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CCNA4 Module 5 Challenge Lab #1: Frame Relay Full Mesh

Objective
Configure and Verify Frame Relay in a Full Mesh Topology Optional Objectives at Instructors Discretion: Configure EIGRP to advertise summary routes for simulated LANs Add a ISP router and configure default routing, PPP with CHAP and NAT overload Configure HQ as the DHCP server for LANs attached to HQ, MAIN, and SALES Add a REMOTE router over an ISDN link using PPP with CHAP

Step 1 Cable and Label the Topology


Connect all the necessary equipment to complete the lab. Connect additional routers as needed for the optional portions of the lab.

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CCNA 4: WAN Technologies v 3.x Module 5 Challenge Lab #1

Copyright 2006, Cisco Systems, Inc.

Step 2 Configure the Core Topology with Frame Relay and Routing Configuration
Configure all routers with basic configurations including instructor required configurations and all IP addresses. You may want to skip configuring Loopbacks until Step 3. Configure Frame Relay encapsulation on serial interfaces. After allowing sufficient time to pass (sometimes up to 2 minutes), the three routers should have complete Frame Relay maps
HQ#show frame-relay map Serial0 (up): ip 10.0.0.1 dlci 16(0x10,0x400), dynamic, broadcast, status defined, active Serial0 (up): ip 10.0.0.2 dlci 17(0x11,0x410), dynamic, broadcast, status defined, active

If you are having difficulty obtaining the above output, use show frame-relay pvc to verify that both PVCs are actually listed. You may have a physical layer problem. Once Frame Relay is up dynamically, configure static maps with the frame-relay map command and configure the LMI type to be ansi. Configure EIGRP as the routing protocol. Make sure to turn off automatic summarization. Without the Loopbacks configured, HQs routing table should look like the following:
HQ#show ip route <output omitted> Gateway of last resort is not set 10.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted, 13 subnets, 6 masks 10.2.0.0/24 [90/2195456] via 10.0.0.2, 06:39:40, Serial0 10.3.0.0/24 is directly connected, Ethernet0 10.0.0.0/29 is directly connected, Serial0 10.1.0.0/24 [90/2195456] via 10.0.0.1, 06:37:52, Serial0

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Step 3 Configure EIGRP Summary Routes (Optional)


Configure the Loopbacks shown on the topology. HQs routing table then should look like the one below. MAIN and SALES will have similarly large tables.
HQ#show ip route <output omitted> Gateway of last resort is not set 10.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted, 17 subnets, 7 masks 10.0.0.8/30 [90/41024000] via 10.0.0.1, 00:00:54, Serial0 10.2.0.0/24 [90/2195456] via 10.0.0.2, 00:00:54, Serial0 10.3.0.0/24 is directly connected, Ethernet0 10.0.0.0/29 is directly connected, Serial0 10.1.0.0/24 [90/2195456] via 10.0.0.1, 00:00:54, Serial0 10.24.0.0/14 [90/2297856] via 10.0.0.2, 00:00:55, Serial0 10.28.0.0/14 [90/2297856] via 10.0.0.2, 00:00:55, Serial0 10.16.0.0/14 [90/2297856] via 10.0.0.2, 00:00:55, Serial0 10.20.0.0/14 [90/2297856] via 10.0.0.2, 00:00:55, Serial0 10.40.0.0/13 [90/2297856] via 10.0.0.1, 00:00:55, Serial0 10.32.0.0/13 [90/2297856] via 10.0.0.1, 00:00:57, Serial0 10.56.0.0/13 [90/2297856] via 10.0.0.1, 00:00:57, Serial0 10.48.0.0/13 [90/2297856] via 10.0.0.1, 00:00:57, Serial0 10.64.0.0/12 is directly connected, Loopback0 10.80.0.0/12 is directly connected, Loopback1 10.96.0.0/12 is directly connected, Loopback2 10.112.0.0/12 is directly connected, Loopback3

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Copyright 2006, Cisco Systems, Inc.

Configure HQ, MAIN and SALES each with an EIGRP summary route to advertise to the other two EIGRP neighbors. CCNA3 Module 3 can be helpful. After doing so, HQs routing table will look like the one below:
HQ#show ip route Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area * - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR P - periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set 10.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted, 12 subnets, 6 masks 10.0.0.8/30 [90/41024000] via 10.0.0.1, 06:37:52, Serial0 10.2.0.0/24 [90/2195456] via 10.0.0.2, 06:39:40, Serial0 10.3.0.0/24 is directly connected, Ethernet0 10.0.0.0/29 is directly connected, Serial0 10.1.0.0/24 [90/2195456] via 10.0.0.1, 06:37:52, Serial0 10.16.0.0/12 [90/2297856] via 10.0.0.2, 06:39:41, Serial0 10.32.0.0/11 [90/2297856] via 10.0.0.1, 06:37:53, Serial0 10.64.0.0/10 is a summary, 06:41:56, Null0 10.64.0.0/12 is directly connected, Loopback0 10.80.0.0/12 is directly connected, Loopback1 10.96.0.0/12 is directly connected, Loopback2 10.112.0.0/12 is directly connected, Loopback3

