct na| c|rect s| reirtrer0pt ce |a e|enerte|e c|ac|r|| catre f0rcat||
s| terer.
- rec0rcarta acecvata a str0ct0r|| care sa e||n|re r|sc0| p|ercer||
staL|||tat|| pr|r cecarea 0r0| s|r0r e|enert sa0 |eat0r| str0ct0ra|e
- re0|ar|tatea ir p|ar s| e|evat|e a str0ct0r|| s| a c|ac|r|| ir irtre0|
e|, c0 ccrs|cerarea ncc0|0| ce c|str|L0|re a e|enerte|cr
str0ct0ra|e, restr0ct0ra|e s| a nase|cr, pertr0 rec0cerea excertr|c|tat||cr.
- rez|sterta s| r||c|tate |atera|a pe cc0a c|rect||
- rea||zarea p|arsee|cr ca c|afrane r||ce
- rea||zarea 0rcr f0rcat|| acecvate
|a staL|||rea fcrne| s| a|cat0|r|| ce arsanL|0 a ccrstr0ct|e| se vcr a|ee
ce prefer|rta ccrt0r0r| ct na| re0|ate ir p|ar, ccnpacte s|
s|netr|ce, ev|trc0-se as|netr|| prcr0rtate ir c|str|L0t|a vc|0ne|cr,
nase|cr s| a r||c|tat||cr ir cacr0| ace|0|as| trcrscr ce c|ac|re ir p|ar s|
pe vert|ca|a, ir vecerea ||n|tar|| efecte|cr ce tcrs|0re erera|a ;^\jgV&.
Este recesara prc|ectarea 0rcr part|0r| ccnpacte c0 s|netr|e
ecnetr|ca ir p|ar s| c0 s|netr|e necar|ca pr|v|rc c|sp0rerea ir p|ar
a peret||cr str0ct0ra||. Aceste cer|rte s0rt cL||atcr|| ir caz0|
str0ct0r||cr ce z|car|e f0rcate c|rect pe terer0r| c|f|c||e.
Ccrstr0ct|||e c0 peret| str0ct0ra|| pcrtart| treL0|e ccrcep0te ca
s|stene spat|a|e, a|cat0|te c|r .
- peret| str0ct0ra|| c|sp0s|, ce| p0t|r, pe cc0a c|rect|| crtccra|e,
rez0|trc c str0ct0ra casetata
- p|arsee ccrst|t0|te ca c|afrane (sa|La) r||ce ir p|ar cr|zcrta|.
P|arsee|e treL0|e sa a|La c r||c|tate ct na| nare ir p|ar cr|zcrta|,
as|0rrc staL|||tatea s| ccr|0crarea z|c0r||cr |a act|0rea fcrte|cr
rav|tat|cra|e s| cr|zcrta|e prcver|te c|r se|sn.

2.3 Forma structurii
Fe0|ar|tatea str0ct0ra|a ir p|ar s| e|evat|e se va rea||za 0rnar|rc0-se
respectarea t0t0rcr cer|rte|cr ce re0|ar|tate str0ct0ra|a c|r ccc0| ce
prc|ectare str0ct0r| ce z|car|e CF6- 2DD6, pr|rtre care.
a) Cer|rte re0|ar|tate ir p|ar.
- fcrna ir p|ar sa sat|sfaca 0rnatcare|e cr|ter||.
- sa f|e aprcx|nat|v s|netr|ca ir rapcrt c0 cc0a c|rect|| crtccra|e
- sa f|e ccnpacta, c0 ccrt0r0r| ct na| re0|ate
- evert0a|e|e retraer|/prcen|rerte sa r0 cepaseasca,
f|ecare, cea na| nare c|rtre va|cr||e. 1D% c|r ar|a p|arse0|0|
sa0 1/6 c|r c|ners|0rea |at0r|| respect|ve
- |a parter, pe f|ecare c|r c|rect|||e pr|rc|pa|e a|e c|ac|r||, c|starta
c|rtre certr0| ce re0tate (CC) s| certr0| ce r||c|tate (CF) sa r0
cepaseasca D,1 |, 0rce | este c|ners|0rea c|ac|r|| pe c|rect|a
perperc|c0|ara c|rect|e| ce ca|c0|.
Sistemul de c`r`mizi POROTHERM
3
;^\jgV'. Ccrc|t|| ce re0|ar|tate str0ct0ra|a ir p|ar
L) Cer|rte re0|ar|tate ir e|evat|e.
- ira|t|n||e r|ve|0r||cr ac|acerte sa f|e ea|e sa0 sa var|eze c0 nax. 2D %
- peret|| str0ct0ra|| sa a|La ir p|ar ace|eas| c|ners|0r| |a tcate
r|ve|0r||e s0praterare sa0 prez|rta var|at|| care se ircacreaza ir
0rnatcare|e ||n|te.
- rec0cerea |0r|n|| 0r0| perete fata ce r|ve|0| |rfer|cr sa f|e nax. 2D%
- evert0a|a rec0cere a ar|||cr rete tcta|e ce z|car|e ce |a r|ve|0r||e
s0per|care, (pertr0 r*S) fata ce ar|a z|car|e| ce |a parter sa f|e nax. 2D%
;^\jgV(. C|ac|r| c0 r|ve|0r| "s|aLe" (rere0|ar|tate str0ct0ra|a ir
e|evat|e)
C|ac|r||e c0 peret| str0ct0ra|| c|r z|car|e se c|as|f|ca ir r0pe ce
re0|ar|tate ce vcr cetern|ra ca|c0|0| spec|f|c ce prc|ectare s|
ceta||ere ccrstr0ct|va, cf. CF 6-2DD6.
2.4 Dimensiunile tronsoanelor la cl`diri
lr caz0| ir care fcrna ir p|ar este cefavcraL||a se va rea||za c
trcrscrare a ccrstr0ct|e| pr|r prevecerea ce rcst0r| art|se|sn|ce.
Trcrscare|e ce c|ac|r| separate pr|r rcst0r| vcr avea ir p|ar fcrne
aprcp|ate ce crept0r||.
Fcst0r||e pct f|. ccnp|ete (ce tasare) sa0 part|a|e (se|sn|ce s| ce
ccrtract|e-c||atare).
Se prevece trcrscrarea s| ir caz0| pcrt|0r||cr c0 ira|t|n|, nase s|
r||c|tat| c|fer|te, |0r|n| nar| a|e c|ac|r|| sa0 ir caz0| rere0|ar|tat||cr
terer0|0| ;^\jgV).
Fcst0r||e c|rtre trcrscare se vcr rea||za pr|r c0L|area peret||cr
str0ct0ra||, vcr avea fcrna p|ara s| vcr separa ccnp|et att
e|enerte|e str0ct0ra|e ct s| pe ce|e restr0ct0ra|e. lrc||cerea
acestcr rcst0r| se va face c0 nater|a|e acecvate c|r p0rct ce vecere
a| etarse|tat||, e|ast|c|tat||, react|e| s| rez|sterte| |a fcc, aspect0|0| etc.
M0 se pern|te irc||cerea rcst0|0| c0 terc0|a|a.
|0r|n||e nax|ne acn|se a|e trcrscare|cr (ir netr|).
- pertr0 c|ac|r||e c|r z|car|e f0rcate pe terer0r| rcrna|e . 6D,D n.
- pertr0 c|ac|r||e f0rcate pe terer0r| c|f|c||e. cf. re|enertar||cr
spec|f|ce P7-2DDD s|/sa0 MP DD1-2DDD.
Fapcarte|e pr|rc|pa|e|cr c|ners|0r| a|e trcrscare|cr se reccnarca
sa se ircacreze ir ||n|te|e .
- ira|t|ne / |at|ne x 1.6,
- |0r|ne / |at|ne x 4.D.
2.5 n`l]imea cl`dirii [i num`rul maxim de niveluri
Sect|0rea ce ircastrare a arsanL|0|0| peret||cr str0ct0ra|| pertr0
ca|c0|0| |a fcrte se|sn|ce cr|zcrta|e (ir rapcrt c0 care se cef|reste
r0nar0| ce r|ve|0r| r
r|v
) se va |0a.
- |a r|ve|0| s0per|cr a| scc|0r||cr, ir caz0| c|ac|r||cr fara s0Lsc|,
- |a p|arse0| peste s0Lsc|, |a c|ac|r||e c0 peret| ces| (s|sten fa0re)
sa0 |a ce|e c0 peret| rar| (s|sten ce|0|ar) |a care s-a0 prevaz0t
peret| s0p||nertar| ir s0Lsc|
- peste r|ve|0| f0rcat|||cr |a c|ac|r||e c0 peret| rar|, caca r0 se prevac
peret| s0p||nertar| ir s0Lsc|
M0nar0| nax|n ce r|ve|0r| (r
n|r
) s| va|carea n|r|na ccrstr0ct|va
ascc|ata a cers|tat|| peret||cr str0ct0ra|| (p%), se cetern|ra pr|r ca|c0|
ce prc|ectare, ccrfcrn Ccc0|0| P 1DD-1/2DD6, ir f0rct|e ce.
- acce|erat|a se|sn|ca ce prc|ectare |a anp|asanert (a

),
- c|asa ce re0|ar|tate/rere0|ar|tate str0ct0ra|a
- c|asa ce |npcrtarta a c|ac|r||
- t|p0|/a|cat0|rea z|car|e|. rearnata (s|np|a)* sa0 arnata (ccrf|rata,
ccrf|rata s| arnata ir rcst0r||e cr|zcrta|e sa0 z|car|e c0 |r|na
arnata),
- cers|tatea peret||cr str0ct0ra|| p(%)= (A
z,ret
/ A
p|
)x 1DD

