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Name: _______________________________________________________ Year & Section: __________________________ Date: ________________ I. Write the letter of the correct answer. 1.

The ultimate source of electromagnetic waves are: a. TV antenna c. Vibrating atoms b. Radio sets d. Charged vibrating particles 2. The higher the frequency of a sound wave, the a. lower the pitch c. shorter the wavelength b. greater the speed d. greater the amplitude 3. When the loud music in your house causes the doors on the cabinets to buzz, the effect is due to: a. interference c. superposition b. diffraction d. resonance 4. One is likely to hear low-pitched sounds coming from behind the head better than high pitched ones because of: a. diffraction c. interference b. dispersion d. refraction 5. In which of the following can Doppler Effect occur? a. When an observer rapidly moves away from the source. b. When a source rapidly moves towards or away from an observer. c. When both the observer and the source move away from or toward each other. d. All of the above. 6. Max Planck was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1918 for his theory that the energy of all electromagnetic waves come in discrete packets. What do you call these packets of energy? a. quanta c. orbitals b. electromagnetic pulses d. alpha waves 7. Which of the following equations best describes the relationship between the period (T) and the frequency (f) of a wave? a. T = 2(f) b. T = f + 1

a. perpendicular to the magnetic field and in the direction of the wave motion. b. perpendicular to the magnetic field and to the direction of the wave motion. c. parallel the magnetic field and in the direction of the wave motion. d. parallel to the magnetic field and perpendicular to the wave motion. 11. Which statement best describes electromagnetic waves? a. They have the same speed, frequency and wavelength. b. They have the same speed and frequency, but different wavelengths. c. They have the same speed, but different frequencies and wavelengths. d. They have different speeds, but the same frequency and wavelength. 12. The illustrations below show different sine curves of vibrating springs having the same frequency and velocity.

Wave A

Wave B

What evidence shows that Wave A carries more energy? a. greater amplitude c. longer wavelength b. lower wave speed d. higher number of oscillations per unit time 8 13. A radio wave traveling at 3 x 10 meters/second has a frequency of 20 MHz. What is the wavelength of this wave?

f 1 2 1 d. T f
c. T

8. A drinking glass is repeatedly tapped at the side with a spoon while being filled with water. What happens to the pitch of the sound as the water level goes up? a. increases c. remains unchanged b. decreases d. alternately increase and decrease 9. The property of light producing dark and bright bands on a screen after light passes through two slits. a. refraction c. interference b. diffraction d. polarization 10. When an electromagnetic wave travels, the direction of the electric field is

2 x 10 3 x 10 8 c. meters meters 7 3 x 10 8 2 x 10 8 7 8 2 7 b. (3 x 10 )(2 x 10 ) meters d. (3 x 10 ) (2 x 10 ) meters 14. How fast is a wave moving if its wavelength is 10 meters and its frequency is 110 Hertz? a. 11 m/s c. 120 m/s b. 100 m/s d. 1100 m/s 15. A transverse wave of frequency 400 waves/sec travels along a string at a constant speed of 100 m/s. What is the wavelength of the wave?
a.

1 m 400 1 b. m 5
a.

c.

1 m 4

d. 4 m

16. A set of chimes was made by cutting four pieces of pipes of different lengths from a long metal pipe and hanging them as shown in the drawing. Which pipe gave the lowest note when struck with a hammer? a. W b. X c. Y d. Z.

17. A sonar signal at high frequency sent vertically downwards from a ship is reflected from the ocean floor and is detected 0.45 s after transmission. If the speed of sound in water is 1500 m/s, what is the depth of the ocean? a. 3375 m c. 3.375 m b. 337.5 m d. .3375 m 18. A strong wind could make a tall tower sway back and forth at a frequency of 0.1 Hz. What is the period of vibration of a swaying tower assuming it sways at the frequency of 0.1 Hz. a. 0.1 second c. 10 seconds b. 1.0 second d. 100 seconds 19. What corresponds to the trough of a transverse wave in a sound? a. rarefaction b. compression c. amplitude d. wavelength 20. What do the following drapes, furniture and carpets do to sound waves? a. diffract b. refract c. reflect d. absorb 21. What is the result when the amplitudes of two sound waves add to each other? a. constructive interference c. reflection b. destructive interference d. diffraction 22. Which of the following can change the frequency of a wave? a. elasticity c. temperature b. pressure d. density 23. Which of the following greatly affects the speed of sound in air? a. amplitude loudness c. interference beat b. waveform intensity d. reflection echo 24. Assume that the speed of sound in air is about 344 m/s and there is no measurable time delay for light. How far away is a storm if you note a 4second delay between a lightning flash and the thunderclap? a. 340 m c. 1376 m b. 86 m d. 22.9 m 25. What characteristic of musical sound refers to the repeating pattern of beats? a. melody c. harmony b. rhythm d. pitch

II. Answer the following completely and neatly. 1. Atoms in a solid are in continuous vibrational motion due to thermal energy. At room temperature, the amplitude of these atomic vibrations is -9 12 typically about 10 cm, and their frequency is on the order of 10 Hz. (a) What is the approximate period of oscillation of a typical atom? (b) What is its maximum speed of such an atom? 2. A student reading his physics book on a lake dock notices that the distance between two incoming wave crests is about 2.4 m, and he then measures the time of arrival between the crests to be 1.6 s. What is the approximate speed of the waves? 3. Two waves of equal amplitude and wavelength of 0.80 m travel in opposite directions at a speed of 250 m/s in a string. If the string is 2.0 m long, for which harmonic mode is the standing wave set up in the string? 4. Sonar is used to map the ocean floor. If an ultrasonic signal is received 2.0 s after it is emitted, how deep is the ocean floor at that location? 5. When dogs sleep, they usually put their ear on the floor. Why do you suppose this is so? Is it related to people putting their ears on railroad tracks in Western movies?