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Step 4 Add ISP Router, Configure PPP, NAT, and Default Routing (Optional)
Add an ISP router to the topology and configure it according to the topology. The Web Server can be a Loopback interface. Configure PPP with CHAP across the link. Configure NAT on HQ by overloading the interface IP address that belongs to the 2.0.0.0/30 network. On HQ, add a default route pointing to ISP. Configure HQ to advertise the default route in its EIGRP routing process with the following commands:
HQ(config)#ip default-network 2.0.0.0 HQ(config)#router eigrp 100 HQ(config-route)#network 2.0.0.0

MAIN and SALES should both have a Gateway of Last Resort (a default router) and be able to ping the Web Server on ISP. SALESs routing table should look like the following:
SALES#show ip route <output omitted> * - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR P - periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is 10.0.0.3 to network 2.0.0.0 2.0.0.0/30 is subnetted, 1 subnets 2.0.0.0 [90/2681856] via 10.0.0.3, 01:39:41, Serial0 10.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted, 13 subnets, 7 masks 10.2.0.0/24 [90/2195456] via 10.0.0.2, 06:43:57, Serial0 10.3.0.0/24 [90/2195456] via 10.0.0.3, 01:10:51, Serial0 10.0.0.0/29 is directly connected, Serial0 10.1.0.0/24 is directly connected, Ethernet0 10.16.0.0/12 [90/2297856] via 10.0.0.2, 06:43:57, Serial0 10.40.0.0/13 is directly connected, Loopback1 10.32.0.0/11 is a summary, 06:47:39, Null0 10.32.0.0/13 is directly connected, Loopback0 10.56.0.0/13 is directly connected, Loopback3 10.48.0.0/13 is directly connected, Loopback2 10.64.0.0/10 [90/2297856] via 10.0.0.3, 06:44:27, Serial0

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Copyright 2006, Cisco Systems, Inc.

Step 5 Configure DHCP Server (Optional)


Configure HQ as the DHCP server for LANs attached to HQ, MAIN, and SALES. Exclude the first three addresses from each pool. Configure both MAIN and SALES to send DHCP requests to HQ

Step 6 Add a REMOTE router over an ISDN link


Configure SALES and REMOTE with ISDN. Use either legacy DDR or dialer profiles. Use PPP with CHAP as the encapsulation Configure a default route pointing to SALES and configure SALES with a static route pointing to REMOTEs LAN. Redistribute SALES static route in the EIGRP routing process with the redistribute static command.

Step 6 Verification
If all goes well, then your routers should have output similar to the following:
!------------------------------!HQ c2500-js-l.122-13b.bin !------------------------------HQ#show ip route Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area * - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR P - periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is 0.0.0.0 to network 0.0.0.0 * C* 2.0.0.0/30 is subnetted, 1 subnets 2.0.0.0 is directly connected, Serial1 10.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted, 13 subnets, 6 masks D 10.0.0.8/30 [90/41024000] via 10.0.0.1, 06:37:52, Serial0 D 10.2.0.0/24 [90/2195456] via 10.0.0.2, 06:39:40, Serial0 C 10.3.0.0/24 is directly connected, Ethernet0 C 10.0.0.0/29 is directly connected, Serial0 D 10.1.0.0/24 [90/2195456] via 10.0.0.1, 06:37:52, Serial0 D 10.16.0.0/12 [90/2297856] via 10.0.0.2, 06:39:41, Serial0 D 10.32.0.0/11 [90/2297856] via 10.0.0.1, 06:37:53, Serial0 D 10.64.0.0/10 is a summary, 06:41:56, Null0 C 10.64.0.0/12 is directly connected, Loopback0 C 10.80.0.0/12 is directly connected, Loopback1 C 10.96.0.0/12 is directly connected, Loopback2 C 10.112.0.0/12 is directly connected, Loopback3 D EX 10.128.0.0/10 [170/41024000] via 10.0.0.1, 00:46:33, Serial0 S* 0.0.0.0/0 is directly connected, Serial1

HQ#show frame-relay map Serial0 (up): ip 10.0.0.1 dlci 16(0x10,0x400), dynamic, broadcast, CISCO, status defined, active Serial0 (up): ip 10.0.0.2 dlci 17(0x11,0x410), dynamic, broadcast, CISCO, status defined, active

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HQ#show frame-relay pvc PVC Statistics for interface Serial0 (Frame Relay DTE) Active 2 0 0 Inactive 0 0 0 Deleted 0 0 0 Static 0 0 0