(prccert0|
ar|e| rete tcta|e a peret||cr c|r z|car|e (A
z,ret
) ce pe c|rect|a
respect|va, rapcrtata |a ar|a p|arse0|0| (A
p|
) ce |a r|ve|0| respect|v )
- t|p0| s| r0pa e|enerte|cr pertr0 z|car|e
|arsarca
lr caz0| c|ac|r||cr c|r z|car|e arnata c0 narsarca peste 0|t|n0| r|ve|
c0rert, aceasta r0 se |rc|0ce ir r0nar0| ce r|ve|0r| nax|n acn|s
caca s0rt ircep||r|te ir irtre|ne tcate ccrc|t|||e 0rnatcare .
- cers|tatea n|r|na ccrstr0ct|va a peret||cr se najcreaza c0 1.D%,
- peret|| per|netra|| c|r z|car|e r0 cepasesc ira|t|nea nec|e ce 1.26 n,
- peret|| ce ccnpart|nertare s0rt ce t|p 0scr (|ps-cartcr sa0 s|n||ar),
- sarparta c|r |enr sa r0 cetern|re inp|rer| ir peret|| per|netra||,
- z|car|a peret||cr str0ct0ra|| ce |a narsarca este ccrf|rata c0
st|p|scr| ce Letcr arnat ir ccrt|r0area ce|cr ce |a r|ve|0| |rfer|cr,
- |a partea s0per|cara a peret||cr ce z|car|e a| narsarce| este
prevaz0ta c cert0ra ce Letcr arnat.
lr caz0| c|ac|r||cr c|r z|car|e rearnata (s|np|a), narsarca se
ccrs|cera "r|ve|" a| c|ac|r|| |rc|0s ir r0nar0| nax|n acn|s|L||, c||ar
caca ircep||reste ccrc|t|||e prec|zate arter|cr.
Etaj s0p||nertar 0scr
lr caz0| ir care se prevac ccrstr0ct|| arexe (0scatcr||, spa|atcr||, etc )
pe p|arse0| peste 0|t|n0| r|ve| c0rert a| c|ac|r|| s| cc0pa na| p0t|r ce
2D% c|r s0prafata etaj0|0| c0rert, |ar ira|t|nea acestcra r0 este na|
nare cect ira|t|nea etaj0|0|, ccrstr0ct|||e respect|ve r0 vcr f|
ccrs|cerate ca "r|ve|" ir ||n|te|e |np0se c|r ca|c0|.
M|ve| ac|t|cra|
M0nar0| nax|n ce r|ve|0r| staL|||t ir 0rna ca|c0|0| ce prc|ectare pcate
f| cepas|t c0 1 r|ve| caca s0rt ircep||r|te 0rnatcare|e cc0a ccrc|t||.
- se fc|csesc e|enerte pertr0 z|car|e c0 va|carea rez|sterte|
starcarc|zate fL > 1D M/nn
2
s| ncrtar * |1D
- s|0rarta str0ct0r|| este j0st|f|cata pr|r ca|c0| c0 0r prccece0
stat|c re||r|ar (L|craf|c), ir care ircarcar||e pernarerte s0rt
ccrstarte, ir t|np ce ircarcar||e cr|zcrta|e cresc ncrctcr.
(cf. P1DD-1.2DD6 art 4.6.S.6.2 s| CF6-2DD6 art 6.S.2 /(S)).
* Z|car|a rearnata (s|np|a) = z|car|e care r0 ccrt|re s0f|c|erta
arnat0ra pertr0 a p0tea f| ccrs|cerata z|car|e arnata.
Cr0pa ce re0|ar|tate a c|ac|r||
Fe0|ar|tate
P|ar E|evat|e
C|ac|r| re0|ate 1 Oa Oa
2 M0 Oa
C|ac|r| rere0|ate S Oa M0
4 M0 M0
Sistemul de c`r`mizi POROTHERM
4
CLservat|e.
Str0ct0r||e ce z|car|e rearnata (s|np|a) pct f| fc|cs|te, ir ccrc|t|||e
staL|||te ir Ccc0| P 1DD-1/2DD6, pr|v|rc acce|erat|a se|sn|ca ce
prc|ectare (a

), r0nar0| ce r|ve|0r| (r
r|v
) s| cers|tatea n|r|na
ccrstr0ct|va a peret||cr str0ct0ra|| (p%) pe anLe|e c|rect||, r0na|
caca s0rt ircep||r|te tcate ccrc|t|||e ce na| jcs.
- c|ac|rea se ircacreaza ir catecr|a "c|ac|r| re0|ate c0 re0|ar|tate
ir p|ar s| ir e|evat|e"
- c|ac|rea se ircacreaza ir c|ase|e ce |npcrtarta lll sa0 lV ccrfcrn
Ccc0|0| P 1DD-1/2DD6,
- s|sten0| ce asezare a peret||cr este ce t|p "peret| ces|" (s|sten
fa0re), ac|ca c|starte|e nax|ne irtre peret|, pe ce|e cc0a c|rect||
pr|rc|pa|e ) 6,DD n s| ar|a ce|0|e| fcrnata ce peret|| ce pe ce|e
cc0a c|rect|| pr|rc|pa|e ) 26,D n
2
.
- ira|t|nea r|ve|0|0| |etaj ) S.DD n,
- s0rt respectate cer|rte|e ce a|cat0|re a z|car|e| s| p|arsee|cr c|r
rcrnat|ve|e ir v|care
Str0ct0r||e c|r z|car|e rearnata (s|np|a) pct f| fc|cs|te, |rc|ferert ce
zcra se|sn|ca, pertr0.
- ccrstr0ct|| c0 0r s|r0r r|ve| peste sect|0rea ce ircastrare, c0
f0rct|0rea ce arexe cspccarest| care acapcstesc L0r0r| ce
va|care rec0sa s| ir care acces0| caner||cr este irtnp|atcr,
- ccrstr0ct|| prcv|zcr||, c0 c0rata ce 0t|||zare prevaz0ta na| n|ca ce
tre| ar| (ccrstr0ct|| pertr0 crar|zare ce sart|er, ce exenp|0).
2.6 Categorii de pere]i
lr f0rct|e ce rc|0| ce i| ircep||resc ir str0ct0ra, peret|| c|r z|car|e se
c|as|f|ca ir 0rnatcare|e catecr||.
EZgZiZhigjXijgVa. perete cest|rat sa rez|ste fcrte|cr vert|ca|e s|
cr|zcrta|e care act|creaza, ir pr|rc|pa|, ir p|ar0| sa0.
EZgZiZYZg^\^Y^oVgZ. perete c|sp0s perperc|c0|ar pe 0r a|t perete, c0
care ccr|0creaza |a pre|0area fcrte|cr vert|ca|e s| cr|zcrta|e s|
ccrtr|L0|e |a as|0rarea staL|||tat|| acest0|a,
EZgZiZcZhigjXijgVa. perete care r0 face parte c|r str0ct0ra pr|rc|pa|a
a ccrstr0ct|e|, perete|e ce acest t|p pcate f| s0pr|nat, fara sa
prej0c|c|eze |rter|tatea rest0|0| str0ct0r||, car r0na| ir 0rna 0re|
expert|ze te|r|ce ce spec|a||tate.
EZgZiZYZjbeajijgU. perete care r0 face parte c|r str0ct0ra
pr|rc|pa|a car care, ir ar0n|te ccrc|t|| (ceta||ate ir Ccc0| P1DD-
1/2DD6), ccrtr|L0|e |a r||c|tatea |atera|a a ccrstr0ct|e| s| |a c|s|parea
erer|e| se|sn|ce, s0pr|narea ir t|np0| exp|catar|| c|ac|r|| sa0 crearea
ce c|0r| ce 0s|/ferestre irtr-0r perete ce acest t|p pcate f| fac0ta
r0na| pe Laza 0r0| prc|ect ce spec|a||tate, a 0re| j0st|f|car| pr|r ca|c0|
s| c0 nas0r| ccrstr0ct|ve acecvate.
2.6.1 Peret| str0ct0ra||.
Crcs|nea peret||cr str0ct0ra|| pcrtart| |rter|cr| s| exter|cr| se va
cetern|ra pr|r ca|c0|0| c|r ccrc|t|| ce rez|sterta s| staL|||tate.
Crcs|nea n|r|na a peret||cr str0ct0ra|| pcrtart| va f| 26 cn
(ce exenp|0 pertr0 z|c0r| |rter|care pcrtarte c0 L|cc0r| ceran|ce
EDGDI=:GB 26 sa0 EDGDI=:GB 26 S).
Crcs|nea peret||cr va treL0| sa ccresp0rca s| ex|erte|cr pr|v|tcare |a.
- |zc|are tern|ca,
- |zc|are fcr|ca,
- prctect|e ccrtra |rcerc|||cr.
Pr|r 0t|||zarea prcc0se|cr EDGDI=:GBSS, EDGDI=:GBSS S,
EDGDI=:GBSD sa0 EDGDI=:GBSD S se cLt|r peret| str0ct0ra||
exter|cr| c0 rcs|nea ce SS cn respect|v SD cn.
Este recesar 0r ca|c0| terncte|r|c ccrfcrn rcrnat|v0|0| ap||caL||.
lra|t|nea ce r|ve|, cef|r|ta ca c|ners|0rea str0ct0ra|a c|rtre cc0a
p|arsee, va f| n0|t|p|0 ce 26 cn (2S,S cn f||rc ira|t|nea ncc0|ata
a L|cc0r||cr ceran|ce EDGDI=:GB + 1,2 cn rcs|nea rcn|ra|a a
strat0|0| ce ncrtar ce pe as|za cr|zcrta|a), car r0 va cepas| ce 16 cr|
rcs|nea peret||cr (ir caz0| z|car|||cr ccrf|rate c0 st|p|scr| s| cert0r|),
respectrc s|n0|tar ce|e|a|te ccrc|t|| |np0se acestcra.
ML SE AO|lTE ca c|0r||e pertr0 ccs0r||e ce f0n sa n|cscreze
rcs|nea peret||cr. Se va ev|ta anp|asarea ccs0r||cr pe peret||
exter|cr|.
2.6.2 Peret| ce r||c|zare
Peret|| str0ct0ra|| ce ccrtravrt0|re (rea||zat| c|r L|cc0r| ceran|ce
EDGDI=:GB 26 sa0 EDGDI=:GB 26 S) ircep||resc ccrc|t|||e
peret||cr str0ct0ra|| s| s0p||nertar treL0|e sa f|e p|ar| s| ccp|arar| pe
tcata ira|t|nea ccrstr0ct|e|.
|a c|ac|r||e ce t|p Lara c0 peret| ce r||c|zare trarsversa||, se va 0rnar|
ca acest|a sa |ee irtre e|e fatace|e.
Oe re0|a r0 se acn|t peret| s0L fcrna ce |ana fara capete ce
r||c|zare, f|e c0 peret| str0ct0ra|| c|sp0s| trarsversa|, f|e c0 e|enerte
c|r Letcr (st|p|scr|).
Peret|| ce r||c|zare se vcr exec0ta ccrccn|tert c0 ce||a|t| peret|
str0ct0ra||, as|0rrc0-se |earea irtre e| pr|r tesere, sa0 pr|r
st|p|scr| (snL0r|) c|r Letcr arnat ir|cLat| ir z|car|e.
2.6.S Peret| restr0ct0ra||
S0rt peret| exec0tat| c|r L|cc0r| ceran|ce EDGDI=:GB 1D M+F,
EDGDI=:GB 11,6 M+F sa0 EDGDI=:GB 2D M+F ce se f|xeaza |a
partea |rfer|cara ir parccsea|a, pr|r exec0tarea parccse|||cr c0pa
exec0t|a peret||cr, |ar |a partea s0per|cara pr|r inparare c0 ncrtar
ce c|nert fata ce p|arsee|e s0per|care. Peret|| se vcr r||c|za pe
c|rect|e perperc|c0|ara p|ar0|0| |cr pr|r.
sc||car|zarea |cr c0 peret|| str0ct0ra|| f|e pr|r tesere f|e pr|r arccrare
c0 Lare ce cte| Letcr C S |a cc0a as|ze, pe c|rca 6D cn, ir rcst0r||e
cr|zcrta|e,
prevecerea ce e|enerte c|r Letcr arnat - st|p|scr| c|r Letcr
arnat |eat| ce z|car|||e respect|ve c0 Lare cr|zcrta|e c|r cte| Letcr
C S |a cca. 6D cn, pe ira|t|ne, p|asate ir rcst0r||e cr|zcrta|e,
|earea c0 a|t perete cespart|tcr perperc|c0|ar ce va avea |0r|nea
pra |a pr|n0| c| ce n|r|n0n 1/6 c|r ira|t|nea perete|0|.
Peret|| cespart|tcr| c|r z|car|e care r0 pct f| f|xat| |a r|ve|0| tavar0|0|
(peret|| c0 ira|t|ne na| n|ca cect cea a etaj0|0| - |a r0p0r||e
sar|tare, ce exenp|0) vcr f| |eat| irtre e| s| |atera| ce str0ct0ra
pr|rc|pa|a. |eat0ra se va rea||za pr|r tesere sa0 c0 p|ese neta||ce-
Lc|t0r| inp0scate- caca e|enerte|e |atera|e s0rt peret| c|r Letcr
arnat. |a partea s0per|cara a acestcr peret| se va t0rra c cert0ra
c|r Letcr arnat c|ners|crata astfe| irct sa pcata pre|0a s| trars-
n|te |a str0ct0ra pr|rc|pa|a efcrt0r||e catcrate ircarcar||cr ap||cate
rcrna| pe p|ar0| perete|0|. Arnat0r||e aceste| cert0r| vcr f| ar-
ccrate ccresp0rzatcr ir e|enerte|e ce Letcr sa0 ir z|car|a peret||cr
ac|acert|.
2.6.4. Cer|rte pr|v|rc ncc0|area c|ners|cra|a
Avrc ir vecere caracter|st|c||e c|ners|cra|e a|e L|cc0r||cr ceran|ce
c0 c|0r| vert|ca|e, c|ners|0r||e ir p|ar s| pe vert|ca|a a|e str0ct0r||cr
vcr avea |a Laza 0r ncc0| c|ners|cra| cccrccrat c0 c|ners|0r||e
L|cc0|0| ceran|c s| ar0ne.
- ir e|evat|e se va accpta 0r ncc0| c|ners|cra| ea| c0 26D nn,
- ir p|ar se accepta s| 0r ncc0| ce 126 nn - ac|ca j0natate c|r
|0r|nea L|cc0r||cr PT|SD s| PT|SS, respect|v 1/S c|r |0r|nea
L|cc0|0| PT|26 .
lr ccrsec|rta, |a prc|ectare, p|ar0r||e ce ar||tect0ra s| str0ct0ra vcr f|
irtccn|te c0 respectarea 0rnatcare|cr ccrc|t|| .
- axe|e ncc0|are a|e c|ac|r|| vcr f| staL|||te astfe| irct pe c|starta
||Lera c|rtre cc| peret| sa se pcata c|sp0re 0r r0nar irtre ce
L|cc0r| ce z|car|e, sa0 ce| n0|t c0 c ccnp|etare ce ' L|cc ,
- c|0r||e ce ferestre s| 0s| prec0n s| p||r0r||e c|rtre acestea
(spa|et||) vcr avea |0r|nea, n0|t|p|0 ce c j0natate ce L|cc,
- ira|t|nea va f| ncc0| ce 26D nn irtre fata s0per|cara a p|arse0|0|
c0rert s| fata |rfer|cara a cert0r||cr c|r Letcr arnat a|e p|arse0|0|
ce ceas0pra, evert0a|e c|fererte se pct accper| pr|r nar|rea
ira|t|n|| cert0r||cr sa0 pr|r ncc|f|carea ira|t|n|| etaje|cr,
Fespectarea r|0rcasa, |a prc|ectare, a s|sten0|0| ncc0|ar prezertat
na| s0s este cecseL|t ce |npcrtarta pertr0 as|0rarea 0re| exec0t||
ce ca||tate, fara ccnp|etar| c|r z|car|e c0 a|te t|p0r| ce caran|z| sa0
rea||zarea ce e|enerte ce Letcr arnat (cert0r|, st|p|scr|, L0|arcr0|)
c0 c|ners|0r| spcr|te.
2.6.6 Cc|0r| ar||tect0ra|e s| te|rc|c|ce.
Cc|0r||e nar| ar||tect0ra|e (0s|, ferestre, etc.) c|r peret|| str0ct0ra|| se
vcr anp|asa s| c|ners|cra astfe| irct p||r0r||e c|rtre e|e sa sat|sfaca
ccrc|t|||e recesare ce rez|sterta s| staL|||tate s0L act|0rea ircarcar||cr
vert|ca|e s| cr|zcrta|e.
Pr|r c|sp0rerea c|0r||cr ir str0ct0ra se va 0rnar| 0r|fcrn|tatea
r||c|tat||cr s| rez|sterte|cr peret||cr |a sarc|r| cr|zcrta|e ir p|ar0| |cr.
Peret|| trarsversa|| ce |a capete|e trcrscare|cr ir caz0| ccrstr0ct|||cr
c0 peret| |0r| se vcr prevecea c0 0r prccert ct na| n|c ce c|0r|.
|0r|nea n|r|na (|
n|r
) a spa|et||cr ac|acert| c|0r||cr ce 0s| s| ferestre
se ||n|teaza ir f0rct|e ce cea na| nare ira|t|ne a c|0r||cr ac|acerte
(|
c|
) c0pa c0n 0rneaza.

