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Rolul cognitiei sociale n schizofrenie Conceptul de cognitie social se refer la abilitatea de a construi repreyentri mentale despre altii, despre

sine, precum si a relatiilor dintre altii si propria persoan (Adolphs, 2001). O alt definitie a acestui concept a fost prezentat de Penn et al (2005): cognitia social implic perceperea, interpretarea si procesarea informatiilor sociale care stau la baza interactiunilor sociale si include perceptia emotional si social. Cognitia social conduce si comportamentul automatic si volitional prin participarea la o varietate de procese care moduleaz rspunsul comportamental: memoria, procesul de luare a deciziei, atentia, motivatia si emotia care sunt obtinute ca urmare a rspunsului comportamental la o serie de relevanti stimuli sociali. Acest concept relative nou a fost folosit pentru a ntelege n cazul schizofreniei si a tulburrilor psihotice simptome precum paranoia. n literatur se mentioneaz, de asemeni, c substraturile neuronale ale cognitiei sociale se diferentiaz n mod clar de cele ale cognitiei de baz. Mai important, putem vorbi, despre cogniia social si ca despre un factor care pare a avea un rol cheie n schizofrenie, si anume medierea relaiilor dintre cunoaterea de baz i funcionarea social. Diferentele dintre cognitia social si cognitia de baz au fost evidentiate n ultimii ani, cele dou domenii fiind n mod clar legate si raportndu-se unul la cellalt, dar fiind n acelasi timp distincte.

The role of social cognition in schizophrenia The concept of social cognition refers to the ability to construct mental representations about others, oneself, and relations between others and oneself (Adolphs, 2001). Another definition of this concept is given by Penn et al (2005): social cognition involves the perception, interpretation and processing of social information that underlies social interactions and includes emotion perception, social perception, social knowledge. Social cognition run the automatic and volitional behavior by participating in a variety of processes that modulate behavioral response: memory, decision-making, attention, motivation and emotion are all prominently recruited when socially relevant stimuli elicit behavior. This relatively new concept has been used to understand the several symptoms in schizophrenia and psychotic disorders, such as paranoia. The literature mentioned also that the neural substrates of social cognition in schizophrenia are different from those that underlie basic cognition. More important, we can speak as well about social cognition like a factor that appears to serve a key role in schizophrenia, mediating the relationships between basic cognition and functional outcome in this disease. The differences between social cognition and basic cognition are revealed in the last years, the two domains were clearly related to each other, but they were also separable.