Local Switched Unused

DLCI = 16, DLCI USAGE = LOCAL, PVC STATUS = ACTIVE, INTERFACE = Serial0 input pkts 11282 output pkts 7050 in bytes 1631988 out bytes 413359 dropped pkts 0 in pkts dropped 0 out pkts dropped 0 out bytes dropped 0 in FECN pkts 0 in BECN pkts 0 out FECN pkts 0 out BECN pkts 0 in DE pkts 0 out DE pkts 0 out bcast pkts 4670 out bcast bytes 298760 pvc create time 3d00h, last time pvc status changed 06:39:03 DLCI = 17, DLCI USAGE = LOCAL, PVC STATUS = ACTIVE, INTERFACE = Serial0 input pkts 11160 output pkts 6244 in bytes 688386 out bytes 396307 dropped pkts 0 in pkts dropped 0 out pkts dropped 0 out bytes dropped 0 in FECN pkts 0 in BECN pkts 0 out FECN pkts 0 out BECN pkts 0 in DE pkts 0 out DE pkts 0 out bcast pkts 4677 out bcast bytes 299238 pvc create time 3d00h, last time pvc status changed 06:41:05 !------------------------------!MAIN c2500-js-l.122-13b.bin !------------------------------MAIN#show ip route Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area * - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR P - periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is 10.0.0.3 to network 2.0.0.0 2.0.0.0/30 is subnetted, 1 subnets 2.0.0.0 [90/2681856] via 10.0.0.3, 01:38:38, Serial0 10.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted, 13 subnets, 7 masks 10.0.0.8/30 [90/41024000] via 10.0.0.1, 06:42:49, Serial0 10.2.0.0/24 is directly connected, Ethernet0 10.3.0.0/24 [90/2195456] via 10.0.0.3, 01:09:48, Serial0 10.0.0.0/29 is directly connected, Serial0 10.1.0.0/24 [90/2195456] via 10.0.0.1, 06:42:49, Serial0 10.24.0.0/14 is directly connected, Loopback2 10.28.0.0/14 is directly connected, Loopback3 10.16.0.0/12 is a summary, 06:46:48, Null0 10.16.0.0/14 is directly connected, Loopback0 10.20.0.0/14 is directly connected, Loopback1 10.32.0.0/11 [90/2297856] via 10.0.0.1, 06:42:51, Serial0 10.64.0.0/10 [90/2297856] via 10.0.0.3, 06:45:13, Serial0 EX 10.128.0.0/10 [170/41024000] via 10.0.0.1, 00:52:06, Serial0

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MAIN#show frame map Serial0 (up): ip 10.0.0.1 dlci 16(0x10,0x400), static, broadcast, IETF, status defined, active Serial0 (up): ip 10.0.0.3 dlci 18(0x12,0x420), static, broadcast, IETF, status defined, active

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MAIN#show frame pvc PVC Statistics for interface Serial0 (Frame Relay DTE) Active 2 0 0 Inactive 0 0 0 Deleted 0 0 0 Static 0 0 0

Local Switched Unused

DLCI = 16, DLCI USAGE = LOCAL, PVC STATUS = ACTIVE, INTERFACE = Serial0 input pkts 11796 output pkts 11735 in bytes 1630278 out bytes 752777 dropped pkts 0 in pkts dropped 0 out pkts dropped 0 out bytes dropped 0 in FECN pkts 0 in BECN pkts 0 out FECN pkts 0 out BECN pkts 0 in DE pkts 0 out DE pkts 0 out bcast pkts 9335 out bcast bytes 597380 pvc create time 3d00h, last time pvc status changed 06:45:19 DLCI = 18, DLCI USAGE = LOCAL, PVC STATUS = ACTIVE, INTERFACE = Serial0 input pkts 6360 output pkts 11263 in bytes 401626 out bytes 698119 dropped pkts 0 in pkts dropped 0 out pkts dropped 0 out bytes dropped 0 in FECN pkts 0 in BECN pkts 0 out FECN pkts 0 out BECN pkts 0 in DE pkts 0 out DE pkts 0 out bcast pkts 9357 out bcast bytes 598788 pvc create time 3d00h, last time pvc status changed 06:46:21 !------------------------------!SALES c2500-d-l.120-5.T.bin !------------------------------SALES#show ip route Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area * - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR P - periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is 10.0.0.3 to network 2.0.0.0 2.0.0.0/30 is subnetted, 1 subnets 2.0.0.0 [90/2681856] via 10.0.0.3, 01:39:41, Serial0 10.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted, 13 subnets, 7 masks 10.0.0.8/30 is directly connected, BRI0 10.2.0.0/24 [90/2195456] via 10.0.0.2, 06:43:57, Serial0 10.3.0.0/24 [90/2195456] via 10.0.0.3, 01:10:51, Serial0 10.0.0.0/29 is directly connected, Serial0 10.1.0.0/24 is directly connected, Ethernet0 10.16.0.0/12 [90/2297856] via 10.0.0.2, 06:43:57, Serial0 10.40.0.0/13 is directly connected, Loopback1 10.32.0.0/11 is a summary, 06:47:39, Null0 10.32.0.0/13 is directly connected, Loopback0 10.56.0.0/13 is directly connected, Loopback3 10.48.0.0/13 is directly connected, Loopback2 10.64.0.0/10 [90/2297856] via 10.0.0.3, 06:44:27, Serial0 10.128.0.0/10 [1/0] via 10.0.0.10