Sistemul de c`r`mizi POROTHERM
5
- spa|et| nar|ra|| (ce capat) |a peret| ce fataca s| |rter|cr| .
|
n|r
= D.6 x |
c|
* 1.DD n
- spa|et| |rternec|ar| |a peret| ce fataca s| |rter|cr| .
|
n|r
= D.4 x |
c|
* D.SD n
Fapcrt0| U c|rtre ar|||e ir p|ar a|e c|0r||cr ce 0s| s| ferestre s| ar|||e
p||r0r||cr ce z|car|e va f| ||n|tat, ccrfcrn ccc0|0| P1DD-1/2DD6 ir
f0rct|e ce .
- acce|erat|a se|sn|ca ce prc|ectare |a anp|asanert (a

)
- r0nar0| ce r|ve|0r| (M
r|v
)
- pcz|t|a perete|0| ir c|ac|re
SE FECC|AMOA anp|asarea c|0r||cr ir p|ar astfe| irct sa se cLt|ra
va|cr| aprcp|ate a|e r||c|tat||cr pe ce|e cc0a c|rect|| pr|rc|pa|e ir p|ar.
lr caz0| ir care r0 se pct respecta c|ners|0r||e p||r0r||cr ccrfcrn
spec|f|cat|||cr arter|care, se acn|te ccLcrrea s0L aceasta
va|care pr|r prevecerea ce st|p|scr| c|r Letcr arnat (pertr0
spcr|rea rez|sterte| spa|et0|0| |a fcrta ta|etcare) sa0 spa|et0| va f|
ir|cc0|t, ir tcta||tate, c0 0r st|p ce Letcr arnat.
Este |rc|cata fc|cs|rea L0|arcr0||cr Pcrct|ern, e|enerte-r|rca c|r
Letcr arnat preccnpr|nat t0rrate ir irve||s ceran|c, pertr0 ev|tarea
p0rt||cr tern|ce ir zcra ferestre|cr, 0s||cr etc.
Sect|0r| ce z|car|e s|aL|te pr|r c|0r| s| s||t0r|
Sect|0rea cr|zcrta|a a peret||cr str0ct0ra|| r0 va f| s|aL|ta pr|r
prevecerea ce.
- c|0r| vert|ca|e pertr0 ccs0r||e ce f0n sa0 vert||at||,
- s||t0r| cr|zcrta|e sa0 cL||ce pertr0 |rsta|at|| rea||zate pr|r sparere
sa0 z|c|re.
Se acn|t, pr|r prc|ect, s||t0r| vert|ca|e exec0tate pr|r z|c|re c0
acrc|nea ) 1/S c|r rcs|nea perete|0|. O0pa caz (ca|c0| ce
ver|f|care), sect|0rea ce z|car|e pcate f| irtar|ta pr|r arnare ir rcst0r||e
cr|zcrta|e s|/sa0 e|enerte ce Letcr arnat.
Se accepta exec0tarea s||t0r||cr vert|ca|e sa0 cL||ce, r0na| pr|r
frezare, c0 acrc|nea nax|na ce 2 cn, (ce re0|a pertr0 |rsta|at|||e
e|ectr|ce), fara afectarea |rter|tat|| s| a strat0|0| ce prctect|e a Lare|cr
|cr|t0c|ra|e c|r cert0r|.
2.6.6 lrtar|rea peret||cr str0ct0ra|| c|r z|car|e
Pertr0 cLt|rerea 0re| ccnpcrtar| ccresp0rzatcare a peret||cr
str0ct0ra|| c|r z|car|e, s0p0s| act|0r|| ccnL|rate a sarc|r||cr
rav|tat|cra|e s| cr|zcrta|e, este recesara .
a) prevecerea ce st|p|scr| c|r Letcr arnat |a cc|t0r| s| |rtersect|| ,
L) prevecerea ce cert0r| c|r Letcr arnat,
c) prevecerea ce arnat0r| ir rcst0r||e cr|zcrta|e a|e z|car|e|.
Pr|r a|cat0|rea ccrstr0ct|va s| c|sp0rerea e|enerte|cr se va 0rnar|
inL0ratat|rea ccnpcrtar|| z|car|e| s| inL0ratat|rea rez|sterte|,
staL|||tat|| s| cefcrnaL|||tat|| peret||cr str0ct0ra||.
a) St|p|scr|| c|r Letcr arnat.
Se vcr pcz|t|cra, ir caz0| z|car|e| ccrf|rate, ir 0rnatcare|e pcz|t||.
- |a capete|e ||Lere a|e f|ecar0| perete ,
- ce anLe|e part| a|e cr|car0| c| c0 s0prafata * 2.6 n
2
(cr|ertat|v
0r c| ce 0sa c0 c|ners|0r||e 1.2D x 2.1D n),
- ir |0r0| perete|0|, astfe| irct c|starta irtre axe|e st|p|scr||cr sa
r0 cepaseasca .
- 4.D n ir caz0| str0ct0r||cr c0 peret| rar| (s|sten ce|0|ar) ,
- 6.D n ir caz0| str0ct0r||cr c0 peret| ces| (s|sten fa0re) ,
- c|0r||e c0 c|ners|0r| na| n|c| vcr f| nar|r|te c0 st|p|scr| caca
reces|tatea prevecer|| acestcra rez0|ta c|r ca|c0|e sa0 c|r cer|rta
ce c|starta nax|na |rterax st|p|scr| ir |0r0| perete|0|
- |a tcate cc|t0r||e exter|care s| |rtrrce ce pe ccrt0r0| ccrstr0ct|e|,
- |a |rtersect|||e peret||cr, caca ce| na| aprcp|at st|p|scr anp|asat
ccrfcrn re0|||cr ce na| s0s se af a |a c c|starta na| nare ce 1.6 n,
- ir tct| spa|et|| care r0 a0 |0r|nea n|r|na spec|f|cata |a art 2.6.6
st|p|scr|| vcr f| exec0tat| pe tcata ira|t|nea ccrstr0ct|e|.
;^\jgV*
Pcz|t|crarea st|p|scr||cr c|r Letcr arnat |a str0ct0r| c|r z|car|e ccrf|rata
L) Cert0r||e ce Letcr arnat.
Se vcr prevecea.
- |a r|ve|0| f|ecar0| p|arse0 a| ccrstr0ct|e|, |rc|ferert ce nater|a|0| c|r
care este exec0tat p|arse0| s| ce te|rc|c|a ce rea||zare a acest0|a,
ir pcz|t|e |rternec|ara, irtre p|arsee, |a ccrstr0ct|||e etajate c0 peret|
rar| (s|sten ce|0|ar) s| |a ccrstr0ct|||e t|p "sa|a/|a|a" a| carcr peret|
str0ct0ra|| a0 ira|t|nea >S.2Dn (pertr0 a

