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Sixth Grade Social Studies

Unit 6: Latin Americas Economic and Environmental Forces

Unit 6 Test

Multiple Choice (4 points each) Choose the best response for each item. Write the letter of your answer in the space provided. ______1. Which BEST describes the primary function of the North American Free Trade Agreement? A. It was created to overcome the different languages spoken in North America. B. It was created to increase trade by making a large free-trade economic market. C. Its function was to unite Mexico, Canada, and the United States militarily and socially. D. Its function was to help Mexico increase the amount of production to raise the standard of living there. ______ 2. Which describes the different types of money used by countries of the world? A. cash B. currency C. dollars D. pesos ______ 3. Which is not a barrier of trade? A. embargo B. investment C. quota D. tariffs ______ 4. Which nations economy is closest to command? A. Cuba B. Brazil C. Mexico D. Venezuela ______ 5. Which is the major environmental concern facing Mexico City? A. acid rain caused by coal burning factories B. acid rain caused by the burning of gasoline and diesel engines C. air pollution caused by exhaust from gasoline and diesel engines D. air pollution caused by active volcanoes that surround the city and erupt often _____ 6. Which BEST describes the environmental issue facing Brazil today? A. acid rain pollution of the Amazon River B. an increase in oil drilling pollution off the Atlantic Coast and in the rainforest C. the clear cutting of forests in the Amazon rain forest D. a major increase in carbon dioxide pollutants associated with burning of fossil fuels _____ 7. Which economic system is primarily based on the roles and production of the cultures ancestors and relies heavily on trade and barter? A. command B. market C. mixed D. traditional
2011 Clairmont Press Page 1

Sixth Grade Social Studies


Unit 6: Latin Americas Economic and Environmental Forces

Unit 6 Test

Use the information in the box to complete the next item.

In order to put pressure on the government of Cuba to change its ways, the United States has laws that forbid Americans from traveling to or trading with Cuba. These laws have been in effect for decades and have stopped billions of dollars in trade between the two countries.
_____ 8. The U.S. laws discussed in the box are an example of which economic action? A. embargo B. investment C. quota D. tariff _____ 9. A sixth grade class decides to open a popcorn stand. The stand and the popcorn popper are examples of which factor of production? A. natural resources B. human resources C. capital resources D. entrepreneurship _____ 10. Jose is an auto mechanic in a nearby larger town. He has decided his own small town needs its own car repair shop. Jose bought the building, new car parts, and hired three workers to help him. Jose is an example of A. trade surplus B. entrepreneur C. gross domestic product D. opportunity cost _____ 11. Brazil is building new factories and using newer technology. These are examples of A. opportunity costs. B. gross domestic product. C. investment in human capital. D. investment in capital goods. _____ 12. Which term refers to the market value of all goods and services produced within a country in one year? A. embargo B. investment C. per capita GDP D. GDP _____ 13. Which BEST describes the environmental issue facing Venezuela today? A. acid rain pollution of the Amazon River B. an increase in oil drilling pollution off the Atlantic Coast and in the rainforest C. the clear cutting of forests in the Amazon rain forest D. a major increase in carbon dioxide pollutants associated with burning of fossil fuels

2011 Clairmont Press Page 2

Sixth Grade Social Studies


Unit 6: Latin Americas Economic and Environmental Forces

Unit 6 Test

_____ 14. A leading cause of deforestation in the Amazon rainforest is A. mining B. air pollution C. cattle ranching D. tribal conflicts _____ 15. NAFTA is an example of which pattern of behavior among or between countries? A. putting more trade barriers in place B. settling disputes C. forming trade agreements D. establishing trade quotas _____ 16. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was designed to promote free trade between the United States, A. Canada, and Mexico. B. the United Kingdom, and Russia. C. Canada, and the United Kingdom. D. Mexico and the islands of the Caribbean. _____ 17. What is the main purpose of free trade partnerships like NAFTA? A. to increase trade by doing away with tariffs B. to allow countries to get needed goods without having to pay for them C. to keep countries from trading with Europe and Asia D. to help the countries produce everything they need for themselves _____ 18. Which of the following is an argument some people make against NAFTA? A. it leads to more products being available to consumers B. it leads to unemployment in the United States and poor working conditions in Mexico C. it leads to lower prices on consumer goods D. it accounts for 15 trillion dollars in trade each year _____ 19. What 3 economic questions are asked when studying similarities of a traditional, command, and market economy among nations of the world? A. What to produce, why to produce, when to produce? B. What is your opportunity cost, what economic resources are needed, why should these resources be used? C. What to produce, how to produce, and for whom to produce? D. What is your opportunity cost, why are economic resources needed, when should these resources be used? _____ 20. Which term best describes an economic system in which the people not the government own land, factories and businesses? A. traditional B. command C. market D. public

2011 Clairmont Press Page 3

Sixth Grade Social Studies


Unit 6: Latin Americas Economic and Environmental Forces

Unit 6 Test

_____ 21. In which economic system does a central government decide what is produced? A. traditional B. command C. market D. public _____ 22. The economic system of communist countries is most closely related to which of the following? A. command B. market C. traditional D. supply and demand _____ 23. How does geography play a role in Mexico Citys air pollution problem? A. It is one of the worlds largest cities. B. The city has views of distant snowcapped mountains. C. It lies in a valley between the Sierra Madre Mountains that trap the polluted air in the city. D. Laws to protect the rainforest are not enforced. _____ 24. Why might Venezuelan government NOT want to stop oil production in the country, even though it causes a lot of pollution? A. The government gets most of its money from the oil business. B. The government does not care about the damage to the environment. C. People in northern Venezuela are protected from flooding. D. People in Venezuela hate nature. _____ 25. Which term refers to the world becoming more connected through trade? A. mining B. specialization C. productivity D. globalization

2011 Clairmont Press Page 4