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SALES#show frame map Serial0 (up): ip 10.0.0.2 dlci 17(0x11,0x410), dynamic, broadcast, IETF, status defined, active Serial0 (up): ip 10.0.0.3 dlci 18(0x12,0x420), dynamic, broadcast, IETF, status defined, active

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SALES#show frame pvc PVC Statistics for interface Serial0 (Frame Relay DTE) Active 2 0 0 Inactive 0 0 0 Deleted 0 0 0 Static 0 0 0

Local Switched Unused

DLCI = 17, DLCI USAGE = LOCAL, PVC STATUS = ACTIVE, INTERFACE = Serial0 input pkts 679 output pkts 637 in bytes 35906 out bytes 63694 dropped pkts 0 in FECN pkts 0 in BECN pkts 0 out FECN pkts 0 out BECN pkts 0 in DE pkts 0 out DE pkts 0 out bcast pkts 224 out bcast bytes 37200 pvc create time 01:47:35, last time pvc status changed 01:47:35 DLCI = 18, DLCI USAGE = LOCAL, PVC STATUS = ACTIVE, INTERFACE = Serial0 input pkts 2069 output pkts 1988 in bytes 97612 out bytes 145299 dropped pkts 0 in FECN pkts 0 in BECN pkts 0 out FECN pkts 0 out BECN pkts 0 in DE pkts 0 out DE pkts 0 out bcast pkts 224 out bcast bytes 37200 pvc create time 01:47:37, last time pvc status changed 01:47:37 SALES#show isdn status Global ISDN Switchtype = basic-ni ISDN BRI0 interface dsl 0, interface ISDN Switchtype = basic-ni Layer 1 Status: ACTIVE Layer 2 Status: TEI = 64, Ces = 1, SAPI = 0, State = MULTIPLE_FRAME_ESTABLISHED TEI = 65, Ces = 2, SAPI = 0, State = MULTIPLE_FRAME_ESTABLISHED Spid Status: TEI 64, ces = 1, state = 8(established) spid1 configured, spid1 sent, spid1 valid Endpoint ID Info: epsf = 0, usid = 70, tid = 1 TEI 65, ces = 2, state = 8(established) spid2 configured, spid2 sent, spid2 valid Endpoint ID Info: epsf = 0, usid = 70, tid = 2 Layer 3 Status: 0 Active Layer 3 Call(s) Activated dsl 0 CCBs = 0 The Free Channel Mask: 0x80000003 Total Allocated ISDN CCBs = 0 !------------------------------!REMOTE c800-y6-mw.122-8.T5.bin !------------------------------REMOTE#show ip route Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area * - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR P - periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is 10.0.0.9 to network 0.0.0.0 10.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted, 3 subnets, 3 masks 10.0.0.8/30 is directly connected, BRI0 10.0.0.9/32 is directly connected, BRI0 10.128.0.0/10 is directly connected, Loopback0 0.0.0.0/0 [1/0] via 10.0.0.9

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REMOTE#show isdn status Global ISDN Switchtype = basic-ni ISDN BRI0 interface dsl 0, interface ISDN Switchtype = basic-ni Layer 1 Status: ACTIVE Layer 2 Status: TEI = 64, Ces = 1, SAPI = 0, State = MULTIPLE_FRAME_ESTABLISHED TEI = 65, Ces = 2, SAPI = 0, State = MULTIPLE_FRAME_ESTABLISHED TEI 64, ces = 1, state = 8(established) spid1 configured, spid1 sent, spid1 valid Endpoint ID Info: epsf = 0, usid = 70, tid = 1 TEI 65, ces = 2, state = 8(established) spid2 configured, spid2 sent, spid2 valid Endpoint ID Info: epsf = 0, usid = 70, tid = 2 Layer 3 Status: 1 Active Layer 3 Call(s) CCB:callid=C, sapi=0, ces=1, B-chan=1, calltype=DATA, hdlctype=HDLC-TRUNK Active dsl 0 CCBs = 1 The Free Channel Mask: 0x80000002 Number of L2 Discards = 0, L2 Session ID = 6 Total Allocated ISDN CCBs = 1

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Copyright 2006, Cisco Systems, Inc.