* D.2D) sa0 > 4.DDn


(pertr0 a

) D.16)
Cert0r||e vcr f| rea||zate s0L fcrna ce retea irc||sa s| ccrt|r0a pe
tcata s0prafata r|ve|0|0| ccrstr0ct|e|.
Cert0r||e se vcr prevecea s| ir caz0| peret||cr c0 capete|e
s0per|care ||Lere.
St|p|scr|| s| cert0r||e c|r peret|| ce pe ccrt0r0| c|ac|r||cr vcr f| prevaz0t|
|a exter|cr c0 prctect|e tern|ca pertr0 ev|tarea fcrnar|| p0rt||cr tern|ce.
c) Arnat0r||e cr|zcrta|e c|str|L0|te ir rcst0r|.
Aceste arnat0r| se prevac pertr0.
As|0rarea 0rcr |eat0r| s0p||nertare pertr0 ccr|0crarea spat|a|a |a
|rtersect|| s| cc|t0r|.
Pre|0area efcrt0r||cr pr|rc|pa|e ce irt|rcere ce apar ir peret||
str0ct0ra|| sc||c|tat| s|n0|tar |a sarc|r| rav|tat|cra|e s| cr|zcrta|e c|r
se|sn.
CLservat|e. rcst0r||e cr|zcrta|e a|e z|car|e| vcr f| arnate cL||atcr|0
pertr0 0rnatcare|e e|enerte a|e c|ac|r||cr s|t0ate ir zcre se|sn|ce c0
a

* D.12 .
- spa|et|| irtre ferestre sa0 0s| care a0 rapcrt0| ira|t|ne / |at|ne ) 2.6,
caca r0 s0rt irtar|t| c0 st|p|scr| c|r Letcr arnat |a extren|tat|,
- zcre|e ce |eat0ra irtre peret|| perperc|c0|ar| (|rtersect||, cc|t0r| s|
ran|f|cat||),
- parapet|| ce s0L ferestre.
Arnat0r||e prec|zate ir caz0r||e arter|care vcr cepas| |a |rtersect||,
cc|t0r| s| ran|f|cat|| nar|rea rcc0|0| respect|v, pe tcate c|rect|||e, c0
ce| p0t|r 1.DD n s| vcr avea ar|a n|r|na * 1.D cn
2
(n|r. 2 CS nn).
Aceste arnat0r| vcr f| arccrate ir st|p|scr| sa0 pre|0r|te ir z|car|e,
c|rcc|c ce nar|rea cp0sa a st|p|scr0|0|, pertr0 a se rea||za c
|0r|ne ce arccraj ce ce| p0t|r 6DC. Eare|e se vcr fascra fara cr||e.
2.7 Alc`tuirea stlpi[orilor
|a a|cat0|rea st|p|scr||cr str0ct0ra|| se t|re seana ce 0rnatcare|e
aspecte.
Acce|erat|a a

D.DS D.12, D.16 D.2D,


D.24
D.2S,
D.S2
Perete
exter|cr
M
r|v
) S
l) 1.6
M
r|v
) S
l) 1.26
l ) 1.D l ) D.S
M
r|v
= 4 , 6
l ) 1.26
M
r|v
= 4
l ) 1.D
Perete |rter|cr M
r|v
) S
l ) D.66
M
r|v
) S
l ) D.46
l ) D.S6 l ) D.26
M
r|v
) 4 , 6
l ) D.46
M
r|v
= 4
l ) D.S6
Sistemul de c`r`mizi POROTHERM
6
O|ners|0r||e sect|0r|| ce Letcr se vcr ccre|a c0 rcs|n||e peret||cr
str0ct0ra|| ir care s0rt t0rrat| s| vcr sat|sface 0rnatcare|e ccrc|t||.
- ar|a sect|0r|| trarsversa|e * 626 cn
2
- (n|r. 26 x 26 cn) ,
- |at0ra n|r|na * 26 cn.
Eetcr0| ce se va t0rra ir st|p|scr|| str0ct0ra|| va f| spec|f|cat ce catre
prc|ectart ir ccc0nertat|a te|r|ca, |ar narca n|r|na va f| C 12/16
(cf. ME D12-99)
Arnarea st|p|scr||cr va sat|sface 0rnatcare|e ccrc|t|| prec0n s| ce|e
s0p||nertare cate ir Ccc0| P 1DD-1/2DD6, c|ferert|ate ir f0rct|e ce
va|carea acce|erat|e| se|sn|ce ce prc|ectare (a

).
- prccert0| ce arnare |cr|t0c|ra|a * D.S% pertr0 zcre se|sn|ce c0
a

) D.16
- prccert0| ce arnare |cr|t0c|ra|a * 1% pertr0 zcre se|sn|ce c0
a

) D.2D
- c|anetr0| Lare|cr |cr|t0c|ra|e va f| * 12 nn,
- c|anetr0| etr|er||cr va f| * 6 nn, etr|er|| vcr f| c|sp0s| |a c|starte ) 16 cn,
ir cnp c0rert s| ) 1D cn pe |0r|nea ce irrac|re a arnat0r||cr
|cr|t0c|ra|e
Eare|e |cr|t0c|ra|e a|e st|p|scr||cr ce |a 0|t|n0| r|ve| vcr f| arccrate
ir cert0r||e 0|t|n0|0| r|ve| ccrfcrn cer|rte|cr STAS 1D1D7/D-9D.
lrrac|rea Lare|cr |cr|t0c|ra|e c|r st|p|scr| se va face pr|r
s0prap0rere, fara cr||e, pe c |0r|ne * 6D C, ir sect|0rea ce |a
Laza (sect|0rea ce ircastrare ) s0prap0rerea Lare|cr |cr|t0c|ra|e
a|e st|p|scr||cr c|r s0prastr0ct0ra c0 n0stat||e c|r scc|0r| sa0 c|r
peret|| ce s0Lsc| se va face pe c |0r|ne * 6D C.
Observa]ie
St|p|scr|| ce se prevac ir peret|| str0ct0ra|| exter|cr| se vcr |zc|a pr|r
prevecerea 0r0| p|acaj exter|cr ir vecerea ev|tar|| p0rt||cr tern|ce (ce
exenp|0 pr|r p|acarea st|p|scr||cr ce cc|t sa0 c|r cnp, |a z|c0r||e
pcrtarte exter|care exec0tate c|r L|cc0r| ceran|ce EDGDI=:GB SS
s| SS S c0 L|cc0r| ceran|ce EDGDI=:GB 1D M+F sa0
EDGDI=:GB 11,6 M+F,)
Ccr|0crarea st|p|scr||cr c|r Letcr arnat c0 z|car|e ac|acerta se va
rea||za pr|r.
- acererta c|recta,
- c|sp0rerea ce Lare sa0 p|ase ce cte| ir rcst0r||e cr|zcrta|e a|e
z|car|e|.
;^\jgV+
Exenp|e ce peret| str0ct0ra|| c|r z|car|e c0 L|cc0r| ceran|ce
Pcrct|ern SS s| Pcrct|ern 26. Oeta||0 ran|f|cat|e. Oeta||0 ce cc|t.
(ace|as| pr|rc|p|0 ce a|cat0|re pertr0 peret| str0ct0ra|| este ap||caL||
t0t0rcr L|cc0r||cr ceran|ce Pcrct|ern)

2.8 Alc`tuirea centurilor
Cert0ra este e|enert0| str0ct0ra| ce face |eat0ra irtre peret||
str0ct0ra|| pcrtart| s| e|enerte|e cr|zcrta|e ce t|p p|arse0.
|a a|cat0|rea cert0r||cr se va t|re seana ce respectarea 0rnatcare|cr
aspecte.
Cert0r||e vcr f| ccrt|r0e pe tcata |0r|nea perete|0| s| vcr a|cat0|
ccrt0r0r| irc||se. |a cc|t0r||e, |rtersect|||e s| ran|f|cat|||e peret||cr
str0ct0ra|| se va as|0ra |eat0ra ncrc||ta a cert0r||cr anp|asate pe
ce|e cc0a c|rect|| |ar ccrt|r0|tatea trarsn|ter|| efcrt0r||cr va f| rea||zata
pr|r arccrarea Lare|cr |cr|t0c|ra|e ir cert0r||e perperc|c0|are pe c
|0r|ne ce ce| p0t|r 6D C.
Sect|0rea trarsversa|a a cert0r||cr va sat|sface 0rnatcare|e ccrc|t||.
- ar|a sect|0r|| trarsversa|e * 6DD cn
2
- 26 x 2D cn,
- |at|nea * 26 cn car * 2/S c|r rcs|nea perete|0| ,
- ira|t|nea * 2D cn.
Eetcr0| ce se va t0rra ir cert0r| va f| spec|f|cat ce catre prc|ectart
ir ccc0nertat|a te|r|ca, |ar narca n|r|na va f| C 12/16
(cf. ME D12-99).
Arnarea cert0r||cr va sat|sface 0rnatcare|e ccrc|t|| prec0n s|
ccrc|t|||e s0p||nertare cate ir Ccc0| P 1DD-1/2DD6, c|ferert|ate ir
f0rct|e ce va|carea acce|erat|e| se|sn|ce ce prc|ectare (a

