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Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering

Yeshwantrao Chavan College of Engineering Nagpur


Course Name: Digital signal Processing
Tutorial No: 0
Name of Topic: Discrete Time signals and Systems Date:_______________

Course Instructors: Dr. M. M. Mushrif, V. R. Gupta, E.T. Department, YCCE, Nagpur.








Q.1: Consider the analog signal:
( ) 3cos 2000 5sin6000 10cos12, 000
a
x t t t t t t t = + +
a) What is the Nyquist rate for this signal?
b) Assume now that we sample this signal using a sampling rate Fs=5000 samples/sec. What is the
discrete time signal obtained after sampling?
c) What is the analog signal y
a
(t) we can reconstruct from the samples if we use ideal interpolation.

Q.2: An analog signal ( ) 2sin(480 ) 3sin(720 )
a
x t t t t t = + is sampled 600 times per second.
a) Determine the Nyquist rate for this signal?
b) Determine the folding frequency?
c) What are the frequencies in radians in the resulting Discrete-time signal x(n).
d) If x(n) is passed through an ideal D/A convertor What is the reconstructed signal y
a
(t ).
Q.3: A digital communication link carries binary words representing samples of an input signal:
( ) 3cos(600 ) 2sin(1800 )
a
x t t t t t = + This link is operated at 10,000 bits/sec. and each input sample
is quantized into 1024 different voltage levels.
a) What is the Nyquist frequency and folding frequency?
b) What is the Nyquist rate for this signal x
a
(t)?
c) What are the frequencies in the resulting Discrete-time signal x(n)?
Q.4: Determine which of the following sinusoids are periodic and compute their fundamental period.
a) cos(0.01 ) n t
b)
30
cos
105
n
t
| |
|
\ .



c) sin(3 ) n
d)
62
sin
10
n
t
| |
|
\ .





Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering
Yeshwantrao Chavan College of Engineering Nagpur
Course Name: Digital signal Processing
Tutorial No: 0
Name of Topic: Discrete Time signals and Systems Date:_______________

Course Instructors: Dr. M. M. Mushrif, V. R. Gupta, E.T. Department, YCCE, Nagpur.



















Q.5: Determine whether or not each of the following signals is periodic. In case the signal is periodic
specify the fundamental period.
a) ( ) 3cos(5 / 6)
a
x t t t = +
b) ( ) 3cos(5 / 6) x n n t = +
c) ( ) 2exp
6
n
x n j t
( | |
=
| (
\ .

d) ( ) cos cos
8 8
n n
x n
t | | | |
=
| |
\ . \ .
e) ( ) cos sin 3cos
2 8 4 3
n n n
x n
t t t t | | | | | |
= + +
| | |
\ . \ . \ .


Q.6: A discrete time signal x(n) is defined as:

1 3 1
3
( ) 1 0 3
0
n
n
x n n
elsewhere

+ s s

= s s


d) Determine its values and sketch the signal x(n).
e) Sketch the signal that result if we:
1) First fold x(n) and then delay the resulting signal by four samples.
2) First delay x(n) by four samples and then fold the resulting signal.
f) Sketch the signal x(-n+4).
g) Compare the results in parts (b) and (c) and derive a rule for obtaining the signal x(-n+k) from
x(n).
h) Can you express the signal x(n) in terms of signals ( ) ( ) n and u n o .

Q.7: A discrete time system can be:
1) Static or Dynamic
2) Linear or nonlinear
3) Time invariant or time varying
4) Casual or noncausal

Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering
Yeshwantrao Chavan College of Engineering Nagpur
Course Name: Digital signal Processing
Tutorial No: 0
Name of Topic: Discrete Time signals and Systems Date:_______________


Course Instructors: Dr. M. M. Mushrif, V. R. Gupta, E.T. Department, YCCE, Nagpur.









5) Stable or unstable.
Examine the following systems with respect to the properties above.
a)
0
( ) ( ) cos( ) y n x n n e =
b) ( ) ( ) ( 1) y n x n nx n = + +
c) ( ) ( 2) y n x n = +
d)
1
( ) ( )
n
k
y n x k
+
=
=

e) ( ) [ ( )] y n Trun x n =
f)
2
( ) [ ( )] y n x n =
g)
2
( ) ( ) y n x n =
Q.8: Two discrete-time systems T
1
and T
2
are connected in cascade to form a new system T as shown in
Fig. below:

x(n) y(n)


T=T
1
T
2
a) If T1 and T2 are linear, then T is linear (i.e., the cascade connection of two linear systems is
linear).
b) If T1 and T2 are time invariant, then T is time invariant.
c) If T1 and T2 are causal, then T is causal.
d) If T1 and T2 are linear and time invariant, then interchanging their order does not change the
system T.
e) If T1 and T2 are stable, then T is stable.



T
1
T
2