).
- prccert0| ce arnare |cr|t0c|ra|a * D.S% pertr0 zcre se|sn|ce
c0 a

) D.16
- prccert0| ce arnare |cr|t0c|ra|a * 1% pertr0 zcre se|sn|ce c0
a

) D.2D
- c|anetr0| Lare|cr |cr|t0c|ra|e * C1Dnn,
- c|anetr0| etr|er||cr * C6 nn, c|starta irtre etr|er| ) 16 cn ir cnp
c0rert s| ) 1D cn pe |0r|nea ce irrac|re a Lare|cr |cr|t0c|ra|e.
lrrac|r||e Lare|cr |cr|t0c|ra|e c|r cert0r| se vcr face pr|r
s0prap0rere, fara cr||e, pe c |0r|ne ce * 6DC. Sect|0r||e ce
irrac|re a|e Lare|cr c|r cert0ra vcr f| ceca|ate c0 ce| p0t|r 1.DD n,
irtr-c sect|0re se vcr irrac| ce| n0|t 6D% c|r Lare|e cert0r||.
;^\jgV, (ccrt|r0|tatea arnat0r||cr c|r cert0r|)
lr caz0| s||t0r||cr vert|ca|e rea||zate pr|r z|c|re, ccrt|r0|tatea
arnat0r||cr care se irtrer0p c|r cert0r| va f| as|0rata pr|r Lare
s0p||nertare avrc c sect|0re c0 ce| p0t|r 2D% na| nare cect
cea a Lare|cr irtrer0pte.
;^\jgV-
2.S.1 Prevecerea ce arnat0r| ir rcst0r||e cr|zcrta|e
Arnat0ra ir rcst0r||e cr|zcrta|e se prevece ir peret|| str0ct0ra||
pertr0 pre|0area efcrt0r||cr pr|rc|pa|e ce irt|rcere. Arnat0ra se va
c|ners|cra pe Laza 0r0| ca|c0| ce rez|sterta s| arnarea tcta|a se va
c|str|L0| pe ira|t|nea 0r0| r|ve|.
Arnarea se va c|str|L0| ir rcst0r||e cr|zcrta|e s| va f| rea||zata f|e c|r
Lare |rcepercerte f|e c|r p|ase ce arnat0ra.
O|starta ce |a nar|rea z|car|e| pra |a pr|na Lara treL0|e sa f|e na|
nare ce 4 cn.
Arnat0ra 0t|||zata este ce re0|a ce t|p CE S7 s| are c|anetr0|
0z0a| C S.
Peret|| |rter|cr| restr0ct0ra|| (ce ccnpart|nertare) rea||zat| c|r
L|cc0r| ceran|ce EDGDI=:GB 1D M+F, EDGDI=:GB 11,6 M+F s|
EDGDI=:GB 2D M+F, c0 rcs|nea ce 1D, 11.6 s| respect|v 2D cn, vcr
avea |eat0ra arnata c0 0r perete ce z|car|e perperc|c0|ar (c||ar
caca este as|0rata pr|r tesere) sa0 c0 e|enerte|e vert|ca|e ce Letcr
arnat ac|acerte (st|p| sa0 peret| str0ct0ra||) (n|r|n0n cc0a Lare
C S nn CES7/ 6DD nn ).
Sistemul de c`r`mizi POROTHERM
7
lr caz0| ir care z|car|a are rc| ce z|car|e ce 0np|0t0ra (str0ct0r| c|r
cacre ce Letcr arnat) arccrarea z|car|e| ce str0ct0ra se va rea||za
pr|r prevecerea 0rcr n0stat| c|r cte| Letcr C 6 nn, c0 |0r|nea
n|r|na ce 6D cn, sccase c|r st|p| sa0 c|afrane.
Prctect|a art|ccrcz|va a Lare|cr ce arccrare se va rea||za pr|r
ir|cLarea |cr ir ncrtar ce z|car|e pe Laza ce c|nert ce narca
|6 care se va prepara |a p0rct0| ce |0cr0.
3. Execu]ia zid`riilor POROTHERM
Lt|||zarea L|cc0r||cr ce z|car|e EDGDI=:GB r0 |np0re e|aLcrarea
0rcr rcrne spec|f|ce ce exec0t|e, c| r0na| |0area 0rcr nas0r| ce se
vcr 0rnar| r|0rcs.
Oatcr|ta str0ct0r|| n|crcpcrcase L|cc0r||e ceran|ce EDGDI=:GB
treL0|e 0cate ira|rte ce z|c|re, pertr0 ca acestea sa r0 extraa
apa c|r ncrtar. lr ncc 0z0a|, c0pa cesfacerea fc||e| prctectcare se
prcceceaza |a 0carea, ir st|va, ce s0s ir jcs c0 f0rt0r0|, a L|cc0r||cr
ceran|ce.
|a z|c|re se va fc|cs| 0r ncrtar ce z|car|e pertr0 0t|||zare erera|a,
ce var-c|nert, ce c|asa n|r|n |6.
Z|c|rea se va ircepe ce |a cc|t, caran|z||e 0nez|te asezrc0-se pe
pat0| ce ncrtar r|ve|at ir prea|aL|| ccrfcrn ccte|cr.
Crcs|nea rcn|ra|a a rcst0|0| cr|zcrta| ce ncrtar se reccnarca a f|
ce 1,2 cn. |a rea||zarea rcst0|0| cr|zcrta| se va avea r|ja ca ncrtar0|
sa accpere tcata s0prafata L|cc0r||cr ceran|ce, pra |a n0c|||,
ncrtar0| ir exces ircepartrc0-se c0 n|str|a. Oatcr|ta fcrne|
L|cc0r||cr ceran|ce, inL|rarea pe rcst0| vert|ca| se rea||zeaza pr|r
ccrtact irtre cc0a L|cc0r| ceran|ce a|at0rate. |a z|c|re, catcr|ta
fcrne| |cr, L|cc0r||e ceran|ce se inL|ra etars pe rcst0| vert|ca|.
|a pcz|t|crarea L|cc0r||cr EDGDI=:GB, ir |cc0| c|ccar0|0| ce z|car
fc|cs|t |a caran|z||e trac|t|cra|e se va 0t|||za 0r c|ccar ce ca0c|0c.
lr caz0| 0t|||zar|| L|cc0r||cr ceran|ce c0 |ccas ce ncrtar
(EDGDI=:GB SS, SD sa0 26), |ccase|e vert|ca|e se vcr 0np|e c0
ncrtar, ccata c0 rea||zarea rcst0|0| ce ncrtar cr|zcrta|. O|ners|0r||e
acestcr |ccase s0rt s0f|c|ert ce nar| pertr0 ca 0r ncrtar ce 0z
erera| ce t|p |6 sa pcata c0re ir e|e.
Faze|e z|c|r|| ccresp0rc c0 ce|e a|e z|car|e| trac|t|cra|e, teserea
facrc0-se c0 0r ceca|aj ce j0natate ce L|cc. |a capat z|car|a
pcrreste, cec|, f|e c0 0r L|cc ceran|c irtre, f|e c0 j0natate ce L|cc.
lr caz0| ir care r0 se c|sp0re ce j0natat| ce L|cc ata faLr|cate se
va rea||za ta|erea acestcra |a sart|er c0 f|erastra0| necar|c sa0
nar0a|, prevaz0t c0 cart0ra spec|a|a. lr caz0| rea||zar|| cc|t0r||cr
c0 0r|| c|fer|t ce 9D, L|cc0r||e ceran|ce se ta|e |a c|ners|0r||e
recesare, |ar |a inL|rare se ap||ca ncrtar.
Pertr0 rea||zarea z|c0r||cr c|r L|cc0r| ceran|ce c0 r0t s| fecer
(EDGDI=:GB 11,6 M+F, 1D M+F s| 2D M+F), se 0t|||zeaza ncrtar
r0na| pertr0 rcst0r||e cr|zcrta|e (12 nn). lr rest re0|||e ce z|c|re
s0rt ace|eas| ca |a L|cc0r||e c0 |ccas ce ncrtar.
Pr|rc|pa|a caracter|st|ca c|ners|cra|a a z|car|||cr c|r L|cc0r||e
ceran|ce EDGDI=:GB SS, SD, 26, 1D M+F, 11,6 M+F, 2D M+F este
ira|t|nea rrc0r||cr care, |rc|ferert ce t|p0| perete|0|, este ce 26 cn
(2S,S cn ira|t|nea caran|z|| + 1,2 cn ira|t|nea rcst0|0| ce ncrtar).
lr prc|ectarea z|car|e| str0ct0ra|e ccrc|t|||e ce exec0t|e s| ccrtrc|0|
aceste|a |rf0erteaza c|rect, pr|r ccef|c|ert| ce s|0rarta, rez|sterta
ce prc|ectare a z|car|e|. O|r acest p0rct ce vecere, cf. ccc ce
prc|ectare z|car|| CF6-2DD6, se ccrs|cera 0rnatcare|e.
S0rt ccrs|cerate ccrc|t|| ce ccrtrc| rcrna| a| exec0t|e| caca.
- |0crar||e s0rt s0prave|eate ir ncc pernarert, ce 0r
respcrsaL|| te|r|c c0 exec0t|a atestat ccrfcrn |e||,
- prc|ectart0| 0rnareste/ccrtrc|eaza, ir ncc r|tn|c, cesfas0rarea
|0crar||cr,
- respcrsaL||0| te|r|c a| Leref|c|ar0|0| ver|f|ca, ir ncc pernarert,
ca||tatea nater|a|e|cr s| ncc0| ce p0rere ir cpera,
- se efect0eaza tcate ver|f|car||e pre||n|rare s| ir etape
|rternec|are |0rc ca referert|a| re|enertar||e ir v|care. C66-S6,
ME D12-99, etc.
S0rt ccrs|cerate ccrc|t|| ce ccrtrc| rec0s a| exec0t|e| caca.
- |0crar||e r0 s0rt s0prave|eate ir ncc pernarert, ce 0r
respcrsaL|| te|r|c c0 exec0t|a atestat ccrfcrn |e||,
- prc|ectart0| r0 ccrtrc|eaza cect rar sa0 fcarte rar exec0t|a
|0crar||cr,
- reprezertart0| te|r|c a| Leref|c|ar0|0| r0 ver|f|ca s|stenat|c
ca||tatea nater|a|e|cr s| ncc0| ce p0rere ir cpera,
- r0 se efect0eaza ver|f|car| pre||n|rare s| ir etape |rternec|are
(c0 except|a faze|cr cetern|rarte) |0rc ca ccc0nerte
rcrnat|ve ce refer|rta. C66-S6, ME D12-99, etc .
Ccrtrc|0| rec0s va f| |0at ir ccrs|cerare |a prc|ectare (pr|r
0t|||zarea 0rcr ar0n|t| ccef|c|ert| spcr|t| ce s|0rarta), r0na| |a
cererea spec|a|a a |rvest|tcr0|0|, ccrsenrata ir tena ce prc|ectare
s| r0na| pertr0 c|ac|r||e c|r c|asa ce |npcrtarta lll, c0 r
r|v
)S, ir zcra
se|sn|ca c0 a

= D,DS, prec0n s| pertr0 c|ac|r||e c|r c|asa ce |npcr-


tarta lV, caca a

) D,16.
Ccef|c|ert|| ccrc|t|||cr ce |0cr0 pertr0 z|car|e (n
z
) se a|e c|ferert|at
f0rct|e ce t|p0| e|enert0|0| str0ct0ra| s| restr0ct0ra| s| f0rct|e ce
starea ||n|ta ce ver|f|care, pr|r prc|ectare (cf CF6-2DD6).
Va|cr||e ccef|c|ert||cr part|a|| ce s|0rarta (J
0
) s| a|e ccef|c|ert||cr
ccrc|t|||cr ce |0cr0 (n) pertr0 ce|e|a|te nater|a|e (Letcr, cte|, |enr) se
vcr |0a ccrfcrn prevecer||cr c|r re|enertar||e spec|f|ce ir v|care.
S.1 Te|rc|c|a ce rea||zare a |0crar||cr pe t|np fr|0rcs
Pr|za s| irtar|rea ncrtar0|0| se rea||zeaza ircet |a tenperat0r| ce
D
c
C. + 6
c
C, |ar ce |a - 1D
c
C....- 16
c
C ncrtar0| ir|eata c0pa cca.
2-S cre ce |a p0rerea ir cpera.
lr ccrc|t|||e ce ir|etare t|np0r|e, rez|sterta f|ra|a a ncrtar0|0| scace
c0 6D - 7D%, |ar acererta sa |a L|cc0| ce z|car|e se rec0ce fcarte
n0|t. |a |0crar||e ce z|car|e ce se exec0ta pe t|np fr|0rcs r0 se
acn|te.
- Lt|||zarea ncrtare|cr ce var s|np|0 s| r|s|p, cecarece, caca se
prcc0ce ir|etarea acest0|a |a cez|etare se farn|teaza,
- Lt|||zarea L|cc0r||cr ce z|car|e 0ce sa0 accper|te c0 |eata s|
fc|cs|rea sar|| ce L0catar|e pertr0 acce|erarea pr|ze|.
4. Caracteristicile blocurilor de zid`rie
Fez|sterta nec|e |a ccnpres|0re rcrna| pe fata ce pczare f
L, nec

- va|care n|r|n arartata- pertr0 L|cc0r||e ce z|car|e EDGDI=:GB
cest|rate rea||zar|| z|car|||cr pcrtarte (EDGDI=:GB SS, SD, 26, SS S,
SD S, 26S) este 1D M/nn
2
. Fez|sterta |a ccnpres|0re vert|ca|
cLt|r0ta pe L|cc0r||e ceran|ce EDGDI=:GB 11,6 M+F,1D M+F s| 2D
M+F pertr0 peret| cespart|tcr| este s0per|cara va|cr|| ce 6 M/nn
2
.
5. Plan[ee POROTHERM
Pr|r ccrcept|e s| a|cat0|re, p|arsee|e treL0|e sa as|0re e|enerte
ct na| r||ce ir p|ar0| |cr as|0rrc0-se sa|Le cr|zcrta|e capaL||e sa
rec|str|L0|e sarc|r||e cr|zcrta|e c|r se|sn.
P|arsee|e treL0|e sa sat|sfaca 0rnatcare|e cer|rte.
Sa f|e p|are s| cr|zcrta|e (except|e p|arse0| terasa care pcate f|
exec0tat c0 c parta n|r|na recesara sc0rer|| ape|cr),
P|arsee|e ce |a ace|as| r|ve| a| c|ac|r|| vcr f| ccp|arare.
O|sccrt|r0|tat||e p|arse0|0| r0 treL0|e sa afecteze ccnpcrtarea ce
sa|La a acest0|a.
P|arse0| Pcrct|ern reprez|rta 0r p|arse0 c0 rerv0r| cese c|r
e|enerte prefaLr|cate c|r Letcr arnat preccnpr|nat, c|sp0se pe c
s|r0ra c|rect|e. P|arse0| Pcrct|ern as|0ra 0r s|sten ccrstr0ct|v
a|cat0|t c|r rerv0r|, ccrp0r| ce 0np|0t0ra ceran|ce s| p|aca ce Letcr
arnat ncrc||t |a partea s0per|cara. Se ircacreaza ir catecr|a
"p|arsee r||ce ir p|ar cr|zcrta|" cf. ccc0|0| CF6-2DD6.
6.1 Ocner|||e ce 0t|||zare a p|arsee|cr
Fe|n0| ce ira|t|ne a c|ac|r||cr prec0n s| ccner|0| ce 0t|||zare pertr0
care se pcate prc|ecta p|arse0| Pcrct|ern va f| staL|||t ce catre
prc|ectart t|rrc ccrt ce tct| factcr|| care cetern|ra aceasta
caracter|st|ca (acce|erat|a se|sn|ca a terer0|0| pertr0 prc|ectare
spec|f|ca zcre| respect|ve (a

), catecr|a ce |npcrtarta a
ccrstr0ct|e|, caracter|st|c||e terer0|0| ce f0rcare, fcrna ir p|ar s| ir
e|evat|e a ccrstr0ct|e|, a|cat0|rea ccrstr0ct|va a p|arse0|0| etc).
Feccnarcar| pr|v|rc ircarcar||e |a care s0rt s0p0se p|arsee|e .
- p|arsee|e c0 rerv0r| cese pct f| 0t|||zate crc ircarcar||e
tenpcrare s0rt 0r|fcrn c|str|L0|te sa0 as|n||aL||e c0 acestea s|
se ap||ca stat|c |ar va|carea ce exp|catare a acestcr ircarcar| este
ce| n0|t ea|a c0 1,6 va|carea ircarcar|| pernarerte
- 0t|||zarea p|arsee|cr c0 rerv0r| cese ir caz0| ircarcar||cr
ccrcertrate, ncL||e, ap||cate c|ran|c pe p|aca, na| nar| ce
S |M/n
2
r0 este reccnarcata.
P|arse0| Pcrct|ern se prc|ecteaza cf. STAS 1D1D7/S-9D ("P|arsee
c0 rerv0r| cese c|r Letcr arnat s| Letcr preccnpr|nat ") s|
rcrnat|ve|cr spec|f|ce ir v|care (P1DD-1/2DD6, CF6-2DD6 etc).
Sistemul de c`r`mizi POROTHERM
8
6.2 A|cat0|rea p|arsee|cr EDGDI=:GB 0rnareste
0rnatcare|e pr|rc|p||.
O|starta |rterax a r|rz||cr pertr0 p|arsee este f|e ce 46, f|e ce 6D
cn, ir f0rct|e ce ircarcar||e ce ca|c0|, caz0r| ir care se va fc|cs| L|cc0|
ceran|c EDGDI=:GB 6D sa0 EDGDI=:GB 46.
Merv0r||e pct f| pcz|t|crate |a |rterax 46 cn sa0 6D cn, c|sp0se
irtr-c str0ct0ra s|np|a (cte c r|rca pe pcz|t|e) sa0 ir str0ct0ra c0L|a
(cte cc0a r|rz| pe pcz|t|e).
Crcs|nea p|arse0|0| reccnarcata este ce n|r|n 17 + 6 cn,
rez0|tata ir 0rna ca|c0|0|0| ce prc|ectare.
Pertr0 cesc||cer| na| nar| ce 4n se reccnarca sa se prevaca
rerv0r| trarsversa|e ce r||c|zare, |a c|starte ce nax Sn. O|ners|0r||e
acestcr rerv0r| trarsversa|e c|r Letcr arnat vcr rez0|ta c|r ca|c0|
ce prc|ectare car vcr avea n|r|n ace|eas| c|ners|0r| ce aLar|t c0
rerv0r||e |cr|t0c|ra|e.
Ccrp0r||e ceran|ce ce 0np|0t0ra se aseaza pr|r s|np|a rezenare
pe r|rz||e ce p|arse0 prefaLr|cate.
|earea p|arse0|0| c0 z|c0r||e pe care reazena se face pr|r
|rternec|0| 0rcr cert0r| c|r Letcr arnat avrc n|r|n0n ira|t|nea
p|arse0|0|, s| respectrc tcate ce|e|a|te prevecer| pertr0 z|car|a
str0ct0ra|a.
lr caz0| p|arsee|cr ceran|ce, s0praLetcrarea se va c|ners|cra c|r
ccrs|cererte ce as|0rare a 0re| sa|Le r||ce cr|zcrta|e s| se va arna
n|r|n c0 p|asa ce cte| Letcr, |eata ce e|enerte|e per|netra|e ce
rez|sterta.
Sect|0rea recesara ce arnare treL0|e sa f|e ver|f|cata pr|r ca|c0| ce
prc|ectare ir spec|a| crc p|arse0| s0pcrta ircarcar| tenpcrare na|
nar| ce SKM/n
2
sa0 ircarcar| ap||cate |cca| (ce ex. peret| ce
ccnpart|nertare). lr aceste caz0r| se reccnarca , ca exenp|0,
arnarea s0praLetcrar|| c0 c p|asa C S CE S7 c0 cc||0r| ce 1Dx1D cn.
Arnarea prc|ectata a s0praLetcrar|| treL0|e sa respecte 0rnatcare|e
cer|rte n|r|na|e.
- c|starta c|rtre Lare treL0|e sa f|e ) 6 | (|- rcs|nea
s0praLetcrar||) n|r|n S Lare/n
- ar|a sect|0r|| ce arnare * 26D nn
2
/n
Pcrt|0r||e ce p|arsee ce se ccrst|t0|e ir e|enerte ce |es c|r t|p|c0|
p|arse0|0| p|ar (ccrsc|e, c|0r| te|rc|c|ce sa0 pertr0 scara, etc.) se
vcr trata ir ccrsec|rta ca zcre ncrc||te t0rrate inpre0ra c0
s0praLetcrarea.
6.S Capac|tatea pcrtarta a p|arsee|cr EDGDI=:GB
* Pertr0 va|cr||e narcate c0 aster|x se reccnarca 0t|||zarea str0ct0r||
c0L|e ce r|rz| preccnpr|nate.
|
|
= ncnert nax|n capaL|| ccresp0rzatcr ircarcar|| ||n|ta c|r
exp|catare

|
= ircarcarea ||n|ta c|r exp|catare (ascc|ata |0| |
|
)
|a 0t|||zarea taLe|e|cr ce capac|tate pcrtarta |a ircarcar| vert|ca|e
a|e p|arsee|cr, ver|f|carea ce sarc|ra treL0|e fac0ta c0 ccrs|cerarea
s0ne| sarc|r||cr (pernarerte, 0t||e etc) care act|creaza as0pra
p|arsee|cr.
5.4 Tehnologia de montare a plan[eelor
realizate cu grinzi [i blocuri ceramice
POROTHERM
6.4.1 |crtarea r|rz||cr prefaLr|cate ce p|arse0 care s0st|r
ccrp0r||e ceran|ce ce p|arse0. Cperat|| te|rc|c|ce
|crtarea sc|e|e| ce s0st|rere a r|rz||cr ce p|arse0 irtr-c var|arta
ccrveraL||a pertr0 ccrstr0ctcr, respect|v c|r |enr sa0 neta||ca.
Sc|e|e|e ce s0st|rere a|e r|rz||cr se c|sp0r |a c|starte ce
nax|n0n 1,76 n irtre e|e sa0 fata ce peret|| str0ct0ra||. Pcp|| acestcr
sc|e|e se aseaza pe ta|p|, |ar re|area ira|t|n|| acestcra se rea||zeaza
f|e pr|rtr-0r s|sten ce pere, f|e c0 c|spcz|t|ve necar|ce ce t|p cr|c
(f0rct|e ce t|p0| ce sc|e|a accptat). (F|.9)
|0r|ne
O|starta
c|rtre
peret|
Cre0tate
tcta|a
r|rca
M0nar0|
tcrc-
are|cr
M0nar0|
ccrectc-
r||cr
Str0ct0ra ce r|rz|
reccnarcata
Str0ct0ra s|np|a ce
r|rz|
Str0ct0ra c0L|a
ce r|rz|
Crcs|ne
s0praLetcrare
6 cn - Letcr ncrc||t C1S/22,6 (cf. MED12-99)
O|starta |rterax r|rz| |
|

|
|
|

|
cn cn |/L0c L0c L0c cn cn (|Mn) (|M/n) (|Mn) (|M/n)
26D 226 4D 6 7 6D 46 7,1 1D,D 14,1 19,9
276 26D 44 6 7 6D 46 7,1 S,2 14,1 16,S
SDD 276 4S 6 7 6D 46 S,6 S,2 16,S 16,2
S26 SDD 62 7 7 6D 46 9,9 S,1 19,6 16,9
S6D S26 66 S 7 6D 46 11,2 7,9 22,D 16,6
S76 S6D 6D 9 9 6D 46 12,6 7,7 24,6 16,D
4DD S76 64 1D 9 6D 46 1S,9 7,4 27,2 14,6
426 4DD 6S 12 9 6D 46 16,6 7,S S2,2 16,2
46D 426 72 1S 9 6D 46 17,9 7,6 S4,7 14,6
476 46D 76 14 11 6D 46 19,2 7,2 S7,1 1S,9
6DD 476 SD 16 12 6D 46 21,S 7,4 41,9 14,1
626 6DD S4 17 12 6D 46 2S,1 7,D 44,S 1S,6
66D 626 SS 17 14 6D 46 2S,1 6,4 44,S 12,S
676 66D 92 19 14 6D * 46 26,6 6,6 4S,9 12,1
6DD 676 96 19 12 6D * 46 26,6 6,9 4S,9 11,S
626 6DD 1DD 19 16 6D * 46 26,6 6,6 4S,9 1D,4
66D 626 1D4 19 14 6D * 46 26,6 6,D 4S,9 9,6
676 66D 1DS 19 14 6D * 46 26,6 4,7 4S,9 S,S
7DD 676 112 19 16 6D * 46 * 26,6 4,S 4S,9 S,S
726 7DD 116 19 16 6D * 46 * 26,6 4,D 4S,9 7,7
Sistemul de c`r`mizi POROTHERM
9
;^\jgV. - Fezenarea r|rz||cr pertr0 p|arsee pe peret| str0ct0ra|| c0
as|0rarea 0rcr ccrtrasaet| ce 1/SDD c|r cesc||cere
O|starta c|rtre peret| Va|carea ccrtrasaet||
2,D n D,7 cn
S,D n 1,D cn
4,D n 1,S cn
6,D n 1,7 cn
6,D n 2,D cn
Ccta ce |a partea ce s0s a r||e| s0per|care a sc|e|e| pe care
reazena r|rz||e se staL||este astfe| irct r|rz||e ce p|arse0 sa
rea||zeze c ccrtrasaeata ce 1/SDD c|r cesc||cere, |a n|j|cc0|
acestcra.
Se va accrca c atert|e cecseL|ta ccrtravrt0|r|| sc|e|e| pertr0
a se as|0ra staL|||tatea e| pe ce|e cc0a c|rect|| s| pertr0 a se
ev|ta ir acest fe| apar|t|a 0rcr cere|ar| 0|ter|care ir t|np0| rea||zar||
p|arse0|0| prcpr|0 z|s, ce asenerea se va accrca c atert|e
cecseL|ta cr|zcrta||tat|| s| vert|ca||tat|| pr|rc|pa|e|cr ccnpcrerte a|e
sc|e|e| se va efect0a c ver|f|care aterta ce catre |r|rer0| ce sart|er.
M|ve|area part|| s0per|care a z|c0r||cr pcrtarte pr|r ap||carea
0r0| strat ce ncrtar ce c|nert ce narca | 1D.
Asezarea pr|ne| r|rz| ce p|arse0 |a ||n|ta perete|0| str0ct0ra|
ce z|car|e para|e| c0 c|rect|a ce |0cr0 a p|arse0|0|. Cr|rca va rezena
pe z|c0r||e pcrtarte pe care cescarca p|arse0|, pe c |0r|ne ce
ce| p0t|r 12,6 cn.
|crtarea ce|cr|a|te r|rz| ce p|arse0 ir pcz|t|e para|e|a c0
pr|na r|rca, |a c|starte |rterax ce 46 sa0 6D cn (f0rct|e ce
L|cc0r||e ceran|ce 0t|||zate EDGDI=:GB 46 sa0
EDGDI=:GB 6D), ccrfcrn prc|ect0|0|. As|0rarea ccrecta a c|starte|
|rterax c|rtre r|rz| se rea||zeaza c0 c|start|er| c|r |enr sa0 c0
c|spcz|t|ve spec|a|e.
6.4.2 |crtarea L|cc0r||cr ceran|ce ce p|arse0
E|cc0r||e ceran|ce ce p|arse0 (ccrp0r| ce 0np|0t0ra) se ncrteaza
a|at0rat, irtre r|rz|, rezenate pe acestea, cec| ir |0r0| r|rz||cr.
Aceasta cperat|e se face nar0a|. lr zcra ce rezenare a r|rz||cr ce
p|arse0 pe 0r perete str0ct0ra|, pr|n0| L|cc se ncrteaza |a ||n|ta
spre |rter|cr a acest0|a, se ncrteaza ir ccrt|r0are ce|e|a|te L|cc0r|,
pr|r a|at0rare.
L|t|n0| L|cc va f| ta|at |a c|ners|0rea recesara astfe| irct acesta sa
r0 cepaseasca ||n|ta vert|ca|a, |rter|cara, a ce|0||a|t perete str0ct0ra|
pe care reazena r|rz||e ce p|arse0.
|0crar||e ce rea||zare a p|arsee|cr se vcr face pe p|atfcrne spec|a|
anerajate. M0 se acn|te acces0| perscare|cr c|rect pe L|cc0r||e ce
p|arse0 ncrtate arter|cr.
6.4.S Ac0cerea etr|er||cr c|r r|rz||e ce p|arse0 ir pcz|t|e ce
|0cr0
Etr|er|| c|r r|rz||e ce p|arse0 se asesc ir pcz|t|e cr|zcrta|a ir p|ar0|
s0per|cr a| r|rz||cr. O0pa ncrtarea r|rz||cr, etr|er|| se ac0c ir pcz|t|e
irc||rata c0 c sc0|a s|np|a, spec|a|a, astfe| irct partea |cr s0per|cara
sa aj0ra c0 aprcx. 2 cn s0L ccta s0per|cara a Letcr0|0| c|r strat0|
ce s0praLetcrare.
6.4.4 |crtarea arnat0r||cr
Se ncrteaza arnat0ra cert0r||cr ce pe peret|| pcrtart|, ce pe
ccrt0r0| p|arsee|cr, ccrfcrn ceta||||cr ce prc|ect (cert0r||e se
exec0ta ir rcs|nea p|arsee|cr). Arnat0r||e |cr|t0c|ra|e a|e
cert0r||cr -(ce ex. 4 C 12 - CES7) s0rt |eate c0 etr|er| C 6/2D - CE S7.
Tct| etr|er|| s0rt |eat| |a partea s0per|cara c0 c Lara c|r cte| C 1D, pe
tcata |0r|nea r|rz||cr. Eare|e se arccreaza ir cert0r||e |atera|e.
Se ncrteaza arnat0ra ir r|rz||e |rternec|are, ccrfcrn ceta||||cr ce
prc|ect.
Se ncrteaza arnat0ra strat0|0| ce s0praLetcrare, reccnarcat
p|asa s0cata C S/CE S7 c0 cc||0r| ce 1D x 1D cn.
6.4.6 Exec0tarea s0praLetcrar||
Se 0nezesc ir exces L|cc0r||e ceran|ce ce p|arse0, c0pa care
se tcarra Letcr0| ccrccn|tert ir tcate e|enerte|e care a|cat0|esc
p|arse0| - r|rz| ce p|arse0, r|rz| |rternec|are, cert0r| s| strat0| ce
s0praLetcrare, Letcr0| fc|cs|t va f| ce c|asa C1S/22,6 (cf rcrnat|v
ME D12-99).
Se va p|ar|f|ca act|v|tatea astfe| irct Letcrarea p|arse0|0| sa se
faca ccrt|r00 (fara irtrer0per|).
Fata s0per|cara a Letcr0|0| se r|ve|eaza, astfe| irct sa se respecte
rcs|nea ce 4 cn sa0 6 cn a strat0|0| ce s0praLetcrare (ccrfcrn
prc|ect0|0|).
Eetcr0| se va prcteja c0 rccj|r| care se 0nezesc pe tct parc0rs0|
irtar|r|| Letcr0|0|, ce 1-2 cr| pe z|.
lr ncc rcrna| sc|e|a ce rezenare a r|rz||cr ce p|arse0 se
cencrteaza r0na| c0pa cef|r|t|varea pr|ze| s| irtar|r|| Letcr0|0|,
respect|v c0pa 2S z||e.
6. Alc`tuirea buiandrugilor
E0|arcr0|| s0rt e|enerte ce ccrstr0ct|e ir partea s0per|cara a
c|0r||cr prevaz0te ir z|car|e pertr0 0s| s| ferestre, c0 rc| ce s0st|rere
a pcrt|0r|| ce z|car|e ce ceas0pra acestcra.
E|enerte|e t|p r|rca-L0|arcr0 ncrc||te s| ce|e prefaLr|cate
EDGDI=:GBvcr avea, ce re0|a, |at|nea sect|0r|| trarsversa|e
c0n0|ate ea|a c0 rcs|nea perete|0| (n|r|n0n 26 cn ir caz0|
peret||cr str0ct0ra||).
E0|arcr0|| c|r Letcr arnat ncrc||t vcr avea , ce re0|a, ira|t|nea ce
n|r|n0n 1/6 c|r |0n|ra c|0|0|.
6.1 E0|arcr0|| ce EDGDI=:GB s| EDGDI=:GB S
S0rt e|enerte prefaLr|cate c0 sect|0rea ce 12 x 6,6 cn respect|v
S x 2S,S cn, rea||zat| c|r Letcr arnat preccnpr|nat, t0rrat ir ccfraje
p|erc0te c|r e|enerte ceran|ce spec|a|e. |0r|nea acestcra este
ncc0|ata c|r 26 ir 26 cn. Se ||vreaza, ir f0rct|e ce nar|nea c|0r||cr,
c0 |0r|n| c0pr|rse irtre D.76 - S.DD n.
lr caz0| ir care ce |a fata |rfer|cara a L0|arcr00|0| |a fata s0per|cara
a p|arse0|0| este c c|starta na| n|ca ce 6D cn, L0|arcr0|| c|r Letcr
arnat ncrc||t sa0 ccnp|etarea ce|cr EDGDI=:GB se pcate rea||za
pr|r t0rrare inpre0ra c0 cert0r||e p|arse0|0|.
|0r|nea ce rezenare a L0|arcr0||cr pe e|enerte|e str0ct0ra|e
ce z|car|e se va face pe n|r|n0n 26cn+26 cn.
Z|car|a se va exec0ta astfe| irct s0L p0rcte|e ce rezenare a|e
L0|arcr0||cr sa f|e asezate caran|z| irtre| EDGDI=:GB.
Cc|0r||e vert|ca|e a|e acestcr caran|z| se vcr 0np|e c0 ncrtar ce
c|nert narca | 1D.
lr caz0| ir care c|starta c|rtre cc0a cesc||cer| ccrsec0t|ve este na|
n|ca ce 6D cn, L0|arcr0|| se pct exec0ta ccrt|r00 peste ce|e cc0a
c|0r|. Pertr0 cesc||cer| nar| sa0 ir ccrc|t|||e cer0te ce rcrnat|ve|e
ce prc|ectare, se pct prevecea r|rz| ce c0p|are c|r Letcr arnat
ncrc||t.
E0|arcr0|| c|r Letcr arnat ncrc||t c|r peret|| str0ct0ra|| exter|cr|
reces|ta |zc|at|e tern|ca, spre exter|cr, ir ncc asenaratcr c0
cert0r||e str0ct0ra|e. E0|arcr0|| preccnpr|nat| Pcrct|ern s0rt
faLr|cat| ir irve||s ceran|c, |zc|at|a tern|ca exter|cara s0p||nertara
ref||rc recesara.
|a ncrtarea L0|arcr0||cr EDGDI=:GB se vcr prevecea |a partea
|rfer|cara pcp| prcv|zcr|| ce se vcr nert|re pra |a irtar|rea Letcr0|0|
sa0 a z|car|e| pe pcrt|0rea ce perete ce ceas0pra acestcra.
|a rea||zarea pcrt|0r|| ce perete ce ceas0pra se |rterz|ce
|rtrcc0cerea ir L0|arcr0| a 0rcr e|enerte ce pr|rcere pr|r a0r|re,
inp0scare sa0 ca|t0|re care pct afecta rez|sterta acestcra.
Este str|ct |rterz|sa ta|erea L0|arcr0||cr EDGDI=:GB sa0
EDGDI=:GB S, e| f||rc ||vrat| |a c|ners|0rea recesara prevaz0ta ir
prc|ect.
Sistemul de c`r`mizi POROTHERM
10
6.2 Capac|tatea pcrtarta |a sarc|r| vert|ca|e a L0|arcr0||cr
EDGDI=:GB s| EDGDI=:GB S
Capac|tatea pcrtarta |a sarc|r| vert|ca|e a L0|arcr0||cr EDGDI=:GB
(12Dnn x 66nn)
|cc ce a|cat0|re f0rct|e ce rcs|nea perete|0|.
Z|car|e Pcrct|ern irtre L0|arcr0| s| cert0ra
6.S Te|rc|c|a ce ncrtare a L0|arcr0||cr EDGDI=:GB
s| EDGDI=:GB S
Se spcreste rez|sterta capete|cr z|car|e| pe care se ncrteaza
L0|arcr0|| c0 caran|z| EDGDI=:GB pr|r 0np|erea c|0r||cr vert|ca|e
a|e acestcra c0 ncrtar ce c|nert | 1D.
Z|car|a se exec0ta astfe| irct s0L p0rcte|e ce reazen a|e
L0|arcr0||cr sa f|e asezate L|cc0r| irtre| EDGDI=:GB.
Se aseaza L0|arcr0|| pe 0r pat ce ncrtar ce c|nert |1D, n|r|n
1 cn rcs|ne, c|sp0s pe capete|e z|car|e| pe care reazena.
Fezenarea L0|arcr0||cr EDGDI=:GB sa0 EDGDI=:GB S se face
pe ce| p0t|r 26 cn.
C0 aceasta ccaz|e se rea||zeaza s| spr|j|r|rea prcv|zcr|e a
L0|arcr0||cr, |a nax|n0n 1 n c|starta c0 1 sa0 2 pcp|, ir f0rct|e ce
cesc||cerea pe care c accpera.
Pcrt|0rea ce perete ce ceas0pra L0|arcr0||cr EDGDI=:GB
se pcate rea||za f|e c|r Letcr, f|e c|r z|car|e ce caran|ca. lr anLe|e
caz0r| se accrca c r|ja cecseL|ta pr|v|rc ca||tatea exec0t|e| s| a
nater|a|e|cr fc|cs|te (caran|z|, ncrtar, Letcr), avrc ir vecere ca
aceasta pcrt|0re ce perete treL0|e sa pre|a, ir ccrc|t||
ccresp0rzatcare, efcrt0r||e ce ccnpres|0re c|r ircarcar|, afererte
L0|arcr0||cr.
Capac|tate pcrtarta pertr0 1 e|enert ce r|rca L0|arcr0 / n| (KM/n)
D.76 1.DD 1.26 1.6D 1.76 2.DD 2.26 2.6D 2.76
SD 26.76 19.S2 16.46 12.SS 11.D4 9.66 S.69 7.72 6.S2
4D S6.S2 26.4S 21.22 17.66 16.1S 1S.24 11.7S 1D.61 9.46
6D 44.S7 SS.66 26.96 22.4S 19.2S 16.S2 14.97 1S.4S 12.DS
6D 64.41 4D.S1 S2.71 27.2D 2S.S2 2D.4D 1S.16 16.S4 14.71
7D 6S.96 47.97 SS.46 S1.9S 27.41 2S.97 21.S4 19.22 17.S4
SD 69.14 6S.69 44.19 S6.76 S1.61 27.66 24.62 22.D9 19.96
9D 69.14 6S.69 49.S9 41.6D S6.6S S1.12 27.62 24.96 22.69
1DD 69.14 6S.69 49.S9 46.27 S9.67 S4.7D SD.SS 27.S2 26.22
Crcs|ne perete (cn) 1D 11,6 2D 26 SD SS
M0nar e|enerte L0|arcr0
Pcrct|ern 12Dnn x 66nn
1 1 2 2 2 S
Capac|tate pcrtarta pertr0 1 e|enert ce r|rca L0|arcr0 / n| (KM/n)
D.76 1.DD 1.26 1.6D 1.76 2.DD 2.26 2.6D 2.76
4D 1D.DS 7.66 6.D6 6.D4 4.S2 S.7S S.S6 S.DS 2.76
6D 1S.DD 9.76 7.S1 6.6 6.67 4.S7 4.SS S.9D S.66
6D 16.D2 12.D1 9.6S S.DD 6.S6 6.D1 6.S4 4.S2 4.SS
7D 19.12 14.S4 11.49 9.66 S.19 7.14 6.S7 6.76 6.22
SD 22.S2 16.47 1S.41 11.16 9.66 S.S7 7.46 6.7D 6.1D
9D 26.62 19.21 16.4D 12.S1 1D.9S 9.6D S.66 7.7D 7.DD
1DD 29.D2 21.77 17.46 14.61 12.44 1D.SS 9.6S S.72 7.92
|cc0| ce a|cat0|re Capac|tate pcrtarta pertr0 arsanL|0| ce L0|arcr0| / n| (KM/n)
D.76 1.DD 1.26 1.6D 1.76 2.DD 2.26 2.6D 2.76
S 1D.DS 7.66 6.D6 6.D4 4.S2 S.7S S.S6 S.DS 2.76
SS 1S.DD 9.76 7.S1 6.6 6.67 4.S7 4.SS S.9D S.66
SD 16.D2 12.D1 9.6S S.DD 6.S6 6.D1 6.S4 4.S2 4.SS
26 19.12 14.S4 11.49 9.66 S.19 7.14 6.S7 6.76 6.22
Capac|tatea pcrtarta |a sarc|r| vert|ca|e a L0|arcr0||cr EDGDI=:GB S (S nn x 2SS nn)
Cert0ra ce Letcr pre|0r|ta pra |a r|ve|0| L0|arcr00|0| Letcr ncrc||t narca C16/2D
Sistemul de c`r`mizi POROTHERM
11
Se irceparteaza pcp|| r0na| c0pa rea||zarea rez|sterte|cr sccrtate
a|e Letcr0|0| s| ncrtar0|0|, c|r pcrt|0rea ce perete ce ceas0pra
L0|arcr0||cr EDGDI=:GB sa0 EDGDI=:GB S.
|a rea||zarea pcrt|0r|| ce perete ce ceas0pra se |rterz|ce
|rtrcc0cerea ir L0|arcr0 a 0rcr e|enerte ce pr|rcere pr|r a0r|re,
inp0scare sa0 ca|t0|re care pct afecta rez|sterta acest0|a.
7. Principii de realizare a infrastructurii
lrfrastr0ct0ra se va ccrcepe s| rea||za ir cc0a s|stene. arsanL|0|
f0rcat|||cr |a str0ct0r||e fara s0Lsc| s| arsanL|0| f0rcat|||cr s| peret||cr
s0Lsc|0|0| |a var|arta c0 s0Lsc|.
F0rcat|||e |a anLe|e s|stene ccrstr0ct|ve se vcr rea||za s0L fcrna
ce f0rcat|| ccrt|r0e s0L z|c0r||e str0ct0ra|e.
|a prc|ectarea f0rcat|||cr se va 0rnar| pe ct pcs|L|| trarsn|terea
sarc|r|| ir zcra peret||cr str0ct0ra||.
Prc|ectarea f0rcat|||cr se face f0rct|e ce rat0ra terer0|0| ce f0rcare
ccrfcrn rcrne|cr ir v|care.
Peste L|cc0| ce f0rcare c|r Letcr s|np|0 se reccnarca rea||zarea
0r0| scc|0 c|r Letcr arnat ce se ccrst|t0|e ir c0z|ret pertr0 st|p|scr|
c|r Letcr arnat.
Peste scc|0 se va rea||za c ||crc|zc|at|e cr|zcrta|a c|r nater|a|e
L|t0n|rcase sa0 a|te nater|a|e ||crc|zc|atcare .
|a ccrstr0ct|||e c0 s0Lsc| str0ct0ra ce rez|sterta a acest0|a se va
rea||za f|e c0 z|c0r| str0ct0ra|e c|r z|car|e f|e c|r c|afrane ce Letcr
arnat.
Crcs|nea peret||cr s0Lsc|0|0| se staL||esc f0rct|e ce 0rnatcare|e
ccrc|t||.
sa fe na| nare sa0 ce| p0t|r ea|a c0 rcs|nea peret||cr str0ct0ra||
ce |a parter0| ccrstr0ct|e|,
sa acn|ta ccnpersarea 0rcr aLater| ce exec0t|e,
sa sat|sfaca ccrc|t|a ce rez|sterta |a inp|rerea panrt0|0| (pertr0
peret|| str0ct0ra|| exter|cr|).
M0nar0| s| c|ners|0rea c|0r||cr c|r peret|| s0Lsc|0|0| vcr f| rec0se |a
n|r|n0n recesar |np0s ce ccrc|t|| f0rct|cra|e.
;^\jgV&% - Spr|j|r|rea prcv|zcr|e a r|rz||-L0|arcr0
Cc|0r||e vcr p0tea f| ceca|ate c0 c c|starta na| nare ce 1.D n fata
ce c|0r||e ce |a parter. |a anp|asarea c|0r||cr se |rterz|ce
irtrer0perea cert0r||cr s0per|care s| |rfer|care c|r Letcr arnat.
St|p|scr|| c|r Letcr arnat ce trarsn|t efcrt0r| ce irt|rcere s|
ccnpres|0re senr|f|cat|ve se vcr arccra ir scc|0 sa0 ir peret|| c|r
Letcr a| s0Lsc|0|0| pe n|r|n0n 1.D n |0r|ne.
St|p|scr|| care trarsn|t r0na| efcrt0r| ce ccnpres|0re se pct
arccra r0na| |a r|ve|0| cert0r|| p|arse0|0| peste s0Lsc|.
8. Documente de referin]`
Fefer|rte
Mcrnat|v C1D7/2DD6 - "Mcrnat|v pr|v|rc ca|c0|0| terncte|r|c a|
e|enerte|cr ce ccrstr0ct|e a|e c|ac|r||cr"
P1DD-1/2DD6 "Ccc ce prc|ectare se|sn|ca. Partea l. Prevecer| ce
prc|ectare pertr0 c|ac|r|."
CF6-2DD6 "Ccc ce prc|ectare pertr0 str0ct0r| c|r z|car|e."
P7-2DDD " Mcrnat|v pr|v|rc f0rcarea ccrstr0ct|||cr pe panrt0r|
sers|L||e |a 0nez|re (prc|ectare, exec0t|e, exp|catare)"
MPDD1-2DDD " Ccc ce prc|ectare s| exec0t|e pertr0 ccrstr0ct||
f0rcate pe panrt0r| c0 0nfar| s| ccrtract|| nar|."
CF.2-1-1.1 " Ccc ce prc|ectare a ccrstr0ct|||cr c0 peret| str0ct0ra||
ce Letcr arnat."
STAS 1D1D9/1-S2 - "|0crar| ce z|car|e. Ca|c0|0| s| a|cat0|rea
e|enerte|cr".
STAS 1D1D7/D-199D - "Ccrstr0ct|| c|v||e s| |rc0str|a|e. Ca|c0|0| s|
a|cat0|rea e|enerte|cr str0ct0ra|e c|r Letcr, Letcr arnat s| Letcr
preccnpr|nat".
STAS 1D1D7/1-199D - "Ccrstr0ct|| c|v||e s| |rc0str|a|e. P|arsee c|r
Letcr arnat s| Letcr preccnpr|nat. Prescr|pt|| erera|e ce prc|ectare".
STAS 1D1D7/2-199D - "P|arsee c0rerte c|r p|ac| s| r|rz| c|r Letcr
arnat s| Letcr preccnpr|nat".
STAS 1D1D7/S-199D - "P|arsee c0 rerv0r| cese c|r Letcr arnat s|
Letcr preccnpr|nat. Prescr|pt|| ce prc|ectare".
Ccc MP DD7-97 - "Ccc ce prc|ectare pertr0 str0ct0r| ir cacre c|r
Letcr arnat".
Mcrnat|v MP D16-97 - "Mcrnat|v pr|v|rc prc|ectarea c|ac|r||cr ce
|cc0|rte pe Laza cer|rte|cr ccrfcrn |e|| 1D/1996".
Mcrnat|v C16-S4 - "Mcrnat|v pertr0 rea||zarea pe t|np fr|0rcs a
|0crar||cr ce ccrstr0ct|| s| |rsta|at|||cr afererte".
Mcrnat|v0| MED12-1999 - "Mcrnat|v pertr0 exec0tarea |0crar||cr c|r
Letcr s| Letcr arnat".
SF EM 771-1.2DDS - "Spec|f|cat|| a|e e|enerte|cr pertr0 z|car|e.
Partea 1. E|enerte pertr0 z|car|e ce ar||a arsa" s| SFEM 771-1.2DDS/
A1.2DD6.
Mcta.
Oepartanert0| Prcc0ct 8 C0a||ty v|ererLerer S|stene ce Caran|z|
sta |a c|spcz|t|a prc|ectart||cr s| ccrstr0ctcr||cr pertr0 |rfcrnare s|
s0pcrt te|r|c.
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